Insights Weekly Essay Challenges 2016 – Week 08: Lending hands to someone is better than giving a dole

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Insights Weekly Essay Challenges 2016 – Week 08


21 February  2016

Write an essay on the following topic in not more than 1000-1200 words:


“Lending hands to someone is better than giving a dole” (CSM – 2015)

  • Village boy

    Good morning?
    Thank you sir?

    • sankar

      gaon wala bro………….have a look at mine esssay……….thanks

  • GK


  • SKB

    Lending hands to someone is better than giving a dole

    A college principal avoided to help his child in study in spite of much effort by the child. He used to say that he would take care of everything in the exam centre (the college). During exam he helped his child using his influence. The child got really good marks. The statement symbolise that active help is better than any passive help. Instead of providing a helping hand in his studies the principal choose to give a dole.

    Well before making conclusive statements, let’s explore some more areas in which such attitudes prevails and their side effect.

    After the independence the govt put much effort to eradicate poverty, unemployment and other social and economic issues. To address immediate issue govt provide subsidies on various products. This has become policy of successive govt to provide ad hoc solutions to any burning issues. The increasing subsidies burden has caused various effects in economy and administrations. The corruption in PDS, increasing fiscal deficit, diversion of subsidies items. The pilferage is very high.

    Although this approach has provided some relief to the needy but neither it is not sustainable nor is it creating any value. The policy should target to make people self sustained. The target should be in long term approach. Govt has realized it and started various initiative related to skill india, make in india, start up india. These all initiave would provide lending hands to people to empower them instead of making them dependent on govt subsidies/schemes. The approach would evolve them as further giver to society.

    The industrialized world’s approach towards developing world is not much different. Whenever a crisis happens in any developing country, ad hoc help is provided through various international channels. Collaboration in developing industries, education, health and other sector in developing world has never been on policy of world’s advanced economic country. Even recent economic crisis within Europe (especially Greece) has followed by same pattern. Here helping hand would include providing technology, establishing manufacturing unit, helping in development of education and health sector through institutional level collaborations.

    We can further understand the vast different that is reflected between the two approaches of the statement. After independence, for engineering education, through a policy framework IITs were established. Each IIT was established with collaboration of a western country like IIT Delhi with UK, IIT Bombay with USA etc. If we had adopted an approach to just train few student in foreign country and not had focused on IIT, what would have been the scenario now we could understand. This is what the difference with helping hand instead of relying on a given dole.

    Indian defence sector is relying on imported weapons. But our achievement is development of brahmos missile with collaboration with Russia.

    Now if we consider again the case of principal’s son, we can find easily the long term effect. Although he got good marks, but he would not be able to excel in his professional life. If the principal would have helped him in his studies he would have been performed well through tout his life. This has left life long lasting effect on the student.

    Hence, it is better to help people to gain skills, to establish enterprises instead of just providing a little monetary help. Helping hand would make sustainable change in life while giving dole would prove one time solution without creating any positive impact.

    • SKB

      Plz Review…thnks

    • Gabbar is back…

      Well written skb..lucid and to the point..can u plz tell me the source or it’s purely out of ur imagination.. Thanks..

      • SKB

        Thnks Gabbar…..these points are general. here u wud find people witing very good stufff and after following them for few weeks..the impact would start reflecting in ur thought process as well

        • dumbledore

          true that!!!:)

        • Gabbar is back…

          Thanks bro… I thought of writing it today but later realized I dnt have much stuff to write.. Will follow ur advice to follow others for few weeks and thn start writing.. Thanks again..

          • sankar

            have a look at mine frnds ……………thanks

      • Bharat Avril

        gabbar review mine plz

    • Sonia mehra

      1. Good structure- started with an example, related with the example at the end.
      2. Skill India, Make in India, Start up India, PDS

      1. The story is negative= I believe the essence of the quote is empowerment, which could be skill development, education etc, but the story doesn’t reflect these.
      2. Contradictory statements= In 4th para, you state that developed countries are indifferent towards the crisis in developing countries. Whereas in the 5th para, you state that UK helped in IIT delhi etc
      3. Education is most potent force for positive change. So a point relating to education could have been included.

      Thank you

      • OK

        Hey Sonia. Can you please review mine?

      • SKB

        Thanks..Sonia!!! the positive inputs bring confidence and negative inputs provide guidance for corrective measure.

        Negative Points: 1. i really missed this aspect…thnks for highlighting this….i should have tilted the same story in positive manner something like principal stops him from cheating and guide him for next year exam with full prepration..wud keep in mind next time
        2. i should have resolved the contradictory situations by bringing the statement that whenever helping hand comes in pictures (IIT Case)..big results are achived
        3. yes…education….health (instead of medicine….daily exercise etc can be interpreted in lieu with the statement.

        Thanks for the review….noted down ur valuable points in my notes for future refrence..

      • sankar

        madam plz have a look at mine essay……….thanks

      • manish

        Sonia could you please review my essay.

    • OK

      I liked your essay. Just to add one more thing. Many times it is not possible to provide direct help on international front. It can be interpreted as an interference in internal matters and defiance of sovereignty. eg. World Bank and IMF, economic reforms.
      Overall, a nice one.
      please review mine.

    • manish

      Nicely written.

  • Prateek Chandra Jha

    Prologue or let’s say Caveat: I’m deliberately giving it a pan-India unemployment benefit spin for my own sake i.e. practice. Please don’t complain that I went or led you astray 🙂

    I’ll like to start by humbly submitting to the fact that we in India have been living through very turbulent times especially in context of pervading globalization which is overpowering the internal distributive machinery of developing economies like ours. I would expand on the distributive part in a bit because that takes into account both internal and external factors. I’d venture into the prime question that whether our current dispensation has the correct plan in place to make efficient and long lasting usage of demographic dividend or are we heading towards an impending disaster with huge population of eligible workforce out of work waiting for government to dole out unemployment benefits. Aiming to solve this seemingly twisted conundrum, let’s start our analysis with the support for the spirit behind the motion that “Lending hands to someone is better than giving a dole”.

    Let’s start our analysis with a simple case study. There are 2 countries that readily come to my mind which are used to doling out hefty sums in unemployment help. They’re Netherlands and Norway. An interesting study in both of these countries have more or less concluded that people who rely on these benefits are less likely to take a forward initiative and willingly look for an alternate job. The studies also located people who while on benefits were misusing the system in myriad ways and continuing private employment out of the sights of government bureaucracy. This seemingly straightforward case study establishes that doling out benefits doesn’t necessarily induce a sense of responsibility for oneself but rather can be a source of leakage.

    How have we be LENDING HANDS to our youngsters/workforce and what we need to do (skilled or otherwise) ?

    In India, the unemployment rate (i.e. around 5%) measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. We don’t include people who are worthy but can’t work or can’t possibly find work due to one reason or the other and let me tell you we have plenty of them. In the bid to establish a link between this and the underlying topic we’re addressing let us comprehend the magnanimity of the problem at hand and let’s say in one voice that we need to lend a helping hand to our ready workforce (at least physically) in following ways –

    a) Implement NSQF (National Skills Qualification Framework) nationwide in clusters as it has been happening for a year now and make them employment ready as quickly as possible

    b) We need last mile connectivity and for that communication services have to improve. The Government of Kerala’s Akshaya E-Literacy project has successfully placed at least each member of all the 64 lakh families in Kerala on the equal pedestal of e-literacy. This can give a wide boost to the skill awareness programs being run by National Skill Development Agency across villages in India.

    c) The unemployment benefits, if any (e.g. MNREGA where if the state fails to allocate a job within 15 days of registration to a worker desiring a job, the state is liable to dole out benefits) should be tracked with higher priority and it should be seen to it that this does not last for long.

    Where do we need to EMPOWER and make our citizenry responsible at advancing the cause of nation building?

    The Directive Principles of State Policy has underlined the very importance of India being an economic, political and social democracy. It paves the way for bringing about changes that may lead to equitable distribution of national income (however far fetched this idea may seem to be) and arming our citizens with self-employable skills but let us introspect whether we have succeeded in doing so. We have utterly failed to and have led more than 85% of workforce in informal sectors which government hardly has resources to keep track of. We have millions of APL farmers fluctuating between BPL and APL in a few months of erratic droughts and rainfalls. This heavily disarms their ability to gain rightful BPL benefits from the state. Subsidies have constantly composed 4% – 8% of our budget expenses and this problem is not that simple to address when you have millions and millions of people inadequately skilled people relying on a state to cover their crop failure. PM’s Fasal Bima Yojana is like the silver lining in the dark clouds but we’ve to wait to see the impact in coming months/years. Here again, I WANT TO REITERATE THAT AN ALTERNATIVE MECHANISM OF DOLING OUT HELP HAS TO BE ESTABLISHED BY THE STATE AND THAT HELPING HAND IS OF EMPOWERMENT.

    Give a man a Fish and you feed him for a Day
    Teach a man to fish and you feed him for a Lifetime

    One of the many weaknesses of the 73rd and 74th amendment that established the local self rule in India has been the inability of District Planning Committees, Zila Parishads, Block Panchayats, and Village Panchayats working in tandem to bring about a change. Misplaced priorities have rendered many of these lakhs of Panchayats utterly ineffective in addressing the 29 subject problems which are assigned to the local Panchayats and Gram Sabhas under the respective amendments. Villages are India’s mini republics and can be the central hubs of change where education awareness programs should receive renewed interest.

    Kudumbashree Program of Kerala – WOMEN EMPOWERMENT (of women who were unemployed and were totally relying on state’s help in some way or the other in creating small cottage industries self-operated by local village women)

    LIJJAT PAPAD company – Classic example that can lead the state into promoting women entrepreneurship

    Choolo Aasmaan by IAS officer O.P. Chowdhary in Bastar area, Chhattisgarh – One of the most dangerous areas of Bastar region terribly affected by Naxal activities was changed by young IAS Officer O. P. Chowdhary. The students who had not even seen a train in their lives were made to avail educational and residential facilities and many of them qualified 10th and 12th boards for the first time in the district. For this program, IAP (Integrated Action Plan) Funds and BADF (Border Area Development Fund) was for the first time was used sensibly.

    I know that I’ve left some of the pressing issues untouched, one of them being regarding a huge % of children dropping out of primary and secondary education to fetch some kind of employment to feed their families. This is the place where the children are not only liable to be met with HELPING HANDS but also with a DOLE because that is the duty of the state to track such children and provide them fulfillment towards their fundamental right to education. I hope that the “in pipeline” NATIONAL EDUCATION POLICY addresses this point strongly in the revised drafts as to how we can promote education to the last mile connected in our country.

    I’ll end by reiterating Mahatma Gandhi’s cherished desire of wanting the children to learn by doing and not doing after learning. He believed that this way we could address the problem of impending unemployment and unskilled labour force waiting to get fed by the state.

    I hope I’ve done CONTEXTUAL JUSTICE to the subject at hand and rather than presenting a narrow picture of what the topic implies, I have rendered a portrait of our country’s state of affairs which needs a revamp so that the possibility of an impending disaster by not being able to wholly use the demographic dividend can be curbed.

    • dumbledore

      bhai some of ur examples are quite good. ur starting case study is apt and i found it very different and interesting. overall a good tyr.

      i am not sure if u can end by saying that i hope i have done justice. maybe thats not a right way to end but i am not sure. 😉
      overall the examples u have mentioned are quite good.:)

    • Raunak Vashisht

      It is not so easy as you have made it.

      There is a very fine difference between Empowerment and freebies.

      Norway and Netherlands- Two countries with some amazing HD numbers-Spend a lot on free education and Health- though one may count them as doles, they empower a man to lead a healthy and rational life. By spending on their human assets these countries are making capital expenditures and not doling out.

      Freebies Benefit one party at the cost of other. Also, the benefit is for a very short duration. A liability for one party and a “Current Asset” for the other.

      Let me give you an example of wrong perception : When Akhilesh Yadav distributes free Laptops to students or Free Cycles to school going girls – Well our print journalist may mention them as doles- u being a sensible aspirant need to make a distinction- They are both an instrument of empowerment rather than doles

      the example of the farmers and bank loan set-off was the only example of some relevance to PAN-INDIA

      Read the Caveat, so dint expect much anyways.

      Thanks !

      • OK

        Hey. Raunak. Can you have a look at mine as well?
        Thanks in advance..

      • Bharat Avril

        hmmm great suggetions man.. review mine

      • OK

        Raunak. Just to give you a different perspective. As you have mentioned these two examples.
        There is something which we call means-ends reversal and populist approach. These two examples were one of them. If you want to hear the fate of these schemes, many of those cycles were immediately sold out in the market at much lesser cost. Because, before giving the cycles, UP minister never thought about the security, road connectivity, and accessibility of educational institutes.
        As far as the Laptops are concerned, there are many other ways to utilise that resource in much optimal way.
        And as regarding the Scandinavian countries, investment in human resources can never be understood as a dole. In my opinion!
        Feel free to contradict. And if possible, then have a look at my essay as well.

  • Sonia mehra

    Sunday Special- Calvin dose!!

    • dumbledore

      sonia kindly review mine. tell me what i have missed. and good morning:)

      • OK

        Hey friend. I will review yours. Can you spare a minute or two for mine as well?

    • Mrinal Mukherjee


    • Vivaan Khanna

      sonia ji review my essay please..

  • Bharat Avril

    good morning friends …

    • dumbledore

      hahaa , bhai nice 🙂 good to see friends here:)

      • Bharat Avril

        hahaha… i love friends… yar review my essay in your spare time

  • Vivek Kumar Singh

    “Lending hand to someone is better that giving him a dole”

    It is a very famous saying that “God help those who help themselves”.Let us not invoke god for now and see the reality.The reality is that we don’t live in Nature’s state and we humans have created our own Social life .Here we are expected to live by cooperating each other.Now which is the better way to cooperate ; giving dole or Lending hands?

    Persons in the society are the basic unit n which the whole edifice is standing tall.It is the capacity building of the individuals which makes the society to flourish or fall.Rising population,limited resources have created many challenges at the societal and at the policy making level.SUBSIDIES are debated and the nuances are delved upon.Better off populace have been given to give up the subsidy in order to make the subsidy sustainable. CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) have been amended to incorporate the inclusive approach in it.There are more things which needs to be inculcated in order to realise and achieve a better society where citizens are empowered and needn’t have to depend upon the doles for their bare minimum survival.The challenge is tough seeing the state of majority of population in our country or for that matter whole world.But this is what we need to strive for.

    Inequalities bring division and demarcation in the society and hence many a times lead to unwarranted demand of favour.We are seeing how the demand of reservation is going out of turn and many well to do communities have jumped into the fray.Such things damage and weaken a nation to the core, affirmative actions like reservation/Quota should not be seen as a rights issue, rather a burden on the society and nation.what needs to be inculcated is the sense of broader picture.Even educated youths of the present generation gets swayed by such rhetoric and want to seek the dole like reservation.Reservation when given to the real needy can be seen as a helping hand but when the same thing is given to well to do sections need to be seen as giving dole.

    From individual level to society level let us explore at the national level,We see disparity and the demand of special status from various states.Though the demands can’t be rejected out rightly, but the issue is why such demands come even after 70 years of Independence.The East-West dichotomy with regards to development can be easily seen in India.The BIMARU tag which is still in vogue says a lot abut the disparity existing amongst the states.It is also not possible to grant the status like freebies.So what is the way forward. Of course development is the way forward , where the special attention and enabling provisions needs to be taken care off in order to minimise the developmental and deprivation gap.We have seen only providing large sums in the form of special grants has not given any positive impetus to the overall scenario.So the helping hand and enabling the stake holders need to be kept in mind to have a favourable outcome.

    Such disparities we also see on international level, the north -south divide,developed -developing nations etc. Though at international level things are much more complex but we have the same edifice on which the problem is based.We have had MDGs,SDGs etc in which we want to delve and provide the basic health facilities in the concerned nations globally.We have examples of the nations which have achieved great heights on developmental index despite being resource starved , by empowering, and working on human capital on the other hand we have also countries which are still far behind despite being resource rich.Helping hands means to help a person , society etc in the field which it is weaker and encourage them for the pursuit in which it is efficient.Let us see this through and example suppose a person/nation is not physically strong but he has some good talent in the field of music.So such person needs to be encouraged in her /his field and the finances in the form of scholarship etc. can be provided.Such acts are not unjustified and need to be exhausted at the suitable persons.

    So, it is better not t dichotomise the two things at times we need both to promote a particular and deserving individuals. Though the fact should not be sidelined that it is always better to promote the capacity building in the form of helping hand then giving dole.Many a times faulty or inefficient model of growth takes a nation to such scenario and such debates take the centre-stage.So the first priority should be to evolve a strategy,to minimise such side-effect to percolate.

    As an individual,a society,a nation the main thing which we all strives for better quality of life.Better quality of life can never be there when one’s neigbour is suffering or in chaotic ,unstable state.

    • Vivek Kumar Singh

      Pls review.

      • OK

        Bro. I am reading yours. Please have a look at mine as well.

      • Hey Vivek, did you make through mains?

        • Vivek Kumar Singh

          I didn’t .Batman Bro…

        • dumbledore

          hey batman ,, i heard from yogi that u too have geog optional. maybe we can get in touch and discuss about it,. but that wont be possible here i guess.

          and review my essay yar if u get time,.

          • Yep, I have Geography optional, would see how we can get in touch 🙂

            • dumbledore

              okay batman 🙂 let me know when u can:)

            • Vivaan Khanna

              number share karo phr btata hu …review my essay please

            • Vivaan Khanna

              number share karo..tb btata mine please

            • yogi

              Bhai, u did not write, if time permits plz review 🙂

        • dumbledore

          good dp though:)

        • Ash

          Batman! Plz review and gimme some time! 🙂

    • OK

      You are revolving around development. In my perspective it is very narrow approach towards this essay. Please review mine as well.

      • Vivek Kumar Singh

        Thanks for the review Bro..

    • MANOJ

      Nice essay vivek………….but on international aspects and MDG, SDG, i dont understand how its fit into it..looks little diversion……Conclusion could be better.
      You can add some important points-
      – doles become populist measure for successive government for Vote bank
      – doles are for temporary benefits but unsustainable
      – helping hand– entrepreneuship programme, skill development, start-up
      -success stories- Snapdeal- Kunal
      Pay-tm- Vijay shekhar etc.

      Keep writing..bro

      • sankar

        plz have a look at mine …………..thanks bro

    • PK

      Vivek Bhai I think perticular this essay should be draw parellel to a story,which would make essay creative and less verbose.

      • sankar

        plz rvw mine frnds………..thanks

    • Vivaan Khanna

      hello brother
      1. upvoting u as u started that why the need for such adage…excellent.
      2.See not only society,even at individual level this phrase is could add this dimension too
      3.conclusion ended in haste
      4.Apart from above well written..specially structure part
      Review mine please

    • manish

      Vivek please review my answer

    • GK

      hi !
      nice answer.

      you should improve u r presentation.plz focus much on concept.

      • Vivek Kumar Singh

        Ok Sir

    • sankar

      good one bro………have a look at mine plz….thanks

      • Scorpion

        sasnkar…please review mine…

    • Jinks

      A good attempt, but it seems u have prejudice against affirmative action. You should avoid that.

  • dumbledore

    it was a cold december night and i was travelling from delhi to agra and there was quite a heavy fog. the atmosphere was calm and peaceful when a few metres ahead i saw a turned over van and a person lying on the ground . it didnt take me a lot of time to realise that there has been an accident due to such dense fog and i rushed to help that person . eventually there was no one around so i carried the person to my car and took him to the nearest hospital as soon as was possible. that person’s life was saved and later on he called me to say thanks . at that moment i felt that nothing could replace the feeling of content that i felt by saving someone’s life . at the same time, no amount of compensation or money or any other kind of help would have meant more to that man ,if his life wouldnt have been saved. for him someone’s helping hand meant much much more than a dole. and for me there was no greater satisfaction,

    this incident makes us to take notice and to think that helping someone in kind has a far greater effect than helping someone in cash or in any other materialistic way.. there is a much deeper context here than just a mere give and take. such help restores the faith of people in humanity and restores their belief that good still exists in todays materialistic world and which is what everyone is searching for amongst all the hate and “me first ” attitude that is is prevalent today. such acts of kindness go a long way in building up a prosperous society and it is needed more and more in todays world.

    on a cold winter night a poor person would prefer warm clothes more than anything. if someone shows him that kindness and provides him that, it would mean more to man that just giving out money. and unemployed person , or lets say a beggar would at that moment prefer to be given some amount of money , but that is according to me not the right approach. such immediate benefits are only temporary in nature and helps no one in the long run. rather what that begger needs is a job where he can earn by virtue of his hard work and sweat. at the end of the day there is no free lunch and its human nature to find the easy way out or to give up and look for shortcuts. what that beggar wants is free money but what he really needs is a job. helping him find that job is better than giving out a dole.

    there has been mass exodus of people from syria and syria is facing a humanitarian crisis. at this point of time no amount of money can give those people a sense of safety for themselves and their children. most of the nations are offering arms and ammunitions to fight isis, but none are committing ground troops. what syria actually needs is serious military intervention to stem the rise of isis and not superficial measures that just show that the international aommunity is concerned. what they need is a genuine helping hand and not just some half hearted measures in terms of arms and ammunitions and financial aid. germany offering them asylum is a case in point here which is a welcome and bold step but still that is only a temporary measure.

    recently there were floods in chennai and before that in srinagar. during that floods. the centre offered assistance in terms of troops and the army was called in . now imagine a situation when such floods occur and governement at the centre gives out 1000 crore of assistance money without providing any ground help even if the state is not capable of handling such a crisis. would such money mean much to a common man whose family is drowning? what those people affected by floods need is help on the ground and not some monetary assistance package. they need teams of ndrf and army to rescue them. a hand in need is a helping hand indeed. the long term measures would definitely be to take take measures so that such floods dont occur.. we can cite another example here of the recent nepal earthquake where india rushed troops to help the people buried there. mere monetary help would not have been of much use in such a humanitarian crisis.

    mahatama gandhi national rural employmetn gurantee scheme is one of the flagships schemes that the govt runs to provide employment to the masses , especially in the rural areas. now wouldnt it be easy to just give money to the poor people and be done with, the poor would be happy that the government is paying them and the it would be easier for the government, but such a measure would only prove to be hollow. what mnrega aims is to provide assistance to the poor by means of carrying on constructive works like rural infrastructure is the state lending out a hand and offering the poor unemployed people a chance to work rather than offering freebies which in the long run proves detrimental.

    similarly , subsidies eat up a huge part of the budget of the government . if all the subsidies offered till now are added up and if that amount was spent on constructing irrigation infrastructure and interlinking of rivers etc , we would have had a long term solution by now and thousands of farmer suicides would have been prvented, subsidies are a classic example of offering a dole to the poor farmers of india instead of investing in long term solution but in a country as big and diverse as india, this becomes a necessity because most of the poor people are quite helpless and they need the support of the government

    give a man a fish and you feed him for a day
    teach a man to fish and you feed him for a lifetime,

    this phrase sums it all up. its easy to offer help by offering money or in materialistic way or in any other temporary way but what is really needed in todays society are acts of kindness and genuine help. such help that restores the faith of the people in humanity or the system and inspires them to help others can be the only basis of a healthy functioning society and ultimately a prosperous india.

    • Aravind Varier

      Dear Dumbledore ,

      1) introduction is good

      2) on a cold winter night a poor person would prefer warm clothes more than anything.” you can also give him money to purchase the winter clothes ” 🙂

      3) you could have also mentioned about if the beggar is not interested to work . doles wont work out in that case .

      4) in the point related to Rs 1000 crores given to fund relief . ” money is also an important part and you cannot neglect that aspect . both monetary help and relief have to go hand in hand .

      5) you have been revolving around giving money to the needy . you could have also focused on other dimensions like apart from money . like providing a job , giving reference to a suitable candidate in a company .

      6) you could have also told about the freebies promised by by political parties during elections while coming to power

      ALL THE BEST !!!

      • dumbledore

        yes aravind what u r poinint out is correct .,
        i was in the dilemma as to how to differentiate b/w monetary help and real assistance while being relevant to the topic and it was proving to be conflicting.

        2) yes i can give the poor person money , but the gesture of giving him clothes when he needs the most is what is think i wanted to point out and that is real help i guess. real care. money anyone can give. but the gesture of caring can truly be shown only if u do these kinds of things u know. u can give a beggar money , but will that really help him in the long run??

        3) yes the beggar if not interested to work, then its his own loss. but u on ur part have offered him some real life changing help. if he doesnt help himself after that then even god cant help him:)

        4) yes i should have mentioned that money is also an integral part, shld have written this statement but i also wrote that such assistance wont matter if the state is incapable of handling the situation. then only money wont matter . but ur point is valid, money is needed,

        5) yes i read essays after writing.. i have missed the skill development part. ye sara make in india ,, standup india . startup india ye sab yad hi nhi aya.. skill development i shld have written.

        6) yes thats a valid point. those shitty politicians do offer freebies. sab kuch dimag mein aaya nhi yar. when i started writing my mind was totally blocked today.

        hw did u find the example of syria? is that relevant?

        • Aravind Varier

          Syria point is good buddy 🙂

    • Sonia mehra

      I would desist from analyzing your examples, because the fundamental interpretation of the quote by you and me are different.

      My interpretation= the quotes talks about empowerment, which could be through education, skill development, productive assets, technology transfer to locals etc.
      Your interpretation= Help someone in kind rather than cash (as per the 1st line of 2nd para)

      Points were both us are on same page= subsidy, fish eg.
      Thank you

      • dumbledore

        yes sonia , i think i have focussed more on freebies vs in kind help . i have missed empowerment and skill development part. jab likhne baitha tab sab yad hi nhi aaya:( …

        this empowerment aspect i have addressed to some extent but i have missed it on a huge scale.disaster essay..!!
        thanks for reviewing.

    • Hi Dumbledore, I tell you what I had started writing on similar tone but ultimately I stopped writing.
      Now I will tell you the reason why it happened and why even your essay is little off-track.
      The topic is more about the fish thing that you wrote in the last para. Your interpretation is more about emotional needs vs material needs while the essay was focused on freebies vs material to ‘learn’ something, to give back somethings i.e. ‘lend’ in true sense that you’ll get that money back in some other form.
      So in that way, I feel the interpretation is not on the correct lines.

      • dumbledore

        yes batman !! i understood this point later on after i posted my essay. if u ask me to describe the core of this essay , then i beieve its empowerment!
        i know i have focussed more on the wrong thing here maybe .. but i did try to incorporate empowerment .. mnrega, subsidies etc.

        though i missed skill development , technology transfer, make in india , standup india, startup india, and what not.


      • dumbledore

        i felt that a lending hand means more than just empowerment , that it means really helping in ways that the person cant repay u back in money, that was the first thought that came to my mind when i read the topic… should have thought wider.

    • Shreya

      Hey !

      I) You should make the essay a bit more formal.
      2) The examples you’ve quoted are apt. I thought of writing about Syria. But you should interpret them in a wider manner, like Sonia and Batman have mentioned.
      For example, nurturing a democracy, empowering people ,preventing war and blocking funds to ISIS rather than only focusing on humanitarian aid. One has to hit at the root of the problem.
      3) Even though you’ve talked about empowerment, you’ve mentioned monetary help repeatedly. Rather than contrasting materialistic versus spiritual acts, focus on capabilities and freedoms. Read Amartya Sen’s capability approach to human development.

      Keep Writing 🙂

      • dumbledore

        i get ur point shreya.. i should have thought wider.
        ididnt get what u meant about making the essay more formal? what exclty are u referring to ?
        ur point about syria are i guess correct. i could have focussed on these, but i was getting difficult to bring out the contrast in relation to the topic. i mean they are already doing these things right? trying to stop its funding..? arent they?

        i get ur point about capability approach and i understand now that the core of this essay is empowerment. . will read that. thansk a lot for the review:)

        • Shreya

          Yes they are. But it is all politically motivated. Turkey is bombing Kurds. It was not about Syria really, until the refugee crisis. Logically the best step would have been not to interfere in the first place.

          By formal i mean the language. It could be more refined and comprehensive.

          • dumbledore

            and i want to ask u one more thing shreyabecause i really loved ur essay , even though it wasnt having a philosophical angle and revolved around empowerment. how long have u been writing or are u new here?

            • Shreya

              Written about 8-9 essays.

    • Namrata

      hey dumbledore .. a different perspective ..but its not truly justified i think .. so my reviews are accordingly:
      1. ur introduction seems quite out of place here ..
      2. “acts of kindness go a long way in building up a prosperous society” ..if we take ur viewpoint then this seems a rhetoric ..only helping v/s prosperous society
      3. 3rd para .. contradictory egs ..though u touched the core of the essay with the beggar eg
      4. syria eg = good
      5. disaster management egs = again good but starting of this para slightly off-track
      6. subsidies eg = u have gone too critical on this .. a balanced view is required .. be a little subtle here as it is definitely a sensitive issue.

      Overall: nice attempt but u tend to drift away from the core at various points .. a fresh perspective is welcome but it does not really fit here .. Keep writing and reviewing 🙂

      • dumbledore

        thanks for the review namrata:)

        1) i started off with a thinking that dole = something free and a lending hand is helping in kind.. so i tried to frame the answer in that way. ur perspective was more on empowerment so i can see u didnt like the intro..even i feel this essay was more about empowerment !!
        2)again this statement was in sync with what i thought that hepling in small meaningful ways is better than giving out cash or such kind of help.. i get ur point though. there is no empowerment.. thats what u meant right?

        3)i agree with u on subsidies:) its a critical thing but i did try to balance it in the ending statements.. i guess. maybe u werent convinced 🙂

        i understand ur perspective.. from the way i see it people today have written with 2 perspectives
        a) help in kind vs freebies
        b) empowerment.

        u have written more from the secon d point of view and i have from the first point of view.
        i dont know which is right!! but i find the first perspective futuristic and long term!!

        thanks for the review again. keep writing and reviewing.

    • Shaktimaan

      hey prof!!:):)………..nice write up……u have written that rather dan dole helping a poor is cool……bt i think like in ur story too…….u help him while taking to hospital……..phir uske baad kya?……..wo phir se wahi soyega………..i think yehan lending hand aise h ki wo uske future tak kam aa sake, kuch long turn investment karne ki jarurat hain dn fulfilling short desires,…,,bcoz capacity build up ki baat sirh 2nd last n last para main ki…….shayad jiski jarurat jyada thi…….only my opinion bhai:)…..contradict b ho sakte h vichaar…….baki yeh content wise acha tha……syria wala ex kafee acha tha………..if time permits……….PReM….bhaii:):)…….thank u:):)

      • dumbledore

        bhai thanks a lot for reviewing ,. i get ur point about a long term vision .. that would include empowerment. i guess. bhai aapne bhut simply explain kar diya aaj ka topic:) long term investment and empowerment!!

        i will review urs when i get time yar.. today its already late and i am really out of time. but if i get time i will review urs . thanks again for the review.

    • yogi

      Dumbledore Bhai 🙂

      Intro: similar to mine toh i liked it:)

      Main body: paras are looking like separate pieces of examples, try to link them via a last line in each para giving hint of content of next para.

      One thing i liked is that u avoided the unnecessary GS gyan , keep it up!

      Conclusion: ur idea is clear but make it more elaborative in terms of leaving an impression on the reader,(i too missed this aspect)

      If you want to know the best interpretation for this essay read this (A perfect blend of economic and philosophical interpretation )

      keep writing we all will improve 🙂

      • dumbledore

        thanks bhai for the review.. and nah i read ur essay. it was simple and good ..better than mine atleast .. u did leave an impression:) thats why i wrote the second comment:).. i will keep ur points in mind , thanks a lot 🙂

        • yogi

          better than mine atleast –> bhai no comarisions as of now, we are in learning stage , so achha bura toh chakte hi rhta hein, bas compare mat karo 🙂

          • dumbledore

            hehe bhai thanks:) keep writing

  • Nandu

    Thank you sirji…..

  • Bharat Avril

    Ramesh mylavarappu is an extraordinary student of our class. One day he saw haneesh is little depressed. He asked, What’s wrong? haneesh replied i am working on this project from past 1 week and i dont know how to use the device. Ramesh smiled, he pressed some buttons turned some knobes joined some wires and within few minutes he got the result. Haneesh thanked him and rushed into his professor to show the results. Next week Zishan was also struggling with the same problem but unfortunately ramesh was a little busy that day. But he decided a solution to the problem. He called upon all the students of the class on sunday in the lab. Everyone wondered what’s so special today. Ramesh approached the board and took a marker. within a hour everyone mastered the device operation. Here he sets an example “Lending hands to someone is better than giving a dole”.

    Our country has been passing through economic turmoil. which is hit by two back to back drought situations which crippled our rural economy and led the farmers into penury and destitution. Its only the government who can help the farmers. But the drought situation has become more complex and the solution by government are based on the age old strategy of monetary benifits rather than the capacity building. The union government rolled its ambitious plan to tackle the menace which is applaudable but it seems to be a short term solution which is nothing but dole. The solution lies in the capacity building, Recharging the ground water, Extensive investment in rainwater harvesting plants, Increasing the water use efficiency through technology, and desalinization plant building near coastal area.

    Soon after Independence our country was in a state of where the immediate issue was to solve the severe food crisis within few years we realized that the subsidized food grains and imports can not be sustainable way. The overwhelming success in the green revolution was the strong erected example of long term solution with visionary leadership. Now we are self sufficient producers as far as food grains are concerned and of late there has been a considerable rise in the export also. The green revolution is the realization of the famous saying “Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day; teach a man to fish and you feed him for a lifetime.”

    • dumbledore

      overall good try bharat, many of the examples we both have cited here are the same, like mnrega, subisdies, . ur starting was good and practical. but u have mostly focused on govt plans. like subisidies etc. many more dimensions can be added. maybe like disaster management , maybe some examples on the international arena etc. skill development.

      overall a decent try. 🙂 but u can do better:) mera bhi dekh lena essay yar.

    • MANOJ

      Bro ..Bharat ..nice effort..and i like most is your quote.
      But i am sorry to say you missed to shot in the arm in right direction.
      -India and China initial planning not rightly fit in essay…nothing was dole about it..missing was which sector could be the prime moving force
      -helping hand- start up, skill development, entrepreneurship
      dole- freebies, reservation (for well off), irrational subsidies, MNREGA (for its sustainability) etc.
      Conclusion–you totally mess up.

      Keep writing ..practice make a man perfect

  • OK


    • OK

      It is coming in reverse order. Sorry for inconvenience.

    • SKB

      content is really good…keep practicing

    • Raunak Vashisht

      Good write-up !

      1) Never mention affirmative action has made the universities a microcosm of the society. It is indeed a microcosm in itself, as people of diff caste, gender, religions attend the same school. For some evaluators It may still seem to be a necessary evil. Even though Sustainability suggest otherwise.

      2) Means and End correlation was good. Just a little advise. Do not use means and ends correlation so liberally. What may be a means to one may be an end to others.
      I Live to eat. You, eat to live ! 😀

      An example in front of us is that of Skilling and educating. For the govt, the end of both is the same : Employability.

      3) Grammer and flow where good.

      In that other write-up I commented. I read it in haste I suppose (deleted it) …missed reading taht he was talking about the unemployment pay by those countries. Would talk over the other example some other day 🙂

      Thanks !

      • OK

        Thanks a lot RV.
        1. Actually, before reservation, universities were only occupied by the upper cast students. It is the researvation which actually in reality made them microcosm. (I read it in a article somwhere)
        2. Example! Nice.
        Thanks again.

        • Raunak Vashisht

          Society isn’t only about the caste. When you say Universities are a reflection of the society, it means everything from all evils to all goods.

