2) The “Global Nutrition Report 2016” once again demonstrates India’s slow overall progress in addressing chronic malnutrition, manifest in stunting (low weight for age), wasting (low weight for height), micronutrient deficiencies and over-weight. Discuss why India’s progress is slow and what needs to be done to address this issue.

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Topic:Issues relating to poverty and hunger

2) The “Global Nutrition Report 2016” once again demonstrates India’s slow overall progress in addressing chronic malnutrition, manifest in stunting (low weight for age), wasting (low weight for height), micronutrient deficiencies and over-weight. Discuss why India’s progress is slow and what needs to be done to address this issue. (200 Words)

The Hindu

  • manish ranjan

    Pls review…

    • RG Sta

      Intro, Causes, Solutions & Conclusion went clear cut! good!

      Thanks for the review request.

      • manish ranjan

        Thank you.. 🙂

  • Priya

    Please Review 🙂

    • Buddha

      hie your point 6 is little judgmental , rest the entire answer is gud .:) avoid writing biased points just my opinion .
      review mine as well:)

    • RG Sta

      1.Seems like the 1st and 3rd points in the causes are overlapping!
      2.The conclusion part says that Nutrition Mission has to be created, but its already been created in 6 states without proper financial commitments and specific programmes.

      On the whole the answer went well! Thanks for the review request.

      • Priya

        thank you 🙂

        • RG Sta

          Most welcome..!

    • abhinav

      WELL WRITTEN ! IN UR ANSWER INTRO.part good but u add definition of nutrition according ton WHO then write remaing part of answer.
      in the rision pt.1&3 reprents same sence… ALSO ADD “FSA ACT’.improve ur conclution
      all the best!!

  • Sneha

    if anybody have idea about good mentors for sociology at delhi……..plz suggest…i m lttle bit confused….thnku in advance

  • Buddha

    please review
    Inspite of various governmental initiatives malnutrition remains a serious concern in India. The progress of India remains slow due to various reasons:
    1. Poverty: large scale of population lives below poverty line and lack of facilities exist.
    2 Social strains on Women:
    Early marriages of girls
    Teenage pregnancies
    Poor breastfeeding practices
    Poor complementary feeding practices.
    3. Illiteracy: Ignorance about nutritional needs of infants and young children and repeated infections further aggravate the situation.
    4. inter-generational cycle of malnutrition – when immature adolescent girls give birth to low weight babies.
    5. lack of balanced diet- -lack of essential proteins and minerals
    6. lack of hygiene and sanitation.
    Certain measure to be taken are
    1. ICDS ,mid-day meal and PDS system needs to be strengthened.
    2. Extension of food fortification to cover various minerals
    3. Promote CSR initiatives to curb malnutrition and promote health and hygiene
    4. Promote growth of NGOs and social workers to bring nutrition sensitization and educational awareness programs.
    5. Capacity building of aganwadi, ASHA workers.
    6. Usage of BMI index and health cards to access growth .
    7. Integrated execution of schemes like RGSEAG,IGMSY for holistic development.
    Breast feeding is the most important immediate solution to curb the malnutrition at grassroot level . Addressing malnutrition requires a holistic approach with multisectoral dimensions and interministerial cooperation

    • Priya

      well organised !

      • Serene catalyst

        Please Review Mine

  • Atmashakti

    Global Nutrient Report says almost 38 % children in India are stunted.It places India even lower than Nepal and Bangladesh in its overall ranking. Many government schemes have not been able to address it due to following reasons –

    1-Socio-cultural factors -Child marriages lead to neglect of nutrient requirement of girls and multiple pregnencies result into underweight babies.
    2.Economic factors- due to acute poverty ,they are not able to feed their families well.
    3.Awareness- is lacking esp in slums regarding govt programmes related to nutrition and also an=bout significance of nutrients.
    4.Corruption- Poor implementation of public policies

    Steps needed to be taken to address acute malnutrition –

    1.Multi sectoral approach – Revamping of existing programmes of nutrition delivery like Mid Day Meal, PDS which cater to a section of population.Integration of their objectives with Swachh Bharat and Beti Bachao Beti Padhao .The last two schemes aim at hygiene and awareness for nutrition requirement of girl child.

    2.Training to Anganwadi workers – Care India has launched an app called JOB AID .it helps anganwadi workers plan,scedule and coordinate their work. Training of anganwadi workers has also to be an important part.

