Insights Weekly Essay Challenges 2016 – Week 06: Character of an institution is reflected in its leader

Insights Weekly Essay Challenges 2016 – Week 06

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7 February  2016

Write an essay on the following topic in not more than 1000-1200 words:

 

“Character of an institution is reflected in its leader” (CSM – 2015)

  • gughapriya

    Thank you Sir. Happy Sunday to all my friends:)

  • Jaya Swatantra

    Thanks Insights… A very and cheerful good morning to all… 🙂

  • sankar

    thank you sir……………good morning

  • maloth prameela

    thanks to insights…….gd mrng to all

  • Nandu

    Thank you Sirji

  • JD95

    “Character of an institution is reflected in its leader”

    ‘A leader is one who knows the way, goes the way and shows the way.’ – John Maxwell

    Character of leader decides the fate of his institution.
    In ICC cricket World cup , 2007 in the west indies Indian cricket team suffered a big loss. They were out of the competition in the very first league stage.
    In the same year, T20 cricket world cup 2007 was announced. India sent a junior team with most of the senior players resting for the tournament. A young wicket keeper batsman- MS Dhoni was given the responsibility of captainship.
    Without any expectation, under the fearless and charismatic leadership of new captain won the competition.
    The team went on to winning prestigious 50 overs world cup in 2011 for which Indians waited for 28 years.
    This is an exceptional example of how a leader changes the face of an institution.

    After founding Apple, due to shareholder’s agitation Steve jobs was fired from his own company. No wonder the company was in turmoil after some time.
    Steve jobs was called again and Apple went on to becoming the most valued company in the world.
    A leader shows the way to his company, his team, his companions.

    A famous quote goes, “A team is a reflection of its leader”
    There are many examples throughout history who complement this statement.
    Martin Luther king showed the way to United states of America which became the nation’s philosophy. Mahatma Gandhi’s doctrine is reflected in Indian constitution and our nation’s philosophy.
    The former leader of Singapore – Lee Kuan Yew who raised a nation from poverty to prosperity. His vision of governance and development is reflected in Singapore’s development.

    World is blessed by charismatic leaders who changed the discourse of societies and culture, who changed perception, who changed the very way of thinking.
    Today, our world is going through a turmoil with war going on in middle Asia, economic slowdown in the world, terrorist organisations haunting the world, incumbent selfishness of countries and arm race, bitter geopolitics and what not. Does this world order reflect our leader’s visions?
    The answer is hard. But we have our faith in leading institutions like United Nations. Leaderships from around the world’s countries are going to decide the character of the institution named world.

    Leadership is a rare quality. Exceptional leaders create extraordinary institution. They develop the ordinary people to do extraordinary things. Whatever we see around our vast world, the cities, technology, the huge companies, innovations, poverty, hunger everything boils down to their leader.
    If a leader is visionary, capable and active, the institution bound to leap forward.

    It is truly said, ‘Character of an institution is reflected in its leader

  • P.s

    Good morning to all

  • Leiter The Leader

    Candidates will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.
    Wrote keeping this lines in mind.

    Ambedkar said,”However good a constitution may be,it turn out to be bad,because those who work on it turn out to be a bad lot.However bad a constitution may be,it turn out to be good,because those who work on it turn out to be a good lot…”

    This quote clear explains the epitome of the given statement that a institution’s character mainly depend upon the person who manning it.

    We Human beings inherit this world as rational and equal beings,but we differ in our intellectual and physical capacity from others.In other words,every individual is unique in himself.Those people who happened to leaders who posses some extraordinary qualities mainly depend upon their circumstances,their upbringing,their socialization process.Hence we can say leaders emerge out in different situation and in different times.

    Institutions on other hand are created by people for the welfare of the common good.These institutions give the power to Leaders.They give a platform to enforce their ideology on the institutions.

    Hitler would have never Hilter,had he not become Chancellor of Germany who completely transformed democratic state into a Dictatorship.He was able to conceive his follower that,whatever he his doing was for the good of Germany.He applied to the emotions of the Germany and they get swayed by his oratory skills.

    Other example would be present Leader of North Korea,who is inherently pessimistic in nature,he view west with hostility.He his using force to hold his power in domestic arena.The trial of Hydrogen bomb would be lethal to entire Humanity.

    On other hand,We all know how our national movement was till 1915 and there after,A man called Gandhi returned from South Africa,he revolutionized entire national movement into mass movement.He adopted a new methods like Ahimsa,Satyagraha etc…He consistently devised new plans from time to time to engage the masses into the freedom struggles starting from Rowlatt Satyagraha to Quit India movement,he succeeded in placing new targets in front of his followers and able to inpire them with his speeches.

    For the first time women came out from houses and participated in National movement,because many of the leaders of the congress felt that women were safe in the hands of Gandhi.For Peasants and farmers Gandhi appeared as messiah,who came to free them from Britishers.Not only in India,he stood as inspiration to all over the world.Mandela Nelson Mandela,Martin luther king,Aung sang Sui ki all drove inspiration from Gandhian satyagraha.

    All this happens because of his commitment to his moral principles and practiced the same.

    After South Africa got freed from Apartheid in 1990s,they didn’t ill treat white minorities,rather they accommodate the white,even the latter has subjected them to inhuman practices.It happened because of the leader values the principle they preached.

    A Leader is like any other ordinary person,but what distinguish him other persons is his/her qualities.People see noble qualities in them and will become their followers.So,Leadership is primarily personnel trait,it mainly emanates from ones commitment,intelligent,will power,etc…Leader also have the quality of persuasiveness,the ability to take the people along with them.

    Hence,we can say from above examples,the character of Institutions reflects in its leaders and there can be good leaders and Bad leaders,that will results in good institutions and Bad institutions.

    This primarily because the leaders takes own responsibility of the institution,movement,struggles for something.He is not only a spokesperson,he take crucial decisions in the process,he coordinated among various groups,he resolve the difference among his followers,his listen to the views of others,he make his follower to single mindely work towards the goals.

    In short,A leader must be a Advisor,Educator,Communicator,Motivator,Visionary.

    A leader is one who knows the way,goes the way and shows the way.his has to anticipate the problems in prior and should also give the solutions for the same.The leader greatness lies in the ability to hold his supporters no matter what he does.

    To conclude,”A leader is one who far ahead of his follower,but close enough to motive them”.

    • Bhokal

      dear litter ..
      you are far away from the topic .
      I have never found anything anywhere in this essay close to the topic ,
      what you have wrote is leader and his qualities and his relationship with followers .
      where is the character of institution ?

      may be I am wrong ?
      but my suggestions :
      1. social : family , famuly’s character is reflected in leader I.e. father ..how this family is … traditional modern or …..
      2. political party : leader of political party shows what us the character of party .. secular .. right wing … left wing .. because party members chose hum because they agree with his ideals
      3. when a person go in foreign country he is just a representative of the country .. then he acts as a leader of the country .. so the character of the country is reflected in that person

      them negative points
      anti defection law so character of political party may differ
      family’ members values differ due to modernisation and globalisation
      etc

      • Lubna Sehar

        Plz review mine

      • Leiter The Leader

        Thanks for this critical review bro….Yes this would help a lot…Looking forward to see your essay

      • Profoundis

        famuly’s character is reflected in leader “I.e. father ” ..just try to avoid gender else would be violation of art 14

        • Bhokal

          dear father as leader was just an example . India has patriarchy, so you can write father as leader in context to patriarchy society .

          • Profoundis

            of course i do know india has patriarchy , but it doesn’t justify to generalise like every household has father as the leader ..indeed it isn’t …

    • pink

      i truely enjoy while reading your essay .good .pl reviw mine if possible

    • @ELSA….

      essay was good but …..u focussed mostly on leaders and leadership qualities..giving examples too
      u have nt elaborated on ….how leaders reflect character of an institution……
      otherwise essay will be best fit on the topic……leadership and its qualities……..

      • Lubna Sehar

        Review mine if time permits

      • Banai singh meena

        I really enjoy the essay. Simpely it is short and sweet

    • Sonia mehra
      • Mrinal Mukherjee

        No Sunday dossier this time .. Dayum :p

      • ESWAR

        Hai, Mehra, What is this? Is it your blog, if so , I do not have account

        • Sonia mehra

          It’s my post related to political science optional

          • yogi

            Hi Sonia plz review mine , will review urs 🙂

    • SAHIL SS

      Essay is one dimensional , u took leader in political sense only … a leader can be head of family , educational institute , industrial coroporation , etc etc … introduction is good … keep writing

    • See what yu’ve done is given the good traits of a leader, but what I feel is the inclusion of the “institutes” and finding a linkage between the two was what was required. Each person u wrote here is no doubt a strong leader, but u could connect it this way :

      Gandhi = leader and India = the institute he represented, so much so that India is viewed as a “non-violent” and “tolerant” country.

      Similarly, HITLER = a great speaker. But he represented Germany (the institution) coz of which people feared the non-white European power even after the end of the world war, as if the people of Germany were the same as his leader. getting me?

      Good attempt. Could have been better (for the standard u have is unique and stands different)

      https://nitishsinghi86.wordpress.com/2016/02/07/character-of-an-institution-is-reflected-in-its-leader/
      Whenever u find time. Thank u 🙂

      • Lubna Sehar

        Hi Serious. Plz Review mine

      • blufl0

        hello serious, please review mine..

        • yogi

          plz review mine will review urs 🙂

      • dumbledore

        serious bhai mera essay bhi review karna

      • niti

        hey can u plz review my essay..

      • Rashmirathi

        hi nitish, tried following your suggestions this time. have a look..

        • yogi

          plz review mine, will review urs 🙂

      • Jaya Swatantra

        May you please review my essay…

      • Leiter The Leader

        Yes bro…I take your points….Thanks for the review…will improve..:)

    • ESWAR

      dear, you could have written about institutions

    • Kant

      Dude,
      – intro is not suitable to the context, its us (we the people) who are manning it not any PM or president
      -your analysis of qualities of good leadership is great but somehow connect it to the character of the institution
      – In conclusion never mention, “to conclude” or “in summary” , rather say we must remember ” … ”

      I hope you will take this feedback in the same spirit in which it is being given.

      Thanks. Good luck.
      Please some time to review mine.

  • David Ila

    Wat is CSM -2015 enclosed in the bracket at the end of the question ?

    • ShwethaB

      It means it was a main essay topic in 2015.

      • David Ila

        Thank u

    • Lubna Sehar

      CSM means Civil Service Mains, if I am not wrong. If I am wrong, then someone plz correct me

      • pink

        you are absolutely right

    • charu

      civil services mains 2015

      • David Ila

        Thank uu

  • Lubna Sehar

    “Character of an institution is reflected in its leader”

    “Yatha Raja Thatha Praja” is the million dollar phrase quoted by Chanakya. In every institution it is the leader who reflects the progress of the institution. It is the leadership quality of the leader which regulates the improvement of the institution.

    Different people with different levels of qualities, belonging to diverse areas of knowledge work in an institution. In this diversity of capabilities people even differ in opinions in a group work. It is the responsibility of a leader to build a “Team Work” out of a single task in which many people are involved. Duties of a leader include a first challenge of developing unity within the team of institution. He has to ensure a proper direction in which the entire institution must work. A weak leader makes the institution weak. A strong leader makes the institution strong. To what extent the qualities of the team mates are exercised and utilized, depends on the leader in how he manages to organize the team and how he assigns work to each member of the team. Discipline and professional behaviour of the institute depends on the behaviour of its leader

    The world has witnessed many examples in which the great leaders have changed the fate of nations to better. Great leaders are remembered for the long lasting changes they bring in the society. It is the effective administration which leads the Nation to prosperity, heath, security, peace and happiness. A nation follows a sustainable growth path under a great leader who works putting the welfare of the Nation above his personal greed.

    It is the character of the leader which guides a good way to the institution. In any institution whether public or private, it is the leader’s cammand which matters primarily. If the leader goes corrupt, no one can save the institution from failure. If the other members of institution go corrupt, the leader can save the institution by his regulations. The progress of a district wholly depends on administration of the District Collector. A strong and effective DC can change the district to better. All the taluks and villages progress under a good administration.

    Whatever may be the position of the other members of the institution, ultimately it is the effective leadership of the leader institution which directs the institution to improvement. It is the leader who represents the entire institution. Therefore it is rightly concluded that “The character of an institution is reflected in its leader”

    • David Ila

      Wat is “yatha raja thatha praja “

      • Lubna Sehar

        Jaisa raja vaisi Praja. It means How the people of kingdom are depends on how the king is

        • David Ila

          Thank u. I dont no Hindi.

          • Lubna Sehar

            Oh OK. Hope you’re clear with the meaning of quote now.

    • David Ila

      Gud attempt. Can be better

      • Lubna Sehar

        Yes even I feel that it could be better. Thanks for viewing

    • pink

      very good but i fell you can even explain more .review mine

      • Lubna Sehar

        Thank you Pink. Will review your’s

      • ESWAR

        Could u pl review my essay

      • ESWAR

        thank you

    • Bhokal

      Dear Lubna,
      You started well.
      1st two paragraphs are well written,
      After reading them, I thought I am going to find a new and very good dimension : ” Various characters institutions inherit from its leader like discipline , morality”.

      But then I found diversion from topic. : Topic is “character of institution”, what you wrote is what is character of leader and how character of leader benefitted the institution
      Your essays is too short, try to include more dimensions.
      I suggest you to spend atleast 5 minutes on reading the topic again and again.
      You are free to contradict.

      • Lubna Sehar

        Thank you. Your review helps me in correcting my mistakes

    • Shruti Desai

      need to focus more on institution!

      • Lubna Sehar

        Yes. Thanks for review

    • @ELSA….

      definately a good essay…enjoyed reading …
      u gave good examples too ….wrote precisely …close to the topic
      good points….thumbs up 🙂

      • Lubna Sehar

        Thank you so much….

    • Eswar Sai

      “Yatha Raja Thatha Praja” – straightly hit the nail bro. Very good quote to be used in essays like this. Good essay ATB.

      • Lubna Sehar

        Thank you so much Eswar. I am Sis not bro….

        • Eswar Sai

          Oh sorry sis, anyway good essay ATB.

          • Lubna Sehar

            Thank you. All the best to you too..

      • ESWAR

        Sai, please review my essay

    • Batman

      Good essay brother …..Loved it !

      • Sonia mehra

        She is sister….

      • Lubna Sehar

        Thank you so much Batman. I am Sister. Not brother….

        • Batman

          My bad…i have corrected my mistake ….

          • Lubna Sehar

            Ha ha….ok

      • Lubna Sehar

        Batman plz teach me a strategy to frame an essay on a topic. At present I write essay only on instant thought process. I don’t know any reference. How do you write an essay? Do you take any reference?

    • Thor and Miolneer

      It’s short.
      Start is very good.

      I find a little deviation in the later part of the essay.

      I think some examples of these institutions can be included like — Family, Religious institutions, Educational (especially Madarsas which are in news in Maharashtra),, Political (Political parties and their leaders Mayawati is an example) and Economic institutions.

      Can you give me a review?

      • Lubna Sehar

        Yes Friend, even I feel that it’s short. Thanks for your suggestion of adding examples. It’ll help. Will review your’s

    • include dimensions and add more content bro/sis…. The essay needs 1100-1200 words.

      Use example from diverse areas, find interlinks, connect them, use history,polity, sports, economy, everything. That’ll give an impetus.

      The essay is in right direction, just need more content.

      Meanwhile https://nitishsinghi86.wordpress.com/2016/02/07/character-of-an-institution-is-reflected-in-its-leader/

      When u find time. Thank u 🙂

      • Lubna Sehar

        Yes. Even I feel that it’s short. Thanks for your valuable suggestions. I am Sis

    • Jyothi Ganesh

      Help me in understanding the topic, “Character of an institution is reflected in its leader” it’s contrary to “yatha raja tatha praja ” proverb , which means , characters of the leader is reflected in institution. am I correct?

      • Lubna Sehar

        “Yath raja Thatha Praja”( Jaisa raja waisi praja) it also conveys that “The king represents his kingdom”.The kingdom does not represent the king. It says that, We can infer the condition of the subject by seeing the character of the king. The institution depends on the character of the leader.
        So that way ” Yatha Raja Thatha Praja ” can hold good for todays topic. It does not become contradictory to the topic

        • Profoundis

          But the character of a leader does not depend on the character of the institution…….does institution holds any character for herself?…or she draws from the leader(s) who holds/holded…?

          • Lubna Sehar

            Yes, that’s what I want to say. The leader does not draw his character from the institution. The entire institution draws a particular character from leader

          • Lubna Sehar

            I was saying that Leader holds the institution. Institution does not hold the leader

      • Lubna Sehar

        Leader is the center of representation In both the quotes, todays given topic as well as “Yatha Raja Thatha Praja”

    • Kant

      Hi,
      Good essay!
      – You have addressed the core theme aptly.
      – When you are saying, “The world has witnessed many examples in which the great leaders have changed the fate of nations to better. ” Give the examples. This is your argument. and you have also included good reasoning for the same. Giving ex would put proverbial cherry on the cake. 🙂
      The structure for any argument should be:
      Argument
      Reasoning
      Facts, figures, ex

      – Ending conclusion this way is quite cliched. Leave something for the reader to ponder upon or find some impressive conclusion. Even my essay doesnt fare well on this part.

      I hope im not being too critical here.
      Thanks.
      Please find some time too review mine.

      • Lubna Sehar

        Thank you so much for a detailed review. This will help. Will review your’s

    • Sahil Garg

      Critical review => 1. Intro cannot be better than this quote. 2. looks a mini essay to me, i dont think even that short would work 3. examples of personalities could be added. 4. Content is good … please review mine 🙂

      • Lubna Sehar

        Thanks for your review Sahil. Even I feel that its short. Will view your’s

    • vijay- the ray of hope

      Dear u have the right context but solutions from ur side missing
      U can include govt schemes so that it conveys to govt about how serious you r about govt functiong
      wel written. ………
      ReView mine if possible

      • Lubna Sehar

        Thanks for review. This helps me correct my mistakes. Will view your’s

    • dev

      good one bro

      • Lubna Sehar

        Thank you. I am Sis. Not Bro….

        • dev

          hoo sorry
          good essay keep writing good day

  • pink

    pl review .in return i will review yours.

    • FWP

      Can be broader perspective..use some examples to bolster up u r arguments

      • pink

        thnx for review

        • vijay- the ray of hope

          Dear please give ur suggestions on my essay

          • pink

            yes .i am just reviewing yours in 30 minute

    • Thor and Miolneer

      I like the approach of returning the favours.

      Reviewing:-)

    • sankar

      plz rvw mine frnds…………where’s urs

      • pink

        pl review

    • Thor and Miolneer

      Page 1– Without members cooperation and not members view always.

      +You mentioned the participation of other members of the institution which is not mentioned by most of us.
      -Controller and not Comptroller

      Page 2- Why mentioning Role of a leader when you have already done so on the previous page? It made the whole paragraph redundant

      -Writing about leadership was not required.

      I am sorry to be critical here but your write up is more subjective than objective and deviated from the Topic.

      you can observe it yourself- It doesn’t say anything about the Institutions.
      No examples are there.

      Yet, Its well Written.

      Please grill me like the way I did to you:-)

      • pink

        valuable suggestion and will try to improve .thnx for review

        • Thor and Miolneer

          No thanks Pink.

    • vijay- the ray of hope

      Nicely wrote but multidimensional answer is expected from talented like u …….I bet one day simplicity in answers will pay dividends to u

      • pink

        this is really motivating .your multidimentional point i noted and will work upon to improve .thnx for review

    • Sahil Garg

      Critical review =>
      1. I missed the examples, very badly, not even one example ?..This might give the examiner a feeling that you arent aware/confident of real life understanding..
      2. i felt same thing again and again.
      3. the essay looked diverting from the topic to something like this => “What are the values, roles and qualities of a good leader, and how will he help” etc.

      This is what i felt.. Please take this constructively..we are here to learn and improve…

      please review mine 🙂

      • pink

        very true sahil.your valuable suggestion is will definately help to improve .so thnx for review

  • Kept6363

    guys i have a fundamental query..what does the topic imply…the more i read the more i m getting confused …do we have to write how leaders shape institutions and how the characteristics of an institution depends upon its leaders OR how the features/charcter of an institution shape a leader and is thus reflected in him..in other words, if one wants to know the chracteristics of an instutition, one may look at the him and get an idea

    • pink

      it means that working of intitution reflected in its leader.so if organisation working good this reflects that org have good leaders .therefore leaders are important for sucess of institution

      • Kept6363

        this is what i thought and have several points for the same…. but dont u think it means just the opposite ..as to how institutions shape leaders and how leaders get affected by the institutions… to give an example… if it means institution depends upon leaders then we can say that we have a civil libertian polity becoz of our leaders like Nehru, Gandhi etc. If i it means that leaders get affected by institution ( which SADLY i think the topic means ) then it would be becoz of our tradition of democracy, leaders even today gracefully accept defeat in elections and there is no tradition of coups in india because leaders are shaped by institutions ( which is the civil-libertian polity)

    • blufl0

      hey kept don’t get confused.. it simply means how the leader of an institution shape up the institution i.e. merits and demerits of an institution depends on its leader.

      • Kept6363

        dont u think it means just the opposite ..as to how institutions shape leaders and how leaders get affected by the institutions… to give an example… if it means institution depends upon leaders then we can say that we have a civil libertian polity becoz of our leaders like Nehru, Gandhi etc. If i it means that leaders get affected by institution (
        which SADLY i think the topic means as i have several points for the interpretation u have given ) then it would be becoz of our tradition of democracy, leaders even today gracefully accept defeat in elections and there is no tradition of coups in india because leaders are shaped by institutions ( which is the civil-libertian polity)

        • @ELSA….

          no i think the essay is quite opposite to what u r saying….
          it leaders who shape the instituions….i wuld cite the example of our constituent assembly…it our leaders only who decided that democracy,liberty,freedom to be a part of our society and nation…hence a democratic country….so it reflects the qualities of our leaders…
          also we can take the example of hitler…who turned the germany from democratic country to dictatorship…..

          • Kept6363

            even i want it to be just the opposite of what i think coz i have several points for how leaders shape institutions

            • Kept6363

              thanks for participating in the thread….

  • Pushpendra

    Institutions are not built overnight. Various factors contribute in the making and unmaking of an Institution like Ideology, values, beliefs, norms, protocols, conventions etc. The most important factor in the making of an Institution is a Leader.

    Leaders by their charismatic qualities give the foundation to an Institution. Leaders have limited life but Institutions they build persist. So to know the present character of an Institution, knowledge of its leadership does help. For example, the character of Indian democracy does have its roots in the character of the leadership which built it. It is by no chance that such a large part of Indian population exercise its suffrage. It is because of the leadership of Indian national movement which engaged the masses and made them politically literate. It is by no accident that elections takes place every five years, but it is because the leadership in the form of Nehru encouraged such practice.

    This principle holds true for every type of institution small, medium and big and social, economic , political etc. The ideology of Terrorist institution like Al- Qaida is reflected in the character of its leader Osama bin laden, in the same way as the charter of swami Vivekanada does have bearing on Ramkrishna Mission. The fate of Pakistan was envisaged very early by Thinkers like Maulana Abul Kalam Azad because he saw the communal leadership will eventually lead it nowhere.

    However Institutions not remain the same overtime. They change with the changing socio- economic political conditions. Sometimes the changes are so drastic that it become hard to find similarities pre and post changes. For example Islamic Revolution in Iran in 1979 had changed the whole face of Iran. Dynastic politics in Indian national Congress was unimaginable in the times of Gandhi when he advised Nehru to dissolve the congress. One cannot attribute dynastic politics in congress to Nehru because he was true Democrat. So it is not always true that a Institution’s character is always reflected in its leader.

    But by and large there is no denying the fact that the core character of an Institution do get reflected in its leader.

  • Batman

    Let’s begin with a very simple real -life story .There is a city by the name ‘ ‘Gotham’ which is notorious for high crime rates ,ravaged by inter -gangs wars and rivalries ,has a perpetual law and order problem .The city is a den of several dons , mafias and drug lords who are fighting against each other for control of the city resources, property , businesses and growing outreach of their smuggled drugs .It is where everybody virtually enjoys impunity in committing any criminal act and the police does nothing even though it knows exactly who these criminals are .The police and local law enforcement agencies are hand in glove with criminals of the city .They are too intimidated to take actions or make any arrest.Even when they happens to arrest someone from those gangs, their men barge into the police stations every time ,loaded with heavy munitions , and free away their men from lock-ups, abusing and threatening police officers there who are just a mute spectators to all these .No one among them dare to resist. Then , here comes an officer ,in the name ,James Grodon as a new police commissioner of the city after his transfered from an another city by the government to tackle with the rising crimes in the city and free it from criminals for once and all .He has the reputation of being honest, bold, fearless, uncompromising and dutiful.From day one , he calls on a assembly of all local police officers in the city ,intimate them about his resolve to eliminate crime from there for ever ,taking on each mafia one by one and inform them about rewards for those policemen who work with honesty and punishment , including suspension for those who indulge in any corruption and show deliberate negligence and inaction out of intimidation He assesses the city’s situation ,assembling team of local police officers the next day, establish an intelligence cell and raises teams of trained policemen that are supposed to raid various locations in the city.Within a few months of his coming ,the city is restored to normalcy, with people finally cherishing and breathing the air of peace and order after a long time .Those dons and gang-lords are all locked up behind bars ,waiting incarcerations .Faith and trust of people in the police is restored and it is respected more than ever. James Grodon has become a local hero and the face of the police in the city .

    What does this story tell us about the character of the institution of police in the city ,after it came under the command and leadership of the new commissioner.Does it not tell that the character of an institution is reflected in the leader it is led by. The commissioner had the reputation of a honest ,dutiful, fearless man who was committed to serve the people he represented .The police he led ,also gained deep respect again in the hearts of people who started to look at it with pride and admiration ,appreciated its bravery, dutifulness and commitments.Well, there is a lot of similarity between the image of the police and its commissioner ,the man it is now led by ,in the mind of people.

    This is exactly what it is .An institution is always identified by the leader it is led by .A leader is its face, its poster boy and the prism through which it is viewed.He can build the institution or he can destroy it ,depending upon how he would like to govern it .The character of an institution serves as a mirror that reflects the leaders own characters .A good leader often stride to instill good virtues in the institution he leads in order to align it with its objectives ,often drawn from his own experience and understanding of the problems and intricacies that commonly infest institutions .He seeks to fill his institutions with attributes that are essential for the success of the institution he leads.His personal reputation is contingent on the reputation of the institution under his leadership .Even though he might not be motivated by any ill-will or dishonest desires at personal level ,but a mere negligence or carelessness in managing his institution can cost his reputation dear.

    Character of an institution

    What does character means in terms of institution ? What qualities should form the core of an institution?And what attributes that an institution should possess in order to remain committed to its objective in long run and be an example example for others to emulate ? Well, the answers lie in the values and principles on which an institution is formed.Values and principles are the backbone of an institution .They provide it with a strength to face the challenges and tough time and resilience to revert back to its original form when the challenges are overcome. If objectives and structures are its outward appearance ,values and principles core. Embedded values and principles of an institution together form its character. It is these values and principles that become the foundation core of the institution . These are what an institution can be identified with, defined by and differentiation from others.Depending upon the nature and objective of an institution ,and its ownership- private or public ,different values are desirable.

    A public institution of rich character should possess the qualities such as public trust, participation, equality,transparent ,accountable ,caring and compassionate,honesty, fairness ,promptness and dedication to work for the welfare of its people. Sincere resolve to address people’ problem, commitment to its objective and providing responsive support in time bound manner ,transparency and accountability to people it seeks to serve are some of the other qualities that a good public institution must possess.

    Leader and institution as mirror image of each other

    An effective leader live by an example ,with honesty , confidence and compassion ,and intelligence and humor .He takes the leadership role in an institution as his honor and graces it with attributes that are highly admirable and desirable.The strength and resolve of an institution reflect in the strength of the leadership he provide ,the vow to work with honest sincerity he takes ,the motivation and visions that propels him , the dreams that guide him and the goals that inspire him.He is a torch-bearer that shows a path that his institution should move on .He measures his success with the success of his institution .He give credits for the success of his institution to people he work with and take accountability and blame solely upon its failure .

    The strength and commitment of an institution depends upon the strength and commitment of its leader.An institution merely serve as a medium to achieve a particular objective ,but it is its leader and the men under him that helps it achieve those objectives .A good leader must be able to impart to his institution , the strength of a steel and the resilience of a spring ,in order to guide his institution to unseen heights of achievements and commitments .

    Character in leadership

    The importance of character in leadership is essential to lead with example. Leaders with character achieve results that transcend everyday organizational imperatives and outcomes. Good leaders is expected to be strong in character, that is, to have a moral imperative underwrite their actions. These leaders with character are identified as authentic leaders: They are what they believe in; show consistency between their values, ethical reasoning and actions; develop positive psychological states such as confidence, optimism, hope, and resilience in themselves and their associates; and are widely known and respected for their integrity.The key attributes of a leader

    varies with the nature of his job and the objectives of the institution he leads .So ,different institution might demand different attributes in a leader .However,certain attributes are universal i.e they are desired and required in almost all leaderships roles. The characters can be called as ‘universalism’ . Universalism is the outward expression of leadership character and consists of the qualities such as respectfulness for others, fairness, cooperativeness, compassion, spiritual respect, and humility.