          The article is in Yojana Magazine Jan 2016 😀

          Thanks !

      • Mistborn

        Hi Raunak, could you please review mine!


      • sankar

        have a look at mine thanks

    • Mistborn

      Hello OK! My views for your work:

      ~Introduction is not directly taking up the topic. Somehow I don’t feel the connection between your introduction and the theme of the topic not very sweet.
      ~In the first half, you gone about the topic in a rather circumventing manner. I find the treatment of the topic a little tangential.
      ~Second half is brilliant and nails it beautifully.
      ~The usage of examples is pretty apt!

      PS: Please review mine!

    • Shreya

      You’ve started with the Indian Constitution and proposed that Indian democracy has survived because of the capability of its people. Don’t you think our HDI and other socio-economic indictors suggest otherwise ? Economic and social rights are after all not justiciable.
      You raise some really meaningful questions in the going beyond sustainability paragraph. I feel that the transformation between the introduction and this paragraph is incomplete.
      India as a front runner paragraph is really good. India’s attitude towards African nations vis-a-vis China shows how India focuses on capacity building rather than resource extraction.
      A good essay. Keep Writing 🙂

  • SVSR


    • Bharat Avril

      yar take a look at my eassay

  • Shreya

    Every morning at 8, Mr. Sethi began his school under the sun outside a temple. The place bustled with shining young faces sitting on the floor, staring at a cracked blackboard hooked on to a tree while struggling to learn the alphabet. The one man army took on to the task of educating children from nearby slums and often used to get them out of their houses by coercion.

    This, until one day when I learnt that the octogenarian was no more, and his “school” became lifeless along with him.

    Mr. Sethi was one of the great people who made a difference by lending a hand than giving a dole. The schools in India suffer from poor learning outcomes, teacher absenteeism and lack of accessibility. If each one of us decides to do our bit to education, sparing a few hours on a weekend or otherwise, the potential of change is unimaginable. Being educated is a gift, which is best utilized when passed on to the uneducated.

    Amartya Sen, in 1980s, proposed his “Capability Approach” in context of human development, which stresses on “capabilities of individuals to live a good life”. According to Sen, merely having access to an object such as a book or being able to read a book doesn’t add value to one’s life.But, having freedom to derive value from being literate is true capability. Therefore, giving the hungry food doesn’t enhance the value of human life, unless they are free and capable to achieve nutrition.

    “You give a poor man a fish and you feed him for a day. You teach him to fish and you give him an occupation that will feed him for a lifetime.”

    The moot point is to understand the difference between two perspectives : “ he is hungry” and “why is he hungry”? If one looks at a poor man from the first perspective, he or she would give him food to eat and feel good about the act of kindness. On the other hand, the second perspective would demand a deeper understanding of the larger socio-economic environment that drives the person to hunger and poverty. The steps taken would be long term and not restricted to providing a square meal. True help would be to make the person capable of earning his meal.

    Similarly, one could and one should provide a blanket to a shelterless person in winters. But wouldn’t it be nicer if he could buy his own blanket and not depend on others to provide one?

    It becomes imperative to quote Mahatma Gandhi’s understanding of poverty in this context. He encouraged spinning and vocational education to make the people self sufficient and capable of earning their livelihood. This constructive program gave to masses “economic freedom” by supplementing their agricultural income and undoing the damage done by cheap manufactured cloth from Manchester.

    The necessity of making people capable has been given a fillip by various programmes and initiatives in India. Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act or MGNREGA, a demand based programme which gives 100 days of guaranteed wage employment to unskilled manual labor, exemplifies the significance of lending a hand than giving a dole. This programme recognizes the right to live with dignity and right to livelihood as a part of Right to Life in article 21 of the constitution. Various studies have shown that the programme has reduced the chances of people slipping into poverty as a result of drought or reduced demand for agriculture labor. The program supplements agricultural incomes and thus enables the poor to live a life of dignity.

    A cue can be taken from government’s increased focus on Corporate Social Responsibility. The CSR rules mandate a company to deploy 2% of average annual profits in such activities which make a difference in lives of the have-nots, rather than engaging in superficial charity. Eradicating hunger, promoting preventive healthcare, setting up homes, protecting environment, socio-economic development- such activities make a difference in the long run and enhance the opportunities for poor people, thus directly having an impact on their capabilities.

    There are numerous stories of successful “Women Self Help Groups” in India, wherein the women have taken the rein of their lives. Members of these groups contribute nominal amount of funds, which are then matched by banks. They can float business ideas to be approved by the bank. The interest rates are highly subsidizes and the profits can be used to repay the loan. Such Self help groups empower the women and enhance the quality of their lives. Thus, encouraging Self Help Groups, lending credit to MSMEs and start ups by the socially and economically backward sections of the society truly transform their lives.

    One can assess the importance of “lending a hand” by looking into various global issues that affect all realms of humanity. To mitigate global warming and environment pollution, the developed countries should engage in effective technology and fund transfer to the developing nations, so that the latter can invest in renewable energy and safe nuclear technologies . This would be a rather better alternative than to control damages and sending in relief to the heavily flooded areas.

    The Balance of Payments Crisis faced by India in 1991 throws rather meaningful insights into the manner in which international organizations can make a change. Facing an import cover of only 3 weeks, the Indian government sought International Monetary Fund’s help to pull the economy out of the crisis. The help came, albeit with a few conditions mandating major structural reforms in the Indian Economy. The process of liberalization, privatization and globalization, along with increased accountability and transparency, transformed Indian into a resilient economy that stands tall amidst others today. This shows that even though aid functions as a major international relief measure, help that makes a country capable and self-sufficient is preferable.

    From human beings to marginal groups to entire nations, being capable is certainly better than being dependent on “doles”. And each one of us, like Mr. Sethi, can make a difference. When billions of people in the world who are capable in some form or the other, decide to transfer their abilities to those who are unfortunate, the world will never be the same again.

    • OK

      What an amazing essay!
      Actually, I think, I would be little biased to comment on this. Because, these are the points which I have included in my essay, and few thought to include. So, you can look at mine as well. Though, content would be the same, but with some new experiemnts.

      • Shreya

        Hey !
        Thanks for the review. Will read your essay 🙂

      • Ash

        Hi Ok! 🙂

        Could you plz review mine! 🙂

    • Raunak Vashisht

      The devil returns 🙂
      Where were you all these days, waiting for a topic to bang on ? 😛
      Amazing write-up 🙂

    • dumbledore

      very nice writeup shreya. 🙂 i felt happy after reading ur essay:) thats the best way i can describe it. 🙂 and prm if u get time.

      • Shreya

        Thanks Dumbledore 🙂 I’ll review yours.

    • dumbledore

      there are many points in common that we have written. like the blanket one. mnrega, but i really loved ur starting. it was something very common but very nice and presented in a very good way.:)

      • yogi

        akhada tayyar ho gaya hein kushti shuru kardo PReM:)

        • Ash

          Yogi! Plz review and I will in sometime! 🙂

      • Jaya Swatantra

        Please review mine also… would love to review yours too!!

      • Ash

        Dumbledore! 🙂
        Plz review.. I will come back and review yourz! 🙂

      • Night Fury

        Professor ! 😀
        last time u missed to review my essay :/
        please please review now

        I will review yours asap !! thank you 🙂

        • dumbledore

          i read ur essay night fury ,(namrata) :). it was very nice and a very balanced essay b/w the philosphical and economic aspects of this topic. many of the ecamples u cited , i did too, like the chennai floods 🙂 , so i could connect with what u meant , but the chennai flood point was not exaplained elaborately in sync with the topic.

          overall a very nice try. keep it up:)

      • Scorpion

        hi udmble…please review mine…

    • Harsh (Learning Unlimited!!!)

      Enjoyed reading it …. Very well written
      Keep Writing

      • Shreya

        Thank you 🙂

    • Deep

      Very good essay. Superb intro, conclusion cud have made more catchy. All the best.

    • Nice presentation with plenty of examples

    • Gabbar is back…

      Well written shreya… Jus one question how u able to frame such a nice hypothetical story? I mean plz tell me hw to create such situation while writing an essay which is relevant to the given topic?

      Plz help..thanks

      • Shreya

        Thank you 🙂 It is not a hypothetical story. Mr Sethi was my neighbor who actually ran a school under the sun. 🙂 So think of real life examples which you can associate with the essay.

        • Gabbar is back…

          Wow.. Example from a true life story highly commendable shreya.. And executing it in the essay is appreciable.. Thanks.. And salute to the efforts of Mr sethi..

    • Manasa C Pradhan

      A nice one .Reflection of ur originality is impressive.

    • rajan

      Clear and crisp. A wonderful essay.
      But, shouldn’t you have talked about the problem wrt subsidy too, which is perhaps the background of the topic ?
      If possible, please review mine too

      • yogi

        bhai, plz review mine will review urs 🙂

      • Ash

        Hi Rajan! 🙂
        If you find time (rather unlikely) so I would say ‘please’ try finding sometime and review mine! 🙂

        • rajan

          Sure, I was a little busy yesterday.
          Hope you also review mine 😛

          • Ash

            I will Rajan! Just gimme some time! 🙂

    • Rashmirathi

      crystal clear and easy to understand, examples are good, flow very engaging. my only pointer would be,you should touch upon the issue of subsidies, this topic looks philosophical but in background there is a definite economic aspect. apart from that perfect 🙂

      please review mine!

      • yogi

        plz review mine 🙂

        • Rashmirathi

          sure yogi, abhi have to go out, will do in the evening. meanwhile please have a look at mine..

      • Shreya

        Rashmi, will review yours soon.

    • Shampy Di dadddi


    • Vivaan Khanna

      hi shreya undoubtedly wonderful essay with brilliant flow but as per me ur interpretation was narrow… doles talked about.
      2.revolved mostly around social sector..except BOP part
      please review my essay if possible

      • yogi

        khanna ji plz review mine 🙂

        • Jaya Swatantra

          I am also there in queue please do review… 🙂

      • Jaya Swatantra

        Please mine too Vivaan ji !!

        • Vivaan Khanna

          done before u asked 🙂

      • Ash

        Hi! Plz find time Mr. Khanna! 🙂

      • Shreya

        Isn’t MGNREGA, Self help groups, spinning yarn and Amartya sen about economy ? Global warming and flooding- environment.

    • सचिन कदम

      Shreya this is one of the best piece of write up ..In2015 mains i wrote essay on the same subject and i am envious for nt writting it the way u wrote ..You touched all aspects
      Social with the exampe of MGNREGA ,Economical with 1991 balance of payment crisis , Environmental with very fine and best example of how transferring technology is more important than help in dollar terms and many more

      • Shreya

        Thanks Sachin 🙂

    • rawat

      Nice essay. Enjoyed

    • Raunak Vashisht

      Heya, nice write-up.

      Its just that the example on BOP can be better used in a reverse sense.

      Doles do not come for free they have some hidden restrcitions which make a sovereign nation subservient, conform to non-indigenous solutions. The example of BOP problems of 1991 and IMF bail-out is an example.

      Thanks !

      • Shreya

        Thanks for the review Raunaq 🙂

      • Scorpion

        raunak…please review mine…

    • Jaya Swatantra

      Shreya.. if possible please find time to review… i would love to review yours afterall its topvoted…. 🙂 and indeed be a worth read!!!!

      • Shreya

        Jaya, will review yours soon.

    • manish

      Awesome essay. Very much structured and well explain. Please review mine.

    • Ash

      Hii Shreya! 🙂

      Could you plz find time and review mine.. I will review yours in a while! 🙂

    • AKR

      very well written…..nice

    • BK

      Nice one Shreya. You can add few more things –

      1. Include the demographic dividend that India is facing at present. We need to provide them good education and skill sets so that they too can become adequately capable to participate and contribute to India’s growth process.
      2. Elaborate a little more on the health aspect.
      3. You can mention that India’s vibrant civil society and NGO sector can partner in with the Government in this pursuit.
      4. Lastly, you can mention that government needs to implement it’s schemes efficiently and reduce corruption, nepotism and crony capitalism to make people truly aware and capable.

      Rest looks good. Cheers !

      • Shreya

        Thanks a lot for the meaningful inputs 🙂

    • Ash

      Hey Shreya! 🙂

      1. “ he is hungry” and “why is he hungry”? — WOW!!! 🙂
      2. Mahatma Gandhi.. 🙂
      3. CSRs and so many other points are absolute takeaways for me! 🙂
      I wonder when will I write like you guyz!!
      Could you plz review mine and guide me! Tq!:)

      • Scorpion

        ash….please review mine…

    • shashank

      nice one excellently woven essay which puts history, economy and current nicely together. But just couldn’t get how the IMF conditions were a lending hand?? weren’t they merely developed world’s effort to enter our markets?

      Overall really good..:)…..PLease review mine too!

      • Shreya

        Hi shashank, even though they benefitted from market access, it was not entirely an evil plan. If we compare the data on GDP growth pre and post reforms, the banking sector transformation, financial market functioning, everything worked in our favor. Even agriculture benefitted because of liberalization of tariffs as terms of trade improved ( Even though the growth in agriculture dampened later in the decade).
        So there are issues with WTO, but structural transformation of our economy had to be undertaken.

        • shashank

          yeah ur right in the sense that the net result of those conditions were good. I just thought that because the intentions there were not so noble so it may not be like a noble deed of lending hands.

    • PENDU

      class display of writing still ……….. upto the level of the ias

    • hey Shreya! If I say ur essay is wonderful, then I would be biased coz u see I have written some similar points 😀

      Please have a look, I don’t feel confident bout it so provide ur inputs, a little off bit my essay is :
      ONLY when u get time 🙂

      • Vivaan Khanna

        i reviewed ur essay…but it is showing ur comment is awaiting moderation…i swear i didn’t abuse u :p…well written..please review my crap of today if u find time

        • abhi dekhta bhai thodi der me 😀

          • Scorpion

            yaar mere check kar lo…please review mine…

        • Scorpion

          hey vivaan…back after long days…please review mine…

      • Shreya

        Coming soon 🙂

      • manish

        Please review my essay

    • TIME

      Gud 1

    • sharat khanapur

      This is a master piece Shreya. Superb. I have had to scroll a long way to get to next essay. Way to go…!All the best…

    • sankar

      good one bro……………i could not find relevance of blanket para……….a little mis in chronological arrangement of events otherwise very good to read.
      if find plz rvw mine………thanks

      UPSC 2014 – 127/250 .
      Do comment

      yaaron rat BAHUT Ho GAYi hai ,., KAUN ab ITNA Kamba likhega .. JUST FEW IDEAS..

      – one day when his grandparent gets sick and it was raining outside that boy had an exam At school. But as nobody could accompany him so he came all alone, while crossing he was almost about to drown that a young man stepped in to throw a half broken tree bark towards him so that he could take its support and come out of the waters. The boy managed to escape the gushing waters that day, but due to the anxiety in the aftermath of the incident, kept shivering through the day and could not even write his exam properly. He returned home disappointed to the dismay of his grandparents. From the next day onwards his parents or grandparents alternately went along with him to school to recuperate his confidence.

      This story presents an example of how no matter how big a help might be in the rush hours of our life and for how long that assistance may be continued as an unconditional support, the confidence that is earned by a genuine endeavour towards capability development is unparalleled in its approach.

      The case in point can be seen from another perspective. If I would have been in the place of that young man, I would definitely like to go one step ahead in helping him. Y teaching him over the span of few days, the art of swimming. From my side, this would have called for sparing a few hours everyday for that needy boy. However on the part of that young kid, it would have been a life changing skill to learn and would make things much easier for him in his routine life. Not only he would no longer have to trouble his weak and old grandparents to accompany him on his way to school but it would make him learn the first chapter in self sufficiency. Further it would help him in avoiding any such untoward happening in the future that he went through crossing the river and will root out all such fears emanating from his past.
      Indeed lending a helping hand is much better than offering a ‘handful’ of doles on a platter. This must always be kept in mind whether the extended hand is to help a close relative or someone totally unrelated.

      This principle has applications not only in our daily routine, but rather in wide spectrum of domains like polity, economy or general well being of the nation.

      In ECONOMY ( I did. This subtitles approach and it really worked for me in UPSC )
      The issue of subsidies has gained ground in the recent years concerning the Feasibility and sustainability of any such initiative. Right from farm to food subsidies, it’s a hotly debated issue keeping in mind the general socio-economic profile of most of the citizens of this country. However, the general complacent attitude also results in these doles becoming a burden on the providers as well as the economy as a whole. Therefore, there needs to be a corrective approach towards this in the form of a more practical and pragmatic means to achieve the same task of increasing the capability of needy to purchase the required commodity.

      There are certain domains like education and health that have an all pervading relevance and regardless of the class and group a person belongs to, carries a lot of significance in one’s life standards. However, health and education are more comprehensive concepts than merely in terms of well being and literacy. Therefore to bring in some meaningful changes a more considerate approach is required rather than just extending some perks and privileges to raise the level of a deprived section.
      The support offered has to be more comprehensive and visionary instead of being short sighted in the form of DOLES AND GRANTS .
      EACH ONE TEACH ONE is a case in point. These words reverberate the obligations of all members of society to contribute meaningfully in the endeavour of reaching out to the masses through education.

      In diplomacy,
      India has been leading the way for the developing nations and has reached the status of an IDOL to be followed in the domains of science, democracy and pluralism. However, India’s role in upholding this trust shown by these countries must stretch beyond providing them with immediate help in the form of grants. Rather India should follow a more far sighted approach of helping these nations to develop skill and capabilities that help then to chart the same course, the reflections of which they find in India. This may include technology transfer, knowledge exchange and personnel contacts. However, this would also be beneficial to India in long term in stabilising its relations with these countries and building a strong partnership instead of a give-take relationship.
      Indeed in all domains and across various aspects of this globalised world this principle holds true that

      Thanks in anticipation of your review

      • Sudanita Sanchez

        Awesome man “” the best approach”
        No doubt you scored well in 2014 … Keep going

        • Scorpion

          sudanita………please review mine…

      • Mehaboob T


      • Shreya

        Hi Danish, it’s a great essay.

          Besties aheAd

      • Scorpion

        danish…please review mine…

      • Pooja 2017

        How can I improve my essay writing skills ?

        • Dear , you can do it by reading others and understanding their perspective … BUT KEEP ON WRITING NO MATTER HOW ABSURD IT MAY APPEAR IN THE FIRST INSTANCE….. JUST LIKE G.S improves gradually , it will also improve certainly

    • Shubham Modi

      You could have given a better example inplace of Mr.Sethi. It is a bit stereotypical which we have seen in Bollywood movies too of 80’s. Its pro “lending hands” but not actually anti “dole”. Example given by Danish is pretty good and he has made that difference visible. Overall, fantastic essay.

      • Scorpion

        shubham…….please review mine…

    • Scorpion

      shreya…please review mine…

    • Jinks

      Your essay stared with promising start but it seems that the end part could have been better. A good attemp but a lot of scope for improvement.

    • Shivank Yadav

      positives of essay :

      the start is just awesome
      really nice flow
      examples are really good and state clearly that a UPSC aspirant is writing

      negatives :

      i feel you have focused too much on examples , yes they implicitly point to some arguements but they are not clear
      this seem a bit one sided to me , because there are situations where only money can help , a para or two about that would have make it more balanced
      the topic itself is ambiguous – i can think of it in two ways : should we help someone to make them capable or give them money (this is what you have interpreted) but there can be one more interpretation of this topic according to me , and that is : whats the better way to help somebody ? to be there for them or to give money

  • Mistborn

    “Give a man a fish and he will not be hungry that day. Show him how to fish and he shall not be hungry for a lifetime”


    The quote beautifully summarizes why dishing out freebies may not be the best idea for the beneficiary. The benefactor may feel proud on his sense of kindness and compassion but he definitely is not helping the development of the person for a lot of reasons. In this essay we will analyze what these reasons are and why helping someone to solve his problem himself is the best course of action than solving it for him.

    Doles are like freebies that you hand out to someone out of a sense of helping. And just like all things free, we don’t appreciate the worth of them. Instead it catalyzes a whole lot of undesirable consequences in the people benefiting from them.

    At personal level, when you tell a child the solution of his math problem rather than the method to solve, you are actually hampering his educational development. Similarly, when you donate money to the beggars on a traffic signal, you are essentially encouraging him to continue to indulge in begging.

    At societal level, when the government provides unemployment allowance, it promotes unemployment in the society. People become complacent that the government is going to take care of their needs and become lethargic in seeking employment which, in turn, promotes incompetence among the workforce and frustrates meritocracy. The end product of this is a backward society riddled with social evils like drinking and crime. Such a society is also marked by tremendous inequity where 10% of Indians command more wealth than the rest 90%.

    In the economic sphere, farm subsidies and MSPs distort the agricultural practices. Excessive usage of subsidized fertilizers has deteriorated the soil quality and proliferation of harmful substances into the food chain. Also there has been a lopsided development of different crops because of MSP. That was the reason India faced acute shortage of pulses a while back. This practice hurts the self sufficiency and the competitiveness of the farm sector.

    In the industrial sector, government provides protection in the form of prohibitive import duties and restrictions on the entry of the foreign players in the Indian market. Such practices make Indian companies complacent and resistant to change. Without considerable innovation Indian manufacturing sector is not well-equipped to compete at the global level. Government protection means that Indian companies can make do without investing much in R&D activities which hurts the growth on Indian economy.

    In the political arena, states are eager to proclaim being backward so that they may claim the ‘special category status’ and avail Centre’s grants and benefits. And to ensure gaining such freebies on a continual basis, they have no incentive to develop themselves and come out of the special category status. Such a culture culminates in continuing regional disparity where the gulf between developed and backward states in increasing. The social sector development of these states also suffers and they fare invariably low in different social indicators like education and health.

    In the international sphere, we have seen the example of Greece which was resisting to introduce austerity measures in the country and adamant to use the Euro Zone loans to continue its luxurious life style despite being on the edge of bankruptcy.

    There is another aspect to these doles. More often than not they come with hidden terms and conditions attached. For example when US waged a war on Iraq, it was not for the benevolent objective of rooting out chemical weapons or ensuring international peace, it was to secure oil supplies to the US economy. The economic imperialism of China can be seen in the same vein. Their offers to develop infrastructure in underdeveloped countries is nothing but a way to control their natural resources or exploit their strategic locational importance. The project of developing the Amu Darya basin in Afghanistan is an apt case in point.

    Similarly, the predatory pricing of the e commerce giants is not a charitable gesture. They are bidding to destroy the competition from traditional ‘mom and pop’ kirana shops and establish a monopoly for themselves in future. Then, the consumers will be forced to play to their terms. This will adversely affect the employment opportunities in India where a significant population indulges in such ventures.

    In the political space, voters dish out freebies like liquor, cash to sway public opinion in their favor. What they are actually getting is a incompetent and probably criminal candidate.

    On the other hand if we actually lend a hand to the person in problem, there are a lot of benefits attached to it. For example, when we show the kid how to solve the math problem in an easy manner, he will grow in his self-confidence to tackle similar problems in future. Similarly, if we donate to an NGO working for the education and development of child beggars instead of giving money to a beggar, we are playing a far more constructive role in their lives where they will grow to be a self-dependent and confident citizens.

    In the agriculture sector we need to rationalize subsidies and promote organic and balanced growth. We also need to ensure that the MSPs and other practices do not distort the cropping pattern to such an extent that the wheat is rotting in FCI godowns and pulses are being imported to cater to market needs.

    Similarly in the industrial sector, we need to promote a culture of innovation and competitiveness so that our products may turn out to be world class. We also need to skill our workforce suited to the needs of the industry. Fortunately we are increasingly experiencing such initiatives from the government which are aimed at creating a competitive economic ecosystem in the country. Programmes like Make in India and Skill India Mission are a boon to bolster the manufacturing activity in the country.

    At the social level, the problems of marginalized communities are increasingly being addressed through creative government schemes. For example ‘Nai Manzil’ is a scheme to generate employment opportunities for the minority youths. ‘Ustaad’ is a scheme to promote the traditional crafts in the country through government support in terms of credits and marketing. TRIFED is a similar scheme to market the goods produced by the tribal society. Similarly, mushrooming of Self Help Groups is also playing a crucial part in lifting the economic condition of vulnerable sections like women.

    In the political sphere, we need to educate the citizens about how to form the political opinions based on facts and logics instead of getting swayed by irrational factors like casteism or freebies. Then only we shall have efficient and effective lawmakers working towards the betterment of the society.

    At last, we need to remember Darwin’s theory of ‘Survival of the Fittest’. If we are lending a hand to develop our individuals, society or industry, we are essentially creating competitive entities that are going to succeed in the race of life while the others falter.

    • Mistborn

      Please review friends!

    • OK

      Hey Friend. I am reading yours, meanwhile you can spare a minute or so for mine as well.

    • Rashmirathi

      hey mistborn, you have covered quite a wide range of dimensions in your essay. its very good content wise. my only pointer would be intro is too conventional. and conclusion me i don’t think Darwin’s theory is very apt in this particular case. the aim of lending hand isn’t just to create competitive entities but to enable individuals to sustain on their own with dignity without needing charity of others.
      agree to disagree 🙂

      please review mine

  • netaji

    [Hi guys, please review my essay]

    We live in a world where differences – be it economic, social or political – between people are huge. There are millions of people who are very poor and need support from government and other people to come out of that poverty. Now, either the government can give them money to meet basic needs or can provide job opportunities by opening industries, engaging them in infrastructure construction and other activities. The problem with giving them money is that they will not find work and would become dependent on government funding. It will sap their creativity as they will become idle and lazy. Moreover, the economy will become unsustainable as production will reduce and at the same time demands will increase with rising purchasing power of the people. So, it is better that the poor should be provided a hospitable environment in which (s)he can also flourish and benefit materially and spiritually.

    Moreover, when people start sustaining themselves on the dole, they may stop working. But life without work is a miserable affair. The non-pecuniary effect of not being working may be larger than the effect that stems from the associated loss of income. It is through working that people learn about other people and institutions and how societies work, as well as about self-development, self-discovery and finding meaning in life. People who have never have had a job and tried to improve their position (and there are lots of them nowadays) have never developed as people, never become adults. So, many rich people who live on the family property generally find their life unsatisfying.

    Dole to people can be justified when it is the case that those people can not help themselves however they may try. But it is empirically visible around ourselves that hardwork is the main factor in success. So, in this sense all human beings are equal as success is not destined to be granted to only few. That is why, the emphasis should be to empower the individuals to be whatever they want to be. And to bring it about, minimum basic needs like food, clothing, shelter, education and healthcare should be met and after that a person should be able to create his/her destiny.

    Suppose, there is a country where the government gives people more money than what they earn as income. Gradually, they stop going for work and become wholly dependent on the dole of government. Later on, the government stops the dole and demands people to work in extreme situations if they want to earn a living. The government becomes dictatorial and starts harassing people and forcing them to comply to whatever the government thinks fit. The people lose their freedom and an age of darkness begins. From this example, we can see what it means when people become dependent on the dole for their living.

    There are many examples where funding from other countries or institutions had been combined with conditionalities and humiliation. For e.g. when India supported Vietnam in Vietnam war, US stopped PL480 food aid to India which led to so much humiliation. The loans and grants from international institutions like IMF and WB have always been with some conditionalities – like opening up the economy, embracing capitalism etc. So, dependence on these doles meant subservience and loss of freedom.

    Generally, Human beings need incentives to work which giving dole does not provide. For example the socialist economy of USSR was inefficient as compaared to the capitalist economies as there was no incentive for firms and people to come up with ideas and ways to economize the production as the industried were owned by state.

    Lending hands would mean providing level playing field for everyone to succeed. The fate of anyone should not be contingent upon the accident of birth. Poor people as well should get the chance to be what they want to be. Inequality has been increasing with the onset of industrial revolution and so the welfare policies of the government are very much important today. But these policies should be structured in a way such that they incentivize people to consider long term benefits and not just short term goals which would mean educating their children at the very least.

    Economic growth in modern times has been unprecedented. But even then there are a billion people who are very poor. Giving doles to them is a short term solution as they will fall again below poverty line when these funds would be stopped. So, the focus should be on lending hands to help them pull themselves out of their misery.

  • Nandu

    review please

  • c k pandey

    is there anyone with physics optional

    interested in group formation…

  • Thor and Miolneer

    The World is full of inequalities. While there are some who are rich, others are not. When there are some who have authority, there are others who don’t have it. Similarly there are various other forms of inequalities persisting in the World.

    There are many individuals who fight against such inequalities to gain an employment which would better their lot. There was a boy, hailing from a poor family, who fought all the odds to become an IAS. From nothing to an IAS, he became an Inspirational and desirable figure in his community. Inspired and awed by his success, two of his friends also decided to face the Civil Services Examination. These two were equally enthusiastic and equally hardworking. They came to the boy to seek his help.

    The boy who recently got selected was aware of his friend’s poor economic state and he though of doing an experiment with the two. He assured the first friend to check his progress, listen to his answers and give his inputs whenever he finds it necessary and promised to give a monthly sum of money to the second friend, who was economically worst between the two. Since the boy would himself have a paucity of time, he felt that this way both his friends could be helped and will become Civil Servants. But after a period of four years, the first friend has become an IPS while the second one is till receiving the money and couldn’t even crack the preliminary stage of this three stage examination.

    The natural thought and our Common sense suggests that the second friend must have not studied or put in his best efforts and that’s why he must have failed. But analyzing the results of the two friends after taking the Boy’s approach towards each of them into account would suggest us otherwise. We will find that it was the boy’s way of helping them each which resulted in the selection of the first friend but the opposite for the second. While he lent his hand to the first, he gave the dole money to the another and since, he had good intentions and tried to help them each, It didn’t occur to him that he was doing wrong with his second friend.

    Busting the Myth —

    History is full of Emperors and Kings who would give money or protection to their peers with the intention of helping them and feel that they are doing good to them. The receiving party too would initially think of it as for its advantage until it becomes completely dependent on the former for the realization of its becoming inefficient and less powerful. The British knew the difference between lending a helping hand and giving dole and formulated their policy of ‘Subsidiary Alliance’ to take advantage of the inability of Indian Kings and rulers to differentiate between the two. Consequently many of the rulers and kings ended up losing their territories to the Englishmen and they became the paramount power in a country which was multiple times bigger in size than their own island nation.

    Despite learning a lesson from the history, the Indian state functioned otherwise after the independence. Uptil recently, we have seen that the tribals were removed from their lands by giving some money and not the employment and in most cases no rehabilitation for them. Soon, they ended up spending all their money and with no lands and forests for meeting out their needs, the gullible tribals become poorer than before and increased the no. of poor population in the country.

    This sorry state of tribals and various similar examples tell us that the State/Officer/Persons helping others should be more careful and able to distinguish between the lending hand and giving dole. While helping people/subordinates/others, the help giver may think that he is doing all good and his help will help the help taker to improve, become better etc. but this is not always the case as we have seen in the case of the boy who became an IAS and tried to help his friends.

    Taking Dole, Cursing Whole—-

    It is not easy to make a distinction between the two ways i.e. Lending hand and Giving Dole. Since there is a thin line dividing the two, the helping person requires to keep analyzing the two. It is a continuous process which if not being examined from time to time would result in a lending hand becoming the one giving dole without the helping agent even realizing it. He thus needs to always think upon the following:-

    -Is the help that I am providing today will end the dependency or not?

    -Will this method of helping end the problem or make the person to seek help on the same or a similar/connected problem?

    -Is it developing a sense of gratitude or dissatisfaction in the person taking help?

    -Is it beneficial for the receiver in the long run or not? AND

    -Is it enabling him to help me in the future if the similar problem occurs to me or not?

    If the above questions make one to have the first part of them as answers, then is a lending hand and if a person gets the second part of the question as the answer then its not.

    Since nobody who is providing help barring some exceptions is intended to cause bad to the receiving person, he is required to keep examining and analyzing his course of action. Otherwise it may have unintended consequences on both the receiver and giver of the help.

    • Jaya Swatantra

      1. Although your story is nice but not fulfils the criteria of essay and its a bit contradictory in a sense that charity is never done with friends.. in this case is simply humble gesture of friendship.
      2.Subsidiary alliance ,tribal examples too good but you may have explained the example of subsidiary alliance in a better form by following a direct approach in reference with the given topic.
      3.Question form not apt.
      4.Conclusion should be made more effective by providing a gist of introduction and the main body.
      5.You may improve alot… you have it in you.. just read other essays also to have an idea for more effective writing… you may also see the mrunal’s link which you gave me….. Keep writing and reviewing… All the very best… improvement comes gradually with more practice… 🙂

      • Thor and Miolneer

        That’s right.

        Improvement comes gradually with more practice.

        2 – I agree.
        3- Right, I have mentioned too many of them.
        4- Working on it. This is one area I have been repeatedly pointed out.
        5Right. We shall improve

        1- Strongly Agree.

        Thanks for the review Jaya.:-)

  • Vivaan Khanna

    Human beings are one of the most beautiful creatures of God because they possess rationality. This rationality helps them to develop a character called humanity which is different from other creatures of this planet. This humanity helps a person to help others and have altruism. Now, this altruism can be of two types-either lend your hands or keep on giving dole. Most of the people agree that former is better than latter. In the subsequent section we will analyse that why this viewpoint is supported most.

    Suppose there lives a beggar nearby your residence. For many years people including you express their sympathies, throw some pennies and his life goes on .One day there comes a man Suharsh. Seeing the condition of beggar, he pities on both people and beggar. So rather than giving alms, he goes on to purchase some biscuits and chocolates. He advises the beggar not to eat them but sell them. Beggar accepts the suggestion and sells them from the same place where he used to beg. Once his materials were exhausted he saves some profit and again purchases some materials to be sold. Continuing this process for a year, he was able to have a general store on the same place and he is no longer a beggar but a shopkeeper.Seeing this happy ending, even we will admire the smartness of Suharsh. Basically What went in this young man’s mind can be seen as follows.

    Ethically, the factors which make lending hands better than giving a dole are why dignity of a person in front of you should be undermined. If you can lend some hands why can’t he become the lender of his hands to others to continue the chain of this lending.

    Further why should such habit be cultivated when it is not going to help others.Doles will help a person not to to do work as he is getting the things for free. While on the other hand giver will be just throwing his hard earned money and resources for no reason. Perhaps driven by this thought only, it is written prudently outside metro stations that by giving alms, kindly do not encourage begging.

    Lastly, by having helping hands and doing things by oneself, the sense of confidence which one receives is immeasurable. This can be seen in the case of beggar of above analogy.

    Economically, doles deprive a person an opportunity to become a human capital for his country. In this respect it is apt to consider the examples of MGNREGA, Start Up India and PMFBY of Indian govt. Instead of providing employment if the govt would have been giving only doles to the people then recipients would have become a burden on the govt.

    Contrasting to this, being employed, people are getting payments and at same time govt is also receiving help in developing its infrastructure and other things. In long term, it contributes to the growth of GDP of the country.

    Here, another side of MGNREGA is worth noting where it says that in case of failure of govt to provide employment, people will be provided with the unemployment payment.

    Further, lending helping hands help in elimination of poverty which is still prominent in many countries including India. Otherwise Doles will simply justify the thinking of many thinkers that “some people are poor because they want to be. “

    Not,only in India,many foreign countries like US also believe in giving the incentives as it helps individuals much better

    Socially also helping hands are better than a dole as it helps the communities to grow.In case of dole,the exchange can be between two individuals only while in lending hands it will be reached across the communities. In ancient times kings use to lend hands to other kings in fighting the battles. This used to develop the trust among the kings. Not only was this, a feeling of sharing of each others resources, knowledge and in some cases matrimonial relations also developed.