    3.Private sector’ contribution -PPP can provide necessary skills and funds for infrastructure creation,and making govt prog more accessible to the targeted population

    4.Corporate Sector ‘ contribution- Making vital govt prog like nutrition prog CSR eligible ,fund crunch can be handled

    Therefore a focussed approach can help reduce undernutrion considerably which is not just a goal of SDG to be acchieved by 2030,it is also a constitutional requirement under Article 47 of the constitution.

  • Phoenix

    Please review..
    Despite india’s flagship programmes like ICDS(Integrated child development services) and mid meal scheme, malnutrition in India is still a serious concern for successive governments with nearly 7 million malnourished children adds up every year.
    Possible reasons include:-
    1)Lack of awareness among people on government schemes which aims at malnutrition.
    2)Unavailability of hygienic food and lack of awareness among mothers about best practices for child health.
    3)Child marriages to adolescent girls who have poor nutrition in turn adds up potentially wasted and stunted to india’s population every year.
    4)Socio-economic structure of India which have disparities in turn separating vulnerable sections like SC,ST Which is further Adding fuel to malnutrition.
    5)Lack of coordination between state and centre governments in making policies into actions and also loop holes in existing target programmes like PDS,ICDS and Mid-day meal scheme.

    What need to be done?
    1)Nutrition mission should be framed with multi-pronged approach in coordination with all stake holders from national to grass root level with nutritional secretariat in PMO as nodal point for setting targets,periodic assessments and coordination among concerned ministries.
    2)Nodal ministries of programmes like PDS,ICDS and MMS should be coordinated and provided with adequate resources for effective implementation of programmes.
    3)On war-basis fortification should be extended to all essential food items like flour,oil as part of MMS Scheme.
    4)Corporates in PPP model as part of CSR should be made eligible for their helping hands in combat against malnutrition.
    5)Awarness on importance of hygiene,nutrition should be created through diversified platforms including media and also through ANM’S and educated villagers.
    6)Education on adverse effects of child marriages to adolescent girls.

    ”Poor nutrition is Poor economics” as said malnutrition is hampering addition of some of human resource who are responsible for nation building in turn responsible for economic growth so a multi pronged approach on foundation of nutrition and health is needed for fruitful result.

    • Phoenix

      Please review…

  • RG Sta

    ” There are geniunely sufficient resources in the world to ensure that no one, no where, at no time should go hungry”

    Despite the fact that there are sufficient resources in the world, the government of India is lagging in making a proper use of them. The “Global Nutrition Report 2016” stepped into the limelight to once again demonstrate India’s slow overall progress in addressing chronic malnutrition, stunting, wasting, micronutrient deficiencies and over weight!

    Poor nutrition being the common and major cause effect the poor, especially, women from Scheduled castes and tribes. The fact that nearly 50% of woman in India are married before they turn 18, voilating the law, put forward by United Nations Population Fund(UNPF) is of serious concern. The poor nutrition of women results the same in their offsprings adding potentially wasted and stunted to our population every year! The absence of structure for multi sectoral coordination besides the creation of Integrated Child Development Service(ICDS) in 1975 and mid-day meal scheme in 1995 is one of the reasons for persistent undernutrition in the country.

    “Poor nutrition is poor humanity and poor economics”

    Article 47 of the constitution mentions the duty of the state to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health. Such articles should be binding on the concerned officials to gain the postive results! The World Bank estimates that India loses 2-3 per cent of its annual GDP by way of lower productivity.

    Some of the beneficial steps to counter poor nutrition in an agriculture rich economy can be listed as follows :

    1. The great initiative to launch a nutrition mission in 2005 by Maharastra and five other states should spread in the length and breadth of the country. The nutrition mission must include financial commitments and specific programs to accomplish the goal.

    2. Create a nutrition secretariat as a part of PMO with responsibility for ensuring mutisectoral alignment.

    3. Extension of large scale food fortification besides mere sticking to salt.

    4. Nodal Ministries are to be made accountable for revamping ICDS, MDM, PDS with clear goals.

    5. To bring about awareness in good nutrition practices.

    ” The first essential component of social justice is adequate food for all man kind. Food is the moral right of all who are born into this world. ”

    Ensuring the implementation of beneficial steps to counter poor nutrition enhances Indian Economy and also enriches ethical values among Indians!

    • manish ranjan

      You could have written causes in points. It gives thoda clarity.
      2 nd 4th points could have clubbed into one. Btw nice answer.

      How good nutrition will enhance ethical values ?

      • RG Sta

        * Yeah, but to stand apart atleast in some part of my answer, unlike others I have written the causes briefly as a paragraph!

