Insights Weekly Essay Challenges 2016 – Week 26: Is India a Reluctant Participant in the New Global Order?

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Insights Weekly Essay Challenges 2016 – Week 26

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26 June  2016

Write an essay on the following topic in not more than 1000-1200 words:

 

“Is India a Reluctant Participant in the New Global Order?”

  • Smart Work

    Essay Blue-Print

    “Is India a Reluctant Participant in the New Global Order?”

    World has become a global village – Improved ICT, means of transport; a country can no longer be in isolation from the global engagements.

    During Ancient times, India was the centre of global trade and scientific discoveries, but during medieval times was pushed into darkness, now slowly gaining momentum and will soon reach the place it deserves.

    During Cold war period, India refused to join any military block and advocated NAM, many countries followed India.

    Multilateral agreements, India actively pursuing and negotiating – MTCR, NSG, RCEP, permanent seat in UNSC. Active member in G20, UN etc.

    Global economy – India is seen as an optimistic investment market, especially after slowdown in EU, Middle-east, China .India actively partcipating in Bilateral and Multilateral economic agreements (FTAs, RCEP etc. ) . Rest of the world is facing man-power crisis, India has been supplying both skilled and semi-skilled workforce to the world.

    Trade Agreements – India has to overcome its “Big but Poor dilemma” . India has been seeking concessions in IPR laws, public stockholding of food, tariffs etc . without any significant progress in improving its domestic capabilities. This has adversely affected trade negotiations.

    Climate change – Sustainable development is inherent in Indian culture, worshipping nature, animals, vegetarianism etc. are nothing but means of sustainable development. Climate change is a global problem., India has come up with ambitious INDCs , CBDR, also has been the protector of rights of LDCs in the earlier international negotiations.

    Refugee crisis– India has a rich experience of handling refugees – Tibet, Srilankan Tamils, Pakistani and Bdesh Hindus, Parsis, Afghans etc. , However, has not done much to solve the ongoing EU refugee crisis. India should lead the world by rising in the global platform – UNGA, UNHCR etc.

    Terrorism – India is itself a victim, still till now was silent at global platform. But recently has actively advocated the world to unite against terrorism, define “terrorism”, and isloate those countries which are harbouring terrorists. Has signed multiple agreements on Intelligence sharing, successfully convinced US congress to not allow sale of F-16 to Pakistan.

    Technology – Still long way to go, but recent improvements are praiseworthy. ISRO has been launching satellites of even developed countries and has achieved expertise.

    Education – Nalanda university was the oldest in world, but today not a single university in top 100 . Although Indian students are doing wonders abroad. Need to develop – both primary and higher education, check brain drain.Indian IT professionals are in huge demand all over the world.

    Soft power : Yoga, Ayurveda, Naturo pathy etc. India no more a mute spectator, now projecting its rich cultural heritage. UN declared June 21 as Yoga day – big achievement. “Incredible Inida “, Buddha circuit, Bollywood diplomacy ..

    India is the worlds oldest surviving civilisation, during this period of mutiple crisis the world expects India to not only be an active participant but also lead from the front. India has all the 3 requisites to become a guiding light – rich experience, noble intentions and available resources.

    • warrior_pandit

      Really liked your approach!! but, where is Indian response to the modern world problems? The essay is all about that! Kindly review mine!! 🙂

  • hunacc

    Is India a Reluctant Participant in the New Global Order?

  • Athena

    A long long time ago, when India was known as the golden sparrow and when trade decided the position and reputation of a country in the global world order, India was seen not merely as a participant but a country that could change the whole world trade thereby affecting the activities and the course followed by other countries. Even the ‘soft diplomacy’ of spreading Buddhism all over the world by Buddha or ‘Hard Power’ of Cholas in influencing South east Asia can be seen as our active participation in shaping the ideas of other people of the world

    But, the subjugation and the subsequent exploitation by British dealt a serious blow to our confidence and our reputation as a major power in the world. After independence, India became a reluctant participant in deciding the future course of the world because of our own internal problems of poverty, inequality, hunger, communalism etc. We became too engrossed in our internal affairs that we shut off our doors to the world

    The foreign policy that we pursued (NAM) was seen more as about remaining aloof from the global decision making. Our decision to engage militarily to annihilate ISIS under the flag of UN Peacekeeping rather than its own banner are a further testimony to this.

    India has not setup any projects or institutions of global world order like AIIB, OBOR of China, ADB (Japan), IMF & World Bank (pioneered by US). Our indecisiveness and aversion on issues of global concern like that of freedom of navigation in South China Sea are other major cases in point .

    The implications and ramifications of this reluctance is most visible in the form where India say gets sidelined when it comes to decisions of highest orders. It kind of projects India as a weak power resulting in even smaller countries not giving much attention to us.

    But, it should be kept in mind that India reluctance is not because it wants to but more because the situation compels it to. India is still a developing country which does not have economic clout compared to that of US, China, Germany, UK etc. It currently needs to delicately balance it approach without antagonizing any nation just to project that it can shape the global decision making.

    At the same time, there are also instances where India is now trying to shed its reluctant approach. Our quest to get a permanent seat in UNSC and the vigorous diplomacy being followed to realise it, is major case where India now wants itself to be recognised as a country capable of influencing the world.

    Our approach in WTO and in climate change negotiations as a champion and flag bearer of the developing countries further reflect our growing confidence and our ability. Our recent overture to get NSG membership to decide the future of world’s nuclear trade is another example where we want to project ourselves as a major power who decides what will / will not happen in the world

    The recent statement by Sushma Swaraj, that it is different to sit outside the room and follow the rules and sitting inside the room and making the rules and it is the latter path that we are now confidently progressing to.

    • Ashutosh

      Dear Athena,
      Nice points and examples but there was no proper analysis of the points. You could have done more by analysing more areas. However your examples were too short and dint clarify what you wanted to say.

      Your language and structure was good but you have to do more hardwork in the content part.

      Also in the paragraph
      India has not setup any projects or institutions of global world order like AIIB, OBOR of China, ADB (Japan), IMF & World Bank (pioneered by US). Our indecisiveness and aversion on issues of global concern like that of freedom of navigation in South China Sea are other major cases in point .

      you were not correct in saying that India has not setup…India with China has setup NDB, AIIB and Brics contigency reserve which are unique initiatives. Avoid using those examples in which you are not clear.

      All the best. Please review mine too.

      • Athena

        Thanks for reviewing but I deliberately used those examples because there is a difference in being a founding member and a member that actually commands these institutions. NDB has its headquarters in Shanghai and China has contributed the maximum share in it, in AIIB, India is only one of the 37 founding members. I cannot say, it is brainchild of India. The only institution that comes in to my mind is International Solar Alliance which is our only pet project.

        And yeah, thanks for pointing out that that I don’t give proper analysis to the points. I guess, I tend to assume that people will know what I want to tell without too much explanation needed. It is difficult for me to beat around the bush and then come to the point. But,since you’ve pointed out, I’ll try that 🙂

        My Hindi is not that good especially when it comes to difficult words, so I may not be the best person to review your essay. Sorry

    • awaneesh

      great esssay………..review mine

  • ajay

    “WITH the 3rd largest economy of the world ,16% of the worlds population,4th largest armed forces and the largest democracy in the world,India has it all what it takes to participate in the Global world order.seeing its significance the former premier of CHina,WEN JIBAO had stated that This century is an Asian century And it belongs to INDIA and china. but despite such confirmed credentials india has been a reluctant participant in the New global order.it has avoided direct participation in major issues concerning economy ,polity,security and stability .it has remained mostly a passive player .in this context we will demonstrate how INDIA has been reluctant to fully participate in the global order.at the same time we will see how things have started to change in the last few years where india is becoming more pro-active than before.

    starting from international polity and consequent conflicts,we can see how india has avoided stand on pressing critical issues.eg- in the recent standoff B/w RUSSIA and the west over crimea issue ,india did not form an informed opinion.russia annexed crimea,ukraine plunged into civil war,conflicts rose b/w govt troops and seperatists and russia was put under sanctions.this kept on happening and escalating. Russia was expelled from G-8 grouping ,international experts started to state it as the NEW cold war.but notwithstanding all these developments,india never took a firm stand.despite years of friendship and following of rule of law and justice ,india remained reluctant or to state was even blind to this issue.this shows our unwillingness to participate in global political affairs,because EU another dominant player eventually took a stand ,tried for ceasefire and lasting peace and development.

    now when we look at the clamour for the permanent seat at the UN ,we can observe the opposition india is facing.the uniting for consensus group of pakistan,argentina,italy and canada is opposing G-4 group candidacy ,of which india is a member.why is this so?.though there are numerous reasons for the same,most importantly is because ,other nations don’t consider india as a dominant part of New world order.india has not participated fully to its potential on various issues.it has been unable to lead the SOUTH asian neighbourhood,SAARC has become sabotaged due to india-pak rivalry.its not a fulltime member of ASEAN,has not been considered under TPP, its trade with EU is under threat from TATIP.similarly,its role in afghanistan has been miniscule.it has been unable to get its way for an afghan led democratic ,peaceful and economic process despite proximity to it.contrasting it with other permanent members we see that US and RUSSIA have helped achieve ceasefire in syria.china,US,russia and worse even pakistan is part of the the process of determinig future of afghanistan,but india is not. also.india has been unable to weed out political differeneces and settle its own borders with india and china.in such a scenario,can india be considered for a permanent member has been dificult to say so..

    in this growing capitalist world,trade and economy have become very important.but even in these areas india has been lagging behind.not being part of TPP ,TATIP and ASEAN is going to become a big negative for india.it will deny our addition to the global supply chain and can decrease our profits and earnings.in these scenarios the recent Failure of FTAs is just going to add salt to the wound,after all these years of negotiaition they haven’t been so succesful.similarly our investments in africa,latin america and south-east asia has been less compared to CHINA and other global players.this has hindered access to mineral and resource regions in a profitable manner.here,though india has some progress in exploring of oil,gas and petroleum blocks with vietnam in the recent past,india’s reluctant role in south china sea dispute has impaired its true economic and political realisation of relationships .concurrently , at the WTO ,we are being seen as obstructionist in trade facilitation agreement.though we are trying to defend our farmers and food security regimens,this has created a negative image for us.it has shown that on one side we are not particiapting in the new economic order through higher standards of intellectual property,labour and environment laws,but on the other side we are stopping something which will benefit the whole world.for these aspects,we need to keep n mind that only a strong economy can lead to a strong nation and eventually a strong participant in the new world order.

    likewise a new order that has developed in the last few decades is that of terrorism,seperatism and violence.the rise of ISIS,AL-QAEDA,TALIBAN AND many terrorist organisations has threatened global peace and stability.many nations and global powers are now on the offensive to control the situation.eg- the US has formed a coalition of many nations to fight ISIS in iraq and syria russia and britain have started taking consistent actions towards the same.but at the same time india has been reluctant to take a stand on the issue and fight over global terrorism and seperatism.this is despite the fact that we have been victins of terrorism,naxalism,ethnic violence,seperatism and constant threats.similarly the current humanitarian crisis of refugees plaguing the world ,esp EU ,has kept india aloof .it has not condemened the mindless policies of intervention of some nations in west asia and north africa perpetrating inhuman violence and atrocitites.still no role and aid in helping out of the refugees or supporting suitable solutions to them has dented india’s global image to passivity and reluctance.

    however ,despite shortcomings in various areas India has shown its involvement in many global affairs especially in the recent past.
    for eg- in the climate change negotiations in UNFCCC,paris climate meet,india played vital role to keep CBDR-RC principles in the forefront. inclusion of loss and damage,climate justice,strong accounting and reporting mechanism by india’s efforts bore fruit.this strong stand taken by us helped in safeguarding the interests of developing and under-developed nations,promoting our role as a gobal leader. india helped increase the say of littoral and low lying nations in climate change affairs
    furthermore india has become increasingly active in military and strategic affairs.we have carried out many joint military drills with major nations like US,JAPAN,AUSTRALIA and france to exemplify our increasing strength and collaboration.concurrently,the recent PROJECT sagrmala,mausam and SAGAR in the indian ocean has helped us reassert ourselves in our blue neighbourhood and thwarted attempts of nations like CHINA to dominate us.such bold stands has the potential to take us to ggod heights in future as a strong miliatary is sine qua non for meaningful participation at UN,UNSC,SCO and other emerging new global organisations

    thus we can see that we have been slowly evolving and now have started taking a stand in the global comity.but despite this fact a lot needs to be done.we need to particpate whenever the need arises on the basis of international laws,principles and jurisprundenece.if we become a consistent and global player,following rule of law,justice and equity on various conflicting issues,it would be appreciated not only by the developing but also the developed nations.this will ensure our true participation in the new world order,and herald in a new frontier for us and our country

    • warrior_pandit

      Your specific examples are really good! However, could have written a bit on why india is not a reluctant…..
      This would have completed your essay! Kindly review mine!! 🙂

      • ajay

        Thanx for reviewing I have written about areas like climate change and security where India has not been reluctant… 🙂

    • Upsc only@

      overall good !! rocks but correct these errors also should be better

      • ajay

        Thanx upsc for the feedback

  • ESWAR

    Please review

    Domestic affairs, geography, wealth, technology, neighbours are some of the factors which determine a country to shape it’s foreign policy. These factors were played role in India’s case too. India ruled by colonial powers for about 200 years. It gained independence with great struggle. Many had sacrificed their lives, injured, lost their kin, wealth as well in freedom movement. By the time it became free from alien rule it’s wealth had almost vanished, industries were in bad shape, acute poverty, low literacy and life expectancy, food shortage, severe health problems, unemployment etc. Neighbouring countries like China, Pakistan have also been posed challenges since then.

    Above factors made India not to align with super powers blocks – USSR, USA then. Despite, it had founded Non alignment Movement, Panchsheel agreement to defend it’s interests and facilitate prosperity of second and third world nations as well. It had relied heavily on UN to settle some of it’s issues say with Pakistan in 1948 on J & K. However, situation in India had not been progressed -food security, employment, technology upgradation etc. To meet all these issues gradually India had approached developed nations or others – USA (food), USSR (Defence) etc. Security, food scarcity were two major issues which India faced in it’s earlier independent days and fought three wars within 25 years of self rule – 1948 with Pakistan, 1965 with China and 1971 with Pakistan. Heavy expenditure had incurred on all these wars besides loss of resources and lives. Thanks to our defence forces, leaders that we won two wars out of the three. Since then, national security has become a crucial part. Today,about 2% of GDP is allocated as defence budget as a result much focus on some crucial sectors like health, research and development have not been given.

    Thus, India has been cautiously participating with technology developed nations and their allies -USA, Russia, Israel, France, Japan and walking a tight rope without hurting it’s own national priorities. Some crucial agreements on defence -technology transfer, treatment at par with their allies, joint development mechanisms have been secured with these nations, aimed at lessening our imports and boost economy in near future. Make in India campaign is major thrust in this regard.

    Under the new initiative – make in India and counter China’s over ambitious initiatives -OBOR, MSR, gradually changing it’s focus towards strengthining relations with USA. As a result, India has been openly receiving support to take part in global issues like Missile Technology Control Regime (became member), Nuclear Supplier Group (required more support), to become member in UN security council etc.

    India has been convincing world leaders to focus on terrorism, radicalisation, drugs, human trafficking other than self interests. Though India has limited resources it is providing aid to African nations, neighbouring countries, Afghanistan etc as a facilitator rather to meet it’s requirements. Following doctrine of Gujral with neighbouring countries, supplying generic medicines to Africa continent, contribution to Ebola virus control and to world peace through peace keeping force are some of the finest steps which India deserves honour. Though, India often criticised for aid in crisis to neighbours -Nepal, Sri Lanka, it had not cut down efforts to rebuild their nations. China often checks India’s role with these countries and woos with financial, infrastructure projects. It makes India most of the time to sacrifice for neighbours, ignore domestic issues and perforces to take part in global order.

    Scarcity of natural gas, uranium, crude and other energy sources made India to influence resource rich countries -Gulf region, Russia etc. Sometimes, it was forced to act with developed nations – USA vs Iran nuclear interest. India is one of the major consumer of energy and importer. By importing and jointly development of off shore resources with Iran, Russia, UAE, it is influencing global energy market. It is helping these nations to maintain their economy as well.