    After having analysed the various dimensional advantages of lending hands, we can see that in contemporary times also, rather than providing charities, countries help each other whenever required. Whether it is India’s help to Afghanistan to build its parliament or helping Nepal in its earthquake disaster or giving suggestions to Nepal for amending constitution as ours is largest and successful democracy of the world, every time we were ready to lend helping hands.

    Further, within our country apart from aforementioned schemes of govt of helping hands rather than distributing the things govt is facilitating the states in attracting the foreign investors rather than giving them any charity to develop as it knows that these charities will never help India in developing.

    Coming to other side of the coin where doles are being provided, we have many examples to show that what damage they did and are continuing to do.

    India does not have indigenous fighter planes, so it has to purchase them from Russia or France. The consequence of such act is that India has become completely dependent on these countries and whenever the supply is obstructed diplomacy has to sweat hard to smoothen the delivery. Further, it could not have the knowledge of developing fighter planes which undermined its capability inspite of being one of the rarest countries to achieve MOM.

    Thankfully, in recent times, we realised that we need to develop our planes so that this charity can be removed.

    Consider the other example of Delhi. For the major part of its water and vegetables requirement, it is dependent upon Haryana. Now whenever Haryana has any internal problem like recent jat agitation, Delhi is deprived of these two basic things. It has to take the route of SC, persuade the Haryana govt and at the same time arrange the DJB tankers. This causes deep inconvenience to both citizens and administration. Had Delhi with the help of Haryana govt would have built its own canals and dams and at the same time encouraged rain water harvesting then things would have been different.

    All the above pointers go against the charities when little help can work wonders .But it does not entail that giving dole is always wrong. It is needed when the situation demands. In the discussed example too, Suharsh would have also given something to eat and drink before he could persuade the beggar to sell the chocolates and biscuits.

    Currently Syria is undergoing through volatile situation. If rather than providing military and sir strikes, if countries start helping it develop military and fighter planes, it would be of no use.

    Within India, rather than giving reservation to some backward communities if govt starts helping them to come a par with general public, it will be of no use. In fact they will not understand the meaning of such help. Rather, chances are high that they will become anti-govt and anti-national as has been the case with Maoists.

    Thus, provide the helping hand always but don’t hesitate to give doles whenever the situation requires. Use the prudence, show humanity in the form of the two kinds of help and help this creation of God to achieve cosmopolitanism so that true meaning of ‘being human’ can be realized.
    (exact 1200 words.simply means i have written crap..but reviews will help me to get the extent of crapness so please review)

    • Hi Vivaan, I feel you have flooded your essay with too many examples. The apt analysis within the confines of essay is somewhat missing. Further, try to make your essays a bit engaging. Don’t use similar kind of expressions repeatedly.
      I feel it has not been written the way you usually write. Couldn’t give you an exhaustive review, hooked up with something else. Hope you understand 🙂

      • Vivaan Khanna

        ok no problem battie…don’t know how to make essays engaging..thanks a lot for reviewing inspite of being hooked up

        • sankar

          bro…………..have a loook at mine.ill do by evening yours………thanks

    • Rashmirathi

      hey viavaan. good examples, loved the conclusion , very different from the rest. my only two cents would be, make intro thora catchy, maybe you could have written the beggar story first. secondly though you have touched upon good aspects through your examples but it seems kind of piled up, you haven’t summed up properly.

      thank you 🙂

      please review mine

      • Vivaan Khanna

        thank you rashmi for valuable review..ya today my essay was piled up..after writing even i didn’t like it :p..will review urs

      • Vivaan Khanna

        check the spelling of my name 😛

        • Rashmirathi

          sry 😛 edited 😀

    • Jaya Swatantra

      So Vivaan ji its good you gave and try to justified the different dimensions of your essay..but You may cut Syria example ..kyonki iska paksh kuch jyada clear nahi ho raha hai
      … no need of putting this example…nice intro with the explicit explanation of improving the situation of beggar… but conclusion needs a bit refinement you may satiate it with defining the ends of empowerment i.e self sufficiency,confidence and adaptability… overall a nice attempt… KWAR and ATB !!

      • Vivaan Khanna

        ok jaya ji..accha laga jaan k at least something was good in my essay…good suggestions..ya syria point is ambiguous…will try to improve conclusion..thank you ji

    • Shaktimaan

      hey Sachin!!:)……..sahiii tha……….pr ek baat aisa abi na likho ki nepal ki “constitution” ko amend main help ki india ne…………teekh h hm big brother attitude rakhte h or help b karte h jaise eq k time ki…………bt abi const k karan wahan danfe fasad ho gye or india ko kasurwar ghoshit kr diya…….to meri tarf se thoda khatrnaak ex hai….:):)…………lekin haan intre mastt thi……thoda alag se samjhaya i.e. human value wali baat……….great, again syria…………..thoda is bar flow ni bna qki kahi pe b ex shuru ho raha tha 4th last main suhrsh ki fir jb baat ki to mujhe lga ab shayad d end hone wala h pr ek dm se syria aagya…….baki………info heavy hai…….brilliant bhaii:):)…….if tym prmits…………PReM….bhaii….thank u:):)

      • Vivaan Khanna

        thank you shakti..very important point nepal could i ignore the controversy…ok syria is being criticised…point noted..reviewed ur essay..see there :)..thank you yara..itte pyar se mistakes btane k liye warna aj to galiyon wala essay likha hai maine 😛

        • Shaktimaan

          haha………..mere se jyade galiyan ni khai hongi pr….shart laga sakte ho………hahahaha…….well lord, batiee,toothless and rrv…….kuch mujhe aise hi smjhate h……..isliye unke gun ab mere undr a aye h……..hahaha………dhanyvaad bhaii review k liye:):)

          • Vivaan Khanna

            arey shart wali kya baat hai isme..mera bhai jab b chahega jo b he will get(bs gf mat mangna :P)..and even when i will ask same u will do for me…chalo hum b ye gun sikhenge in logo se..thank you..only few people are modest…u are one of preserve it 😉

            • Shaktimaan

              hmmmm gf!!……..sahiiiiiii………..hahahaha………..lucky u!!……………….thanku thanku bhaii:):)

              • Vivaan Khanna

                bhai hamesha pressure mein rahta hu…shikayatein jhelta hu…who is lucky you will know when u will have one…:p..i will pray to God to bestow u with such luck but not now after u clear IAS because beech mein distraction sahi nahi hai..ya to pahle se hi mamle fit hota to chalta :P..chalo leave it..let me concentrate on reviews 😛

                • Shaktimaan

                  ooh nervous 90s wali situation………….koi na, fir gl hoti hi aisi h jo kisi ko kabi samajh main na aye……….aap sehen kr rahe ho badi baat h………..adorable husband bano ge:)…….u hv “good luck charm” with u…..keep n preserve it bhaii………..GBU……… ab no more baat…….like kr k chod dena smajh lengein ki aap ne pad liya……….lbsnaa main milte ha nxt yr…..:):):)

                  • Vivaan Khanna

                    haha itti tarif dekh k rok nahi paya likhne se…copy krke aj dikhaunga ki mai accha hu thoda bahut..:P…we will meet at LBSNAA pakka and that too next year itself..lets leave no stone unturned for this..come what may

    • Kant

      nice one Vivaan.

      – First line of essay (and the intro )should be interesting but your first line is stating nothing new or mesmerizing. Thouogh I liked the intro.
      – Beggar wala story is very good. You could have used it for the intro
      – your reasoning is very powerful
      – in ex of Delhi and water: What is dole here? You are just saying Delhi should have helped Haryana Govt
      – flow is good
      – You have separated dole and lending help completely. Accg to me dole=money/material help; lending hand= moeney + capacity building
      – overall essay is excellent

      • Vivaan Khanna

        thank you kant for such beautiful review…Delhi wala point-water and vegetables a kind of dole which made Delhi dependent on Haryana.
        separation of dole and lending hands..u have provided a direct meaning i think but i went for symbolic one and that created problem i guess
        will try to improve intro
        thank you so much

    • Vivaan , a good less sincere effort but few harsh comments..plz bear at positive tone;
      1. your intro part was at very high tone actually when we start with this high frequency (Philosophical-civilizational tone), it is very obvious that to bring yourself down in essay throughout is bit atleast avoid in one essay such intro and evaluate( actually i m fancy of such intro and use a lot).
      this intro vanish interest of reader if u cannot smoothly land to practical but simple life aspects.
      2. your transitions are not smooth from one para to another reason may be less time devoted to make structure.
      3. Key words u didn’t write to include well so plain expression after first para making it average.
      4. u did not include much the historical view, our rich tradition of alms giving –monk way of life,
      alms a better way to make children sensitive to inequalities through apt socialization and many more
      5. Socio , economic , political, historical and cultural aspects we can think but to think about the connections is more important .
      6. conclusion must be at high tone and intro in a way to arouse interest, mystery and excitement of the reader….
      7. till u r not comfortable with diverse length of paras — make them even —-more talk about our culture, society and existing conditions with sensitivity and vigour— it would helpful to connect you with the reader.
      best of luck for next one!!!

      • Vivaan Khanna

        here comes my dear one…dont worry try to be harsh as much as u can with me..will make me to write better…all ur points are just like i am doing self analysis..exactly these are the problems i m facing..diversification+philosophical essay..intro conclusion…thank you for suggestions..u are just simply awesome man…next essay will write on ur suggested lines………if u find time please come to review it and see whether improved or not..thanx again for wonderful review…

        • sure ,will go through that …learning by sharing views and interpersonal interaction keeps us alive buddy 🙂

          • Vivaan Khanna

            very true brother..thank you

    • Ash

      Hey Punjabi! 🙂

      1. If you can lend some hands why can’t he become the lender of his hands to others to continue the chain of this lending. —- What happened.. have courtesy .. some courtesy for the reader… some comma some full stop.. something!
      2. Ohh! yea.. I liked your story!
      3. .Doles will help a person not to to do work as he is getting the things for free. — India also receives grants you know!
      4. Contrasting to this, being employed, people are getting payments and at same time govt is also receiving help in developing its infrastructure and other things. In long term, it contributes to the growth of GDP of the country.

      Here, another side of MGNREGA is worth noting where it says that in case of failure of govt to provide employment, people will be provided with the unemployment payment. —–> connect these 2 paras for me plz!

      5. As you do that… connect the next para too… there is lack of connectivity a/cing to me.

      6. Not,only in India,many foreign countries like US also believe in giving the incentives as it helps individuals much better = no connection
      7. r giving suggestions to Nepal for amending constitution as ours is largest and successful democracy of the world — Lets not talk of lending hands here! Nepal hated it!
      8. distributing the things govt is facilitating the states in attracting the foreign investors rather than giving them any charity to develop as it knows that these charities will never help India in developing. —– Finally a good point! .. a takeaway! 🙂
      9. Coming to other side of the coin where doles are being provided, — how are you coming to the other side of the coin when you went on criticizing doles and you’re doing so even now!
      10. Now how are doles and defence equips related…. we are not getting anything for free..

      11. Which Sir dew wanna strike?? 😛
      12. Currently Syria — weak argument.. talk of doles for feeding ppl in Syria!
      13.VERY MONOTONOUS! You kept on hopping!
      On the contrary, I appreciate your breaking paras.. good.. but you kept hopping so a shaky ride though! 😛
      KWAR! 🙂

      • Vivaan Khanna

        only 13 points..i was expecting more..after writing essay and giving it a re-read i started hating it..
        2. and 8 thank you..even if u like one word of my answers..i feel like i have done a little hard work 😛
        4. 3 paras are inter related not two..
        5 and 6.Lack of connectivity..i accept and i knew that u will catch it 😛
        7 and 12 yeah Nepal and Syria were disasters of today
        breaking paras..learnt from yogi
        thank you..will try to reduce your work next time..i always try but i fail 😛

    • Vivaan bhai 😀
      My views :

      Intro : too conventional. Please aisa intro mat likho coz I didn’t get the feeling of continuing after such an intro – devoid of any interesting thing to talk about.

      Beggar waala example is brilliant. U could instead, eliminate the “formal” looking intro of urs and switch it with this one, rather ELIMINATE first para.

      The examples are apt, though in silos. Use connectors.

      Conclusion is again absurd. U have to work on this part.

      Overall I liked ur essay except for the intro and conclusion. Flow could be bettered. U surely have a come a long way since I first read ur essay (10th k baad pehli baar waala :P)

      Thank u!

      • Vivaan Khanna

        ha bhai bt har bar story se intro shuru may not work always…will try another thing…conclusion b dekhta hu improve krne k liye
        thank you for kind words finally…that’s why i always ask u to review because since my first essay,u are there to help me out and know my wekness…thank you

    • Shreya

      Good beginning. Humanity, altruism.
      You don’t have to mention that in the subsequent sections we’re going to analyze..It takes away the charm.
      The story is spot on.
      “If you can lend some hands why can’t he become the lender of his hands to others to continue the chain of this lending.” This line doesn’t convey the meaning in the best manner. Could you write this instead
      “One should empower someone in a way such that the person is himself capable of empowering others”?
      Metro point is great. Glad you’ve mentioned the US incentives ( subsidy) point.
      The Jat point is logically correct. But how is it related to doles? I get the rainwater harvesting point. Think of Indus water treaty between India and Pakistan or TAPI gas pipeline. This is more about sharing resources.
      How can government help the communities to come at par with general category besides with reservations? Education, skill development, easy credit . What other ways would lead to naxalism?
      Event though you’re largely on track, there could have been better examples.
      Good Luck 🙂

      • Vivaan Khanna

        thank you shreya for review and yes ur suggestions are worth noticing

    • Akhil

      Vivan bhai. Aapka introduction is ok. Story you mentioned is very intresting..
      But I think you used too many examples.
      Fighter plain wala issue samajh me nahi aaya agar India plain purchase karta hai to uska payment bhi deta hai. So how it is related to topic?
      Afghanistan wala point is ok.
      And last me reservation wala para seams out of context. Conclusion aur accha ho sakta tha.

      Aur samay mile to mera bhi review kar dena. Thank you bhai

      • Vivaan Khanna

        ok bhai..thank you for valuable time and reviews..will review urs pakka by today nyt or tomorrow morning…samay milta nahi nikala jata hai apne bhaiyon k liye..:)

    • yogi

      Hello Khanna Ji 🙂
      my views :
      Intro: not catchy enough :(, could have directly started form the 2nd para which was far better to qualify for being the intro

      One day there comes a man Suharsh. -> Yooo ab mai bhi Baalveer 😛

      Till the mid of ur essay, u kept on beating a single point in different words. A lill bit of ordering and eleminating redundency would help here

      After having analysed the various dimensional advantages of lending hands— jhhoot na bolo bhai ek hi to dimension analyse kari hein 😛

      Bhai aaj vo baat nahi jo last time thi,

      Rather than giving small small examples, u could have selected few situations or examples and anlayse them in sufficient details. In some examples u gave proper content and in others u just mentioned that and moved forwards, that was not appealing 🙁

      exact 1200 words.simply means i have written crap.-> ye conclusion kaise nikala ? exam mein mat likhiyo ye line 😛

      • Vivaan Khanna

        good review bhai..likhte b accha ho aur review b accha..thank you for suggestion..yesterday it was just examples in my essay..nothing else…
        aur exam me last line to bilkul nahi likhunga par jb mai jyada likhu samajh lo bakwas mari hai..usi se conclusion likha tha..:P

  • Let’s us consider this , there is a man living in a locality .He has an unemployment benefit card that helps him withdraw Rs 400 per week from his bank account which he uses two buy two-times meals for himself.There are a total of 500 such persons in that areas and thus a total of Rs 200000 is spent by the state every week in them .Some days passed , the state government invited a manufacturing corporation to set up its unit in the locality .The project was realized in one year and 800 jobs were created out of which those 500 persons who were living on unemployment benefits so far were accommodated to the factory by a special endeavor between the state and the plant owner in which required training were given to those persons . The state was relieved of the burden of providing employment benefits to those persons as they gained financial self-sufficiency and the money saved were diverted to meet expenditures on infrastructure development.What does it tells us?

    In modern time ,states carter to the various needs of its people .These welfare states are distinct combination of democracy , wealth and capitalism . Today, welfare needs is understood to be the moral and constitutional responsibility of a government in a democratic society in which citizens have power to choose their governments and therefore, they can easily replace it if it fails to care adequately to the needs of its people .It is accountable and answerable for its failure in addressing citizens grievances. Fearing to loose power, many a times government restore to populists welfare measures that are inefficiently planned and executed and directed more towards winning popular support of people than their welfare.The result is ,such measures fail to make any dent on the socio-economic conditions of people, apart from huge waste of public exchequer due to their poor implementation and inefficient uses.There are several examples of this from our own experience of the subsidy regime in India till date.

    In India ,even sixty-eight years after independence, poverty remains a pressing problem . Huge gap in wealth distribution ,a vestige of colonial past ,has continued to pester even today .The standard of living of a majority of population is mediocre ,among them a large proportion living at subsistence level .Therefore ,under such context, India has adopted for itself the concept of welfare state based on a mix of socialism and capitalism -allowing private ownership of the means of production , charging taxes on their profits and giving back to the society from which they earn through subsidies and welfare grants . The subsidy regime in India presently constitutes a whopping 4.2% of India’s GDP,making it one of the largest in the world .Subsidies are provided across a range of soci0-economic sectors catering to the diverse needs of people- such as Railways fare,LPG,Kerosene fertilizers and other farms subsidies, food subsidy on Sugar, rice and wheat through MSP and PDS , electricity and water.And there are other expenditures in social sectors and human resource such as health, housing , education and employments schemes such as MGNREGA etc.

    With such a huge subsidy regime , it is worth analyzing whether the subsidy grants and welfare doles have been useful in achieving their goals .A analysis of this paints a gloomy picture . We will first be looking on subsidies and then other welfare programme.

    Prima facie ,price subsidies do not appear to have a trans-formative effect on the living standards of poor ,although they have helped poor households weather inflation and price volatility .But ,providing cover from inflation and increasing accessibility There are several problems infesting the subsidy regime today.First is ‘price subsidies are often regressive i.e their failure to reach intended beneficiaries .Subsidies are designed to benefits poor but the Economic Survey,2015-16 seems to convey that rich households benefits more from subsidies than poor households .Consider electricity subsidy .It is said that the bottom quintile (20%) consume just 10% of the total subsidy while the top 20% consume 37% of the power subsidies .Subsidies on fuels are no better in this regard.The poorest 50% of the households consume just 25% of the total subsidy on LPG . Similar trends are found in other subsidies .The second and the most worrisome among all is rampant corruption and leakages in subsidy distribution ,undermining the effectiveness of subsidies .The PDS have become a channel for pervasive corruption at different stages in delivery ,be it Kerosene or rice or wheat or other grains .Leakages not only have the direct cost due to wastage, but also opportunity costs of how the government could otherwise have deployed those fiscal resources while depriving beneficiaries needs at the same time.

    Lets on come to other sectorial welfare schemes. Take for example the employment benefits scheme aimed to enhance livelihood security in rural areas through MGNREGA ,guaranteeing at least 100 days of wage employment every year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.Apart from massive corruption and other problems like delayed payments , the scheme has been widely criticized for its failure to create any durable assets in rural areas despite the ample opportunity it possess because of huge manpower available and given huge infrastructure needs of roads ,canals , schools and other construction activities in rural areas .The workforce is hardly utilized in any productive activity that could lead to capital formation or any durable assets that would re-invigorate the rural economy and lead to new jobs availability through other economic activities for most of the parts of year .The result is under and inefficient utilization of the workforce . Thus, MGNREGA has become an another dole that has made poor overly dependent on it for their earning in absence of other employments opportunities

    So, the point is subsidies programmes and welfare schemes fail to do much difference in terms of improving the living standards of people they seek to target. The problem lie with their intended objectives .Almost all subsidies programmes are launched with objectives of helping in increasing affordability and accessibility of households, particularly the poor ones ,to daily needs from foods to houses to fertilizers and to fight price volatility etc. Although they are helpful in short run ,but they make targeted beneficiaries only more and more dependent on subsidies ,instead of making them achieve self-sufficiency. There result is , there is too much burden on the state ,harming its fiscal health ,as every year ,a lot of resources are diverted to these schemes which seems to be a never-ending cycle .

    Therefore , instead of short term limited goals of increasing accessibility and affordability , the goals of subsidies programmes should be to promote self-sufficiency and financial independence of households so that they would no longer require it ,by improving households income and creating new employments opportunities for them . This can only be achieved by extensive investment of resources in human resource development such as skilled education , skill enhancements and training programmes ,with eyes on imparting employable skills among households lying at the bottom strata of income distribution which lack affordable good quality education .Improving the quality of education in government run schools which is sadly very poor by all standards, currently is key to this.

    The combination of three -Make In India, Skill India and Digital India – could be a game changer in achieving financial self-sufficiency by every households in India which would reduce their dependence on welfare schemes. More and more resources are required to be devolved towards modern education ,skill enhancement and human capacity building and less on subsidies and doles , in an attempt towards gradual phasing out of subsidy , backed by parallel initiatives on economic front like manufacturing and service sector development so that sufficient employment opportunities are available to absorb the growing workforce .The rural economy where most live at subsistence level ,mostly dependent on low -paying farm sector which is over-employed and witnessing declining income from produces , needs to be transformed into manufacturing and service economy by making investing into rural infrastructure, encouraging development of SMEs and manufacturing units etc.

    India’s subsidies and welfare regime have definitely helped poor but not in taking them out of poverty which require stable jobs opportunities and skills that can be utilized to work in those jobs. Unless households are provided with better opportunities, they would continue to remain dependent on welfare measures and subsidies of government . The absence of policy measures in promoting self-sufficiency of households has failed to improve socio-economic condition of people in India .

    It is the time when we need to move from dole-regime to capacity- building regime where households with a long term of attaining self-sufficiency and independence from financial support from government .

    • Vivaan Khanna

      1.You know the best practice that when we write a pessimistic essay then there should be solution too..good on that part.
      2.Lack of content today as only India and its subsidies talked about..same is the case with me today 😛
      3.Don’t know but today people have limited themselves to one or other aspect.when essay provides the scope to diverse ur thoughts..even u did the same by talking about subsidies only…please shed some light on this point as i really don’t know that whether it is ok to limit urself to one direction or not in case of essay…if its ok to take one state,talk about doles and then what can be done..then ur essay has no fault
      Please review mine

    • Ash

      I look for some Batman! Find some other! 😛

      And now that I have found you…. I’m reviewing yours.. plz review mine! 🙂

    • Ash

      Hey BAT-MAN! 🙂

      1. carter—- ‘botch’?? 😛
      2. A analysis ??
      3. Okay! I like the way you write but today I didn’t like what you wrote!
      I don’t think this is what is the demand of the topic! You’ve gone on and on about subsidies!
      Correct me.. actually review mine then we can debate this! KWAR! 🙂

  • vishwa

    Well written shreya , it interesting till end

  • rajan

    Let’s look at an aspect of our lives. Isn’t it intriguing that parents only help with their ward’s homework when they could have done it all by themselves? The question churned by brains in my childhood, but to no avail. Surely, in the latter case, both would have been more satisfied. I would have got the freedom to play and enjoy; and my parents could have saved a lot of time for themselves, by doing this easy homework using their brilliant minds.

    When I grew up a little, the confusion only increased. Lord Krishna was a superhuman. He had the power to control the mightiest of snakes and fight off the most barbaric of demons. Yet, during the battle of Pandavas and Kauravas, he only takes up the role of a “Saarathi”, the driver of the chariot, of Arjun. It surprised me, why the God himself didn’t fight, when he could have won the war in hours, if not in moments.

    The million-dollar question therefore is why did God prefer helping hands over providing a readymade solution? Surely, readymade solution is better in the short run, isn’t it?

    True, readymade solutions are better in the short run. No question. But, can it incite, teach, and help tackle problems in the long run. No, it can’t. A dole is one such short term solution. It is like a well prepared food meant for the needy. The intention is genuine. However, the impact is doubtful. The government of India and the states have come up with many such doles in forms of free employment under MGNERAGA, “free” food under PDS and Antyodaya Anna Yojana, “free” electricity, and many more schemes. Yet, these schemes have little to offer on ground. Even 7 decades after independence, we continue to have the highest no of poor in the world. By Tendulkar committee estimates, around 25% of our population live below Rs 26 a day.

    So, why are doles not preferred then ?

    Psychogists point out the missing element of motivation and incentive. A person, who knows that the government and society is going to take care of him/her has no further incentive to work hard. He then starts preferring leisure over labour. This virus spreads over the entire society eventually. And as work reduces, productivity goes down. Innovation is hurt. And the society recedes into oblivion. Arguably, this loss of incentive was a major reason for the decline of the mighty Roman empire. Too much gold, led to complacency, and eventually a collapse.

    At the same time, lending a hand gives hope and technical and logistical support. It is the hope that the hard work will be appreciated and the support frees them of some of their difficulties, saving them time, which they can use on more productive activities.

    Ask Economists about the role of doles, or what they call as subsidies, and one gets to see just how much they detest it. They point out, about the magnitude of the subsidy burden on the fiscal health of the government. Till last year, when the oil prices were still high, subsidy made up 4% of the GDP. The figure was so high, that it locked up govt expenditure on more “productive capital assets” such as Roads, railways and electricity. The dilipated state of our state electricity boards, the delays of trains the pothloles in the roads owe their origin, at least in part, due to this inflexibility of the financial position that the govt is in after providing more leeways in subsidy

    Econnomist also say how Subsidies are regressive, that is the poor comprise only a fraction of the beneficiaries. Take this an example, the poorest 50% of the people comsume only 25% of all LPG cylinders. Hence, a major chunk of these subsidies goes to those who already can afford. Also, such doles have huge leakage and face a lot of corruption. No wonder, a former Prime Minister remarked how the intended beneficiaries could get only 16 paisa of every Rupee that the government of India spent.

    At the same time, it is required that the govt lends a helping hand through other meansto improve Ease of Doing Business, a rating in which India stands at 130th position in the world. That isn’t something to be proud of, is it ? Anyways, govt help can take the form of providing infrastructure, greater security, stability in policy formations, reducing red tape and proper implementation of novel schemes such as Make In India, Skill India and Digital India

    There are other woes with doles too. Environmentalists show how subsidies on Urea has led to a massive spurt in its use. The chemicals then pollute the soil and the water bodies rendering them unfit. Moreover, they distort the required amount of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium (NPK) levels that ultimately reduces the yield of the farms.

    So, were the programs ill intentioned? No, that would be far from it. Think of it something like this. You donate a lot of money, and give a lot of doles to a charity of your choice. Your intention is good. However, the charity is found to be corrupt and the money you gave went into the wrong hands. Let’s say a part of that went to the desired beneficiaries. However, your little support made him complacent and he stopped doing whatever little he was.

    Could it have been better targeted? Sure, it could. Instead of providing money, if you had taught the orphans how to read, write and work, he/she would have received a skill that would help him/her all his life. In fact, in that case, your help wouldn’t be required forever, and the person will become capable to stand in his/her own feet.

    National and international Equivalence

    What we have seen so far, provides a lesson more for an individual level. However, it holds true even at broader levels. Till 1960s, India was dependent on the United States for the PL-480, a variety of wheat to feed our rising food demands. However, post the 1965 war with Pakistann, when the US sided with our rival, the supply stopped. Food became scarce, so much so that our PM Lal Bahadur Shashtri advocated for people to remain on a fast one day a week. The Amercian dole hit us at our weak point. The govt then realised its mistake and provided full fledged support to spur a Green Revolution. The result surprised many. Within a matter of years, India not only became self sufficient, but it started exporting foodgrains too. Help proved more decisive than doles

    That is one reason why, the recent defence deals have the clause of Technology transfer so that we don’t have to depend on foreign imports in the future

    That leaves us to one final question. If doles are so bad then, do we need to completely get over it? Should we leave the poor, the destitutes, the needy in their state and just watch over them tackle their problem? No, absolutely not. Doles are required to an extent, at least in the short run, so much so that so that the farmer in Vidarbha in Maharashtra doesn’t have to tie the noose around his own neck, so much so that the poor in the Kalahandi district of Odisha doesn’t get at least 1 square meal a day. However, this needs to be supplemented by more long term solutions like providing education, health, irrigation facilities to the poor. It will take time in doing so, and until then subsidy becomes crucial. However, this doesn’t stop us from targeting it better using better technology, Adhaar connectivity, and better monitoring.

    After all, our parents too gave us some doles, like buying a bicycle in case we did well in our exams didn’t they?

    Nonethess, the bottom line remains that lending hand is more important of the two. Our parents had this idea of making us independent when they chose to help rather than take over. Lorf Krishna too therefore focusses on the importance of Karma, when he says ” Karmanye Vadhikaraste, maa faleshu Kadachan “
    Confucius, in the Chinese literature couldn’t have summarised it better when he said, “Give a Man a fish, and you feed him for one day, Teach a man how to fish and you feed him forever “

    • Rashmirathi

      hey rajan, great essay. your examples are good and you have explained them even better.the psychology part sets you apart. my only suggestion would be improve a bit on the intro, its weak compared to rest of the essay. another thing ,try giving examples from a wider range, you have mostly focused on economics. rest is perfect 🙂

      please review mine..

      • rajan

        Thanks, Rashmi. Yeah, it focussed on economics a little more, because I wasn’t able to think of alot of points :P.
        Sure, i wil do yours

    • Sonia mehra

      Hy Rajan,
      I have a doubt, this is not related to essay.
      Why is it that the reduction in interest rate for small savings scheme, a good measure?

      • Shreya

        Hi Sonia, that is because now private banks will be able to lower the interest rates offered on deposit schemes. And then they’ll be able to lower the lending rate ( which is the ultimate goal to spur investment and demand) while maintaining the same level of profits. Please go through the editorial below.

        • Sonia mehra

          Thank you so much Shreya…

        • Sonia mehra

          Wouldn’t that reduce the deposits in bank, thereby affecting the liquidity available to offer credit?

          • Shreya

            See, before this move, it was like small savings offered higher interest on deposits. So there was more competition. If banks would lower rates, all money would rush to small savings. Now that they have lowered rates, banks are in a position to lower rates too.
            Empirically the impact will have to be found out. If lending rates have to be lowered, deposit rates cant keep high. That lowers the band width and hence the profits.

      • rajan

        Sorry, for replying late, Sonia. Was a little busy yesterday.
        I see, Shreya has already explained it well.
        Btw, how did you suddenly remember about small savings while reading my essay ? 😛

        • Sonia mehra

          I knew you were having economics as optional. And wanted to ask this question to you.

          Today when I saw your essay, this thing came to my mind….

          • rajan

            I see. But, I don’t remember if I have publicly said so.
            Anyways, thanks for finding me worthy to be asked. Hope I can help the next time

            • Shreya

              Rajan, economics optional? 😀

              • rajan

                Yes, you too ? 🙂

                • Shreya

                  Yes. How’s it going? Do you mind sharing your e-mail?

                  • rajan

                    Just sort of “completed” the 1st reading.
                    Of course not [email protected]. Ping me

    • rawat

      Hi, good essay.. Conclusion was nice

    • Raunak Vashisht

      Nice One !
      Please clarify : What made you believe that MNREGA is a dole ??
      Its a “pay for work” scheme and isn’t cash as freebies.

      Thanks !

      • Apparently, u get free money in case yu don’t get the 100 days job as “allowances”. So I guess that point is apt

        • Raunak Vashisht

          That point is subject to the main intent of the act, which is very much “pay for work”
          Recently on the tenth anniversary of the Act, there were views doing round everywhere that when MNREGA has not fetched enough in terms of the durable assets and all, why not make it a “FREE CASH” scheme as no worthwhile assets are produced anyways.

          The defenders of the act where of the view that, more than anything else, it builds a positive self-concept in Individuals, which a “FREE CASH” scheme can never-ever bring.

          So it cannot be counted as a dole neither in intent nor as per the legislative content. Had it been so in the first place, none would have been discussing about making the scheme a freebie scheme.

          If your knowledge about the given legislation is more than that of all the legal luminaries. pardon me. Thanks !

          • see my point isn’t “how” things are actually happening, but “what” things are meant to happen. So according to what things are meant to happen, FREE CASH is a provision of MGNREGA is case u don’t get full 100 days employment. Since u are getting cash without u doing the work, MGNREGA is apt. I didn’t read his essay or point, m speaking in general.

            Pardon me if I offended u ma’am 😀

    • Shreya

      Rajan, your essay was too skeptical about subsidies until the penultimate paragraph. Thankfully you aren’t dead opposed to subsidies. It is more about rationalizing them. To promote start ups, you have to give a tax rebate. To make borrowing easier, you have to bring in interest subvention schemes.
      The PL-480 and green revolution point was awesome. Should have thought of it.
      Also, i see MGREGA differently than unemployment benefits. It is an asset creation programme. People work to get money. Except the allowance which Nitish has mentioned below of course.
      I think you should have diversified the essay to other areas as well.
      But it is a great essay as always 🙂

      • rajan

        Thanks Shreya
        Although, I wrote about MNREGA because very little durable assets have been created. But, yeah, it’s controversial and should have been avoided . True, realised about more points after reading yours. In particular, the SHG one was excellent . Thanks again

  • Namrata

    Please Review !!

    Few months ago, while I was reading the newspaper, my eyes fell on an amusing picture. It was a picture from a Bihar government school. One person was hanging on each window of the wall and the entire picture portrayed such “perfect” arrangement of these persons that I could not help but laugh. When I read the news associated with that “amusing” picture, I was faced with the “not at all amusing” reality. Those people hanging on the wall were family members of girls of that government school writing the board examinations. They were “helping” their wards so that they could “pass” the examination.

    This incident left me pondering over several thoughts. What were those people thinking? In the name of “helping” their wards clear the board examination, what example were they setting for their families in particular, and the society at large? Certainly, they were not helping the girls to be empowered, but were in fact “giving them a dole” of a passing certificate. This certificate would be of no use to those girls in future because they would be lacking something more important: knowledge and morality.

    The real help would have been supporting and assisting the girls in studies, “lending their hands” to prepare them for winning that “passing certificate”. This simple approach would have boosted confidence of those girls, enhancing their self-respect. It would have empowered the girls to take up any challenges in life, teaching them that success surely belongs to those who strive for it. In short, this approach of “lending hands” would have a long-term effect and thus it is way better than “giving a dole”.

    ‘Teaching’ is considered the most noble profession since time immemorial. Ancient Indian writings have compared the “Guru-Shishya” (Teacher-Student) relation equal to that of “Bhagwan-Bhagta” (God-Devotee) relation. Why so much respect for such a person? After all, he is also in this profession to earn a living of his own. True, but employed in his profession, a teacher makes a huge difference in the society. He/She shapes the lives of millions by transferring them knowledge, enhancing their intelligence and morality. With this knowledge and moral principles acquired by a pupil from his teacher, he does well not just for himself, but for the society at large.

    Realising such importance of education, the Government of India enacted the Right to Education Act some years back, which provided for ‘compulsory’ and ‘free’ education for all children between 6-14 years of age. One may argue that this is a kind of “dole” as the government has to bear the expenses of fees, uniform and even food (Mid-day meal scheme). On the surface, yes he may be right. But an introspection brings forth a fresh perspective of the difference between a “good dole” and a “bad dole”. Clearly, the government providing free education falls under the “good dole” category as education touches and changes the future of millions, making them self-reliant and independent.

    The Government of India, in the process of promoting the agenda of “good doles”, came up with the “Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana” in 1999 in order to provide self-employment to the rural poor. The effect showed over the years in the form of growth and development of Self-Help Groups (SHGs), which exist today as independent voluntary associations, helping an even greater population of rural poor by saving them from the clutches of money lenders.

