Insights Weekly Essay Challenges 2016 – Week 07: Technology cannot replace manpower

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Insights Weekly Essay Challenges 2016 – Week 07

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14 February  2016

Write an essay on the following topic in not more than 1000-1200 words:

 

“Technology cannot replace manpower” (CSM – 2015)

  • naren

    thank you sir

  • Sonia mehra

    Can we argue for technology can replace??

    • naren

      for debate topic .

    • niti

      yes we can argue for both side but we should have very strong examples and stand to overcome the opposition

      • Keshav Singh

        I think Insight wanted to say “Technology cannot replace human being” ,
        because if someone ask “Whether technology can replace manpower” ans Can be YES.
        I am a bit confused,
        whats your take??

        • sheetu singh

          I think when upsc demands this then for damn sure we hv to follow this line .bt yes we can give solid examples for reverse too .bt at final conclusion u hv to b little bit tilt on this part that manpower is superior.

          • Keshav Singh

            ultimately we have to toe their line…
            thanks for advice…

            • sheetu singh

              Np gud luck

        • sankar

          frnds have a look at my essay plz……………….thanks

        • niti

          i think in essays we should not elaborate only one side..if u find two sides ..discuss both..and then favor the one u want with strong evidences

          • Keshav Singh

            pt is that I am against what topic says, so by default i will be tilted against…this often confuses me..

    • Imih

      Defnitely big no…There is no question mark, so have to write what it wants….

    • Anonymous

      you mean artificial intelligence??

      • sankar

        plz rvw frnds……………thanks

        • Anonymous

          is it Robot Virtual Worlds????

          • sankar

            although, the tendency of robotics is on the rise. however presently it is not so, but it may take place in the coming decades
            nonetheless we must be hopeful, that human will devise a way which will stop creating existential threat to himslef

    • shinaaz

      whr did u post ur essay? i m not able to find any attachment

  • Sonia mehra

    Sunday special— Calvin dose!

    • Lord Tuktuk

      well then i came from ADIBAS?? 😮 😮

      • ADIBAS? Sarojini se kapde kharidne laga tu 😐

        • sankar

          bhai plz have a look at my essay………….thanks

          • Jaya Swatantra

            Please review mine as well

            • shinaaz

              where did u post ur essay?

        • Bharat Avril

          hahahaha…

        • OK

          Bhai mail check kar.

        • Jaya Swatantra

          Please do review my essay… 🙂

          • yogi

            Jaya plz review mine 🙂

            • Jaya Swatantra

              sure i will…. just going to review …

              • Night Fury

                jaya mera bhi ! i will review yours..

                • Jaya Swatantra

                  ji bilkul… 🙂

        • Strongking

          Hey serious bro! Review my essay

        • Lord Tuktuk

          gym 1500 ki tshirt pehen ke jata hai tu? 😡 😡

          • 2200 ki 😀

            • manish

              Please review my essay , you are a expert in writing essay.

        • yogi

          Joker bhai review plz 🙂

      • OK

        Lord.
        Check out mine.

    • Thor and Miolneer

      Calvin is back 🙂

    • Aravind Varier

      GOOD TO SEE CALVIN BACK IN THE ESSAY FORUM 🙂 🙂 🙂 🙂

      But , I find Calvin coming to essay forum every fortnight & NOT every week 🙁 🙁 🙁 🙁

      THANK YOU for posting this cartoon Sonia 🙂 🙂 🙂

      • Sonia mehra

        You have started critically reviewing calvin as well……….. haha…

      • Sonia mehra

        Please review my essay..

        • Aravind Varier

          yes ,will surely review your essay 🙂

          • sankar

            bhai plz rvw mine…………….rvw yours evening…………thanks

          • Strongking

            Buddy review my essay too! Plz

      • Ash

        Hey Aravind! 🙂
        Please find time! 🙂

      • yogi

        Hello Mr. Aravind plz review my essay 🙂

      • OK

        Review mine bro 😉

    • Mrinal Mukherjee

      Yay !

      • Sonia mehra

        Review my essay Mrinal…. plz…

        • Jaya Swatantra

          Sonia please review mine as well…

          • vijay- the ray of hope

            Jaya have a lok at mine

            • yogi

              Hope, plz review mine 🙂

              • vijay- the ray of hope

                It is my pleasure wiat for while

            • Jaya Swatantra

              sure…

        • yogi

          Hi sonia Plz review mine, will review yours 🙂

      • Jaya Swatantra

        Please review mine as well.. 🙂

    • diplomacy

      thanx for calvin dose sonia…

  • Shikhar

    It is possible to make an embryo out of sperm and egg using invitro technology but a baby
    cannot be produces without a womb. So technology cannot replace manpower
    totally but it definitely helps man to reduce its time and effort and thus
    increases efficiency. With the advancement in time, man has become more and
    more innovative and thoughtful and has surprised this mankind with lots of
    technologically advanced masterpiece be it high speed trains, mission to
    planets like Pluto, building islands in middle of ocean, building supersonic
    airplanes, cloning of cows and sheep and many more such examples.

    During the time of middle 18th century, when Industrial Revolution was started in
    Britain, it was because of the technologically advanced machine like power loom,
    milling machines, steam powered machine which made workers possible to produce
    goods at very large scale and at very fast pace. So here technology helped
    human and not replaced human because all these machine required regular
    intervention of human. Industrial revolution which is the transition to machine
    led manufacturing from manmade manufacturing is the first example to the human
    civilization that how technology can change the entire way of working and help
    human to achieve desired results.

    It is right said necessity is mother of all invention. In most of the developed countries
    where population is very less and not many people are available for work,
    technology has played a crucial role in making things happen without human or
    with minimal human effort. For example automatic parking system, automatic
    store management system, highly advance machinery for agricultural and
    industrial activities, modes of transport like tram, metros which require less
    manpower for management, automatic ticket vending machine, automatic toilets,
    etc. These machines and technologies has helped less populated countries to
    manage their public service delivery efficiently. Without these high-end and automated
    system, it would have been very difficult for these countries to provide basic
    public services.

    Technology has also helped mankind in following those operation where there is a risk to human
    life. Space expedition are always risky to human life and Challenger space
    shuttle accident where Kalpana Chawla was killed is one of the example. In this
    case technology becomes important. Space organizations has made various
    satellites which has orbiter (satellites itself), a lander (machine that lands
    on planet surface) and a rover (machine that run on planet surface and conducts
    experiment) to carry out space missions without human. These missions have been
    very successful like Mars orbiter of NASA, Rosetta mission of ESA and many
    more. These machines have reduced the need of sending human to space missions
    but to control these machines human effort is needed.

    In the field of medicine, machines like CyberKnife has made the job of a surgeon a lot easier. It
    provides 100 percent accuracy in surgical operation and hence improved the
    chances of patient survival. The technology like telesurgery where a doctor
    sitting thousands of miles away can perform an operation is all possible
    because of highly advanced robotics. These kind to technological innovation has
    really helped mankind. A recent success in printing the exact model of a human
    heart by a 3D printer using the inputs from two imaging techniques has helped
    surgeons to perform complex cardio operation and this invention will certainly
    help as there is a huge population of cardiac patients.

    In defense of a country, machines like drones has played a very important role in saving the
    human life as they fly without any pilot. These plane can perform various
    function from surveillance to airstrikes. The advantage is that a person can
    handle this plane form a remote place and in case of any mishappening a human
    life will be saved. Similarly highly sophisticated guns and bullet proof
    jackets has also saved may soldiers.

    Nowadays technology has started helping the distressed farmers of our country by
    providing various services like Nowcast which send SMS to a farmer about the
    weather forecast so that farmers can plan its agro activity accordingly. These
    service has prevent farmers from various losses. The direct benefit transfer
    facility has also helped in reducing corruption and provided complete benefit
    to the farmers. Advanced irrigation methods like drift irrigation, water lift
    irrigation, construction of dams, building of canals has all helped in
    improving irrigation facility. These services cannot be possible without
    advanced technologies and proper execution of human.

    The save technology from hackers and to prevent other cyber theft, human intervention is
    always needed to make the core technology close to unbreakable and impenetrable
    from outside world. This task can be done only by highly technically skilled
    engineers. This point cleary proves that technology is nothing without human
    intervention and support.

    The one big thing which all machine lacks is the Emotional Quotient which is zero in case
    of machine. Machines do not understands emotions. It works according to the way
    it is programmed. It does not have the capability to find the emotion of a
    person and change its decision accordingly. So scientist nowadays has started
    working on this part and working to build a Emotionally Intelligent Machines a
    one like in Rajnikant’s Robot movie. But this is still far from reality. Few
    scientists have made a complex online training program where sensors read the
    emotion of a student from the facial recognition software and can change the
    pace of teaching accordingly to student’s emotions.

    Technology and machine are playing tremendously important role in day to day human life and we
    can say that the time has come when a person cannot live without this machine.
    The simple example of above statement is that we cannot live without our
    smartphone as they have lots of useful application which a user finds important
    in its day to day work. Similarly technology is also dependent on human for its
    constant updating and maintenance which improves its efficiency. When human
    will be able to make a human brain then only we can say technology can replace
    human but this scientific invention seems to be next to impossible thing.

    • Saurabh

      Instead of focusing on the main question you have meandered into benefits of technology. Also instead of using virtual examples like rajnikant’s robot, use cognitive computing by IBM Watson which are real. You have tried to drop too many names but they should be correct. Kalpana chawla lost her valuable life in Colombia space shuttle disaster and not the challenger disaster. Still a nice attempt.

      • Lubna Sehar

        Hi. Plz review mine

      • Bharat Avril

        saurabh please review mine

    • Avnish

      Informative

      • Lubna Sehar

        Plz review mine

      • Bharat Avril

        heyy avnish.. review mine in your spare time 🙂

    • MP

      ur essay is very informative, hold on subject is very good and makes happy to the reader. but LACKED THE ESSENCE OF THE QUESTION,pls go through ur entire essay para by para comparing with the topic asked.that is to say, u should much devote ur attention to MANPOWER >> MACHINE and justify it again and again.

      • Lubna Sehar

        Hi plz review mine and give me your valuable feedback

      • Bharat Avril

        hey MP, would you take a look at mine
        plz review guyz

      • Shikhar

        Thanks buddy for ur valuable commnets. i will help me in improving my skills.. Se amachine cannot provide u a comment. It only human who can do this…SO TECHNOLOGY CANNOT REPLACE MANPOWER.

    • dileep

      Ur essay is very much informativeI learnt some new aspects from it..But i think u hav focussed less on critical part(How technology denies .man power) otherwise essay would be onesided..
      How unskilled, uneducated people denied employment due to technology..For instance with power looms how handicrafts and traditional technologies got affect..

      • Shikhar

        Thanks buddy for ur valuable comments….i am new to this… and i find it difficult to cover 1200 words in 1.5 hour. Yes i have missed many important points. But finishing essay in given time is a big challenge.
        May be next time, i will try to write a better essay

    • [email protected]

      Start up is excellent, middle part has Nicely covered all the senario proving tech cnnt replace manpower, and more over conclusion is fabulous.
      really gave me idea , how to star and finish an essay.

  • ESWAR

    Good morning to all

    • sankar

      bhai have a loot at my essay plz ………………………thanks

  • Lord Tuktuk

    Valentine day k din bhi agar essay dekhne aaye ho yha tum, to bhai sach me “civil services aspirant” se ek kadam aage ho tum!!! (Y) _/_

    • niti

      hahaha hmm inspiring 😛

      • niti

        btw happy valentine’s day

      • Lord Tuktuk

        moral policing k darr se apna comment edit kr rhe ho tum, to darpok ho tum 😉 😛

        • niti

          haha kuch bhi..:P

          • Lord Tuktuk

            hahha!! ohh sorry!! same to you as well!! 🙂
            study well (Y)

            • niti

              (y) aaj to essay acha likhna hi padega..

              • Strongking

                Plz review my essay too! Plz

      • sankar

        have a loot at my essay plz …………….thanks

    • Sonia mehra

      lol…..

      • sankar

        have a look at mine plz………….thanks

        • Sonia mehra

          Yes I will, in the mean time plz have a look at mine as well..

          • Strongking

            Hey ! Sonia ! Yaar iss baar ! Plz review my essay

    • sheetu singh

      Or aaz mene likhne ka vada b kiya h khud se first time .:p

      • sankar

        will rvw yours …………plz rvw mine too

        • sheetu singh

          Sure gv me smtime

        • ESWAR

          Please wait, I am typing will review yours soon

          • Strongking

            Plz review my essay too!

        • Strongking

          Plz review my essay too!

      • Strongking

        Plz review my esssay ,too,!

    • Night Fury

      aspirant se ek kadam aage to academy me hai seedha 😛
      btw happy valentines day bhai 😀

      • sankar

        bhai have a look at my essay……..thanks

      • dumbledore

        fury yar kinly review my essay . i think i have messed it all up today.

        • Strongking

          Hey buddy. Review my essay too!

      • Strongking

        Hey ! Fury bro! Review my essay ! I have tried my best!

        • Night Fury

          yes I ‘ll please review mine too bro !

          • yogi

            Hey, fury plz review mine 🙂

      • Lord Tuktuk

        same to you!!! saari khudai ek taraf, hum dono bhai ek taraf!!! *_*

      • OK

        Fury. Time mile toh mera essay dekhna ek baar.

        • Night Fury

          yes mil gaya mujhe.. will read and share my views

    • manish

      Do you know the story of Valentine ? you must know. It again shows the richness of our culture and knowledge about relationship and happy life.

      • sankar

        rvw frnds plz

    • sankar

      plz rvw frnds

    • Strongking

      Plz review my essay!

    • Mrinal Mukherjee

      who aspirant jiska yaafir breakup ho gaya hai ya too single hai :p

    • Shaktimaan

      Hpy Valentine Day lord bhaijaan!!………..PReM essay…………thoda ajeeb h…….thank u:):)

      • Lord Tuktuk

        shakti!! abhi mene batman ka hi kia! bahar jaa rha hu me!! thodi der me aake kar dunga tera review! promise h mera, pkka dont worry ! 🙂
        and tujhe bhi happy valentines day bhai ^_^

        • yogi

          Kaisa ho Lord bhai 🙂
          Jab auro se nipat lo toh zara mera essay bhi deskh lena 😛
          HVD 🙂

          • Lord Tuktuk

            hey buddy! 🙂 HVD!! kaisa h jittu? long time, no see?
            haan karta hu review tera!

            • yogi

              Bhai intenet ne pareshaan kar rakha hein, saare kaam pending pade hein 🙁

  • Prachi Patil

    Hi friends does anybody knows from where to get free books of
    PLASSEY to PARTITION – Sekhar Bandyopadhyay
    MODERN INDIA – Sumit Sarkar

  • Jaya Swatantra

    Hai Kaun sa wah tatva, jo saare bhuvan mein vyapt hai,
    Brahmand poora bhi nahin jiske liye paryapt hai?
    Hai kaun si wo shakti, kyun ji ! Kaun sa wah bhed hai?
    Bas dhyan hi jiska mitaata aapka sab shok hai.
    Bichhude huon ka hriday kaise ek rahta hai, aho!
    Ve kaun se aadhar ke bal kasht sahte hain, kaho?
    Kya klesh? Kaisa dukh? Sabko dhairya se ve sah rahe,
    Hai doobne ka bhaya na kuchh, aanand mein ve bah rahe.
    Wah prem hai, wah prem hai wah prem hai wah prem hai…

    – Makhan lal Chaturvedi ji……………………………..Good Morning friends.. 🙂

    • Avnish

      Gm

    • Ab

      Hindi me post karte to Bhav aur nikhar ke aata 🙂

      • sankar

        plz rvw frnds my essay

      • Jaya Swatantra

        ji bilkul… 🙂

    • sankar

      madam have a look at my essay plz …………………..thanks

      • Jaya Swatantra

        sure…

    • dumbledore

      hi jaya, kindly review my essay too if u get time.

      • Jaya Swatantra

        sure.. please review mine as well

    • Strongking

      HEY JAYA , REVIEW MY ESSAY !

      • Jaya Swatantra

        please give me some time…

        • Strongking

          Jaya! Mine also ! Review ! U promised :):)

  • Keshav Singh

    Could someone help??
    I think Insight wanted to say “Technology cannot replace human being” ,
    because if someone ask “Whether technology can replace manpower” ans Can be YES.

  • Thor and Miolneer

    Happy belan taang de to All 😛

    • sankar

      bhai have a loook at my easssssy plz ……………thanks

  • Bharat Avril

    hii

    • Aravind Varier

      GREAT ONE BHARAT !!! REALLY I FEEL HAPPY TO SEE THESE KIND OF JOKES which actually help me as well would help other Aspirants in starting the Essay writing on a Positive NOTE 🙂 🙂 🙂 🙂 🙂

      ALL THE BEST !!!

      • Bharat Avril

        hey hiii aravind is it sarcastic tone..? i am really sorry if you are offended .. i’ll delete it right away.. please dont mind yar…

        but if you really mean what you say thanx man! and all the best.. please dont mind brother… and review my essay if u have some time .. i would really appreciate..

        • Aravind Varier

          Dear Bharat ,

          I am a great lover of CARTOONS and i Do watch ” SWAT KATS ” even at this age 🙂 🙂

          So, Please Don’t Delete this CARTOON , I REALLY LOVED IT !!!

          I would actually encourage you for posting it every Sunday 🙂

          CARTOONS brings the Childhood in ME 🙂 🙂 🙂 .

          ALL THE BEST MY DEAR FRIEND 🙂 🙂 🙂

          • Bharat Avril

            Ohh thank u.. :).. I was scared;)
            I too love cartoons..
            Anyway plz review my essay

            • Aravind Varier

              Yes , will surely review your essay after i draft and post it 🙂

          • Strongking

            Hey bro! Review my essay too!

          • Ash

            Me too! I love Shin-Chan! :))))))))))))))))))))

    • Lubna Sehar

      Joke in beginning is the cherry on cake. Keep it up….

    • Eswar Sai

      Is it Sardaji joke (asking because he had turban), there is petition filed on banning Sardarji Jokes in Supreme Court.
      I don’t know what the joke is can someone translate it to english.

      • Bharat Avril

        Yar no offence to any religion.. I didn’t see the turban in the picture.. I read the joke that’s it.. BTW the essence of joke lies in its Punjabi version only.. Anyway will post some English next time.. Plz review my essay

        • Eswar Sai

          Ok cheers bro,i will review, please review mine too i wrote my first essay

  • Happy Valentines everyone! UPSC, Please be my valentine this year 😛

  • Prerna saxena

    With 4th Industrial revolution on the anvil to deliver which is devised to evolve on prevalent technology seems to revolutionize the technology we used and perceive it as of now . Technology has made human to achieve many milestone in life and equipped humanity with comfort and brought ease in performing various task which were not possible easily earlier can now be done with ease. However despite investments,researches in a world that is increasingly getting automated, machine technology can not replace man because machines equipped with technology can not empathesise ,cant be culturally and socially sensitive,can not pass verdicts ,can not emote human like experience because that requires inculcation of values and morals which are human traits which are not mechanical act.

    Recently at the”MAKE IN INDIA” event dual arm collaborative robot Yumi has been showcased which is designed to work side by side with humans while ensuring safety those around. ABB company which showcased it claim that Yumi can work in industry dealing with small part assembly like digital watches,tablets ,pc with precision and efficiently. Neverthless technology will remain inferior to,at best can mimic but can not be humans themselves because there will always be situations that can only be resolved by humans with satisfaction.Often human being circumvent by stress and need emotional support to pass through that period which can not be done by machines instead only humans can do this as humans have inculcated emotion through their culture and empathise with each others good and bad .

    Human society evolve and run on socially and culturally set norms which have profound impact everyone’s life and plagued by many social evils as well which humans keep on uprooting from time to time with social senstivity towards society which can not be supposed to perform by machines with senstivity as they lack emotions and cultural on which human society has evolved . Computers can certainly make choices based on data that is available to them; but that is a very different thing than a “judgement”: judgements are made based on values; and values emerge from our experience of life.Computers don’t yet experience a life as we know it, and so don’t develop what we would call values. So we can’t call the decisions they take “judgements”. Equally, they have no meaningful basis on which to choose or set goals or objectives – their behaviour begins with the instructions we give them. Today, that places a fundamental limit on the roles – good or bad – that they can play in our lives and society.

    Machines can not create novel ideas from self as their operability is depended on human resource not only this ,machinse itself is the product of human’s novel idea.machines have limitation and bound by that only for which they were designed while human thinking process is based on logical analysis and are not bound by any limitations upon it. Its human logical analysis which unfurled various avenues and espouse human endeavors to achieve milestones for humanity .Today we have reached to moon and still exploring the universe ,all this becomes possible because of human thinking process .Recently LIGO has detected gravitational waves a noble idea hypothise by Einstein years ago which unfurled various mystries ,Its machines through which we have detected them but idea to set them up came from human.
    Those people born in the 1990s who are the first generation who grew up with the Internet and social media as part of their everyday world. The way that that generation socialises, works and thinks about value is already creating enormous changes in our world.But they are nothing compared to the generation represented by today’s very young children who have grown up using touchscreens and streaming videos, technologies so intuitive and captivating that 2-year-olds now routinely teach themselves how to immerse themselves in them long before parents or children teach them how to read and write.
    Although there are ideas by humans itself that in future might machines will replace humans echoed by movies like “terminator” but the culture we have evolved and inculcate in our generations since the inceptions of humanity will remain distinct to it .
    Our continuing challenge will be to keep a focus on our human values as we do so. we cannot tell our generations what to do indefinitely; we can only try to help them to experience and treasure socialising and play in the real world; the experience of growing and preparing food together ; the joy of building things for other people with his own hands. And hope that those experiences will create human values that will guide them and their generation on a healthy course through a future.

    • Bharat Avril

      hey prerna very nice…. p;ease review mine

      • Prerna saxena

        sure..

    • CV

      Hey, I loved the flow, also the language was amazing ! Points are nice as well !

      Improvements :

      1) Intro-

      -could have been a little catchy- As in, with all the three Industrial Revolution Man has witnessed, there have been threat to human resources : The first and second : threat to brawn : We still have labourers working in factories though
      3rd : computers as a threat to brain : new versions of operating system keep coming every now and then though, belying the threat.

      Also u gave a hint of what would come in the forthcoming paras in your introduction itself, which shouldn’t be done as it gives the feeling of repeating what you have already read in the previous paragraphs: as in,

      “technology can not empathesise ,cant be culturally and socially sensitive,can not pass verdicts ,can not emote human like experience because that requires inculcation of values and morals which are human traits which are not mechanical act.”

      2) Body, was good, could give some more examples : from video games Vs Field games, Handloom Vs powerloom, food by mum, etc

      I loved the judgement point though : but it can counter as well : Markandey Sir recently quoted that he his judgments in SC were influenced by human emotions

      3) Conclusion is good.

      Feel free to contradict and put your points 🙂

      It was a good read though.

      Thanks !

      • Prerna saxena

        i have not dwell much on technology and innovation deeper because i feel its strong assertion “can not” and i have gave a brief glimpse in intro of dimensions on which am going to analyse it further so that it becomes easy for examiner and it reflects cohrence in essay not repeatition and yes judgements are based on emotions which can not be passed by machines thats why they can not replace humans…….at last thanks for valueble feedback..

        • CV

          The discussion on coherence vs repetition is exactly the same as of PRECAP VS TRAILER. It should have been a trailer, but was a precap.

          Judgements are more dependent on reasoning and not emotions : If you would have written reasoning (with a base of emotions) it would have been the correct word….computers cannot reason, they can analyse though with the help of data stored in.

          Anyways, diff people have diff perceptions. KWAR !

          • RS

            Dude, I totally concur ….I wonder why people write on this ‘learn as u get reviewed’ forum, if they feel they are absolutely perfect.
            No offences to the writer here.
            ENJOY VALENTINES>>>TC

          • Strongking

            Review my essay CV BRO!

      • Tanu Singhal

        Ur analysis And review is quite great
        Kindly review mine…

        • sankar

          have a look at mine plz ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;thanks

          • Tanu Singhal

            Sure ….

    • naina sharma

      Nice flow .start was gud .keep it up

      • Prerna saxena

        thanks 🙂

      • Strongking

        Plz review my essay too! Plz

      • sankar

        rvw frnds plz ………………….thanks

    • sheetu singh

      By soft word .nice flow n purely focused on theme .u write .bt ya sm more concrete examples needed .so try to add them they ll give cherry to cake .keep it up

      • Prerna saxena

        thanx @[email protected]:disqus 🙂

        • OK

          Hey PS.
          Can you review mine?

      • OK

        Hey friend.
        Can you review mine?

    • Kunal Mittal

      In my view its best essay written over here among all…keep writing..

      • Prerna saxena

        thanx..

      • Strongking

        Plz review my essay

    • dumbledore

      nice essay prerna. krm if u get time.:) .

    • vkdglobetrotter

      what are 2nd 3rd IRs?

    • Cap. Haddock

      HEY, good try,

      but there are a few lines which are self contradictory ,like

      “Often human being circumvent by stress and need emotional support to
      pass through that period which can not be done by machines instead only
      humans can do this as humans have inculcated emotion through their
      culture and empathise with each others good and bad.”

      this is a negative for human side, as machines done have emotions they dont go through emotional up downs thus can perform in a better way.

      i felt the essay leaned more on emotional and cultural aspect of human side where as aspects like motivation,innovation, ability to handle unforeseen circumstances, instinct, risk taking, HR skills could have been used more.

      • Prerna saxena

        thnks for suggestions..:)

      • sankar

        plz rvw mine frnds;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;thankss

    • BRK

      CV has raised some valid points of improvement. There are many good points scattered throughout the essay. The language is a little challenging .I don’t mean the vocabulary but the flow and diction easily confuse and could even irritate a hard-pressed-for-time examiner.

      Many a time , I couldn’t help feeling that you were arguing against the possibility of machines becoming an ersatz replacement of humans. That argument doesn’t find a place in what the essay asks ie whether tech will endanger the labour force and suck up jobs from the market.

      Aim for simplicity and expand the scope of your essay but always within the bounds of the topic.

      CRITICALLY REVIEW MINE TOO.

      • Prerna saxena

        thanks for review but its not a question.. its an aasertion and you have to justify assertion .. you can not question examiner’s wisdom ..

    • vijay- the ray of hope

      Dear it felt to me taht it was technology vs mankind battle
      but flow was amazing …keep it up…..

  • Lubna Sehar

    “Technology cannot replace manpower”

    Hollywood movies expressing imagination of Robots ruling the world, Robots replacing human beings, all this presents a thought which has come to man’s mind that, “Can technology replace manpower?”. The excessive dependence of man on technology has arised this thought in this modern age technology. Technology has brought drastic changes in the world within a short period of time.

    Before examining about the replacement of manpower by technology, let’s first define what exactly is TECHNOLOGY.
    “Technology is nothing but application of Science”. Science is the study of nature. Applying the knowledge of science for various uses is technology. First of all its the manpower(Intellectual and physical strength) which is needed to apply the knowledge and technique to fulfill the various requirements. Then ” how can we even imagine of technology completely replacing manpower? ” as shown in Hollywood Robot movies. Well, that’s a picturization for audience entertainment. But that cannot become real in practical world

    Technology is one of wonders which surprised the mankind. Technology is the result of man’s innovative thought processes. It shows that SKY IS THE LIMIT for innovations created by human brain. Be it the technological advancement of manufacturing machines during Industrial Revolution or advancement of medical field in present time, its near to NO LIMIT for advancement of technology. Technology has CHANGED IMPOSSIBLE INTO POSSIBLE. For example:
    1) Reaching thousands of kilometres away within minutes like a SUPER MAN by using advanced bullet trains and aeroplanes.
    2) Man flying in air like a bird.
    3) Man existing in water like a fish
    4) Placing Indian Flag in moon, Reaching Mars and keeping 24×365 watching of outer space.
    5) Making the epic SANJEEVNI JADIBHUTI concept true by saving life from dangerous diseases.
    6) Replacing unhealthy heart by a new healthy heart. And uncountable wonders of Biotechnology.
    Manpower is the basic requirement in all the above mentioned wonders of technology.
    Technology can reduce human effort, save time, enhance the quality and efficiency of work, can avoid putting human life into risk in certain areas. Overall, technology can complement human efforts to progress.

    Over dependence on technology is harmful to human development. For example:
    1) Healthy and young people using lifts instead of stair case makes their legs passive.
    2) Using machines instead of hands and legs, gives birth to the need of GYM EXERCISE.
    3) New diseases like Obesity, Diabetes etc have arised due to over dependence on technology.

    The technologically advanced countries like USA, Japan etc lack manpower. Such nations realize the value of manpower. A nation cannot progress without a healthy manpower. Technology can only complement and support manpower. But can never replace manpower.

    Manpower accompanied by advanced technology can lead the Nation to prosperity.

    • Bharat Avril

      ummmm lubna star… started with hollywood and jumped into sanjeevani booti of ramayan… crisp man! review mine

      • Lubna Sehar

        Thanks for your valuable review. Will view yours

    • sheetu singh

      Hollywood factor for start was gud .u elaborate technology very well .n use of it .bt smwhere i feel when i went through it .that little bit loose on main sub .so try to focus on that point also .overall flow was nice .gud one .keep it up .

      • Lubna Sehar

        Thanks. Your review is valuable

        • sheetu singh

          Keep itvup

    • Saurabh

      Hello…in your last paragraph you have become repetitive in asserting the supremacy of manpower over technology. Avoid that. Also you have mentioned about Hollywood movies about being controlled by robots….you should also mention that in the end of those movies, its the woman or man that stops their menace and sets things in right motion. In my opinion technology can not replace manpower in one another dimension also…too much technology would encroach on human jobs as is becoming evident today…it will increase unrest, chaos and unemployment…which would be a fertile ground for breeding of another revolution…like we had Luddite movement in the past…thus incorporating all the pros and cons of technology plus its future ramifications would be the best according to me.
      P.S – And you can put a plane on auto pilot but it needs an expert pilot to perform an emergency crash landing !

      • Lubna Sehar

        Thanks for a detailed review and valuable suggestions

        • Saurabh

          You are welcome!

    • Bunny585

      so small for an essay bro..!!……plz dnt mind for saying like this..
      1.You lead me nowhere..
      2. Definitions are good but not properly used.
      3. what are you really serious abt SUPERMAN, SANJEEVNI, MARS, Unhealthy hearts..???- what are you really trying to tell here…??
      Conclusion also is just like continuation, creating an lame understanding in evaluators mind.

      Please dnt mind dear, its just you have to look again…All the Best

      • Lubna Sehar

        Hmmmm……you didn’t understand what I have conveyed there. Those points are examples for how technology has changed impossible into possible. The way technology has made superman and sanjeevni jadibhuti concept true. Anyway thanks for a critical review. BTW I am Sis. Not Bro.

        • Bunny585

          Sorry sis, small confusion.! but wrt to essay, if i am examiner can you convience me like this..?? I left this essay in exam itself because most techies will answer this, but if you wrote the same in exam in same way then…imagine consequences urself.
          It doest mean to tease u bt what i learnt from my failed mains last yr..ATB

  • aashish 2000

    Everyday when we woke up the first thing for most is to search their smartphones, laptops to check for any missed calls or messages. A boy named Ravi who habituated to this routine and reached the momentum that he cant live without them. One day, his grandmother visited his home and live comfortably without any smartphone or laptop usage. He got surprised and asked her grandmother How is it possible to live without the use of Technology in the era of Technology can replace man?

    By listening to his grandson, she replied, Yes Ravi you are absolutely right, but replacing man with technology needs a bit clarification. When we look at organisation they are equipped with computers to reduce the manpower due to their efficiency, speed and zero error coding. But, though computers are efficient and reduced manpower, there is a need of manpower to commissioned it, to give the task to do or decommissioned it. This clearly explains Technology can decrease manpower but not replace it completely.

    Not only in organisation, but also in personal life it has its importance. Earlier telegram was used vastly for communication, but now Telegram app is in use to communicate with near zero waiting time. But my son you have to remember communication becomes easy, handy and efficient but a smartphone cant communicate with your girlfriend without your intervention. So, for sure Technology cant replace manpower when it comes to family life, or human societies.

    Subsequently, Our ISRO or NASA or LIGO who ever it is the usage of technology is high on the sheet, it is evident that whether it is Mangalyan or Rosseta its Human who control it and make the technology which is needed for humans. To express in single line from Lithosphere to space the existence and need of technology for day to day existence is needed. From humans birth to death it is helpful in his/her activites to satisfy their needs or objectives. ” Without Humans there is no Technology, but without technology there are Humans”.

    But you can raise a valid point, Technology replaces manpower in various places and it starts from our home to hospitals, Constructions to Consolidations, Televisions to Transmissions? See my son, you view is right but the right word is not replace because in our homes we use machines to do from chutney to communication but mixer cant operate on its own by pouring ingredients in required quantity itself, Mobiles cant dial a number on their own without human help, Lifting of objects cant be done by machines without human involvement either in coding or minimal communication, Televisions cant transmit if there is no human brain in it.

    I also agreed with your point if there is a word decrease instead of Replace. Hence, you may see in movies that technology replace humans with zero intervention of humans. But the real truth is it is a drama played for fixed and limited time to entertain you. To answer the next question which is in your brain, Yes technology may invent to replace humans in future but always keep this in your mind We didnt create planets we discovered how they exists, So we cant control the day and night as Same as Humans create humans even though technology helps but cant replace. Hence, the creators have complete control on the created. Until the power of control lies in the hands of Humans, Technology never replaces Humanpower. Its time boy, pack your things and go to college. Thank you so much grandmom, for making it clear. Now onwards, I use the technology not survive on it…

    • aashish 2000

      Please step me up towards LBSNAA by your valuable feedback

    • Bharat Avril

      Mast likha hai yar… maza aaya padhke.. the approach through a story, and then that nasa -rossetta example … fabulous yar…
      just in the last sentence you can write a generalised statement i feel…
      will improve mine .. please review my essay if your schedule on this “critical day of valentines” permits you 😀 😀

    • Lubna Sehar

      Points like “Discovered the planet, not created a planet and cannot control day and night” holds good for topic of technology replacing nature, not manpower

    • Sonia mehra

      Hy aashish,
      The story could have been better crafted, the point that the boy was surprised by his grandmother looked unreal.
      In my essay I have interpreted manpower as jobs. You have interpreted it as man’s ability to control. So our perspectives differ.
      1 or 2 lines could have been given to artificial intelligence.

      Thank you, Please review mine as per convenience..

    • Nandu

      Good-one….Easy and soft essay…….but throughout the easy you explained only one thing with the help of several examples that “for operating a machine, man is required therefore technology cannot replace manpower”……
      you could have added the limitations and drawbacks emotion that cannot be felt with the technology etc…..to justify the topic
      .
      I will be happy if you through some light on my essay…

      • Sonia mehra

        Plz review mine and I will review yours..

      • pooja

        for emotion we can give recent example of a man who was killed by robot at a car parts factory in india ….when he suddenly come in front of robot….by mistake…

      • Lubna Sehar

        Plz review mine if possible

  • Sonia mehra

    Technology cannot replace manpower

    Whenever we think about technology replacing human, it evokes a sense of nostalgia of the past. To better understand the changes which happened in Indian society due to technology, from early days of independence to the contemporary time we only need to see and compare two of the greatest Indian films “Mother India” and “Dhoom”. For those who are thinking about which Dhoom, let me clarify I am talking about Dhoom Part 1, which was filmed in India for the majority of its part.