    Through cultural relations – Yoga, AYUSH, Buddhism, services etc it has been making constant efforts for world peace and prosperity. In recognition of India’s contribution in Yoga, June 21st is International day of Yoga – it is not only a morning exercise but also purifies mind and soul from evilness.

    Much of drug ingriendients being imported by India. However, with generic medicines especially Cancer, HIV/AIDS drugs it is helping poor nations to control cost and provide health of their citizens. In order to reduce emissions across globe, India has founded Solar alliance to save mother earth from climate change.

    Keeping in view of existing challenges of energy, food security, health of developing and the
    Under developed nations, India has been constantly pursuing policies in WTO, IMF, WB. To boost infrastructure needs of Asia continent and BRICS nations, India has become member in New Development Bank, Asia Infrastructure Bank. Moreover, Indian economy is open economy since 1991. It Is influencing on major economies of the world -USA, China, Japan Canada, Australia.

    Gone the days when India was sidelined in international level. Now, it is playing importing role in almost all areas. However, India much has to influence world leaders to focus on terrorism, black money, reduction of emissions, funding to developing nations to create mitigation efforts of climate change. etc. There is responsibility of citizens as well to attain all this, through voting to right candidates and making them accountable. 21st century is India’s one having immense potential to reliaze dream.

    • awaneesh

      execellent essay……..check mine

  • warrior_pandit

    India- A reluctant participant in the New Global Order?
    ” India has been a reluctant player in the New Global order, it needs to work actively in the region to make it more stable”. Echoed the U.S. President in his response to supporting India’s bid for a permanent membership to the UNSC.
    Listening to such views, 25 year old Mohan couldn’t help but smirk while his younger brother Sohan expressed his views in support of the statement. Sensing an air of non yielding of the ground on this issue, Ram, their father, asked them to debate on the topic at the end of which he would summarise the issue.
    First, it was Sohan’s turn to air his views on why he thinks that India is a reluctant participant in the New Global order.
    India, since the earliest of times has been an important element in the global order of that time. The Economic dominance of ancient India with other major civilisations, converging nearly half of global GDP within itself, the ideological dominance in the form of export of Buddhism and Vedic version of Islam to Asia, The militarical dominance over surrounding areas, with empires ranging from the borders of Persian empire in the west to Indonesia (Srivijaya) in the East and from Tibet in the North to the Maldives in the South, in different time frames are all the manifestations of India’s role in shaping up of the Global order temporalically.
    Not only under the hay days of its Independence, but even serving as a colony under the British India’s role in the World Wars and its total contribution economically and culturally, though diminished could not be ruled out.
    However, modern world has its own complexities and problems and India has not been able to live upto the expectations of its glorious past. It has, by formulating the philosophy of PANCHSHEEL of mutual coexistence has de-animated its role in the global scenario under the garb of a formal foreign policy framework.
    One such principal of “Non interfering in the internal matters of other countries” has done more harm than good. It failed to stop the nuclearisation of Pakistan which now threatens it with an all out nuclear war bettering it over the transfer of such technology to rogue nations such as North Korea, or availability of nuclear warheads to Islamic fundamentalists. The principal also failed to stop the spread of extremism (Taliban) in Afghanistan Bangladesh and Maldives etc., which target India repeatedly be it giving ground support to Anti-India organisations like Jaish and LeT, or assisting in the damaging of Indian assets. Politically too, India has failed to safeguard the interests of the humanity by failing to stop the disregard of cherished democratic principles for which it stands for in its immediate neighbourhood of Myanmar, Bangladesh and Pakistan, all boasting of dictatorial regimes in most part of their existence as modern nation states.
    Also, India’s principle of “Mutual non aggression” has been disregarded in the past both through conventional warfare, be it the three Indo-Pak wars or the Sino-India war. Unconventionally, too, India has been suffering from state sponsored terrorism from its western neighbour resulting in proxy war. The principal has prevented India from taking decisive steps against those who cause her harm.
    Internationally, too, India has failed to live up to its expectations as a global superpower by failing to take any concrete steps against ISIS and Al-qaeda and also failing to raise its voice against the blatant disregard for human rights in the middle east and elsewhere. India’s inability to mediate in the internal conflicts of other nations, by using its influence is also one such failure as an active participant in shaping of the Neo Global order.
    Now, it was Mohan’s turn to speak his views on why he thinks India is NOT a reluctant player in the New Global order. Taking the points of India’s active role in shaping up the global order in the Ancient and Medieval times. He listed out India’s active participation in the contemporary world order and the feasibility of the principals of PANCHSHEEL in resolving the conflicts.
    India’s active participation in setting up NAM to act as an ray of hope for the newly independent nations to help keep the world away from bipolar-ism was an important contribution of modern Indian state towards world peace and stability. Similarly, India has been the biggest contributor to the UN peace keeping forces to keep global conflicts at bay. The security of some of the most volatile land borders like the Golan Heights (Syria-Israel) has been tasked to the Indian PKF.
    India’s role at various times like Operation Cactus to safeguard democracy in Maldives, support to Northern Alliance in Afghanistan against the Taliban, active support to pro-democratic forces in Nepal, Myanmar etc., are the living manifestations of India’s active participation in safegurading cherished principles to humanity.
    Also impportant is India’s active participation in the global socio-economic development. The acctive participation of India in vaccination programs in Africa and other regions along with the supply of medicines at concessional rate to arrest the spread of various epidemics has given it the title of “Pharmacy of the world”. India’s active participation in fulfilling various UN initiatives like MDGs, SDGs etc, Safeguarding Environmental degradation under UNEP and UNFCC, Safeguarding the interests of smaller, less developed nations in trade related manner under WTO rules against the richer, more powerful nations, Active participation in bodies like G20, SCO, ASEAN, SAARC etc., to resolve: socio-politic-economic crisis in the world, Assisting newly democratic countries like Tunisia, Egypt, Afghanistan etc., to take steps towards democracy thru free and fair elections.

    India’s PANCHSHEEL principals have been well received globally as important step-stones to achieve global peace and stability. The principals find their manifestation in the US-China agreement of friendship speak a great volume of their efficacy. The pricipal of mutual “non aggression” call for less of interference by the western super powers into the internal matters of other countries as it has resulted in violence and destablity in such countries is engraved in India’s foreign policy.
    “Mutual respect for each other’s territorial integrity” is the mojo of the modern humanity. Wars for gaining territory are disregarded and are dealt sternly. This has become the pivotal ground on which the principles of human conduct are based today. The principal of “equality and cooperation for mutual benefit” finds manifestations in various economic and social multilateral agreements where the rich and the poor nations hold deliberations sitting on one table on the principles of equality.
    Listening to their deliberations, Ram, sums up with the view that India has always been a participant in the global scenario as it cannot afford to live in isolation owing to its socio-economic and strategic constraints. Being a global player does not however means to be vocal on all issues. The real politik involves keeping self interest at par with what global aspirations. India need not invade other countries and topple governments for its self interests, this should not form the basis to judge India’s role globally. India’s soft diplomacy has won many a hearts and has been acknowledged by various stakeholders as a constructive participation on the global stage. The construction of Afghan Parliament building and Indo-Afghan Maitri Dam along with running of schools and building railways in various other countries are the manifestations of the same. India’s policy based on PANCHSHEEL is being acknowledged worldwide. India’s active participation in various global initiatives ranging from Space cooperation, Cooperation in the sphere of science and technology as seen in LIGO experiment , Peaceful use of Nuclear energy, focus on renewable energy through steps like” Global Solar initiative” which encompasses hundreds of nations within itself, showcases that India is NOT a reluctant participant in the New Global order as accused by some.

    • Sweety Shetty

      Hats off for ur creativity. I read ur whole essay.

      • warrior_pandit

        Thank you!! 🙂

    • ajay

      NICE essay warrior,good range of egs for both for and against the principle.conclusion is good as well.just i think that summing up is nice but introducing new dimensions in the last lines are not good.u can reiterate what u havee already stated in the positives for india and then conclude:)will become better:)thnx

    • Just do it

      Good essay writing skills..keep it up…good job ..

    • hunacc

      You have covered various dimension right from the historic angle to post independence to present. This gives continuity to your essay. And conclusion about what does being global players means is icing on the cake. But do you think a story was really required? In my personal opinion it looked forced into the essay, although I can’t say about what examiner sees 🙂

    • FREEMAN

      what is the meaning of vedic version of Islam I did not understand ur point ‘exportation of Vedic version of Islam’ and when India dominated on Tibet.

  • Dipjyoti

    Is India a reluctant participant in the New Global Order?

    The world is in a flux today. A fluid situation, the extent perhaps of which is comparable only to the times in the aftermath of the Second World War. Entire Middle East is in upheaval, Europe is in a continuous downward spiral, the situation in the Asia-Pacific is volatile. In fact, transformational forces, today affect every transnational domain, be it cyberspace, climate, trade, energy or any other. Amidst this turmoil, A NEW GLOBAL ORDER seems to be gradually but surely emerging.

    Now, where does India fit into this new global order? Is India trying to participate and shape this new order, or is India a reluctant participant in the New Global Order? These are very pertinent questions today. Answers to these, in fact, will shape the destiny of the Indian nation.

    Let us examine, why India is viewed as a reluctant participant in some quarters. India is today, the fastest growing economy, and the third largest in Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) terms. She is like an island of stability and progress, in a world of gloom. However, despite this growing prowess, India hasn’t taken a decisive stance in many spheres.

    For instance, India hasn’t taken active measures to stem the conflicts in Middle East, in Syria, Libya, Egypt, etc. Also, India hasn’t assumed a clear leadership in the Indian Ocean region, in South Asia and has allowed other countries to make foray into the region. Until recently, India has avoided building close relationship with the USA, the global superpower. And, in climate and trade talks too, India hasn’t asserted her position, to a large extent.

    It will be worthwhile to ponder and delve into the reasons for the above. Various political, historical, economical, administrative and geographical factors are responsible for this.

    Because a hostile neighbour in Pakistan in the northwest, and not too friendly neighbour in China, much of India’s diplomatic energies are confined in the neighbourhood. Despite being a large economy, India remains plagued by poverty and internal security problems as in Kashmir, northeast and Maoist inflicted areas. So, domestic, rather than global affairs, are the prime focus for India. And a colonial past has meant that India is reluctant to get very close to any global power. The strategy of NON ALIGNMENT embodies it.

    Lack of political consensus also results in indecisiveness in many spheres. Further, India’s Foreign Service remains critically short of resource, both material and human. India is yet to have diplomatic missions in many countries, and many others remains poorly serviced. India’s bureaucratic inertia, and economic capabilities also hinder speedy progress in many strategic projects.

    So, we have seen the reasons behind India’s real or perceived reluctance in assuming a position of power in the global order. Nevertheless, it will be erroneous to ignore the developments in the recent past, which indicates the contrary. As the underlying factors gradually change, and as the external situation necessitates it, India is gradually reaching out to the world, and assuming leadership.

    India has today reached out to almost all major regions of the world. With the neighbours like Sri Lanka and Bangladesh, we regularly provide assistance, and have developed multifarious relations. To countries like Seychelles, Mauritius, Maldives we are now providing technical and military support. With Africa, we have institutionalised the India-Africa Summit, and so have we done with countries of South East Asia (ASEAN) and Far East.

    India is also a part of the G-20, the platform of top 20 economies of the world, and is actively seeking membership of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG). India has reached out to almost all countries of the world calling for support of such membership.

    Also, India recently clinched close defence and technological relations with the United States, leaving aside decades of reluctance. And with countries like Japan, Germany, Australia, etc. too we are developed close relations. The same could not have been said 20 years back, or even a decade back from now.

    Thus from the above illustrations, we see that India has gradually shed off, its reluctance and is emerging as a active player in many forums and spheres. Having said that, much remains to be done yet if India is to actively shape the agenda in the global high table, and decide the course of international circumstances. And India needs to do so, not just to assert herself, per se, but to secure her national interest in the fields of trade, energy, climate talks, cyber security, defence, investment and overall development, after all.

    So, we need to secure NSG membership and nuclear deals with countries so as to ensure our energy security. We need to actively participate in climate talks to make sure, that the post-2020 climate deal doesn’t place on us enormous responsibility which may hinder our development process. We need to strike trade and investment deals to ascertain that we aren’t left behind of other regional and global treaties. Likewise, we need connectivity, via land, water and space with our regional neighbours to secure our energy and strategic needs.

    The above discourse therefore, indicates that, India cannot afford at all to be reluctant to participate in the global order. Rather we must participate and shape the global order to our liking. And as it is said, foreign policy is a mere extension of a nation’s domestic policy and domestic needs. So, at home, we need to develop a political consensus for the same, and also develop our bureaucratic and diplomatic acumen to realise it. Political will and leadership, in this regard, assumes significance.

    In Prime Minister Modi, today, we have a leader who believes in actively reaching out to all countries and all regions of the world. He has been able to energise and bring in a dynamic content to the country’s diplomatic endeavours. Also, economic circumstances have today meant that India is courted actively by all countries, and is taken seriously in all global forums. This provides us the unprecedented opportunity today to shape the new global order, in India’s favour.

    In San Jose, California, Prime Minister Modi declared to a cheering crowd that the 21st century belongs to India! This can indeed be turned to a reality if we collectively and decisively strive towards that end.

    • Athena

      You’re too good. Especially the way you started your essay.

      Damn! You gave me an inferiority complex 😀

      • Ashutosh

        can you please read mine

      • Dipjyoti

        Thanks for your comment

    • Ashutosh

      I am reviewing…please review mine too

      • Dipjyoti

        Thanks a lot…will surely review yours….:)

    • Eco-friendly

      Wonderful bhai…..

      You started very well and gave various reasons for the topic. But when u started for showing India as an active participant the level was not maintained as expected.
      Concluding remarks were good too…..Keep up

      • Dipjyoti

        Thanks a lot for your comment…
        is indeed helpful..:)

    • FinalAttempt

      overall i liked ur essay..
      a well connected. it was overall a international relations.. but ifu could add some multiple events then that would have been more better..

      keep writing 🙂

      • Dipjyoti

        Thanks for your comment….yes after after reading ur essay n of others I realised. ..a treatment in IR only rtom current affairs perspective is not sufficient.
        historical aspectnis required

    • muthuswamy

      😈 i didnt find betinning good
      Mentiin of modi seems to be done by bjp spokesman;

      • Dipjyoti

        I was looking to end with a quote…n could nt think of another one barring modi…so mentioned him

  • Kunal Aggarwal

    Is India a Reluctant Participant in the New Global Order?

    World has been changing forever with new powers emerging and new nations taking over the leadership in economic, political and social front. Early 20th century was marked by domination of Britain and United States in all spheres. They were militarily and economically strong nations and ran the world according to their desire and needs. Very few nations had a say in the functioning of international community. The world wars led to formation of Bretton Wood’s institution which were again majorly dominated by western powers with maximum sharing in voting and rights. This new order is now changing. More countries are coming to the front becoming economically, politically and militarily strong.

    The new global order emerging has participation of more Asian, African and Latin American countries. These countries like China, Brazil, South Africa, India etc. have shown active participation in the global sphere. These countries share a large part of global GDP, population and food production. China is one of the major participant and impacts the whole world with its politics. Similarly, India has got huge traction in the political and economic sphere. We have participated in many global forums supporting them with money as well as people. This cooperation doesn’t point out to India’s reluctance in participation as such.

    India since independence has followed a policy of non-alignment to any of the power blocs and pursued the policy of peace and cooperation among nations. We hold the membership of all major global groups including ADB, UN, BRICS and are pursuing our admission to major political groups like SCO, UNSC and NSG. India’s economic integration with the world has been increasing at a high pace since the economic policy of 1991. We have build economic relations with our neighbors like Nepal, China, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka and others with increasing number of bilateral cooperation agreements and ever increasing trade.

    India’s active participation in combating terrorism have to be put on front while talking about our participation in New World Order. Cooperation with Afghanistan, Iran, Bangladesh and other East Asian nations shows the commitment to build a democratic world order with equal participation of west as well as east. Pan Asian community participation like ASEAN, AIIF, SCO are important steps for integrating the east and participating at the world level. However, owing to the policy of peace and cooperation, India has been little reluctant on directly fighting terrorism in the west Asia and is trying to resolve the issues through talks between groups and nations.