    Other characters universally desired in a leader are courage, passion, wisdom,competence and self-discipline .They help them achieve the set goals and objectives .

    Modern institutions and modern leaders

    Modern institutions exist in varieties of forms ,with varieties of objectives and goals seeking to fulfill the innumerable needs of people and businesses in today’s time . They play complex and varied roles and have to deal to complex challenges and intricacies ,most of them unpredictable.Some of them ,motivated by profits and self-interests or plain neglect and recklessness ,often come in conflict with the ethical standards and laws enforced locally,which entangle them in legal and public scrutinies which may have serious repercussions in terms of their reputation and trust of public in general.Thanks to the emergence of new institutions in form of judiciary ,media, regulatory bodies ,Non-profit groups etc that serve as watchdogs of other institutions, they maintain hawkish eyes on the ethical conducts of these institutions institutions, demand accountability and transparency , ensure that they respect local laws,follow ethical standards and subject them to scrutinies on violation .

    With such diverse challenges to deal with and so many objectives to achieve , the significance of a leadership that leads these modern institutions assume tremendous importance .Apart from being able to achieve maximum objectives of his institution ,a leader must also be ethically unquestionable,following the laws and regulations, displaying desirable attributes of an authentic leader and seeking to balance between his organizations objectives and his duty towards society .This is particularly true for private institutions with capitalists attributes that often deviate with the moral standards in pursuit of earning profits and expanding their organizations’ outreaches .

    Sadly ,modern institutions ,both private and public and their leaders are lacking in this regards .Public institutions are have notoriety of being inefficient , corrupt ,uncaring ,lack of commitment and motivation and private ones are considered nefarious ,profit -hungry money extortionists with little sense of responsibility towards society from which they take benefits while contributing inequalities and environmental costs.

    Hence, modern institutions are in dire need of authentic leaders that would be able to instill values and principles that will serve as strength and guide to achieving their objectives .This is essential to win for them ,the trust and appreciation of people they seek to serve and their acceptance and support to them .

    It should always be remembered ,”Ability may get someone to the top but it takes character to keep him there”.In leadership ,character is more important than strategy because strategy is guided by character .A good leader will be a good strategist and would be able to achieve his objectives while sticking to the ethical standards.

    • Lubna Sehar

      Batman. Plz review

      • Batman

        I will ,please give me sometime ….:)

        • Lubna Sehar

          Okay Friend….

        • ESWAR

          U nicely written brother. Please review mine

    • Eswar Sai

      What is this batman? I don’t know what is this, essay or some other huuuuuuuuuuge article. After reading upto character of an institution i found no patience to read such a huge essay. I think the same examiner will feel. Sorry for being critical. It is good upto what i read, but till there too much can be reduced by writing precisely. Once again sorry for critical words.

      • Batman

        Ok,i am trying to cut it short…Thanks for ur critical review….I desire for criticism more than appreciation because the later only makes you feel complacent while the former helps your improve ….:)

        • blufl0

          hey batty, review mine…

    • Missionimpossible

      Brilliantly arranged and very good articulation….good job Batman

      • Batman

        Thanks brother …Ur appreciation means a lot…:)

      • sankar

        have a look at mine plz frnds

    • Thor and Miolneer

      Nice 1 Batman,

      You play great with words.

      I think you could have given some examples in the body of the essay.
      Like these :-

      An institution is built on the teachings of another institution such as A family socializes a child who when becomes a father try to inculcate the same values and morals which he learnt during his childhood to his children.

      Let me know if I am wrong here 🙂

      Can you give me a critical review ?

      • Batman

        I agree with your every words ….We can surely give an example of a ‘family’ institution’ with father/parents as its leader just like i have begun my essay with the example of the ‘Police’ as an institution with the police commissioner as its leader…..Just like an army’s strength depends upon the general he is led by, an able and efficient police force depends upon the commissioner it is led by ,similarly the character of a family depends upon how it is led by its senior members ,parents and others….The attributes of a child growing in a family depends upon the morals and values he has learnt from his father.But this is only true to some extent
        However, unlike institution like Police ,Army or Judiciary , family or religion are considered ‘loose’ institutions because they don’t have any formal ‘code of conducts’, terms of services , ethical rules or guidelines under which their members are legally bounded to operate and can be held accountable for their failure or violation .They can’t be enforced with rules and regulations. Their members are pretty much master of their own will and they can do what they want, depending upon how much scrutiny they are subjected to by other members in the system and even if they are done so, they can still resist and walk away ignoring them, and will not be subjected to legal disciplinary actions ….For ex.a family which is based on good values and is very civilized .In that family ,there is a father who tries to instill good values in his daughter but what if his daughter is a rebellious person ,an obstinate by nature , disrespects him and disobey him most of the time ,saying its her life and she is a free being ..While at the same time ,there are other members in the same family, her brothers and cousins who respect their senior members so much ..The same values is taught to all members, some disregard them while the other respects them ..and you can’t do about it.

        So ,the point is institutions like family ,and religion are very different from the formal institutions like a company, police or army that are guided by clearly defined,strict rules and regulations that are enforceable by law and one can be punished for violation.There is no free will to act as you want .Family ,marriages and religion as institutions are on rapid decline these days.

        • Thor and Miolneer

          I sure will.

          You see the thing which I like about you the most is:-

          You like going deep into the problem and write like you are talking.

          I sometimes wonder about what typing speed you have?

          Coming back to the topic.
          I think It’s ‘modern parenting’ and is found more in Urban areas than in Rural areas.

          there is a reason behind it- In Urban areas, people are more westernizing themselves and trying to emulate the practices of the west. English speaking has become the requirement and it is so widely spoken today that a non speaker or a person who was living in the villages or small towns till date finds himself landing in a foreign land when he comes to Delhi/Mumbai.

          This section of society which emulates West, finds itself feel proud of letting his children feel free doesn’t care about teaching them the values for the obvious reason of living his own life in the later part of life. This makes his children to have ‘loose’ loyalty towards him and the father finds himself living separately from his children in his old age for the obvious reason that he made his children to feel themselves detached from Parents and comprehend the parenting as the responsibility of the parents and nothing else.

          This culture also makes the newly urbanized or cultured people to influence and they too do the same.
          Complete Americanization.

          Definitely It would have been better to dedicate a paragraph on different institutions.
          Like Army and Police v/s loose institutions like Family and Religion.

          • Batman

            That’s sad but a truth today!

        • Thor and Miolneer

          Batman, I need to learn about writing essays.

          I am sure I can ask you for help at places where I think it’s necessary for me to seek your help.

          • Batman

            Sorry for delayed reply…i needed to go somewhere for some work ….Its my honor that u find me that much suitable to help you in writing an essay…I will try my best to explain what i know about it so far…though i am still inexperienced and learning how to write…When i see ur review and others on my post ,it helps me learn a lot ..this is why post my answers here to get evaluated by others…I could write it in my ever note and keep it there without posting it ,but that would not tell me what and how i have actually written …Obviously if i write and evaluate myself, i would feel i am good …but that would not let me improve…So the point i am saying is, writing your answer (be it essay or Mains Secure 2016 questions ) and getting evaluated by others , is very important …That’s how you learn and improve… Please follow this programme regularly and psot ur answers here ..whatever you have written ….I know you will be sacred of posting it if you have not done it before many times ,thinking what people are going to say ,but that’s shouldn’t make to shy away from posting here or evaluating by others…So, don’t be sacred …whatever u have written just let other see it …After a while you be motivated to write more and more …I know if not too many people view or review ur content, u will feel demotivated to write ..but trust me ,u will slowly start writing well and reviews will automatically come…Don’t write for reviews ,write it for ur passion with motivation that you have written something and it will improve ..

            • Thor and Miolneer

              Wow, I have never found anybody more helpful to me than you Batman.

              I usually flaw on my conclusion part.

              and this made me not to make an id. or post an essay for many months now.

              I have read a lot many secure answers but when it came to posting I found them all mediocre and didn’t try posting them.

              But (write it for ur passion with motivation that you have written something and it will improve) this is the key which I think I have not understood before.

              Thank you once again.

              I try writing all the answers so will post them a little late.

              But you will find me on the platform now.

              I am glad that I found you 🙂

            • Batman

              I see you give very long replies that are no doubt very helpful. Keep up the good work 🙂

          • Batman

            Here are some good tips to write an essay on Mrunal :http://mrunal.org/2011/09/essay-tip-for-newcomers-what-to-write.html
            .
            I hope it will help you .Prepare yourself to write it next time i will review ur answers for sure 🙂

            • Thor and Miolneer

              Thank you Batman 🙂

            • Thor and Miolneer

              I have just referred mrunal.org….

              Its helpful.
              Will write an essay next week too. 🙂

      • sankar

        bhai have a look at mine plz………….thank

    • The essay was really good. The only thing I will criticise u about is the start. U don’t need to start with such a long intro. It may take whole 2 pages for this elaborate write up.

      Everything else is fine. I would suggest u to not use headings and let ur words do the talking. Using subheadings breaks the flow in between.

      https://nitishsinghi86.wordpress.com/2016/02/07/character-of-an-institution-is-reflected-in-its-leader/
      When u find time. THANK U 🙂

      • Vivaan Khanna

        bhai mera b review kar do critically when u find time…will come to urs after sometime :)…

      • Batman

        Thank u very much for ur mix of nice and critical words …a very balanced and helpful review i have ever gotten .. It too feel i have stretched my essay intro too far……..And thanks for sharing that link ..it is very helpful…

        • No no, it is actually my blog 😛

          Read it and review when u find time 😀

          • Ab

            Serious Bro, I went through yours, It was good, why you are not posting in now in this platform? And how much time you took to write that essay, gathering images and quotes and placing could have taken long time. Mera bhi review karna, ho sake to.

            • It took me 1 hour to write this one and 2 hours to edit the pics 😛

              I’ll review urs after some time, so please be patient 🙂

          • Lubna Sehar

            Hey Nitish….very nicely written. Excellent inclusion of different dimensions in the essay.

          • Batman

            That’s ur blog…I admire ur passion bro…How could u gather so much motivation to write such an essay with all pictures in between containing relevant quotes ,perfectly arranged to suit the paragraphs that precede them ? How effort-taking and patience-full it would have been ? It would have required too much searching to find those pictures and insert them there in ….
            Writing an abstract philosophical thing is certainly difficult and that what i have done in my essay ….but giving it a context and using so many perfectly suitable real life examples to relate it and articulate it in such an impressive manner is by far more difficult which is what you have done…
            An absolute masterpiece i must confess….Never seen such a beautiful essay written in such an unconventional way ,containing perfect description of the essence of the essay …:)…
            You have created ur personal blog for ur essay writing …that’s impressive ..you can’t write that way easily on disqus …i get it.. So far i haven’t signed on wordpress that’s why i posted my review here ….I will consider signing in there and follow ur blog ……As i can see, there are so many impressive things that are worth reading ..So, i will be visit it regularly …
            Keep this motivational endeavor, brother ..u r admirable..And sorry for late review as i was offline ..needed to go somewhere to do some work…

            • yaar zyada tareef kar di tune 😛

              Please follow, I write more than just UPSC. thank u 🙂

              • Batman

                Hahaa…but honestly ur essay is impressive….And yes i will follow…Thank u!

      • yogi

        serious bhai, review mine plz, will review urs:)

    • dumbledore

      batman i think u have written the essay from a more philosophical angle. u shld talk about personalities to emphsise the fact that leadership is very important. there are many strong leaders u can quote.i think,

    • Ab

      Nice one Mr. Batman. Intro was thoda big. I was hesitant to put the subheading in essay, as I have heard somewhere, but the way you used it I don’t think that putting heading will be any cause of concern. Mera bhi review karna please.

      • yogi

        can u plz review mine will review urs 🙂

    • sankar

      very good essay cushort intro
      aptly represented but put some example
      …………..ATB.

    • Batman

      Hi Batman 😀
      My views:
      1)Make your paras short
      2)Come to the main point as soon as you can-here the main point was the connection between leader and institution which began to take a proper form after you had written half of the essay (though some reflection is there in the intro)
      3)Pen-ultimate para got a suggestive tone rather than the main idea of the essay
      4)You can add some examples
      Overall, I feel that main idea of the essay needs a bit more space. Other things that you emphasized have to be there but in a concised form. Hope you won’t mind my words. I expressed what I felt and please have a look at mine too. Thanks!

      • Batman

        I am happy that you wrote such a nice critical review …and i agree with most of past you have said…Thank u so much for reviewing …And i am going to review urs too..Please give me some time….:)

    • Vivaan Khanna

      hello batman with dp
      1.Last week someone suggested me not to write lengthy paras..so passing it to u
      2.a very philosophical essay and ethical essay i would say..but try to engage the reader by giving one or two examples so that nobody dares to leave even a single line to read..a blend of two will make it perfect
      a well written piece..showing ur class again..keep it up

    • VSN

      Hi Batman,

      The essay is obviously good, but just a thought. The topic of the essay i.e Character of an Institution is reflected in its leader need not necessarily mean that the character of the institution depends on its leader. It could also(and most likely) mean that the character of a institution is present in its leader too. For Eg : In India’s case the principle of democracy is seen in the leader of out country. Another example could be that India’s foreign police as being Pro-Russia was severely criticized by the non-congress parties, but it was observed that even non-congress parties toed the same line owing to institutional/bureaucratic factors.

      In that sense your essay negates the topic (which i what i have also done btw). No that it is wrong but maybe you could also give certain examples as to how institutions model its leaders (like the above examples).

      Just a thought. Do let me know what you think. Please don’t read my essay unless you are completely free or jobless 😛

    • Sahil Garg

      Content is no doubt good..but examples would make the essay complete and the examiner happy..intro a bit long..please review mine 🙂

    • The Next Big Thing

      Don’t watch Batman movies now. Batmsn did nit uphold the character of League of Shadows and escaped away.

  • PAKA RAJ SHEKAR YADAV

    A Leader is the person who lead the the institution/organisation take the best possible decisions among the alternatives with high degree of enthusiasm to achieve desired objectives A Good leader assimilates the all potential and worthful ideas and give priority to every innovative idea arised in the organisation so he encourages teamspirit and morale of the employees the main traits behind the success of an institution.
    The success or failure of an institution depends on its capable leader ship and his abilities .If the institute has the incapable purverted leader will leads its collapse we have witnessed many cases in india and across the world
    i.e satyam case volkswagen scandal
    A good candid leadership will imparts good values honesty duty mind to the organisation promotes healthy competition between empolyees and set achievable targets and promotes friendly atmosphere in the organisation so the character of an institution reflected in its leader .

  • SVSR

    Human intelligence is an outstanding miracle on the Earth. Gradually, this intelligence has driven humans from ancient rock ages to cosmopolitan cultures and helped in the building of sound societal setup. This human society would be driven by the character of majority of individuals, their cultures and customs which have a great influence on the former. Thus, we have diversified characteristic features for societies in various regions.

    The present quote “Character of an institution is reflected in its leader” shows the importance of highness of leadership in driving an institution or a nation on progressive lines. In earlier times, this quote was described as “If King is good and has great leadership qualities, automatically, the kingdom would be good”. It emphasizes the quality of character that a leader should possess to drive an institution in a progressive manner.

    At times of World Wars, the characters of leaders of various nations were on different lines and as a result the countries with ferocious
    leaders such as Hitler, Mussoline etc., have driven those countries like Germany, Italy, Japan etc., towards waging wars over others for their territorial and imperialistic interests. Not all the times war ends with peace, as we have witnessed at the end of World War II, the atomic explosion over Japan, and the birth of Cold War.

    During our freedom struggle, majority of our great leaders are of great educationists with matured mindset, and even the illiterate leaders were also eminent personalities with high degree intelligence to grasp and analyse the situations. These great personalities kept our struggle in a right path and had driven towards independence in a peaceful manner and made a glorious mark on the world history. After independence, India had a great leader Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and on whose lines our nation witnessed sound reforms, particularly in the diplomacy, by initiating NAM and stood as leader for the developing and under developed countries who were entangled in the Cold War politics and their undue influence over latter’s sovereignty. Although it was seen negatively in the initial days, yet India’s stand and its importance was perceived good by all the major powers based on its neutral and progressive character.

    Many a times, even in case of private institutions, which we are all fond of their managerial capabilities, their abilities, capacities and progress was dependent on the role of its leader. Mere team work is not enough for overall success, the leader with good conscience is necessary to drive this team work for the success of the institution. If we see the big MNCs across the world like Google, Microsoft, Facebook etc., every CEO has their own unique character, and driving them in successful paths. Another example can be our TATA industries who wants to use and share its success in development of our country by taking up social welfare activities in the backward regions of the country. Moreover, it is the first company to recognise the hardships of Dalit entrepreneurs in breaking the chains of existing community based business networks and has given them business opportunities to flourish them. This portrays the positive and morale character of these companies which were basically the mindset and character of leaders leading them.

    In a micro level, it applies to families also. The attitude and character of a family would be moved on the lines of the character of the family head. Irrespective of his/her literacy or illiteracy, the success of family and children and their fairness in the society would be decided by the character she possess. We have numerous examples of the success of illiterate parents fostering their child with good character and making them to work towards nation building. Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, the rocket man of India and one of the greatest President India had, is one such example. His success was not only limited to rocket sciences, but visible in driving our nation in glorious path in his administration by balancing the political interests of the government with that of the peoples’ interests.

    The foremost example of great leadership qualities reflect in the functioning of an institution or a nation would lie in the life of our Father of our Nation – Mahatma Gandhi. He is an inspiration for not only our fellow countrymen and national leaders, but also for the world leaders. His principles of non-violence, his path of Satyagraha, his dedication for the upliftment of the masses were taken as examples of many world leaders such as Nelson Mandela, Aang Sui Ki etc. To influence the political leaders for seeking the welfare of the poor, even the British government has placed the statue of Mahatma before their Parliament. His great character and leadership qualities along with that of Buddha, Vardhamana Mahaveer and other famous national leaders made the India as “Peace loving country”, and the same is reflected in our policies and programmes of almost all the governments. And, recognising this only, many countries are in line to conclude nuclear agreements even though India is a non-signatory of CTBT and NPT.

    CHARACTER BUILDING

    Mahatma Gandhi always tells that Education without values and science without religion poses more danger than good to the society. In the present world, it implies to the core. We have seen numerous institutions which were engaged in terror activities, hacking and other anti-social activities. All these were based on the advancements in technology and spread of quality education which were gone into the wrong hands. If we link this issue to our vedic philosophies which says eligibility of a person is very crucial for education. Of course, eligibility based on varna is a wrong concept, but proliferating eligibility to a person is very much necessary in the present society. Therefore, instilling value based education right from childhood and strong emphasis on it in every state of educational curricula helps in building sound moral character in an individual which in turn makes our institutions to work on similar lines and bring prosperity to the society. This would also helps in building an egalitarian society in the country.

    • Sonia mehra

      Hy, good attempt
      1. Explained the meaning of proverb- emphasis on leadership
      2. In some examples focus should have been given on leaders as well, for example you mentioned about google, facebook and tata. Here some focus should have been given to ratan tata or zuckerberg.
      3. You mentioned gandhiji, which institution did gandhiji created? Even if he created any institution, you haven’t mentioned it.
      4. I found the conclusion incoherent from the body of the essay.

      Thank you.

      • sankar

        madam plz rvw mine

      • naren

        hi Sonia , I wrote essay please check when you get time

      • blufl0

        hey, plz review mine..

  • Nandu

    please review and evaluate..

  • hope

    character of an institution is reflected in its leader-
    every institution of the world runs on some principles and rules,they carry an agenda that constitute bedrock for functioning of that institute,there are aims and goals they want to achieve.it is the leaders who frame the rules,who initiate the processes bring any institution into existence.
    Any institution can not run by itself,it is the responsibility of the people who formed it and who further maintain it.
    looking upon any institution of the world one can see institution may it be a democratic institution or the socialist one, NGO fighting for human cause,or international organisation that pledges for international peace and order anything, all are attached some sets of goals that defines that institute,and the leaders strives to attain that.
    India a democratic country colonized by British,suppressed of human rights for many years suffered a lot in their hands,a large population of that time was poor,illiterate and village population.along with brutal colonial rule there was also many social evils were existing in the society like untouchability,atrocities against women etc.
    when the leaders of india formed the constitution they gave preference to this issues,fundamental rights,inclusion of DPSP, making INDIA a democracy all shows what they want to achieve in there state,and their future policies were also to give effect to their dream.this characters also reflects in present govts which working for nation in making and achieving the objectives of DPSP and securing rights of its citizens.
    character of an institution is reflected in the leaders because they constantly work for the institution,they involves themselves to the institution that their character started to derive itself from that institution.A successful institution demands from the person a full devotion and desire to work for purpose institution want to achieve.without putting true effort it is hard to get success that is understanding of the institution for the leader is must.
    similarly,a corrupt leader makes the institution corrupt,for example the case of IPL.and such a way other people will become corrupt and institutions gives birth to other malfunctioning.

  • Thor and Miolneer

    One fine morning, Rohit received a call from Nilesh who would sound worried and tensed. When asked about the problem, Nilesh told-His daughter has secured a rank in Joint Entrance Exam and got IIT-Delhi for graduation. He needs to have an Income and Domicile certificate in two days to avail Bank’s loan for her studies failing which she would not get the loan and consequently the admission into the IIT. Rohit assures him of finding the best possible solution and asks for some time for finding a solution. He goes to the internet to check the procedure and process for these certificates and as soon as he opens the District’s website, He finds the picture of District’s new Collector and District Magistrate. Without wasting a second, he then calls Nilesh and suggests him to apply for the certificates. Also telling him that the Collectorate is headed by his former colleague – ISMAIL. Ismail is a highly efficient person and since he is the Collector, the certificates will be issued within two days for sure.

    Two days later, Rohit again receives a call from Nilesh who would inform that he got the certificates within a day, secured the loan and even got the admission of his daughter done. During his long conversation, when Nilesh asks Rohit, how was he so confident about the work. Rohit replies-Six years ago when I was working for a BPO giant, ISMAIL was his colleague. He had a typing speed of over 80 words pm, great communication skills, honesty, a zeal for providing the best customer service and was also the best selling agent on the floor. He was also preparing for Civil Services Exam. Soon he got promoted and the company found a great leader in him. His team of 20 would break all the records of selling, customer service and efficiency. Rohit remembers resigning during those days and now finds ISMAIl as his district’s C&DM.

    Rohit’s past experience with ISMAIL gave him the image of an efficient Collectorate which otherwise is notorious for its delays, corruption and hazy procedure of working. It shows how the character of a leader is reflected in its institution.

    -Modern society has several institutions which together make the society to work. These institutions have certain procedures, processes and modus operandi of working which makes them to function properly. An individual leader may/may not improve the efficiency, transparency, accountability etc. but the institutions’ processes and procedures remain the same. One such modern day institution is bureaucracy. The story of Rohit, Nilesh and Ismail above tells us that Nilesh was in the need of certificates which could be issued only by the Collectorate. Rohit assured him because he trusted Ismail’s efficiency and customer service ability and suggested him to apply for the documents. He could have suggested him to go and directly talk to Ismail and request him to find a solution like calling the Bank Manager and directing him to grant a loan but he didn’t suggest it. Why? Because Rohit knew that the processes of working of institutions will not change and would remain the same irrespective of who the leader is. It may happen that the leader may improve the working but he can’t change them in toto.

    -A curious mind thinks the reason behind it. Why is it that the leader like Ismail can make it a highly efficient place. He can also use it for the larger good of society. The answer lies in the concentration of power in an individual’s hands which can also be misused by him. This is the sole reason for the strengthening of an institution.

    There are several persons who are known for their bad deeds, have been criminals or have earned a bad name due to XYZ reasons. Our current Prime Minister is an example of it. The 2002 Gujarat riots in which several thousand Muslims were targeted was said to be on the order of the then CM of Gujarat and India’s current PM. An IPS officer kept fighting for over a decade saying the same. There were apprehensions in minority communities before the 2014 General Elections that if such person becomes the PM of the country then nit would be disastrous. However, the institution of Prime Minister proved out to be the same person reaching out to minorities and announcing packages for development in states like Jammu and Kashmir. The same person is also to be found ‘Silent’ like his predecessor and the observers would suggest that-It’s the character of institution reflecting in its leader.

    Gone are the days when the people would be ready to take action on the call of their Charismatic leaders, it is the period of internet and knowledge where no charisma works, approaches are scientific and thoughts are rationale. Institutions are increasingly becoming more transparent, accountable and efficient. These qualities are taught to every individual in our society today by Family, religious, educational, economic and political institutions. Thus, he reflects what he learns.

    -A leader today is like the packaging of a product which tells us the nature of the product inside. Like perishable commodity i.e. Parle-G comes in a plastic packet and not in paper packing so does a leader who has the qualities of Honesty, Transparency, Objectivity etc. to have the institutions properly working and functioning. No doubt, leaders are changed today while the institutions remain intact. For Example-See Satyam.

    • Lubna Sehar

      Good one. Nice inclusion of examples….

    • pink

      i think story is big so cut it short to include more qualitative content .rest is good

      • Thor and Miolneer

        Thanks Pink.

        I will work on making you find an improvement next week.

        Same place 🙂

        • pink

          thats the good spirit .good

    • The story was very good and creative! U can write man!

      Critic : Refrain from using Gujarat riots and stuff. Too controversial

      Examples are good, thoda zyada philosohical hoga gaya. Conventional example use karke u can add more number of dimensions.

      Also, don’t include another dimension in the last para. Example : Satyam was so abrupt, saare puraani cheezen bhool gaya. Ye cheez delete kar do qki ab tak jo itna mature lag raha tha, ajeeb lag raha

      Nothing more to add from my side! Keep writing u’ll improve

      • Thor and Miolneer

        Deleted brother.

        I will refrain from writing controversial things in the future.

        I agree – mentioning Satyam in the last sentence made my readers to think on it which ruined mark fetching for the whole of essay.

        Will review and ask for your feedback next week too.
        Meet you next week. Same Place 🙂

    • ESWAR

      The first two paragraphs cut down to three or four sentences or do not write.

      I think, we do not have to make artificial eg because there are many such egs already available, wherein we need to visit.

      Rohit’s past experience with ISMAIL gave him the image of an efficient Collectorate which otherwise is notorious for its delays, corruption and hazy procedure of working. It shows how the character of a leader is reflected in its institution.

      -Even in the past we had institution – so the first sentence of third paragraph is flawed.

      In my state – the certificates which you mentioned in the eg are issued by Mandal Office, hence avoid such artificial eg

      the fourth paragraph is redundant

      The fifth paragrah – Do not write or use – XYZ eg. Riots and all may harm your marks. You may be right
      The sith paragraph is too general

      My final comments – you have potential to write on anything. Think simple.

      Hope, you criticise all my write ups when u find. Thank you.

      • Thor and Miolneer

        Thanks for the wonderful feedback Eswar.

        I surely will make myself to review as many of your write ups as possible.

        Let’s make a team of reviewing each other’s answers.

        Meet you next Sunday. Same Place 🙂

    • Thor and Miolneer

      Deleted — (For Eg. See Satyam) on the advice on Joker.

  • ESWAR

    Please review friends and award marks

    Institutions are set up for a goal (s) by govt or political parties or radical groups or civil society.

    Each institution sets framework to transform it’s clients with different measures
    Be it universities, political parties, civil society led institutions, financial institutions.

    Citizens come out of these institutions transform ideas, knowledge, character, etiquettes whether in bad or good purpose.

    Leader is who one brings change in society. He strives constantly for the better society and prosperous nation.

    More the institution is Democratic more chances of emergence of vibrant leaders or citizens.

    But it is not happening in contemporary world of the institutions and working tirelessly for shrewd interests. Producing millions of educated citizens without quality. If we see crimes in present era are being done by most sophisticated technocrats or educanists or religious personalities.

    As a result, collision of interests taking place in appointment of vice chancellors, chairmen, heads of the departments, judges etc.

    When clients of institutions come to know arbitrary appointments taking place they either boycott institutions or protest against authorities. It results into mistrust among stake holders.

    Students or clients often mislead to political interests which again do not produce a charismatic leader who must strive for nation unity, integrity, growth and welfare of citizens.

    Government often failed to establish secular interests in institutions in contemporary world in reality. Hence, it is appeared to brain drain, riots, invoking people causing to communal disharmony.

    However, there are greater personalities who toiled their entire life for dignity, respect, freedom, growth of their country. For instance, Mahatma Gandhi, Nelson Mandela, Martin Luther king, Swami Vivekananda, Abdul kalam, liequing, to name just few.