    In Mother India there was hardly any motorized vehicle, we had only horses and horsemen. Alas! we lost this horsemen in the time warp. There was a potter, who provided us much needed utensils. Where is he today and where are his artistic skills. . Where are the blacksmiths, who used to be an indivisible part of our society with his sword making skills and other requirements. If you happened to visit any coastal Indian village only 15 years back, you would have founded many traditional boats heading towards sea early morning. Today there are only trawlers with handful of fishermen in these trawlers, yet these handful are in millions in our country.

    How can we forget agriculture, which is the pillar of our society, although the modernization in this field has been limited in our country but we still have tractors and harvesters, which reduced the manpower requirement considerably. Technology has reduced manpower in a better way as well, If you happened to see the Amul Visual ad a decade back with the background song “dudh ka sagar behta jaye” you would have noticed women carrying water on their head. Thanks to technology we no more see women carrying water in most of the part of our country.

    So can we conclude that technology is an evil force which takes away the much required jobs from our economy and leave our youth as unemployed? To understand this let’s go back to the examples we have already used. Today we don’t use clay made utensils, but steel utensils. So now there is a factory which makes utensils out of steel, now there is a steel making industry and moreover there is a mining industry which employs large number of people. We use trawlers, so there are trawler building jetty’s in our country, to make trawlers we need wood so now we have a flourishing wood industry which employ’s wood cutters and also require transport to supply these wood. Although we miss our horsemen but today we have motorized vehicle. With our very own maruti enjoying a substantial share of India’s car market. Honda one of the giants in automobile is planning to set up the world’s largest scooter plant in Gujarat, needless to say it will create employment in thousands and many more in ancillary industries. How can we forget the automobile mechanics whom we visit often.

    Technology has provided us water pumps making it easier to draw water, this has also created a water pump industry, the most famous being Kirloskar in Tamil nadu and also created job avenues for plumbers. Technology has given us electricity which gave us many electronic goods industry and job avenues for electricians. Moving back to agriculture, we today have an agricultural machine industry. Mahindra is the world leader in tractor manufacturing, and it has one of the biggest plants in the district of Rajkot in Gujarat. So can we conclude that technology has only shifted the manpower requirement from one sector to the other? To understand this let us look at some more dimensions of technology which are essentially associated with creation of manpower requirement.

    Fourth Industrial revolution is ‘a collective term for technologies and concepts of value chain organization’ which draws together Cyber-Physical Systems, the Internet of Things and the Internet of Services. In simple words it will converge with physical, biological and digital world with new technologies and platforms like artificial intelligence. Fourth Industrial revolution is expected to displace jobs, but it has also been estimated that it will create 2 million high skilled jobs such as Computer and Mathematical or Arithematic and Engineering.

    Technology is also creating new jobs in the field of aerospace, the apt example in this case is Space X. Space X is a company of Eon Musk which is into aerospace manufacturing and space transport. Such companies create job for computer programmers, welders etc. The revolution of smart phone technology has also created many jobs, the smart phone technology is also used for nanosats. It is estimated that in the next 5 years atleast 1000 nanosats will be deployed by private and governmental agencies, resulting in millions of jobs directly and indirectly.

    The advent of technology intensive war industry is also creating many jobs, India is committed to induct one more indigenously build aircraft carrier by 2017 on the lines of INS Vikramaditya. INS Vikramaditya, could carry 13 to 14 aircrafts, were as countries like USA are producing supercarriers which could carry atleast 100 aircrafts.

    With globalization the world has become smaller, this has been facilitated by improved shipping technology. The shipping industry is job-intensive sector with employment created in the form of documentation before the Vessel arrives, employment created in the form of gang of workers who indulge in loading and unloading using ship’s gears or shore gears, employment is created after Vessel departs in the form of documentation and final settlement in foreign exchange which ultimately creates job in banking sector as well.

    So the impact of technology on manpower requirement varies with sector. With primary sector finding a reduced manpower requirement. Secondary and Tertiary sector finding an increased manpower requirements.

    • Bharat Avril

      sonia.. nice flow. rich language.. and liked the examples specially tamilnadu wala…
      please review mine if u have time..

    • sheetu singh

      I read ur essay dear .u know wt when i saw this heading .same here in ma mind to write bt m stop for fifteen min to think that all aspirant ll generate same like we all r human .think diff nw then again and write .for my basic in this one was .banane wala extreme hota h bcoz kahi na kahi he or she knows perfectly hw they can distroy u by only one click .
      Like our mother a simple bt solid example
      She is source n we r products .we hv lot of money .technology .power .better understanding .better tools to handle work .bt smtimes i feel like my mother can do better any work without any new technology .n m not able to even get 60-70% with the help of technology.
      Same as generate the job in this case wt i feel a machine can work equal to 100 manpower .bt the hand work r more better in strength .
      My grandfather or fore father told me correct time and direction without any technology same as Einstein said about GRAVITATIONAL WAVES n we r even nw not able to do that with nanotechnology
      .manpower is superior in my terms bcoz they r handled by himself and machines r also by them.this is my views wtever i think
      Anyways wtever u write it was nice .keep it up .i m learning too much from ur ans 🙂

      • Sonia mehra

        Thank you Sheetu for your kind words….

        • sheetu singh

          Np keep it up n suggest me sm points if u hv

          • Sonia mehra

            Have you written today’s essay? If not, then please post I will definitely review your essay.. and give my views…

            • sheetu singh

              I write bt i promise to myself ki jis din i ll b satisfy that i got the click on the demands that day i m sure ll post .tb tk trying to learn more n more

      • sheetu singh

        U may add or get idea from that movie robot .i liked that one bcoz when robot no feel no pain that time they r useful bt more harmful .bt when they r feeling the emotions again they r problms .that time owner is superior

        • Sonia mehra

          You are right, but I interpreted the term “reduced manpower” in the sense of manpower requirement or jobs for human. So the focus was on employment

          • sheetu singh

            Ya u done grt job with ur dimension bt i think we can add few dimension bcoz employment is a common point .so put smthing fresh nut to examiner is better to get more points .gud luck

    • Ab

      Good Attempt. The part where you mentioned that technology is not just killing jobs, but creating it was the best. Conclusion can be more elaborate, where you can give your final view point about the topic. If u have time, please review mine.

      • Sonia mehra

        Thanks AB
        I will review yours in some time…

      • Strongking

        Hey AB ! REVIEW MY ESSAY BUDDY!

    • dumbledore

      yaar hw did u remember such examples? from dhoom to amul visual ad. i found this very different. good. 🙂 hw much time did u take? krm.

      • Sonia mehra

        Thanks dumbledore…
        15 mins I spend on framing what I would be writing. Thereafter it was a cakewalk… 1hour and 45 min in total
        I will review yours in some time..

        • dumbledore

          ok yaar maine pata nahi kya likh diya aaj..:(

    • Aravind Varier

      Dear Sonia ,

      1) Are you sure the Examiner would have an idea of the film you are talking about . I haven’t personally seen ” MOTHER INDIA ” or ” DHOOM ” because of my poor understanding of the HINDI language .

      You mentioned about the background features of the movie ” MOTHER INDIA ” like horses and horsemen . But , you totally forgot to describe about the special feature in the movie DHOOM and to compare it with the movie MOTHER INDIA .

      2) “dudh ka sagar behta jaye” what is the meaning of this sentence , please make sure you don’t write HINDI sentences using English alphabets .The examiner need not be proficient in HINDI like me .

      3) I did see a sentence in your essay “Thanks to technology we no more see women carrying water in most of the part of our country” ARE YOU SURE ABOUT THIS ???
      if i travel 15 kms in my car to the outskirts of the city were i live presently , i find plenty of women carrying water ”

      4) “So can we conclude that technology is an evil force which takes away the
      much required jobs from our economy and leave our youth as unemployed?……….onward the essay is written BRILLIANTLY 🙂 🙂

      5) ” With globalization the world has become smaller, this has been facilitated by improved shipping technology……. ” ???? Your attempt is good but you could have written this paragraph better .

      6) conclusion have to be improved

      OVERALL , I liked your essay but the example of the movie complicated it a little bit .

      ALL THE BEST !!!

      • Sonia mehra

        3rd point= There are still women who carry water, that’s why I have written “most”

        Thank you Aravind….

    • ESWAR

      Very nice essay and interesting to read again.
      What I felt by reading your essay that you have not mentioned anywhere on ethics, creativity, problems ofcourse today topic could not demand such issues directly but I feel need. U can contradict.
      Please review my answer

      • Jaya Swatantra

        Please review mine as well if possible

    • Eswar Sai

      I don’t know whether starting with films is good or not, it might give little bad opinion to examiner.
      Overall good essay with mentioning like 4th industrial revolution.
      Please review mine as i wrote my first essay.

    • Mrinal Mukherjee

      Hey !
      I think your essay is a brilliant write up had the topic been say ‘Technology has spurred employment’ or ‘the impact of technology on manpower ‘ but however it is not in line with the given topic.This topic is pretty assertive saying that Technology cannot replace manpower so i feel you have missed that ..

      — You can take examples of paintings like the Warli of Maharashtra and the Madhubani of Bihar or the Chikankari of Lucknow(a type of thread work on cloth) and quote that there is no machine on earth which can come even close to the finesse delivered by the skilled workmen who have practiced this art for generations .

      –You could mention that the Taj Mahal and its exquisite minakari work which makes it among the seven wonders or for the matter of fact any of the seven wonders that stand tall today were built centuries ago with absolutely no technology but purely skill.(If technology replaced manpower then Burj Khalifa would have been in the seven wonders long back :p)

      –In the bustling streets Calcutta, despite of the fact that the crowd is so overdependent on apps like Ola and Uber , we still find men who pull rickshaws with their hands for the last 3 centuries.

      –Coming to the educational field , technology can never tech us to be honest or truthful or impart moral teaching.It is the teacher who gels with our thoughts and directs us what is right and whats wrong

      On a lighter note , I liked the way that you have taken examples from films and tried to connect with the topic.You can take the example of the film Robot (Rajanikant wala ) and say that no matter how advanced Chitti (technology ) was , he was always controlled by the professor (manpower )who instilled in him a feeling of love and sympathy.

      I hope you are getting what i am trying to say 🙂

      • Strongking

        Review my essay bro!

      • Sonia mehra

        Thanks Mrinal.. I have interpreted manpower as employment or job. So the focus has been on job creation.

    • Batman

      Hello Ma’am, my views:
      1) I feel you haven’t gone into the details of the topic. Most of your essay is focused on side by side job creation but I think there is much more that we can add
      2)Intro was quite catchy but what if someone has not seen “Dhoom1” (You described about mother India but could have devoted few lines on this too)
      3)Conclusion can be improved a bit, try to elaborate a few ideas that you spoke in the body. You could also try connecting your intro with this
      Overall, it is a fine essay but some solid dimensions need to be added to make it better. Feel free to contradict. Please review mine too. Thanks 🙂

      • Sonia mehra

        Technology cannot reduce manpower
        Here with “manpower”, what I understood is manpower requirement or employment. That’s why the focus has been on employment.

        Could you plz tell me how did you interpret the meaning of the topic??

        I would reviews yours…
        Thank you batman…

    • i am Batman

      good flow sis

    • sankar

      good one………….full of contents.
      very critically at you because you have suggested me at my esay today
      for taking revenge. look at my observation.
      first of all, am sorry
      the crux of essay is that despites the advancement of technology……..the role and importance of manpower will remain insurmountable one
      in this essay what i have to do ,,,,,,,,,to show the importance of technology in the one hand………….but check replacing attitude of tech by giving the importance of man in driving out. like even automation requires a man to push botton. it works on will, desire, skill and knowledge, training of persons

      one para you presents tech as evil……………….it may be true.. but utilization of technology depend on human who is more evil than a
      we shoud project tech as a facilitator enabler, but not supplant to the work of human being.
      thanks

      • Sonia mehra

        Thanks yar…

    • BRK

      The first half of the essay is confusing. The crux is lost on me.If the examiner happens to be getting on in years and is of a conservative outlook , your film examples will only make his hackles rise.

      In the next half there are quite a number of good points . They could do with better arrangement though. Aircraft carriers are actually dated military technology. Internet warfare is the next chapter. Always conclude every paragraph with an encapsulating remark.

      I’m not criticising , merely critically reviewing. Please critically review mine as well.

      • Sonia mehra

        Thanks Brk…

    • yogi

      Hi Sonia 🙂

      Here is my delayed review 🙂

      Mother India v/s Dhoom : u did not mentioned the situation of Dhoom like u did in case Mother India, there is possibility that the examiner might not have seen Dhoom so u should provide the contrast u want to show by more examples.

      How tech. Is creating jobs part is very well handled thru different examples, good

      INS Vikramaditya-> details like aircrtafts it can carry can be avoided, (similarly for other example like Space X )as they directly don’t cater to the core demand of the theme

      Conclusion: I think u ended in hurry and have narrowed it down to jobs.

      Overall a good essay, just reduce some redundant details and work on conclusion

      Thank you!

      Keep writing, reviewing and posting Calvin 🙂

      • Sonia mehra

        Thanks for such extensive DELAYED review…………………….. and thanks for keeping your word………….

  • Nandu

    review please

    • Nandu

      you can review… not more than 500 words……!

  • Bharat Avril

    Flattered with the ‘Realms of Innovation’ human being started the journey for his betterment with the innovation of ‘Fire’ and tamed the animals whom he feared and rode them with another Innovation of ‘wheel’. Since then the innovation and technology are moving hand in hand.

    One may wonder, what is the difference between Innovation and technology? The answer has never been difficult. When we find which was never known before is ‘Innovation’ and the application of the technique for different domains falls under the head of ‘Technology’. However,in my interpretation, they are being used interchangeably.

    HUMAN vs. TECHNOLOGY

    Historical Purview:
    It was in 18th century when the English brothers gave a new gift to mankind to ease out their plight, the ‘Steam engine’. It was the first phase of Industrial revolution. It dramatically increased the output of factories and added to the prosperity of the upper strata of society. Though it served the Labour class also but the gap started to widen and never to be abridged. Now the requirement of labor took a down slope and production capacity started touching the skies. It was the dark hour for labour and unskilled class.The Industrial revolution opened more gates and we started to ‘Achieve more’. Scientists, Engineers, Researchers got the due recognition and a new trend to ‘learn and develope’ took a shape. similarly the third revolution moved from conveyour belt and light mechanised machines to more sophisticated ‘Electronic-Intelligence’ (combination of computers and electronic microchips) which rapidly transformed the society. This is the time where we stand surrounded by ‘technology’.

    Role of technology:

    Now a days , doctor use telepathy for operations at remote areas. The e-learning platform could reach the places which were untouched. Survillience system is getting more robost with the use of CCTV cameras,Drones,Sensors,Radars and satellites. Transport system is automatized and fast with the Metro trains, High speed Bullet Trains, Aeroplanes etc. Technology help us connect with people all over the world. The Life saving drugs, the reach to the seabed and flight to moon,mars etc show the human’s capability to do the undone. Internet has transformed the human life with huge avenues of entertainment,education,research,business etc which otherwise was not so easy.

    Technology replacing the human:
    In the third revolution Artificial Intelligence triumped over the manual workforce. We saw a trend of Robots replacing Humans. Now we see in all fields works are done by robots for example , a mobile phoneis nothing but a robot who has replaced a post man similarly washing machine,microwave, printer etc caould be categorised as robots for specific works. The technology not reduced the burden from the shoulders of human but also increased efficiency. But the another side of the development of technology added to the sorrows of unskilled workforce. They are being replaced by intelligent machines and electronically driven vehicles. A company is more likely to invest in a robot who works day in day out equivalent to 200 workers rather hiring people.

    The flip side of the coin:
    Although it is argued that technology is ultimate replacement of human workforce. But a close scrutiny can break this myth. Its true we are getting overdependent on technology but it does not mean that its going to replace human in the days to come. No matter what is the level of technology but human always have an edge over technology because its human who posses the remote control. Its human who operate the Robot and keeps the finger on shut-down button. human gave life to machine,the intelligence imparted in the machine is from human and machines have not generated the capacity to learn like a human child. Although the highly computerized labs for example LIGO sensed the gravity waves generated 1.3 billion years ago owing to the fusion of two black holes but it was the Einstien who gave the theory and a way to interprete such findings and there applications. It was human scientist who use that data for higher level application. We see technology like Li-Fi ,3D Printers which have capability to create the ditto prototypes, 3-D TVs,virtual reality platforms but all these are operated and built by human. In case of faults it is human who has to bug and sort the issue ultimately.
    The successive industrial revolutions brought in many many advantages in their gift bag but they came along with the unseen miseries. However, human is supereme of all and endowed with five senses hence technology is far from replacing humans. Although technology is replacing human beings at lower levels of skill spectrum but it opens large avenues for human to pioneer in the field of skilled workforce. hence to tackle the the problems arisingout of technology there is a dire need to enrich the skill baste of our population otherwise the gap created at first industrial level is likely to widen swiftly at the critical juncture when the fourth industrial revolution is knocking at our door.

    • CV

      Good points : your Intro was catchy, also the historical perspective was nice.

      To Improve : Your essay isn’t multidimensional :

      1) Put a bit of ethics

      2) technology Vs human emotions (love, care, etc) : example :

      -with many electronic cookwares in the market, we still value the home made food cooked by our mother.

      3) U could have talked about computers Vs human creativity and Intelligence : Chess Champion Anand defeating computers in the game of chess is an example

      4) -Handloom Vs Powerloom. Quality Vs Quantity

      This is what clicked to me while I read your essay. Points come to you as you write yourself. there could be many more points, m sure.

      Thanks !

      • Prerna saxena

        plz review mine..

      • Lubna Sehar

        Hi CV. Plz give me your valuable review

        • CV

          Dear ! Will review yours in the evng. Thanks !

          • Lubna Sehar

            OK. Thank you

    • Prerna saxena

      theme of the essay is assertion and you are explaining theme which is not required in my opinion ,instead establish how machines can not replace human resource….

      • Bharat Avril

        In the last paragraph ‘ flip side of coin’ I upholded the assertion so specified in que. Before that I touche few other dimensions.. Will improve thanks for valuable feedback..

    • Aravind Varier

      Dear Bharat ,

      1) your introduction is good 🙂

      2) Human Vs Technology part is also well written .

      3) I felt you dragged a little bit in the ” Role of technology ” because you have already covered that section in the “Technology replacing the human part “.

      4) conclusion also looks good .

      ALL THE BEST !!!

      • Lubna Sehar

        Would you plz give me review if time permits

      • Bharat Avril

        yeah… i’ll edit aravind… thanx keep reviewing

    • Eswar Sai

      I think innovation, technology difference is not needed that too in the beginning. I feel much essay is in favour of technology which should be reverse of that. “Its human who posess the remote control” statement is very nice which directly gave the essence of the essay. Better if more information in favour of manpower. Overall nice essay.

      • Bharat Avril

        yesfriend in the flow i wrote… edited after your suggetion… thanx for review dear

    • Cap. Haddock

      well written, bharat

      plus doctors dont use telepathy for that fact no one does except X-MEN
      they use telemedicine.

      overallwell written

      • Bharat Avril

        haaaahahaaaha thanx for pointing out.. actually i intended to write digital telepathy (my experiment with new terms 🙂 :D) editied it… thanx buddy

  • Tanu Singhal

    Kindly review,
    Technology is the use of science in industry, engineering, etc., to invent useful things or to solve problems.
    A human being invents something when a need arises, and technology is both the means and end of that invention.technology is both invented, developed, used by the human beings, to bring ease and luxury to their lives.
    While manpower is something inherent, its the use of human energy, to carry out any work.Infact, to invent a technology, you need manpower. Manpower can be anything, physical work, mental work or manual.while technology is just the technical aspect, which accentuates the manpower in a more refined manner.
    Simply saying, manpower is something which gives birth to technology, and technology is something which gives a better shape and efficiency to manpower.
    But , we really can’t equate, both in terms of their importance or even existence. Both have become complimentary to each other,and in no ways can substitute each other.
    Human resource is something, inevitable to the day to day working of our lives, we cannot imagine our lives without Man power, because of the very fundamental fact that, manpower is inseparable and is the ultimate source of intelligence even to the machinery or technology.

    On the other hand,While we are heading towards a DIGITAL India initiative we really can’t really forget that this programme is being introduced to bring excellence in human work.it is being brought in to multiply the efficiency and divide or rather eliminate the duplication of work and human efforts. But at the same time, this very technology is nothing but the brain child of humans only.

    Coming to hard core scientific inventions, when SPINNING JENNY & STEAM ENGINES took over the very manual labours, a revolution was set in, that very revolution known as the industrial revolution, envisaged the human aspirations and the quest of human brain to take develop such means and ways, which can take over time.
    Need for speed became the driving source behind all inventions.
    While calculator was developed to speed up calculations, trains were developed to turn the long distances into short duration journey, technology was taking over all the inefficiencies.

    Not only industrial era, but in terms of human sciences, medicine, surgery, transplants, for that matter even IVF, and human parts development, is the extent of technology.
    But all these sciences were developed for the humans and by the humans only, and are being improved by humans for the use better life of humans only.
    While we moved from huge computers run by transistor to smart tablets and smart watches, what we did was elimination of human tasks and use of energy , space , efforts and even time.
    Every time we moved towards better resources utilisation.

    Technology is something which gave new definitions to hu na existence, if there was no technology developed to build a ship, Vasco de gama would not have found us, for that matter even the invention of a potter’s wheel gave humans the resoucres to store food and actually survive. The use of pen , to the use of kazer technology, the use of tractors to the use of HVY seeds, from the use of cycle to the use of plains , humans have tried to speed up the process of DEVELOPMENT., humans have been successful in actually living a better life than they were endowed with.

    Manpower have always been afraid of technology, while it just transforms its use and intelligence level. While earlier a factory reqd manual workers to actually do the on the floor jobs, today manpower is reqd to have a check on the machine.
    No doubt , the need opfor manpower has reduced, no doubt the intelligence and efficiency endowed in a Machine is way more than a Manila labourer, the accuracy is apt. But whne it come sto talent, to beauty, to actual value addition, no machine can substitute any manpower.
    A Machine is NEVER SELF-SUSTAINING, it is never able to recreate itslef, to mend itself, or cure its techincal glitches, but a human body is also sufficient.
    Here the very basic difference of a living and non living body, the difference of intelligence and ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, is actually very big and cannot provide survival instinct to a Machine or technology.

    No doubt the farmers are being provided with enough information by phones, the students are getting connected to the world knowledge hubs, the doctors are getting to know about new medical practice’s to save their patients, the govt is getting to know about new governance plans and issues, the people are getting connected to the people.
    The world is getting connected. The citizens are becoming a cosmopolitan citizen.the globe is becoming on big home.

    Since morning till late night, even while sleeping we all are being an ardent user of some sort of technology, even while writing this very essay, I am becoming part of the same population.
    But the very existence, usage, and even birth of technology is because of HUMANS.
    Even the misuse, the Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the Syrian war, the ISIS and its arsnel, is also a misuse but by humans only, of the same technology.

    Yes, there are parts of human life’s where technology is proving to be a better substitute for humans, but when it comes to feelings, intelligence, morality, society, and existence and survival of a species, no technology is proving enough, and the day artificial technology will be able to do that, it may be the day we will be taken over by robots, and that is surely a very hypothetical situation.
    When still a birth and death is natural phenomenon, and disasters are still out of our control, while we still can’t produce coal and water on our own. No technology can replace man power.

    • ESWAR

      Dear Tanu

      your essay superb

      Use of words like – the birth of technology, complementary, digital India, green revolution (HYV seeds), analysis of the past very nice especially their interlinking

      Marks – 105/125

      Please review my essay too

      • Strongking

        Hey buddy reveie my essay bhai!

      • Tanu Singhal

        Thanks so much eswar.

        Will surley do…

    • niti

      nice essay and nice use of words..what i feel is it requires a structure..ur idea is clear but try to rearrange the examples…and an approach like one thought one para..rest is good..
      plz review mine…

      • Tanu Singhal

        Nice idea, one idea, one parah,

        Yeah will work on arrangement…
        Thanks

        Wil review urs in a while… 🙂

    • BRK

      The best essay in the lot. Mine is none too shabby either 😉 So please review mine as well.

      • Tanu Singhal

        Thanks, will surely do… 🙂

    • Bunny585

      Your essay really stands unique from the few exceptions
      1.”Vasco de Gama found sea route to india,” – after reading this statement my mind runs for correcting it & then after i stopped understnding essay & started finding faults..human nature espacially this would become sucide if examiner do that…so plz dnt use something you are not sure abt..
      2. Ur pinpoints are good but use more precisely & to the point..

      Nothing else..just keep this in mind for ur nxt essay…All the Best.

      • Tanu Singhal

        Will surely keep ur corrections in mind..

        Keep correcting, it helps a lot.
        Thanks 🙂

    • Isha

      Hello Tanu, Sorry for the late review.
      Here are my views-
      1. Intro could be better- rather than the definition or purpose, you can think of something innovative. Like a story or something.
      2. I cannot understand the meaning of – “Manpower have always been afraid of technology, while it just transforms its use and intelligence level”
      3. Few things were just perfect- like, “the difference of intelligence and ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE” & “Both have become complimentary to each other,and in no ways can substitute each other.”
      4. 3rd last, and 2nd last para- diverted from the topic
      Conclusion could be better. I would say try to work on structure first and then expand the story parah wise. Rest all is perfect and would improve. Keep writing!
      If you find time, have a look at mine too- as per ur convenience. Here is the link-
      https://isha2893.wordpress.com/2016/02/16/technology-cannot-replace-manpower/

      • Tanu Singhal

        Hey isha
        Thanks for the review.

        That statement: I meant if I m a factory worker, and have to make a carpet, but with no weaving machine or colour blending machines, I would be able to make just Ltd carpets.
        With machines, the carpets beauty and speed and quantity of my labour will get increased, due to the extra help provided.

        ( I meant a manual worker should noit be afraid of machines, at some extent it actually adds value)

        Yeah, this time I literally hated my write up.
        Structure or conclusion will definitely be taken care of..

        I will definitely have a look at urs 🙂

        • Isha

          Koi nahi, just keep writing! And you ll improve 🙂
          Give it some time.

  • netaji

    From the early times of recorded history, mankind has used technology to fulfil the needs. Verily, it is the limited capacity of our body which propels human beings to invent something new that can overcome these limitations. It has been rightly said that necessity is the mother of invention. However, the technological advancement in the modern period has proceeded at a scale never seen in history. With these technologies, great many opportunities were laid bare but they also created enormous challenges. Increasingly the use of technology has made prosperous select minority at the peril of vast majority. The industrial revolution led to invention of plethora of technologies which precipitated rains of prosperity only on a certain section of population. Besides, there are domains where technologies cannot be deployed as they require decisions which only the cognitive abilities of human mind can come up with.

    Today, we are overwhelmed by the presence of technologies around us. Daily we hundreds of technologies and they have become part and parcel of our life. It is very difficult to imagine life without these technologies. Yet, their role is limited as these are only a means. These are not ends in themselves. So, our times has seen lot of protests against the use of technology as they cross their domains and enter one where they prove to be obstacle, rather than an instrument, in fulfilling people’s needs.

    Technologies should be a means to achieve freedom of the people – freedom from hunger, poverty, ignorance etc. Thus they should be used for promoting the welfare of all the people and not only few. In ancient times, China invented compass which helped in navigation, paper and print technology which led to the dissemination of knowledge to increasingly more number of people. In India, the technologies of ship building helped in trading via sea which decreased the time and cost and increased the exchange of goods, ideas and people. In our times, many technologies – big and small – have made people more free. For example, the sewing machine which reduced the time of sewing clothes without uprooting those engaged in sewing; satellites have helped to predict weather beforehand and thus enable us in better tackling the wraths of nature; the medicinal technologies which helped save many from the attack of diseases; today every country is promoting e-governance –which means effective use of information and communication technology – as it helps in curbing corruption and targeting the beneficiaries effectively and efficiently. Further, many of our needs can only be met by using technologies. So, the independent India went with vast industrialisation with focus on heavy industries, Indian Institutes of Technologies (IITs) were opened, dams and bridges and highways were built. Nehru underscored the importance of technology when he said that dams and bridges were the ‘temples of modern India’. The problem of food insufficiency in India was addressed through green revolution which used HYV seeds, fertilisers and pesticides, irrigation system where technology was important facilitator. Recently, many schemes like Digital India, Smart city, JAM (Jan Dhan Yojana, Aadhaar, and Mobile) trinity are mainly based on greater utilization of technologies. Technology has also promoted art. Thus, the Taj Mahal, the Eiffel tower, the statue of liberty and many more monuments are testimony to the mankind’s grandiose visions.

    Having said that, many technologies have been – and are being – used which led to deprivation of many people. For example, the vast industrialisation which pauperised so many people as these industries which deployed technologies snatched jobs from the hands of the people thus leaving them at the whims of the employers – the capitalists – to be hired and fired at their will. These technologies have been used for ‘saving labour’ to reap more profits. It has led to many protests and some went on to destroy to destroy the machineries in the factories. Technologies should be used to complement the work of people and not to thwart them altogether. Thus Gandhiji said, to quote:

    I want to save time and labour, not for a fraction of mankind but for all. I want the concentration of wealth, not in the hands of a few, but in the hands of all. Today machinery merely helps a few to ride on the backs of millions. The impetus behind it all is not the philanthropy to save labour, but greed. It is against this constitution of things that I am fighting with all my might…. The supreme consideration is man. The machine should not tend to atrophy the limbs of, man.

    The saving of the labour of the individual should be the object, and not human greed the motive. Thus, for instance, I would welcome any day a machine to straighten crooked spindles. Not that blacksmiths will cease to make spindles; they will continue to provide spindles but when the spindle goes wrong every spinner will have a machine to get it straight. Therefore replace greed by love and everything will be all right.

    The industries have also uprooted the livelihood of millions of people – either by forcefully occupying their land in the name of ‘development’ or ‘public interest’ without ensuring an alternative to them. Thus, the immense power that technology has given us, should be used as a means to achieve substantive freedom for people. The technological animal must not be killed, but it must be tamed and tempered.

    Besides, there are areas where technology cannot replace manpower even if it wanted to. For example, administration requires a lot of decisions which involve ethical and moral issues and these cannot be hardcoded into technologies as there is no any universal answer to these issues. The world remains divided on many of these concerns. Moreover, many a times, the situations encountered are altogether unique and so, how to tackle those situations cannot be known beforehand as they require decision making on the spot which only the human mind is able to do.

    We should use the invention of greatest minds to create a more equitable society which effectively requires enriching everyone’s life by cooperating them in their work and making them economically free to carry on other enriching activities – for example reading, playing etc.

    Pls review:)

    • Strongking

      Netaji ki jai ho! Hey netaji meri madad kariye ! Kripya mera essay review kariye!! :0;0:)

  • sankar

    Once, there was a man named Ramu, residing in an inhospitable hilly terrain of Himalayas. He used to wake up early and went to hunt some animals, birds or to gather vegetables and fruits to feed his five member family. As hunting in such area is not possible individually, so he has some friends. But before reaching his destination, his entire team has to cross over a hill. This hill is in a much dilapidated condition, so one of his colleagues while crossing the hill, fell down.

    After falling from high terrain, he got seriously injured and suffering from continuous bleeding. To go nearby doctor, it may have taken another one hour but Ramu knew about some wild trees leaf. Applying these leaves stopped blood immediately and then Ramu put his friend on his shoulder and brought to nearby doctor’s clinic and saved his friend.

    This story implies the famous quote;

    “If you want plant for a year, plant crop; if you want plant for ten years, plant trees; and if you want to plant for hundred years, plant men.”

    Let us try to understand role of technology and manpower. Modern age is age of technology. Technology has developed human civilization, has made easy human life by supporting human beings but nevertheless technology is being applied and developed by human being and the other way around. It has helped us in improving efficiency, productivity and suitable environment condition by providing variety of industrial machines, electric machines, faster modes of transports and variety of avenues for entertainment and information.

    But the question of replacing manpower by technologies came to our mind for tackling scarcity of labor and rising wages. It is also for tackling peculiar situations while mankind facing existential threat and while required high level of precision.

    But technology cannot replace mankind, because technology can give us machines, but mankind operated the machines, it will be operated on the command and will, skill and intent of manpower. Thus manpower will always remain the super power.

    Although the discovery of fire and advent of wheels were the two great technological achievements from ancient time, the advent of modern industrial technological followed industrial revolution.

    The advent of steam engine and various types of transport led to material progress and quality of human life but it was also done at cost of environment and human right violation. The greedy attitude of capitalist and industrialist debilitated the living condition of workforce.

    Therefore this forced labors to unite and formed a labour union that helped them bargaining wages, work condition and other previlage. Again the importance of manpower became focal point of discussion when its superiority was seen in the development of Germany and Japan. Both the countries showed the efficient use of resources and technology led to prosperity and progress. This manifests the statement of famous personality, Mahbub-ul-Haq. He has rightly said that, “earlier we were taking care of growth so that it will care of growth, now the time has come that we should take care of people, it will take care of growth.

    Here, it can also be seen that the importance of technology increased in showing the economic and military superiority hegemony in this new world order. As are being seen in the case of the USA and the Western Europe. But in all these case, these countries did not ignore human capital building by investing in education, nutrition, health, and skills. Hence the main superiority of the western world lies in the manpower’s capacity.

    The importance of technology can also be seen in the economic development of Japan, Korea and Tiwan. With the development of technologies these countries create large number of infrastructure such road, transport, industrial machines and health sectors. But to operate it efficiently, it requires skilled manpower. Shortage of manpower impedes production, lack of skilled lead to inefficiency and competitiveness.

    Technological revolution has also been seen in the two giant China and India. Both got independent almost at the same time. At the time of independence India was well ahead in many fields from China. But Chinese has transformed its around twenty crore s people from agriculture to industrial sector. It has been possible with support of technology and providing skill to Chinese people.

    Now India is far behind from economic and military might of China, because of Chinese success in producing skilled manpower and India’s failure to achieve the same.

    However, it is naïve to say that India has failed in its technological achievement. We have also produced skilled manpower whose fruits have seen in the form of one of the largest fastest economy, vibrant space sector and increasing clemency of defense sector. Booming economic growth with focusing on imparting skills and enhancing human capital, but the pace, scale and time of this beginning has been a little bit delay.

    However, it is out-rightly said that the efficiency of technology depends on the skills and quality of manpower. Technology is always committed to excellence, intelligent planning and dedicated and focused efforts.

    Reliability, productivity and efficiency depend on education level, training, skill and dedication of manpower.

    The happiness and satisfaction of manpower is another attribute for providing productivity. As was seen post Industrial revolution in Europe and Green Revolution in India. There appeared a trend of substituting labours with the utilization of machines due to rising wages and labor disputes.

    Better paid salaries and praise work as impetus to increase human efficiency. Also a student in class like to have a physical presence of a teacher to get direct praise, emotional attachment, direct interaction and imitate teachers as role model.

    Further technology alone is not sufficient in bringing progress and prosperity, it is largely the work of efficient management. Even this age of automation, it is required a skilled manpower to operate machine or switch on button to start.

    There for technology can be a facilitator, an enhancer but it cannot replace manpower. There requires a man behind an idea and the man behind the machine is very much important. Technology can support it, but can not supplant it. the idea flow from the human spirit is absolutely unlimited. All ones need to tap it well.

    The whole idea is not about choice between using or not using technology. The challenge is to use it right. Once a machine can do work of fifty ordinary man. But a machine can not do work of an extra-ordinary man. Thus man including the leader is very much important using the technology for peace and prosperity. Today technology is considered to be panacea for all disease, but is not true. Human vision and discretion will always remain important.