    India’s commitment towards saving environment is no less impressive. From the Rio meeting and Kyoto protocol to the latest CoP21 in Paris shows how India has participated with patience and zeal to bring all countries on the same page to save climate. The principle of common but differentiated responsibilities was advocated by developing countries including India and the latest agreement is definitely encouraging. International Solar Association is being established in India with the cooperation from other countries.

    In the field of technology as well, India is participating at the global level. Space research and technological research is increasing. India has a strong presence in research groups in US, UK, Japan etc. and collaborative research with other countries. Recent development in space technology and supporting other nations by providing infrastructural like satellite launch helps global participation and knitting the world together. Collaboration to support Nuclear technology access for peaceful use is no less a commitment towards stable world. Even though India is not a signatory to NPT, we have shown our commitment to non-proliferation and combating the use of nuclear technology.

    India absence in UNSC is a big disappointment and the global order which has remained static for years now with five countries enjoying supreme powers in the council. India has advocated democratic principles and consensus building in world forums instead of veto and unequal rights. India was recently admitted to the Missile technology control group which will improve India’s say in global military world and help in accessing technology. Similarly, India is pursuing its bid to enter NSG which will further improve India’s say in nuclear matters.

    These associations and partnerships help the country in more than one way. Firstly, they provide access to new ideas in management and governance of the country. Secondly, it improves access to the latest technology and research. It has contributed immensely to the growth and development. India’s participation in international forum has helped developing countries in voicing their concerns at multiple occasions. India’s stand on UNSC, NSG are breaking the hegemony of the west and is helping towards building the new world order we are talking about.Even now, India can do much more in the field of technology, education, military and economics. India’s strong presence and changing world order pose an opportunity for India to flourish and build itself along with other developing nations.

  • Abhilash M Gowda

    India a country located in Asian continent had its own specialties and significance in the world which is also called as subcontinent.Currently it is 2nd largest populous nation and 6th largest in case of GDP which tells us it has enormous potential and power to become an world leader in all arenas in days to come.

    Since from history India or otherwise called Bharat maintained significant ties with the world from the days of human existence.Being a land of old civilization on the earth(Indus valley) where the settled living on the earth came into existence initially will give examples like it maintained the relations with Mesopotamia and China for the matters of trade and cultural exchange.This tells the forefathers of India are very much interested and enthusiastic about maintaining and developing the relations of the land outside India.

    Presently India a fast growing power in the eyes of global community had tried to maintain the relations with the neighboring and distant countries diplomatically,culturally and ethnically which their forefathers performed.It spends huge amount of manpower,money,time and commitment to keep the relations going in a smooth way since Independence.Few examples like helping the ethically tied Nepal with infrastructure development and financial aid,Building of Chabbhar port in Iran and other infrastructure development,development of a dam,new parliament in Afghanistan will show the the present role of India in the global stage.

    But the role is limited when compared to America,China and Russia because,India always follows wait and act policy while taking the decisions in the global forum.This move of India had been demonstrated in many instances like not allying with Russia or US in the air strikes conducted against ISIS camps,Not interfering in the crisis of Maldives to restore the democratically elected government and so many.This is because of the history of diplomacy and the steps India had taken in the global forum like not joining any power blocks during cold war,In global forums taking a stand which is in between the ideologies of the other two blocks had made Indian decision making passive instead of being active.Where these kind of decisions will make India to not leader in any of the Major outcomes.

    The problem of reluctance of India in the global order can be attributed to shortage in financial resources,diplomacy issues such as shortage of staff,absence of track 2 diplomacy,No proper government order to take decisions,absence of technology,passiveness in participation are few things which are hindering the progress of India as a global power.

    The problem of poverty,gender inequality,illiteracy,women safety,health,stunted growth and malnutrition in children had made the India a poor performer in global rankings of social sphere,So in these areas India has a long way to improve and cannot be a adviser to the other countries of the world which are already on good stage compared to India.But the experience with eradicating polio,increasing the literacy areas where India can advice the countries which are struggling in the respective fields.In the forums like WHO,UNESCO India need to discuss about taking the leadership in the fields in which it is in good status to educate and support the countries which are trying to achieve good statistics.

    India being a successful largest democracy in the world it has tons of potential in the field to help the neighbors in conducting the election,usages of electronic voting machines,checking the election related malpractices,to help in framing the constitution so on,will bring special status to India this is the field where India can play a monopoly over other countries.

    Today world is on turmoil due to the seeds sown by the terrorism West Asia in the hands of ISIS,middle asia factionism between the arab groups,taliban in Afghanistan had posed problems to the world community to live in peace in harmony.In this problem of instability India can have its own assistance to the groups which are already in the battle field with the experience which India obtained in countering the terrorism and the infrastructural help from he massive army,navy and air force which it has got.

    In regional groupings such as SAARC,G4,BRICS India is playing a passive role by participating in discussions instead of giving innovative ideas .India can form some innovative ideas like spices route to counter silk route,Indian ocean neighbors to check the advance of an outsider in the Indian ocean.

    The new government in India has been renewing the ties with all the neighbors to have friendly and renewed ties,but if is carried on with leadership,innovation and suggestions in the ties will make India a leader in global area.

    • awaneesh

      nice essay..revie wmine

  • Shrunga Chandrashekar

    Global order is ever changing and has been floor for the new experiments for the betterment of trade, business, people movement, technology transfer, change in society, raise of nationalism, flow of ideas, creation of new process and so on. In the ever changing world to be part of the development saga it is important to be part of it, actively participate in the global change to make best out of it and resist repercussion that is adverse. Having understood about the importance of the need to be part of global order India has been trying to participate at the global level, which is evident from its participation in UN, WTO, G20 forums.

    Prior to 1991 reforms India was a closed economy with its market less exposed to the global players and it was not active participant in the global trade, which resulted in the balance of payment(BOP) crisis and India’s growth was confined to lower rates. Liberalization that in the aftermath of BOP crisis opened up the Indian market for the global players thus investments flowed in which led to development of industries, created employment and helped India to emerge as fastest growing economy.

    Thus participating in the new global order or changing world outside will help India which is proven from the liberalization of 1991.

    India has not only been active participant in economic global order but also active in the environment conservation. India actively pursued the need for more role for developed economies in the climate change mitigation through technology transfer, fund transfer, and hand holding during the initial stages. India was successful in getting its and developing countries interests secured by securing common but differentiated responsibility criteria in the Paris climate change agreement, which paved way for the development along with the environment conservation.

    India has declared Intended nationally determined contribution which is above its capabilities and its emission limits. India is the fourth largest emitter of greenhouse gases but its INDC targets are far greater than US and China who are the largest emitters. This shows India’s eagerness to play a bigger role in the betterment of the world.

    India is actively pursuing the UNSC reforms which will give India a greater voice at the global level. India wants UNSC reforms according to the changing global scenario and provide equal representation for the emerging economies to part of the decision making and secure their interests at the larger interest of the world. G4 group was formed for achieving this and India is extending its cordial relationship with the countries to secure their support. India is thus pursuing to change the global political nature to be democratic.

    Growing importance of the technology in the global level has pulled India to major participant. India’s presence in Space technology is appreciated at the global level, India’s efforts to create a Reusable launch vehicle which will drastically reduce the expenses in the satellite launch will change the Space technology sector for better. Participation of Indian scientists in the LIGO project which detected gravitational waves will change the way we look at the space and we will able to look backwards and understand how the earth, entire solar system was created. It will also lead to the new technological inventions.

    India has been the pharmaceutical hub for the developing countries and helped to improve the health care in the developing countries by supplying cheaper quality medicines. It has not only helped other countries it has been helpful to India to create Jobs, improve its exports, improve the health care. Thus India has played an active role in Global technological order or development.

    Global trade is changing and it’s been an era of trade agreements it can be bilateral, multilateral or regional. India is been involved in bilateral free trade agreements to reduce the trade barriers to improve the trade. India is actively pursuing multilateral trade agreements like BTIA with EU. Global trade agreement with WTO i.e trade facilitation agreement which will improve the global trade.
    India has responded to the changing societal order by the trying to adopt the best of it which suits its own society. Idea of liberalism, socialism, freedom, nationalism were adopted by modifying them so that they will suit Indian society. Political change like democracy was also embraced so that it can alien itself with the global order.

    After its participation in the global order in multiple ways at multiple India is criticized as reluctant participant, the criticism is based on various facts. India embraced liberalism as way out to BOP and it had no option except accepting it. India is not signatory of NPT and not putting its efforts for nuclear nonproliferation thus not participating in establishment of peace and tranquility in the world. India has been pressing for the permanent solution for the stock piling and support to agreement in the WTO before TFA comes to force, India’s demands are seen as road block. India is not accepting IPR rules of RCEP agreement which will affect the pharmaceuticals thus affecting the patients in the developing countries and its own people, which is also criticized. India is not actively part in the curbing terrorism and ISIS.

    But these criticism are not unfair India has been holding on to Big but Poor mentality which is been obstructing the fast negotiation of various agreements. India’s stand on NPT is for equal representation and effectively handle treat from China and Pakistan, India has not signatory of NPT but has aligned itself with its Norms of nonproliferation. Which is evident of the fact that India is major player in maintaining global peace.

    India’s stand in RCEP and IPR is for the larger interest of the developing countries, if the data exclusivity and patent extension is provided then medicine production cost will go up thus affecting the patients in the least developed countries and developing countries as the cost of health care will go up.

    India is stuck to its ideology of non-interference in the internal matters has kept India away from the fight against ISIS. India’s economic development and defense capability is also obstructing India from getting actively involved in the fight against terror. India should change its stand as ISIS is affecting globally and its foot trace can enter India thus affecting its internal stability.

    India has been an active participant in the global order and continues to be so. The criticism of reluctant participation can be defended on the grounds of national interest and larger interest of the people. India can work on adopting itself with the changing global scenario by changing its stand on handling the issues more sensitively. Participation of India in the new global order is in its and global interest.

    • Shrunga Chandrashekar

      Please Review…

    • Unformidable

      Nice blend of recent happening.
      Covered different dimensions
      Cud have improved the conclusion by expressing how India could change the attitude of odr global powers that India is reluctant in participation
      OVERALL a good attemoy my friend

    • awaneesh

      very nice essay………review mine

  • minaxi

    Rough Draft-

    1) Introduction- India as a reluctant partner in world order- imposition of international norms on India, or try to isolate herself from world order like non-alignment movement and for self sufficiency
    Changing world order- shift from unipolar or bipolar world to a polycentric world, emergence of new powers, importance of other criteria like economic, technological aspects of power other than military,
    India’s participation in world order is not like the other world leader conceived for themselves.But in a different manner of close interaction, capacity building, helping other instituions to grow and an assertive yet peaceful international relation and development-

    2) Why India is considered reluctant to participate in global world order- Big but poor mentality on multilateral fronts- WTO, Paris climate summit

    Apprehensive nature toward international development events- One belt One road

    Not playing the responsible role as a big and economically capable nation- No a clear policy about middle east, Refugee crisis etc,

    3) Do the above reasons indicate India’s reluctance in global order participants- India’s different stance on new global order- Promoter of inclusive, Just and equitable world order by securing the interest of least developed and developing countries on multilateral fronts like WTO and Climate summits,

    Reforms in multilateral and international organization to do awry their biases- like UNSC and IMF

    Improving oft power and participating in peace mission and infrastructure development- Yoga, Indian diaspora, Bollywood, infrastructure and other development programs in various other por countries.

    4)Challenge in It’s path- Domestic- Poornfrstrcutre, improving social infrastructure, dealing with rising communalism, and improving quality of life

    Global- State and non-state terrorist organisations, opposition of India in multilateral platform by Pakistan and China, double edge relationship with hina( need to have positive economic relationship as wella s diplomatic ties, and decreasing it influence in IOR ) and Diplomatic requirements

    5)How can India overcome these challenges- A comprehensive planning on domestic and international front- an improved domestic conditions will improve India’s image on global front, and lay down clear cut policy for India’s action plan, A shift from non-alignment to multidimensional interaction will be much appreciated. lay a more assertive role for global terrorism through UN. An campion of equitable participation of all countries irrespective of their economic and military might

    6)Conclusion- India prefers the philosophy of Vashudhev Kutumbhakum and this philosphy is reflected in it’s foreign policy, and It do not promote bloc biased l order, neither any policy of it, give a birth of any bloc,

    Essay..
    After 1947, As a new infant and poor nation India was forced to accept the global norms without any say , and it was the time when world was divided into two power blocs, i.e- United States of America and Soviet Union. To save India from dilemma to take any side, India adopted the policy of Non alignment, as well as in economic sphere too, India tried to become self reliant, It kept India isolated from global development to some extent.Hence here India was reluctant to participate in global world order.

    But with increasing might of India’s political, economic and strategic importance, India’s interaction with world increases. And , 21st century is the century , where world has moved from the bipolar or unipolar world to a polycentric world. where economic and scientific might have an edge over military might. Where, big and small countries are dependent on each other for their interest while emergence of new powers is occurring and one of them is India.

    Though, India has been accused that, It is reluctantly participating in new global world order, but this responsibility comes with the status of becoming a global economic and political power., It might be true from the world leader perspective who conceive the active role for a country in new world order in conventional way, yet India see a different role for herself which promotes inclusiveness, equality and prosperity without hampering the sovereignty and choices of individual counties.

    Then Why India is considered reluctant participant in new world order? India has become one of the major economy of world, but still it has the ”Big but Poor” mentality, and protectionist policies on multilateral platform like WTO and climate summits are creating hurdles in international trade and reformist polices respectively.

    Simultaneously India is said to be apprehensive in any new development in international front t, either it is China’s ‘’One Belt One Road initiative’’, which is considered as a danger by India rather than opportunity, or any reformist motion on multilateral platform like UN. India rather prefers to absent from such decisive events or block them with help of some other countries known as likeminded countries. India’s absence on resolution against Sri Lanka in UN general assembly was considered its weakness not to take strong decisions.

    On the other hand, when world power have clear policy to tackle the problem of ISIS and various form of terrorism, India do not have any clear action plan with collaboration of these powers, it is more willing to immune India from such development rather than solving them by supporting western countries. Another stance of India’s reluctant participation can be seen on India’s position against China, though China in recent year, has taken such action which are posing threat to international trade and communication especially in South China Sea, India is non-willing to confront China to secure and ensure free international trade. Therefore, despite being a big and powerful nation, India’s reluctant participation in new world order is not helping world power to ensure a better and efficient global governance.

    So, Where India stand in global world order? It will not be justiciable to call india as reluctant participant in global order, as India as the big agent in change of global order. It is active participant of UN and it’s peacekeeping mission, and founding member of several international organisations like WTO. Though, India is not as assertive in it’s international stance from other states view point. But India has chosen a different path for herself which give to create a more inclusive and equitable world.

    India tries to remove the biases of international organizations like WTO, IMF or world bank etc, which are favourably partial to developed nation, hence India work as a supporter of least developed and developing countries to save their interest.

    India is working as a bridging power between developed and developing countries, Global south and Global north. It took the responsibility to reduce carbon emission by initiating Solar mission and ambitious renewable energy mission while forcing developed countrie to accept their historical responsibility. The scientific and technological mission by India for the development of every country either it is SAARC country through IRNSS or African countries theugh agriculture advancement.

    India always a stand for the reforms in international and multilateral organisation to reflect the right and just global order through more participation of countries and improving voting rights either it is UN , IMF , NSG. etc. on the other hand, military intervention in name of humanitarian aid are not accepted to India, and it is clear in its stand that nation’s sovereignty and right to decide should be respected, and such problems must be solved through diplomatic and political means.

    The remarkable role India has played on international front can also seen through its soft power, either it is Yoga, Bollywood, generic medicines in African countries, development aid to countries to built infrastructure, and sid in critical time to Nepal, Maldives, presence of Indian diaspora, and Bollywood. It is also one of the largest contributor in UN peacekeeping mission as well as involved in development programs in Afghanistan, Iran etc.

