Insights Daily Current Events, 16 July 2016

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Insights Daily Current Events, 16 July 2016


Paper 2 Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.


Census 2011 records rise in literacy among disabled


New numbers released from Census 2011 show that literacy among disabled has increased in the country.


  • More than half of the total disabled population in India are now literate. The literacy rate among the disabled has increased from 49.3% in 2001 to 54.5% in 2011. However, this is significantly lower than the overall literacy level of India which stands at 74%.
  • Both rural and urban areas saw an increase of around four percentage points in literacy rate of the disabled.
  • Among the urban disabled, 68% are literate while the number stands at 49% for disabled in the rural areas.
  • The difference between literacy rate of males and females is wider in rural areas — 72% of disabled males and 61% of disabled females in urban areas are literate, a difference of nine percentage points.
  • But in rural areas, the difference stands at 20 percentage points, as 58% of disabled males and only 38% of disabled females are literate.

Sources: the hindu.


Paper 3 Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.


India slips on business optimism index: survey


Business Optimism Index, part of Grant Thornton International Business Report (IBR) for April-June 2016, was recently released. The survey took note of 2,500 businesses across 36 economies.


  • India slipped to the third position, during April-June, after remaining on top globally for the two preceding quarters.
  • Companies in India were mainly concerned about the delays in key reforms like the goods and services tax, non-resolution of tax disputes and the banking sector’s performance.
  • India continues to top the chart on expectations of revenue increases.
  • Growth in employment expectations dropped to the second position during this period from top rank in the previous quarter.
  • The rank on optimism further slipped to fourth in terms of profitability expectations.
  • While the business confidence in India has weakened, there is a rise in optimism on the export front. However, red tape continued to hamper growth and ranked India as number two on the issue.
  • Research and development continue to be an area of concern.
  • On the global front, there is a rise in the proportion of businesses worldwide expecting increased revenue over the coming 12 months. However, growth in global export expectations continues to be slow, indicating that revenue is dependent on domestic consumer spending power.
  • Consumer spending is now under threat from increased political instability, recovering oil prices and reduced plans to offer pay increases.

Sources: the hindu.


Paper 2 Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.


Ulaanbaatar Declaration adopted


The 11th edition of the Asia-Europe Meeting Summit (ASEM11) was recently concluded in Ulaanbaatar.

  • The theme of the Summit is ‘20 Years of ASEM: Partnership for the Future through Connectivity‘.
  • Ulaanbaatar Declaration was adopted as an outcome document of the Summit, in which the participating leaders from Asia and Europe renewed their political will and strong resolve to work together to promote mutually beneficial partnership and co-operation between the two continents, with a view to building a better future for the peoples of Asia and Europe.


  • The declaration has reaffirmed ASEM’s commitment for greater partnership through informal political dialogue and initiatives in economic and socio-cultural fields.
  • It also has expressed its commitment for united fight against terrorism and violent extremism.
  • The declaration will also focus on maritime security cyber security.


The Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) is an informal process of dialogue and cooperation bringing together the 28 European Union member states, 2 other European countries, and the European Union with 21 Asian countries and the ASEAN Secretariat.

  • The ASEM dialogue addresses political, economic and cultural issues, with the objective of strengthening the relationship between the two regions, in a spirit of mutual respect and equal partnership.
  • It was officially established on 1 March 1996 at the first summit in Bangkok, Thailand.
  • The ASEM Summit is a biennial meeting between the Heads of State and Government, the President of the European Council, the President of the European Commission, and the Secretary-General of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).

Sources: the hindu.


Paper 2 Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.


UNESCO declares Nalanda Mahavihara World Heritage Site


UNESCO has declared Bihar’s much awaited ancient site – the ruins of Nalanda Mahavihara – a World Heritage Site.

  • With the inclusion of Nalanda, this would be the second UNESCO Heritage Site in Bihar after Mahabodhi temple in Bodh Gaya.

Key facts:

  • Nalanda stands out as the most ancient university of the Indian Subcontinent. It engaged in the organized transmission of knowledge over an uninterrupted period of 800 years.
  • The historical development of the site testifies to the development of Buddhism into a religion and the flourishing of monastic and educational traditions.
  • It was a major Mahavihara or a large Buddhist monastery that also doubled up as an important centre of learning from the 5th to 1200 AD in the erstwhile kingdom of Magadh.
  • The construction of Nalanda university began in 5th century AD and flourished under the Gupta rulers. It came to an end in the 12th century when it was destroyed in 1193 AD by the invading Turkish army led by its commander Bakhtiar Khilji.

UNESCO world heritage site:

A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a place that is listed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as of special cultural or physical significance.

  • The list is maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 UNESCO member states which are elected by the General Assembly.
  • Each World Heritage Site remains part of the legal territory of the state wherein the site is located and UNESCO considers it in the interest of the international community to preserve each site.
  • The List of recorded sites on the World Heritage now stands at 981 which include both cultural and natural wonders.
  • Italy is home to the greatest number of World Heritage Sites with 50 sites.

Sources: the hindu.


Paper 2 Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.


Madhya Pradesh becomes first state to have ‘Happiness Department’


Madhya Pradesh has become the first state in the country to set up ‘Happiness Department’.