    • Sonia mehra

      How is the first story related to the context of essay?

      • sankar

        madam.. just try to show the importance of manpower by showing the knowledge of a person who apply herbal to stop bleeding after that he will carry him to the doctor where he gets treatment with the modern technology
        and also the knowlede of the person who consider that bleeding leads to death so first he did primary treatment by using their traditional knowledge.

        i ll try to show the importance of manpower.
        ATB………………..THANKS A LOT

    • ESWAR

      Dear Shankar

      The story u written could be useful if you have connected with the rest of essay.

      quotation is not making sense in this essay, however, advised at right time

      The essence of manpower has not been much done

      conclusion is good which is shown your view on the topic

      Marks – 80/125

      pLEASE REVIEW MINE

      • sankar

        hey frnds
        your rvw is always encouraging one
        especially thanks for your numbering……….it is unbelevable one.
        i am unable to give marking
        thanks a lot ATB…………..KWAR

    • Jaya Swatantra

      1. Your apt use of quotes made the essay …
      2. Introduction is quite empowering…
      3. But it seems some facts are repetitive like to handle and giving directions.. manpower is required.. perhaps twice in examples.
      4. Human feelings and emotions required a bit more elaboration.
      5. But overall a nice write up… Keep writing and reviewing All the best!!

      • sankar

        thank you

    • niti

      i have read ur earlier essays also but the problem is they have knowledge but not the structure..dear friend today also i didnot find the structure..it is like u just want to what u feel..but not in a sequence. i know it is very easy to criticize but i think in essays also quality matters..do not think about the content or word limit because in saying more sometimes we repeat thinks..and this is what i want to point out. ur stand is repeated from the very the beginning itself but i think for keeping the reader engaged in our reading it is important to be innovative..
      keep writing..u will improve…(Y)

      • sankar

        thanks

    • niti

      review mine

    • Night Fury

      Hi Sankar
      very good essay, flow + content = awesome
      I loved reading this essay…it was a balanced one..
      sorry no critics :/
      I have written please review mine too 🙂

      • sankar

        thanks bro

    • Namrata

      hey good essay .. few observations:
      1. intro ..anecdote + quote but no explanation as to what u r trying to say ..takes the essence out of ur intro
      2. flow was good in the beginning but towards the end it was bogged down by loss of structure and repetition.
      3. examples were good but sometimes you tend to go off the topic .. to avoid this u can do one thing ..try linking each para with the topic so that the reader is also kept engaged.
      4. few grammatical errors here and there .. do check them once

      Overall: a good attempt ..content was really good ..keep writing and reviewing 🙂

      • sankar

        thanks a lot

    • Tanu Singhal

      Hey, Sankar.

      There is a lot of scope of improvement ,the flow is good,but u r lacking content as of now,keep writing u will gain the reqd demand of essays

      The intro was wayyy took long, cut it short as much as u can, if u r starting with some story or quotation, else it becomes really boring.

      The simple sentences and straight forward knowledge was helpful but was getting too obviousl and boring till the end, conclusion was abrupt.

      Keep writing, see you next week 🙂

    • Batman

      Hello Sankar, my views:
      1)Try relating the intro. The quote you’ve mentioned is not very clear and seems a bit out of the context because you didn’t talk about emotions. Believe me, a robot would have done much better if one had to take an injured person from hill
      2)Example of China, India, labor productivity, income acting as impetus: don’t you think if you invest in robots, there will be an increase in manufacturing activity, further skills are already there in robots, no need to pay them salary: so bring a good analysis
      3)Bring some flow in your essay, every para speaks a different thing but connectivity seems to take a backseat
      Overall good, try to make it engaging 🙂

      • sankar

        thanks a lot bro……….ATB

    • yogi

      My views:

      Intro: good story and very close to the theme , but i did not get why did u break the story in two para ,

      China india comaprision : i don’t think it is needed here

      I suggested u to shorten ur paras, but not that short ki just one line.

      In the middle part u lost track but in later part u came back to the core theme

      Conclusion good
      kwar 🙂

      Thanks !

      • sankar

        thanks bro………ATB

  • Aravind Varier

    Man since transforming from an Ape man to a Human have been in constant search to understand his surroundings and trying to know about its principles His quest to understand the principles of Nature led him formulate theories which later called as SCIENCE and put his knowledge into practice came to be called as TECHNOLOGY to make his life easy and comfortable .

    It all began with the invention of WHEEL which helped his to move more easily to transport himself and goods to other locations thereby increasing his mobility to explore new areas and new people on this planet .Then came the NAIL without which ancient civilizations would have surely crumbled. Centuries later man inquisitive to understand navigation led to the design a COMPASS which helped him to navigate high seas during day & night without interruptions .Another revolutionary event in the history of technology is the invention of the PRINTING PRESS which transformed the way knowledge and ideas could be disseminated among the people .

    Then came the drastic change with the invention of the STEAM ENGINE which ultimately lead to the Industrial Revolution followed by a chain of developments to this date were we find the influence of technology in all the moments that we live in .

    But did these technologies could replace Human ?

    NO , A BIG NO !!!. Technologies have been constantly shaping our lifestyles but it could not replace Human from the scene .

    A person working in a car manufacturing plants who gets up in the morning looks to get a cup of coffee have to go to his Kitchen and have to prepare the coffee for himself though technology could make his life simple by providing a modular kitchen with all latest facilities .here too our Technology could not replace human .After getting ready if he wants to go to his office away from home , he will take the help of technology in the form of this personal car but even here too a person have to steer the vehicle to the destination .After reaching his office , he would have to work on his area which requires his personal monitoring though aided automated robots in manufacturing the cars .
    During free time at office if he wants to get connected with his family , technology does provide him the channel of communication but that cannot give the real experience of his presence nearby to his family .On returning from the office , he would sit with his family for entertainment either by switching his TV and look out programs . Here too technology can bring in the programs to his house which have to be presented by Human to express the emotions which no robot or a machine can replicate .

    On looking at the macro level .Airports are known to adopt the most sophisticated technologies to make the functioning smooth but all the operations from the control tower to the security aspects are still dealt under the purview of humans .We can see Airplanes run by Auto pilot but Human pilots are still the only way to understand the problems and take a decision on the same , if the aircraft face any in the air . here the advanced technology can only act as a facilitator and not replace it .Inside the aircraft , similarly ,we cannot think of an alternative to the hospitality and respect given to the passengers on board by the staff for the solace of the passengers, though technology have increased the comforts in the Aircraft as seen in the largest flying machine on this planet the elite Air Bus A-380 .

    The other field were technology is extensively used is in the construction of Mega Infrastructures like underwater tunnels , metro rail projects , tall skyscrapers. These Construction projects have been simplified with infusing latest trends into the field but that haven’t still reduced the number of Humans working on the projects .

    From our day to day observations of the changes taking place in the world , we can conclude TECHNOLOGY have only increased the demand for Skilled Human workforce but could ” NOT REPLACE MANPOWER ” .

    • naina sharma

      Sm parts r really gud .nice flow bt ya more clear example needed here

      • Aravind Varier

        Thank you for the review 🙂 NAINA ,

        I will surely strive to improve in the next essay 🙂

        ALL THE BEST !!!

        • naina sharma

          U can do it .m also a learner .we all r .keep it up

          • Aravind Varier

            THANK YOU 🙂

      • Strongking

        NAINA! PLZ REVIEW MY ESSAY !

    • Sonia mehra

      Although you have talked about skilled labour in conclusion but you haven’t mentioned about skilled labour in the essay. This makes the conclusion incoherent with the essay.
      Some focus could have been given to artificial intelligence.
      Some focus on India could have given much diversity to the essay.

      Thank you

      • Aravind Varier

        Thank you Sonia 🙂

        I have duly NOTED the suggestions pointed by you and will come with better essays in the coming weeks 🙂

        ALL THE BEST !!!

    • sheetu singh

      Nice one .keep it up

      • Aravind Varier

        thank you sheetu 🙂

        ALL THE BEST !!!

    • dumbledore

      good essay aravind. u have given examples like airports and cars . well its true that even though we have such things , man is needed to use these things, but u can also point out the deeper issure here that is human judgement.

      overall it was good i think . not excellent though.u need to improve. something is missing.

      • Aravind Varier

        Thank you for the review Dumbledore 🙂

        Even , i know it is NOT excellent , i would have made the last part of the essay better . especially , the Mega Infrastructure part and how it requires more skilled labours . which would have made my essay stronger .

        ALL THE BEST !!!

        • dumbledore

          mera bhi revew kar dena yarr. i dont know what i have done today. i feel i messed up badly..:(

    • Sidharth

      nice to see that coincidentally your intro is similar to mine. I see the statement “Big No” to technology replacing human is onesided. As one can say that in future advancement in AI can replace humans (speculative though), so both views and consequences can be covered?. I mostly drifted or delved into if it is really necessary to replace human factor or create balance between tech and human factor.

      Over all nice intro and middle body, me still searching for a better conclusion.
      have a look at mine if possible

    • i am Batman

      good essay bro… please give some tips how to enhance writing speed and bring a connect

      • Aravind Varier

        Dear I am Batman ,

        There is no tips as such to write an essay that i can give .

        try writing about any matter in small points and try connecting it in a logical sequence .

        for example : if you are asked to make a tea .

        1) you go to the kitchen

        2) you take an utensil and keep it on the stove .

        3) then switch on the gas stove and light the stove using a lighter .

        4) pour water 2 cups .

        5) pour 1 cup of milk

        6) take 2 tea spoons of tea powder + 4 tea spoons of sugar and add it to the utensil were the water and milk is boiling

        7) boil the solution for 5 to 10 minutes

        8) switch of the gas stove and pass the beverage to cups using a filter , that can be served 🙂

        though , i have mentioned in the preparation of a tea , the reason for mentioning it was to make you clear the LOGICAL SEQUENCE that we would approach to any event or statement .

        if you write the above 8 points in a paragraph , you would get it in the form a logically sequenced format .

        An essay should have an Introduction followed by contents and elaborate with examples from daily life and inputs from general studies .

        a conclusion that is telling about the present condition or the future scope of any statement .

        many paragraphs makes a GOOD ESSAY 🙂

        ALL THE BEST !!!

    • Lord buddha

      kya bat aravind ji.. nice

    • sankar

      bhai… very good
      aptly carrying on a story with justifying of every movement between tech and humanpower……….but in the you maintained the relevance of humanpower.
      really delve into the given topic

      but abrupt ending
      ATB……………it is grateful to give your suggestion on my essay

      thanks a lot

    • Ash

      Hey Aravind!
      You have underestimated technology! How about Google X self driving cars.. I think you need to add more dimensions.. Plz review mine.. 🙂
      ANd yeah! Happy V-day! 🙂

      • Aravind Varier

        Dear ASH 🙂

        THANK YOU FOR THE REVIEW 🙂

        I though of being realistic in my essay rather than being imaginative .

        Where were you all these Days , Suddenly you got disappeared from Daily Answer writing 🙂 I think you haven’t written any answer for the last 2 weeks in the SECURE – 2016 Initiative . I generally find you writing answers and asking everyone to review the same .

        What Happened ???? LOST INTEREST IN CIVIL SERVICE EXAM !!!

        BE CONSISTENT 🙂 🙂 🙂

        Presently , I write only General studies Paper 4 on Insights and the remaining Answers in NOTES , I am planning to write all the Answers posted on Insights from all the General studies paper 1,2 ,3 & 4 in less than 3 hours from March 1st to March 31st .

        I haven’t seen anyone writing all the answers posted by Insights so far .

        So, I REQUEST YOU TO JOIN this initiative of writing all the answers in 3 hours from March 1st to March 31st . It is a challenge for any candidate but i am planning to write according to the Directives and and following the word limit and NOT writing merely points .

        I am sure you will benefit as well as any other candidate would benefit from joining my initiative of writing all the Answers .

        The main reason that decided me to write all the answers in insights because , i find majority of the candidates NOT writing Answers according to the Directives asked by UPSC .

        The 12 Directives that i am talking here is :

        1) COMMENT

        2) CRITICALLY COMMENT

        3) EXAMINE

        4) CRITICALLY EXAMINE

        5) ANALYZE

        6) CRITICALLY ANALYZE

        7) DISCUSS

        8) CRITICALLY DISCUSS

        9) EXPLAIN OR ELUCIDATE OR ELABORATE

        10) EVALUATE

        11) JUSTIFY OR SUBSTANTIATE

        12) COMPARE AND CONTRAST

        NOTE : If you start writing your answers by 9:30 AM you should be able to complete it by 12:30 PM .

        Yours Obediently – ARAVIND 🙂 🙂 🙂

        • Ash

          I can never lose interest! This is the most interesting thing to me! 🙂

          Also review my first answer.. your type Ques! 🙂

  • SVSR

    First Hand written post…..

    • sheetu singh

      Ur ans not visible here 🙁

      • SVSR

        Pls click the image to open…..I tired that…..image will open in browser tab and it would be clear then…….I indicated page no.s also as images are uploaded randomly.

        • sheetu singh

          I knew that .bt nw they r visible .actually it was that blank .may b pic was not uploaded till then .

      • Strongking

        Plz review my esaay

    • Strongking

      Hey buddy review my essay too!

  • charu

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Pq-S557XQU

    watch this video before you start writing.

  • Ledger

    “Technology cannot replace manpower” (CSM – 2015)–date: feb 14/2016
    Nikita and prashanti after seeing interstellar movie started discussing about the film. They both discussed a lot about the intricacies of the plot and got clarification for their doubts like time dilation, interaction through gravity,wormhole so on and so forth with the help of internet. In the middle prashanti asked Nikita,”is there any possibility that technology can replace manpower ?”. Nikita smiled and said “”No way !!”. and continued

    History time and again proved that technology can act as a substitute for manpower and cannot replace manpower. In the start of industrial revolution many people frightened that machines will replaces human work and many will starve to death. But this hadn’t happened, only the form of work that humans do has been changing. Technology is not something like that once reached some point that we cannot improve it further ,it is a continuous process and if we achieve something we will try to improve it further.

    With the help of technology humans access and use the resources for well being of their fraternity. Technology helps humans in many areas. In defence it helps in decreasing the casualties in the time of war and terrorist attacks. Technology do two important things for the defence department one is it reduces the number of defense perosonnal required in the direct combat and it increases the effeciency of the operation. On the surface it reflects number of men are getting decresed but deeper understanding reflect the opposite.To avail any technology, large amount of R&D is required. This R&D employs many people and the machines required for the use of the technology should be made in industries which requires labourers in large numbers , for the operation of this machines in the field also we require many people. Right now many of our defence needs are satisfied through imports, with Make In India programme we can tap our potential in making the defence equipment, in turn it also produces many employment opportunities our people.

    Technology helps in increasing the efficiency of the human beings and allow them to increase their productivity by making them more informed. with the the advent of space technology the very human behaviour and thinking got changed. With help of communication satellites and internet we connected to a greater extent. ISRO is making huge strides in the space technology and sending cheap and efficient satellites into space eg: MOM. with latest discovery of Gravitational waves by LIGO our very thinking of universe is going to get changed. we all know how the discovery of radio waves brought revolution in communication and now it the the time for Gravitational waves to bring in that kind of revolution in our understanding of universe .Previously our understanding is limited because light waves were not able to penetrate the dark matter and now this G waves can penetrate anywhere unimpeded. This waves will bring huge information about the universe(from big bang to present day ) to our kitty. Nowadays, country that is technologically advanced is becoming the superpower on the planet. To nurture the technology we require high skilled manpower, without which the technology cannot be realized.

    If not utilized in a right way, technology can also become curse to the human beings. new explorations and rampant use of fossil fuels added more amount of harmful gases to the environment.This harmful gases not only polluted our atmosphere but also increasing the number of natural disasters like floods, cyclone so on and so forth.Because of this there is a need for us to harness the green technology like wind, hydro, solar energy etc.

    Human Being is the one who can create the technology and use it for the productive purposes. At most technology can become a good substitute for humans for the day . As the time progress humans can bring in the improvements in technology but it is not the other way around.Only the form of work a human do will get changed and no technology can make him to sit idle. Technology and human productivity always go in tandem and technology cannot replace manpower

    • Strongking

      HeyREVIEW MY ESSAY TOO!

  • Ab

    Technology cannot replace manpower:

    What is technology?

    Technology is the practical application of basic science with a purpose to make the human life easy, comfortable and provide larger choice for better living conditions. From prehistoric age to the modern area, humans have continuously used technology. Either it may be the use of wheel for the first time with the purpose of basic transportation, or the current aviation system for rapid journey, the use of technology is continuous. So, basically the core idea behind the use of technology was to create better living conditions.

    Impact of technology on human civilisation

    Although the use of technology evolves over a time, but industrial revolution in Europe marked with a significant episode and was a turning point in world history. This was the phase when the use of technology gained prominence. The cloths, which were previously woven by handlooms, now by the use of technology, replaced by power looms. This resulted in more increased production and quality of the product also increased significantly with less number of human workers involved in it. Discovery of steam engine was a revolution, which solve the problem of mechanical energy. It pave the path for the use of Railways and big ships for the larger distance in lesser amount of time.

    After the industrial revolution, technology covered nearly all the dimensions of human life. All the economic activity, i.e. Primary, Secondary and tertiary used the technology in great way. Now agricultural productivity increased manifold and specially in Indian context after the independence, it improved dramatically. We achieved near self-sufficiency in food. The communication, infrastructure, health care etc. improved significantly by the application of technology.

    Technology vs Man power:

    Above discussion suggest that, technology as boon for humans. But, a critical view point is essential to know the real effect of it.

    Whereas it is true that the productivity has increased multifarious with increase in quality as well, but it’s impact on the labour has to be seen. With the use of technology, the unemployment has increased dramatically. The use of new modern machinery has performed the function of many labours, and hence the owner of the factories find it profitable to replace man with machine due to economic reasons.

    This indiscriminate use of machine undoubtedly increased the productivity but posed a serious question on the fate of the larger section of the society, i.e. labour. In the absence of job, they left very few options to meet the basic necessity. Hence some time they engage themselves in unlawful mean to achieve their living requirement. At one hand, the capitalist has the entire luxurious mean to enjoy, on contrary majority of the people are hard to find to just survive. The use of technology in this point of view has increased inequality and given the birth of discrimination.

    At many instances, the purpose of technology hasn’t resulted in reality, but contrary it resulted in catastrophe. To substantiate it, some of the experience from the past can be taken in to account. 3rd December, 1984 word has seen a horrendous industrial accident in Bhopal. The release of MIC gas killed nearly 5000 and made several permanently disabled. In 2011, Fukushima of Japan, we recently witnessed the leak of Radio- active material fatal for humans as well as other species.

    Gandhi ji, once mentioned that “I don’t like the western type of industrilisation, whose purpose is to exploit. Look at the small country called England, with the small population that they have and with colonialism they are exploiting the whole world, imagine a situation when 300 million people of India will adopt a same policy”. Even though Gandhi was not against the industrialization, but he was against the outcome of it in the form of exploitation. Hence he gave importance to Khadi and Swadesi to generate more jobs and employment.

    In conclusion, the purpose of technology is to serve the humans and to enhance the living standard. Hence the outcome of it should also be equitable. It should not be like that the fruit of industrialization should be reaped by only small section of society. Technology can replace humans, at the point that it should not be detrimental to its lively hood and basic necessity of him. At the same time we have seen by the experience from the past, that technology is an important tool to improving the living condition of people. Japan and Singapore is good example in this front.

    • Sonia mehra

      Hello friend,
      I am sorry, but you failed to understand the topic.
      There is a framework of essay which you need to follow, whereas you followed a question& answer pattern which is not appreciated.
      Please have a relook at the topic. And if possible rewrite the essay.
      Don’t worry sometimes we miscalculate, it happens to all…

  • dumbledore

    The year is 2100 and humans have progressed a lot in terms of technology. Now most of the tasks are carried on by robots thanks to the robot revolution in 2050 which was the breakthrough year in robot technology. Now even law and order is carried on by robots and even the household maid has been replaced by a robot. But all is not well. There have been protests against such massive scale robotisation of the world. On one hand there are people who say that robots cannot replace human values like compassion , care and love while on the other hand some people argue that such advanced robot technology is a boon to mankind and science.well I believe that technology no matter how advanced cannot replace humans because humans are driven by much more than just a database.

    Its may 2, 2100 and the place is usa, there is a family of three living in new york , the parents go to office in the morning and they have a small child who stays at home in the company of a robot which does all the household work. Internet of things has progressed to unimaginable levels and everything is computerised now. But in all this, the child longs for the company of his parents and wants their attention and love. Even though everything is there , still something is missing.

    Its may 2, 2100 and the place is india. Indians have become the fist country to colonise mars and have advanced greatly. Robots have replaced soldiers in siachen and casualties are almost nil now. Even law and order is carried by the help of robots now. In such an incident , a violent mob attacks a group of people in kanpur and robots are called in . Use of force is permitted and the robots beat up a child who was protesting. After this questions arise that had there been a person there , he wld have differentiated b/w an adult and a child.

    Its june 1,2100 . Technology has increased to great extents in medical science .and even cancer in all forms can be cured now. But a day before an unknown virus started spreading which is proving fatal for humans and immediate measures are needed. Technology is not being of much help because the origin and cause of the spread is not known and immediate intervention is needed. A meeting of all countries is called and immediate preventive measures are taken. When immediate judgement was required here, human decision making proved to be much more effective than all of the advanced technology.

    Its july 1 ,2100 and there has been an explosion in one of the building of the mars colony of india and several lives were lost.. The reason found after investigations is human negligence and inspite of all the technology and preventive measures , this acccident happened. Technology can never be foolproof no matter how advanced and human attentiveness cannot be replaced.

    Now most of the cars are driverless, most of the work is mechanised , factories are run by robots, there are a few jobs left for humans. In turn loss of pysical activity has made people obese and ill effects of health are visible. Real football has been replaced by simulation football which can be played at home.agriculture has been mechanised and even sowing is done with the help of machines. All this has led to a massive loss of jobs and people talk about the good old days in nostalgia when humans used to do all these works.

    Arguments are also made contrasting india of 1947 and the india now. During the freedom struggle , charkha or the spinninig wheel and khadi became the symbol of unity. Would that unity have been achieved if robots instead of people were spinning the wheel. Probably not.it was the feeling and significance of engaging in that activity that unified india . Similalry robots cannot understand why diwali or holi is celebrated. Can technology however advanced replace our culture and beliefs? Technology no doubt has made the lives of people easier but every coin has 2 sides.

    While most of the soldiers on india pakistan border has been replaced with technology and drones etc , negotiations at the higest levels are still carried on by diplomats and heads of the government. The negotiations that are carried on keeping in mind the shared culture and history b/w india and pakistan cannot be made objectively keeping in mind just a few issues rather a holistic view is needed and human mind can never be replaced by technology in such areas, no matter how advanced.

    From the above arguments it can be said that , even though advancements in technology is good and progressive and is needed, the role of the human mind and human emotions can never be replaced. There are so many situations we face daily where there are ethical and moral dilemmas , where sometimes we need to make split second decisions based on our experience , where sometimes even when a child committs a serious crime we forgive the child with the hope that he will mend his ways in his future. And there are situations where we need to have faith and hope and positivity and carry forward thinking that something good will happen even when all the situations and conditions are against us ,and these things can never be based on calculations or a database . These are the basic things that will make humans better than even the most advanced technology .

    • Prerna saxena

      revolution of 2050?? and i feel you are explaining more about achievements than justifying the theme… like you should dwell upon how and why machines can not replace humanpower….

      • dumbledore

        i tried to set the debate in the future, i was trying to experiment . in the later stage of the essay i have tried to justify why technology cannot replace manpower.. did u find that okay ?

        • Prerna saxena

          you are supposed to justify the theme its asserttion….in my opinion..

          • dumbledore

            yes yes , i have done that subsequently..but not in the exact terms of manpower but also in terms of superiority of human thinking and emotions over technology.

    • Sonia mehra

      It was an ultra fiction story
      – But somewhere you crossed the line and became unrealistic, for eg- if robots are a part of world then why would they use charkha, India would be the first country to colonize mars (where are the international laws and rules which govern space and celestial objects)

      Overall as a concept this was good, a touch of reality would have made this a brilliant essay.

      • dumbledore

        u really liked it? as i tried to write a story ,it was getting tough to incorporate real life examples. i wasnt getting many ideas. 🙁 i thought i messed it up badly..

    • Jaya Swatantra

      Nice attempt but you need to emphasize a bit more on the emotional aspect…feeling which back the performance basically… some examples seemed repetitive meant to explain the same things you could have added different dimensions like that of plastic surgery,,and seX change but which can never ever compete with nature beautiful creation HUMANS… but overall a well tried one… keep writing and reviewing,… 🙂 All the best!!

    • Night Fury

      Hi dumbledore,
      you can add more realistic dimensions to you essay.
      it is a creative piece of writing no doubt ! but touch upon more things like decision making, risk taking, innovation, language etc..
      3rd para — simply loved this creativity !
      please review my essay too !

      • dumbledore

        thanks a lot for ur review fury. yes i feel that more dimensions can be added. i was trying but i cldnt come up with many examples. will try harder. my aim was to write something different and integrate the present examples in it.
        i will review ur essay as soon as i get time. 🙂

    • D2D

      It’s an out of d box attempt..
      Really nice one…
      Bt as an essay in exam some things can b improved…
      Intro looks excellent Bt continuation of same phase for a long time makes it monotonous..It can b shorten
      Ur creativity is simply great Bt needs to bend more towards realistic approach…
      Also there z sudden shift from future stories to last para it could have been gradual with some link in between…hope these points will help
      Keep writing!!!

      • dumbledore

        thanks a lot d2d . i will keep these points in mind. i myself feel i have made a lot of mistakes here. thanks a lot for reviewing:)

    • Ash

      Dumbledore… please review mine.. I will review yours in a while! 🙂

      • dumbledore

        i thought u didnt write today..:) i will review urs in a while. going a little busy right now. but i will review fr sure.:)

    • Very good man! Won’t give critics for this one for sure 😀

      Flow + structure + content + innovation = Flawless 🙂

      https://nitishsinghi86.wordpress.com/2016/02/14/technology-cannot-replace-manpower/

      Review whenever u get time! Thanx already 😀

      • dumbledore

        thanks serious. itna bhi sahi nahi yar.. there are a lot of mistakes. but thanks for ur review. i felt good:) .. keep writing. review kar dunga when i get time.

    • Aravind Varier

      Dear Dumbledore,

      I think i read a FICTION STORY right NOW .!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

      BUDDY I JUST LOVED YOUR SUPER IMAGINATION !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

      I personally feel your attempt is good but , the inter connectivity was lacking .You have taken your imagination to a new level itself . Try to be realistic BUUDY especially in exams .

      You can be innovative but today you flooded your essay with imaginations.

      Not a bad idea as such , you would have preferred to be innovative in the conclusion telling about the future influence of technology .

      My Honest opinion . You can experiment in Insights forum but don’t be super imaginative in exams which may NOT impress the examiner .

      ALL THE BEST !!!

      • dumbledore

        thanks aravind, yeah i feel all these things too like u mentioned. its not perfect yar, but i wanted the essay to be different and creative. i still dont know if such kind of an essay can be written in the exam. i guess with time it will get clear. and yes i know a lot of things were missing and sometimes i became too creative. thanks a lot:) keep pushing hard. we will get there:)

    • Kant

      Hey, dumbledore!
      Good one.
      – novel way of writing essay, but after some time it gets repetitive.
      – when you are showing that India- Pak issues are not solved even by 2100, you seem to be pessimistic which you are not because you want to focus the role of human mind.
      – add more dimensions.
      – in my personal opinion only the last para has the real analysis.

      Hope im not too critical.
      Please review mine if you get the time.

      • dumbledore

        yes kant, i know its not perfect. thanks for the review .:) i experimented in this essay and there are a lot of mistakes like i should have linked more real life examples and there was some lack of coherence. and yes dimensions are missing. i will try again next week.:) keep writing and reviewing. thanks again

        • Kant

          Please find some time to review my essay.

    • Batman

      Oh Bhai, Gazab
      Content wise, no issue, neither in examples nor in dimensions. You maintained a good balance between two
      The only issue that I can figure out is that evaluation of your essay would very heavily depend on examiner. If he is young and progressive, then your essay would good marks otherwise it may backfire because of drifting away from reality.
      Your essay kept me engaged and for me it is a top-notch
      One grammatical mistake: replace “its” by “it’s”
      I loved your essay 🙂

      • dumbledore

        thanks batman for the review:) yes there is a huge amount of risk in such essays. but i felt i should experiment here a bit. i am glad u liked it. 🙂 keep writing

    • yogi

      My delayed review :-
      Liked the way u created diverse future scenes that kept me engaged and I did not feel bored,

      Use of force is permitted and the robots beat up a child who was protesting. After this questions arise that had there been a person there , he wld have differentiated b/w an adult and a child.–> very good transition , really liked the way u brought it

      Charkha diwali holi, etc waala para is showing that there are no humans only robots , the comparision u have made there seems out of context

      It is a good essay as far as creativity and interest is concerned, just add some more dimensions and it will be a perfect piece of writing 🙂

      Thanks!

      • dumbledore

        thanks a lot yogi. and thanks for reviewing. i tried experimenting.. i still dont know what to make of this essay;). i know i have made some mistakes.. i hope with practice things will be better. keep writing.:)

  • Sidharth

    In a very general terms technology can be explained as practical application of science for commerce, industry or to our daily lives to make them smooth and less labour intensive. Technology is something that has evolved over centuries as per the necessity of human beings. If we have to go back thousands of years, invention of wheel can be termed as a technology that made transportation easy. Similarly use of stone tools and their evolution to more pointed and metal tools is a technological advancement that catered to various jobs of then human beings. This invention of wheel, stone tools and their evolution can be depicted as an urge within human beings to simplify works and processes because there is also an another option to remain as they are as primitive beings , which they did not chose to. So as famously quoted “Necessity is the mother of invention” holds true for technological inventions and innovations.

    Upto 18th century or so technological advancements complimented human labour rather than replace it or make them redundant. Industrial revolution in 18th century with the invention of printing press can be cited as first such technology which massively replaced human labour. With the invention of printing press many who were engaged in manual and block printing and artists were out of jobs. Yet advantages of printing press outweighed the loss of jobs. Printing press accelerated mass communications which led to spread of ideas and thoughts to everybody’s reach. Similarly invention of steam engine revolutionized transportation and power generation which actually led to betterment of lives. These technological processes led to replacement of man power in certain sectors but eventually led to creation more jobs and opportunities. However there are some technological advancements which infused a pinch of dilemma into manpower replacement along with sophistication of lives. One such technology is growth of electronics. It is believed that with advent of electronics and mechanization of processes with computers has replaced manpower by ten to one. So the big question is have these technological advancements completely replaced manpower?

    There are two aspects to it, one, replacement of manpower with technology for the sake of cost savings and quality, second, use of technology for those processes where human intervention is either impossible or dangerous.

    For the first case we can cite computers replacing manual labour in daily office jobs, auto rickshaws replacing manual rickshaw pullers, mechanized industries to produce basic food products like bread and biscuits, use of internet to carry out communications to e-commerce etc. as examples which have effectively replaced surplus manpower in all these sectors. These replacements are not imposing and can be regulated wherever possible. This kind of replacement is just for our sophistication, speed and quality improvement. Especially for countries like India and China this kind of replacement is more of a bane as this renders many unskilled and semi-skilled jobless and may lead to economic inequalities and social instability.

    For the second case we can quote, use of computer and robotics in hazardous industries and in high temperature and pressure regions which is impossible for human intervention, in medical fields for precision in surgical procedures, use of electronics in defence systems to enhance national security etc. as few examples where use of technology is essential and unarguable. Yet in these fields fate of outcome of jobs cannot be completely left to machines. Human intervention in the form of guidance and observation is essential as failure may lead to loss of human lives and catastrophe to environment. So in either of the cases we see that technological replacement of manpower is by choice or out of compulsion.

    The point is if we see the history of technological evolution the root cause of this explosion is human greed. Firstly with exponential population growth led to more and more resources being consumed at a greater pace and to meet the demand technological advancements have become inevitable to increase the speed and quality of products. In the process affected livelihood of several human beings by replacing them. Secondly the greed of conquering the world and establishing supremacy have led to wars which gave a fillip to technology growth. This constant greed has spiralled out led to a belief that technology is usage is inevitable and to the extent that if necessary human factor must be replaced but greed has to sustain. If we try to comprehend a world without greed we can see that technology can be regulated to achieve a egalitarian society and a peaceful world without a question of whether technology should replace the manpower or not.

    • Sidharth

      no offence will be taken pls criticize

    • niti

      though the essay is good..but i want to discuss on some points..
      1. ur conclusion – u have taken a different stand ..raising altogether a new issue..conclusion should be the summary of what u hv written

      2. also i understand ur point where u supported the technology over human..but add something where machines cnt replace humans.
      cut short on ur words per para…otherwise it will be very difficult for the reader to comprehend and to differentiate between the two different ideas ..
      keep writing 🙂

      • Sidharth

        thanks for the review. yes i too felt at the end that topic got deviated to a different issue

  • Jaya Swatantra

    please review

    • Jaya Swatantra

      Review… Please !!

    • Mrinal Mukherjee

      Dear Jaya ,

      I was really blown away with your introduction .PERFECT is the word.I dint even feel like to miss a word BUT , coming to the second page , i started to lose the grip . You have brilliantly talked about different technologies with their critical analysis .But , go back to the topic , .. Is the topic like : ‘ Technology – Boon or a Bane ‘..See in this way that how nuclear technology or Genome Editing cannot replace the manpower ..Makes no sense right ? Your conclusion was however pertinent to the topic.

      Check out my review for the essay Written by Sonia Mehra , you will understand what i am talking about 🙂

      • Jaya Swatantra

        Thanks for review Mrinal… going to check …

    • BRK

      Your English is quite good. The topic is “TECHNOLOGY CANNOT REPLACE MANPOWER”. It isn’t TECHNOLOGY CANNOT REPLACE HUMANS or THE SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY. Your essay is more relevant to these imagined topics.

      The word manpower has an economic implication. So our approach , I feel , should be economic , on the whole.

      I liked the conclusion.

      PLEASE CRITICALLY REVIEW MINE AS WELL.

      • Jaya Swatantra

        i must learn the art of telling negatives things in a very positive manner i very much like your feedback the way you tell … so for this a big thanks… 🙂

        • BRK

          Thanks. Just keeping the show going 🙂 Glad to be of help.

    • Vivaan Khanna

      hello jaya ji
      1.first para is undermining ur essay…starting with that girl’s example would have been better
      2.these heads would have been better if essay would have been simply technology but here manpower has been added..write in that direction.
      3.in conclusion only u returned to topic which is very apt
      4.could add industrial revolution and other dimensions..not only humans have emotions but they also possess skill..in fact if there would have been no human then there would have been no technology

      • Jaya Swatantra

        Thanks for your valuable feedback Vivaan… 🙂

    • Night Fury

      Hey Jaya.. nice write up.. introduction k baad second para abrupt laga..
      baaki multiple dimensions touched .. just don’t take a firm stand that technology can never replace.. both are complementary..
      balanced approach stick to it..
      keep writing 🙂

    • Batman

      Hi Jaya. my views:
      1)Your first twp paras were just superb-blown away 😀
      2)IT example was good too
      3)Now, you are drifting away :D. The nuclear tech and the upcoming paras were giving a giving a feeling of reading essay on “cons of technology”. No doubt, it is indeed a dimension of this essay but should have been cut short to add different angles
      4)Too much headings may backfire. Use them wisely
      Overall, I feel the excitement that you created in start was somewhere lost. Add dimension rather than examples. Did you reach the word limit?