    However, There are many challenges , India has to face while playing a more assertive role on international level, at domestic level, Inadequate infrastructure, poverty, lack of social infrastructure like health and education, communalism forced india to take protectionist approach on multilateral fronts many times.

    On the other , at global front, dominant world power want to use India as a tool like USA have strategic interest in India to counter China, and to react on USA bait will not be good for longer term. India also have to maintain cordial relation with China by keeping economic, political and strategic interest in mind. But China’s increasing influence in Indian ocean region is a big problem, as well as concern about the reforms in international governing and regulating organisations either it UN, or IMF.

    In new global order, state and non state actor of terrorism is posing another threat and it is increasing with radicalisation and extremism of youth in every country. And, India has to deal with this global problems while maintaining the balancing equation at domestic level.

    How should India deal with these challenges and problems? A comprehensive planning at domestic and global level for longer term is need of time. India have to rectify the domestic problems which are creating hurdles in path of more assertive international role either it is economic or political or cultural. As well as clear cut regional and global policies about India’s objectives and action plans will remove the ambiguity India’s stand. simultaneously,world powers have to understand that, if they want to see India to participate more actively in world affairs, India must be given due place in various international organisations and platform.

    India always followed the principle of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam. And, India’s shift from Non-alignment approach to multi-participation approach also adhere to this principle. India tries to interpret new world order in a unique way, which promotes and secure the inclusive and equal as well as just rights of every country .

    Plz review..

    • Unformidable

      Well structured
      Integrated most of the crucial points !

    • Ashutosh

      i am reading yours .please review mine too

      • Ashutosh

        Just read it fully, very nice point and nice structure. I think there is nothing which u can add more to it.
        Please review mine

    • Upsc only@

      Nice one but more facts i think u included and I have a question how much time have you took to finish this essay? please answer

      • minaxi

        Thanks Friend…

        It took me about 2 hours to finish this essay.

        • Upsc only@

          that’s very nice !! thanks

    • sushil goyal

      good articulation, framework and structre.. but som where de linked.

      also i feel do not mention draft, write straigh forward like you are in exam. keep writing..

    • Upsc only@

      correct these errors also

    • ESWAR

      Good write up. U could have written a bit more on freedom struggle, colonial rule.

    • Eco-friendly

      Your essay has every thing in it. Just one point to add-
      India is called reluctant participant because it stands for its own people who are poor and developed countries see this as an obstruction. The game is all about money and power thats why India was called a reluctant participant.

      U have very efficiently integrated all the things. Keep up.

    • yogi

      Hello Minaxi 🙂
      My delayed Review 😛
      1. Beginning is too direct. The key phrase in the theme is “NEW global order”. At least you could have mentioned a bit about what it means. I personally did not know the meaning. Examiner would be happy to know the meaning of one mentions it in the intro.
      2. The problem of long sentences is still there. Two samples:
      It might be true from the world leader perspective who conceive the active role for a country in new world order in conventional way, yet India see a different role for herself which promotes inclusiveness, equality and prosperity without hampering the sovereignty and choices of individual counties.(47 words)
      India has become one of the major economy of world, but still it has the ”Big but Poor” mentality, and protectionist policies on multilateral platform like WTO and climate summits are creating hurdles in international trade and reformist polices respectively.(40 words)
      These are looking like two complete paras, plz try to bring it down to at most 15-20 words per sentence.
      Reason why I am stressing on cutting the length of the sentences is that it becomes difficult for the reader (see from reader’s POV) to grasp the content of long sentences. I personally feel that difficulty every time I read someone’s essays (including mine). So, I thought of mentioning it.
      3. India is non-willing to confront China to secure and ensure free international trade. I think it would be more convincing to back this inference with some concrete facts/events, which clearly shows that india is not willing to do so(examiner can have similar questions if s/he is not aware of the inference drawn here).
      4. So, Where India stand in global world order? It will not be justiciable to call india as reluctant participant in global order, as India as the big agent in change of global order.—here onwards the diversity in ur content in next 4 paras is quite appealing, great job. Especially becoz each paras is giving a clear contribution in the field u are trying to discuss.

      5. One thing u could have tried is to link the paras, by using a connecting sentence. I am illustrating here. The two paras pasted below can be connected by adding the sentence : TO FURTHER ENHANCE THIS COOPERATION INDIA HAS BEEN A MAJOR PARTICIPANT IN INTERNATIONAL AND MULTILATERAL ORGANISATION. And accordingly change the words of the next para.
      6. India is working as a bridging power between developed and developing countries, Global south and Global north. It took the responsibility to reduce carbon emission by initiating Solar mission and ambitious renewable energy mission while forcing developed countrie to accept their historical responsibility. The scientific and technological mission by India for the development of every country either it is SAARC country through IRNSS or African countries theugh agriculture advancement. “TO FURTHER ENHANCE THIS COOPERATION INDIA HAS BEEN A MAJOR PARTICIPANT IN INTERNATIONAL AND MULTILATERAL ORGANISATION” .
      7. India always a stand for the reforms in international and multilateral organisation to reflect the right and just global order through more participation of countries and improving voting rights either it is UN , IMF , NSG. etc. on the other hand, military intervention in name of humanitarian aid are not accepted to India, and it is clear in its stand that nation’s sovereignty and right to decide should be respected, and such problems must be solved through diplomatic and political means.
      8. How should India deal with these challenges and problems?—this is good qn, but the suggesiotns are not that impressive. You have mentioned —>simultaneously,world powers have to understand that, if they want to see India to participate more actively in world affairs, India must be given due place in various international organisations and platform.—–this is not in India’s hand—rather u could have written that India should strive to garner support of world countries in getting the due place in various international organization so as to ensure an active participation and representation at global front.(this make the content in line with the qn, as the qn is about how should INDIA deal with …….)
      9. Concluding line is good and summerises the essay in concise form, good job.:)
      10. Overall a good essay,
      11. One thing I have observed in last two essays is that when it comes to GS oriented essays, you don’t face any dearth of content, that is ur plus point. This gives you the hint that for selection of the topics of essays, u would do fairly well in such topics. (IMO). Though I believe that with practice we all would be comfortable with any kind of topic but on priority basis I have liked the GS oriented essays of urs more than the philosophical ones.
      12. For delay see the “ banned word” written over here in invisible form 😛
      13. Thanks and All the best 🙂

      • minaxi

        Hello Yogi….
        1_ Actually, I tried to explain old world order as well new world order in my intro. Like old world order- Two power blocks in world. New world order- Multi polar world, rise of emerging economies, global government etc. But I think, It is not clear.
        2_ Agree
        3_ Agree, will support in future essay
        4_ Thanks
        5&6&7- Thank You for suggestion. Yes flow is missing
        8- Agree
        9&10- Thank You
        11- Thanks for warning. 🙂
        12_ Ohh I see, wo wala word, Sir, I do not need that banned word for this wonderful review, even in invisible form. So keep it with yourself. 🙂

        Thanks And All the Best to you too…

        • yogi

          11—–it is not warning ma’am, it’s talent that u have with regard to GS 😀

  • Ritesh Kumar

    ” The policy of being too cautious is the greatest risk
    of all.”

    – Jawaharlal Nehru.

    Foreign policy is the heart of any
    nation’s interaction with other nations. The shape of a nation’s foreign policy
    has to be in synchronism with the global realities. The last century has seen
    many major colonial powers being relegated to spectators or having given way to
    newer emerging powerful nations who now
    considerably command a new world order. The erstwhile small European nations
    who had colonized almost the entire Asia and Africa are now a part of a much
    compact association called the European Union, while the sole super power post
    fall-out of USSR , the USA faces challenges from a stronger China, both economically
    and technologically. In such a scenario, how India, the champion of
    Non-Alignment movement, should project itself is a matter of introspection?
    Should it look forward to cementing ties with the richest nation or with its
    long term friend Russia or just be cautious about a stronger China? Askance in
    foreign policy will only hamper its international aspirations.

    The new global order:

    While the cold war dominated international affairs later
    half of last century’s international politics, India sensing the inherent
    animosity in siding with one of the power blocs, adopted Non-alignment and under
    its umbrella it had the newly formed states of decolonized countries of Asia
    and Africa. At the end of the century, only US could manage to retain the tag
    of a super power. With a strong economic policy of being an export powerhouse,
    China too has entered the scene. The new global order is more complex with US
    slowly evolving out of the 2008 financial crisis, Russia trying to reestablish
    itself and China exhibiting a challenge to both of the above. India’s foreign
    policy has faced dichotomy with this setup. On one hand, it is has to have good
    ties with the US for military, civil nuclear cooperation, while on the other it
    cant ignore the helping hands of Russia when it needed the most. To add to the complexity, China itself has new
    plans of establishing its prowess and acceptance in the form of various initiatives
    of ‘One belt one Road’ , maritime silk route, newer financial institutions like
    BRICS bank and AIIB bank where, it will have a bigger say. To realize whether
    India is a part of this new order or is reluctant to join it, must be seen in
    relation with the contemporary developments.

    Partnership with US and allies:

    After the 9/11 event, the world found itself entangled in
    terror. The US sponsored wars now had the backing of ‘war against terrorism’ proponents
    as well as the former’s own propaganda of finding weapons of mass destruction.
    Looking at India’s role in the two wars individually is important to justify
    its stance. India itself a victim of Pakistan sponsored terrorism, was
    supportive of the Afghan war by providing intelligence to the coalition forces.
    Besides, after the war it also has been active in rehabilitation of
    Afghanistan. Its contribution in construction of Salma Dam, investment in air
    links, power plants, health and education sectors speaks for the value it
    attaches to the war torn nation. It is also a member of the Heart of Asia
    dialogue which focuses on rehabilitation of Afghanistan and improving ties with
    the region.

    India had a neutral stance on Iraq war and criticized the
    lack of UN approval. Post war, India has tried to establish better relations.
    Iraqi Kurdistan supplies oil to IOCL and its students have been travelling to
    India for educational purposes. While ISIS has taken parts of Iraq and the
    terror outfit has plans for India, India has not sent any troops there but
    actively advocated the need to deal with terrorism. However, terrorism has not
    been the only agenda of India’s larger engagement with the west.

    Wars apart, India has been an active partner in various
    arenas which range from sustainable development, climate change to trade
    negotiations at WTO and of course the latest issue of nuclear commerce. India’s
    engagement can be gauged from the fact that except for China, all of the
    members of the UNSC had supported its joining in the NSG. Moreover, India’s
    unilateral effort in non proliferation saw US heavy lifting its cause to get
    the prized NSG waiver necessary for initiating nuclear commerce with other
    nations, despite being a NON-NPT member. It is also a member of the MTCR bloc
    now.

    Clearly, India has played its part as a responsible nation
    in remarking its growing role in the international affairs involving the west. This
    is also visible in the form of the support India has garnered from many nations
    for its long pending demand of a permanent seat in UNSC.

    Engagement with Russia:

    Throughout the cold war period, India and the Soviet Union
    enjoyed a strong strategic military, economic and diplomatic relationship. Post
    cold war, the relations have stayed the same. Russia has helped India set up
    the Kudankulam reactors and is planning to set up more. Both the countries are
    actively collaborating in various forums like BRICS, UN, G20. Russia’s
    recognition of India’s partnership earned India membership at SCO. India is also
    the second largest market for Russian defence industry. Both the countries are
    actively cooperating militarily in the form of exercises like INDRA.

    The rise of China:

    India has a complex relationship with China due to a host of
    reasons like Pakistan being its all weather friend, its opaque foreign policies
    and opposition to India’s emergence mostly to appease Pakistan. Despite having
    fought a war with China in 1962 and subsequent boundary disputes, India has
    tried to reach out to the Chinese and promote cooperation. However, the opportunistic
    and muddling attitude on the other end, has seen India only being a neighbor rather
    than a partner. A reason for this could be attributed to India’s harboring of
    Tibetian immigrants and refuge to Dalai Lama. China also blocked India from
    becoming a member at NSG. However, what cannot be ignored is the fact that
    despite its economic slowdown, China is going to dominate the scene in the
    international arena. It has also been quick in decision making in investments
    and taking its policies to the world which explains India’s laggardness in some
    issues.

    Race with the dragon:

    Africa is now being seen as an important market and a source
    of many resources. China has been quick in investment and reaching out to
    Africans while India has only recently realized the importance of the Africa,
    which explains India’s Uranium agreements with Namibia IN 2009. India also saw
    growing closeness of its neighbours with China when the latter brought almost
    everyone on its One belt one road Initative. India has been reluctant to join
    this partnership amid concerns of Chinese excursion in its marine backyard and
    a highway passing though the PoK. India therefore needs to weigh its options
    wisely in dealing with China which is also questioning the US intervention in
    South China Sea which has become a disputed region.

    Conclusion:

    India has a lot to deal with the trichotomy of dealing with
    the West, the Russia and the new China. A lot is at stake in the form of
    domestic aspirations as well as energy requirements and regional dominance. It
    is a tightrope walk as all the three blocs have their own differences and India
    has to be multi pronged in engaging with all three of them.

    • awaneesh

      well written.review mine

  • Ashutosh

    भारत नई विश्व व्यवस्था में एक अनिच्छुक भागीदार ?

    सन् १६४८ में सम्पन्न वेस्टफालिया संधि द्वारा राष्ट्र राज्यों की मान्यता विश्व के प्रमुख कर्ताओं के रूप में स्थापित हुई । राष्ट्र राज्यों द्वारा संचालित नयी विश्व व्यवस्था इस बात पर आधारित थी की हर राज्य दूसरे राज्य की गरिमा का ख्याल रखेगा और किसी भी प्रकार उसकी सम्प्रभुता में हस्तछेप नहीं करेगा । यह विश्व व्यवस्था विश्व में स्थापित शक्ति की संरचना , राज्यों के मध्य आपसी सम्बन्ध, राज्यों की पद सोपानिकता तथा उनके आपसी व्यवहार का समुच्चय है । आधुनिक विश्व में भारत इस विश्व व्यवस्था में एक प्रमुख भागीदार के रूप में उभर रहा है , हालांकि इतिहास से प्राप्त कुछ समाजिक-आर्थिक समस्याएं इनमे बाधा उत्पन्न करती हैं। भारत का वर्तमान विश्व व्यवस्था में योगदान उसके संसाधनों के आलोक में तथा छेत्रीय परिस्तिथियों के सन्दर्भ में समझाना चाहिए ।भारत तेजी से प्रगति करती अर्थव्यवस्था है और साथ ही एक बढ़ता जनांकिकीय लाभांश भारत को त्वरण प्रदान कर रहा है , इससे निश्चित ही भारत जो अभी एक अनिच्छुक सा भागीदार लगता है वो आने वाले विश्व में एक मार्गदर्शक बनकर उभरेगा ।

    भारत एक ऐसा देश है जो हमेशा से ही शांति का सन्देश देता आया है और स्वयं भी उसका पालक रहा है । ऐतिहासिक रूप में देखें तो हम पाएंगे की भारत की भूमि के शासकों ने कभी भी आक्रान्ता की भूमिका नहीं निभाई , सम्राट अशोक , अकबर , आदि महान शासकों ने भारत के अंदर ही साम्राज्य प्रसार तथा अखंडता पर बल दिया । सम्राट अशोक ने बौद्ध धर्म के सन्देश का प्रसार विश्व में किया परन्तु उसने अन्य राज्यों को जीतने या अधिक प्रभावित करने का प्रयत्न नहीं किया । भारत राजनैतिक रूप में शान्ति प्रिय रहा जिसके कारण बाह्य राज्यों से उसके आर्थिक सम्बन्ध बने रहे , यही कारण है की प्राचीन काल में रोम की चांदी संसार से घूमते हुए भारत में आ पहुंचती थी । यह भारत की आर्थिक समृद्धि ही थी जिसे देखकर अंग्रेजों का विस्मय उन्हें यहाँ खींच लाया। अंग्रेजों के पहले जिन शासकों ने भी यहाँ राज्य किया चाहे वह आर्य शासक रहे हों या तुर्की शासक परन्तु उन्होंने भारत को ही अपना देश समझा और इसकी उन्नति हेतु कार्य किया पर अंग्रेजों ने सदैव भारत को एक उपनिवेश की तरह देखा जो इंग्लैंड का गुलाम था , इसीलिए उन्होंने भारत के वजूद को अनदेखा कर केवल इंग्लैंड के ही हितों की रक्षा की । इस प्रकार जहाँ आंतरिक रूप में भारत का आर्थिक व समाजिक ढांचा टूट गया वहीँ वैश्विक रूप में भारत ने अपनी स्वतंत्र पहचान खो दी ।

