1) What are the components of an Intelligent Transport System (ITS)? Discuss the potential and challenges of adopting ITS in Indian cities.

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Topic: Urbanization – problems and remedies

1) What are the components of an Intelligent Transport System (ITS)? Discuss the potential and challenges of adopting ITS in Indian cities. (200 Words)

The Hindu

  • Achilles

    Snaring traffic woes, excessive pollution and burgeoning urban population calls for leapforward in traffic management and ITS is one such smart way.
    Intelligent Transport System has following components:
    1. Use of real time traffic data and algorithms to manage traffic signals efficiently.
    2. GPS data and satellite data to give traffic and best route choices
    3. Smartphone and app based public transport service( eg. booking cabs)

    1. The traffic in mst indian cities is hardly in streamed with lots of conflicts and intersection.
    2. Most of the people may not have a smartphone to get access to info.
    3. A snag in the IT infrastructure or cyber attack can put a hold on whole city traffic .

    Potential of ITS is immense especially for metro cities and can be an important component of smart city.

    • Raj

      Potential can include a lot more-
      i) India is considered an unsafe travel destination hindering Tourism and Business*
      Enhanced Traceability= enhanced safety= Ease of Doing Business, Higher Tourism Revenues
      Safety will also help harness DEMOGRAPHIC DIVIDEND* If women feel safe commuting, we’ll tap into our largely inactive workforce

      ii) PRODUCTIVITY POTENTIAL is enhanced by predictability of schedules, helping businesses meet commitments and targets

      iii) ENVIRONMENTAL POTENTIAL:Convenient and Accessible Public Transport can facilitate shift from private vehicles

      There are some basic points that could not/should not have been missed. The potential part could use some work and the conclusion is generic. Add a solution there.

      Check my answer for some additional points and feel free to review critically 🙂
      Please do not mind the comments! Just trying to help

  • pink

    good morning friends

  • Aim_2016

    ITS refers to the applications which provide innovative services for transport and enable commuters to better their travel schedule through better availability of safer and coordinated information regarding vehicle movement. Its components include:
    1. Availability of real time location of public transport, through GPS installation
    2. Availability of booking a vehicle with estimated time of arrival provided
    3. Audio data and GPS tagging of smartphones for identification of traffic density and possible traffic jams
    4. Availability of weather conditions along the route in case of far away destinations

    1. It can help in reducing traffic congestion, as when the commuters will be assured of credibility of cheaper public transport, they prefer using the private vehicle lesser
    2. It will help in reducing the pollution in the prospective smart cities
    3. Will help in ensuring safety of commuters as buses could be easily tracked

    1. Absence of lane discipline, with increasing possibility of traffic jams during harsh weather conditions will hamper the credibility of predicting the arrival time for the vehicles
    2. Need for a standardised IT architecture for building smartphone applications for ITS

    So, such applications have to be designed while keeping all such potentials and challenges in mind, so that it can better help the target population and adequately achieve the desired results.

  • Kept6363

    An Intelligent Transport system (ITS) is one which uses IT based system to facilitate commutation and traffic management. People are better informed to make safer, more coordinated and smarter use of transport network.

    The components of an ITS essentially is
    1) use of GPS in public transportation such as buses to know their exact location
    2) algorithm which would predict the time taken by public transportation to reach a stop
    3) mobile-based apps that would provide real time information to commuters about the arrival of the public transportation

    The potential of ITS is huge considering that may be seen in various aspects of life
    1) Information about the arrival of public transportation in a few minutes, would enable commuters to leave their personal vehicle.This would reduce congestion and pollution
    2) It would help India fulfill its international commitments to reduce GHG emissions
    3)Reduced pollution would reduce disease burden. Increased productivity would enhance economic growth
    4) ITS would increase the market for smartphone applications and web-based portals

    Despite its potential, ITS would have to face huge challenges in India such as
    1) resource crunch
    2) heterogeneous traffic pattern – various kinds of vehicles compete for road space without any rules
    3) Lack of formal transport system :-Public buses do not have electronic timetables
    4) Poor conditions of public transportation:- Buses are in poor condition with broken doors/windows

    The government should implement the algorithm developed by IIT-Madras to mitigate traffic woes.Application of bus code would help. Implementation of ITS bases system under AMRUT along with regulation ( an imperative in light of Budget’ proposal for selective privatisation) would make our cities smart

    • Night thinker !!

      Good one! 🙂
      India has poor road network hence it should also be serving as a challenge.
      Conclusion is nice. Can you please review mine?

    • Affu

      hi kept,good one,apart from IIT-M,C-DAC has already developed many such solutions for urban mobility u can mention it,please review mine

    • awaneesh

      very good.revierwq mine

  • Night thinker !!

    INTELLIGENT TRANSPORT SYSTEM is an advanced application which without using intelligence aim to provide innovative services for different modes of transport, better traffic management, reduced pollution, safer and smarter use of transport networks.

    COMPONENTS of ITS are-

    Floating car data- to obtain travel time and speed data for vehicles.

    Sensing technologies – to ensure safety, these will be installed in or near roads.

    Inductive loops-can be placed in a roadbed to detect vehicles as they pass through the loops’s magnetic field.

    Video vehicle detection-mounted on poles to detect traffic congestion

    GPS data and satellite data- to give traffic and best route choices.


    *enable gathering of data or intelligence and then provide timely feedback to road users.

    *Improved safety to drivers and reduce traffic congestion.

    *Improved energy and environment quality.

    ITS technology is adopted in major cities of the world and India too should adopt in to make Indian cities SMARTER under Smart Cities Mission and AMRUT.

    But the CHALLENGES are-

    *No proper rules followed or roads.

    *Connectivity is poor in India to even think of such advanced technologies.

    *Indian cities lack even a formal transport system.

    *lack of digitisation hence no electronic timetables.

    Thus the requirement is to first mend the loopholes in Indian transportation facilities, to better the traffic system in India, improve the condition of roads then adopt the advanced technology of ITS to experience its benefits.

    • Gabbar is back…

      Nice answer night thinker… covered almost everything.. potential main aap Development of software market, phone apps, web portals add kar sakte ho..
      rest is good as always… thanks and regards.. if u have time Plz review my answer as well..

      • Night thinker !!

        Thanks Gabbar,
        I’ll review yours as I get time! 🙂

    • awaneesh

      nice ans.review mine

    • nucleus

      good one..but more points cud b added..revw mine plz..

    • InsightsOfficialReview

      Very good answer. You can add few examples where ITS is followed. (like Delhi Metro follows ITS)

      Marks – 6/10

      • Night thinker !!

        Yippee! 🙂
        First time getting reviewed by you! Means a lot, I’ll work harder and harder 🙂 🙂 🙂 THANKS A TON!

  • Kunal Aggarwal

    The Intelligent Transport System (ITS) includes
    – Real time positioning of the transport vehicles for tracking purpose
    – Correct timings of the vehicles at each bus stations
    – Learning systems to use actual data from past to predict travel time for people

    The rising number of personal vehicles on road leading to congestion and pollution in Indian cities makes it an inevitable process to move to a better public transport system. People want reliability, simplicity and legibility from the system which can be provided through ITS.
    – India being a hub of smart phone app developers have huge potential
    – The latest IRNS being deployed by ISRO will offer helpful services for positioning
    – The machine learning computer based algorithms developed by IIT Madras can go a long way to open a market for such R&D

    However, the diverse set of vehicles on the road in India pose the biggest challenge to ITS. These vehicles compete for road space without any road rules. The dedicated lanes for buses can help improve the situation for public transport. The diverse set of people driving without any lane discipline and frequent repairing happening on roads of an urban city or pothole because of rain etc pose a challenge too. In any case, these challenges can be overcome by coordination among various departments and people can be provided with a great public transport system.

  • Affu

    Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) describe technology applied to
    transport and infrastructure to transfer information between systems for
    improved safety, productivity and environmental performance.
    Real time information about various travel modes,their timings through vehicle tracking systems
    traffic control, traffic monitoring and traffic information system Urban traffic control system, Area traffic control system, Wireless traffic control system, Red light violation detection system etc
    ETC (Electronic Toll Collection System) is a system by which drivers can pay tolls without having to stop at a tollbooth
    over 13.2 million urban workers regularly using buses to commute everyday for employment as per Census 2011.The share of buses among all vehicles in India,has declined from 11 per cent in 1951 to 1.1 per cent in 2011.Hence,introduction of ITS coupled with development of world class public transport infrastructure holds huge potential in saving travel time,increasing productivity, reducing GHG to meet india’s INDC
    Unreliability of public transport timings,lack of last mile connectivity, lack of policy governing ITS and providing incentives to app developers,lack of commensurate steps to upgrade buses with that of metros due to non implementation of bus standards,lack of formal transport systems in many cities,even in the cities which have it,lack of coordination among intermediary mode of travel(rickshaws,autos) with formal mode
    Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission had specified on-board ITS as one of the requirements for funding.The newly launched Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) shall also incorporate ITS as one of its integral components to provide for smart urban mobility

    • Affu

      please review

    • Gabbar is back…

      Dear affu..
      Again it seems like I am reading the Hindu article..keep up…
      But finally I got a chance to give you suggestions after so long:)
      In potential u can include..
      Development of software market
      Safety concerns etc can be added…

      In challenges u can include
      Difficulty in synchronizing data on daily basis.
      Lack of in house domain knowledge

      Rest is good as always…thanks and regards…
      If u have time Plz review my answer as well..

      • Affu

        thank you,can u please clarify what is inhouse domain knowledge?