      • Jaya Swatantra

        Thanks for reviewing.. yes i accept my flaws and that too of word limits… but would try and add needed dimensions… a big thanks. for telling in such a good manner which makes one feel worth… 🙂

    • Isha

      Hello Jaya, Sorry for the late reply. Here are my views-
      1. Intro- avoid a interrogative start, no! Interrupts flow. May be I am wrong, but as a reader i felt. You can start instead with ur second parah. But there too- u need to cut it short, a bit.
      2. Your essay was confined to few technical innovations- that too recent ones.
      3. U need to be balanced. Like the detailed critique u provided about the harms of latest technologies- u need to have some space for the benefits that it provided since time immemorial.
      4. Yours was more tilted towards the emotions part. There may be other dimensions too.
      5. Conclusion- could be better.
      I am like always very critical about ur essay. I am sorry for that. But I just try to be honest as far as possible- so that we can improve for the D-day. And I really appreciate how positively u take it everytime 🙂
      So keep writing and improving. ATB!
      If you find time, have a look at mine too. Here’ the link-

      https://isha2893.wordpress.com/2016/02/16/technology-cannot-replace-manpower/

      • Jaya Swatantra

        Hey Isha, your feedback as always is really worth… keep reviewing like that only and i would really love to read your essay… written it on your blog???

        • Isha

          Thanks Jaya 🙂
          & yeah, mine is on blog.

          • Jaya Swatantra

            Hey , Today i shall be reviewing your both essays .. a big sorry for the delay… please review mine if you find time.. 🙂

            • Isha

              Its okay Jaya, reviw as per ur convenience. And I’ll review yours in a while 🙂

    • yogi

      Hi Jaya 🙂
      here is my delayed review :
      Intro: what a coincidence i thought to begin that way in my essay,, but later dropped that idea, u have crafted that verry well (Y)
      2nd page first para last line is bit odd and forced, why etc. ?

      against norm of social cohesion, is too extreme a statement, can write the same thing without mentioning it , [may be u r right here but i found it too bold]

      why are u talking about negatives of nuclear and all, is that needed how is that related to the core theme of the essay, the key words are “tech” , replacement and manpower.

      EEC and EEG: always write full forms

      Genetics and mediciene:,part is good but relate that to the core theme by explicitly mentioning that see how docs has been or can be replaced by robots etc .Same thing for GM and space .

      Conclusion: the way u touched the medicine part with human care and emotions, so the same for all the major dimensions u discussed in ur essay, like Gm genetics etc. That will make ur conclusion a comprehensive one

      Overall i would say that ur thinking was in right direction, but u missed to link that with core theme at many places,

      Thank you 🙂

      • Jaya Swatantra

        Thanks a lot for such a valuable and detailed review… really worth… would take care of points told by you in my future essays… thanks once again… 🙂

  • Sepoy No 1446

    Technology cannot replace manpower: (written in 30 minutes, with many grammatical and spelling mistakes, pls ignore)

    In the year 1999 I happend to watch a movie. The movie was matrix where apparently machines rule the world. “The matrix” was an augemented reality created by the machines to lure humans who apparently were not aware of existence of any such things. Instead of humans controlling the machines, machines were controlling the humans.

    Such a thing is not possible in the real world(or so I hope!). But nontheless this has a great message for our progeny and future of this planet. Technology and manpower will find themselves competiting at different levels in coming days. No matter what happens techonology can never replace complete manpower.

    Technology will help human race to achieve greater heights in all fields, from medicine to space, from transportation to industrail work etc. Since the beigining of industrail revolution techonological revolution has changed the labour structure, skill set required and also the management style. The role of interntet and digital techonolgy has led to creation of artifical intelligence (AI) which remains biggest threat to employement, manpower and the question of “who rules whom”.

    In the coming days world would be moving to a phase where machines and especially artifical intellgience will find more application. Few of the areas will see a complete turnover because of technological turnover, much to the benefits of human. For example, bullet trains will help us by reducing our journey time. However few will be a threat to the human creativity.

    This human creativity is the separating line which ultimatly decides human superiority over machines. With AI, this line is getting blurred. Apart from the more intellectual and existential discussion over AI replacing manpower there is a threat of social upheaval supported by job loss. There are also new “ecotones” being developed between humans and machines. In a recent movie “Her” a lonely sofatware engineer falls in love with an operating system (OS). The OS was an AI having capabilities to speak in a female voice, can feel(or atleast make you believe so) emotions like love,hate, hurt, cry and this goes so much to the surprsie of the actor. This love is the territory of humans, if machines pentreated here it has wider ramifications, ultimatelt creating a “clash of emotions”. These feautristic predictions are not very far fetched.

    So, how can we say technology cannot replace humans?

    The right questions here seems to be how can we ensure survival of human existence and human superiority over technology. Technology is going to be there for sure. It will help us reach mars, find new means to create energy, reduced our deepdnce on fossil fuels, reduce our travel time, treat known and unknwn diseases. But will also cause massive job loss in the short run and possible “creativity capture” in the long run. These identfications are essential to put humans in adavnactegous position. The right time is to plan from now.

    Our lives must depend on techonolgy but not so much that we cannot live without them. Hence, the space for socio-economic reality must be there while bringning technology in a project. For example, India today is investing a lot in smart cities, digital india and make in india mission which is going to have a subsatantial tech inputs. Where do Indians, especially poor fit into this model? What are these projects fianly aim to create? IFf people are left as leftover in the process the projects would be called a massive failure. Hence focus on low cost manufacturing with high job numbers would be a necessity. Maybe we need a utilitarian approach here, sacrficing some speed for inclusion of all, to provide for all, to fight off poverty and empolyement.

    Humans will have to artifically create that space for themselves in reducing turfs. AI must be promoted, Robots must be promoted, 4th Industrial revolution must be promoted but we must ensure that it doesn’t lead to annihilation of human workforce or handover of human cretaivity. The onus is on the human itself. If left unchechked, we might have a real matrix in this very world itself.

    • Jaya Swatantra

      Please review mine too.. 🙂

    • Strongking

      Hey sepoy! Hey REVIEW MY ESSAY TOO!

    • Batman

      Hi Sepoy Bhai, my views:
      I feel that today the specific analysis that you usually do was missing. You arguments were restricted to human creativity. You could have added: Humans make technologies (R&D), the element of sixth sense intuition, the emotions and feelings. This is only issue I could find today.
      Bullet train example was very apt given the way you wrote this essay 😛
      Overall, it was a good read, just few dimensions need to be added to make it better.
      Review mine if you get time 🙂

    • Namrata

      hey sepoy ..beginning was good ..but then i felt u drifted away slightly in the middle
      also ..it was more of a futuristic approach throughout your writing ..u can draw examples from present and past as well ..talking little less of sci-fi..
      anyway overall ..a good read for me ..keep writing and reviewing 😀

    • Ash

      I will come to your essay! 🙂

    • Ash

      This is too good for 30mins! 🙂
      Good to see someone thought like me … at least few points… everyone else has outrightly said Tech can’t!

      Please review mine! 🙂
      And yeah! Happy Valentines Day! 🙂

      • Sepoy No 1446

        happy valentine 🙂

        and welcome back. what a great day to come back 🙂

        • Ash

          I’m dating Insights no.. so I’m supposed to be here today.. so here I am! 🙂

        • Ash

          Please find time! At least the Ethics answer! Thanks! 🙂

    • Shaktimaan

      hi comrade!! hpy Valantine day!!…………..30 min k hisab se yeh bilkul b bura ni h, infact kafi acha h….if u hv time dn PReM bhaii………..thank u:):)

  • Akhil

    Technology and human development go hand in hand. Man invented ‘fire’, which helped them to get rid of wild animals, similarly discovery of ‘wheel’ revolutionized the life of human race. History is full with examples how advent of new technologies have transformed human beings ability to conquer difficult and unimaginable
    tasks

    one of the most important reason for technological evolution is man’s relentless effort for doing something new, thinking about particular thing from different angles and making every possible effort to simplify difficult and arduous task so that he can make his life simple and comfortable. His inqusitiveness motivate him to make innovations and don’t stop till the mission is not accomplished.

    This zeal of man has led to many discoveries and innovations in last three hundred years . advent of every new technology has largely positive impact on human beings every sector of economy has seen unprecedented success just because of arrival of new and latest technologies. Production in these sectors have increased by manifold, which helped businessman to expand market beyond the boundaries of his nation,This has led to globalisation in last three decade.

    However, despite making long strides in every field of life with the help of technologies human being are facing several problems as well due to indiscriminate use of these technologies. One such problem many countries are facing is unemployment, and increase automation (highest stage of technical development) is given one of the prime reason for this.

    Increased emphasis for technology has led to underestimation of human labour. Man power can not match technology is the reason given by supporters of technology . there claim can not be held irrelevant because every one knows the impact of technology whether he is farmer or director of multinational company.

    No doubt technology have edge over manpower
    but, it is physical power of man which can not compete with might of technology. Many factories are now employing less number of workers and they prefer technical intervention to minimise coast of Production and make maximum profit.

    However, there is another aspect of manpower, his brain (mental Power), which is creator of various types of technologies and can not be replaced by any kind of technology . After all it is human brain which is responsible for successful I utilisation of technologies. For example . robots are considered highly advanced stage of human technological development, they can perform various task with ease, which man can not do normally. But, the very life of robot is depend on human being. Robot can not bring any changes in human brain but man can change entire system of robot at his whim.

    Technology can complement man’s task, it can help to improve the quality of job done by man.
    One of the most important thing is it saves precious time but in doing so it can not neglect ability of man. For example. Various new diagnostic technologies can only help doctors to make diagnosis of disease better but these technologies can not replace doctors ability to interpret those reports and giving treatment accordingly.

  • ESWAR

    Please Review Friends

    Technology over the period of time has made easy human lives, who in the past had faced difficulty to fulfill his needs. Now a days it is easy to travel across the globe by aeroplane, train, ships. Curing diseases has become more reliable in least time and many more.

    Let’s see how technology has transformed human to great heights and replaced manpower.

    1. Education: A desire to study and affordability to access is sufficient and the rest will take care by technology through online tools – applications, animated videos, practice tests. But ethics retention, review on ability and the point of understanding what really an aspirant need will only done by human being.

    2. Research in Science and other field : Advent of technology made easy in doing research and fast. One can easily access to content, tools, often share ideas just by sitting at home or confined to university hostels but it is limited in the areas of geography, archaeology where in Govt approval, travel, excavation take place.

    3. Medicine: Through chemical different formulations new drugs have been manufactured. 3D printing, transplants techniques used in minimizing loss of lives. However to employ all these manpower is need. Most of the time, it is character of doctor determine the recovery of patient which will not be replaced by technology.

    4. Governance: Yes, technology created automation, human errors minimized and transparency is brought in delivery of services but interface with public will not take care by machines and also can’t rule the citizens and direct in right way.

    5. Logistics: Process of lifting, loading and distributions might have been replaced by technology and cut down blue collar jobs. The financing, demand, supply is determined by manpower.

    6. Financial institutions: The transactions in financial institutions has become foolproof. Many mundane jobs like clerical had been replaced by computers and gadgets but security risk is increased. It is also often hacked by scrupulous elements intended to dismantle society and nature. To avert all these nuisances, research is being done to employ effective tools. So manpower may be reduced in clerical jobs but forced many to study on the other aspect as discussed.

    7. Space: The knowledge of space has widened in modern times it is because of advancement in technology. More curious minds are attracted now a days than ever to address problems of nature, mankind, animals. To achieve this Govts forced to allocate funds.

    8. Arts and culture: Technology has brought new combinations, designs in art which created employment . Apparel industry is dominated by latest machines hence reduced the human effort. On the other hand, it produced more apparel to transport to even far flung areas which was limited or at subsistence level earlier. By doing so, countries prospered economically.

    9. Transport: People connected to one another than ever thought travel made easy and visited different places, diseases easily spreading to countries eg Ebola, Swine flu, Zika virus etc. Such incidences are concerning to the people in turn Govt forced to fund research, medicines, technology.

    To address the technological fallouts leaders pledged at international forums to wipe out redundant technology and strive for sustainable one eg the recently concluded COP- 21 at Paris, Solar alliance at New Delhi.

    War in modern times is beyond thought as technology is brought fear who knows now what one has in courtyard. International organizations created to limit such tensions, force created where is manpower reduced. But loss of manpower reduced . On the other hand countries dominance, hegemony, arrogance attitude has put under check due to technology.

    The studies on technology is revealed that it has brought down the expense of labour in production, efficiency in delivery of goods and services but various problems crossed continents like terrorism. So technology is both boon and bane.

    Countries which advanced in technology transformed their economy from primary to secondary. Manufacturing dominant countries like USA, Germany, UK, Japan may be controlling world affairs but forced to allow manpower from across the globe. These countries often restricting migrants to enter so that their unemployed can be employed.

    Now, Robos is emerged to further ease the human effort in manufacturing and in other areas. It may reduce the cost of production, programming, control, manufacturing it’s components is done by manpower. To control it’s proliferation is guard by rules and regulations only.

    Human being shall find time to think about their life, family, future by reducing their labour and saving time with technology.

    As many as countries in the world are democratic today. Their leaders will be forced to create employment and laws on sustained technology because of population which increase with zero or less risk of diseases in modern era. It has seen since the birth of life on earth. So technology can’t replace manpower.

    Award marks – out of 125

    • Eswar Sai

      I think you can change the heading in the 3rd line because you mentioned let’s see how ………..technology replaced manpower, but in every subsequent points you mentioned point of manpower. Changing that line might be good (just my view). I don’t know writing in points is good for essay or not, me too did the same, good essay bro. Please review mine too.

    • Sonia mehra

      Hy,
      1. Plz don’t use numbering.
      2. You have tried to create a balance between tech positives and negatives, which is good.
      3. Conclusion and Introduction could have been more catchy.

      I won’t give marks, because I am not fit to do so.
      Thank you.

      • Anubhav Pandey Kautilya

        please send ur essay link

        • Sonia mehra

          Yaar mene tweet kiya hai, plz check kr de

    • Tanu Singhal

      Hey eswar, quite a good way to write the essay, but was too simple and obvious.

      See , when I saw the topic education I knew what u will b writing in that, with heading governance or agri i knew what u will b writing, so it was lacking any surprise element for me, to actually stick to it and read with constructive concentration.

      Add more creative examples and don’t stick to these obvious horizons only.

      Keep writing , the flow is commendable.
      U can improve a lot.
      U have that creativity. 🙂

      • ESWAR

        Good morning dear,
        U brought out very valid comments I have pledged to follow. Thanks a lot.

  • Eswar Sai

    There are two mischievous students by name Ravi and Bhairavi in a college studying in their graduation. On one day in the college in their casual talk they started debate about technology and manpower. Ravi was in support of “technology can replace manpower” whereas Bhairavi was in support of “technology cannot replace manpower”. They wanted to know which is correct, hence they wanted to go to their HOD (Head Of the Department) to give their arguments and counter arguments and hence find the correct conclusion for their debate.

    They went to HOD, who welcomed them and they said the matter, then he asked both to go forward starting with ravi.

    Ravi started his arguments on “technology can replace manpower”

    1) Recently scientists find out the existence of gravitational waves with the help of very complex and most powerful LIGO (Light Interferometer Gravitational Observatory) which proved theory proposed by Einstein’s 100 years ago. Without these LIGO, the greatest achievement in technology we cannot find out that theory.

    2) In the agricultural sector with the recent technologies like Drip irrigation, Sprinklers we are now saving huge water without wasting it at the places where water is not needed.

    3) With the technological advancements like roadways, railways, airways we are able to reach far distant places within limited span of time.

    4) During disasters like recent Chennai floods, Hood Hood of visakapatnam were predicted even before their arrival and hence many lives of human are saved upholding Fundamental right to life under article 21 of constitution of India.

    5) Every electronic device that we are using now like smartphones, Laptaps, Palmtaps etc are the gifts of technology to us.

    6) There are large number of men/women working in factories, industries in yester years, but all those are now replaced by robots which can work efficiently, and for any time, and hence more output i.e produce is coming in present years which is because of technology.

    7) ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation) recently launched IRNSS (Indian regional Navigation Satellite System) for giving the precise location to its people with an accuracy of 20 meters, which is because of technology.

    Hence saying these examples Ravi argued that “Technology has many chances to replace manpower” and hence ended saying his arguments to his HOD.

    Now HOD asked Bhairavi to give her arguments in favour of “ Technology cannot replace manpower”. She started her counter arguments to Ravi’s arguments in this way.

    Bhairavi’s arguments on “technology cannot replace manpower”

    1) Though LIGO achieved in proving great scientific theory , but the LIGO was the observatory which was made by man with his/her knowledge. Even the theory proposed 100 years ago was also a man.

    2) Yes we may have drip irrigation, sprinklers for efficient use of water, but those type irrigation is degrading water resources instead of protecting them because of unjust exploitation of human from the borewells, if we follow the traditional methods which uses manpower we can do justice to water.

    3) With the techonology like roadways, railways, airways we are destroying our environment and damaging our fundamental right to breathe proper air under article 21. Ex:- Recent Delhi . Instead if we use traditional methods of travel we can save our environment.

    4) Even prediction technologies developed are because of the manpower who worked on them, researched on them and then improved those.

    5) All the electronic devices are the replicas of the thoughts that came in humans, who developed them.

    6) Though many robots are there all are developed by man and instead they are making many jobless increasing unemployment which is again because of human invention of robots.

    7) IRNSS was the invention of many scientists who worked in the laboratories of ISRO. Also its future functioning depends on the man who controls and observes it from ISRO

    By saying these counter arguments she counter argued Ravi and argued in favour of “Technology cannot replace manpower”.

    Their HOD was very keenly listening to their arguments and after their completion he said both of you are correct in your own arguments, but there is small lacking in your thought process. He said in every argument of both of you, both technology and manpower are important, its not the question of which is above than which? But the point to be noted is technology helps man in each and every aspect of our life and saves man’s precious time and effort, but on the other hand when there is no manpower to work on the functioning, betterment of the technologies, they are of no use. With this he concluded their debate saying “Technology cannot replace manpower but can only substitute it”.

    Both agreed to their HOD and by solving their problem both Ravi and Bhairavi returned happily thinking they learnt something that day.

    • ESWAR

      Why hod will explain on technology. Create egs in ur words.

      Of course, gravitational waves is invented, it’s application is not yet exploited so avoid.

      Using hyvs we achieved self reliance in food grains. However created regional disparity, soils disturbed

      Technology made easy in travel, employed more

      Of course, human need is basis of tech.

      K. U should have written more

      • Eswar Sai

        Thanks for the review, points noted. I am toddler in writing essay, just tried for the first time hope i will develop my skills.

      • Strongking

        Plz review mine too!

  • Sahil Garg

    A father and his 23 year old son, Rahul were driving in their BMW, equipped with the latest GPS systems, a new music system, and even LCDs. The son felt like changing the music, and asked for the required button. The father replied to Rahul that the new music system is voice controlled, and Rahul changed the music with his voice. But such voice control made Rahul ponder a little and he said to his father – Dad , technology has come so far, from the landlines to smartphones, from pigeon to ping, and we from manual key locking in Maruti to voice controlled music system. I think one day, technology will overtake manpower and man won’t be required to work. The thought of Rahul amazed his father, who thought for a little, and combining his experience and observations in life, replied – “Rahul I respect your views, but I think otherwise, why don’t we have a healthy discussion on this”. Rahul replied in affirmative. The father asked Rahul to start by giving examples where he thinks technology will replace manpower. The conversation starts.

    Rahul : Dad, first is clothing. Most branded clothes made today are designed with the help of complex softwares and even the later stitching part is being done by machines. So, I am right.

    Dad : Son , you are right , but partially. First softwares are made by humans, machines are taken care by humans, and…

    Suddenly, the discussion is interrupted by a lady selling some beautiful traditional handicrafts and hand made clothes. The father got what to say.

    Dad : See son, the miraculous beauty in this clothes. Do you think, such intricate and awe inspiring designs which requires human intervention at a mammoth scale, can ever be delivered by technology with such precision.

    Rahul thought may be dad is right, and technology can only supplement the human efforts. But, he had a really better example in his mind.

    Rahul : Dad, I give you on this one. But, what do you think about the evolution of automobiles. Big brands like BMW, Audi, Merc use such costly and complex technology to bring out the unique designs we see. And with GPS, music with voice control, TVs in our own car, we can see how deep technology has come into automobiles.

    Dad : Good Rahul, but think a little. Even when the technology progresses to being its best, may be close to when a robot will drive instead of me, how will that be possible. From programming the robots, to monitoring the systems, be it in the car or in the factory where cars are made, from correcting the softwares when they crash , and treating the machines when they wear out, everything will require manpower. Also, Rahul what do you think Merc, BMW and Audi different ?

    Rahul : The best I can think is their unique designs and the creativity being put in each model.

    Dad : Exactly, if technology becomes everything , wont that unique selling point be lost. Most big companies will have access to the best and same softwares, and that might result in everyone bringing out almost identical products. I believe it is humans, which make an Audi or a BMW different, and not the technology. Again, what if a company develops a technology to harm others products, who will protect ? The man.

    Rahul : Dad, you are awesome. I feel you are right. But, my teacher taught me about Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Robotics ,and the way they can simulate human. Surprise me on this.

    Dad : Sure son. Humans will need humans, no matter how much the world progresses. You will want to fly to meet your friends, your sister, and have a vacation. Will it be possible for a completely robot controlled flight or a train to do that. There are so many uncertainties – be it the birds, or the poor weather – or the sudden hijack or a terrorist attack – due you think AI will be able to manage everything perfectly. A robot pilot and the integrated AI system may be trained to deal with 30 things, and still the 31st might come. But humans can do this, because God has given us the ability to think rationally and make decisions accordingly.

    Rahul : Dad, I have no option but to agree with you. But please give me examples from the common life and not the commercial aspects, something we can relate to in day to day life.

    Dad : Rahul, sure. I’ll give you three examples. First, just see the artist there and the crowd surrounding it. I have been seeing him there for past 10 years, and he comes everyday, and manages to pull that stunning crowd. He is so passionate that he intends to draw everything himself without the use of a machine, which he believes will make his work monotonous. A newer and efficient technology may give him better returns initially, but the crowd will start getting off gradually. Result, the machine will fail where man succeeds. Second, do you remember the fight we witnessed at a toll last week, and how the toll people managed to put that off. Technology wont be able to do that. In so many such type of events, man is superior to machine. Third, me and my friends prefer canteen made food and coffee in the office. Once, the canteen boy went and we had no option but to resort to machine made food and coffee, and we just turned mad after 10 days. More than the taste which the canteen boy brings, it is that little talk and smile which recharges us. Can Technology and best robots do that ?

    Rahul : No, dad, I simply say, you nailed it and proved me wrong. But, I want a conclusion to this discussion. Man will be needed for ever, and technology will also progress. What does that mean, conflicts ?

    Dad : Excellent thought Rahul. See, man will always help himself perform more efficiently by making use of better technologies. But besides being an economic man, he is a social and an intelligent animal too . He knows when and where to stop. Technology will help to raise the status of a man, and the nature of economic work will change with time, moving towards more and more skilled work. But, man will still remain an integral component of production, no matter how extreme technological progress becomes. Technology will become a facilitator, but never a controller. Technology might reduce the need for manpower, but certainly cannot replace it.

    • Strongking

      Hey sahilll REVIEW MY ESAY BHAI

    • SRT

      Really,a very good one.very innovative approach.good flow.neat structure & precise.

  • abc

    Some points…. didn’t care to write the whole essay
    Why Technology cannot replace manpower?
    1.)Trust Issue : E.g people will always prefer to be treated by actual doctors than a robot, would you feel safe in a flight operated by AI and no pilots

    2.) Quality Issue : why people prefer a handmade bentley than mass produced maruti, India was always known for quality of crafts and clothes despite the same things were mass produced during Industrial Revolution

    3.) Creative Angle : can technology ever replace the fine works of Picasso, the beautiful film making of Satyajit Ray?

    4.) Emotional Quotient : suppose a fighter pilot in a war gets to know that an area has 1 innocent and 5 terrorist, he might defer his decision of bombing that area but AI might do a cost benefit analysis and might actually bomb the area. Utilitarian approach doesn’t work everywhere

    5.) Education and Research area : can technology understand the intricacies and application of terms like democracy, fundamental rights, philosophy in education.

    What kind of technology can replace manpower?
    1.) productive and innovative technology that improves the life and condition of poor like internet for e-governance, mobiles etc.

    2.) disruptive and destructive technology which actually increases unemployment like increasing use of machines in factories

    Gandhi wanted that technology that benefits whole of society, not just certain class of individuals

    Conclusion
    Technology can never replace the manpower. Infact, sometimes it also creates the need for more manpower just like in Industrial Revolution where new technology increased job opportunities. Moreover, sometimes it also helps in transitioning from low quality work of factory lines to areas requiring high skilled abilities.

    • i am Batman

      Thanx….it will help

    • BRK

      Points are multi-dimensional. Please review my essay.

  • manish

    Ram is laborer in a cotton industry in Surat. One day his boss Mr. Manish has fired him without giving any prior notice. Ram has no other option, he could not even argue with his boss. He is very sad and return to his home.

    Sita (Ram’s wife)- Why you are so sad? What happen?
    Ram :- Nothing, but my boss has fired me. I lost my job.
    Sita:- Oh, no, now how we will manage our daily expense and school fee of Luv. Did you ask your boss what is your fault?
    Ram:- No, its not about my fault , its about something else.

    Then he explain–
    When industry was newly established they were 50 works who used to produce 20 yan of cotton every day. Slowly 50 other joined them and their production has increased to 50 yan. But now only 25 man are there in the industry and production has been increased to 200 yan everyday. This is very good for his boss but it has taken the job of 50 worker like me. Earlier they all use to work manually every single work required manpower. But now new machines, ease their work, it require less man power and production is bumper. Now only 25 percent of worker could produce 200 timer more production. This has been a boon for the industries owner but a curse for the workers like them.

    Hanuman (Friend of Ram), come to ram’s home. Ram told him everything. Then Hanuman explain him that the technology is not their enemy its friend of human being. No doubt it has snatch the job of thousands but also open the door of jobs for millions. Earlier they have very limited opportunity for employment. They could hardly get the job in agricultural field, as laborer for big zamindars or as laborer in industry. But now due to use of technology in every field, the opportunity for employment has open immensely. People are required to operate the machine, their maintenance, repairing and for looking after their proper operation and functioning.
    No doubt the change from hand loom to machine loom in cotton industry require less man power to do the same amount of job. But man are require to operate the machine, to repair them and monitor them while in operation. The difference is that earlier the unskilled labor were in demand but now the demand of skilled laborer is more. The knowledge of machine and technology used is prime importance to get the job. The use of machine in industry not only increase the production level but the amount of industries itself increase. Many cooperates are willing to invest and hence create demand of more and more skilled labor.

    The IT and IT enabled sector has brought the revolution in human life. It makes our life very comfortable and easy. In one click, you can know any information irrespective whether you are in city or village. In one click you can check order your grocery, pay your bills , know your results and many more. All these services are based on interconnected network of computers. But to make available these services their are well established network of people who are employed to provide these services at door step. And develop these services there are IT engineers who are works on different algorithms to make our life easier and faster.

    Today’s transportation is very fast and comfortable. It not only increase the commerce but also link the people from different land. It is gives the feel of one world home. But provide such a big network of transportation there are thousands of employs who work day and night. Though the work has been simplify by the use technology but still manpower are required as a driver, as a pilot, as a captain, as a traffic manager, as a control room monitor and for what not.

    In agriculture, now we are using tractor, thresher, winnowing machine and many others. Use of fertilizer, pesticides, weedicides, ensure our food security for all. The use of machine in agricultural field not only reduce the hard man power use in agriculture but also multi-fold increases our level of production. The use of machine increase our gross shown area, which created the employment for many other skilled labor. To maintain and repair these big machine created jobs for mechanics and engineers to continuously modify the design.

    After giving all these explanation by Hanuman to Ram. Ram has understood the importance of technology to sustain such a huge bank of population. But now he asked the Hanuman.
    Ram:- Well, I understood the importance of technology in our life and how I can continue my job by getting skill. But from where I will get these skill. is there any institute which provide such skills.

    Hanuman:- Yes my dear friend. there are many institute and schemes which are run by govt. to impart skill in people.

    For technical skill, there many Industrial Training Institute open by govt. to get technical skills in various field. The computer education has been started from school itself. There are technical colleges like IIT, NIT which gives all round knowledge and hands on various technical fields. Apart from these govt. has recently focus on skill India mission, specially for youth to get good employment opportunity.

    Ram, is now very happy to know all these information and he decided to go for ITI training.

    After six months of training in ITI, Ahmadabad, Ram has got the job with good salary more the previous salary, as a foreman in a cotton industry.

    • manish

      @why_so_serious? Please review my essay

    • except for the conclusion, I simply loved ur essay! Where were u all this while man?

      Good essay! Cheers 🙂

      • manish

        Thanks a lot. I learnt this type of writing from you only. Thanks to you.

  • niti

    “Technology cannot replace manpower”

    The whole purpose of science and innovation seems to be fulfilled when it works for welfare of humanity. And there comes technology with her hands full of presents- so delicately and intricately woven in our lives making us addicted and interdependent on them – naming a few such as transport, machines, electricity, the house we live in will represent just a drop of pacific of technology.

    With its efficiency and time saving approach, technology has become human savvy. It has made our work faster as
    well as maintained greater degree of accuracy. Though the question of dominance of one over the other has got relevance in the recent decades, there is no doubt that technology in both conventional and modern incarnations has helped to realize human ideas. With the industrialization revolution till the mid of 20th century the scientific quest had more of theoretical orientation. However late 20th and 21st century period has experienced a rapid technology/ innovation spate centered on human welfare. From kitchen to classroom, from an agriculture field to high level meeting room
    there has been a technological breakthrough.

    Since the industrialization, technology has reduced human labor which is widely evident from the reduction in blue collar jobs. Even the most labor intensive –agriculture sector has been mechanized reducing labor and improving farmer’s cognitive abilities by saving him from drenching in the scorching sun. Faster approach and efficient working abilities of computer systems, machines deployed in industries and other gadgets used by humans have been effective in “reducing” human labor.

    Other than this, there are many technological tools which have “replaced” human power such as pipelines constructed for transporting oil and gas – HBJ pipeline in India, TAPI and IPI pipeline on regional levels have replaced the human labor involved in transporting these resources. Similarly the recent talks over ‘de-militarizing Siachen’ can have a technological solution to completely replace the human power in the region i.e. the use of Drones- an unmanned Arial vehicle (UAV) for
    surveillance purpose and also replicating it in regions like India’s red corridor etc.

    Though these examples can easily justify dominance of technology over man in some particular issues, a different approach to this replacement debate projects certain unique human qualities which cannot be dominated or replaced by technology. One of them is the cognitive power- the power to generate ideas. Till now there is no technology to dominate human mind, the creativity a mind can generate. It is completely true that a machine can build a house but how extra ordinary it is reflects the idea behind it. Digitalizing India is possible only through the technological and infrastructural penetration but what if there had been no idea like “Digital India”.

    The moral characteristics of humanity like strong determination, discipline and the attitude to reflect a particular
    problem are traits associated with humans and not with machines. Had there been no will power and emotional strength to re-create the broken pieces after the Fukushima nuclear tragedy, the technological advancement of Japan would not be of much help.

    Though the technology has solved many problems related to machines- i.e. the non-living part of life and has also
    replaced human power there but the technological breakthrough in biological – the living side of human being is a recent phenomena where technological innovations has not gathered much support due to the ethical dilemma associated
    with it. However, Technology has allowed invitro fertilization; it still requires a womb to give birth to a life. Issues such
    as Artificial womb, genetically modified crops have remained largely unaccepted due to the safety and security issues associated with them.

    An Artistic work can be facsimiled using computer but these facsimiles lack the originality of artists work and thus
    cannot replace the perspective skills of mankind. Similarly a doctor’s ability to diagnose and treat a disease cannot be replaced though it can be complemented by scientific tools.

    Communication, satellite imaging, weather and disaster forecasting are all possible by satellite technology but on the earth they are controlled by a team of scientists who has also worked hard day and night in establishing the system.

    Concluding the two sides, technology can help in realizing man’s dreams but it is the man who dreams and also makes
    cutting edge technologies. It can replace human labor to an extent but not the manpower.

    • Sidharth

      of all the essays i have read today, i find ur examples relevant and interesting. Intro was good, but i feel it could be expanded more. Similarly conclusion could be more elaborate. Also need to chk occassional grammatical error. Rest keep writing .

      Read and comment on mine if u hav tym.

      • Strongking

        hey SID! REVIEW MY ESSAY RTOO!

      • sankar

        sidharth bhai plz rvw mine…………thanks

        • Sidharth

          sankar couldn’t find ur essay?

    • Arun

      Really good one.Would have been better if you have included the governance aspect and role of leaders and bureaucrats.

      • sankar

        BHAI HAVE A LOok at my esssay………….thaks pzl

    • Lord buddha

      nice one niti

    • sankar

      good one frnds
      but too much focus on negative side of technology over manpower by replacing manpower’s importance
      second part is well represented and nice and comparative onee
      again conclusion is nice one.ATB…………THANKS

    • hey Niti. I feel ki the intro could have an element of philosophy. I am asking u this is because most people try the conventional approach. Explaining technology and its uses here is OKAY, but since we are practicing, I would ask u to come out of ur comfort zone and try something new.

      Second para doesn’t really talk much. U could have ended the build up in the intro itself. No point using words.

      De-militarizing Siachen and TAPI waale me it is actually signifying “it has been done”… u are not exactly giving me a reason if doing this was correct or not.

      In the fifth para u gave me some dimension in the disguise of a reason – machines cannot have cognitive power. Kudos. But I guess u started this thing late.

      Baaki k paras yaar (Y). U really pick up the tempo after that.

      The conclusion is abrupt (I am saying this again). U have improved with ur language and the vocab. The content is good, albeit it comes late in to the picture.

      Sab sahi hai, just take care of the critics I pointed out 🙂

      https://nitishsinghi86.wordpress.com/2016/02/14/technology-cannot-replace-manpower/

      Ye review kar dena whenever u have time 😀

      • niti

        hmm thanks for this side of the essay…and thanks that atleast somebody has criticized the way i can understand…today i was short of ideas and themes..
        regarding the intro..i just wanted to talk something only about tech and human inter-linkage…and then about the dominance…
        and i know conclusion is abrupt..:( will try to work on it…end tak aate aate jaan hi nahi rehti yaar…
        reviewing urs

      • niti

        reviewed ur essay…did u get any mail or something..?

    • Tanu Singhal

      Hey niti, commendable vocabulary and content.
      But s always, since we are here to improve, would like to add few points

      1. It seems u mostly focused on the benefits and the positives of technology only, u didn’t add the negatives or the fact that technology is something which is just a substitute to manpower.
      2. After reading much of essay it seemed as if u were in favour of technology taking over human race, so try to add negatives and ur stand already, in the beginning more,that way examiner gets the idea, with which mind set he has to check the essay.
      3.till end it was getting abrupt and intermingled.
      At the end u did my mistake of not structuring it in a right manner.

      We all have a long way to go.
      Lets keep writing and reviewing, to make everyone get better.
      Cya next week 🙂

  • Strongking

    Plz review my essay guys!

