Spotlight/News Analysis (10th August 2016): Dedication of Kudankulam Plant to the Nation

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Spotlight/News Analysis (10th August 2016)

Dedication of Kudankulam Plant to the Nation


India Russia relationship has moved a mile ahead with the dedication of the 1st Unit of Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant. With 1000 Mega Watt, Kudankulam Unit 1 has become the largest single unit of electrical power in India. This also signals the joint commitment of both the nations to develop a partnership ahead for green growth.

The first unit of this plant attained criticality in July 2013. Since then, more than 10,800 million units of power have been generated. It was further integrated with the southern grid and commercial power generation began by the end of December 2014.


  1. For a grossly power deficient nation like India, this is a big boost in power generation to meet the demand-supply gap. With 1000 MW power generation, up to some extent Kudankulam Power Plant will be successful in decreasing the power starving of states like Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.
  2. Being a clean source of energy, it will help in reducing the dependence on fossil fuels and further addresses the issue of global warming due to Greenhouse effect.
  3. In a small area high power generation is possible. There is no such requirement like coal loads to be transported to the power stations through wagons in this case. Thus, there is no question of fly ash disposal.

Energy Security:

  1. India depends on other nations for supply of Uranium. There are not much resources of Uranium in the country itself. Taking into account the sanctions implemented on transportation of nuclear elements, India cannot be said to be fully secure in terms of energy.
  2. Design of this plant has been done using Russian technologies. Although there are a lot of inputs from Indian nuclear technologists to make the nuclear reactors work according to India’s conditions but we still need support from other nations.

Public Opposition and their Perception:

The opposition from public has delayed the operation of the plant by ten years already. It appeared that most of the agitators were fishermen concerned with their safety. However, it has been assured by the Indian technologists that Kudankulam nuclear reactors are one of the safest in the world. There have been no nuclear accidents so far in India and this is a very good safety record for the country. There are rumors among local people which can be eliminated when the Atomic Energy Department and Nuclear Power Generating Companies interact with these people to increase awareness among them and remove their fears.

Safety Measures Taken:

  1. KKNPP is well protected from a possible rise in sea level by locating the entire plant site at a higher elevation. The safe grade elevation of KKNPP site has been kept at 7.5 metres above the MSL (mean sea level) and a shore protection bund has been constructed all along the shore to a height of + 8.0 metres to the MSL.
  2. Passive heat removal system to provide cooling automatically.
  3. Double containment.
  4. Core catcher to provide safety in the unlikely event of fuel meltdown.
  5. Passive hydrogen recombiners which do not need any power supply to absorb hydrogen liberated inside the containment.

Thus it can be safely concluded that Kudankulam reactors are built with state of the art technology, with best safety features that will not impact our environment and the public. It will further take Indo-Russia strategic partnership to a new level.

  • phoenix

    Thank you Insights…. another good initiative….

  • Durgarao..

    Thanks Insight

  • DEV

    Thanks Insight

  • Dheeraj

    Dear Insights,

    Good Article.

  • learner

    Thankyou Insights!!!

  • Just do it

    Great start ..

  • ajay

    thanku sir

  • Curiouschild

    Though nuclear generated power seems to address the global warming effects.. In the long run the disposal materials of nuclear reactors pose a great threat to the marine life. Also, the hot water released from these plants may increase the temperature which may not be tolerated by few marine creatures. Though Kknpp is a good step towards clean energies, ubiquitous and abundant resources like solar and wind should be utilized for a safer planet and sustainable development.

  • iamod psherpa

    Thank you sir.🙏😊

  • Kislaya Srivastava

    Its a very good article….one thing i must add…though many of you must be knowing…

    KUDANKULAM PLANT is INDIA’s 1st light water reactor plant.
    Correct me if i am wrong.

  • jhingoor..

    Thanks insights..

  • Usha T N

    Can any one explain what is double containment

  • Masoom

    Thank you insights…I really like spotlight initiative with audio version…plz keep it up…

  • Sheryl

    Nuclear energy proliferation vis a vis other nonconventional sources is a matter to analyze well. Looking at the mammoth capital investment, huge international attention and imbargo, india can very well go for other routes while balancing itself on nuke path for energy generation.

  • Rajendra kumar

    thank you insight team

  • ranjot

    Topic kudankulam nuclear power plant .
    Background …. Kudankulam nuclear power plant ..
    1. agreement signed btwn union soviet nd india in 1988 btwn rajiv gandhi nd russian president, xyz.
    2. but in 1991 union soviet Breaks nd this work on this project stops nd once again in 2011 director of KKNP sunil kumar aggarwal died nd affects the work also some protests were upheld in tamil naidu aganist kudankulan NPP.
    But finally supreme court upheld a decision that this project is in the favour of development of country nd refused the petition to empose ban on it.
    INDIA is producing 72% of the electricity via coal that emits huge amount of coal … nd today only 3% of the energy is produced via nuclear reactors . AT paris summit narendra modi had asked to decrease the amount of carbon by 40%% upto 2030. This is one of the step taken towards 2030 aim of reducing the production of coal,. india aims to produce 10% of electricity upto 2024 by nuclear energy.
    Kudankulam nuclear power plant is jointy made by NPTCL ( nuclear power corporation of india) nd ROSATOM state energy corporation.
    Largest nuclear power plant in india..
    No emission of carbon takes place .
    One unit is operated now but upto 2017 second unit be operated.
    1 UNit provides 1000 mW of energy.
    MOSTLY benefit of this nuclear plants ,, which re operational in future to the states karnatka , kerala nd maharashtra. .

  • mahi

    Thanks insight




    Please throw light on stages of nuclear energy in India

    • Vladimir

      You can refer Mrunal Sir Video, it is there completely.