        • Gabbar is back…

          In house domain knowledge refers to in depth knowledge of business, process etc. Here it refers to software industries as the industry are not well equipped with global standards irt ITS, lack of expertise etc.. I hope this will help..thanks and regards…

        • Gabbar is back…

          Plz review my answer as well… thanks and regards..

          • Affu

            ya sure in a while

    • Night thinker !!

      Very nice Affu, 🙂 🙂
      Very detailed answer!
      Can you please look at my attempt?

    • Kept6363

      Really nice Affu:) covered many dimensions

      • Affu

        thanks kept for the review

  • IAV

    Components of an ITS would be:

    It should be scalable
    It should be cost-efficient
    It can be integrated with different modules to provide a platform of transport related services eg. Bus, metro, rickshaw, taxi
    A good predictive mechanism for schedule of the public transport system based on a GPS system

    A usable and friendly interface for user to get information

    Potential of ITS:
    Shaping of behaviour of people to use more of public transport system(PTS)
    This would reduce pollution
    This will bring scale and learning economies to PTS.
    This can reduce congestion on the road and increase productivity of people
    Funding from AMRUT can help subsidize adoption of technology

    Most cities and towns do not have buses which can be fitted with GPS
    Most city administrations have apprehensions about technology, its invasion of privacy, the handicap of its employees to adopt new technology
    The cities do not have road-space for a fully functional transport system and people do not follow rules which makes predictability difficult

  • Aman

    Intelligent Transport system aims at efficient services available to the citizen in terms of less time of travelling, safety, and less congested movement from one part of the city to other.
    Components are as follows:
    1. Smart Phones:- To have access to the app provided by government for ITS
    2. GPS:- To track the exact location of the public vehicle.
    3. Algorithm:- To convert the data given by the GPS and other into user friendly like distance left, total time of travel etc.
    4. Online camera:- To have access to the current pics of the buses for safety as well as to know about seats available.

    1. Quality service
    2. Low traffic.
    3.Reduction in pollution
    4. Safety enhancement.
    5. Awareness for use of public services.

    1. Government is not having any software base for its implementation.
    2. Lack of skilled workforce.
    3. Low no of public vehicle available .
    4. Policy for its implementation is still to formulated.
    5. Attitude of public towards public goods leading to destruction of the same.

  • Gabbar is back…


    ITS are advanced applications aim to provide innovative services relating to transport.

    A.. Traffic signal control system
    B.. Electronic free payment technology.
    C.. Transit management.
    D.. Traveler information services.
    E.. Emergency management services.
    F.. Electronic toll payment
    G.. Freeway management system.

    A.. It will encourage increase use of public transport thereby resulting in lesser traffic congestion.
    B.. Positive environmental impact as it does not demand construction work or cutting of trees hence will not impact environment in terms of land,water, noise pollution and land degradation.
    C.. It will provide real time bus arrival info,delays,scheduled bus availability etc and in turn will help commuters to plan their trips accordingly.
    D.. Would develop the market for development of smart phone apps and web based portals.
    E.. Greater safety especially to women for instance audio announcement of the upcoming bus stand inside the bus help commuters to keep track of the routes and travel safely.

    A.. Lack of in house domain knowledge and Co ordination among various stakeholders.
    B.. Lack of funds
    C.. The large scale of operations and consolidation of information networks is also challenging. For example synchronizing massive daily operational system requirement is difficult.
    D.. Lack of confidence among drivers in the system as most of them will feel the system puts them under scrutiny.
    E.. Difficulty in maintaining inbus equipments and display boards and unierripted power supply.

    A well designed and planned ITS system will made significant improvement in the urban transport system in India and will give filip to projects like AMRUT,SMART CITIY

    • Affu

      good one,u can abridge componenets,got an indea after looking at ur answer in potential we can seggregate beenfits for commuters,web developers,economy,environment,just a suggestion,overall good

      • Gabbar is back…

        Thanks affu…

    • Harsh (Learning Unlimited!!!)

      Well written buddy
      Good conclusion too.

      • Gabbar is back…

        Thanks for reviewing bhai..

    • Gabbarji
      Aapke answer mein saare points hain..bas usko chota kar dijiye
      It can be done by clubbing components and potential
      jaise aap likhte ki component traveler information services se real time information di ja sakti hai commuters ko

      • Gabbar is back…

        Sahi farmaya pandey ji aapne… dhanyawaad..

        • IASdream

          nice.review mine too

          • Gabbar is back…

            Thanks… will surely review yours..

    • shally1

      just few more points for potential-

      -tourism dev
      -in sync with SDG and international practices
      -new opportunities for gps manufacturers

      • Gabbar is back…

        Thanks shally1 for your inputs… will keep this in mind.. thanks and regards

    • awaneesh

      very m nice answer.review mine

      • Gabbar is back…

        Thanks aeaneesh bahi… will surely review yours..thanks and regards

    • nucleus

      Good answer..plz review mine..

    • Shaktimaan

      lajabab…………..isme koi jod nahi or is swal ka koi tod nahi………shahbash gabbar:)

      • Gabbar is back…

        Dhanyavaad shakti bhai…

    • halwa

      nice points gabbar
      In challenges u can also add
      – difficulty in making algorithm for smart phone based applications
      – The Heterogeneous traffic pattern of the cities.
      this would make answer more specific i believe

      • Gabbar is back…

        Thanks halwa..will keep your points in mind…

    • InsightsOfficialReview

      Explain some of components of ITS and how they will be used.

      Marks – 5/10

      • Gabbar is back…

        Thanks insights for review….

    • Night thinker !!

      Gabbar bhai,
      Answer is near to perfect 🙂
      Bad components thoda explain kardo! Rest is good 😀

    • Rebel

      Very nice attempt. Some observations:
      Advantages: Auto corrective mechanism, Integration of different modes of transport
      Potential: Majority population is pedestrain or uses cycle. ITS will encourage public transport more affordable.
      Point E in potential is illogical. How announcement will lead to women safety?
      Challenges: Very verbose. You can simply say maintenance, investment

  • SVSR

    When the transportation sector is upgraded with modern IT tools and smart applications like GPS tracking systems, updates on traffic congestion and road diversions to commuters in real time, dedicated lines and rapid transit systems which finally reduces the growing burden of commuting in urban areas, it is called as Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS).

    > Smart signal management based on the traffic flows.
    > Effective and efficient public transportation system with good last mile connectivity.
    > Usage of modern IT gadgets and applications to provide real time information about traffic, road congestion, availability of public transportation services and ETAs etc., to the commuter.
    > High degree safety measures to run the transportation sector in a error free and hassle free manner.
    > Facilitating applications for car pooling and taxi sharing etc.
    > Dedicated road lanes for efficient flow of traffic.

    Potential in India:
    Since India in the rapid urbanisation phase, its towns and cities became highly congested and facing the adverse conditions like hazardous air quality. Due to improper urban planning and inefficient public transport systems, usage of private vehicles surged to an extent that the cities like Delhi imposed a temporary ban on registrations of new vehicles. Now, its time for reshaping our transportation system, particularly in cities, to make it commuter friendly and make cities more livable. Owing to high literacy, development index and empowerment in these cities, habituation to modern changes are very quick. Already some metropolitan cities like Delhi, Chennai, Bangalore etc., are in preliminary stage of this experiments. Successful models need to studied and implemented in other potential areas also.

    1) Poor devolution of powers and funds to Urban local bodies.
    2) Procedural and bureaucratic delays for implementing new methodologies.
    3) Limited reach of internet penetration and usage of smart gadgets.
    4) Highly congested roads to perform exclusive experiments – as is evidenced in the failure of Bus Rapid Transit System in Delhi.
    5) Irresponsible commuter behaviour, particularly in road traffic management.
    6) Lack of funds and corruption – resulted in sub-optimal performance of earlier schemes like JNNURM.

    Identifying the pace of urbanisation and problems faced by the urban dwellers, there is an urgent need for the policy makers to look into this matter.

  • Intelligent transport system can be broadly defined as the use of technology to improving transportation systems.

    1. Automated Data acquisition
    With the help of GPS, Automatic Vehicle locators and Sensors – rapid, exhaustive, accurate data acquisition and communication is important for real-time monitoring and strategic planning.

    2. Communication Tools
    After the collection and analysis of data, the next step should be the quick and reliable communication of this data to the traffic management centers and from the TMC to the general public.

    3. Analysis of Data
    Data analysis includes the accurate data cleaning, fusion and analysis. For instance, the connection between traffic and travel time

    4. Traveller Information
    Relaying transportation related messages to the general public. This could include – SMS, real time Internet tracking, automated cell phone messaging.

    1. Encourage more usage of Public transport systems and therefore help in transportation management.
    2. Conservation of natural resources and reduction of carbon emissions
    3. It is a tested route to mitigate traffic congestion problems

    1. An underdeveloped road network
    2. Severe Budget constraints
    3. Explosive urbanisation and growth
    4. Lack of resources for maintenance and operation
    5. Less demand for automation
    6. Lack of interest among government decision makers
    7. Lack of user awareness

    • This could be of help – https://coeut.iitm.ac.in/ITS_synthesis.pdf

      Kindly Review 🙂

      • Neelotpal

        M, I suggest that you end your answer with some degree of optimism. If you mention challenges, suggest some solution also. ‘Following are the components of ITS’, this one line would have been an apt insertion after the intro sentence.
        If time permits review my script as well. Thank You for the IIT study….

        • I absolutely concur with every word! And henceforth, will incorporate these suggestions.

          Thank you for the review 🙂

  • Shiuli

    ITS entails usage of IT infrastructure like GPS devices, mobile-apps etc. in drawing up algorithms for coordination and optimizing vehicle movement to improve urban transport.