    Abdul kalam born in a poor family and studied in govt institutions. Worked tirelessly to achieve his nation missile technology. He was even after became president to India, he constantly held discussions with youth, students across India and the world to prepare them future world leaders and to motivate them for serving to the society.

    He lived a simple life in raising hills and ordered to supply fruits and vegetables produced in gardens of president residence to the needy. He facilitated India to secure a decent position in science and technology in the world.

    He shaped isro which is now more relevant to the India’s needs in terms if resources, climate, defence capabilities. He also set an example that president of India is not merely a ceremonial head but people’s president.

    Now it is our turn to walk on their path and work tirelessly to accomplish their goals which true tribute to them.

    Therefore, it must be ensured to appoint such a person having the established traits, free from vested interests because there is big responsibility relies upon it to produce dynamic leaders to address poverty, social harmony and development of the nation.

    • Thor and Miolneer

      Its short which makes it easily readable.

      Nice 1 Eswar,
      However what I believe is you wrote an Essay without thinking much.(I am sorry here)

      the start i.e. (Institutions are set up for a goal (s) by govt or political parties or radical groups or civil society.) is not correct.

      Because the Institutions were there in the primitive society when people were not aware of any goal.
      Example –The instititution of Family.

      The points are good till the mid of the Essay.

      But when you give names of famous leaders, you proceed by telling about one of them.(Dr. Kalam) and not all.

      You emphasized on Kalam sahab and got deviated from the topic. which asks to write upon–

      Character of an institution is reflected in its leader

      and Not on

      What a good leader does or can do.

      I am sorry for being overly critical but this is what I felt.

      Marks= 3/10

      Can you please grill me like the way I did to you?

      • sankar

        frnds rvw mine plz

      • ESWAR

        Please give time till evening. I will review. Sorry now, busy

        • Thor and Miolneer

          No problemo 🙂

    • sankar

      frnds
      good one
      full of good and most dynamic example
      lack of better arranement,
      intro should be improved
      i think you are in hurry
      plz rvw mine frnds

      • ESWAR

        Please wait, I review by evening. Busy now

    • Batman

      Whatever, you have written is good but you need to elaborate it as it is an essay and you are assigned 125 marks for it .

      Keep writing brother !

    • pink

      try to explain more .overall good

    • Vivaan Khanna

      thoda aur likh lete na 😛
      1.very first line-institution are set up by govt or political parties ….not correct…
      2.gud that critical point has been included but include positives too other than apj
      i m sure if u would have written more u would have nailed it…loving ur company dear..keep writing and helping me 🙂

  • sankar

    Character is the most defining and basic building attribute for a leader as well as the institution which he leads. Character is our inherent wisdom and belief which resembles in our action and practices. Hence, character is the most important which reflects our world view. Now, character is although inherent property of an individual but it varies person to person. In case we consider character in goodness, everything looks beautiful, lovely and respectful. In this way, we like to live a cooperative, dependent, respectful and dignified life. But while, we believe in evil, the substances of the world seem mere material thing which are only for meeting the greedy desire of a few. This leads to a confrontation, unhealthy competition and non-cooperative attitude where an individual do every effort to fulfill his growing desire.

    Although desire of a leader may be good, if his/her intention of utilizing a substance for the welfare of the masses. As leaders are made in an institution be it as family, group, institution and society at large. It is utmost true that a good leader of a family will spend a very health and sound life with the available resources. Only this characteristic of a leader over a course of time leads to make a sound, efficient and effective group, institution and society.

    Now, it is clear that character is basic building block of everything in the world. thus it can be said that character is an immortal and inherent attribute which has no beginning and end. It has come to existence with the advent of universe. For in prehistoric period, when people began to live in permanent settlement, they projected a person as a leader who was of good virtue, robust, brave and protector of their tribes.

    In this period, people started to worship those object on this universe which guided them to lead a happy, secure and fruitful life. Such are either in the form of person or celestial bodies and such activities which help them in their life. It is this belief and wisdom that the tribes started worshipping earth, trees, sun, fire and rain. From here, people were anxious to know the source of these events, so they eagerly started to know what type of power work behind all these happenings. In the endeavor, they continued to acknowledge and made them their ideal and projected such thing as their leaders. It is this belief and wisdom which led to worship various Gods who possess various characters which are good for human being.

    Like character, leadership is also an evergreen trait of a society which have prevailing in the society from time immemorial. For instance; the birth of spiritual leaders like Prophet, Buddha, Mahavir and jesus Christ spread a message of peace, brotherhood, fraternity and co-existence across the world. All these good virtues are the manifestation of their characters. To disseminate these good virtues, they established such institutions which were the reflection this characteristic.

    The role of character in the forming of a society and institution has been seen in every age. Beginning from religious heads and spiritual heads like Lord Rama, Krishna etc have taught a message to people to be of good virtue or character. Now, what the character is, it is goodness, righteousness, integrity, faithfulness, honesty and having good moral and humane behavior.

    These characteristics have been the inherent and intrinsic building block of every great leader like Mahatma Gandhi, Tilak, Bose, Sardar Patel, P. Nehru. Binding with great character of welfare of masses and emancipation of nation from the atrocities and brutal attack of colonial government, Gandhiji adopted a life of half-naked Fakir and started his mission of freedom struggle. His characters of ‘truth’ and ‘non-violence’ became the most ‘ideal’ virtue and motto of the great liberation institution, the Congress Party. His character was the reflection of the institution as well as leadership.

    It is this reflection that India has been following a path of peaceful co-existence, mutual respect and a very vibrant democratic set up from the time of independence. Similarly, it is found in the most old democratic institution of the UK, USA etc. where leaders cannot be despotic despites being so many uproar.

    In the modern day, similar characteristic is reflected in the success of many institution by their efficient and dynamic characteristic leadership like Tata institute, Azim Premji, Bill Gates foundation etc. Recently, the success of social media giant mark Zukerberg is another lively epitome of good character of a leadership. In view Face book giant Mark Zukerberg, his effort is not to earn money and provide service to a well off groups but is based on universal access and well-being of people. This has revolutionized the world.

    But in this whim of goodness, we should not forget the dark side of character which plagued the family, group, institution, societies and nation. This bad characteristic strangulate the healthy and continuous growth of the society. For instance; Sahara, Satyam, Chit Fund etc has ruined the life and expectation of millions of poor and needy people. Similarly, the very political leaders of many countries have been caught in red handed with corrupt practices. Widespread corruption, crony- capitalism and nepotism have deprived many from their basic need at the whim of greedy desire of a few.

    Hence leadership should be the capacity and will to rally people for common purpose and the character which inspires confidence. To earn respect and being icon or role model for the people, the character of a leader must be clean, honest and pure. They do everything in openness, transparent and fair manner. Their intention is of serving the masses and devoid of any greedy and other worldly desire. They should be utmost careful, sensitive, conscious and honest to their duty. They are free of preoccupation, prejudice, biasness and favor.

    It is this character of a leader which is reflected in the blood and vein of an institution. The commonality of character binds like-minded people to work together. It is the firm foundation which earns respect for an individual or an institution and subsequently for an institution.

    Thus, the relationship between a leader and an institution is a two way process. The institution must be prompted for maximum benefit for maximum people. this happens only when such institution is run by a leader of good virtue and character.

    Lastly, both institution and leader are complementary to each other. In the other word, institution defines the character of leaders, and the leaders define the character of institutions.

    • Batman

      Your essay is good but you need to be specific to the essence of the essay ie.. how character of an institution is reflected in its leader….by elaborating it more on the point that how a good leader shapes his the institution he leads and how he instill the good virtues in it….I could elaborate more what i feel is lacking about your essay ….but still it is a good essay ..You should be happy and proud . ….feel free to ignore my subjective opinion:) …..

      • sankar

        THANKS

    • vijay- the ray of hope

      U have not included any govt schemes india’s problems
      any current dynamic challenges to leadership. …..
      there is no doubt that u have included what character means to a leader but u have missed how that character helps in development of nation and its impact on different dimensions

      • dumbledore

        vijay kindly review my essay too if u get time:)

      • sankar

        thanks

    • blufl0

      hi sankar, my intakes
      good read, flow is good but lacking needed amount of ingredient which makes the dish ‘ delicious’
      should have related to more dimensions..
      KWAR..

      • sankar

        thanks frnds

    • Vivaan Khanna

      hi sankar
      1.in initial paras you kept on hovering between character and leader..good to define both but now in extended form that u can’t then write essay.
      2.flow missing.
      3.i felt like if u would have elaborated last three paras then essence of the essay would have been conveyed properly
      good efforts..keep writing 🙂

      • sankar

        thank you

    • ESWAR

      The first paragraph is a bit more philosophy.

      the second paragraph is good

      the third paragraph followed by second paragraph

      you could avoid describing about character in fourth paragraph

      egs are good, nice writing

      there are many flaws in FACE BOOK so please ignore such eg

      innovative – you touched upon corruption

      conclusion is good

      • sankar

        thanks ji

  • Vivaan Khanna

    The word institution may refer to any organisation whether big or small like a family, NGOs civil societies, schools, hospitals, colleges, hotels, a village, a city, a district, a nation, or an international forum and so on. What refer to characters are some good or bad adjectives related to it. Now, how can the character of an institution be defined? Obviously an institution is something non-living but characters are the adjectives belonging to a living being, so how can we come to know the characters of the institution? Here come leaders come into picture. In the subsequent section we will take diverse examples to convey the idea that how institution’s character can be defined by the leaders and what are characters required for a leader to define an institution.

    Let’s take examples from two primary schools. In one school there is very punctual, disciplined and a qualified headmaster. Attendance of kids here is very high as teachers teach well, communicate properly and headmaster keeps on motivating children as well as teachers to work hard. When results come most of the students from this school perform well and later go on to hold various prestigious positions. They carry on the legacy of their teachers and headmaster and become successful in their fields.

    Now,come to another school where headmaster is drunkard and comes late.Seeing him the teachers also come late. Among Kids who are at the very tender age, some think that there will be no teaching done in the school so its better to be at home, help family in farms or study. And some think what is there in that RS bottle that keeps headmaster in its control.They make the plan either to purchase or steal to get the sense of that control. The effect on their life is bad and ruined life if unattended by their families. They later go on to set wrong examples.

    When an outsider has the choice to put his kids in one of the schools, then most probably he will go for the first one. The characters of both schools have been defined. As the first school is really the temple of knowledge while second one is for learning the bad habits. What define these schools are the qualities of their headmasters or leaders.

    Within an organisation there are many people with diverse experience,knowledge and characters but why it is the leaders only who define the character of institute.

    In the above analogy there is possibility that there would have been some very intellectual and good teachers with some excellent qualities then why it is the case that from only headmaster’s behaviour we choose to put our kids in first one?The answer lies in the fact that it is the leader who modifies the institution.

    If a leader wants then she can turn a hell into heaven and if she doesn’t want then no matter how well an institution is,it will become a hell. Importance of leadership can be seen from many examples when a hotel has to choose a HR,UPSC has to choose candidates from various fields to help government in governance and when BCCI has to choose the captain of Indian cricket team.

    Obviously,No matter how brilliant Kohli is in making runs,it is the Dhoni upon whom lies the onus of taking team to victory. He has to take bold decisions,motivate Hardik Pandya to overcome the nerving moments of debut after throwing 3 wides in a row and give Indian team a needed breakthrough.

    From the above,we can take the cue that what qualities are required for leadership.Firstly,one must have the quality to take decisions even in crisis.Can you imagine what would have been the fate of today’s India when leaders of past could not take decision of making India a free nation.Perhaps we would have been saying ourselves to be an autocratic nation,not the democratic one. Leave that aside, more importantly, would we have been able to say anything?

    When India faced BOP crisis,it was able to overcome it and today it is growing @ 7.3% while when Greece met financial deficit, it had a bank run. Where lies the difference? It lies in ability to take decisions when asked to do so by the situation.

    Secondly, coordination among the individuals is required in an institution to work properly. How can it be achieved? It is the leader who will have to come forward and take the lead. Reward the hard workers, punish the defaulters, ensure communication among the individuals and do not be biased. A biased leader like that of King Louis XI can produce only rebels and even in an autocracy people can break the Bastille prison while a king like Akbar can send the message to world that India is a benevolent country where defeated kings are not beheaded and all people can follow any religion of their choice.

    Last but not the least a leader must have the ability to promote work culture.This has been shown clearly in the qualities of two headmasters.

    No matter how high values you hold and how much you are determined to take your institution to sky, you can’t ask your subordinates and colleagues to work hard unless you do the same.

    All the morality, all honesty, all integrity will matter only when you yourself are following it. The best example to be quoted here is of a DM posted in some district. When Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was started and all the officers and politicians were busy in “taking selfies with brooms”,this gentleman used to sweep his office by himself.He put a board outside-“The premise is kept cleaned by the person himself.So,Kindly do not increase the burden by littering”Now whenever someone visits his office and seeing cleaniless,nobody dares to litter and also gets inspiration to clean his premise clean.

    Thus, leaders form an important part of an institution and define it according to themselves only. If the leader is moral, institution will be known for its morality and when leader is corrupt, institute will be so as trickle down effect cannot be ignored in both cases. To conclude with,perhaps Gandhi was right when he said -“Be the change you want to see”.So,one must try to be that leader who can materilaise the vision of his institute and define it with his characters.

    • good job. Nothing else needed in my view. Dhoni 😀

      Used the same example. Balance maintained between institutions and leaders very aptly! No critics from my side for the first time 😀

      U’ve surely improved a lot.

      • Vivaan Khanna

        thanx a lot yara…ur reviews have definitely played role in my essay improvement…bhai where i m expected to give review of ur essay..in wordpress itself..i read it..but kuch kahna hai tmse 😛

        • yahi keh de bhai 😛

          • Batman

            Asa kya kehna chahta hai ye : O

            • Vivaan Khanna

              nahi bataunga tumhe :)..sirf serious bhai k liye hai

          • Vivaan Khanna

            to ye lo wahi teen words…
            1.started well..
            2.u showed qualities of leaders and bad qualities of leaders and what they can do..use of leaders damn good…upvote kaise karu?
            But u lacked:
            3.how can character be defined through them..not found..u left it to me to comprehend :P..at least before conclusion justify it
            PS-ur essays can never be boring

            • Exactly. It was intentional to leave it on the reader to comprehend. Pichle baar jab maine zyada use kiye the keywords to logo ne kaha ki forced lag raha 😀

              Chal bhai all the best, upvotes ki zarurat nai, tu topvoted ho jaa bahut hai mere liye 😀

              • Vivaan Khanna

                chup kar bhai…rulayega kya ab

              • Batman

                Kuch logo ne 😉 ya kisi ek ne 😛
                mane kar dia h review tra bhi..mra bhi padh le bhai 😀

      • sankar

        bhai mera bhi plz rvw kar do………..har har mahadev………….thanks

      • P.s

        Serious please review mine . Its my second essay.

    • Batman

      Well articulated brother….However, that ‘Kohli-Dhoni-Hardik Pandaya’ line is damn funny…..”motivate Hardik Pandya to overcome the nerving moments of debut after throwing 3 wides in a row” ….ha haaaaa….
      I wonder if we could use such example in the essay paper..it will be a very funny then. heheee…I am not critiquing Hardik Pandya …i know he is inexperienced and a debutant in international cricket …but i don’t think he can bowl…he has poorly bowled in all the three T20 international recently…Why is he even there in the team …if he plays in the T20 World cup ,i am sure he will ruin India’s chance. 🙂

      • Vivaan Khanna

        thank you batman..hahahaha..well time will tell that pandya can prove himself or not..i will write accordingly then :P..will review ur essay after a while

        • Batman

          We will see..hehe…..

    • sankar

      very good essay
      you should avoid the word drunkard, instead use as idle, less proficient or careless etc
      overall good one………..plz rvw mine thanks

      • Vivaan Khanna

        thank you sankar..just give me time..will come to you

    • Sonia mehra

      Ah… THE GOD HIMSELF…
      Dear sachin,
      1. Good flow as always.. but I felt somewhere you went away with the flow. The topic tend to drift towards “advantages of a good leader”- dhoni didn’t create any institution, but he created a good team, but then you have emphasized on an individual named pandhya not on the team
      2. DM example, here you could quote the district of the DM, this would provide legitimacy to the example.

      The essay has the touch of class and stamp of authority… Keep it up.

      • Batman

        Ma’am can you have a look at mine too, Please !

        • Vivaan Khanna

          sir aap aur mere pe please…mai to aapka karunga hi u know 🙂

          • Batman

            are bhai Sir q bol rha h..karne lga hu 🙂

      • Vivaan Khanna

        as always..aap pahli baar humara essay padh rahi hai…
        1.that was to show the the role of leader in team…
        2.i forgot the name of district na…
        Thank you for review..where to review yours if one does not have twitter account?

        • Sonia mehra

          I haven’t written essay. That twitter link was related to political science optional.

        • team is an institution in itself bhai

          • Vivaan Khanna

            yeah she was saying i gave emphasis on individual not to team..so i was clarifying dhoni’s role

      • dumbledore

        sonia can u review my essay too if u have time:)

      • niti

        hey sonia can u plz review mine…

    • vijay- the ray of hope

      There is no need to define what institution means examiner knows better than us what it meant………bop crisis is good one but Greece crisis is still going on their leaders taking austerity measures which is against the will of the people
      overall nice attempt
      but please go through rachit raj essay u will come to know what I meant to say

      • Sonia mehra

        has rachit raj wrote an essay on the same topic?

        • vijay- the ray of hope

          No he has not written essay on this topic but surely when u read his essay then we come to know that essay that upsc demands is completely opposite of what we think…….
          Then u can go through my essay which I have written in 2015 main exam

      • Vivaan Khanna

        thank you..after my reviews will go through his essay

      • P.s

        Could you please review mine.

    • Batman

      RS bottle 😛
      Coming to essay:
      Though there is no fundamental mistake in your write up, I feel that you can make it engaging and more interesting. Work on your expressions a bit!
      Second thing, the statement “what makes a leader” would have been better placed in the beginning or this statement could be eliminated from the essay. Your ideas are well put.
      Intro can be improved (in terms of presentation of ideas) while conclusion is quite good

      • Vivaan Khanna

        ok ..yeah engaging in such essays..don’t know how to do..will try to improve..thank you

    • dumbledore

      nice essay vivaan:)

    • dumbledore

      but in the conlusion u can also mention that each individual person acts as a leader. its not just the leader who is responsible for everything. every person needs to play his/her part honestly.

      • Vivaan Khanna

        good concluding lines..could have added them..thank you

    • dumbledore

      vivaan kinly review my essay too:)

      • Vivaan Khanna

        yeah coming… dheere dheere reviewing pyare ;P

    • Rashmirathi

      vivaan , dekho yaar flow aaya ki nahin 😀 will review yours in the evening !

    • niti

      hey vivaan nice attempt..i liked the intro..very clear cut and comprehensive though i think u can aad some point related to diplomacy and leadership there..
      flow is really good..but i doubt about ur swachh bharat story that we should write it or not..
      plz review mine

      • Vivaan Khanna

        thank you niti for review..what’s wrong in that example..we can use it na…will review urs in a while 🙂

    • Shaktimaan

      hey sachin!!…………piyakkad teacher hahaha sahi tha………..phir se achaa easy!!……..bt yeh louis xi kon sa king tha mujhe ni pta…………sory…………isliye direct yeh likha that biased leader like loui………..means kya pta examinr ko b ni pta ho phir……to shayad prob ho sakta h………….waise kasam se ultimate tha………….:):)…………thank u!!…..PReM

      • Vivaan Khanna

        thank you shakti…ye raja that france ka jo din bhar pita rahta that aur inki biwi sarkari khajane se apna aur apne bhai ka kharcha chalati thi..ye french revolution k just pahle ke raja they..so i guess sbko pata hoga..tum bhi jb mains ki taiyari shuru kroge tumhe b pata chal jayega..will review urs in a while 🙂

        • Shaktimaan

          hayeeeeeeee wel mains ki tyari shuru to kii h …………….hahaha…………….hw dumb i m……….. par han world maine ache se ni pda lgta……:(:(…………yaad sa ni rehta kuch……………….ALMONDS khana shuru krna padega……………….hayeeeeeeeeeeeeee(bhut dukh ho raha h)

          • Vivaan Khanna

            kuch khane ki zarurat nahi hai..writing will make things learn faster..bus question attempt karte raho :)..dukhi mat ho 3 din pahle mujhe nahi pata tha ki FRBM kya hota hai..thanks to insights..i know now

            • Shaktimaan

              yo sure buddy…..:):)

              • sankar

                frnds rvw mine plz……………thanks

    • yogi

      Khanna Sahab, 🙂
      1. liked the intro, which gives a feel of how ur essay is going to be.
      u first presented the need for a leader, and then one by one build upon the content, smarty boy
      2. Piyakkad headmaster, thoda sa contro kr sakte the yaha pe, i m doubting wo yaha tak pahuch kaisa gaya RS ke sath jaam bitha ke ? (u have too many word here )
      3. the areas u covered are good,
      4. Eco part i could not relate
      5. swatch bharat aptly used
      5. conclusion , very good
      plz review mine as well 🙂

      • Vivaan Khanna

        1.hehehe..smart to mai bachpan se hi hu bus UPSC ki prep ne dumb bana diya thoda sa…
        2.arey baad me pina shuru kiya usne job ke..ok taken
        3.my bad if eco could part not addressed..waise mai ye bata raha that ki leader ko aana chahiye decision lena jb crisis ho
        thank you

    • ESWAR

      Village, districts are not institutions. The first paragraph has many questions, avoid them. U can make it interesting.

      Fearlessly u have given contemporary egs.
      Well done

      • ESWAR

        Please find time to participate in debates. I expect that u will.
        Please review if u find time only

      • Vivaan Khanna

        yar they are institutions as per me..thank you

        • ESWAR

          Sir, this is my number 7839153929. U can call me but do not think I do disturb.

          • Vivaan Khanna

            bhai i will request u to delete the number from here..would request u to share email id though..beware before sharing number..email id please?

            • Batman

              mane dekh lia number 😛

              • Vivaan Khanna

                sale tumhi kar sakte ho aisa kaam…:P..eswar remove it please he is here 😛

                • Batman

                  Hahaha…I am Batman 😛 vse mujhe bht jaldi ho jate h number yaad 😉 😛

                  • Vivaan Khanna

                    chalo koi nahi dekh lo..bs i wish ki vo ladki na ho bus…..vaise guru ho tum mere itti chut to le hi sakte ho

                    • Batman

                      hahaha.. nahi dekha bhai 😛
                      N guru ni yar dost h hum 🙂

                    • Vivaan Khanna

                      shrafat dikhane lage hmmm..kise impress karna hai..esswar yar tum bhai ho ya koi mam phr mai btata hu ise
                      seriously u are a silent writer… i learnt many things from u..specially answer writing technique..to phr hue na tum guru cum dost…vaise kal ke test ki taiyari ho gayi?

                    • Batman

                      Bhai I haven’t joined any test series. So meri hmesha he tayari 😀
                      Thanks Bhai tumhare kaam aa gya mai 🙂 But we are better as friends, the good one 🙂

                    • Vivaan Khanna

                      are u joking or serious..i was thinking u to be a guy…i m sorry for my comments..really very very sorry..damn it..feeling very bad :(..

                    • Vivaan Khanna

                      edit mara kya comment. ya maine padha ki tumhare kaam aa “gyi”..chad gayi mujhe ab..thank god u are a guy..varna mai to ghut ghut ke mar jata

                    • Batman

                      are nahi phle b yhi likha tha n m a Guy 🙂
                      delete karde itna sorry to kisi ne nahi bola mje 😀

                    • Vivaan Khanna

                      sale mujhe laga ladki to sala bol gaya mai..bhagwan ka lakh lakh shukra hai…sorry nahi bolta mai tumhe kbhi…after hectic day good time with u..thank you..waise keep writing like this one and guiding me too :P…koi to yaha apne jaisa..

                  • ESWAR

                    What dear, u will do that

    • Sahil Garg

      Critical review => 1. Two schools example got stretched.
      2.Kohli-Pandya example -> no idea how the examiner will react to such info..instead that t20 over of joginder, or the gamechanging over of Ishant in Champions trophy could be used (but useful only if examiner watches cricket 😛 )..
      3. BoP crisis -> i dont feel a connection
      4. DM example – very good.
      5. Some paras need to be merged, they are disturbing the flow …

      please review mine 🙂

      • Vivaan Khanna

        while all points duly accepted..regarding 5th i would say merging of para will make big paras which is to be avoided…i was advised in last essay not to write big ones as UPSC essay sheets have very small width…thank you for review

        • yogi

          yo u r good learner 😀

          • Vivaan Khanna

            hehe..jab itte accha se koi samjayega to samajh me to aa hi jana tha na 😛

    • Akhil

      Dear vivan. Intro is good but I think you stretched two school example a bit more.
      Kohli Dhoni wala para funny laga.
      Example of akbar and Louis xvi is good, it reflect the impact of leader on institution.

      Dm example is inspirational.. Nice conclusion.
      Kindly review mine too.

      • Vivaan Khanna

        thank you for review..will be careful in not stretching the examples in next essay

    • Night Fury (Toothless)

      hey vivaan
      your essay is so different than mine.. liked reading it..
      much better than the last essay of yours seriously !!
      King Louis ka maine bhi socha tha but likhte time reh gaya 😛
      flow was good.. intro aur acha likh sakte ho
      and thanks for your review, your inputs are valuable 🙂

      • P.s

        Hey please review mine. Its my second essay.

      • Vivaan Khanna

        hehe accha hua nahi likha varna aap sochte i cheated from u..will try to improve intro…thank you

    • P.s

      Very nice but I felt first few lines are unnecessary. Could you please review mine.

      • Vivaan Khanna

        thank you ps..so conclusion of the day for me was improve intro and content

    • ESWAR

      Conclusion is bit critical. Why leader decide for his actions what type of institution. It is institution which enables the leader to transform however responsibility lies upon leader, but it does not mean the institution is bad in case of he is corrupt.

      • Vivaan Khanna

        mai samjha nahi apka matlab..we can discuss now..i m done with my reviews..can discuss

    • Rashmirathi

      you have gotten so good man ! really loved the essay. the DM example was very good, it could have been given in the beginning. introduction thora improve kar loge toh this will be perfection.

      p.s. thanks for your review , your criticism is very helpful 🙂

      • Vivaan Khanna

        yeah intro and conclusion were problems yesterday in my essay..thank you..good to know that my reviews help u 🙂

    • Jaya Swatantra

      1.Nice attempt Vivaan but i think role of family and society are needed to be focussed and introduction a bit more inclusive despite merely defining the aspects..
      2. How the leadership qualities works for success of a organisation, a better link needed
      3. Vivaan you have set your standard high so there are bit more expections from you… 🙂
      4. As far as handwriting aspect is concerned you may also a fine handwriting by more writing practice because practice makes the man perfect… so enjoy writing too
      So KWAR… All the best 🙂

      • Vivaan Khanna

        thank you jaya for such a wonderful review..seeking to improve in further efforts to meet ur expectations…that was really encouraging to know..i don’t possess smart phone otherwise i would have also tried clicking pictures of my gandi handwriting 😛 and would have learned technique of good handwriting from you..i daily write on paper before posting as mains is to be given on paper na 🙂

  • blufl0

    Character of an institution is reflected in its leader , it can be directly related to the story ‘’ Andher nagari, Chopat raja’’ which everyone is familiar with authored by Bhartendu harishchandra in which people of that village sleep in the day time and work in night time due to orders of its king. Everything there was very cheap since King wanted everyone could easily access to basic amenities despite giving a thought that it would empty the treasures of king. People there were very lazy and foolish enough since King himself was a big fool.

    Character is a diamond that scratches every other stone simply goes with the above story. If the character of the leader is respectful enough, the institution he’s working on will give the sweet fruits. Character simply means the qualities one possesses which ensures the right path to his followers. The essential features, a leader should have are humility, self discipline, honesty, courage, passion, benevolence and so on. If these characteristics leader has, institution will reflect the very image of it.

    Let’s take example of world war 1 in which the leader named as Adolf hitler had the autocratic ideology to expand his empire and had the desire to takeover all Europe resulted into the genocide of jews and civilians and also turned into the causes of WWI. Consequences of which were the severe sanctions on the Germany and people faced the brunt.

    There are many examples from contemporary world which transformed the reputation of an institution due to concerted efforts and ideals of its leader like DRDO, ISRO etc which in the present scenario working outstanding. Also take the examples of IITs , IIMs which due to its well thought giving curriculm made them powerful and renowned institutions and every student has the dream to get into.

    Other example of educational institutions – there are many schools and colleges in the world which are established on the ideologies of freedom fighter leaders and religious leaders which directly teach the principles and ideal of the named leader and emanates the qualities into the students.

    Mahatma Gandhi, Nelson mandela, martin luther king Jr. are more examples from the history which chose the path, walked the path and showed the path to their followers and motivated them to take right path and eventually the result was the establishment of good institution which till the date teaches people what is wrong and what is right.