        * Nutrition secretariat shall be a new step, but the ICDS, MDM, PDS services are already existing, but should be revamped with clear goals, so felt like specifying them in different points.

        * Besides Governmental measure, the educated Indians along with NGOs strive for the upliftment of the poor, which is an ethical aspect regarding humanity!

        Many thanks for the review.!

  • Late night

    Indias malnutrition problem is the result of its economic and sociocultural factors. Despite various efforts by the government the progress in decreasing malnutrition is minimal. Various factors responsible for this dismal progress are

    1) poverty and illiteracy which contribute to the cascading consequences like malnutrition and early mortality.

    2)food taboos associated with religious and cultural practices

    3)leakages and poor targeting in public distribution system.

    4) lack of coordination among various ministries in formulating programmes and in better utilisation of front line field workers like ASHAs and anganwadi workers.

    5)in our patriarchal society there is often neglect of women health.

    6) globalisation and life style changes have contributed to obesity and other nutrition disorders.

    WAY AHEAD
    1)interministerial and intersectoral coordination among various sectors concerned with welfare and nutrition.

    2)creating awareness to break food taboos, to change patriarchal mindset.

    3)better implementation and targeting of ICDS , RMNCH+, MDM schemes and national deworming programme.

    4) increasing early childhood investment, promoting food fortification on large scale.

    5) training and deploying more front line workers like ASHAs and anganwadi workers with more emphasis on children and women in reproductive age group.

    6) using CSR to create infrastructure to tackle malnutrition.

    Harmony between govt and private efforts, collective participation of govt, public, & NGOS and awareness among public could help in achieving the sustainability of eradication of malnutrition problem in india.

    • Late night

      Please review my answer critically. I will review yours tonight 8 o clock

      • swathika srikanth

        Pls review

    • RG Sta

      Intro, Causes, Solutions & Conclusion went well!

      1.You could have mentioned about the Global Nutrition Report.
      2. I feel writing fullforms along with abbreviations is better although I too wrote the shortforms.

      Does your critically comment also include grammatical part? 🙂 Even though, grammar too is good excluding small& capital letters, apostrophe, comma;

      Thanks for the review request.

    • Serene catalyst

      Please Review mine

  • FinalAttempt

    PLEASE REVIEW

    • abhinav

      nice written !!
      improve ur intro….in the pt. of MID DAY MEAL….PULSES ,FRUITS INCLUDED BUT NOT EGG …EVERY MONDAY FRUITS AND MILK PROVIDES.
      REMAING PART GOOD.

      • FinalAttempt

        ya.. but in every state the meal is same ? i mean they serve same meal in each region..?

        • abhinav

          okk

    • anna

      which attempt ??

      • FinalAttempt

        3rd

  • Raj

    Despite making gains in the child stunting in past few years, the overall nutrition related performance of India remains dismal and a cause of worry. Malnutrition is affecting 70 percent of the school going children.

    Reasons are:
    1. Lack of true implementation of schemes such as Integrated Child Development Scheme, Mid day Meal Scheme have leakages and not duly targeted.
    2. Non availability of good nutrition food due to poverty etc.
    3. Lack of awareness as to what constitutes a balanced diet.
    4. Lack of hygiene and sanitation whereby a cycle of disease burden, poverty and low immunity comes in.
    5. Poor coordination of various child nutrition related programmes due to different mininsteries.

    Following needs to be done in this regard:

    1. Bio fortification of food.
    2. Instituting a nutrition secretariat in the PMO to effect close cooperation of different ministeries.
    3. Awareness campaigns.
    4. True implementation of ICDS, MDM schemes in a time bound manner using JAM trinity.

    These steps will help solve the problem of malnutrition in India and ensure a competitive demography and development.

    • AviM

      Very nice answer, to the point and well articulated. Please review mine if possible.Thanks

    • Serene catalyst

      I have a doubt aren’t discuss means we should write the against and favour arguments.Please clear my doubt and also Please Review Mine too?

      • Raj

        Yaar I personally do not try and mould my answer to meet any directive. I just try to write what’s true and what I believe. Hope this helps.