    The potential of adopting ITS in Indian cities are –

    1. Better feedback to customers public transport availability, encouraging shift from private transport

    2. Fleet and crew management on efficiency based route-determination may help resolve current competition between State and private bus contractors

    3. Can help improve safety through use of CCTV in vehicles, reduce congestion, pollution etc.

    4. Help achieve the Smart Cities Mission’s objective of Intelligent Traffic Management and Smart Parking to improve urban mobility

    The challenges in its implementation are –

    1. Multiplicity of transport-service providers posing difficult in accurately predict arrival/departure times, seat-availability etc.

    2. Exclusion of Intermediate Public Transport Systems like autos, shuttles etc. from current transport policies removing them from ITS-framework’s ambit

    3. Poor precedence of planning in metropolitan cities due to lack of MPCs(under Art 243 ZE) as was pointed out by 2nd ARC

    4. Low progress in implementation of mass-transport facilities like BRTS, metros in Tier-II and III cities etc.

    Hence, we see that ITS can help revamp urban transport provided the constraints are addressed. Setting up an autonomous Indian Institute of IT in Transport as recommended by Rakesh Mohan Committee can be the first step towards its incorporation.

    • AK

      I think we can mention ITS as environment friendly also. do you agree ?

    • bakir malik

      hi shiuli care for a review 🙂

  • Vivaan Khanna

    An intelligent transportation system enables various users to be better informed and make safer, more coordinated and smart use of transport networks.
    1. Security-can be provided by GPS and CCTV cameras during travelling.
    2. Reducing pollution and congestion-by managing traffic, using clean fuel, car pooling and use of bicycles etc for small distance.
    3. Fast and reliable-a) traffic signal container system
    b) Parking guidance and information system
    c)Weather information
    d)arrival and departure timing of public transport
    e)Track the travel time.
    4.Quality commute at low cost.
    1. Smart cities can help in its adoption
    2. Various private vehicles services are already providing fast booking, timely arrival and departure , fare meter and GPS services in India.
    3. Various metro services are running. With the help of Japan we are planning to launch bullet trains.
    4. Various online apps like operation Himmat of Delhi police can be used in ITS for security purposes. Further, proposed panic button in smart phones by DEITY can also be helpful here
    5. Urban Ministry of transport has already roped in with IIT madras to build advance system to for tracking travel time. It is important for its funding of AMRUT.
    6. Recent rail budget has also focused on enhancing commuting experience through various measures like providing station name on train, no increment in fare ,cleaning of toilets on phone request etc.
    1. Huge Population of India poses a major challenge against quality.
    2. Upgradation of IT architecture is needed.For that funding will be a challenge.
    3.Leave ITS, in most of the rural areas buses and vans are not easily available. Those which are available are not pasting any kind of schedules and using polluting fuel. So transition to ITS will be a challenge.
    4. Persuading commuters to adopt public transport will also be challenging.
    Thus, India is ready to have smart transportation as it transforms itself to smart cities and smart villages to meet its development goals alongwith taking care of environment and public provided some hurdles are cleared.

    • awaneesh

      nice points.review mine

    • Gabbar is back…

      Hello bhai… sahi likha hai ekdum jhakaas… word limit cross kar diye iss baar… but koi na uttar mein sab details daal do aapne.. ab aur koi article read karne ki need nai hai… Dhanyavaad… upvote toh banta hai…

      • Vivaan Khanna

        sahi hai…pata nahi kab word limit mein likhna ayega mujhe…kaha they in dino?


    Component of intelligent transport system–(ITS)

    >presence of robust transportation system
    >availablity of gps or other positioning system like GAGAN on the vehicles
    >application management centre which can use the gps data to calculate the time and the location of the coming transport.
    >application which can provide the data from the gps to users
    >finally a r&d sector which can help to cater the ever increaasing demend of the transportation system

    potential of the ITS–
    >use of smart technology in the transportation system will make it more predictable and reliable ,making easier for commuters to use public transport
    >it may also help to decrease the use of private vehicles as public transport become more usable.
    >can be linked with AMRUT AND SMART CITY programme for better urbanisation.
    >will give a boost to already established app based transport system as this year budget has also mentioned teh use of private sector in transportation
    >new start up an come up iin the sector giving boost to START UP INDIA,MAKE IN INDIA, AND DIGITAL INDIA

    >as indian roads are highly congested and traffic is heterogenous ,,so the application makers will have to take into consideration such delays aslo-
    >in many small cities there is no esatablished public transport system
    >althouh use of intelligent sytem was recoomended by the NATIONAL TRANSPORT POLICY 2014 ,but no heed given.
    >such change has to be delivered in tendem with developement of infrastructure sector

    even though govt is working on smart city mission but not much importance is given to amart transport system.it is the need of hour ot incororate the angle into our urbanisation missions.

    • awaneesh

      well written.review mine

  • robin kumar

    An Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) improves transportation safety and mobility
    and enhances productivity through the use of advanced communications technologies.

    There are nine integrated components of an ITS

    -Traffic signal control
    -Freeway management
    -Transit management
    -Electronic fare payment
    -Electronic toll payment
    -Incident management
    -Traveller information services
    -Emergency management services
    -Railroad grade crossing safety

    The prominent growth drivers, for the ITS market in India, are:

    – Increase in number of vehicles has added to existing traffic, especially in urban areas. Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Bengaluru have 5% of India’s population, but 14% of the total registered vehicles which leads to traffic congestion, deterioration in air quality, and increase in noise levels in the metropolitan cities.
    – €60bn of transport-related investment expected over the next five years and a massive €390bn anticipated over the next two decades. (News Report, ITS International)
    – Many cities are implementing: Metro rail, BRT, monorail and other forms of public transport. Thus, opening up opportunities in passenger information systems, smart cards and integrated ticketing, and parking management.
    -Freight is a disorganized sector in India and has huge potential for development. Use of ITS for proper vehicle tracking, vehicle emissions and fuel costs, can help reduce carbon footprint and introduce several degrees of efficiency.

    There are major challenges in implementing such technologies in India

    -An underdeveloped road network, budget restriction and lack of user awareness
    -Lack of definite guidelines and regulations and difficulties in physical implementation.
    -Developing a nation-wide ITS data archive.
    -India’s ITS can’t be entirely modeled on the existing successful ITS of other nations due to basic cultural, geographic & practical differences among the countries.
    -High cost for ITS safety systems does not allow high penetration. Few people are willing to pay extra for safety systems and only few technologies are sufficient to ensure safety.
    -Setting up a citywide ITS implementations with fully functional Traffic Management Centers for coordination of traffic activities

  • Thedarkknight

    India in near future is going to experience never before opportunities which are accompanied with similar challenges
    Traffic management is one of them given the scale of urbanisation and strain it puts of limited infrastructure the task needs judicious mix of various components
    Intelligent transport system(ITS) may help in providing sustainable and balances transportation solution
    It involves-application of computers and communication technology to aid transport problems
    -data gathering and timely feedback to traffic managers and road users
    -GPS and satellite data for best available routes
    -presently collaboration is on between research and academic institutes for designing it.example IIT MADRAS algorithm forecast of time to traverse next subsection
    -ITS has been specified as one of the requirements for funding under AMRUT
    -safety to drivers, better traffic efficiency,decreased traffic congestion,increased energy efficiency ,and enhance economic productivity
    – helps in planning journey,provides predictability and surety in catching public transport-more people will prefer public transport
    – heterogeneous nature of traffic
    – resource crunch
    – poor connectivity in rural areas
    – public transport in need of more development

    The challenges are huge but can be met with, ITS provides a smart way of moving in design in a “smart way of life” but need to remember smart solutions are for “smart people” where inclusivity is key.

    • Thedarkknight

      Hey please review

  • Aadesh Pratap Singh

    Friends, review:)

  • Atom

    Intelligent Transport System:
    While the western countries fastly moving into the technology oriented transport systems, it’s not impossible for India to compete with them if she has grasp the opportunities of Intelligent Transport System.

    Components of ITS:
    * Electronic schedules of the Indian transport system are the primary component of ITS, since they are the source to proceed with further processes for making transport technically advanced.
    * Mobile applications will help to identify the details of transport systems. For example, the time taken for a particular bus to reach from one station to next station can be analyzed with the speed of that bus.
    * Standard rules and regulations in the transport system plays a major role, since it will help to create an algorithm for mobile applications in an easier way.

    * ITS can be an important feature of ‘Smart City Mission’ since it helps to promote efficient transport system.
    * It may help to reduce the environmental pollution through improved utilization of public transport.
    * Urban areas can be benefited by reducing the traffic problems.

    * The Indian transport system is more diversified. So, different rules are followed in different regions and different circumstances.
    * The current system doesn’t follow proper schedule and timetable for transportation of public vehicles which is a major impediment for ITS.
    * Efficiency of ITS doesn’t only rely upon the government but also the individuals too. Since the roads are used by everyone, if anyone creates the problem in one place of roads like protests, accidents, construction etc., it will affect the overall system too.

    Though Indian transport system has some challenges to adopt ITS, it is possible since the challenges can be removed through effective rules and regulations.

