Insights Weekly Essay Challenges 2016 – Week 12: Caste System – India’s Enduring Curse

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Insights Weekly Essay Challenges 2016 – Week 12


20 March  2016

Write an essay on the following topic in not more than 1000-1200 words:


“Caste System – India’s Enduring Curse”

  • Some Indian Guy

    Goodmorning Champions. Wake up 🙂

    • Night thinker !!

      So true! 🙂

  • Night thinker !!


    • Hey night thinker 🙂
      review my essay din ko! 😀
      i”ll eview us when u write 🙂

      • Night thinker !!

        Hi tuktuk!
        I was reading yours only 😀
        I posted mine. Have a look! 😛

  • Dheeraj Kumar

    Good morning…

    • sankar

      bhai plz rvw mine……..thanks


    Good morning friends.

    I would like to have views and guidance on optional subject -philosophy.

    A. Syllabus is limited, can complete in two or three months. Enough time to revise and read other subjects.

    B. I found some useful videos in YouTube provided by iit, madras on Indian philosophy (38 videos) and western philosophy ( 40 videos). After watching Two videos on Indian philosophy, I concluded that subject is easy and interesting as well.

    C. More or less these videos are as per syllabus, are there videos available on you tube which caters requirement than iit, madras videos. Please share

    D. What are the books I must study for philosophy optional.

    I can’t afford coaching for optioanl which is expensive around rs 45,000 (mitras, ias) being from poor background . I request you please share views on philosophy optional

  • aashish 2000

    Hi Friends… Yesterday I met a child who is around 11 years(approx) of age. He started talking with me with few questions. The conversations went like this
    X: Good morning, Are you here to have fun(We are in a park)
    Me: No, I am here to meet my friend
    X: How often do you come here?
    Me: Not much…
    X: What do you do?
    Me: I am a Civil servant aspirant.
    X: Means
    Me: IAS…IPS…
    X: Oh… I got it… So collector look after the city/district administration?
    Me: Yes..
    X: See…brother.. I am here not to meet or for play… I am here to work and earn money… Why my parents doesnt have enough money…Why am i not able to afford for school….
    Me: What do you parents do?
    X: My father sells vegetable.. My mom works as a servant in few houses.
    Me: This conversation prolonged for 20 mins and finally he said
    X: Brother, I dont know about your duties,job, salary…anything… But I do know people like you prefer these kind of jobs…for power,salary… and few opt for to bring change… So I request you please be one to bring change in our society..
    Me: He left by saying that…
    Friends… I request you all please consider this Preparation as divine and feel UPSC like you need.. you cant live without your needs…
    So this is the last attempt and give all you have got…. Get selected…
    Many lives are looking for us….to bring change………….they depended on us…. Lets give them what they want…..Best of luck………..

    • Night thinker !!

      Very true Aashish bhai! 😀
      We should take this preparation and career option as important as oxygen is for our survival! 🙂

    • Shrunga Chandrashekar

      Yes aashish we all should be very passionate towards the society and not power. Hope we all stand together one day as civil servants and bring in change 🙂

      • sankar

        plz rvw mine thanks

    • Some Indian Guy

      Our success lies in the smiles of people like Mr. X 🙂

      • sankar

        sirji plz rvw mine……….thanks

      • Thor and Miolneer

        I concur 🙂

        • yogi

          Bhai plz review my essay. 🙂

      • yogi

        Bhai plz review my essay 🙂

    • pink

      truely said aashish

      • sankar

        plz rvw mine bhai…………thanks

        • pink

          i am not a bhai ,iam a bhan

    • Friends please review my essay when you get time.

      Thank you so much 🙂

      • sankar

        plz rvw mine …………thanks

    • sankar

      plz rvw mine

    • Affu

      Very true,this is what the perception of an poor hapless about civil servants-we are those”babus” who are after power and when we utter we shall help them out they would probably feel they have heard the best joke of their life.We,the young generation of india represents future of india.Let us try to provide a ray of hope to those millions and demolish these stereotypes

    • vivekanand

      Yes bro if we want to change the society.. 1st we have to change.. nd
      if every aspirant nd every civil servant thinks like dat change automatically comes in the society…

    • Snow white

      first I felt nostalgic but think why not to bring change in society even if u r nt civil servant.. upsc is a way but if ur intention are clean start something from today. be the change u want to c in the world..

      • aashish 2000

        Here you have to understand the external change never brings the inner happiness… To change the inner faults you must be in system… That’s what I want to convey by this…. Change is a good and easy word to say…as well as difficult and tough to work it out…but not impossible..

        • Snow white

          Change is change whtr extrnl or intrnl Nd it’s not meant js 4 syg! If u CNT brg chng at ur lvl then within d system it’s more difficult .don’t u think d ppl Wu get selected they hv same felgs as u hv rt NW ! Civils servant or no civil servant u start d change frm today evn if u r not part of civils.start frm small things then look 4 big ! 🙂

          • aashish 2000

            Good words my friend… I change that boy life by going back to him… But he asked me to do…in larger scale… not in smaller one… There is alot of difference in external and internal…
            You can change the his clothes, his locality etc… brings external change but making him educated and keep on doing it for longer period brings the internal change..
            By that incident, I see people like him in many in number… So I didnt do any help because he doesnt need HELP….. He needs service….for what is he paying to this government in the form of tax….. Being in small will bring the change if you do consistently….
            You can say.. you help people when you see they are in need… then it wont bring the change….until I keep on looking who are in need….
            Tell what would you do if you are in the same position..

            • Snow white

              First of all I want to cnvy my mesg that I want to give tat csat test ur conducting 🙂

              Secondly he needs service then discuss his prob. If possible 4 u act accordingly dear! Education can be provided .he needs material lnd him hands . make him too cpabl of bcmg aspirant . but if u don’t bcm then it doesn’t mean u lv ur courageous attitude. Upsc is jus a way but one person bcms better at cost of otr . to be in equilibrium 🙂

              • aashish 2000

                You are most welcomed to write the test….
                Second…. I agree with you… I used all my power I have to set the things right…
                Anyway… Have a good day…

                • Snow white

                  hey could u tell me the procedure how will u conduct the exam if u hv tym .. plz do tl me.. n have a nice day .. 🙂

                  • aashish 2000

                    on sunday morning… we get notifications on essay topic… So before 9am…
                    I will post my comment with email address to send answer sheets who wants to…. and drive address which has question paper….
                    People click on the link and save the copy of the question paper…
                    So the exam starts at 9 am…
                    At 11 am… I will post a comment to tell time is over……to inform everyone…
                    Then I will post another link which has answer sheet in the drive….
                    People can check their answers…
                    I will evaluate the first 20 answer sheets and return back to their respective
                    mail Ids…

                    • Snow white

                      ok .. thankyou 🙂 so much…

                    • pink

                      where is csat test

                    • aashish 2000

                      It is tomorrow…. Sunday…

                    • pink

                      ok thnx

                    • aashish 2000

                      Please see yesterday debate page.. I posted link there….
                      All the best…

              • aashish 2000

                I posted link in yesterday debate page… Please have a look and start writing exam…
                All the best

                • Snow white

                  Till then I will practice this one ! But this won’t get checked by u ! Plz do conduct this again a tym !

                  • aashish 2000

                    you can write test… at you convenience… white… I do check if you send the answer sheet… But the motto for this… to get practice…

                    • Snow white

                      Ok I will give the test then ! Thankyou so much 🙂

    • Jaya Swatantra

      Really touching……… one can not live without ones needs kya baat hai… thanks for sharing Aashish… emotional kar diya.. 🙂

  • Mukul

    Langston Hughes, a renowned poet wrote ‘Do not let your dreams die for if dreams die, life is a wingless bird that cannot fly’. But the social institution of caste makes Ram’s dreams redundant. He wants to pursue PhD in Economics. But his village elders coerce him into scavenging. Ram is not alone. He is one of the millions who dare to dream but caste stymies those dreams.

    Caste’s enduring character can be judged from the fact that it began in Late Vedic Period and persists so persistently that its negation becomes a myth. In Vedic Period, the division was premordial. The division was into four categories- Brahman, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Sudras. It was prevalent in Vijaynagar empire when the society was divided into Brahmins, Rajulu (kings), Chettis (traders), peasants, Virpanchalas (metalworkers), Vipravinodin (entertainers), Kaikkolas (weavers) and barbers. It persisted or even prospered during British times when the colonial masters put to use their divide and rule policy and thus widening the already present gaps. GOI Act 1935 created seperate electorates for depressed classes with no intention of upliftment of downtrodden. After several reforms in post colonial era, it still persists albeit with reduced intensity.

    It is not that efforts have not gone into ‘annihilation of caste’. In pre-independence era, there have been reformers in Jyotirao Phule, Ayyankali, Narayan Guru, Raja Rammohan Roy, Pandit Ishwar Chand Vidyasagar and Ambedkar among others. These efforts do have materialised and toned down the caste’s affront on Indian society. However still a lot needs to be done.

    This was well in the minds of Constitution makers. Article 14 prohibits state from making laws for a particular class. Article 15 prohibits discrimination of grounds of caste among other things. Article 16 seeks to provide equal access to government employment and contains provisions for affirmative actions. Article 17 explicitly declares untouchability to be unconstitutional and illegal. Schedule 5 and Schedule 6 makes special provisions for people residing in tribal areas. And Part 16 provides for constitutional representation of those who may not be able to adequately represent themselves in absence of these provisions.

    Legal provisions have been made to curtail the detrimental effects of caste. Protection of Civil Rights Act 1955, The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act 1989 and The Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitaiton act 2013 have been legislated.

    So in totality, the institution of caste is indeed losing its sharp edge. To make its demise quick and peaceful, education is the key. As Nelson Mandela referred to education as the only weapon that can be used to change the world. Ambedkar gave the slogan- Educate, Agitate and Organise. The one who is uplifted must understand that humanity lies in treatment of everybody as equal and the one who is forced to be downtrodden must recall Ambedkar and Educate, Agitate and Organise.

    • Night thinker !!

      Mukul bhai itna chota Sa essay kyun?
      You started off well, very informative piece! 🙂
      Review mine please!

    • Hey mukul!!
      nice start! background is indeed different with all those names 😀
      well written till end by why finished there only? you can write a lot afterwards also? like presenting different context!! also why it is still there and in what forms hampering us?
      keep writing bro! review mine too 🙂

  • Some Indian Guy

    The sins of ‘Hari’ are many. His attackers say he had bad karma. Why else would he, like his ancestors, be born an Untouchable, if not to pay for his past lives? And now also he works as a leather worker. According to Hindu laws working with animal skin makes him unclean and impure. His bigger sin is his aspiration for prosperity. He bought a small land outside the village, he dared to speak up to the police and authorities, demanding to use the new village well. He deserved a lesson and he got that.

    One night, while Hari was away in a nearby city, eight men from the higher Rajput caste came to his farm. They broke his fences, stole his tractor, beat his wife and daughter, and burned down his house. The message was clear: Stay at the bottom where you belong. Where he belong? Why he is at the bottom? Who are untouchables why they are untouchables?

    The ‘Purushsukta’ of the ‘Rigveda’ propounded the doctrine of ‘Chaturvarna’. It says that four ‘Varnas’ emerged from the body of the creator- the Brahmins from the head, the Kshatriyas from the arms, the Vaishya from the thighs and the Shudras from the feet. Manu the law giver degraded the shudras to the lowest level. Than a fifth category emerged i.e Untouchables. Once born untouchable he remains untouchable forever. Obliged to carry dead animals and eat their meat, not allowed to use public streets, untouchables were forced to live in permanent segregation. During the ‘Peshwa’ regime untouchables were forced to string a broom around their waist to sweep away their own footsteps. They had to carry a pot around their necks so that their spit don’t pollute the earth. It was the bondage worst than the slavery of the Roman empire more cruel than the violence against the American Nigros and the German Jews. This is the curse to our society, this is what we call the ‘Caste system’ in India.

    It is interesting to know that the word ‘Caste’ itself has no Indian origin but derived from the Portugese word Casta. But there is no doubt that the phenomenon of caste is very Indian in fact for many it is the the essence of Indian society. Caste system is filled with inequality and injustice. There is no point in calling casteism as a system or a process, rather it is an evil. Indian society is cast ridden. The people of one caste don’t like to mix with others. This division of society into so many religions, castes and sub-castes comes in the way of the unity and integrity of the Indian nation. People vote on the basis of caste and religion and do not take the merits of the candidate into consideration. Democracy itself has become a mockery owing to this evil.

    In The Annihilation of Caste, Ambedkar, probably for the first time, raised many profound questions with respect to caste. First, he rejected the defence of caste on the basis of division of labour and argued that it was not merely a division of labour but a division of labourers. The former was voluntary and depended upon one’s choice and aptitude and, therefore, rewarded efficiency. The latter was involuntary, forced, killed initiative and resulted in job aversion and inefficiency. He argued that caste could not be defended on the basis of purity of blood, though pollution is a hallmark of the caste system. Ambedkar thought the abolition of untouchability and the eradication of caste would make India an emotionally strong and unified country.

    The caste system can not be eradicated without changing the mindset of the people. The caste system is a great social evil. From time to time social reformers and thinkers have tried to eradicate this evil, but to no avail. Even Gandhiji could not do much for the eradication of Untouchability. It is a deep-rooted problem which has defied all solutions so far. The problem has persisted largely because of the illiteracy and ignorance of the people. Their ignorance makes the people conservative and superstitious. Hence they do not accept any social change. They want things to continue as they are. Every measure of social reform is strongly opposed and is considered to be an attack on their religion by the religious fanatics.

    Caste system denies change of occupation. It promote untouchability. It increases the hate, anger and never allow to develop a unity in the society. Since caste is an age old system which are followed traditionally so people find it difficult to accept the new ideas and scientific principles thus restrict social progress. The caste system ran contrary to the democratic spirit. Democracy presupposes human equality, but the caste system believed in inequality. In the caste system, the women were utterly neglected. They enjoyed a very conservative and traditional type of status. They were denied the privilege of higher education. They could not voice their opinion in public affairs. These are few menace of this evil present in our society.

    Therefore, if the evil of caste system is to be eradicated every possible effort should be made to educate the people and thus create a strong public opinion against the evil. School text books should be carefully revised. Lessons should be included to teach the students that the caste system is man made. It was a system for the division of labor devised by our wise forefathers. Originally, man was not born into any cast his caste was determined by his learning or by the nature of work he did in life. Basically, all human beings are equal they have the same kind of blood in their veins. The differences of upper and lower are wrong, and entirely the creation of vested interests. The similarities between the different castes should be stressed rather than the differences. In this way would be created awareness against the caste system and its hold upon society would be gradually loosened.

    In short, the key to this problem lies in the creation of a strong public opinion against it. Teachers, professional Gurus, scholars, thinkers, and writers should all unite in the nation’s fight against this chronic and widespread social evil. A responsible press can do a lot in this direction. Every effort should be made to change the psychology of the people, and strict action taken against offenders. Apart from this certain other measures can also be discussed and considered such as promote inter caste marriage, eradicate timeless reservation policy, eliminate the word ‘Caste’ from the government affairs so and so forth.

    It is not enough to have just a political independent India. What is also needed is to have an Indian nation where every citizen will have religious and political rights so that every person have equal opportunity to develop. And this equality can only be achieved by getting freedom from the evil of ‘Caste system’ in India.

    • hey 🙂
      very deep into 😀 touched!!
      Annihilation of caste para-nailed it!!
      Conclusion can be improved!
      You can also tell that how in the curent form it is degrading our society ( jat agitation etc).
      well written bro!! Flow can be improved a little more 🙂
      Review mine when find time! Thanks 🙂

      • Some Indian Guy

        Thanks buddy …. I will surely review yours 🙂

      • sankar

        have a look at mine……bhai thanks

    • Keshav Singh

      i think mentioning any caste is not sincere.
      u might have said some upper caste…

      • Some Indian Guy

        point noted bro. Thanks 🙂

    • Nivedita Singh

      nice assay…..

      Please review mine…..

      • sankar

        plz rvw mine…… by late

    • Night thinker !!

      Your intro moved me, a good one!
      You’ve touched almost every aspect.. Keep up bro! Really comprehensive and flow was maintained throughout! Keep up!


    • Invoker

      1st part me origin and details of what it entails is very well explained..your suggestions to remove are also good.. importance of media, government , parents can be highlighted in this regard.. Also a bit more focus on contemporary casteism and its changing structure can be mentioned.. Otherwise a good read with a good flow..Never felt abruptness in any part..
      review mine when you get time.. my 1st attempt at an essay..kwar 🙂

      • Himaanshu

        Thanks buddy. Points are well received. Will surely read and review yours. 🙂

    • Affu

      hi himanshu,good short story to start with which brought out various dimensions
      before u start ur para on purushasukta,just pose few questions or present a broad framework so that examiner gets an idea of how u are going to deal with
      then a link has been missing wherein from ancient times u jumped into ambedkar’s statement,add few points on how it evolved,very few…
      also pls be careful with open ended statements like gandhi also coudl not do much to remove untouchability,where there is a possibility of contradiction
      give some diverse points on poltical issues-reservations,vote bank poltics,failure of const,stautory measures
      economic dimensions needs to be explored as well
      as u started with a briliant story in conclusion also bring that character hari how he needs to be empowered to make india a trully progressive nation
      all the best

      • Himaanshu

        hmmmm,… I agree with your observations and suggestions. Points well taken Affu 🙂

        Thanks for the detailed and worthy analysis…

      • Rashmirathi

        affu could you please review mine !

        • Affu

          sure rashmi,lil busy as soon as i get sometime

          • Rashmirathi

            thank you so much! sure whenever convenient for you 🙂

      • yogi

        can u plz review mine 🙂

    • Rashmirathi

      you have started with a very good story, try to end your essay using the same story, it will bring about continuity.

      second , in your essay you are simply talking about caste system. bring forth how in the present time caste system is an enduring curse , talk about vote bank politics, economic exploitation, failure to abide by supreme court directions, khaap panchayats, etc.
      conclusion is very apt.

      thanks 🙂

      please review mine !

      • Himaanshu

        ya agree with your observation Rashmi. I missed various other angles this time. Thanks dear. Will surely read and review your essay 🙂

    • Isha

      Hello sir. my views-
      Intro was nice
      But you see, structure was missing. in the second para, u described ancient system then, 4th to 7th para- it seems as if the very same thing were coming back.
      8th to last para- you can combine them into make it a strong conclusion with a suggestion para and then concluding lines.
      Multi-dimensionality was missing as if who all or what all factors are involved/behind this ‘enduring’ burden. What efforts were taken since time immemorial and how far they were successful.
      Baki Affu has provided you with valid points. Keep writing regularly, sir and we’ll improve for sure.
      Pardon me for the very critical review 😛

      ATB. & have a look at mine as per ur convenience.

    • Shreya

      The introduction was capturing. Very lucid explanation of the origin and the continuation of caste. Don’t mention that Ambedkar was perhaps the first to question caste. There were many more before him.
      Also, you skip from historical perspectives to the solution. You haven’t elaborated on th enduring curse in contemporary time.
      A very fine reading otherwise. All the best 🙂

    • yogi

      First of all welcome back to essay 🙂
      my views:
      1. intro: short and relevent to the theme, good
      2. It was the bondage worst than the slavery of the Roman empire more cruel than the violence against the American Nigros and the German Jews.—-we know its too bad i guess not as bad as was faced by jews, may be u want to bring the intensity of the discrimination by setting a comparision.
      3. In The Annihilation of Caste, Ambedkar,—- i found it a bit complicated and had to read twice to grasp the essence, u could avoided that completed or present in a simple manner.
      4. flow is fine but at some places things came suddenly,
      5. the best part in your essay is the suggestions that u gave to fight the evil side of caste system, very good
      6. conclusion : needs to be as strong as your entire essay is, i had set higher expectation for the conclusion while reading ur essay, but alas! u ended on a very general note 🙁
      overall a very good essay 🙂
      have a look at mine at ur convenience
      thanks !

  • Review please *_*

    “I am so happy that same sex marriage is allowed in most of the other countries now. Soon in future, it’ll be legal in India too”, said Ashi to Mahir.
    “Yeah, by the way you spoke to your dad about our marriage?”, Mahir asked her.
    Ashi replied,” No way, our caste is different. Not happening”.

    The dominant role played by this caste system in our society is as old as one can go back in time. India is a land of some of the great religions but in this greatness, lies some wicked practices which have shackled the basic social and economic layers of our society. This caste system about which when one talks, and thinks only about the Hindu society, is prevailing in Islam, Buddhism and other religions too.

    In Vedic society, although original caste belonged upon a person’s work, but soon it became hereditary. The three upper caste i.e. Brahmins, Kshatriya, Vaishya tried to oppress the lowest caste i.e. Shudra, and also each other to show their domination. With the passage of time, things became even worse for Shudras and some of them were even categorised as “Untouchables”. Even their shadow was considered to be “polluted” and “poisonous”; such was the domination of priestly class on religion as they were the key role-players in defining faith and their directions were “universally accepted” by the people. This was due to the fact that they were considered to be nearest to the God.

    But with the advent of Buddhism, a great change was seen in the society as Gautam Buddha condemned caste system and planted the seeds of “All being equal in the eyes of God” in the society. Profound transformation was observed in the society and people adopted Buddhism for to be treated equal, but soon after the demise of Buddha, matters in Buddhism got worse as it was divided in Hinayana and Mahayana sect and they too stated to observe caste system. This was the very first blow to the “positive change and modification” which was slowly and steadily growing in the society.

    With the arrival of one of the greatest Abrahamic religion in India i.e. Islam, significant amount of changes were seen. One of them was people adopting Islam as it peached the teaching of oneness. But Muslims were also divided into classes. These classes are drawn from several sources – the “Mughal and Pathan” were ethnic groups while the “Qureshi” came from the Prophet Muhammad’s clan in Mecca. Although Sufism’s efforts to diminish caste system was immense, the domination of these caste over the others can be still seen in Indian Muslim society.

    The “Two Nation theory” during Freedom struggle and then the partition of the nation was also one of the cause of “caste system”. The isolation of high class people from each other and also other religions, gave Britishers a subject to play with and “Divide and Rule” policy was adopted. This curse was just getting darker with each day but we kept enduring and ignoring it at the same time.

    With the glimpse of Independent India in very near future, the work to build nation on one line was widely seen. Chairman of the Drafting Committee B.R Ambedkar and other representatives worked immensely on the constitution so that the future of India could be carried on equal shoulders and this stigma of caste domination could be removed. The Fundamental rights, which are the soul of the constitution, provided an insight on how great our nation can become. Special provisions like reservation, protection of rights of SC and ST were provided so that the society can be uplifted as soon as possible.

    What measures our forefathers provided to demolish the caste system were in-fact, apt at that time. Reservation was the only remedy which could bring people on equal front in terms of social and economic life. But they did not knew that roots of caste domination have grown so much in the soil of Indian nation, and with the watering of “vote bank” and “communal politics”, it would only grow much more strong. Reservation instead of bringing people together, started dividing them.

    In this confused and tensed situation, different commissions were setup. Kala Kalelkar Commission report was straight away rejected as it asked to provide 70% reservation to backward classes and Mandal commission report led to wide agitation as it led to oveall 49.5% quota in government jobs. What we failed to see is that only caste is not the sole reason which leads to the oppression of the people but with that it is economic condition too. The criteria for reservation to uplift the oppressed people in county with 100+ crore people, still gives a gloomy picture.

    To get over this long lasting curse of caste system, reservation which was thought to be a remedy have now become a plague as it is now leading to division of the society too. Patels in Gujarat and Jat agitation in Haryana to include them under reservation shows a sign of it.

    Are we Indians really hypocrites? We’ve seen nations rising above hatred, over inconvenient dogmas, over faulty practices, but in our nation, whom APJ Kalam wanted to see as Superpower in 2020 A.D, people want to be called backward just to get “special” privilege from the government. Instead of leaving this curse, we want to reap it just to get some undeserved fruit. We have seen people fighting in the name of secularism, nationalism, tolerance debate but for the very first time, we are viewing people who ae fighting to be called backward. Irony, isn’t it?

    We are caught in the vicious circle of “caste system” and “reservation” which is only leading to worsen the situation. The only way to get out of it is making the very basic foundation of our Indian society more strong which have been corroded by this faulty practice. No one in this world can save us than ourselves. It is us who, to our children, our parents, our little ones can tell that where we stand due to this caste system and “education” is the only measure to strengthen this foundation. Of-course, it’ll take time. It is supposed to.

    We have to understand that “the lamps are different, but light is the same”. Caste system can’t be fully removed by reservation. Even the curse of this caste- system can’t be removed fully, as it has penetrated in our culture with a robust style. In the diverse county as India is, with huge population, we can’t expect every person to not practice caste system, but at the same time we have to understand that, “The only lower caste man is the one who considers other as same.”

    • Night thinker !!

      Hey Tuktuk,
      Intro is dhamaal!
      Flow is consistent.
      Language is lucid.
      Conclusion is PERFECT!
      You’ve brought in various dimensions to the essay! Enjoyed the read! 😀

    • Krishna

      Very nice.
      Few things are completely different from what I have written. worthy read for me 🙂

    • Shreya


      A very good attempt 🙂

      Two nation theory is the highest form of expression of communalism ( also a form of social division) right? Why attribute it to specific form of social division i.e., caste ?
      You can talk about how the force within the society have continuously fought to end the system, but still it has sustained itself. Diversify the examples and mention the major crusaders of caste.
      And also throw some light on how is it a curse and how it affects the life of victims of this system.
      And probably conclude it with an end to the hypocrisy. You could have mentioned that ironical incident wherein a mother advertised for a groom for a son, belonging to the same caste. She moved ahead to accept homosexuality, but was entangled deep in the caste system. Such is the enduring curse.


      • awesome yes!! i agree!!
        in conclusion, this accepting homo part(but not comfortable with caste) can be given!
        and your suggestions are well taken!
        Thanks fo the review! 🙂

    • Mukul

      the lamps are different, but light is the same. Amazing line. But does it not mean that each community may have different gods but their message is same. That way isnt it out of context?
      Correct me If I did not decipher this line correctly.

      Can we criticise reservation policy in absolute terms. ”reservation which was thought to be a remedy have now become a plague as it is now leading to division of the society too. ” It could have been in a bit diplomatic terms.

      Overall good essay!!! Imaginative introduction!!!!!

      • “people ae born in different caste,religion(we have made caste/religion), but have the same soul!
        but yes, this quote gives dual perspective! i can sense it a liitle now! 😀
        yes, as far as you can justify yourself, you can! (but i went a little far).
        thanks for the review 🙂

    • Nivedita Singh

      nice assay……you have nicely framed this assay in present context……
      keep writing…..

    • Some Indian Guy

      hello dost
      – Very comprehensive and well presented write up. Well done 🙂 ….. just couple of concerns :-

      1- Two nation theory wala point thoda vague laga. You justified that but still the role of caste in partition is not the prominent one. It played an indirect role.
      2- Are we Indians hypocrites?……… irony isn’t it? ….. bro this para sounds very emotionally charged one. I believe this para could be phrased in a better manner.

      Rest all good :-)…….. “JAI HIND”

      • 1. yes will edit it! its role was indeed indirect 🙂
        2. Answer: Yes! 😀 I’ll change its language a bit then! maybe a bit diplomatic! thanks for the review! jai Hind 🙂

    • Eco-friendly

      3rd last and 6th last para are wonderful.

      I think terming education as the only measure is not ok
      Along with that creating opportunities, economic upliftment (effect of LPG, lesser discrimination in urban center’s), reforms in reservation policy can be done to bridge the divide.

      two nation theory point doesn’t seem fit…..may be moulded in some other way….like granting of communal award by british etc.

      You have written a great essay overall.
      Plss review mine……it was my first essay

      • sankar

        plz rvw mine …………thanks

      • Yeah bro, the essay was bit narrow today! Could have been better!
        will review yours too, promise!
        just need some time! away from my laptop! Will do by morning! Thanks man 🙂

    • Aravind Varier

      Dear Lord Tuktuk ,

      There are certain loopholes i am able to figure out in the example you gave in the introduction .

      You are telling that two persons Mahir and Ashi are talking about same sex marriage and then later you are discussing about the denial of a marriage proposal by Ashi on the lines of caste .

      In my opinion it would have been better if the Mahir and Ashi was talikng about inter caste marriages rather than same sex marriage .

      If i am the examiner i would interpret from the example that Mahir is a girl who is interested to marry Ashi who is also a girl.

      See , another flaw i find in the example is : You are telling that Mahir asked Ashi whether did she talk to her father regarding their marriage plans and then later you write Ashi denies it on the base of caste .

      If Ashi was particular about caste , there would have been no question of Mahir asking Ashi ” Did you ask your father about our marriage plans ” .

      Ashi would have rejected Mahir marriage proposal in the first instant itself and there would be no question of the second part of asking to the father .


      1) ” wicked practices which have shackled the basic social and economic layers ….” please be clear of the wicket practice that you are referring to in the passage .

      2) In Vedic society, although original caste…. ” this passage is good 🙂

      3) But with the advent of Buddhism… ” this passage is also good 🙂

      4) With the arrival of one of the greatest Abrahamic religion … ” in this paragraph you can write the Islam culture was also influenced by the caste prevailing in India during that time .

      5) The “Two Nation theory”…. ” in this paragraph , i think divide and rule policy is more related to religion and not based on caste . please check that point in the paragraph .

      6) With the glimpse of Independent India …. ” this paragraph is good 🙂

      7) What measures our forefathers provided… ” this paragraph is good 🙂

      8) In this confused and tensed situation….. ” this paragraph is also good 🙂

      9) Patels in Gujarat and Jat agitation in Haryana points are also good 🙂

      10) conclusion is also good 🙂


      • Dear 🙂
        I got your point! May be i didnt conveyed my message properly in the intro! I’ll improve from next time! thanks again friend 🙂

    • Pallavi

      A good attempt…
      Few suggestions,,,,
      I have perceived this topic as follows…
      While topic of caste is multidimensional and open ended the title suggest…CASTE SYSTEM-INDIAS ENDURING CURSE
      so here some Q need to be debated and explained,,,
      1)caste system idea,,,Old & modern
      2)is it curse,,,yes/no & why ( of cource yes,,)
      3)is it enduring,,,yes,,,then why?? Factors for the same
      4)what should be done?
      And all these points needs a multidimensional approach.. though i answered these q in my essay ,,I was also nt able to multidimensional approach,,,which I’m getting from others essay now,,,
      Ur start,,,good enough but has no link and explanation further u can say in next para that this ex shows that we Indians are hopeful for and raising voice for new issues like homosexuality but are getting killed silently by age old caste system,,,
      2nd 3rd para,,,I guess no need for such detailing here,,
      In between lines like lamps are different, ,,good but need to be explained in what context u r using them,,,
      Theses are just suggestions,,,see what to be picked,,,
      Plz review mine,,,

      • yogi

        can u plz review mine 🙂

    • Affu

      nice anecdote to start with,in the para where u mentioned about untouchables,u can just add a line on anuloma and pratiloma marriages,the progeny of pratiloma marriages actually came to be treated as shudras or panchama varna/avarna denying them place in social ladder link it with today’s honour killings.Also explore economic aspects,assertiveness of lower castes,lack of accomodation,add points on technology,erasing of boundaries but still how caste exists inspite of all these.flow was really nice just explore various dimesions…
      all the best:-)

      • Himaanshu

        Hey Affu…

        Kindly have a look at my essay and add some value to it. I would surely review yours if you have written today. Thanks 🙂

        • Affu

          sure,dont worry i havn’t written;-)

          • Akhil

            Mam please have a look at my essay also. If time permits

          • Night thinker !!