    In brief, Character of a leader builts the character of the institution. If the leader is good enough and responsible to take all responsibilities and dedicated about his work, the institution which is facing brunts of circumstances definitely will cross the ocean of problems and come as a new building of profits and benefits.

    • blufl0

      500 words…please review guys…and get reviewed..deal..:)

    • sankar

      frnds
      intro is awesome, very enriched essay with good example
      abrupt conclusion…..suggestion can be added
      overall very good esssay
      plz rvw mine frnds

      • blufl0

        thank you for feedback…will surely introduce some suggestions..

  • vijay- the ray of hope

    I have written the same essay in my main exam :

    • vijay- the ray of hope

      Cooperate by adding ur valuable inputs

    • Vivaan Khanna

      kya kya likha tha…please do share it..

      • vijay- the ray of hope

        This bro I have posted u can read it dear

        • sankar

          frnds plz rvw mine ……………..ill come to yours a little later
          thanks

          • vijay- the ray of hope

            Ok dear

        • Vivaan Khanna

          oops sorry..picture was not visible..after refreshing it came…will read it for sure…ek mains wale bande ka experience lena hai has boss 🙂

          • vijay- the ray of hope

            Thank u vivaan

            • Vivaan Khanna

              yarr ek favor aur kar do..i started reading ur essay but i messed up with page numbers and hence could not relate…please serial number likh do yahi comment box me mere liye..apke page pe jo likhe i m facing difficulty..please please…vaise good start hmmm…

              • vijay- the ray of hope

                Dear vivaan r all not serially posted ….I m not understanding

                • Vivaan Khanna

                  no first page in mid..second and 3rd in last…after 4th page i m facing difficulty..anyways let me try to arrange

      • vijay- the ray of hope

        Is it visible to new serially posted

    • vijay- the ray of hope

      I have written in hurry any spelling mistakes tolerate please

    • vijay- the ray of hope

      After reading it please read Rachit Raj rank 3 essay posted on iasdream.com

    • pink

      sorry ,i am not able to review in 30 minute becoz page numbers are not in sequence and not understand where to start .pl make it easy to read .

      • vijay- the ray of hope

        Ok dear I will try

      • vijay- the ray of hope

        Is it visible to u now serially posted

    • vijay- the ray of hope

      Serial wise posted………

      • sankar

        frnds… some words are too visible to read
        plz try write clearly from next time………..im sorrry

      • Vivaan Khanna

        well i will review more critically..it will serve two purpose..u will know where u lag and i will know about writing technique of essay:
        1.Environment sometimes have different effects…adversity brings best out of man(woman too)..while even healthy environment can make a techie to be an IS symapathiser
        page 2 missing..so don’t know what preceded…
        2.Vehmulah accident happened after ur mains na 😛
        3.U limited urself to India
        4.reservation point repetitive…can be caught easily as 33% is a number..dur se hi dikh jayega
        5.character +institution taken only in intro and towards end..
        6.concluded very well
        PS- u have an exposure to mains while i don’t have so take my review with a pinch of salt as u know better than me.. correct me wherever i m wrong pls..i found another dedicated guy of UPSC writing answers and essays after mains 🙂

        • vijay- the ray of hope

          see vivaan we r mature i cant mug up and expose to u what i have written that will be hypocracy from my side thats why i included vemulla case ….this is not right to say that i m better than u
          both we are brothers no one greater than others present here to serve nation ahead
          i limited myself to india because we are going to serve india so that examiner come to know seriousness of future officer about india’s problems
          u have full right to differ from my views

          • Vivaan Khanna

            ok i m exercising my right to differ…yeah brother we are are going to serve the nation. limiting only to India will not show our commitment..if taking the cue from world..comparing the problems and then presenting the solutions taking the example from world and India will help in finding more solutions..also showing what India has but the world does not have will show patriotism…this way our essay will be more inclusive and i think examiner will understand my commitment too..exercise ur freedom too 🙂

      • Jaya Swatantra

        1.Nice Introduction,effective content,your approach for linking the different perspectives quite effective…. impressed with our writing skills Vijay… keep it up.
        2. Your handwriting is nice but do focus on clarity and avoid cutting, overwriting
        3. 7.000 people example too remarkable,effective ending
        4. Please order pages properly from next time… keep writing and reviewing.. All the best… 🙂

  • dumbledore

    Indian diaspora is one of the biggest in the world yet on india’s part , not much was done to engage them actively and adress their significance and to boost their morale so that they could actively take part in taking india to further heights, but our current prime minister offers a glaring contrast to this old , inactive policy. He has gone to lengths to engage directly with indian diaspora whether its in us or uae. As a result india’s growing strature in the world is being recognised alongwith instilling pride in being an indian. The above example can aptly describe how the character and strength of an institution is reflected in its leader.

    Let us take another example in the present context. Raghuram rajan has been one of the most influential rbi governor in india till now. Its not that there werent any governors before him . He is certainly not the first one . But through all the pressure he stood by his own and as a result inflation is down and recently after achieving macroeconomic stability the repo rate was increased. There were instances when he received death threats because of not increasing the interest rates for a long time but he held on his own. That’s how much a strong leader can influence the functioning of an institution.

    Indian space programme has been one of the most successful ones and recently we reached mars. No other country has reached mars in their first attempt and certainly not in the budget that isro had. The budget of the movie gravity made in hollywood was more than the budget of isro’s mars mission.its the visionary leadership in isro alongwith the hard working and motivated members that made this possible. Similarly apj abdul kalam helped shape india’s missile programme. He was relentless and hard working and a person with a vision. These qualities are easy to write on paper but very difficult to imbibe in real life. Its takes a lot of courage , and that’s where the role of a good leader comes.

    In the negative context we can consider hitler. Germany was a democracy when hitler was elected , but he modified the constitution to give all the powers to himself and that led to world war 1 and world war 2. he cannot be blamed fully because the treaty of versailles was unfair but so was british occupation in india. Gandhi ji didn’t turn into a dictator to free india. His method of non violence was unique and unheard of when he came to india. But he showed india the way to freedom.he became the inspiration for nelson mandela who spent 27 years in jail and fought against apartheid and later on became the president of south africa. How many have the guts and courage to spend 27 years in jail for a cause? It’s the strength of the leader that everyone else draw from . He has to and should act as a guiding light just like all of the above people did.

    George bush invaded afghanistan and iraq on pretext of weapons of mass destruction. We all know that later on no such weapons were found and the reason for such invasion is best known to the us government . Here we need to talk about the insitution of the us president which at present is the most powerful institution. The person occupying that position determines whether many people live or not. There were many innocent people who died in iraq and afghanistan because of the invasion. Similarly there are many who are now dying because of isis and now the us is not providing any ground troops to fight isis which in the first place is partly responsible for its rise.the decision that barack obama makes will affect thousands as we can see that rise of isis has already turned into a humanitarian crisis.

    If we ask the young generation of today about the functioning of the indian parliament , most would not be interested or they will have a negative image about it. The common citizen hears the word parliament and thinks about politics and inefficiency and stalled legislations and logjams.the strength of the parliament depends on the members and how they conduct themselves .each of them represents millions and they need to rise above sectarian politics and have just one goal in their mind that is the welfare of the people. And generating this image solely depends on the vision and conduct of each individual parliamentarian.

    The constitution of india can be as good as the people or the govt make it out to be and as bad as they make it out to be. At the end of the day the constituion is just a guiding light. We can talk about article 14 and right to equality all day long and debate on it but at the end of the day if a person doesn’t treat his fellow countrymen with dignity ,its all of no use. Providing free and compulsory education is one of the directive principle which has eventually led to the right to education act, but the implementation on ground is very weak. On what factors does the implementation depend? It depends on the leadership at the top as well as the last standing teacher in a government school or any other school. Even a small school teacher can act as a leader and show younsgters the way.

    Its when each of us act as leaders in our own fields that india will grow. We need not be the prime minister to effect change. We just need to act and set an example for others even if it is a small one. A person who stops a mob from molesting a woman on the street is a bigger leader than a ceo of a multinational corporation. Its with the collective strength of such leaders that india can move forward faster and in an inclusive way. Wherever we are , in whichever field we need to set an example by acting as a guiding light and setting ethical , professional and moral standards.

    • U know what? I have used the same examples! 😛

      Ur essay has loads of content. The dimensions are good and apt. What can be done?

      U need to have a better intro. It started as if u were in a hurry. U need to start with some philosophical aspect, maybe a story or something to imbibe the reader’s interest would have been good.

      Conclusion can be bettered. Everything else is just perfect. Please look at mine and review 🙂

      https://nitishsinghi86.wordpress.com/2016/02/07/character-of-an-institution-is-reflected-in-its-leader/

      • dumbledore

        yes i read ur essay on that website. is that ur blog?
        1) ur essay has focussed more on qualities of the leader rather than i think linking leaders with institutions. correct me if i am wrong.
        2) apart from mentioning just famous personalities , include hw a common man can be a leader.
        3) shld we write about govt legistations and measures in this essay? u know read rachit raj;s essay on inclusive growth , in major part of the essay he has mentioned schemes and schemes ,

        • Hey Dumbledore, I would ask u to go through my reply to Batman’s comment on my blog. I did a mistake by not including the keyword more often, coz I thought that would become repetitive and forced.

          Common man waala maine likha hai! Read the penultimate para !

          Yes we can surely, we need to include some current affairs so it is justified 🙂

      • dumbledore

        yes i started haphazardly. it was a mess. in the beginning no points came to my mind. it all came when i kept writing ,,i have missed many things like vinod rai , election commission, supreme court and private sector examples.
        damn!!!!

    • vijay- the ray of hope

      u need to focus on short intro ………ur essay is multidimentional but it is missing structure
      u could have relate govt schemes current problems to leadership
      solutions from ur sides are also missing
      dear always write essay in such a way that govt should able to solve some problems on ground while taking ur innovative ideas
      u have full right to differ from my suggestions
      allllllllllll the best

      • dumbledore

        yes thats an innovative suggestion. yes i have missed many points i know. intro amongst them.. what govt schemes can we write in these essays? can u give examples ? i have missed the solutions part as well . yeah. i will improve. thanks a ton for ur review. if there are any more shortcomings kindly criticize as much as possible.:)

        • vijay- the ray of hope

          read my essay which i have written on basis of advice of rachit raj

    • Vivaan Khanna

      my take:
      1.very good examples..support examples with content as its philosophical essay
      2.Never start such essays with India intro…examiner would feel that u are limiting urself to India…later u included diverse examples but don’t use such intro…avoid grammatical error in intro..late u can have some ;P
      3.Last line very good but try to include leader+character+institution in conclusion..not only the leadership

      • dumbledore

        1) what content are referring to alongwith examples? i have tried to justify my examples . are they not clear?

        i will keep ur suggestions in mind. thanks a lot for the review. keep writing and reviewing.:)

        • Vivaan Khanna

          relax dear
          1)in all the examples u have added one line in the end…remove them only examples are there…there should be some philsophy behind the examples na..this is what i felt…if its fine as per u then its ok na..satisfying oneself should be the priority…:)KWAR

      • dumbledore

        yes i know i have messed up the intro. i will keep that in mind.:) thanks

    • Sonia mehra

      Hy,
      1. The way you structured the examples, gave me an understanding on how you interpreted the proverb. As per me you interpreted the proverb as “effect of the character or quality of a leader on the institution” or “quality of leader shaping the institution”. You may please express your view on this
      2. There is a flow, but it need to be bettered by using connecting lines or words.
      3. There are some factual errors- there is pressure on raghuram to reduce repo rate, hitler was the cause of WWII only.
      4. Since the essay is relating leader and institution. In this context when you are mentioning Indian space agency, you have to mention vikram sarabhai.

      Feel free to contradict.. keep writing and thank you.

      • dumbledore

        yes u r right sonia. i messed up these facts. shit!!!
        yes i cldnt remember his name while writing the answer. shld have mentioned sarabhai . 🙂
        yes i interpreted the meaning of the question as “if a leader is strong then the institution will be too” .. isnt that correct/??

        • Sonia mehra

          You have the creative liberty to interpret a proverb, unless it is drastically different. I am perfectly fine with your interpretation, I just wanted to confirm with you…

          Although there are factual errors, but this is a good essay

          • dumbledore

            thanks a ton sonia:). glad u liked it . but i have missed a lot of things like the intro itself .haha.. keep writing and reviewing . if there is anything else u wld like to suggest , i wld be glad to know.:)

          • dumbledore

            is there any other interpretation of this quote too? how did u interpret it sonia?

            • Sonia mehra

              Thanks for asking me this question..
              -Character of an institution—- is reflected— in its leader

              If you carefully read the above statement with pause after every–. Then you will realize the proverb could mean that institution shapes the character of a leader.

              So, does the institution have a character which is independent from its leader? Yes it does, as an institution functions for many years it imbibes the character of its surrounding, it imbibes the character of its past leaders, it imbibes the character of the articles of the institution which is mentioned in its articles of association. I will corroborate with an example.

              Pre election modi= Before elections narendraji openly talked about hindutva, he even said in assam or westbengal (i dont exactly remember which state it was) , that if he comes to power he will force all illegal bangladeshis back to bangladesh, he even talked about aggressive postures with pakistan.

              Post election modi= Today modi is head of indian govt, which is the largest institution of India. This institution has imbibed the qualities of non-aggression, peace and secularism. These qualities it acquired from the constitution and also from institutional experience. So now after coming to power, the institutional qualities of indian govt is forcing mr modi not to take an ultra-aggressive posture towards neighbours like pakistan and bangladesh. he is also bound by the secular character of the constitution and couldn’t openly favour ram mandir, cow slaughter, dadri lynchig etc.

              Would be glad to know your views.

              • Jaya Swatantra

                Sonia if possible please review

                • Sonia mehra

                  I would review tonight, plz excuse me for the delay…

              • Profoundis

                i was stunned by ur interpretation and have plenty questions …if u don’t feel like hesitation i would proceed in the above reply of urs to dumbledore….would u ?

                • Sonia mehra

                  Please go ahead..

                  • Profoundis

                    for that u just need to look at my essay ..so that u would understand my interpretation ..mean while i will go through urs ..k?

                    • dumbledore

                      mera essay bhi dekh lena bro:) review if u get time.

                    • Profoundis

                      just let me also get one reply since u got urs..then i would definitely do ….but i am waiting for one review of diff interpretation ..whether i was right or wrong..let me check

                    • Sonia mehra

                      I would review tonight, plz excuse me for the delay.

                    • Sonia mehra

                      I haven’t wrote any essay… Thank you

                  • Profoundis

                    i was exausted in searching for ur essay yaar ..have u wrote …?

                  • Profoundis

                    what does this articles of association mean?

                    • Sonia mehra

                      It’s like constitution of a company

                • dumbledore

                  yes i am astonished too by ur interpretation and i can say that u cld be right too. but it wild be like saying that cag is a good institution and vinod rai became so efficient when he joined cag . no one knew his work before that but cag shaped vinod rai but i think it cld be the other way round too. like vinod rai was so honest that he gave muscle to cag and not the other way round, but in a way he was able to do that because the autonomy and mandate of cag gave him the strength to bring out the best in him..

                  ur point is definitely true. modi talked about teaching a lesson to pakistan but after becoming pm he changed . but there is another angle to it too, all those talks cld have been a way to garner votes even modi believed in what he is doing now at the time of elections too. in a way his cooperative nature and zeal for taking india to heights has taken him to various countries in search for fdi and not because he became pm.

                  he became pm to do this . and not the other way round.
                  haha. u have confused me…:)

                  • Profoundis

                    is this reply point to me or u misplaced it ..i hope u post in wrong place won’t u ?

                    • dumbledore

                      oh this was my reply to sonia. u can add ur points .. 🙂

                  • dumbledore

                    he cld be inactive like manmohan singh. what is forcing modi to work hard and go address the diaspora? some part of it is the responsibilty associated with the post but more than that he wanted that to serve his country so he got there . like we want to clear upsc to make a change and thats why we are preparing. i think . our individuality will be reflected in the actions we take as dm , but we can sit idle too even if the post of dm confers responsibility on us. cant we?

                    • Sonia mehra

                      See, don’t take it to manmohan singh or sonia gandhi. We would just end up no where.

                      Let me clarify, I am not refutting your interpretation and neither am I suggesting to you that my interpretation is correct. I am only showcasing to you how a proverb could be interpreted differently.

                    • dumbledore

                      yeah no doubt ur interpretation cld be right too. but i cant think of many points if i write my essay from that point of view. everything wld have to be reversed. 🙂 .

              • dumbledore

                yes i am astonished too by ur interpretation and i can say that u cld be right too. but it wild be like saying that cag is a good institution and vinod rai became so efficient when he joined cag . no one knew his work before that but cag shaped vinod rai but i think it cld be the other way round too. like vinod rai was so honest that he gave muscle to cag and not the other way round, but in a way he was able to do that because the autonomy and mandate of cag gave him the strength to bring out the best in him..

                ur point is definitely true. modi talked about teaching a lesson to pakistan but after becoming pm he changed . but there is another angle to it too, all those talks cld have been a way to garner votes even modi believed in what he is doing now at the time of elections too. in a way his cooperative nature and zeal for taking india to heights has taken him to various countries in search for fdi and not because he became pm.

                he became pm to do this . and not the other way round.

                he cld be inactive like manmohan singh. what is forcing modi to work hard and go address the diaspora? some part of it is the responsibilty associated with the post but more than that he wanted that to serve his country so he got there . like we want to clear upsc to make a change and thats why we are preparing. i think . our individuality will be reflected in the actions we take as dm , but we can sit idle too even if the post of dm confers responsibility on us. cant we?
                haha. u have confused me…:)

    • Aravind Varier

      Dear dumbledore ,

      were is the introduction buddy 🙂 jumped into the example from the beginning itself 🙂

      So many examples :

      1) Indian Diaspora

      2) RBI functioning

      3) ISRO Success

      4) how was Hitler responsible for world war 1 ??????? ( example from history )

      5) iraq & afghanistan war by USA .

      6) Indian parliament and its functioning .

      7) constitution working

      my suggestion :

      I am not disagreeing of you adding many examples in the essay but try to link one paragraph to the other . yes in every paragraph you are bringing the statement of the question but the flow is lost as we keep reading from the top to the end .

      flow or the interconnection of ideas from introduction to the conclusion is the most important and it should totally adhere to the statement .

      you would have actually began your essay by taking the historical point in the beginning then followed by making of the constitution and then slowly telling about the problems of the Indian diaspora of the past and today .

      then you can go to the present situation by citing ISRO success and RBI functioning .

      this would help you look your essay discussing from the past to the present and discussing about the ” character of the institution reflected by the leader “.

      ALL THE BEST DEAR !!!

      • dumbledore

        yes i have made a few factual errors in hurry . thats why i missed the intro also . historical to present is a good point will keep that in mind.
        i will try to improve on things mentioned by u. thanks a lot .. kwar.

      • Jaya Swatantra

        please review mine too

    • yogi

      Friend 🙂
      first time i m reviewing ur essay, so pardon me if i sound harsh,
      1. Intro: u started directly giving specific examples, use them in the body and keep the intro part unique can try some quotes or stories
      2. at times u delved too deep in examples repo rate etc, make that concise and minimise the GS part
      3. US prez most powerful insittuion ? avoid such extreme phrases,
      4. US invasion point seems out of context
      5. conclusion is fine but, add some brownies to make it attractive
      suggestions:
      1. try to add some day to day instances, and quotes and tone down GS part
      2. be consistent we all will improve
      Pls review mine as well criticism and suggestions are most welcome 🙂

      • dumbledore

        thanks a lot for the review yogi. i missed the intro i know.
        i will keep ur points in mind. will review urs as soon as i get time. thanks a lot for ur valuable suggestions.
        we will stay consistent and improve for sure. 🙂
        but isn’t it good to focus on gs part more? it makes ur essay unique and different and more understandable? doesnt it??
        day to day instances is a welcome suggestion ,
        us invasion i also felt i was not able to justify , but i meant that all the mess that was created is due to us policy only. specifically the us president. isnt that true?

        • yogi

          regarding GS: no it’s not wise to load the essay with GS knowledge as essay is not the test of GS, + the in a topper talk i got to know that english teachers are probably the evalutors of our essays, so would they understand such stuff, not always!
          us :- why to go in all theses details, we have to keep it simple, (even i m repenting to use too many examples in my essay)
          simplicity is the most imp. quality of a good essay
          hope u got my points 🙂

          • dumbledore

            yes i think u r right. there should always be a balance. balance is the key everywhere. is this true about english teachers checking? where did u find this ?
            i get ur point abt simplicity. thanks a lot dude. we will reach mussorie in 2017;) stay consistent

            • yogi

              will try my best 🙂
              here is something that will wash away all the doubts (thanks to Joker )

              • dumbledore

                thanks a lot yogi , i saw the video . it was really helpful.:) have u read the arc reports? or is it necessary?

                • yogi

                  i had them a year ago, but my mistake was that i did not make notes and it was all like a novel with interesting and simple language
                  necessary? don’t know but if we are able to retain the best out of them and use them in exams it will be helpful 🙂

                  • dumbledore

                    i dont know yar . i just dont seem to get the time. pata nhi .. how many hours do u spend on current affairs and overall per day? if i may ask:)

                    • yogi

                      bhai don’t compare with mine time, i m super slow guy, (just today’s example since 11 o clock when i woke up (lazy me) till 8 o clock i have covered just secure and that by writing 1 answer and brainstorming and reading others answers and reference of rest of the questions )
                      with books and lappy i spend around 14 hrs (10 hr CA + 4 hr optional, static part of GS don’t know when will i do that? ),
                      But warning : it is like char din ki chandi phir andheri raat:-P

                    • dumbledore

                      bhai same case with me min 9 hours are required to cover and revise and make notes i think. koi na lage raho . we will get through:) just dont stop . we will keep competing and encouraging each other and others too. 🙂 kwar

    • Sahil Garg

      Critical review =>
      1. You cannot ignore an intro
      2. Jumping from one example to another, while reading it doent feel much good.
      3. Examples have been taken to extremes (rajan getting death threats, GW bush example)with some irrelevant stuff (budget of gravity vs Mars Mission)
      4. Hitler and WW1 -> will angry the examiner …
      sorry for being too critical , but this is what i felt…

      please review mine 🙂

      • dumbledore

        yes sahil i know i have made some factual errors because i wrote the essay in a hurry. i missed a lot of things. thanks for the review dude. i will review urs when i get time. keep writing and reviewing.:)

    • Batman

      Hello Prof Dumbledore, my views:
      1)Examples are good but at least provide an intro that would allow the examiner to find the right chord
      2)Use of extreme phrases: “if you ask about parliament, most of them won’t be interested or negative image”
      3)Anyone reading your essay would know what is going to flow ahead. Make it a bit engaging and interesting
      4)Conclusion was fine but can be improved!
      Overall, given the examples you have added, you have huge potential to improve. KWAR 🙂

      • dumbledore

        thanks a lot batman for the review. 🙂 keep writing we all will improve

  • naren

    Introduction:- India was home to many best institutions of the world for example NALANDA. TAXILA, BHU, AMU RAMNUJAN , MADRAS , MUMBAI, KOLKATTA UNIVERSTY , IIT’S IIM’S,IISC ,NIITSetc. These gave birth to stalemate leaders like JAWAHAR LAL NEHRU, MOTILAL NEHRU, SC BOSE, RABINDRANATH TAGORE, RAJA RAM MOHAN ROY,SARDAR VALLABAH BHAI PATEL, etc.

    These schools attracted scholars and students from near and far with travelling all way from the Tibet, China ,Korea and Central Asia. All students at NALANDA studied MAHAYANA ,PHILOSPHY ,MEDICINE ,LAW,SAMKHYA ,ASTROLOGY AND CITY PLANNING

    Today we do not have much stock of stalemate leader who could lead the Nations, besides no world class institution among top 200 in the world ranking, who can produce dynamic , charismatic , influencing who has potential to take society at the different level and life the poor to the prosperity .

    The present leaders are just puppet of the political party. collect donation in the name of development , doing strikes for own greed intention , harass women’s in the college, no moral and ethics values, no strong determination, still discrimination and caste vote bank in the college , for example recent death of a dalit scholars in the hyderbad college.

    With this all irregularity India had a leader who change the whole scenario of the world looking at India , for example APJ ABDUL KALAM, NOBEL LAUREATE AMARTYA SEN who set the benchmark for their followers. This clearly shows that leader’s virtues can change the whole the institutions pattern.

    APJ ABDUL KALAM gave new dimension and direction to the ISRO, which changes India’s credibility in the world by successfully launching MARS MISSION in the first attempt, big nations like US, FRANCE unable to do so.

    It means one person has a potential to change lives of many people’s.

    Look at the world, Steve jobs fired from the job in the APPLE, after that company lost its credibility in the market, loose its market share and came to a position to close its units, then again Steve jobs appointment who made the company No.1 brand in the world.

    Lee Kuan a leader from Singapore who changes the face from poverty to the prosperity, Now Singapore is hub of the best institution of hospitality to technical college.

    Mahatma Gandhi who turns the nations into the principles of non-violence and satyagraha. The World follow his principles. For example Nelson Mandela a great leader from South Africa, a country got freedom from the apartheid system.

    Hitler , who changed a democratic Germany in horror dictatorships , which took millions lives of Jews, a superior blood race dominant on a poor’s section of society.

    Martin Luther King , who define American according to its own theory of equality and social justice, prosperity, humanitarian.

    Kim Jong a Korean leader, who thought super power are hostile to its country, so tested hydrogen bomb to show its country power.

    In nutshell leaders view are reflected in the institutions, this world needs best leader and best institution for the welfare of the society

    • sankar

      your essay is good one
      but instead of giving too much example
      you should elaborate few good example, abrupt ending……provide some suggestion about leadership and institution
      intro can be started with explaining character and its role in shaping a good and bad leadershi and institution

      pzlrvwmine………….thanks

      p

      • naren

        thank you , sure

  • megha34

    character of an institution is reflected in its leader …
    This is the apt saying from the very beginning of the human civilisation .Every institute follows certain set of rules and regulations that it inspire from its leaders.leaders shows the path of action to its followers who blindly believe them.there is proverb saying ANDHER NAGRI CHAUPAT RAJA which means that a wicked king who is a leader of the state can ruin the life of state and its people .Let us underastand with an example that there was a wicked king and a saint and his follower went to his state .Saint on knowing about king left the place but his follower remained there.suddenly there occured an incident on theft and he was blamed but because of teachings he incurred from his guru he escaped the situation and learned that why his guru left the place on knowing about the king .So we can conclude that actions and character of leader decides the faith of its followers.

    One can take example from ancient word that in a rule of Lord Rama his characters of honesty , courage etc were reflected in his followers and his state was considered peaceful .On the other hand if we think about the empire of ravana his cruelty,dishonesty ,witchness etc were reflected in his followers.In the battle fields also it is the courage of leaders that let his army fight with full enthusiasm and courage whereas if leader fails to inculcate courage in them it becomes impossible to win any battle even with huge number of weapons also .A leader with its strong character can change the phase of any situation .

    The failure of revolt of 1857 lies with the absence of strong leader with demnding character who could give right direction to the revolt ,it could be of great success if there would have been a leader with right vision and strong faith in his ability. It was the leadership quality of Ram mohan Roy that he was able to bring revolution through his Brahmo Samaj. It was his character that was reflected in the working of this institute in abolition of sati ,advocating widow remarriage and in uplift ofwomen .The national movemement gained much momentum with the leadership of GANDHI JI .he was of such a strong character that modern history is divided on basis of gandhian era.his character invokes a spirit of nationalism and followed by large masses of people .

    In recent times with the coming of NDA government ther comes a long chain of developments in the country which is certainly reflected in its leader that is Shri Narendar Modi . The ideas of e governanace ,JDM are reflection of vision of its leader. Similarly if one look at global scenario it is the leadership of Barack Obama ,XI Jinping ,aaung su kyi that are reflected in the working of their governments .So character is an important pillar of one life and institute in which he plays a major role .

    The democratic nature of our country id depicted in its leaders ,constitution makers and will always be reflection of its future leaders .so for a strong institution it is imperative to have a strong leader .

  • BHARATH K BHAT

    Character of an institution depends on all the stake holders of the institution and hardly on any individual leader in the present day world. By stake holders I mean people who are giving benefit or getting benefit from an institution or are in anyway associated with an institution. For instance, there might be an institution which has a corrupt representative or leader who by some means has happened to get the lead position in the institute but this may not be the actual representation of an institute or in other words the people involved or the stake holders of the institute.

    If one were to evaluate the the good qualities of citizens of a country and were to arrive at a conclusion based on the character of the head of the state then our evaluation will not be true and it does not serve any purpose. Thus, individuality plays a major role in deciding a person. A person also lives many lives in his life time viz. personal, professional and other such one can think of. There are social, financial, circumstantial, political, educational and many more reasons for a shaping a person’s character and it does not necessarily have to be a reflection of an institution.