    • Shri07

      Bro i thought of reviewing but could not .Write nearly so we can understand 🙂

      • Strongking

        Bro! If u can try , plz review ! It wud be cool ! I will take care of cleanliness next time!

    • Strongking

      Plz review

    • Namrata

      hey good attempt ..few observations from me:
      1. too informative – positive
      2. but read more like a gs answer ..like for first 5 pages simply knowledge stating ..no new point came up ..focus was on only how human beings are the creator.
      3. with one or two paras on page 6 essay picked up but then towards the end again became repetitive

      overall: nice but can do much better ..also please practise writing on blank sheets ..your lines are all tilted ..

      Keep writing and reviewing 🙂

      • Strongking

        Thanks namrata for reviewing my essay ! Keep reviewing ! Keep writing! 🙂

    • Night Fury

      Man! after reading your essay I realized what have I written today :/
      content is simply awesome.. almost everything you covered… how technology has helped us but how it is not possible without humans/manpower.. you balanced it in every paragraph..
      Just intro and conclusion + flow needs to be improved, that will come automatically while we keep practicing.. I didn’t find any flaws in content as such..it’s much better than mine !
      this essay of yours is much better than previous one !!
      keep writing 🙂

      • Strongking

        Hey fury! O tried my best this time ! I will try my best to give my best review on ur essay! Thnks ! But wht i feel i wud have given much more emphasis on quality versus content ! But anyways ! I will try to better next time! Keep writing ! Keep reviewing!

      • Strongking

        Hey fury! Bro THANKS FOR REVIEWING MY ESSSAY! I WILL TRY MY bEST NEXT TIME ,TO pLUG ALL LACuNAS ! THANKS ONCE AGAIN ! Keep reviewing! Ur critical points r very impt to me! 🙂

    • Batman

      Hi King, my views:
      1)In intro, I think you wanted to write demographic dividend
      2)Content wise-there is no dearth in your essay
      3)See King, have a look at your essay again, you’ll realize that your examples are directed to one point only i.e. the force behind tech generation is we-the human beings. Thus, there are more examples than dimensions in your essay, so bring some other dimensions that you’ve read in other essays
      4)Work on your expressions-you continue to pound examples but try to make them presentable too. Bring visualizations in your essay, they have greater impact
      Overall, the heavy content can backfire upon you, so use it wisely otherwise the essay is fine 🙂

      • Strongking

        Thanks batman ! U correctly scaled my essay! Actually ! My target is same b4 hand but unfortunatley it doesnt come out! Plz if u have any suggestion for intro, conclusion ! Do recommend ,! I will try my best in next essay! Thanks again for ur critical sugesstions!

        • Batman

          I would say keep experimenting with different styles and choose the best that suits you. There are no hard rules for intro. In conclusion, you should try to bring the essence of the whole body of your essay, that’s all I can say 🙂

  • Arun

    Technological development has been evolving over the period of time due to advancement in the science and technology.The first industrial revolution has brought about huge improvement in the process of production leading to mass production and increase in the facilities for human survival.The 2nd industrial revolution generated the replication of industrial production and the 3rd industrial revolution brought about the revolution in the field of information and technology.These industrial revolution brought about the massive change in the process of manufacture of goods and service and improvement in the quality of life.However the significance of the man power right from 1st to 3rd industrial revolution has not eroded but the need of skilled and sophisticated manpower has increase ever since.For instance,the information and technology has revolutionised the human relation but the importance of skilled man power has increase due to the need of quality manpower such as operation of computer,internet experts,dissemination of information and advantage of technology.In this context,it may be stated that the growth of technology has greatly improved the quality of life but the significance of manpower has been there ever since the human civilisation.

    The initial industrial revolution is rooted in the improvement in the means of production with the invention of new technology which led to mass production of goods and services.This has made profound impact in the way agricultural practice and which gave foundation to the industrial revolution.In this context,the agriculture has been the mainstay of any civilisation that involved massive manpower along with technology to increase the productivity.Even in the contemporary time with the development of nano technology,meteorological prediction and improvement in technological inputs such as fertilisers,pesticides and farm equipment has drastically improved the agriculture.However,all these development has not led to decrease in the significance of manpower.Right from operation of farm mechanics to employment of various inputs needs the help of quality manpower with scientific knowledge.Thus technology has not completely replaced the human being in the process of production but increase the need of manpower in various subsidiaries including manufacture of all those agriculture inputs to harvesting of products.

    The secondary sectors such as manufacturing process involve huge technological advancement to turn the agro-products into finish products.Such as advancement in the process of production also involves huge manpower who are required to invent the new modes of production and once it is invented,the skilled manpower is required to operate.This would further increase in the production level which further requires the need of manpower for delivery,storage and marketing of the goods and services.Therefore it would not be possible to engage machinery in every aspects of the human development which requires dealing with various dynamic circumstances that involves human understanding and emotional importance.For instance,marketing and delivery along with dealing various organisations cannot be done solely through use artificial intelligence.

    The such instances are also very significant in case of development of education and human resource.There has been drastic transformation in the way education system has gone through over the decades.There is increasing employment of technology such as online education system,computer technology employment and the way class rooms are transformed across the board.this has revolutionize the education system.However,there has been increasing need of teacher and quality human being to impart quality education.the dealing with students cannot be simply done on one way basis but the interaction of human beings that involves understanding the issues and reading human mind.

    The modern society need great deal of improve governance to reach to various sections of society and benefits from the developmental growth along with the improvement of the livelihood.This would require huge manpower to disseminate the Govt programmes and policies along with the implementation of the Govt. schemes for improving the livelihood condition of the varied section and opportunities to business entrepreneurs.However,with the advent of technology such as IT has led to improvement in the system of governance such as e-governance,mobile governance and adoption of direct communication between various stakeholders.This is manifested by the improvement in the form of Digital India,Invest India,e-Basta and et al.However,these technological improvement has not completely done away with the need of human interface.For instance,governance still need the human workforce to deal with the issues of governance that involves the various stakeholders.Thus the role of civil servants has further diversified to deal with the emerging needs of the society,the leaders are increasing adopting to technology to deal with the emerging need of the people and citizens are employing technology to improve their quality of life.

    In this context,the technological development has greatly revolutionized the life of the people and way the affairs of life are handled such as booming mobile phones,internet usage and employment of internet technology.Moreover the technology has further improve the combat capacity of our security forces by adopting to modern means of warfare technology which has edge over enemies.In the field of transportation including road,rail and air transport technology has drastically altered.However,the need of human workforce has been ever increasing which involve decision making at every stage to deak with dynamic social,cultural and political exigencies thereby making it effective by employing technology.Therefore technology has improved the way of life to the great extent.However,replacement of human workforce has been done completely but rather increase the need of human workforce in the modern technological world.

    • Strongking

      Jey ARUN ! BUDDY REVIEW MY ESSAY !

  • Shrunga Chandrashekar

    Technology cannot replace Manpower.

    Evolution of Life on Earth took billions of years, after the life was evolved another millions of years were taken for evolution of Modern Human Being with the creative brain and innovative consciousness. The early man learnt how to grow plants and started getting settled in a place and agriculture evolved. Years passed after the agriculture, civilization evolved. As the time passed he learnt to explore minerals and use to make his life easier. He started thinking about his evolution, earth’s evolution as a result astronomy evolved. Year after year new technology started evolving revolutionizing the life of human being and today we stand at a point where robots can do the work of human being easily and more productively, Human being has access to other planets and
    trying to answer the mysteries of the earth.

    Technological evolution which took 400-500 years to revolutionize the human life, connecting them and their lives are easier than ever before. The revolutionary steam engine of 18th century changed the phase of manufacturing and transportation. Later the evolution in the health care which lead to invention of vaccines increased life expectancy and today we stand with 7 billion population. The industrial automation led to increased efficiency and productivity in manufacturing. The discovery of the radio waves revolutionized the communication and today the extreme parts of the world are connected and the passage of information takes seconds. Technological evolution is so fast that it can automate each and every sector and human efforts and intervention
    can be minimized.

    Technological evolution at this pace have certain effects on human life. The growing technology is minimizing the efforts of the human being and thus creating unemployment. Unemployment will create an issue where the number of goods will be more but the ability of human being to purchase those goods will be minimal thus it be situation where less money is chasing more goods. This will even lead to difference in the society between haves and have nots. The social problems like poverty, terrorism, unethical society, killing of mass etc. will prevail.

    The art and culture are the major part of the human life and evolution of the different kind of art forms added a different perception to human life. Machines cannot be as creative as human being and it can never compete with the quality of art produced by the human being. Technology can help human being to bring in efficiency in presentation of a book but can never think and write a book or article by itself. The innovation in the art speaks for itself and it can never be brought by technology without human efforts.

    Robots are the machines which are programmed to do certain set of tasks and they are programmed in such a way that set of task performed will be efficient and productive. Their application is limited and they require reengineering to evolve into next level which takes in lot of human efforts and thinking. Robots developed for health services cannot put in that human touch in the treatment, it is the love, care, concern that helps in faster recovery.

    The evolution of the technology and its penetration in to all aspects of life, manufacturing, servicing etc. have created lot of social problems. Evolved technologies in the medical sector increased the life expectancy of human being which increased the world population, but the land to cultivate food crops remained same and led to food insecurity, famine due to which millions lost lives. To overcome this problem human beings developed genetically modified crops, these crops were the results of years of human efforts.

    Technology has affected the environment to the great extent, the environmental pollution should be restricted to have a sustainable life on earth. But the current technologies will continue to harm the environment and human lives which has led to creation of the clean technologies that are not harmful to the environment and helps in the sustainable development. The evolution of the clean technology cannot be done by the technology themselves it requires human efforts and consciousness.

    Yes today technology has made the world what it is. Technology can supplement human efforts but cannot replace human. Technology cannot think like human who can explore the limitless possibilities, with human efforts the world will be stagnant. The social problems created by the technology requires human intervention for the solution and the technology was developed to make the life easier rather to be cause of end. Human being should use the technology in the balanced way and when it is required rather than try to replace himself which will lead to social conflicts and lead to destruction. Evolution of human led to evolution of technology not the other way around and it requires human consciousness for further evolution and implementation.

    • Shrunga Chandrashekar

      Please review and help me in improving my writing skills:)

  • Batman

    ~PLEASE REVIEW

    On one fine Sunday, when Sun had taken a blanket while moon had woken up to fill the dark with its sparkling shine, I was having dinner with my family. My mother complained about the back ache that was troubling her day and night. We decided to get her treated by doctor and in the meantime, bought some appliances to help her in regular chores. One of the appliances was the food processor that could prepare a dough. My mother added the require proportion of flour and water and soon the machine turned it into a soft dough. Chapatis were prepared and we sat down to have our dinner. But as I took the first bite, I realized something was missing in the Chapati. The taste was bit different and I quickly realized that taste of my mother’s hands was missing and obviously I didn’t like it. Soon we got her treated by a specialist to relive her pain and to get back that taste.

    The story depicts how technology, in this case the food processor, though performed the work of my mother was not able to give me same output in terms of quality and taste. This brings to fore the question: Can technology replace manpower?

    Before we go deep into this question, let us understand what is manpower and technology. Manpower, in simple terms, is the number of persons engaged in a work or service. While technology can be better understood by taking a look at our surroundings: the computer, the mobile phones, the vacuum cleaner, the robots, and all the automatic and semi-automatic systems.

    From a wide spectrum of technologies that we see around ourselves, it is the human being that sits at the helm of affairs and decide which technology to employ under what circumstances. Human being is the master that directs and puts the technology in practice. To take a simple decision like to employ tractor in an agricultural field, robots in a production line, or decision systems in chemical factory, all are to be taken by human beings only.

    Even after the technologies have been put into practice, the responsibility of human being doesn’t come to an end. The technological systems are prone to glitches like power cuts, virus and other discrepancies in their working. When the virus stuxnet intruded into Iran’s nuclear program and when Shammon virus wiped off critical data from computers of Saudia Arabia, it was only the human being that put back the disorganized state to its original one. It was the human being that designed the codes to deal with those computer virus that otherwise could wreak havoc on the citizens of that country.

    Further, it is not always about work or the efficiency of work, there is a psychological hunger in human beings that they want to touch and feel the things. A potter enjoys more in giving the shape to potteries with his own hands than just looking the potteries like a spectator as they come out of the machine. A worker in a factory finds more joy in welding the things on his own as it empowers him and gives him of making something on his own. As soon as the normal welding machines where the user had to use electrodes on his own gets replaced by a fully automated machines, the worker is also reduced to a mechanical being and all the feelings associated with making up the workpiece comes to an end. The recent excitement about future human missions to Mars even when robots can perform the work shows that it is the human curiosity at work to explore the things on their own.

    Similar to the element of psychological hunger is the element of emotions in human beings. Human beings are a repository of emotions like love, care, kindness, benevolence and what not. They feel better when they are treated with such lovely emotions. Imagine a hotel where everything is being performed by robots, despite the best hospitality, one would not enjoy the ambiance because of that missing element- the emotions. Another psychological element is the so called sixth sense or intuition. Even the best decision support systems can’t have this element in them. It is something unique to human beings that allow them to connect themselves with Infinite Intelligence- to feel the things in advance, to sense the beginning of something beforehand. The other unique characteristics of determination and will power that makes business or an activity a true success are found in humans only and it is only through these qualities that even the best technological systems would be used in a fruitful manner.

    Above all, the making of these technologies itself involve human beings. It is the human being that gives the final form to the technologies. Thus, even though some of the tasks may be done by technological systems, the Research and Development field would in fact require more and more human beings to invent and explore new technologies.

    However, this increased brain mining in the field of R&D has given rise to some new technologies like Artificial Intelligence (AI). AI is capable of learning from humans and their experiences. It works on ‘intelligence’ rather than on ‘knowledge’ which the traditional systems used to utilize. It accommodates the new changes and improvise the performance to yield better results. But even then, a system capable of learning itself can learn good or bad or both from the surroundings can use it to the detriment of human beings.

    Thus, it can be said that technology can diminish the role of manpower but cannot replace it. Some of the aspects are unique to human beings and it cannot be expected that technological systems would use them. Technologies are a man without emotions or feelings that is just concerned with the completion of work and neglects all the aspects of life that we human beings cherish with ourselves. It cannot put the taste of a mother’s hand in the food nor it can satisfy the feeling of touching and making things. Science and Technology has opened up new vistas and it is only with the progress of time that one would see whether new technologies are capable of behaving and dealing just like the human beings do.

    • Arun

      Only issue with the story attached!What if you don’t include the story and start from direct introduction?
      Rest,I feel your flow was quite impressive and way of writing and dissemination is just excellent.

      • Batman

        Hi Arun, I am feeling the same. Story lacks the required strength. I feel should have added some analysis of story in the body itself. Thanks Bhai 🙂

      • sankar

        FRNDS RVW MIEN PLZ ……………….thankds

    • Jaya Swatantra

      nice write up… liked the term ” Psy chological hunger” and very much comprehensive in tone… please review mine if you get time

      • Batman

        will review essays in night 🙂
        Thanks Jaya

      • OK

        Jaya. Check out m9.

    • Strongking

      Hey!BATMAN ! PLZ I WILL AGAIN ASK U TO CUT SHORTEN UR INRO STROY PART! UR FLOW ! UR STRIKING POINT IS FINE ! BUT WORK ON INTRO! WHAT I FEEL ! REST IS NOT AWSM BUT FINE ! AS IT LOOKS !

      POINT PLZ NOTE~
      > plz touch other zones of tech aspects
      > u have done aswm in expalining and doing doing judgdment with topic!

      • Batman

        Ok Strongking, will work on your suggestions 🙂
        Will review your essay by night!
        Thanks Strong

    • dumbledore

      nice essay batman. in the beginning u defined manpower in terms of number of people engaged in some work. well as a matter of fact number of people can always be replaced by technology. eg factories. its evident everywhere . but its that some other qualities like human emotions and judgement and likewise can never be replaced. r&d point is good. a machine would not think by itself that it wants to explore mars. human curiosity is the reason.

      i think maybe manpower has a broader meaning than just no of people.?? what do u think?

      • sankar

        frnds rvw mine……………….thank pzl

      • yogi

        Bhai, review plz, will review urs 🙂

      • Batman

        Hey Dumbledore, I couldn’t understand your argument, what broader meaning? May be I will read your essay to know your thoughts 🙂
        Thanks Professor 🙂

        • dumbledore

          yes and maybe review bhi kar dena yar. i have experimented and i wld like to know ur views.keep writing:)

    • dumbledore

      overall a good try. could have been better. mera bhi review kar dena yar . criticize as much as possible:)

    • Namrata

      Hey batman .. 😀
      1. Intro good ..but the last line ..”Soon we got her treated by a specialist to relive her pain and to get back that taste.” –> gives the impression that u went to the dr. only to get back that taste and not for your mother ..i think you should have stopped with “quality and taste etc.”
      2. manpower definition – dont think really need it coz it limits the scope of ur thinking ..atleast thats the impression i as a reader get 😛
      3. one grammatical error: why “the human being”? only “human beings” would do ..see this at quite a no. of places ..could not help notice 😛
      4. loved the way u explained the importance of human being ..the psychological hunger part ..awesome ..but then u can shorten that point or modify it to connect to the topic .. like u can say man is smart not to be defeated by the technology or so ..and yes “mechanical being” = great point
      5. okhay now i notice ..psychological aspect lamba drag kiya hai .. which may go against
      6. R&D para ..seems repetition of one of the earlier paras
      7. “learning both good and bad” in AI = good point
      8. Conclusion very nice

      Overall: good one but less diverse .. 🙂

      • sankar

        plz rvw mine…………………give your view on my essays
        ATB………………THANKDS

        • Namrata

          sure ..kindly review mine too 🙂

      • Night Fury

        namrata.. apka essay review kia jaayega abhi.. plz review mine too 🙂

        • Namrata

          haha abhi karte hain fury bhai 😛 😛

        • Namrata

          done 😀

      • Batman

        Thanks Namrata, I tell you what I had written “to get back that taste”, then I remebered your face n i thought beta change karle line vrna namrata bolegi and i changed it to “relive the pain and…” but think that it didn’t go well.
        Your suggestions are accepted graciously, wil work on them 🙂

        • Namrata

          hahaha kya baat hai mera khaufff 3:) 😀

    • Sepoy No 1446

      Good essay. Felt you touched more of philosophical dimensions rather than focussing on practical dimensions and what can actually happen on the ground.

      also taken a blanket while moon had woken up….replace “while” with “and” and it will have better impact.

      also just felt like telling u.

      introduction..u talked about maa ke haath ka khana and how u are missing the taste..that was good example..but in the end when u wished ki she will get well and start making the rotis..the “The Hindu reader” in me equated you to be selfish..not a big deal, just a sparkle that crossed my mind at that point of time.

      • sankar

        plz rvw mine bro………………….thanks

      • Ash

        Hi Sepoy! Please find time… 🙂

      • OK

        Hey man.
        If you get time, then have a look at mine. I hope, you will find something interesting.

      • Batman

        Thanks Sepoy Bhai, though my intentions were pure but perhaps the expression didn’t go well. Will work on it 🙂

      • Pooja 2017

        Hey sepoy … Did you clear mains ?

        • Sepoy No 1446

          Couldn’t.

          • Pooja 2017

            You wrote great answeres on both iasbaba and insights. I’m surprised

            • Sepoy No 1446

              Its upsc…u never know.

              • Pooja 2017

                Attempting civil services again ?

                • Sepoy No 1446

                  Yup….till I get in…or exhaust my attempts. 🙂

                  • Pooja 2017

                    What was your optional ?

                    • Sepoy No 1446

                      Pub AD

                    • Pooja 2017

                      Pub ad has not been doing well since the last few years. Background ?

                    • Sepoy No 1446

                      engineering.

                    • Pooja 2017

                      Oh! Same here. I’ll be appearing in 2017

    • sankar

      good one frnds
      just one thing i should say uniqueness of manpower will remain irreplacable.
      story is always awsome in intro

      plz…………….rvw frnds

      actually rvw from people like you allow me to learn something, especially with suggestion
      ATB…………………….THANKS

    • Shaktimaan

      hi batiee!!……maa vala acha tha example…………mankind ki defination main aapne bola ki no of persons chahiye……….but love, care to ek bande se b mil jayega………..mtlb k yeh def eassy ke content k sath ni jaa ri….iss bar k easy main philo likhi>> good good…..intelligence n knowledge wali b line sahiiiii thi……….aap k pichle essays se diff tha………awsome dude………..PReM.mujhe to apna pd k hasi ayi ja ri h..thank u:):)

      • Ash

        Shaktimaan! Please Review… I will review yours.. 🙂

    • Shaktimaan

      or haan happy valentine day!!!!……..:):)

      • Batman

        Happy Valentine Day.. choti choti magar moti baate: valentine k din bahar ni jana, ghar pe baith k essay likhna 😀

    • Lord Tuktuk

      Intro gave me a feeling of you being a “sexist” (maa ke haath ka khana vaise no one can complaint) 😛 😛
      hunger wala part phodd dia h ladke!! awesome!!
      i feel badda hi acha likha hai add!! alag dimesions daalne ko people can argue here as everyone has their own perspective but acc. to me, what you have written is very nice!! could have been a “little more” better agar zyada shuru me emotional touch na deta!!
      cheap jokes apart, very well bhai!! keep writing!! review mine too when get time! going out now for some work! raat ko ane se phle tak kar dena mera review! bye! 🙂

      • Ash

        If you could please find time and review! 🙂

        • Lord Tuktuk

          kr dia h, dekh lo! 😀

    • Rohit Kulkarni

      Hey dude Im back 🙂
      Your essay first intro though was good to convey ur word but morally its reflected your patriarchal mentality. two assumptions here
      1. u used appliances and u did not get taste then only again u took ur mother for treatment else u would not this statement is constructed very bad though no one has such intention.
      2. Just because you needed that taste you have took your mother doctor. why did not you write that you started cooking to get the human touch. I am just telling how it can ruine ur essay.

      Reagsrding content: Examples were awesome but again u forgot UPSC touch which i think i wrote before finishing my essay.

      Over all good review mine too.

      • Ash

        Hi Rohit … 🙂

        If you could please find time and review mine! If you have time huh! 🙂

      • Batman

        Haha.. yea the example didn’t work out well, wil take care of it and will review yours 🙂

    • yogi

      Batman Bhai, whenever u get time, plz review mine, will review urs 🙂

    • Ash

      Hey Batman! 🙂

      I would say when you point out the flaws in tech.. do that for humans too.. that’s what brot in Tech right! 🙂
      A lovely read.. Keep it up .. Nothing critical.. Good flow! 🙂
      Please Review mine! 🙂

      P.S. – This is my second review .. as promised! 🙂
      Happy Valentines Day! 🙂

      • Batman

        Happy Valentines, wish you would review writing answers again 🙂
        Suggestion Accepted!

    • Ash

      You know I agree with Sepoy! Just because you want the taste… C’mon..

      You know! Legs start paining standing too long.. personal experience!
      I would say change your example.. something else may be! KWAR! 🙂

      • Batman

        Ye it didn’t go well, by the way u didn’t answer kaha gae te tum?

    • santhi sweety

      ur conclusion part and ex. really nice….

    • Sonia mehra

      Hy,
      1. You have touched upon human emotions like joy, love, curiosity, desire to touch. More dimensions could be added, I acknowledge the point on artificial intelligence.
      2. There is scope to add: (a) human logic, which helps us to debate and arrive at a conclusion (b) artistic imagination, a robot could never paint mona lisa (c) human vision
      3. I couldn’t understand this point “AI works on ‘intelligence’ rather than on ‘knowledge’ which the traditional systems used to utilize” PLZ EXPLAIN

      In totality a good essay but there are enough scope for addition.
      Thank you.

      • Batman

        Thanks a lot Ma’am. In AI, I wanted to tell, like traditional systems that work on simple input output on the basis of certain program (knowledge), AI works “intelligently” by working on humans’ behavior

    • rawat

      Hi … You have written a nice essay
      … Well argued ..

    • Preeti Pandey

      hey batty, ek aur batman aa gaya with name ‘i am batman’… 😀 itni piracy chal rahi tere naam se 😀
      ohkk… i think u wrote far better than i have written…still as u r more experienced could u please guide me with essay.. i write really horrible… 😀
      made an attempt over insight first time…need ur reviews 🙂 kindly review

      • Batman

        haha..are pandey ji abhi karte h review… compare na kijiye ap bhi acha likhengi 🙂 Shukriya!

    • Warlokz

      a very well knitted essay !!! extremely good… can u please help me with some tips to frame an essay.. i’m really struggling to frame a good one.. short of ideas… thanks

    • Night Fury

      Hello Rachel 😛
      writing style: the way you started was nice (novel type material) but the way u ended conclusion looked selfish :/ aage se dhyan rakhna bas is baat ka aise example na likho..
      emotional / psychological aspect well put ! even I thought similar but likhte time it slipped out of my mind..
      thoda sa economic angle in terms of employment/job opportunities (india/china loosing due to this automation) ye sab daal sakte ho..
      manpower you defined okay.. but it contradicts the example you states in your intro..
      so let manpower definition be open ended (personally I didn’t define it)
      baaki examples are good !! Iran wala (y)
      good conclusion 🙂

      • Batman

        Thanks Bhaiya ji 😛
        would keep the intro thing in mind. Rest of the suggestions accepted 🙂

    • yogi

      Batman (original waala) : D

      On one fine Sunday, when Sun had taken a blanket while moon had woken up to fill the dark with its sparkling shine-> Lagta aajkal masaala dhundna shuru kar diya hein, agyakari baalak 😛

      Soon we got her treated by a specialist to relive her pain and to get back that taste.-> bhai reframe that line it seems u worry about ur taste than ur mother’s health.

      When the virus stuxnet intruded into Iran’s nuclear program and when Shammon virus wiped off critical data from computers of Saudia Arabia-> bhai ye khufia naam kaha se pata kiye, kuchh aur nahi mila apne gyan ke khajane se 😛

      Dimesnions are limited, (ye line review me nahi hoti agar joker ka essay tere essay se phle nahi padh hota, ) 2nd time I felt that u didn’t have content for this essay,

      Rest jo likha hein vo achha likha hein, and i can see the masaala; last time it was valley and river , this time it is sun and moon, good going geographar sahab 😀

      P.S. achha hua pic laga li, itne saare insaani chamgadad ikkathhe ho gaye, Batman returns, i m Batman , u r batam , tera batman, mera batman , Batman ki…….WTF man 😛

      • haha.. hasa hasa k maar dia tune 😀
        or khufia naam to “cyber security” ka write up h insights pe, download maar lo 😛
        Dhanyawad geographer sahab 😀

    • DevD

      Batman Bhai…can you review this essay
      Modern age is the age of technology. The human beings are surrounded by technology in one way or other. Technology has made human life more comfortable by giving support to each and every activity. Technology has helped in enhancing productivity and efficiency of humans, better connectivity, easy access and has opened up new avenues for entertainment and information. Technology nevertheless, has been developed and applied by the human beings and not the other way around. The questions are being raised whether the technology will replace manpower. The proponent of technology might say that technology will help in reducing man’s effort and enhancing his capability while others think that there is no substitute for human beings. It is the human who have developed the technology and complete technological dependence would make human completely mechanized.

      The era of technology goes back to ancient time when the small instrument like wheel, stone to lit fire and hunting were developed. This helped human to access their food easily and in better way. The modern era of technology starts from the industrial revolution which completely changed the picture of world. The use of steam engines, electricity and many new inventions helped us to enhance the quality of life and access of better quality of goods and services to wide people. However, there were apprehensions that technology would substitute the manpower as the main aim of capitalists was to earn profits and the labor issues, strikes and lockouts were hurdles for them. The work which could be completed by using several labour could be substituted by a single machine. The rise of communism against the capitalism in 18th and 19th century owes its origin to the technological advancement by capitalist and the issues being faced by the labors and workers.

      In recent years, technology has made a great leap forward. The invention of robots, artificial intelligence, neural networking has made an impression that soon technology would take up the human place. There was news few months back stating an artificial programme based on codes was able to defeat a world class player in a particular game. Technology no doubt, has helped human beings a lot whether it is the area of education, health, services or agriculture and many more. The use of telemedicine to provide the health care services to the remotest areas and e-education has helped in providing better quality services in the resource crunch economy on one hand and reduced the manpower shortage on the other. It was the technology which helped in Green and White revolution in India which helped in increasing the agrarian income of farmers. Mechanization in agriculture has reduced the dependence on labor and thus manpower. Similarly, administration and judiciary have been benefited by the use of technology. Better quality services in administration has been provided by use of online platforms like passport, driving license, etc. which has reduced huge dependence on the manpower. Now few people could do work in better and efficient way where otherwise, would have required good number of people.

      Despite saying that technology has helped a lot in various aspects, it would be wrong to say that technology will overtake the manpower. For example, better technology can help providing valuable input to the management of companies but the decisions have to be taken by the mangers by considering various dimensions. Technology in case of war helps in getting edge over the opponents however when to use, how to use and where to use, these decisions have to be taken with the human inputs only. Recently passed DNA profiling bill can help in providing evidences against the criminals with the use of technology and solving the cases easily but various moral and ethical issues of the cases like why the crime was committed, nature of crime-would have to handle by judges only. Similarly, online medical prescription can replace the doctors but the bonding, association and human touch which patients get from meeting the doctor seems difficult to be get replaced, although patient might get better treatment with the use of technology. The love, emotions and compassions are human values which are nurtured when we associate and talk with others. The use of technology may help us in reducing the geographical distance using the social media, skype, video chats, etc. but the bonding with elders, social interaction is difficult to get replaced.

      The Syrian war, Arab spring, Middle East crisis are testimony of the fact that technology can help in fighting the rebels and terrorists by the use of missiles, inter-continental missiles and sophisticated war instruments with the use of small military. The use of drone, robots, GPS, etc. would enhance our war and surveillance capability but right decision by world leaders would have reduced the war effects & refugee crisis and even avoided it.

      Technology is a facilitator which helps human to take decisions and increase their efficacy. But complete dependence on technology would never be required. Technology and manpower needs to work in tandem with each other. Use of technology in education can help in better understanding of concepts, use of technology can help in better diagnosis, the use of technology in administration can help in providing better services, but the role of a teacher, doctor and administrator can never be ignored. The technology can provide inputs regarding the ways to deal with climate change, global warming, greenhouse emissions but it is ultimately with the leaders of world community who have to take decisions whether they want to give safe environment to their future generation or not. Technology alone would never be able to take this decision.

      Human efficiency is increased with the use of technology but use of right technology at right time so that benefits would be shared with the society is the need of hour. Better inputs needs to be taken with the use of technology for making policies, fighting poverty, providing better services so that despite of saying substitute of manpower it would become the partner of humans for building better world which is need of hour. Technology has not been able to take place of manpower, atleast not now. Let the future wait……

  • Ranker-2016

    Joy working in an MNC resides in UK ..he is very much bothered about his old parents who were living alone in India…one day with the promotion in his job he decided to replace the maids with gadgets like dishwasher, washing machine, micro wave…but this REPLACEMENT has aggravated the problem of his old parents as they feel sorounded by machines which were devoid of empathy and care ..that was taken care by the maids who were working from last several years…

    This has shooked the head of joy and made him realise that technology can only reduce manpower but cannot replace it ..as we are going to enter into the era of fourth revolution benefits and importance of technology is not to be ignored as they had immensely supplemented development process by increasing the efficiency of work taken by human beings.

    Upto a large extent technology has been able to reduce manpower alongwit surplus of production and has generated employment too in several new sectors but it cannot replace manpower as its operational aspect relies entirely on humans and cannot be assumed without human intervention.

    Most important aspect that machines lack are moral values , empathise and social values ..that can not be inculcated in them ..human beings have created machines and this fact cannot be reversed…

  • Namrata

    Please review!!

    It was a bright and sunny Sunday morning in Delhi. I had just woken up when I discovered my grandfather was going to meet his best friend, living on the opposite side of the city. Seeing me worried, he said, “Don’t worry, I will take an autorickshaw from across the street.” I thought for a moment and then decided to book a radio taxi through the new mobile application. Though difficult, I managed to convince my grandfather to wait for the taxi to come at our doorstep for his convenience. While waiting, my grandfather asked me how the driver would know where our house was? I explained to him that it was with the help of the GPS technology that he would be able to track our address, which flashed when I booked the cab through my mobile. Soon, I received a call from the cab driver who ironically, was unable to get to my location. It was after twenty tough minutes of me explaining him the route that the driver arrived. When my grandfather got up to leave, he said, “Wasn’t my autorickshaw better? You saved me from walking the five minutes lane to get into twenty minutes of mind-wrenching, argument-filled conversation with the driver even though ideally he should have come with the help of your ..what was that ..yes the GPS technology.” These words of my grandfather left me thinking about the lacunae existing in usage of technology and the efforts of manpower in filling those.

    Technology, since time immemorial, has been the culmination of unimaginable use of manpower, including both physical and mental efforts, for the purpose of making man’s work easier. Man has been bestowed upon with intelligence, the power of speech, the ability to think and learn and consequently, the capability to invent new technologies. So the big question is: Can the creation replace the creator?

    Technology has continuously evolved in delivering the best to humankind and making man’s work easier with every breakthrough. Stones were the gifts of nature but to work them as stone tools and use them as a technology for cutting the barks of trees or hunting down animals, early man went through a lot of unsuccessful attempts, learning each time from his failures. With the discovery of iron, man learnt to develop iron tools and implements, which served the purposes much better than the previous technologies. For example, iron tools were harder, thereby reducing human’s physical efforts drastically in clearing the forests for the upcoming civilisation. Thus, they reduced the amount of manpower to be used for a particular purpose but could not eliminate the use of that manpower.

    Contrasting the above with an example from daily life. When I was a child, there was immense demand for washerwomen among the well-to-do families. But then came a brand new technology in the market: the washing machines. This seemed to almost completely eliminate the need of washerwomen for those who could afford the washing machines. The result was that those washerwomen were forced to take up jobs of housemaids or they established small shops of ironing clothes or some also opened up drycleaner shops. Thus, while washing machines rendered washerwomen unemployed and forced them to take up other jobs, washing machines still require manpower in the form of changing sections, operating the machine panel, taking out clothes, drying them in the sun if need be and so on. Thus, in this case it would appear that technology has completely replaced the manpower, it would be optimistic to observe a thin line highlighting a shift in the nature of manpower and skills to sustain.

    Agriculture is another field where man has worked assiduously to fulfill the demands of food. Earlier, man himself drew the ploughshare, which was indeed a highly labourious job having the potential to drench the man with sweat. Some of the slightly better-off farmers could hire animals to draw the plough. Then, with the invention of wheel, bullock carts aided manpower. Came modernity, tractors replaced the traditional methods of ploughing. But did they replace manpower? No, they merely changed the nature of manpower. Tractors provided the means to plough the fields in an easier manner. There was still the need to drive those tractors. Tractors could not function on their own. Thus, manpower was not replaced but was transformed for easier carrying out of the job.

    The use of machines in manufacturing industries can be dated back to the industrial revolution of the mid-eighteenth century. With the coming of mechanized form of production, those with traditional ways of manufacturing were rendered unemployed. Handicraft and handloom industries suffered astronomical losses in India. The legacy of industrial revolution continues till today in almost all the manufacturing companies. So the claim that technology had replaced manpower about 150 years ago with the advent of industrial revolution can be refuted by the fact that manufacturing industries still employ considerable manpower in production. A pertinent question arises here: How is it that technology has eased the level of manpower requirement but not been replaced completely? The reason is: man is smart enough to adapt to the needs and thus, he was quick to learn the skills required to function in harmony with the technology, dropping the idea of competing with technology. For example, the welding robots used in automobile industries cannot produce such fine weld finish if the operators do not place the components to be welded properly.