    The recent, much lauded initiatives of the Indian government, like “Skill India” and “Start-Up India” are other examples of “good doles” which have the potential to empower the youth of the present to build a better future. While “Skill India” aims to provide required skills to lakhs of youth, “Start-Up India” is targeting to promote entrepreneurship by extending financial help to the youth with innovative ideas in mind.

    Such initiatives of government to promote the concept of ‘welfare state’ by giving “doles” is not something new to India. It has very much been in practice since ancient times. Kautilya’s Arthashastra also mentions looking after “the children, the aged, the afflicted” and those in distress as the most prominent duty of the king. But the important point to note is that the “doles” by the government should not become “bad”. It simply means that the purpose behind giving these “doles” should not be self-motivated but towards betterment. For instance, the rulers of ancient India gave land grants to Brahmin priests (‘brahmadeya’) to rise in importance among them. This resulted in the priests becoming the controllers of society, promoting caste system.

    Apart from the purpose, it is also important to review the effects of such “doles” by government in order to avoid them from becoming “bad”. For example, schemes like MGNREGA and food PDS need to be evaluated as it has already been established that these are schemes draining the exchequer and at the same time, not reaching the target beneficiaries. The loopholes in these schemes need to be studied. Another example on the same lines, is that of issue of reservation. Reservations in educational institutions and jobs were aimed at promoting the welfare of the oppressed classes and giving them equal rights. But this criterion of reservation has exceeded the required time limit, resulting in more caste segments demanding it. The reservation policy, thus needs to be reviewed so as to make it reach to targeted lower income groups, which was indeed the original purpose.

    So, change with time is important in order to keep up the purpose behind “doles” alive. For example, the setting up of NITI Aayog marks the movement away from simply allocation of grants by the Planning Commission and towards “cooperative and competitive federalism”, wherein the states are masters of their own money received under recommendations of the 14th Finance Commission and any further assistance would require their performance report cards.

    All these examples may lead one to think that “good doles” are infact good and should be allowed. But the truth of the matter is that even “good doles” should have a lifetime. In order to be self reliant, it is necessary to learn and empower oneself. Newly independent India had to take loans from international institutions like World Bank and import wheat from USA under PL-480 programme owing to the then prevailing food scarcity problem. But with the coming of Green Revolution in India, India became empowered, self-reliant and enjoyed an actual “independent” status in the international community.

    Thus, undoubtedly the ethics and moral principles associated with humanity requires one to help others but it is required that the help is of such a nature that the person seeking help today does not have to seek help in future, but in fact should himself be in a position to help others and thus make a difference. As it is rightly said, “Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day; teach a man to fish and you feed him for a lifetime”.

    • Manasa C Pradhan

      Nice one.but try to make ur language simple.your ideas are constructively arranged. Add some more dimensions. Its my suggestion only . Don’t take it otherwise.

      • Namrata

        Points taken positively .. thanks for ur review Manasa 🙂

    • Perfect mix of analysis and GS-knowledge!
      Except the beginning where I felt there was too much focus on ‘education’ theme, I feel the rest was quite good 🙂
      If possible, try to avoid too many inverted commas.
      BDW, education point was quite different and in the present context too. Keep it up!

      • sankar

        hey bro…tooday didn’t write. ……..plz rvw mine thanks

      • Namrata

        wow i have been striving to get that “perfect” from u batman ..yayee 😀 thanks a lot for ur review 😀 and yeah i agree with both ur points ..will take care in future 🙂

        • haha.. “perfect” from me 😛
          BDW, if you really want to see some good quality write ups, follow Nitish, Mistborn, Shreya and Sepoy

          • Namrata

            okhay will follow from now on 😀 (y)

    • dumbledore

      good try namrata. many of your examples are apt but i felt that u adressing it as good dole vs bad dole rather than lending hands vs helping in kind was a bit odd. i guess a dole in itself is a negative term and u need to address it like that. like mnrega is a helping hand because people have to work to get paid. if it was just an unemployment benefit in cash ,it would have been a dole.

      skill india is empowerment ..> govt is providing u skills and after that u have to work hard to get ahead in life.its a helping hand.. when u say its a good dole , it becomes confusing i guess.

      but i cld be wrong. feel free to differ. 🙂 please find some time to review my essay too.:)

      • Namrata

        hey dumbledore, thanku for ur review 🙂

        well it is actually in one’s perspective. Dole=charity in any form ..need not just be cash or only kind .. charity is not a negative thing in itself .. the thing that i pointed out while saying good dole vs bad dole ..that initially be it any scheme or anything is a dole ..only when the fruit of that charity is long term that it crosses the thin line and reaches “lending hands” .. to me this is the kind of good dole .. for eg -skill india = u say govt. is providing skills ..but at what cost? it has a corporation (NSDC) as well as a fund set up to provide those skills .. so basically initial cost is there to teach, to train ..but once trained and independent ..only then those people will be empowered –> Hence good dole .. so i guess your perspective was quite different from mine .. a dole would be equivalent to “helping hand” if the intended purpose of empowering etc is achieved ..and hence a “good dole” .. no helping hand can be free in nature needs efforts (not only monetary) .. nonetheless thanku for a different perspective is always great to get different viewpoints .. Keep writing and reviewing 🙂

    • dumbledore

      and your starting what totally apt.!! i found the example very apt to be used as a starting for this essay.:)

    • Hey Namarata 😀

      I got to know that u r Palash’s friend, so that means u r my friend too 😛

      I really loved reading ur essay from the start till the end. I have written in more or less similar lines 😀 But I have a small critic for u. The “education” waala portion jisse u started it gets a bit elongated, so much ki it goes on till the 4th para… so I guess it could be shortened.

      BDW flow is awesome 🙂
      Can u please review mine? It’s a blog so I would appreciate if u could comment there

      Thanks already 🙂 and yeah, only if u have time 🙂

      • Namrata

        hi nitish .. “education” waala point agreed ..thanks a lot for ur review ..yeah sure will review urs too 🙂

      • Namrata

        nitish aapke blog pe meko apna comment dikh nahi raha just incase it doesnt show there is my review ki copy 😛

        Hey Nitish ..wonderful piece of writing .. very good examples indeed ..ur expressions are too good ..very good conclusion ..keep it up 🙂

        few pointers from my side:

        1. Avoid phrases like “Let’s try to comprehend ….” u r not in a debate ..neither are u a teacher .. such phrases like let us do this ..let us try should not come in an essay according to me.

        2. there were 1 or 2 times when i felt you went little off-track ..but i guess that can be ignored

        3. few grammatical errors here and there ..look into them

        4. put disaster management and nepal earthquake points in successive paras to augment the flow.

        Overall: a thorough well-rounded great writing 🙂

        • Are yar wo approve karke show hota h, mjse puch lia hota 😉 😛

          • Namrata

            haha acha tumko bhi kahan kuch pata tha 😛

        • hehe… arre nai yaar wo comment moderation ko aata. Next time apne aap post ho jaayega 😀

          Thank yu so very much for the review! Really appreciated and will take care of the points 🙂

    • loved reading your essay Nam ! 🙂
      education part was the best.. thumbs up for that (y)
      rest most of the points we share similarity 😀
      keep up Officer !! B-)

      • Namrata

        hehe wow ..thankuu for such kind words fellow Officer 😉 😀

  • Rishi


  • Delta51


    “Lending hand is better than giving a dole”

    My First Essay . Please review 

    In a village lived a boy who used to work for a landlord, taking his cows to graze, helping him with sowing, plough & harvesting of crops. In turn, the landlord used to pay the boy a meager amount which was just enough to meet the boy’s expense. The boy didn’t had any other means to sustain his life, neither was he educated to look for work in nearby town. It was only the landlord who he looked upon for his livelihood.

    The story seems familiar of the situation that prevailed in our countryside until recently. A majority of poor people and landless labourers in village who didn’t had any land or cattle had to be dependent upon the big farmers for their livelihood. The only means of sustenance they had was the meager income from work they did for big farmers or else they had to migrate to cities for labour work /construction work where they were exploited by the Contractors and had to live in poor conditions.

    Indian Constitution through various articles enshrined in Fundamental Rights & Directive Principles lays down the foundation for welfare state. This welfare state lends helping hands to the citizen in need rather than the case of farmer we read above. The helping hand of our govt. can be seen in number of schemes and welfare programmes in various social sector such as Education, Health, Employment, Agriculture that are aimed to empower common man.

    The best way to help someone is to educate him. Education opens many avenues which can lead a person to his destiny. Right after Independence in accordance with provisions contained in DPSP our govt opened many universities and Technical Institutions such as IITs/ RECs and Govt Engg College & Medical Colleges. The pool of Engineers , Doctors and Scientists such created is presently leading our significant Institutions such as Railways, Defence labs, Space, Heavy Industries etc. Thus a small help that was extended in form of education has now transformed whole country. With Census 2011, the literacy has reached 74 % which clearly shows that since independence more and more people are educated and are empowered to realize their potential effectively. Reservation in Educational Institutions and Right to Education as enshrined in Article 21 A of our Constitution is an important milestone in ensuring that each one of our citizen even though she/he belongs to disadvantaged section is capable to

    With India in favourable stage of Demographic Transition it is necessary that we utilize our Human Resource in effective way. To reap demographic dividend it is required that our workforce is gainfully employed and is an asset for country. For this, it is necessary that everyone possess the some skills/talent to contribute in his/her own way to nation building. Schemes such as Skill Development/Skill India is the right way to help citizens to help themselves. Aligning our education policy in line with market requirement will benefit the workforce further. Start up India is also an excellent programme that promotes entrepreneurship. Through this, not only an individual is benefitted but in turn he helps many others by creating employment and thus creating a positive cycle of growth and development. With more and more people interdependent and interlinked within the economy, there is spirit of fraternity that prevails.

    Good health is key to happy life. A healthy individual can only realize his true potential. However, it is important for Government to create conditions for good health of people by ensuring proper housing, sanitation, drinking water and treatment facilities. As per the principles of Social and Economic Justice laid in our Consitution , our Govt. run schemes such as Pulse Polio Programme has led to eradication of Polio and further immunization programmes has led to increase in Life Expectancy. Once a child grows into healthy adult she/he can turn into asset in terms of Human Resource. In addition to above there are various social sector initiative taken by Govt. that helps the society to come out of poverty and exclusion. MGNREGS provide employment and has proven to be beneficial in empowering women. MDM has led to higher enrollment in Primary Schools. PMJDY is directed towards financial inclusion. To come out of vicious cycle of poverty good health, education and the employment is necessary for an individual. Once all these are provided to an individual, he can grow into an asset for the country and help in nation building.

    Conclusion – Through our study of various sectors and prevailing scenario in society it is clear that our country has adopted the right approach of empowering its people. An empowered citizen can only make the country empowered. Till the time each and every citizen in remotest of village feels empowered and frees himself from the shackles of poverty & unemployment we’ll have to strive towards betterment of society utilizing all the resources at our disposal. There is long path to tread , but it is sure that slow and steady we will fulfill the aspiration of Justice, Liberty, Equality & Fraternity as mentioned in Preamble of our Constitution.

    • Manasa C Pradhan

      Don’t keep up conclusion.
      It should be inherent in your writing.your reference to constitution is impressive. Try to bring some original ideas and some cohesive interlinkings with the topic.

      • sankar

        manasa bro ……………..have a look at mine……….thanks

  • Rashmirathi

    Lending hand to someone is better than dole

    Guleshan and Nazmun hail from a Bangladeshi family that migrated to Delhi in search of employment. They were barely 16 when their mother passed away. In order to help their father in feeding their family of six, the girls took up cooking for families in the nearby area.

    The family Guleshan worked for was kind, compassionate. Every now and then they gave away food and clothes to her.Nazmun on the other hand worked for some students. Every day, they used to teach her how to read and write . overjoyed that her dream of studying was finally coming true, Nazmun worked very hard and in two years, with their assistance, she cleared matriculation exams. After this they helped her get vocational training as stenographer. Today Nazmun works in a government office with a good salary. Her life has completely transformed. Guleshan on the other hand is still cooking for her old family.

    The above story shows the stark difference between the impacts of lending help and giving dole to a person in need. Dole refers to giving money, food etc. to a person in need. Lending help on the other hand involves helping people out through education and imparting skills, showing them the path out of their misery and making them capable of walking out of it themselves.

    Everyday day we come across needy people, children begging on the roads. each one of us has at one point or the other reached out to our wallets and dropped a penny or two in their hands. But coming to think of it, are we really helping the person. Is giving alms going to end their misery ? NO! you can give them enough for a day maybe, but the next morning they will have to get back to begging again.

    Muhammad Yunus came up with a great initiative to pull these beggars out of their misery . Struggling Members Program of Gramin Bank started by him in Bangladesh provides loans to beggars at no collateral and interest rate. The only condition being, you can’t pay back the loan with money earned through begging. This initiative not only empowers the beggars , but also boosts their moral and dignity. Through this program, 1000+ beggars have quit begging so far.

    Talking of doles brings to fore the issue of subsidies . For decades, subsidies have been looked up as the solution to the problems of poverty, hunger and unemployment. but instead of these problems getting eradicated, subsidy has become an extravagant burden on the exchequer as evident from the economic survey 2014-15. Taking the example of fertilizer industry, the subsidy burden is so overwhelming that the government is unable to pay the fertilizer industries on time. This is severly impacting their functioning and has led to the need for import of fertilizers.

    The need of the hour is gradually ending these subsidies and diverting the fund towards better education , health and skill development. Empowering the poor to fight out of their problems on their own. This will be a more permanent solution of poverty.

    For example, the case of Chindhbarri village in Chattisgarh. 95% of the people living here belong to scheduled tribes. Few years ago the problems of food shortage, poverty were rampant in the village. But an IAS officer, Alex Paul Menon came up with a great initiative. He integrated all the schemes with Mahatma Gandhi Rural Employment Guarantee scheme and with the assistance from several NGOs and the locals , implemented several water conseravation models in the village. Instead of providing subsidies, he focused on watershed development, improving agricultural practices and development of fisheries for each and every household of the village. His efforts paid off, today Chindhbarri is a self sufficient village. Distress migration has stopped. Productivity has greatly increased.

    Women self help groups is another such example where more emphasis was laid on empowerment than doles. The SHGs bring together a group of women, motivate them to save and provide micro finance for entrepreneurship. This not only uplifts the women economically, but also gives them a greater sense of confidence and dignity.

    Doles are a short sighted and temporary policy of assistance. Lending hand on the other hand benefits the recipient in the long run . it holds true, not only for individuals trying to help others but also in the governance of the country.

    For example, the recent calamity of Chennai floods. The entire nation got united and rushed to their rescue. But what after that ? the real solution is building roads, improving infrastructure of the city, to better equip it for flood management. But most of the times, in events such as these, the only focus is on helping the victims, providing food, compensation etc, and in some time, the disaster is forgotten. What if the floods occur again next year ?

    This attitude needs to change. We need to start looking at long term solutions to problems and not be content just by doing the needful for the short term. Doles such as subsidies, compensations to victims of disasters , dropping two coins to begging children are not enough ! the time has come when we learn from our mistakes and make amends.

    Programs such as Make in India, Skill India, insurance for farmers,etc. are commendable steps in this direction. Along with this, expenditure on subsidies needs to be gradually diverted to education and skill generation. Empowering the needy to fight their way out of problems with dignity and grace and live with self respect

    Next time you see a beggar, instead of reaching for your wallet, reach for your heart. Find some time, teach him, or find some other organisation that can help them. But don’t just drop two coins and feel great about yourself. I would conclude with what a Zen guru once said,” give a man a fish and you will feedhim for a day, teach him how to fish and you will feed him for a lifetime” !

    • Vivaan Khanna

      1.when u were talking about the doles’ side effects then you could have finished them before jumping to Mohammad Yunus…
      2.problem-solution-problem solution..we are not writing GS but essay na(talking about beggars and subsidies)..write all the problems first followed by solutions..will have structure as well as flow
      3.Though not needed but scope could be widened other than India
      4.conclusion was ok
      good efforts just try to to give it a feel of essay rather than a GS answer..keep writing 😉

      • Rashmirathi

        vivaan ,

        1.totally agree with your first point

        2. initially when i wrote in my notebook ,thats the structure i followed, problems then solutions, examples etc. but it seemed all piled up that way. that is why i decided to discuss all aspects of a dimension together then move to the next…too bad it still looks like GS answer, will try to improve
        3. yeah scope could have been widened,but nothing else struck me that time..

        thank you reviewing 🙂

    • yogi

      Very good essay :

      Begining with a story : )

      You stressed on empowerment part with sufficient depth by giving the solutions in form of succesful initiaitves, like Muhammad Yunus’ Gramin bank and Chindhbarri village-> really liked the way u put them

      Conclusion is heart touching

      I liked the essay , no critics from my side

      Keep writing and reviewing 🙂

      • Rashmirathi

        thanks yogi 🙂

    • rajan

      I really liked your essay.
      It was a wonderful blend of solid points with philosophy.

      • Rashmirathi


  • manikanta Saikrishna

    Lending hands to someone is better than giving the Dole means by lending one can contribute or add(quality of) an institution or a person rather tha distributing benefits which do not make much contribution in the future either to the received personal or to the lender
    The broad view of above phrase can be explained by some of government policies such as M.S.P. for farmers, P.D.S. for poor people in the country and governments of the world giving various tax exemption and subsidies to the industries in their country
    By implementing public distribution scheme government today is able to provide subsidized food grains to poor people whose income is very meagre and are unable to buy food grains and other items when there is inflation by giving subsidized goods to these people government can be able to check some extent the malnutrition in the people and through I.C.D.S. scheme to check malnutrition in children and the effective implementation of these policies helped in reducing the poverty level in States such Andhra Pradesh and Tamilnadu
    Mid may meal scheme helped in enrolling children to the schools and increased attendance and government giving scholarship and goverment hostels to people pursuing higher education helped in moving people to move employment structure to

  • Aravind Varier

    Early Men initially being a food gather slowly became a cultivator which led him to settle at a place ultimately socializing with his peers .This felt him the necessity to help others and also the necessity of being helped by others during a hardship .As civilizations began coming up in various parts of the world having their own unique cultures but, one thing was common to all these civilizations which pressed the quality of helping the needy .we can also observe in various old religious texts emphasizing the importance to helping others as a principle that a human should inculcate in himself .

    This has been continuing to this day were we could see modern governments in whatever form of either a democracy , monarchy or a dictatorship focus on the welfare of the weaker section at least in letter though there may be a variation in practice.

    But what do mean by lending Hands ? why do we think it is better than giving a dole ?

    To understand this questions, let me cite a small story of a 10 year old boy named raju ,an orphan and an illiterate who used to work in my office by serving tea to the employees . The employees used to give the little boy a token amount of few 100 bugs every month but that did not make the boy leave the profession he was into .

    One day , i called up the boy and decided to spend an hour everyday after office hours , teaching him how to read and write . after 5 years of my training i found the boy could read as well write and could induce him the confidence for the appear for the state board exams .

    After 10 years .One day the same boy knocked my door and told me he is a degree holder and had secured a job in a private firm .then i could realize the importance of lending an helping hand of teaching the boy which was more superior than the little amounts of money my colleagues gave which could not bring great changes in Raju’s life .

    every human have a tendency to help but whenever that word comes into the mind of a person , majority of them correlate “help” in the form of money . one has to realize that ,there are many ways to make this place a better place to live if we contribute a part of our skill to the needy .

    Our city had a problem of alms seekers begging and living on the foot paths . we could regularly get reports in the newspaper about the deaths of the poor alms seekers during the winter season who desperately needed shelter homes, the people of the city did give alms to them but we could still find them on the streets at nights .

    My city was blessed to get a district collector who was dynamic and had the zeal to make the district a wonderful place to live in . one day , he came to out colony and asked how many of us knew plumbing , electrical work , construction work , and all other skill that was necessary to construct an house .

    few of us from our locality said him, we were proficient in certain skills that he was asking for . when he told us the plan of constructing shelter homes for the people on streets , then our heart was filled with joy to know that because the plan he put forward to us was to contribute a half day of our efforts in a week in the construction of the houses for the poor in the city . within 6 months by unwavering leadership quality of our beloved district collector , the entire Samaritans in the city could construct shelter homes in the government allotted land freely without using any public fund for the same . As the citizens was motivated to do something for the society , we all contributed a part towards it either in the form of skill or material which made our city free from people sleeping in the streets in the shivering cold nights .

    from this incident we can understand , the shelter of alms seekers was solved by a joined efforts of the helping hand poured from the citizens which could not have been materialized if money was asked from the citizens by the district collector for the same purpose .

    There are times in our life were we could see ,having money could not solve all the problems .but , there is a requirement of a lending hand from the unknown in everybody’s life which come as a succor during when we are in distress .

    we should be proud to be an Indian because , we have time and again proved that ,India gives utmost importance to a human life .

    when the entire coastal regions south Asia and the south east regions were hit by the devastated Tsunami in 2004, many countries developed and rich contributed large amounts of money to the suffering nations but though our nation did not possess that large amounts to be donated but our countrymen were present in the rehabilitation and the reconstruction of the places washed away by the monstrous sea waves which could wipe the tears of millions of people struck by shock of the disaster .

    I would like to conclude by saying that , lending money is not a panacea for all the problems . but there should be also an IDEA that should be fostered into the minds of the citizens which can make this planet a HEAVEN . The IDEA that i would like to suggest to the entire humanity would be ” HELP THREE PEOPLE “. If someone helps you then instead of saying thanks, help three more
    people & ask them to do the same without expecting thanks in return . then it can become an endless chain and everybody will get help when needed.

    • yogi

      Hello Aravind 🙂
      plz review my essay whenever u get time 🙂

    • dumbledore

      good try aravind . here’s my take..

      1)your example of district collector is apt but it took a lot of space. and there is lack of multidimensionality. though u have mentioned a lot of examples from ur real life, but i dont know how the examiner will take this,
      2) there are 2 meanings of today’s topic
      a) cash vs kind
      b) empowerment.
      like i focussed more on cash vs kind , but i dont know of thats the right way to approach it.. many people have written about empowerment and that has been the central theme of their essay. u have addressed empowerment only through education i guess. the collector example is more related to helping and less related to empowerment.

      ending is good. that chain thought is very impressive. 🙂 .. i knew this but essay likhte time yad hi nhi aaya.. aaj mental block ho rakha tha mera..

      • Aravind Varier

        Dear Dumbledore ,

        Thank you for the review 🙂

        I don’t see any logic in writing empowerment when it is using tax payers money . MNREGA , SELF HELP GROUPS, START UP INDIA . all use large amount of money . but we should try to write an example were , empowerment can be done without using money but through a collective contribution from the Samaritans .

        I did see people writing empowerment by citing various government schemes but found it is deviating from the statement .
        THANK YOU 🙂 🙂 🙂

        • dumbledore

          i think aravind the core of this essay is that we need to do something so the the poor or the weak can be empowered in long term.
          building houses for poor would be fine, but that would not really make them rich , i guess . it would be a temporary solution,

          see , in iits and other universities and government schools , taxpayers money is used right ? isnt that empowerment?

          • Aravind Varier

            Dear Dumbledore ,

            If we want to discuss empowerment , we need to talk about negativity of the freebie culture prevailing in our country . we can find political parties promising to give free gadgets like TV , grinder which could have been diverted properly into education sector were our government schools do not have proper infrastructure .( this example is apt to the context to the essay )

            implementing a government scheme is not empowerment because the government is expected to do that because they are responsible for the citizens .( example : MNREGA , we can see many candidates mentioning empowerment but if you observe carefully , MNREGA offers money to the registered persons if the government is unable to find proper work for them .

            “Employment is to be provided within 5 km of an applicant’s residence,
            and minimum wages are to be paid. If work is not provided within 15 days of applying, <<<>>

            what do you mean by unemployment allowance ????????? CAN WE CALL THAT AS A FREEBIE 🙂

            dumbledore , i am sure writing MNREGA is not apt in this essay because the present government is looking for options to bring out some NEW scheme instead of MNREGA .

            I HOPE YOU GOT MY POINT 🙂

            THANK YOU 🙂 🙂 🙂

            • dumbledore

              yes i get ur point aravind.. in case of mnrega u r right i guess. i forgot the unemployment benefit part. that surely is a dole… but mnrega when it is working properly could be in a way empowerment if the person has to work hard to earn the money … but surely thats not the only way to earn through mnrega.!! 🙂
              keep working hard:)

          • Aravind Varier

            Dear Dumbledore ,

            a small info buddy .

            i want to know your name and were do you come from .I have mentioned my original name and place in my disqus profile 🙂

            i think we need not be anonymous to each other anymore . if you don’t want to reveal it to others , just put a reply and delete that message after 2 minutes because , i would get disqus notification in my mail .

            THANK YOU 🙂 🙂 🙂

            • dumbledore

              hey aravind .. yeah sure
              i am naman and i am from gurgaon.. i guess u r from hyderabad.. 🙂

              • Aravind Varier

                yes , happy to know your name :), yes i am from Hyderabad , previously worked as a professor in an engineering college .

                • dumbledore

                  thats good ..:) good to see teachers here too:). i guess then wouldnt really have much trouble clearing this exam:) specially optional..

                  • Aravind Varier

                    yes buddy 🙂 i LOVE teaching 🙂

                    i will continue that even i clear civil service exam because teaching is so beautiful and the pleasure i get after a session cannot be described through words .

                    want to focus on my YouTube channel , after i get into IAS .

                    even i have plans like roman saini … Hahahaha … 🙂

                    • dumbledore

                      thats a good idea.:) i hope we get there next year itself:)

            • dumbledore

              did u get my name and place?

    • dumbledore

      and your starting seems slightly out of context aravind . i dont know ,, i feel its not appropriate but i cld be wrong..i found todays topic to be a little tricky and difficult .. or maybe its just me.

      • Aravind Varier

        Dear Dumbledore ,

        I have given a basic introduction to give the importance of lending hands compared to a dole .

        THANK YOU 🙂 🙂 🙂

    • yogi

      Hello Mr. Aravind 🙂
      My views:
      Intro: conisdered historical evolution as a way to introduce the theme good , but i fund it very general, it must be unique
      Did not get the essence of 2nd para the at the place it is put

      It is 100 bucks not bugs, typo not a big deal

      Raju’s story was really inspiring(is it real one?)

      Alms sheleters part: very nice but could have avoided the redundent details like Collecot asked us , we said to him {i mean he same thing can be said in few words]

      we should be proud to be an Indian because , we have time and again proved that ,India gives utmost importance to a human life .-> why this line suddenly , it is a motivating line but why to put it altogehther a seperate para, without any context , better club with the next para

      you remembered that Idea sugesstion regarding conclusion: good that u tried it in ur own way , chain of help very similar to the core theme of my write up 🙂
      thanks and ATB 🙂

      • Aravind Varier

        Dear Yogi 🙂

        thank you for the review 🙂

        Raju’s story is my imagination . not a real story 🙂

        yes , i remembered your suggestion , conclusion should have the PUNCH and i just did the same .

        THANK YOU 🙂 🙂 🙂

  • sankar

    Perhaps the essay gives some clue regarding rational meaning of an individual appearance at earth and its duty and deed, ‘lending hands to someone is better than giving dole’’. The essay implies that a gift to someone may happy someone or anger someone else. It fosters the belief that to have a sound economic, social and political development of a nation. it requires to develop human values, empower human, reduce inequality and bring prosperity to every individual by providing them jobs, skill, education, instead of giving them some amounts of food at free of cost and some other gifts.

    From here, let us try to understand the crux of the essay. Perhaps the quote, “Necessity is the Mother of Invention” resembles the essay topics in following ways. A condition of distress, deprived, destitute, and scarcity and paucity teaches us lessions to adapt ourselves in order to survive. It compels us to do something, think over some ways to overcome the impending harsh condition and ask someone to help. But in the this necessity, everything is available to an individual at his/her doorstep without making any effort, or without doing something, or without paying or without searching may become an individual idle, dull, aimless, insensitive, irresponsible and unaccountable.

    From time immemorial, the necessity of a substance compels every living creature of the earth to do something. For instance, in the absence of food, cloth and security from wild carnivorus animal, our ancestors came to know the method of growing food, inventing fire and taking out barks of trees and animals to cloth themselves. Initially, they staggered to move one place to another, but the necessity of having food and absence of food at a particular place forced them to learn how to move from one place to another.

    Times gone, we kept on inventing some substances of our necessities like invention of wheels, steam engine and later different kind of technologies development in order to help in every walk of like agriculture, health, industry, transportation, education and for other daily needs. But in the root of all these are our collective efforts in devising ways to overcome the coming intervention or obstacles in our life. In the light of making it true, various steps have been taken which acts as a facilitator, rather than replacing.

    Across the world, the respective government has tried its best to provide employment, skills, education, training and research and development to withstand any critical condition. In India too, our forefathers have from ancient time have tried to avail this attributes to our society. For instance, various kings, landlords, warlords and rulers have focused on developing human skills like embroidery, painting, crafting, weaving, pottery etc. they developed intra-state and inter-state business. They tried to promote educational institutions in their territorial jurisdiction.

    In almost all these fields, India has been endowed with historical monuments, buildings and rail, road, canal etc. all these created large number of jobs, skilled person etc. Hence, all these give sense of helping hands rather than giving doles. For it is true, that the king of that time used to give gifts to their courtesy or Brahman, but he gave in lieu of service provided by the person, learned man and soldiers etc, not as a gift without any purpose.

    Similarly, the present social and political system has tried to empower its citizens by providing skills, educations and techniques. For instance; government schemes like MGNREGA, Skill India, and IMPRINT etc are in consonance with empowering people rather than acting as a dole which can be traced in term of various subsidies given by government.

    In case of MGNREGA, all though it gives legally binding jobs security to the eligible individuals, but it will happen so only after doing works under the scheme, not as a gift. In the case of skill India mission government tries to impart skills to every individual of its own interest, capacity and capability to do his or her own work with greater efficiency, profitability and productivity and creates jobs to others too. Hence creating human capital through helping hand is good rather giving some gifts to an individual free of cost. Above all empowering people from different attributes or quality is an act of creating durable assets. In any case, it helps in all round development of a family in particular and a society and a nation as whole by providing assistance to each other.

    Various such examples like barter system helped people to exchange goods and services each other requirement. The initiative of Gandhiji to empower individual through, spinning on Charkha etc.

    However, giving doles are also seen at great importance and highly useful and beneficial. For instance, an old person lived a stressful life and deprived of family aid is in the dire need of doles rather than providing them skills. So the government must provide old age shelter, food, health care and other care for such groups.

    In the similar way, a children at the age of five is wandering on the road, doing manual work or begging must be brought into government child care centre and fulfills every requirements for being an empowered citizen at free of cost is the duty of society. Similarly, on the street people find a five children is begging to feed her ill and widow mother and his younger siblings, here we must provide some aid

    as a dole.

    Nonetheless, it does not mean that the government should extend every aid and opportunity free of cost like at subsidized rate. But, the government must be able to differentiate between those who are at the dire need of such services and those who are not fit for this.

    Further the government must ensure that they are ready to provide every aid to their citizens to have a decent and health lifestyle but not to enjoy a luxurious life.

    In fact, it is always good to assist in overhauling of a system like educational institutions, health care and any other activities. Being a learned man is not perfect until we make learned someone by sharing our knowledge and experience to other.

    • Harsh (Learning Unlimited!!!)

      Your approch is very diffirent…
      Personally i liked it but i feel that it lacks simple reprresentation, a bit complex to understand.

      Example of MNREGA is good

      • sankar

        thansk frnds

    • MANOJ

      Sankar bhai…… just gone round and round and sometime picks the right thing… dedicated your starting of paragraphs on “Necessity is the mother of invention” i don’t find any logical correlation.
      – You just have to understand about dole and Helping hand and you have a lot write about that.
      – MNREGA and Skill India are not on the same line, in terms of their sustainability and reaping demographic divedent.
      – Try to simplify, u always not need to make a soup from mixing all vegetables

      Keep writing….

      • sankar

        thanks bro

    • Vivaan Khanna

      1.rather than essay can use adage or phrase..would be better as per me…also don’t repeat essay means this…essay means that..try to bring out the meaning without the repeated use of essay..even i committed similar mistake..u will know when u read 😛
      2.necessity is the mother of invention when we have adversity and we are talking about oneself..but here we are talking about lending hands to others…i hope u got ur mistake now…because of this ur first two three paras were misplaced. was joy read
      4.could explore at individual and social level too other than govt if u wish
      5.Conclusion ok but can be better
      Thank you

      • sankar

        thanks a lot bro………….fantastic rvw …..will improve ……..thanks

    • Akhil

      Shankar bhai, your intro could have been much better.
      Starting k paras padh k laga I am reading essay on ‘Necessity is mother of invention’.
      Essey k core aap samajh nahi paye sayad, it was on empowering some one you help and not just by giving dole.
      Conclusion is not related to topic I feel.
      Please feel free to contradict me
      If you have time please review mine too. Kripa hogi aapki. Dhanyavad

      • sankar

        thanks bro…………..wiil rvw yours

  • yogi

    “Lending hands to someone is better than giving a dole” (1121 words)

    “ Prerna received a call from her college. She was requested to donate blood for a five year old poor child. Despite being busy in her preparation for the exams, she agreed to donate. After travelling for two hours she met the father (named Prerit) of the child. She donated the blood and felt satisfied that she could be of any help to a poor family. Her happiness accentuated further when she heard these words from Prerit: “ Prerna Sister, I have also donated blood to others, but never to an stranger. You have come all the way just to help a person whom you have never met in your life. Today I take the pledge that I will also donate the blood on regular basis so that I can inspire others the way you have inspired me today. Thank you very much. God bless you my sister”

    This simple story shows how lending help (donating blood and instilling inspiration) to someone is better than giving a dole (money). The idea is to become an “active” helper to create a chain of inspiration to millions. This essay would touch upon different aspects of being a lending hand and giving a dole (money, food, clothing, etc. ) to someone.

    This “someone” can be our friend, can be an stranger asking you for help, can be a group or institution and can be a victim who is not in a position to ask for help.

    Let’ s begin with our school days. Our friend asks us for our homework notebook so that s/he can finish the homework. One way is give him/her the copy. That way homework would be done and he/she would escape the punishment by teacher. Another way is ask the friend why s/he is no able to do the homework, help him/her out in learning the concepts and save him/her not only from the short term punishment from the teacher but also from the long term punishment that s/he would face if s/he continues to copy from others notebooks. Isn’t the second option is far better than the first one ?. The reason is simple this kind of help would benefit not only our friend in long run but also help us us as per the saying “ knowledge only increases in proportion to the amount you share it with others”.

    Others does not mean only our friends. This also includes the persons whom we come across in our life for a while and remains in our memories for lifetime , that is, strangers. These strangers can be of two types.

    First, who approach you for help like the way Prerit approached Prerna. Another common example is the beggers, who approach us for money. Again one way is give him/her money and move ahead without worrying about what s/he does with that money. Another way (certainly a better one) is help him/her in getting a job of his/her capacity so as to make him/her self-dependent and initiate the chain of positive effects on his/her coming generations. Thus, securing his/her present as well as the future.

    The second types of strangers are the person like victims in road accident and persons affected during disasters. They are not in a position to ask for help from us. It is our wisdom, conscience and inherent compassion that raise a voice to help them on voluntary basis. Giving money, food, clothing to a victim of road accident is not that urgent as taking him/her to the hospital is. This shows that the nature of our lending helps to others is “situation specific” unlike the case of giving dole, where we ourselves are not aware of the use that dole is being put to. Similarl, in a situation of disaster contributing to the rescue efforts to our best capacity can save lives of many. Thus, an act of saving a life would be considered better in comparison to the monetary donations we give in post disaster phase.

