Insights Daily Current Events, 28 May 2016

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Insights Daily Current Events, 28 May 2016


 

Paper 2 Topic: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

North Eastern Council likely to be upgraded as resource centre

 

Prime Minister Narendra Modi, during the recently held the North Eastern Council Plenary meeting, hinted at the possibility of upgrading the North Eastern Council (NEC) as a state-of-the-art resource centre capable of meeting the aspirations of the people. The meeting was attended by Governors and Chief Ministers of all North Eastern states.

  • At the meeting, the PM also said that his government intends to connect all north-eastern States by rail and upgrade road, telecom and power networks.
  • He also dedicated to the nation the Doppler Weather Radar at Cherrapunji.

About the North Eastern Council:

The North Eastern Council is the nodal agency for the economic and social development of the North Eastern Region which consists of the eight States of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura. The chief ministers and governors represent them.

  • The headquarters of the council is situated in Shillong, and it functions under Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region.
  • The North Eastern Council was constituted in 1971 by an Act of Parliament.
  • The Council is an advisory body and may discuss any matter in which the north-eastern states have a common interest and advise the Central Government as to the action to be taken on any such matter.
  • The funding of council mainly lies with the central government with small portions contributed by the state governments as well.
  • The NEC act has been amended in 2002 to add Sikkim and restructure it as the regional planning body for the North Eastern Region.

Sources: the hindu.


 

Paper 3 Topic: Awareness in Space.

 

Launching Aditya-L1 satellite for solar study underway- ISRO chairman

 

ISRO chairman Kiran Kumar recently revealed that the scientific mission of launching Aditya-L1 satellite for solar studies is underway. Aditya-L1 is slated for lift-off in 2018-2019.

About the mission:

  • It is India’s first solar mission. It will study the sun’s outer most layers, the corona and the chromospheres and collect data about coronal mass ejection, which will also yield information for space weather prediction.
  • The project costs approximately Rs 400 crores and is a joint venture between ISRO and physicists from Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bengaluru; Inter University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pune; Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, and other institutes.
  • The data from Aditya mission will be immensely helpful in discriminating between different models for the origin of solar storms and also for constraining how the storms evolve and what path they take through the interplanetary space from the Sun to the Earth.
  • In order to get the best science from the sun, continuous viewing of the sun is preferred without any occultation/ eclipses and hence, Aditya- L1 satellite will be placed in the halo orbit around the Lagrangian point 1 (L1) of the sun-earth system.

aditya

What are Lagrangian points and halo orbit?

Lagrangian points are the locations in space where the combined gravitational pull of two large masses roughly balance each other. Any small mass placed at that location will remains at constant distances relative to the large masses. There are five such points in Sun-Earth system and they are denoted as L1, L2, L3, L4 and L5. A halo orbit is a periodic three-dimensional orbit near the L1, L2 or L3.

aditya2

Sources: toi.


 

Paper 2 Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

 

Panel submits report on new education policy

 

A committee headed by the former Cabinet secretary T.S.R. Subramanian for the evolution of the soon-to-be-announced national education policy has submitted its report to the Human Resource Development Ministry.

  • The Committee has examined a large body of outcome documents, recommendations and suggestions received and also had several meetings with various stakeholders and undertook field visits to educational institutions.

Background:

The HRD Ministry had undertaken a consultation process for framing a New Education Policy (NEP) and this process included online, grassroots and national level thematic deliberations on 33 themes.

Sources: the hindu.


 

Facts for Prelims:

 

  • Ministry of Power and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) have launched India’s first integrated web portal (www.nzeb.in) designed to promote and mainstream Net Zero Energy Buildings (NZEB) in India. A first of its kind, the portal provides complete information about Net Zero Energy Buildings – those that generate as much energy as they use – as well as how to achieve near-zero energy status through the use of efficient lighting and equipment, integration of renewable energy technologies, and best practice design strategies. In addition, the portal hosts the NZEB Alliance, an industry-wide body setup to drive the Indian markets toward highly energy-efficient buildings.

net-zero-home-of-the-future-infographic

 

  • Lakshadweep has become the first Union Territory (UT) to sign “24×7 Power for All” document. The document chalks out a plan to increase solar capacity of the region from 2.15 MW to 8.45 MW. At present, 10 inhabited islands of Lakshadweep are being fed by diesel mostly. The plan also envisions reduction of AT & C losses from current level of 21% to 6.7% till 2019 by increasing the collection efficiency up to 99 %. The ‘Power for All’ programme aims to provide each household access to electricity, 24×7 Power supply by 2019. As on date, 22 States have already signed the ‘24×7 Power For All’ Documents.