  • SRP(Sukladhwaj)

    Potential in Indian cities
    1. Safety: As vehicles in Indian roads are highly dense in most of the cities, so ITS can lower the vast level of accident statics happening every year
    2. Clean: Decrease in traffic congestion can reduce air pollution specially for commuters
    3. Efficiency: Reduction of cars can have better efficiency for public transportation

    4. Surveillance: It can be used for surveillance and can reduce criminal activities similar to home dept of USA does to monitor criminal behavior
    5. Back up: Any accident can be tracked within seconds and helps like Medical or police facilities an be availed within minutes

    1. Indian roads are used in highly heterogeneous manner
    2. Many Indian cities specially smaller ones lack even a formal transport system without any regular predictable timetable
    3. IT and Smart phone companies must invent new kind of advanced algorithm to suit Indian context
    4. Most of the city buses are pretty much uncomfortable for many so they may not leave their personal vehicle so easily

    However with growing public demand and optimistic road map by govt can be used for such smart system in Indian cities through AMRUT in near future which can make overall transport system more healthy.

    • awaneesh

      nice points and ans.review mine

      • SRP(Sukladhwaj)


  • black mamba

    Please review! Page 1

    • black mamba


      • Raunak Vashisht

        First page matter looks cool. However, try to look beyond the article for challenges. Read Gandalf’s answer for challenges, even I have mentioned a few pointers there.

        and yes, amazing Handwriting.

        KWAR, ATB !

        • black mamba

          thank you so much raunak.
          the points were useful.
          KWAR 🙂

  • Gandalf the Grey

    Answer: Intelligent Transport System is mechanism to intelligently ply public transport system in road to reduce waiting time, unpredictablity, unavailability, unaffordability and inefficiencies.

    Components of ITS could be:

    –GPS monitored Transport system to broadcast their schedule, location and availability to commuters.

    –Efficiently judging the routes.

    –Algorithm based Traffic light and timing to ensure least traffic congestion.

    We need to note that ITS is not:

    — High end cars, Hybrid cars.

    –Driverless commutation mechanism or any high technological advanced transport system.

    ITS has high potential in India in context of urbanization, affordability, traffic congestion and rising pollution.

    Some potential areas are:

    –Will reduce traffic congestion, pollutions and hence save time and health expenditure.

    –India with rising urbanization and migration needs ITS urgently.

    –Investment at affordable rate can be easiliy available. For ex. Japan’s investment in bullet trains, bus system in Smart cities, Cisco and Google partnership for Internet of things in public transport in Smart cities mission.

    –ITS will ensure India’s positive resolute on Paris Climate talk to reduce GHG share.

    –ITS will also ensure women safety, reduction of slums in cities as poor could also afford fast and cheaper Transport system and can relocate to distant places.

    –ITS can be clubbed efficiently with Smart City mission, AMRUT,

    Challenges for ITS:

    –Road infrastructure of India is lately planned and hence traffic congestion is more of physical barrier than management inefficiencies.

    –Will commuters be ready to pay some extra for more facilities are still to be tested.

    –With cheaper car loans, petrol prices and rising income, it will be hard to give justification to use public transport.

    With the rise in Intelligent mechanism and Algorithms in daily life, it’s right time to use such mechanism to make urban transport userfriendly, safer, time-saving and smart.

    • Raunak Vashisht

      Well written.
      USP is the challenges part. None here has talked about dilapidated conditions of Indian roads.

      More than making our tranport system Techno Intelligent, what is needed is to provide :

      1) adequate Public transport (number of passenger buses, metros, local trains) -Situation in Mumbai local is a well known fact- The budgetary announcement of amendments in Motor Vehicle Act to open up road transport sector in the passenger segment can help

      2) Intelligent but smart solutions- behavioural change is needed-thus putting adequate promotional advertisements like, ” stop polluting” “be more responsible”, instead of corporate promotional ads on buses and trains might help.

      KWAR 🙂

    • awaneesh

      great.review mine

  • प्रथम

    Kindly review

  • Ambarish

    The past decades have witnessed urbanization at an accelerated pace the world over. This is all the more true for India which has seen mushrooming of a million plus cities within 20 years since the economic reforms were launched in 1991. The biggest challenge these rapidly urbanizing cities face is transportation. It is in this area that ITS can provide a lasting solution to make our cities more navigable and livable
    1. Infrastructure to track the availability and expected time of arrival of public transport – This needs to be done by using location mapping services such as the GPS as well as a grid monitoring traffic movements in the cities
    2. Data repository aggregating various means of transport – Data gathered from individual public transport entities needs to be fed into a centralized data repository which would prime it to be fed onto the “intelligent” systems
    3. Systems for processing the data aggregated in previous stages – They would do the number crunching and dish out the expected time of arrivals in various parts of the city based on which urban commuters can plan their travels
    4. Web/mobile based front end which would enable commuters to view these predictions

    Such a system if put in place has the potential to streamline the public transport infrastructure operations in the city thereby enabling them to provide better, efficient transport services in cities. Adopting such systems is clearly a step in the right direction

  • Akhil

    transportation system(specially bus transport) in Indian cities are highly underdeveloped and backward compared to developed cities. Intelligence transport system (ITS) offers solution to get rid of this problem.

    Components of ITS
    -real time information about bus availability.
    -sofisticatd mobile apps, which provide information about bus arrival time, time taken by bus to reach destination, route information etc.
    -WiFi availability at bus stop.

    Potential of its for indian cities
    -share of bus in carrying passengers has reduced from 11petcent in 1951-52 to 1.1 percent in 2013 – 14. This can be increased if modern and public friendly tech is used.
    -ITS has potential to change behavior of commuters,if punctuality and frequency of buses is improved people prefer them over prove to vehicles.
    -this can be helpful in mitigating pollution and help India to achieve it’s carbon reduction target.
    -it will help increase economic output also.

    -most Indian cities do not have even proper transportation system in place.
    -traffic congestion is biggest menace in Metro cities. Therefore making system which give accurate result is very tough task in India.
    -poor condition of roads and no separate Lane for public transport is another constrain.
    -financial crunch as it will require huge sum of money.
    Robust Transportation system are arteries of development. To make Indian cities of global standard it is necessary to have transportation system equipped with modern technologies

  • Amit Kumar

    Components of Intelligent Transportation System:
    1) Traffic Signal control System- Adjust waiting time at different cross section according to the need.
    2) Freeway management system- to measure how much traffic is entering and exiting in major highways
    3) Transit management system-
    4) electronic Toll and fare payment techniques
    5) Traveler information system
    6) Emergency Management System.

    Intelligent transportation system has 3 potential benefits:
    1) Increased productivity: As with the use of various real time application, citizens will be able to decide which route and mode of transportation is most efficient. congestion leads delay in supply chain leads to increased cost of business
    2) Safety: Intelligent transportation will smooth-en traffic flow which will lead to lesser accidents on road.
    3) Better Environmental Performance: Intelligent transportation will lead to reduced congestion, will stop start-stop driving, which will lead to lesser fuel consumption. Decrease in green house gas emissions.

    Following are certain Challenges:
    1) Developing City wide Real time data with fully functional traffic management system
    2) Use of smart phones- we have still not achieved 100% literacy rate,
    3) High cost of ITS involved
    4 ) Lack of definite guidelines and regulations for physical implementation.

  • Neelotpal

    ITS is the use of infotech tools and systems to gather data about transportation variables ( e.g. time taken by a bus for commute between 2 stops, the number of passengers who board or alight at a particular stop, etc.) to develop predictive algorithms and then making information available to the end users of transportation systems.

    The components of ITS are:

    1. automated data acquisition
    2. Fast data communication to a hub called Traffic Management Centre(TMC)
    3. Accurate analysis of this data at TMC
    4. Reliable information to traveller /public

    ITS would help in following ways:

    a. First of all, it would make commute less taxing for the commuter. He would know the average time of arrival of, say buses and time taken to travel between two places.
    b. It would improve safety, as vehicles can be tracked through GPS, etc.
    c. By making commute reliable and enjoyable, ITS would incentivize commute by public transport. Thus number of cars on road will go down and so will pollution and congestion

    A few challenges remain in implementing ITS in India:

    1. Buses, Autos and even taxis jostle for public transport space in India. It will be a challenge to set up standard for small private operators.
    2. Some cities do not have uniform operator and regulator of public transport. It is imperative to set up MPCs as under Art. 243 ZE as recommended National Transport Development Policy Committee ( Rakesh Mohan Committee)

    IIT Chennai has recommended EVOLVING A NATIONAL ITS STANDARD for different ITS technologies and setting up a national ITS CLEARING HOUSE so as to share and propagate the experience of individual projects. (273 Words)

    • I think u have covered the aspects well. Cut down on the words and you will be sorted.

      All the best 🙂

      • Neelotpal

        It is way tooo looong!
        I need to be less verbose.

        Thank you for calling the spade…..

  • mth_im

    With the advent of SMART CITY mission. The Concept of Intelligent Transport System (ITS) has become very crucial and necessary component in AMRUT mission.

    Components of ITS
    1. Real time Transport Management Service.(GPS monitored mechanism)
    2. Efficient and Effective time management.
    3.Secure Safety for commuting passengers

    Potential areas for ITS
    1. Public Transport network wil be strengthened and made effective and efficient
    2. Traffic Congestion will be reduced
    3. Commutation time will be reduced
    4. Pollution levels will decrease.

    Challenges for ITS
    1. Unplanned urbanization and encroachment
    2. huge investment is needed for setting up SMART functional transport system.
    3. Public awareness and their reluctance to use Public transport need to resolved before ITS can take off.
    4. Last Mile connectivity is big obstacle for ITS.

    Nevertheless in times to come, the idea will surely take off but proper planning and implementation is prerequisite.

  • Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) employ the use of present day technologies that provide innovative services ranging from playing a crucial role in traffic management to keeping the travelers informed of the real-time location of public transports. The components of the ITS include:
    1. Global Positioning System (GPS) that provides real-time location of vehicles.
    2. Traffic management through monitoring and signal control, including prediction of arrival.
    3. A user interface to pass the information to the travelers.