    Thus, it can very well be concluded that technology undoubtedly aids humankind by reducing the physical as well as mental aspects of manpower to be used. Yet, technologies like information technology, robotics and so on cannot completely replace manpower as the creation cannot outweigh the creator. Certainly, manpower skills need to be matched up with the corresponding growth in the levels of technology. In this regard, the present government have come up with laudable initiatives like Skill India Mission and Start-Up India, which aim to take care of the ill-effects of technological advancement on human resources, by providing the required skills and resources to sustain. Hence, the step forward should be an acceptable and adaptive approach towards technology, incorporating its benefits to aid manpower and not be disturbed by apprehensions like technology will replace manpower, because certainly, it cannot.

    • Cap. Haddock

      hey good essay,
      i found the initial anecdote a bit irrelevant,

      aspects like motivation,innovation, ability to handle unforeseen
      circumstances, instinct, risk taking, HR skills could have been used also.

      but overall easy language and good flow.

      • Namrata

        thanks haddock .. yeah will take note of the aspects mentioned by you ..
        Regarding initial anecdote: I am doubtful it is irrelevant ..we r in the age of information technology, i have highlighted the flaw in the gps thing (which often happens even in reality) ..so ultimately as per the anecdote 20 minutes of man intervention was there to get things right .. if u r not able to relate ..then i will relook into it 🙂
        Keep writing and reviewing 🙂

        • Strongking

          Plz review my essay !

          • Namrata

            done 🙂

    • Lord Tuktuk

      awesome intro!! i liked it like hell!!!

      tera essay same meri line par chal rha h but much different perspective!! (Y)

      washing machine!! (Y) me soch bhi nhi paya!!

      aage bhi very well crafted around handicraft 😀

      really nice bhai!!

      dekho, me faltu ki galtia nhi nikaluga ki ye kyu daala ya ye kyu nhi daala!!

      BUT, aapne na ek side ka hi explore kia essay i think! aapne badda kuch miss kia! Jab hum technology ki baat kare to hmko uske applications bhi batane chahie ki kis way me alag hai aur kha kha par alag effect dikhai deta h!!

      i hope u r getting me here!!

      overall mjhe acha laga badda, but aap isko aur acha bana skte by adding more relavant things ! likhte to aap acha ho hi badda 🙂

      • Namrata

        hey tuktuki ..thanks a lot for such kind words of motivation ..yeah actually i did miss a lot .. point taken .. keep writing and reviewing 😀

    • Strongking

      Erhnice start! Good essay overall ! Continuation ! Holding d nerves and
      And then it ended ! With gud conclsuve statement! Plz tell me, other t ham strory writing what r the other ways to start intro! If u have spare time ,plz ping me ! 🙂

      • Namrata

        thanks strongking for ur valuable review !!

        well, as far as i think you can also start with a quote and then go on to explain that quote using easy examples ..but for that one has to be good at quotations and idioms ..
        then a simple way can be definition approach ..where u define few aspects of the topic ..
        story or conversation between two people (i.e. dialogue writing) is ofcourse an alternative

        So its upto u ..the idea is that ur introduction should be engaging and not dull ..and it should also reflect what ur essay will be about ..

        • Strongking

          Thanks ! Namrata!

    • Strongking

      V ery nice start! Gud essay overall! Plz tell me is any other way u can tell for starting an intro part? !

    • Night Fury

      1st line se batman ka essay yaad aaya 😀
      “Can the creation replace the creator?” we think so same same *_* 😛
      you intro perfectly introduced the topic directly (and not what most of us have done –explaining how technology has changed) so I liked it !
      content , flow , structure all good !!
      I couldn’t find flaws. it’s a balanced one!
      mera essay padh k mujhe guide kijiye mohotarma 😀

      • Namrata

        thanku so much fury for such kind motivating review .. 😀 yup reviewed urs too .. 😀

    • Batman

      Hi Namrata, my views:
      1)I feel there was dearth of dimensions. Your ideas were more or less centred around replacement/help of manpower. I think you must have seen Tuktuk’s essay, he has tried to portray the same thing but by using new ideas: e.g. he talked about enriching life, giving vent to curiosity, so you can use those kind of words
      2)Intro though long but was perfect! I enjoyed it
      Overall, a good read but I feel more dimensions can be added to it.
      A suggestion: With no plans to tinker with your writing style, try to bring some innovative aspect in your essay like some philo expressions, sarcasm or any other thing. May be you can explore something better. It is just a suggestion and you can avoid it 🙂

      • Namrata

        hey batman ..thanks a lot 😀 and yup read tuktuki’s essay ..bahut acha tha .. okiee will work on the dimensions aspect ..meko bhi likhne k baad laga yeh ..but now it is confirmed 😀

        ohkiee will take ur suggestion into account ..actually i am not that great at philosophy or sarcasm ..but i will try to explore ..abi hi sahi time hai experiment karne ka ..maybe i really come up with something better .. cant guarantee but will certainly make an honest effort ..thanks batman 🙂

  • Kapil Vats

    please review

  • Kapil Vats

    if some one has enjoyed V Day and want to do some creative time pass please review the essay below

  • Shaktimaan

    “Technology cannot replace manpower”

    Million years before present– “Jhinga-la-la-hur-hur”, it is ceremonial song sung by Nugda tribe (imagine), Tholu.10 year old boy, woke up when sun rises, wrapped animal skin and tree leaves over his body and escaped from his cave, to be a part of this ceremony. Here people from nearby forests gathered to went for animal hunting. They sharpen their wooden tools and stone flakes and moved ahead. They come back to their dwellings after 5 months and some of them even empty handed, Tholu is one of them, he with his family, due to orthodox practices of living, use of less advanced and inadequate tools for exploration, made them to starve till they get ruined.

    Thousand year ago—Trinath, one of evolved civilian of Indus civilisation, engage himself in growing millets, employing wooden plough on hard surface, carving beads and bronze metal using iron tools better than primate one, he went to other civilisation like Mesopotamian also using boats, to sell his products and store remaining food in bricked graineries and other products for his family use. But one day his civilisation attacked by Aryans, they looted this region and left abandoned while remaining portion distorted by flood in the river Indus. Trinath and his whole civilisation condemned due to lack of specialized arms and ammunition to fight against invaders and deficiency of mechanism to predict occurrence of disaster.

    Present — Trish, working in multinational company, kick off her day from kitchen, switch on her microwave oven and in 2 minutes ready with green tea. Taking bath using one full bucket of hot water…one minute…hot?? Yes, because geyser was on working mode. She get ready and leave for his office in his own car, now she is in his office, exactly at perfect time i.e 8’o’ clock, used elevator to reach her cabin and then start performing her job on computer. Trisha managed to handle her task very easily and in time bound manner because she is technically empowered.

    In above three examples we can see that how human being evolved with time and gave birth to technology, early stone tools compel him to carve iron ones and then automatic machines to assist himself. He managed to cross land and rivers for the trade first via boats and then using his own car to cover even small distances. This development helps human to come up with out of the box innovation at every stage of evolution. But still why bit modernised Indus valley ruined? It may be because they didn’t alter and modify their existing tools as technology has no limit, so its modernisation is must according to the pace of the time. As we can see today it is difficult to defeat human, who knotted himself with emerging scientific knowledge.

    Technology somewhere lead toward prosper and multiple advancements, it brings opportunities and convenience to foster growth. it augment the human life like with the invention of medical sciences, It connects the far distance lands first with bus, trains and then planes, it lightens the dark nights with argon filled bulbs, it unite the diversified via telephones and computers, it become helping hand of humans when need emerge for washing cloths and utensils speedily, via robotic washing machine and dishwasher respectively and now technology expanded enough to understand hitherto unknown truths and facts of the mysterious universe.

    Here question arises now, Is technology always bring “positive changes”? Or is there another side of technology too? to answer these questions, let’s have a look upon some examples.

    With up- gradation of technology, human mind so many times brought disasters and distortions not only of their very own life but of surrounding nature too. For example Invention of polythene, now degrading air and water quality, introduction of insecticides and pesticides to improve soil fertility unfortunately ended up doing quiet the opposite, safe CFC to replace the highly toxic ammonia for refrigeration now threatens the life saving ozone layer, whereas fusion of two nuclei deliver atom bombs, latter become cause of death for millions in Hiroshima and Nagasaki of Japan. There are thousands of such man made discoveries which now hampers their very own masters.

    Above discussion fully concerns about presence of technology in making man powerful either protagonistically or antagonistically. Man is the progenitor of technology not visa-versa. Thus we can say that technology can’t replace man power, Wait! If technology not then how man be a powerful? Now try to understand mans power other than technology.

    Human being is living entity with senses and memories. He can analyse and compare the different situation with his/her cognisance and then perform accordingly in real time.This emotional intelligence which allow man to judge between good and bad, which somewhere machine can’t do. Also human carries the soft power, like one “smile” to stranger can make him to feel the oneness, mother’s “warm” embrace to her crying child enough to let him sleep, brother’s “care” to his sister, ample to fight against any danger and finally the “love” between humans abundant to tackle any coming disaster. These are the greatest powers that human being carry to overcome any circumstance. From these characters only one can judge the beautiful minds, these minds further knitted the kind civilisation which in turn build the stronger nations.

    But the thing to concern is that, Is manpower is sufficient to deal with the twenty first ideology?, where man more bend toward materialistic happiness and where progression in scientific technology is the only parameter to inspect growth and development of the nation. So it can be concluded that man evolved themselves with day to day emerging technology, to such an extent that reiterating back is now not possible. Technology is now part of the daily exercise. What man can do, to use it positively and effectively to serve the humanity, to fight the poverty, to erase the illiteracy and to remove the dependency. And other emphasis must be on to save environment, to nourish natural beauty, to clean water bodies and to protect biodiversity. It can be used to spread peace and to establish tranquillity not only between humans but among every living creature.

    • Ash

      Hey … as promised.. this is my first review of the day! 🙂

      1. gathered to went for animal hunting = gathered to GO for animal hunting … Gathered past tense… past ke saath present use hota hai.. I did not eat .. I did not sleep..
      2. primate ,… check the meaning.. its primitive!
      3. kickS off her day
      4. But still why bit modernised Indus valley ruined? — No amount of modernization stops damage from weather conditions … one reason for decline of IVC!
      5. As we can see today it is difficult to defeat human, who knotted himself with emerging scientific knowledge. — Good one!
      6. With up- gradation of technology, human mind so many times brought disasters and distortions not only of their very own life but of surrounding nature too. For example Invention of polythene, now degrading air and water quality, introduction of insecticides and pesticides to improve soil fertility unfortunately ended up doing quiet the opposite, safe CFC to replace the highly toxic ammonia for refrigeration now threatens the life saving ozone —I sense deviation here! Where is tech’s influence or replacement on man! FFTC!

      Polythene–Technology .. seriously?? I wud ve understood if you talked about the industry producing it.. it is a utilitarian object!
      7. What you have written after this.. you might wanna rethink this.. read my essay for this… 🙂

      And yeah! Happy Valentines Day Shaktimaan! 🙂
      English is improving… so good.. less errors today! Keep reading newspapers slooooooooowly! 🙂 KWAR! 🙂

      • Shaktimaan

        thank u!!….hmm……grammer..:(..behuda c mistakes hai……regarding 6th>>well yeh paras tech k side effects btane ka liye the…….maine thode alag view se likha tha ki afterall yeh sari chize natural to ni h na, inko human hi pehle le ke aaya hai…………jo aaj uske hi master or environment ko effect kar raha h….or polythene polymer of ethylene ko leke bnana h to wo aise ghar baithe to bn ni jayenge scientific tech to lagegi , fir utilitarian object hi q na ho…..or manpower b maine alag h trh se btaya h jaise love care etc…………..yo aap ka easy pd liya superb tha…………..thank u rupnzl 4 ur valentine wish…………………….n thanks 4 d elaborated review :):):):)

    • Night Fury

      hello shaktiman !
      3 stories ki bajaaye ek bhi bataate to sahi rehta… initial examples took a lot of space…main topic pe aap second last para me aaye ho… though maine bhi kaafi late topic ko hit kia apne essay me.. jiski wajah se kaafi points miss ho gaye last me jaake…
      flow and writing has improved a lot.. topic se stick rehna h bas humko…
      second last para is the crux of your essay and very good points mentioned.. usi ko thoda aur depth me analyse karna tha.. keep writing !
      and happy valentine’s day to you too 😀

      • Shaktimaan

        actually un three para main tech ka evolution btaya tha maine mankind k sath……..ki tech ki jarurat padi thi kahin na kahin men ko empower hone k liyr…pr han deviate ho gya h shayad se….thank u:):):)

        • Night Fury

          same galti maine ki hai 😛 koi baat nai agli baar acha hoga 🙂

    • Lord Tuktuk

      mai ni merie, shimle di raahe!! chamba kitni ka durrr??? 🙂
      ok shakti, cool start!! but one thing!! yaar intro bdda lamba ho gya h!! itni der me na examinor interest lose kar chuka hota hai kabhi kabhi!! so i think kisi aur note par try karna next time!! vaise i liked the way jaise you compared but a bit long, itna time ni lagate intto me, itna core ko devote kia kar!!
      acha suno, aage tumne ache way me likha hai!! i like the way you’re improving bhai!!! kudos!! 🙂
      likhte reh aise hi!!! and ek point, multi dimesnionally dekha kar kisi bhi essay ko different perspective se ki why? and also why not? ( like i thought ki ghar ki security hai to defence bhi ayega!! defence se to space tech bhi related hai, space tech se to agriculture bhi related hai agar GPS se compare kare, is way me!! fir you structure that all point) 🙂 i hope tu smjh rha hai meri baat ko! achi tune badda acha likhna start kia hai, koi baat nhi agar kuch miss ho rha hai, kaafi time hai pick up karne ka!! mere review ko +tiively lio indeed!! mera bhi dekh k btana kaisa lga? https://makingindiashine.wordpress.com/
      ok shakti!! shaba khheir!!! 🙂

      • Shaktimaan

        haan yeh gaana sahiiiii h……..n regarding ur qstn…….shimla to chmba…hmmm.. around 389km..:):):)
        well un 3 para main mene evolution sa btane ki koshish ki thi……….jo ki fail ho gi……multi dimension>> yo smajh liya……aapka pd liya essay achha tha…..bhai bilkul positive liya h…….i know yeha dant p padegi to wo b smbhlne k liye hi hogi…:):)……..rvw kr diya blog chck karo……….thank u:):):)

        • Lord Tuktuk

          thanks Shakti!! 🙂
          koi baat nhi!! we all fail and fall!!! keep improving (Y) thanks for the review 🙂

    • Batman

      Hello Shakti (the power :P, mera bhi blog h dekh lena :P)
      yaar main idea pe aane me kafi der lagadi tumne
      Further, neagtive impacts of technology weren’t asked (it was related to manpower and not man)
      In solidifying your argument, you just supported the “emotions”, you can talk about R&D, shift in nature of jobs, unpredictable circumstances, curiosity
      Overll, thodi jaan daalo is essay me naye dimensions daal k n itni stories mat lagao yar, Rather use them in main body as you discuss the things, that would be better 🙂

      • Shaktimaan

        oooh k………..phir se achaa ni tha…..:(:(
        wo maine evolution btane ki kosish ki thi………….jo ki kisi ko b achi ni lgi…:(
        thank u flowering tree(dts wt ur name sugst)………:)
        p.s.- dekha blog……….nritya k shokeeeen lgte ho….:P………….waise u ka orignal name unique h, acha lga:):)

    • yogi

      Shakti Bhai salaam 🙂
      my delayed review :
      She get ready and leave for his office in his own car, now she is in his office, :- com’on shakti bhia do do bar koi kaise her ko his kr sakta hein 😛

      But still why bit modernised Indus valley ruined? It may be because they didn’t alter and modify their existing tools as technology has no limit, so its modernisation is must according to the pace of the time.–> don’t draw such conclusions even if u used ‘may’ . and i think it is not needed to show the essence of tech.

      3 stories overstretched :,u ate too many words here

      lightens the dark nights with argon filled bulbs,-> wanna impress examiner this way why not krypton and xenon 😛

      2nd last para: does not bode well

      Conclusion: happy ending good

      Overall a fair attempt,

      keep writing and reviewing 🙂

      Jay Hind 🙂

      • Shaktimaan

        well pehle maine he k hisab ka likha tha phir naam convrt kiya or she kiya but his htana bhul gaye hm……………hmmmm ovrall yeh bilkul b acha ni tha easy thanx yo bhai!!!

        • yogi

          apna sabko bura lagta hein, specially jab doosro ka padh lete hein, koi na bhai rukiyo mat bas likhte rhne, ek din apna bhi achha lagega, 🙂

  • Rohit Kulkarni

    Technology cannot replace manpower.

    Though most of issues are solved by IVR(Integrated Voice Response ) system most of them end up only after talking to customer care representative. This is a kind of example that technology cannot replace manpower. Technology was only invented by human for ease of doing with accuracy and speed. Emergence of technology from Industrialisation has raised many questions but the result till now is the amount of production has increased drastically than before and also the number of employments with the same pace.

    So if technology can work as human how is it that it cannot replace manpower?

    Once a scientist has cited an example of “Dishwasher” and “Washing Machine” for the same question. One seems not be washing his dishes than taking that time for some other works. So as the technology reduces the need of manpower it opens new doors for unending ideas and innovations. The more the job is automated the more is the space left for man for other works.

    During medieval period slaves and wind were used for mechanical power of ships but those are replaced by fossil fuels, textile industry mainly has been rapidly moving to automation but still it needs manpower to provide the designs which differs in the artistic way an machine produces and a man.

    Though there are many advances in textile industry saree’s like Dharmamvaram (Produced in Andhra Pradesh) which have a unique art feature produced by weavers cannot be replaced by machines as these need essence of emotional, aesthetic touch which technology lacks.

    There was a recent discussion of introducing Robots in wars to reduce the casualties but was stopped due to many reasons like: Robots will be devised with an aim to kill the target were killing is not target to suppress the action is the target of war. There is also very possibility of cheating a robot which can be disastrous as it is less equipped with owner and enemy and many more.

    Even capitalistic mode is not sustainable if the whole jobs are replaced by robots as a market works on the principle of free movement of money which can be ensured only if the salaries are paid to employees. Which makes every option for the market to explore new ways to provide jobs as market is the self-adjusting body. Ex: in 20th century there were hardly any companies in a city but with growth of technology there has emerged new companies like start-ups which can provide promising employment if handled properly.

    Many task which can be easily done by manpower cannot be replaced by technology which cost heavily to environment like reaching deep into the forest or trekking a mountain etc.

    There are even discussion on replacing judiciary with computers but which is practically impossible as function of judiciary needs not only abiding to rule of law (which even computers can do) but also compassion toward human being and exploring the way to provide him chance to improve and respite him for guilty. Decision making process is the one which never can be replaced by automation etc.

    Man power also plays an important role in art and culture , professional sports like cricket, football etc which can be replaced by technology. Teaching is one such area which though have a significant benefit by technology but need man power as every student is not same in thinking ,learning and acting.

    Health care is other area were scientist of tried a lot to replace humans with robots but still manpower still to operate them as Medicine is art of curing and art can never be replaced.

    Apart of all there other things like love , affection, caring etc cannot be replaced by technology.

    So if technology cannot replace manpower what is it replacing and what is current situation of technology versus manpower?

    Yes technology is cannot replace manpower but it can replace man effort. Man started using more of his brain than muscle, he is at the end of easing his work. Cycles are replaced by motors but not models, stitching by hand is replaced by weaving by machines but not designs which are still done by humans.

    The current scenario is that technology has brought more or less loss to some section of employment as more work is done by machines. This because the transition which technology has brought (That is from muscle to mind) is not clearly absorbed by poor, illiterate, conservatism, socio-economic backward people. The speed with which the transition is now is not equal to the speed with which the human is moving. Because of which though many jobs are [resent are still vacant though high demography is because of lack of skill.

    Lack of skill to use the mind in full fledge mostly in developing and under developed countries. This gap if bridged can make miracles all around the world which even India is running for by many policies like “MAKE IN INDIA”, “START UP INDIA”,”SKILL INDIA” so that people of India are exposed to technology. There is also a need for encouraging scientific innovations, research work and improving socio economic background of developing countries so that all strata of people’s are observed in present world.

    So though there can be enough technology to run a car without driver there is a need of manpower to develop such model of car. So technology cannot replace manpower but can replace man effort and if man still depends on his manpower it can be disastrous.

    • Batman

      Hey Coolkarni, good one esp the UPSC touch 😛
      1)Multiple dimensions added which have been left by many
      2)The “dharmamvaram” example doesn’t look convincing. I think if you can feed the design to machine, it can produce the same thing
      3)Try to bring flow in your essay by introducing connectors or otheriwse
      4)I personally liked the idea of “what is tech replacing?”. Keep it up!
      5)The conclusion can be improved, you reduced the discussion to “design” part, add the emotional aspects in conclusion too, would give a better picture.
      Overall, a very good read 🙂

  • Night Fury

    “Technology cannot replace manpower”

    Gone are the times when one had to search huge telephone directories to contact a friend, or send letters by post to communicate with our dear ones, spend hours in transportation, or do manual works like washing clothes with hands and spend hours in books to search for information. Now connecting with friends or searching for information is just click away. Technology has made our lives much easier and efficient. When machine does a manual work, saying washing clothes, it frees up human’s time to invest in other intelligent and brain consuming stuff, say a house wife can spend more time with her kids now to teach them. No doubt that technology has made our lives a lot easier!

    With more of advancement and discoveries now we talk about artificial intelligence (computer systems able to perform tasks normally requiring human intelligence, such as visual perception, speech recognition, decision-making, and translation between languages), food production has increased tremendously through the use of Biotechnology and genetic engineering. Surely, technological advances show people more efficient ways to do things, and these processes get results.

    But why is there a fear that the same technology that humans created has the capability of taking over the manpower?

    Companies are moving towards more of ‘automation’ that reduces the need for human labor force and increases the efficiency, making it more profitable for firms to replace human labor force with machine. Humanoid robots are believed to perform household menial tasks thus replacing housemaids. But this is not a new phenomenon as humans have been evolving with time.

    Since 17th century the world has gone through three industrial revolutions. First steam power from mechanized production, followed by electricity for mass production and the recently electronics paved the way for ‘automated’ production. Each revolution changes the scope of human labor dramatically and has led to globalization and division of labor. Today we talk about the fourth industrial revolution that will change everything again.

    Technology has increasingly permeated our lives and there have been rapid advances in manufacturing and artificial intelligence. Since the electronics revolution Human Labor has bridged the divide between limits of technology and demands of developing economies.

    The fourth industrial revolution is eliminating the need for workers to operate as middle men between consumers and machines. That’s obviously not good news for low skilled and low paid manpower. Many jobs will be slowly phased out in favor of high tech automation.

    For example, self-driving cars will eliminate the need for taxi drivers; drone delivery will cut off postal services (we see pizza being delivered through drones these days). Emerging technologies are already being able to replace huge number of workers. Just as the main barrier being the initial cost of setting up an automated infrastructure. As with more of technological innovations the cost is bound to decrease. Rich countries are sure to benefit.

    But what about developing countries like India and China with huge pool of labor force? Artificial intelligence and robots are said to destroy their advantage of “low cost manpower” World Economic Forum has predicted that by 2020 most of the jobs will be lost increasing the existing gender and class gaps. Of course every industrial revolution has encountered the same issue, but this time it’s a cause of worry.

    Some very intelligent people including Stephen Hawking and Elon Musk are skeptic of computers being so intelligent that they could overpower human intelligence. No doubt about the fear of human race getting replaced by intelligent computers (echoing films like the Terminator), but some others deny this fact too.

    Having said that, how can we say that creation (technology) cannot replace the creator (manpower)?

    Human decision making and understanding are not only based on intelligence, but they are also based on experience and values. For a computer to attain such a level of sophistication is a fanciful idea as of now. To run a firm successfully technology is imperative but not at the cost of man power. For efficient use of technology and to increase productivity human minds are required.

    Human Resources play a significant role in achieving the objectives of an organization by maintaining strong network of relationships across the organization. Maintaining relationships, keeping the motivation up, building strong bond and healthy relation between producers and consumers is not something that technology can do alone. Of course technology has bridged the gap in communication. Social networking, media and advertising help in marketing and attracting consumer base.

    These startups are like a buzzword. Risk taking capabilities, innovation, perseverance and dealing with unforeseen circumstances is what it takes to run a startup, along with other essential resources. Again technology is required here; computers have become an integral part of lives today. But they are not the replacement of manpower skills.

    When it comes to conservations of forests and environment, it has been found out that involvement of local tribes and communities easies the task and leads to more efficient management of natural resources. A study by researchers at the Wildlife Institute of India found that the lions and local tribe ‘Maldharis’ have an interdependent relationship that benefited both. Know-how of traditional practices has proved to be essential for conservation of wildlife.

    World famous paintings of Pablo Picasso can only be created by a human with impeccable artistic acumen. It can only be photocopied by a machine. Incredible writing skills of J.K Rowling and William Shakespeare are another example where technology can replace it.

    Also, with more of automation and people losing jobs will ultimately reduce the buying capacity of people leading to loss of companies who went for complete automation at the first place. Technology surely helps us make our tasks easier but it is never a substitute for manpower. The skills which human brain possess, the communication with language and emotional bond which increases productivity at work can and should only be complemented and replaced by technology. Technology is not a panacea for all problems, human value education, and skills education is imperative to reap the benefit of increasing advancement in technology. A balanced approach will benefit all. No machine or technology can replace the manpower with extraordinary skills and values.

    • i am Batman

      good one yar…

    • D2D

      Really good one…
      Creator and creation logic nice..
      Examples of painting wildlife conservation perfect..
      Intro can be a bit better i guess (considering potential of ur rest of the
      essay)
      Keep writing!!
      Plz review mine

    • Strongking

      My review.~
      > ur essay has been for me a good read
      > secondly,ur essay wud have covered more zones like defence, space, agri, biotech,manufacturing, digital revol, entreprenership,and learning of.
      > India in manufacturing or industrial revol frm west,
      > y india is stil at backfoot when we talk of himan capital as compared to west!

      Ur essay has been nice and lot to learn frm u! I know that ur essaay is gud! But there r always a chance for further impvt!

      Plz rview mine! Too

      Keep reviewing ! Keep writing!

    • Shaktimaan

      hey toothless!! hpy valentines!! u ne manpower ko differently show kia like more kind of labour+ bde sare areas b cover kiye….or haan agar kisi ne drone se pizaa chin liya to! haha……well apke hr line main information chupi h…….kafi thick eassy h…….it keeps me engaged……….PReM bhai……..thank u:):):)

    • Sidharth

      nice one

    • aashish 2000

      Good one….. Keep writing….

    • Jaya Swatantra

      Really a worth read, how enriched your essay with so many diverse examples like Picasso,tribals,… apt use of GS too but as compared to your depth of essay introduction needs to be a bit more comprehensive… but overall a worth read… keep writing and reviewing All the best!!

    • sankar

      perfect essay buddy…………..everything is ok from flow…..content…………..structure to con ATB…………..thanks

      • Rituraj Singh Rajput

        i like it..:)

    • Namrata

      wow fury ..awesome writeup ..
      1. extremely well balanced ..
      2. excellent flow ..
      3. very good examples used = informative
      4. in the beginning only technology part was dealt with u knw with all different types of industrial revolution and all ..maybe that can be cut short
      5. forest conservation paragraph = connect nahi hua topic se

      Overall: one of ur best i have read .. very well-rounded and crafted essay ..keep writing and reviewing 😀

      • Night Fury

        OMG! Thank you *_* I am happy you liked it 🙂
        forest conservation mt my point was, aap technology use karlo kitni marzi but conservation k best results laane k liye manpower (local community) ki zarurat padti hai hai…

        • Namrata

          okhayy got it now 😛 good good 😀

    • yogi

      As per your demand, urs is the first essay i m going to review 🙂

      1. Intro: convenioanl style but achha likh laga, the way u prepared the backgorund:)

      2. Body: fisrt u said that technolgy is eating the jobs, and u have quoted many names who hold that view, this is a good approach and that made ur points convincing,

      3. Then u staretd that technolgy cannot replace man(my opinion is that u should have given more weitage to this aspect as the topic is this only, otheriwse they would simly give the topic “ can technology replace manpower”, want to know ur views here as i found it quite challenging to take stand when the topic itself says the thing in a clear cut manner.

      4. World Economic Forum has predicted that by 2020 most of the jobs will be lost increasing the existing gender and class gaps.–> thanks u wrote that as i was having doubts while u were justfying that there would be loss of jobs as i read somewhere that technology has not eaten the jobs of people if we see the net long term impact.

      5. Conclusion: again good,as expected u made it clear that both should work in tandem,
      safest conclusion, tu bhi kush main bhi khush:D

      • Night Fury

        THANK YOU Jitte !!!
        abhi I was thinking ki tujhe apne blog ka link deke yaad dilaau essay padhna 😛
        but you remembered ! thanks a lot for that 🙂
        ye to bataya nai overall essay kaisa tha 😛

        • yogi

          are u asking me to upvote ur essay once more ?
          if u give ur permission i can do that 😀

        • partha

          baba log mera bhi review karna

    • Rituraj Singh Rajput

      i like it 🙂

  • D2D

    Plz review…

    • Kant

      Liked your essay!
      Flow is nice.
      The points regarding areas where tech is must or cannot replace are novel.
      You too focused to much on employment aspect.
      Conclusion lacks punch. Linking it to Luddites might help.
      Thanks

      • D2D

        True..thanx 🙂

    • Night Fury

      Hi
      Your essay is good read..
      but I feel you diverted a bit from the topic. you didn’t focus more on “why it’s not possible for technology to replace manpower ? ”
      starting was good.. add more dimensions sticking to the topic..
      it will come with practice so keep writing 🙂

      • D2D

        True thanx 🙂
        This was my 1st essay…so time crunch so wasn’t able to address why nt possible in end…
        Will practice more!!

  • Kant

    Technology cannot replace manpower

    Ashok used to pull cycle rickshaw in suburbs of Delhi to make his living. Suddenly, with the rise of auto rickshaws and taxis, nobody wanted to sit in his rickshaw and eventually he lost his livelihood. Later, he took a job as a taxi driver to make the ends meet.

    This hypothetical example shows how technology can replace manpower. To analyse the impact of technology on jobs in particular and the manpower in general, one needs to delve deeper into what technology means and how we came to wonder whether the technology can or cannot replace manpower.

    The term ‘technology’ refers to the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes for the benefit of human beings. First use of technology started when man created stone tools in palaeolithic period for hunting animals and gathering food. Man had to know how to create these stone tools scientifically. The type of stone material, exact flaking of the stone material and its proper way of use constituted technology of stone tools. This technology helped man to navigate through harsh and precarious climatic conditions. But, man did not stop here.

    Later on, he went on to invent newer and sophisticated tools to make his survival easier. With the invention of wheel new era began. Now man could make pottery to store excess food and travel to distant places in search of better life conditions. With the invention of metals man set out to conquer the planet.

    Fast forwarding to seventeenth century, human beings started grasping the laws of science to make better technologies. Invention of spinning ginny and steam engine enabled Europeans to master the mass production.

    However, these inventions were not useful for all. Europeans colonised the rest of the world to the detriment of the later. Spinning ginny took away the livelihoods of artisans and handicraft workers in colonies like India. Steam engines expedited this exploitation of colonies. At the same time, the friction created by introduction of technology was not limited to the colonies. For instance, in Britain, introduction of thresher machines in the agriculture took away many jobs from the traditional workers which led to the Luddite movement to destroy these machines.

    Thus, History is full of evidences to show that the technology has replaced manpower. This replacement is not only in terms of jobs but also in personal spheres. Earlier, people had to walk on foot for long distances. Now, with the advent of wheel and automobile technology this effort has been reduced. Aeroplanes can travel as much distance in a single day as cannot be travelled by a person in his entire life on foot. Take another example of fan. Earlier, fan used to be fanned by hands but, now, just by pressing a single electric button the job is done. Moreover, with the advent of Internet of Things, many such things will be automated leaving no need to even press the button.

    At professional levels, teacher’s job is being taken by computers and softwares can analyse the financial statements thereby reducing the efforts of accountants.

    However, there are some areas where automation or introduction of technology cannot replace the manpower, at least in the near future. For instance, tasks which require unique abilities of human senses like distinguishing between two types of rice varieties at the checkout counter of the mall, or recognising the smell. Improvements in technologies like Optical Coding Recognition and sensors, this might be a possibility in the future.

    Thus, technology has been replacing the manpower for long time. Implications of this has been mixture of desired and undesired outcomes.

    Positive outcomes are numerous. For instance, not the cash can be withdrawn anytime from the ATM without the need of the cashier. Technology has created platforms for e-governance for betterment of the people by reducing unnecessary human interventions. Law and order problem can be better handled by use of technologies like cameras thereby reducing the need of patrolling. Also, it has been suggested that, drones could be used for surveillance on the borders like Siachen area to avoid mishaps of nature. Machines could even be utilised to clean the sewage tanks thereby eliminating the need of the manpower to take such unhygienic work.

    Negative outcomes are not any less numerous. First and foremost, is the loss of jobs. Secondly, human beings have become lazy as machines are doing much of the physical work. Thirdly, there is inequitous access to technology. Technology is being controlled by few. Most people cannot access or afford it due to illiteracy or poverty. This has created a new gulf of ‘technology haves and have-nots’. Therefore, when manpower gets replaced by the technology it is the have-nots who get the most affected.

    Doing away with technology for its negative effects is neither possible nor desired. We have to strive for maximising the positive outcomes and minimise the negative outcomes.People like Ashok have to be empowered to take the advantage of new technologies by creating them or helping people use them. Then, Ashok doesn’t have to worry about the Google’s next driverless cars.

    • D2D

      Very good one…
      The link of intro wid end impressive…
      Overall dimensions good
      I guess direct and excess focus on employment must b avoided if I’m nt wrong…(It shouldn’t b reflected as main theme of essay as it has many aspects) also history part occupies much space which may b good Bt I would suggest to avoid (it always happens when aspirant has history as optinal)
      Bt really nice one…
      Keep writing!!!

      • Kant

        Thanks for the review.
        – I agree that employment issue should not be over emphasised that’s why I tried throwing light on laziness aspect and others
        – BTW, my optional is anthropology which is also evident 😉

    • BRK

      Your example where the man loses his job as a rickshaw-wallah only to find a job as a cabbie shows that tech doesn’t replace manpower.Were you trying to say that tech takes away jobs ?

      And I felt you were more elaborate than necessary in the evolution of tech part.

      Manpower , at least its dictionary definition , has an exclusive economic meaning. But in retrospect i agree I could have added variety to my essay by including the ethical and psychological undesirability of a wholly tech transition.

      Your essay was among the few really good ones here ! Keep writing.

      • Kant

        Yes I have always maintained that tech takes away jobs or manpower

    • Intro is apt! Short me u explained the scenario.

      U talked about two things : Teachers and how technology can reduce jobs. Try to come up with more points to substantiate ur point.

      U also saw the other part – why technology is imperative – great!