    • Sneha

      plz review mine if possible

    • ANKIT DWIVEDI

      awesome effort! but few point is to be considered like 1- mother nourishment + her knowledge about balanced/healthy diet is more imp than her child 2- case study related to akshay patra + iskon society 3- revamping PDS 4- functional food model like in mp eggs protein and value added milk (flavoured milk,vit milk) to take on kwashiorkar + marasamus 5- de worming & nutraceuticals etc

  • AviM

    The inability of Indian system in implementation of the welfare schemes and lack of proper monitoring of the ground realities leads to the failure of most of the schemes which is clearly visible in the “Global Nutrition Report 2016”.
    Causes for this:
    1. The existing schemes such mid-day meal, anganwadi etc. Are not being implemented well and lot of corruption is prevalent in these schemes.
    2. The marriages in most part of the country is still done before 18(legal age) in case of girls which leads weak mother and weak children.
    3. In most part of India people pay less attention to the girl child’s health, food, sanitation needs etc. which leads to their ill growth.
    4. In most part of the India people are too poor to maintain a well balanced diet or healthy diet for their children.
    5. In mid- day meal scheme food being served is not well balanced and most of the time lacks in one or other nutrients , also in many cases provided food is not of good quality.
    What can be done:
    1. Government should create a mass awareness campaign by taking help of the NGO and other such entities for special care of Mother and children in their early age.
    2. Mid-day meals provided in schools and anganwadis should be improved as it has the immense reach and can help in great manner in tackling these issues.
    3. People should be made aware about the ill effects of early marriage on the girl and future child.
    4. Most prominent reason for malnutrition and other such problems is the inability to purchase the food by most part of the society, for this government should improve the PDS to provide food items at lower prices and employment opportunities should be improved as with better economic condition better food habits comes.
    In last, it’s the responsibility of both the government and people of Indian to tackle this menace of malnutrition.

    • Debashis Sahu

      Nicely organized. but @disqus_FmG9hyw4If:disqus i believe u cud have included budgetary allocation also one of the causes.. Overall u have good points. .. plz review mine too

      • AviM

        Thanks Debashish, yep missed that tihing to include

        • Debashis Sahu

          plz review mine.. i believe i have crossed word limit

    • Vishakha

      Hey, Avim… Nice written answer but few points i like to mention, In causes point 2 and 3 can be merge that is people pay less attention to girl health and married them before 18 which leads to weak mothers and weak children… and in what can be done… point 1 and 3 can be merge because both are about imparting awareness. Overall, nice answer. Please feel free to ignore my advice if you feel differently. Please review my answer if possible. Thanks.

      • AviM

        Hi Vishakha, thanks for reviewing , I agree with both your points, Thanks.

  • AviM

    Please review my answer.

  • Debashis Sahu

    plz review

    • AviM

      Hi Debashish, very well written and you have included all the points, Just one point in my views comparison with the defense budget is not correct way, you should have directly written it is very less and budget allocation should be improved. As we already know our defense budget is also small. Hope it helps, keep writing and keep reviewing

      • Debashis Sahu

        Ur right !!! i will take care next time.
        thanks for reviewing

    • Ankit Singh

      Hey debashis …..U write answers in very organised form.How do u make such points …is it from the article or u refer other material as well ? R u giving attempt this year?

      • Debashis Sahu

        Hi Ankit thanks for your comment. Well I dedicate 30 mins to the question. 20 mins for studying and thinking and rest 10 mins for organizing and writing. For the 1st 20 mims I go through the article and if possible some other articles,then ai think how the issue coukd be related to every aspect of society,its effect on me …. Rest 10 mins to organize and write.
        No i am appearing for CSE17. Thanks again.

    • Sneha

      can you review mine …if have time

    • Sneha

      every aspects have been covered emphatically….nice answer…keep writing and keep reviewing

  • YashGupta2017

    Despite lots of efforts made by Government in reducing malnutrition,India’s progress in addressing malnutrition is modest at its best and still large population are undernourished.
    Causes
    1)Social
    a.30% of Girls are get married below 18 years of age and generate early pregnancy that result into underweight child.
    b.SC and ST are worst hit from malnutrition due to social stigma
    c.Poor nutritional status of Adolescent girls.
    2)Economic
    a.Inadequate allocation of budget by the government for welfare schemes.
    b.Increase in price of pulses which is the major source of protein
    c.Inadequate Infrastructre,staff,medicines in anganwadies.
    3)Governance
    a.Lack of multi-sectoral coordination between different welfare schemes.
    b.constraint on fiscal space and state’s capacity to deliver public services
    4)Implementation
    a.Leakages in PDS
    b.poor quality of food in MDM

    Possible solutions
    1)Social status:Focus on the social status of children,adolescent girls and women
    2)Technology: To monitor the implementation of MDM,ICDS
    b.To enhance productivity and effectiveness of Aanganwadi workers
    3)standardise the nutrient content and addition of micronutrients to cooked food in MDM
    4)Public-private partnership to improve level of quality and service,colloborative of private entities through CSR programmes.
    5)Dissemenation of Information about good nutrition practices,sanitation and hygiene.
    6)Proper help of world health organizations for funds and technology to deal with malnutrition.