            Hi Affu,
            Review mine as well. Waiting for your input. 🙂 THANKS

            • Affu

              shall definitely try to do it as soon as i get sometime

      • Pallavi

        Hey affu,,,
        Wanted to read ur essay,,Bt u haven’t written 🙁
        Plz Review mine if possible,,,Ur suggestions are really good
        Thanx 🙂

        • Affu

          sure,ha ha, wanted to write but im too lazy 😉 so gaining knowledge from other learned people here!

          • Pallavi

            Don’t lie,,,u r working and preparing and writing and reviewing so much…
            U are a devoted and hard working person,,,
            Nice to meet u!!!

            • Affu

              sunday i meet a different affu!!

      • Hey affu! Thanks fo the review! 🙂
        yes, actually essay was bit narrow! And the points you gave can be included in it to make it multi-dimensional! Well done!
        All the best to you too friend 🙂

    • yogi

      Hello tuktuk Bhai 🙂
      My views:
      1. Intro: frankly speaking i found it odd, as it seems ki koi joke chal raha, first they are talking about same sex marriage and then the boy realises arre ha marriage se yaad aya ki did u ask ur father, and then the girl outrightly say not possible,not happening, kisi aur ko pakad,– aise thodi hota hein yaar. Seems some articulation problems, no problem, next time se dhyan rakhna 😉
      2. After intro i got absorbed in you essay, what a flow bhai, too good,
      3. History part has been covered in sufficient detail to meet the demand of word ‘enduring’, good
      4. present context and reservation issue got hit on expected lines, with proper justification
      5. Conclusion is also good,
      6. Though u have given the suggestion to do away with the reservation , but few suggestion to tackle the evil side of caste system that remains out of our sight, would complete ur essay
      overall a brilliant piece , keep it up
      thanks 🙂
      P.S: first point mein thoda zyada hi kadva bool diya maine , bhavnao ko samjh lena bhai, is kadwahat ke peecha bhalayi chhupi hein 😉

      • Thanks bhai!! Na na!! kadwahat kha leke jaunga me yaar! mjhe nhi lagta criticism kadwa! meri writing ki buai ho ahi, wife ki thodi jo bura lagega!! 😉
        will try to write more better!! karta hu tera review 🙂

  • Shreya

    What comes by birth, but can’t be cast off by dying ? That is caste.
    – Kumud Pawade ( a Dalit sanskrit teacher )

    The media recently flashed the murder of Shankar, a Dalit while his newly wed wife Kausalya , a Vanniyar, was critically injured after an attack by her own parents. Innumerable such murders have been committed across India, in the name of “honor killing” or to protect the honour of one’s caste. The boy committed no crime, except that he transgressed the artificial stratification of the society, which was created by God as one species, and married the girl of his choice, which is both ethical and legal in a democratic nation.

    The ancient caste system, peculiar to India, is the underlying reason beneath such honour killings, and many other atrocities, discriminations and inhumanity meted out to the lower caste people all over India. What began as a flexible occupation based classification of the society into four varnas, became increasingly rigid with time. Perhaps the worst sufferers have been the Dalits, who are considered outcaste or outside the four fold Varna System.

    The enduring fight against the enduring curse

    The caste system has been fought by the people in India since the ancient times.
    One of the foremost attack on the caste system was by Buddhism and Jainism in 6th century BC. These two religions offered a new ray of light in life of people buried under the burden of complex rituals and casteism of Hinduism. They offered a simple life, a simple path to salvation and above all, equality.

    Another strong frontal attack on the caste system was by the Bhakti movement in 7th and 11 th century India, which offered alternative path to salvation by love and devotion to God, irrespective of the caste or gender.

    There were numerous reform movements in modern India as well. Jyotirao Phule found the Satyashodhak samaj to liberate the lower castes from oppression. Narayan Guru led a reform movement in Kerala and transformed the lives of the downtrodden. Mahatma Gandhi coined the euphemism “Harijan” for the depressed classes and worked at the grassroots level for their upliftment. Ambedkar, a victim of caste oppression himself during his days as a student, rose to become a well educated lawyer, economist, politician, a writer and a social reformer. He talked about complete destruction of caste through economic wellbeing in his “ Annihilation of Caste”.

    Despite of all these efforts to wither the caste system, it has stayed, albeit with some changes and new challenges.

    Caste in Contemporary India

    The Constitution of India left no place for discrimination based on caste, and introduced affirmative action for integration of the scheduled castes into the mainstream. Besides the fundamental right to equality, there exist a number of laws such as the SC, ST ( Prevention of atrocities) Act, Protection of Civil Rights Act 1955 and constitutional bodies such as the National Commission for Scheduled Castes which ensures implementation of these acts and various other policies in accordance with the guidelines.

    The civil society groups, the NGOs, judicial activism and the media also play an indispensable role in bringing to light cases of caste discrimination and working towards the goal of an egalitarian society.

    The process of globalization, industrialization and accompanying urbanization has weakened the caste system in cities. The changing landscapes with gigantic malls and sky scraping societies have diluted the rigidness of caste. Modern offices do not ask an interviewee whether he’s a Dalit . However, this emancipation of caste offered by Indian cities is not backed by empirical research. In fact, studies have revealed that cities reveal a high degree of residential segregation, specifically Kolkata. The colonies with poor basic amenities such as safe drinking water and well built toilets are often inhabited by the Scheduled Castes. Shankars and Kausalyas remind us of the barbarian attitudes hidden behind the mask of urbanization and “modernization”.

    The effects of this “enduring curse” range from moral to economic. Stratification of a society deepens the inequality and hence pulls back economic growth. It affects the normal growth of a child belonging to a lower caste. For example, a teacher in a primary school forced a Dalit student to clean the faeces of an upper class child. Imagine the humiliation borne by the poor child, and the kind of impact it’d have in his mental development. The children are the asset of our country, and such discrimination is equivalent to deliberate assault on the human capital.

    The changing landscape and new challenges

    A peculiar effect of the caste system is seen in new forms of dissent in the Indian Society. The reservations and the efforts to uplift the depressed classes have resulted in improvements in their class status. This has resulted in an upheaval in the higher castes, whose economic superiority was instrumental in asserting case identities. With the fading economic superiority, the caste identity is asserted in form of honour killings and demand for reservations, such as the Jats in Haryana and the Patels in Gujarat.

    The end of this enduring curse

    The caste system will be dismantled by the sword of inter caste marriages. The sacrifices of young couples who married outside their caste shouldn’t be disregarded as vain attempts. As a start, the whole matrimonial industry needs to undergo a change. Classification of advertisements according to castes should be discouraged and a legislation should be introduced. Jeremy Bentham, a utilitarian, emphasized the role of legislation in bringing social reforms. If everyone marries outside their caste, there’ll remain no caste to protect.

    Besides legislation, societal attitudes must undergo a change. The role of police and the media is immense. Environment protection and climate change figures in the topmost agenda of the government today, from not even existing in the policy list before 1980s. Similarly, caste should be taken up by the government on a war footing level, beyond the politics of vote bank. The goal should be annihilation of caste.

    The changes have begun, a revolution is underway.

    • Hie Shreya 🙂
      awesome into!
      you said that that coupled marrying out side caste—-vali attempt wali baat!! but i think it is vain as long as this caste syste is vey stong! 😀 sorry, no offence!
      Really liked you essay, flow was very nice thoughout! Conclusion is also apt! But one thing- you have pesented the pictue of enduing fight thoughout with all the positive sign, thats good, but you also have to show how it is such an enduing curse and how fa it has come to haunt us.
      Overall brilliant essay! Please review mine too when u find time! Thanks 🙂

      • Shreya

        Thanks a lot for your review 🙂
        Reading yours.

      • yogi

        Tuktuk bhai , review plz 🙂

        • Bhaijaan karta hu aapka subah review yar! A bit occupied actually :/ Sorry, pr kar dunga! Aapko lage time jab to aap b ka dena

    • Night thinker !!

      Hi Shreya,
      A good one! Flow was really nice! 😀 a few things are missing. Conclusion is too good. Overall a nice attempt! Keep up friend 🙂 🙂 review mine as well! 😀

    • Some Indian Guy

      Very comprehensive write up. You touched every aspect. This time I have nothing to criticize a lot could have been written but whatever you have written is just perfect. Good work friend 🙂 ………have a look at mine if time and energy allows 🙂

    • Keshav Singh

      well written,,comprehensive ,optimistic…
      I read two essay urs and “Some other guy” both essay tries to give impression that upper caste are tyrants and Dalits are under seize….i think without that impression essay would be much better…

      • Night thinker !!

        Mera bhi review kar do thoda Sa 😛

        • Thor and Miolneer

          Lemme do it bhai 🙂

      • sankar

        bhai plz rvw mine thanks

      • Shreya

        Thanks for th review 🙂

    • semmozhimani

      Super. Also includes Periyar’s contribution in caste eradication. Kausalya not coming from vanniyar caste. She is from devar community.

      • Shreya

        Thanks for the correction 🙂

    • Pallavi

      Hey a really nice essay,,,
      The balace and justice to every part is done,,,without inclinations towards one point,,,
      Our essay has many points in common as well ,,,
      Plz review mine if possible!!!

    • Akhil

      Very good essay. You have covered all the aspects very nicely with lucid flow. I read it in one go. No negative comment from my side.

      Please review mine as well. Thank you

    • Rashmirathi

      the introduction is too good. well balanced essay. i however felt one problem, you seem to have gone a little astray and focused less on how caste is an enduring curse on the indian society. a little more emphasis on that aspect and it would be perfect.

      thanks 🙂

      please review mine !

    • Raunak Vashisht

      “cities show a high degree of residential segregation, specifically Kolkata. The colonies with poor basic amenities such as safe drinking water and well built toilets are often inhabited by the Scheduled Castes.”

      Even if u have read this somewhere, refrain from writing “specifically Kolkata”. have u ever been there and noticed what u write ?? There is no such segregation based on caste in ”Kolkata”

      In fact, the emergence of cities,to some extent, have led to dis-appearance of the caste system. With few inhabitants in villages it was easy to know who belonged to which caste and thus discriminate.

      Not ur best.
      ATB, KWAR 🙂

      • Shreya

        I mentioned, “studies have revealed so”. The paragraph is not written based on imagination. Please go through the following article.

        Thanks for the review 🙂

        • Raunak Vashisht

          Ma’am ! I never mentioned the paragraph being based on ur imagination. Re-read what I wrote.

          and what I mentioned is my first hand experience.The point which the ‘study’ fails to factor in is- the Economic ‘inequalities’ in the city. Moreover, The area under study covers only “40%” of the SC/ST population.

          Feel free to incorporate what the study revealed. I just gave a suggestion.

          Thank you !

          • Shreya

            Raunaq, the point is that cities are supposed to be caste-less like you said. It is true that no one cares who lives next door and which caste does the employee or the employer belong to ( and so I’ve mentioned) . Cities are of course very different than villages. It is an indubitable fact. I’m sure there are no visible segregations in Kolkata. But the essay is on “enduring curse”.
            And cities do not yet portray annihilation of caste. It is quite possible that media overplays the Dalit rhetoric when it reports a suicide in Hyderabad University, but there is no spark without a fire.

            • Ankit

              I think what Raunak is saying is right. What if someone from Kolkata is checking your sheet?? If you want to add a name better include 2-3 so that you don’t appear biased. The evaluator isn’t sitting out there with google to search for studies so better not pick out a city even if a particular study revolves around it and saying ‘specifically Kolkata’ is a blunder!
              That’s just my point of view and I have been told about it in the past so just sharing it.

              • Shreya

                Thanks Ankit, will keep that in mind .

                • Ankit

                  Your welcome.
                  Review mine if you get time 🙂

                  • Shreya

                    I will definitely. Give me sometime 🙂

                    • Ankit

                      Tyt.. Thank you in advance 🙂

            • Raunak Vashisht

              Shreya ! Agree to most of the points u have mentioned.
              All I wanted to convey was, do not mention specific names.
              ATB and KWAR 🙂

              • Shreya

                And your point it well taken. Thank you. 🙂

      • Shreya

        “Kolkata merits special mention. Out of a total of 141 wards in the city, with SC/STs making up 5.6% of the total population, it is only in 12 of these wards that more than 40% of the city’s SC/ST population resides in. These wards do significantly worse than average in terms of household access to in-house water, with 43% of households of these wards without water supply in their homes, as compared to 27% of households overall in the city. Even a naïve study of the politics of the city would lead one to expect a different outcome. This finding merits a deeper study of the dynamics at play in the city.”

      • Ashish Rout

        bro what is KWAR ? searched in google.. couldn’t find.. 😉

        • deepak

          yeah. even i had the same doubt

        • santhi sweety

          keep writing and reviewing[kwar]

    • OK

      Writing style is really nice.
      Few suggestion, don’t know how relevant they are.
      1. don’t use “discrimination of lower caste”: it shows, you have also accepted them as a lower caste. Always use, discrimination on the based of caste.
      2. I found this essay very generic, failed to give me some concrete reasons of this problem. You dedicated two different paragraphs on the fight against the caste. Before and after independence. You could have clubbed them. But, the problem is, after completing these two paragraphs you didn;t mention the reasons for the persistence of this problem (which in my opinion is the need of this essay).
      3. So, because you didn’t mention the problem in very concrete fashion. Your suggestions appeared to me very casual and I failed to appreciate the effectiveness of them. Though, intercaste marriage is perfectly fine. But, it would be better if you could have tell me what exactly they are doing? And, intercaste marriage is a procedural aspect. There are many other political, institutional, social, and behavioural aspects which have to be addressed first before this measure. (Again, personal opinion)

      • Shreya

        Hey !
        Thanks a lot for these meaningful suggestions.
        You’re absolutely right, I realized what all have I missed by the end of the day.
        Thanks a ton.

    • Jaya Swatantra

      Hello Shreya,
      Your essay indeed deserve applauds ,could not find any flaw.. if time permits please do review mine here

    • krish

      plz review

      i think in this essay there is a need to write about

      the causes of its endurance i.e how it is enduring from ancient to till today .i.e can mention about later vedic age system of caste , in gupta age various books written that supports the caste division and it leads to its endurance etc etc

      and how its endurance leads to curse upon our society

      review needed by all

      specially dear insight plz review

      i am think about this issue right or wrong….

    • soloman

      Thank You
      a great essay you have written,
      but i just got a doubt whether we should mention the examples as u mentioned in above essay
      And what should be the structure of the essay?
      and as we all know we should write it in the simplest form …so is it necessary to use such fancy words as very few people knows ,
      please reply.
      thank you once again

  • Night thinker !!

    Priya and Malini are two best friends. They. Study in the same class, and are bench mates too. Malini is a genius head, she helps Priya in maths and science. During breaks, they both exchange tiffins and each other’s food.

    But whenever Priya goes back to her home and talks about Malini and how helpful she is, her Parents scold her and often beat her. Priya’s parents think that Malini is not of ‘their standard’ and Priya should not even talk with Malini. That’s because Malini comes from a Dalit family and Priya is from a Rajput family. Priya often cries a lot as she is afraid she won’t be able to be friends with Mallini for a long time now.

    This is not just a story of Priya and Malini. It must have happened with most of us, if not us, at least with our parents, where due to the rigid and harmful stratification of society we are not allowed to make friends of our choice, we are not allowed to eat the food prepared by a lower caste woman, we are not allowed to spend time with people coming from the so called low castes as they are considered ‘untouchables’. Well, in the process of practicing the social evil of caste system, we are also putting humanity to shame.

    We talk of India emerging as a world leader. When we look at India of the twenty first century, we find it innovating. Innovations in the field of research and development, science and technology, health and education are being brought in. India now focusses on establishing cordial relations with foreign countries. We are at the verge of emerging as a global power, where big and small nations look at us. India very well knows its uniqueness and how to progress further on the path of development and emerge as the greatest economy in the world.

    But the picture is not really that bright. We might hold a good position internationally, but at home, we still have a lot of problems to deal with. One such major issue is that of the caste system as stated above with an example.

    Well, caste system is not something that came into existence over night. In fact we find its roots in the Vedic times. The Indian caste system is a complex amalgamation of many different social groups. It includes clans called gotras, tribes, ethnicity called Jatis and a defined social hierarchy in rig Veda called varnas. Over time, these social classifications have become rigid and harmful.

    Caste system in India developed during the fall of Mughal empire and with the rise of the mighty British. British raj made the caste system rigid, when they started segregating Indians by caste granting administrative jobs and senior appointments to upper caste. Since then the policy of positive discrimination by reserving a certain percent of government jobs for lower caste came up that exists even today.

    Social reformers like Jyotiba Phule, Swami Vivekananda, Mahatma Gandhi came forward to fight against this social stratification, to let humanity and equality be above all differences and discriminations. These reformers rejected the supremacy of a particular caste over other castes. They claimed that doing a certain job cannot create social differences.

    “Occupation cannot make humans superior or inferior.” said Phule.

    Vivekananda pointed out that dividing humans on any basis is against liberty of thoughts and actions and we should fights against such discrimination.

    Gandhi too, was strictly against the practice of caste system. To bridge the gap between superior and inferior, he himself ate with the ‘untouchables’ and called them the people of God. For him, caste was a symptom of human violence and discrimination and not necessarily the cause.

    Post independence, discrimination against lower castes was well tackled by the constitution makers. Article 14 prohibits state from making laws for a particular class. Article 15 prohibits discrimination on grounds of castes among other things. Article 16 seeks to provide equal access to govt. jobs. Article 17 declares untouchability unconstitutional. But neither the reform movements nor the constitutional provisions could bring in any notable change. The evil of caste system has further deepened only.

    Atrocities against lower castes and dalits are on a forver rise. Killing fellow humans, taking away the right to live on the lines of caste is a common act in India even today. The practice has increased hatred and anger among humans. This practice is the biggest barrier on the path of national unity and integrity. Even the people who raise their voice against this ill practice are brutally killed. This is because people themselves do not want to bring in some change. They want to continue in the same condition in which they presently live.

    How can someone then think of this enduring curse coming to an end?

    No law made, can practically bring any change, can put an end to the prevalent caste system. First of all, it is the mindset of the masses that has to change. We first need to learn respecting the existence and importance of fellow humans. We need to rise above hatred and anger. People need to have big hearts to allow their children have friendship with kids coming from depressed classes. Parents should allow their children do inter caste marriages. Only by these small changes, bigger changes can be expected. We need to understand that caste discrimination and social stratification are hurdles on the path of economic growth. No country can progress if it discriminates among its own people. Reservations in government jobs and educational institutions was brought in to improve the condition of backward classes but we need to realise that reservation alone cannot help in the cause.

    Here, the role of media and social activists come forth. Today they’re considered as an organ of government. Hence they can play an important part in creating mass awareness against caste atrocities. It is also observed that education does not completely penetrate till the depressed classes especially the women belonging to that section. We all know that education is the most powerful tool to bring in any social change. Hence, the expansion of education to the backward classes should be done so that they too can bring out of superstitions, rigidity of social stratification and fight for their human and constitutional rights.

    Also, the Government’s role in the process of eradication of caste system is not to use depressed classes for vote bank politics. Instead it has to ensure that every individual gets equal opportunities, they have equal access to basic facilities of education and health. It is then only, the wide gap between different classes would be bridged. Then only, the human feelings of love affection unity integrity and kindness would rise above hatred anger and violence.Then only, India would be able to find itself among the global powers.

    • Into- yeah happened with me too but in my case, my “class friends” told me that my friend is untouchable! i told them that now i’m untouchable too!! lol 😀 😀
      Cheap jokes apart, nice intro!!
      You should have fist donw with histroical perspective and then covered that world leader part!
      Role of the media part is very genuine!!
      Flow id good thoughout the essay!!
      what i feel you can cover mandal/kalelkar reccom, also!
      Conclusion phodd dia h! 🙂
      overall very fine essay bruv! 😀
      Review mine too when find time! thankyou

      • Night thinker !!

        Thanks Tuktuk for the review and suggestions! 🙂
        This was my second essay.. 😛 bachhi to abhi seekh rahi hai! 😀
        Jokes apart, yes that intro was thing has happened with me too!

        Thanks for the review! 🙂 I’ll write a better one next time!

        • hahahah!!! bachi acha seekh rahi hai fir to!! Even ye bacha b seekh hi rha hai!! 🙂
          keep writing friend, and also keep reviewing! thank you! 😀

    • Mukul

      I love to read introduction part of everyone’s essay because generally that is the most imaginative part.:D
      And your introduction was very good! Overall a comprehensive essay!!!

      • Night thinker !!

        Thanks Mukul! 😀

      • sankar

        bhai plz rvw mine thanks

    • Some Indian Guy

      Hey thinker 🙂

      – good attempt. Few concerns in my views :-

      1- Content is rich but I guess presentation aur behtar ho sakta tha.
      2- intro is interesting
      3- Caste system developed after the fall of mughal empire – I have a doubt on this observation. Caste was always there in fact it evolved greatly during Guptas and later times. Britishers promoted castes and communal conflicts not caste system. That was already there. This is just an analysis you may differ 🙂

      Rest all good…. “JAI HIND”
      Kindly have a look at mine and add some value to it.

      • Night thinker !!

        1. Thanks and point noted. 🙂
        2. Thanks , it wasn’t totally imaginative. I’ve seen such incident.
        3. I guess I couldn’t express that point well. Thanks for pointing it out 🙂
        Thanks for the review! KWAR 😀

    • Pinkman

      Nice essay overall. Flow is good.But I have to disagree with you on two counts:

      1. “Caste system in India developed during the fall of Mughal empire and
      with the rise of the mighty British. British raj made the caste system
      rigid..”- Caste system had developed much before this and became rigid during the Gupta period.
      The British contribution that you are referring to should instead be described as “political opportunism” and the part of their “Divide and Rule” policy. It came into light more just because it was at this time that social reformers became very active and left a permanent imprint on the history.

      2. Blaming parents outright is not right according to me. The reason being that there is a lot of societal pressure on the parents too, mostly from their extended families. And they, thus, feel powerless in these regards.
      “One step at a time” approach is good and must be encouraged. The example of the IAS officer who publicly ate the meal prepared by the Dalit cook in school as part of Mid-day meal scheme should be emphasized.

      Overall great answer. Keep writing. 🙂

      • Night thinker !!

        Hi Pinkman,
        Thanks for the detailed review! 🙂
        I agree I couldn’t link British’s role in caste system properly.

        I agree parents solely shouldn’t be blamed. Societal pressure is right too. But change should initiate from.somewhere. 🙂 I hope you got what I meant!

        THANK YOU! 😀

      • sankar

        pinkbhai rvw mine…….thanks

        • Akhil

          Shankar bro please review mine. I’ll review urs

      • Pink bhai! Review mine too 🙂

      • yogi

        Bhai plz review mine as well 🙂

    • Thor and Miolneer

      You have come a long way in just a week.

      Great Job Done Thinker!

      The flow is good.

      I only would like to point at two places.
      1-Other than the role of parents, you can also highlight the role of children in educating their parents, in persuading them for inter caste marriages etc.
      2-wide gap between different classes would be bridged — It should have been — wide gap between different castes would be bridged.

      Overall It was a nicely and neatly written.

      Keep up the good work 🙂

      Can I get a review please ?

      • Night thinker !!

        Thanks a bunch my dear friend! I’m glad you liked it! 😀 give me some time I’ll review yours friend! 🙂

        • yogi

          plz review mine,:)

          • Night thinker !!

            Mera kyun nahi kiya review *sobs*

            • yogi

              don’t worry to all those i have requested to review will be reviewed by be, sooner or later review will be done 🙂

    • Eco-friendly

      being so much against the law and skeptical about it is not a right way. Yes law brings changes and that is why we make laws and there is demand every now and then like Juvenile justice Act.
      People allowing their children for inter-caste marriage is quite a big change. U can add economic upliftmnet through creation of opportunities, state protection to those doing inter-caste marriages etc
      Starting story is quite different, and written in a lucid manner. Loved that thing.Your flow is quite nice. Conclusion is also good. Use of history and not going into too deep history is a plus point here.
      All the best dear.

      • Night thinker !!

        Thanks for the kind words eco friendly! 😀 😀
        I’ll write a better one next time! 🙂

    • Invoker

      nice introduction..overall good flow, but sometimes your transition from paragraph to paragraph is a bit abrupt, thoughts are very well put.. Also i think caste system originated when the ARyans invaded asia and not after fall of mughal empire.. how to put a stop to the curse is well written.. Conclusion is not as good as your introduction.. Otherwise essay is very good..dont feel like looking at my essay after reading yours!
      if you get time, please review mine.. my 1st essay after class 10 (Lol)

      • Night thinker !!

        Hi Invoker,
        Thanks for the encouraging words! Glad you liked my essay.
        I didn’t write that caste system originated after the downfall of Mughals. I wrote caste system developed as an ill practice after that.
        Mera execution wrong Ho gya I feel! 😛
        Of course I’ll read your essay! Answers itne comprehensive likhte Ho to essay to readable hoga hi! 😀

      • Akhil

        Bro can you please review mine also I’ll review urs. Thank you

    • Akhil

      Hello brother nice intro. Flow of essay is good.
      I think caste system was three even before mughal and British. British only perpetuated caste divide for their own benefit.
      Social, economical, environmental impact of caste system, caste related poverty ye sab mention kar sakte the.
      Suggestions to remove castsm is nicely mentioned.
      Conclusion thoda aur behtar ho sakta tha.
      Thank you

      Bhai Mera bhi review kar dena please.

      • yogi

        plz review mine 🙂

      • Night thinker !!

        Thanks a bunch! 😀

    • minaxi

      Thinker.. I am learning to write introduction from you.. Well over all good flow…
      Keep writing and improving. 🙂

      • Night thinker !!

        Thanks dear Minaxi 😀

    • yogi

      My views :-

      Nice begging to bring the impact of caste system.

      That’s because Malini comes from a Dalit family and Priya is from a Rajput family—-is it fine to mention the exact caste, is it not non-deliberately defaming the rajputs, from exam point of view u can avoid the exact caste names. (just my opinion, u may differ)

      People need to have big hearts to allow their children have friendship with kids coming from depressed classes. —whensaying this point u can mention the intro storty to forge a link

      Flow, strcuture, simplicity, short paras all good,

      The best thing in you essy is that u did not overemphasised on any one aspect and covered everything as per the demand,

      Conclusion: it is good, but a little bit strength is needed, choice of fews wrods and phrases will bring, that

      Overall it was a nice read 🙂

      Keep it up !

      Thanks 🙂

      • Night thinker !!

        And yes, you’re absolutely right! I should have not mentioned the exact names.. Nobody pointed it out..thanks to you to bring it up..
        Glad you liked the write up! 😀 I’ll write a better one next time! KEEP WRITING AND REVIEWING! 🙂 🙂

    • Shreya


      Really liked your conclusion. Small steps for man, giant leap for mankind.
      I think you could have delved deeper into the expression of the enduring curse. You mention a paragraph, but to invoke the reader’s imagination, you should cite contemporary examples.
      Lastly, the paragraph on origin of the caste system during the fall of British empire is misinformed.

      All the best 🙂

      • Night thinker !!

        Thanks Shreya, for the review and suggestions. 🙂
        I’m learning to express my opinion in the form of essays. This is only my second write up! I’ll write a better one next time. 😀

    • Raunak Vashisht

      Very good attempt.
      Liked the suggestions in the concluding paragraphs.
      KWAR and ATB 🙂

      • Night thinker !!

        Thanks Raunak! 🙂

    • Aravind Varier

      Dear Night Thinker ,

      Introduction is good 🙂 but try to avoid using rajput in the example . if the examiner is from a rajput family , he/she may be annoyed by seeing rajput negatively written in the essay .

      your essay is good 🙂

      Certain aspects that i noticed in your essay :

      are you sure caste system was not prevalent in the times of mughal rule in India . ??????

      Parents should allow their children do inter caste marriages???? do you think this is a realistic suggestion … please avoid such statements in the conclusion try to be innovative here .

      conclusion can be improved 🙂

      ALL THE BEST !!!

      • Night thinker !!

        Thanks Aravind sir 😀

      • deepak

        Hi Aravind. i dont think the intercaste marriage point is unrealistic. Its in the context that the rejection if done should not have caste as a factor. They may consider education, habits, family background etc.

    • Ankit

      Is essay me Dhoni ka zikr kyu nahi hai hamara captain bhi to neche se upar aya hai 😀
      Overall a nice essay.
      Facts shouldn’t be incorrect leaves a bad impression on the evaluator and hence a good essay might not leave the impact it deserves!
      Baaki sabne sab boldiya.. Review karne ka hidden motive ki hume bhi ek review miljaye 😀

  • aashish 2000

    We all experienced our friends name ends with symbolising Caste, We see our friends working out the jobs of their parents did, We see our parents conspiring about the neighbours caste, the only thing we do is just looking and keeping ourselves busy to play our part in the game of competition. People in the Contemporary world listened to their parents and grand parents and cultivate particular mindset which develops norms in day to day lives. These norms develop from individual to a group in a society makes the division of society. The division is determined as Caste it helped in skilling people by heriditary Work culture, It helped in people to know their Caste World better. But the time has changed from limited to Unlimited, and requires the change in the norms which was framed by Caste in early times and the change itself changed from norm to need of the society. Caste is no more seen as a prestige, but to be seen as a evil of society to make equality, liberty and fraternity in the societies of India.

    The ancient period is the best known evidence for this social custom. Either it is Rig veda which described people under four categories named Bramhan, kshatriya, vyshanav and sudra it was considered divine in those times. It enhances the skill level of the people by restricting them to their predestined field of work. The societal norms has build up to make harmony and order persistent. Either the people from the higher caste or people from lower caste never felt the need of equality. Those times were filled with the innocence of low caste people who believed the upper caste or gods.

    Meanwhile, the changes in the society forced the changes in the caste system. Changes in society gave way for better living but failed to change the societal norms which was cultivated earlier. Many centuries of time has lapsed, Constructions build was subsumed by earth, people born were died, places and things changed rapidly from that age to now, the only thing which is persistent is Caste.
    Reason for the existence and dominance of Caste in the contemporary World is the roots of constructions, time, people are all external which has the possibility of disappearance by time, but the roots of Caste is internal in the brain which is passed by older brains to the new Brains and continued from centuries. Caste is predominant in many societies of the World, but there is a special status for Caste in India.