    Even vice-a-versa of the topic that is characteristic of a leader is reflected in his institution may also not be correct.
    Hence, what an individual is upto him. But an institute like training or an educational institute can be a guide to person enrolled to mold his character. Even then one may not be sure of the reflection of the character of the institute in its leader.

    Thank you insights for providing this platform it share my views.

  • Arun

    The institutional norms and integrity has played a crucial role in the development and progress of the institution over the course of time.The strong institutional rules have contributed towards the changing character of its workforce and most prominently its leadership becomes vigilant and conforming to the basic ethical framework of the institution and leading from the front in all aspects.While its workforce and stakeholders follow him and find it easy to conform to set standard and expectations of the institution.This is seen in many macro and micro level institution which has strong manifested the quality performance and overall working environment.The tinniest of the institution and it micro level comes the social institution of family which works according to the requirement of basic human needs where father or mother as a head of family vividly expresses the prevailing norms.Further,it may be the societal institution,economic institution,constitutional institution,legal or governance institutions etc all of them reflects in its leadership.This brings us to the right and wrong side of the institution and reform in the institution according to the need of the particular institution while confronting into the challenges in front.The wrong institutional values cause more harm than good thus the reform has to be started and suitable mechanism in terms of legislative,governance,ethical or social norms needs to be balanced in order to serve its purposes.Thus the role of the leadership becomes quite essential.

    Let us dwell into the character of institution and its reflection in its leadership.Modern institutions whether social,economic,political or constitutional emphasizes on the smoothness of interaction between various wings and ease of solving and looking into the grievances which would lead to increase in the efficiency of working thereby improving overall performance.This would demand the concept of accountability,responsiveness and sincerity along with emphasis on the integrity of the organisation.This is not just for the requirement of company but ethical sense as a responsible organisation.Thus the economic or business communities such as e-commerce like flipkart,amazon etc emphasizes on the timeliness,quality of service and quality of product.The more complex level can be seen in the context of nation state and evolution of democratic norms along with the emphasis on the fundamental rights of the citizens.The oldest democracy,the USA has been considered as the democratic epitome and inspiration to the rest of the world.Its values and characters has been based on “due process of law” thereby upholding the citizens rights and citizen centric governance which is reflected in its character of being the strongest protagonist of fundamental and human right.On the other hand least developing nations like African nation still face with the no clear guidelines and conformance to the law which is clearly reflected in the character of its institution and ultimately the rise of life long presidents and dictators.Therefore,the institutional character plays crucial role in shaping the overall society in which leadership comes very handy.

    In this context,it is essential to dwell into the character of leadership as a result of the institutional characters and its impact.How does institutional character impacts the leadership quality ?.This can be collaborated by taking the small entity as family whose character is reflected in the character of its head in the form of mother/father.Further moving on,the social institution and societal character of acceptance,tolerance and respect for humanity is reflected in the social institution such as marriage,cultural and social norms and its leadership.The economic institution among which most prominent in our country RBI has strong and transparent institutional norms which are at time threaten.However,its leadership at the top with its governor have shown the impeccable integrity,responsiveness to the need of the institution.Thus,the character in leadership such as integrity,accountability,equality,responsiveness etc directly flows from strong institutional character which gives the guideline and path for the development of the institution as a whole.This is also corroborated from the context of strong nations and developed nations such as the USA,Scandinavian countries where strong liberal democratic norms prevails which is reflected in its leadership and leaders shall have to comply which is under constant watch due to utmost transparency.

    The strong and clear institutional norms have several advantage which contributes to the overall growth of the society.Thus the development is added up by peace,integrity,transparency which further helps in the civilisation of human being.There is no wonder why western nations such as western European nation have emerged and developed which had emphasized on strong rational values since renaissance which is reflected in the constitution of several nations.Further at the micro level,any organisation or department flourish and achieves its goal when its institutional character is strong and production of strong leadership.

    However,the weak and opaque institutional norms often gives birth to corruption,lawlessness and lagging in its goal.This is further assisted by the its leadership who become despotic,corrupt and lack of work ethics.This has serious social,economic,political and constitutional repercussion on several other institutions.Over the civilisation lags behind others leading to prolong conflicts,violence.This is the conditions of many African nations whose leadership have become despotic and started writing institutional norms as per their whims and division of society on various ground.

    In this context,there are several challenges to establish strong institutional norms which would direct its leadership towards the path of integrity,transparency and responsiveness to the need of the society.The part of solution lies in the education to all and providing secular and value based education along with framing strong institutional norms in the form of constitution that shall govern every one under the roof and provide the sense of social justice.Further it should provide the element of integrity,responsiveness and accountability.This shall is assisted by the awareness creation among the mass about the values enshrined in the institution so that people can make the right and appropriate choice conforming to the needs of the society.This would encourage the creation and emergence of leadership which society needs.

  • Bhaskar

    A short essay on ” Live and let live ”
    http://thesolutionslab.blogspot.in/2016/02/live-and-let-live.html

  • Batman

    ~PLEASE REVIEW
    On a fine Sunday, with sun rays rejuvenating our lives in the morning, I was on a walk with my father and Grandfather. As we marched forward, we saw a cyclist being rammed by a racing car. The cyclist literally jumped on the road and stream of blood colored his head. I rushed towards him, took the cyclist in my hands and quickly boarded a taxi. We reached a nearby hospital and my father and grand father followed us behind. I got the patient admitted in the hospital, filled out the formalities and paid the amount. While the cyclist was being operated, my Grand father told me something that was known to me but still found it refreshing. He uttered, “Even your father had saved a life when he was of your age”. For a moment, I found myself filled with thoughts about the benevolent nature of my Grand father, the kind attitude of my mother who fed the food to poor sitting outside the temple and my little brother who used to give some pennies out of his pocket money to the beggars. I realized that all this was the result of my Grand father who was the sailor of the cruise-our family- who ingrained his values in us.

    The story depicts how strong an influence my Grandfather could have on our family. Over the years, he being in the position of a leader made this institution i.e. our family-an epitome of good values and attitudes that we all embrace today.

    Leaders in any organization or institution have a strong influence over their colleagues. Their charisma attract the eyes of all. Their aura leaves everyone awestruck. Their personality magnetize everyone to the extent that people that admire those leaders began to carve for the values in their leader. Rivers of thoughts flow from leader and soon occupy the valley in mind of followers. The followers seem to internalize the personality of their leader whom they adore every time they meet and greet.

    Leaders are able to cause this internalization because of the authority and the power they hold. They earn respect from followers and are perceived as individuals having experience of life time. They possess an image of good will among followers and looked as the savior and caretaker of an institution. Every inch of good or bad of which the leader is made up gets reflected in the institution.

    The history is filled with examples that are testimony to the fact about the strong impact that the leaders had on their colleagues and consequently on the character of institution. The leader of Nazi Party in Germany none other than Hitler- the name that has became a synonym for word dictator over the years. He was a violent kind of individual and brewed hatred against Jews. He thrashed them and subjected them to the torturous treatment ever received by someone on this earth. The same was followed by his followers, the institution of his government that indulged in horrendous killing of their fellow beings- the Jews. While Hitler was giving wings to his violent character, there was another leader in the making- Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru. The scientific character that Nehru acquired over the years, one of the reasons being the graduation in natural sciences became a strong determinant of the actions that flow through him once he became the Prime Minister of independent India. He steered his government to establish what he called as the ‘temples of modern India’- the Indian Institute of Technology, the All India Institute of Medical Sciences and National Institute of Technologies.

    What was true in the past had continued to be true even in the present context. In today’s world, instances of leaders setting the character of institution can be found in the each and every field that we see around. At the level of school, the character of teacher gets reflected in the students. The disciplined or indisciplined attitude portrayed by the teacher in his visits to the class, the completion of curriculum soon began to reflect in the students. On one hand, the disciplined nature gives rise to values of punctuality in reaching the school and completing the home work. On the other, the indisciplined nature makes the students no less than a devil who finds way to create disturbances in the class.

    In the business field, the government’s dictum to reserve 1/3rd of the seats for women in Board of Director is a tactic to acquire the empathic and caring values of women in business transactions. The benevolent character of women marked by love and care for all seeks to ensure that no unlawful or unethical activity is conducted by the company that may not prove good for the shareholders and for the society at large.

    Next in line is the field of government. The current Prime Minister’s idea of cooperative federalism got reflected in government when he established ‘NITI Aayog’ so as to give adequate voices to central as well as state governments. The ‘smart city’ concept being carried out through a Special Purpose Vehicle involving shareholdings of state and central government again points to the fact that idea of ‘cooperative federalism’ is being realized- all because of the leader.

    In the international arena, on one hand the institutions of World Bank and International Monetary Fund are criticized because the leaders- the Director and Managing Director respectively are puppets of American and European governments and seek to further the development agenda of these countries only. On the other, institute of WTO is praised because the leaders are not puppet but democratically elected with everyone contender having the chance to get elected. Such a democratically elected leader having a vision of welfare for everyone ensures that a fine balance between the interests of developed and developing countries is ensured.

    Thus, it can be seen that leaders have a strong influence on the character of institution. Every field be it school, business, government or international institutions holds a reflection of the character of the leader. The strong personality of a leader is like a flower that makes the surrounding smell sweet. However, it is not always the good that gets reflected but also the bad as seen in case of Hitler that became filth and polluted the environment. Leader is the engine of a train whose performance has the direct bearing on the rest of the compartments. Leader is the foundation of a building which if strong holds the elements together but if weak causes havoc for everyone. Just as in my case, values of my grandfather got reflected in me, same is the case with every field that surrounds us.

    • sankar

      nicely written essay
      from head to toe………….it is good to read
      plz rvw mine frnds

    • Sonia mehra

      This was quite a literary piece…
      1. From Hitler to Modi there was good flow, the comparison of hitler and nehru was beautiful..
      2. Women’s director part could be deleted, I found this point an aberration from the topic.
      3. Vinod rai is a good example of leader you may add, he changed the image of CAG in such a way that this institution still gives nightmare to our political class.

      Keep up the good work…

      • Batman

        Thanks a lot Ma’am. Your suggestion is quite good. Similar examples from ECI can also be added. Where is your Calvin dose 😀

        • Sonia mehra

          Me too missing calvin… will bring him back next week..

          • Ab

            Hi Sonia,
            Please can you review mine?

      • dumbledore

        sonia kindly review my essay too if u get time:)

      • P.s

        Sonia could you please review mine also.

      • sridhar

        hi sonia ,
        m actually confused in interpreting the topic.
        does the statement also mean “Character of a leader is reflected in its institution”
        can i continue writing essay based on my interpretation…

      • Mohd Zucky

        Also , Kiran Bedi whose appointment as IPS changed the whole image of the Police service institution and many women got motivated to join the service….and rest is really awesome …Keep it up man. good luck

      • BAHUBALI

        guys this is my 1st essay in my life please review very critically

        I remember the day when Indian cricket team won T20 WorldCup in 2009. the team was mostly of youngsters who are inexperienced to that format that too in international level, where the players of some other teams are very experienced. but the Indian team won WorldCup. This win is attributed to the captain(leader) of the team, who with his calm nerves made the young players feel less pressure that ensured them to perform well. also, some crucial decisions were taken by him like field set, who bowls what over, an order in which batsmen comes etc, were reflected in the team’s performance. The character of an institution is reflected in its leader. Another way around one who leads an institution influences and changes its character. in terms of the ideologies it believes in, the culture it follows, Religion of the people (whether they are secular or not ), rational or superstitious, ethical or unethical, progressive or backward etc.

        Rewind back in time to the ancient period, we see many kings fought to capture or win kingdoms as far as they can but out all alexander’s army occupied the largest part of the world, this is due to their leader, alexander the great. he and his tactics are the reason why his army could fight courageously and win over the larger part of the world. Similarly, many Armies fought against each other to occupy entire India but very few could capture the larger part of the subcontinent that was also due to great kings like maghadas, Chandragupta Maurya, Ashoka, Chandra Gupta I, Akbar, Aurangzeb etc.

        we can also see that some kings during the Maurya period patronized Jainism and Buddhism. so due to this, we can witness the development of pali and parikrit languages with the discouragement of Sanskrit. so in this period many books were written are in pali and parikrit, while in Gupta period as the kings followed Brahmanism we see an increase of books in sanskrit also as the kings are basically Lys has, the community who are traders. we can witness the rise in trade in this period. this can also be witnessed in the modern world.

        Independent Russia was ruled by Lenin and Stalin who were believers of socialism that are the reason why Russia became a socialist country. similarly china due to mao it turned towards communism and it can be clearly seen in Korea, North Korea was 1st ruled by a person who is an agent of Russia, supporter of communism . while South Korea by the agent of USA, supporter of capitalism. so north Korea became a socialist country and south Korea became a capitalist country.

        America while presidentship of Gorge Bush, it was very aggressive, it can be witnessed in wars against Iraq war, against Taliban in Afghanistan, al-Qaida in Pakistan etc.. while we can see the same America changed its attitude towards Taliban, now it is trying to reform them. during Obama’s presidentship. effect of PM on the character of a country is well explained by taking India as an example since its independence to present.

        India during its 1st president Jawaharlal Nehru who was a believer of peace advocated NAM (non-alignment movement) during the period of cold war. while our neighbor country Pakistan which got independence at the same period as India joined NATO. Nehru was the strong believer in socialism, so we can see land reforms in India. Five-year plans like Russia are prepared. also due to then home mister sardhar vallabahi Patel who is the man of integrity led to the unification of small princely state into India. India showed its courage to the world during the period of Indira Gandhi in 1971 war in east-Pakistan and liberated Bangladesh from Pakistan, a country which is backed by superpower USA. she is also a strong follower of socialism so we can witness the amendment of the preamble of the Indian constitution, poverty eradication programs, nationalization of banks etc. now during the period of Narendra Modi, the person who is of capitalistic and rational in nature. we witness many schemes like make in India, easing FDI norms, startup India programme, digital India programme etc.

        we see that an institution whose leader is ethical, for example, who is against corruption witness very less or no amount of corruption in the lower levels of it. in a family children admire and imitate their father, similarly people in the institution follow their leader. so there is necessary for a leader to be ethical, courageous, rational, progressive for an institution to develop. many say that “a group of dogs lead by a lion is better than a group of lions lead by a dog”.

        • BAHUBALI

          sorry for posting here .. 🙂
          i thought its too late.. so no one will review if it is at bottom of the comments 🙂

      • Sheikh’s Spear

        Hitler and Modi what is the difference by the way?

    • Vivaan Khanna

      a well structured essay…your example i felt a king of bragging..but phr b upto class teacher imbibing values ok
      1.business field example nowhere related to character of leader and institute..do u mean men are not emphatic and caring?i m offended..use better example for business..a girl/guy of character/values
      2.third,fourth,and last para..excellent

      • Batman

        Thanks Bhai.. though my idea is not to belittle men by giving precedence to women but I feel everyone is pointing out the same things. So may be it needs to b changed.

      • yogi

        VK bhai review plz, will review urs 🙂

        • Jaya Swatantra

          Please review… Yogi ji… 🙂

          • yogi

            will take some time 🙂

          • Vivaan Khanna

            jaya ji..don’t forget to review my essay please

      • Jaya Swatantra

        Please review… 🙂

    • dumbledore

      1) how does niti ayog signify strength of leader or institution ?
      2) spv i think go against an inclusive approach. like there are talks about creating spv for smart cities that will erode the strength of municipal bodies.
      3) there can be a negative aspect to wto too. had there been a great leader , wto talks wldnt have failed?
      4) nehru and nam. nam started because of the need of the hour and strong leader.
      5) overall nice structure. review mine too yar if u have time

      • Batman

        I agree dumbledore with your points but there is good and bad in every institution and while talking about good, I focused on that only
        Niti Aayog is a realization of idea of ‘cooperative federalism’ of Modi
        SPV again, what you are talking is a point of discussion
        Will definitely review yours in a while 🙂
        Thanks a lot dumbledore for going through my essay 🙂

      • yogi

        plz review mine, will review urs 🙂

    • Shaktimaan

      hey batiee!!……………..nice….plus so many examples……………..bt one thing smart city ka special purpose vehicle k through kaam karna us se leader ka kaise pta chalega?? wo to koi b kaam sidhe dhang se na ho to uske liye ungli tedhi to karni hi pad ti ha…..actually yeh cop fed wala para thoda sa alas sa hai mtld jabrdsti samjh main aa raha hai…….smooth ni hai…………….women wala para ultimate tha…..baki b sab sahii…….thank u!!!……..PReM…..:):):)

      • yogi

        Sakti daada PReM, wiil reivew urs 🙂

      • Batman

        Thanks Shakti, SPV wala cooperative federalism ko dikhane k lie he tha ki dono central or state government ek sath kaam kar rhi hai 😛

    • Kant

      Great work!

      – essay flows like makkhan 🙂

      – Interesting to read.

      – ex are good and quite varied.

      – I would like to defer from what Sonia madam has to say about women’s director part. Women are generally empathetic and that’s one of the reason for them being made part of the leadership, so that their values could reflect in the institution.

      – avoid “Next in line is” . Instead say, “Similarly, in the field of govt ”

      Good luck!
      Please find some time to review mine.

      • Batman

        Thanks Kant. I accept that “expression” was bit misplaced!
        Reviewed yours 🙂

    • Batman

      What a impressive content u essay has ! Every para full of real-life examples aptly restricting themselves to the essence of the essay…Can’t compare my essay with ur … so insightful …Classic !

      • Batman

        Thanks a lot Bhai 🙂
        n there is no need to compare. You have a good command over language. It was just the interpretation of structure of essay that your essay got deviated a bit. Moreover, I have seen your answers, acha likhte ho (Y)

    • yogi

      Phod diya bhai aaj, 🙂
      every para very well written
      story linked to conclusion good
      flow best part of ur essay
      content ke toh aap champion ho hi
      good that this time the dose of GS was perfectly in the amount that is needed
      enjoyed till end
      could not find any flaw
      plz review mine as well 🙂

      • Batman

        Thanks a lot Bhai. Reviewed yours 🙂

    • Jaya Swatantra

      Please review mine too… if possible Batman !!!

    • Aravind Varier

      YOU ROCKED IT BATMAN 🙂 SIMPLY SUPERB !!!

      ALL THE BEST !!!

      • sankar

        bhai mera plz

      • Batman

        Thanks Aravind Bhai 🙂

    • Sahil Garg

      Essay was really very good..please have a look at mine too..:)

    • The Next Big Thing

      The values of the League of Shadows were not reflected in Batman when he escaped away.
      But in this essay we can add following:
      1. In your example do mention about police FIR.
      2. Take more dimensions, like CAG, economic like RBI, religious like Buddha, social like caste ( fmaily you have mentioned fantastically),
      3. Can add about selection of a leader being a test of character.
      4. Role of edcuation in giving shape to a leader of tomorrow.
      5. Some values and leadrrs pairs like Constitutional vakues and Legislature, executive and judiciary. Tradtional values and grandparents. Social values and priests.
      6. Does a leader havr to remian confined within Code of conduct /ethics? No. S/he must attmept reform democratically.
      7. Actions and words of a leader have a huge multiplier effect. Give some exmsokes like Bose, Gandhiji, Bhagat Singh, Napoleon, etc.
      8. Somewhere in the intro, define a leader with some attributes.

      Most importantly, institutions and leaders are mutuslly connected and affect each other. Institutions are permanent while leaders come and go by.
      And you must be an engineer?

      • Batman

        Hey Thanks Brock for such wonderful points. I feel you should have written an essay too 🙂

        • The Next Big Thing

          Since time immemorial, we the humans have have formed various institutions for smoother conduct and regulation of various activities. Earlier we had hunter-gatherers groups and today er have more sophisticated bodies. These institutions have covered various aspects of our lives like political, social, economic, educational, family, religion, etc. Since consensus formation is not always easy and not all human beings are equal, so for the institution to work semalessly, we resorted to hierarchical structure with powers and fucntions defined and delegated at different levels. But usually an institution is identified with the person who is at the top of this hierarchy, the person who is most repsected and followed, the leader of that institution.

          A leader is someone who gives an immediate identity to a body. S/he can steer through tough times, inspire by words, lead by example and set standards for the next. For example the President is the head of the executive and all executive actions are conducted in his/her name. Similarily, Prime Minsiter is the head od the Council of Ministers. The same structure exists at the state level. At village level, Sarpanch gives immediate identification to the village level bodies and a District Collector to district level. We are so accustomed to identifying bodies with thier leaders that we either heap praises or chide a person instead of whole organization. All of us has a fanciful imagination of a charismatic leader, who can do wonders and we can tell stories about that individual to others, and this fancy of ours is aptly caught when we remark “cometh the moment, cometh the man”. People are quick to identify aspect of life with well known people like Hinduism with Adi Shankaracharya, Islam with Muhammad, Buddhism with Gautam Buddha, Casteism with Brahmans, Constitution with Ambedkar, freedom strugglw with Gandhiji.

          A leader must have certain attributes, certain values that defines him/her. The scrutinization of the leader’s character is the privelege of those who are led. For exanple the decisions of all the three organs of the State are continuously weighed against the Constitutional values and morals. The character of a leader is on test all the time and as we say that history dies not judge people by only what they achieved but also how they achieved. We have internalised these standards and our society prescribes various tests, examinations, etc to select thr right character. For example elections for political posts, exmaination and interview for bureaucrats. During Mughals, there was no primogeniture and ususally the son who was ablest military leader was nominated as successor. In US, Presidential debates before elections are a high point for judging character of aspirants. Going merely by document qualifications we would have many deserving candidates but it is the character of an individual that separates one from the rest.

          It is equally true that institutions are permanent while leaders come and go. But the institutions and leaders have a symbiotic relation with each other. They both feed each other and mould each other. Individuals, who may not be seen as competent to lead, may become an altogether different perosnality on asusming position at helm. For exmaple Mrs. Indira Gandhi set new standards for Prime Ministership. Similarly, a well qualified perosn may go haywire once put in charge and turn against the very values s/he was chosen to nurture. For example Muhaamd Bin Tughlaq’s rule is remembered as an era of irrational experiment under the wisest fool. For exmaple Robespierre turned against his own people and a reign of terror was unleashed on slightest hints of dissent. Many turn against the very people they are supposed to govern and become selfish. It is rightly said that power corrupts and absolute poeer corrupts absolutely.

          The political leaders reflect the qualities of our political institutions like democracy, secularism, social and economic justice, Fundamnetsl Rights, Directive Principles, etc. That is why when sessions get disrupted due to immature behaviout, it reflects poorly upon Indian people who have voted for them and placed their faith. It shows petty politics, degrades respect for India’s democracy in world’s view and showcases us as immature polity despite all the values enshrined in our Constitution and Business Rules. Our economic leaders have steered us through tough times like Reserve Bank during financial turmoils, capital flight, etc. and sought to fulfill the responsibilities trusted to them. Another example is of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India who even though merely did its job in 2G scam, Coal Scam, etc but amply reflected the values vested in its office namely the Sentinel of the Indian Exchequer amongst others. World bank and Internstional Monetary Fund are identified with the US and are often seen as promoting the intersts of the US at the expense of other nations. While the Bretton Woods twons were set up to heop developing nations, they are allegedly more focussed on rescuing the Western economies and this reflects poorly upon aspirations of developing nations who only now have an alternative of AIIB and NDB.

          Our family is the first institution in our lives. Family has been conventionally led by eldest male who has the responsibility to uphold the values prevalent in society like repsect for elders, love for children, discipline, compassion, care and responsibility. The impact is visible in symbolic attachemnt of surname of the father. Howver, if the leader behaves irresponsibily, the whole family is denigrated. For example the responsibility of male member gradually became hegemony and patriachal, thus, whole society got tarnished as misogynist.
          Caste system is another social institution. Traditionally Brahmins sat atop and reflected the idea of specialization of manpower. But the institution got a bad reputation due to greed of the leaders, irrational discrimination like untouchability and exclusionary practices. Educational institutions are the microcosm of the society outside it. They mostly represent all sections, aspirations and values prevalent in the society. It is necessary that they are led by men of character who preserve the founding values of the organisation.

          We should be extra cautious while choosing our leaders. A leader can turn the tides of history. Our fancy with chsrismatic leaders must give way to men of character who donot undermine institutions but if necessary, bring reforms via accepted ways like democratic discussions. We have seen exmaples of Hitler whose Nazi party was hardly about 10% of Germnay’s population but the whole nation had to bear the scathing punishment aftrr World War 2. We have exmaples of Nehru who tried his best to preserve the values of India’s freedom struggle like secularism, socialism, social justice, etc. Today we have a Prime Minister who is striving to revive India’s international relations and take India to its rightful place in 21st century. While chooisng the leaders, the process must be well understood and inculcated in minds of the people. For example, while choosing leaders for woman empowerent, it makes sense to have more women at the helm so that issues of importance to women can be dealt properly.

          The words and actions of leaders have a huge multiplier effect on common population. These can make or break relations, stir enthusiasm or de-energise revolutions. To ensure that a leader doesnot deviate substantially from established values all the while also having sufficient freedom to work, it is necessary to have a system of checks and balances. A properly framed Code of Conduct and thereafter a Code of Ethics is a must. Our traditions and long standing institutions have shaped our views and values, these cannot be sacrificed for any leader no matter howsoever promising s/he may be. But these approaches csn only work within an institutional framework and mostly the revolutions happen outside. So a better approach is through quality education. In ancient times, kings used to send sons to priests in forests to learn skills and develop character which were necessary to lead the kingdom. All this was taught away from luxuries of royal palace and the returning prince was supposeldy an upholder of the character of the institution he was about to lead. Values today can be ingrianed via a wide edcuation which focuses on character equally as on academics. Values are formed in life in three different stages and in the first two, education plays a crucial role. Albert Eisntien urged his students to become a man of values, not a man of succes. Overall, the leader must have strong conviction in the values of the associated institution, must be ready to share success and take repsonsibility for failures, and should be take the whole team along. Such a leader gets repsect and reputation and no matter howsoever lofty the values of the institution, s/he will always be a guiding light.

          • Batman

            Hi Brock, my views:
            1)I feel some of the points were unnecessarily stretched e.g. qualities of leader; selection of leaders; be cautious while choosing leaders. Though these points can be added but make it is not at the expense of the major theme
            2)Background was very well articulated
            3)Your conclusion should not become a para for solutions. Both have to be dealt separately. Conclusion should give an idea of your whole essay
            4)Knowledge base is very wide and strong. Keep it up!
            Further, I feel that perhaps you overshot the word limit and your paras are long. Try to cut them short by focusing and elaborating more on the dominant theme
            Overall, a very good read Brock. Keep up the good work 🙂

            • The Next Big Thing

              The topic asks about qualities and values of a leader.

              • Batman

                I am not denying the fact that it doesn’t ask that thing. I am emphasizing that the link between character and institution is more important. You should definitely write what you have expressed but in a concised form. Hope you get it now 🙂

          • Kumar

            wide knowledge base but there is no logical linking between the paras……good

          • Strongking

            Bro, leader are not chosen , leader lead and if u r relating to election , then representatives r elected to lead us!( frst line of second last para),,, if u r not pub ad or pol sc student ! Then u need to clarify it

            • The Next Big Thing

              ” The best way to judge a person’s character is to give him/her authority”.

              • Strongking

                Being ur critical frnd ,i do not agree , becoz , just to test anyones integrity or character i will not put on stake public resourcse , if i doubt his impeccability! And integrity ,but is just a draback and our misfortune in todays democratic election , that we r bound to choose between bad, ane worst representatives to leadus, and if jr talking of higher authorities in bureacavy then it has diiff story to tell!

                • The Next Big Thing

                  I said the best way not the only way

                  • Strongking

                    Hey NEXT BIG , bro! REVIEW MY ESSAY OF WEEK 7! PLZ

              • Strongking

                Hey bro, review myessay essay now!!! Hope u will be as critical as possible! :p 🙂

      • Tanu Singhal

        Great review.

        Can u pls review mine
        M new to it 🙂

    • P.s

      Are the heads of WB. , IMF are puppets are the institutions themselves irrespective of who heads them.

    • Anubhav Pandey Kautilya

      great one man…..very nicely written…

    • P.s

      Batman please review mine

    • Tanu Singhal

      Hey, batman, ( very catchy avatar bdw)

      Though I myself is definitely a beginner in essay writing, but as an honest reader I will be pointing out following points.
      1. The introduction, is bound to be an INTRODUCTION. but here, I was little disappointed, you dragged a story even till second paragraph, I found it too lethargic to read further.
      2. 3rd paragraph should have been the first one.
      But in that parah itself u started with a GOOD leader n not A leader.
      3. Your further parah are quite well summarised, youc could have used them to reach the definition and difference b/w a leader and a great leader.

      Conclusion could have been more focused on role of a good leader in success of organisation.

      Overall, I must say you have a great flow, very apt. use of words, and ur journey is definitely full of real life moral lessons,.

      I will be writing in a while, kindly review.