      The conlusion – bhai very good. The way u connected it to the intro was something most can’t do. Best of urs so far. Only suggestion, give more dimensions in the first part 😀

  • BRK

    Please critically review my essay , friends. You can find the page number on the top left of every page. I am quite receptive of constructive criticism . REVIEW MINE AND I’LL REVIEW YOURS.

    • Kant

      Very good attempt.
      – providing questions for the flow is very good idea.
      – paragraph for India’s position seems abrupt
      – your essay is fit for the topic ‘technology will replace employment’ , analyse the issue at personal level like use of vehicles and all
      – conclusion could be more effective
      Overall I liked the essay
      Thanks
      Review mine

      • BRK

        Thanks , man. I took particular care to be unambiguous on the point that tech cannot replace manpower. And I thought the conclusion was quite catchy. But my answers and essays will always seem the apple of my eye. Only a second opinion will be free from this bias. Anyway your points are noted and I appreciate the time you took to review my essay.

    • Sonia mehra

      Hy,
      1. Fundamental flaw in the opening argument, the reason why western countries are technologically advanced is because of low number of indigenous americans. Due to which the labour cost is high, which allowed them to use technology. So technologically advanced countries don’t face unemployment is flawed argument.
      2. The essay is tilted towards economic dimension, there is scope to add: (a) human logic, which helps us to debate and arrive at a conclusion (b) artistic imagination, a robot could never paint mona lisa (c) human vision
      3. Please don’t use headings in the body of essay
      4. Historial and Indian perspective is appreciated

      Thank you.

      • BRK

        Thanks , much appreciated.

      • Preeti Pandey

        hello sonia,
        headings could be used in essays…n they fetch marks… trust me.. 😀

    • Jaya Swatantra

      Nice write up loaded with Gs part but i think emotions, decision making and feelings point too needed to be addressed… you went too deep in economics gini coefficients but what i think you should have reduced examples and focused on explanation of your points….please clarify why manpower use specify to give an economy inclination… but overall a nice attempt … KWAR… All the best!!

      • BRK

        please clarify why manpower use specify to give an economy inclination. COULD YOU PARAPHRASE THAT ? I DIDN’T REALLY GET IT.

        • Jaya Swatantra

          ohh sorry, why the term manpower suggests us to relate the essay with economy per se……clear or nor… sry for that mistake

          • BRK

            1. The power of human physical strength.
            2. Power in terms of the workers available to a particular group or required for a particular task.- Dictionary definitions. Manpower is an almost esoteric term in economics or business related subjects. Hope you’re clear now.

    • Tanu Singhal

      Hey BRK, poetic to SRK :p

      What is ur background is it economics or engineering ?
      Either of these two are so analytical 😛

      Coming to ur essay.
      The intro was quite catchy, good work there

      The idea of disturbing it with different headings didn’t work out well here,it broke the flow every time so avoid that

      The extent of essay was nice till 2nd page. After it, u got stuck to economical aspect, shludl add moral, scientific, ethical and otehr issues as well.
      Though I agree economic issue is of foremost importance.

      The end , bringing bin gini coefficient was smart, you could have added the moral aspects here as well.

      Overall, very nice, better than many.
      Keep writing.

      I found urs n mine was a not a clichéd one. 😉

      • BRK

        Engineering. Thanks for the review. Yeah I could have expanded the scope of the essay beyond economic. But the word manpower bound me to the economic aspect almost exclusively.

  • vijay- the ray of hope

    PLEASE REVIEW FRIENDS:

    • yogi

      intro:- very general
      u started from ancient time, good
      in mid part u deviate from the core theme u started to talk about women empowerment and all that
      concluding line is very good, something that i have to learner
      overall it needs improvement in intro and reshaping the content to meet the demand of theme
      kwar
      thanks 🙂

  • Ash

    ~ PLEASE REVIEW ~

    Mrs Smith works in an automobile company. As she drives for work she realizes she forgot to turn off few electric appliances. She immediately switches her vehicle to self-driving mode and turns off all the appliances with just one swipe on her cell phone. Wondering how?

    Let’s answer it. The technology used is Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA). Avoiding the nitty- gritty details, SCADA facilitates remote control and monitoring via automation. Mrs Smith uses the same technology to control the robots employed to assemble automobile parts at work and she can do this from anywhere.

    This shows how technology has made life convenient saving time. This leads to increased efficiency and has increased Mrs. Smith’s purchasing power and she has decided to buy a domestic robot which can also educate her children further easing her life.

    Not only domestic but professional spheres also see deployment of technology. Industries prefer machines over humans because this increases efficiency, reduces errors and problems like strikes and lockouts, increasing the company’s profits. This preference has already replaced humans and this can be best exemplified by the Industrial Revolution era.

    As we discuss replacement, I’m reminded of the recent societal problems like the Sabarimala temple entry dispute. Is technology capable of solving and doing justice to such sensitive and complicated problems and replace humans? The answer to do this is ‘NO’. Let’s examine why.

    Suppose I have written a code to subtract A from B. I assign a value of 3 to A and 4 to B, I get the output 1 on execution. But if I assign value 5 to A, I get ‘junk’ values as an output. Why? This is because the system does not know how to respond to new situations until I tell it. This implies the system is not innovative and depends on me.

    Another difference is of common sense. If you tell me to jump off a roof, I will refrain immediately while a robot will depend upon various simulations to understand the aftermath and then take decision which could be time consuming. There are times we need rational decision making in couple of seconds and this is where technology fails.

    Another difference is of emotions. This plays a key role in building successful businesses and societies. Emotionless decision making of our colonial masters ruined India and many other poor nations. We can’t let that happen again!

    These shortcomings and the inability to solve problems based on past experience deters technology replacing humans. This is the one reason why when we call a customer care service we are attended by a recorded message (a technology indeed) which asks for our preferences saving man hours of precious human resources and when it comes to solving problems, we are diverted to the customer care executives.

    Here I really do not suggest that technology is futile because the same technology is associated with Artificial Intelligence (AI) which means perceiving the environment and taking actions that maximize its chances of success. This same technology with its intelligence today proved what Albert Einstein asserted years ago.

    Besides AI, it can be used in hazardous tasks like radioactive material handling and inhospitable environments like Siachen. This would protect precious human resources from depleting. Besides these dangerous tasks, work requiring less intellect can also be directed to technologies like book-keeping. But this should be substituted with lucrative and beneficial jobs for humans.

    Having understood the benefits and limitations of technology, let’s examine the viability of the idea of technology replacing human beings.

    Capitalist nations are based on the principle of workers deriving their wealth from employment. It is said that 75% of the future jobs will be taken over by technology leading to unemployment. With no purchasing power and low demand, capitalist nations are going to topple the way they did during the Great Depression, only difference being then it was the Republicans at the core of the problem, who faltered in decision making and this time it will be the capitalists who will falter in decision making due to their own greed of profit making.

    But why are we discussing only capitalist nations here. This is because they are the ones who have the purchasing power. This does not mean that other types of economies remain insulated to shocks. It is a globalized world, one after other, all the economies will topple.

    Another associated problem is of cartelization by the ‘haves’ who will make more profit and wipe out the ‘have-not’s’ from the market. This would wreak havoc on the developing countries. Ex- Technological innovation in US agriculture has potential to ruin Indian farmers.

    Having understood the feasibility, let’s try answering: Can Technology replace Manpower? If your answer is ‘IMPOSSIBLE’, allow me to break the word for you and explain its meaning. IMPOSSIBLE itself says ‘I-M-POSSIBLE’. Difference lies in who looks at it with what attitude. For people like Steve Jobs, definitely it is the latter and there are many people who share this view.

    Let’s try reasoning this a little, how difficult would it be, in this world of transplantations to preserve human brains and transplant it into a Robot’s mind? In years to come, not very difficult! With that thought now let’s imagine AI teamed with Human Intelligence, this would be a revolution in Science. Scientists have already predicted this is to happen in the near future.

    Now let us imagine the impact of creating a creature with both sorts of intelligences WITH EMOTIONS. This reminds me of the Rajnikant movie ‘ROBOT’ in which the Robot later overpowered his own master. Are we humans doing the same mistake? Just because we do not want to calculate, we use calculators; we do not want to remember paths, we need satellites and Positioning systems. Just because we want to make our lives easier we are creating a ‘FRANKESTEIN’ this time who is going to be a gazillion times sharper and stronger than us and ‘WILL HAVE’ the potential to defeat us.

    WILL HAVE? IBM’s Blue Ocean defeated Chess maestro Gary Kasparov already! Shouldn’t we humans realize this ‘NOW’ that just to make our lives simpler we are creating a monster who would not see the ‘color’ of our ‘collars’ but replace all collar jobs indiscriminately.

    Without purchasing power, jobs, human beings will fight for survival and this fight will be ugly. It is high time we humans realize this for even Einstein said ‘Human spirit should prevail over technology’.

    Let’s not empower technology to an extent that our ‘servant’ becomes our ‘executioner’. This would even falsify Darwinism which states – ‘Natural selection’ leads to ‘evolution’. In our case, we humans are selecting FOR and THE ‘TECHNOLOGY’ which if empowered will lead to the selector’s ‘DEVOLUTION’.

    To conclude, I would say, empower technology to the extent it empowers humans. Technology today is equally dependent on humans, but indiscriminate empowerment for personal gains and compensation for laziness would overpower technology and it will control humans and the next civilization which will see ‘MASS EXTINCTION’ would be the ‘ENTIRE HUMAN RACE’, which would be a matter of shame because we humans are gifted with ‘brains’ and our ‘COLONIZERS and EXECUTIONERS’ will be the ones whom we armed.

    P.S. : Considering I have been dating Insights team and many Insightians (Ladies included :P) since October.. A VERY HAPPY VALENTINES DAY to all Insightianz … 🙂
    Goes out to the Insights team too…. It has been a pleasure being with you guyz!! Cheerzz! 🙂

    Since I wished, I’m expecting my present in form of ‘NICE CRITICAL REVIEWS’! :))

    • BRK

      Hmm the essay dwells on tech’s rise and its implications. Though many’ve contradicted me , I still feel the overall emphasis of our essay should be on the economic and sociological possibility of tech actually taking away jobs. I have argued in my essay that jobs taken away in manner will find replacement in another way among many other points. Please review my essay too.

    • dumbledore

      i wld like to point out a few things ash

      1) ur essay was broken into small parts and that was good. it was engaging and informative. many essays i read today were in the form of long paragraphs and they become difficult to read. but dont go for a para of just 3-4 lines. keep a balance,
      2) ur stand was not clear in the beginning, all through ur essay i was looking for what stand u took. while it kept me engaged, it might not work in the examination . so start with a bang and make urself clear.
      3) ur flow was good.
      4) “mass extinction” “entire human race” , i felt its going a bit extreme. u could stay in the middle and talk about man machine conflict. ending should be positive and in sync with the support u took in the middle.ie, yes it can be replaced. first line of the last para is in sync but after that moderate a little bit.
      5) i felt while i read the topic for the essay that u need to support the fact that technology can never replace manpower. thats what i feel too. so i am not sure that u can take this stand when it is specifically mentioned that ” technology cannot replace manpower”

      overall it was good, nice attempt. happy valentine’s day to u too. cheeeerz:)

    • dumbledore

      and the reasons u pointed out why humans are better than machines in the beginning is good and comprehensive.i liked that part.

    • Shaktimaan

      awsooooooooooooome rupnzl!!….back with bang!! too simple too understand, marvelous,outstanding bs ek capitalist wala para thoda alag sa lag rha tha…han kuch techi word b use kiya pr unko b justify kr diya..baki seriously, sachi is easy main meri trf se to kuch critics ni ho sakta..sory….or haan hpy valentines day buddy…thank u:):):):)

    • Sepoy No 1446

      Its valentine day, so I would not be harsh. 🙂

      Very nice essay. Your essays are in progressive modes, improving week after week.

      I can predict what’s ur next arguments is going to be,,so u have finally acquired mastery over structure part.

      Having pampered u enuf, now come to the critical part. :p

      Whats with A,B and 3,4,5? A computer can’t do 3-5??? Not very good example?

      Also, computers can think way faster than humans,even withing nano seconds..so can’t criticize on that front.

      Also, somehow, half way into ur essay when you started talking about “so I-M-Possible”..quite puerile I think( :P).

      Also, I am afraid that examiner might get a feeling that your actual essay and supporting arguments start from mid way, before then u are just dealing with technology and machines and humans and emotions in a very emotive, supportive, careful way.

      BTW, really appreciated the emotions point, sabrimala point..atleast unique from other essays.

      overall a 7/10 wala essay. 🙂

      • Ash

        Thank you! Noted! 🙂
        Since its Valentines Day, I will not give you ulte jawab.. I will be a good girl today! 😛
        Thank you for reviewing! 🙂

    • Sushmit Adigon

      good examples.
      women work from home–possible only via tech—so empowering man power.
      reduced corrution,nepotism–so more men want to seek job
      tech is value neutral —human mind needed to distinguish gud versus evil.
      add more anthro part—-invention of wheel ,fire ,human evolution.
      add mytho logy—humans have defeated God ,meghanad defeats god Indra,tech could be easily tamed

    • Aravind Varier

      Dear ASH 🙂

      Firstly, GOOD to see you back to Answer writing After a long time . Be consistent is only what i want to say to you .

      regarding the essay .

      1) You sentence formations have improved a lot .I did not find any grammatical errors . KEEP IT UP ASH 🙂 🙂

      2) I think you have exceeded the word limit , I did not count how many words you have written but you kept on stretching the essay in the second part .

      3) The first part is good but the second part lacks the flow .

      My suggestions :

      you gave many examples in the second part but lacked the connectivity from one paragraph .

      I did see you taking balanced view here , which i feel is not required because the question clearly tells ” Can Technology replace Manpower ”

      Your can be imaginative in essay but according to me , it would be good to be imaginative in the conclusion part were you would discuss about the future influence of technology on the world .

      KEEP WRITING

      ALL THE BEST !!!

      • Ash

        Aravind.. Hi! 🙂

        I wrote Ethics today… Please find time! 🙂

        I had no Net Access.. Even I felt bad not writing! 🙂

    • Vivaan Khanna

      good points-got very unique points and style, and written in a lucid manner
      critique:
      1.in the end only reader would come to know that u are taking mid path..sometimes u supported sometimes did not…from the very beginning it should be visible through ur arguments while inspite of giving the pros and cons
      2.refrain from telling examiner that you are an engineer…let only khanna and other insightians know this fact..that A,B wala example.
      3.started very well but in mid lost the way especially from viability
      wala point…
      4.do not try to engage the readers with words but content should imply ur intentions..such should be the flow
      rest well written again…
      and yes happy valentine’s day 🙂

      • Ash

        I wrote today!
        If you find time please review… at least the ethics one.. God knows what I write! 🙂

    • Nitish

      Apart from agreeing with Sepoy’s review in ‘letter and spirit’, here is your “Gift”:
      1. I think you came to the real point of the essay somewhere around the middle. Not that what you have writtne before that is irrelevant…but could have skipped some things.
      2. Personally, I am not a fan of this overtly familiar tone, considering the examiner can take it either way. You can keep the content equally engaging with more subtle expression
      3. Flow is good…points have wide coverage and supported with examples too…just some less strong ones can be skipped coz I feel you are way over the word limit.
      4. Although, brining so many dimensions in has a disadvantage. You even miss to focus 9like allocate 2-3 paragraphs) to imp points like importance of SKILL to make tech work etc.
      5. The P.S. portion wasicing on the cake 😛
      KWAR 🙂

    • Lord Tuktuk

      hello Ash! yesterday was kinda busy, so reviewing today!
      well started!
      what is this?? sabrimala? A-B? idnt really connected! A very vague and out of context connection to evaluate tech! (personal opinion)
      robots? roof? Ash, see!! we qar not only talking of robotics here or their programmed coding! technology is wide as hell!! ok brilliant flow and connection ahead!! liked siachin and AI part! you should write in a way like this, totally connected and logical also!! 🙂
      why you went to great depression? i think PIGS or specially Greece problem ko “specially you” can justify very well! but this was also good!
      what a flow ahead!! brilliantly done again!FRANKESTEIN ko dont introduce!! it might be an aqlien thing for examiner! probability of him feeling like an exorcist!! :/
      very good conclusion!!!
      overall very good and wide essay, liked it!! some improvement ho skti, but thumbs up!! 🙂
      mera b kr dio when you find time https://makingindiashine.wordpress.com/
      thankyou Ash!! ans same P.S to you too from my side!! 😛

      • Ash

        Ohkay Tuk-tuk! I will find time and do it.. just gimme some time huh! 🙂

    • Batman

      Hi Ash, my views:
      1)Too many ideas, it was getting difficult for me to understand your stance
      2)The example of A-B doesn’t proper when you’ve included even AI in your essay 😛
      3)The argument of ‘capitalist country’ is weak in the sense that what would stop capitalists from employing the robots, instead add the who’ll be paid money (one of the element of capitalism)
      4)Try ending the conclusion on a positive note rather than instilling fear in the mind of examiner 😛
      Overall, a good read but bring coherence in your ideas. It is good that you state a new opinion in every paragraph but make sure that it tries to show the path you’ve opted. Upvote for the ideas 😛

      • Ash

        Thank you! Noted! 🙂

      • Ash

        And yeah! i didn’t go anywhere.. I had no net access! Some prob!

    • yogi

      As promised
      my review :-
      1.Suppose I have written a code to subtract A from B. I assign a value of 3 to A and 4 to B, I get the output 1 on execution. But if I assign value 5 to A, I get ‘junk’ values as an output. Why? This is because the system does not know how to respond to new situations until I tell it. This implies the system is not innovative and depends on me.–> why so compu compu, could ahve said that directly, that “machines need exact inputs so small errors or incomplete info could lead to ambiguity or undesired outcomes” [may be u want to convery something else, but this is what i felt ]

      2.Two paras on capitalsts, i don’t think it is required here and seems bit off the core theme of the essay (just my opinion)

      3.If your answer is ‘IMPOSSIBLE’, allow me to break the word for you and explain its meaning. IMPOSSIBLE itself says ‘I-M-POSSIBLE’.—very nice transition

      4.movie ‘ROBOT’ in which the Robot later overpowered his own master.–> nice example, i too thoght of it but did not put 🙁

      5.FRANKESTEIN’–> can mention about what it is in brackets, my bad i did not know it 🙁

      6.we are creating a monster who would not see the ‘color’ of our ‘collars’ but replace all collar jobs indiscriminately.–> 🙂

      7.I think the monstrous image of tech, thooda jyada ho gaya tha, lst mein we expect positive endings so could have added how should or can both complements each other

      Rest it was an avg. essay comparing with ur previous ones , u write far far better than this 🙂

      • Ash

        Thank you so much! 🙂
        I agree! 🙂

  • yogi

    “Technology cannot replace manpower” (1070 words)

    Tea seller: How are you ma’am?
    Lady: will be better after sipping the tea made by you.
    Tea seller: indeed ma’am!
    Lady: are your children going to school regularly?
    Tea seller: yes ma’am they are performing well in their studies. All thanks to you for making me aware of the importance of education.
    (The lady finishes her tea)
    Lady: Thank you, today I don’t have the change.
    Tea seller: no problem ma’am, you can give next time.

    What would the situation be when in a world where technology has made its presence in all walks of life: “ The lady would go to a tea vending machine.In no time she would get the tea of her choice and pay the money via electronic transfer . Same story repeats every day”

    The above mentioned two sitauations show how technology can ease your life by avoiding unnecessary wastage of time and replacing the manpower ?. But , has it really replaced manpower ? Or can technology repalce manpower .This is the question we would be loking for in this essay.

    The best example in this regard is the introduction of metro train. We all know the comfort it has given to passengers by reduction in time with no traffic jam. At the same time we all know how people in metro behave as if they have come from different planets. The monotonous voice from the speakers makes the journey boredom. This misses the discussions we used to have with our fellow senior passengers while travelling via buses. This miss the kind attitude of the conductor for the poor and /or Divyang persons allowing them to ride for free. This miss the short term passengers -cum-book sellers . Books! Lead us to the discussion on education.

    Technology can provide us ocean of information and that too while sitting at home. Students can do their schooling through “virtual classrooms”. But form where we would get the face to face sharing of experiences with our teachers and classmates in a real school .? Technology can replace the manual teaching but not the “bond” between a teacher and her/his students.

    The same bond lies between a businessman and his/her workers and between the fellow workers. Workers cannot share their happiness and sorrow with machines them in same way as they can do with their fellow beings. They cannot ask for an urgent financial help from a machine, the way they ask with their close friends. They cannot talk to machine like –“ How is the health of your father now?”

    Health reminds us of the relationship between a patient and nurse and/or doctor. A robot cannot give us that positive energy which a doctor gives us when we lose our hope of getting recovered from the illness. We can equate a nurse’s care to that of a sister’s love and care but not to that of a robot’s mechanical job.

    No machine can replace the love and taste that we have in the meal prepared by our mother. TV and other visual and audio entertainment give us the knowledge and pleasure, but it can never be a substitute for the talks we have with our grandparents, parents and siblings. Machines cannot replace milkman, street hawkers selling balloons, vendors in village fairs, tea seller and many such people whom, apart from the goods and service they deliver to us, we build a special bond which a machine cannot generate. One such person is the postman.

    This eagerness for the arrival of postman among the soldiers deported in far flung areas has lost it’s essence. There was a time when “ Dakiya daak laya , daak laya , khushi ka payam kahi kahi dardnak laya (the postman has brought the letters, somewhere he has brought the news of happiness and somehere it is the message of sorrow.)” were used to be type of songs which relates the common lives to the type of people whom we interact for a while but give them special importance for the service they provide. But in this era of e-mails and mobiles the postman has lost their significance. But does this mean that we have butchered the livelihood opportunities of the people. Prima facia it may appear true, but the facts speak a different story.

    Recent studies have shown that the speculations, that technology would reduce the job opportunities because of the reduction in the numbers of workforce needed, have been proved wrong . Information Technology sector is the best example in this regard where the chain of allied activities has generated many employment activities. The presence of technology in diverse fields has enhanced the interdependence among different sectors. One another evidence of this interdependence is the globalisation.

    Globalisation has increased the number of options in front of different stakeholders. Now we can choose the best of the world’s to produce a fine product or service. Isn’t all this possible due to technology?. Would we ever progress if we remain isolated from the rest of the word? . Certainly no. Technology reduces that gap by increasing interconnected of activities across the boundaries. For example a car is manufactured after assembling all of its components (manufactured in different countries) at one place. In this process the activities ranging from the call-centres to transportation are involved creating a net of allied activities of different sectors.

    It is this reinforcing nature of technology that will keep attracting scientists, researchers and innovators to take a plunge in the deep ocean of knowledge and simplify that knowledge for the betterment of mankind. This is not replacement of manpower, rather it is the “rejuvination of manpower”. A manpower making a transitions from obsolete means to efficient ways to do the tedious tasks. The only problem is that machine is a machine. It will do the task as per the orders without thinking whether it is right or wrong. This points towards the risk that can have in wake of our excessive dependence on technology. A machine cannot have all the senses that human being have. So, it can never replace the manpower bacause, manpower is not just mechanical performing of tasks, it is more than that where emotions are dealt . The best thing technology can do for us is that it can simplify our tasks. The onus lies on us to ensure that we don’t let ourselves to be enslaved by machines !

    • Ash

      Yogiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii! Review.. and gimme half an hour.. I will review yours! 🙂

      • Aastha Sharma

        Hi ash please review mine also if u get some time

    • dumbledore

      yogi good try but felt something was lacking

      1) ur intro is not that strong. its a good one, depicting a day to day activity but its not that strong enough to bring out the contrast in the essay b/w tech and manpower.
      2) later part of ur essay u r focussin on job creation due to technology. well that is one aspect. but its slighlty deviating from the theme that can tech replace manpower.? more focus should be on the qualities that machines lack and humans have that make humans better than machines. ur case is relevant as u have focussed on bonding in the earlier part of the essay. but i just felt like something was missing.

      • Aastha Sharma

        hi Mr.Dumbledore ,M very new to essay writing please review mine also to help me improve

        • dumbledore

          hi ashta, i got a little busy and wasnt able to review ur essay today. but next week i will for sure. everyone here is like u 🙂 they are all learning and i would suggest that u keep writing regularly and helping others. u will grow slowly. all the best. 🙂

          • Aastha Sharma

            ok Mr.Dumbledore no issues 🙂 thanks for motivation 🙂

        • dumbledore

          *aastha

      • yogi

        thanks ,
        I will review everyone’s essay tommorrow evening, internet problem yesterday, classes today and tommorrow:(

    • vijay- the ray of hope

      Overall nice essay but personally I dont find that story in introduction effective. ……
      keep it up bro from u this kind of essay is expected

      • Aastha Sharma

        please review mine if u get some time 🙂 and ur criticism will help me to improve

      • yogi

        thanks ,vijay 🙂
        I will review everyone’s essay tommorrow evening, internet problem yesterday, classes today and tommorrow:(

    • Night Fury

      interesting start (i liked )
      flow me to aapka jawab nahi hota 😛
      but I felt you didn’t focus much on “why/how” technology cannot replace manpower ?
      liked the “re-enforcing” point that you brought up.. correlating the two is the best part of your essay..
      ab mera review karo sabse pehle 😀

      • yogi

        thanks ,Fury 🙂
        I will review everyone’s essay tommorrow evening, internet problem yesterday, classes today and tommorrow:(

        • Night Fury

          koi baat nahi.. aaram se padh lena 🙂

    • Aastha Sharma

      please review my essay ..i have gone through your essays u always write extremely nice..please review mine also n comment so that i can improve gradually

      • yogi

        thanks , Aashtha 🙂
        I will review everyone’s essay tommorrow evening, internet problem yesterday, classes today and tommorrow:(

        • Aastha Sharma

          fine 🙂

    • Shaktimaan

      hey yo!!…….hpy valentines!!………..hm metro main q ni koi baat kar sakta…yeh thoda alag tha…baki aap ka easy se connection badio jaldi ban jaata h………baaki content great hai, flow awsome h……..aap critics k liye jgha hi ni chad te……………PReM……..thank u:):):)

      • Ash

        PReM = Please Review even Mine??

        This is the first time I’m asking a full form .. usually ppl ask me!!

        • Shaktimaan

          Please REview Mine……….qki pdne main love wala prem b aa jata ha na dats y aisa likhte h hm :):):)

      • yogi

        thanks , Shakti Bhai 🙂
        I will review everyone’s essay tommorrow evening, internet problem yesterday, classes today and tommorrow:(

    • Ash

      Hey Yogi!

      1. Why did you not talk of ‘no money’.. u mentioned it so well in your ex..humans- emotions… if we face difficulties they will understand… Tech says ‘no money’ = ‘no service’

      2. I guess Bus is also a technology Yogi! 🙂
      3. At the same time we all know how people in metro behave as if they have come from different planets. The monotonous voice from the speakers makes the journey boredom. This misses the discussions we used to have with our fellow senior passengers while travelling via buses. — I don’t knw what you’re trying to do here!
      4. Technology can replace the manual teaching but not the “bond” between a teacher and her/his students. — Good one … I wrote this point but removed it later.. don’t know why.. basically tech can act as a facilitator .. a connecting entity….. 🙂
      5. Health reminds us of the relationship — Very good…. My first Takeaway of the day! 🙂
      6. Recent studies have shown that the speculations, that technology would reduce the job opportunities because of the reduction in the numbers of workforce needed, — please share the source!
      7. Why has everyone painted such a rosy picture… Industrial Rev led to unemployment! China’s growing tech has made many steel Industries shut down! where is the mention of all this!

      Expecting betta from you!
      And yeah .. Happy Valentines Day! 🙂

      • yogi

        thanks , Ash 🙂
        I will review everyone’s essay tommorrow evening, internet problem yesterday, classes today and tommorrow:(

    • yaar aaj kya hua tujhe?

      Lacked dimension = Only talked about loss of job.
      Jab tak I thought ki U’ll write more, u stopped 😐

      Not the best of efforts. Isse to bahut accha likhta tu :/

      • yogi

        thanks Joker bhai, will improve next to next time 🙂

    • Jaya Swatantra

      . Properly linked the paras and did not even a minute deviation,this time your conclusion is really super duper hit***…. but introduction seemed a bit weak in comparison to the whole essay…. Daakiya Daak laya really nice one….Keep it up!!
      Please do review mine what i missed i came to know after reading yours…:)

      • yogi

        thanks , Jaya 🙂
        I will review everyone’s essay tommorrow evening, internet problem yesterday, classes today and tommorrow:(

        • Jaya Swatantra

          its ok.. please do review at your convenience… 🙂

    • Aravind Varier

      Dear Yogi 🙂

      1) you concentrated heavily on the emotional aspect a machine cannot give to human. you stretched there by giving too many examples without interrelating it .

      2) I find the Globalization point would have been written much better . you should have specified more details of the areas in the technological field that technology cannot replace human . I Didn’t see the PUNCH in the examples because you are taking a general view .

      3) I find the flow missing .i have to be critical yogi . you have more caliber to write good essays .

      ALL THE BEST !!!

      • Preeti Pandey

        hello arivind sir, its my first attempt at essay…i think m a bit at evolving stage…wud definitely need your guidance.. 🙂 please review… 🙂

      • yogi

        Thanks Aravind, today i messed up everything , will improve in next essay 15 days ahead:)

    • Sonia mehra

      Hy Yogi,
      1. Plz begin by giving some context to the conversation, like talking about the area where the tea vendor is standing or telling us something about the lady.
      2. I felt there was no need for the conversation part, the tea vending machine aspect could have been said even without conversation.
      3. Comparison between metro and bus= Bus is also a technological creation just like metro.
      4. Limited dimensions
      5. Conclusion is good, especially last two lines.
      Thank you… Pls review mine

      • yogi

        thanks ,Sonia:)
        I will review everyone’s essay tommorrow evening, internet problem yesterday, classes today and tommorrow:(

    • sankar

      a little bit deviated although flow is good
      frnds as lot of observation;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
      overall good………………..plz rvw mine………….thanks

      • yogi

        thanks , Sankar 🙂
        I will review everyone’s essay tommorrow evening, internet problem yesterday, classes today and tommorrow:(

    • Lord Tuktuk

      tch tch tch!! bhai frankly review de ra aaj, bura na maan na!! innovative starting thi but aage aage jate mjhe mza nhi aaya!! dimension bhi zyada nhi show kie h! emotional aspect pe mat aa is essay me ki maa ke haath ka and all that!! i know it feels good but essay ye wala wo demand nhi kar rha( impression ja skta hai ki family centric h tu, preference dega family members ko kal ko bhi)
      har cheez ko tune work se jod dia hai? kya scene hai? i still remember tera wo wala essay jisme tune grandson aur grandfatger wala structure banaya tha! start usi way se kia tune!! but the load was lot carried in efficient manner today!!!
      mera review ka bura mat maan na!!! “very well written” bol k jja skta tha me 😛 but i think you write very well, is baar you missed a lot!! sorry for my harsh words! but you are one of the best writer here, tabhi bol rha hu! 🙂
      mera bhi kar dena review bhai!! aaj kaam tha to insights par post nhi kia!
      https://makingindiashine.wordpress.com/
      thanks bhai!! All the best, likte reh!! acha likhta hai tu!! (Y)

      • yogi

        thanks , Tuktuk 🙂
        Bura kis baat ka bhai, teri honesty ke liye hi to tujhe request kiya tha, will try to improve 15 days ahead 🙂
        P.S.:I will review everyone’s essay tommorrow evening, internet problem yesterday, classes today and tommorrow:(

        • Lord Tuktuk

          koi baat nhi bhai!! aaram se padh lena ^_^

    • Batman

      Your ideas were very similar to mine, bhai h tu 😀
      1)I would say you picked up pace after reaching the “teacher-student” relationship. Metro example and before that are not a Yogi kinda material. Try to come up with better story. Further, I would advise you to describe the scene when you start conversation aspect. It would make more impact.
      2)The globalization era, allied technologies, though I could understand what was going to flow but perhaps you stopped short of putting it clearly in you essay. You can add that there would be a shift in nature of jobs. Further, at the PRESENT SCALE of technology, jobs in allied sector would remain and in future kch b ho sakta hai
      3)Conclusion is quite good 🙂
      Review mine too 🙂

      • yogi

        thanks Batman 🙂
        I will review everyone’s essay tommorrow evening, internet problem yesterday, classes today and tommorrow:(

  • TARGET 2016

    “Technology cannot replace manpower” (CSM – 2015)

  • Aastha Sharma

    Please review my essay…m not a good writer but still trying to learn from u guys please help to improve… please suggest the improvements if u get some time

    Technology has been playing the very strong role in our life. From day to day routine tasks to global important operations,technology has spread its wings everywhere.With the advancement of technology the distance in the world is minimized and the work which was done in hours can be done in minutes.In every field technology has greater impact on our lives.But all this technology has been created by man itself and all the innovations and advancement are outcome of human mind and efforts.Man power is the biggest power of our universe and a man with the help of his own created technological advancements can do miracles
    Technology means application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes as industry machines ,appliances and others. Technology has contributed to almost every field of human life.In case of medical science latest technology has been developed with the help of which latest equipment has been produced like x-ray machine,electrocardiogram etc with the help of which many deadly diseases can be treated and we are able to transplant heart ,kidney and produce drugs for various diseases.But along with all these advance technology man power is equally essential ,as technology cannot replace a doctor, we can test a disease with technology but what treatment to follow will be suggested by doctor only.Even a highly technological rich hospital cannot run without all the manpower involved.In case of rape victim Arun shaunbag it was human concern and manpower that serve her till death. When a person needs blood its human who donates ,it sensitiveness of human mind to help others in case of need.All the vaccines are developed by manpower only,ex.Alaxendar fleming has developed penicillin and there are several others drugs and medicines invented by many scientist and noble laureates
    In case of defense sector of any country technological developments like arms,weapons,tanks are playing important role but these technological developments can only operate on the wish or strategy of human.Whether it was world war I or WW II it was man power which had led countries struggle for their nation.These technological equipment may lead to destruction but peace between the countries can be achieved through human activities and policies only.It is the man power of nation that is patriotic toward country and fight for it not the technology alone.Ex. it was the brave soldiers and huge army of India and their efforts we were able to win the war of kargil. Be it the terrorist attack in Mumbai on 26/11/2008 the brave members of Anti-terrorist squad played the heroic role or the defense of country at deadly terrains of Siachen Glacier it is the human power who is serving to the best of their capabilities.
    As we all know ethics and moral values are must for every individual to lead a good life as well for the healthy dwelling of any society a man with moral values is required.These values cannot be learn from technology for ex.We can use latest developments in our study like computer,electronic equipment etc but the soul purpose of education is to make the person professionally skilled along with the life skills like soft skills,maturity and emotional intelligence ,these things a student can learn from their teachers,elders and guides only so in case of teaching and learning role of man power can never be replaced by technology.
    Economy of any country is very important for the growth of country. Technology has been helping a lot in growth of economies of countries in many ways. With the development of railways in the time of Britishers it was possible to reach to remote areas of country and different products and people can now reach every part in their country as well as abroad with airways,waterways etc.Import and export of goods has been made possible by technology ,will the help of social media communication is possible but manpower play a very significant role and can never be replaced by technology.Be it the manufacturing sector or service sector human power is playing the greater role.Ex.In case of Information technology computer are used by engineers but all the codes are developed by man power only.All the strategic decisions and policies of any organization can be formulated by man power only.Various other economic activities carried out in any nation like food processing,dairy ,farming,textile and steel industry all can take the advantage of technology but cannot run without man power.Agriculture which is must for survival of human being can take the help of technological development but cannot be done without manpower.
    For any country to survive and develop mere technological advancement are not suitable ,a country is run by the people of its nation.If we consider the case of our country it is the huge manpower of our nation that is leading us on the path of development with every passing year. Indian workforce is younger than other nations like china and japan and thus causing our country to have the huge possibilities in future.
    So we can conclude that no doubt technology has played a very important role in the development of countries and make the life of individuals comfortable and provide the best solutions in every field be it research,medical sciences,education,economy,defense and with the coming time the technology will spread more and more and will have its roots deepen in our life but the it can never replace man power as the decisions ,hard work and human values which are task of man power only has no substitute.No technological development can replace the position of supreme court judge which take very important decisions of country, no technology can formulate the policies of nation like leaders of country do nor can technology fight for nation like our brave soldiers do till the last breadth.