Key facts:

  • The department will work to ensure “happiness in the lives of common people” on the lines of Bhutan.
  • A panel of experts will be formed in the newly-constituted department which will give suggestions to ensure happiness in the lives of the people.
  • The department will identify and define parameters that make people happy, coordinate among various departments, recommend policy changes and formulate an action plan to “increase the level of happiness and satisfaction” among the state’s more than 7.25 crore population — all on a Rs 3.60 crore budget.
  • The department will have a president, a chief officer, a director (research), a director (coordination) and four research assistant among others. Experts working in the field could be nominated to the department.
  • The department will take feedback from people on the happiness parameters at regular intervals, publish survey reports and carry out research to improve the existing parameters.


Bhutan, the first country to come up with the concept of gross national happiness, has fixed standards of living, health, education, good governance and psychological happiness among the various parameters that make its citizens happy.

  • Some of the US states that follow Gross National Wellness have included emotional and psychological ability, physical health, work, income, economic progress and holidays among other parameters.
  • The parameters used by the United Nations include per capita GDP, health, community cooperation during bad times, and trust-inducing measures like corruption-free government and business, freedom to take decisions, and philanthropy.


The World Happiness Report 2016 by the UN ranks India at 118th among 156 countries, behind Somalia (76), China (83), Pakistan (92), Iran (105), Palestinian Territories (108) and Bangladesh (110). Madhya Pradesh, which has made remarkable progress in agriculture in recent times, does not figure among the country’s developed states, and fares badly when it comes to social indices like maternal and infant mortality. It also has a very high rate of crimes against women.

Sources: the hindu.
























  • Pankaj Nimbolkar

    Thanks sir🎸🎸

  • Sneh deep

    Is vision IAS current affairs material sufficient for CS P 16???


      Yes, just try to remember important terms remain in news till mid 2016. That’s it.

  • chuttki

    Consumer spending is now under threat from increased political instability, …….. political instability on global level na???? bcz according to in india there is political stability now

    • Vishal

      can u share the article link

      • chuttki

        it is written in above news…….India slips on business optimism index: survey
        …. last point

        • Vishal

          oops didnt read the news so minutely….ya they r talkin about political instability on a global context especially the middle east and the gulf

          • chuttki

            okk okkk

  • Madridsta

    Thanks a lot 🙂 When it was not posted yesterday, then i realised the importance! Thanks a lot sir!

  • Best desire

    Thank u

  • chuttki

    any one please tell what is supply based approch??? “traditionally both state and center govt. have been following supply based approch for locating social sector facilities”??? pls explain the meaning of this line

  • PK

    Thank you sir

  • Sanchi


    • adi

      kuch naya nahi padhna….
      jo padha hai uska revision…. ek mock test roj…….economics and geography ke concepts (locations, etc.) ka rveision..
      history me important events ka 2 baar revision…bas…..

      • Sanchi

        THANKS 🙂

      • manishksehrawat

        Please advise If we shall stop following Hindu or CA till prelims is over, if there is less time to study ?

        • adi

          from now on no hindu no ca because question paper would have been prepared by now…
          ca vision and gktoday se padh lo baki core cheezon par dhyaan lagao…concepts concepts concepts ka revision

    • Varun

      Happened to me also, so take two days off on 16 and 17 July, gone to Movie, relaxed, no study for two days, now back on Monday today to carry on the UPSC business.

    • NeverSayDie

      same with me 🙁
      Thank God that its Normal.I was so upset about it.

    • Vishal

      the trick is to defeat this exam-centric mindset we acquired all these days in our schools and colleges….the moment you think its not for exam but for knowledge,… learning and retention capacity increases drastically

  • Shweta Choudhury

    if we cover daily insights current affairs news compilations is it enough for current affairs 2017?or apart from that shud we again read the hindu

    • NPN

      it will be better to have a look at either hindu or IE for editorials and for any news u consider imp which insights has not covered…. + vision current affairs…..

  • Dr. Charan Singh

    Preparing for 2017. want to create Whatsapp group for study. my number is 9780830715. If anyone interested. My optional is Anthropology.

  • Vinod Meena

    This WHR 2016 list shows India @118 and puts Pakistan @92 & even Somalia @76 above us. I don’t understand anything.

  • sspp
  • Varun

    Thank you Insightsonias team for your valuable support.

  • Ravi Ankur

    anyone in ths forum who is preparing for Rajasthan PSC exam on 28 aug…..can you anyone suggest me from where to prepare for Rajasthan Art and culture.

  • Jorge

    I have a silly doubt in case anyone can help clarify (unrelated to todays current affairs)

    About Civil Aviation Policy open sky policy PIB website says: “GoI will enter into ‘Open Sky’ ASA on a reciprocal basis with SAARC countries and countries located beyond 5000 km from Delhi”

    In most newspapers they say about this: “This means that airlines from European or Saarc countries will have unlimited access”

    But technically, the definition also implies open sky with countries like Australia, Latin American countries etc. right?? Or am I misunderstanding something?

    • niks’ fixes

      See the Open Skies Policy (OSP) is on a reciprocal basis. Those countries will benefit most where there is traffic and where there are relevant agreements. Unlimited access is not one way, its on a reciprocal basis. The policymaker see this as mostly benefiting European countries and SAARC countries. Also note that they did not mention USA as with them we have an almost open skies policy already in place. Besides, another point to ponder is that OSP is for > 5000 kms so how does it beneft SAARCH countries which are < 5000 km from Delhi!?

      • Jorge

        yeah so on the PIB information its listed that SAARC AND countries > 5000 km.
        I was just confused because countries in Latin America and several in Africa also should fall under the criteria (but I think that the newspapers just didn’t mention that’s all)

  • NeverSayDie

    Can anyone please share the link for May and June CA compilations.

  • SuperMogli

    Thank you ppl❤👏