 

  • Shrinking grasslands have become a cause of concern for the 344-sq km Nameri Tiger Reserve (NTR) in Sonitpur district in Assam. The latest assessment report on NTR’s predator and prey status has revealed that it has lost nearly 50% of its grasslands between 1973 and 2011. The assessment, carried out between 2012 and 2014, said NTR has around five to eight tigers, with a big cat density of 1.3 to 1.5 tigers per 100 sq km. The tiger reserve is bound by the Jia-Bhoreli river on its west and the Bor-Dikorai river on its east. The Naduar and Balipara reserved forests in Sonitpur, which forms NTR’s buffer zone, have also borne the brunt of encroachment over the years, leading to a further decline of grasslands. Located on the northern part of Sonitpur, NTR adjoins Arunachal Pradesh’s Pakke Tiger Reserve. Despite its small size, it is known for its rich flora and fauna.Nameri-National-Park

 

  • Gurgaon is all set to have a reserved forest zone for black bucks. An area of 140 hectares has been allotted by the forest department that will be the reserved forest zone for the endangered species. The area has been sanctioned in Sarbasirpur. NCR already has a Sultanpur national park and bird sanctuary which is providing a habitat for migratory birds. The reserve area will be developed over a period for four years and will provide a natural habitat for the black bucks. The animal prefers grassy plains and hot and humid environment.sultanpur-bird-sanctuary

 

  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows into India increased by 29% to a record $40 billion during in the financial year ended March. If re-invested earnings, other capital and equity capital of unincorporated bodies are taken into account along with $40 billion worth equity inflows, the total FDI flows in FY’16 is the highest-ever at $55.4 billion. Of the FDI inflows (equity) in FY’16, services sector (including financial, banking, insurance, non-financial / business, outsourcing, R&D, courier, technology testing and analysis) attracted maximum investments of $6.88 billion followed by computer hardware and software ($5.90 billion), trading business ($3.84 billion) and automobile industry ($2.52 billion). Maximum inflows (equity) were from Singapore ($13.69 billion), followed by Mauritius ($8.35 billion), the US ($4.19 billion), the Netherlands ($2.64 billion) and Japan ($2.61 billion). The previous highest FDI inflow was in FY12 when the country received $46.55 billion, which was a 34 per cent increase over $34.8 billion it got in FY11.

 

  • Sudanita Sanchez

    Thanks a lot.

  • Munish

    Incorporating graphics is a good initiative. It helps to recall things easily.

    • Dr. KARISHMA

      cn u share such document?

  • SUDHANSHU–The Average

    what are those 33 themes…..in new education policy

  • SUDHANSHU–The Average

    CRITICALLY ENDANGERED MAMMALS….(WIKI) IN INDIA……

    Asiatic cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus venaticus)
    Namdapha flying squirrel (Biswamoyopterus biswasi)
    Himalayan wolf (“Canis himalayensis”)
    Elvira rat (Cremnomys elvira)
    Andaman Shrew (Crocidura andamanensis)
    Jenkins’ shrew (Crocidura jenkinsi)
    Nicobar shrew (Crocidura nicobarica)
    Northern Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis lasiotis)
    Kondana soft-furred rat (Millardia kondana)
    Pygmy hog (Porcula salvania)
    Indian Javan rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus inermis)
    Malabar large-spotted civet (Viverra civettina)
    Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla)
    Kashmir stag (Cervus canadensis hanglu)

    AND

    CE BIRDS IN INDIA….WIKI
    White-bellied heron (Ardea insignis)
    Great Indian bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps)
    Forest owlet (Athene blewitti)
    Baer’s pochard (Aythya baeri)
    Spoon-billed Sandpiper (Calidris pygmaea)
    Siberian crane (Grus leucogeranus)
    White-rumped vulture (Gyps bengalensis)
    Indian vulture (Gyps indicus)
    Slender-billed vulture (Gyps tenuirostris)
    Bengal florican (Houbaropsis bengalensis)
    Himalayan quail (Ophrysia superciliosa)
    Jerdon’s courser (Rhinoptilus bitorquatus)
    Pink-headed duck (Rhodonessa caryophyllacea)
    Red-headed vulture (Sarcogyps calvus)
    Sociable lapwing (Vanellus gregarius)
    Bugun liocichla (Liocichla bugunorum)