    आजादी के बाद भारत के पास पुरातन कृषि व्यवस्था थी जो की अंग्रेजों की उपनिवेशि नीतियों के कारण फसल विविधता खो चुकी थी , एक ओर चाय और नील के बागानों से देश भर गया था पर वहीँ गेहूं और चावल आदि का उत्पादन बहुत कम था । अंग्रेजी राज्य में उद्योगों का अपूर्ण विकास हुआ और जो कुछ घरेलु उद्योग भारत के अपने थे उन्हें अंग्रेजी राज में समाप्त कर दिया गया । भारतीय हतकरघा , दस्तकारी , कुम्भकारी आदि घरेलु उद्योग इसी कारण मृतप्राय हो गए । प्राचीन भारत में जहाँ विश्व का २५% व्यापार भारत से प्रभावित होता था वहीँ अब भारत के निर्यात केवल कच्चे माल तक सीमित रह गए थे । देश के विभाजन और दंगों के कारण देश की बड़ी शक्ति पुनः संगठित होने में ही खर्च हो गयी । हमारी सैन्य छमता भी अदक्ष थी क्यूंकि १८५७ की क्रांति के बाद से अंग्रेजों ने भारतीय सेना के विकास में ख़ास ध्यान नहीं दिया था । विश्व में एक तरह जहाँ अमेरिका और रूस आपसी शस्त्र होड़ में लगे थे वहीँ भारत अपनी खोयी हुई पहचान खोजने में उद्यत था ।

    इस पीठिका के कारण भारत उस विश्व व्यवस्था में सक्रिय भागीदार नहीं बन सका जो उस समय स्वरुप ले रही थी । विश्व व्यवस्था में उस समय एक द्विधृवीयता का विकास हो रहा था जहाँ पूंजीवाद और साम्यवाद के धड़े आपस में टक्कर ले रहे थे । भारत की आंतरिक स्तिथि उसको मजबूर कर रही थी की वह इस द्विध्रुवियता में अपना एक मध्य मार्ग ढूंढे ताकि वह अपने संसाधनों का सही प्रयोग कर सके तथा दोनों धड़ों से सहायता प्राप्त कर सके । भारत को एक ओर जहाँ सोवियत संघ की तरफ से तकनीकी सहायता मिली वहीँ अमेरिका ने चीन के खिलाफ उसका साथ दिया । धीरे धीरे जहाँ भारत विकास की पटरी पर चला और उसने विश्व व्यवस्था के निर्माण में अपना योगदान देना शुरू कर दिया । इसका सबसे पहला उदहारण नजर आता है भारत द्वारा प्रतिपादित गुट निरपेक्ष आंदोलन जहाँ भारत ने विश्व शान्ति व दोनों ध्रुवों के मध्य शांति बनाए रखने का मंत्र दिया ।

    गुट निरपेक्षता भारत के द्वारा तृतीय विश्व को सुझाया हुआ वह रास्ता था जहाँ वह अपनी विदेश नीति का स्वतंत्र संचालन कर सकते थे और अपने साधनों का अपव्यय शीत युद्ध की झड़पों में होने से बचा सकते थे । भारत ने राजनैतिक रूप में एक नया विकल्प प्रस्तुत किया था वहीँ आर्थिक रूप में उसने वैश्विक व्यापार की दिशा बदलने में महत्व पूर्ण भूमिका निभाई । भारत ने तृतीय विश्व के देशों के साथ एक नयी आर्थिक व्यवस्था की वकालत की जो सहायता की बजाय व्यापार पर आधारित हो । भारत ने विकसित देशों की ऐसी नीतियों की भी खुले तौर पर आलोचना की जिनसे तृतीय विश्व के देश विकसित देशों पर निर्भर होते जा रहे थे , उसने मल्टी फाइबर समझौता , पेटेंट नीतियां ,गैर प्रशुल्कीय व्यापारिक बाधाएं , विभाजित आर्थिक सहायताएं आदि मुद्दों के विरोध में तृतीय विश्व का नेतृत्व किया । भारत ने नयी सूचना व्यवस्था की भी मांग उठाई जिससे विकसित देश की मीडिया विकासशील देशों पर अपना प्रभाव ना डाल सके । भारत ने छेत्रीय रूप में सार्क आदि मंचों द्वारा सहयोग बढ़ने की पुरजोर कोशिश की परन्तु एशिया की बदहाल परिस्थतियों के चलते यह सहयोग आत्म निर्भर नहीं बन सके और वो पश्चिमी विश्व पर निर्भर बने रहे ।

    एक तरफ तो भारत तृतीय विश्व का स्वाभाविक अगुआ बन रहा था वहीँ चीन व पकिस्तान उसका विरोध करते रहे । भारत एशिया में चीन व पकिस्तान के कारण ऐसे सहयोग सम्बन्ध व समूह नहीं बना पाया जो उसकी प्रगति का साधन बनते । एक तरफ ‘आसियान’ समूह वाले छोटे देश तरक्की कर रहे थे वहीँ भारत छेत्रीय समस्याओं में उलझा रहा ।इसी कारण विश्व व्यवस्था के नए नियम अमेरिका, चीन , सोवियत संघ, और यूरोपीय देशों द्वारा निर्धारित होने लगे । सोवियत संघ के टूटने पर भारत का केवल एक सहयोगी नहीं छूटा बल्कि उसका विश्व व्यवस्था मे स्थान भी डगमगा गया । गुट निरपेक्षता पर पर सवाल उठने लगे थे और भारत पर अपनी नीतियां बदलने का दबाव बढ़ गया था । चूँकि भारत ९० के दशक तक अपने आंतरिक विकास पर ध्यान दे रहा था इसीलिए विश्व व्यवस्था की संरचनाएं उसके प्रभाव से अछूती रही । संयुक्त राष्ट्र सुरक्षा परिषद व विश्व व्यापार संगठन जैसे निकाय विकसित देशों द्वारा बनाए गए नियमों से चल रहे थे ।

    ९० के दशक से भारत ने जहाँ उदारीकरण, निजीकरण व वैशवीकरण की नीतियां स्वीकार की वहीँ से भारत की भूमिका में प्रभावी परिवर्तन आये । उसने आर्थिक मुद्दों पर दोहा वार्ता , सिएटल वार्ता आदि क़े दौरान न्यायपूर्ण समझौतों की मांग करी । उसने विकसित देशों से ऐसी नीतियां त्यागने के लिए कहा जो उनके उत्पादों को भारत के उत्पादों की तुलना में सस्ता कर देती थी । नीला कोष्ठ, लाल कोष्ठ तथा एम्बर कोष्ठ पर आधारित सब्सिडी व्यवस्था का भी विरोध किया जो उसे अपनी कृषि में आर्थिक सहायता उपलब्ध कराने से रोकती थी ।आंतरिक रूप में भारत ने विभिन्न कृषि योजनाओं द्वारा स्वयं को उतपादन ने दक्ष किया और फिर आयातक की जगह निर्यातक की भूमिका में आया । भारत की अर्थव्यवस्था में तेजी से सेवा छेत्र का भी विकास हुआ जिससे भारत कम्प्यूटर के छेत्र में संभावनाओं वाला देश बनकर उभरा, भारत का सॉफ्टवेयर निर्यात आज सेवा छेत्र का बड़ा हिस्सा बन गया है ।

    भारत ने द्रुत गति से रक्षा छेत्र में भी प्रगति करी और ब्रह्मोस जैसी मिसाइल का रूस के साथ निर्माण किया । भारत ने तमाम प्रतिबंधों के बाद भी १९९८ में सफल परमाणु परीक्षण किये और विश्व में एक प्रभावी शक्ति के रूप में उभरा । इस प्रकार भारत ने अपनी प्रगति के दम पर पुनः एक शक्ति का रूप धारण किया और वैश्विक व्यवस्था के परिवर्तन में अपनी भूमिका मजबूत की । इस सुदृढ़ शक्ति आधार के कारण ही भारत ने ब्राज़ील, जापान, साउथ अफ्रीका के साथ मिलकर सुरक्षा परिषद में स्थान की मांग की । भारत पहले जहाँ खुले तौर पर पश्चिमी नीतियों की आलोचना करने से बचता था वहीँ अब वह मानवीय हस्तछेप के नाम पर नाटो द्वारा सीरिया और लीबिया में करी जा रही कार्यवाहियों पर अपना रुख स्पष्ट करता है । भारत ने अपनी अहिंसावादी और अहस्तछेप की नीतियों के प्रकाश में सदैव यही कहा की हमे दूसरे देशों की सम्प्रभुता का सम्मान करना चाहिए और मानवाधिकार के नाम पर हस्तछेप से बचना चाहिए । भारत ने शान्ति पूर्ण तरीकों से अपना प्रभाव भी
    बढ़ाया है : घाना , नाइजीरिया जैसे देशों में भारत आधारभूत संरचना का निर्माण कर रहा है वहीँ अफ़ग़ानिस्तान और इराक में छमता निर्माण द्वारा अपनी छेत्रीय पहुंच मजबूत कर रहा है । हाल ही में सम्पन्न ‘असघाभत समझौता’ व ‘चाहबहार बंदरगाह समझौता ‘ उदहारण है की किस प्रकार भारत छेत्रीय रूप में एक शक्ति के रूप में उभर रहा है । २००८ में भारत अमेरिका नाभिकीय समझौता भी एक अन्य उदहारण है जो यह दिखाता है की ‘एन एस जी ‘ जैसे संधियों का हस्ताछरकर्ता ना होते हुए भी भारत अपनी छमता के कारण महा शक्तियों से मोल भाव करने में सक्षम हो गया है।

    भारत इस प्रकार अब एक अनिच्छुक भागीदार नहीं रह गया है बल्कि एक सक्रिय-कर्त्ता बन गया है । वैश्विक व्यवस्था के निर्माण में भारत एक प्रमुख भूमिका में उभर रहा है परन्तु छेत्रीय स्तर पर अभी भी बहुत से बदलावों की आवश्यकता है । चूँकि सार्क , बिम्स्टेक आदि छेत्रीय संघठन अपनी छमता का लाभ नहीं उठा पा रहे हैं इसलिए भारत पश्चिमी निर्भरता को तोड़ नहीं पा रहा है । यदि एशियाई संगठन मजबूत हो जाएँ तो वैश्विक व्यवस्था का संचालन पश्चिमी केंद्रित नहीं रह जायेगा । भारत को छेत्रिय राष्ट्रों में व्याप्त ‘अग्रज बन्धु लक्षण (बिग ब्रदर सिंड्रोम )’ को ख़त्म करने पर ध्यान देना चाहिए । गुजराल सिद्धांत के अंतर्गत छोटे राष्ट्रों को सहयोग जरूर देना चाहिए परन्तु किसी भी प्रकार की धमकी नहीं स्वीकार करनी चाहिए अर्थात मृदु कूटनीति के साथ साथ कठोर मोल भाव वाली कूटनीति भी प्रयोग करनी चाहिए । जिस प्रकार चीन हमारे मुद्दों में दखल देता है उसी प्रकार हमे भी दक्षिण चीन समुद्र जैसे मुद्दों में अपने मित्र राष्ट्रों का साथ देना चाहिए ताकि हम चीनी प्रभाव को प्रति-संतुलित कर सकें । जिस प्रकार चीन हमारे ‘एन एस जी’ प्रवेश में बाधा बन रहा है वैसे ही हमे भी चीन को एकतरफा सहयोग सीमित करना चाहिए । हमे छेत्रीय व वैश्विक रूप में अपनी मोल भाव छमता का स्वायत्त विकास करना होगा जिससे हम अपनी राह स्वयं चुने ।

    हमे इन विकल्पों के साथ कुछ नवाचार भी लाने होंगे जो विश्व व्यवस्था में हमारी भूमिका को नया रूप भी दें । ब्रिटेन ने १९ वीं सदी आद्योगिक क्रांति के कारण अपने नाम की , २०वीं सदी अमेरिका ने अपनी तकनीक व पूँजी के बल पर निर्धारित की , अब समय आ गया है की हम नवाचारों द्वारा 21वीं सदी को स्वरुप प्रदान करें । आज दुनिया जिस पर्यावरण संकट से गुजर रही है हमे उसका समाधान प्रस्तुत कर सकते हैं । ऊर्जा के गैर परंपरागत स्रोतों का निर्माण , हरित अर्थव्यवस्था का विचार , महिलाओं की विकास में ज्यादा भागीदारी आदि ऐसे छेत्र हैं जहाँ हम ज्यादा कार्य करके विश्व हेतु एक नया मार्ग बना सकते हैं । वर्तमान सरकार द्वारा निर्धारित २०२२ तक सौर व पवन ऊर्जा द्वारा १७५ GW बिजली की निर्माण योजना इस ओर एक अच्छी पहल है । भारत एक सफल लोकतंत्र के रूप में देखा जाता है इसीलिए अमेरिका जैसी महा -शक्तियां भारत को अधिक महत्त्व देते हैं , अब भारत के पास यह मौका है की वह लोकतंत्र को अधिक मजबूत बनाए , अपनी विकेंद्रित व्यवस्था को सम्मान दे, सभी का समावेश करे इससे तृतीय विश्व भारत से शिक्षा ग्रहण करेगा । भारत को परमाणु अप्रसार , निशस्त्रीकरण , शांतिपूर्ण प्रगति का सन्देश विश्व एकता दिवस, योग दिवस आदि माध्यमों क द्वारा फैलाना होगा । यदि भारत उपर्युक्त उपायों को अंगीकार कर लेता है तो निश्चित ही भारत 21वीं सदी का मार्गदर्शक होगा ।

    इस प्रकार हम यह देखते हैं की आजादी के बाद भारत अपनी अल्प छमताओं और पिछड़ी व्यवस्थाओं के कारण विश्व व्यवस्था में पूर्ण योगदान नहीं दे पाया । उसने गुट निरपेक्षता के द्वारा तटस्थ नीतियों को सामने रखा परन्तु तेजी से बदलता विश्व पश्चिमी ढांचों में ढलता गया और इसमें भारत की भूमिका सीमित हो गयी । ९० के दशक से भारत ने प्रगति का नया दौर शुरू किया जिससे उसका वैश्विक व्यापार बढ़ा, आंतरिक मजबूती आई और वैश्विक राजनीतिक पटल पर भी आवाज बुलंद हुई । आधुनिक युग में भारत नयी विश्व व्यवस्था की संरचना में महत्व पूर्ण योगदान दे रहा है । भारत को अब जरुरत है उन कुछ नवाचारों की जो उसे विश्व का मार्ग दर्शक बना सकें । इस हेतु केवल राजनेताओं को ही नहीं बल्कि हर भारतीय को दूरदर्शी सोच रखनी होगी , जैसा की डॉ. कलाम ने कहा है ‘हमे ऐसी सोच रखनी होगी जो आने वाले विश्व के परिवर्तनों को भांप सके और उसके अनुसार अपने आज को आकर दें, इस प्रकार हम हम २०२० तक एक विकसित भारत का निर्माण कर पाएंगे ‘।

    __________________________________________________

    सन्दर्भ :
    १) ए एल बाशम – अद्भुत भारत
    २) डॉ अब्दुल कलाम: इंडिया २०२०
    ३) मुक्त भारत – गुरुचरण दास
    ४) डेविड मलों – डस द एलीफैंट डांस
    ५) पुष्पेश पंत – स्वतंत्र भारत की विदेश नीति
    ६ ) नंदन नीलेकणि – नए भारत की तस्वीर

    • sushil goyal

      as usual a good essay..

    • FinalAttempt

      ashutosh bhai.. acha essay 2nd last para ko upar le jao. ur BISTEC point , crude oil point r unique..

      but focus on continuity and linkage . also conclusion chotta ya multi para main likho

      • Ashutosh

        Thanks friend.. i have written this essay without drafting points etc. I think i can refine it more and make it more better.
        I am trying to change the structures in my essay but not able to do, as it has gone into my subconscious mind. Please suggest some new structure for the essay. Where is yours i will see.