    The share of public transport vehicles have come down to 1.1% from 11% in 1951. This is caused by the unpredictability of the Public Transportation System. The increasing vehicle density and pollution are some issues that have been on the table for quite some time. And the only solution is the development of public transport system. Implementing the ITS would make the system reliable, convenient and predictable. This will encourage the people to use public transportation.
    1. Pollution Control.
    2. Less traffic congestion.
    3. Safety for women as they do not have to wait long hours for the bus – exact time of arrival will be available in hand.

    The challenges can be briefed as:
    1. Though development of Public Transportation is one of the key concerns under AMRUT system, allocation of funds and systematic implementation remains out of reach.
    2. Development of complex algorithm.
    3. Digitization of public transport.

  • ankgarg0402

    An Intelligent Transport System (ITS) is a multi-dimensional system that ensures rapid moment and minimum environmental degradation. The essential components of of ITS include-

    1. Multidimensionality- It must encompass multi-transportation modes like buses, metro, cars along with safe passage to cycles and pedestrians.

    2. Last-mile connectivity- It should provide for last-mile connectivity

    3. Reliable information- It must be predictable and reliable on account of the time of start and completion of the journey. This requires host of ICT technologies and innovations

    4. Safety- With over 10 lakh people killed in the last 10 years in the road accident, ITS must ensure the safety of the commuters. The Transport and Road safety bill do address the issues on safety.

    The challenges include the following-

    1. Unpredictable traffic pattern- which makes development of algorithms computing time of arrival difficult

    2. Administration- lack of capability of local administration and traffic personnel

    3. Rural distress and Urban overload- Rapid migration to urban areas have overburdened the city transport system.

    The potential of ITS are

    1. Reducing road accidents

    2. Increasing efficiency of workforce by reducing transit time and thus contributing to country;s growth

    3. Women-empowerment- Lack of proper and safe transport system is one of the obstacles in women force participation.

    4. Reducing pollution

    5. Cascaded effects- will open up market for innovational products and services

    A city can never be smart without a smart transport system. So, schemes like AMRUT and Smart city must converge on attaining of an ITS.

  • bakir malik

    Intelligent transport system consists of a technology driven public transport system. It uses real time data tracking system to make commuters travel easy.

    It links public transport with technology like GPS to track the public transport, provides information to the commuters on arrival of buses , time taken by a bus to travel from point A to point B. Uses a mobile app to keep the commuters up to date.

    The potential of intelligent transport system can be understood by its implementation in the private sphere that is very much in use.

    It provides an efficient way for commuting. It helps in time management for passengers, It helps in overcrowding in public spacing given the advantage of tracking the time of next bus.

    It helps in proving detrimental for using private vehicles. It has been noticed that well planned, intelligent transport system is a first choice to commute to avoid rush and delays.

    It will help in reducing pollution that is rampant in our cities. It will help in decongesting our streets and providing a better travel experience

    However there are some challenges faced by the implementation in India

    One issue is with the unorganized traffic on our roads. As there is no particular lane system, various cars buses are trying to gain space on road, there may be hurdles in tracking the real time of arrival of buses.

    Also there is need for upgradation of already available transport system. Our buses has to be increased in number given the large scale commuters, they have to be fitted with upgraded IT infrastructure for working of this intelligent project

    Govt has started working towards these aims through there schemes like AMRUT and smart city. It is a very good initiative to solve the urbanization problem in our country and make city life easy.

  • Chandan Kumar Singh

    ITS as a technological innovation has the potential to change the face of Indian Transportation system, which is struggling to become as par with the best practices of the world. The Speed of growth of Million plus cities are a big challenge for Indian Transportation system.

    Components of ITS
    1. GPS fitted on public transports, for real time data gathering.
    2. A standard IT architecture
    3. Reliable and convenient smart phone applications.
    4.Smart Maps for grid monitoring of traffic movements

    ITS has a potential to be a revolution, as it could make public transportation more convenient, reliable , safe and predictable.
    If ITS becomes a success, than automatically the use of Private vehicles will reduce and pollution will decreases, as observed in London and other advance nations.

    But, seeing the lack of pre-planning, implementation of ITS is going to be a challenge, like
    1. A software algorithm, as per the local conditions
    2. Having a dedicated team of traffic individuals for its success

    A serious note from the government in this direction is visible from the planning of Jawaharlal Nehru Urban Renewal Mission and project Amrut. But, with a shear hard work and dedication, there is no doubt that ITS could become a reality in India.

  • With the rise in population and ever increasing economic activities in cities, the pressure on Public transport is substantially increasing. The ITS can provide a helping hand in it.

    Components of Intelligent Transport system (ITS):
    1) Wireless Communication: Using “Radio modems” which can transfer data upto huge range on Ultra High Frequency (UHF) and Very High Frequency(VHF).
    2) Computational Technology: Using “Real time Operating System” by equipping the transport system with GPS.
    3) Floating Cellular Data: Smartphone based monitoring to track traffic speed and density.
    4) Video vehicle detection: Using CCTV cameras for wrong way vehicle alarms, traffic overflow etc.
    5) Audio Detection: To measure traffic density using audio signals from horns, tire burst and engine-idling noise.

    Potential and challenges of adopting ITS in Indian cities:
    1) Better Services in public transport system and advance time analysis by passenger’s according to his own needs.
    But the challenge is Indian Cities have “heterogeneous” traffic pattern and there might be an unsuitable lag in the arrival of the bus.

    2) Dynamic Traffic light System can provide better service according to the demand of the traffic and its varying density by efficient time management scheme.
    The challenge here lies is that diverse range of road users move randomly as they have no sense or understanding of traffic rules and regulations.

    3) Would open up the market for development of smartphone applications to provide the information to passengers.
    The challenge here lies is that whether the service operator is ready to give developers an interface to Open Data on which they can build real-time information system applications.

    • Shaktimaan

      sahii likha :):)
      ek pot>>curb malpractices>>jo yeh cndctr se tickets ni na dete+ route mapping se kidnapping jaise event b map honge
      chal>> bahut old infra h transport system ka itna modern krne k liye bahut money+time chahiye
      khud se btaya ………..aap na pasand b kar sakte h………..thank u:)

      • yes good points! 🙂
        na pasand kya! Thanks for the review bhai!! *_*

      • Gabbar is back…

        Namaste shaktishaali bahi… kidhar gayab ho aajkal aap? Aapke margdarshan ke liye humara uttar pratiksha kar raha hai… apne vichar prakat kare.. dhanyavaad

    • awaneesh

      nice one.review mine

    • Gabbar is back…

      Hello tuktuk bhai… aacha uttar likha hai aapne hamesha ki tarah… Dhanyavaad…

      • haha! nahi gabbar bhai! itna b acha nhi h! 🙂 but thanks review k lie aapka!

  • atul vashishth

    Plz review..

  • ashwin jai

    With aim to increase the use of public transportation thru application of ICT solutions, various programmers have designed Intelligent transportation system (ITS).

    The ITS is a IT based solution in combination with Standard positioning system technology, which would enable the commuter to schedule their travelling schedule by informing them of probable arrival timing of public transportation across various pickup places. With inception of concept of smart city into Indian urbanisation landscape, the ULBs are trying to adopt ITS for its public transportation system to keep in track of various buses in the city .

    As the ULBs are trying to implement the ITS, its potential benefits are :

    a) This would persuade the commuter to shift from personal transportation vehicles to public transportation. There by reduce pollution, expenditure for transportation,

    b) It would lead to reduction in travelling time for most commuter as they can know at what time they can arrive and depart.

    c) It would create employment for programmer, etc for creation and maintenance for such system.

    However, there are various challenges to its implementation :

    a) The absorption of ICT solutions in public transportation is slow across various cities as the concept it new and not all citizen have availability of smart phones.

    b) Creation of IT architecture for implementation of technology required support of public transportation management and its employee, which is always a problem.

    c) The prediction of time for travelling and when next bus would come is challenging in india, buses dont have separate lane for travelling and due to presence of heterogeneous traffic with diverse vehicles and time for travelling varies always.

    d) Lack of proper bus code in india, as most of the buses are in worn out shape and dont travel at optimal speed.

    Despite the challenges, future of transportation industry lies in ITS. So, by quicker adoption of ITS, even public transportation system can be in advantages across various Indian cities just like in London.

  • Raj

    PLEASE REVIEW and I’ll return the favour!
    Words: 301

    Intelligence Transportation System(ITS) refers to advanced applications that facilitate traffic management and provide a safer, more coordinated and smarter use of existing transport infrastructure.


    i) Predictability_ of traffic frequency, density, of available services, etc

    ii) Reliability_ the Outcomes are consistent over time. Currently algorithms help with this.

    iii) Simplicity_ User interface, how easy it is access information generated

    iv) Legibility_ Is the info easy to interpret/ does the application help understanding

    v) Standardisation_ how pervasive is the service provided by the tech i.e. range covered by a single service


    i) SAFETY_ traceability helps safety

    Will promote India as a safe travel destination and enhance EASE OF DOING BUSINESS and TOURISM.