    With Increment in Indian population, the increment in Caste number happened. When people born, along with genes, Caste also inherited. Though Caste is perceived as Social status and get honoroued for the people in the society on caste basis, The leap side of Caste emerged with filthy facts. Caste divided the people along with the services that they are eligible for. In contemporary India, the Caste has utmost importance is visible by the special sections for it under the Bible/Bhagavat gita/quran of India. i.e. Constitution.
    Subsequently, government was/is/will trying to decrease the gap between people on the basis of Caste. But, as Ambedkar said, So long you dont acheive social liberty, whatever freedom is provided under law is no avail to you” is the fact which should be implement in letter and spirit. With the advent of globalisation, the Curse of Caste which effected the total limbs of India has started recovering. But, the globalisation has brought the changes in the few parts of India, but not in the brains of the people. People living in the modernised world, preferred persons with same caste to marry, and people who are technologised, live with the names which dentoes caste.

    Inspite of living with equality , fraternity and social justice, people live with equality in problem sharing, fraternity with same caste people, social justice with favourism. These practices should be condemend to provide a equalitarian society of India. This can be possible when youth of India took the step out from the caste, and look the world with equal mindset. Indifferentism is the worst kind of disease which can effect people which is prevalied from ancient times to recent Bihar attacks on drowntrodden castes.
    Though, legislation has made to brought the equality by empowering lower caste is a well known concept. But, government is lacking that, high caste people are also increasing the gap from their side which government is trying to erase. In this futile practice, it is difficult for the government on its own to decrease the gap. It’s the time for everyone in India, irrespective of Caste, come together, join the hands and eliminate the Cancer of Caste from the body of India.

    • aashish 2000

      Please Review….

  • Krishna

    Caste System, something which was started as a way of organising the society in the ancient times has now become an enduring curse on India’s development in every field. It has become the source of prejudice and inequality today. One one hand India is about to establish its own navigational system of 7 satellites through IRNSS and on the other hand the country has seen disparaging attacks on certain section of people by other section, honour killings etc all in the exam of caste. To remove the economical inequalities amongst the various castes our constitution has provided for various provisions like providing reservations, establishment of institutions like National Commission for Backward Classes, National Commission for Scheduled Castes and that of Scheduled Tribes. Inspite of all these efforts of the policy makers, the social inequalities which were deep rooted in the minds of the people, be it rural or urban, educated or uneducated, literate or illiterate, rich or poor has remained more or less the same and when ever these social inequalities took an expression of violence, India had suffered.

    The roots of the caste system lies in the ancient times of our history. Caste system was created for the ease of organising the society, where a person belonged to a particular caste owing to his profession. When the quality of heredity had interfered, the deterioration of the system started taking place. Ancient and Medieval Indians of particular occupation used to live in a separate holding for occupational purposes. Potters, weavers, merchants,soldiers, royals and the scavengers used to live as a group separately for occupational purposes. This was obvious owing to the lack of communication technology in those days, it was better for people of a particular profession to work together. This separate formation of groups eventually led to branding of each profession as a caste, which is in fact very much evident in south India. When the philosophy of dignity of labour was ignored, all the activities of lower stratum like scavenging, tailoring etc were treated as untouchables, lower castes etc., leading to the beginning of the formation of the ever enduring curse that started to petrify India’s growth.

    This changed philosophy of ‘caste’ has spread through out the generations causing losses of life, property etc in every generation. Today, in the dawn of the 21st century, when India is trying to be the super power of the world, when the pace of globalisation is at its summit, the country still couldn’t unshackle from the pernicious system of caste. It is still a medium of marriage, and if any one overstepped the system, we have seen something called ‘Honour Killings’. The way in which this ‘Honour Killing’ is vindicated is very callous in nature and scares the normal existence of people. Caste played its role in increasing nepotism, increased communalism and so on.

    One of the most important factor which is fostering the caste system is the faulty politics of few people. Castes are being used as the vote banks and the uneducated brains of these vote bank members are being enticed to bond to their castes in a complete prejudice. The concept of rational thinking and scientific temperament, if applied in true spirits will bring a great future with no danger of this curse. But, the vote bank politics of today though speak of a egalitarian society ostensibly can not survive with out reaching out to the interests of the caste groups.

    Several reformers right from the era of the East India Company like Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Kandukuri Veeresha lingam etc., have tried to reform the caste ridden society. Though they have inspired many to think rationally and scientifically, the mass couldn’t be reformed till date. The most unfortunate thing today is the educated, with high degrees of education are playing behemoth roles in bolstering the caste system. Inspite of this, if there is any long term solution to the problem of caste system, it is education alone. And education,as said by Gandhiji should be the one where one can learn the values of the society, not just being able to read and write. Very serious educational reforms are necessary today in the country. The effects of this perilous caste system should be talked of in schools and it should be a active part of the curriculum of schools. Awareness programmes should be encouraged by the government. Most importantly, the vote bank politics have to be reformed, and this again depends on the rationality of the people.

    As B.R Ambedkar said, “Economic equality without social equality is meaning less,” it is imperative to the today’s society to help the country from the further victimisation from the caste system and to attain social equality in all respects. The fundamental duty, to develop scientific temperament has been bestowed upon the people by the constitution of the country. Respecting this fundamental duty is very much necessary to protect our fundamental right of Right to Equality and helps in the development of the egalitarian society, paving way for the country to become a super power where every person enjoys equality in every respect.

    • Krishna

      First Essay!
      Please Review

    • Hey first essay? definitely review then!! 🙂
      Plzz avoiding witing such into!! Donw include such GS in intro! Go with some quote,anecdote or some othe thing with which u ae comfotable! make life easy fo examiner! Also, make it interesting 😉
      carried good pace afterwards!! Stucture can be improved! go with The things as they happened! Like ajaam, then Ambedka and then honour killing if u want to define that way!! more stability! 🙂
      You can then add how currently it is acting as a curse! Different agitations can be mentioned!!
      overall you’ve started well!!! you’ll improve a lot with time! keep writing!! Very nice!!
      And eview mine too when u find time 🙂

      • Krishna

        Thanks a lot. Yea first essay. Would you think its fine to include that GS in the body part of the essay?
        Thanks for the review. will work on mistakes and will review, in fact learn from yours now

        • Yes, you can definitely include! But only relevant one! like recent agitations that happened or honour killing which recently happened in tamil to give example and present ur case strongly!
          GS like how fa we have reached fo e.g missiles,IRNSS can be avoided untill and unless u r comfortable and at ease and know to present the content which u have with yourself! This part like our progess can be written to just show that we are leading too, but somewhere in the middle of the essay so that u should not go offtrack!! I hope you got me!!
          and yeah, keep writing 🙂

          • Krishna

            Yes, understood, thank you, my first reviewer. 🙂

        • sankar

          plz rvw mine thanks

    • Night thinker !!

      Hi Krishna,
      First attempt hai to WELL DONE !
      Intro heavy Ho gya zyada!
      Structure thoda improve kar lo bhai!
      Content is nice I felt.!
      Overall a nice attempt!
      Keep writing reviewing and improving ! All the best!
      Also, review mine when time permits 😀 thanks!

      • Krishna

        Hey, will definitely see your essay. Could you suggest me what to improve in the structure?

    • Keshav Singh

      your content is good….
      intro and conclusion chota hona tha…

      overall good essay ….for 1st attempt i would say very good…
      keep writing and reviewing …

      • Krishna

        Thank you for the review 🙂

  • Nivedita Singh

    Caste System – India’s Enduring Curse

    “Discrimination based on the cast is not only threat for them who are sufferer from this evil act but this is the threat for the whole nation and humanity……”

    India is the country which represents the great ancient civilization– Indus valley civilization – where the people were far more modernized than other part of the world not only in their living standard but also in their way of thinking. This time people were not divided on any social discrimination. Their life was devoted to nature and their thinking evolved more scientifically whose traces we can find in those regions. At that time people were not biased on any religious and caste line. Thus their thinking were more pragmatic than the successive civilizations.

    Indian culture has gone through many experiences. Different Yugas or times depicted different attitudes of the people. These attitudes were evolved some time due to existing prejudices or some time due to the wrong interpretations of the existing systems. Evolution of caste system is also the result of the wrong interpretation of the “Varna System”. Varna System was the system which categorised people based on the philosophy of “Karma” or action. In this system according to their “Karma” people would be categorised. Their karma was supposed to decide the possibility of their upgradation to the next category or degradation to lower category. Varna System had four categories-Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaisya and Sudra. In the earlier phase, this system was working well. But with time, to safeguard the current position, people of higher varna started to manipulate and interpret the existing system. Over the time this varna system converted into caste system and became permanent and by birth and closing the door of all possibility to evolve.

    Any existing system collapses only due to the loopholes present in the sole nature of the system. The Caste System evolution was the result of ambiguities existed in Varna System. The Varna System categorises the people on Karma line but at the same time it gave the higher varna those right which could snatched away the existing rights of the lower varna people. For instance, in Vedic period in ancient India, taking “Education” was under the ambit of Brahmins and they were supposed to decide who will take education. Sudra was owed deprive of education. This deprivation snatched away the possibility of their upgradation to next category. They remain deprived and started to think this as their destiny and never demanded to revoke this system. Revolution only happens if there is a realization of the flaws in the existing system. If someone starts to think whatever wrong or right things are happening is the destiny then this ceases the path of any development and evolution. The same thing happened in the case of the wrong interpretation and conversion of varna system into caste system.

    The caste in India is a very complex system of division. This is the hierarchy which is not only confined to four categories of Varna system. It is the further division in the existing divisions of Varna System. This division has divided the society into several pieces. Over the time this caste system took its evil form and reached to the status where people were not only depriving from getting some basic rights but also depriving their right to live with dignity. In real sense caste system is against the sole nature of human evolution that is “development”. This led to conversion of sudra into “untouchable”. Their contact was regarded as “inauspicious”. The Dalit or untouchables were not allowed to enter into the temples, to take education, to wear proper cloths, to take higher possessions, to seat with higher caste people etc.

    The evolution of such a strong evil system was also the result of misinterpretation of our so called “Dharmagranthas” or religious doctrines like “Manusmrity” and “Vedpuranas” by the higher castes to serve their vested interest. Though these books represented the stages of earlier human development but its present authentication in the present context was not relevant. Its misinterpretation by the elite groups had worst the situation further.

    It is well said whenever there is a decline in the righteousness then someone has come to safeguard it. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar is the name which has changed the whole concept of the caste system. This was his determination that gave him strength to understand the root cause of the issue and to fight against injustice. He went through many struggles to fight with not only untouchability but discrimination in all forms. In the earlier phase of his struggle he had tried to create or rejuvenate the lost dignity at individual level and then at the social level. Through sabhas he addressed people and suggested them to wear decent cloth and live honoured life. He started Bahishkrit Hitkarini sabha and condemned Manusmriti. He had given his whole life for upgradation of the status of Dalits and women. He safeguarded the rights of dalit by giving them reservation in education and jobs. This was the need of the hour at the time of Independence when India was at verge of getting political independence but still was under the clutch of social discriminations.

    Reservation was the political revolution in the history of India which has secured the position of lower classes to some extent. But it was not at all the end of discrimination. The social discrimination and boycott is still running in background and taking the more evil shape. Today this discrimination has taken different shape. Discrimination based on caste line has been divided India from long time, but this division now is more severe because this has potential to break India into pieces and can also snatch the very existence of India from the face of global world. This is the loophole in the integrity of India which can be used or are using by the people who have anti-India mentality. Today India has important existence in the Global world. Its economy is fastest growing economy. We the people of India should have responsibility to safeguard her sovereignty by all means. We need to work on removing all the evil practices and strengthening the integrity of the nation. India is the country of “unity in diversity”. This unity we need to strengthen further.

    • Hey Nivedita!
      Quote in the intro is good!
      Kama theory can be ignored!! only eating ur words! 🙂
      B.r ambedkar wala part is good and u can shorten it a bit!!
      conclusion is good! In it, you can summarize ur whole essay like what u wanted to convey by ur write up!
      you can also include current scenario situations like reservation demands etc! also your have concentated on hindusim! Muslims, buddhist, sikhs etc also live here no? 🙂 you can also present them to make ur case more strong!! overall well written! but improvement in structure and the body part can be done! Ignore the review if not found useful!!
      and review mine too when u get time 🙂

      • Nivedita Singh

        Thanks for your precious suggestion. …I will take care the facts you have pointed out in my writings. I will surely review your assay…..please give me some time…..

    • Night thinker !!

      Hi Nivedita!
      Liked the way you’ve written this piece 🙂 good one!
      Review mine when you get time please! 🙂

      • sankar

        madam plz have a look at mine

    • sankar

      first thanks for my rvw.
      instead of modernization…………use more civilized and advanced in politics, farming, trading etc.
      —instead of karma…….use word like occupation
      your input nice one as you have put the work of reformers, the misinterpresentation
      —suggestive measures required
      conclusion good one
      overall very good essay………..KWAR

  • Caste-system – India’s enduring curse

    The first thought that strikes the mind upon reading this topic is, if it’s a curse, why at all is India enduring it? In order to know that, we have to understand how deep the system has enrooted itself in the society such that it is virtually impossible to erase it.

    The caste system has its origins in pre-modern times, even before the dynasties that established themselves since the 12th century. It has its evidence in the Rig Veda which explicitly mentions about the Varna system that divided the entire system into four Varnas, that are, Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras. The caste system was not absolute during much of Indian history. For example, the renowned Gupta Dynasty, which ruled from 320 to 550 CE, were from the Vaishya caste rather than the Kshatriya. Many later rulers also were from different castes.

    From the 12th century onwards, much of India was ruled by Muslims. These rulers reduced the power of the Hindu priestly caste, the Brahmins. The traditional Hindu rulers and warriors, or Kshatriyas, nearly ceased to exist in north and central India. The Vaishya and Shudra castes also virtually melded together. Although the Muslim rulers’ faith had a strong impact on the Hindu upper castes in the centres of power, anti-Muslim feeling in rural areas actually strengthened the caste system. Hindu villagers reconfirmed their identity through caste affiliation. Nonetheless, during the six centuries of Islamic domination, the caste system evolved considerably. For example, Brahmins began to rely on farming for their income, since the Muslim kings did not give rich gifts to Hindu temples.

    When the British Raj began to take power in India in 1757, they exploited the caste system as a means of social control. The British allied themselves with the Brahmin caste, restoring some of its privileges that had been repealed by the Muslim rulers. However, many Indian customs concerning the lower castes seemed discriminatory to the British, and were outlawed. During the 1930s and 40s, the British government made laws to protect the “Scheduled castes” – untouchables and low-caste people.

    Within Indian society in the 19th and early 20th there was a move towards the abolition of untouchability, as well. In 1928, the first temple welcomed untouchables or Dalits (“the crushed ones”) to worship with its upper-caste members. Mohandas Gandhi advocated emancipation for the Dalits, too, coining the term Harijan or “Children of God” to describe them.

    The Republic of India became independent on August 15, 1947. India’s new government instituted laws to protect the “Scheduled castes and tribes”, including both the untouchables and groups who live traditional life-styles. These laws include quota systems to ensure access to education and to government posts. Over the past sixty years, therefore, in some ways a person’s caste has become more of a political category than a social or religious one.

    The last line is the crux of why caste system remains prominent today despite many socio-religious revolutions, pre and post-independence of the nation. A political entity is bound to prevail, as India is a democracy where every citizen is equal in terms of political rights. The parties would rally intensively in order to win their votes and with policies of reservation, the caste system is even more visible today.


    The caste system has wide-ranging effects on the nation. Whether it be historical, social, economic, political or religious, caste system reverberates the ears of the upcoming generation too.

    Being a social institution, it is still prevalent in many societies, especially the rural ones. The principle of purity and pollution, separating the upper from the lower castes still prove to be divisive in the village communities. Whether it be drinking from different wells, having food in separate rooms, studying in the same class yet some on desks with others on the floor, marrying a member of same caste, professions defined by birth and so on; inequality breeds so emphatically that few have the strength to question it. It is shocking how divisions exist and what is even more shocking is, how well the upper castes have tamed the lower ones such that the latter easily accept their destinies as shown to them.

    Although in an indirect way, the caste system is supposed to be a root cause for the economy not taking off with the rate that it can. With the reservation policies continuing for 70 years, it is believed that the reserved candidates do not perform at par their general counterparts whether it be in graduation colleges, government jobs and further with promotions. Also, with many groups such as the Patels and the Jats rallying for reservations, the nation diverts its concentration from constructive activities to mitigating the issues of strikes and blockades.

    The caste system, although finding itself primarily in the Hindu community, can today be found in many religions such as Islam, Christianity, Judaism and Sikhism. The entire middle-east region stands disturbed today due to this vicious separation of a religious entity, further on the basis of caste. The irony is that, the caste system unites the lower castes, irrespective of their religions, to protest against the atrocities committed upon them.

    History is full of examples, showing how India has continuously endured this curse. Right from the socio-religious movements during the British Raj such as Bramho Samaj and the Arya Samaj to the ground work done by Mahatma Gandhi, the results have been disappointing if not complete failures. And the reason for all such activities to have a barren harvest, is that caste-based politics has thrived in India. As the lower castes, great in proportion of the total population, become a major vote bank for the polity of India, caste becomes even more visible and incidents such as those of Rohith Vemula’s suicide are meant to become more frequent.

    Something as grave as the caste system of India can never be obliterated with the efforts of a few. It will take the efforts of generations and tremendous political will to uproot this menace. That is probably why, many citizens realizing the same, go back to sleep with the Chalta Hai attitude of theirs.

    • Ind vs Pak ke result ki hardik badhai sabhi Insightians ko
      Agar patake khatm ho gaye ho aur sunday ki subah kafi susta liya ho
      toh review kar dijiye…nahi toh koi baat nahi..enjoyment jaari rakhiye

      • sankar

        mera bhi kar do pandey bhai……….by nt…….thamks

        • Ji bholenathji

          • sankar

            har har mahadev
            pandeyji…….aaj mera net ka sankat sahi hua……..thanks

    • hello bhaiyaji 🙂 ismmmmile 😀
      into me hi question? A vey good way to start! i was also thinking the same!
      bitishers ki “divide and rule” bhi mention ka skte ho! overall good!
      WANNABE MULTIDIMENSIONAL ESSAY FROM HERE ONWARDS:hahhahahahaha!! so funny 😐 😡 :/
      Okay bhai, one suggestion! you can also wite something on present context?(except rohith) baki to all is very good! very informative indeed!
      Conclusion par thoda work ka skte ho!!
      also can tell why curently it is enduring?
      Likhte ho pandeyji!! and lage haath hmaa b review karo aga raat ko pathake jalate time haath na jale ho aapke :P:P

      • Tuktukji
        Aap kitne exclamation mark use karte hain!!! achi baat hai…excited rehna chahiye hamesha life mein
        Maaf kariyega, aaj review nahi kar paaya, kal karunga

    • Night thinker !!

      Kamaal karte Ho Pandeyji! 😀 enjoyed the read! 🙂 🙂
      Start Hume bada pasand aaya! 🙂 lage haath humein bhi review dedo bhai! 🙂

    • Some Indian Guy

      Hello Pandeyji…

      ACha likha hai. Bus 1,2 observations :-

      1- it is believed that the reserved………..promotions – I think this line can hurt a reservation benefited examiner. Avoid it bro 🙂
      2- Solution part is not dealt properly

      Rest all good bro….. tym lgge toh bhai have a look at my essay aur apne vichar share krein 🙂

      • Agreed to both of your review points
        Reviewing yours in sometime

    • Eco-friendly

      Brother ur essay is has covered much part of history and is a plus point. May be ur optional is history too
      Yet u can elaborate more on the present context. because we can only mend our present to have a bright future.

      Plss review mine too…..its my first essay

      • First essay mubarak ho eco-friendlyji
        Abhi review karte hain aapka

        • Eco-friendly


    • Isha

      Hello pandeyji, my views-
      Intro (y)
      then, though the history part was nice but it occupied much space. Can add constitutional provisions and current scenario jisme we’ve slow change in spite of every effort.
      “wannabe” ke aage II para starting with “being”- this situation is not as starkely visible today as it used to be. mention the context in which u have used it. Solutions are missing and a strong conclusion as well.
      Overall it was a good piece of writing but keeping in mind the respected exam -_- we need to stand out.

      So keep writing and if u get time, hamara bhi review kar dijiyega 🙂

      • Yes Ishaji
        Aaj tjoda half-heartedly likha essay
        aapne aakhen kholdi
        agli baar se no kaamchori

  • Vivek Kumar Singh

    “CaSte System-An Enduring Curse”

    Caste System is an Unique System in Societal structure.It has Historical as well as sociological genesis.According to Sawami Vivekananda Caste is a Social Custom,And our Great Philosophers have tried to break it down”.Caste system can be defined or understood as simply the groupings of people in accordance with the work which they do/expected to do.Varna System(“Varna Vyavashtha”) finds mention in Vedic texts.It is claimed by many scholars that earlier it was not based on “Birth” but on aptitude and likings i,e people used to choose caste.In Post-Vedic times the system diluted and changed for ever.

    The system is much talked about.Constitution of India doesn’t recognise caste as we understand it.It has talked about groupings of almost similar castes in a domain.OBCs,SC/STs etc.i,e Backward classes.It is not be confused with the popular caste system which is practiced in the society.Undoubtedly it has created Harakiri in the society.The Parochial system which is practiced has many inhumane angles, justified by Smritis likes Manusmritis.

    Historically India has suffered a great as far as the Caste is concerned.Disunity in the society led to weakening of Kingdoms.It made the security of the kingdoms vulnerable, Common men disenchantment with the ruling class(caste), overpowered any mass revolution and public resentement against the invasions etc.The Curse was not limited to security of the state but also other paradigms like economy,soccietal etc.Britishers and Independent Indian State had rightly mended this and tried to nullify the wrongdoings of past as far as Armed forces are concerned.

    Recently we have seen many honour Killings news.The Jaati Pratha(Caste System) is the mother of all such false-consciousness.Though any sort of inter-caste marriage are generally abhorred by the parochial units, but the patriarchal mindset especially against the marriage of a Upper-caste Girl with a lower caste man.The inherent essence behind the motive is the Objectification of Women.But why the Inter-caste marriage is abhorred? Common masses are generally given the abstract form of idea under the coatings of Honour,False-self respect,Kinship Ness etc.but the main idea behind is to keep the community stronger numerically.Also maintaining the closed Gene-Pool is motive, which neednot be pushed aside under the carpet.The naked dance of such out-dated practice is around everywhere, from the matrimonial advertisements of leading newsPapers to internet- marriage sites etc. It is not the illiterate and unaware masses are practicing this but also the learned and elite class of Indian Society involved.Irrationality once legitimised takes the form of Customs,traditions, under this umbrella practices are being protected.

    Indian society is trapped in the debate of dichotomy if the way forward is annihilation of Caste or the stripping of inhumane practices of the system and maintaining the status quo otherwise.Even our Constitution has not given a clear road map about this.Great personalities of India even differed on the issue eg. Ganghiji was not in favour of annihilation of caste,BR Ambedkar was for the eradication of the caste system.There are views ,counterviews but the ill effects of the curse still looms over the head like the sword of damocles.

    In a recently held summit of Dalit entrepreneurs it was revealed that how even the meritorious,well-to-do Dalits have to face the veiled discrimination by the financial Banks,institution wrt funding.Major chunk of India’s population falls under backward classes(OBCs+SCs+STs), India can’t even dream to achieve the pinnacle by subjugating these people.It is said that those who donot learn from history are bound to repeat it.Yes, we can sa that the political rights and equality are here in our country upto great extent.It’s the societal,economical equality which is still lagging behind.

    We have also seen the demand of reservation, where state after state of India are held astate for such demands.Recent Haryana Stir, before that Gujarat Stir ,and in AP.The new trend of asking for reservation on the brute basis of numbers is really worrisome.On one hand we want to achieve an egalitarian,inclusive society on the other hand communities and castes are fighting hard to get the label of backward classes.

    So the connotation of caste is not limited to one’s familial issue vis-a-vis marriage,inter-dining.It has far reaching narratives per se in Politics,Jobs etc. There is a famous saying that in India people don’t cast their votes but they caste their votes.

    Yes, the problem is real and intriguing to solve.The need is to accept that there is a problem and which is a sort of curse inflicted upon us.We in 21st century in the age of informational technology and scientific revolution can’t afford to turn a ostrich-head to such problems.

    Sensitisation from the basic school levels, about the concept of humanism, irrationality in the society better functioning and proper infrastructure at the schools should be made the prime motto.Reservation policy needs to be overhauling so that it reaches to the correct person.It needs to stratified rather than more complex and branched structure.

    • Vivek Kumar Singh

      Hi,Pls review.

      • sankar

        hi pls rvw……..thanks…….hahaha

    • Hey bhai! how are you? Long time, didn’t saw u! 🙂
      swami pic and swami intro! nice!
      good and relevant GS!
      the best thing i liked is the flow thoughout!
      one thing- you have written that constitution of India doesn’t recognise caste as we get it!! (2nd para)
      5th para- .Even our Constitution has not given a clear road map about this. i got a little confused here! if it dont understand it well, how can it show the clear roadmap?
      Rest is very nice! conclusion is short and crisp!
      keep writing bruv! and review mine when find time 🙂

    • Some Indian Guy

      Hello Vivek

      -The best part of your essay is the solution part. Very innovative.
      – I have read many of your answers and few of your essays. This one is not of that level. There is nothing wrong but I did not find anything interesting also. I had to push myself to read the complete writing.
      – Keep writing bro 🙂

      If time and energy allow please have a look at mine 🙂

    • Tushar

      It has been evidently justified that this nonsense segregation of society based on caste has lead to the disintegration of humanity. In hitherto existing societies, voices have been raised to eradicate this menace however for no good and quite surprisingly any attempts whatsoever to abolish this caste system subsequently end up bringing some unwanted and unanticipated troubles to the forefront. Hence the problems arising out of this shameful practice is quite visible with naked eyes and I think its needless to say how this shameful practice is hollowing our country as a whole. Although we are developing in the field of economy at some unimaginable rate but the prolonged practice of such irrelevant practices is throwing us back to the prehistoric ages. A society is supposed to be egalitarian having an atmosphere filled with sense of tranquility, love and peace but on the contrary this unending practice of caste system has created some irreconcilable differences in society which could never, never ever bring any good for the society.
      I just think gone are the days of thinking about the problem and its origin. Its the ripe time for some substantive steps otherwise we could end up at some path with no turning back.
      Coming back to your answer, I didn’t find any suggestions as to how this practice should be abolished. Organizing a meeting of people from diverse castes does sound a good way out but do you really think that with such huge disparities among various upper and lower castes they could ever be on the same page? Do you really think that a Brahman would ever agree to sit on the same bench occupied by a sweeper? And I have millions of doubts like this which I think we could discuss in person and by the by if you still think that this meeting thing is actually going to work out and ultimately an uniform consensus could be created among various castes then believe me I would do everything to make this meeting happen and I will be the happiest person probably on this earth

  • Shrunga Chandrashekar

    Caste System- India’s enduring curse

    Indian society has driven rich values from its Vedas and puranas, most misinterpreted understanding of Veda is caste. Rig Veda divided society into 4 Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, and Shudra. The adherence to this division was prominent during the later Vedic period, Veda had divided society based on the work they do and it was not hereditary. During the later Vedic periods the definition of caste changed to purity and impurity, it became hereditary and till today it is being followed as birth privilege.

    Is there any social problems caused by the caste system? The last community in the caste system Shudra were most discriminated in the society they were treated as untouchable, they were kept out of the society, they were not given the rights, they were not allowed to develop, they were expected to serve the upper strata of the society and they were not allowed inside the temples siting impurity as reason. Shudras were not given right to study, they were supposed to landless laborers and oppressed by the higher society. Manual scavenging was most cruel system that was followed and the people of Shudra community were employed in it. Shudra community people were not allowed to be part of the society, they were not allowed to take water from the rivers, allocated separate stream lower from than that of the other classes.

    Sub castes were create, there exists thousands of sub castes and the caste system became rigid and complex. Monogamy was followed, honor killing practice started were the couple were killed if the dared to marry outside their community. The social balance deteriorated and it created differences between the classes of the society. The unity of the country was affected, which was en-chased by British to rule over India for 200 years.

    Was not the complexity understood by our forefathers? The complexity and oppression due to caste system were understood by our forefathers and they tried to bring in social changes. Buddhism and Jainism was born due to the complexities of the caste system in Hinduism, they tried to simplify the society and give equal rights to all. The efforts of the Buddhism and Jainism were nullified during the Gupta period when the Hinduism prevailed. In the modern times Narayan dharma paripalana sabha of kerala was against the caste system and they tried to bring in the system of One God One Religion One Caste system. Gandhiji called Shudras as Harijan, people of god and opposed the caste system.

    Is there any economic problems caused by the caste system? Yes, due to caste system there is a divide in the society and the lower section of the society are underdeveloped. The reservation system that exists has led to demand of reservation for their community and the demand has taken violent path which is evident from the Jat and Patidar agitation. When the communities take violent path and start strike and block the economic activities the economy will be affected, lives of the common people will be the one which is affected the most. The investors will lose confidence on state sue to internal disturbances and investments will be affected thus affecting employment generation, development of the country.

    What are the steps taken by the government and provision in the constitution? Our constitution banned untouchability and gave right to equality as fundamental right. It tried to up bring the deprived classes of the society by providing reservation in education, politics, and employment. Constitution body was created to look after safety, upbringing of the backward classes in society, polity, education, employment which will place yearly report to the president. Prevention of atrocities on SC and ST act was passed to take action on atrocities against SC and ST.

    Is the social oppression exist even today? The untouchability has taken a different form and exist even today. In certain places Dalit’s are not allowed to enter in to temple, Dalit students face discrimination in the college and hostel, many will fail to cope up with the discrimination and try to give up their lives. Honor killing that is prevalent in the society is taking away lives of innocent youths.

    Why such oppression still exist? The upper class people are not ready to give away the privileges that are obtained by birth. Lack of political will to bring in social reforms due to fear of loss of vote bank. Perception of the lower class communities that they deserve such treatment and all these system is created by god, this is due to lack of education and awareness about their rights. The creamy layer in the lower classes are not allowing the privileges of the government to reach the downtrodden. Economic development of lower class people is not achieved.

    What can be done to do away with it? Social reformation should be given preference, education should be value based where children are thought that the existing system is oppressive and it should be done away with. Awareness should be created that the privileges were based on employment and not hereditary. Economic upliftment of the lower sections of society should be priority. Strict action should be taken against the one who are oppressing the lower sections of the society. Diversification of employment of lower section so that they occupy the elite position and carry forward the development of the community. Political will to change the oppressive system will be game changer.

    When the system is causing social, political, economic imbalance it is more than a curse to the society and it should treated with seriousness. The issue is sensitive and it cannot be handled with the violent reforms which will damage the society. Hence it should be handled sensitively through creation of awareness, education etc. small changes with perseverance will take us long way in this struggle against caste.

  • Aravind Varier

    I was walking on the street and saw a mother and her little daughter standing beside a manhole which was overflowing . The women was actually overlooking the cleaning of the manhole which had a man inside it, who was doing the job of clearing the Blockage .The little daughter out of her curiosity asked her mother , why is this person doing such a filthy job even if he is paid . I observed this conversation and heard the mother saying to her daughter that , they belonged to lower caste and these people are expected to do this job .This reply of mother to her daughter pained me because ,India as a country that promotes equality of citizens and the existence of caste segregation even after 6 decades of Independence is a shame to the nation as a whole .