    India should create its vast population into dividend not liability,it’s only possible if population is healthy and educated.

    • anna

      very good answer.

      • YashGupta2017

        Thanks for review

  • Vishakha

    The overall nutritional problems are still prevailing in India, despite all efforts by government. These nutritional problems, especially in youth, need to be address immediately, for the betterment of people and as well for making India’s economy strong with significant role of its human resources.

    REASONS FOR SLOW PROGRESS –
    1) The poor nutritional status of adolescent girls, who mostly married before 18 and give child births even before their own body is ready, which ultimately led to children born with many deficiencies.
    2) Lack of awareness regarding nutritional importance among uneducated families especially mothers who has foremost duty for overall nutritional development of child. The problem of over weight is also due to negligence on part of families.
    3) Most of the sections of society are economically deprived especially scheduled tribes which led to the poverty and hence, these people not able to have essential nutritional food.
    4) The ongoing schemes such as ICDS, Mid-day meal schemes need to be re-design to eliminate the short-comings. And, need to be implemented in better manner.

    WAY AHEAD
    1) Create and launch a national nutrition mission to curb the nutritional problems which the more systematic development approach.
    2) A national campaign should be started to impart awareness among people especially mothers regarding basic nutritional, sanitation and health needs. For this, help of NGOs, gram panchayats, anganwadi workers can be taken.
    3) Improve mid-day meal scheme by including diverse nutritional diets and micro-nutrients. Mid- day meal schemes should be directly supervised by district collector so that no mischief can be done by food supply contractors.
    4) Free nutritional essentials, vitamins & calcium medicines and health check-ups to pregnant women of economically deprived section.
    5) Revamping of nutritional schemes with the clear goals and timelines. And better resources allocation.

    India has to go a long way to achieve it’s aim to eliminate malnutrition by 2030. We all should do our bit to give the basic right of nutritional diet to a child.

    • AviM

      Very nicely written, however I feel introduction could have been better, like you have said :”despite all efforts by government” that means the problem is not at government’s end, also the issue is more prevalent in children and adolescent girls and not in youth in general. Hope it helps, keep writing

      • Vishakha

        Yes, I too feel introduction is not as good as it should be. Thanks.

    • Serene catalyst

      Please review mine

  • alka

    Under nutrition is still a problem in India, despite having impressive reduction in stunting in last decade. The segment that are highly affected are girls, women, children, among which SCs and STs are worse. The factors that play role behind this distress are:-
    1) Lack of education in the field of nutrition, hygiene and sanitation.
    2) According to a report of United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), nearly 50% of women in India are married before they attain the age of 18, resulting in less nutritional facilities and multiple pregnancies which gives birth to under weigh child.
    3) The schemes like mid-day meals are introduced covering a large section of society but with lesser accountability and coordination in their work.
    4) No impactful introduction of fortified food is also a major concern.
    5) Many schemes and projects are introduced but its not much of a use without concrete targets and financial commitments to accomplish goals.
    6) Systematic development is a long process that needs consistency, commitment, continuity, output/input impact metric which is missing.
    7) For programmes like ICDS, multi-sectoral coordination with inter generational focus is essential for the nature of malnutririon.

    To address these issues are important and that could be done by implementing some of these measures like:-
    1) Introducing more of fortified foods not only in terms of salt but also for cereals, milk, staples, etc.
    2) Educating people about the nutrition friendly diet, about the hygiene and, sanitation.
    3) Creating Nutrition Secretariat under the Prime Ministers Office with responsibility of multi-sectoral alignments.
    4) Focusing on both nutrition specific and nutrition sensitive initiative.
    5) Make Nodal Ministries accountable for revamping projects like ICDS, MDM, PDS, etc.

    It is important to focus on the issues that are making India lag behind in terms of nutritional values. The poor nutrition will definitely impact the nation’s economy and will fracture the dreams and aspirations of India.

    PLEASE REVIEW.

    • RG Sta

      Layout of the answer is good! Conclusion could have been more lengthier than introduction. Conclusion lets the examiner know the writer’s intention regarding the problem besides the factual information stated in the answer.

      Thanks for the review request.

      • alka

        Noted. Will work on it.