    Safety for Women means more working population, will help tap the DEMOGRAPHIC DIVIDEND of India

    Currently Tourism Capitals like Kerala lack basics like Multilingual Signages*

    ii) PREDICTIBILITY AUGMENTS PRODUCTIVITY_ facilitates (commuters and businesses) time-planning, meet business commitments on time.

    iii) Increased MARKETS for App-based Services which are booming in India, will help ENTREPRENEURSHIP and GDP Growth

    iv) ENVIRONMENT_ accessible public transport can mean shift from personal vehicles, lower congestion and resultant emissions

    v) Roadway SURVEILLANCE_ easier and cheaper to establish presence at the scene of crime through traceable tech like smartphones (versus CCTV installations which have limited range and high costs)


    i) regulating everchanging and disruptive technologies,

    ii) getting service-provider cooperation in provision of data for Real Time Data Applications

    iii) Inadequate/Informal Transport Infrastructure, out of the government’s regulatory ambit

    iv) Crunch of Research Funds esp to Government Funded Institutions hinders innovation


    – Digital education schemes for ease of access to new tech (as in Kerala),

    – town planning,

    – Provision of basic traffic infra like signage

    – Increased number and frequency of public transport

    – Comprehensive Transport Policy and NOT sporadic investments in piecemeal solutions

  • durgesh patel


    • MSD

      very good dost, carry on dost,

  • Rg

    ITS or Smart Transport system is a transport system which is reliable, convenient and easy to use by the common public.Main components of ITS are-
    1.Precise Positioning of public transport fleet.
    2 Electronic display of current location and next location.
    3. Information to cover distance between to points and the path taken by the vehicle
    4. Algorithms Calculating delay in journey due to traffic and formulation of alternate less time taking route
    5. Automatic ticketing system using cards and swipe system.
    6. Tracking the vehicle on map in the hand held devices
    7. Electronic Schedule of Public transport system.

    India is urbanizing fast at a rapid rate.Cities are bound to grow to accommodate urbanizing population. Transport system of any city is the lifeline of it. GoI has rightly take initiatives like Smart cities, AMRUT and metro projects like in Cochin,jaipur, Bangalore, Lucknow,nagpur etc in the emerging cities. But there are certain challenges for the Indian cities to adopt ITS-
    1.Lack of proper Schedule of public transport.
    2.Lack of GPS enabled fleet
    3.Lack of electronic gadgets in the transport fleet.

    Potential of ITS-
    1. Clean environment as efficient and ITS will discourage people from using private vehicles
    2. Cost effective in long run, saving fuel
    3.Time saving, due to less traffic congestion.
    4.Encourage reduce ecological and carbon footprints.

    ITS is the need of the hour when the urbanised population will double by 2050 and there is no doubt that India can develp its own ITS when it can run and support world’s best metro systems

    • awaneesh

      nice.review mine

  • DJB

    An Intelligent transport system involves the use of advanced communication technologies aimed to improve transportation safety and mobility while enhancing productivity

    Components of ITS:

    Traffic signal control, transit management, electronics fare management, electronics toll management, Incident management, travellor information service, emergency management services, railroad crossing safety, highway management.

    Potential of ITS:

    1.Many cities are implementing Metro rail, mono rail. Thus opportunities for passenger information systems such as smart cards, integrating ticketing

    2.Transport related investment to the tune of USD 85bn expected over next 3 years and nearly USD 550bn anticipated in 2 decades

    3.Increasing traffic congestion, particularly in urban cities, leading to deteriorating air quality and increase in noise levels. Cities such as delhi, mumbai, bangalore, kolkata have 5% of indian population but 14% of registered vehicles

    4.Usage of ITS for proper vehicle tracking, vehicle emission, helps in reducing carbon footprint.


    1.Integration of ITS applications and introduction of standards for International ITS architecture
    2.Lack of definite guidelines , regulations and difficulties of implementation
    3.Developing a nation wide ITS data archive
    4.High cost of ITS safety systems. So penetration issue

    If implemented effectively, ITS serves as excellent tool to transform the transport system in Indian cities.

    • RDB

      good video with nice info
      Keep writing n reviewing

  • Shilpa Arunkumar

    Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) describe technology applied to transport and infrastructure to transfer information between systems for improved safety, productivity and environmental performance

    Components of ITS
    1. Automated data acquisition – it combines tested hardware and efficient software that can collect reliable data on which to base further ITS activities like sensors, cameras, automatic vehicle identifiers, GPS based automatic vehicle locators etc
    2. Fast data communication to traffic management centres – quick and reliable communication of data to field through dedicated short range communications , wireless communications systems, etc
    3. Accurate analysis of data at the management centres – it includes data cleanining, fusion, and analysis. The cleaned and fused traffic data will be used to provide suitable information to users
    4. Reliable information to public / traveller – this can be done through variable message signs, highway advisory radio , internet, short messaging services, automated cell phone messaging, public radio announcements

    1. phenomenal rise of personal automobiles on Indian roads
    2. constant influx of rural population into urban areas – enormous demands on transportation infrastructure
    3. growing demographic dividend specially women folk can harness this ITS to safe commuting
    4. criminal activities can be kept at check by survelliance through ITS
    5. Unaccounted accidents and crimes can be traced specially on highways and corridors

    1. Underdeveloped road network
    2. Severe budget restrictions
    3. Explosive urbanisation and growth
    4. Lack of resources for maintenance and operation
    5. Less demand for automation
    6. Lack of interest among government decision makers
    7. Lack of user awareness

    ITS applications can be implemented in Indian cities under SMART city and AMRUT programmes. Rurban mission can apply this too with the help of digital India mission.

    • Shubhashish

      very nice ans.. especially the component part.. u can add .. surveillance for security purposes .. and also that it will help in mass evacuation in case of a natural disaster.. (source – wiki)

      • Shilpa Arunkumar


  • sruthi

    Intelligent transport system
    refers to the advanced applications which are aimed at providing innovative
    services for the different modes of transport and for traffic management. ITS
    enables the users to be better informed and emphasizes on safer and more
    coordinated, smarter transport network.

    The components of ITS include:

    Installation of CCTV cameras in public transportation vehicles and stations
    with constant monitoring can go a long way in addressing security issues faced
    by people especially women and elderly.

    Display of information regarding the availability of transit facilities through
    websites, social and print media and inside the vehicles

    Access to technology can address pollution problems to a certain extent through
    incorporation of advanced machine parts and pollution control devices

    Traffic Management through ITS could help reduce commutation time. Also
    introduction of smart transport cards can make transit easier through the
    implementation of uniform standards and fares. Further, reducing congestion and
    introducing order in urban mobility can impart a sense of discipline in the day
    to day lives of commuters.

    The present Government’s Smart
    Cities mission has put forward an advanced framework incorporating ITS for
    solving the urban mobility issue which forms centre stage among the issues
    haunting urban growth and development.

    OF ITS

    has already been partly implemented in many of our urban centers and is functioning
    smoothly which is evidence to the feasibility of expanding the same to other
    urban centers.

    than 1/3rd of the 1210 million population resides in cities. Indian
    cities are reeling under the issues of overpopulation and congestion which
    needs urgent attention through ITS.

    India’s bilateral agreements with the
    developed nations can help in sharing of advanced technology and learning
    lessons on ITS.

    of ITS can prove to be major source of
    skilled and unskilled employment opportunity for the population


    Upgrading to ITS involves heavy cost.

    Technology transfers from developed countries
    requires bilateral agreements

    Low awareness and literacy among the population

    In this world of
    rapid urbanization, improved systems via better transportation network is the
    way forward in addressing the problems of urban mobility. Issues of urban
    mobility have been long kept unaddressed which has led to the current situation
    of unmanageable unplanned urban centers with its ever increasing transportation
    issues. This needs a change and this imminent need can be met through ITS.

    Please review

  • Chhavi

    Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) will be crucial to tackle the issue of growing congestion faced by our cities.

    components of such ITS can be:

    1. should be easy to use particularly for differently abled;
    2. electronic payment instead of cash.

    1. should provide real time information regarding traffic situation, public vehicle location or tracking to commuters through web based
    or smartphone apps utilizing GPS aided technologies.
    2. also suggest diversion routes to commuters incase of traffic jam.

    1. should be punctual (no time delays)
    2. should be comfortable, with amenities such as drinking water, mobile charging, A.C etc.

    ITS offers a huge potential for Indian cities:
    1. relieves congestion: by providing traffic information services like suggestion of diversion routes to commuters.
    2. time savings: real time public vehicle tracking can help commuters to plan & use their time effectively instead of waiting at bus station/stop.
    3. comfort: electronic payment, punctuality etc help masses board public transport, providing greener solution to urbanization.

    challenges in ITS implementation for Indian cities:
    1. today many cities lack formal public transport; more investment in public transport required.
    2. too limited road space makes so congestion is inherent.
    3. lack of adherence to rules such as cattle on roads, no dedicated lanes;
    4. much need to be achieved in digital literacy & financial inclusion field.

    Government schemes such as Smart cities mission & AMRUT should incorporate ITS into public transportation.

  • sruthi

    what does potential actually imply in the question?

  • awaneesh

    Answer-ITS are advanced applications that aim at providing innovative services

    related to transport.



    traffic signal control system.


    electronic free payment technology.


    transit management.


    emergency management services.


    electronic toll payment.



    the people will not have to face transportation problems.


    it will encourage the use of public transport thus resulting in

    lesser traffic congestion.


    it will have positive impact on enviornment as it does not promote

    to cut the trees.


    it will develop the market for development of smart phone apps and

    web based portals.



    lack of funds.


    lack of coordination among several stakeholders.


    lack of confidence among drivers in this system.

    india should try to address all challenges through PPP model, participation of

    NGOs, FDI, programmes and schemes.ITS system will make the the public transport

    system better.

    • SRP(Sukladhwaj)

      Simply good one

  • nucleus

    Please criticize…

    The Intelligent Transport System can be defined as the application of the Information and the Communication technology to the surface transportation in order to achieve enhanced safety and mobility while reducing the environmental impact of the transportation.