    The essay will discuss the origins and the affects of caste system in India which have ultimately has become a curse in developing of a egalitarian society .

    Caste system in India have its origins from the advent of the Aryan Invasion in around 1500 BC to the Indian sub-continent from the central Asian region . They came as settlers and led to the occupation and subjugation of the native inhabitants who were dark in complexion and short compared to the fair and tall migrants .With the superiority in warfare they started segregating the people based on the job and divided into 4 varnas later called as caste . the four varnas included the The Brahmanas , Kshatriyas , Vaishyas ans Sudras .The First three classes were considered to be distinct compared to the Sudra’s, who were made to do work that is generally considered as a taboo in those days like cremation of dead bodies and so on .This classification on job made way to the strict reinforcing of division into the social life of prohibition of intermixing among the people through marriage.This later solidified into the theory of caste among the people .The CURSE that the caste system gave in ancient time was of denying the opportunity to a person to pursue his/he choice of profession or choosing a life partner of his like .

    The caste system saw some relaxation in its rigid practices the with advent of the great religions of the time in the form of Buddhism and Jainism which spread the message of equality of human beings and promoted peace among the people .There was State patronage to these religions during the time of Mauryas and Kushans but the ill effects of caste was so high that, by the time of Gupta ascendancy the caste system could again regain its position by lackadaisical behavior of the members of these new religions.Though these religions gave hope to the people, but the caste system and its CURSE kept on haunting the people .

    The Gupta period which was an ardent patronizer of Hinduism ,also helped promote the caste system in true form and by the end of 10th century came the invasion of Muslim rulers through the Khyber pass in the north west mountains which gave way to further rigidity of the caste system to protect its influence of from the culture of Islam .India was CURSED through out the medieval times by the caste system which led to the practice of Untouchable of the lower caste in vigorous forms by denying them the access of Public tanks , entry into temples , denying admission in schools all led to the overall backwardness of the Indian Society .

    The Biggest CURSE of the caste system was yet to be seen in India until the 17th century with the advent of the Europeans who could exploit the people who were divided on caste lines and lacking unity . The impact was too worse which led to the Subjugation of ourselves to politically to the British crown by the end of 19th century . This was the last nail in the coffin because of disunity of the people arsing out of the caste enslaved us to a foreign authority .

    Slavery and its ill effects led to the National Awakening among the citizens that gave our motherland pioneer leaders like Mahatma Gandhi , Sri Narayana Guru , Jythiba Phule , Ambedkar who fought vehemently against this social evil and by the middle of the 20th century we could unite our self for a common cause and get liberalized from the clutches of the British Rule .

    To prevent the CURSE of caste system affecting India in the modern times led our Founding fathers of the Nation to give our us a constitution that considers the all the people equal so as to avoid the discrimination that have been imposed on people since centuries .

    Having a look back to the events since independence , can we tell the CURSE of caste on the Society have been removed ? the Answer would be simple . NO !.

    Nevertheless of having innumerable provisions in the constitution to safeguard and protect the rights of the people who have been suffering out of caste prejudice ,we could still hear of a Dalit student committing suicide due to ill treatment meted out to him in a leading educational institution in India ,The brutal killings of couples by the Khap Pachayat for violating the caste purity and the broad day hacking of a dalit boy for marrying a girl of High class .These incidents are indeed a sure sign that our country haven’t attained moksha from the CURSE of caste in the Social sphere .

    from these events we may think The CURSE of caste affects only in the social sphere but unfortunately , we could see its ugly head rising in the political sphere which have led to rise in vote back politics that is purely based on caste lines leading to the electing of leaders having affiliation to the caste that voted them . This trend truly defies soul of democratic institutions which are build to serve the nation and its people as a whole .

    Our democratic organs of governance might have affected by caste but ,I am also saddened to tell that the economic aspect of our country is also affected by the CURSE of caste which has led to Nepotism and favoritism in selection of employees in private firms and the misuse of reservation by the benefited members of a lower community which denies the opportunity to the members who need it .

    Can we tell there is NO HOPE from the curse of caste ?

    Though , the curse of caste have been plaguing the society and the people in different forms but looking at the rising trend among the people from the downtrodden sections of the community who were once betrayed even the basic human rights holding the highest office of the country of the president of India through K.R Narayanan ,to K.G Balakrishnan becoming the Chief Justice of India and many more cases successful stories of persons, is surely a positive sign that , we may be CURSED by the caste since ages but that will not be able to blow off our hope of seeing this country as a Nation were ” ALL CITIZENS ARE MY BROTHERS AND SISTERS ” as said by Swami Vivekananda .

    • hello my dear :):) kaise ho?
      brilliant intro!!
      The essay will discuss the origins and the affects of caste system in India which have ultimately has become a curse in developing of a egalitarian society—-can we write such lines in between???
      I think gupta, kushna, maurya pat can be ignored and in general way u can present ur case! no need to go so deep 🙂
      the flow and the language is very lucid and fine ahead!! and examples too well connected
      conclusion is as good as intro!
      overall well written bhai! review mine when get time!
      Thank you my beloved friend :):)

      • Aravind Varier

        Thank you for the review Lord Tuktuk ,

        Yes we can write the origins of caste system and how it has been affecting the country since ancient times and why it is considered it as a CURSE .

        I intentionally went for a deep analysis to tell about the ups and downs of caste system and how it is still prevalent and
        the ray of hope in the conclusion to end in a postie note .

        I will surely review your essay in the evening 🙂


    • Night thinker !!

      Hi Aravind sir,
      Intro was GREAT!
      PERFECT START to the essay!
      I felt the origin of slavery wala part went too deep!
      FLOW was as SMOOTH as silk 😛
      Enjoyed the reading 🙂 🙂

      Kindly review my essay when time permits! 🙂 🙂

      THANK YOU!

      • Aravind Varier


        • Night thinker !!

          Waiting for you to review my essay and point out what’s missing what should be added! 🙂

    • Thor and Miolneer

      Excellent essay.

      Everything is fine except that it was giving a feel of moving towards HISTORY in the I guess first part and I felt that you could have gone ahead without going deep into those dynastic names.
      Another thing– There were two places where I think ‘has’ in place of ‘have’ should have been used.
      first place – I have to find now.
      second place — Can we tell the CURSE of caste on the Society have been removed ?

      Other than these this essay of yours appears Perfect to me.
      Keep up the excellent work 🙂
      Can I get a review please?

      • Aravind Varier

        Thank you for the review Thor ,

        Generally ,I try to be careful while writing an essay but still there may be certain spelling mistakes that could have entered into the essay without my notice . Thank you for pointing it out 🙂

        In my opinion we should NOT tell that, CURSE of caste on the society have been completely removed but can mention that there is a Ray of Hope in the conclusion for ending the essay in a positive note which shows to the examiner that you are optimistic

        YES , I will surely give a detailed review of your essay 🙂


        • Thor and Miolneer

          A ray of Hope– Thanks Dear Aravind.

          Thanks for responding 🙂
          Keep up the great work 🙂

    • Invoker

      Lovely intro, origin of caste and its development well explained albeit a bit long.. i think bhai a bit more focus on contemporary casteism could have been given like votebank politics, reservations,etc.. Otherwise very well explained bhai.. conclusion is too good! Flow is nice.. very less abruptness
      please review mine too if you get time.. kwar 🙂

      • Aravind Varier

        Dear Invoker ,

        Thank you for the review 🙂

        I will surely review your essay 🙂

        ALL THE BEST !!!

    • Pallavi

      A good essay,,,
      Few observations,,,
      Weightage to historical aspect,,,,Don’t u think it’s a bit longer?
      Last para superb!!!
      I have perceived this topic as follows…
      While topic of caste is multidimensional and open ended the title suggest…CASTE SYSTEM-INDIAS ENDURING CURSE
      so here some Q need to be debated and explained,,,
      1)caste system idea,,,Old & modern
      2)is it curse,,,yes/no & why ( of cource yes,,)
      3)is it enduring,,,yes,,,then why?? Factors for the same
      4)what should be done?
      And all these points needs a multidimensional approach.. though i answered these q in my essay ,,I was also nt able to give multidimensional approach,,,which I’m getting from others essay now,,,
      Hope I’m in right direction,,,
      Plz review mine!!

      • Aravind Varier

        Dear Pallavi ,

        Thank you for the review 🙂

        Your approach mentioned in the above reply is absolutely correct 🙂

        Yes,Indeed you are in the right Direction 🙂

        ALL THE BEST !!!

    • Affu

      good intro arvind,u could have condensed the origin of caste sytem-varna,rigidity from gupta era-pre independence and till date,asking questions and answering gave good framework but try to inculcate various dimensions of caste violence-political,social economic how each one of them is a cause and consequence of this system,try to incorporate concrete measures in conclusion apart from the examples
      all the best:-)

      • Aravind Varier

        THANK YOU AFFU 🙂



    • rawat

      Awesome …. Everything is written based on evidences and not mere imagination …..

      You should also appreciate the fact that many educated upper caste people have started raising voice against caste system…

      • Aravind Varier


        • yogi

          plz review mine 🙂

    • Rashmirathi

      it was a wonderful read. the intro is too good. i couldn’t help noticing how you have mentioned CURSE in bold everywhere to highlight your essay being in line with the point in question, innovative idea 😀 i however felt too much space has been given to the historical aspects, you could have condensed them and written more about the current situation, other factors leading to caste system being a meance – economic, illiteracy, corruption , etc.more about the solutions needed etc.

      in all it was a great essay, just a little bit improvement here and there is needed 🙂

      thanks 🙂

      please review mine !

      • Aravind Varier

        Dear Rashmi ,

        Thank you for the review 🙂

        Hahahaha….. The writing of the word CURSE in BOLD LETTERS was just to tell the examiner that , my essay is strictly adhering to the context of the essay .

        Thought , I highlighted the word in BOLD LETTERS , but in the exam , i would UNDERLINE the word instead of using bold letters . I personally don’t prefer to BOLD words in the exam .

        Though , It looks like i have given space to the Historical aspect , but i was simultaneously bringing out the CURSE factor from vedic times to the advent of the Britishers .

        Yes , you are correct , the only improvements i would have done is of giving more focus to the present issues of caste and suggesting a measure to solve the issue in the conclusion which would have made it perfect .


    • yogi

      Hello Aravind : )

      My views:-

      Really impressive beginning, u are going in right direction of innovation 🙂

      Just a small suggestion/modification: This reply of mother to her daughter pained me because ,India as a country that promotes equality of citizens and the existence of caste segregation even after 6 decades of Independence is a shame to the nation as a whole .—to make it strong u can write like this— This reply of mother to her daughter pained me not only because the lady was holding such a prejudiced view of the man about his caste, but more because she was passing that view to her ignorant child, that is, to the future of our country.

      Which additional value the point —by the end of 10th century came the invasion of Muslim rulers through the Khyber pass in the north west mountains—adds to your essay. I mean is it needed?? this is what we have to avoid why would examiner be interested in reading this. This is just one instance, u have done same thing at many places in first half of ur essay, I hope u can see them now. I may sound odd but the line shows that the writer is trying to show off his knowledge, ( no hard feelings, my words are from the perspective of an evaluator to ur essay, u may differ)

      the chronology of historical events is maintaining the flow in your essay, good here.

      Your conclusion is brilliant and I can see the uniqueness in it, great job ,
      just one issue, Whole conclusion is a single sentence and too long to understand in one go, I suggest u to write medium length sentences always.

      I think a para or two on how can we tackle the evils of caste system would bring completeness in ur essay. These paras can then be succeeded by the last para which give positive ending to the essay.

      Overall u have improved many folds in a short span of time, that is really surprising to me and motivating as well , keep up your efforts : )

      Thanks and ATB 🙂

      • anuja umesh

        yogi can u please review my essay! it is my first post. your review will be valuable! thanks

        • yogi


      • Aravind Varier

        Dear Yogi 🙂

        Thank you for reviewing my essay .

        This reply of mother to her daughter pained me not only because the lady was holding such a prejudiced view of the man about his caste, but more because she was passing that view to her ignorant child, that is, to the future of our country. EXCELLENT SUGGESTION 🙂 🙂 🙂

        I was just trying to show the knowledge as well trying to maintain the flow by connecting it with historical landmarks .
        As , i told you there is no wrong in giving general studies information until you don’t specifically start discussing on it .

        the Khyber pass was given a reference and i did not get into the details of it . if i start getting into the details of it , then i would surely be going in the wrong path .

        It took around 80 minutes to think and draft this essay on the website . Yes , i was very particular about the conclusion because in the two essays i did see my conclusion abruptly ending and your suggestion in my last essay asking to be innovative to impress the examiner made me to spend 10 minutes solely on the conclusion and i was sure that i pulled it out of mess 🙂 🙂 🙂

        The only think i personally feel that i missed is of giving some more details on the recent issues of caste and could also have suggested some innovative remedies which would have made this essay near perfect .

        Happy to know from that , you could see drastic improvements in my essay in a short span of time .Writing Ethics answers daily is also helping to a certain extent in writing realistic examples , introduction and conclusion properly .

        Let me see how my essays would be 2 months from now 🙂

        THANK YOU 🙂 🙂 🙂

  • Thor and Miolneer

    2 o Clock in the morning, Chinamma wakes up, looks at the watch and the calendar. Its 20th of March 2016 today. Chinamma is a 5 feet 2 inch tall, dark complexion dalit lady in her 50s in the Chujju village of Andhra Pradesh, India. Everyday she wakes up at the same time, takes bath, prepares meal and leaves her home at around 5 in the morning for her job. Her job is to clean public toilets.

    After reaching the work place, she will sit outside the toilet and look caste Hindu women going to and coming from it. After waiting for around half an hour, she will get a call-Ay Municipality, Come here! Hearing the call, Chinamma with her uncovered upper body will run into the toilet with her bamboo basket and a tin plate, collect the excreta from the latter to fill up the former, put it on her head and walk for half a kilometer to dispose it into a trolley. She will come back and wait for another call then.

    Around 10 in the morning, when the ladies are done relieving themselves for the day, Chinamma will wash her off and leaves for the day.

    Going towards home, she thinks of God and asks him- What bad deeds did I do that I collect excreta? Why am I being badly treated by Caste Hindus? Can’t I get a respectable job and a respectable life? She knows that the God will not respond and even if he responds, the answer will be something suggesting the status quo and nothing else.

    Chinamma is one of the millions of ‘Dalits’ who have been subjected to unfair treatment and are destined to do such menial jobs. No caste hindu will ever be doing this work. None of their women will have uncovered breasts and ever be abused in/by public.

    It is only this group of people, generally known as ‘Scheduled Castes’ which is subjected to the worst treatment, exploitation and in case of an aberrant behavior, severe punishment. Like Chinamma, they all are being treated in such a way only because they belong to ‘Panchama’ group which doesn’t have the social acceptance in society thanks to the caste system- A unique Indian sub continent phenomenon.

    Caste : Yesterday and Today

    The caste system traces its origin back to the Rig Vedic times. The purushsukta, written in Rig Veda tells us about four castes being created from the body of Purusha- a cosmic figure. From head Brahmans were created, From shoulders and chest Kshatriya, from waist and thighs Vaishyas and the Shudras were created from the feet. In Rig Vedic times, it was associated with only the occupations based on the qualification of an individual and one could change his caste any number of times during his lifetime.

    This system got a major change and anomaly during the post vedic and medieval times. Several changes were made in this system which have transformed it from a system of occupation identity to a system of wide oppression and exploitation which would wreck havoc on the lives of millions and billion of Indians in the years and the generations to come. The system will get a notion of purity and pollution and the practice of endogamy in general and hypergamy in particular will come into existence. The lower castes in the hierarchy will be considered more polluted than the upper ones and the Panchamas or Avarnas (people outside the four castes) will be considered so polluted that they won’t even be touched lest the touch pollutes a caste hindu. Based on the same notion, the occupational mobility denied and it became linked to one’s birth. A person born in a particular caste will only do the work associated with his caste and no other work. This was the reason why Chinamma knew the God’s answer in advance. Since this hereditary nature of occupation was hierarchical, a person will remain being treated as unequal through his life. If born a Brahman, he will develop the mentality of being superior and if born a Shudra or an outcaste, he will develop a mentality of being inferior. The mentality and the system will be justified on the basis of Karma where good/bad conduct of a person in his previous life is considered as the reason for his social status and the events happening in his life. The another justification came from ‘Manusmriti’ which propounded that the best system is the one which has been practiced by many generations and thus should be maintained because of its time tested utility. Such justifications made the caste system and its exploitative nature to endure in the society for centuries and millenniums.

    Caste in its present for is different from what it used to be some four centuries ago. The educated Indians, enlightened primarily by the French revolution and its ideals of Justice, Liberty, Equality and Fraternity have started changing this thousands of years old institution. Prominent figures like Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Jotiba Phule, Baba Saheb Ambedkar and Mahatma Gandhi worked throughout their lives to reduce the already existing and British favoured new inequalities from the society. When India gained independence, the Constitution of India included provisions in the Fundamental Rights and Directive principles of state polity to provide equal opportunity to all in the employment, to end bonded labour and untouchability and to emancipate the socially and educational backward classes by providing them with positive discrimination.

    Despite all these efforts and measures, we still continue to have the caste system with all its oppressive practices prevalent in the society in one form or the other. There are women like Chinamma doing their traditional work, people belonging to various castes demanding reservations in jobs, honour and other killings, untouchability and discrimination among others being practiced in our society. Part of its existence can be attributed to the centuries old beliefs and practices which are still practiced in overt and covert form and the rest can be attributed to our democratic politics where the political parties cleverly use the caste based groups for their own political gains.

    Caste : Can it end

    Caste has long been identified as an institution detrimental to the overall development of the society. Despite all our societal efforts and Constitutional ideals, various legislations, adoption of western practices among others, we still find it to be prevalent and deeply existing in the minds of our fellow country men. Though it is gradually losing its severity in a developing cosmopolitan Indian society, it is still found to be there especially in rural areas. The democratic politics of ours makes it used as a vote bank by our Politicians and as a basis for some of our leaders to climb up the ladders of various organizations. So, sadly the caste is here to stay.

    In spite of all the odds, the caste system has endured for over two millenniums. The rising educational levels and increasing sensitivity of Indians has though reduced its menace but it still is very much part of our lives and will remain so in the times to come.

    • Night thinker !!

      Hi Thor,
      Kya introduction tha? GRIPPING AND BRILLIANTLY WRITTEN.


      I only think, mentioning a few articles acts role of media and family could have been cherry on top of the cake! 🙂

      • Thor and Miolneer

        I too found the same after reading your essay.

        Thanks Thinker!!.

    • Aravind Varier

      Dear Thor ,

      Your essay is good 🙂

      I want to point out certain suggestions from my side that can be considered for betterment .

      1) the example of chinamma is laudable but you could have put the example some 2 to 3 decades back in time .
      you don’t find any women in the present day moving around without covering the upper body .Since , i am from Hyderabad , I personally don’t think such type of toilets are present in Telangana or Andhra pradesh . You could have used Rajashan or Madhya Pradesh which would make the example look more realistic .

      2) you have work upon on the conclusion part to make the examiner feel impressed after completion of reading your essay . Add some thing that catches the attention of the examiner . any quote or any example or any innovative suggestion will also help you . the innovative suggestion should be realistic but different from the existing ones .

      ALL THE BEST !!!

      • Thor and Miolneer

        I think that the story itself should be changed since we don’t have manual scavenging much prevalent today and obviously women are better treated than before. (Rightly pointed out)

        I agree on the second point too. I will think more on ‘any quote or any example or any innovative suggestion’ and will try to come out with something the next week.

        Thanks Aravind.
        You feedback(s) have uncountable value 🙂

    • yogi

      Hello Bhai 🙂

      My views :

      Chinamma story: fine to begin with,

      But, Is it fine to write the name of a particular state, as an evaluator I did not like it, rest depends on the real evaluator,

      Chinamma with her uncovered upper body –sorry Bhai, but in place of upperbody face would be better word,

      Later came to know that it was not by mistake it is really uncovered upper body. Is it reality??

      Caste : Yesterday and Today—I think better would be Caste: past and present , if I consider literal meaning of yesterday and today (not a big issue)

      2nd para under above heading: too long, u did not follow what I said last time 🙁

      Flow needs improvement, little bit boring, sorry for being explicit, hope u would’ mind my words.

      Caste : Can it end —–put ?

      Last two paras are written in very pessimistic tone. To improve upon these should be followed with suggestions and an optimistic ending. UPSC likes positivity along with practicality.

      Overall it needs improvement, I need the same : )

      Thanks bhai, keep writing 🙂

      • Thor and Miolneer

        According to ESO 12 Sociology Block 4, they didn’t have the right to cover their upper body.
        I wrote it in influence.

        I tried working on Small paras..But could keep it until the story and then I lost my focus on it. (My bad)
        I am sure I will be keeping them ALL short the next week.
        Past and present (That’s right)
        Andhra Pradesh has the largest number of manual scavengers- I heard this in ‘Satyamev Jayate’ and thus put it. But I understand, I shouldn’t have mentioned the name of a state.

        Positivity along with practicality. (I will keep that in mind)

        Thanks bhai.
        Awesome feedback. 😀

  • Beginner

    India’s caste system has its tail from Indian Varna system ,In principally humans were classified in four categories depending upon their profession-Brahmin (priests, teachers) ,Kshatriya-(kings, warriors and soldiers) ,Vaishya- (cattle herders, agriculturists, artisans), Sudra-( laborers and service providers).
    Varna system was based on professions practised not on in which family you have born but later with the evolution of society people have misinterpreted this principal , Groups which used to occupy dominant positions in the society called themselves as upper class and group which used to clean wastages of human , scavenges from waste material , begging on the road were started to be known as low class people or untouchables . With the lapse of time this classification between low class and upper class became wider lead to discrimination and hatred feelings even till the present time . Children of lower classes group were not allowed to visit hindu temples ,refrained from sitting beside to them , banned from gaining higher studies .
    Caste related violence have occurred and occurs in India . According to a report by Human Rights Watch, “Dalits and indigenous peoples (known as Scheduled Tribes or adivasis) continue to face discrimination, exclusion, and acts of communal violence. Laws and policies adopted by the Indian government provide a strong basis for protection, but are not being faithfully implemented by local authorities.
    Ranvir Sena is a caste-supremacist fringe militia group based in Bihar. The group is based amongst the higher-caste landlords, and carries out actions against the outlawed naxals in rural areas. It has committed violent acts against Dalits and other members of the scheduled caste community in an effort to prevent their land from going to them.
    This discrimination is not only confined in indian territory its has spreaded its wing outside of India , a recent case in britain ,Amardeep Begraj and her husband Vijay had to face discrimination because of caste hierarchy , Girl belonging to upper caste and boy from a lower caste , Both had to lost their jobs in which they were involved for about 5 year .
    In the South Indian state of Travancore, untouchables had to carry a bell that announced their presence so higher caste Hindus would not be defiled by their proximity
    Bhim rao ambedkar ,chairman of constitutional drafting community, was born in a low caste family .Between 1912 and 1923, he earned a BA in Bombay, an MA and PhD in economics from Columbia University, and a MA and D.Sci in economics from London University . After returning to India when he saw a wide picture of caste discrimination is still being prevailing ,He widely criticized caste discrimination, he decided to weed off phenomenon like untouchability , undermined rights of Dalits , banned from taking higher educations and entering into Hindu temples ,He used to believe that among such irrationality and orthodoxy only way to enforce or profess equality is law , at that time it was hard to spread awareness by meeting , propaganda and templates as this caste system was strongly rooted in the society ,In 1935, after an unsuccessful five-year campaign to gain the right to enter Hindu temples, Ambedkar decided if you can’t beat them, leave them. He declared “I was born a Hindu, but I will not die a Hindu” He urged untouchables to “change your religion”: reject Hinduism and convert to a religion that doesn’t recognize caste or untouchability . Gandhi ji was conservative in this regard, he was not opposed to caste system while he considers as mean for smooth conduction of society ,There had been long disputes in ideologies of both great leaders , Ambedkar fought very boldly with Gandhi and Indian national congress for rights of Dalits rights and representation in 1930 -40 .
    It is a result of a long war against our own people and their mentality that article 15 of our constitution explicitly says that “prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion ,race ,caste and sex or place of birth ” and article 17 which states about the “abolition of untouchability and prohibition of its practice ” . For to give them representation in parliament there seats have been fixed in accordance to their population ratio so that not to infuse them with disdain feeling of that they are not able to make and assist in policy or law and order maintenance . To take care of sustainable development and upliftment Committee on Schedule caste and schedule tribe have constituted which submits its report every year in parliament . Ultimately, both Ambedkar and Gandhi were right: in order to abolish untouchability or other types of political and economic discrimination, it is necessary to change not only laws but also people’s hearts.

    • magnet

      well written

      • Beginner

        Thanks for review yr 🙂

        • magnet

          Can u review my essay please…

          • magnet

            I think u covered every required point and I get some good points from u..Thank you

  • Eco-friendly

    There is a village in Rajasthan called Sitapura in the Nainwa block of Bundi district. Many castes and tribes live their but every community has its own separate cluster and a pre-defined way of conducting social ceremonies and day-today working. The upper caste people include brahmins, rajputs and Gurjars and lower caste and tribes are Meena, Bheel, Bairwa, Khushwaha, Tailor, etc. Lower caste people usually live in the backside of village and have to travel round the village to work in their farms as they were denied path across the village where upper caste live. One day a person named Mahendra Khushwaha (from the village itself) who being literate and working with a NGO entered village with one another person from NGO. As soon as he entered the village 3-4 young person come around and started beating him. And warned him not to use this path again.

    Yes this is true in 21st century India where people still believes in old customs and traditions without any logic or reasoning. The concept of caste system or varna system is quite old and traced back to the vedic period where Aryans who were fair skinned call themselves superior than the dasas, the rival tribes. Later on Dasas were regarded as Shudra’s and Aryans divided themselves into three varna’s(Brahmins, Kshatriya, Vaishya) based on their occupation, work culture and habits. The society which was divided on the basis of occupation, karma later on recognizes themselves on the basis of birth.

    The difference of occupation now becomes a tool for discrimination. People from lower caste are forced to do menial jobs, abused and were discriminated on all grounds. They were denied land rights, though they are forced to work on fields, they have been socialized that their work is to serve the upper castes and because they have done wrong deeds so god has punished them by giving them birth in lower caste. Religion and customs were used to benefit upper caste. With the passage of time things become even worse for Shudra’s and they were termed as “untouchables” i.e. having polluted souls by the priestly class who have great influence in society.

    Caste System as a hurdle in becoming Superpower-

    India was enslaved by British because we were divided on the basis of caste and religion. Advent of Britishiers has widened this discrimination so as to benefit themselves with the wealth of India which was termed as “jewel in the crown”. They took over the administration of people with their policy of divide and rule. And the real sufferers were Indian society at large. Various reformists like Jyotibha Phule, Swami Vivekananda, Mahatma Gandhi who along with others tried to unite people, bring down discrimination of the caste system and we got independence.

    But even after such bad experience of foreign rule and learnings from great souls we still practice such ancient and obsolete system. We cannot become superpower until the quarter of society which was socially and economically backward brought into the main stream. LPG era after 1991 though has bought many changes and more or less in urban center’s people do not care about other person’s caste but still we now and then hear that a persons from lower strata of society were denied work in houses or were denied to buy house in upper community locality. Now-a-days a new concept has generated called upper class and lower class which has once again divided the society in economic terms though the notion that “caste is class in India” still holds true. Today we are the fastest growing economy without any significant participation from lower strata. If this group contributes in an equal fashion then no doubt our young nation can become economic superpower with-in few years.

    Caste in Politics-

    After independence constitution was adopted which provides equality, dignity and liberty to all its citizens irrespective of caste, class, gender, color, creed etc. but still the discrimination has not gone and still haunts India. The reforms that were ensured and the kind of vision that our forefathers have seen still remains a distant goal. We became independent and free from the british rule but the prejudices, and discrimination still continues. 73rd and 74th amendment though provided much autonomy and reservation to backward caste in local bodies but orthodox mindset of the rural people and lack of education and open-mindedness has led to failure of this institution. Voting in local bodies still follow caste and people elected only takes care of their own caste people.

    In urban center’s too caste politics plays a vital role. People’s sentiments are aroused on the basis of caste and religion. They were given false assurances like jobs, reservation, etc. Due to which riots and clashes too place. Political harmony and diverse yet accommodative thought process are the signs of democratic nature of society. It is said that a country which is stronger from outside but weak from inside cannot remain stable for long. So to make our politics caste free and development centric we should change our mindset towards each other.

    Caste as a hinderance in Social well being-

    Recent survey has shown that even after so many laws people in their day-to-day working still practice untouchability. 1 in every 4 person in India is practicing untouchability in one form or the other. People are still being looked down as second class citizens. We can say that there is problem in our socialization and loopholes in our education system because of which such age old phenomenon still exist. Caste system which was said to be limited to Hindu religion is now even practiced in other religions like Muslims and Christianity who were caste neutral now divided themselves among various castes. Though much have changes in cities people in village still follow caste system to such a extent that they do not eat, socialize and work together. They still have separate clusters, denied temple entry, access to natural resources like water bodies is denied or discriminated. Inter-caste marriage is still a taboo and honour killing is too often in both regions.

    Reservation which was provided as positive discrimination for the upliftment of the backward caste in now being encroached upon by the elite classes by the use of their muscle power. Instead of thinking of development people want to get the status of backward class so as to reap the benefits of reservation in jobs and education.

    It has been a long time now that caste has overshadowed all our achievements. We must pay heed to such division turned discrimination process. What has been started as a process of logical division of society for harmonious functioning has now become a tool in the hands of few to discriminate. Amartya Sen has rightly pointed out his capability approach for the true development of people, of achieving the kind of lives they have reason to value. For this govt and people must work together. Only by making laws can not help India to get rid of caste system because even after such laws people from lower caste are still doing menial jobs like manual scavenging and cleaning (sweeper), they are the one who are most deprived of basic eminities and assets as pointed out by SECC data too. People need to change with time, and this can be brought through education, through economic upliftment of backward caste and class, creating opportunities for development. If India has to reap the benefits of demographic dividend then this curse which is haunting us till now has to go.

    “We shall overcome, we shall overcome one day

    Deep in my heart I do believe we shall overcome one day.”

    • Night thinker !!

      Hello eco friendly 🙂
      Intro is naaaice! 😀
      Your essay is very comprehensive and lucid! 🙂
      I’ve read your answers they’re good too and now this essay! Very nice bro! Keep up! 😀 😀
      If time permits,review mine please! THANK YOU! 😀

      • Eco-friendly

        Humbled by ur kind words…….:)
        Thanks for this encouragement.