  • New user

    Aggregate levels of under nutrition in India are shockingly high and we have been lagging behind in achieving what countries with comparable socio-economic standards have achieved.
    Following are the challenges being faced:

    1. Inter-generational malnutrition: Recent UN reports state that 50% of Indian women are married before they turn 18, in violation of law. The cycle of early marriage, pre-mature conceiving and multiple pregnancies results in under-weight children. We have 7 million such born-undernourished children each year.
    2. Lack of targets or financial commitments: States like Maharastra, MP, UP, Odisha, Gujarat and Karnataka have already introduced nutrition missions, but these lack continued systematic implementation with a focus on targets.
    3. Lack of multi-sectoral coordination: Despite the presence of Integrated Child Development Services since 1975 and Mid day meals scheme since 1995, problem of malnutrition persists due to lack of coordinated approach recognising that problem at hand is multi-faceted.

    Steps to change outcomes:

    1. Creation of Nutrition Secretariat: This would ensure multi-sectoral alignment of targets and priorities while setting targets and timelines.
    2. Revamping exiting schemes: Make nodal ministries incharge of ICDS, MDM and PDS for setting targets and resources. Need to open PPP for improving the reach and efficiency of existing programmes.
    3. Large scale food fortification: Needs to extended beyond salt to flour, oil, dairy etc. for quicker and effective reach to masses.
    4. Invest in information and education: There is an urgent need to educate the country about the benefits and importance of good nutrition practices such as breast feeding, deworming, diverse diet, hygiene, sanitation etc.

    India needs to nurture its human dividend if it wants to become a dominant global player. After all, no investment can yield better results than investment in it’s own human capital.

  • 2017

    PLEASE REVIEW

    Malnutrition refers to the situation where there is an unbalanced diet and as per World Bank India is one of the highest in number of children under malnutrition. India’s progress is slow in addressing malnutrition because:

    1) Child Marriage: According to united nations population fund nearly 50% of girls are married before 18, multiple pregnancies even before becoming adult lead to birth of underweight child
    2) Gender inequality: Due to low status of women diet lacks both quality and quantity. (in some areas there is practice that male members of family to be served first than left over is served to women).
    3) Lack of information and education to pregnant and nursing mothers on healthy eating habits, hygiene and sanitation, etc.
    4) Inefficacy of Government schemes: lack of nutrition items like (fruits and milk) along with food in mid day meal.

    We can address this issue via:
    1) Strict law enforcement: preventing marriage of girls before 18, charging heavy penalties
    2) Education and awareness about healthy diet, sanitation, hygiene, nursing mother about importance of breast-feeding.
    3) Revamp government schemes like mid day meal, public distribution system, Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) by large-scale food fortification, standardizing the nutrient component of supplementary food
    4) Ministry under PMO to keep check on enforcement of the initiatives to overcome malnutrition on priority with given time constraints.

    India, already have infrastructure and mechanism working against malnutrition, but more co-ordination in schemes and awareness among the people at risk, its progress can be improved.

    • RG Sta

      Good answer!
      * Quotes, mentioning related reports & acts regarding the issue can make the answer more bright!

      Thanks for the review request.

  • Tarun

    even though our country is taking several measures to eradicate malnutrition we are in slow in the progress as per the global nutition report 2016

    reasons:
    # LACK OF AWARENESS: according to UNFPA report 50 percent women in rural areas are getting maried before the age of 18 and this against to the law.and getting pregnancy before they becoming an adult this lead to the low weight in child birth.
    # NON AVAILABILITY OF MULTI NUTRITIONAL FOOD: most of the members are not allowed to access the multi nutrient food due to poverty.
    # LACK OF IMPLEMENTATION:various government schemes relating to malnutrititon was implementing properly.

    following measures have to be taken in order to eradicate the malnutrititon as follows:

    # three structures has to be prioritised such as

    #ICDS ;through which increase the anganwadi centres which caters the need of pregnant women and children below six years of age.
    #MID- DAY MEAL SCHEME: additional multi nutritional food should be supplemented such as milk,eggs,etc.
    # PDS: make subsistence of nutritional food available to the above and below poverty line families.

    # create an awareness among the people related to problems of marriages below the age of 18, malnutrition etc.
    #create a nutritional secretary as a part of prime minister’s office in designing and implementation of various schemes related to eradication of malnutrition.
    # accountability and transperancy is required in implementing the schemes.
    these above measures will solve the problems of malnutrition and makes india as a malnutrition free nation.