      (Ps: no offences, it was truly for academic purpose, last week, I criticsed ash, somewhere got too harsh I guess, m already sorry, for today as well.. )

      • Batman

        Hey Tanu, don’t think so much and there is no need to apologize, take your sorry back :D. I am glad someone liked my avatar 😛
        Since you’re a beginner, I would really want to share few things: The ‘intro’ that you’re talking about has become a bit conventional. In order to engage the reader, one must come up with new things and ‘story’ is one of them. I accept your point that it might have stretched a bit and I will try to improve upon that.
        Further, conclusion should not be on a suggestive note. Conclusion and suggestion are two different things. Conclusion speaks about the essence of your essay. As in case of conventional kind of intro, it is often said that examiner should get the feel of what you have talked about in your essay just by reading intro and the conclusion. Hope you get my point here 🙂
        All your suggestions are accepted graciously and I would use them in some other essay of similar kind 🙂
        BDW, yours avatar is much more catchy 😀 and would review yours in a while 🙂

      • Batman

        Another thing, please keep reviewing my essays in future too :D. I will be very happy with such kind of critics 🙂

        • Tanu Singhal

          Hahahaha definitely.
          Kinldy review mine.

          • sridhar

            m actually confused in interpreting the topic.

            does the statement also mean “Character of a leader is reflected in its institution”

            can i continue writing essay based on my interpretation..

            • Tanu Singhal

              Yes I guess so.
              What I understood is

              How an institution works is reflected in the leader, and vice versa,
              ( obviously the success of organisation is due to efforts of a good leader only , while a good leader s identified due to success of organisation only.
              It’s the cause and effect of each other )

            • Tanu Singhal

              I have written mine.. Kinldy review, u may also get some insight, that if my angle is wrong or u find coherency with it.

              • sridhar

                thank u . ok sure

              • PK

                have u posted urs? I am not able to find.

                • Tanu Singhal

                  Yes I have…

                  Just open up my disqus profile, scroll down my comments section, u will find it.

    • Tanu Singhal

      Down with mine, pls review.

    • Bipasha Kalita

      Good one Batman. Certain things which could have made your essay better –
      1. You can improve on your flow. Try to end each paragraph with a statement which acts as a connect to the next paragraph.
      2. Your conclusion looks like a recap of your essay. Conclusion must not be wasted by stating the obvious. Always try to end your essay on a futuristic note. For instance, you could have mentioned few lines about how to inculcate good leadership skills in our youth etc..
      Rest looks great !

      • Batman

        I guess you just became Bipasha Kalita with no pic from BK with a DP 😛
        I agree with the futuristic tone but a recap of essay has to be there. An examiner should be able to guess from your intro and conclusion about the body that has been described. Suggestion part is altogether a different things and should be handled separately.
        N I will definitely try to improve the flow. Thanks BK, please be more often with your reviews 🙂

    • Thor and Miolneer

      I think it will take time for me to start finding out the areas of improvements in your essays. 🙂
      Better luck for me next time 🙂

    • Bunny585

      Hi Batman, I feel Intro part is too long even after you changed from Gotham City story to Humanitarian one, but Hitler, Nehru parts were good, IMF & WB are good points too, but when reading conclusion i felt your answer got deviated form flow as i didnt feel connection b/w them.

      May be i am wrong, please dont mind……ATB

    • ajeet

      nice but clearify what is topic ” charecter of a institution reflect in it’s leader”or leader charecter reflect on it’s institution…on pt.word bank and IMF critisise because it’s leaders are baised link with USA and EOUROP countries…

    • dev

      nice flow bro good essay should have shortened introduction a bit

    • Rancho

      Hi.. I found this essay very difficult. Barring few points here and there. I think your essay is superb.. Kudos..

    • Namrata

      hey batman
      1. just wow introduction ..absolutely no words ..an ethical introduction in the beginning ..simply outstanding
      2. There is loss of connectivity between the second and third para .. i am still in the family wala emotion and suddenly things get mechanical with leaders of the organization…….. try establishing a flow here
      3.” people that admire those leaders began to carve for the values in their leader” …couldnt get what u r trying to say
      4. “perceived as individuals having experience of life time” … umm not necessary that experience of lifetime
      5. Hitler and Nehru examples are good …but but but ..they dont feel like belonging to the same paragraph ..if u really wanna compare them ..compare them on the same grounds ..i understand what u mean when u point at nehru that while he was involved in a kind of development administration in a democratic setup ..hitler was doing all the violent stuff..probably the comparison has not come out right i feel .. maybe wrong ..so have a look once
      6. School eg again well-thought of ..just one thing here ..dont write of students as “devils” ..doesnt give a good impression .. 😛
      7. Women eg – excellent ..superbb
      8. “Next in line is the field of government” ..dont use the phrase “next in line” .. we generally use it to establish kind of hierarchy
      9. Last few paras – good egs ..balanced conclusion .. just maybe could have given one more eg portraying a negative aspect.

      Overall: a great essay batman .. good going !! 😀 😀

      • Batman

        Thanks Namrata, all points well taken 😀

    • Strongking

      Review~
      >intll organisation description in one go makes it irrelevent pargraph
      >it seems u made awsm beginning but as reader i feel disjointed effort to impress me as i approach last 2 paras
      >last para must be given full justification some where in middle with better elaboratiins , and WTK AND WB part can esaily be concised .
      >i dont y many made good comments bu there lot many impvts can be made
      > i read ur essay looked aswm becoz u nave very expresssive language , awsm articulation frm ur side, this i want to learn frm u
      ,,,, apklogy for such crtitics ,

      I will placing my essay , shortly , dont mind to review mine also! Thank u

      • Batman

        Thanks Strongking for your review. However, your review will be of much use to me only if you could point out what is irrelevant till organization description (also explain what is this organization description, I couldn’t get which para are you pointing here); how can WTO and WB part be concised because I have tried my best to concise and what are the possible impacts of elaborating too much; which improvements can be made
        Just a few thoughts: Essay is not about GS only otherwise the essay paper would have been named GS_1 and not Paper-1; it is also about flow, structure, expression. There needs to be a fine balance between the number of dimensions being covered and the connectivity between paras. If GS would have been the strong point of essay, I think they would have got it checked by a GS examiner and not by English literature people.
        I have just shared my thoughts. They are not meant to offend you and I have accepted your views graciously. Just for real improvement, I am asking what areas do I need to work upon
        Regarding the expressive language, perhaps it is the first time that I have written in this manner. I think it effect of reading books outside the GS-zone, so you can try that too. Waiting for your essay, ping me when you post it 🙂

        • Strongking

          See …link more to indian scenario more like
          > citizen charter, rti, helping desk , niti ayog i.e. reinventing planing commsiin , for instititutiins , etc, incomerax deppt ,, easy business, ,online data base usage adhaar r linkage to tranpqrqnt, accountable, responsible institution
          > link institution to personality of leader , this part u did very well , but more grnd level reality , wud have done awsm job relating to india
          > link character of leader to character dd, here u did gud job
          > linking leader to institution shud have been more precise wb. ,wto,, sorry ,bhai ,if i have exaagerated something in btwen .

          Bhai im also at learning stage! Keep writing ,

          • Batman

            are koi baat ni Bhai. it was just that your review was different from mainstream and thoda clear nhi tha, islie pucha. no need to say sorry 🙂
            keep learning and writing. An I will work on your suggestions 🙂

    • 2tuff

      just a query what diference would your essay had shown had the question been that character of a leader is reflected in its institution??
      because while writing this essay I had to moderate the approach you have taken and shift more towards the institutional values which the leader learns while becoming leader as the value of sarwa dharma sambhav learnt by Mr Gandhi and pluralistic society learnt by J L Nehru.
      please reply

    • Powered Words

      It was great to start with story line up as it sought attention of the reader and a curiosity to read further. Later on try to channelize a theme with simple words citing examples.More importantly bind the paras tightly that one should not move without reading the whole piece of content or at least gets convinced with the content on the later half becz those who check are also humans and it’s natural that we get down with stuffs which are going monotonous. Thanks

      • Thanks Brother, will surely work on your advice 🙂

    • Powered Words

      Could u plz evaluate for mine.. I have just started writing answers.. I jus wanna pick up where my start seems on track or it’s out of the scene

      Human have raised with the evolution of physical characteristics with the all round of social aspect like dependency on each other. This moreover comes true in case of leadership. The role developed with the kind of trust,maturity and belongingness to the emotionally defined ones held as leader. Here comes a bigger role of the leader to represent protect and secure the interests of attached group. This matured group evolves whole into a projection of organised institutions where protocols are laid down for everyone.
      Citing this, the well illustration can be highlighted on the impression of gandhiJi over the institution of freedom with non violence. The country formalised on the mercy of petitions organised by congress was a commendable step but it was organised under a bounded framework with the leadership of moderates. This was because they lacked in connecting to masses way down to women,labour,students and peasants.Gandhi on the way, a leader of an institution who knew violence can be suppressed but truth can’t, and that’s how Satyagraha came into existence. With this he induced a sense of strong self capability among the masses. Though, Extremist also were holding the leadership on the one end, but ideologically based on violent plans and activities,English were easy to suppress them. This was well deciphered by Gandhi and that’s how he progressed with his leadership….

      • Hi, my views-
        – please work on your grammar. There are many grammatical mistakes
        – keep reading the topic in between so that you know you’re on track
        – first para needs to very much improved with regard to content and presentation. Remember, this is introduction and should give the examiner a feel where the succeeding paras are going to flow
        – second para had a good example but it lacked the connectivity with theme of essay
        – do not keep writing whatever you know, rather try to connect yourself with examiner who is not well versed with subjects of history or others

  • Ab

    Please review friends (as every essay writer on this platform will like to be reviewed :-))

    Character of the institution is reflected in its leader:

    When Mahatma Gandhi returned from South Africa on 9th January 1915, he did not joined the active politics even though, under the stewardship of Annie Besant and Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Home Rule League movement was gaining momentum. Someone asked Gandhi ji, you came to India for emancipation of the people, then why you are not joining it actively. Gandhi ji replied with conviction “At this stage of my life (Gandhi ji was 49) with ideas shaped in nearly every aspect , I will not join any organization to get affected by it, but to affect its policy. This doesn’t mean that I am not open for new ideas, but the ideas should be really dazzling to penetrate my thoughts”. Gandhi ji was simply not convinced with the policy adopted by the current leadership; hence he did not join it.

    Institutions can be of many types. It may be political, economic, social, sports, defence and even religious. And hence so will be their leadership. Generally there are two sets of leader of any institutions, first set of leader is one who establishes it and other is one who takes it forward in due course. Both are important, but one who establishes is practically determining the course of functioning of the organization.

    For successful institution a prudent leader is utmost desired. Degree of success is determined by the agility of the leaders. Discussing some of the traits of a leader for successful institution will highlight this point.

    Code of conduct/ Set of rule/ Constitution are very important for the proper implementation of the policy in any institution. If the aforesaid characteristics are met, then there is less chances of arbitrary use of power and privileges. Indian constitution is a good example of it. Even after so many threats at the beginning, it absorbed the socks and proves to be resilient to sustain democratic ethos, whereas our western neighbor faced many turmoil and even toppling of democratically elected government . One simple reason of it was the prudence of our contemporary leadership. They foresee many dangers and drafted constitutions in keeping them in mind.

    Leadership should be selected based on merit not arbitrarily. This point is very essential. Suppose Indian civil services will be open for only privileged classed and the basis of selection will be something else (let’s say money) then we can expect the conduct of elected civil servants. They will not only be inefficient but can also be morally corrupt and despotic.

    One more important trait of the leaders for institution for successful policy implementation is that he should be ready for accepting the changes. In other word he should not be rigid. This does not mean he should compromise the basic principle of the institution.

    Now critically analyzing some of the institutions of our country will give us the insight of the topic. Vikram Sarabhai is known as the father of Indian space program. He was simply visionary. It was his vision that we see ISRO and its brilliant achievement today. He was the inspiration for the whole scientific community. Despite belonging from an aristocratic family, he dedicated his life to the science. His action became the role model for the next generation which produced many great scientists including Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam. Till today, where most of the graduates from IITs are busy in making money in US or European countries, students from regional colleges is making the nation pride my their immense labour and dedication.

    Vivekananda was unknown, till he returned from US after delivering his powerful lecture on the Sanatan Dharma and Indian way of life. He established Ram Krishna Mission in 1897, which is till today inspiring new generation and serving the nation in its own way.

    It’s not always true that character of institution is reflected in its leader. For example every politician and civil servants joins their field to serve the nation in their own capacity. While they are leader in their respective domains, and somehow they joins the institution of nation building by occupying places like secretary or ministries. But we see many cases of corrupt practices. In that case, it can’t be said that character of institution is reflected by its leaders. The character of institution was to serve the people, but the vested interests of them ruined and maligned the character of institutions.

    A good example of it can be taken from a sport institution. FIFA is governing and controlling body of worlds most popular game “Football”, but recently it’s president is alleged to be mired in corruption. The whole world became shocked and the prestige and credibility of the institution got maligned which was built over the years by meticulous planning and action.

    Hence it is right to conclude that “character of institution is reflected in its leader”. But the person who will occupy the leadership position is a dynamic one. It changes with time. Today’s follower can be the leader of tomorrow. Hence it will be wise that the basics of the institution should be passed to the next generation without aberration. The selection of the leader should also be done meticulously; else there are enough instances of transforming democratic leaders to despotic.

    • yogi

      MY views:
      1. Gandhiji part needs some modifications as it appears forced, link with the theme is not explicitly mentioned
      2. Till today, where most of the graduates from IITs are busy in making money in US or European countries, students from regional colleges is making the nation pride my their immense labour and dedication.—> may backfire
      3. minute details like 1897 can be left
      4. conclusion: fine just add some brownies
      overall it is good essay but could have written more as u have words
      thanks 🙂

      • Ab

        Yogi Bhai Thanks a lot for review. I need to improve a lot.

    • Sonia mehra

      Hello AB, nice attempt
      1. Gandhiji example was good, when he took over indian national movement, the movement started reflecting his persona.
      2. You slightly drifted away from the topic in mid-part of the essay and started talking about traits required in a good leader.
      3. The conclusion is incoherent from the topic, you started talking about selection process of a leader. You should have summed up the idea of how the character of a leader affect an institution.
      4. Please quote the democracy of which western country got damaged.
      5. By talking about two types of leaders and focusing on the first type of leader, you have limited your range.

      Thank you and do well..

      • Ab

        Thanks a lot Sonia for the details review, the way you gave the feedback it seems a true reflection of my write up. Even though overall conclusion from your comment is not encouraging for my this write up, but it will definitely help me in future.
        In mid way I was surely became puzzled and perplexed. From next time onward I will keep it in my mind. Please be critique in future too and help me improving. But I seriously doubt on my writing, I have to say. It was my third attempt, still it is not improving as I would have liken. Any way Thanks again:-)

    • Leadership should be selected based on merit : Don’t agree with u. PM is a leader not chosen by merit but by public voting.

      When u said ki “analyzing critically” there was no negative/different side of the topic.

      The other side that u mentioned… Mmmm… not that convincing. Try some different way to show bad leadership (Just my opinion)

      Fifa example was the best.

      Conclusion is apt.

      Work on ur grammar.

      Nice attempt overall. Can be improved upon big time.

      Sorry for the delay in reviewing and ATB 🙂

      • Ab

        Thanks for the review, I thought you forgot:-)
        Merit, in my view, doesn’t mean only educational qualification. I think it’s the merit that qualify a leader. (By the way I think our PM is meritorious :-)) In democracy people elects their leader by voting, but can a civil servant(who is also a leader in one sense) be elected by voting? no.

        Yes, I didn’t analyzed it critically.
        I will work on grammar.

        Thanks again for the review. I always cherish to be reviewed by you.:-)

        • Okay I got ur point. Try to explicitally mention it then – I mean the “merit” thing (In a bracket or something to diminish the possibility of ambiguity)

          • Ab

            Please review my today’s essay too.

  • honey,how are you

  • Ronak

    07/02/2016

    “Character
    of an institution is reflected in its leader”

    “The real power lies in
    the hands of masses but quality of leadership matters” – Mahatma Gandhi.

    The above quote by
    Mahatma Gandhi reflects the importance of quality of leadership for a task in
    hand. It not only decides the success or failure of an institution but also
    acts as a mirror which reflects the character of an institution she/he
    represents.

    A logo of a well
    established brand in itself symbolizes the entire company and quality of goods
    and services offered it. Leader, more or less, can be equated with such a logo,
    having an capability to represent the character of an institution.

    A person is what his
    values are. Anybody on this earth is born value neutral and it is his parents
    and teachers that make up for his values. A child born and brought up in a
    family where domestic violence is a norm will have the same traits as he grows
    up but a parent who teaches his/her child to treat every individual with
    respect and dignity will follow the same principles. Thus it is the role of the
    parent in which the characteristics of his family are seen.

    Governor of Reserve
    Bank of India (RBI), Honorable Raghu Ram Rajan can be the best example in which
    the character of RBI is reflected. Though RBI has always remained as a well
    respected regulatory body but the new leadership has masked it with a new face
    of objectivity and rationality raising the benchmark for its judgment.

    It can thus be said
    that there are certain characteristic traits of a leader that result into a
    good character of an institution. But what are these desirable
    characteristics that give the institution an upper hand and what are the
    characteristics that impinge upon its character and give the institution a bad
    name? The question needs to be pondered upon.

    Positives traits of leadership that result
    into positive character of an institution

    ·
    Responsibility: The leader is the one who takes the
    responsibility of the failure and shares the fruits of the success. He is aware
    of where he failed in giving a proper direction and takes up the responsibility
    for the same.

    ·
    Efficient management of resources at
    hand: A company or the institution always tries to maximize the outputs with
    the limited resources at hand. The resources can be capital or human. This
    benefits the company and the public at large.

    ·
    Work culture: Another important
    characteristic of an institution is its Work culture. This includes efficiency,
    punctuality, positivity, time bound achievements of targets etc. and a leader
    plays a important role in maintaining such qualities in a institution.

    ·
    Public relations: How good a institution
    is able to manage the relations of its company with its stakeholders is defines
    its character. A good institution will have a compassionate relations with its
    stakeholders where again the leader will play an important role.

    ·
    Openness to criticism and redressel
    mechanism: A good institution will always be open to constrictive criticism and
    analyze and make efforts to address the flaws it the institution. At the same
    it will take efforts to solve the problems of people connected with it. A
    leader plays a important role in institutionalizing such practices.

    ·
    Ethical and rational: An institution
    will be tagged ethical and rationale only if the leadership bears the said
    characteristics.

    While the leaders
    bearing these qualities take its institution to a great heights some
    institutions fail to make a desired impact despite of having resources and
    time. The reason is again its leadership. The government institutions in India
    be it schools, hospitals or offices are seen in a bad light not because the
    government has failed to put money into these sectors but because a leadership
    that would believe in quality and its success was lacking. The quality of
    leadership here has affected the character of these institutions.

    Negative
    traits of leadership that result into negative character of an institution

    ·
    Corrupt and unethical leadership: The
    institution in question will be painted corrupt if its leadership is corrupt
    and if it fails to imbibe the ethical characteristics in the office. Government
    institutions are often judged in the light of corruption because the
    politicians and bureaucracy has been corrupt since its inception.

    ·
    Dictatorship: It was the dictatorship of
    Hitler in Germany that gave a bad name to the office of chancellor. His
    totalitarian approach with lack of respect to freedom of his people resulted
    into a bad character of an institution.

    ·
    Personal benefits first: Another
    negative character is a greedy leadership. Personal interests if given
    importance over and above the public interests and interests of the institution
    bring it a bad name.

    ·
    Lack of decisiveness: A leader having no
    confidence in his own decision making will lead his institution to failure.

    There have thus been
    personalities that have reflected the team they lead. Gandhiji himself was a
    great leader and epitome of non violence and truth and he ensured that the
    masses imbibe the same values. The characteristics of democratic values,
    inclusiveness, openness to criticism were clearly reflected in Jawaharlal
    Nehru’s personality.

    But it is not always
    the leader that is responsible to give a real character to the institution. A
    government whose prime minister is an ethical person but the ministers are
    corrupt, practice nepotism and engage in unethical practices are likely to
    bring a bad name to his government. Similarly a bureaucrat might be valuing
    efficient administration, public satisfaction, no heed to corrupt practices and
    empathy towards weaker section of the society but the people below him work for
    their own benefits then the public administration will be seen in bad light.

    Though there are might
    be many such examples but by and large there is no denying fact that a core
    character of an Institution do get reflected in its leader.
    Thus it can be concluded in Babasaheb Ambedkar’s words that,

    “However good a
    constitution may be,it turn out to be bad,because those who work on it turn out
    to be a bad lot.However bad a constitution may be,it turn out to be
    good,because those who work on it turn out to be a good lot.”

  • Alok

    The famous quote by Acharya Chanakya ‘yatha raja thatha praja’ explain the importance and aimpact of leader on the institution.Institutions are made with certain mandate some rules and regulation that should be followed, but it is the leader who interpret and implement those madates, rules and regulations and finally that is what reflected on the ground.Therefore the leader has a tremendous role in shaping the character of an institution.
    We have numerous example from our everyday life where the leaders have actually shaped the institution and take it to the epitome of success.Before our ex CAG Vinod Rai majority of people in the country had not even heared of institution like CAG and what it does, but actually it was the work of shri Vinod Rai which made this institution a household name by unearthing numerous cases of corruption.
    Again the RBI under the governorship of Raghu ram Rajan has done the kind of job in controlling inflation along with pushing for growth has redefined the governorship of RBI and also as an institution.
    Again the example of the huge success of ISRO as a leader in space technology and research can be given to a large extent to its leadership.
    These are the example from our time which reemphasize the role of leaders in shaping the character of an institution. Even in ancient time we hear of ‘Ram Rajya’ a symbol of peace prosperity and truthfulness which were essentially the character of its leader RAM.
    We lost the first fight of freedom in 1857 only because of lack of leadership.we can see the impact of the leadership of the freedom movement over Constitution and various institution of post independent India.
    Therefore a strong, honest and able leadership is important for efficiently running an institution.As any institution has huge responsibility towards the public directly or indirectly therefore it becomes all the way more important that leaders have the requisite capability to do justice to the institution it is governing.
    In the previous UPA government we have seen from news reports,how two centres of power have led to various instances of corruption.
    Even before that in the NDA government how the leadership quality of Atal bihari Vajapyee could lead a coalition government of 26 parties to its full term.Again in the present regime it is alleged that PMO is becoming stronger than the cabinet secretariat on account of very centralised decision making and relying more on beurocrats,Which is essentially the nature of prime minister Narendta Modi which can be seen from his chief minister terms in Gujarat.
    These all are examples which illustrates the nature and character of leaders defining the character and way of functioning of an institution.
    The effect and importnace of leadership is even more visual in armed forces.It is said that the wars are won or lost not on the ground but in the mind of leaders opposing each other.It is the mental strength, risk taking capabilities which makes more difference in the battlefield than tanks and missiles. It was the able leadership of General Manek Shaw which make us win against Pakistan in the war of liberation of Bangla Desh.His leadership was so dominating that once even Ms Gandhi was fearful of possible government hijack by armed forces.
    Leaders provide a way in the time of darkness,take responsibility in time of failure and celebrate, give credita to others in the time of success.These are the essential qualities of a good leader which ultimately decide the fate of an institution.
    Therefore it is rightly said that the character of an institution is reflected in its leader.

  • Profoundis

    Institution by nature is static and it is the man who man’s it makes dynamic either in progressive or regressive depends on his/her traits.

    Leader often subsumed based on his/her capacity in enhancing his/her skills to ensure that the position he/she enjoys would be well take care of with which the very existence of that institution outplays with its performance.

    Lets have a look at real time examples with illustration.

    After seeing the two world wars countries realized that it is time to have an institution which provides harmony by avoiding conflicts in the world with dialogues rather wars n bloodshed which lead to the birth of UNITED NATIONS ORGANISATION. But it has failed to meet its objectives since its inception in which the great powers have hegemony on it through security council who has veto power to undo any actions done by the general assembly often leading to disrespecting the very institution by the member countries even in its appointment of secretary general who mostly chosen by the security council itself by distancing the voice to its member countries. So he/she would be the leader of the UNO and has to discharge his/her duties what the institution awarded him/her while forming it after the Second World War. But in reality he/she is obliging to the security council in discharging which led to the emergence of regional blocks like EU, BRICS, ASEAN, SAARC, OPEC, African league etc. so as the case with the Bretton wood twins which lead to the formation of ADB, AIIB, NDB.

    So it the leader of these institutions who lead to the emergence of new world order by not discharging his/her duties democratically by mending to the great powers by which developing n under developed countries felt looked down upon n had their own. In fact this leader himself/herself assassinated the character of the institution of UNO.

    In India’s case, The election commission got new dimension only after T.N Seshan’s elevation to it , by which he transformed the very institution to an extant that every citizen of india now thinks it has the capacity to conduct free n fair elections with which it acclaimed credibility even from the international community with which some of the countries even asked to help them in conducting their elections. It is the Seshan who brought that jewel in its crown.

    The PMO office in india took birth when Indira Gandhi became prime minister by centralizing all powers to it even by bypassing the cabinet which is one organ of democracy to hold herself tact. Later she tried to destroy the institutions like judiciary, by failing which she declared the emergency by misusing the office of prime minister and put the parliament to ransom by amending the constitution to her will by censoring the freedom of press which is the darkest times of our democracy. she herself put on centre stage after large scale amendments which was corrected by the successive govts to ensure democracy must prevail. But it is the Indira gandi who made the institutions of PMO, and broke the institutions of president, judiciary and the parliament.

    The term of the UPA (2004-2014) was seen as the most ineffective n turbulent times for the office of prime minister. Where the leader of the govt is acting as the leader of coalition partners with the fractured mandate which put the executive and the prime minister at stake. Where he is mending his ways to the coalitions partners to have the majority on the floor of the parliament to let his party continue for the whole term by keeping blind eye for the corruption of his cabinet colleagues, which costs the govt anyway. And allowed the extra constitutional authority to override his decisions, which acted like super cabinet by surpassing the role of executive in our democracy, which is a gross misuse of authority of prime minister. So here the leader of the govt who supposed to be the protector, destroyed the institution for the compulsion of the coalition politics.

    Comptroller and auditor general of India (CAG), which is supposed to be a watchdog for the govt coffers which are public money. Vinod rai , CAG of India by exposing the scams like 2G, Coal scam, common wealth scams turned the office of CAG into much stronger for transparency and accountability in discharging the duties of executive. He even got wide criticism from the govt n legislator that CAG is overstepping into the domain of executive by giving alternate solutions to the policy matters. Even they went to the judiciary to prevent him in doing so, but the Supreme Court famously said CAG is not a MUNIM and is entitled to do so and in fact supreme court extended the jurisdiction of office of CAG. With this he brought the CAG full power to act in more transparent way than its past in dealing with the public money. Often he would be called as T.N Seshan of CAG for putting the office of CAG in such high esteem at par with election commission.

    Judiciary is unitary in India so it is the supreme court which acts as the leader . Where the judgment of every judge makes it accountable to the public and makes it respective depends on the judgment. Officially it is the chief justice of India who heads the supreme court but in practice it is the judgments makes it credible and vice-versa. Even if we see corruption at high court level which of course undermines the judiciary but the final call is supreme court which acts as a court of last resort which is worth while for not entertaining such issues. So over all it is the supreme court is showing the path to judiciary to attain its credibility .

    Instituions can be built by leaders and destroys by the leaders through their personality which adds to the institution as well since every institution is static and carries through leader only in the way its leader takes on.

    • Sonia mehra

      Hy, good attempt.
      1. You need to work on sentence formation.
      2. UPA govt was the most corrupt is a subjective interpretation. So plz avoid such statemetns.
      3. Conclusion is good

      Thank you and do well..

      • Profoundis

        i dint said UPA was most corrupt , rather explained the reasons for it …
        any how thnk you

  • Dreamer
  • Aravind Varier

    Character is the quality of a person which guides his/her actions . It reflects in the behavioral pattern exhibited by the person with the world . His interaction with the external environment decides, how he can influence the ambiance of the place were he is in .
    The institution referred in the statement can be of a basic family to the ultimate apex government office of the Nation and how the institution could be influenced by the traits of the leader .

    There were two neighboring families living in a housing colony were one of the head’s of the family was a non drinker and the other being a drunkard . The non drinker who held high regards to his family life ,used to come from office in the evening and helped his wife in household chores as well as assisted his child, learn subjects taught in the school .On the other hand the drunkard used to come at late night and lead to frequent quarrel with his wife and beat his child for no reasons under the influence of alcohol . we could see the father with a good character showing benevolence towards his wife and child have made the most fundamental unit of a societal institution ” family ” peaceful and the drunkard’s character could make the atmosphere in his family acrimonious.

    As the children grew up, one had the advantage of learning good human values from his parents and the other child grew hating his parents as well as the entire society due to the frequent ill treatment meted out to him due to the failure of the character of the father . The child who brought up under the influence of good family could clear the civil service exam and entered into the elite Indian Police service .but the other child due to his frustration dropped out and joined as a member of a drug cartel .