    • Hey eco! mene socha abhi ka hi deta tumhara b review!
      intro is good but itna deep detail na do gaon ki! iski zarurat nhi h!
      Body part-very very good! i liked the way u stuctured it! But superpower wala part end me aana chahie tha kyunki we want to acheive it in near future!! Chronology k hisaab se! 🙂
      beech me impovement ka scope hai thoda but you will only get better now! ( aur dimensions show ho kste the, i will not go into that as this is ur 1st time).
      Conclusion was good actually! be happy brother! You have done very well! And ye “my name is khan” movie ki yaad aa gai mjhe end wale quote se 😀
      oveall very nice write-up bhai for 1st timer!
      Keep witing bro!! Way to go!! All the best 🙂

      • Eco-friendly

        thanks bro……I will surely improve

        btw I am also from devbhoomi Uttarakhand

        • i’m from himachal eco! 🙂

          • Eco-friendly

            ohk…..koi nhi padosi he shi…..:)

  • Arun

    Caste System as a practice evolved out of the Varna system in which the stratification of the people are done according to one’s occupation.This system emerge as early as later vedic period in which people were supposedly ostracized from larger society.This is due to this alienation and discrimination which gave birth to emergence of Buddhism and Jainism.This has been seen through the most advanced ancient Indian phase such as Gupta period which saw the presence of Untouchability. Further,increasing differentiation and inequality is reflected in the Bhakti and Sufi movement in Medieval India in which it recognized the equality and right of every individual.Moreover,religious and social reform movement in 19th century such as Raja Ram Mohan Roy,IShwar Chandra VidyaSagar etc emphasized on equality of human being.

    The modern India saw the emergence of Gandhi and Ambedkar with the aim to eliminate discrimination though their approach remained different.This has led to inclusion of provision of Fundamental Rights and Directive Principle of State Policy to emancipate from the oppression and subjugation with aim of social,economic and political justice.This is further reflected in the passage of SC& ST Act and Protection of Civil liberty Act.However,in spite of such steps and approach,caste system has managed to stay in and continue to impact India’s social fabrics.

    It would be more important to decipher as to why caste system is so ingrained in the Indian society?What are the reasons that keeps it continue even after so much efforts?

    The assimilation and integration of various population has been implicitly mentioned in the constitution of India to make it greater and stronger.The energy of young and old across all the ethnic groups is needed to bring the India to the path of development.However,this has been constrained by the presence of inequality which is not just confined to economic but also notional and cultural belief.The notion of pollution and purity is reflected in the social,economic and political discourse of the nation.

    Social issues such as marriage,inter-caste relation is directly or indirectly impacted by the caste system.The brutal killing of Dalit boy in Tamil Nadu reflects the gravity of the issue.Further,specification of jobs in the name of community such as manual scavenging,clearing human faeces and the notion of high and low birth has further perpetrated the instances of caste practices.
    This is manifested in the employment of Dalits in the cleaning of gutters,manholes and street sweeping which are looked down by society as a lowly job.

    Thus institutionalization of notional and cultural belief in the form of economic and social discourse has helped in propagation of the caste system and even grow stronger at times.

    This is reflected in various discourse of life.The isolation dalits and outskirt of the main habitation zone is clear manifestation and involving in lowly jobs which are not accepted by others further indication of the issue.This social discrimination and ostracization has led to stigmatization leading to its reflection its manifestation in economic sphere.

    The people belonging to lower caste are subjected to poverty which further adds up to the emergence of malnutrition,under nutrition and further increase in infant and maternal mortality rate.This is reflected in the number MMR and IMR which is highest among SC and STs.This has direct implication on their income level further pushing them into cycle of poverty.

    The children do not get enough opportunity to complete school leading to development due to limited access.This is reflected in difference in literacy rate and increasing drop out rate.This has serious implication on on the future prospect of jobs due to little or no skill based and resulting in the low paid employment which are not taken up by any other groups.Thus the slogan of emerging India,highest growth rate among major economies sounds illogical to these groups of population.

    The worst sufferer among the group are women,children and old age.The women do not get enough opportunity due to double layer discrimination for being Dalit and Women.This has huge implication on their health,skill level and job prospects.Further they are subjected to discrimination,assault and social stigmatization.

    The social and economic discrimination is reflected in political differences in which representation of SC and ST at various levels of decision making are still not in proportion to their population.The 73rd and 74th Amendments has however led to better participation but atrocities against Dalits has accelerated due to apparent slipping away of powers from upper class.Further reservation in Legislatures both at central and state level has largely been confined to small groups and yet to be disseminated across the system.

    In this context,the continued discrimination and stigmatization of major chunk of population poses significant challenges to the Indian democracy.This would require systemic and structural transformation in order to establish equality.The ideals of the constitution needs to be transmitted to ground level where real equality is established.The social change in the form of mentality and cultural practice of discrimination.This would require great deal of integrative approach consisting of empowering caste groups and at the same time stringent punishment along with creation of awareness.In this context,education and skill seems viable opportunity.

    Thus,Indian Government has been earnestly engaging in empowerment of caste groups.This is reflected in the aggressive propagation of education system through SSA along with nutritional support to the children and women in the form of ICDS,IGMSY and Food Security Act.Further skilling and encouragement is being given importance such as Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana and MUDRA Bank with special emphasis on SC and ST.The laws are being amended to extend greater protection in the form of SC and ST Act.

    Along with all these steps,education and awareness of the people belonging to caste groups has been demanding rights in recent times.The Dalit Panthers in early 90s and now different political parties are taking interest in the subjects of castes people leading to greater mobilization.This would surely emancipate the dalits,giving them opportunity to live an independent life free of discrimination and sense of equality in vibrant India.Moreover,proactive young people who has vision of India transcending across all religion,caste groups,ethnic classification and regions would go long way in establishing equality in our society.

  • vengeancee

    Please review guys, very new in this essay writing.
    Rural India is often acknowledged with a Hindu proverb which when translated to English says “What never goes away is caste.” Despite various measures by Government over past 70 years India has been unable to go past a curse called Casteism whose aftereffects have been untouchability, creation of depressed classes & oppression of one caste over other irrespective of religion.

    Caste System can be traced from Late Indus Valley ages when occupation started to become hereditary instead of enjoying freedom to choose what to do. This culminated into division of society into major caste or Varna System namely Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishya, Shudras. Those who were from tribals or outside this Varna system were called Dalits, or Untouchables or Depressed classes. They were forced to do menial things & inhuman behavior was bestowed upon them. They were denied basic human rights & their shadow was also treated as evil. Other oppressions they suffered were denial to common wells, entry to temples, denial of education, and prime reason for this was their caste.

    This oppression continued for more than 3000 years till 20th century when social reformers started to raise voices against historical disadvantages suffered by backward caste. India witnessed drastic changes in these 3000 years , be it economical, political, social, religious, but caste system remained constantly permanent. It was till reformers like Dr. Ambedkar, Mahatma Gandhi started to raise voices of backward & depressed classes & things started to change in due course of time. Today we have come to a time when caste oppressions have reduced but they are far from over.

    Dr. Ambedkar was an eminent lawyer belonging to depressed class, but his intellect & vision kept him above caste system, he never thought of himself as depressed, instead he always had his morals up & worked towards providing a better life for those socially & educationally backward. Gandhiji was also a staunch aggressor towards untouchability, he did various Satyagraga against this menace at Travencore, Gujarat. Means of Dr. Ambedkar & Gandhiji differed but ends were same.

    Dr. Ambedkar’s efforts led to first major breakthrough for Oppressed classes when Communal Award was given in 1933, where they were given Separate electorates, this meant depressed classes will get the right to choose their leader among themselves & voting will be limited to only their community. Gandhiji was against this separate electorate and wanted joint electorate with provision for reservation in proportion to their population, this resulted into Poona Pact where Gandhiji’s view was adopted by Dr. Ambedkar.

    Dr. Ambedkar when working as Chairman of Drafting Committee of Constitution of India took the initiative for giving Constitutional recognition for extra Rights for Depressed communities, he introduced Art 15, 16 which provided reservation for socially & educationally backward classes, this was further strengthened by Legislature passing laws to give reservation of 15% to Scheduled Caste, and 7.5% to Scheduled Caste which is approximately in proportion to their population in India. This was previously for only 10 years but has been since re-promulgated & currently in force till 2020.

    Other litigants of caste system were backward classes who were majorly in Shudras Varna, their major population was also socially & educationally backward & were decided to give benefits of reservation after Mandal Commission report recommended 27% reservation in Government jobs & colleges. This report was followed up by V P Singh Government who implemented it. These reforms were highly politicized & severely criticized by large sections of society. Violent protests foundered over various parts of India, due to which Indra Sawhney filed petition in apex court to give verdict. Supreme Court gave historic verdict for allowing of reservation but creating a “Creamy layer” to avoid reservation for those who were already benefitted & prosperous and held major portions of land holdings. Since that historic decision, 90s has seen exponential rise of Backward community in every sphere of society, but demands for reservation from various community have also increased.

    Depressed classes though are still largely not benefitted from reservation & the proportion of those getting benefits from this move are relatively low, since arrival of reservation around 15% of SCs & STs are deemed to benefits whereas others are still devoid of opportunity.

    Untouchability was prohibited by Article 17, and later strengthened by Untouchability Act of 1955, Protection of Civil Rights Act 1955, SC/ST Prevention of Atrocities Act 1989 which has made offenses non-bailable, non-compoundable, cognizable. Despite this cases registered have seen massive rise from past few years, this is also due to greater awareness among oppressed classes to resist & complain, but it’s hard to deny that sufferings still persist.

    Willpower can make an ant climb wall, and a man climb mountains. Acts may act as a deterrent, but real change can be only when conscious awaken & rise to generate general will which is free from caste biasness & love for mankind. India is changing, but pace has been slow. India due to colonial legacy & long years of suppression has already lost 200 years of glory, now it’s time India rises & show its vigour to entire world. This newly found strength of India will largely remain insufficient if masses won’t rise above petty caste politics & will prefer against themselves instead of fighting against world & determining India to reach zenith. It is difficult, but possible, and India with its power of assimilation has witnessed many dynasties & ways of life, time has come to acknowledge power of all classes of society to give them equal standing & opportunity to make best use of available human resource & rich diversity India contains.

  • Akhil

    India is land of many cultures, religions, ethnicities and languages. It has unique place in the world of having one of the oldest civilization and accommodating several different ideologies, cultures and human race in its mainstream culture. It is also unique for it’s climate, geographical features and vegetation, which is not easily seen in any other country on earth. And one among many of its uniqueness is ‘caste system’.

    Caste system is unique in the sense that it is not visible in any other country and is self evolved system of hierarchical classification of Indian people, which to some extent resembles’ class system’ prevalent in other countries. Caste system has its roots in ‘chaturvarna'(four varnas) system of vedic period.

    During vedic era people were classified into’ ‘Brahman’, kshatriya’ ‘vaishya’ add ‘shudra’ as per their merit and capabilities. There was no hatred for lower varna. But, as time progressed this system undergone considerable changes and by the end of first century BC varna system was replaced by caste system, which has its own social norms entirely different from varna system.

    Since then Caste system has only perpetuated and ruled the minds of Indian society. Some cardinal features of caste system are, assignment of varna on the basis of birth and not on merit, growth on high caste and low caste, caste within caste and various subcaste in original caste and hatred towards low caste.

    Such a crude and inhuman development in caste system has proved detrimental to country right from the period of monarchy to present day democracy. During the time of kings higher caste enjoyed several privileges which were denied to low caste. Infact lower caste people hardly hai any right in this period. This has pushed them to the level of slave and they were treated like animals, even worse than that.

    This unjust system was responsible for lack of unity among people of different caste any one of important reason for india’s failure to resist foreign invasion of either Muslims or British.this caste system has played important role in consolidation of British Empire and loot and oppression English have done on Indian people.

    British used caste system as a tool to rule the country. They made all attempts in widening the Gulf between upper and lower caste for their own benefit. Separate electorate for depressed classes was culmination of their policy of dividing Hindu society. Caste consciousness has prevented ambedkar and Congress in uniting during freedom struggle.

    Caste system has been one of the biggest stumbling bloc in india’s development. Castism is reason for many of india’s socio economic, political and environmental has prevented country from achieving it’s goal of socialist pattern of development. Social problems like oppression of lower caste, killing of dalit youth for going against the traditional system, denying them equal rights are still very much prevalent in country.

    Not only social but India’s economic problem are very much entangled in caste system. Most of the poor and undernourished people inherently belong to lower caste, whereas rich and affluent section of society comprises largely upper caste.
    Poor dalits in villages are mostly landless and in cities they form bulk of informal workforce.

    This economic misery of low caste people affects their health. They are deprived of health and sanitation facilities and fall prey to various kind of diseases. Poor health infrastructure of country perpetuate their misery and pushes them into vicious cycle of poverty. Recent SECC, 2011 report confirms economic and social wretchedness of dalits and other low caste people.

    India environmental problems are also to some extent result of caste. Many of the poor in villages and urban slums comes from lower caste. These people specially in rural areas do not have availability of clean fuel. They use biomass, cowdung cake, firewood as cooking fuel. This causes emission of harmful gases which pollutes Environment. Open defecation,crop residue burning, are other reason for environmental degradation.

    Similarly in politics of present time caste has become important tool which politician freely use to fulfill their political goals. This mix of caste and politics in last three decade has hurt country to a large extent. Polarization of one caste against other caste has weakened the unity among people , which constitution endeavors to achieve. development Caste consciousness among administrator has negatively affected delivery of public services.

    However, despite widespread prevalence of caste system in Indian society even in modern time attempts have been made to get rid of this evil problem.from religious leaders in medieval period to Social reformers of nineteenth and twentieth century like raja ram mohan rai, jyotiba fule, narayana guru,periyar, mahatma gandhi and most renowned Dr ambedkar all these great people have attempted to remove caste related discrimination from society.

    Revolutionary work of these great leaders have been kept alive by different governments after independence. From removal of unntouchbility to reservation of seats in government jobs and education for socio educationally backward caste India has witnessed unprecedented progress in removal of caste related evils.

    Government has not only made provision for reservations and upliftment of low caste, but has ensured protection of lower caste from oppression of upper caste by various legal means. It has taken various efforts to upgrade social status of dalits and empower them to live meaningful life. Various social schemes like ICDS, MDM, MGNREGA, STAND UP INDIA, MUDRA YOJANA have been started by government specially targeting lower caste people.

    Similarly intercaste marriages have been given legal sanction. This is the best tool as advised by Dr ambedkar to annihilate caste system from country. As modern and scientific education is spreading in country strength of caste is weakening, people are becoming more conscious about their rights and don’t accept social norms which they feel unjust and discriminatory.

    • sankar

      avoid obscure word ie the impact like geographical, environmental example etc. …………………for this body part is to be accomodated,
      substantiate your stand on the role of caste system not resisting the invasion of muslim attack bcz it seems obscure
      good flow, diversified views and with progress already made
      nice to
      can addd some suggestive parts in form of devising such mechanism which will ensure the effective, effecient and dedicated implementation of the social benefits
      overall a very good essay..thanks

    • Shaktimaan

      helo brother!!!
      b’ful write up:)
      a) starting se sab sahi aa raha tha>>pr jo political wala para tha use na 10 th para pe likhte or phir secc wali report aati to thick lagta>> ek flow sa bn jata h:).in my opinion(imo).u may ignor (umi)…:)
      b)environment wala thoda dhaka sa laga>>qki jo prob aapne btai wo general si h ki bio fuel use karna; crop residue burn karna>>>uska caste se thik se jod ni ban raha……..again imo umi:)
      c) small para; lucid writing; intro concl………….sb sahiiiiiii:)
      good…….keep writing…………:)
      thank u brother 4 ur effort to read my blunderful write up:):)

    • yogi

      very good essay, Akhil 🙂
      simple yet powerful .
      u have backed ur arguments with facts, that is one thing that kept me convinced about everything u have written,
      flow is also good in the sense that i had not to pause for understanding anything as everything is so smooth and clear, great job bhai 🙂
      content, which is most expected for this essay has been put in a structured manner
      the only area that disappointed me is the conclusion, what u have written in ur last para is not that strong, just few key phrases, innovation and then it would be perfect
      thanks 🙂

      • Akhil

        Thank you bhai for giving time.

    • Isha

      Hello Akhil, my views-
      Quite a good content this time, perfect mix of everything (y)

      Short paragraphs is a plus point.

      Thodi si depth chaiye in the concepts u put forth in each para. Need to work on flow and connectivity of para. last ke 2-3 paras me thoda idhar udhar ho raha tha structure so conclusion came out to be not as strong as it should be.
      But overtime improvement hai. So, keep writing 🙂
      Have a look at mine as well, as per ur convenience.

      • Akhil

        Thanks for reviewing isha. Suggestions noted will work on that. I’ll review urs for sure.

    • Shreya

      Hi Akhil
      A really good essay.
      I think yours is the only one which talks about the enduring caste system and how is it a curse.
      Loved it.

      • Akhil

        Thank you very much shreya for giving time.

  • sankar

    Caste system, the system of social stratification, has perhaps inherited their existence form the Vedic Society which was based on the four varnas namely Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishayas and Shudras. It is the last one that was excluded one and perhaps the most depressed and suppressed group of the four which is presently know as the Dalits. Although this stratification of the society was based on the position and occupation of the respective groups, but this social stratification was the most influential one in guiding the society towards Caste system.

    The evil practices and custom of caste system has been consistent, continuous and persistent presence from the ancient time in the Indian society. But it perhaps got the most favorable ground and environment to perpetuate in India after twin contradictory events of India history viz; the decline of Mughal Empire and the advent and subsequent establishment of the British Empire. It is however futile to portray the India society of 17th and 18th century was too incompatible to co-exist as multi-cultural society based on various castes, religion, creed, custom, practices or rituals, but the perpetuation of most rigid form of caste system in India perhaps took place during that time.

    It is true in finding the British observation of Indian society of the time. During earlier few years, the British thought that to govern at a distant place, it is essential to learn the social and cultural practices. It is in this learning process, British was surprised that despites being so diverse society, it has a great mutual and cohesive bound based on different religion and practices. So the British sensed and decided to govern India, the first perquisite condition is to attack on this cohesive or harmonious social fabric of the Indian society. In this game, the British was successful in dividing society on the basis of caste and class through various programmes like refusal Temple entry, Communal award etc.

    From that time this evil practices and inhumane practices so perpetuated in Indian society that it has been persisting in the Indian society which has been registered its presence through various occupation and jobs exclusively conducted by the people of a particular caste or communities. For instance;

    The most inhumane practices in the Indian society have been carrying human faeces by particular caste or community even now despites being laws against manual scavenging. The people of this community are getting jobs as sweeper, sewage workers, rag-pickers and so on. They are doing jobs in the leather factory. In India, a caste known as ‘Chamar’ is doing the work of removing dead animals from the village.

    These prevailing practices manifest the existing social, economic and cultural practices of some community mainly being born in a particular society based on caste system. This social exclusion is largely responsible for the debilitating condition of economic deprivation of these communities. Presently the most poor states of Indian federation have home to almost fifty percent of schedule Caste and Schedule tribe society which are considered untouchable and incapable not only in terms of performing social, cultural and religious practices but also on economic grounds with respect to possessing or owing lands. This social and economic exclusion has prevented proper human development of India which is the main component for the development of a nation in a real sense.

    This disparity in society based on every parameters of development, paralysed India’s potential development. Although India has been registering a healthy economic growth but it is at the cost of persistence disparity and inequality in the society. The issue of haves or havesn’t still persists in the Indian society which is the precursor of paralyzing India’s holistic societal and proper economic development.

    Further, these evil practices have pervaded other parameters of Indian society. Like the incidents of attack on Dalits student is echoing in every day’s news whether on the ground of resistance and refusal by Dalit to the order of the people of upper class. Recently, many such incidents have been found like burning of Dalit familys in Haryana, the death of Rohit vemual in the Andhra Pradesh university etc which are at the radar of media but many such incidents across India remain unnoticed.

    Considering these inhumane, unsocial and ill-intentioned practices prevailed and flourishing in India, it is high time the government should pay immediate heed to the this issues. Although it is true the government various efforts through various social programmes centered around the emancipation of Dalit or Caste based evil practices has yielded well, but it is still has to go miles in resolving this issue. Nonetheless, the reservation of seats in government jobs and political establishment have already empowered the Dalit community but still bullying of such communities by the upper caste people is persisting in the society. People of upper caste are still wielding their power on the lower caste people. they use the lower caste of people as ‘robots’ or ‘effigy’ of their own hand which they think they can get them run at their own will and interest. Still the mindset of people from some community has not changed, they are living in modern age with traditional practices and custom.

    Considering the gravity of the issues, the government should pay a real attention in the field by promoting the financial and social inclusion of people from these communities in real sense by promoting the Dalit entrepreneurship through better, low-cost and easily accessible financial help to include in the start-up stand up India, scholarships to Dalit children, the continuance of reservation with effective monitoring of accessibility to them. Already doing away with interview in various government jobs are largerly helpeful for them.

    The government should symbolize Dalit in icon in various fields like political, actor, player etc to come and spread message to the society. people sensitization with respect to Dalit incidents is one of the most prerequisite and most vital condition in India. Government should include various religious heads or spiritual teachers to spread message of humanity based social equality, parity and harmonious through chanting of vedic text or other religious holy books like Quran, Bible and Gita. Etc.

    Lastly, it is the very high time for the government of India to invest its most valuable time and energy to bring equality in the Indian society to ensure a equitable, prosperous, harmonious and balanced development of India. India’s role as a spiritual leader and super power will at the threshold to become reality, when India successfully eradicate its societal difference and untouchability.

    • Nivedita Singh

      nice assay…….But i have some confusions about whether Britishers had role in disallowing Dalits in temple. I think this was the result of the conservative and orthodox mentality of the people upper varna mainly brahmin to secure their vested interest.

      Conclusion could be more better……..Rather than quoting only govt. you should be given more stress on the role of society to bring change in social and individual level

      Overall nice attempt….

      Please review mine whenever you get time…..

      • Akhil

        Hello madam please review my essay also if you have time. I’ll review urs for sure

      • sankar


    • Akhil

      Hello shankar bhai nice introduction.
      Your content is good but I think you missed mentioning evil impacts of caste system like on poverty, Environment, economical problems etc.
      You could have mentioned role of social reformers in removing caste based discrimination.
      Conclusion could have been better. Overall nice attempt.

      Bhai humara bhi review kar dena. Thank you

      • sankar

        THANks bro

  • Invoker

    Say there is a 400m race between few people. Few of them have Nike shoes, have received training and start the race from 200m itself. Another bunch has shoes, have received some training and start the race from 100m. The remaining students have no shoes, have received little or no training and start the race from the beginning itself. Guessing as to whom wins will not be a hotly contested debate here. On top of that, some students that came ahead, make fun of the others and say that they were meant to lose.

    This is an example of India’s caste system from its inception till modern times. It has been a bane that has stuck to India preventing it from realizing its true potential.

    There are many theories regarding the caste system’s origin. One is that of the Aryan’s invading South Asia and using caste system as a way of assigning key roles and controlling the population. According to the Rig Veda, the primal man – Purush, destroyed himself to create a human society. The Brahmans were created from his head, Kshatriyas from his hands, Vaishyas from his thighs and Shudras from his feet. These sections had different skill sets and hence certain tasks were to be only done by certain castes. It was from here that the upper castes gained a stronghold over the so called “lower” castes and began exploiting them to maintain their own primacy. It was due to this reason that lower caste people flocked to religions like “Buddhism” and “Jainism” where they were not discriminated against.

    The British saw this inherent defect in India’s multi-faceted society and took full advantage of it. They would appease the Brahmins and try to pit the various castes against each other. The British segregated Indians by caste and granted jobs according to it. Here too, one can see how the “curse” of casteism prevented national integration and subsequently weakened the National movement. Even in modern India, one hears of cases like lower castes getting beaten up, Khap panchayats striving to protect caste “purity”, lower caste students being denied admission to institutions. The recent case of a Tamil lower caste man and a higher caste woman being beaten up for wanting to marry presents a disturbing reality.

    If one pays attention to the above examples, one will wonder as to how the caste system has prevailed for so long. Why, in this age of globalization, development, information technology, does something as archaic and pernicious as the caste system still exist?

    This can be explained by the following reasons. For caste system to cease to exist, the upper castes must be willing to accept the lower castes as equals. But why would they give up the economic and social advantages that their caste received? The upper castes developed a “superiority complex” and a feeling of “caste prestige”. They did not want to be clubbed as equals with “inferior” castes. The British further expounded these problems by institutionalizing stratification( caste based jobs). After the British left, the backward castes were given reservations that were to be generally phased out in 15-20 years. B.R. Ambedkar said that social and democratic institutions should be so built that there be no requirement of reservations. But this institutionalization began to be used by political parties to gain “political mileage”. They began promising reservations and used caste based mass politics to gain votes. This led to dissatisfaction among the higher castes, and a sense of hate towards the lower castes. Thus casteism got further ingrained because now casteism was being supported by leaders.

    In a developing country like India, where issues of election should be economic development, foreign policy, it is sad to see that the issue of “caste” is so used. It has been a curse that has afflicted India’s social, economic and political structure. There is increased corruption with even higher and economically advanced sections wanting to be called “backward” in a bid to get job reservations. The economic advancement of these lower castes is not seen in a positive light. “Honor” killings are an attempt to protect “sanctity” of their castes and prevent social advancement of the lower castes. In light of such incidents, the vision of India becoming a superpower seems like a distant reality. How can we be called developed, when substantial portions of our population are busy fighting with each other and are economically and socially backward?

    The values of equality are enshrined in our constitution. Article 15 prohibits discrimination on grounds of castes. Article 16 seeks to provide equal access to govt. jobs. Article 17 declares untouchability unconstitutional. But the ground reality is starkly different. Much needs to be done in this regard.

    Reservations cannot be a solution to this problem. They are mere quick fixes and are not long term solutions, in reference to the fact that reservations do not lead to them being treated as equals. For that matter, no law can solve the problem of casteism. This is because casteism is a problem with the mindset of the people. It is their mindset that needs to be changed wherein they view everyone as brothers and sisters that are equal. Educational institutions, parents, the government, Media have an important role to play in this regard. Children should be taught from childhood that everyone is equal and such behavior should be promoted in classrooms. The government should develop socio- economic infrastructure wherein everyone gets a share of development. Media, the basis for popular opinion needs to foster unity rather than focusing on increasing viewership by just showing negative sides.

    Recently an example of an IAS officer eating in the thali of a Dalit family came to light. There was also an example of a village where the higher castes collected food daily to provide for the lower and poor castes in the village. The government’s agendas have also changed like economic development, environmental sustainability, etc. Such examples show us that there is increasing awareness that casteism is a social evil that needs to be done away with.

    In the earlier example that I have stated in the 1st paragraph, all the people need to be equipped with running shoes( economic development), they need to be given equal starting points and each should realize that everyone deserves an equal chance( social development).

    The foundation of change has already been built, all that is needed is to lay the bricks of revolution.

    • Invoker

      1070 words

      • ESWAR

        Dear brother

        The first para talks about reservation which is not the issue of today’s essay

        Nature of caste with established egs explained in further paragraphs and followed coherently.

        Two paragraphs before conclusion appears as irrelevant as u have already given a plenty of instances.

        A good essay in total. Please review mine.

    • Night thinker !!

      Hi Invoker,
      Ye first attempt tha? BRILLIANT it is! Introduction was super! Explaining equal start and shoes in the end was great!
      Use of contemporary examples were brilliant!
      Conclusion could have been a bit better I fee! 🙂 last line is good too! Keep up bro! Well done 😀

    • Akhil

      Dear invoker,
      Intro is very nice. Flow was good but I think in last two paras it got disturbed.
      Also conclusion os notification very apt.
      Also I think in rigvedic period varna system was not rigid and caste was assigned on the basis of merit and not by birth.
      Reservation issue nicely written.

      Thanks. Please review my essay also.

    • Aravind Varier

      Dear Invoker ,

      1) I find your example related to 400 meter race bit unrealistic , please see you can incorporate some other realistic example in the introduction .

      2) the origin of caste system is good and you discussed about it in the vedic times but suddenly after that you jumped into the British era . you could have written on the curse of caste in the medieval times too .

      3) from British era you again jumped to the present day problem . this will actually cut the flow in your essay .

      4) The economic advancement of these lower castes is not seen in a positive light. “Honor” killings are an attempt to protect “sanctity” of their castes and prevent social advancement of the lower castes. ( from economic aspect you immediately shifted to the social aspect ) please avoid it because flow is a must in an essay for engaging the reader .

      5) conclusion have to be improved 🙂 you should work on that aspect which tells the summary of the essay and also use it to tell about the way forward by suggesting improvements if any .

      ALL THE BEST !!!

      • Invoker

        thank you for the honest and comprehensive review brother.. yes i do need to work on my inro and flow..will definitely try to improve the next time.. thank you for your troubles bro.. means a lot to a beginner.. kwar 🙂


    Caste system : India’s enduring curse
    Please review

    Caste system has been followed in India since centuries say from vedic age. Then people were divided based on their occupation which gradually paved to the caste system over the period of time. People who survived on occupation especially menial jobs like cobbler, barber, farmer, house maker (then huts) etc were considered as socially low category and placed under ambit of shudra. Other professions like reciting shlokas, raging war for territory control, transacting goods from one part to other were termed as nobles accordingly named as Brahmin, kshatriya, vaishya. Obviously, a large chunk of people survived in menial jobs and continued life as helpers to nobles.

    Shudra community had further divided to low caste who were devoid of opportunities and practised a unquie culture say adhivasi. When the low caste people experienced atrocities, animal sacrifice, issues of living due to orthodox culture, they were either converted to new religions like Buddhism, jainism, Islam, Christianity or followed thinkers like tulasi das, meera bhai, shankara charya. Even kings like bindusara, ashoka and ambedkar were embraced bhudhisim.

    Caste system had also been a curse to indian subcontinent even in modern history. Colonial powers had exploited indian caste system to their wellbeing. Britishers in India had played separate electorate politics so that indian could not be United and pose a threat to their rule. Thank god, gandhiji had not let this to happen however echoed for reservation in constituencies which later documented in constitution and being followed now.

    Provisions were made in constitution – equality, fraternity, liberty, affirmative action, against untouchability to establish a progressive society and promoting the concept of equality, secuity under one umbrella – the bharat mata. Moreover, we were taught to follow all these noble provisions from school, however, incidents like honour killings -in tamilnadu, haryana ( recent) depict our cowardice towards the moral values of constitution – hallmark of our struggle and determination.

    A 22 year old dalit youth had been killed in daylight in March 2016 in tamilnadu by relatives of girl with her he had nuptial knot. The young couple life was brutalised because they are from different caste say dominant and oppressed -dalit. It appears that society is still not ready to wipe out caste system. Experts on subject opined that all such marriages will facilitate growth of their siblings biologically however what we are doing, creating a bad impression about our country.

    A few political parties riding their horse and building on castles based on caste. It is one of the reason why india is vulnerable to poverty, corruption, poor governance even after became indecent sixty eight years before. Votes are even today given for caste in elections be it panchayat, legislature of state or union that i am dalit, yadav, naidu, nair, thevar, jat then I should elect a candidate who is from the same caste.