    • how can i or others remember all these names and which place in India are found like western ghats ….etc…can u please post like state wise if u do so its helps a lot

      • thevagabond85

        state wise memorizing is useless IMO. go for per species. spend time watching images/vids of each species(only ~40-50 species is imp) – knowing its special features. i.e. memorize with context/anecdote e.g.
        can red panda be found in Rajasthan? or TN? NO
        MP/ Bihar ? NO
        Panda lives in somewhat colder region/rainforest. more enquiry will lead u to know it’s found mainly in Arunachal Pradesh (and China) NOT in J&K,HP.

        Sangai found in Loktak is also state animal of which state?
        Is there alternative name of Ganges dolphin? which is the national marine animal of india? any conservation prog?
        What’s special about GIB? where’s it’s nest on trees or on land?
        Which medicine has been responsible for drop in Indian vulture’s count?

        it’s hard to memorize all animals in one day. so whenever it comes in news try wiki or WWFindia

        in short make it interesting……

        hope it helps.

        • thanks !!

        • Himanshu nn

          what does IMO stand for?

          • thevagabond85

            In my opinion

      • babalalex

        You dont need to remember scientific name for each species..
        You can apply 1 strategy if possible….
        just read all these species once only at the EOD(end of day) just before sleeping, before 1 month of prelims…

        You may find it beneficial……

        It may or may not work for you,so try only if it is possible to you..(You can try this for next coming month just 5 days then see)

        All d best!

    • thevagabond85

      “CE BIRDS IN INDIA” it’s CR not CE

  • rose

    THANKU INSIGHTS

  • Shakti Singh

    upgrading the North Eastern Council (NEC) as a state-of-the-art resource centre, what does it means and what are its implications??

    • Karthick Pieterson

      The highest level of development using techniques or sophiscated devices which provides information and support is called state of art resource centre .
      It enables the states and implement the agencies to execute plans and projects ,promote innovations to a growth of these states .

      • Shakti Singh

        did u mean that NEC will not be just an advisory council in the coming future.?

    • Vishal Rana

      It could enable the States and the implementing agencies to properly plan and execute projects, promote research and innovations and provide strategic policy vision for the region.

    • Dixit

      Once inter-connected by infrastructure, they can help nation by providing resources like:
      – hydrocarbons through pipelines
      – connectivity to Myanmar (currently bottleneck in transporting goods to the region)
      – also, if well developed can act as BPO/SEZ units so will provide knowledge capital and improved economy in the region (and thus for nation as a whole)
      I think it means so..let me know if you differ

  • Captain

    Thanks 🙂

  • ESWAR

    Sir, Please continue CAs with relevant graphics, maps etc. A good initiative. Thanks

  • Dr. KARISHMA

    any authentic note/material for mineral and resources..kindly share ..

    • Ambarish

      India Mines and Minerals Handbook, however its quite exhaustive

      • Dr. KARISHMA

        tx..

  • skn

    Thanks a lot sir

  • thevagabond85

    Blackbuck is NOT EN(endangered species – IUCN) it is NT(near threatened)
    See for yourself :
    http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/1681/0
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blackbuck

    PS. the above article in no way implies that it’s saying it’s EN yet the boldening of those keywords might impart the wrong meaning to reader.
    Thanks.

  • Sahilb

    is the link for secure questions for May 27 and 28 moved somewhere else or the questions are not posted yet ?

  • Sahilb

    hi…is the link for secure questions for May 27 and 28 moved somewhere else or the questions are not posted yet ?

  • Name_is_Bond

    Hey guys.. can anyone pls explain how L2 and L3 are lagranjian points ??

    • Shubham Kothari

      its in 3D so they are actually popping out or falling in

  • Saint Shambhujs

    Who chairs the N E Council?

    • warlord

      Union Minister, DoNER is the chairman
      DoNER = Dept of NE region

      • Saint Shambhujs

        OK. THANKS

  • Blazing_Sparkfly

    Hey can anyone help me by providing link for the summary of economic survey for both the volumes in pdf…pls…

  • power

    what is AT&C ??

    • Nishi

      Aggregate Technical & Commercial losses

  • Goku

    Its Jia-Bhoroli , not “Jia-Bhoreli”