  • swathika srikanth

    India has very high demographic dividend compared to other countries which is not being harnessed because of such health factors that a good percentage of our population face. Uttarpradesh accounts for 8% of the people under poverty in the entire world. Over nutrition and under nutrition are both a menace in harnessing the efficiency of the potential workforce.
    India s progresss is slow in addressing such issues because:
    1. Sanitation and good hygiene : India lacks good sanitation facilities and hygienic living conditions and is a home to majority of people living in slums without clean environment. They defacate in open and the stench and housefly can carry enough harm.
    2. Safe drinking water: the slum of our country doesn’t get good and clean drinking water. The water that they get is mixed with drainage water and is unfit for comsumption and most of the illness is causes because of eating with dirty hands.
    3. Anemic women : the health problems of the children are born before they set foot on earth, women who are anemic are exposed to such deficiencies because almost 50% of women in India are married off at young age and they deliver babies before they become adults leading to unconducive birth conditions.
    4. Social divisions and family structure: majority of the people below poverty and who are undernourished are from schedule caste or schedule tribe or from lower sections of the society that describes the social conditions of distribution of resources and also that the family structures and conventions where in a family the youngest daughter in law pregnant gets a smaller proportion to the eldest when conceived
    5. Awareness: lack of education and awareness though stressed upon is not being accomplished. Awareness of hygiene and cleanliness is lacking in our society.
    Few things that could be done :
    1. Overhaul the available schemes that are streamlined for reducing such problems like ICDS, MDM, Swatcha Bharat and ensure get are being implemented and routed to the needy.
    2. Provide clean and safe shelter for the poor and educate them on healthy conduct and consequences
    3. Increase the base of providing nutrient supplements and deficiency tablets. Only if the problems of safe drinking water and sanitation is provided any quality of supplements may effect.
    4. Conduct regular health camps and cleanliness camps
    5. Strengthen legislation on early marriages
    Though there has been a considerable percentage of fall in the stunted and wasted children we still stand in the worst performers globally. One of the sustainable development goals is to eradicate hunger and poverty and provide safe environment and it is also enshrined in the DPSP of our constitution to provide safe and hygienic shelter. If the available schemes are revamped and implementation strengthened we can achieving SDG by 2030 will not be q mere dream.

    • swathika srikanth

      Review please

    • RG Sta

      * You could have mentioned about Global Nutrition Report.
      * Better to write full forms instead of short forms.
      Rest looks good!

      Thanks for the review request.

      • swathika srikanth

        Thank you.. My first answer.. Ya will definetly look into..

        • RG Sta

          Welcome to Insights..!! I know how its like to post our first answer on Insights. You made it good for the first tym. There is lot of time and scope to improve our answer writing over here. Are you preparing for CSE 2017?

          • swathika srikanth

            Yeahh

            • RG Sta

              All the best..!!

              • swathika srikanth

                Thank you:)

    • Late night

      Good coverage of all imp points but take care of word limit

      • swathika srikanth

        Ya sure I will look into in consequent posts:) Ty for the review

  • Serene catalyst

    Global Nutrition Report by WHO is a grade sheet of the world’s nutrition-globally,regionally,country by country and this year India is positioned low on a scale from lower to higher nutrient deficient places.

    favour
    1.Social- Early marriages i.e below the age of 18,is one the major reason.It leads to underdevelopment of the mother because of an early pregnancy hence birth of an abnormal baby.This making both the persons falling under Low BMI.Despite the fact there exist an act against it.
    2.Economical-People below poverty line,people having low wages or seasonal wages,people facing harsh losses due to crop failure etc,all the people from unorganised sector couldn’t able to feed themselves and their family 3 times a day and that too nutritious diet and become the prey of malnuturition.Despite PDS, BPL ration cards
    3.Inflation
    because of lowering of MSP and APCM not purchasing at that cost.Hence,degradation of stocks due to lack of FDI Godowns.Low supply,high demand.Hence,Inflation

    Against
    1.Parameters-
    This report is being of comparative degree doesn’t give the clear picture.As the countries holding the top ranks like australia , Italy , Switzerland , etc are already developed and their population density is much much lower than India.
    2.Progress-
    According to the Report India haven’t shown a change,but if we compare the results with the previous years there will a satisfying change.Though the pace is slow but as it said slow and steady wins the race.
    3.Govt Initiatives
    Government has taken some significant initiatives like mid day meal,Including pulses in MSP and signing a pack with Kenya to import pulses,a thrust has been given to fish cultivation,crab cultivation in order to full fill the protein demand in the country.
    Hence, though the pace is slow but the direction is right and It demands special attention in some parts and we will be at rank one.
    also an initiavtive from Maharshtra Govt to skip APCM from distribution cycle can be projected nationwide and show some progress.