    It is curse because we are faring far less than small island countries like Maldives, Sri Lanka in human development index, corruption free society, happiness index etc. We are still debating the issues of reservation, caste system even today, how far it is right and how long it should continue. There is no time line, if not now, then when. Our political machinery, courts, administration are forced to devote their to address all such issues due to this genuine issues of empowerment, poverty, economic planning taking back seat. World is in advanced mode of technology. If we really want to be in a developed country we should embrace the principles of our constitution and endeavour for caste less society. It is the responsibility of all, not alone policy makers, courts and administration.

    • Shaktimaan

      helo brother!!! though u revied my easy without asking 4 return……….i gt obliged bcz of urs slfls service hence revied nw urs:-
      my take:
      – though u hv knowledge n content too>> so try to arrange it in manner or in sequence
      -dont write simple name>>lke budhism, jainism. >> try to elaborate them>>that wt they did >> bit discription na
      -u can write better brother…………so keeeeep writing:):)
      even m not that proficient in my write ups>>> if u find it of no use >>jst throw out:)
      god bless u brother………..thank u:):):)
      or han one thing>>>meera bhai……..hahahahaha……wo galti se likha hoga aapne “bai” aana tha:)

      • ESWAR

        Thank u brother

  • Shaktimaan

    “Caste System – India’s Enduring Curse”

    Griha is leatherworker working in the city outskirts, once he fell ill, his wife for prayers and his sake entered into the city temple. Priest noticed the event and after her dispersal starts doing purifying ceremony. This is how Indian society deals with some strata of society. But who defined these strata; from where this division originate? To answering these questions we have to scroll ancient Indian history.

    There are several theories, one among is religious. According to hindu text “Rigveda” main groupings, or varnas, emerge from a primordial being. From the mouth come the Brahmans—the priests and teachers. From the arms come the Kshatriyas—the rulers and soldiers. From the thighs come the Vaisyas—merchants and traders. From the feet come the Sudras—laborers. Certain groups, now known as Dalits, were historically excluded from the varna system altogether, and are still ostracised as untouchables. This theory further proved by several other ancient text like dharmsashtra, manu smriti and epic mahabharta. Even Buddhist text “digha nikaya”, confirms the prevalence of caste system in Indian subcontinent.

    And the other social – historical theory divides these vernas further into sub-groups called “jaties”, on the basis of profession adopted by one and thus rigid the 4-fold verna system into thousand fold jati system which further complicated the societal hierarchy.

    During medieval era, india majorly derived by muslim rulers who somehow dilutes caste segregation but fails to remove it completely, because they kept patronage to the upper high class of bhramanas.

    Such developments poorly hit the untouchable section. They were started used for menial jobs like scavenging called “chandalas” and kept aloof from temple entry, unified dine, public places like tanks and wells. They were not even allowed to walk in the markets during day time. Even physical touch of untouchables seemed as impure and signed as pollution.

    It was the advent of Europeans which somewhere instil the rationale and humanistic qualities in the eminent personalities of that time. Majorly it was French revolution which teaches the phenomenon of liberty, equality and fraternity. Thus pave the way for mushrooming of numerous organisations in the mid 19th century.

    Raja ram mohan roy, the father of Indian renaissance, established brahmo smaj, whose main agenda was to purify Hinduism and appealing masses toward humanism-reason and compassion. So that society could run on egalitarian bases.

    Keshav Chandra sen, the founder of Prathana smaj aimed at disapproval of caste system to reconstruct the society on democratic basis and to uphold the right of the lowest castes to study the scriptures.

    Dayanand saraswati who came up with arya smaj which was based on highly pragmatic guiding principles; some among others are:- everybody should be treated with love and justice; brotherhood of man and fair play between man and man.

    Swami vivekanand, a great humanist and used Ramakrishna mission for humanitarian relief and social work.

    All these are great rationale works did by eminent social reformers to uplift the deprived and downtrodden status of untouchables. But due to the hardcore fundamentalist views of society of that time i.e. such reforms might impure them and led to the hell after life and ignorance of vedic texture means negligence/ disobedience of god, true ramification of this section get impede . That society engulfed itself into the grave superstitious thoughts and believes. Therefore even untouchables not came up with blow, asking for their natural rights. This led to more heinous situation of dalits further.

    And then Mahatama ji landed on the soil of india, he argued that shashtra did not sanction untouchability and even if they did, they should be ignored since truth cannot be confined within the covers of book. And founded “all india harijan sangh”,to gave voice to the basic needs of harijans like education and health. But their status remains at the ground.

    Parallel in Maharashtra, Jyotibha phule arose with movement against brahmanical society and opens up several schools especially for lower class girl child. But their empowerment too engraved itself somewhere in the oppression.

    Whereas whole south india with campaign like “self-respect movement” and “temple entry movement” emerged as one for indiscriminate behaviour against particular castes. But orthodox and regressive thinking prevailed over and the curse with evolving time starts becoming more and more worst.

    Then father of vulnerables/ untouchables came, who not only talk about social reforms but ask for political recognition of lower castes. He was in favour of positive discrimination i.e. provision of reservation for some economically backward classes to raise them up to the level of general people, So, that they too can contribute in the transformation and development of the country. It was only his contribution that our constitution enshrined specifically norms for schedule castes; talked about justice:- social-political-economic; abolished untouchability and endorsed act unlawful if any disability arising out of discrimination.

    Today, our independent india modernised itself a lot, but this sin of discrimination till not washed from our heart, mind and soul. We entangled ourselves so much that these caste norms now scratching our identity of being “unite & integrate”. On the basis of caste some are denounced from the jobs like of temple priest; some are betrayed for inter-caste marriages; some are attacked for inter dinning and some are forced for undignified works like Prohibition from wearing sandals or holding umbrellas in front of dominant caste members; and for inhuman work like of devdasi system– the ritualized temple prostitution of Dalit women, bonded labour and illegal trafficking.

    What we currently need is the elephantine change in the mentality and orthodox mind set of the society. And it can be brought via stringent regulations and punishments on ignorance. From time immemorial for dalit up-gradation several political parties and acts emerged but all somewhere fails due to their lackadaisical execution; due to nexus between political parties and particular caste which obstructs the reforms of downtrodden just for vote bank; and sometimes due to “attitude” which upper caste hold against lowers one, they feel ashamed in society to openly help up dalit.

    Thus time allures toward suppression of such backward perspective as we want to become a superpower and aspire for prosperous nation, so for that each and every strata needs to accommodate in the mainstream growth of nation with more humanity and dignity. Therefore their inclusion become must.

    • ESWAR

      Brother, no comments. Written well. Shabhash. What india loosing from caste has not been found priority in your essay and rest is fine. I am not asking you to review mine because I haven’t written well.

    • Akhil

      Hello sakti bhai.
      Your introduction is a bit monotonous.
      You mentioned rise of caste system in initial paras and in subsequent paras what social reformers did to tackle menace of castism. I think bro you consumed lot of words on social reformers. What was the negative impact of caste system on india’s economic development, it’s relation with poverty, environmental pollution etc was missing in your essay.
      Also I do not agree with your arguments related with British. They only complicated whole problem.
      Conclusion could have been better. Thank you.
      Please do not mine this is what I felt about ur essay.
      Please review mine also.

    • Akhil

      Brother have a look at my essay if you have time.

      • Shaktimaan

        bhai kar diya hua h review……..check karo:):)

    • Hello beloved friend! Tune ek question ka mere answer nhi kia! apne notification dekh disqus par! mene pucha tha kuch :/
      1) good intro, i felt ki short and acha tha!
      2) Tu 3 para me brahmans, shudra, chandals pa hi ghumta ha bhai? kta chakka hai? 😐
      3) Fench revolution- refreshing point indeed and different! nice to see! A plus point of ur essay!
      4) 5aja, keshav,dayananad, swami ji ye sab 1 para me bhi define ho skte the, no need to give so much space to those! you have to tell about caste system- enduring curse! not how it was cured! (if u get me here) a little reference of these ppl is enough!
      5) Mahatama ji landed?? from where? Planet Mahatamars? (you seemed a bit emotional in this line, stay calm) 🙂
      6)Conclusion you finished on a very faded side? what is this? ekdum se aise kaise?
      Suggestions: you can include other dimensions also as u have focused only on hindusim! India me Aur bhi religions hai and un sab me caste system hai!! Learn about 1 or two so that essay strong lines par stand ho intro k baad!
      recent incidents mention kr skte ho society k, ye sahi essay tha uske lie(patels, jats, dalit guy jisne suicide kia, honour killing, khapp panchayat etc)
      Also, reservation ko indirectly target ka skte the, indeed economic critria se bhi connect karke define ka skte the!
      Overall stating achi thi, middle bhi theek tha but end me ate ate a little flow se thoda alag ho gaye! But no worries acha likha hai!! Thoda missing h ek aspect se but koi baat nhi!!! next time be multi-dimensional! try to connnect to different issues! And jo ek idea hai keep it defined to only 1 para! Dont stretch 2-3 paras for it!
      keep witing bro! GBU :):)

      • Shaktimaan

        gud monig:):) a son of “The Prophet Muhammad”:):):)>>kl apke eassy se yeh baat b pta chali:)
        sorry bhai mis kar diya notification>>bhu-circle>>bhu-geo>>circle>>gol>>bhugol/geography:):):)…
        han jo main cheez puchi thi eassy pe wo maine ni likhi:(
        hah planet mahatamars………..coool haan:)
        aapka eassy maine copy paste kr k rakh liya>>hin-mus-bud wale para ka liye:):)
        sahi bol re aap kaam ki cheez ni likhi h eassy pe
        hmmmmmmm…….acha to likhna h pr pta ni kb wo din ayega:(
        aap hi kush ni horey, examinr to plane bna k udayega meri copy ko…….gr pre clr ho kya to:)
        shukriya bhaijaan:):)

        • Haha! 🙂
          geography ko itna complex kake btaya, i got confused :/
          gr pre clr ho kya to?? bhai, itni conditions nhi hoti life me, ho jaega!!
          and you write good, stop under-estimating urself! be cool, like me! 😀
          and abhi me HAS ka jab dekhunga will msg u tab, shayad next week se karu uske lie!
          And “light of the lamp is enough to diminish the darkness” if u know, what i mean 😉 GBU!

          • Shaktimaan

            geo h hi complicated :P……hahaha
            yo bro coooool:)
            han han sbbbbb samajh lg gya hahaha “light of the lamp”…….GBU 2
            aap engg ho<<tbi maths liya hoga na

            • haan bhai, civil engineer! 🙂
              aur tum? arts? kisme kar he ho?

              • Shaktimaan

                bhai main b engg>> EC:)
                aapke anumaan bilkul galat hote h rehne diya karo………..:P…hahaha

                • mjhe kaise pta hoga :/ me thodi shaktimaan hu!
                  kaun sa college? 🙂

                  • Shaktimaan


                    • meri ho gai khtm! :/ 😀
                      ghar par hu! MGNREGA 😀

                    • Shaktimaan

                      hahaha………..mujhe b ghar wale desh ki eco pe bojh, rashan card pr dimak aisa bulate…..placemnt ni na li:P

                    • mene chod di 😐 mjhe b ni karni! bhai h tu! sahi kia (Y)
                      padh ache se! 🙂

                    • Shaktimaan

                      haan bhai………..god bless us both:) amen shbba khair:)

                    • shabba kheir bhai!! see u tomorrow!!:)

  • Pushplata Yadav

    Empty mind is devil’s place.
    Somebody has very rightly framed this saying. Same applies to caste system in india. Few people with no productive work designed purushukta theory in rigveda and divided community in four castes on basis of their origin just to prove and maintain their superiority.
    But is it true are they really superior. It is beyond scientific and logical proofs. Without providing single realistic proof how can they declare themselves superior. But this is tyranny of our society. Prevalent since ages this evil is still not ready to uproot from our society.
    This morning during a visit from my rural village to town i was accompanies by two rural women on my bus seat. There discussion belonged to their neighbour doctor who was an upper class brahaman and married dalit. It was like biggest crime in their view and can be curse for society.
    i was stucked by thoughts and interrupted in between why it matters that which caste they belong. What matters is they are human beings both created by same single god with same biological blood and provided with equal rights. It was beginning and they confirmed that everythinv else is secondary and does not matter in purity of race.
    This is our 21st century society where we are not able to provide equality to our society. Hinduism has given birth to caste system but in same hindu culture and mythological story lord rama proved caste system invalidated by eating ber fruit given by a lower caste lady shabri. Shabri tasted all fruits just to check sweetness and then offered these to lord rama which were eaten by him with utmost love and gave blessings to shabri. If our ideal has accepted this fact of equality then we followers of him should follow our deity and embrace all religions.
    But it seems like theoratical thoughts. Since ages that may be later vedic times or later this oppressive behaviour is continuing and doesnot seem an and to it. Untouchability, prohibited entry to society and temple, not allowed to take water from community well etc these all were limitations on lower strata of society by upper class. This social exclusion led to deteriorate their economical position and they are stucked in a trap from ancient times only.
    All sects have tried to invalidate caste system that may be bhakti movement, sufism, buddhism, jainism etc but could not achieve desired targets. Due to continuous oppressions of caste system these philosophies spread all over the world but caste system is still enduring. Narayan guru, jyotiba phule, mahatama gandhi, bhimrao ambedkar, dakshayani velayudhan all these vreat personalities contributed towards eradication of caste ststem in india.
    Mahatama gandhi called them as ‘harijan’ that is god’s people to increase their stature and value. Bhimrao ambedkar fought all his life against untiuchability and being a dalit he faced extremities in his life. During childhood he was not allowed to sit in the class in school along with upper class children. He had to sit outside the door and look inside. Sweeping and cleaning etc tasks were to given to lower class children in school in spite of providing equal education. Women were not allowed to cover their upper body. Lower class people were not allowed to assemble on one place for any discussion. This oppression was present on every stage and every area.
    During our freedom struggle, our nationalists also had vision to provide equality to all people. Dr. Bhimrao ambedkar provided reservation for upliftment of lower class people in society and abolish untiuchability.
    Our constitution provides right to equality and right to freedom to all people. But still equality is not provided on actual ground. Honour killings are example of it. Honour killing that means to kill somebody for respect. But it is not respect its only cynical attitude of upper class people which still consider themselves as superior and we are still there from where we started. We have not done any progress when we are not able to eradicate such social evil prevalen since 4000years. This evil is still enduring in society even after making many stringent laws to punish for discriminating on caste basis. Even after providing reservation to lower caste which has improved their status a little towards growth.
    Now we need to emphasize on root cause of problem. Laws and legislation merely cannot
    change the society because important is their implementation. And if upper class people do implementation on caste basis then definitely it will be biased. In our country where democracy has also become all about vote bank politics and not about real growth centric issues like povery, illiteracy and health problem, caste system gets indirect support.
    Due to this evil our education levels are low, our manpower is unskilled and we are not able to encash our demography dividend. Our policies are more of caste centric that may be reservation or that may be protests. Patel community, jat community, gujjar community every middle level community come forward for getting reservation in political system and no voice is raised for increasing skillset and value edition of our unemployed demography.
    To eradicate this evil we need to change attitude and basic thinking of our society. First important thing is overemphasing our history as glorifying because caste system is gift of this history only. In today’s scientific times when everycountry is aiming towards reaching at mars we are more inclined towards reservation and caste system. It seems we have stopped at one point. And as swami vivekanand has saod,” Motion is sign of life”. We have to move from ahead from here.
    Our policy makers should form a uniform civil code which provide equality to all in civil matters.
    Motive of our reservation should be freedom from backwardness and poverty, highlighting caste for that is not required. On poverty level basis direct transfer and assistance should be provided to identified beneficiary. In form of aadhaar legislation all data are provided with us.
    Targetted delivery of services for upliftment of poor can be successfully implemented with help of aadhaar and dbt or bapu.
    Most important hurdle is society’s attitude. So education is best remedy to cure such illness. Moral and ethical education should be provided at all levels and especially to younger generation because they can bring the change more easily. At the end with few words i would say casteism is enduring curse to our society but thats not impossible to rid off. As per a famous saying:

    Kindly review and highlight the mistakes.. there may be many as just begin to write essay..

  • magnet

    caste is an institution uniquely associated with the indian sub-continent.the word “caste” is derived from portuguese “casta” , meaning pure breed.In the ancient sanskrit the word is referred to by two distinct terms,varma and jati.In the name of division of labour different sections of people were emereged in the society into Brahamana, kshatriya, vaishya and sudra. they were socially, politically, economically dominated. caste also involve sub-divisions within themselves,caste were traditionally linked to occupations,membership in a caste involes strict rules about marriage.

    the historical evidence that caste was a very unequal institution.some castes benefitted greatly from the system.while others were condemend to a life of endless labour. In addition to,groups of caste of similar socio-economic status are still heavily patrolled.for example,inter-caste marriages within the upper castes like Brahmin, Bania, Rajput may be more likely now than before but marriages between an upper caste and backward or scheduled caste person remain rare in politics and the economy. examples of such dominant castes include the Yadavs of Bihar and Uttarpradesh, the vakkaligas of karnataka, the Reddys and khammas of Andhra pradesh, the marathas of maharashtras, the jats of punjab,hariyana and western uttar pradesh and the patidars of Gujarats.

    apart from this there are other people also living in this society who are backward castes.they are illiterates,poor, dominated and discriminated by upper castes .this trend has been following since ancient times. they have low status in everywhere. lower caste person would always be of low status while upper caste person would be have high status. women are more discriminated.
    Indeed, india got independence from britishers low castes never expects independence from ‘dominated castes’.women are more discriminated by them in collection of water,in temples etc.,before independence many leaders fought against caste discriminated among them Ayyankali from kerala was a leader of the lower castes and Dalits ,with his efforts dalits got the freedom to walk on public roads and their children were allowed to join schools.

    Savitri bai phule was the first headministress of the countrys first school for girls in pune.she devoted her life to educating sudra and anti-sudras. later,leaders like Mahatma gandhi and babasaheb ambedkar began protests against untouchability. so, government of india has been providing some facilities to backward people to reduce there grievences. suprisingly, upper caste claimed to provide reservations to them too.Recently, kapus and Naudus were destroyed the public property in the name of asking reservations like backward classes .example: patels in Gujarats. If upper caste girl married to lower caste boy they do not tolerate and catch him punished severely in the name of ‘kap panchayat’. Despite they are dominated communities , superior in status they are asking reservations like backward class.

    Today caste system has become vote bank by the political parties.If the same thing continued in the future may lead to caste pollution .so , we try to change our attitude, how? periyar is know as a rationalist and the leader of the lower caste movement in south india. he aroused people to realise that all men are equal and that it is the birthright of every individual to enjoy liberty and equality and also sri narayana guru from kerala,preached brotherhood and gave watchwords ‘one caste,one religion,one god for all men’.we should adopt like above leaders stategy them only we washout the danger evil “caste”.

    • magnet

      friends please correct my essay….

  • Pallavi

    Plz review…
    Apology for landscape upload…can’t help…

    • Affu

      good attempt pallavi,as u stated in your second para about the word caste not being an indian ,u can add that it is actually a portugese word casta
      as u started with an interview about honour killings,its good to emphasise it but not at the cost of other dimensions-like revenge killings of up can be stated
      also explore inter regional variations in caste system-north india how it has endured,south india despite of movements by leaders like periyar how nits new avatar is emerging
      also when u stated two diverging views of ambedkar and gandhi on caste system,try to incorporate ur views there so that examiner can know ur ideas about it
      all the best;-)

      • Pallavi

        Will improve!!
        I guess today’s topic a bit narrow,,,almost common points in all essays and multi dimensions are missing,,,
        Anyway thanx a lot 🙂

    • I M T Bst

      Hi Pallavi..

      Intro with an example (can be written more powerful language) also ur word usage “This article made us think” in 2nd para – give the vibe that Caste came to front burner after this Dalit killing..

      U should have used headings for better visibility of ur structure..

      Conclusion can be improved.. Give more words to get a good conclusion summing up ur entire essays take away..

      No caste Status is a good idea

      • Pallavi

        Thanx for a detailed review,,,
        Will improve 🙂

    • yogi

      Intro: fine to begin with, just presentation could be catchy, no problem with time it would become catchy also 🙂

      Flow is good for the major questions that have raised like why it is a curse and why it is enduring, but the content under these questions is not in flow, try to link the paras.

      Regarding why it is enduring , I think u should also talk from the historical perspective as well, like u talked the vedic time in the beginning, here u cold have presented chronology without mentioning the time line, so that would answer that caste system had its presence from ancient to present day, that would meet the demand of the word enduring, which mean everlasting, then u can switch to why it is still enduring and continue with what u have written in paras in pg 4

      What should be done has been addressed nicely, but ending could be better writing further after suggestions, I mean a bit of philosophical touch at the end would add beauty to ur essay

      Overall a good read,

      Thanks 🙂

      p.s. first line —It is magAzine not magzine 😛

      • Pallavi

        Thanx for a detailed review,,,
        Will improve with time and reviews from u people,,,as have strated recently,,,language needs improvement,,
        Will remember magAzine !!!

    • ufff!! ye aise landscape mode pa baddi poblem hoti h! :/

      Intro was fine! 🙂
      Body part: there was a bit connectivity problem here and there but not a big deal
      conclusion: Could have been better!
      I think you wrote this essay on the lines of that structure which you told me in a comment! That is actually good, but you can’t expect everybody to write on the same line!
      you can also give a philosophical touch to ur essay! (that part was missing, i’m learning that too)
      Beech me the dimensions of baba saheb and gandhiji can be shown with more clearness!like where do u stand with them? how do u think their ideas to be. I hope u get me!
      also, financial strata(how economic condition leads to backwardness) wali baat b ho skti thi stretch me!!
      overall good! keep writing! ATB

      • Pallavi

        Actually I came to know that upsc provides hints to examiner about what should be in ans,,,do u know this??
        If this is true,some framework has to be there and everybody can vary in that framework,,,so thought like that,,,
        Thanx for review,,,

  • I M T Bst

    Caste System – India’s Enduring Curse

    Caste System whose roots can be traced to 3500 years in the Varna system developed during Rig Vedic Age is one of the most pervasive and unjust social institution in the World. What is most disheartening is this system has become continued to impact almost every walks of life of Indian citizens inspite of 67 years of Independence and after a 100 years long freedom struggle movement fought on the lines of equality, empowerment and social justice. It’s a curse which bewitched India refusing to let go of it.

    In this essay let’s analyse the Origin of Caste System and then How pervasive is this institution and Various reform movements to annihilate caste movement. What are the reasons why it continued to exist. What should be done in future

    Origin Of Caste System

    During Rig Vedic times, society was organised into four Varnas – Brahmanas, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras based on occupation. However the system is more mobile and flexible. A Shudra can marry a Vaishya and with changing occupation their varna status also improved.

    But in the later vedic age about 2800 years ago, this system became more rigid and hierarchical with Brahmanas at the top and later Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, Shudras. Mobility of people across varnas was restricted. However with expansion of Indian subcontinent and migration of Afghans, Europeans to India and integration of tribals into society, Varna system got more complex and many more divisions appeared. People got segmented into various groups in a hierarchical manner, each group called a Jati or Caste.

    Hierarchical division of people is not unique to India. In USA, people are discriminated according to race, colour. In Sri Lanka on the basis of religion and language. However no country in the world is the hierarchical groups are so numerous (over 1000 in India) and so rigidly followed. Khap panchayats, honour killings etc are examples to enforce adherence to caste norms.

    How Pervasive?

    Caste System impacts almost every walks of life. Marriage is the one of the institution where Caste has very strong hold. Marriages are strictly done on Endogamous lines. If a couple tries to defy the line they are banished from the community and worse they are killed in the name of honour for the family as witnessed in the killing of a 22 year old Dalit in Tirupur, Tamil Nadu.

    North or South India, it is pervasive across Indian Geography. Though the dominant castes vary from State to State. In Andhra Pradesh, Reddys and Kammas are dominant caste where as in Uttar Pradesh, Yadavs and Kumars are dominant Caste. Also there is a strong link between Caste and political and economic power. Dominant caste usually rule the respective states. For example Yadavs in Uttar Pradesh, Kumars in Bihar etc – because of both numerical and economic power.

    Elections are won by forming alliances between two or more castes. People are mobilised on caste lines. Not only politics, Economic Occupation as revealed by Socio-Economic and Caste Census, 2014 have strong co-relation with caste. Majority of dalits work as Agricultural labourers, with very less land. Some dalit castes perform menial works like manual scavenging.

    What is surprising is this is not just a phenomena is vastly illiterate rural India, but also practiced in Urban India. Employment in industries, House rents etc are given on the basis of castes. Caste has proved itself to be resistant to development. Then are there no movements to remove this unjust social institution?

    Caste Reform Movements

    India has many tall figures like Ambedkar, Periyar, Gandhiji etc who fought against Caste based oppression. Ambedkar and Periyar stood for abolition of caste System. While Ambedkar carried most of his work in Maharastra, Periyar in Tamil Nadu. Dravida movement by Periyar is aimed at ending the dominance of upper castes and establish equality.

    Gandhiji added Dalit empowerment as a part and parcel of India’s national struggle for freedom. During passive phase of the national struggle, various harijans upliftment programmes like creating societal awareness to abolition untouchability, education of Dalits. And most importantly Temple Entry movement in 1930s has a huge effect on changing the thinking of the Indian Society.

    This is carried further post Independene by enshrining equality, liberty, Freedom as a Fundamental Rights, part III of the Indian constitution. However even in the 21st Century we are Caste System still exists

    Reasons Why Caste is Enduring in India

    Part of the reason why Caste system continues is because, failure of Indian leadership to make abolition of caste a national movement during freedom struggle, like we did for abolition of untouchability. One reason may be because, it might weaken national struggle and result in caste based violence.

    After Post-Independence, with universal adult Franchise Caste became an important identity to mobilise people. Though it benefitted in political empowerment of lower and middle castes, it has resulted in entrenching the Caste System further. This entrenchment got further momentum with implementation of Mandal Commission’s OBC reservation and the political mobilisations which followed further. For example recent demands by Jats, Patidars for reservation.

    Also continuation of Poverty and dependence on Government for various subsidies and benefits has contributed in some extent to Strengthening of Caste and Caste based politics. Because there is a strong correlation between Caste and Economic and political power and the dominant castes use their power to in a way which appeases their vote base.

    What Should be done?

    Then comes the question how to break the Curse or Jinx which latched itself to India. First and Foremost is Empowerment and providing equal access to Opportunities to all, which is a goal stated in DPSP of Indian Constitution. Second, Inclusive Growth and Put an end to Poverty. Third, Good Governance through E-governance, Aadhar, Direct benefits transfer etc reduce the interaction with Governments. Make all transactions be it Subsidies, Welfare benefits, Clearances or driving licenses transparent.

    Third, Should not encourage politics based solely on Caste. Election Commission should play an active role in preventing Caste polarisation for vested interests by political parties. Sensitive issues like reservations should be dealt on the basis of merits by an Independent commission.

    Fourth, Start a national level awareness/ Education campaign using NGOs, Local Self Government institutions to end caste based discrimination.

    However lessons are to be learnt from our past i.e. national freedom struggle and reform movements — Abolition of caste system is a gigantic elephant which requires strong political will from Indian leaders big or small, national level leader or local level leader. It requires leaders to shun away easy way of winning election i.e. caste based vote bank politics and fight on issues of development – social, economic and political.

    And given how entrenched and complex Indian caste system in compared to racial or skin colour discrimination in USA or language based ethnic divide in Sri Lanka, Indian leaders and people should bear in mind that it is a long drawn struggle like our freedom struggle and must not disheartened for not seeing results in the short term. Because it is long drawn struggle it is necessary that we start the struggle today to end the injustice and discrimination meted out to vast section of our fellow citizens.

    (1200 Words)

    • Pallavi

      A very good one,,,
      U addressed topic nicely with each dimension,,,
      Concluding suggestions very appealing,,,
      Plz review mine if possible!!

  • Rashmirathi

    Caste System – India’s Enduring Curse

    Sahar was born into a Dalit family. Right from childhood , his heart ached seeing the hardships his mother , a house maid , went through. Considering her impure, the other upper caste people won’t let her touch their food, or enter their temples. They were treated like untouchables. Determined to change their fate, he studied hard and got admission into a good university. But here too the stigma of caste, discrimination and hostility didn’t leave his side.

    Then he met Radhika, a Brahmin girl. The heart knows no religion or caste. They fell in love. Despite firm opposition from the girl’s family, they got married in a court. But love cost them a huge price. They were hunted down by the girl’s family and mercilessly beaten to death in broad day light.

    Media came, criticisms from politicians and intellectuals followed, a case got filed. But even after 2 years of the horrendous inhumanity, Sahar’s mother still awaits justice.

    Horrific stories such as these are not new to us Indians. Every now and then, a dalit gets trampled upon somewhere, a cobbler suffers the brunt of untouchability, a couple gets killed in the name of family honour and caste purity.

    Caste system is a system of social organization that emerged in the Vedic era. People were divided into the four varnas—Brahmin, kshatriya, vaishya and shudra based on their profession of choice.

    But with the passage of time, this system began getting deteriorated. A number of castes and sub castes emerged and the caste system became more rigid. Some castes occupied higher positions in the social hierarchy and began exploiting and discriminating against the lower castes known as shudras. Now a cobbler’s son could not read the scriptures or serve in the army. Nor could a shudra marry into a Brahmin family. Lower castes were treated as untouchables and denied temple entry or use of public wells.

    The exploitative British rule and western education awakened many Indians to the disabilities inflicted upon the Indian society by the caste system. Many efforts were made by enlightened individuals from Raja Rammohan Roy to Mahatma Gandhi and B.R. Ambedkar.

    But even today, the nation continues to bear the brunt of the caste system.

    Even though the constitution has abolished untouchability, it continues to thrive disguised within the layers of the society. There have been instances of lower caste children refused polio drops due to untouchability. Recently in news came up an incident where the villagers protested the mid day meal cooked in school by a dalit woman.

    Honour killings, in the name of caste purity are a frequent happening. Khaap panchayats openly exist as the torch bearers of such inhumanity.

    Reservation system, developed to provide a level playing field to the long oppressed lower castes has lost its essence to the game of caste politics. Emergence of classes within the castes has further limited the percolation of reservation benefits to certain upper classes.

    Caste system is so shamelessly exploited by the politicians that today even upper castes such as Jats and Patidars have begun looking upon reservation as the panacea to their ills.

    Dalits often face discrimination and hostility from their peers in work places and educational institutions. The recent Rohit Vemula suicide case serves as an eye opener to the gravity of this issue.

    The frequent communal riots and widespread violence in the name of caste can send shivers down one’s spine.

    Despite several judicial rulings against honour killings and caste discrimination, the situation hasn’t changed.

    Many factors are responsible for it. The most prominent reason being the economic dependence of weaker sections on the upper castes. The orthodox nature of Indian society and lack of education among the masses are also major reasons . Caste politics has added fuel to the fire of caste discrimination and communalism. Several politicians have even openly supported Khaap panchayats. Even the police refuse to be impartial at times and make the situation worse.