    Continuing with the situation specific nature of lending help to others, we have the example of orphans. We can give them money for better food, clothing and better schooling. But their significance would be enriched if we can anyhow in any form provide our time to those children lacking love, care and guidance of their parents. This time is the best gift we can give to them as when we give our time to someone else, we are providing a portion of our life that we will never get back. Time lead us to the discussion of the situations where the arguments, in favour of putting active help above the doles, can be questioned.

    The first situation is the when giving doles is the only possible help we can do because of our adversities of life. Something very similar happened in case of a great personality named Abraham Lincoln during his childhood, when he had lost his parents. Being the eldest among his sibling, he went out for getting some food for his hungry brothers and sisters. On the way a hungry soldier politely asked him for the food. This kind child gave the sole piece of fish to the soldier stating that “ you risk your life for saving our lives, so, you need this fish more than my family”. So the saying of “ teaching someone to catch a fish is better than giving him/her the fish” does not fit in such situations.

    Another situation can be the case when it is better to give dole because you have genuine reason to for denial of lending help. For example a person asks you for a lift to his home town as s/he lost his/her wallet. But you have to urgently reach the examination hall (which is far from the person’s hometown). Then, it is better to give him/her the money (dole) for fare than giving the lift (active help).

    In the end it can be said that our capacity, situation and most importantly our intension decides the true nature of the help that we provide on unconditional basis. Be it actively involving in form of lending helps to needy ones or be it the materialistic help in form of doles, the end results should straightaway touch the soul of the recipient of our help. When our act of help has inspired others and the spark initiated by us has spread the fragrance of helpfulness, compassion and humanity to innumerable people, then only we can be sure of true help . Only that positivity in help can provide the uninterrupted, continuous and everlasting supply of energy to the growing “cycle of inspiration (Prerna )and inspired (Prerit)” .

    • dumbledore

      bhia good try but i guess u have committed the same mistake that i did, the core of this essay is i guess empowerment ,, rather than helping in kind. see my essay. we both have mostly started in the same way..

      i dont know if there can be multiple ways to interpret the meaning of this essay!.. because there can be 2 interpretations
      1) helping in a good way.. cash vs kind
      2) empowerment.

      • manish

        Dumbledore could you please review my essay

    • hey chette 😛
      A little emotional intro but justified 🙂
      very nice start, that school part!!
      beggar wala part!! do not agree!! how come bro?? employment in the long run to an unskilled person? everytime u encounter a beggar, will u do this? i appreciate your feelings but this part can be ignored or you can avoid answering this part but not highlighting it much.
      bhai rest is brilliant i must say!! very nice!! last time jitna i criticized you, this time i dont have much to say!!
      but i’ll say ki economic aspect par you can touch a little coz is essay se directly linked hai wo!! jaise subsidy part etc!
      rest all good!!
      mera b review karna! link profile se le lena! thanku jittu 🙂

      • Ash

        Did you write today??
        I didn’t review your last one.. so will review yours first! 🙂
        If you find time plz review mine! 🙂

      • yogi

        Thanks tuktuk bhai:)
        Beggar part 🙁
        Chalo aaj ek aur naya naam aur mil gaya Cheeta se chette 🙂
        Bilkul karenga Blogger sahab 😛

    • Vivaan Khanna

      1.bhai ye beech beech me props kyu la rahe they..”This “someone” can be our friend, can be an stranger asking you for help, can be a group or institution and can be a victim who is not in a position to ask for help”…”Others does not mean only our friends. This also includes the persons whom we come across in our life for a while and remains in our memories for lifetime , that is, strangers. These strangers can be of two types.”…personally i felt without them it was better.
      2. situational doles..good..even I wrote for them but u conveyed in a better way
      3.tmhare first second ke chakkar me mujhe bar bar padhna padh raha tha to comprehend the situation…so flow was lacking though u tried not to do so
      4. best part of ur essay is that u widened its scope very much..conclusion…very good
      Overall written well as always just try to bring smoothness to give it an easy read..content was good…please find time to review mine as well

      • yogi

        thanks Khanna Ji 🙂
        1.–> props flow ke liya la rha that, shayad ulta hi ho gaya, did that really broke the flow
        will review urs 🙂

        • Vivaan Khanna

          ha it broke the flow of essay..give it a read from other’s perspective and feel it ;P

    • Aravind Varier

      Dear Yogi 🙂

      according to me THIS IS THE BEST ESSAY FOR THE TOPIC written in this forum today 🙂

      except giving job to a beggar . i found your essay clearly bringing out the context of the statement .

      Good to see you not mention government schemes in your essay because , it is actually tax payers money such schemes are implemented .


      ALL THE BEST !!!

      • Ash

        Aravind plz find time! 🙂

      • yogi

        Thanks Aravind 🙂
        beggar waala :-> was it not fit because i did not expressed that in a better way or was it ? or this is not the correct example regarding the topic?
        thanks and ATB 🙂

      • Scorpion

        aravind….please review mine…
        first essay perhaps of mine

    • Shaktimaan

      YOOO!! bhai!!……”Ghayal once again”… kr diya hme……. brilliant….fish wala para..n..concl to ultimmmmmm tha……. waah yeh prerna prerit wali line awsome…..:):)
      totally philo jaisa tha…………eco ni joda jo mostly sb ne kiya h including me:)
      good dole bad dole judiciously btaye……….good
      yeh totally ek alag se dimention pe likha hua tha…… u amaze me bhai…….great
      sory mere se critical hota ni…… sachii no jhoot yeh fir se achaa tha, lucid tha alag si interpretation backed with examples…………thank u……..PReM…:):):):)

      • Ash

        Review! 🙂
        I will also! 🙂

      • yogi

        thanks “The power” 😛
        will review urs 🙂

      • Scorpion

        shaktiman…is scorpion ka review kar lo.. 😉

    • Isha

      Hi Yogi, My views-
      1. Intro was good., flow was perfect.
      2.. Negating the quote- last three paras- was a good idea
      3. You segregated your ideas very well and integrated them into a single thread perfectly.
      4. One thing i am not sure abt is- your essay was in a all philosophical tone- while many others here have an all economical tone. Which one is right i cant say.
      5. Conclusion was good but try to keep it a bit simple in language terms.
      Overall it was a good read. keep writing and have a look at mine as and when u get time.

      • Will review urs on ur blog

        • Isha

          Thankyou 🙂
          Going to review yours there.

      • yogi

        Thanks Isha 🙂
        4-> i think in such types of topics the interpretation are likely to differ from the person to person. The idea is to keep as close to the quote as possible, whether it is a philosophical interpreattion or an economical one. Whatever be the case, we have to cover the quote in breadth (by possible implications and dimensions 4-5 are enough ) and depth (covering each dimension in sufficient depth with examples and perosnal annecdotes, ). So, the way we justify our interpretation matter and we can realise that ourself whether we have made a right or wrong interpretation based on the ease with which we can convince the reader.
        just personal opinion,
        would love to review urs 🙂

        • Isha

          Thanks for the detailed reply 🙂
          it was a big time confusion for me.

    • Simply a literary piece. U have been bang on target with the examples. No usage of contemporary GS and taking a philosophical stand makes ur essay stand apart in the essays today. Cheers man, Simply no critic from my side (Y). Yaar mai bhi aise hi likhta tha philo essays 😀

      Just give it a read, it is surely very different from urs 🙂

      • yogi

        Thanks Joker bhai 🙂
        will surely read urs 🙂

    • dumbledore

      i read ur essay again and this time i find it very good.:) prerna and prerit.. 🙂 keep up the good work bhai . and i dont know yar which way to interpret this topic like i mentioned in my earlier post..

      • yogi

        thanks bhai for reading twice,
        Interpretation part: I think in such types of topics the interpretation are likely to differ from the person to person. The idea is to keep as close to the quote as possible, whether it is a philosophical interpreattion or an economical one. Whatever be the case, we have to cover the quote in breadth (by possible implications and dimensions 4-5 are enough ) and depth (covering each dimension in sufficient depth with examples and perosnal annecdotes, ). So, the way we justify our interpretation matter and we can realise that ourself whether we have made a right or wrong interpretation based on the ease with which we can convince the reader.
        hope u got the point 🙂

        • dumbledore

          i get ur point ,, i guess, but i read many essays today and ultimately felt that both economic and philosophical part should be there in the essay but it becomes hard to balance everything , maybe it requres more practice.
          🙂 keep writing 🙂

    • Jaya Swatantra

      Indeed a good read… you emphasized the importance of dole but what i think for a balanced approach empowering side too must be emphasized.. you may add some more dimensions by giving advantages and disadvantages of subsidies,grants to countries in crisis management and stealth aircrafts.. even i lacked in adding some very important dimensions… KWAR.. All the best!!

      • yogi

        I thought of putting the empowerment point, skill , but that would take my essay to GS side so i deliberately chose not to include that in the essay and restricted to the phiolosophical angle,
        it would have been better if I could add those dimensions without delving too deep into GS part
        would try that approach in next essay 🙂
        kwar and ATB 🙂

    • GK

      blood donation, disaster section and friend – home work section all are nicely explained, truly concept oriented
      last case study – exam day – lift – money is nice one.
      conclusion is very nice.
      plz review my answer.:-)

    • Night Fury

      yogi ! bahot achche !!
      simply loved the flow and simplicity..
      please review mine 🙂

      • yogi

        reviewed urs ,my comment it not visible there so reposting here:

        Simply Brilliant 🙂

        Best example of how to maintain a balanace : i have seen entirely philosophical and entirely economic interpretation essay, yours was the blend of both(Y)

        Intro +chinese proverb very well linked

        History part nicely capturd the origin of doles

        Completely flawless, simple yet powerful

        Keep it up! 🙂

    • This is the essay I was looking for. A perfect blend of Philo+Observation of society.
      Sorry, I have no critics for this one. BDW, prerna and prerit was something out of the box. Would remember it for long 😀

      • yogi

        Thanks Bhai 🙂

      • Scorpion

        hey batman…long time..?
        .please review mine…

    • Rashmirathi

      wonderful essay man! specially loved the ending paragraphs and conclusion (the choice of names -cycle of inspiration (Prerna )and inspired (Prerit) :D)
      no critics from my side.

      keep writing 🙂

    • New_to_IAS_2016

      @disqus_Yypd088sb0:disqus Awesome Essay..!!! but you have not covered in all aspects, like some examples from economy, Would have added some story of forest ( greenery ) some historical aspects, quotes from great personalities. would add lots of value to the Essay.
      This is my personnel opinion .. hope you do not mind.

      • yogi

        agreed, economical interpretation + historical aspecrs should also be mentioned to make it holistic
        would add quotes of personalities from now onwards they surely enrich our writing
        Your opinions are most welcome , keep reviewing
        thanks and all the best 🙂

    • Scorpion

      yogi…please review mine…

    • Jinks

      The other part of importance of dole is written very effectively by you. I also wrote something similar in my mains. We can also write that giving dole is convenient if one has to maintain secrecy or privacy.

  • M.V


    Lending hands to someone is better than giving a dole

    Helping others is considered to be one of the greatest virtues of the human life. Since, the time we begin to understand things one of the first values that are being imbibed in us is “You should help others”. The “Golden rule” which says “We should do to others what we expect them to do to us” is very well infused in the moral values and ethics of the society. Being kind and generous is always considered to be a virtue of the strong.

    With the advent of time, population has reached a mammoth level . With this, has also increased the number and varieties of problems and crises. But, notably, what has also soared in the number of “helping hands”.

    The world has seen considerable transformation in the structure the society is being organized. Various systems of government and governance have come and gone , for instance, feudalism, aristocracy and oligarchy among others. This structural transformation is near its culmination when “democracy” has become the most acceptable form of government and the area covered on the map is becoming greener in favour of democracy.

    One of the most important features of the democracy is welfare of the people living in the country as it is the government “of , for and by the people” and so people are supreme in a democracy. The question which now arises is “Who is going to ensure the welfare of the people in a democracy?” In order to answer this question another important component of democracy find place, that is, state or the government.

    Government is assigned with the responsibility of ensure the welfare of the people. This role is well accepted even by those who oppose the state, that is, the “Positive Libertarians” who consider the state a “necessary evil.”

    The question is “ How does the state play this role?’’ . Now, this question may have different answers based on different perceptions on the role of the state, though, broadly these views fall under two categories. Let us look at both of these.

    First views says that the state must look after the complete welfare of each and every individual. From the trinity of “roti, kapda aur makan”(Food, cloth and shelter) to employment, everything that comes under this ambit, has to be ensured by the state. Such a state is often attributed as a “welfare state”. Here, the state is bound to provide and the citizens are guaranteed to get various amenities. Thus, broadly speaking the citizen becomes the centre of convergence of various welfare schemes and ‘doles’ being specially planned for her by the state.

    Though, this model gives the citizen a comfortable and pleasurable life, it has a negative side too. First, the potential and the capability of citizens remain dormant and undiscovered. This creates huge amount of fatalism in the society. Second, there is complete dependence on the state. So, in case of any crisis, say deficiency of resources, the citizens would have to bear a huge cost which may be as worse as their own lives. Third, negative competition between the citizens increase. There may arise a situation when the citizens would be fighting among themselves to accrue more resources than the other. This may even culminate to a civil war. Such situations are observable when a calamity, natural or man-made arises as there the people completely depend on the state and the latter becomes their only caretaker.

    So, taking an overall view, this model can’t be a perennial but only a seasonal or ephemeral one if and when the situation arises.

    So, again a question which pops up is : “What could be the better model which if not ideal, at least stretches its arms towards being so?”. Let us find out.

    Rather than going for a narrow approach where the people are completely dependent on the state to the extent of even living their lives, it would be more pragmatic to adopt a broader view. A broader view would uphold the equal contribution of the citizens and the state for overall good of all. This could be accomplished by identifying , nurturing and honing the capabilities and potential of the citizens so that their contribution increases. And here, the state or the government would come into play.

    Let us look at it from the INDIAN context. India is the largest democracy of the world which itself rendits the huge role that the state has to play. The constitution makers have also inculcated the doctrine of a “welfare state” in the Directive Principles of State Policy of the Constitution which shows the importance of welfarism in the Indian society. Yes, the welfare schemes programmes are imperative looking at the mounting poverty that still maligns the people of our country, but are they the panacea for all our problems. The answer would be practically, negative.

    Someone, would say that there is a dichotomy in the Indian policies as they provide free food on one hand and generate employment opportunities on the other. But, actually, this is what is needed. We have to strike a balance between the two priorities. State has to come in if the citizens are not yet able to achieve a basic accomplishment like food or clothing for them.

    With respect to India if we talk , it has got an ideal atmosphere for a “balanced welfarism” to thrive. We have the youngest demography in the world with around 65% of the population under the age of 35. This gives us an opportunity to leverage upon them by developing their skills and making them to realize their potential. SKILL INDIA, STARTUP INDIA, KAUSHAL VIKAS YOJANA among others are the steps in the right direction for this. When it comes to basic amenities like FOOD, then the role of state can be magnified until the time the people haven’t got at par with their potential. National Food Security Mission gives us an insight of this. MGNREGA also provides an insight of balanced approach, whereby the state takes the responsibility of employment generation, then the citizens contribute to development of productive assets using their capability and then again, it becomes the liability of state if the employment is not provided to some of the citizens. Other than this, programmes like MAKE IN INDIA provides an opportunity to create an engine of both growth and employment, underlying principle still being paying the people for their capable work and not just making them dormant by giving them doles.

    So, rather than populism and opting the method of giving doles, which is highly myopic in nature, the best way is to go for the “middle path” .An approach where all the organs of the body called nation perform their respective functions in the best way they can and if the need be, helping the other to perform its own, would be both an idealistic and a realistic one.

  • Shrunga Chandrashekar

    Lending hands to someone is better than dole.

    The Chinese proverb says “Instead of giving fish teach him how to fish” but today china is acting opposite to these lines. Recent economic slowdown in china as increased the dumping of goods from china in the other markets. Chinese government is trying to keep the manufacturing sector alive by supporting dumping of goods, Will this really help the manufacturing sector in the long run? Can this be sustained for long is the concern. Instead of focusing on forceful marketing they would have worked on the market creation and making goods competitive, by doing so they would have had short term loss but in long run they would have sustained
    the competition.

    Is government intervention or charity harmful for development? Let’s find the answer.

    When the Taliban dominance was at its peak United States of America intervened and deployed its army for uprooting of Taliban. After decades of the hard work Taliban dominance has been minimized but the development of Afghanistan and women independence was not given prominence. Today USA has minimized its army presence and one day it might call back its army, can Afghanistan army defend its land from Taliban after that? USA would have guided Afghanistan to fight Taliban instead of directly intervening and assisted them towards development and women rights. Afghanistan with the assistance of USA would have handled the issue efficiently and rights of women would not have been delayed.

    How to deal with issues? Today world have developed and we are at the 4.0 industrial revolution at the other end 700 million people living in poverty. If we are trying to uplift their lives by charity, providing food, health facility and all other facilities then we are on wrong track and it cannot be sustained for long. We might end up in situation where more money chasing less goods, inflation and get trapped. Instead of that we can educate the children in such condition, in parallel create opportunities so that they will get employment and they can uplift their family living.

    But providing education and waiting for results will take considerable amount of time by that time social issues might complicate the situation. To handle this governments should intervene, it can help them by providing skill development, employment creation, food at subsidized prices and health at subsidized prices. Policies of the government should focus on eliminating the resource accumulation at the hands of few individuals.

    Indian agriculture is at stress due to draught for consecutive 2 years, reduced agriculture demand. Unable to handle such a pressure condition farmers have ended their life. Policy makers are thinking of providing deficit payment, such payments
    will discourage farmers from working hard to get good farm output we might end up as nation dependent on others for food needs. Instead of deficit payment government should promote research on draught resistant seed, irrigation techniques, improving soil health. It should also work on promoting usage of technology, irrigation, growing of crops best suited to soil etc. among the farmers. It
    should educated farmers about the values of life and create awareness.

    Threat to women security is always posed as an excuse for restricting them, confining them to household activities. Mc Kinsley company report states that if the women are given equal opportunity then the world economy grows by 25%. Instead of confining women from exploring their strengths and contributing to the development, our society should work towards her safety. Education system should be tweaked to teach equality from schools, women should equipped to take care about her security through various trainings in martial arts.

    In Indian society discrimination against Dalit’s is prevalent from ancient times, during struggle for independence Ambedkar wanted separate electorate for them. Gandhi intervened and brought Ambedkar to sign poona pact, he wanted the transformation in the society so that unity and development and go hand in hand. If the separate electorate would have been created then there could have been a divide in society and problem would have been complicated. Today the position of Dalit’s is better and unity exists in society, there are incidents of discrimination it should be dealt through the social transformation, educating children on lines of equality.

    The economic slowdown in china, dumping from china has been a burden for the Indian economy many argue that RBI should allow rupee to devalue so that exports will be competitive but on long term it will not have positive impact on the manufacturing and it cannot be sustained. Instead government should focus on infrastructure creation, intellectual property rights policy should be made in par with international standards, and new technological intervention should be allowed to improve the manufacturing so that our exports will become competitive.

    Charity is Nobel but it cannot be sustained for long run, instead of providing food as charity we can give skill to earn that food so that it can be sustained for long and chain grows to reach the last person of the society

    • Shrunga Chandrashekar

      Please review this essay and give your valuable comments.

  • manish

    “Lending hand to someone is better than giving a dole”
    Today, Ram is very upset as he saw that Jats in Haryana are fighting for reservation, creating trouble for common people and challenging the law and order of the state. He went to his father, Dasrath.
    Dasrath:- Good Morning Ram, why you are looking so upset.?
    Ram:- Good morning father. Just I watched the news on TV that Jats in Haryana are fighting for reservation and demanding reservation by challenging the state law.. Father, why they all come up on roads and creating nonsense ?
    Dasrath :- Son. they are agitating for the reservation in govt. jobs and institution as the people of SC, ST and OBC have.
    Ram:- Merely, giving reservation can really solve their problem?
    Dasrath :- Well, your question is a depth and has many dimension which you need to be understand and analyse.

    Giving reservation in govt. jobs and institution will solve the current financial problem and increase their say in decision making, but it has very limited effect. The benefit of reservation is not penetrating to the people those who are in actual need of it rather it is limited to certain section of people. Therefore, only giving reservation will not solve the problem, rather govt. should take measures for their over all inclusive development, make them self reliant by giving them skill and better education to compete with other on their own.
    Listening to this Ram replied to his father:- It means, if we need to help some body then, its better to empower them for long run, rather than giving help for current crises.

    Dasrath :- Yes Ram you are right . Similarly if you want to help a beggars who are outside the temples, then you should give them job, provide them opportunity so that they can earn their livelihood. Merely, giving a rupee coin to them will not solve their financial condition. Their children should be encourage to attain school, so that after graduation they can earn for their family.

    Ram:- Yes , in this way they will come the main stream and will contribute in the national GDP and govt. will actively make policy taking the concern for their development.

    Dasrath :- One good news for which is precisely relevant to this context is that govt. is taking step to make people job creator rather then job seekers. Stand up and start up India, will help the new entrepreneurs to start their business and will generate more opportunity for employment for vulnerable section of the people. For people who urgently need job can take apprropiate skill training from Skill India initiative to get skill and then can work in relevant field. Govt. has relax foreign direct investment Under Make in India initiative to start manufacturing in Indian by foreign MNCs. This initiative will tremendously increase the employment opportunity that will be provided by the SKILL INDIA MISSION.

    Ram:- Yes, these are very good initiative under Make in India and Skill India initiative but what about the mass those are engage in agriculture sector. How they are being empowered by lending helping hand rather than giving a dole.

    Dasrath:- They are provided with new technology method to increase the productivity. Like “SOIL HEALTH CARD” by which farmer can check the nutritional value of their field and accordingly use the deficit nutrient fertilizer. Under PMKSY, Govt. is focusing on increasing the irrigational network in India, so that farmer should not only rely on monsoon rain.They are provided agricultural insurance at very minimal premium rates to insure the security in agriculture sector. Budget 2015-16, allotted fund Kisan TV that will provide information based on best agricultural practices. New agricultural universites are being opening to increase knowledge and research and development in agricultural sector. One more initiative “Direct benifit transfer” will credit the subsidy amount in farmers jan dhan account, which will reduce the leakage and reduce burden of subsidy on govt. In this way govt. is lending the helping hand to the farmers without giving the directly dole in their hand.

    Ram:- Yes, these are very appreciable step towards development of our farmer friends of Ayodhya. Father, but how the list develop countries are being provided help by the UN organisation or the developed countries without giving direct monetary help?

    Dasrath:- List develop countries are continuously help by the developed countries or developing ones like us. These help is not one sided, in return these LDCs are also paying their natural resources and manpower to developed and developing nation. Recently in Nairobi WTO meeting, LDCs have provided preferential rules to increase the trade opportunity and allow them to implement WTO rules. Our country India, making bilateral and multilateral ties with neighboring countries, African nation and Latin american countries to increase the trade relation, provide them technology to explore natural resources and increase the security in Indian ocean. We are also providing the scholarship to many nation for building their human resource. In many other ways, they are being empowered and providing help to get developed.
    Ram:- That’s really good and important to LDSc, to get help from other without compromising sovereignty and dignity.

    Lending help hand is very important and very human tendency to ask for help during crises. But some people are taking it as for granted and they ask for help again and again without being ashamed of it. That’s why its important to help such people to empowered intellectually so that in long run they can help themselves and to others as well.

    • manish

      @shreya could you please review

  • Shaktimaan

    “Lending hands to someone is better than giving a dole”

    “allah! Ke naam pe dus rupee de-de baba!” ( for the god sake! Give me ten rupees, a kind human! ) a beggar outside the Aadira’s house , chanting carol to collect money. Aadira, seen her mother, paying 10 rupees and asked curiously, as u always said what we earn is what we done, but I can see here, that beggar did nothing, then why you paid money to him? Mother smiled and replied, my child he is poor, he has no source of earning, that’s why I paid. “But.. but here you help him to leading bagging life ahead!” Aadira interrupted and ran away sadly. These innocent words lead Aadira’s mother to think upon, is giving unemployment benefits mean “empowering” poor? Is giving dole imply “lending hand” to unfortunate one? Let’s, help her to get entangled.

    From the time immemorial, doles have been given in the forms of benefits, charities, social security, financial grants and subsidies, by the governments for various reasons and motivations, to the unemployed, poor and disables. Vedas talk about hefty grants to priests and kautilya’s arthsashtra preach welfare grants to king’s subject, but these too further led to abolition of Brahamana class (rise of Buddhism and Jainism) and decline of empires due to dissonance in taxpayers respectively.

    Even modern govt don’t seem to learn from history and do the same mistake with the name of subsidies in food, fuel and fertilizer and reservation in education and job, that’s why we still continuously failing in fight against poverty, hunger, illiteracy and unemployment, this dole is came out as vicious cycle from which easy existence it not possible. In fact it widens the inequality and gender gap. But, how is it?

    Somehow these free grants institutionalised starvation and underdevelopment, people deny to work hard and refuse to carve out their creativity and innovation, they become more and more dependent thus vulnerable to economic and social shocks. This stubborn attitude led poor toward “poorest”. Here it is unfortunate to note down that mostly women are forced to beg due to “sympathy” factor which further supplement misery to the notion of “empowerment of women”. Then how to change this dole scenario?

    Rather than giving freebies, what must here is “change” in “dolo-nomics” that is, by erecting infrastructure and building capacity, this will be achieved via skill development, fostering competence and creating job opportunities. To hit this objective government need to come up with loud and sound programmes like current “skill india”, “digital india”, “make in india” and “start up and stand up india”, here govt lay down the very fundamental stone of the self respect among its citizens to head toward making self sufficient and self dependent nation . Here govt provide money and platform to flourish their very own ideas and thoughts. This will not only check impoverishment but bring growth and prosperity simultaneously. But are they enough to elevate poor from poverty also?

    For marginal and backward section free medical services via anganwadis, first helps to poor to fight stunting and malnutrition then free education plus mid day meal till the age of 14 encourages education with healthy mind, body and soul. To pursue further studies, scholarships are given and to respect talent vocational classes, project like “udaan” and “nai-manzil” were started. And some women oriented also like “beti-bachao-beti-padhao” to lit them with literacy and establishment of SHGs to empower them with economy are there to cherish the very dream of welfare state as enshrined under the constitution.

    Thus time has come to re-evaluate the concept of free help, the approach should be bottom to up, that is including people to create quality “assets” rather than handling them as “liabilities” to make economy more and more participative, people friendly and independent. But Aadira’s mother still in confusion, that helping people during disaster is a dole too?

    Disbursing cloths and blankets, launch of lungers (free kitchen services) and constructing community houses during disasters are the part of “good” dole. This is the very “humane” concept to do free service at the hour of need. Like when Nepal deformed, India decorates it again, when Chennai and J&K flooded, citizens helped them till they flourished again, so we can’t say doles are bad always. They too become valuable at the times of exceptions. But most of the moments these incentives misused too, then how to overcome these problem?

    Not during the calamities but in general fund distribution like in PDS, these benefits are misused widely, larger the number of layers for fund transfer, greater is the leakage, but our govt now working with very zeal to defeat this challenge they introduced JAM trio and ICT for speedy and timely dispense of proceeds to the target ones. This step saves huge amount of our exchequer, which now used to build social infrastructure like schools and hospitals. Oh, it means govt is the only parameter to control the dole and to generate the lending hands.

    No, not only govt, here a rich and prosper businessman, too, can help to generate opportunities with fortunes if they follow CSR consciously and sincerely, aim should be “working together – to develop together”, it not only establish equality but create harmony among people. So, emphasis must be on replenishing basic need i.e of education and nourishment with the dole to engender humans with values and abilities who always ready to burn and forge themselves in the furnace of hard work, to come out as a lustrous metal.

    Next week when that beggar came again and asked for penny, Aadira’s mother, calmly replied “I will feed u plus fortuned you not with 10 rupees only but with 500, if u first do some work of your choice and of my benafit”. “oh kind lady thank u! will I broom your garden?” beggar asked with interest, lady smiled in a favour, Aadira standing behind the curtains felt very accomplished and applause her mother. Aadira is “proud” child now, mother is “satisfied” employment generator now and beggar is “happy” to eat the chappaties of sweat as employee now.

    • Vivaan Khanna

      1.upvote for conclusion and intro shakti.
      2.women empowerment and women sympathy..good and unique
      3.we didn’t learn from history still appreciating the govt..a lil bit contradictory
      4.finally from govt u came to businessman(individual)..good..can still go out of India if u wish
      nice attempt overall..KWAR 🙂

    • Bhai, very good! Amazing flow. But I just have few critics :

      Grammar is really bad at places and u literally need to work upon it.
      Examples/Dimensions ki kami hai aaj. U could add dimensions various diverse topics and try to connect with the essay.

      At some places the connections formed by u are wonderful 😀
      Plus small paras and good flow = Outstanding.

      But please work on ur grammar.Sorry for not reviewing ur last essay yaar. Internet nai chal raha that bahut din se and mai phone pe chala raha tha 🙁

      Have a look when yu have time 🙂

      • Shaktimaan

        hi bhaii!!thanx bhaii………..hmmmm grammer..mujhe hamesha sr pe tuff-lee marke eng wali miss aksar bahar nikal diya krti thi….yeh bs usi ka natiza on progress:(:(
        koi na bhaii aaj ka review kia na to no sorry bhaii!!
        wel yahi pe apko review
        sach main bahuuuuuuuuuut multi dimentional tha……dole or lending hand sahi se explain kiya.:)
        ek prob- yeh chabadar port pok main kahan hai . pok to already land locked h waha port kaise?
        shayad chabahar port likhna hoga wo iran main padta hai usca connection india se h china se ni
        or agar china se connection btana h to wo gwadar port hai, yeh pakistan mein pdta hai ismain china and pak ka connection hai…………or agar pok wala likh rahe ho to woh gwadar to kashgarh jo china main h via pok hote jata ha>>>>to yeha thoda issue hai……. pok(4 me not exist, it is part of INDIA, hardcore indian) agar hm hi pok ki devlopment ko china via PAKISTAN maan lenge fir india apne land ko kaise claim karega…… to meko thoda controvertial lagta h…………..only my vichhar u may contradict…………….:):)………..baaki info se bhara mazedaaaaaar easy tha………….thank u bhaii:):):):)

        • Oh thank u so much bhai I did a blunder there 😀

          Mai confuse ho jaata naam k saath, so sorry. Aap sahi ho 😀

          I review jinka karna hota, bs net problem thi isliye please bear with me bro 😀

          • ye blunder to mene b notice nhi kia :O :O shaktimaan is a dude!! (Y)

          • Shaktimaan

            she wala article pdaa…………….really this is the reality, heart breaking truth,…….tears n tears rolling out………..RESPECT:)

            • Yes brother. I hope u don’t judge me for being a feminist and if u are on facebook, do share the article 🙂

              • Shaktimaan

                nooo…..nooo not at all buddy……….m nt dat type of person, evn i hate people with>> “judging specs”….infact i admire u on ur thoughts…….acha laga ke aise thoughts wale log dharti pe jinda b h…………ya m on fb…..rt nw nt using:(………koi na hm verbally apke good thoughts ka prachar karenge:).

              • Being a feminist ain’t a bad thing, and surely not a thing to be judged upon. You wrote the truth, the bitter truth and the harsher side of what most of the women face. I am a feminist and I feel proud about it 😀
                cheers to your write up man! I want ever man to read that and know what all things happen around, mostly people are so ignorant and apathetic. I wish we contribute for the good.
                thank you !

    • Ash

      Hey Shaktimaan! 🙂

      Grammar and English related! 😛
      1. seen her mother — write seeing her mother ! 🙂 seen is never used alone.. have seen … had seen .. its used like this! 🙂
      2. as u always said — say .. not said y?? aap hamesha kehte ho .. not kehte the!
      3. but here you help him to leading bagging life ahead! — to lead .. I don’t know what is bagging doing here
      4. Is giving dole imply “lending hand” — DOES giving dole imply “lending hand”
      5. India DECORATED it again
      6. chappaties = Chappatis I guess
      7. CSR — good one! 🙂

      The flow is good.. but y am I reading the same old thing in most of the essays.. This essay is way better than the previous ones… add more dimensions.. Think differently .. these things will be written by most of the ppl! WE have to score more no.. so think differently .. even I’m struggling! But Good! There is improvement.. KWAR! 🙂

      • Shaktimaan

        haan:(……..well reason btate hai hm thode se shrarti element hua karte the class k………or meri eng wali miss hi class teacher b thi………….or miss hmesha mujhe tuff lee mar k class se bahar nikal deti thi…………..orfir play ground bhaag jate the hm………..till 9th aisa sa hi tha kuch…..yeh sab usi ka nateeza h……..please aise hi rehna or mistakes nikalte rehna:(:(:(…………well reading n/p sloooooooooowly, hope future main aapko km disturb karein hm…………………..thank u rupnzl!!!!

    • kahi “deep” jale kahi “dil”!! 😉
      i’ll tell you jo aap mjhse us din puch rhe the ki kaise pta chala!!! when you comment on a blog na bhai, then the author of that article can see your email id! So, in a way kahi “deep” jale aur kahi “dil” bhai!! so remain alert next time se chotu 😀
      now the review!!! dekho!! yaar aaj flow ultimate hai bhai, teri kasam! this was ur best till now!! although economic issues ko aur present kar skte the, but you have come a long way!!! hats off bro!! bus likhte jaa! you’ll get there!! fir dono bhai deep jalayenge saath me 🙂

      • Shaktimaan

        acha aisa kya…………phir yeh wordpress wale bevkoof bnate h…… apki id hide rahegi……..jhoooote………….hhahahahahahahhahahahahahahahahahahahahaha……..khwab ias ban ne ke dekhane oooooor yeh wordpress sa bewkooooof sa bnayi ja raha h……………..hahahahahhahaha…….well 1st time ni h mene bahut baistiii k jhande gade h…….hayeeeeeeeee……..han bhaii lbsnaa main jalate h nxt year…………thank u bhaiii…ptani kb achee din ayenge jb eassy acha hoga:(:(:(…..thanx bhaii….:):):)

        • Arey! Its fine shakti! Id wahi dekh skta jiska blog hai bus! mjhe bhi last time hi pta chala tha 😛
          And tune essay acha likha hai, i don’t lie ya tujhe false hope dikhaunga!! you have seen me criticizing your essays!! 😛
          This time bus thodi grammer mistakes thi, shayad typos etc hongi! And bakki content me improvemeent hoti jayegi with time!! And yes, jalayenge zrur!! Keep rocking bro!! 🙂

          • Shaktimaan

            typo ni h……..sachi behuda c mistakes h…………han shaba khair!!..thank u:)(

          • Shaktimaan

            hi “pure”!!!! jab aap likh loge eassy will definetely rvw…………abi mera dekh do…….thank u:):)

    • rrv

      Hey shakti…
      1. Good start bhai, and its good that you ended the story in single para itself.
      2. Directly govt ko mat koso yr… That it hvnt learnt from past. It can hv negative impact.
      3. I liked the way you added questions but it would hv been better if you start a fresh para with question. That will be more impactful.
      4. Apart from that you could hv added more examples rather than directly jumping to how? part.
      5. Your last paras r well written.

      After reading ur essay, i must say u hv improved a lot bhai. Well done. As said consistency always results in sweet fruits.