    • Raj

      See catalyst opening parah is heart of the answer so try to address the soul of the question directly. You have written about the report which is no one’s concern in the question.
      The second point of against is wrong, the question asks reasons for slow growth.
      Your approach is nice. You will improve with time. Just keep writing.

      • Serene catalyst

        Thank You..:)

    • Late night

      Hai serene, while attempting these type of questions we should concentrate mostly on the question being asked in a generalised way. They do mention this report , that report only to give some idea. We don’t have to bother about that report. Don’t worry man, we all will improve with the passage of time.

      • Serene catalyst

        Thank You 🙂

  • jungle

    Healthy population makes a developed nation. At one side we are dreaming to become a superpower by 2020 , on other side India is home to world largest undernourished and hungry population acc to UNICEF.
    Measure to control this problem has been started since 1975 by launching ICDS scheme but we are not successful. Reasons for this slow progress is

    1. Social causes
    – marriage of girls at very lower age
    – separate eating habits of tribals
    – most of birth still happen at home in rural
    india
    2 Administrative cause
    – territorial extent of these schemes is limited in tribal areas
    – Corruption in PDS,MDM etc
    3 Other causes
    – Inflation
    – poverty
    – people are unaware what a balance diet is

    Solutions
    1. Restructing Schemes of ICDS,MDM,PDS according to requirements.Continuous monitoring with help of Technology
    2. Awareness drive in tribal areas
    3.Increase social status of women,
    4.Biofortification of food
    5. industries to take responsibility of nutritional graph of a particular area.On the basis of results govt can give benefits to a industry.
    6. Generating employment to reduce poverty.

    We have ample amount of food grains ,godowns have surplus reserve and if it reaches to the needy effectively then surely this problem can be eliminated.

  • Upsc Daily

    Please review:
    The “Global nutrition report” demonstrates india’s profile in malnutrition on a global level.it was released by WHO.The report ranks india 114 out of 132 countries,low among South-asian and SAARC countries.Despie india’s effort since independence to increase its status and launching of flagship programmes such as “National nutrition mission” there are many factors for low status.They are
    Socio-economic factors:
    1.child marriages in many rural areas among all sections of society
    2.low awareness among young women about breast feeding of babies for the first 6 months
    3.tradition of having many children leading to multipe pregnancies
    4.low income to women whem compared to men
    Political factors:-
    1.centralisation of govenance leading to low penetration of govenment programmes
    2.no district wise data on nutrition status
    Way forward:-
    1.dissemination of data using information communication and technology
    2.revamping of ICDS,Mid-day meal scheme
    3.providing supplement nutriton at regular intervals
    4.establishing minimum food standards
    5.training of anganwadi workers and other personnel.
    6.maintaining targets and periodic review.

  • anjali

    please check

  • Sneha

    plz review…..

    • Debashis Sahu

      Hi Sneha :
      1. You have a MULTI SECTORAL approach to the problem and have covered many areas
      2. You could have included areas like use of R&D and ICT for improvement,awareness campaign is skuls and colleges etc, these are suggestions for u.

      2. I belive u might have crossed the word limit and time both. This might affect other questions,though this will fetch you marks other will negate that.
      I hope this helps. Plz review mine

      • Sneha

        thnx for review and valuable suggestions…..will keep in mind next tym

  • Sunil Sharma

    first answer on insights so Plz review

  • soumya peeru

    The global reports reiterates the urgent measures that needs to be undertaken to tackle the double burden of Malnutrition (DBM). DBM is the coexistence of both under and over nutrition in the household and the country at large. This is probably due to the inequal distribution of the resources amongst the male and female members in the family. This traces back to our history where at any given point of time the male member is always preferred to have the food first followed by the children and female members of the family. This definitely leads to poor and in equal distribution of food especially the vulnerable group comprising of children and the female members. They do not get the recommended allowances required for normal growth and development causing deficiencies,stunting and wasting as reported in the report. Impaired growth coupled with lack of concentration hampers the child’s school progress resulting in low grades and the vicious cycle goes on in teenage and adulthood .
    The first and foremost solution to tackle this problem is to educate and sensitize the educated masses in the community. They in turn can influence their own individual families, neighborhood and the larger community. Nutritionists and Diet specialist can be consulted for reversing the nutrition transition that is bring the people back to eat our traditional foods in an innovative way that is nutrient dense. Policy makers can revamp the existing taxation on the junk foods and instead encourage the indigenous food products to curb over nutrition. Last but not the least the hospitals,anganwadies and other health care centers need to have access to the basic medical and nutrition care.