    The police officer who was raised in the family with good character build by his father started bringing positive changes to the anti – narcotics department to which he was designated to head .The police officer could bring more discipline to the force due to the integrity he exhibited while rendering his duties . The college drop out who joined the drug cartel grew higher in the ranks by betrayal and inside killings of the gang members and ultimately becoming the kingpin in the organisation . Now we could see that the anti – narcotics department was executing its duties with perfection due to the co-ordination due to the police officer leading it having high regards to the sub-ordinate which could be attributed to his character and simultaneously the drug dealer was running an organization which was looking to deceive its leadership, a reflection of the character of the drug dealer who himself grew in the organisation by backtracking other members .

    As the drug menace increased in the state ,the anti-narcotics department was asked to curb it by the government . Then the police officer who was heading the organisation efficiently put down a detailed plan to nab the kingpin and the certain police officers were asked to intrude into the organisation of the drug cartel to get the details of the kingpin who is running it . As the police officers were committed to the anti-narcotics department and molded by the man at helm with high integrity could unlock the secrets of the functioning of the drug dealings by luring the members in the drug organisation which had least disregard to their leader.

    Ultimately, the kingpin of the drug cartel was nabbed and prosecuted and send to the jail .

    The story in the essay clearly specifies the character of the leader and its effects on the Institution that he /she is leading .
    It is rightly said that to build a strong Nation we need to have great leaders , but only a leader with respectable character can bring the masses and the institutions together by placing it on the right track towards development .

    • dumbledore

      aravind
      1) ur whole essay is just 1 story . i think that can prove detrimental . although it has dimensions in it but a lot more can be added i think . u shld quote some leaders who have done great.
      2) increase the length and add more dimensions/ metion some govt schemes. read rachit raj’s essay/
      3) ur story is coherent but all i can feel is that this is just 1 story. the examiner cld feel the same.

      • Aravind Varier

        Dear Dumbledore ,

        Why to add quotes of leaders dear , i want my story to be free from political pressures & influence 😉 🙂 😉 🙂

        Rachit Raj Essay , What DUDE !!! I don’t want to be like that guy , I am aravind and my essay should like mine and not like the one written by rachit raj or some other guy . DID YOU GET ME !!!

        dumbledore essay should be like dumbledore’s and not written by others . this applies to everyone 🙂

        whats wrong BUDDY !!! I am able to connect it or not that is what is important , i will give a funny example for that: we cannot mix the story of amir Khan’s ” 3 Idiots ” & ” PK ” together in one movie 😉

        I hope you got my point 🙂

        THANK YOU 🙂 🙂 🙂

        • dumbledore

          yes i am not asking u to write like him 🙂 but learn from the structure maybe he is wrong too, or maybe not .. i dont know ur essay is different but it cld backfire. the examiner can think that this is all just 1 story. its possible u cant deny that.

          yes my essay is my essay for sure. 🙂 i will never copy someone . never. but it helps to know as to what kind of structure upsc expects. thats why i told u read his sample essay. he cld be totally wrong but that shld be judged only after reading:) rest u r free to choose:) .. i read his essay and he has mentioned a lot of schemes , i think all the schemes under the sun he has mentioned in his essay. i dont know if thats the right way to approach it too. read it and we can discuss rather than just outrightly rejecting that its useless. u get my point?

          • Aravind Varier

            Dear Dumbledore ,

            DUDE !!! I AGREE TO your review .

            please provide me the link of the essay that you are talking about 🙂

            THANK YOU !!!

            • dumbledore
              • Aravind Varier

                Thank you for the link Dumbledore . but were is he talking about the structure OR strategy in that essay . He just wrote the essay on the topic like the way we do .

                Since, he topped the UPSC , we started considering that as a Hallmark piece . I can’t stop being critical BUDDY 🙂

                The best thing we can do is to write and review as well give good feedback to others for their essays in Insights .

                Yes, as you rightly said we can think about more dimensions and new ideas by discussing among our self .

                ALL THE BEST !!!

                • dumbledore

                  yeah his essay is very factual too and nothing extraordinary. people here are also writing more or less the same or a few points bett,er.

                  he is not talking about structure. i just meant the way he wrote u know. but i felt its nothing extraordinary.
                  its good to learn from wherever u can. and reject whats u feel is not good.
                  keep writing and pushing urself. 🙂 and keep reviewing.

            • dumbledore

              and aravind review my essay too if u get time:)

            • sankar

              have a look at mine, if you find time plz…………..thanks

    • Sonia mehra

      Dear Aravind,
      1. A father could influence family as an institution.
      2. There is a limit to your narcotics officer influencing the character of the system/institution- I think the example could have been changed to a business leader, or some body like vinod rai or medha padhkar. I find it hard to relate the narcotics officer as a leader.
      3. Using story in its entirety was a brave attempt, kudos!! But the story I believe backfired, because it limited your range in terms of examples or ideas.

      Thank you, expecting your rebuttal………….loll….

      • Aravind Varier

        Thank you for the review Dear Sonia ,

        Oh!! I did see you mentioning ” expecting your rebuttal …….. LOL !!! ” so you are expecting me to do that . Sure Dear !!! I will do the same 🙂 🙂 🙂

        1) a father can influence the family as an institution . A family is the fundamental Institution of a society . i don’t see any wrong in writing a family can be influenced either by a wife or a husband . though ,I mentioned head of the family and referred it to the father but my story here is a traditional Indian family situation were a father coming back to home and children waiting for the father and so on….” so though of adding a patriarchal effect to the story.

        2) i have mentioned he is heading the anti – narcotic organization , so he himself is the leader so why can’t he bring changes to that .

        generally candidates think political leaders o CEO’s as leaders but any head of the department is a leader to the organization that he/she heads .

        How can i change to business leader Sonia !!! I was seeing 4 aspects while writing this essay .

        1) A good story that can keep the examiner curious about what will happen in the next paragraph. and make him read it entirely .

        2) i was giving examples of 2 institutions in my essay ” FAMILY ” & ” 2 Organizations ( anti – narcotic bureau & the drug cartel group )

        3) i was simultaneously discussing the effects of the head/leader and its influence on the institution and was also continuously bringing out the comparisons to express my idea , which i personally believe have to some extent been successful .

        4) ending the story were an organization with a leader having good character can overpower an organization with a leader with bad character 🙂 🙂 🙂

        BACKFIRED !!!!!!!! I am experimenting my writing capabilities in insights these days 🙂 🙂 🙂

        Missed CALVIN DOSE !!! 🙁 🙁 🙁 Today .

        THANK YOU 🙂 🙂 🙂

        • Sonia mehra

          Me too missing calvin… will bring him back next week…
          1. Originally I agree with the family example, due to typing error I haven’t completed the first point in my original reply.
          2. Acknowledge the idea behind narcotics officer

          Good to see you experimenting… All the best..

          • Aravind Varier

            Thank you Sonia ,

            Do write ethics answers regularly . that will also help you to bring in ideas in the essay paper.

            ALL THE BEST !!!

            • Sonia mehra

              Yes I will..

    • Sahil Garg

      Critical review => 1. You just explained one story, and completed ? Dont think thats a good strategy..2 . You have to add dimensions, whether you like it or not. An essay completely based on a story has very little chance to appeal to most examiners, while one on the dimensions will..

      Now thats my view , and may not be true….please review mine 🙂 🙂

    • yogi

      MR. Bond if i m not wrong this seems like the first essay u have written ? and that too in hurry ? 🙂
      As pointed out by others u have writen just one story, that is not a bad idea if u are able to bring several dimensions, and relate the same with the core theme of the essay
      voting up for taking the baton of writing essay in ur hands
      hope to see more essays form ur side in future 🙂

      • Aravind Varier

        Dear Yogi 🙂

        NO , this is not my first essay . I am used with writing small notes on any topic ,so writing is not at all a concern for me . I was actually experimenting to create a scene that is similar to the stories that we find in movies .

        It took around 35 minutes to draft and type this story . i did not hurry while writing this .

        Yes , i did not feel like giving much importance to the definition of character and related themes because i was penning a cinema script back here 🙂 🙂 🙂 i should have given that .

        Regarding dimensions , actually the essay covers two dimensions one of the family and one of an organisation .i could have added one more dimension by adding another twist in the script . but nothing came into my head to give that twist 🙁 🙁

        yes , i would be writing many essays in future , but i still have a doubt , you used many dimensions ( examples ) in your essay , is that required ???

        i am seeing this in almost all the essay written here . is there any other alternative .

        one way is like the way i did today by writing a single story and covering two dimensions with positive as well negative aspect in tandem .

        but , i feel most of the people are NOT impressed with the approach i choose while writing this essay .

        THANK YOU 🙂 🙂 🙂

        • yogi

          1. i took ~ 4 hrs so for me 35 minutes will be super hurry, but as u urself have accepted that u were not in hurry, so what i feel about ur speed, does not matter 🙂
          2. query regarding examples :- answered in my reply to other post
          3. A good essay has following qualities:
          1. A great intro: something that forces the reader to say “wow”
          2. Simple language: no hi-fi English words no GS jargons (u are a champion in this :))
          3. Multiple dimensions (usually 4-5 are good ): here multiple dimension mean the implication of the quote in different sphere, like political, business, international arena, research, education and family under social, historical, cultural, etc etc . Now we can figure out which leader to be fit where or to which institutions,. As u rightly said the +ve and -ve is also one way, but agian foe both of theses sides we will have to look for the dimensions mentioned in previous line OR u can choose to write +ve and -ve of each dimension but often everything gets mixed up in this case, so better to avoid this one
          4. Sufficient depth: each dimension to be covered in sufficient details, e.g lets say business orgz. as an institution then we will have to bring details like Tata, Zukerberg, Bill Gates and give account of their respective roles which differentiate all of them ) (joker handled that part very well)
          5. Good flow,: linking between paras or anything that connects the thoughts for smooth transitions from one para to next one.
          6. Use of current affairs and GS but in limited amount
          7. Personal anecdotes: personal life experiences without revealing our identity as it may backfire.
          8. Good and legible handwriting (mine is really bad:-P)
          9. Day to day examples : to reach close to readers heart (same approach that we follow in ethics, u know what i mean)
          10. Interesting to keep the reader engaged (u tried by a movie script, may be u did not articulated ur thought in proper manners , reasons can be many , like broken flow, or mixing of things )
          11. A great conclusion: which leave reader with an impact on his mind when as now it is time to get marks (this part i find most challenging if u can suggest me something regarding how to improve conclusion i would be very obliged)

          Now u read ur essay and look what u missed. As i said in my previous comment ur approach is not bad, but ur creativity lost its impact bcos u did not complied with other aspects of a good essay.

          Hope it helped, 🙂

          • Aravind Varier

            Thank you for the detailed REPLY yogi 🙂

            from next week , i will hunt for that PUNCH essay that can make the examiner feel WOW !!!

            i did understand something from your reply .

            we should be make it simple and strictly adhere to the flow and the continuity of paragraphs in a logical way suited for the topic . we need not be innovative or add suggestions like the way we do in our ethics paper .

            yes , you are right , introduction to keep the examiner interesting and conclusion is what actually decides the mark .

            i will surely work on that aspect . the conclusion that i used here is like two sentences which will surely NOT impress any examiner .

            THANK YOU 🙂 🙂 🙂

            • yogi

              we need not be innovative or add suggestions like the way we do in our ethics paper .–> typing mistake,
              if those two lines of conclusion are some thought provoking idea or that shock the reader, they will surely impress him/her. I m also looking for that effect 🙂
              thankyou 🙂

              • Aravind Varier

                So, from your reply , i feel innovative suggestions can also be included in the essay in the conclusion so as to make our examiner fall in LOVE with our essay 🙂 🙂 🙂

  • Rashmirathi

    Character of an institution is reflected in its leader

    Ramesh was software engineer who worked in a high paying firm in the US. But he was not happy. Like his grandfather, who sacrificed his life for India’s independence, he too wanted to do something for the nation. So he quit his job, came back to India and went to visit his grandfather’s village. He was moved to see the state of affairs—widespread poverty, illiteracy, superstition, ignorance… There was a government school in nearby village,but the people were too skeptical of western education.

    Ramesh decided to start a school. Though resistant in the beginning, due to immense respect for his grandfather, the villagers trusted him. Within a year most kids began coming to the school. With the help of a few friends , he expanded his team. He helped the villagers harvest rain water and efficient means of irrigation . this attracted the government’s attraction and dispensaries , aanganwadis, schools were opened. In a few years the shape of the entire village changed.

    The above story shows how Ramesh’s initiative gained the trust of the villagers and became successful due to the good image of his grandfather in the village. How a leader’s character generates trust in the values of the institute he represents.

    LEADER AS THE TORCHBEARER

    History is testimony to the thousands of times when the trust in integrity of the leader has kept institutions at the extremes of fragility from falling apart. For example , the years fallowing independence saw the country burning in fires of communism and linguistic extremism. In these tough times, among other reasons , the trust of countrymen in Nehru’s character and broad mindedness saved india from getting torn apart and sailed us out of the storms and emerge as a liberal nation .

    Similar was the role played by Mahatma Gandhi in the freedom struggle. Trust in his character and his doctrine of non violence encouraged the common man to become a part of national movement and fight for independence. His leadership made a national movement, earlier confined to few sections, into a mass movement. Gandhi and Nehru’s leadership helped forge the image of India as a peaceful nation which stands till date.

    A good leader not only creates a good image of the institution for the outside world, he also helps strengthen the faith of the members of the institution into the values they stand for. Many great leaders like Napolean and Akbar have motivated small armies to win great battles .E Sreedharan is credited as the man who changed the face of transport in India. Immense trust in his leadership led to his teams finishing bulky projects in far less time than anticipated and with much more efficiency. Azim Premji, through his leadership, turned the vegetable oil manufacturing company of his father into WIPRO – one of the leaders in software engineering. Narayan Murthy, the father of India’s IT sector according to Time magazine, continues to be the face of Infosys.
    The list is unending , Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, Mark Zukerberg… where a leader shaped and nurtured the values of an institute and helped reflect a good image of the institute inside as well as outside.

    IMPRESSIONS CAN BE DECEIVING !

    However, excessive dependence on leadership’s character to judge the values of the institute does not always paint the right picture. A very common example is of elections. Due to immense belief in a leader and his values , people end up voting for any representative of his party, irrespective of his own credentials and character. This leads to many corrupt politicians getting elected.
    In our day to day lives, we tend to judge the members of a family on the basis of our impression of the family head. For example Radhika’s family – they were searching for a groom for her. Sunil, a retired IAS officer known for his honesty had a son who worked abroad. Happy at finding such a good family Radhika’s parents married her to sunil’s son. It was after 3 months when she came back to india that they found outwhat a blunder they had made. The guy turned out to be an alcoholic abusive !

    Leadership is like the face of the institution and the membership its body. A pretty face with an ailing body can’t survive for long. Therefore, in order to succeed in the long run , it is imperative that the work done by the members be equally good.

    There are also examples where despite the bad image of institute due to corrupt leadership, the good work done by members has paid off. For example, despite the immense corruption in BCCI, cricket continues to be one of the most loved sports in India. People are still crazy about watching the Indian team play, one can still find kids playing cricket on the street. All these is due to the talent and hardwork of our players, who despite all the corruption in their head institute , continue to give their best to the game.

    CONCLUSION

    A good leader knows the way, shows the way and walks the way. He is the flagbearer and the torchbearer of the institute . Not only is he the face of the institute before world, he also creates a path for the members to walk on. But at the same time the role of members is equally important . In the end it is the work they do that shapes the image of the institute in the long run. Leadership and members are complementary , each reflects on the other’s image. Without good members , an institute with good leader is like a box of worms with good packaging !

    • Vivaan Khanna

      yeah rashmi better than previous one in terms of flow
      1.ur leadership revolved around trust mostly.
      2.impressions can be deceptive was completely misleading…undermining voters in frst example..second to some extent justified..third though BCCI is corrupt but team works on the instructions of Dhoni/Kohli..so completely different leadership on field..and people come for them not for BCCi
      3.When u did not show in whole essay how leadership and institutions are complementary..introducing in last could be risky.
      4.conclusion should have dealt with the theme not the members…this could have been point before the leader becoming torchbearer,walks the way etc.
      Thank you

    • yogi

      My views:
      1. intro : good story
      2. good that u presented both sides, with due wtage to each
      3. each para speaks a unique dimension good
      4. Radhika story aptly put, to substantiate ur point
      5. para before conclusion: what do want to say is actually reflected in ur conlsusion
      6. conclusion: is fine but avoid the negative ending, u can pose the same point n form of a question but keep it positive
      never ending demand,:- more points can be added as i found it lacking the content a bit, but whatever u have written is good 🙂
      kwar…:)

      • Rashmirathi

        thank you 🙂

  • niti

    “Character of an institution is reflected in its leader”

    Character of an institution or a leader is defined by the wisdom, ideas and beliefs and the way they perceive world behaviors. In this simultaneous process of evolution, the leader and the institution both reinforce each other’s attributes and therefore this dictum can be used otherwise also as “character of a leader is reflected in its institution”.

    As the foundation of a leader is laid by numerous factors and attributes and their unique amalgamation fabricates a distinct identity in itself. Similarly an institution can be guided by some set of ideas and rules. Continuous interaction of these rules defines the course of action.

    Here how proactive the institution is in delivering the services is reflected in the leader’s actions that how proactively she is approaching to the make the institution pragmatic and realistic.

    Just as on a weak foundation no building can remain stable, same way even a strong institutional system can be eaten
    away by weak leadership. On the contrary, a strong leadership not only motivates its followers and the institution at stake but also proceeds to create more leaders. It is imperative to delineate the ideology of the institution and future course of actions. The ideologies, motives and perspectives of most prominent leaders of Indian freedom struggle such as, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Sardar Patel, Mahatama Gandhi define the character and reputation of Indian democracy. Similarly, idea of B R Ambedkar and his vision are well framed and enliven till date in the spirit of our constitution.

    The relationship between a leader and an institution is a two way process – a symbiotic relationship. Through one way, a leader can redesign and reshape the policies, motives and consequently the outcomes through his actions largely influenced by his ethical conduct, ideas and virtues – emotional intelligence and appraisal. This way most beautifully corroborates the influence of leader on the institution, its employees, achievements and also failures. A downtrodden company can be rejuvenated to turn back on the track if the leader identifies his abilities to make best possible use of finances available i.e. the fiduciary responsibility. Here we can say that the character of leader is reflected in the institution.

    Another side of the coin says the institutional strength, ideology, commitment is built such a way that it facilitates the fabrication of intricate web of leadership where the leaders believe in creation of more leaders rather than just providing leaderships to followers. Institutional environment is enough create opportunities to nourish different mindsets and ideologies. Most of our universities, companies like Tata, Infosys and judiciary epitomize this side.

    A person of character will develop action guided by his/her thoughts which can come with positive and negative implications. Civil and military strife in west and central Asia, Northeastern Pakistan sub-sahara countries all are misguided by eroded leadership which are looking forward with their own vested interest not for the welfare of their people. Having strong character and clearly defined goals will not make leadership objectives just but an ethical conduct, welfare of people at stake and just behavior surely will. Nepolean’s ideology and aim to rule over whole Europe defines his character and clear thought process however this accomplishment did not last for long. Similar regime was dreamed by Saddam Hussain in Iraq.

    On the other hand, Mughal history shines with the aura, charisma, eloquence, energy and equity in the leadership
    provided by respective leaders. They also aimed and ruled large tracts of Indian continent simultaneously with the welfare of people and society at large.

    Integrity, morality, discipline and proactive behavior of a leader are reflected in the working of the institution and make the institution recognized worldwide through these features. The institution of non violence and truth founded by mahatama Gandhi, mutual cooperation in diplomacy defined in Panchsheel etc. reflect the national and diplomatic institutions. Thus it is the leader who can take the institution to receive the rays of morning sun and also make it to fluoresce the world.

    • Vivaan Khanna

      hello niti ji.your and fury ji’s essays almost similar..same person with different identity or u are sisters 😛
      1.could introduce that other meaning of essay in another side of the coin.
      2.morality,integrity etc introduced in conclusion could have been explained a little bit to make more sense before including in conclusion.
      3.example were good and unique
      4.try to make it more engaging..even i m working on this aspect

    • Night Fury (Toothless)

      hey Niti
      from start till end I liked your essay 🙂
      very good use of words..flow and examples.. connectivity..and u mentioned mostly every related thing.. no critic from my side 🙂 keep writing !!

    • Brilliant! Absolutely brilliant! U have improved so much from the last time I read ur passage! I didn’t find any flaw as of now. The flow was outstanding. A well balance between GS and Philosophical aspects too. U looked on the other side too… Simply loved it!

      But I feel ki it is a little small as compared to what should have been written. My only critic.

      And extremely sorry for not reviewing, u see too many people ask for it and I try to review maximum. But some get left, doesn’t mean I did it intentionally! So sorry for that 🙂

      • niti

        😀 why so serious…i knw that it is difficult to review all..and where everybody expects. thank you very much for giving ur precious time..
        i read ur essay… i really praise ur blog but link b/w leader and an institution was missing… may be i was not able to comprehend..but u never miss flow..n no body can beat u there..engagement part was good…description to ur examples was really good..but had there been an institutional linkage it would be outstanding…
        keep writing..ATB..:)

  • Shrunga Chandrashekar

    Character of an institution is reflected in its leader

    Leader is one who gives all freedom to his team to be innovative, encourage them to give their best by backing them during their bad times, give all the credit of success to the team and take the responsibility of the failure. The vision, mission, planning, execution, handling the pressure and getting this right is what defines a Leader.

    It is very important for a country to have a leader who leads from the front and explore all possible ways to find a solution to a problem, deal with the critics, take responsibility of failure for becoming super power and contented. Organization or institution or country will be mere reflection of its leader. The charisma of a leader, his ability to negotiate, take initiation towards solution will represent ability of a country or institution to deliver what is promised.

    Before 1915 the urge for Indian independence was there, people always wanted country to be free from British rule which was evident from the sepoy mutiny of 1857, indigo revolution but all it lacked was proper guidance, vision and methodology. Gandhi was back to India in 1916 and he did not directly entered the independence struggle, he toured India understood the realities. He developed a vision, decided the methodology, his way of handling things were criticized but they fetched results for India. In 1947 India got leadership and his principles were reflected in the constitution of India. He had to undergo the series of failures but he never gave up as a result India become independent.

    Indian cricket team in 2007 had seen devastating failure in world cup, there were questions on the caliber of the team at the same time Mahindra Singh dhoni was given leadership. Under his leadership India won the T20 world cup and went ahead to win world cup after 28 years. He led the team as a member of the team, trusted the potential of his team, took right decisions and more importantly
    took the responsibilities of failure. He never let the pressure from the critics affect his team, he became the blotting paper and absorbed the pressure from the critics and gave the credit to the team or player who had performed well. His leadership had less team conflicts which reflected in the success of the team.

    Today Indian is known for its diplomacy in the international level thanks to leadership of Narendra modiji, he never let away the personal touch in the diplomacy. His decision to dropdown at Lahore to wish Pakistan counterpart Nawaz sheriff opened the doors of diplomacy between India and Pakistan which has raised the hopes of improved relationship between the neighbors. Not only diplomacy his vision to nation has been complemented, his way of handling the opposition, oratory skills to impress audience has raised the bars for India in the international stage.

    Ratan tata’s idea of car for poor or middle class had raised the questions on its possibilities in the automobile sector. He guided his team to find ways to make it reality rather than explain him why it is not possible. As a result Indian people had taste of NANO cars which was affordable to the middle class family and TATA motors had attracted global recognition. He is now involved in nurturing the startups in India by investing in them, able leadership of Ratan tata, his experience to handle the crisis all can be reflected through the growth of entrepreneurship in India.

    In the above discussion we had glimpse of the positive leadership which changed the world for good and made world better place to live in.

    Hitler well known for his leadership, raised Germany from the times of hyperinflation and stabilized the economy, generated employment and Germany was on the growth track. His perception only fittest can survive resulted in the Holocaust, social unrest, World War 2. His leadership if channelized in right direction would have changed the growth story of Germany and he would have been known as greatest leaders in the world.

    The various terrorist groups operating in the world under the leadership of the various leaders, creating devastating effects on the society creating social unrest. If the same energy utilized to educate the children, empower women and improve the health condition of the poor then world would be place where equality persist and development is mantra. These organization might have great leaders but the effects of their intentions have left their leadership unrecognized and organization does not have any respect or value in the society.

    The purpose of the organization or the institution is reflected in its leader and makes it stand unique. Leader should be one with right intension and not one who wants his whims and fancies executed. It is not the outcome that makes them successful it is whether the result has positive effect or negative impact that makes them stand.

    Person with vision, methodology on how to achieve that goal, patient and clam will not be a great leader if he craves for the credit of success and run away from taking responsibility of failures. It is the responsibility, good intention, inspiring others to work for the organization is what makes a leader.

  • Dreamer
  • ASPIRANT

    Kindly review friends

  • ASPIRANT

    The following pages

  • ASPIRANT

    Final pages

    • Profoundis

      arey yaar i don’t know whether u r boy/girl….

      for chilling effect i presume u r girl ..and the beauty of ur writing is hounding me not to review ur content just to feel the pleasure of ur writing, if its not worth the beauty of ur words will disappoints ..even if ur physical beauty is as beauty as urmila that doesn’t distract me from this letter beauty………..now u can imagine ….for ur sake i hope ur content would be half worth ur letter beauty

      • ASPIRANT

        kindly focus on content part.. criticism is welcomed..coz m not much of a writer..

  • Isha

    “If your actions inspire others to learn more, dream more and become more- you are a leader.”

    The above lines as quoted by John Quincy Adams (Former US President) truly reflects the quality of a good leader- one who carves out the best among its co-workers and inspires them to do their best. The legacy of a leader is reflected in the works of his institution because the character of an institution is the reflection of its leader. A leader is someone who provides a direction to its institution, an identity for itself, a goal to pursue. It is the leader who takes the institution and its members, forward- hence being at the core of the characterization of an institution.

    Like we need to have a rowlock in the hand of an able boatman to reach our destination, we need to have a leader in every sphere of life. Taking the basic example of a family- most of us have grandparents at home or parents in single nuclear families. They make sure to inculcate good moral values in their children, provide them education, fulfill their basic needs and hence make them a responsible human being. The importance of the leadership role can be seen from the fact that it is reflected in the way their children behave in the public.

    Similarly, at school and college stage, we often have a class representative election at the start of a session. The teacher usually prefers to have a child with good academic record, multitasking ability & leadership quality to be the one as monitor. Why? Because these are the characteristics one needs in life to be successful everywhere and these are things that teacher expects other students to learn from their leader. A leaders’ character has a huge impact on the way its team member behave.

    We have numerous examples to justify the same. There are various stages in the course of the journey of an institution when the importance of its leader becomes very much evident. Like during the beginning of 20th century, when Indian National Movement lost its inner self with the separation of extremists and moderates. There was an urgent need of a new leadership and new ideas to infuse the spirit of zeal and hope among the dejected people. That void was fulfilled by Mahatma Gandhi who took over the command of guiding the movement with his very own understanding and revived the struggle once again. His basic philosophy- that of non-violent struggle- was reflected in the way masses behaved thereafter. Gandhi’s ideology and its implementation were crucial in India’s fight for independence in 1947. His ability to be both a transformational leader and a transactional leader has been studied many times.

    Although there are many traits and behaviors that caused the success of Gandhi, two of them needs special mention-
    (a) Leadership By Example- He practiced what he preached at every possible level. When it came to personal possessions, unlike today’s leaders (both business, political or religious) he had the barest of minimum.
    (b) Treatment of others: his letters and writings to other great leaders in India, the world and even to young children never had a patronizing element but always looked at everyone (and even animals) as equals.
    If all of us do our bit, to be like him in every relationship we forge at work and elsewhere, no doubt that our successors will inherit a better world.

    Similar was the case post independence- when Mahatma Gandhi was no more between us to take forward the country. The command was taken over by Jawaharlal Nehru whose progressive mindset and the spirit to see India tread the high growth trajectory began reflecting in the way economy performed. The stagnant and war torn economy of India began to blossom within a short period of time.

    An able leader has the capability to carry an institution through such trouble times and ensure its continuity. It was Nehru, who through his Socialist dream, created institutions like the Public Sector Undertaking Companies, Planning Commission, and Organizations like Non-Alignment Movement etc. that gave Indians that means to achieve our fullest potential around the ambience of such institutions. His inspiration behind the establishment of such institution led them to be successful cornerstone in Indian development history and is still the central figure of Indian growth story today.

    Also, masses have the tendency to follow a knowledgeable and learned leader. They strive to be like their leader. The king Asoka and his moral principles of Dhamma earned huge respect from the subjects as they considered their king to be a learned person. It is the leader that imparts a great vision to the institution. We have numerous business leaders- like Azim Premji, Tata group, Steve Jobs- who set high standards of integrity and team work by bringing out the best among their team members.