    • yogi

      Hi Aashtha 🙂
      As promised here is my review:

      1. Intro: u can be creative here, like a story or something very catchy, even if u are starting in conventional manner, u can add some quotes, brownies, flowery or philosophical jargons .

      2. Health para too good, u have covered it it details, this depth is needed, good going 🙂

      3. Morality and ethics para was again good but came suddenly, u can try to give the hint in the pervious para

      4. 3rd last para, u have listed various fields stating that man power cannot be replaced, this can backfire as u in many of them we the task has been replaced by the machines, u could be liberal that we cannot completely replace man [don’t write that it cannot run without man power]

      5. Conclusion: superb 🙂

      6. Overall i liked ur essay, as u have covered the theme in both depth and breadth in simplest language, keep this simplicity it is ur plus point . One more thing, u wrote the essay form the NON-GS perspective, again a good thing. It is challenging to learn to write like this.

      7. Suggestions:

      1. Don’t stop , u already have many capabilities of a good essay writer, and within few weeks u urself will see the improvement

      2. Write small paras, of size that can fit two para on one side of A4 sheet.

      3. Intro: only area where ur content and presentation needs improvement

      4. Flow: try to link para and generate curiousity in the readers mind, by throwing questions

      P.S.: these suggestions i have gathered in past 2 months from our fellows friends who helped me to improve ,and still a lot remains to be done. Would love to see more essay from ur side and request u to involve in reviewing others as well, u will itself start getting reviews from others and i m sure soon u would be on the top :):)

      • Aastha Sharma

        Thank you so much for the detailed review and feedback and all your time… I will keep all your points in mind n will work over them..thank you for motivation …good luck 🙂

    • Hello!
      intro-just not start simply defining!! give something interesting to the examiner first!
      then you can go like this!!
      body- a lot of dimensions covered! liked it!! simple and effective, GS wale some points you can also include according to the current highlighted situations related to technology e.g GM crops(how technology is improving but still not effective) can show some thing through passive-agressive writing!!
      conclusion- really good!! 🙂
      okay, there was some problem in the connection mid-way! you can try to maintain the flow by jolting relevant points first, before writing the essay! rest, you did very well!!!
      keep writing! 🙂

      • Aastha Sharma

        thank you so much for ur feedback … will keep ur points in mind n try to improve 🙂

  • Kapil Vats

    pls review

  • OK

    Technology can’t replace manpower.

    “Are we still relevant for this world?”

    This question is haunting every day – every moment to millions of people around the world. Their source of income is under constant threat of technological explosion. Can they really enjoy their civil and political rights without socio-economic stability?

    ||Technology, is it a boon or a bane for our Modern – Civilized World? ||

    Technology can’t be simply understood as a collection of techniques, skills, processes, and methodologies for production and scientific investigation. Technology, in an animated way is Magic. It is the supreme power, which assisted the man to achieve all its desires, which he possessed from time immemorial. It made him capable to go beyond his physical capabilities and explore the world beyond his knowledge.

    But meaning and importance of technology is not static in nature, it is organic, continuously evolving with time and space. Earlier in the 19th and 20th century, technology was the bandwagon for Industrial Revolution to increase the production in minimum possible time. But, in this world technology is no more limited to increase the production capacity. It has become a mean to go beyond the horizon of imaginations and explore the things as big as “black holes” and as small as “nano-technology”.

    Thus, technology can’t and shouldn’t be understood as an enemy to this human world. It is not supposed to replace the human effort, but to enhance it, to amplify it, and in this way it is incomplete without the human touch. Even in the period of Industrial Revolution it increased the employment and work opportunity rather then displacing them, because replacement is never an objective of technology.

    ||Can technology really replace the Human-Touch?||

    Technology, no matter how advance it is Can Never Replace a Human Being. The complexity of human brain and its cognitive capabilities are beyond the comprehension. No technology in this world can ever achieve this flexibility and inherent capability of evolution. Brain, this beautiful organ with full of complexity is making the humans far more advance than the most developed available technology in this world. And why it shouldn’t be? Technologies are none other then reflection of human brain.

    This unique feature of humans, of horizontal and vertical evolution makes them eligible to survive in this ever-evolving world. Total dependence on Technology will make us stagnant in this time and space. This stagnancy will inherently infuse the vulnerability, which will eventually translate into perishability of human race. The only Certainty about this world is its Uncertainty. Can we really achieve the pace of evolution of this world with complete dependence on highly predictable machines? We can’t right?

    ||Technology, Employment, and Economics||

    Invention and development of technology is necessary but not sufficient.

    The most advance economies of this world are possessing unprecedented technologies, which are known to developing world as Future Technologies. This creates a lot of curiosity in me to know that, why are they shifting their manufacturing bases to Developing World and not exploiting these technologies?

    Why are these giants talking about Global Value Chain rather then making their own country as a technology driven manufacturing hub?

    The answer to this intriguing question lies in the Economic Viability of these existing technologies. In this pseudo-capitalist world, businesses have one God to worship that is Profit. The very basic economic analysis clearly indicates the inability of these technologies to provide “positive” Net Present Value (an indication of profit making venture). Why this is happening?

    It will be surprising that, the only decisive factor for this shift of industry is the Cost of Labour Force. This shows the power and superiority of Labour over Technology, which forced the most developed countries like USA to shift their manufacturing units in the Asian Market. This again raises the question on the capability of technology to replace the human power.

    ||21st Century is known for its Technology and Humanity||

    The political space of this world has hugely evolved since 2nd World War. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948 by the United Nations, which followed by International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights in 1966 are the living example of increasing importance of Human Rights. This universal acceptance of importance of human rights (which comprises the Right to Food, Right to Employment, and others) in a democratic-welfare state has virtually given them immense power over the national policies. Thus the artificial blanket replacement of manpower with technology is against the most fundamental rights accorded to its citizens. This would be against the ideals of democracy, which has a strong objective of the welfare of people not machines. Thus the technological advances can never be allowed to marginalize the human itself in this democratic world, which is based on popular control and collective decision-making.

    ||If this whole picture is that Glossy, then what are we afraid of?||

    As we have discussed earlier, labour is the key driving force for the drifting of labour intensive industries to developing world. This generous move is not philanthropic in nature, but deeply routed with profit motives. These profits, which are working in favor of rich demographic dividend of developing world, are the biggest matter of concern. This exposes us to the reality of this world that, it is not the labour that is driving these profit hungry businessmen but the profit itself. In this world of changing priorities and concerns, where climate change is the center of all development deliberations. This world is becoming more and more apprehensive towards use of conventional energy sources –fossils. This one change has a huge potential to disrupt the whole economical equilibrium of this world. The increasing cost of conventional energy sources and apprehension from world community would be the next decisive factor for the changing behavior of these industries. The developed nations like Scandinavian Countries have started the replacement of conventional energy sources with renewable. This change can be seen with a long-term ambition of shifting these industries from Developing Nations to back to Developed Nations.

    ||Way Forward||

    So it is not the technology alone, which is posing the direct threat on the security of employment of many labourers but it is the amalgam of many other economic and environmental factors, which are playing the crucial role.

    India, being a democratic-welfare state with a huge demographic dividend in this ageing world can resist the blanket mechanization to protect its labour force. But can’t resist the modernization of technology and can never afford to miss this opportunity of Green Industrial Revolution. This is an opportunity for India to join the era of green growth and development with the full force of its demographic dividend and global clout. Thus, this transformation of technology is to assist not to replace the human power.

    • Lord Tuktuk

      ladke, kha gayab h tu!! 😐 chod dia kya tune mjhe? :/
      ok, started me very well crafted (Y)
      ||Can technology really replace the Human-Touch?|| ye wala part- bhai, i think ye portion you have not jstified well!!! you didnt gave any example too. justfelt like you’re defending it beacause you just wanted to. but you have written this part also like a pro!!! (Y)
      ||Technology, Employment, and Economics|| ohhh god!! what have you done!! hats off! didnt even thought thi way!!
      ok good going and flow also maintained! non concluded very well!! nowhere like the introductory part!!
      OVERALL, a brilliant essay coz you took a very different perspective from mine!!! really liked it!! but i think you can add more dimensions in defining technology’s working area as well!!
      sorry, raat ko review nhi kr paya! :/ mera kr dio bhai https://makingindiashine.wordpress.com/
      satyam shivam sundaram!! keep writing! 🙂

      • OK

        I have read your essay. I have seen your essay earlier as well. But now, I must say, quality and flow are improving day by day. Your essay is just like Joker’s one. Inclusive, smooth, and multidimensional. Opening was indeed a brilliant peace, and writing style was a free hand writing, which takes a lot of effort.
        One point which I found exceptional (certainly positive way) is that, over dependence on technology, without realising that technology itself is dependent on technology (electricity). Means, failure of one will lead to failure of all. Catastrophic event. This is my takeaway 🙂

        • Lord Tuktuk

          brilliant takeaway man!! i can even highlight this is in conclusion also!!
          yes, learnt a lot from joker especially in essays! 🙂
          thanks for the review OK!

  • Preeti Pandey

    Rewies would be welcomed and acknowledged… 🙂
    Technology and man were born together in the same cradle. Technology has always given a sense of pride, strength and superiority to the man against man. After ushering in tremendous changes in human life from ages of human to the ages of machines this technology is now pacing towards age of automation and the age of robots. With growing researches and leaping interests the countries of the developed world – japan,china, south korea, america,UK etc are in a race to develop sophisticated automation technology capable of replacing manpower and human workforce. Best of such worked ideas are for automated power stations, robot nurses, doctors, farmers, factory workers, man less cars, manless cars famously tested by google and to quote a recent and weirdest of all a proposal of deployment of such techno bots in military replacing human soldiers. Its important to discuss implications and needs of such applications in the general good of mankind.

    Why do we need techno replacement??
    In a stage of high joblessness and a world groaning under the weight of 7 billion plus population why do we need manpower replacement:
    First: efficiency is multiple times higher than the traditional manpower. A robot never gets tiered and there is no slack in attentiveness.
    Second: human mistakes are less and less constraints involved to them.
    Third: in a capitalistic world power comes with technology and in a profit and loss equation it fetches extra points with techno superiority.
    Lastly but the most importantly: demographic transition in the technocratic pioneer countries like Japan Germany Russia china etc. are dealing with serious concerns of ageing population with below replacement numbers and dwindling manpower fraction. To address this emerging need they are trying to be technologically superior and relevant in the world economic and political sphere.

    Now the question is Is the complete replacement feasible, relevant, or desirable?
    Here I remember a fiction movie robot by rajanikanth in which a scientist makes a super tasks performing super robot which wreaks a havoc after being maliciously fed by a destructing programmed by an enemy of him. The fiction movie gives an insight of possible kind of future of such technologies. Where wars would change there couse to the most lethal possible way.
    Feasibility: talking about feasibility would make us wonder yes it is. It is possible to make a world where technology would be near replacing ‘manpower’ but not ‘man’ or ‘human’ both are very different terms. manpower is an aspect of man and human brain can never be replicated in a creation of man.
    So its important to understand the places where it can be deployed. And I believe there are remote areas only where manpower application is devoid of ‘humanity’.
    Relevance: it is hard to decide whether in a world reeling under poverty and unemployment and countries grappling with equations of population unproductivity it is relevant to introduce a thing capable of creating more divides and rifting between super abled and under-under-unabled. Definitely it has to be discussed rigorously. In an era where refugee crisis is deep do these nations really need such a shift? Why cant they make use of such human man power and prove to be a real advocate of ‘human rights’?
    Also such changes would impact whole mankind its not just a localized change. The memories of world war has still not faded, probably it may lead towards another war ably towards the favor of technologically advanced countries as it was with nuclear countries in the history of world war.
    Desirability: definitely it is not desirable for complete replacement owing to following cited reasons:
    Firstly: the real wars have always between equals- man to man, king to king , nation to nation and also technology to technology. If a country can develop an automated artificial manpower defense technology so can other too and this blind race can lead to a grave threat to mankind. Best seen in the battleground of Syria.
    Secondly: human mistakes are natural and that can be corrected in time but sometimes mistakes done by artificially intelligent system would cause damages manifold and hard to correct.
    Thirdly: manless means heartless and emotionless hence we cant expect the mechanical soldier bots to differentiate between an innocent civilian and the real enemy. I wonder if they would understand the situtation try to avoid war and destruction by self wisdom as commander or soldier.
    Fourthly: nature has always balanced itself. Using such automated systems as a complete replacement is definitely going to interfere with already stressed resources. It means more natural disturbances and more ecological changes. As it was seen after industrial revolution.
    Lastly: man is still in its infancy at this stage where complete replacement could be debated. May be after decades of development the replacement levels of machines with man increases according to changing world population, economic and sociological dynamics yet complete replacement can never be realized practically and even shouldn’t be encouraged.

    It is important to use wisdom of man in using such technologies. Wisdom of man is never disjoint with its emotions and as a first responsibility towards humanity and mankind, taking a single step towards a new direction should be analyzed debated and well thought of before actually caring out for its irreversible and its only repented.
    As it was repented by Samuel Colt the inventor of revolver and by Edward Teller the inventor of hydrogen bomb the inventions they made as a bane for mankind during later stages of their life.
    So its important to be vigilant and cautious of the areas where applications can be and cannot be, to avoid any such regrets.

    • Hey girl 😀

      The intro was apt if u have just started to write. However, I would ask u to keep trying something new as u write more.

      Why do we need techno replacement??… Ye waala part isn’t asked in the essay. I know u wrote this to give a background but I don’t think iski zarurat hai… More coz u seem to have used to many words for it.

      In the next para too u seem to have taken a different stand from the essay topic. Getting a bit off topic.

      From the next para onward I started to connect with the topic to be very frank. And the connection formed was really very apt with good use of language so kudos for that.

      One thing I would ask u to do is please refrain from writing “firstly, secondly” Thoda article jaisi feeling aati

      Conclusion is apt but can be improved upon.

      Overall, I liked the essay, just try to not deviate from the topic upto this extent. It may be detrimental. Certainly doesn’t seem like u started just now. Correct me if am wrong though

      Thank u! 🙂

      • Aastha Sharma

        plz review mine … m very new to essay writing…hv not written good essay but still plz review…

      • Preeti Pandey

        thank you nitish .. 🙂 ur words mean a lot… 🙂

      • Preeti Pandey

        n one more thing the essay statement is asking a view kind na… it isnt really necessary to agree or stick to the statement positively only…..i just tried to give an overview..of ALL possible aspects …but agree it could be improved muchh…… thats how i have been writing if m wrong correct me…basically i m asking about the approach towards such statement based essays..:)

        • No I get it and I myself support this approach. U musnt stick altogether for the topic. What I am saying is… “not to this extent”… U over did it + U see if u write this in the latter part of ur essay it would be well and good… But u started of with it. Anyway I too am at the learning stage so u see I may be wrong too.

          BDW please review mine too 😀

          https://nitishsinghi86.wordpress.com/2016/02/14/technology-cannot-replace-manpower/

          • Preeti Pandey

            😀 agree
            i think i should restructure it again.. 🙂

          • Preeti Pandey

            hey nitish.. 🙂 read your essay its a literature’s delight.. 🙂
            quiet poetic as the things flow out…
            but as per my understanding of things….
            stories are never recommended unless they make one of your points…there are almost 50percent aspirants writing a story..best example read the essays posted… and u would count.. 😀
            and again i believe ones essay should have some structured approach…though i m still trying to master the thing….
            i say this because the essays are always asked to b so…until its a piece of art and romanticism…coz they fetch less again more than 50percent write the same way…. i dont know if i m correct… but they are the tips of toppers… which i follow..rest the dilemma could b solved by an expert only… 😀

            • Thanks for the review!

              I made a point from the story, that the robot couldn’t do a small thing what human could do. BDW, the story thing, u don’t know but this thing started some time back. N not a boast but this thing about writing with a story was initiated by me only. Also, I’ll give u a link. Writing an essay along with a story is actually recommended by toppers, one of who got the highest marks in the exam 😀

              “Candidates will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.”(courtesy, UPSC)

              They just ask u to be close to the subject and “credit” for expression! So u see, even if a story, the expression needs to come out 🙂

              • Preeti Pandey

                I agree that a creative expression is desirable but a thing remains creative only till its not ordinary 😀 …read sahil garg u may get an insight of what I am saying… Btw I don’t say your story was irrelevant..but personally I don’t prefer a romantic approach to an essay for a competitive exam….may be it’s because of my teachers or so…..I may be wrong…but it’s the thing I first read from the scripts and essays of gaurav aggarwal n even from a guy I don’t remember the name but Secured 130+…. Btw there is no fixed way to lead innovations are always possible for emulations and imitations…. 🙂

                • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HOM3yGEcO3I
                  Please watch this (specifically essay :P)

                  U’ll get why I feel romanticism is imperative. (Not denying ur stand at the same time :D)

                  • Preeti Pandey

                    Hahaha..:D aur suharsha Bhagat Ko galti se sun mat Lena….I already watched this video 😀 think for the thread there should be a thread also… Now read Ira singhal too… 😀

    • Batman

      Hello Pandeyji, my views:
      1)Intro was good
      2)It is better to come to point as soon as possible, so try cutting down the need of techno-replacement
      3)Instead of using the word “feasible”, try writing-theoretically vs practicality. If it is feasible, then you’ve already justified your stance, there is nothing left for one to read
      4)Some of the arguments were related to side-effects of technology-though they are apt but try connecting them with the issue of ‘manpower’
      5)There are too many sub-headings. At max, I believe you should use 3-4 so that the presentation doesn’t become too repetitive
      6)Conclusion is apt!
      Overall, I would say that as a first write-up of yours, it is quite good but you can improve a lot. Thanks Pandey ji 🙂

      • Preeti Pandey

        Baht badhiya review diya bats..? thanku next time wud try to improve

  • anupam jha

    Please evaluate my short essay. Would appreciate if you guys can suggest improvements.

    In early 80s it was believed that computer cannot beat a human in the game of Chess, which was
    considered to be something which requires human understanding. In 1998, the Chess engines defeated
    Gary Casparov, the legendary chess grandmaster multiple times. Having said that it is also true
    that it is the humans who are behind the science and technology, they are the ones who make the
    machines to make their work simpler. Technology have replaced manpower from many roles, but have
    created many other roles too. It needs a broad discussion on to what extend it can replace the
    manpower, its utilities and pros/cons.

    Computers, Robots, Automated equipments, printing press , typewriters, auto pilots etc etc. are
    many examples in the 20th century which made the work of people lot easier by replacing the
    manpower. It made the repetitive works very easy to do. Robots, welding machines, mining machines
    made the jobs safer, and saved many potential lives. There were apprehensions during the time,
    protests against the loss of employment. However, when we think retrospectively, we find that
    without the advancement in technology, we couldn’t have been able to meet the burgeoning demand of
    our growing population. Without using advanced technology, agricultural equipments we couldn’t have
    been able in increase our productivity. We wouldn’t be self sustainable in food.

    There is not a single sector in which technology has not imparted its quality addition. In medical
    field, Robots are doing successful surgery where humans, because of their physical inaccuracies,
    have not been very successful. In communication, we are now able to communicate with each other
    over long distances without hassles. It did replaced the once largely omnipresent postal
    department. However, we must understand that we cannot control technology, its not a disease or an
    alien. This is the brainchild of the humans. We have to tap it, to make us suitable for the wide
    public . We have to make technology a tool for public well being and creating jobs is one of the
    important part of it. We have been mostly successfull in this aspect, as manifested by increased
    technical jobs.

    It seems a farsight, that technology will be able to replace manpower. It will be a mere tool, a helping hand. There are many fields where scientists are struggling to find technology to do a human’s work. Google, Tesla Motors and many other organizations are working on artificial intelligence which can drive a vehicle. If such a technology comes, it will displace many humans from drivers’ job. Also, it will reduce many accidents. But it is not like that the people whose jobs are gone will be jobless. That module will create many other jobs, like monitoring the roads, increasing the effectivity of the program and others. In fact , the speed of technology penetration has not been very phenomenal in some sectors. Though we have many machines, but still we have the issue of manual scavenging prevailing in many states of India. We can only pray that technology can replace these demeaning jobs.

    The apprehension that technology will kill jobs is exaggerated. It will take a long time to be on such a level. In current scenario, there is the requirement of more technological advancement and any such fear is unfound.

  • Jean Grey

    Manpower in very simple terms is strength of human being to do any kind of work, while, technology is a factor which alter this strength and efficiency of work as well as manpower.Now question arise whether technology can or cannot replace manpower? let us examine this issue with few instances.

    In prehistoric times, man use his nails and physical strength for hunting.But with the passage of time and growing demands, human use most precious gift of god -human brain to formulate weapon made up of stone to use hunting animals. Then again with better technique and growing demands they started other ways of survival and start practicing agriculture.Slowly the civilization came into existence in form of harappa , mesopotamia,. With passage of time, the civilization undergone various changes in form of metal age(bronze , copper iron ) to industrial revolution (Machine age) to modern digital age.Thus its human who create technology to fulfill his needs and desire at different point of time.

    Technology has given modern appliances like computer , machines , laptops robots etc. These have minimum requirement and maximum benefits as compare to human workforce.They do not ask for leave, financial benefits and can deployed for 24 hours or 365 days without single leave.For instance a computer can easily do calculation in much precise way as compare to any other human being They are much efficiently perform hard jobs like defence , heavy workloads in manufacturing companies ..So robots as made entry in commercial world in different field like automated restaurants of china and japan, automated automobile company like Wokswagon etc.Drones are utilized in surviellence programs by many countries. Rescue robots can be used in disaster like earth quake. Robots defence and disaster management help to reduce casualities, as we have seen in case of Siachiene where we have lost around 20000 soldiers in past 2 decades

    In addition to this internet revolution has changed the world in multidimensional way. Concept of store at home give rise to e-business tactics in form of e-bay, flip kart , etc which not reduce the infrastructure cost and make easy ways of business transaction. Similarly in telecommunication technology internet prove to be trend setters. Social media with message apps and invention of smart phones is now shifting the trend towards digital age. With popularity of E-messages , people are moving away from old medium like telegrams. So India has closed its 163 year old telegram facility service in 2013.

    It is true the technology is having many benefits over man force but does story ends here only? The other side of the coin seems to more complicated.Can technology replace the human intelligence which makes it different from any other species exist on this earth. In reference to this a new field of artificial intelligence is emerging. It talks about development of machines who are capable to perform tasks like decision making , speech recognization etc which require adequate human intelligence. These machine will not required any command by its user but will act on the software instilled during its development which programme it to act according to its environment. For eg. Enon was created for personal assistance. It is self guiding and limited speech recognition ability.It is said that in future robots or machines are able to take important decision related to finance , policies etc.

    But its that simple with incidence like robot killed worker in Wolkswagan company in Germany raised the issue whether its really seems to work in future is still questionable. Human civilization is based on human interaction and work.One to one relation is important in business in terms of trust building exercise, customer- contact , etc. Human is creator of technology it means elimination of workforce will minimize the chance of creative ideas. The whole world will move on set principle no new idea, no innovation. Emotional intelligence is required for delivering a work in complex situations. For example internet will provide information at one place. It can facilitate ease in deliver education facilities but still to learning and proper understanding teacher are required.According to recent research its better to deliver education in traditional way during early phase of life. Healthy Teacher-child interaction is essential for overall development of child. Similarly health care facilities can be improved with technology but it cannot eliminate the role of doctor.

    So technology in a way has potential to replace manpower partially but not completely. It will change the nature of skill of manpower and reduces its number. However complete elimination of manpower seems to not possible in near future as machine as it still lag behind human intelligence.

  • shinaaz

    friends m not able to see anyone’s write up, where are you posting them?

  • PK

    ——PLZ Review ——

    On one fine rainy day I was sitting in my office planning for project execution at manually operated plant. Whenever we have start a execution we need a broad planning for worst and best case and at least 10 to 12 people need to operate the batch, which was really tedious job. After one year plant was automated with DCS systems and now we have to just put our required parameters and boom our work done .we need just 3-4 people for controlling the plant though we need specific technical skill this time. So to the answer “can technology can replace manpower” I would says yes.

    If we see other side of picture we would find that we human being are not robot. We have feelings, emotions which can’t be nurtured by robots. Imagine you checked in a hotel where everything is performed by robots, though you will find everything but something inside you will feel that something is missing. That’s where we can draw the line. We human being like to socialize, we want to share our feelings which is not possible with robots.

    Though it is true thet technology has made our life way easier than we have expected .Now we can deliver our message to anyone within seconds thru email, cell phone and fax without waiting for days or months like we used to do when this kind of advancement was not done. Now in our home our mother don’t struggler with cloths because washing machine are there thru which they can do their job with a jiffy. And they can invest their time in other activities which they like to do or in which they have deep interest.

    There is no doubt that technology has made our life easy and improved the living slandered. For example manual scavenging, which is curse to our society, is replaced with automatic machines. Now suppressed and low cast people no need to carry stool on their head, which seems bad even to imagination. Similarly doctor can perform highly critical operation even without their presence in cite thru video conferencing, which is boon for the remote places where specialised Doctors are not available.

    Some reputed scientist have warned us that in future human beings can be over powered by robots like we have seen in movies like “ Transformers” in which we have seen cars converted to robots, which were based on artificial intelligence(AI). Many scientist are working of AI, thru which robots can learn from human activities without giving them commands.

    It was common concern people have raised time to time that the more the technological advancement happen the more jobs will be layoff. Developed nations will defiantly have benefit from technological advancement because they have skilled manpower and infrastructure but developing countries like India and China will have disadvantage because people are not well educated and they don’t have skills which will be required for technological advancement.

    To sum up we should adopt balanced approach, and it is in our hand how to use technological advancement in favour of human being without having any danger on human race. Every thig works fine when we use it in limit.

  • Atulesh

    Technology is the product or algorithm which develops when scientific, mathematical, and biological or any other knowledge and information is used for practical purposes to give shape of model. When knowledge and information is used to create a model or equipment which helps in human activities, it is known as technology. From time to time human has developed many technologies like aerospace technology, computer technology, Information technology, leaser technology, naval technology etc. technology is like blue print which gives impetus to development of machines, equipments and tools. Today is the era of technology. From good morning to good night we use many technologies. It has made a special place in every one’s life. Technology can be of any form tangible, blueprints, models, operating manuals, prototypes etc.

    It is true that technology cannot replace manpower but it is also true that technology can reduce the requirement of manpower in any job. The famous example of this is US based Tesla motors, a leading electric car manufacturing company. Tesla motor uses cutting edge technologies in its manufacturing plant but assembly of cars occur manually. It is known fact that only 6 people are capable there who can assemble the engine of a category of car at Tesla motors which limits its production to maximum 250 cars per year. There is no such area extending from neurological surgery to cutting of grass which is fully automated. Everywhere requires human intervention.

    There is a well known robot hotel in Japan, where all activities starting from welcoming, taking order, serving food to cooking recipes are performed by robots only. There are also laboratory in Japan where research work perform by robots. But still there requires the human interface for maintenance and supervision of the activities of these human robot.

    Technology can reduce effort, time, and fuel, shorten manpower requirement in every field but complete replacement of manpower is not possible. Man has created and developed the technology hence no technology shall be above the human being. Of course there will be some instances when technology would appear dominant and society shall feel that requirement of manpower is reducing. Today every sector is having ample development in the field of technology but man power requirement has not been reduces significantly. Following are the some of the reasons why technology can’t replace manpower completely.

    1. Technology has limitation in its field. This limitation is imposed by the developer itself. But human being has no limitation and it is evolving day by day.

    2. Every technology becomes absolute after some time and requires up gradation. Here manpower becomes essential component in area of research and development.

    3. At the time of European Industrial evolution it was envisaged by many economist that rapid industrialization would result in unemployment but result is opposite. This has created high employment and played crucial role in economic empowerment of rural as well as urban areas.

    4. Development in IT sector has provided platform to new entrepreneurs, who are giving breakthrough in every aspect of human life. This has not replaces manpower but had generated greater opportunities where manpower can engage.

    Today if we are able to transfer money by just few clicks on our phone, the whole credit goes to technology. Technology has shortened the world. Just hours are needed to fly to any part of the world. Today technological development in the field of nuclear physics is also very advanced. Few hundred kg of uranium is sufficient to feed the electricity to the whole of country without any ashes and toxic gases. Recent advent of gravitational waves is being considered the break through research of 21st century. This would provide new height to the technological advancement.

    Apart from the advantages cited above there is a long list of disadvantages also. If few hundred kg of uranium is sufficient to feed the electricity to the whole of country then few kg of uranium is sufficient to destroy the whole country. Fukushima and Nagasaki is the witness of this. If technology can save several hours of travelling time, then at the same time a small accident can end up the life. Increasing road accidents are the witness. At one hand discovery of gravitational waves has given a breakthrough in the era of technology, on the other hand testing of Hydrogen bomb by North Korea has arisen the tension among the countries.

    Hence advantages and disadvantages of technological development run side by side. A perfect collaboration between both the sides is the required. Growing terrorist activity in 21st century is the main problem of this century. Growing terrorist activities and groups like ISIS, Al-quida, Jais-e-mohmmad etc have become danger to humanity. It is technology which has strengthened them.

    Growing trend of technology has also led to environmental degradation. Change of rain fall pattern, Ozone depletion and Green house effect is the main concern it this area. Solid and liquid wastes coming out of industries have polluted the water and degraded the land. 70 % areas in India have not drinkable water. Rapid industrialization has lead to deforestation. Use of inorganic fertilizers and pesticides has degraded the quality of agricultural land.

    In view of above proper attention is required towards proper utilization of technology. All these data shows how technology is dependent on human interference. No technology can replace manpower completely until unless a self sustained, self controlled; mutually interconnected computer program is designed, as occurs in science fiction movies which automatically controls the whole world. It is also at the same time clear that when such time would arrive humanity will be destroyed then there is no concept of manpower.

    • Atulesh

      Plz review friend in terms of content and presentation. thank you

  • partha

    The human brain is the ultimate source of creativity and it is man who created machines. The debate between primacy of technology and manpower is very prominent nowadays. However great marbles technology may have achieved it is the human brain which controls it. The scenes of the movie terminator reminds one that may be machines takeover the humans and rule but that is totally hypothetical and confined to science fictions only. The dominance of human brain can only be understood by the mere fact that in 12000 years the Homo erectus has turned into a social animal capable of landing in moon and sending probe to mars and distant galaxy. Although many of the human functions have been overtaken by machines, it cannot be said that human brain is gradually turning ideal. Human brain alone has the sole primacy of creating and controlling actions which machines are intended to do.

    The advents of modern technology begin with the industrial revolution that started in England. The initial machines that replaced man were the steam engine, Power loom and the blast furnace. The mass production of steel started building up of new feats and marvels of technology like massive ships, industries and war machines. The proverb that human necessity drive invention is righty said and it is with every new obstacle that human beings strive towards new feats and marvels of science. The capitalism which was begun in England due to increasing requirements of growing population was supplemented by a revolution in agriculture to provide food to the growing population.

    Then came the two world wars which necessitated the discovery of new machines and replacing old and dilapidated ones. The massive built up of arms and ammunitions and the new warplanes which ruled the skies like never before. Man thousand years back could have never imagined that they could fly twice or thrice the speed of sound. Yea now it is possible.

    This trend of discovery has set in various ripple effects in terms of environmental degradations. The massive energy guzzling engines are increasing the carbon footprints of the earth and as a result adverse weather events like sea level rise, the depletion of polar ice caps, increased incidents of droughts and floods, shift of habitat, loss of biodiversity and drying of lakes etc are more prominent. Combined international effort is needed to tackle this menace. Although annual climate change conventions are held but with no outcomes in terms of binding emission cuts.

    Similarly the technological revolution has brought in the process of globalization, no country is self sufficient now. There is a complex network of give and take between nations. Trade is now liberalized, new multilateral forums are being formed with liberalized trade forums through removal of tariff and non tariff barriers. The natural barriers are being broken. Tunnels are getting dugged through the andes, may be some day through Himalayas also. Trade routes across countries are getting constructed.

    Socially globalizations have set in a process of loss of indigenous cultures like oriental culture is getting replaces by the western culture. This cultural invasion has been followed by a counter revolution interms of glocalization and protection.

    The poor and the marginalized is getting exploited due to international completion. Governments commitments towards conventions and trade treaties has led to withdrawl from sectors of welfare. Thus the poor in third works counties and least developed nations of Africa are repeatedly starving.

    Conflicts are also rising due to strategic competitions in market, economy and dominations over small nations. In terms of international relations it has been observed that many nations fought among themselves due to conflict of inters. Similarly it has been seen that in the present day nation in orders to capture market and secure their long term interest are fighting among themselves through various foras.

    However evil may be the effects of the techno and industrialization, it is this that has brought changes in the life’s of many. Revolution in the fields of medicine, satellite connectivity, telecommunication, information revolution, nuclear power, renewable power has made lives east. Travelling is now very east, high speed trains take man to furthest corners of the country in bery short time. Air travels has made international travel east, erstwhile life threatening diseases like cholera, typhoid, cancer etc can now be treated easily without any problem. Satellites have made flow of information very easy. Today any event in nay corner of the earth can be delivered in matter of seconds.

    However with all these positives there are negatives also, the first atom bomb that went off in Nagasaki has led to death of millions for several generations, the Chernobyl nuclear disaster, the Three Mile Island nuclear test has been the stark reminders how technology could be misuse or get things wrong. Similarly the increasing terrorist activities, with the help of weapons are threatening the very survival of humans.

    Global warming has brought in many diseases like zika, ebla, anthrax that was never heard before.

    The technology that man has created has brought rapid changes to the lives of mankind. However the debate whether man or machines which one is superior cannot be won over through mere speculation. Man is the master of everything today. He controls all forms of objects, living and nonliving. Although machines has replaced many of the works man used to do earlier still in various fields man dominates. Say for examples the reproduction of human beings, the vital functions of the human body cannot be replaced by machines. Only thing that technology can do is to rectify the problems. Artificial synthetic liver, kidneys can be used but with limitation. The rule of nature cannot be violated by man as it is set by god.

    There has been a school of thought in geography called the determinist who believed that man is the dust of the dust of the earth and that human existence are determined by nature and that man can modify the flow of a river but cannot reverse it. So it s evident that although machines and technology has invaded our day to day life it cannot replace the rules of nature and man is going to dominate the earth for centuries to go. The advent of scientific man which ushered in the 16th century is going to survive long. This period of Holocene and anthropocene is a remarkable in the history of earth as like dinasuars man is not going to be eliminated totally, any cataclysmic event even of the nature of global extinction cannot replace man, he is going to survive somehow, deep beneath the surface of earth or high above in the outer space, in explants or in any planet of the solar system.

    As has been rightly said that innovations and invention is the prime of human mind.

    Productivity is never an accident. It is always the result of a commitment to excellence, intelligent planning, and focused effort.

    Paul J. Meyer