        • ESWAR

          Brother, can we write essays in Hindi or local languages. I have doubt please clarify. Sorry, I am not reviewing ur essay, it is in hindi. I shall not be able to give my views . Please review mine if time permits.

    • minaxi

      Hello Ashutosh…

      Nice write up-
      But Here my some views of diversion-

      It seems your optional is History.. major part of your essay is in historical context, though, You could dedicate a part to history, yet major must be in new world order, and I did not get the clear reference of new world order- It means ” No need to give importance about ”tha” so much. Please write in small paragraphs, many times concentration beals due to lengthy paragraphs.

      Content of your essay is good. Flow can be improved.

      Sorry Friend, In last essay, I could not review due to time constraint.

      Thank You …

      • Ashutosh

        Hello Minaxi,
        Even I feel that history has gone too much, I think I could have just salted it. Thanks a lot for review and my optional is Pol Science.

    • KnowledgeBuff

      Ashutosh bhai,
      mere hisaab se aapne historical context kaafi zyaada diya hai. Treaty of westphalia ke baare mein bataane ki zaroorat nahi thi. ashoka waala point achcha hai, par uske baad I think seedha non-alignment se shuru karna tha. usme aap example de sakte the ki non-aligned hone ke bawajood india ne world order mein kaise participate kiya – peackeeping missions mein part le kar, western agression ke khilaaf awaaz uthakar etc.
      current context:
      current context mein aapko alag roles alag paragraph mein divide karne chahiye the. jaise humanitarian role in one paragraph. WTO participation in another para. Aur isi prakaar aap doosre dimensions bhi split kar sakte the separate paragraphs mein.

      Aap likhte achcha hai par thoda zyaada likhte hain. As minaxi has mentioned, please apne essay ko chote paras mein divide karein taaki padhne waale ka bhi flow bana rahe.

      Dhanyawaad!

      • Ashutosh

        Thankyou Vikram, even I I feeling that I have used history too much

  • sankar

    PLZ RVW FRNDS

    “Is India a reluctant participant in the new global order”
    Taking a bird’s eye view on the story of India’s successful participation in many incidents in the world from ancient to till now, it is very imprudent to say that India is a reluctant participant in the new global order. However, since success or failure is a part of an individual life, alike a country is as diverse as India and its multitude requirements and problems would not have been successfully addressed over the periods or India may not have actively participated in some of issues impending in the way of furthering healthy global order. But this inactiveness in some issues in the new global cannot be seen as a reluctant participant. There have been many stories in which India has actively participated in resolving global order from time to time.
    India has acquired a unique position in new global order as a peaceful nation with diversified socio-cultural ingredients. India inherited this repertoire of being spiritual leader and recently soft power from the fact that India has been the birth place of some of world’s most renowned religious leaders like Gautam Buddha of Buddhism , Mahavira of Jainism and the cradle of Sufism. Carrying out this legacy, the great ruler of ancient India like Ashoka adopted Buddhism after his most brutal Kalinga War and vowed to spread Buddhism in rest of the world to have peace and prosperity.
    It is these religious’ principles which have given us most valuable asset of treating every human being as one entity to promote peace, prosperity and equitable socio-economic development. Carrying out these legacies of our forefathers which devoted their entire life in the service of human, many Indian leaders actively participated in Saving humanity from atrocities of some so-called superior class. The work in the field by Indians even started during the awkward of colonial era when people like Madam Cama, Swami Vivekanana unequivocally applead world community to respect the world’s diversity, peace and prosperity. During colonial era many Indian went abroad in the service of not only Indian but also fighting for the fellow citizens of other country. One of the very heartening story is of service of Mahatma Gandhi in South Africa and many other such stories.
    But after independence, India took a very active role in positioning herself as one of the world’s entity. In the pursuance, the first prime minister of India actively decided not to participate in either blocks of the new global order after world war II. And rather decided to form a new entity in the form of NAM to keep intact world’s peace and prosperity. India had played a very stellar role in resolving the Vietnam war crisis. Another story in which the people of present Bangladesh (erstwhile East Pakistan) have been inflicted pain by the Pakistan Army. In this event, the then prime Minister actively participated in support of Bangladesh in order to liberate the innocent people from the atrocities of brutal army actions. India has done successfully. India has been actively supporting the case of freedom of Palestine people. India has rejected the unilateral decision of the USA when it declared war on IRAQ and Iran continued to maintain good economic ties despite US’s sanction over Iran.
    In addition to it, India along with other countries like China stood firm in order to safeguard the least developed and developing country’s requirement on the issue of WTO’s negotiations. India has been successfully negotiated in favor of developing countries’ requirement of safeguarding their small farmers and farm products by enacting ‘special safeguard mechanism’ through which the developing countries may be able to safeguard their farm sectors from the sudden flooding and inappropriate prices of imported goods from developed countries.
    At other facet of global order like the burning issue of Climate change, India has become a leading country by declaring a very ambitious target of reducing emissions. In this field, India along with France has formed ‘International Solar Alliance’ not only to fulfill its own energy requirement but also helped other countries as well.
    Other issues like resolving border issue with our neighbor through dialogue, appealing for amicable resolving of issue like SOUTH CHINA SEA through UNCLOS etc, condemning the nuclear advancement of North Korea etc. India is also one of the robust members in many of world organizations like WHO, WB GROUPS, IMF, UN peace keeping force, G20, BRICS and in many other organizations in which either India has been pursuing form full membership or having observer status. India’s active role in all these above mentioned issues have shown India’s role as a major stakeholder in the new global order.
    But despite these active participation, India has shown some reluctance in some of the major events in recent past like Ukraine issue in which USA’s imposed unilateral sanction over RUSSIA and sacked it from G-8 groups. In the Ukrane issue, India remained silent over the entire episode. The recently formed group to fight against ISIS in which India has been appealed to join but India saw reluctance. India is not a member of Trans-Pacific partnership(TPP) and also India’s bid for permanent membership of UNSC, MTCR, Australian GROUP, WESSENNAR and NSG has been unsuccessful till now. Issues like these show that India has been reluctance but it is not out-rightly true because like other countries of the world, India also takes forward every by assessing pros and cons of its impact. So it is like other country the national interest of the country which based on India’s own internal and external issue and its importance in India’s furtherance in the new global order. India does the same what other countries of the world do to take position in global issue. If India not actively participated in any events of the world like fight against ISIS, the region may be its own resources, internal issue and others. Before fighting against ISIS, India might have need to strengthen herself to eliminate impact of terror activities from her neighboring country ie Pakistan. For eliminating harbouring ground of terror activities in Pakistan, India has appealed the world but has remained largely unsuccessful in doing so.
    In the last, whether an individual or a country, it is not wise to conclude the role of an individual or a country on the basis of its participation or non-participation in a particular issue, rather we should ponder over cumulative role of that country and also discussing its own immediate national interest. Because the country which is fighting for a particular group may have played a role of disorderly development of this issue and also that country or group may have greater benefit at the cost of India’s own interest.
    It is here, the famous proverb get fitted; think twice before jumps.

  • sankar

    PLZ RVW FRNDS

  • FinalAttempt

    “VASUDEV KUTUMBAKM” which was our motto of ancient india that world is one and today India is a land of opportunity and to achieve these opportunity India has constantly participated in events. It is not about in present scenario but historically india has achieved its goal of participation and later achieved its motto.

    Historically since ancient era of Indus valley civilization (IVC) india has continued its effort with foreign states. IVC seals relates indian trade with Mesopotamian states . indias export and exchange of culture was continued and it was prevalent even when Ashoka was ruler. Ashoka maintained better trade links with south Asian countries and later he sent monks to spread the Buddhism in different countries. Similarly Mughals had great achievement in global participation there routes with Persia and ottoman empire for culture, trade, security was admirable . even in colonial rule or during british in India , indian trade had monopoly in Europe. Thus since ancient time we are participating in Global orders.

    Efforts were continued, after independence and post world war-2 india formed Non alignment movement so that third world country could not suffer due to any neo colonialism or cold war . Indian politics actively and with enthusiasm shown the participation in IMF and World Bank . India is signatory of various UNO events and now even participating for permanent seat in United nation security council (UNSC), WTO , NSG and SCO.

    India is not only was and a socialist economy but also promoted indian private sector to encourage employment and remove social stigmas. India at global level tried to achieve various incidents of war & peace mission. India actively participated in disease eradicating mission and achieved these by removing Polio and small pox disease.

    India to face the challenge of global economy encouraged private sector and liberated economy by bringing LPG Reforms in economy. These reforms changed the indias image and global picture to the world . after these reforms consistently india is among top exporter list and balancing global economy. Thus resulted into 3rd largest economy and a changed the world view towards india and south asia.

    Not only on trade and business profile, India has achieved tremendous praise in its peace and altruist missions. India has provided the helps by grants and aid to various nation. Like help to Nepal in earthquake, to Pakistan during Kashmir flood, yemen crisis. And even when there was war like situation in any part of world india became the LARGEST PEACE KEEPING NATION . in Vietnam war, south korea-north korea war or disturbance in central asia india with its bedrock efforts tried to resolve global tension.

    Probably india could be the ONLY NATION in the world who would have good relation with USA & RUSSIA, SOUTH KOREA- NORTH KOREA, SAUDI ARABIA & IRAN, CHINA & JAPAN and PLAESTINE & ISRAEL. These would have been not possible if india was reluctant on global order.

    Moreover India’s effort in science programmes are extremely appreciable. Indias participation in Boson initiative , LIGO, Mars mission, developing GPS and space technology and providing it to other nation . Similarly its effort in YOGA and declaration of International yoga day by UN which ultimately up thrust india in global scenario.

    Today india is one of the strongest nation in terms of SOFT POWER, ECONOMY, INTELLECTUALS. Recent example of indias participation in global talks like Nairobi WTO talks, PARIS CLIMATE CHANGE EFFORTS CONFERENCE where india adopted its INDCs and to reduce the greenhouse gases level and to use renewable energy, IMF QUOTA reforms and efforts for NSG Membership for peaceful use of nuclear fuel. These events shows india is global participant and can not said to be a reluctant.

    However Several time india was blamed to violate the WTO Rules of providing subsidy or rules of sustainable development of non-adapting renewable or green energy resources, similarly issues of tariff barriers. But these issues are just blaims, because india always adopt for the well being of humanity. Therefore if india adopted or violated any international norms then it is well being of its farmers who are in adverse condition, its local domestic manufacture who faces immense competitions from MNCs. But india follow all global parameters to continue its effort.

    It can be seen india is nation of opportunity and providing assistance in need for all. However india is still lagging in various events. India is unable to divert the issue of trade barriers which impacts global trade. Indias ease of doing business ranking is still not appreciable. Thus india need to adopt measure of land reforms, technology providing confidence to foreign companies which can represent indias image at global level.

    India is still lagging in global education standard its universities are not among top list which affects indias innovative missions in world and consequently india unable to represent worlds scientific efforts and technology innovation which it should be. For this india need to make global exchange programme with student teacher invite foreign faculty in india . recently intitative like GIAN of Indian may fulfill this aim.

    Thus india is neither reluctant nor lagging in global order but continuing its effort since centuries and will continue these. The only thing which india need to consider is lacunae of blockage and which india is with full of effort. It shows the day will come when india will led the world not as a king but as a effort maker As india knows the well saying of ‘Hellen keller
    ‘ which is “ALONE WE CAN DO SO LITTLE , TOGETHER WE CAN DO SO MUCH ”

    • sushil goyal

      good lot of points and structured.. make conclusion strong.

    • Dipjyoti

      very well written …the historical context is superb…I missed it.
      And see..now you your self are using caps lock for some phrase..its a good way to highlight. .
      please review mine

      • FinalAttempt

        hey hi..
        thanks for review..

        Also i m not against using capital words but just to use where it is important.
        even that day also i used capital.. 🙂

    • Ashutosh

      Dear brother,
      This time your essay was good but your direction was not sound. You have elaborated more on the Indian domestic front and left the other arenas.
      In my view when we think of world order for a country we should put emphasis on the following
      1) Structure of the world order– polarity, influence etc
      2) Structure of the regional order – trade, insurgencies etc
      3) Domestic politics

      You have given well weight to 3rd point , ok ok to 1st point but completely left the 2nd point. Since regional groupings do play a major role in World order hence you should analyse them also.

      well i loved you structure and especially this one..“Probably india could be the ONLY NATION in the world who would have good relation with USA & RUSSIA, SOUTH KOREA- NORTH KOREA, SAUDI ARABIA & IRAN, CHINA & JAPAN and PLAESTINE & ISRAEL. These would have been not possible if india was reluctant on global order

      You should also give some solutions for India playing a major role, i think you must have noticed in my essay when i talked about Green Economy initiative by India.

      Your conclusion is better than earlier ones. Put all your arguments in one go for the conclusion, it would be better.

      • FinalAttempt

        yup bro.. its exhaustive.
        my only motto is now to improve conclusion. thanks 🙂

  • hubaib hassan

    Yes, i think so. Even before independance, although having a strong socialist obliqueness, multitude of stalwart socialist leaders, 200 years of oppressive colonial history, along with a Constitution rooted firmly on socialist principles, India never sided with the USSR led socialist block in the post world war period. Instead, it spearheaded a non alignment movement distancing itself from the intricacies of global politics. 7 decades after, India is still complacent regarding the global issues and is a drastic failure in having a ideological and practical stand in events of International importance. Thus, the statement ‘Is India a reluctant participant in the New Global order’ is justified. To substantiate the point, i have formulated certain cues which i add below

    a) India do not have a firm stand on the Israel Palestine issue. On one side, we have a historical favouritism towards Palestine, on other side we are the largest importers of Israel weaponry. Caught in this dilemma, India takes a opaque poicy in this regard
    b) India failed to announce any substantial monetary aid or credit to the Ebola hit regions of the world
    c) RBI ‘s monetary policy has been for decades, a copy cat of what other Central banks like Federal Reserve of US, People’s Bank of China, Bank of England et cetera are following
    d) Be it issues like the Russia – Crimea crisis, ISIS devastation in Middle East, or the recent BREXIT of Britian from EU – India follows its age old tradition of Non interference and Non alignment.
    e) Amidst its incessant efforts for a regional supremacy in the subcontinent like SAARC, ASEAN India meetings, India fails to gear up to a cruise control level in its initiatives like Act East policy, SCO, India EU, India Afro relations et cetera
    f) The experience of India’s foreign policy debacle as in Forward policy of Nehru and sending enforcements to Srilanka which resulted in 2 greatest catastrophies of independant India – Sino India war of 1962 and assasination of Rajiv Ghandi in 1991 respectively has receded India from taking outright and candid decisions
    g) Absence of a iron firm foreign policy, a revisit to its nuclear doctrine, unpopularity as a leader in the subcontinent though having the potential, the intransigence in decision making, failure to meet ends with its closest neighbour Pak, its frequent domestic problems

    Repurcussions of India’s inactivity in global geo politics
    a) No support from nations for its entry into NSG as India has to back away confronting a stand off with a China
    b) India’ s possible entry in the UNSC permanant grouping is opposed by groups like Coffee club and other nations
    c) Lack of foreign investment in Public sector undertakings and Public private paetnership projects
    d) No comliance to India’s demands on technology transfer in Science and development and also in Space and satellite technology.

    Why India appears so nuetral ?

    a)legacy of non alignment envisaged by its nationalist leaders
    b)As far as its international relations are concerned, it has benefitted indebtedly from many nations which are mutually belligerents
    ex)US unofficial intervention in Sino india war which resulted in China withdrawing and India reoccupying Arunachal Pradesh. Also, the maximum veto done by a UNSC permanent country for any country is by Russia for India
    c)Being the world’s largest democracy, India accomodates a huge lot of interests;conflict or concodius; the ruling govt are over cautious of appeasing everyone

    • FinalAttempt

      hi..
      ur points r appreciable and well connected. but y in point form. just confirm it.. KW.

      please review mine..