      P.S. thanx bhai for ur kind words… 🙂
      Keep writing bhai… Nd thoda motivation mujhe bhi de do bhai, u r really very consistent. While surely pay off.
      Keep reviewing my answers as well. 🙂

      • Shaktimaan

        thank u bhaii!!….:):)
        haan yeh imp galti h…..govt ko ni kosna chahiye………thank u bhai:)
        very well taken ur suggestions……..dhanyabad bhaii:):)
        bhai well aap bahooot sahi ans likhte ho, meri motivation k jarurat b ni padni…..aap sb mujhe khud motivate karte ho…………….aapke ans hmesha review honge bhai…….aap hmesha se acha likhte ho bhai….keep the spirit up…….n b happy n cool…….thank u bhaii:):):):):)

    • nice essay shaktiman 🙂
      pehle se bahot acha..kaafi aspects cover kiye aapne..
      conclusion thoda improve karne ki zarurat hai… it should summarise the essay… mujhe b seekhnna h ye…
      please review mine too

      • Shaktimaan

        hi toothless!!……:):)
        thank u:)
        rvw 4 ur eassy:)
        very well balanced eco and philo………… thing
        kahi kahi pe ebrupt sa change aa raha tha….one e.g…jaise wo channai or phir reservation wala case……to me ko lgta h ki wo thoda sa explain karne ki jarurat thi………….to bs is se na flow tut sa raha tha……baki conclude kafi acha kiya……story se jod ke………..awsome blosome nam;)…….thank u:):):)hahaha

      • Shaktimaan

        hi toothless bhai:):)!!!
        jab aap likh loge eassy will review pakka………..abi k liye mera dekh do……..thank u:):)

    • Shakti Shakti Shaktimaan, my views:
      1)Use “You” rather than “u”
      2)Bhai tumhari vocab kamaal h par grammar me dikkat q hai :/
      3)Good use of some words like ‘dolo-nomics”
      4)In the later part of the essay, your write up took a suggestive tone and the ‘comparison’ part was little sidelined
      Overall, I feel there are some grammar errors only, otherwise your essay is quite good. Keep it up Shakti Shakti Shaktimaan 😀

      • Shaktimaan

        thank u batiee!!………..well grammer ka hisab alag h……..chote hote thode se shararti the to eng wali miss mujhe hmesha class se bahar khda kr deti thi…olmost 80% eng aise hi padi h…….wo b main bahar se b gayab…….or subha subha play groud pe jhule lene aise bhage h…….ki ab un classes ka mtlb smajh arha h……..well aapki suggestions sr ankhon pe…….thank u:):):)

    • yogi

      Maza aa gaya aaj toh, very good bhai : )

      “allah! Ke naam pe dus rupee de-de baba!-> johny lever ki yaad dila di tune

      Garmmer bhai : toda dhyan do ispe bhi dusri line mein hi gadbad kr di

      Yeh kautlya jainism bhdhims har koi likh raha hein mijhese kaise chhoot gaya:(

      dolo-nomics”: entirely new to me , good shakti bhai

      bhai conclusion ko jo story se joda hein na , maza hi aa gaya , super dupper hit conclusion

      mast likha hein bhai aaj tune, salute to ur efforts , bas thode grammar pe ur dhyan do

      • Shaktimaan

        han jalim grammer………work on progress……..thank u yo!!bhaii……:):)

  • Civilian

    My first essay plz review

    A little boy at a busy signal begs and tries to ensure gaining more than his colleagues.same as the other days he was trying hard until a gentleman saw and inquire him.little boy explained his inability to live a respectful life due to parents attitude of gaining money.gentleman took the boy and educated him well.later in a graduation ceremony,a youngster was awarded best student in academics as well as he got placed in a mnc. A person’s attitude has changed a boys life.If the gentleman have also donated him and went away it would surely be the other way happened now for the youngster.Lending hands does create huge difference in any ones life.”don’t donate fish but make him learn how to catch the fish”.

    Human life is a mere blessing and believed to be due to some reason that we are here.Any person irrespective of their situations are needed to change it rather crying at it.but how can this be possible?It happens only by lending helping hands and our ability to accept it.It has been proved in many cases and even in our country’s scenario.We have faced a dearth of food grains during Bengal famine and were asking for help and usa has provided help but was always a problematic overcome this,our then prime minister asked scientists to show an alternative,there emerged “green revolution in India”.This has proved to be successful and is due to the helping hands we got from our scientists who never argued to go for a dole from IMF or any other country but to attain stability.

    Development always go hand in hand with hard work.In today’s society we are coming across many ngo’s working mainly with a motive to provide some food,clothes,books etc but all these are limited and does help the needy temporary.We do have ngo’s who focus on skill training people in various that they can earn livelihood and overcome their situations.Same has been followed by our government.Skill India is the same initiative which works in lines of lending hands.we have various unemployment schemes like MNREGA and which provides skill development and loan assistance such as Rajiv Gandhi Swavalamban Yojana. Women are the major deprived and are needed to be empowered so that their family gets developed and so the provide financial assistance along with helping in skill training government has ensured SHG’s as well as Rashtriya Mahila Kosh, National Mission for Empowerment of Women.Any initiative that aims at empowerment focus on lending hands to bring them up from their situation by providing a permanent solution.

    here come the argument that why are we proving subsidies if dole giving is temporary.For any person to empower a sort of assistance has to be provided.And its their right to get a respectful life.Government is giving dole in the form of subsidies like LPG,Ration etc to ensure they get minimum requirements and focus on empowering self and society.Some of these beneficiaries are misusing it,it is because of their inability to utilize the chance or the over enthusiastic politicians like what happened in TN regarding mixer and grinders providing to every person leading to selling them in neighboring state at cheaper price.

    Helping our fellow humans to bring them upwards and empower them by providing skill education will help them through out the life by meas of expanding their ways to encourage few more of their sort with a minimal dole for their assistance temporarily. Any thing limited either a dole or lending hands will always prove to be the best.Even the beneficiaries when they realize the importance of empowerment will surely try to attain it.

    • Tanu Singhal

      Let’s review each other’s 🙂

    • Tanu Singhal

      Hey few points
      1.introduction, getting to similar to others, a story. It doesn’t always work.
      2.really liked the 3rd and ,4th parah. I should have also added the same.
      3.conclusion, too soon, being a first timer, good job done, overall nice, keep writing wil keep getting better every week.

      • Civilian

        Actually it reminded me a story i read in local newspaper so i included u said it might not work and even i wont try it always as it suits few issues..even i felt i wrote a little essay but thought let me be good at this then trying for the best

        Thanks for reviewing tanu 🙂

        • Tanu Singhal

          My first essay was also very crisp and short…

  • Tanu Singhal

    It is an old saying, and a very logical one, that, IF You take all the money of whole globe, and redistribute it equally amongst every individual living on this earth, yet after a time gap, you will see, that there is unequal distribution of wealth , yet again.
    Why so?
    Let’s come to another example, in a class, you teach same A-B-C or a+b, or same differentiation and integration, but some are bake to score 90, some are able to score 70, while don’t even get the same.
    Another example, even when in a company the employees are equally induced to work towards a project, why only few gets the final appraisals.
    All these daily life competitions leads to one thing I.e. DIFFERENCE IN CAPACITIES.
    The very fundamental difference of capability, cognitive process and will power makes huge differences in a human beings life.
    But only accepting this fact, and leaving behind the incapable ones, not only the disabled or mentally or physically challenged ,for that matter. Even leaving behind a little weak person at anything, will lead to huge imbalances in the society. The conditions of poverty, illiteracy, unemployment, crime, even beggar arises due to the same conditions.
    No doubt the lack of OPPORTUNITIES, is one the phenomenon leading the globe towards wealth divide but the lack of cooperation, lack of mutual help and care is another factor. The spirit of competetion has taken a toll on humanity.
    But at the same time, to bring some one weak or vulnerable at par with the better offs, it is not desirable to bring them by actually providing them the money or resources or quotas or any other SPECIAL ADVANTAGE,. this further discrimination, not only frustrates the very phenomenon of equality, but hurts the confidence of weaker and ego of the better.

    #while I am bringing a job, directly to someone’s place,I am not making them learn the procedure of getting it, I am devoiding them of the whole beautiful process of going through actual competition, the process of learning and experience, the process of fetching that quest,the charm , the rush of fear. It is not at all just to make someone lethargic, or unthankful, or ungrateful, or even taken fir granted, towards something, which they could have actually faught for.
    In bthat scenario,I am not only being cruel and unbiased towards their capabilities, noyt only iam raising a doubt on their capabilities, but at the same time I am being unjust towards that very position, job, resources whatsoever. Leave the deserved one, for a second,the very purpose of upliftment gets forfeited when any opportunity is actually sold off and not given

    At the same time,for the sake of true spirit of EMPOWERMENT, the very essential principle is to actually empower the weaker ones in capability, talent enhancement, training, education, or even help in monetary terms but to get education and not as means of lifeline.

    #free education provided at elementary school levels is one such method where we are enhancing the quest to learn in students.
    #the mid-day meal is one such method to induce students to come to school,stay healthy, learn the advantages of being healthy, having a sound mind, so that later,they can ACTUALLY STUDY.
    #While we are providing scholarships, free hostels, fees exemptions, special rooms, brailed scripts, recorded materials to any bpl student, especially challenged students, goblins or female students, aware increasing their capabilities and OPPORTUNITY, aware making them capable enough to actually grab their opportunity on their own.
    #while we bring e-goverance and digital India, we are trying to connect every individual, to let them learn and be aware on their own.

    For how nlong can MGNREGA or NFSA, or AAY, can feed the nation, for how long can any RESERVATION, help the backward class have enough representatiion , for how !long can QUOTA, be just to both reserved and unreserved.
    A doctor, lawyer, cobbler, plumber, any professional is made to learn by actually seeing and observing, no machine or individual can feed his brain with the same skills.
    Even to enhance one’s skills , help is important and not direct favour.
    One can train, but can’t earn for someonelese.
    One can teach, but can’t feed forever.
    One can cure,but can’t take care for a !lifetime.
    One can help, but can’t do all the work.

    Favours given , many a times leaves an individual lethargic. While the exercise of getting your thing done in your own, makes one learned person.
    To actually being inclusive growth on the global platform,the need is to enhance the capabilities, to enhance the competition, to help people beat competition, the need is to improve the availability of opportunities and not undue favours.
    Capacity enhancement itslef sets the wonderful cycle of GROWTH and EMPOWERMENT, in.

    • Civilian

      I think you gave a huge note on what is capability difference which is gud and derives the basic of how dole is not better,but i feel you should have included few govt schemes and any partciularly helped empowerment and some examples over it would have been better.
      regarding your note about mnrega etc should have been a bit elaborated..Liked ur flow but a bit elaboration with inclusions would have made u the best…

      Some how i feel ur answers little radical…:) (Its my opinion no hard feelings,sorry if it hurts)

      • Tanu Singhal

        Radical !!

        I too feel so, will try to sooth down the tone..
        Thanks for pointing out.
        Yeah I could have elaborated, bit actually I felt this being a philosophical aspect ,better to maintain distance from govt. Schemes, cz mostly are actually working towards inclusive growth.
        But will work on it
        Thanks again … 🙂

    • BRK

      I interpreted this topic like Giving a helping hand is to help someone help themselves while giving a dole is giving someone what they might not need or might not need most and not asking for anything in return. This has become a commonplace political strategy . Freebies and handouts- laptops , TVs , fans , grinders , whatnot. While enabling sne to help themselves is like reservation quotas for castes and physically handicapped. You’r not asking them not to do anything at all , its just that they will have a helping hand of the state to steady and protect them. So from this standpoint you analyse the pluses and minuses of all aspects for and against doles. But you’ve interpreted it in a completely different way.

      And forgive me , but I felt like a planet in orbit around the sun -revolving around it but not nearing it , reading some parts of your essay. A concluding remark for every para capturing the central idea of that para would have helped.

      PS-I wrote but mucked it up half way and didn’t know on what chord to conclude so just stopped midway. Essay is by far proving to be the most challenging of all the papers aside from prelims.

      • Tanu Singhal

        I too agree with u it is indeed a tough task,for it being a very relative and subjective thing .

        Coming to ur review, ur point of view is also another aspect, but yeah ibtoo felt the same, I didn’t touch the exact subject matter. Got busy with overall enhancement.

        will keep your suggestions in mind.
        Thanks for the review.

        ( y apologising, we are here for criticism, it makes one evolve, hence m glad )

    • Isha

      Hello Tanu, My views-
      1. Plus points- emphasized appropriately on economic part that too in a layman way. Start was nice and this time conclusion too. Content was varied in dimensions, good.
      2. Need to work upon structure, still some grouping and clubbing of ideas needed.
      3. Too much interrogative tone- u can reduce it a bit.
      4. Only emphasized upon capability and empowerment- need to explore something more, i guess.
      Feel free to differ. But this time few things were just too good and i can see you are improving a lot 🙂
      Keep writing and reviewing. ATB.

      • Tanu Singhal

        Oh !!

        Glad I improved

        Thanks a tonne girl 🙂
        Yes, could have explored more…

  • Jaya Swatantra

    Please review!!!

    • Jaya Swatantra


    • Vivaan Khanna

      1.proud of his “richness”..try to avoid blunders in the beginning..even cursing richness also didn’t impress me…
      2.btao education is best investment phr b parents went on to defend the child…indirect connection with theme..try to be expressive directly
      3.from nation only things started falling at right place..before that depth lacking
      4.lending helping hands means children and farmers only to you?:(..conclusion i didn’t find ok
      5.good that u presented real picture of India in terms of ancestry rights but if u are pointing out flaws make sure to provide suggestion..aise criticize krke bhagne acchi baat nahi hai..could relate it with daughters also being given rights for parents’ property so only eligible person will get property and that eligibility will come from lending hands rather than providing doles..
      good efforts…KWAR

      • Jaya Swatantra

        Arre vah Vivaan itni jaldi review kar diya hats off to your speed of reading and reviewing… and big thanks for pointing the flaws.. i would take care about all these in my future attempts.. and definitely love to review yours… 🙂

        • Vivaan Khanna

          haha..moment i saw ur essay i started reading it :p

    • Isha

      Hello JAya, My views-
      1. Intro was a bit long- try to cut it short. Plus, it placed all emphasis on education. There are other things that empower individuals
      2. Fish wala example is very common. Try to use something different or dont use it 😛
      I think so, feel free to differ.
      3. One and a half next page u restricted urself to education and R&D for nation’s growth. Words are precious plus, we need to have dimensions.
      4. Too many ideas per parah- not a clear picture one gets while reading. Try to have short paras with one or two ideas/examples at max.
      5. 3rd page- second para- too many ideas and examples- seems random
      6. Then u restricted urself to thinkers and their advice + conclusion bhi same lines pe.
      See, if u started with education and innovation- u need to brought them up in conclusion too. U need to wrap up whole essay’s idea into a single para as a conclusion.
      Try to avoid ending with a quote- too general approach it is. Try to evolve your own unique style. U can do it 🙂
      Keep writing! ATB.

      • Jaya Swatantra

        Thanks Isha… i shall be conscious about the points told by you in my next essay… thanks for your indeed valuable feedback… 🙂

        • Isha

          Sorry for the critical review everytime 😛
          But i want you to correct the same.

          • Jaya Swatantra

            nahi yaar i need it …. very big thanks for this… please be critical in reviews.. 🙂

            • Jaya Swatantra

              hey Isha… how are you.. if time permits please review my essay.. would love to review yours too… 🙂

        • Thor and Miolneer

          Hi Jaya,
          I am sorry for the delay, I am not well nowadays.

          I just now read your essay.

          It’s a nice attempt.

          Intro cud be cut short and other valuable points have already been highlighted by Isha.

          So what I should be suggesting is–

          -It feels that you are writing random thoughts.
          -It appears that there is a lack of continuous flow of thoughts. I mean you can read yourself and find the same.

          Please jot down the important ideas first and then write upon them with a free flow of pen. This might help you :-

          • Jaya Swatantra

            Thanks for sharing the link… what happened take care of your health too… 🙂

        • Thor and Miolneer
          • Jaya Swatantra

            sure would love to review yours.. 🙂

    • Hey Jaya!

      Ur essay is well written. The following are the ways u could improve :

      The introduction is apt. The para following it could be used to define exclusively the linkage between lending hands and values/education/what is going to follow.
      The idea of “dole” was clearly stated in the intro. However, ur focus drifted majorly towards “values” and “education”.

      The GS and Philo portion is well balanced. However, as I said, telling more about the “doles” exclusively and connecting the meaning of “lending hands” to values could have helped.

      Grammar is very good and language is layman so an upvote!
      Flow is good, though there is a scope for betterment. Use better connectors between the paras.

      Conclusion, with the chinese quote, also try to form links with the intro, body and give an “idea” in the end to leave the examiner spell bound 😀

      All in all, u’ve improved big time so cheers 😀

      • Jaya Swatantra

        Big thanks for review… really its of high worth for me… i shall be conscious about all your points in my future essays KWAR… ATB!!

        • Jaya Swatantra

          please review my essay if time permits

    • rrv

      1. Good story i must say… But u extended it to much. I got the gist of the story from first few lines… So writing about every son seems redundant.
      2. Your education para is again good, but u could add more examples like cash tranfer and employement generation or schemes which led to self sufficiency.
      3. Japan point is new to me. Is it really so?
      4. Conclusion is very apt.

      Overall good one but more dimensions could be added.
      P.S. good handwriting. 🙂
      Keep writing and reviewing.

      • Jaya Swatantra

        Thanks for review… Despite huge devastation in due to atom bombs inJapan it progressed that i wanted to mention… is this not appropriate… ??

        • rrv

          No no it is perfect… I was asking is it really true that in Japan or other country there is nothing like inheritence and properties are confiscated?
          If it is, then yr thats a bad policy i suppose… Bcoz every parent earn for their children and better living — which motivates to work harder — innovations.
          Who will work more if they knw that their property (khoon pasine ki kamayi) at the end is going to be confiscated. 😛

          That is just an argument… I just wanted to knw that is these kind of thing do exist?

          • Jaya Swatantra

            if time permits please review my essay…

    • hey Jaya
      +1 for the concluding line.. like it 🙂
      your essay is good.. simple and lucid
      but scope of improvement is always there
      cut short intro para..
      try sticking to essay “topic” in each para.. shouldn’t deviate.. at times while readin i felt bit deviated..then again back to topic.. keep this in mind while writing..
      overall better than previous attempts.. 🙂
      keep writing !!
      and examiner is sure to give u extra mark for hand writing 😀 (I would at least !! )

      please review mine

      • Jaya Swatantra

        thanks for reviewing.. sure would love to review yours… 🙂

      • Jaya Swatantra

        Hey Namita .. please review my essay…if time permits…

    • Hi Jaya, my views:
      1)+ves of story-you have brought visualizations; -ves-too long and at places irrelevant info like his father prospered so much and beta daaru pee k tun 😀 so you can shorten it a bit
      2)Try to break your paras. You have told beautifully in the beginning that you are going to discuss 3 issues, so just let it flow smoothly; no need to devote only one para for every theme. You can use even 2-3 paras on single major theme and minor themes in individual para
      4)Improve the conclusion a bit. BDW, I had read that Chinese statement recently but couldn’t remember where I had read, help me out 😛
      Overall, I feel you need to cut short para and bring clarity in the way the idea is being depicted. Make your essay so simple (ofcourse good use of language and expressions) that even your grandma can understand it 😀

      • Jaya Swatantra

        ok i shall be conscious about not putting irrelevant informations in future…i read this chinese proverb in one of the essays previous sunday…. a big thanks for your review… 🙂

    • yogi

      Hi Jaya 🙂
      yours best till now ,u have improved a lot 🙂
      really liked the way you stirved a balance between the philosophy and economic part. this was the demand of this essay which i missed
      no critics from my side ,
      kwar and ATB 🙂

      • Jaya Swatantra

        Thanks for review Yogi ji.. 🙂

    • black mamba

      i don’t know what others said, but (pardon me for saying so) starting seemed as if u trying to fit a square in a circle – i.e. the story better fits a moral description, considering importance of values rather than enabling someone. (but again, my definition of enabling might be too narrow)

      I liked the flip side aspect u gave via nursery story. It was something that’s important but often overlooked in such topics.

      Do not right against reservation policy. It is very controversial. If ever, u can dress up your criticism by saying ‘it should be monetary based for equal and progressive benefits in society’ but please go against such open bad-mouthing. What if your examiner belongs dalit/ST section and holds opposite view?

      Lastly – i would suggest giving the flip side too – there must be a reason dole-policies exist in so many countries. What is that? U haven’t given this side much importance.

      Structure wise – maybe what u wrote in 2nd page regarding skill india, make in india etc should come in the end.


      that’s all

      hope it helps 🙂

      • Jaya Swatantra

        Thanks for the review… critical reviews are important and your suggestions are worth…:)

    • gughapriya

      Hi Friend, first of all sorry for delay.

      My comments –
      nice start, good story and relevant to the topic
      though it is a more of economic essay, u perfectly maintained balance. good part pf essay:)
      quote in conclusion is good, but conclusion could have been done better
      focus little on flow
      Very good on the whole. All the best:)

    • Shreya

      Hi Jaya,
      I feel that the opening story is not appropriate for this topic. And also, I’m not sure whether it is a good idea to come up with a second story in the essay. You’ve written very well otherwise. Just alter the structure a bit.
      The closing lines are really good.
      That’s all 🙂

      • Jaya Swatantra

        Thanks dear.. i shall improve in writing taking in to account your valauable feedback..

      • Jaya Swatantra

        Hey Shreya if time permits please review my essay…

  • Kant

    Bill Gates and Melinda Foundation invests in medical research, project planning and capacity development of the poor rather than giving donations or grants. One might wonder why Bill Gates, a software magnate, is bothered about vaccine development to help the poor, instead of right away donating his billions in charity? This question certainly needs deeper enquiry. This essay aims to do the same to find out why lending hands to someone is better than giving a dole.

    Giving back to society:

    “Someone is sitting under a shadow today because someone else planted a tree a long time ago”. This quote precisely captures the essence of the notion of giving back to society. However, the most pertinent question that arises is how one should go about it?

    Giving doles:

    Giving doles simply means giving monetary or material help to the needy. For instance, giving alms to the beggar at the traffic signal. This sort of help is temporary and doesn’t absolve the help seeker from the need of seeking more help. Giving doles has some merits.

    Firstly, the giver doesn’t have to engage with the needy anymore and s/he could focus on his/her own life.

    Secondly, giving doles provides autonomy to the receiver in using the money received. It is hoped that, as the receiver is more aware of own needs, s/he would be able to utilize the money effectively.

    However, the demerits of only giving the doles far outweigh the benefits of its merits. This is where a lending hand becomes crucial to achieve the better outcomes in helping the needy.

    Lending Hands:

    Lending hands to the needy implies ‘helping’ the needy in truest sense. This help is not necessarily only in the form of monetary help but goes beyond it. It assumes that the helper gets involved with the situation of the needy by providing necessary know hows of tackling the problem. This approach of lending hands has many merits over just providing doles.

    Firstly, in giving doles, one might not be sure of the end use of the monetary help. It might be used for unintended purpose which might be harmful sometimes. For instance, many a times monetary help given is wasted in alcohol consumption. This defeats the whole purpose of the helping the needy. Instead of helping, it is causing harm to the needy. Lending hands enables the giver to ensure the proper end use. The hard earned money of the giver has to be spent productively for the welfare of the target group.

    Secondly, the receiver might not have the capacity to utilize the resources properly. Otherwise, the needy might not have been in the need in the first place. Building capacity of the needy enables them to stand on their own feet. Many banks provide loans to women’s Self Help Groups and also offer the information regarding the best ways of procuring the raw material, managing the finances and finding the best market opportunities. When 14th Finance Commission devolved more funds to the state governments there was vocal demand for enabling the states to use this extra money judiciously. Indian corporates like TATAs and Azim Premji group are helping the society by research in fundamental and social sciences through institutes like Tata Institute of Social Sciences and Azim Premji Foundation respectively.

    Thirdly, without enabling the needy to stand on their own feet, the help provided might contrarily make the needy dependent on the giver. The receiver might not have incentive to work hard to help themselves. They will always look for help whenever there is need. This creates a moral hazard by making people lazy and dependent.

    Fourthly, Laziness and dependence takes away the self respect of the help seeker. By helping them to help themselves there emerges sense of belongingness and responsibility. This brings about the pleasure of being part of own development. Recently, some US prisons are imparting skills like computer programming to the prisoners so that they can live a life of self respect after leaving the prison.

    Fifthly, Giving doles requires that one should have money to be given away. But, what if someone doesn’t have money and desires to help the people in need. In such circumstances, lending hand to them is very much possible. When college students cannot afford to donate money they can teach in nearby municipality schools on Saturdays. Likewise, transferring technology to poor nations by developed nations would go a long way in upliftment of the poor rather than giving aid of, say, some billion dollars.
    Therefore, only monetary help will not serve the purpose of helping the needy. Lending hands to someone is better than giving a dole. Giving fish feeds the poor for a day but teaching them how to fish, helps them feed themselves. This approach of philanthropy and providing help is the best way as it helps in protecting the self respect and makes the world a better place. This is why Bill Gates focuses on the work at grass root level – such a great way to give back to the society and ensuring that the society is actually ‘receiving’ it !!!

    • Ash

      Hey Kant! 🙂

      1. I found your first argument in favour of doles weak!
      2. When 14th Finance Commission devolved more funds to the state governments there was vocal demand for enabling the states to use this extra money judiciously. Indian corporates like TATAs and Azim Premji group are helping the society by research in fundamental and social sciences through institutes like Tata Institute of Social Sciences and Azim Premji Foundation respectively.—- How dew connect these?? I feel this para lacks connectivity! You may FFTC (FEEL FREE TO COUNTER)! 🙂

      I liked the way you started with Gates and ended with Gates! 🙂

      Though conclude in a different para!
      More dimensions can be added! 🙂
      KWAR! 🙂

      • Kant

        2. agree. these were just ex of how imp is capacity building. yes, should have clarified this.
        Thanks for your time.

    • Vivaan Khanna

      hi kant, “kant rose me up from dogmatic slumber”-Hume 😛
      1.Intro was weak
      2.“Someone is sitting under a shadow today because someone else planted a tree a long time ago”… even i will use this quote in such essay..thank you
      3.if u started with doles then that giving back to society could have been given later as it is related to lending hands i structural problem rest essay everything was structured.
      4.fifth argument of doles does not always requires money but more aptly they require resources in from this rest arguments were good
      good efforts..KWAR..please find time to review mine 🙂

      • Kant

        1. I though the intro was apt. anyways….
        2. quote by Warren Buffett- chairman of Berkshire Hathaway, second richest person in world
        3. my emphasis was on WHY lending hands is better than giving doles . In fact revisiting doles would have messed up my structure.
        4. Time is also a resource. When you gave your precious time to review my essay, you didnt give me a dole but you lent me a hand. 😉

        reviewing yours shortly.

        • Vivaan Khanna

          ok philosopher..still i feel that giving back to society was misplaced one..we may agree to disagree.. thnk you for clarifying resource point..i was having clothes,food etc in mind that time but they also require money..i understood ur point and take back my 4th critique
          thank you 🙂

    • Ur essay is absolutely brilliant read! U gave ur stand with apt reasons and with a good coherence. The flow was awesome. The philo and GS element was really well balanced man.

      Getting deadlier with ur essays 😀

      Keep writing, no critic from my side, Sorry 😛

      • Kant

        Too much praise not good for us. 🙂
        Just like you I love criticism. Its like a sandpaper to make you shine.

  • Isha

    While travelling once to a relative’s place, I and my family took a long distance road journey. Meanwhile, we took short breaks and stopped over roadside dhabaas (small hotels) to have some meal. There we met a child labour in one of those dhabaas. My uncle was impressed with his dedication for work- the perfection he showed and the cleanliness with which he was doing his work was certainly commendable. Handing him a note of money, he said, “keep it as an appreciation for your work.” The boy politely declined and what he replied was certainly a lesson for each one of us- “Sir, I am happy that you liked my work. But I can’t keep the money you provided because I haven’t done anything worth it. If you really want to give me something, provide me with some work. I have qualified high school and currently in search of some respected job.”

    What was there in his reply related to the topic provided above? We can see the importance the boy placed over doing some work than a temporary monetary help. That miniscule amount provided as an appreciation was not going to help him for long. But a job, according to his qualification would have helped him in the long run to learn new skills and progress further in life.

    Helping someone is the duty of every being. This is what every great culture and civilization of the world has taught mankind. But there are different ways to do things. We can help a poor man to have a square meal a day by having mercy upon him- providing food to him and his family ourselves; or we may help him to have a job somewhere as per his skills and enable him to earn his living himself. What is a feasible option among the two? Certainly it’s the second one we need to do and it is what is called a practical and sustainable solution.

    We can cite many examples to satisfy the meaning of the quote. Caste system is a menace, the brunt of which we are carrying on our shoulders even to this date. Our constitution makers, at the time of drafting, clearly exemplified the meaning of the provided quote by including certain provisions for the upliftment of the marginalized sections of the society rather than providing them with monetary help. Provision of reservation & punishments for discrimination proved to be much more helpful than monetary help could have been. That would not have proved to be a sustainable option too, at that time as well as present.

    Taking the incidence of Mahabharata, the ancient Hindu epic, Lord Krishna was approached by Duryodhana, the antagonist, to seek some help. Lord asked him to choose between him and all his army and infantry (sort of monetary/material help). Duryodhana went for the second option while Arjun opted for the guidance of Sri Krishna. By the end of the war between the duos, it was the advice and help of Sri Krishna which helped to transform the personality of Arjun and motivated him to be on the right path in the midst of every problem. The army and infantry with Duryodhana, though loyal to him, couldn’t help him much.

    Similarly, since ancient times there were many great personalities from Montesquieu, Voltaire, and Rousseau to MK Gandhi, Nelson Mandela, Rabindranath Tagore and many other who helped people to discover the real cause behind their miseries and act accordingly in the right direction. Gandhi ji & Mandela even did not hesitate to share their sufferings personally. Here, it was not the monetary help which brought the revolutionary change but the personal efforts of individuals to bring a change in the way masses used approach their problems.

    The whole idea behind the thought is we need to discover the real cause behind the misery and then act accordingly. In the economic sense, providing a beggar or poor with some skill is what we need as a permanent solution. The real help should make the person/society feel more self-empowered, should make the circumstances improve, and should enable the person/society to do his absolute best to help himself.

    Moreover, its not only that doles are insufficient and inappropriate so they should be avoided. Doles provided by government for the cause of welfare have their own aftermaths. Like, in our country itself, hefty grants by kings to the priest in Vedic age made the priests addicted, which eventually led to their downfall (rise of Buddhism and Jainism) as well as decline of empire due to dissonance in the mind of taxpayers.

    There has been a trend of social welfare expenditure as enshrined in the DPSP (Art. 51A) of the constitution as well as for fulfilling pre-poll promises. Any illogical grant which is given just to appease can harm both, the one who’s giving it and the other who is taking it.

    Providing subsidies without rational cost benefit analysis, distributing freebies in the name of welfare puts unnecessary burden over already scarce resources and the exchequer, too. It results in diversion of funds towards non-productive things. Instead of subsidies, creating proper infrastructure, investment over disaster management system and preparations, skill development provision for the unemployed, education & health infrastructure, etc. helps a great deal in empowering the citizens and makes them productive.

    Not only national but at international level too, we’ve the examples to justify the same. The doles in form of soft loans and credit lines from the developed states and world institutions to the developing countries have huge impact over a nation’s sovereignty and self respect. Financial grants made by agencies like World Bank and IMF do come up with implicit conditions which are aimed to maintain western hegemony over the East.

    Climate change is another area where we need to look beyond seeking funds from developed states. What we actually need at the first place is will to save our planet and have the sustainability ingrained in our attitudes. Then only funds can help us further our goals. Similar is the scenario with CSR initiatives. Merely spending a particular amount under the legal obligations won’t have a significant impact. We need to organize our efforts collectively and work towards the larger goal.

    Agriculture is a sector which needs major overhaul in the field of subsidies. It indeed needs a helping hand in the form of investment, that too with the involvement of private sector rather than distorting subsidies. Health infrastructure needs immediate attention in the form of active steps. Railways are quite an appropriate example of what irrational subsidies could do. They can easily transform a promising sector into a burdensome white elephant. Instead of generating surplus revenue and supporting the economy, the sector is provided with crores of subsidies which could have otherwise been applied somewhere else productively.

    Recent launch of Skill India Mission, Digital India, Make in India, as well as freeing up of fuels like, petrol and diesel from subsidies has been taken in the right direction. They will not only make the people, especially of rural areas, well informed and skilled but will also eliminate the problem of unemployment.

    There is a line in Hindu scripture Ramcharitmanas- “Parhit saris dharma nahi bhai” (there is no better thing than doing something for the welfare of others). If we really want to eliminate the problem we need to go deeper into its core and try to look for solution there. Helping is a good gesture one can do but it should really be in the welfare of the one we are helping. Mere monetary help for the sake of helping or providing them a solution which isn’t going to be sustainable in long run or wont eliminate their problems, isn’t a help anyway.

    • BRK

      Very good essay. Good horizontal coverage.I don’t know how prudent it is quoting from religious texts.

      • Isha

        Thanks a lot BRK. I think as far as you are able to justify the same, quotes can be picked up from anywhere. But that is my personal approach. It may be that you are right. We need to ask others, too.

    • Jaya Swatantra

      Masterpiece , impressed with how you started the essay with a simple story touched national and international issues, did complete justice by adding necessary Gs part.. which i missed this time,your concluding lines parhit saris dharma nahi bhai… really commendable, took so many points from your essay… well done and keep it up Isha… 🙂 🙂

      • Isha

        Hehe Jaya, thanks for the appreciation. But its not a masterpiece yaar. We have to go far 🙂
        I am glad that you liked it. Thanks again!

    • yogi

      Hi Isha 🙂
      Intro: superb : )

      Mahatbharta example: very well put

      DPSP, IMF , CSR -. Write full form as well

      Liked the content: no faltu GS and minute facts , good going

      Good that u have combined both philo and eco part, most suited appraoch for this topic (i missed the eco part 🙁

      Simple language that made it a joyful read with fillers in b/w

      “Parhit saris dharma nahi bhai” 🙂

      Overall, for me this is the best peice of writing by you 🙂

      Keep it up 🙂

      • Isha

        Thanks a lot Yogi. So, there is an improvement i guess 😛
        Keep writing and reviewing 🙂


    Pl review……..