    There is an urgent need to curb this menace from spreading any further. Caste politics need to come to an end. Reservation system needs to be overhauled—from a caste based approach to a more rational class based approach. Stern actions need to be taken against perpetrators of violence in the name of caste. And above all, the orthodox mindset of the society needs to be changed.

    This is not the independence that our martyrs envisaged when they laid down their lives for the nation. According to the US judge Learned Hand, “Freedom exists in the minds of the individuals, once it dies there, no constitution in the world can guarantee it”. The caste system that developed to provide proper structure to the society has lost all essence today and has reduced into a disease that plagues every strata of our society.

    The time has come for the Indian society to free itself from the shackles of caste system and walk together as one towards a brighter future. Let there be no more Sahars or Rohit Vemulas.

    As goes the famous song by Pink Floyd , “Together we stand, divided we fall. “ .

    • Himaanshu

      This is the simplest essay I read today. Well done friend 🙂

      – you have covered contemporary issues very nicely.
      – I would advise you to not to mention names of specific communities as you did in this case. We need to be a bit diplomatic 😉

      Keep writing. You write good 🙂

      • Rashmirathi

        thanks a lot friend for the review 🙂

    • Shreya

      Rashmi, very very nicely written . The connectivity and logic is amazing.
      I found a small anomaly in the paragraph about the factors responsible for enduring caste system – the economic dependence of lower castes on upper castes is no longer true. Things are changing and that’s why the upper castes are fiercely asserting their caste identify.
      And I love the song. Hey you.
      Good luck 🙂

      • Rashmirathi

        thank you Shreya for reviewing 🙂
        i agree with you things have changed a lot, but that is valid only for a particular upper class among the dalits. many of them still are economically very backward .but yeah i understand your point. i will change my sentence to – widespread economic backwardness among the lower classes makes their exploitation easier.
        i love Pink Floyd 😀

        good luck to you too 🙂

    • yogi

      Hello Rashmi 🙂

      My views :-

      Short case in the beginning, perfectly in line with the theme, good

      Histroy has been covered in needed amount without going too deep, again good

      Flow is fine, language is simple, keep up that simplicity : )

      Even though the constitution has abolished untouchability, it continues to thrive disguised within the layers of the society. There have been instances of lower caste children refused polio drops due to untouchability. Recently in news came up an incident where the villagers protested the mid day meal cooked in school by a dalit woman.—these were something unique that i did not find in any essay till now,

      Solutions has been provided but a little bit elaboration is needed as it is merely restating that all the cases of the caste based discrimination should be done away with.

      Conclusion: read that again, the UD judge wala para, don’t u think it needs a bit restructuring as the first after two lines on freedom, suddenly u write a disease waali line, seems a bit odd,

      Freedom exists in the minds of the individuals, once it dies there, no constitution in the world can guarantee it”—(Y)

      Let there be no more Sahars or Rohit Vemulas. —feframe this line to— let no more people meet the end that Sahars or Rohit Vemula did—- or to something else.

      Overall a nice read

      Thanks : )

    • Aravind Varier

      Dear Rashmi ,

      introduction is good 🙂

      1) But with the passage of time, this system began getting deteriorated. ( in this paragraph you could have given the basic reason why caste system deteriorated )

      2) There have been instances of lower caste children refused polio drops due to untouchability.???? are you sure about this incident . i think it is better to support your argument in the essay by citing from the incident . that will help the examiner convinced .

      3) I think Rohit vemula incident should be avoided and you could have told this in a different way

      example ” there have been incidents from the recent past of dalit students committing suicides due to the ill-treatment meted out to them in the university ”

      4) I find you are repeating the Khap panchayats in two different paragraphs . please try to be careful to not to repeat the incidents .this will give an impression to the examiner that you are deficient in ideas .

      5) Conclusion have to be improved . conclusion should be used as the best area to be innovative for impressing the examiner .

      ALL THE BEST !!!

  • yogi

    Caste System : India’s enduring curse (1320)

    Jeevan was a ten year old boy belonging to a remote village of the country. He and his family lived in their ancestors’ house which was very close to the boundary of the village away from the central part of the village. The family owned no other land and his father worked as a labor in other’s farms. The family and many other families living in their in their close vicinity were not allowed to fetch water from the public hand-pump and still had to depend on the polluted water of the sole well of the village. They were not allowed to enter the village temples and were facing discrimination in almost all spheres of their life.

    Till now Jeevan used to think that it was the way the world worked, but finally his curiosity led him to ask a question to his father -“ Father, why are we treated like this, what is it that make us so different from others that I cannot play with the children living in central part of the village?” The father realizes that now Jeevan can no more be left ignorant of the reality. He replied-“Jeevan, our birth is the reason behind all this. We belong to a lower caste and the people living in central part belong to the so called upper castes”. The word “caste” further deepened his curiosity. With age his inquisitive mind raised the question of how did this evil face of caste system emerged in this great land .?

    It was only in his school that Jeevan got a chance to ask this question to his teacher. The teacher was happy to see that his students were keen to know the roots of caste system. He replied –

    “Long ago there was a time when there was no caste system. As the society evolved, the complexities started to emerge. People started to group a person based on his/her occupation. Those involved in teaching, carrying out rites and worships were called as “Brahamanas”. Those involved in service of defending the village from attacker were called as “Kshatriya”. Those involved in trade, business and paid taxes were called as “Vashya”. Those involved in providing services like labor work, were called as “Shudra”. This division was purely based on the type of occupation one wanted to be in and had nothing to do with the birth….

    Hearing the word birth, Jeevan became impatient and said to his teacher –“Sir, my father told me that it is our birth that is the reason for all this evil side of caste system, and you are telling birth has nothing to do with it. I am confused now.”

    Teacher, I haven’t finished yet, have some patience. Teacher continues-

    “ Earlier there was no link with the birth, but due to some reasons, a person born in to a Brahaman was given the status of Brahaman and similar status for other three groups. The caste system was gradually taking its present form. Thenceforth, a person born in Shudra family was not allowed to read scriptures and hence s/he could not become a Brahamana. Nor could s/he become a Kshatriy or Vashya. Now it was the birth and only birth that decided the caste of a person. This practice endured itself for several centuries. With time it started to take various forms and appeared as a “curse” to Indian society.”

    Just after the teacher finished his reply, someone shouted outside the class-“ Jeevan, something is not fine in your house and people are looking for your elder brother”. Another facet of the evil of caste system, that is, honor killing, was about to take its course. Jeevan’s elder brother eloped with his lover, who belonged to a different caste. In lieu of that incident Jeevan’s family was forced to leave the village. They had no choice, but to settle in slum area of the nearby city. The curse took its course and they moved to city.

    Life in city was something different. There was no restriction on access to public places like temples, schools, etc. That gave them a sign of relief. With the help of an NGO, Jeevan and his siblings got admission in a government school. Things were appearing better here. But, the grip of caste system had not yet left them. The economic struggle that they had to face was linked to their caste. As it was their caste that left them penniless with no ancestral land. The discrimination they faced for centuries and in their native village left them uneducated and they were not aware of the government schemes for people belonging to lower castes. They had not heard the word reservation, leave aside the knowledge of how to get a caste certificate. Jeevan was keenly observing the life in city, where he became aware of the real side of the caste system prevailing in cities. His school was the very first place he witnessed that.

    In school Jeevan noticed that almost all the sweepers were the people belonging to the lower castes. In his classrooms he had friends belonging to lower castes whose parents worked as labors, daily wage workers, rickshaw pullers, etc. While reading newspaper in school library he had a glance at matrimonial section that reads-“needed a fair colored girl belonging to XYZ caste”. Yes!, when it comes to marriage the caste system still holds the same status as was in the village. Elections for local bodies were approaching to show another side of caste system, that is, “vote bank politics”.

    Jeevan’ s family was approached by political parties’ workers belonging to their caste. The same was the case with other castes. They were lured by promises of welfare in exchange of votes. Elections were over, so were the promises. What remained were the miseries of people who were promised the help. The same story repeated itself in different forms every-time there were elections. The socio-political atmosphere is city was no less heated. In educational institutions, incidents of banning the unions of students belonging to lower castes were coming up which further endured the curse of caste system.

    This curse is so deep that even after almost seven decades of independence the conditions of lower castes people are not much different than it was before. The reason is that reservation has been proved beneficial mostly to well-off people of lower castes and the people who actually deserves the benefits remain untouched from it.

    The experiences by Jeevan are still going, but the hidden message is clear. All is not well with Indian society. The grim situation demands a holistic approach towards the evil face of caste system. An approach that targets the thinking and not solely the visible forms of the caste based discrimination.

    In this regard the first change has to be brought from our side. Many of us who belong to the castes covered under reservation can choose to voluntary “give up the reservation” so that the benefits are accrued to those who deserves the most. This should be supplemented with the awareness campaign in areas where lower caste people are not aware of their rights against exploitation/discrimination. They should be made aware of the government welfare schemes. Efforts should be directed to alter the psyche of the people who practice the caste based discrimination in any form. Each of us must understand that if a child is born in any family, it is not his/her choice that led him to born in that family. Why should s/he face the enduring curse of the caste system ? Why someone else’s liking or disliking put his/her dignity at the peril? Why should a misconceived meaning of a term override the humanity? The time has some to ponder over these questions and act accordingly so that no more families of people like Jeevan would continue to suffer in a land of unity in diversity.

    • Akhil

      Bhai story is very interesting. You covered the origin of caste system it’s negative impact and it’s situation in present time quite well through your story.
      However, I feel thoda historical context like role of Britishers in perpetuating caste system, roles of reformers in handling caste based discrimination mention karna chahiye tha.
      Mentioning Need of changing mentality of people is very important to remove castism.
      Rest of your essay is really nice. Good one.
      Thank you
      Mera bhi review kar dena brother

      • yogi

        agreed, as per the demand of the word enduring historical chain must be there, i left that in mid way,
        mentality waals point is mentioned in conclusion in different form, that is, awareness
        thanks for review
        will review urs for sure 🙂

    • Pallavi

      Ur attempt to highlight every possible dimension through story is really good,,,
      Something different,,,
      Only thing I noticed is that essay z bit inclined towards a perticular caste of society,,,reservation,,,
      Caste also exist even in upper class of Brahmanas,,,
      Add other dimensions,,,refer affu’s reviews,,,for struture I M T bst ka essay,,,
      Overall nice to read,,,
      Plz review mine,,,

      • yogi

        thanks for review, will the review and essay mentioned by u
        sure i will review, sooner or later but i will 🙂

    • Night thinker !!

      Hi Yogi bhai,
      A different way to write this essay! Liked your approach, so an upvote for the way how you continued with the story till the end and described every single dimension! Keep up bro, I learnt another way to write such essays! 🙂 🙂 THANKS A BUNCH 😀 😀

      • Akhil

        Bro mera bhi review kar do

      • yogi

        thanks for review 🙂

    • Isha

      Hi yogi, my views-
      You covered several dimensions that caste comes with but you probably restricted yourself to reservation. The story line, its grip and the conclusion were plus points (y).
      But somewhat i felt that ki social reformers ke contribution u missed. Britishers ka exploitation and their significant steps- like education system and western thoughts/philosophy ka contribution bhi. So, the keyword (i think) here is ‘enduring’- mtlab kafi time se chal raha hai. uske liye we need to have that past to present. Jats wala issue bhi u could have mentioned.
      I am not sure though but i have suggested what i wrote. So feel free to contradict.
      If you get time, have a look at mine as well and critical review please 🙂

      • Akhil

        Hey isha review mine also please. Thank you

      • yogi

        i agree key word in the essay is enduring, i felt of writing all u have mentioned, but i had a fear that it would become a gs + history oriented essay , i need to learn how to use gs without going in details
        thanks for review,
        sure 🙂

        • Isha

          Work on structure pehle ki how much gs u want, how much history/ current. Then write and arrange. U have a command over having perfectly structured essays.

          • yogi

            aaj i missed that planning, will keep that in mind in future, thanks 😉

        • Aravind Varier

          Dear Yogi 🙂

          You need NOT fear in using General Studies concept in your essay because you don’t have any restriction like that of an ETHICS paper .

          The fundamental aspect of an essay is to bring out the context clearly in the contents that you write .

          You can use General Studies concepts if you are simultaneously explaining them in an understandable way to a layman .

          THANK YOU 🙂

    • Aravind Varier

      Dear Yogi 🙂

      The example is good but i found your example to be bit unrealistic . You could have supported the example of the village with a name or cite an example from the present times where it is existing . another approach that you could have chosen is of the theme of the story happening some 3 decades back .

      The reason why i felt your example unrealistic because , we do not find in India were public tanks are denied to a certain class of people based on caste .

      Teacher continues- “ Earlier there was no link with the birth, but due to some reasons,SOME REASONS ???? you should have actually elaborated here the reason why caste system transformed from job to birth .

      you could have also focused on the curse aspect of curse from ancient to modern times through the explanation of the TEACHER to jeevan ,you could in fact use that effectively but missed out that part .

      conclusion is good but again my dear yogi kept on asking questions …. LOL!!! WHICH YOU DO REGULARLY IN YOUR ANSWERS and makes the examiner as well as your friend aravind in an ethical dilemma 🙂 🙂 🙂 please avoid asking too many questions in the conclusion because the beauty of the essay will be lost .

      There is huge scope of improvement which would have led this essay to reach the perfect level .


      • yogi

        so being realistic+ elaborate everything + don’t leave anything for examiner to guess are the points that i need to take care of. ok
        Conclusion: the questions are being posed to keep the reader engaged and think over after the essay is finished, may be i failed in creating that impact, but this is one approach to write conclusion and many people do that. Will soon learn the correct way of doing that. Don’t know why this is an ethical dilemma, ?
        Yes, like for many weeks there is huge scope of improvement, will repeat the same promise : will try to improve next time, don’t really know when this ‘next time’ will come ?:-(
        thanks for review and ATB : )

        • Aravind Varier

          Dear Yogi 🙂

          Hahahahaha……. Ethical Dilemma ? was included as a FUN element and nothing related to the essay 🙂 🙂 🙂

          But , should improve upon the conclusion . I feel the PUNCH is missing .

          Next time will come soon BUDDY . It is March and still 9 months more to reach December 2016 for the Judgement Day ( civil service mains examination 2016 )

          Write an essay every Sunday and you will be able to bring out a beautiful essay in the exam 🙂

          THANK YOU 🙂

          • yogi

            Thanks Guruji for encouragement i need that as every sunday i end up writing something different with different types of mistakes, till the last breath i will be writing bs prelims clear ho jaye 😛

    • Rashmirathi

      i loved the format of your essay. the storyline is very binding and you have given it a very good structure. one thing i however felt was that you missed out on some significant dimensions, such as the social reforms, impact of western education, court rulings, constitutional provisions, role of various factors such as economic, adminisrative , corruption, illiteracy , etc.
      conclusion is apt.
      overall a very good attempt

      thanks 🙂

      please review mine

      • yogi

        like the past few weeks, i missed a lot in this essay as well,
        thanks for review
        sure 🙂

        • Rashmirathi

          arrey arrey, don’t be like this. it is okay to not be perfect at this stage. we are still learning and improving. if we could write perfect essays already , there would have been no need of writing practice, seedhe exam mein hi jaake na likhte. you are regularly writing and working hard. that is the important thing to do. dekhna mains me achcha likhoge, have faith in your hardwork 🙂
          keep writing !

    • Thor and Miolneer

      Nice one.

      Earlier I felt that the story is too much but then later I realized that the story itself is the essay.

      Nice one.

      Those involved in — you wrote it thrice..Words can be saved here.

      They had no choice but to move to a ‘Slum’ (It seems more assumed than presumed since one may live on the streets and not in slums or go to another village IMO)

      The discrimination they faced for centuries and in their native village left them uneducated and they REALIZED that they were not aware of the government schemes for people belonging to lower castes (Its not that the original was not right but first the people would realize that the govt. has schemes for the poor and then will they come to realize again that Oh! we didn’t/don’t know about them)

      Many things like- Social reforms, changing nature of caste, role of technology, caste associations etc. have been left out.
      The conclusion has too many questions, please avoid asking too many questions in the conclusion. Multiple questions appear better in the ‘body’ of the essay. (I realized it some three-four days ago while reading an editorial and thus saying)

      Rest is good.

      I really liked the approach.

      Please keep up the good work 🙂
      If time permits please give me a review 🙂

      You posted it late today I believe I was trying to find it I think at around 3 but it was not there I guess. 🙂

      • Akhil

        Hi brother can you review mine if you have time.

        • Thor and Miolneer

          I am sorry brother..I couldn’t review it.
          But I will review yours essay the next week. Hope you dont mind it 🙂

          • Akhil

            No problem brother. You replied that is enough. I would like next Sunday to come soon. Thank you.

            • Thor and Miolneer

              I too will wait it for the whole week now 🙂

      • yogi

        thanks a lot bhai, 🙂
        will reduce the dose of questions in the conclusion, Aravind was saying the same thing, will be better next time,
        dimension, yes i have missed many,
        don’t worry about review, time permit kare na kare , review zaroor hoga : )

    • anuja umesh

      i really enjoyed reading your essay. it is indeed a masterpiece. your essay reflects keen observation. the best part was the two lives that u tried to show- rural and urban and how they are not different when it comes to the caste system.
      i think it is not compulsory every time to talk about the history, the constitutional provisions , etc. i liked your approach more!
      keep writing!

      • yogi

        thanks for liking it,
        with due respect to ur views, i want to make a clarification,
        as per the demand of the word “enduring” we are supposed to write history, now how beautifully we can write that is the real question. So my essay partially lacked the demand of the word enduring, and hence an incomplete essay.
        thanks again 🙂

        • anuja

          okay, actually i took the word ‘enduring’ as the one that has a long lifespan which can be measured in historical time period or an entire lifespan of a person. i felt u tried to show the enduring caste system thru emphasizing that the entire life of a jeevan was impacted by the caste system- in his village as well as in his city life. of course i may not be correct with this interpretation.

          and ya really thanks for the review. i wrote my essay in haste but henceforth, will put my entire concentration into the essay.

          see you this sunday!

          • yogi

            there u got me i took the meaning of enduring as long-lasting in life span of an individual, but as most of the people took it as historical context , so i wanted to tell you the other side of it as well ,as pointed out by our fellow insightians,
            thanks 🙂

    • Hey cheetu 😀
      Nice intro!!! Shuru se hi grip ban gya tha essay par! nice!(one thing: intro thoda lengthy hai but, you took 3 paras to actually start the main content)
      Bhai 2nd half me focused too much on resevation!! You used this word 5-6 times i guess!
      tune recent wale patel aur jat agitation wala example kyu nhi dia bhau?
      Pre-Independence era wala portion bhi missing hai!
      One thing: flow and struucture is very good without a doubt! no criticism here!
      You can improve kuch aisa recent ka relevant content daal k jo connect ho jaisse wo Rohith Vemula wala suicide! also, mene b ek mistake ki ki critical nhi hua! aapne b wahi kia! eservation ko pakad hi lia!! baki things missed!
      but overall very good bhai!! Keep up the good work!
      And sorry for late review bhai 🙂 tc

      • yogi

        had realised the mistakes after reading ur essay,
        will take care of not to repeat them again
        thanks bhai, no sorry vorry 🙂

    • Shaktimaan

      how i cn miss dis b’ful eassy:)
      bhai………..ultimate h bs apne reservation ko bahut pakda………..or fir baki k dmnsion dalna bhul gye………….story k sath sath eassy likne ka style lajabab h…………:)
      keep writing bhai…………:)……..thank u:)

      • yogi

        thanks bhai,
        story style failed in this topic, would try to write a better one next time 🙂
        u did not write ?

        • Shaktimaan

          bhai likha h pr acha ni h to No PReM karu chu:):)

          • yogi

            as u wish, if u have seen the mistake urself then its fine 🙂

    • Jaya Swatantra

      What a wonderful piece of writing!! The beauty lies in the simplicity and seriousness of your story which covered almost all the aspects attached to caste system.You really worked to improve your conclusion… keep it up and if time permits please have a look on my essay here

  • Isha

    “Dhol Ganwar Shudra Pashu Nari, Sakal Taadana Ke Adhikari”
    (Drums, illiterates, lower castes, animals and women all deserve to be caned.)
    – A couplet from the highly revered Hindu scripture, Ramcharitamanas

    Being Indians, or for most of those who live in India, social inequality and exclusion are the fact of life; starkly visible in and around each sphere. Though many families in urban areas and those so called elites boast around that we are living in 21st century and caste system doesn’t matter anymore, the death of a Dalit youth in the name of honor killing recently and the suicide of Rohit Vemulla (a Phd. Scholar from Hyderabad University), a month back, brought forth the bare reality of our society.

    The same bare reality clears the doubt that caste system is indeed prevalent in today’s time, however hard one ignores, and its enduring brunt is borne by each of us- the Dalits as well as the so called upper caste.

    Now, taking U-turn and returning back to the quote mentioned in the start- in the very first go while reading it, it sounds offensive. But, lets wait and look at the source of the lines mentioned. It is quoted from a highly revered Hindu scripture and one can’t disagree with it in the name of secularism, even though a rational mind would always object to the reasoning behind the same.

    Sadly, that is the reality of our society. We have been carrying on the burden of what was written 3000 years ago, to this date; struggling constantly to make it fit within the present societal structure. This we’ve been doing since time immemorial. Cast system is one of those practices which were introduced as a system of ‘differentiating’ between people based on their works.

    Overtime, the differentiation practice turned into ‘discrimination’ and the system became inherited. What was justified by keeping the force of sacred ‘Bhagvad-geeta’ behind was later turned into a practice of providing high status & power to well offs within the society. The truth and text of even Bhagvad-geeta could not help much to negate the same, though it is said to be orated by the god himself.

    For instance, in the ancient and medieval times, sudras and untouchables were treated as slaves by so-called upper castes. They were allowed only to do menial works but they were given no powers or privileges.

    Time passed by swiftly but no significant change was visible. During the Mughal rule, Panchayats were expected to make sure that caste rules were appropriately observed by each and everyone. Though there was significant local variance observed in practices followed as well as there were individual efforts on religious as well as social front like Bhakti movement, Sufi movement, Kabir panthis, and Sikh religion sharply disagreeing with the norms observed and the discrimination done, nothing brought revolutionary change.

    In spite of all the above efforts, the system continued to retain its existence and had forced a particular section of the society to bear the brunt of discrimination for no fault of their own. Taking birth in a particular family is not by choice. Reformers like Rajaram Mohan Roy, Ishwar Chandra Vidya Sagar, Jyotiba Phoole, and many others devoted their life to make people understand the simple logic. Their efforts borne fruit and the situation changed a bit, but not as much as it should have. It was so ingrained in our social fabric that it was next to impossible to change the situation on ground

    This inherent fragility of relations between different sections of the society was fully exploited by our colonial masters and they used it against us at every step to divide the society even more. Communal awards given were just an example, among several other hidden ones.

    Everyone knew that we are ruled by a foreign ruler because of the inherent weaknesses of our own and caste system was one among the several strong reasons. Still, the society refused to mend it ways and we remained under the controls of British rule for over 200 years.

    Taking lessons from the past, provisions were introduced into the constitution to set things straight for the marginalized section through legal route. Social justice was one of the main objectives of our Constitution. The Constitution made it a punishable offense to treat anyone as “untouchable,” outlawed discrimination based on caste, and encouraged the state to pass measures correcting its effects. With that, the bare bones of affirmative action — the “reservations,” or quota, system — were in place.

    This reservation thing was introduced in the hope that it will uplift the socially disadvantaged group economically and socially within a decade or so. But over the time it has become a reason of social stigma itself for the people who were supposed to be benefitted from this.

    Caste, instead of withering away as Indian democracy matures, has asserted itself in new ways. Castes like Jats in Haryana, Patidars in Gujarat, Marathas in Maharashtra and Kapus in Andhra Pradesh have been agitating recently, asking to benefit from reservations, even though they often are wealthy or own land.

    Besides this, the reservation policy, instead of serving its purpose of annihilation of those at lower rung of the strata has only benefited those who are already well off financially. Also, it has created a feeling of resentment among the youth of general caste as majority of the jobs are lost to those ‘less deserved ones’ in the name of caste. This resentment is playing an important role back-firing the result of every effort done by government.

    Nevertheless, these efforts have played their role to an extent. ‘Liberal education’ introduced into the country’s system by the British has helped in the growth of a consciousness of human rights and liberty. The ‘influence of industrialism’ has gradually influenced the thinking of rural areas as well. Occupations are now no longer caste- based and the division of different jobs and occupations has clearly cut across caste lines.

    ‘Communication facilities’ have been improved in the country in the present century and the impact of a better transport system no longer allows the villager to remain aloof from urban ways and ideas. With globalization, the caste system has begun to change.

    But many years after the independence of India, caste based discrimination goes on. It cannot survive forever in the modern world, but the political parties and religious leaders want it to continue in order to promote their own ethnic interests.

    The biggest problem in abolishing and removing this menace from the society is the “in general” social acceptability of the same. Improving education and employment prospects is the very first step needed. School text books should be carefully revised.

    As Ambedkar said long back, “the political revolution inspired by MK Gandhi, which had led to India’s freedom from British rule, must
    be accompanied by a social revolution upholding the ideals of fraternity and dignity for all.” The key to this problem lies in the creation of a strong public opinion against it. Teachers, scholars, thinkers, and writers should all unite to fight against this chronic and widespread social evil. A responsible press can do a lot in this direction.

    A chronic disease requires a systematic, rigorous & patient treatment. Like you need to do persistent efforts, need to go beyond the symptoms and look after the causes behind it. Try to avoid the same and regularly take precautions and medicines. Same goes for the disease of Caste system, the enduring burden of which we are bearing since thousands of years. It’s high time that each one of us should think sincerely about it and try to do individual as well as collective efforts in order to avoid it becoming a cancer for a progressive country like India.

    • yogi

      Hello Isha 🙂

      My views:

      1. Beginnig, impressive especailly when u took a u turn , I liked that 🙂

      2. What was justified by keeping the force of sacred ‘Bhagvad-geeta’ behind was later turned into a practice of providing high status & power to well offs within the society—which force , not clear ??

      3. I m unable to comprehend the entire geeta waala para, may be some articulation problem.

      4. “the political revolution inspired by MK Gandhi, which had led to India’s freedom from British rule, must be accompanied by a social revolution upholding the ideals of fraternity and dignity for all.”—if these are the exact words that Ambedkar ji spoke and u have remembered them then it fine to put in quote if not then u can write only the essense as we are supoed to write the exact words when we are putting that in quote.

      5. Flow id brilliant —I can see the effrots of linking the paras, good

      6. Without going into details, u palyed the GS in an intelligent manner, 🙂

      7. The content of the essay is purely on line with the theme and u have presented that in an orderly fashion, this is what is needed , great job

      8. disease of Caste system,—what an analogy , 🙂

      9. conclusion: super duper hit 🙂

      10. Bas thoda sa daily life ke examples daal dete toh prfect essay hota, though abhi bhi too good hein : )

      11. I tried a lot but, there is really no scope of critics today, u have written a brilliant piece , keep it up 🙂

      Thanks !

      KEAE : )

      • Isha

        Thanks for the review yogi 🙂
        bhagvadgeeta point- force of the argument given in geeta abt the division that it is to segregate people based on their work, not birth.
        4- exact words nahi hain, i just summarized it 😛
        10, yeah, socha tha pehle but fir word limit yaad aa gayi 😛
        Ohho, aaj toh bas tareef hi tareef ho gayi 😀

        Thank you thank you 🙂 Will try to improve the things u pointed out.

        KEAE 🙂

        • yogi

          4- exact words nahi hain, i just summarized it :P—this is what i m saying , if u don’t know the exact word then don’f use quotes (“) rather say like that BR Ambedkar envisaged this and that i,e the content under quotes but without quotes (“)
          tareeft was not for the sake of it, u have literally written a nice essay
          keep it up 🙂

          • Isha

            ab aaya samjh 😛
            Thanks yogi 🙂

    • Are waaah! Tumne yha bhi post kia h? 😀
      But have already reviewed yours!
      And its okay re! thanks vanks mat bolo! 😛

    • Akhil

      Begning is really nice. Ramcharitmanas was written by tulsidaas in fifteenth century, you mentioned 3000 year back.
      -I did not understand bhagvat geeta Wala para,what was you trying to convey???
      -you nicely balanced both historical and present context of caste system
      -flow of your essay is really just awesome. Each para is nicely interconnected. Ye mujhe sikhane ki jaroorat hai.
      -Conclusion is best part of your essay.
      -overall a very comprehensive and nice essay. Keep it up.
      Thank you

      • Isha

        Thanks Akhil. Actually i meant the system in itself is 3000 years back, not the text.
        Bhagvadgeeta point me i meant ki the god itself said each and every word of it (as they say). So the god devised the system in order to segregate people on the basis of their work, not birth. Even though they know god itself orated, no one is ready to accept the fact that caste isnt something hereditary or related to birth. Language problem ho gayi, i guess.
        Keep writing, starting me sabko yahi problem rehti hai. In fact last 2-3 essays me mera bhi flow kahin tha hi nahi. Overtime you will catch in your own way 🙂

  • Ashish

    I remember having this conversation once with a laundry men, OmPrakash. He was in his late 20s and looked very passionate about fashion, technology and money. Wearing tight jeans, in the suburbs of Bihar he came to me once and asked, ” Please teach me how you use your laptop? Thoda angreji bhi sikhana (Teach me a few lines in english too.)” I said ” Kahan tak padhe ho (Till which Standard have you attended school?)” He replied back “Arre hum kalhar jati ke log hai humein kaun padhaega ( We belong to Kalhar caste. Who will teach us?”) And I still remember how his eyes glittered when the light from my laptop screen shone in his eyes. I wondered then what if I was born in his place? How different my life would have been? It never occured to OmPrakash that the curse of his caste was not one which God had pronounced upon him but one which had the invisible hand of the society working behind it.

    Caste – An important determinant of identity

    Caste in India determines as much the identity, fate and destiny of a person as education does in the world. People in India have various identity – name, family, caste, religion, region, language, degree all play a complex role in shaping of an individual’s identity. Even in an well developed city with high literacy one can hear stereotypes like – A Gujarati is a good businessmen, a marwari is a miser, a rajput has the greatest courage and so on. The question arises why is caste made such an important determinant? And even if it is what is the problem in it being an important determinant?

    Caste System – Origins

    Caste System has its origins in the varna system which was written in Manusmriti. A school of thought believes that earlier varna system was not immutable and was not by birth. It was only with subsequent rise of supersitions and brahminical hegemony in the later vedic period that caste system became rigid and by birth. And subequently, case identity was made an important determinant of an individual’s identity.

    Problems arising from Caste identity

    As evident from my above conversation with OmPrakash caste identity has led to many irreversible problems. This system has led to exclusiveness and exploitation of a vast majority of the population. The problems arising from this are many –

    (a) Inefficiency : Allotment of occupation by birth and not by talent and ability has made the whole system an inefficient economic engine. In this era of globalisation, when MNCs are delegating/outsourcing their business to increase inefficiency and looking for the best talent all over the world- India has turned its back to its own people. Pathetic education system, inadequate social security, low infrastructure are the characteristics of most our villages and above this is the still prevalent caste system which prevents the disadvantaged section even from availing these few services. The talent in them is thus subdued.