      • hubaib hassan

        I wrote in point form because i thought that it will connect to the readers well….thank you for the concern…
        Your essay is so far the best i have read…your intro was great.
        Keep posting…
        Best of luck..

    • awaneesh

      great points.review mine

  • hubaib hassan

    Please review my answer…correct me if i made someting wrong…

  • yogi

    “Is India a Reluctant Participant in the New Global Order?”(~1150 words)

    • yogi

      Rough Draft:

    • minaxi

      Hello Yogi…
      My views.. 🙂

      1) Introduction- It is good, but I think, You have used more than words to describe the ” New world order” without giving due importance to India’s participation in it in into part.

      2) NAM is written n good way, But I could not understand about the China point, as China’s increasing influence must prompt us to participate actively rather than reluctantly, It not so, then plz be clear.

      3) India is bidding for UNSC rather than general assembly.This part is dealt beautifully. You could write about the fight to get the equal or fair voting rights in financial organisations.

      4) Though, Your economic organisation and multilateral platform is explained well, But It is written in a way, it detached from the topic in mid way, You should write that by participating or considering this platform, India is participating actively in global order.

      5) INDC and terrorism point is good, but it is written in a way that, India is compelled to participate in global order due to necessities and under compulsion- Please moderate tone, and make India’s participation a willing and active participation, like western countries, Who lives in Europe but try to solve Arabian problems, their success rate is different matter entirely.

      6) 7th page is good in content and explanation.

      7) New global order is hard reality? It is giving a negative tone..Sorry for Brexit?

      8) I find conclusion good.

      Thanks… 🙂

      • yogi

        3. Omg, it’an embarrassing mistake , thanks for pointing out,
        5. Will take care of tone,
        6. Thanks
        7. I have written intricacies(complexities ) in New global order are hard realities. Still will be moderate in tone.
        8. Thanks
        Thanks a lot for detailed review, will review urs with a cool mind after a day, ATB 🙂

        • minaxi

          Koi Ni Sir .. Take your time. 🙂
          All the Best..

  • divya deepak

    kjkn

  • divya deepak

    sorry i checked only for account

  • awaneesh

    Global order is changing for new experiments for better trade business, technology transfer, change in society, raise of nationalism, human developmenmt etc.many of countries are trying to benefit form these experiments .they are participating in some organisations like UN, WTO, G20 Forum etc .india is also trying to participate at the global level.

    india is considered as reluctant participant in the new global level.india has not activley participated at the global level.some of examples have proved this.

    for instance,india has not taken active measures to stem tyhe conflicts in middle asia, in syria, lebia,egypt etc.india has not also assumed clear leadership in the india ocean region.india has avoided deepening close relationship with the USA.

    india has not set up any projects or any institutions of the global order like AIIB,OBOR,ADB,IMF,World Bank.india dont have a firm stand on Israel palestine issue.india has failed to announce any monetary aid to to the ebola hit regions of the world.india failed to gear up to a cruise control over control

    level its intiatives.

    some of factors are responsible behind the problem of reluctance of india in the global world.legacy of non alignment envisaged by its nationalist leaders, shortage in financial resources, diplomatic issues like shortage of staff, no proper government order to take decision, lack of a firm foreign policy, passiveness in participation are some of reasons that make india

    reluctance in the new global order.

    it is very important for india’s developemnt to participate in the global order.india can not develop and progress without the help of the world.so india is trying to work as a bridging power between developing and developed countries.india has taken the responsibility to reduce corbon emission through its intiatives like solor mission, renewable energy mission.

    india is playing passive role by participating in regional groups like SAARC, G4, BRICS.india is pursuing ploicies in WTO,

    IMF, WB to boost infrastructural needs of Asia and BRICS nations.india has been making efforts for world peace throgh Yoga, AYUSH, budhhism and services. india is helping poor countries by providing generic medicines for treatment of cancer. india is deening its relations with the countries like the USA, JAPAN, Britain, asian countries through Make in India intiative.

    india should abandon policies like Non Alingnment that create obstacle in india’s development and progress.india should take such a policy through which it can participate in new global order and can utilise the benefits of the global world.

    • ESWAR

      In Indian ocean region, India is actively participating. Recent MoU with Seychelles is finest example.

      I think, India contributed to Ebola cause.

      No proper govt order should not be written as the cause.

      Much need to be written. Do not worry. Keep writing, u will improve. All the best.

    • Yoga and AYUSH.. Good mentions.

  • Eco-friendly

    India right from ancient times is an influential and important participant in world. Many ancient scripts and excavations had revealed about India economic and military power. Its trade relations with multiple countries in the past and modern ways of living (Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro) are known to the world. India even in colonial times too was regarded as the jewel in crown of British Empire. But as the time changes Global order also change but India as a responsible state continues to participate in it but is often called as reluctant and nay-sayer in new Global Order which is not fully true.

    Since colonial times global order has changed from being multipolar (Germany, England, France, Russia, etc.) to bipolar to unipolar and now once again moving towards multi-polarity. This changing world order changes the priorities of nations, their economy, and society as a whole. Before independence (in British India) India is represented by britishers in the world community. After independence India framed its own foreign policy of Panchsheel and non-alignment in the able guidance of our first Prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru which in the early days has given many positive results.

    Through the policy of NAM India shows the path to the third world countries i.e. an alternative to join when the two prevailing blocks of USA and USSR are promoting arms race at the cost of human development and peaceful world order. India also become the largest contributor of forces to peace-keeping operations of the UN abroad. This pro-active participation of India has now been enlarged and is shown through various recent activities in its neighborhood like- operation Raahat in Yemen, humanitarian aid to earthquake hit Nepal, providing water and water purification material to Maldives, contribution in reconstruction activity in Afghanistan.

    India’s role has not been limited to its neighborhood but it also participated at multinational forums like UNFCCC where it called for early ratification and implementation of INDC’s. At the same time India has always championed the concern of smaller and marginalized nations at WTO. India’s commitment for the SAARC satellite for the benefit of all the SAARC nations, providing better surveillance system to Indian Ocean nations and participation in China led AIIB for infrastructure development of Asian nations are all examples of India’s active participation in global order.

    India has always stand for the reforms in UNSC, IMF and other multilateral groupings so as to proportionally represent developing countries aspirations. Through promotion of Yoga and naturopathy India aspires for good health for the world. In this violent and gloomy world India has always aspires for happiness and peace in the world and reiterates it through its call for “vasudev kutumbkum” (world as a family). India does not isolates itself from the world after achieving advancements in the field of space through Chandrayan and Mangalyan but participates with the left behind countries like UAE to share technology.

    Despite all these activities at the bilateral and multilateral fronts voices are raised that India is a reluctant participant in new global order. But if we actually scrutinize the facts behind such voices we came across many reasons for that. Some of these reasons for being reluctant are internal and some voices are just created to build pressure on India to concede some legitimate ground.
    At WTO ministerial meeting India has refused to discuss new topics related to goods trade like environment, labor laws, etc. because all these topics are in favor of some privileged countries while adversely affects the poorer and marginalized ones. India’s emphasis on concluding the permanent solution to its MSP and food subsidy scheme is also seen as an obstruction. But the fact of the matter is that many such subsidies are being prevalent in many developed countries and are distorting trade in favor of their country.

    India is blamed for not participating actively in world’s fight against terrorism. But the world has forgotten the fact that India since decades has been the victim of state and non-state actors and its concerns were often ignored as law and order problem. Though India has refused to participate in bombing the ISIS and other terrorist organizations, it has supported blocking of financial and other activities of it.

    India has always been at the logger heads with the rich countries because of the inherent interest of their business class. India has always been targeted for its higher tariffs and pro-poor IPR policy. Through the development of generic medicines and IPR policy India is able to provide cheap and affordable medicines to multiple African and Asian countries which was seen as business loss by rich countries. Certainly this policy of India must not be considered as obstructionist and non-participant in nature.
    Many a times India was considered a reluctant participant because it is not a signatory to NPT. But the fact is despite being a nuclear weapon state India has always maintained NPT standards, no first use policy and promoted nuclear technology for peaceful purposes. But the reluctance of few states to give India its due place in various nuclear groups like NSG, MTCR, etc. has prevented its active participation.

    What India can do through active participation is seen through the fact that India which was initially blamed for higher emissions has been lauded by many civil society organizations and countries for its INDC’s and initiatives at local and global level (ISA) to control climate change. India despite being a developing country and responsibility to support huge population which is grappling with poverty and malnutrition has shown the world path in ISA.

    Though there are also some issues too that needs to be addressed by India in a more participative and active manner like- India’s silence on refugee crisis in the Europe and Myanmar, its decision to abstain to vote against Sri Lanka for crimes of civil war, no concrete steps on the proliferation of nuclear weapons by various countries. But all these issues are somewhere in conflict with either India’s internal problem of poverty, under-development and increasing radicalisation or its foreign policy of Panchsheel.
    To make India an active participant at every level we have to first build ourselves internally through better infrastructure, poverty alleviation, de-radicalization programs etc. This will make us politically, socially and economically strong. At the same time clear foreign policies which were built on our objectives and plans go a long way in making India an active participant.

    India’s dream of becoming a developed country with healthy relations with other nations goes through the path of participation at every level. World has recognized that a stable and prosperous world is possible only when all the stakeholders participate and India as a champion of third world nations and emerging super power has a greater role to play. And this role must be taken by India via increased participation at every level.

    • minaxi

      Hello Eco…

      Good Essay…
      Though, intro is relevant but presentation can be improved. And, India as a nt participate in global order can be written in better way, as you tried to defend India simultaneously, argument strength is losing.
      By the way, content and argument of your and my essays are somewhat same, so I will not criticize, though you have present them in better way.

      Thanks and All the best for Examination…

    • Sukhvinder Singh

      good essay and mostly related to current affair

  • Winter

    Today, as we know that global order in respect of economy,trade,security,culture and political development has taken a great leap since India’s liberalization and globalization policy of 1991. All global continents has grown into much bigger economy and trying to foster growth and development .Countries trying to bind themselves into pacts and agreements,hoping for much required growth for their countrymen and environment. Trans continental agreements Like TPP and TTIP show us that for being leader in new global order every nation needs to be a part in this framework. Not only trans continental agreements has come to the fore as a challenger for non participant nation but regional pacts,we can say, are also is the new trend in this new global order. Although, economy and finance is the main key dragger for development and has stayed ever but the environment factor is the new active entrant in this new order. Now every nation not only wants to be an economy giant but also an environment pacifier.

    In this new order India has been an active participant not the reluctant one. Each and every day it stretching its arm to hug each and every areas significant for India as well as important for world, especially in environment .India has always been a good adviser to its neighbors and other Afro- Asian countries but it is also an active participant in making world a more secure , developed and peaceful. Its own constitution proclaim for peace and prosperity and Independent India has never missed a chance to prove its worthiness in global participation. Today it is the fastest growing economy in world defying all slowdown and opposite circumstance but India is well known since getting Independence for its never tired attitude towards global participation. The well noted example is its member application in Commonwealth Nation in 1949 which itself explain that India was never reluctant participant but was an active since 1947 itself. India”s PANCHSHEEL as well as NAM policy is the largest contribution in global framework. These jewels never been faded and today also hold its worthiness more strongly than ever.

    India’s global participation can be understood by its recent activeness in G20 summits whether for migrants issue In European countries or for global trade among member nation. India has always forwarded its suggestions and rendered advice for emerging global risks like Climate change, nuclear proliferation and space war. The last and most recent Paris summit, CoP 21 held in December 2015, for climate change mitigation strategies has shown world that India although being the developing nation and concerned about its developing necessities is not afraid of giving its contribution towards challenging climate change policy. Its INDC parameters is an achievement in itself. The extended margin for renewable energy contribution in country’s electricity needs has garnered worldwide appreciation. Countries like France, US, UK have all welcomed its move for National Solar Mission and has provided their acceptance for this mission.
    Its recent membership claim in Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) provide strength to its global participation. The NSG membership will not only boost India’s credibility among nuclear supplier countries but at the same time gives a message to the world that being against NPT doesn’t break its credibility in nuclear non proliferation commitment. India has achieved its missile technology advancement and nuclear weapon advancement with its own scientists and indigenous technology growth. The much needed boost in space technology is well given by ISRO through satellites like NAVIK where not India will benefit from it but all Pacific Nation will garner benefits. The Mars Mission is the achievement which has provided for its participation in NASA’s next programme for global students and scientists.
    LIGO will, again, is the India’s next big participation towards new global order who will have its own observatory and will closely monitor and cooperate with US LIGO observatory in space area. This is not the direct participation but an Indirect one from India’s side but it will surely be an informative and advanced step. India will provide credible source for exploring more space activities as well as can become knowledge center for world’ student, if not world, than surely for Asian continent.

    India has always been a helping hand for its neighbors and wherever it has been possible for it to render its advice and help for other far away nations. During Nepal earthquake India proved its friendship which was no for the sake of mere economic gains but due to its commitments toward a balanced world where all nations are equal and non biased. The help during Maldives water crisis or support to Afghanistan for improving its stability and progress would be a benchmark in its global active participation. These examples show us humanitarian ideology+ helping attitude which is a participation in respect of Social responsibility where India has never failed and will not fail ever but will always rise in new global trend day by day.

    What is new global trend? Is it only about getting membership in old organisation or forming its own? Or is it telling world about its greatness or growth? Yes it is somewhat about all these but on the top of that it is about leading a nation towards more balanced economy, countrymen prosperity. equal status and equal thinking which will lead any nation towards an active participation. It is not only about pursue its own targets but at the same time accompany world in problems, help and, more common,development.

    • Good points about LIGO and NAVIK!

      • Winter

        thankyou………

        • You’re welcome. Please have a glance at my write-up. 😃

          • Winter

            okay, I will review it today only..but would be doing it late. Chalega??

            • Kabhi bhi chalega… chalthi ka naam zindagi.. 😛

  • devjyoti kumar

    hi friends this is my first ever essay and so have no that much patience to complete it. but has gone upto some details. so please give a review on it, so that i can make it happen.

    new global order- the intermingling of all countries with each other on every aspect,be it social,economical,cultural etc. as all countries are approaching to each other hence their impact is far reaching and hence in today’s scenario the nation has to be multifaceted unlike what it was there in the past. reluctance of india participating in geo politics- i do find misleading myself.
    inida -a country with rich source of knowledge, wealth,culture and what not. we were stumbled at many times but were able to stand and that too with boldness,and that story starts right after gaining the independence. as a new born baby the country had to be protected from the race that that time had. the world had been bipolar and at that phase india took a stance that was unique, a gesture made by nehru and some other great political brains. this clearly shows how courageous we are.
    yes we were shaky at times but had done what could have been the best possible situation at that horizon.
    first instance is our reluctance to ratify NPT. what we sow so we reap. this statement is quite visible nowadays in newspaper, when the joining of india in NSG proves to be a hardliner. NSG formed in 1975, after the pokhran test done by india to test it’s agni missile. the country at that time had threats, from all sides,be it pakistan or china, and hence it was quite important to strengthen our military and hence country did not ratify npt,but as always followed the keyword,”no first attack”.the country always supported un’s disarmanent poicey.
    second is that of climate change policy, where whole community of developed countries stood united.india was unable to take that stance which required at that time and this situation prevailed until kyoto,where finally the recommendation was ratified and both sectorals developed and developing arrived at consensus.in this context india couldn’t have done anything alone.it must have been supported by other developing nations and also we know that the recommendations are not mandatory and hence usa hadn’t ratified it for a long time.
    we are circumvented by our neighboring .nations and that to say only since neighbor never let themselves to be so. china the most prominent country is defying us on many fronts,be it nsg admission,unsc,or bilateral relationship with any other nation. to make the situation worse it is supporting the clumsiness of pakistan’s just to make itself dirtier. with the advent of new era, china had been a good destination for foreign invetments but when the contry,s foreign policy was changed in 1991,india became a hotspot and a new society evolved who were preferring india. a large chnk of china’s share is now coming to inida, and in that respect anyone will lose it’s ambiance.we are not vocal for this matter on world platform since usa has an eagle’s eye on this and making callousness is not our style. we are doing our best. and this gets clear when we look at chabhar port in iran which is our answer to strategic move of gadhar port of china.
    we had instances where country stood alone with it’s plinth buried deep inside.
    when the new government came into force in 2013, the prominent question was that of food security and the government had given a strong signal to the world community that it is not going to be bent upon. we were being mortgaged on the name of admission in security council but the government give proinence to our poor people and later on the community accepted it.