    1.Traffic signal control system

    2.Freeway management.

    3.Transit management.

    4.Electronic fair payment.

    5.Traveller information service.

    6.Emergency management service.

    7.Railroad grade crossing safety.


    1.With the provision of availing real time bus arrival information/delays, scheduled bus availability etc. the public transportation would be able to increase its revenue by attracting more passengers.

    2.By reducing the number of private cars it would help in checking congestion and pollution level.

    3.Provide greater safety and reduce the frequency of accidents through its emergency management and railroad grade crossing safety mechanisms.

    4. Open up the market for development of smartphone applications and Web-based portals to provide the information to passengers.


    1Many of India’s smaller cities lack even a formal transport system, and make do with vans and assorted vehicles that do not have even a predictable schedule.

    2.Inadequate funding.

    3.lack of digitization hence no electronic timetables.

    4.Outmoded models and are not at all feasible for comfortable journey.

    5.With rising income and westernization of society people prefer to have a car to maintain the ‘status quo’.

    However with the sincere effort on the proper implementation of the AMRUT and Smart City project, these loopholes could be mended and then India would start gaining from its ‘ITS’ technology.

    (239 words)

    • Shubhashish

      nyc, its a good ans.. read shilpa’s ans for a diff perspective..

    • Gabbar is back…

      Hi nucleus can u Plz elaborate your point 5 in challenges… how status quo is related to ITS..

      Rest is fine… kwar…

      • nucleus

        Till today we estimate a person’s status by having a look on the assets that a person possesses and ‘car’ is undoubtedly in the ‘leading position’… Now to manage a car is not a big issue due to rising income thus what happens is that people (out of the traditional mentality which I have mentioned in the first line) prefer to add a feather to their up warding financial status by just saying ” Yes I have my own car”….. That’s the issue 🙂

  • manish v bawane


  • shridhar

    1 page

  • Abhyudaya Rajpurohit

    The exponential increase in congestion and pollution levels in metro-cities have raised a need of a mechanism which can not only take care of these two issues but also value ‘people’s time’.Intelligent Transport System, with the help technologies like automatic vehicle location, mobile apps,and GPS can to do a task which can be done by many flyovers.With the increasing need to make people shift from private to public transport,it is high time govt. start using new technologies in public transport to reduce congestion and hence pollution.It will save time for commuters as they would know the exact location of the public transport and time it takes for arrival.It will be able to coordinate public transport better and reduce lag in time.

    -The prevalent breaking of traffic rules and the mindset that it is easy to get away after it, increases the uncertainty and real-time information may not be precise.
    -Difficult to collect relevant data to use it in making a proper algorithm for the same.
    -Assumption of same pattern of traffic everyday while making algorithm necessitates to add more uncertainty variables.
    -As more no. of people coming in middle-class bracket,it is difficult to entice them to use public transport.
    -Lack of incentive for research in IT-softwares to tackle the issue and the lack of use of technology in public transport shows govt’s inaction on the same.

    As they say ‘time is money’, thus it is need of the hour to value people’s time which has opportunity cost of it’s own by increasing the coordination in public transport and move towards ‘ smart-mobility’ .

  • Nivedita Singh

    Intelligent Traffic System (ITS) is an integrated approach which encompasses public, vehicle and
    traffic environment. It is an emerging transportation system which comprises people, vehicle and road by advance information and telecommunication network.

    Component of ITS System
    1. Wireless communication System
    2. Safe driving Support System- a) Right turn collision prevention system b) vehicle detection system
    c) Pedestrian detection system d) voice guidance e) display warning
    3. Electronic toll payment System
    4. Computational technologies
    5. Inductive loop detection and sensing technology

    Potential of ITS in India

    1. In many of India’s smaller cities lack even a formal transport system that do not have even a predictable schedule
    2. Some cities with a more defined network do not have electronic timetables that can be read by computers to produce software that can work for passengers.
    3. This is a problem that can be solved easily by putting their schedules and service updates using a standard format, known in the IT spheres as the General Transit Feed Specification.
    4. Intelligent Transport System would open up the market for development of smartphone applications and Web-based portals to provide the information to passengers.
    5. Use of Public transport would increase by increasing the bus standard and by adopting modern ITS system
    6. Road transport would become safer by reducing the congestion and road accidents.
    7. Economy will be boosted and employment generation would increase by improving the public transport
    8. Environment pollution will be decreased


    1. Difficult to manage mixed traffic of Indian cities
    2. Preliminary difficulty in understanding the whole system
    3. ITS equipments are costly. Lack of funding is serious issue.
    4. Public transport is very sluggish in India. The conditions of buses are of poor and outdated standard and not suitable to adopt the new technology
    5. The control system software could be hacked by hackers

    In developed economies like US, Europe and Japan this modern transport system has been greatly
    successful and helped in reducing congestion and road accident; improving economy and employment, reducing air pollution etc. This technique can be used in India by addressing the key challenges.

  • Sumit

    1) What are the components of an Intelligent Transport System (ITS)? Discuss the potential and challenges of adopting ITS in Indian cities. (200 Words)

    Intelligent transport system is based on mechanism of ICT methodology which uses IT network analysis to minimize the transportion time and aid in better management of congestion in metrapolitian cities.

    In the wake of smart cities ITS has immense potential as follows:
    *allows for reduction in transportion time for work places, thus speeding up the low speed traffic movements and minimizing pollution level.

    *smart maps will deploy efficient usage of ITS for identification of critical location during disasters and local emergencies.

    *will aid in redistribution of vehicular traffic so as to allow for easy flow during peak hours.

    * can be used to augment road capacity by analyzing most used routes therby enbling better administration along them.

    Challenges for successful implementation of ITS are:
    *population explosion mainly due to rural migration, and rapid urbanization has led to accumulation of of wastes on unused paths, thus hindering capacity utilization

    *busy lifestyle: people have become used to usage of limited routes and shifting to another one makes them uncomfortable due to security.

    *lack of automation: only upper-middle and well off section will be able to afford ITS usage which mars its full potential

    *limited applicability: its location will be confined to traffic hotspots therby bypassing short but essential routes.

    Thus smart cities and existing cities should deploy ITS for increasing urban liveability

  • Ram


    Please review. (305)

    Intelligent Transport System: Are advanced applications and are interdisciplinary in nature which aims to provide innovative services by relating different modes of traffic and traffic management with smarter engineering and technological advancements. These systems enable users, such as public, to make better informed decisions about transportation networks that can used based on the information available to them through ITS.
    Various Components:
    1. Traffic Signal Control System: Relay the information to the traffic signals by on pavement detectors by assessing the demand
    2. Highway Management Systems: Use ramp metering techniques to measure and regulate by knowing the traffic entering or leaving the highway
    3. Transit Management: Helps keep buses on schedule by turning the traffic signal green when the bus is approaching
    4. Electronic Fare Payment Technologies: Reduces cash handling costs
    5. Electronic Toll Payment: Automatic payment when the car approaches a poll booth. Uses Easy Pass technology
    6. Incident Management Systems: Gives prior notice to the driver about any incidents such as accidents or stalled vehicles
    7. Traveler Information Services: Gives pre-trip route and information to plan the trip accordingly
    8. Emergency Management Systems: To manage any unforeseen emergencies
    9. Railroad Crossing: Gives signals about approaching rail junctions
    Challenges in adopting:
    1. The heterogeneous nature of traffic patterns in Indian cities with no set of rules might cause a problem in designing the algorithms needed for ITS. Also, the systems need to be designed to the ever evolving nature of Indian transport
    2. For the use of ITS, the commuter must also be technologically advanced. Though we see a recent surge in the smart phone users, many commuters in Indian cities are still technologically unequipped
    3. Persuading commuters to move away from personal vehicles would be a difficult task
    4. Chances of hacking the software
    5. The funding for such an ambitious project is difficult


    • IASdream

      you have not written about its potential .Rest is fine

      • Ram

        Yup, Didn’t read the question properly. Thanks for your review, will be careful next time.

  • IASdream

    plz review

    ITS ( Intelligent Transport System) is an advanced application which helps in regulating the mobility of transport using real time information.
    Various components:
    1- Data acquisition by using GPS , sensors , cameras etc. for real time monitoring.
    2-faster communication tools for better traffic management.
    3-proper analysis of data so collected for providing exact information to the travellers by the traffic management centres
    4- traveller’s advisory system like use of advisory radio, sms services ,internet etc.
    Potential of ITS in India:
    1- people are travelling by their car to save time , ITS could help in saving time if it is used in public transport and people would switch to it.
    2-As India has promised recently in pairs climate change conference to help in reducing greenhouse gasses, ITS is the best way in encouraging people to use public transport and car pools preventing them to use their own car and thus reducing greenhouse gases emission.
    3-Smart city ,& AMRUT schemes are useless without smart transport and ITS could be the answer.
    4-Small towns and villages need a revival in its transport experience.ITS is helpful over there also.
    4-Safety of women is need of the hour this system by providing real time information can help women to plan accordingly.
    1-Underdeveloped road network which does not connect various villages and towns.
    2-Digital illiteracy among people.
    3-Lack of resources for maintenance.
    4-Electricity production is still not up to the mark and for ITS uninterrupted power supply is essential.
    National digital literacy mission is helpful in spreading digital literacy.There is talk about fourth industrial revolution and India should not lack behind.ITS is digitalising transport system and it is the needed to be adopted as soon as possible.


    ITS is smart way of managing the traffic and has following components
    1. GPS fitted public buses and private buses and cabs
    2. Last mile connectivity
    3. Improved and better BRT system enacted with public participation
    4. Web and smartphones based apps to locate the position of public vehicle
    5. Installing CCTVs on traffic routes and in buses.
    6. Creation of flyover and overbridges to eliminate need of traffic lights
    7. Electronic payment of fare.