    (b) Social stigma and crimes : Highly partial treatment of the caste breeds hatred amongst them for the upper caste and has devilious impact upon the society. We are aware of the brutal

    2012 Delhi Gangrape which upon investigation revealed that all the perpetrators came from slum areas of Delhi and were of lower caste. This shows the failure of our society – to imbibe moral and ethical values in each and every individual.

    (c) Regional imbalance : Such a system has created regional imbalance in the growth of the country. More concrete the belief of caste identity, more is the regional disparity in growth and Human Development Index. Today we see a huge rural-urban divide, a large gap exists in the quality of growth Kerela has achieved and the quality UP has. This breeds more problems, a simple statistical survey between these two regions will reveal Kerela has achieved more balanced growth, has more crimes registered in its records (one can guess how UP has a lower crime rate than Kerela!), has more literacy rate – these achievements have definitely a link to less prevalence of caste identity in Kerela.

    A side effect of this system has also been the growth of caste politics in India – Yes! Democracy in India has more to with identity than intelligence and ability. Political class thrives in this existing divisions in the society. Even the greatest internal threat that breeds in our country – the maoist menace – thrives upon the hatred generated by the class and caste divisions.

    If all these problems are related to or somehow are strengthened by caste system then why do we still have this system growing. Why was this not put to an end in the later vedic era? Why is it still an enduring curse upon India?

    Why caste system is still present in India?

    The answer to this may vary, but broadly following the reasons responsible for prevalence of caste system –

    (A) Political steroid : Caste system has become the victim of politics in India. Different parties in India promote caste divisiveness in the country to gain political mileage. Manifesto of different parties during elections are testimony to this. Instead of ensuring that people are provided with education, infrastructure, social security and strong institutions to provide the parties subscribe to giving out doles which are temporary. Reservation is one such case in point. The idea of reservation was to give a temporary support to the disadvantaged sections of the society till we had the proper institutions and infrastructure in place to provide them the best public service but alas! this never happened.

    (B) Religion : This plays a greater role in the rural areas of the country. Brahminical hegemony has not really left India. People still subscribe to the superstitious beliefs and practices of the religion. Renaissance in India has been only a partial success and has to penetrate and make a lasting impact upon the minds of the every individual.

    (C) Status quo : Caste identity has taken the form of status symbol in the society. This has made it more difficult to break this system.

    (D) Lack of bureaucratic will : Even when we have laws invalidating untouchability (Article 17) and promoting welfare of the disadvantageous sections of the society. The bureaucracy seems to have been utterly slow in implementing the reforms. We still have the largest population in the world defecating in the open. This invariably leads to more manual scavengers and hence breeds caste divide.

    Demolishing caste system

    This leads us to our final question – How do we deal with it? What next?

    Caste system will never die if we go on with our coventional solutions – passing more laws to protect the weak (without actually implementing them), giving more reservations to them (without solving the infrastructural bottlenecks). We need a complete overhaul of the society – a silent revolution. Bureaucracy should to made more transparent and held accountable for non implementation of the reforms, the government should be made answerable to the citizens more frequently- elections take long 5 years to voice citizens grievances – we need a system for frequent dissemination of the citizen’s will, ICT can provide a platform for this. The recent goverment’s mygov initiative is a point in case. For all this to happen, our citizens need to be empowered – this is the most critical step. Money and power are the two most critical inputs that can help break the caste barrier. Weaker sections should be uplifted by positive discrimination – keeping in mind that it does not become another ‘political steroid’. Rational and scientific temperament should be promoted, the educated class can spearhead this – recently in a district a DM had food cooked by an outcaste who was prohibited from cooking in the school. BR Ambedkar proposed interdining, intermarriages to break the chain of caste identity.

    Our Karma (and not birth) determines our destiny. As for OmPrakash being passionate about technology and money, he was able to contact a startup which provided home services and thus started growing his laundry business- consequently breaking the shambles of caste and relocating to a major city. I hope his children grow in a free society which they can proudly say is “My India”.

  • Nicky

    “Caste System – India’s Enduring Curse”

    Caste is social stratification and hierarchical division of society. It can exist in any society. It is an artificial creation and not given by nature. The important aspect of this caste system is: Inheritance of parent’s caste by birth. Four aspects of caste are: Hierarchy, Endogamy, Commensurity and Hereditary occupation.

    Origin of caste in India:
    In the context of social issues like honour killings, untouchability, discrimination of some sections of society, it is important to know about the origin of caste. In ancient period, varna system existed in India. According to this, the society is divided into 4 varnas: Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas and Shudras. It is functional division of society. Each varna has different occupation. Brahmins perform rituals and sacrifices. Kshatriyas were kings and military officers. Vaisyas were traders. Shudras assist the other 3 varnas. According to Mahatma Gandhiji, varna system is natural. Each individual has different mental and physical strengths as given by nature and one should perform duties according to their varna. In Hinduism, caste has religious sanction. Caste system is also present in Sikhism also. Dr.B.R.Ambedkar opposed the Gandhi’s version of caste origin. Ambedkar wanted abolition of caste system.

    Why social issues due to caste in India?
    The division of labour does not lead to any social issues. The problem comes when caste becomes identity. When people of one caste feel themselves as superior to other caste, then the problem arises. In fact, no caste is superior or inferior. This status of ‘superior’ and ‘inferior’ are also artificially created by humans. Politics based on caste identity is modern phenomenon. The mobilisation of people on the basis of a particular caste is deepening the caste identity and inter-caste conflicts.

    What are social issues enduring in Indian society?
    The instances of alleged honour killings in Tamil Nadu is a recent one. As mentioned above, endogamy is one aspect of caste. When there is an inter-caste marriage, one caste group may feel they are superior and marriage with inferior caste person is a dishonour to their caste. The killing of a person based on this dishonour is called Honour killing. The main victims of honour killings are women because they are more vulnerable to artificial sanctions(based on religion or something) of society.
    Next important social issue is untouchability and discrimination. Though Article 17 of Indian constitution provides for abolition of untouchability, it is still practiced in some parts of India. Denying renting of room, non-commensurity are instances of discrimination.

    Why these social issues still prevailing in 21st century?
    Lack of literacy and lack of awareness about human rights are two reasons. Caste based social issues are more prevailing in less literate rural areas. Sanctioning of caste system based on religion is another reason. Politics based on caste identity is another reason. For example, Bahujan Samaj party emerged for upliftment of dalits. Population of some caste is more than some other castes is another possible reason. The social development indicators like literacy, Infant mortality are not equal among all castes. The caste group that is well educated may dominate over less educated caste group.

    Consequences of caste system:
    The prevalence of caste system is not a problem at all. Treatment of a particular caste as superior or inferior is a problem. Dominance of one caste over another caste is a major consequence of caste system as we are experiencing today. Intolerance and non-plurality among people can increase. Inter-caste conflicts may increase if identity deepens. Fragmentation of society based on caste identity may occur. The focus on Nation-building process decreases and focus on internal security increases.

    Caste system – Claims for reservation in education and employment:
    This is a modern phenomenon. Instead of abolition of reservation system after ten years of independence, as envisaged by Dr.B.R.Ambedkar, we are experiencing opposite phenomenon. The claims for reservation are increasing. Jats in Haryana, Rajputs in Rajasthan, Patels in Gujarat and Marathas in Maharashtra are claiming for reservations in education and employment opportunities. This claims are often leading to internal security problems. The apex court said reservation are not based on caste but they are based on social and economic backwardness. The origin of caste based reservations lies in Mandal commission report and later backed by Supreme court.

    Suggestions: Instead of giving reservations, the effective implementation of RTE Act should be done. The importance of education should be campaigned in rural areas, especially tribal and hilly areas. There should be no compromise on achievement of 100% gross enrolment in elementary education and 0% drop-outs. Though it is very difficult in vast and diverse nation like India, it is not impossible with political will and efficient bureaucracy. Awareness about human rights should be spread across nation and their importance should be explained clearly in local languages. Everyone is a human first and all these identities like caste, religion, etc are artificial creations. The mobilisation of people on basis of caste identity should be stopped. The rulings of local non-official courts like Khap panchayats should have sanction of Indian official courts. Their rulings should be in consonance with constitution of India and Parliament legislations. The instances of honour killings and untouchability should be checked harshly such that no such instances are repeated again. The punishments should be known to that society where such offences are happening.

    Finally, caste based occupation is not a problem but treating one occupation as inferior or superior is a problem. Every occupation should be respected. Mahatma Gandhiji’s concept of “Bread Labour”(Everyone should do some manual labour) and “Trusteeship”(capitalists owe to society) are based on this. This can lessen the caste based problems to an extent. The practice of endogamy and pure blood should be wiped from the minds of people. Everyone should have freedom to marry the person irrespective of caste, religion or any other identity. This can also lessen the identity based problems.

    Caste system can endure and it is not a curse. The treatment of one caste as superior or dominant should be ceased. Caste should be restricted to private space and should not bring in public domain. Increasing literacy levels and increasing awareness about human rights can cease the caste system or restrict to private space.

    • Nicky

      Please review…

      • Sk Rakibul Haque

        Dear I beg to differ with you. Giving full consent to your stress on education-as an instrument to remove the menace of the caste system- I contradict with you on your assent to give caste system a go-ahead. Caste system must because, in some way, it perpetuates inequality, it harbour those who incite discrimination, it pits one against other as far as our Indian experience is taken into consideration. Besides how a caste, purely an anthropological invention, can decide a new born’s future course. It’s purely unethical to decide who takes which job, who marry whom, who can access which place , who can be whom’s friend on the basis of birth. How shameful it is to see that a new born baby is already subjected to so any conditions even before his/her first cry. And which education are you talking about? Few days before a ‘dalit’ was beaten on street, in the state of Haryana and a minister, previously served as the Army Chief, described this accident by drawing an analogy with a dog! Is this man not educated enough? Can you understand the how grave the concern is.We have trapped in a system which is our own creation. We have perpetuating this inequality, this very form of discrimination of treating someone superior and other inferior. It’s one the crude manifestation of our social system. There’s nothing demoralising for someone to be witch-haunted, discriminated, abused, stoned because of his/her birth, because of a man-made system. For them, “birth is a fatal accident.” So time has come to let the caste system to rest in peace. And also time has come for look at our state education, it’s liberal ramification on the people of India. If the education system can’t educate us properly, if it can’t liberate us from the sheds of discriminating practices prevailing in India now, if it can’t make us to be a free thinker, then the system it-self needs to changed drastically. It’s my firm believe that ‘WE, the people of INDIA has that ability and judgement to decide wright of wrong and have the courage to devise those practices which will make our India an inclusive nation.

        • Nicky

          Hi, My point is not just education. I am stressing on both education and Human rights awareness(We are humans first). I am trying to convey that if we cannot cease caste system, we have to live with it. I am suggesting means to cease caste system which is deeply rooted in minds of people. The means is not a short-term measure.

          What u said is right – we have to end caste system and there are many grave social issues associated with it. Can u please suggest some ways towards ending caste system?

  • Girija H

    caste is a system of social stratification originated in pre-modrn era in the form of varna system in india. varna system merely based on the occupation which one practice.i.e brahman(priest), kshatriya(guard), vyishya(merchant), and shudra(sewege workers).

    the caste which originated as an identity of occupation later modified into the birth identity. during independence caste system in india was horrible and it had its worst effects on everyy sphere of society and the new term called untouchable came into existance in this era. India’s social activists and philosophers severly criticised this system of caste.for instance Jyotirao phule a social activist opposed caste and its ordained explanations and he argued about the existance of creator in Hindu context.if the creator bramha wanted human beings to be under caste system why not other species like animals and birds.

    Vivekananda criticised caaste as one of the institutions of human beings that bars the power of free thought and action of is devilish and must go per vivekananda liberty of thought and action,is the only condition of life of growth and of well being.

    Gandhiji though he disagreed with ambedkar’s thoughts of caste and reservation,claimed caste has saved Hinduism from disintegrationbut like every other institution it has suffered from xcrescences. He consider 4 varnas to be fundamental, naural and essential. the innumerable jatis or subcastes considered to be a hindrance. He advocated the rejection of heredity in caste and argued that assumption of superiority by any person over any other is a sin against God and man, and the present caste system is theory antithesis of varnashrama.and the caste in its current form has nothing to do with religion.

    Ambedkar the prolific writer and key person in drafting indian constitution was born in a scheduled caste family which was classified as untouchable community criticised caste system and described untouchables as they are belonging to the same religion and culture yet shunned and ostracised by the community they lived in.according to him untouchables are sacred and recognised the secular laws of india. but they ar segregated fro the society and live in the outskirts of villages, boubd down to survile state. the caste system ambedkar observed stamped an individual as untouchable from birth and social status was fixed.

    Ambedkar opined that the caste system was nt universally absolute in his time. the caste system as listed by Ambedkar isolates people, infused a sense inferiority into lower caste individuals and divided traumatised india’s people preventing india from developin and sharing the knowledge and wrecking its ability to create and enjoy the fruits of freedom.

    if we look at the statistics of population distribution by religion and caste Hindu the dominant religion of india has highest shares in all sections of caste .i.e 22.2% sc, 9% sts and 42.8% obc where as it is 26% of forward caste/others. followed by many other religions such as Muslim, christian, Buddhism too have their distribution into varion castes.

    Right from the origin caste has no single favor for the betterment of society. During colonial period untouchable’s status was above their usually low, but the majority had limited mobility or npne. castes devided people only to distintegrate and cause myriad divisions which isolated people and caused confusion. the curse of caste reulted proved many human loss to the society.

    Independent india has witnessed caste-related violence according to a 2005 UN report approximately 31440 cases of violent acts committed against dalits were reported in 1996. the UN report claimed 1033 cases of violent acts per 10000 dalit people. for context the un reported between 40 and 55 cases of violent acts per 10000 people in developed countries in 2005. one example of such violence is the kherlanj massacre of 2006.

    the murder incident of a 22 year old dalitman from (udumalpet)Tamilnadu had brought to the fore worst aspects of our society and worst effects of caste system too. the resurgence of caste pride, a shameless disregard for individual rights when they are in conflict with hegimonc order and an anachronistic belief in the notion of caste purity and pollution. in this case a group of mercinaries brutually harrassed the man named v Shankar and his wife kausalya killed one on spot and left wounded another one on the roadside. it doesnot merely show the lack of fear of the law but it demonstrates a disquieting confidence that no would have dare to challenge or pursue them. such muders often called as “honour killings” because their motivation arises from idea that a woman marrying a man outside her community brings disonour to the family such murders in India normally involve family members redering brutal justice to the transgressor within.

    in such murder the victims are often dalits. E Illavarasan a dalit youth whose marriege to a vanniyar women led to caste riots in november 2012 and whose body found on a railway track in july 2013 and gokul raj another dalit youth murdered for talking to a gouder girl in 2014 were clearly victims of caste such cases emphasis seemed to be mainly on wrecking vengeance against dalit man though the element of punishing family member too was present as ms. kausalya was also brutally attacked.

    Recent incident of death of a student Rohit Vemula a 26 year old Ph.D student is another instance to show the caste curse in India. Vemula a highly active student from hyderabad university was from scheduled caste which is the lowest rung of the hierarchical system of that structures traditional hindu society and which used to be deemed untouchable until india’s independence in 1947. Vemula in univarsity identified as dalit and he killed himself because of relentless caste discrimination. as noted by him “the value of man was reduced to his immidiate and nearest possibility.To a vote, To a number, To a thing.Never was a man treated as a mind”. This vemula suicide is hardly a rarity among dalits at the contry’s best universities is emblematic of the problems of country’s affirmative action programme.

    Reservations for Dalit is 50% which was 23% during independence.but it doesnot provide social improvements. still dalit students lead de facto segregated lives on,nominally diverse and inclusive campuses.

    caste not only has its worst impact on society but also in politics and economy of a country caste plays its role. a man’s social class determined by his caste identity and inequality in the distribution of land in the rural area continues for centuries.and in rural area man is compelled to take an occupation of his community tradition even if he has potential to do a better work than that.

    India a largest democracy of the world has its impact of caste in a greater number. citizens who are ought to vote for the eligible one to elect their representative often go with their community even if he is not suit to govern the nation.

    this is all based on the notion of caste and its worsen form is developed by the community itself. the philosophy supporting social stratification system in India had discouraged critical thinking and cooperative efforts , encouraging instead treatises that were full of absurd conceits, quaint fancies and chaotic speculations. the lack of mobility, ignorance prevnting India from development technology which can aid man in his effort to make a bare living and a life better than that of the brute.

  • Girija H

    review pls

  • 7319

    pls review

    • 7319

      page sare aage pichhe ho gaye : (

  • anuja umesh

    In the village of Haryana, one more love story came to an end, because they loved each other, wanted to spend their entire life with each other, but they belonged to different caste. In some university, a student had to give up his career, his aspirations, his dreams to uplift his family, his faith in the constitution’s promise of equality, because he had to leave his education mid- way because he was harassed as he belonged to the so called “lower caste”. A Dalit woman in the village of UP was raped, because her caste did not give her the privilege to assert her existence. According to the so called upper caste rapist, she was meant to be used by them; their “upper caste” gave them the privilege to do so.

    Sixty- five years back, a document, a holy document promised equality to all, prohibited discrimination on grounds of caste, sex, religion, race, place of birth, abolished untouchability in all forms and aspired to provide a life of dignity to all of its children. However, the document- “the constitution of India”- is going thru the agony of failure- whenever it hears of the atrocities committed by its own children on its other children. Its children belong to the same human species, their blood is the same ‘red’ color one, they are all Indian but are still DIVIDED, divided on the basis of CASTE, the system, which it refused to recognize. It wanted all its children to be united, to be INDIANS.

    This caste system has a long history. Thousands of years ago when the vedic people took to settled life, a need arose to arrange the society in an order. That order came to be known as the Varna system that was strictly based on profession and was flexible in nature. However, in further times, the system that was created to create and order in the society dwindled and an evil system took birth- that of “jati/ caste system. The jati/ caste system was rigid, based on birth and professions became hereditary. Probably this was to suit the demands of the time or an attempt by certain classes to maintain their superiority. Throughout the history, this system evolved, inculcated several caste and sub- caste into it and became a complex web.

    But is the caste system relevant today?

    Professor Kalburgi, conducted his research on the lingayats, then a religious order (11th CE) and now a caste in Karnataka. With thorough research he professed that Basava was against idol worship and brahmanical order, it offended a group of hindus who threatened him and probably were behind his assassination.

    This incident reflects the narrow and shallow understanding of the caste system, which the Indian society of this modern age has.

    Today, caste system is like a rubber stamp that is put on the child as soon as it is born. It is a status symbol for few and a backward tag for some. It has been an enduring curse because, we refuse to treat each other as human beings, and we refuse to recognize each other as Indians. What we look for is the caste! We may not know the origin of our caste system, we may not know its importance/ relevance in the social order, we may practice professions very different from that our caste in the historical times prescribed but we are reluctant to give away the caste. It has become an identity; it has become a privilege for the few, an object of honor, or a shield for some to achieve their goals- as in the caste of vote bank politics!

    Caste is implied in people’s names, in the way people work, speak, and wear clothes and the marriages they arrange!
    It is the only surviving and continuing legacy of the ancient times. It has not only divided the society into pieces but has also resulted in hatred, narrow- mindedness and intolerance in the society.

    The crusade against the caste system has been since the ancient times with the advent of Buddhism, with lingayats, with the bhakti movement. Various social reformers of the 18th and the 19th century led a crusade against the caste system. However, they had limited success. Efforts of reformers like Mahatma Phule, Shahu Maharaj of Satara, Dr. Ambedkar, Mahatma Gandiji bore success in terms of granting rights to the oppressed classes, but they could not wipe out the distinction even till date.

    DR. Ambedkar wanted the annihilation of the caste system, however, it was argued that the caste would be a personal sphere of a person and the ideals of equality, fraternity, justice would gradually lessen its importance in the lives of the people. Though with economic growth, a new class system (which probably is the same in nature- that is discriminatory) is taking the place of the caste system, still the caste system makes it marks in the lives of people.

    It is the high time we realize the evil nature of the caste system! It is time to give the caste system a back seat.

    But how can it be done?

    The onus lies on the shoulders of the leaders. Instead of using it for their vested interest, their efforts should be in the direction of promoting unity and harmony amongst the various groups. They should be the example setters and not the dividers in the society! As for example the act of a district collector eating the lunch cooked by a Dalit woman in a school was an example setter for the children as well as their parents and for others!

    Value education at the school level should inculcate the values of fraternity, unity and of oneness irrespective of any discrimination among the students. Students should also be taught the logic that was behind the caste system and how it has lost its purpose.

    Media too has an important role to play. It can play the role of vigilance as well as of a reformer- passing on the message of oneness among the viewers.

    Indian society is on the verge of transformation, hopefully a day will come soon when we will be INDIANS FIRST AND INDIANS LAST!

    • yogi

      Hello Anuja 🙂

      My views :

      Intro: u have highlighted the incidents to bring out the context, but when u moved to next para u should try to make a smooth transition to the constitution as that came out of nowhere.

      Thru—better to use through, thru is US, we follow British (I may be wrong but often we do not find the use of ‘thru’ in formal communication)

      It is the only surviving and continuing legacy of the ancient times.—are u 100 % sure that no other legacy of ancient time is surviving

      Order is missing in presenting the content, as when u had jumped into history and came out to present form then u should not again go back to the time of Mahatama Gandhiji , Ambedkar etc. That broke the flow as well.

      The onus lies on the shoulders of the leaders— I think better line would be — the onus lies on each of us —just a suggestion

      The content following that line is too good, that can be used for the role of leaders, but onus is on all of us.

      Ending seems to have been done in hurry, when u r mentioning the roles of media and education, pause there to elaborate a bit more,

      And then gradually conclude with the essay

      Overall it was a good essay, I have highlighted the mistakes, but they are minute ones and will wither away with time.

      Plz, be consistent, u write very well 🙂

      Thanks !

      P.S. plz excuse my critical review, it is for ur good only 🙂

  • Vivek Kumar Singh

    I have observed many fellow writers have mentioned a Particular caste(“Rajputs”) while giving example a of fictional atrocities being inflicted.A/c me it is offensive and not in good taste.


    Hi vinay sir very good …ds s my first post….anyhow
    My self NAGESH I’m attending preliminary offline test serious …i have doubt regarding test-15 & qtn no ->92 ..the question s red list category industry’s ,I have seen ans key it included paints ,sugar industry& thermal…but
    Recently govt has newly categorized list (on 7-03-16 & on same date insight current affairs)paints will come under Orange list not red..even ans s sugar industries only so plz I hope clarify my doubt sir….thanks a lot….

  • SBM
  • Don John

    Please feel free to criticize.

  • Ankit

    As I set out to write the essay I googled about the word ‘enduring’ and two meanings came out – durable and lasting over a period of time. Unfortunately our ‘Mahan’ Bhartiya society has such strong caste roots that caste system in India has become so ‘durable’ that it has ‘lasted over such a long period of time’.

    Though ancient in origin but always a contemporary phenomenon in the Indian society we have not yet unchained ourselves from the caste practices whether it is the society as a whole or people on an individual level. The irony can be noticed in the fact that we are not ready to have ‘dalit’ cooks in our houses but in a restaurant we enjoy the exotic dishes without caring who has cooked them. So how did this bias rather ‘derogatory’ caste pride emerged in our society??

    It starts with the ‘Varna System’ which though classified people on the basis of work always gave preference and pride of work to the upper two classes i.e.’Brahmana’ and ‘Kshatriya’. The ‘Vaishyas’ though had money and business could never cross that class barrier and command the dignity and pride they deserved. That was one of the reasons why Buddhism and Jainism gained ground in India and flourished. They offered them what they had been searching for i.e. ‘equality’ in the society. They offered them the pride and dignity which the Brahmin dominated Hinduism couldn’t. This also explains one dimension about the caste system in ancient India, that is, it was not as much based on economic inequality but the social superiority. This also leaves us with the last varna, the ‘Shudras’.

    It is said that caste system became rigid in the later stages when Varna system transformed into caste system but to my amazement I never saw a ‘Karna’ getting the same respect and reverence from his peers like they praised ‘Arjuna’ even in the Mahabharata. So, I guess the ‘shudras’ were chained in the rigid caste hierarchy from time immemorial.

    In the modern times social reformers like Jyotiba Phule with his ‘Satyashodhak Samaj’ and political leaders cum social reformers like Gandhiji, who coined the humble term ‘Harijan’ i.e. children of god, and Dr. Ambedkar in their respective ways tried emancipating the lower classes in the social strata. But it seems the society accepted their views in a superfluous way as is evident from the recent murders termed has ‘Honour’ killings because of inter-caste marriages specially when the groom is from a lower caste. The Fundamental Right against untouchability maybe have made the lower castes ‘touchables’ but the social change and mental transformation is yet to take roots specially in the villages and semi-urban areas. Does that mean it is restricted to these areas only??

    The cities, ‘the engines of economic growth’ of a nation are supposed to remove the caste barriers and facilitate upward social mobilization but the experience in India in this regard has been mixed. Yes the cities have provided them economic opportunities thereby making them self reliant and achieve a dignified life. But there are also examples like Gurgaon, Mumbai and Kolkata where the lower classes in the society are forced to reside in ghettos away from the glittering city life in unhygienic and depressing conditions. Though there are great expectations from ‘Smart City Mission’ and PM Awas Yojana that conditions might change. Is this curse just restricted to inhuman social treatment and conditions?? I think there is more to it.

    Where it is a social blot and a social problem it is also a hindrance to economic growth where the potential of these underprivileged youth is not harnessed to it’s full potential and they are in a way barred from contributing in the manner they could have. The children education take a toll when they don’t get full access to quality education despite of programmes like ‘Sarva Shiksha Abhiyaan’. Caste system has a compounding effect on ‘gender discrimination’ where the societal frustration is bore by the women at home from their male counterparts and this is just one hidden effect of caste system.

    A society which has such humble principles like ‘equality’ and ‘abolition of untouchability’ enshrined in its constitution and legal restrictions on ‘manual scavenging’ still struggles with the curse of ‘caste system’ is an irony. When we aspire to be global leaders and world power we must also aspire to be free from caste system. Without combining the two aspirations the goal seems far because only a united society can rise ‘together’ and ‘sustain’ the growth! A social movement with a Gandhian impact in the contemporary times seems to be the answer to this curse. In the words of one of his contemporaries with the same goal but a different approach i.e. Dr. Ambedkar, “Caste has killed public spirit. Caste has destroyed the sense of public charity. Caste has made public opinion impossible.”

    • Ankit

      Review review review. Ek din late hun but please review 😛


    • Shreya

      Hi Ankit !
      Sorry for the late review.
      I think you shouldn’t start off in this manner . “I googled..” Go for a better intro.
      And in the essay, avoid using ” I guess..”. The caste system got rigid during the later stages .. You can mention Later Vedic Period.
      Also, in the paragraph where you mention Satyashodhak Samaj and honor killings, it lacks flow.
      The untouchability line is good.
      And the questions you put up at the end of paragraphs are also good.
      You essay picks up from here. The cities and then the hidden aspect of caste system. Nice.
      The ultimate paragraph is also good. You must end your essay with a series of innovative solutions to end this enduring curse.
      That’s all 🙂

      • Ankit

        Thanks for the review 🙂
        I’ll try to incorporate what you have said .

  • Prash
  • Prash

    Please review my essay

  • Rohini Hiremath

    Just I want to add something, caste based reservation is off course not good in the view of merit,qualification and eligibility.But in reality the real needy people not getting enough benefits from the opportunities what they have.So there is urgent need in reforming reservation by distinguishing the group within the caste who are economically well developed kept them aside and provide the opportunity to the one who really want.
    Till today in grass root level, when a women of the lower caste gav birth to the child and she vl dream of her child as Municipality ‘C” or “D” grade worker whereas the women of upper class will dream as any officer r high level jobs,it is because of their awerness level, how they are living in society and how people in society treat over them.If Government eliminate the reservation then they will go still lower because the casteism is deep rooted to people’s mind first need to eliminate that by providing proper education,food and employment.
    people with hand full work, basic needs, and the people with nothing(who are living in slums etc..)are never bother about their caste because caste s nowhere help them in their life for eg:a celebrity is not bother about other celebrity in the same way a wender who living in the slum not bother who is living next to him because he need a food not a caste.As India having a large number of middle class and there is alarming condition in present situation for reform to maintain peace and coordination among the people.

  • soloman

    As this is my first attempt to write an Essay .so please review it and correct me.
    Caste System-India’s Enduring Curse

    India -A country with great diversity , Diverse in every aspect ,whether it is language , culture or traditions, but notwithstanding these diversities we all are living together in harmony, that may be the perfect example of “Unity in Diversity”. But ,here in India, there are many problems that lies to very basis of our society that may take a whole generation to unroot these curses. One of the curse that shadowed our society from the very beginning of the civilisation is “Caste System”.

    Caste System ,which found its source in the ancient text in the world Rig Veda, and from that time till now that curse is the sole reason for the division of our indian society. That has divided India and demarked a line in our society . How can we talk about Unity in a situation where a major chunk of it considering themselves alienated. This Caste based division has overshadowed the humanitarian aspect of life of the people.

    Firstly, the origin of Caste System found in Rig Veda where it was done on the basis of work, Excellency in work decides which caste does an individual belong, which was lateron supported by the “Manusmriti”, A text written by Saint Manu. which had divided our society in four Varnas that is Brahmins, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Sudras. Lateron this system is so much so blend in our society that we forget the very basis of its origin and nowon the birth decides, in what work a person must be excell and make it a birth based classification. From then the condition of Sudras is degrading as they were considered as downtroddens and could not be as equal as upper castes. They have always been suppose to serve the other castes. They didn’t have any right to worship, they were not suppose to gain education, wealth.All the height of attrocities had been touched at that time. even today the remote areas and even in urban areas , we can see these attrocities on scheduled castes.

    The constitution assembly , after we got independence is very much aware of this curse, so they brought a constitution by keeping in mind the very upliftment of these ever downtrodded india and anticipated an egalitarian society for India. Dr. B R Ambedkar ,who was the victim himself, was the first in the constitution assembly to talk about the rights of this section.

    Despite of all these laws and our unbiased constitution , where the first fundamental right given to the citizens is Right to Equality , we are lagging somewhere to curb this critical problem. there is only one solution that we all should try to cop up with this curse, by changing the very mindset of ours. now there are clashes among the opinions of the upper caste and lower caste, and due to all these clashes the crack is now getting a george . This is the major threat to the integrity of India and must be taken care of.
    So , the people’s contribution is imperative to cure this disease, which cannot be done by making a law or by forcing others by showing the threat of punishment. this should be the moral responsibility of ours that we help our country to make it Caste free .
    there mjust be only one caste to which we all belong is Humanity. so , by forgetting such discremination we all should strive for the betterment of our society and i am sure we will be caste free soon. and India will shine brightly on the world forum..

  • Ghost

    My first essay. Please give critical feedback.