  • Neelotpal

    Is India a Reluctant Participant in the New Global Order?

    AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL in a recent report said, “INDIA REMAINS ‘RELUCTANT’ TO AFFIRM ITS DEMOCRATIC IDENTITY” in international arena.
    India has been all along the biggest manpower contributor to UN peace missions, but has been a reluctant participant in shaping the global peacekeeping regime; an instructive example was RIGHT TO PROTECT.
    Another example was when India refused to join US and Japan in patrolling East and South China Seas. India was reluctant to commit its navy to ensure FREEDON OF NAVIGATION despite its expressed support for the idea.

    These examples and a few more about to come give weight to the accusation that India is a reluctant participant in the new global order.

    Naturally, we need to ask if India has been a reluctant participant all the time or it has used the diplomatic gravitas that it enjoys due to its democratic tradition and its increasing economic heft.

    Actually, there are a few areas where India has consistently exhibited lack of enthusiasm to engage. Some of these are,

    MILITARY INTERVENTION:
    Except for its support for UN intervention in KOREA, India has not supported these even if they are to correct major infarctions by insolent powers. India was not in support of OPERATION DESERT STORM (Gulf Wars). It didn’t wholeheartedly support NATO action in KOSOVO-SERBIA.

    CURTAILMENT IN POWER OF GLOBAL INSTITUTIONS:
    The most important example is of MULTILATERAL TRADE AGREEMENTS. India has only reluctantly engaged with these bodies as it is apprehensive of their supplanting PLURILATERAL BODIES LIKE WTO, etc.

    INTERFERENCE IN DOMESTIC MATTERS:
    India has opposed foreign interference in political matters of countries like MALDIVES, VENEZUELA, ZIMBABAWE, etc. As most of these regimes are undemocratic, many people have questioned India’s commitment to democracy as the aforementioned Amnesty International report too suggests.

    HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES:
    Connected to the above example, India has been accused of not standing as strongly against HR abuses. This was India’s position in instances of SRI LANKA, SUDAN (we invited Sudan’s President Hassan-al-Bashir, also head of African Union for AFRICA-INDIA FORUM Summit, 2015. Meanwhile, an ICC arrest warrant against Mr. Bashir is pending), etc.

    WHAT COULD HAVE BEEN THE REASONS FOR SUCH RELUCTANCE?
    There are many,

    First, India’s own NATIONAL PERSONALITY THAT IS BASED ON NON-INTERFERENCE, NON-AGGRESSION, etc. This has got strengthened with programmes like PANCHASHEEL, NON-ALIGNMENT, etc.

    Second, we seem to understand the duplicity of global diplomacy. Saddam Hussain was most probably egged on by the powers to attack Iran. He was supported with weaponry too. The same Saddam was sought to be punished when he exhibited the gumption of opposing the powers that be.

    Third, we have seen the inefficacy of interventions. US intervention in Vietnam, USSR’s in Afghanistan failed miserably. The more international sanctions against North Korea were tightened, the more they hardened the grip of its family dictatorship.

    We also recognize that only India could be cognizant of its national capacity. Its own intervention in Sri Lanka failed even while it was premised on altruistic motives. Probably, India lacked the staying power as well as multi-dimensionality of its national capacity (a not-so-strong economy).

    But, while we see merit in the charge that India is a reluctant participant in global order, we can’t say that India has been aloof to global order. India has chosen issues where it could contribute and has been quite successful in getting itself counted. India’s founding PM Nehru Ji was the bulwark that newly-independent nations of Asia and Africa had against recolonization/ neo-imperialism.

    Recently, there have been a few areas where India has been the most enthusiastic participant in shaping a new order. Some of these are:

    CLIMATE NEGOTIATIONS-
    The maxim of HISTORICAL RESPONSIBILTY has been kept inviolable only because the weight India’s voice gives to developing countries. China which was a contender of developing country leadership has begun to exhibit all the maladies of developed nations. It has taken the same unsustainable path to development. Naturally, India’s weight has risen.

    TRADE NEGOTIATIONS-
    As one of the biggest economies, with highest growth rate and massive prospect to grow; India can’t be ignored. India’s share in total trade may be low, but India is a NET IMPORTER unlike, say China. Naturally, its voice must be heard. Here also, India has given weight to developing countries.

    ‘THE HUMANISTIC SIDE OF TRADE’
    India is the only holdout against RESTRICTIVE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS. India with its position as THE PHARMACY OF POOR COUN TRIES (DEVELOPING COUNTRIES) has a great responsibility to safeguard the interests of poor whose life depends on generic drugs coming out of India. India has become a COUNTER-CULTURE ICON (remember DALLAS BUYERS CLUB?). MSF (DOCTORS WITHOUT BORDERS) has made fervent appeal for India to hold on to its position against restrictive medicine patents.

    As seen above, at first glance, it sure looks that India has been a reluctant participant in the New Global Order. But this may be because India is convinced of the iniquitous nature of the existing world order. In contrast, India hasn’t hesitated in running head-on to whatever challenges the world faces. To paraphrase, ‘INDIA HAS BEEN A FORCE FOR GOOD’.

    Finally, I would like to quote SHIVA SHANKAR MENON, former NSA:

    “India has been very economical in its foreign entanglements but not engagements.”

    • Neelotpal

      Please find some time for a look at this essay.
      Yours suggestions and feedback are of immense value to me.
      Thanks in advance.

      • I would like to steal 2 points from your essay: IPR & MSF. These didn’t strike my mind. Had a nice reading of your article. NSA words were worth mentioning. I should learn to add quotes to my lines!

        • Neelotpal

          As someone who has so passionately argued against patents, I will not consider it as stealing my points! Feel free to use them wherever you find them fit.
          BoL.

    • InsightsOfficialReview

      Brilliant essay! Underline all the points which you wrote in ‘capital letters’ in exam. Well done.

  • At the outset, it becomes extremely tough for one to define exactly ‘New Global Order’. We are in a multi aligned world, where friends and foes align together for economy and fight for defense and water. Keeping these in mind, we can say India is not lost in the game, neither it has won, rather trying to maintain the equilibrium. There are no common rules for globe as a whole. No issue goes unnoticed in global agendas. So, it would be better to discuss it under multiple verticals.

    -Groupings: G4, G8(G7), G20, G77, SAARC, ASEAN, TTIP, NATO, SCO, etc. The list is endless. If groupings were to be taken at face value, India holds membership and works as an active participant in almost all the major regional groupings. India is trying to get itself into the books of UNSC, NSG. We have adhered to NAM for quite a while, but NAM is virtually an extinct theory. In the world of enemy’s enemy a friend, India is trying to balance itself. However the issue of NPT and non-NPT shows that we are a little misaligned from the rules of world order.

    -Economy: Perhaps the only country growing at 7+ percentage points while the world is bleeding. So, where is the point of New Global Order in economy? Instead we are in a path defining stage where the fundamentals of Indian economy set an example to the rest of the world. We neither are laizze faire nor keynesian followers, but are market oriented welfare state.

    -Technology: Yes we are on the right track. IITs, IIMs, IISc might rank lower when compared to international colleges, but the knowledge we spread is appreciated globally. Sadly we are still unable to arrest brain drain. Cloud computing, artificial intelligence, virtual reality, Internet of things, augmented reality, 3-D / 4-D printing, etc. you name it India has it. Innovations and start-ups, ventures and enterprises are booming and are ready to blossom in near future. So, we are not misaligned with new global order of technology. But, yes, there are issues pertaining to cyber policy, net neutrality, etc. But these are problems common globally. However these must not be taken in lighter vein. Perhaps one are where we are lagging is rural connectivity. Let’s wait for NOFN to cover my village.

    -Environment/sustainability: We are inline with the best of environmental practices, atleast in terms of setting targets. We have pledged to curb our emissions by 33%. India pivoted the International Solar Alliance keeping in view the importance of green power. We have upgraded our green targets to 175GW by 2022, of which 100GW is to come from solar alone. We have enhanced our limit of building vast carbon sinks. For a developing country like India, we need to peak emissions to become a rapid industrialized nation. But we are in favour of global good and have accepted to build an industrialized India in a green way! That’s another path defining step. Not to forget a point, we are among the first ones to submit INDCs in the Paris Summit.

    -Unity/Brotherhood: Start with Scotland and it’s future with UK. It voted for UK just because Scotland could gain from EU. Now that Brexit is reality, what’s the fate of Scotland? Also Brexit has set a dangerous precedent. Now countries within EU are raising their voices. London wants to be a separate state. Scotland wants independence. A continent, Europe, as a whole is suffering from the crisis of Brexit, crisis of migrants. Does India face any of these? Perhaps NO!
    Consider the problem of gun culture in USA. Fortunately this doesn’t exist in India. But we have our own share of problems viz. honour killings, religious / community intolerance, alleged cases of stifling human rights, etc. India might sound a little reluctant in this case.

    -Terrorism/Security: India is the largest contributor to UNPKM(peace keeping mission). Though we are victims of terrorism, we are far from any potential war. Thanks to the diplomacy we follow. We preach non-violence, we disband sectarian politics or group wars. India looks for regional stability. While the middle east struggles to come out of ISIS wars, India found it’s way to help and evacuate thousands of needy people. We are concerned about the danger of nuclear weapons slipping into the hands of militant groups. We are worries about the ideological influences of radical groups and it’s impact on country’s youth. We are not reluctant, rather we are vigilant.

    -Energy/Strategic Investments: It’s rather a common phenomenon where a country invests itself in another one. China, with it larger Forex reserves aims at revitalizing the historic silk road and establish One Belt One Road. Global Order with respects to strategic investments is all about how you engage yourself with others, without aggravating the tensions across border. Consider this, China constructs CPEC via PoK against the wishes of India; India constructs a 5000KM road in disputed lands of Arunachal pradesh; China invests heavily in Gwadar port in Pakistan to gain access to port and thereby access Arabian waters; India gains access to waters of South China sea from Viatnam for drilling oil, also India completes an agreement to build Chahbahar port in Iran, to gain connectivity to central Asia. Thus, in the global order of checks and balances, India fares well. But this has not come without miscalculations!

    ++Points on education & health
    ++points on women empowerment & equality
    ++points on HDI, MDG and SDG targets

    Thus, a fair graph of India’s participation in New Global Order leans towards ‘Active’ axis, with a few shortcomings, which we certainly strive to bridge them up!

    • Winter

      So as per my review:-
      i) not so impressive introduction
      ii) “…fight for defense and water” this line is not correlated at all.
      iii) although you know all facts and recent development , it seems you are writing this essay for just sake of writing. I mean examiner would come to know that u don’t like writing essays(may be not true)
      iv) lacks smooth flow, more like an answer writing

      note: all these things are felt by me and may be not true and at the same time I am not a scholar in writing essays. So don’t be disappointed.

      • i. Well, I felt the same 🙁
        ii. We are talking about new global order. I said that there are no defined rule for globe. So 2 countries which ally on few issues fight on other issues. US and China for example. They economic partners but fight when it comes to water, etc.
        iii. Yeah. When I read 2-3 times, even it gives me the same feeling. Sad 🙁
        iv. Yes, it lacks because, I’ve written in a time span of 15 minutes! Laptop charging was draining(very weird reason right) haha.

        This is what I wanted. A blunt review. Thanks @winter 🙂 🙂

    • Winter

      And I am in doubt that India is the 1st country to submit INDC. Switzerland submitted it in February only and EU was second one.

      • “…among the first ones”, not the first country. But thanks, it looks like I’ve written ambiguous lines. Thanks for the review.

  • shashank

    The pace of globalization has increased with the onset of the 21st century. The number of Regional Trade Agreements, Bilateral Investment Agreements being signed among nations is on a rise. In such situation, what is the role of India is a very important question. Is India resisting the trend, flowing with it or shaping it or is completely aloof? These are important questions as they may have bearing on our country and its people.

    India has witnessed various shifts in its international policies ever since independence. It cut off from the Cold War in 1960s with the help of its concept of NAM (Non Aligned Movement). It served it well because looking at the economic competency it possessed, it would have been reduced to a mere impoverished ally of one of the blocks. It sprung a surprise for the world with its nuclear tests at Pokhran triggering sanctions and leading to the formation of Nuclear Suppliers Group. It was a big leap for a nation that got its emancipation just 28 years earlier. The effects of international isolation lasted for till late 1980s. And that’s where things changed. An economy, hitherto dominated with Public Sector Undertakings, many of them monopolies started realizing that inefficient Public sector as leading it nowhere. That a big change was required to keep the economic independence alive. And then India became reluctant guest of the International Financial Institutions, like World Bank and IBRD, which in turn required India to free its markets and pledge its gold reserves till the time of repayment of loan. The moment was more of a beginning than end.

    A series of reforms were brought in by the then government like Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalization, end of license-permit raj. Ever since then, India has been an important participant in the new global order. The new global order may be defined in terms of increased connectivity, trade, information exchange, environmental consciousness, people to people contact and the like. It may be said that India is an active participant in all these. If at a few circumstances, it has not been able to live up to the expectations of the developed nations, then it is not due to reluctance of participation but due to difference in views. This difference is often dictated by the divergence in the socio-economic conditions prevailing in various countries and no country can sidestep them to look nice on the international front and if any country does so, then it is not a wise policy.

    India has amended its IPR laws in consonance with the TRIPs obligations through the 2002 and 2005 amendment. Though India is not a member of NSG (Nuclear Suppliers Group) but it has not breached its provisions in practice. India has always supported anti-terrorist operations, a major challenge for the new global order. Very recently, formation of International Solar Alliance was declared whose headquarters will be in India.

    Infact it appears that the Indian efforts for being an active player in new global order are being stifled. China has indirectly opposed India’s entry into the Security Council of United Nations. It also stopped into entry into the Nuclear Supplier’s Group.
    Thus, India is not a reluctant participant but an active player in the new global order. A few sector specific illustrations may be useful at this juncture to bring out the difference between a diligent participant and a reluctant participant.

    In the case of climate change, the developed world always wants the developing world to contribute equally for the cause. Because of the limited technology available, untapped resources, and the expenditure involved in bringing in the suggested changes, it is not always possible for the latter to contribute equally to the correction process. Funding is required from the West so that the things can be implemented in the developing world. If the need for this funding is portrayed as resistance on their part, it is nothing but a misnomer.

    Similarly, so far as the patents in pharmaceutical products are concerned, there is a constant pressure over the India to dilute its compulsory licensing provisions so that the big pharma can have their way. It is an illegitimate demand because compulsory licensing provision is in compliance with the TRIPs mandate. Also, India has granted just 1 compulsory license till date in the Bayer v. Natco case. Thus, taking a stand against such things doesn’t make a nation non-responsive to the global trends.

    Again, so far as the alleged Human Rights violation in Jammu & Kashmir is concerned, it is often said that India is breaching her international responsibilities and obligations. But then kinds of such conflicts are numerous across the globe. China-Tibet, UK-Scotland are just a few ones. What is important is that is the nation trying to resolve it and not worsen it. India is definitely not tried to alienate any community and the violations, if any, can’t directly be portrayed as Human rights violation.

    The policy paralysis which was the keyword in 2013-14 also doesn’t show reluctance. The various aspects of it like suspension of licenses of telecom players, retrospective taxation were some offshoots of the need to check tax evasion and corruption. The impasse in Parliament was a side-effect of the democratic process and the government’s inability to honour its international commitments during such periods cannot be termed as reluctance.

    Thus, India recognizes the importance of connected growth and the impossibility of autarky in this era. It is constantly jostling for the space it deserves in international affairs, on some occasions through bilateral and on others through multilateral diplomacy. If a nation disagrees to the proposal of a powerful nations or a powerful lobby, it should not be mixed with reluctance. It is so because reluctance symbolizes irrational disagreement or a stance closed to debate but this is not the position with respect to India. The Make in India program, increasing FDI, paying of heed to ranking in indexes such as “ease of doing business’ etc. all point towards the active rather than passive participation in globalization.

    Shashank Agrawal