    ‘Lending Hand to someone is better than giving a dole’ is an adage that we tend to use quite often but fail to comprehend the true essence of it and subsequently apply in our daily lives. To begin with I would like to narrate an anecdote which will probably help me to express myself in an even better way. Last year I happened to visit Kali ghat Temple in Kolkata and amidst the hustling and bustling by lanes I noted a young boy barely in his adolescence roaming around with a bowl in his outstretched arm. Superficially he looked perfectly fit physically with no disabilities as such. Few of the passersby were offering him with help in cash and kind. Suddenly I noticed a person getting down from his luxurious car and taking the young lad to a nearby tea stall. He bought him a loaf of bread, a glass of milk, paid him some cash and left.AS I was watching all this a sudden thought crossed across my mind that what if the same person would have provided that guy with a job maybe a s a daily wage earner in a similar tea stall instead of giving him a dole. That would have empowered him to face the problems of his life in an independent and responsible way. A loaf of bread or a glass of milk solved his problem (hunger) temporarily but the larger issue at hand-sustainable livelihood remained unaddressed.
    On this very not I would like to expand the scope of discussion and elevate the topic to global scale where socio-economic issues have been better addressed by lending out helping hands instead of distributing doles. Brazilian Government rolled out a programme called ‘Fome Zero’ with ‘Bolsa Familia’ as one of the many federal schemes. Under the scheme the federal authorities would execute conditional cash transfers to the people living below poverty line (BPL).In other words the authorities would provide short term cash benefits to the families to address their immediate needs as well as provide long term cash transfers but with certain pre conditions. These include that families with children must ensure that the parents send their children to schools and get them duly vaccinated. This turned out to be a landmark initiative in socio-economic empowerment schemes all over the world and resulted in a drastic reduction in poverty levels(by 27%).In this way the Government interrupted the trans-generational cycle of poverty by empowering the youth and making sure that the present generation does not waste the freebies provided by the Government. Short term issues such as poverty reduction as well as long term benefits such as rise in Human Resource Capital were ensured.
    Indian Government also started the MNREGA schemes with similar such objectives where the cause rather than the disease-poverty was targeted. Hundred days of employment was provided to rural people during the non agricultural seasons in order to ensure a constant flow of cash leading to their socio- economic empowerment. In spite of certain loopholes and drawbacks the scheme was a success which helped to reduce poverty levels as well ensure capacity building of our villages. Recently the Government decided on a Direct Benefit Transfer scheme (DBT) through JAM Trinity and was received with resounding success in the initial phase. However it must be ensured that the head of the family does not misuse these funds by getting involved in anti-social activities, consumption of intoxicants and other such misdeeds. Only way to make sure that this does not happen is though conditional cash transfer with a proper regulatory and monitoring framework in place.
    Similar goes the argument when it comes to anti terrorism co operation on a global platform. Developed nations try to offer doles in the form of Stealth Air crafts, Drones, Laser guided missiles, Choppers and so on and so forth to terror afflicted developing nations thereby projecting themselves to the global community as leaders in the fight against terrorism. Although these gestures are guided by ulterior motives and geo- political compulsions but it must realized that the problems is common and threats are general. Hence the problem needs to be addressed from its core and not the mere symptoms. Lending hand should be extended in exterminating terror breeding grounds and workshops instead of a superficial fight. Terrorism needs to be defeated ideologically and politically first and for this to happen all nations must join hands keeping their own narrow national interests at bay. Transparency, real time intelligence sharing, technology transfer and uniform foreign policies when it comes to terror are need for a cohesive effort to take place.
    On a personal front as well we need to understand that if we wish to help someone in distress our intention should be to help him/her with a long term solution so that he/she doesn’t feel the need to look up at others for help in future. Suppose a student in a classroom fails to solve a mathematical problem and asks his friend for help. Generally we find that the later will provide him with the solution and ask him to copy it down. This does solve the problem temporarily but does not empower the other guy to solve such problems in an exam hall if the examiner happens to ask it in a slightly twisted manner. Ideally his friend should have provided him with the detailed solution and explained him the approach to solve such problems.
    Henceforth we can conclude that if we really want to help someone hungry we should teach him/her how to eradicate his/her hunger and not simply offer a plate of rice or a loaf of bread. As the popular saying goes – ““You give a poor man a fish and you feed him for a day. You teach him to fish and you give him an occupation that will feed him for a lifetime.”

  • Ash


    Once, a poor man was told that a ghost could make him rich and change his life completely. In quest of a ghost he went to a priest and asked for help. The priest said he could help him but this was dangerous because the moment the poor man would not have any work to assign the ghost, the ghost would kill him.

    The man in his greed exhorted the priest and finally the priest gave him a mantra. The man chanted the mantra and the ghost arrived. The man asked the ghost for a palace, a lot of money and other luxuries. The ghost fulfilled all his wishes in couple of minutes and asked for more work and also warned, if not given work would eat up the man. The man confused ran to the priest and told him the entire story. The priest remained calm and asked the man to cut the tail of the dog standing close by and give it to the ghost to straighten it.

    The ghost kept on trying for days and on failure finally decided to strike a deal with the man. He let the man have the luxuries he had bestowed upon the man in return of setting him free.

    The above story was told by Swami Vivekananda in the book ‘Karma Yoga’.

    Analyzing this story, we realize had the priest not provided a solution (dog’s tail), the man would have died and the priest would have borne the immoral burden of taking a man’s life with his ‘help’. Since the man was alive he also understood the brunt he would have borne because of his greed and unwillingness to work.

    Helping is a benevolent gesture but the avenues of help provided make a very big difference. Aptly stated by Winston Churchill : ‘We make a living by what we get, we make a LIFE by what we give’.

    The priest though earnestly felt for the poor man but helping him with the mantra acted against the priest’s intentions. This shows when we are rendering help we need to act very responsible as we are shaping someone else’s life. This opens the debate for : Is a lending hand better than giving a dole?

    But what is the meaning of the word ‘dole’? Dole means money or any other object given as charity. Having understood the meaning of the word, let us try understanding which is better.

    Let’s analyze what are the benefits of ‘lending hands’ to someone? While we help someone in person we create a positive environment of teaching and nurturing. We make the person self-reliant so that later in life that person would not have to depend on anyone else. This explains why the Indian Government has been seeking ‘technology transfer’. Buying defence equipments or even getting them in form of doles does not help the nation because in the future too we will have to depend on others.

    Another associated factor is when we lend our hands we are interacting directly with people and are in a better position to understand the needs of people and this helps us connect more and serve them better. Mother Teresa had many missionaries alongside. It would have been very easy for her to sit at the helm of the affairs and manage them but she got involved and helped her fellow human beings.

    As she got involved she gave people her time while many people gave funds. Today the funders remain majorly unknown but Mother Teresa is revered worldwide. Why?

    Reason is ‘Time is more precious than money’. Lost time is never found again while money can be earned if there is a will. It is this time that helps us earn money while money can ‘never’ earn time.

    Additionally, as we give time to people to help them learn something, we ourselves learn a lot of things and get benefited in many other ways. Lord Buddha aptly pointed out – ‘If you light a lamp for somebody, it will also brighten your path’. This explains the Government’s training and deploying people working under NREGA for watershed management. This way the Government is lending her hand by training and guiding people and utilizing the capabilities of the people than giving grants which in turn is preventing the drain of the public money making these workers independent.

    Here it becomes necessary to point out how ‘doles’ create dependency which leads to ruckus. This can be well explained with the comparison of India’s dairy sector with the agricultural sector. India under V.G. Kurein started the Milk revolution which was done by creating co-operatives and these co-operatives united to make India the largest producer of Milk. This is a perfect example of ‘lending hands’ in the form of an idea and its implementation.

    While the agricultural sector best epitomizes the ill effects of doles. This sector is provided all sorts of subsidies started from fuel to food to fertilizer and still there are deaths and the sector grapples in misery and other sectors and organizations like Banks, DISCOMS are feeling the drag. Why? This is because lending hands also includes ‘innovating’. This innovation has been missing towards this sector. This reminds me of another misery associated with the Indian agriculture.

    Humiliation faced by the nation under the PL-480 scheme. The meaning of doles has also changed at times. These doles have often been used by the rich nations to influence and subdue the poor ones.

    This has not always been true though. There are many organizations like World Bank granting money. But how do we ensure that these grants are utilized effectively and efficiently. The sole point of providing doles by its dictionary meaning is for charity. What is the guarantee that this money is not being used for sponsoring terrorism or any other wrong purpose? And here comes the importance of : Lending hands ‘WITH’ doles.

    When Nepal was struck by an earthquake India released both funds and human resources to help Nepal. This shows the importance of both the entities. With increasing value of money, doles too are becoming important.

    So am I suggesting people without money can’t help? Definitely not! People should contribute with what they can. However outrightly sidelining doles would be incorrect because had that been the case developing nations would have only asked for technology transfer and there would be no GCF or Clean Technology Fund.

    So the crux of the matter is to make someone self-reliant lending hands remains the priority while there are situations where doles are needed too. In such situations doles ‘SHOULD BE’ accompanied with a lending hand which also ensures accountability.

    But these doles should not function like the ones extended to Brahmins by the Kings which led to their monopolization and eventually to their fall. These doles should be given the way they were given to Buddhism monks and nuns for ‘sustenance’. Once people become capable of sustaining they should be encouraged to work for themselves as Swami Vivekananda aptly said : ‘We are our own help. ‘If we can’t help ourselves there us none to help us’. Individuals, nations and organizations should follow this to prevent ‘spoon feeding’ and encouraging self-reliance.

    To conclude, we must understand and follow:

    ‘Time and money spent in helping men to do more for themselves is far better than mere giving’ – Henry Ford.

    • Kant

      I would have asked that ghost to count number of stars in the sky. 😛
      On a serious note- Good attempt.
      – The story was interesting though bit long.
      – Very good examples.
      – When you are giving ex you are saying that the statement is true becuase of these examples. However, there are very points like self-reliance, that you are mentioning to tell WHY the statement is true. Have a look at my essay and tell me if my Whys are justified.

      – Conclusion is also good.
      – Flow is good.


    • Kant

      Please find some time to review my essay.

    • Shaktimaan

      nice one rupenzl!!…………story main mazza aya bahut……….pr thodi c badi hogi(mujhe is ke liye bahut daant padi h:P)
      yeh to hmne GS pdh rakha h to PL480 scheme ka pta h aki yeh humiliation se bhari thi……eassy check karni wali english ki miss ko kya pta hoga to thoda use define kar sakte the jaise white revo or agri wala part kiya……………swami vivekanand k fan ho……..sahiiii………….simple n sober tha:):)……thank u:):)

      • Ash

        Agree! 🙂

    • Vivaan Khanna

      1.found story to be a bit unrelated..but ok
      2.time factor don’t know why was it included in lending hands to other
      3.good that u learnt to write simply
      4. am i suggesting people without money can’t help..from mother teresa,milk revolution ,i came to know that help in other forms can also i felt there was no need of it
      5.I disagree with ur sustenance point of dole in conclusion…
      u have the ability to write unique essays..keep it up..
      I have also written more or less on similar lines but i expect a whole page of critique on my essay today from u because u wrote in a structured way and i wrote a crap

    • David Ila

      Conclusion cud be better. Examples are gud. I cudnt relate the story to tis topic. Flow is good

    • Sushmit Adigon

      essay is okay.
      essay is about HELP(u wrote) and Process v/s result(lending v/s dole)
      mother teresa v/s NGO(u did)
      susidy v/s invesment v/s vinobha bhave -bhoodan
      reservation(gandhi view on dalits versus caste based movements)
      ,CSR,Free basics,section 377
      should a child help his friend copy ??

      ur essay had gud examples, but i felt story was out of context.Flow was missing.
      I found this essay difficult aswell!

    • Hello Ash! Whats up?
      I liked your intro! At first i thought ki kya likha hai ye, but jab i completed reading, then i was like GREAT!!
      Ths time i will not criticize you harshly as you have done justice with the GS part too!! 🙂
      Just one complaint: when you write so relevant things in your essay but your flow is going a little ” here and there” then it’s bad. Work on that!! vaise overall your flow is good. But missing in this essay!! other wise everything is perfect!! very nice!! KWAR!!

    • Shreya

      I thought of Milk cooperatives too, but decided to skip it.
      When the story began, it felt like a panchatantra or Arabian nights story. Glad you mentioned Swami Vivekananda. I couldn’t find a straight connection between the topic and the story. You could come up with a better one. Probably it was way too deep and I’ll get the essence of it in sometime 😉
      Rest every single point was good – Technology transfer in defence, milk cooperatives, GCF, electricity sector and mother teresa.
      The last quote was amazing and a perfect fit.
      It’s a beautiful essay as always 🙂

    • Akhil

      Hey ash, nice flow as usual. Intro is good.
      But I don’t agree with you on agriculture, I think it is the failure of government and not this sector if didn’t develop like dairy sector.
      Also you mentioned many point from mother Teresa to Buddha to Nepal but muje lagta hai itne ki jaroorat nahi thi.
      Conclusion could have been better, avoid that Brahman and Buddhist monks the comparison. It may antagonize examiner if he stands to be Brahman.

      And one more thing I would like to Ask is it ok to use words like ‘as I said’, I mean, what I want to say etc which you use freely.
      Please don’t mine personal review.
      Kindly review mine too. Thank you

    • Hi Ash, my views:
      1)Intro took huge space, it was becoming difficult to get your idea until you mentioned it very carefully
      2) in intro “man confused” needs to be re-written “man got confused”
      3)Today, there was clear flow of your thoughts, I could feel which way you were going: benefits of lending hands, negatives of doles and them lending with doles. So, keep it up
      4)Remove expression ‘ to conclude’, gives an academic kind of feeling, make it flow smoothly
      5)the statement “here it important to understand ruckus of doles” and then you took up a successful example of milk cooperatives can ruin your flow. Keep a check on it
      Overall, quite good (much better than the last time)

    • rajan

      Good one, but I felt intro wasn’t much related to the essay

      • Ash

        Nobody except me connected to my story! I write better one next time! 🙂

    • Jinks

      The paragraph before conclusion was excellent. But should we directly use names of communities?

      • Ash

        No … u shudn’t … thx for pointing out! 🙂

  • Ram

    plz review frnz

  • David Ila

    Can anybody pls tell me how many sides of page of A4 sheet need to reach 1000 to 1200 words. I dono how to count words.

  • NK

    Kindly review ..

  • shashank

    “Help me! For God’s sake I’m hungry,” shouted a poor man standing in a pond trying to catch a fish. The fisherman reached close to him but as usual didn’t hand him out some of the fishes he had caught. Instead he started catching more fish. The poor man thought that the extra fishes were for him. But the fisherman kept on tossing the fishes in his own bag. As he kept on going the poor man observed. Slowly he learnt the art of catching fishes and himself caught one. He was ecstatic and thanked the fisherman.

    The path chosen here by the fisherman was a tedious and painstaking one but it relieved the poor man of begging forever. The easier path would have been giving him a dole but fisherman chose to pull him out of poverty. Not only its sustainable but also it makes a person live a life of dignity and pride. Thus lending hands is better than giving a dole.


    There are many instance around us which prove this fact. Take the case of agriculture. While we try to give the farmers loans, what is really needed is giving them technology like HVY seeds, irrigation, post harvest mechanisation etc. Just giving them one time loans, or a waiver in case of a crop failure, doesn’t put them out of their misery and vulnerability to floods and droughts. They need to trained and educated to know the right crops, the right irrigation techniques and optimum use of fertilizers and pesticides. Doles in the form of subsidies can be better replaced by lending a hand in form of insurances.

    Similar is the case in entrepreneurship. Credit is not sufficient for a business to run. There has to be a continuous support from the government as well as the lending agency to ensure that not just the business starts, but also it flourishes. Only then a business and the nation as a whole, prosper.

    There are many other such examples such as education, health, sports and other sector which manifest the fact that one-time monetary or physical help isn’t enough to help one grow. Its not sufficient to hand out the medicines to a TB patient. He needs to regularly monitored. Only this will cure him of the disease forever else we will only be exposed to Drug resistant diseases. There is a need to create an supportive, enabling and conducive environment for a dole to really be effective. Else it may get drained out. No doubt it’s a difficult and time taking process to train and support someone and actually take him/her out of his misery but nevertheless if one really wants to help him, its worth the efforts.


    This is not the case. There are many instances when giving a dole is the need of the hour. A man who has not eaten for past many days first needs to be fed and only then can we make him capable of livelihood. Exigencies need short term treatment. In fact, a person giving out a dole is to be respected for his empathy for the needy. An unemployed person shelling out even a penny from his wallet for a beggar is a great deed. Such doles give immediate respite and chance to the needy to revive. Thus the wisdom lies in understanding the situation and acting accordingly.


    Gradually the world has understood the importance of lending hands and is shifting towards it in long term perpective. This can be clearly seen in the stance of World Bank’s initiatives with respect to disaster management. While the earlier efforts were limited to rescue and giving compensation, today the focus is on rehabilitation. Added to that the call is to “Build Back Better”, thus empowering the communities and infrastrucutre to be able to face any future disasters. This is the approach we need to ensure that a problem is solved from the root rather than cutting each grey leaf.

    The Indian Government too has made some development along these lines. The earlier dole outs in form of money, house, land etc. have now been reduced and schemes like National Rural Livelihood Mission(NRLM) emphasizes on providing assets and training to youth so that it can work on its own and achieve sustainable livelihood. Skill India programme is a whole new effort in this direction which not only trains the youth but in fact holds on to their hand till they get the jobs unlike the earlier ITIs.


    MGNREGA was also one such effort which strived to pull the rural poor out of poverty in a sustainable manner but its poor implementation at places has led it to appear as a dole out programme. The need here, again, is to strike at the root cause of the problem, which lies around institutional factors in rural India such as land ownership and to make productive assets. An integrated approach is needed if we want to help the poor which supports and monitors them at each stage from the beginning till the very end. Any lose ends will make them fall back into the trap of poverty.

    Panchayati Raj institutions can be really helpful in this where people of similar background help each other to come out of their miseries. Need is to empower them in real sense and not keeping them alive with intermittent financial aid by the States. Fourteenth Finance Commission very well tries to address this issue.

    Some NGOs which are directly running schools for the poor children have fared better in elevating the literacy rates of the region than the NGOs which are just providing books, uniforms or fees to the children. These efforts should be replicated throughout the country as education is the best tool to empower citizens and make us reap our demographic dividend.

    It’s a nice feeling when we help someone. But isn’t it a better feeling to know that the person we helped, needs no more help. To see him stand on his own feet. Such is the beauty of lending hands. Gandhiji once said,” the best way to find yourself is to lose yourself in the service of others.” Thus its not just about helping others, when we lend hands, but also about helping oneself. The entire process of lending hands makes us a better person. One cant help everyone but he can help someone in a sustainable manner. If this chain continues, there will soon be a shortage of people who need help. We cant hope for a better future than this.



  • Deepak

    “Lending hands to someone is better than giving a dole” (1026 words)

    Even after 69 years of independence of India, we find a vast population living below poverty line. We may see a number of factors responsible for this, like unemployment, corruption, illiteracy etc. Though government have released a number of welfare programs but still the major chunk of the problem goes unresolved. Is it due to inadequate welfare schemes launched by government or is it something else? It would be largely unfair if we blame a single factor out of other factors. But the root lies in one – self reliance or self sufficiency. Whatsoever or howsoever we help a poor by offering something or other, it will never build a confidence in him to ‘stand on his own legs’. The real problem is not to help with money only but how to help which can be of a permanent type.. Even government policies are trying to focus on the permanent type of help. Eg. Start up India, Integrated child development services, MNREGA, Make in India, etc.which not only provides a platform to rise above poverty but also to live a dignified life. Moreover, it does not mean to immediately stop short term help( giving a dole ) but to provide it till long term measures ( lending help )are in place.

    As discussed above, help does not only mean as ‘direct help’ by providing monetary means but it also has a deeper meaning attached to it. It talks about ‘self reliance’ or ‘self sufficiency’. We can see the imprints of help from our traditional values which talk about ‘Guru (teacher) and ‘Shisya ‘ (disciple) relationship wherein ‘Guru’ is not only meant to make ‘Shisya ‘ achieve “end” but a ‘mean ‘ to achieve end. So, it can be said that end is only the point to be achieved individually and others are only ‘means’ by which ‘end’ is to be achieved. This philosophy holds true even today.

    After Independence, it was felt that the nation needs to stand on his own feet. Before green revolution our dependency on US for food grains was exhausting our reserves and trust building was losing grounds. Then India committed itself for self sufficiency by using ‘High yield seeds’ and latest technology which flooded our godowns with food grain realising how important is self sufficiency in nation building. For making this revolution successful we borrowed the technology from west and become self – reliant in agriculture production. Similarly, we can see our increasing capabilities in space – missions. We have entered into league of developed nations in our space capabilities. The best example of self reliance is “Mars orbiter Mission” which set a new example in space – mission achievements. And now our excellent work on PSLV’s increasing efficiency lead us to launch satellites of other nations. This was only possible by our ability to learn and inherit technology and not only to import it. This has made our government to realise that we can do wonders in defence also. For that reason it has launched different schemes e.g. ‘Defence Indigenously Production and Procurement’ Policy and increasing cap upto 49% in foreign direct investment under automatic route with an aim to provide technological “know- how” to indigenous companies. “Make in India” can also be seen as an effort on similar lines to advance the country not only in monetary terms but also in technological terms.

    Instance support can only give temporary solutions but lending a support and to built and strengthen the capabilities has a long term effect. It not only makes a person/ State self- reliant but also boosts his/state morale. It increases confidence and open up path for new innovations. Moreover it leads to overall development of personality and increases standard of living in case of a State. It must also be noted that ‘lending hand’ is a long term strategy and should not be confused with elimination of giving short term measures. The former is a time-consuming tool and take up to years to resolve the issue. Therefore short term measures should be continued till a long term measure is introduced.

    We can correlate this with the policy of ‘subsidy’ offered by government for elimination of poverty and hunger. The government is providing subsidy through various schemes for elimination of poverty and hunger so that a person does not need to worry about food and the basic needs and can concentrate on living a healthy and happy life which lead to rise in standard of living. So subsidy is a short term measure and government providing free basic education to under privileged is the long term measure wherein he /she can develop his or her personality to raise his living by doing job or being a business man and coming out from this trap of poverty. Moreover , it should be noted that lending help to others is not only government’s duty but it is an opportunity for individual to inculcate humanity in himself by providing help in his / her capacity. E.g :A small restaurant (dabas) can provide an opportunity to a beggar by making him work in his restaurant despite providing him a meal free of cost. This can spark the light of hard work in him and can motivate him to stop begging. Also, we have seen many children drawn into begging on streets in the age when they are required to be present in school and gain basic education for their better future. This can be taken care by complaining the authority or pursuing parents to stop it by moral suasion.

    It is evident from above that lending a hand to someone is better than giving a dole but a dole should not be ignored since it forms the initial route to sustain others and giving them quick help so that they can survive. But the focus should always be with the long term strategy. It may be a time consuming practice and could tests the patience but it ensures abolition of poverty and many other evils of society. If we see our country today and think about its progress, development and achievement, we will be sure that we had stick to our goals by not taking a dole but by accepting support from other.

    • Deepak

      hello friends !! please review and give your valuable comments.

  • Pooja

    My summer holidays had begun. I was loitering around at home all day. In the evening, my mother called me in the kitchen. It was the first time I was entering here since I was back home. Upon enquiring, my mother said that she wanted me to prepare dinner tonight. I was shocked. My mother had never insisted me to cook. What had come to her all of a sudden? I asked her what was she punishing me for! My mother replied “I can feed you today. But I want to teach you to cook your own food so that you are able to feed yourself your entire life.” Thus I learnt to cook a dish and a life lesson.

    It is better to lend hands to someone than to give a dole. To make them abled enough to think for themselves and be independent. This finds relevance in Indian society for those parents who emphasise on spending a fortune on their daughter’s marriage in a good and rich family instead of spending a dime on their education. Then there are those parents who go to the extent of climbing up buildings to help their children cheat in examinations. These examples reflect the wrong values we are nurturing in our society. Short gains like a good family and a pass certificate in examination won’t help in the long run. Skill and education will.

    It is with the intention to make its citizens stand on their feet, Indian Government launched the Skill India Mission. Under this, technological and vocational institutes are being set up at remote locations to impart industry oriented knowledge to people. This is need to leverage the demographic advantage in a young country like India. Many African nations like Nigeria are following India’s lead to train their citizens as well. The concept of Self Help Groups for women and cooperatives for agro based industries have already helped many people out of their poverty. Additionally, the government has rolled out the concept of JAM Trinity for financial inclusion of people to make them financially independent of the clutches of moneylenders. Equipping the people with the right skills will help them earn for themselves. In the long run, the country will benefit by way of better human resource that will help evolve better technology, judicious use of resources and a higher growth trajectory.

    Last year many countries could feel the ripples of Greece crisis as the country defaulted on sovereignty debt. Whether further loans could bring back its economy onto track was debated and rightly so. Doling out money at the people, without any asset creation has not been successful with many countries like Zimbabwe. Nations today should take cue from President Roosevelt’s New Economic Programme post Great Depression and Mao Zedong’s New Economic Plan that helped change the face America and China, respectively from where they had initially started off.

    Earlier, we talked of JAM Trinity. One of its objectives is to directly transfer the subsidy amount to its beneficiaries. India is a welfare economy and therefore, it has to make available some basic amenities to its people, which it does through subsidies like LPG, Kerosene, Food, urea and other agricultural subsidies. Reports have proven that subsidies are regressive as they are ill targeted, do not reach the beneficiaries, lead to environmental pollution and misallocation of resources. Food subsidies cause price distortion and railway subsidies through cross-subsidisation harm the economy. Some schemes like NREGA have been successful to an extent to those suffering seasonal unemployment. But some argue that it has raised rural wages. The government has taken a step in this direction and launched Give it Up Scheme and Sahaj that helps direct the ill targeted subsidy amount in enabling round the clock payment system to refill LPG.

    Our constitution provided reservations to the socially and educationally backward for 10 years years from independence. It was the need of the hour as some communities were historically discriminated against and needed help to perform at par with others in Indian society. This noble thought of our constitution makers has snow balled into demand for reservations by many well off communities in different parts of India, more than 65 years after its independence. It was a helping hand when it was first started. Now, it would be giving a dole. Likewise, freebies during elections provides small gains to the poor but it perpetrates corruption.

    The government is an enabler first and a facilitator second. That is, it should provide fast track mechanisms for clearance of infrastructure projects and bring out FDI, labour and land reforms, social security for the unorganised sector workers as an enabler. However, in some cases like disasters, communal riots it has to work as a facilitator by distributing essentials to the needy. Further, many NGOs like Goonj are doing a wonderful job in providing recycled food, clothes to the homeless. Charity organisations provide home to elders and orphans. The government may support these initiatives and through supervision ensure that these organisations are fulfilling their mandates.

    Issues like poverty, illiteracy, discrimination have very deep roots. Merely providing temporary relief might earn votes or help someone at the moment, but the aim should be strike them at their roots, like the Sustainable Development Goals are attempting to do.

  • GK

    Last Sunday when I went to park, I observed parents brought their children to the park for playing. While children were playing, parents just watched them carefully. In those children, a kid was trying to climb a ladder, he fell down some times while climbing, that kid was crying and asked his father, why are you not helping me while climbing? Then that father answered to the kid, by falling down sometimes you can learn the skill to climb, then you can climb that ladder without anybody’s help. If I help you it will destroy your analytical skills and make you dependable to do any work.

    The above concepts saying that Any problem needs permanent solution not the temporary one.

    Than coming to the macro perspective :- in India, there are so many problems such as illiteracy, unemployment, poverty, insecurity etc.
    Every year lakhs of graduates come out from universities and so many of them have no jobs and remain unemployed. Because of insufficient skills and lacking work experience and application knowledge, they became insecure and remain unemployed. Even though they have the capacity to do work and prove themselves they are not getting any job opportunity. For unemployed youth govt is giving unemployment benefit to them.
    –>This condition may lead to :
    # Growing insecure lives of so many.
    # Burden on govt to feed those unemployed
    # These job less situation may lead to frustration and increase crime rates and suicides.

    –>Instead of giving doles to unemployed youth, govt should take some measure as permanent solutions for this problem:
    # improve the standard of education in all Universities.
    # govt should provide training to those unemployed youth, where there are lot of job opportunities eg : software, marketing to stand up their own.
    Pradhan Mantri Koushal Vikas Yojana is the positive step in this perspective. But it should more accurate in rural areas.
    While at the time of Elections – politicians conduct campaigns for their candidates. Some where somebody caught by the police while giving money for vote to voters.

    At this movement, public should realize that these note for vote cannot solve their problems, and they need permanent solutions which will give securities to their lives. Public should vote those candidates who can solve their problems permanently, they should not get trapped with temporary measures.

    After independence, India’s economy was completely destabilized; India had to depend on U.S.A, Mexico and other countries for importing food grains due to insufficient food. It was a temporary remedy for India to escape from insuffient food.
    During 1980s India sharpens her technology and called for Green Revolution on the efforts made by Dr.M.S.Swaminadhan. Green Revolution make India self sufficient for producing food grains and India became a major exporter of food grains in the world.
    In India farmers condition is highly vulnerable, their lives are depending on monsoonal conditions. Govt is providing loans, farm insurance facilities to farmers. But it is not the permanent solution to make lives of farmers secure.

    –>For this govt should take some permanent measure those are:
    # River Linking : So many are commenting on this that it is a day dream. But central and state govts should concentrate on this issues for making this possible and bringing more land under cultivation.
    # Should increase financial support to R&D in budget for inventing new varieties of seeds.
    # Should provide proper transportation and cold storage facilities to farmers and also proper marketing techniques should be taught to farmers.

    India such a huge nation is well known for Unity in Diversity. So many religions, castes, creeds, cultures are there. Regularly so many persons are visiting temples and offering pairs and gifts to god. It is good no doubt in that. But instead of that, if that devotee gives a piece of bun or a scoop of rice to children who are in hungry, it is also a service to god.
    On the other hand, so many persons thinking that, by giving a bun to poor, they did a great job. But it is for that day only not for his entire life. It cannot give the true spirit to that poor to stand up on their own. For this our society must join hands to eradicate poverty by providing free and quality education, generate job opportunities for poor to stand up on their own.

    Women are facing lot of challenges in our society. Female foeticide cases are highly alarming India. Large no of girl Childs are becoming child labors. School dropout rate of girl child is very notable. So many girl child are forcibly joined in prostitution. In rural areas women exploitation is very high.

    Govt of India providing lot of services through welfare schemes such as


    these schemes should not be remain as a temporary measures, they should be implemented more accurately where MMR and school dropout rates are high, especially in remote areas.

    So these welfare schemes should be a permanent measures for the development of women and make women stand up on their own, become independent.

    Today world is facing threats from climate change such as Global warming, Melting of Glaciers, Floods, Droughts, Sea Level rising. Due to melting of glaciers pole bears highly in risk and decreasing population.

    Recently CoP 21 summit was conducted in Paris rang bells for reducing temperature to 2*C. But this summit ended any positive outcome. Countries blaming on one another for emissions and sharing carbon budget is not a permanent solution. Instead of that :
    # developed countries should concentrate more on renewable energy, which can be affordable by them.
    # instead of giving climate funds to developing countries as temporary measures,

    –>developed countries should provide advanced technologies which are under intellectual property Rights such as :
    # Fuel/energy efficiency technology
    # Solid waste management technologies.
    # Water purification technologies
    # Advanced city planning which can bear floods.

    So, any problem it must solved by the permanent solution, not the temporary one, otherwise it may like every year floods and damage lives of so many. If cities are built with proper planning, they cannot suffer with floods. Just like that, even now onwards our think tank in society should dig the permanent solutions for any problem to develop our country.

    • yogi

      Starting very well captures the idea of the essay, good analogy 🙂

      India such a huge nation is well known for Unity in Diversity. So many religions, castes, creeds, cultures are there. Regularly so many persons are visiting temples and offering pairs and gifts to god. It is good no doubt in that. But instead of that, if that devotee gives a piece of bun or a scoop of rice to children who are in hungry, it is also a service to god. -> are you favouring doles or denying them ?

      Your thesis is theat temporary solutions are doles and permanent ones are the lending hands : thourghout ur essay u have very well justified that , so good job here

      Writing in points: generally not considered wise in case of essays, i know there are people who scored well by writing in points, but this is what i got as suggesions form others. Paragraphs brings the flow that is needed most in the essay along with possible solutions

      Conclusion: fine but not impressive try to add some brownies or catchy phrases or some questions that leaves a lasting impact on the reader(i m also weak on this aspect, of the essay)

      Keep writng and reviwing

      Thank you:)

      • GK

        hi !
        thanks for u r review,
        i am always denying doles , but where there is impossible to lending hands – doles will be better than nothing .
        And – i need to improve more, especially conclusion as you said.
        anyway once again thanks.
        keep writing and keep reviewing.:-)

  • thelaughingdead

    Lending hands to someone is better than giving a dole

    When I was a kid, like all kids, I hated doing my homework and not do it till late evenging and then I would request my mother to help me. Since, I was a very naughty and a lazy kid, I always hoped that mom would finish it for me, rather than make me do it myself, but she never did. One day, I asked her that I always did this, why was she patient enough to sit with me and make me do the entire thing in 2 hours rather than taking half an hour and do it herself. That day she made me understand the importance of learning things from others while they give a lending hand rather than expecting a dole from them.

    Every year, in the harsh Delhi winter, my mother used to send me to the market to get 30 blankets and would distribute them to the poor. Every year, I asked her the same question – that we spend about 3000 to buy 30 blankets, why can’t we just spend that amount in educating a child who can then do the same for others. It would be nice, if they can buy their own blankets and blankets for others.

    As they say, give a man a fish, he will not go hungry for the day but teach a man how to fish, he will not go hungry for a lifetime.

    Even our forefathers, the makers of the constitution realised this fact and provided for reservations and welfare states for the weaker section of the society – Article 21, provides the right to a difgnified life, which can only come when a person is able to feed himself and family and is self sufficient. Our preamble glorifies socio-economic equality and sovereignity. We need to ask the question, whether people in India are truly self sufficient, has the state done enough for them to make them self sufficient and give them the right to a dignified right, as enstated in the constitution.

    About 21.9% of the population is below the poverty line. About half the graduates are unemployable because they don’t have the skills required by the industry. Rural population which constitutes 68% of the population lives in abject poverty and finds it difficult to make ends meet. There is an urgent need to make this group of people self sufficient and self reliant if we want to grow at 8% an year.

    The government is making laudible efforts in making them self sufficient and independent through schemes like MNREGS, where the impetus is not only on gauranteeing 100 days of employment but the focus is on meaningful employment so that it is a win win for all the stakeholders – the worker, as he learns life skills, the village – as a tangible structure is created and the government, which can start withdrawing the scheme or retarget it.

    The Skill India, Nai Manzil initatives are largely focused on this ideology. They focuse on developing skilled workforce which can then work as a driver of the Make In India and Startup India initiative. India has a huge shortage of work force and rather than focusing on having systems like PDS (which are important too) the government is trying to give them skills which they can then use to get meanningful employment and not live off the exchequer.

    Public Distribution Systems and highly subsidised kerosene and other ration, makes the poor complacent and whatever they earn is squandered away in cheap liqour and they think that the givernment will take care of them. The DBT indstead of PDS, though a welcome move will have its own set of problems. One such problem will be, instead of actually using it for better education and nutrition to become self sufficient, it might be used for liqour and other social ills like dowry.

    Thus, it becomes very important to make the people self reliant and stand up on their own legs and contribute to the society and be a cog in nation building.

    Having said that, it would be unfair to say that doles are completely unnecessaryand should be done away with. They are equally important in the short and medium term. Till the time the necessary enabling measures are not taken and people are not self-reliant, they need food to eat, a roof to sleep under and clothes to wear. The day to day needs of the people have to be taken into account and fulfilled accordingly. Thus, the need of doles arise.

    The Mumbai-Ahemdabad bullet train corridor is being made with the help of initial investment from Japan and also there is a clause for technology transfer which will help india in the long run, helping us manufacture and deploy the same technology on other routes. Rather than giving us a dole, Japan, being a good friends of ours is lending a helping hand. Even the Defence Procurement Procedure, recently announced has an offset of Rs. 2,000 crore to be invested back in the country to bring in technology.

    When the British had started the conquest of India, Lord Wellesly started the concept of subsidiary alliance, wherein the King was to accept a British resident in court, his foreign policy was to be governed by the British and had to accept and pay for the maintenance of British forces in his territory. This is one of the biggest example of giving a dole, which made the rulers, heavily reliant on the British forces and dismantling of his forces. Thus, instead of bringing in the technological changes of the Western world, they gave a dole and thus, conquered the whole of India.