    Potential for ITS in India
    1. To reduce the congestion and pollution problem in Indian cities which are among world’s most polluted cities
    2. AMRUT project provision for introducing such a concept in Indian contexts
    3. ITS will contribute to SMART CITIES project as smart traffic management is one of its component
    4. With women security on priority the ITS will ensure safety in public and private buses, cabs by tracking via GPS and CCTVs
    5. ITS will reduce the wastage of man hours during traffic jams
    6. Further ITS will also increase fuel efficiency of vehicles as much of fuel is wasted during jams. This will reduce oil imports saving foreign exchange.
    7. It will open market for smartpnhone apps and web based portals that will provide information to passengers.

    Challenges in implementing ITS are
    1. Much of Indian cities has mesh of roads thus problem is of designing a proper layout demarcating routes for public transport
    2. Lesser number of public buses
    3. Quality of travel is poor to incentivize people to take public transport
    4. Fund crunch may mar the picture
    5. Poor last mile connectivity with several private cab owners may refuse to fit GPS in their cabs

    A smart management of traffic is necessary as it will improve the traffic outlook of Indian cities whose examples can be followed in other cities worldwide.

  • Bishuupsilon

    Intelligent transport system includes the applied information technology in transport system. The information technology applications based system would provide more efficient, safe and environment and commuter friendly transport. ITS also include communication between transport vehicle and infrastructure and vehicle to vehicle communication

    Potential of adopting ITS in Indian cities

    1. India is spending huge amount in developing 100 smart cities. Smart cities are primary spots for developing ITS.

    2. Nearly more than 13.2 million commuters are traveling through public transport in cities. So it has potential of getting high revenues from transport if it will be improved

    3. India’s urban population will get double to almost 800 million by 2030 due to huge migration from rural area. For such a large population ITS would prove beneficial

    Challenges in adopting ITS

    1. Most of metro cities are result of unplanned urbanization which has made big mess on the road due to traffic congestion. Implementing ITS in this kind of traffic congestion will not prove efficient as it will be impossible to give accurate data or location of vehicle to commuter

    2. Roads conditions are also not good which may impact the specific transit time required for vehicle to reach its destination

    3. Financial instability from central and state government will impact implementation of this system

    4. Administrative reshuffles also leads to delay in implementation of this system

  • Dheeraj

    Components of ITS:
    1) Smart commuting: latest information on traffic jams, accidents and ways for navigation
    2) Mobile technology: App based technology, incentives for young technical entrepreneurs
    3) Public convenience: Decreased waiting time for commuters, prior info on expected time of travel and arrival of transport so that alternate convenient means can be arranged
    4) Smart traffic control: dynamic controls of traffic signals instead of current static control, automated system
    5) Scalability: the ITS should be easily applicable to 2nd tier cities so that problem of congestion doesn’t arise in the first place

    – Less traffic congestion on roads as dynamic traffic signals and beforehand information of current traffic available
    – Environment friendly: ITS be so user friendly that general commuters mindset shift towards more use of public transport than personal vehicles thus saving environment and traffic congestion problems on road
    – More automation => less traffic police requirements => moving people away from hazardous jobs
    – saving 2nd tier cities before they reach and surpass their traffic capacities

    – Flooding of apps: Mobile app need to be very much efficient so that majority of commuters are attracted to install
    – less tendency to follow traffic rules: Indian mindset allows breaking of rules

  • Srishti

    Insights please review..

    ITS or the intelligent transport system is the application which provides for road safety and mobility of the transport.
    The components of the ITS include-
    1)Car navigation, traffic signal systems, last mile connectivity.
    2) Use of CCTVs in the road in traffic routes.
    3) Radio modem communication on UHF and VHF which ate widely used for short range and long range communication.
    4)Use of GPS method in the vehicles for determining location and the travel time of vehicles.
    5) Application based on wireless communication.

    In India the ITS application has the following potential-
    1)It will reduce traffic congestion and provide for safe mobility of vehicles.
    2) The environmental pollution will be reduced due to less vehicular traffic.
    3) It will help in the development of web and software industries in India.
    4) It will be in line with India’s goal for a clean environment as it will reduce vehicular pollution and will also not demand construction of more roads.
    5) The use of ITS will be in line with the Smart cities.

    However there are few challenges that exist-
    1)India has a heterogeneous traffic system with no proper schedule of the buses.
    2)There are some areas where there is a dearth of even formal transport system.
    3) India has second largest density of the roads hence the use of this application may be difficult.
    4) lack of public buses and inappropriate funds to improve the public transport infrastructure.
    5) There are a large number of private vehicles which may pose challenge for the use of ITS application.

    Although challenges exist but a well planned and properly implemented ITS system will go a long way for the improvemt of India’s public transport system.

    • ESWAR

      Dear good morning

      Car navigation – is not related to ITS because it is used by a few

      Use of CCTVs in the road in traffic routes are related to security point and enables to hold violaters.

      Radio modem communication on UHF and VHF are for better traffic management

      potential and challenges part is good

      please discuss

  • CSE2016 aspirant

    Smart transportation is the need of the citizens of modern cities. Intelligent transport system can help the cause by bringing revolution in public transportation. It has the potential to attract citizens towards public transport, which will increase mobility and reduce pollution and hence will improve the standards of cities.

    Components of ITS :

    (1) Accurate tracking system :
    GPS enabled vehicles along with smartphone apps will help citizens to track buses and other vehicles.

    (2) Electronic timetables :
    Schedules of bus service should be updated in standard format which can be easily read by people and utilised by softwares.

    (3) Smart model to predict time of arrival :
    Transportation studies like that be conducted in IIT Madras, funded by Ministry of Urban Development. should be encouraged to obtain a robust algorithm to predict the arrival time of buses, which is what a citizen needs.

    (4) Comfortable seats
    Buses should offer a comfortable journey to commuters. Infrastructure on Indian buses need a make up.

    (5) Standardisation by regulating authority
    An authority should be set up which can standardise various components of the public transport and encourage use of better and smart IT services in transport sector.

    Potential of ITS :

    (1) Reliable, simple and legible for citizens.
    (2) Will cut down the time loss of citizens and enhance productivity of human capital.
    (3) increase the use of public transport. Use of buses dipped from 11.1% in 1951 to 1.11% in 2011, which is a matter of concern.
    (4) will be a boost to tourism industry.
    (5) pollution will be reduced, which is in line with India’s commitment in COP, Paris to reduce carbon content by 35% of 2006 level by 2030.

    Challenges with ITS :

    (1) Illiteracy of huge proportion of urban population and not being used to IT services.
    (2) Huge amount of money that is needed to be spent on modernisation of transportation services. India has to fight ills of poverty and employment first.
    (3) Cities are not planned properly. Traffic is not managed efficiently on Indian roads. Use of outdated vehicles on cities roads is an issue.
    (4) All the above factors are further exacerbated by the political red tapism and inability to take actions on defaulters so as not to lose vote banks.

    If the concept of smart cities has to gain success, proper planning of transport services is a must. ITS will give a huge boost to this idea. Government should utilise the studies of technical institutes like IIT Madras to come up with innovative and effective solutions to problem of transport.

    • InsightsOfficialReview

      One correction – India’s commitment in CoP21 is to reduce 33% to 35% of 2005 level not 2006 level.
      Excellent answer.

      Marks – 6/10

      • CSE2016 aspirant

        Thanks Insights for your review

    • Bhavana H S

      Bus lane, CCTV, women’s safety, new apps for online ticket booking. I don’t know how comfortable seats could be related to ITS, I thought ITS has to do with the integration of ICT to make services better (correct me, if it’s wrong).

      • CSE2016 aspirant

        Hmm you are right, but smart transport system also demands comfortable journey. If your journey is not comfortable, you have no rights to call it smart :).
        Safety issue is also important.

    • ESWAR

      good morning

      very good answer

      a small point – London has proven ITS why can’t India

  • Shreyendra Garg

    The ITS technology aims to improve urban public transportation in a smart way. It proposes to include a gps tracking method into buses so that the location of the bus and the travel time to various locations can be seen by a commuter through a mobile application. For this to work, firstly the proper schedule of the buses has to be prepared in the city along with its proper adherence. secondly, the ordinary citizens must be educated on the same by the govt.
    Potential of such a technology can be
    1. decongestance of city roads by promotion of public transport
    2. less pollution and less road accidents as less vehicles on the road
    3. convenience to public as they can plan their journey accordingly
    4. convenience for traffic police to monitor the traffic
    5. Education of common man for such an application will enhance his scientific temper.
    1. not all the people have smart phones today and hence such a transport application will not be installed in cheaper phones,
    2. educating such large number of people about this technology may not be viable and can take a long time.
    3. In smaller cities, the transport authorities do not follow a strict schedule and thus they may have to invest resources into building proper framework for such a technology to work
    Although there are some challenges in implementing this technology, but none is something which Indian people has not been able to achieve in the past.It may take time but can be done.

    • ESWAR

      Dear friend good morning.

      Under challenges

      2nd point is – I felt is critical as you mentioned – barring a few upper middle class and the rest (inclu bpl, downtrodden) generally use mass transport.

      3rd point too – need to sensitise authorities from casual approach

      please discuss

      overall a good answer

  • Rebel

    Please review my answer. Many Thanks.

    • ESWAR


      improvement need, a good attempt. Keep writing

      • Rebel

        Thanks Eswar. Can you please add specific areas of improvement..