    The country is full of examples of successful Self Help Groups and cooperatives run by women. One of the biggest and the best known example of this is that of Amul, which not only make all the members successful entrepreneurs but also lifted them out of abject poverty and made them self reliant. In 1991, when the country was facing a serious BOP crisis, the IMF and World Bank helped India only when India agreed to open its economy to the world and thus instead of giving a dole, it helped India stand up on its feet and thus, this came to be known as LPG reforms.

    Thus, in a country like India, it is necessary for the givernment to lend a helping hand for making its people self reliant. Though, there is a need of providing help in the form of subsidies and grants in short and medium term, it is imperative for the givernment to focus on schemes like Skill India and Nai Manzil to make people self reliant. Only then the country can become a super power and if India is a land of hundred problems, it is also a land of thousands of solutions.

    Please review if you have time. Thanks!

  • Phoenix

    Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day; and teach a man to fish and you feed him for lifetime.

    Every afternoon, Ms. Bhati a young lady and a MBA graduate goes to slum area to provide education to the children there, demanding only ₹1 from each child. She has been doing this from last 4 yrs. Ms. Bhati has been making a difference by lending hands better than giving dole. The current educational infrastructure of our India in many of the cities had been in bad shape with no basic facility’s , teacher absenteeism and below standards level of teaching. Each one of us can make a difference by giving few hours to these children by providing education.

    A individual should self sufficient and capable to make and earn there bread so to be not dependent on others. It could be understood and applicable at global , national or local level.

    One could understand at global level, the International monetary fund IMF providing funds to developing countries to self develop themselves. At national level, different self-help groups , MNERGA scheme and government skill development scheme throws lights on this that people should be lend hands rather than dole

  • defiance

    “Don’t give a person
    few fishes; better teach him how to fish.”

    Though the act of teaching fishing doesn’t mean that giving
    a few fishes is wrong, the former will help the person to fulfill his needs by
    his own efforts. This is all about empowering the individual to stand on his
    own, rather than looking out for doles. Moreover, the skill that the individual
    has learnt will help in securing his future as well as those who rely on that

    Though governments all over the world have been giving doles
    in one form or the other over decades, it is difficult to say that this has
    resulted in the desired result of empowering the beneficiaries. Governments of
    the day has also stooped to the level of giving away freebies that has little to
    do with empowering them in the long run. This does not necessarily mean that subsidizing
    things that fulfill fundamental needs shouldn’t be done, but more importance
    should be given to schemes that result in skill development which will result
    in more opportunities for that individual.

    Many countries with significant foreign reserves are
    offering Line of Credits to least developed countries. India is also doing the
    same for the countries in the neighborhood and for many other sub- Saharan African
    countries. But, a recent survey has pointed out that almost 70% of the Line of
    Credits are not being utilized. If the countries that are offering these Line
    of Credits tie these doles to specific project that includes capability
    building of personnel in the partner country, it will put the benefitting
    country in the trajectory of long term development.

    The importance of “lending a hand” has been clearly seen in
    Afghanistan after the withdrawal of NATO troops. These countries withdrew their
    troops without building the capabilities of the Afghan Armed Forces – but they
    supported their efforts by giving away doles – in the form of military and
    civilian aids. Once, NATO withdrew, the Afghan forces had several reverses and
    they were regularly overrun by the insurgents. Many soldiers quit the armed
    forces; defections became a daily affair. Since, there were no mechanisms on
    the ground that can effectively utilize the civilian aid, several projects
    flopped and the already war torn country moved backward. Once, US saw that the
    insurgents are having upper hand in many parts of Afghanistan, they started in
    sending in advisors to oversee the operations and Special Forces to undertake
    precision strikes and to support the Afghan troops on the ground. Once the
    changed their tactic from giving away doles to lending a hand, things have
    relatively normalized on the ground. India is also lending its hand by building
    and securing schools, hospitals and building administrative buildings in
    Afghanistan which will benefit the Afghans people especially the underprivileged
    in the near as well as long term.

    We can also think of Mahatma Gandhi’s efforts towards
    encouraging spinning and vocational education. Be believed, this made people to
    be self-sufficient and capable of supplementing their agricultural income. The
    MGNREGA scheme is also in line with these principles; supplementing
    agricultural income whenever there is a lean period as well as building basic
    infrastructure in the rural areas that will eventually benefit the people who
    have built them.

    The current policy related to Corporate Social
    Responsibility (CSR) mandates companies to spend at least 2% of their profits
    on socio- economic development projects. Companies are spending big money on
    building basic infrastructure that supports education, healthcare, etc. which
    will benefit the people in the short as well as long run.

    If we take the recently created Green Climate Fund, as a
    part of initiatives to curb global warming and mitigate the threats arising
    from it; developed countries are supposed to fund efforts in other countries
    for migrating to clean technologies through this platform. Since developed
    countries have made significant advances in clean technologies, which are also
    patented, it would be ideal for these countries support the technology
    development efforts in other countries by transferring clean technologies that
    than expecting them to develop technologies from scratch. If the goal of Green Climate Fund is to
    support the efforts of other countries in mitigating global warming and save
    the planet from unforeseen disasters, then patenting clean technologies and
    looking at others countries as markets where they can sell their green products doesn’t bode well for the

    Since billions of people are in this world are capable in
    one form or the other, if we decide to educate and empower the lives of others,
    we will see billions uplifted from the plight of poverty, hunger, diseases,
    etc. that plague the people around us, especially the underprivileged.

  • Ledger

    “Lending hands to someone is better than giving a dole” (CSM – 2015)
    Akshaya, a software engineer , on her way to office found a kid begging on the road side. She approached that lad and asked, “why are you begging on the street ?”. Kid smiled and said, “to fill my small stomach with some edible food, as there was no one to take care of me “. After listening those words from that innocent soul, she asked him what he would do if he gets some money to get rid of his hunger. The boy replied that he will eat and sleep peacefully and resume the same thing tomorrow. She then asked him to come with her and joined him in a orphanage. She felt sorry for his plight, instead of giving some money to him and leaving him , she helped him in redefining his life. This kind of work not only helps that particular person who got the help but also the society at large. Most of the times one time sop is not going to be sufficient, helping in emboldening the things and restructuring will do miracles.

    In early 90’s, India doesn’t have sufficient foreign reserves to pay its import bill and there is a BOP(balance of payment ) crisis. IMF instead of giving some loan and postponing the current crisis to the future date, it helped India in overhauling its financial set up. Because of this indian foreign reserves jumped from millions to billions in short span of time after its take off in economic growth. Here IMF helped not only in get rid of crisis but also empowered India to earn foreign exchange

    India started world’s largest employment generation programme-MGNREGA. This program increased the purchasing power of the poor and had given some financial freedom in getting the things that they like. Through this program govt. not only created valuable assets but also helped in well-being of the poor. This program helps the poor to come out of below poverty line. Government instead of giving some money to its unemployed youth started skill development program to empower its youth to get the job. This will help the youth in earning some money based on their capabilities. Government, instead of imparting skills to its youth can give some money, but there is no guarantee that they will use this money in developing their skills. so it always better to lend our hand instead of giving some money and kind.

    Bhutan, himalayan nation, is very close ally of India.India helped Bhutan in many ways like assisting in its foreign policy, imparting training to its civil servants,constructing hydroelectric project for power generation so on and so forth. India can give something that has monetary value and keep quiet but it won’t help in long run. Instead of doing this, India helped in building the nation.

    If we give a fish to a layman he will eat that food and see here there when whenever he felt hungry and see for you for some help. If you train him in catching the fish he will catch the fish whenever he feels hungry.This will make self reliant and decreases his dependency on others.

    Along with giving nutritious food to the poor children, government is providing free education to it youth through “sarva shiksha abhiyan”. It is empowering them through education and helping them to do the job they like. By making them educated people, it is not only helping that particular person to come out the starvation but also his entire family.

    India is importing it defence equipment like fighter planes, missiles, launchers so on and so forth from foreign nations at some concession in prices. It is a dole for india because when it needs some more equipment it has to depend on those nations. If there is any technology transfer in making the equipment then India can make its own equipment without depending on the foreign nations. Dole may be helpful in short term but in long term if becomes futile

    Developed countries has been giving some amount of money to the least developed countries to develop. It is the dole and cannot address the best interests of the poor in those countries. If developed countries helps in making LDC’s agriculture more profitable by giving them HYV seeds, giving report on soil health and opening their market to the LDCs then it will make them prosperous

    if we really care about the people or person, then we give our helping hand to them to develop and help them in dealing the challenges the they confront in pursuing what they desire. we will give some dole to them and escape if don’t really care them and give more emphasis to our self interests. By this we can say if we care then” Lending hands to someone is better than giving a dole”

  • Ritesh Kumar

    We live in a world which is full of friends and foes. We all are not completely independent and need
    each other at times to fulfill our needs to lead a healthy and a satisfying
    life. When faced with difficulties, we look out for help and at the same time
    it is our duty to help those in need. While money is regarded as a necessity for
    leading a fulfilling life, it doesn’t substitute the emotions that flow out when
    we genuinely lend our hands wholeheartedly either to a friend or someone in
    dire need.

    A very well known mythological story revolves around Shri
    Krishna and his childhood friend Sudama. Both were close friends as children.
    They would share their lunch and even play together. As time passed by, Krishna
    became a king while Sudama had to live hand to mouth. His family had to embrace
    poverty. Upon his wife’s advice, Sudama decides to visit Krishna. All that
    Sudama had brought for Krishna was a bag of rice. Krishna was clever enough to realize
    his friend’s condition and he grabbed the bag of rice from a hesitant Sudama. The
    rest is a history. Sudama’s fortunes had turned as soon as Krishna ate the
    rice. The point to be mentioned here is not about Sudama’s fortunes but the way
    he was treated by Krishna. Not only Krishna treated him well, he also made sure
    that Sudama felt that even being a king, Krishna was still his friend. This
    story shows that wealth or money is secondary, what touches a person is how he
    or she is treated and how they are received by those who really care.

    There are times when abject situations force a person or a
    country to look for help. It is not only a duty, in the name of humanity, but
    also an opportunity to win hearts. When earthquake struck Nepal in 2015, the
    Indian government was quick in responding with emergency help and supplies. This
    reflects our culture of helping those who need it. The way we respond to those
    who look forward to us reveal our character, values and beliefs. It is easy to
    help someone financially yet it takes heart and a genuine feeling from within
    to help. Besides, money doesn’t solve all the problems. It only is a medium and
    can never be a replacement for the healing touch. A fine example of this is
    Mahatma Gandhi’s struggle against racism in South Africa. He fought with his
    weapons of Satyagraha and non-violence which has made so deep a mark in South Africa’s
    history that he is still known for his courage and struggle against racism.

    Helping someone in need has two sides of a coin. One is the
    material or the resources and the other is the will to spend those resources
    generously. While the resources part is dependent on one’s ability and many
    other factors, the other requires character and a self righteous attitude.
    Beyond these is another aspect. The
    indifference towards other’s sufferings has its own repercussions. The way a
    nation or a person approaches these aspects decides the future course of
    history. If one is apathetic towards other’s feelings and sufferings, then it is
    just a matter of time that the fire from the other side crosses our fences. And
    History has fine examples of how ulterior motives and indifferences have been
    the cause of failures and wars. As world war-I had ended, the Allied powers
    comprising the Russia, Britain and France made Germany pay a huge sum as war
    indemnity and made it suffer even when the fact was it had suffered both
    economically and morally. As we all know this indifference cost another world
    war as Germany looked up to Hitler who had different ambitions for the country
    and humanity as a whole. Ignoring other’s pain is also a reminder that when we
    face a difficulty, we would have to bear the same apathy of others.

    The present day world is more or less confined with its own
    self-interests. Many nations tend to feel that by just doling out money or
    loans they have done their part and absolve themselves of the need to help. A
    very clear case would be the case of Syria. Nations have spent so much in
    solving its crisis. But the situation has only aggravated besides the increasing
    flow of refugees to Europe. Had there been an understanding among nations with
    regard to this crisis, Syria and Iraq would have not been the birthplace of
    ISIS, which has become a centre of radicalization and terrorism. It needs
    generosity and humility on the part of nations to look beyond self interests
    and ideologies.

    Today, it is the need of hour that humanity gets its lessons
    from history and daily life occurrences. We need to understand both as a human
    and as countries that our world needs our care and understanding towards each
    other rather just money. We need to bring home to our future generations that
    just by turning a blind eye towards the happenings around us, we would not be
    helping ourselves and the problems have to be approached not just by resources
    but also by an understanding of the whole picture. Man is a social animal and
    it is in his best interests that he lends a helping hand to his fellow men and
    his environment too. Our forefathers and our culture have always taught us to
    help each other in need. It is high time that we keep those values alive in our
    way of life and pass on this valuable virtue to our upcoming generations.

  • Akhil

    “sir, may you please give me some paisa, I have not eaten for last two days.” requested a poor fifteen year old child to a gentleman. Man looked with mercy towards child and asked “why do you beg money?can’t you work? you look very fit.” boy replied sir, I just want money to get some food and nobody gives me job therefor I don’t work . Man said I will give you fifty rupees, but promise me you will not beg from now on ward. Boy gave his consent. Few year later, one day that man was in market to purchase some goods.he stopped at fruit stall to buy some fruits, suddenly the owner of stall came and touched his said son, I did not recognise you, who are you? Boy replied sir, I am that same boy to whom you have given fifty rupees few year back. I have never begged since then and purchased this small fruit stall from those rupees. This gentle man was renowned social reformer of India ‘ishawerchandra vidyasagar.’

    This was the way of vidya sagar to help needy people. Unfortunately, there are only few people who think like vidyasagar most of the people don’t want to involve themselves in preaching someone about importance of self realisation, they find there duty is complete by giving some money or other necessary things to poor.

    Helping some one is always better than giving alms. I person will get regular dole from some or other people, he will never bother about his duties, his capabilities will be rusted and he will become dependent on others for his necessities.
    This kind of development in persons behaviour is not good for him at the same time it is wastage of help a person gives to him.

    If someone helps any one, he should always endeavour to bring some changes in life of person to whom he is helping. This can be done by reminding person of his abilities, his duty, importance of karma in life and by countering negative arguments given by person. This will be beneficial to him as well as to society. For example. Hijaras(eunuch) in Indian society are seen with Sympathy at the same time inferior also. People feel that giving money to them is job altruism as they can not work, but it only perpetuates the problem. Instead of giving them one or two rupees they must be given job. Both affluent society and government can do it if thay will. This will certainly improve their life and if given reservation in government jobs as recommended by honorable ‘supreme Court’ bring them in mainstream of development.

    It depends on the attitude of person how he perceives help, he gives to some one. If it is given with mind to change life of needy than it is good, but if he only wants to garner popularity by providing succour, it is futile exercise. Most of our present day leader comes in latter category. By Giving unemployment allowance, laptops, mobile etc, they feel that it is the best job they are doing for public but they forget this only makes people more lazy and irresponsible.

    There are other areas also where people or institution find it enough to extend help to someone dependent on them for their survival. they don’t bother about making them Self capable so that they don’t ask for very help they need from them. For example.. Urban local bodies and panchayats in India are almost totally depend on mercy of state government for their functioning. State Govt by giving them some grants and proceeds completes their duty, but don’t want to give more taxation rights to these local bodies so that they financially become independent and work with their full potential.

    Helping someone in need is considered as altruistic job. There are many who do this job in several forms. Some people donate money, some run charity, some provide food in temples, some gives cloth to beggars etc. Even some rich countries provide food grain or financial aid to poor or developing nations.

    However, this help given by developed countries is not to make poor countries self sufficient in food and other development activities. this help is like giving food to hungry. If these nations really want to help out these countries, they should provide them with necessary technologies, human resources and capital to make real changes in these economies and make them self reliant.

    Extending hand for help to someone is not bad, if it is done with considering larger and future good of person in need. At the same time it is responsibility of person to realise his duties and utilize the resources he has received in best possible manner so that need for help does not arise in future just like that boy mentioned above.

    • Naina target 2016

      simple and easy flow essay ,overall nice.

      • Akhil

        Thank you very much for reviewing naina.

    • Naina target 2016

      review mine also

    • Vivaan Khanna

      good one akhil..content wise it was a good read for me…intro very well..eunuchs,devloped-developing countries…very apt
      1.avoid prominent grammatical errors…
      2.though flow was good…i read it easily but structure i could not find it in some last 2-3 paras…
      3.try to write more…don’t deprive me of reading ur brilliant ideas
      4.laptops wala point i felt that yadav ji had given to help in studies of higher education as per the conditions of receiving the laptop…so may not fit as dole
      5.don’t conclude at the end very hastily..let the ideas fall in penultimate-ultimate paras before conclusion..will be better
      thank you..ur essay was awesome..a little practice will hone ur writing skills..ideas u bring forward are just very good..keep it up

      • Akhil

        First of all thanks for giving time bro.your suggestions are worth considering. Grammer mistek mujhe bhi lag raha hai, Mai aage se dhyan dunga.
        Thank you so much once again

  • Naina target 2016

    “Lending Hands to Someone is better then giving a dole.”

    Being Human is the heartly emotions which is in the form of act towards the needy people in a proper way to give direction and meaning to their life which is lending hands to make the person stand from his or her situation.

    Giving Dole is just a instant kindness by seeing a person in trouble to give a temporary solace at that time by offering money ,clothes ,food etc which just solve the instant necessity and the person in the same situation what she or he was before .
    Let a simple example from the student life -One of our friend weak in mathematics and have not completed the homework asking for help .So two way we can help – one way is to to help him or her by explaining the weak point so that all the doubts should clear and she or he can get gud marks in future for better development of career and second way is giving the notebook to copy it down without explaining as he or she hesitate to ask from the teacher.
    Lending support is beneficial to both sides as it maintains the dignity of the giver and support to the reciever while giving a dole is just the superiority of the giver and the benefit to the reciever is negligible. Lending hands seems respect to that person but giving dole seems giving to the beggar which makes the needy the most needest . Government making laws ,rules regulations ,subisidies for the poor in the written format but never tried to check about the actions and improvement in the life of pooer people just completing paper formalities and result is that many farmers die and numbers are increasing day by day.

    “Giving money to the needy is the easiest way to go through but making the needy to stand just by a little guidance is wonder,money cant buy this wonder as it is priceless.”
    Distributing doles to the poor people during election is selfishness in the deed of politicians who are buying votes for their seats. social help is very less compared to their private benefit throught the promises for subsidies like electricity ,road etc seems vanished after winning election. To see the positive outlook many gram panchayats ,officers ,leaders working honestly by standing with the weakest section with full support for example raise voice against child marriage ,dowry and support education all around which seems as a respect toward weaker section of the society . Subsidies in India marked by corruption ,dishonesty by the middle persom working under the government which needs transparency in each level of working staff. Jan Dhan Yojna and various skill formation initiatives for small enterprenures are step forward towards development.Development of technologies and creation of well infrastructrue , increasing employment facilities, education and helping hands to the needy during right time is the best support for standing the weaker section of the society which in turn is the wellness of the society and strong nation which looks like oneness in all (united ).

    Mother Teresa who lived for poors ,needy and neglected person without any selfishness is the great work that touched the heart of whole worl and she is living in every heart and will always live forever . She was a noble person who lived for humanity where helping hands raise each second for the needy with respect.
    Giving dole is not the bad thing but it is not the solution to a problem ,it is we are running away from the problem by giving installments to praise our humanity that we are kind to the needy. “Dayabai of Kerela well studied working for slum area people ,living their life style a well known social worker by her willingness and now with so much strength have developed poor people around her with the help of them only .

    Raja Ram Mohan Roy ,Sawami Vivekanand raise voice for the people and with the help of people they give us moral values ,equality and strength to fight against any situation by lending hands to each other for stongest nation and giving future generation the gift of respect and moral values for each other .
    Giving food to hunger is not a sin but to remove the root poverty is the real hand one give for support.seeing so many beggars on railway platform ,roads ,bus stands and people giving them amount of money and food but the question is the number of beggars decreasing ??,so we will find reverse of that population is increasing day by day and their money is nt used by them but by criminals who used them for money. “Bachpan bacchao Andolan by Noble award winner “Satyarthi ji ” working for kids is the lending hands to the needy and making them capable to stand in life .

    Many institutions and NGOs running for the welfare of society for the needy to give them the respect of their life , our duty is to find such institutions and help them with our contribution for making the life of needy easy and supportive rather then giving money to the bowl of the beggar and most important thing many people ,even kids ,handicapped are found working for small things living their respectful life never take money without work ,they live for respect so helping hands will always be there for such persons .

    Lending hands will let you to close to the heart of the people with respect in your eyes with the feeling of satisfaction that u save a life and guide it with a little effort which is the sign of uplifment of the society by ones utopian and solidatry behaviour toward the nation.”No one is weak ,a little push make the needy person the strongest by realising the power inside them and giving to beggar let them always beggar. “To make nation strong each one of us has the duty to uphold the weaker section for the uplifment of the society.

    yaaron rat BAHUT Ho GAYi hai ,., KAUN ab ITNA Kamba likhega .. JUST FEW IDEAS..

    – one day when his grandparent gets sick and it was raining outside that boy had an exam At school. But as nobody could accompany him so he came all alone, while crossing he was almost about to drown that a young man stepped in to throw a half broken tree bark towards him so that he could take its support and come out of the waters. The boy managed to escape the gushing waters that day, but due to the anxiety in the aftermath of the incident, kept shivering through the day and could not even write his exam properly. He returned home disappointed to the dismay of his grandparents. From the next day onwards his parents or grandparents alternately went along with him to school to recuperate his confidence.

    This story presents an example of how no matter how big a help might be in the rush hours of our life and for how long that assistance may be continued as an unconditional support, the confidence that is earned by a genuine endeavour towards capability development is unparalleled in its approach.

    The case in point can be seen from another perspective. If I would have been in the place of that young man, I would definitely like to go one step ahead in helping him. Y teaching him over the span of few days, the art of swimming. From my side, this would have called for sparing a few hours everyday for that needy boy. However on the part of that young kid, it would have been a life changing skill to learn and would make things much easier for him in his routine life. Not only he would no longer have to trouble his weak and old grandparents to accompany him on his way to school but it would make him learn the first chapter in self sufficiency. Further it would help him in avoiding any such untoward happening in the future that he went through crossing the river and will root out all such fears emanating from his past.
    Indeed lending a helping hand is much better than offering a ‘handful’ of doles on a platter. This must always be kept in mind whether the extended hand is to help a close relative or someone totally unrelated.

    This principle has applications not only in our daily routine, but rather in wide spectrum of domains like polity, economy or general well being of the nation.

    In ECONOMY ( I did. This subtitles approach and it really worked for me in UPSC )
    The issue of subsidies has gained ground in the recent years concerning the Feasibility and sustainability of any such initiative. Right from farm to food subsidies, it’s a hotly debated issue keeping in mind the general socio-economic profile of most of the citizens of this country. However, the general complacent attitude also results in these doles becoming a burden on the providers as well as the economy as a whole. Therefore, there needs to be a corrective approach towards this in the form of a more practical and pragmatic means to achieve the same task of increasing the capability of needy to purchase the required commodity.

    There are certain domains like education and health that have an all pervading relevance and regardless of the class and group a person belongs to, carries a lot of significance in one’s life standards. However, health and education are more comprehensive concepts than merely in terms of well being and literacy. Therefore to bring in some meaningful changes a more considerate approach is required rather than just extending some perks and privileges to raise the level of a deprived section.
    The support offered has to be more comprehensive and visionary instead of being short sighted in the form of DOLES AND GRANTS .
    EACH ONE TEACH ONE is a case in point. These words reverberate the obligations of all members of society to contribute meaningfully in the endeavour of reaching out to the masses through education.

    In diplomacy,
    India has been leading the way for the developing nations and has reached the status of an IDOL to be followed in the domains of science, democracy and pluralism. However, India’s role in upholding this trust shown by these countries must stretch beyond providing them with immediate help in the form of grants. Rather India should follow a more far sighted approach of helping these nations to develop skill and capabilities that help then to chart the same course, the reflections of which they find in India. This may include technology transfer, knowledge exchange and personnel contacts. However, this would also be beneficial to India in long term in stabilising its relations with these countries and building a strong partnership instead of a give-take relationship.
    Indeed in all domains and across various aspects of this globalised world this principle holds true that

  • Mojo JoJo

    Lending hands to someone is better than giving a dole

  • Dexter

    Lending hands is giving support to a struggling person in order to add something towards his or her empowerment so that the person is able to overcome a crisis or adversity on the basis of his or her own might/ strength on a sustained basis. Giving a dole is mainly propelled by feeling of kindness towards a person in difficulty to give a temporary solace. The example of former is giving education, vocational training and skill formation, low cost credit etc. to an entrepreneur while giving a dole is offering food to a starving person or clothes to a beggar in winter. Lending support is based on a fellow feeling, perhaps on a much equal terms whereas giving dole is based on a sense of superiority. A support that is enabling lasts longer in the sense of empowerment for livelihood, achieving a higher living standard and pursuing dreams according to one’s potential. Support ends up in enabling a person for productive and fulfilling pursuits and so the fruits of support are sustainable. Dole is a temporary gift in order to please or show kindness to somebody, but it becomes burdensome and unsustainable for the giver if it becomes too frequent. Lending support serves the cause of individual dignity on both the sides- the lender of the support as well as beneficiary. However, dole may be upholding the superiority of the giver, it is surely undignified for the receiver, especially the receiver for whom dole becomes a habit rather than exceptional situation. Putting the theme in current perspective also leads us to the ongoing debate on empowerment versus allowances, creation of productive assets versus subsidy, and economic rationality versus populism. Whatever way we go, there is no doubt that lending hands to someone is better than giving a dole. Doles are like free lunches. Milton Friedman, one of the great patriarchs of capitalism said there’s no such thing as a free lunch and everybody should pay the price of the commodity or service he or she enjoys. Milton Friedman’s reasoning is easy to understand. If one individual or group gets something at no cost, somebody else ends up paying for it. If there appears to be no direct cost to any single individual, there is a social cost. Similarly, someone can benefit for “free” from an externality or from a public good, but someone has to pay the cost of producing these benefits. It also leads to wastage as the user who gets things for free would never realize the actual cost and never be prompted for economizing or conservation. Safety nets for the poor and disadvantaged are a must for any compassionate nation, but encouraging folks to go on the dole when not absolutely necessary is disgraceful. In a country like us where one third of the population is below poverty line, food subsidy cannot be altogether done away with. However, distributing doles to garner support during elections is not only illegal and unconstitutional but immoral also. Subsidies that are populist and irrational such as free electricity or free irrigation are called non-merit subsidies because their social benefits are far less than private benefits. These are also economically unsustainable in the long run. Subsidies in the nature of dole are very difficult to stop once offered to public. Prime Minister of Malaysia Najib Razak points out that giving subsidies is a two-edged sword. Once you give it, it’s very hard to take away subsidies. There’s a political cost of taking away subsidies. Supporting those who want to work earnestly towards their livelihood, entrepreneurship and upliftment is a good proposition. This can be done by creating entitlements in terms of Amartya Sen’s words such as nutrition and health, literacy, skill formation, entitlement to cultivable land, venture capital or micro finance to an entrepreneurs etc. A woman can be supported for education or employment. She can be given freedom to decide about her marriage, career, and method of contraception or child bearing. This support would allow women to be free and dignified individuals of our society. It has been seen in India that government’s support to farmers in the adoption of new agricultural technology has helped increasing agricultural production and productivity and made India selfreliant in foodgrains production. Creation of core and basic industries as well as infrastructure accelerated industrialization in India. Poverty alleviation and employment generation programmes have also helped raising living standards. The scheduled caste and scheduled tribe categories have seen increased representation in government jobs as well as parliament and assemblies due to special provisions for them. This has given them representation in the power structure of the country. It is a step towards empowerment. Such supports are immensely important in a society in which inequality is glaring and people do not have equal opportunities. In this sense reservation of seats for women in the Panchayati Raj system is also a welcome support. Subsidies in India have often been in the nature of doles. The subsidies provided by government are marked by leakages, corruption, mis- targeting as well as non-asset creating expenditures. Subsidies have often been guided by populism rather than economic rationality. Such subsidies have been proving a drain on the budgetary resources and their effect has been price distorting. It would have been better to provide infrastructure and productive assets to create sustained employment through these resources. Now the government has started concentrating on supportive measures rather than subsidies of dole nature. Jan Dhan Yojana and Direct Cash Benefit transfer are new enabling supports that government is providing to the financially excluded and the weaker sections. Government is also concentrating on skill formation and promotion of entrepreneurship rather than confining itself primarily to wage employment programmes. Wage employment programmes have been dovetailed with asset creating programmes as we see in MNREGA. Providing support is always desirable among human beings and especially members of a society or compatriots. In the absence of support budding geniuses, students, scientists, entrepreneurs or any potential performer can suffer defeat or underperform. It is the moral duty of all individuals and democratic states to support its citizens. Shannon L. Alder rightly says, “A best friend is the only one that walks into your life when the world has walked out.” Such a great feeling overpowers us if somebody supports and helps us. We feel grateful. This does not apply at individual level only. Even at social level offering support to the deserving is a moral duty of each of us. For any democratic and just fellow it is worthwhile to remind, “Stand up for the underdog, the ‘loser.’ Sometimes having the strength to show loving support for unacknowledged others turns the tides of our own lives.” Somebody has rightly pointed out that the next time you want to withhold your help, or your love, or your support for another for whatever the reason, ask yourself a simple question: do the reasons you want to withhold it reflect more on them or on you? And which reasons do you want defining you forevermore? Citizens of a nation are grateful if it cares for them and supports them in adversity. A bond of trust develops and patriotism becomes a natural instinct. A nation whose government is indifferent and insensitive is condemned to face social tension and even betrayal. And above all service to humanity in any form is a noble act. People who are emancipated or even properly educated serve even those who are still backward, selfish, rude and laggards in all respects. Somebody has rightly pointed out that the task of the moral philosopher-thinker is to support and strengthen the voice of human conscience, to recognize what is good or what is bad for people, whether they are good or bad for society in a period of evolution. Giving support to anybody who apparently seems to be undeserving, because of some negative traits consequent upon his societal location is a benevolence that comes to us due to sympathy and empathy as a human being. And it is morally justified. On this ground even dole can be justified. But any support or dole that creates an everlasting dependence is not desirable for a healthy growth of society. Thus, giving, whether through support or dole, is noble. But equally important is the consequence of giving. If support helps to explore and develop the possibilities inherent in a society or an individual, it is desirable If a dole can save lives, inspire the shattered and broken people, fills their life with hope, it may be justified for a short while. But eventually the quality of our intervention matters. Support is better than dole. It is dignified and sustainable. Dole is like giving crutches forever by making the recipient a lame who cannot do without it. Dole is at times a reward for inaction and inefficiency, support is just the reverse, i.e. it is reward for enterprise and efficiency. Dole ends the dreams and hopes decisively, support rekindles them.

  • Sourav Das

    A Chinese proverb depicts that if you give anyone a fish then you feed him for a single day and if you teach somebody how to fish then feed him for a whole life.
    In India there are so many government schemes right from the time of Pt.Nehru but still a larger portion of citizen of India still emerge in the darkness of poverty.It is because most of the Govt. schemes tried to feed the poor without developing their background socially.
    Although ,in very recent times Govt. has focussed to develop skills of rural people so that they can earn money on their own .Programmes like SHG,MNREGA based on the principle of self earning .In SHG rural people need to form a group which will be guided by NGO and financially credited by various cooperatives .This group will then perform a number of bread earning activities such as engaging in small household industries etcThe most successful programme under this category is MNREGA ,enacted in 2005 .This scheme has undergone a large scale of self earning programmes in this subcontinent specially in the drought prone area.

    In those capitalistic countries where the Govt. generally do not intervene in their regular buisness of the country.Companies are mostly private owned. State do not feed the lagged behind portion of the compatriots just because they are poor .Rather encourage them to participate and compete with the fellow citizens .
    In the era of cold war when the two conflicting theory of Marxism and Capitalism dominate almost the whole world .The countries which came under the shadow of Marxism specially the east Europeans and the then USSR and China strictly followed the idea of philanthropic Govt. programmes where as USA and other west European nations followed the idea of self earning.
    In USA the Democratic govt. although tried to intervene in various health and poverty alleviation schemes but Republicans deliberately censured the action of incumbent Govt. and changed the whole schemes of Govt. programmes whenever they came into the power.
    But lending hand is necessary to help the poors for moving forward in the path of development.So it is utmost important for the citizens of a country to cede their ego first and come forward with keeping a egalitarian view in their mind.Countries like South Korea,Japan was devastated in the second world war but they build their country with their own effort .Similarly ,to alleviate poverty from the soil of India it is highly recommended that at first bureaucrats should come forward to connect the alienated group of society to the mainstream so that they can avail all the schemes of Govt. and thereby make themselves eligible to compete with the rest by inculcating skills in their regular practices.

    • Sourav Das

      please review mine

  • Scorpion

    Please review mine…I hope snapshot quite clear and writing readable…

    • Neha Jha

      Please tell me, how much time it takes to write a 1000 words essay. And, also from where do you collect the contents of essay? Hope you don’t mind. Now, coming to the review. Your intro is very good. Covered, historical,political, economical ,geographical aspect . Your handwriting is Legible. Cutting in 5th page. You could have mentioned one point about CSR. Well written:-)

      • Scorpion

        thnk u neha..
        1. Intri was to give what condns india was in..n due to helping themsekves rather than all those Marshall plan etc. We r now one of the global powers unlike pak.
        2.content to khud se hi hai source as such
        3.yaar CSR ka mere ko bhi bad me laga..
        4.1000-1200 words..around 1.5 hrs +- 10-12 mins shayad..

      • Scorpion

        Ur a true…i dnt have adjective..I’ve bt that could be misinterpret (ed)

        AO ur besty..unknown yet known…haha..

        thnx ne

      • Scorpion

        neha…plz review m 28th feb essay… 🙂

    • Vivaan Khanna

      1.this is essay,so points may not work
      2.bring out the connection of ur intro with lending hands..a complete departure was there.
      3.dont say that a jat or patel dont have skill..they will compete but with small number of people…got my point?
      4.peace clause was a dole?its lending hand for development of developing country as per me
      5.though u brought forward many good ideas but please try to make them structured..essay writing is different from GS na..with little practice u can write better
      6. most of the essay was pessimistic,so i expected solutions from u clearly
      please try to write on the same day..u will get more reviews and suggestions for improvement

      • Scorpion

        ok vivaan..nxt time I’ll write on same day..
        but few point:
        1. One of my teachers has said, essay in Upsc is a formal exercise but nt that formal as in any reports and all. It seeks to see you point of view, so its better to identify those sector where u’ll be discussing and put them as heading, even examiner get a broad purview of whats in inside.
        2. Second, yeah intro has to have line like “While opted NAM with sulf sufficiency aim, and Pak went for US alms” and differecnse is what we see….isnt it???
        3. Peace clause wala me thoda locha ho gaya..I couldnt express there..intent was, though peace clause was a temporary soln, but in Nairobi was used againgst India, as like developed countries agrred to you then, now you must agree with us, a sense of obligation, a disguising the true nature of Clause.
        4. I wanted Afganistan -US issue and CSR, bt could do that..
        baki any suggestion to batana yaar

        • Vivaan Khanna

          bhai i m not against use of heads but in intro u used two points 1) or 2) may backfire…

      • Scorpion

        vivaan plz review my essay
        this time posted on sunday 😉