    A good leader is enthusiastic about their work or cause and also about their role as leader. People will respond more openly to a person of passion and dedication. A good leader is confident. In order to lead and set direction a leader needs to appear confident as a person and in the leadership role. Such a person inspires confidence in others and draws out the trust and best efforts of the team to complete the task well. To quote a few names for the same, we have our Metro Man- E. Sreedharan- who demonstrated the importance of time and team work power to complete a piece of work. Similarly, the name of Indian Cricket team captain MS Dhoni needs no introduction.

    But the leaders could also impede negative qualities to the Institution which can destroy its credibility. Qualities like dishonesty and shady credentials can make the society question the need and integrity of the institution. Such a question brings in negative publicity to the institution whereby its years of hard work is destroyed by the actions of its leader. This is evident with respect to the various cases of scams like CWG case, Coal Block Allocation, Vyapam Scam, and many more where our own leaders were involved in the corruption cases. This leads to loss of the reputation of the country at international level. Even worst is the case where Judiciary people and business leaders were alleged to have misbehaved with their women employees. These kind of incidences leads erosion of credibility and faith between leaders and their team members in general.

    Hence we can say that it is the leader of an organization which provides a direction to its future course. It is in his/her hands to impart a right push or a wrong one. With his ability to take everybody together as a team, to consider each one of them to be as important for the institution as he himself is, to provide them a vision for future, and to bring the best out of them- a leader can set a legacy to guide the organization in future too. It is the democratic ideal one needs to have in their attitude to earn respect and gain command as a leader.

    • Akhil

      Hey isha nice essay.
      Introduction is very good one
      You used example from asoka to ratan tata very well. but i think gandhi and nehru vala para thoda jayda stretch kar diya.
      Effect of good and bad character of leader
      On institution is nicely justified.
      Overall nice and balanced essay.
      Please review mine to if you get time

      • Isha

        Hi Akhil, Thanks for the review 🙂
        Abt Gandhi and Nehru part- actually starting me zyada examples yaad nahi aa rahe the. So got stuck there and may be it got overstretched.
        Will review yours in a while. Thanks again!

    • yogi

      1. w=1183: congrats u made it 😀
      2. Beginning is catchy good jod
      3. simple language, no laoding with too much GS , good point about ur essay
      4. GAndhiji part good but, u ate too many words there
      5. monitor, very well thought
      6. Asoka and business leaders together ? what is common here ?
      7. Metro man and Dhoni: again the same issue
      8. flow was fine
      9. -ve side, elaborated well, good
      10. conclusion:- fine, scope of improvement is always there
      overall, better than the previous one 🙂
      thanks!

      • Isha

        Thanks for the review Yogi 🙂
        1. Hehe 😛
        Thanks 🙂
        2, 3- Thank you
        4. Yeah, you are right- unplanned work 😐
        5. Thanks
        6, 7- did not think about it this way. Got it now.
        8,9- thanks
        10. Working on it. Will improve more next time.
        Thanks for reading and the detailed review 🙂

    • Tanu Singhal

      Hey, I really liked urs.

      Today u n mine quoted quite similar things. M glad:P

      No errors found, much improvement shown.
      Work more on introduction u can elaborate it.

      Overall, I enjoyed reading it.
      Add more examples also.

      • Isha

        Thanks for the review Tanu 🙂
        Yeah, similar examples 😛
        Introduction was bad- i too felt the same. More examples could be added in an organized piece- mine was not a planned work, agree.
        Thanks again.

        • Tanu Singhal

          Yeah we do that, I can understand.

          But surely we are improving a lot 🙂

          • Isha

            We are and we will improve even more in a short while 🙂

    • Night Fury (Toothless)

      Isha ma’am
      flow me to aap laajawab hain !! brilliant language and flow
      intro I liked!
      as u already know u lacked the connection btw leader and insti character .. same I missed to address.. we focussed on mentioning the qualities of the leader 😛
      As I mentioned in my essay u can write the flip side too..
      overall good essay 🙂
      next time aur achha hoga !!

      • Isha

        Not Ma’am/sir Fury- you are a great Friend yaar 🙂
        Flow- bs ek yahi cheez aati hai 😀
        Thanks- someone liked the intro 🙂
        Okay, about the flip side- I did not think this way. Was not sure actually.
        I am glad that you liked it. Next time will improve more.
        Keep writing! Thanks for the review 🙂

        • Night Fury (Toothless)

          koi nahi.. content to likhte likhte improve hoga 🙂
          flow me likhne writing skills sabke bas ki nahi 😉

          • Isha

            Yess, we’ll write and write and write- hoga kaise nahi improve. Jayega kaha 😛
            And flow bhi ho jata hai yar, likhte likhte 🙂

          • Isha

            Kaha hai aaj? no essay..

            • defiance

              Hi Isha….can u plz review mine if time permits… wrote without thinking much due to lack of time. still a review ll help…

            • nai likha yaar.. not well.. will read yours asap 🙂 tension nai le tu bas 😛 sabka ek saath I will read 😀

              • Isha

                Get well soon ho ja pehle, fir aaram se padh lena (y)

              • Isha

                kaisi hai? All well..

    • Jaya Swatantra

      Aap to chaa gaye Isha ji…wonderful write up!!
      Effective introduction
      Properly linked Gandhi ji’s leadership skills and how it helped for attaining independence well explained
      Want to add just one point that Ashoka’s successors became weak due to liberal views of Ashoka and his weak leadership after Kalinga war…. so it is not dhamma which should be addressed … but overall a very nice attempt… All the best !! Kwar.. 🙂

      • Isha

        Hehe Jaya, that’s too much appreciation for the day. Yes, agree that there is a lot of scope to improve. Will try to do the same next week.
        Keep writing and reviewing 🙂
        Thanks for the review 🙂

        • Jaya Swatantra

          Hey Isha please review my essay … if you get time…

  • Sahil Garg

    PLEASE REVIEW 🙂

    “ A ship will sail only as far as its Captain will allow it to.” The phrase attempts to bring out the importance a leader commands in an institution. A leader with poor conscience and moral values will seldom develop an institution which serves or operates morally. A leader, who lacks the will or the calibre to make good decisions, will leave an institution which acts in a lackadaisical manner. On the contrary, a swift and able decision maker, one whose actions and intensions follow the same line is bound to carve out a team high on integrity and decision making.

    The history is well adorned with examples where the person at the top most authority has depicted the nature of the society or the institution he is himself a part of. The Feudal lords in Europe, the Czars in Russia were fond of a lavish and profligate lifestyle caring absolutely little about the society. The result being that the society degenerated both economically and socially. Corruption, burden on the peasantry class was exorbitant. Similar was the case with Church as an institution in Europe in the 16th century. The leaders of the Church installed fear of God, dissuaded people from rational and critical thinking, punished bigotry, the result being that Church as an institution started to lose appeal and fell in the eyes of the common people. The cumulative authoritarian attitude of king and church was very well evident in the dark ages witnessed. The same got replayed in Indian History. The later Vedic Age, and the Later Mughal Age, especially from the time of Aurangzeb witnessed a decline in social, cultural and educational status, solely because of the ignorant and unscrupulous behaviour of its leaders.

    On the contrary, emergence of visionary, rational and ethical leadership put the society on the path of progress. Be it the capitalistic classes in Europe, the rise of Napoleon, Bismarck, Abraham Lincoln, or Lenin in Russia, all reformed and rejuvenated the society and paved the way for progress, and the resultant society which developed was fearless, rational and demanded fundamental human rights. Similar was replicated in Indian when leaders like Gandhiji, SC Bose, Dadabhai Naoroji, Sardar Patel took the responsibility. The vision, intention and action of these leaders reflected the society which was awakened and soon to feel the warmth of independence, which did become evident in the next few years.

    The value of leadership was very well visible in India even in the political arena. The institution of constituent assembly was seen trustworthy, reflective of the needs and desires of the common people because of the virtuous and rational leaders it found in BR Ambedkar, JN Nehru, and many others. Parliament as a reputable institution has seen the best and the worst, mostly because of the nature of the leadership. The Parliament in Britain in 17-18th century or the early provincial and central legislature in India were perceived as authoritative, orthodox, mainly because of the leaders leading it. The same Parliament was seen as a true representation of the common people of India when the leadership passed to visionaries like JN Nehru, BR Ambedkar, Sardar Patel , Shyama Prasad Mukherjee etc. The same institution of Parliament in India again saw the criticism from the 1990s onwards because of the decline in value structure of leadership. As an example, a prime Minister talking about zero tolerance on corruption, skilling the youth, reaping the demographic dividend, promoting the spirit of cooperative federalism, doing away with irregular laws and regulations reflects a government dedicated to practising the constitutional ideas of federalism, being more considerate about the youth and the business community. Even the seriousness of opposition in the parliament is well reflected in the leader it had chosen.

    Institutions like the Army and the judiciary are amongst the highly respected institutions and that had been possible only because of the strict, disciplinary, and cooperative culture being preached and practised by the leaders at the most superior positions. Police , CBI, and bureaucracy though provide a frame for the proper functioning of the country, have been often accused of embezzlement solely because somewhere the foundation went wrong and leaders have , to an extent, failed to change this perception.

    The value a leader has for an institution is duly seen in even the corporate culture. Companies whose leaders are known to be philanthropic, ethically right, dedicated to employee welfare are seen as a progressive company with low attrition rates. Eg : Tata group or Wipro in India. Whereas, leaders of the firms or MNCs which fail to muster respect from its own employees is not perceived in good light and people tend to prefer former over the latter. The love for work a boss shows not only motivates its employees, but also acts an ideal for them , which evidently reflects in the growth of the company, few of the examples being Facebook, Microsoft and Apple.Inc.

    Family as an institution is a wonderful example of how gross an impression a leader can leave. The head of the family if disciplined, honest and self-esteemed has a will definitely pass those values to his children. As is often said – “A family that eats together stays together” and the role of the head of the family becomes of paramount importance in keeping together a family. A general observation is the discipline the children in an Army family have, as compared to a child of a non-army background.

    The reputation of religious and self-proclaimed Godman institutions also rises or falls with the character of its leader. For eg – the possible involvement of such Godman in licentious activities have, to an extent, eroded the trust people had in these institutions. Sports, especially cricket in India has seen highs and lows in a parallel pattern of the qualities and leadership the captain has shown. A popular saying in sports is – “A team is what his captain is”.

    The value of leader in an institution is indispensable. His conduct will not only reflect the character of the institution he heads, but will at the same time ensure whether the institution will sail or sink, for “A ship sails only as far as its captain allows it to.”

    • Lubna Sehar

      Well written. Good inclusion of examples

    • Vivaan Khanna

      1.very catchy intro.
      2.History in half essay…can easily cut short to bring more contemporary
      3.well very good examples but did not explain how character is defined by leader..agar leader accha hai to kyu agar family sath mein kha rahi to what purpose is it serving to me?feel free to contradict
      4.End the essay at sink itself for quote is becoming repetitive…may not be liked by examiner
      overall i found it be a good essay

    • Batman

      Good one Sahil. It was a mature write-up with lots of examples. Just work on conclusion to make it perfect

    • yogi

      1. Beginning quote : aptly used, but don’t repeat the exact words in the conclusion,
      2. multiple points a very good quality of ur essay
      3. examples has been used in right amount.
      4. I can see an order in ur essay, u began with the global level and ended on family : this order is needed, keep it up
      5. police CBI para would fit juts before the concluson as u have presented the negative side here, and again came back to +ve side
      6. conclusion: only thing which i did not like in ur essay
      overall it’s very good essay.,… kwar 🙂

    • Aravind Varier

      Dear Sahil ,

      essay is good .

      police , CBI and bureaucracy point could have been avoided because you got diverted towards foundation rather than focusing on the leader’s role .

      in army family , who is the leader ?

      conclusion is also good 🙂

      ALL THE BEST !!!

  • Shaktimaan

    “Character of an institution is reflected in its leader”

    To analyse the above quote in layman terms one must say: if leader has false values, then the institution he is leading will have them. If he has good values and higher standards, so will the institution be. But before moving ahead, it is must to understand the attributes of the words used here: character, institution and leader.

    Character (C) is a pattern of behaviour, thoughts and feelings based on principles, moral strength, and integrity – plus the guts to live by those principles every day. Character is evidenced by your life’s virtues and the “line you never cross.” Character is the most valuable thing you have, and nobody can ever take it away.

    Whereas institution (I) here can be anything like it may be family, society, school, college, company or on the whole country itself which can be examined by its character.

    And the leader (L), the principal player, is the one who can lead, inspire and have the ability to command and guide above describe institutions to enlarge its hidden character.

    To understand the amalgamation of these key words (C I L), let’s play with some examples.

    In the family of 5 members, Kriya is acted as the leader, as she is the eldest and the experienced one therefore other members try to emulate her. She rewards them for doing ethical and virtuous things and punishes them too for arrogant, insolent and manner less behaviour. Here one can easily judge the values this family have by examine the character that leader (Kriya) persuade.

    Now look at bit different scenario, imagine Gotham city, its mayor is disciplined, active, honest and clean. Where every fraud and corrupt behaviour dealt with strictness and heavy penalties therefore city is enable to cultivate more opportunities and prospects for its citizens. But after his tragic death, the city come under the bad influence, new mayor who is totally different fail to accommodate diverse concerns and thus trapped under several fraud cases. Here we can easily understand that it is not always true that institution led by great leaders remain great after their absence, they too fail to generate comparable productivity. Then how to maintain these values, morals and vary “character” of champions, intact, within the institution, which are laid by their founding fathers?

    To answer this question, institutions must come up with vision and motto to be followed in the future. There must be clarity and ambiguity in the course of action, and most vital is the realisation of these thoughts by the workers and employees thus to make realise these objectives, leader must come up with stringent rules and regulations with wide autonomy to make each and every member capable and competent to come up with innovative ideas under their delineated spheres.

    Even if we saw toward Constitution of India, being a fundamental stone of our diversified nation it inculcate key words like secular, sovereign, equality, justice, liberty and fraternity. As it is written constitution therefore to neglect these enshrined values become difficult and hard. Thus here the non living leader “Constitution” with long living sets of values, describes the relation among the inhabitants and the position of the nation in front of the other nations. So leader can be anything but should be capable to teach and inspire.

    But how we can create a successful institution, leader must have potential to connect diverse people with contrasting apprehensions to generate indistinguishable mystique of the organisation. This can be done by decentralisation of the work and examination of strength and weakness of individual. There must be productive meetings, sharing of information, and personal touch of leader with his followers, to reflect the charm in the appearance of the institution.

    Here, difference between two types of leaders is also become important, to know. First, who set examples to lead and inspire behaviour with their actions like Ratan Tata, coolest businessman and great philanthropist with legendary leadership skills. Second, with selfish motives, are able enough to make fall of the great empires within a seconds just because of their mala fide behaviour e.g. Ramalinga Raju, chairmen of Satyam Computers got bankrupt in year 2009. These two epic examples are enough to judge the “character” of their institutions via their leaders with different prospects and attributes.

    Therefore onus of successful and fail first lie on the leader. So s/he must be capable, determined, and ambitious to march his/her institution toward imperial heights. BUT is only leader is who is responsible for indifferent institution? Or there is some share of workers also?

    To untangle this situation it is vital to understand responsibilities of employees also. As we can see in cricket match too, participation of batsman, bowler and fielder equally important to win the match. Only individual efforts and absence of anyone from among may pull the players back to hold the trophy.

    That’s why each individual is crucial, their innovation to handle the situation and their devotion to accomplish the project is must in the formation of better condition in organisation.

    Thus efficient and sufficient leaders with capacity to squeeze excellence from individuals plus individuals too work with their responsibilities to bring professionalism and accountability in the output and efforts from the core of the heart to obey and respect key obligations, that’s too transparent to follow, of the institution then only it will reflect the true hidden character, which will further help to attain honour and recognition. Therefore leader is not only the parameter to judge the character it is on the whole organisation, comprise of the hard working individuals, reflects the nature and the essence of the institution.

    • yogi

      Bhai it is difficult to comment on ur essay, bacuse u have interpetted the theme in a completely different sense,
      just commenting on the content:
      1. intro: first u directly jumped to the quote and then u stared making the meaning of the words, that broke the flow,
      2. examples are missing
      3. positives, negatives, solutions and also limitation of the quote : u have covered these dimensions in the essay, but if u are choosing that then u will have to discuss each part in details where u lacked (in fact his would be a comprehensive piece if u would have added some details)
      4. conclusion: u added new dimension and i liked the point u made there,
      thanks! 🙂

      • Shaktimaan

        ooohk thanx yo!……….hmmm ache se ni likha maine 🙁 u r absolutly right……..thank u!!

    • Vivaan Khanna

      1.after explaining leader,character,institution,you could have given interpretation-that way better structured.
      2.more emphasis given to institution and less to leader.
      best and different thing of ur essay:
      1.leader need not to be a person only can be anything.
      2.conclusion
      just in mid while explaining kriya example and that of before constitution…try to be clear..
      nice attempt Shakti..keep it up..and ha grammatical errors aj b thi but less than those of previous one….

      • Shaktimaan

        thank u sachin!!……..got ur point buddy……….grammr..:(………..will try to improve……..thank u:):)

    • Batman

      Hi Shakti, yar aaj kuch baat jami nhi
      1)definition of CIL made it highly academic
      2)Work on your expressions. Recently, I read about two books on writing: “On writing well” and “Elements of Style”, both are available on internet. Though I am yet to go through them
      3)Conclusion was good
      4)Examples were there but somewhere the flow was lost!
      You can improve cz You are Shaktimaan
      तू न थकेगा कभी
      तू न थमेगा कभी
      तू न मुड़ेगा कभी
      कर शपथ! कर शपथ! कर शपथ!

      • Shaktimaan

        han achaa nahi tha ……….. realize hua sb ka pad ke!……mujhe b lagta kuch to padna padega…….will definitely go through these books……..ooh thanks batiee 4 these really beautiful lines , very encouraging………….yup le li Shaktimaan ne shapath na thkne ki,na thmne ki,na mudne ki…..ab to acha likhna padega……..thank u batieeeee GBU!!!!!

    • Night Fury (Toothless)

      sorry shaktiman for being late!!
      aapka essay pehle wala zada pasand aaya tha mujhe
      ye waale me intro aap imporve kar sakte ho.. thoda sa explain karo intro me.. weak hai thoda intro.. aap character ko
      I liked the family example ! +1 for it !
      thoda grammar ka dyan rakho, for eg. “Even if we saw ” it shoud be “See”
      but pehle se kaafi kam hui hain mistakes.. I am also trying to improve in same 😀
      conclusion was very good !!
      keep writing 🙂

      • Shaktimaan

        han yeh bilkul b acha ni h………thanks buddy 4 review………..hmmm kuch to karna pdega easy ka……..thank u:)

      • Shaktimaan

        hey toothless!!……..agr time milega to mere ans b dekh do ge………….koi rvw ni krta

        • Night Fury (Toothless)

          maine aaj kuch padhai nahi ki 😛 I will see your answer don’t worry 🙂

      • Shaktimaan

        aaj u ka bday hai……………wo lord ka comment pda to pta chala…………….well VERY HAPPY BIRTHDAY BHAI………….MAY GOD BLESS U WITH “IAS”………STAY HAPPY N COOL BUDDY…. enjoy ur day…………..thank u:):)

        • Night Fury (Toothless)

          thank you so much Shaktiman 🙂

    • rrv

      Hey shaktiman…
      I knw im very late and after reading ur essay and others review over it, i think u might hv got the gist of ur essay.

      Apart from that, I m inspired to see ur consistency and continuity. This is a key rule to clr this exam.
      Keep going like this and never care about people reviewing or not… It doesn’t matter a lot. But han do learn from the best answers… Nd try to change accordingly.
      I knw ur working hard nd u r a very good competition for everyone, so keep going like this and keep writing!

      • Shaktimaan

        han bhai achha ni tha essay…………bahut improve karna hai!!
        or thank u bhai to boost me with these wonderful motivational lines…………thank u so so so much.
        all d bst 2 u and god bless u bhaii………….thank u:):):)

      • Shaktimaan

        bhai hpy valentine day!!…………..ek bar fir review:):):)……..thank u:)

      • Shaktimaan

        got to know ur result bhaii!!………..no worries bhai……u will definitely definitely definitely clear this time wo b top 10 main……..be cool n happy bhaii:)……………lv to see u again bhai………….toh smiiiiiiiiiiile my very very very best wishies with u bhaii…..hm aapke k liye sachiii se prayer kareinge …..bt no tension n smile only:-)……thank u:):):):)

  • Akhil

    What is institution? Does it has potential to to shape characters of leader or it is leader who determines destiny of institution? Simple answer could be both complement each other. In case of monarchy it is king who determine the future of Kingdom and his subject. In sanskrit a proverb says “yatha raja tatha praja.”(like the king, like the subject). But what about institutions impact on leader.
    Family and society are institutions, which has long lasting impact on person. In case of Indian family patriarchal mindset of leader of family reflects age old tradition. Fore more clarity let’s take an example of khap panchayat in haryana.
    These panchayats are well known for their conservative and anti feminist attitude. Various judgement given by sarpanch (leader) in cases involving marriage and females are clear evidence of their coherence with the ideology of khap panchayats.
    An institution often act as source of inspiration for its members . They may endeavour to bring changes in themselves which matches with core ideology of institution. Some of them take efforts to reflect institution in them through their act, behaviour, speech etc. The one who succeeds in this battle may get chance to lead.

    Once person is leader he and institution becomes one unit. Every act of leader is precise reflection of characters of his institution. This union is like that of body and soul. Here body is leader and soul is attributes of his entity. For example.
    Javaharlal nehru was the best example of leader who reflected the ideology of his organization indian national Congress. Secularism, socialism, nonviolence and many other characteristics of Congress was present in nehru.

    Quality of leader is also very important for healthy functioning of institution. His ability to lead decides the future of his organization. He is like engine who guides the track of other coaches. This indicates importance of leader for institutions. But, can leader function against the ideology of organization? This could be very difficult and rare scenario.
    For proper functioning of organization and cohesion between the ideology of leader and organization is very necessary if it fails organization may face collapse or leader could be thrown out of institution. We can not imagine mahatma gandhi to lead najis or hitler to lead non violent organization. This means for well functioning, match between organization and leader is necessary that is both are complementary to each other.

    Just as institutions determines features of a leader, leaders also do the same to some extent in determining characteristics of organisation. He can bring some changes the way he likes but without distorting the foundation principals of organization. For example-if we consider nation as whole an institution and it’s head as its leader
    Then Barack Obama as leader of USA has brought some changes in American policy towards Iran, queba and to some extent Israel different from his predecessor, but in doing so he will not compromise with features of USA policy of capitalism and Dominance.

    In todays age of globalisation, characters or quality of head decides the destiny of that organization. his ideas and presentation of his company on global scale by him provide base for people to make opinion about his organization. Any good or bad impression made by people indicates the impression made for leader. If people have respect for Microsoft and hatred against isis, it’s because of the cahararistics of their leaders which is reflected in their action.

    Institutions have pivotal role in shaping the ideology of its leader, leaders also play important role in doing the same for institution
    Characteristics of leader is reflection of his own as well as its organisation.

    • Vivaan Khanna

      thoda aur likh lete dear :P..aaj sb chote essays kyu likh rahe hai?
      1.”If people have respect for Microsoft and hatred against ISIS it’s because of the characteristics of their leaders which is reflected in their action”-reformulate the sentence..its not characteristics actually in case of ISIS but the on the name of Islam,the crime it commits..so basically its other way around…members of ISIS hates because of the ideology of institution…feel free to contradict
      2.intro and conclusion were same with different words.
      3.with one idea per para rather than using all in one u could have expanded ur essay as well as make it more structured.i m talking more specifically about third and fourth para.
      nothing was irrelevant..that was bestpart in ur essay

      • Akhil

        Thank you for reviewing. Last me kuch samajh me nahi aa raha tha isliye conclusion accha nahi hai.
        Your suggestions are worth considering.

    • Isha

      Hi Akhil, My views-
      1. Starting intro with a question may not be a good idea. Interrupts flow.
      2. Example of Khap- justification and relevance not clear here. Khap has no widespread presence. Also, how is it relevant here- may be i am unable to get it. Would like to hear from you.
      3. Here we have one way to go- the character of the ‘institution’- it is what we can see in its leader’ acts. Not the other way round- that institution too has an effect on its leader.
      4. Try to include examples and then elaborate a bit. Work on conclusions. You can read many essays over here. There are several good writers. Read them and write yourself. Repeat this again and again. You will see the improvement 🙂
      Also, you may try to have a structure in mind beforehand and then start writing. Flowchart may work.
      Keep writing and reviewing. ATB!

      • Akhil

        Thanks for review. Infact I got confused in words of a given topic, I thought institutions too have effect on character of leader. Used khap to justify that.
        Examples jyada use nahi kiya aisa muje bhi lagata hai..
        Your suggestions are correct will keep in mind..

  • Kant

    “Character of an institution is reflected in its leader”

    Lord William Bentick was Governor General of India in early 19th century. He undertook many social reforms which are appreciated even today. For instance, among many measures, he abolished inhumane practice of sati and stopped flogging as punishment in Indian army. Because of administrators like him, the Imperialist institution is sometimes perceived as progressive and benevolent one.

    Institutions of all hues, social, political, financial or religious, are reflections of their leadership. Any institution has objectives or goals which are fulfilled by setting norms or rules which in turn are executed by personnels. These personnels engage in goal specific activities to bring about an outcome. This outcome may or may not be in line with the specified objectives or goals depending on how the personnels are performing their duties.

    Personnels of an institution include the leader and the followers. The leader sets out a vision and inspires others to achieve the goals. Good institutions have their leaders with unique qualities that distinguishes themselves apart from the bad institutions. The unique qualities required for a good leader are dedication to the work, virtue of humility , empathy towards co workers and those who are being served, open mindedness, integrity, transparency in decisions, accountability in actions and high optimism. These qualities of a leader are contagious in positive sense as they are imbibed by others. As a result they become the character of the institution. Reverse is true for opposite qualities. Bad qualities of a leader give the institution a bad character.

    For example, a family, a social institution, has a father or a mother at its head. The family head organizes the family members in social and economic pursuits. S/he shapes the enculturation of the children, advises them on day to day matters and motivates them to be successful in life. If father is given to alcoholism, his children rarely become good members of society unless they are influenced by values in good school- another social institution.

    Buddha and Mahavira preached nonviolence and peace in our country, some 2500 years ago. Even today India is perceived as nonviolent and peaceful country.

    Founding father of India as a nation were dedicated to democracy, secularism and equality. Even today we cherish these ideals. If we look at other failed states, we realise that their leaders had nefarious intentions that harmed the progress of their societies.

    This applies also to the corporate world. Most successful and respected corporations in India like Tata group and Infosys, always have had leaders with high character. Corporations like Sahara fell because its leader had bad intentions.

    Given that the character of the leaders is important. It is also important to produce leaders with high character to head our institutions. These values need to be inculcated in all since birth. The good leader emerges from amongst us – We The People. And, for the benefit of all of us, we need good institutions. And, For good institutions, we need good leaders.

    We must remember that the institution is the lengthened shadow of the leader.

    • yaar itna accha likha Buddha k example tak, aage choddh q dia?

      Starting was conventional and good. But last paras aate aate laga jaise jaldi me khatam karna??

      Brilliant start and abrupt ending. mention some other examples and analyze them as u always do!

      • Kant

        Yar, iss type ke essay me kya likhe conclusion mein kuchch sujhta hi nahi. To phir ghisa pita hi likhna padta hai.
        Ok will try better next time.
        Thanks.

      • Akhil

        Serious ji mera bhi review kar do.

    • Lubna Sehar

      Well written. Good inclusion of examples

      • Kant

        Please suggest me some improvements.

        • Lubna Sehar

          I am in a nascent stage of learning. Not much learnt to suggest you.
          But I would suggest that starting with an introduction part would be better. Instead of directly started with William Bentinck

    • Akhil

      Intro is good. Flow was nice but in last few para you lost the momentum.
      Examples are good.
      Conclusion is ok.

    • Batman

      Hi Kant, my views:
      1)The second para needs to written in a clear manner to bring out its essence. Further, there was an abrupt start of second para, try to connect it with preceding one e.g. you may add “Just like Bentick became a lamp-post for social reforms, same is the cases with so and so fields…”
      2)You picked the right chord from third para
      3)Conclusion was a bit abrupt for me. I thought there was much to come. Further, conclusion are not a matter of formality that you have to end your essay anyhow. In conclusion, elaborate the essence of the body of essay
      You have potential and can improve much. Keep writing “Deontologic ethics” man 😛

  • Sniper Fury

    “Character of an institution is reflected in its leader”

    We all look for some leader or a guide to show us the right path, in all spheres of life. Finding good leaders, thus, has always been a crucial task for all kinds of organizations. This is why armed forces and civil services, for instance, put so much effort into training their officers and develop leadership qualities in them. Need for a leader at all levels of organizations is the reason why Management schools other providers of executive development have thrived. But leaders are not different than the people of the organization/institution. They are part of it. It is the capability of “leading” the mob that makes them different. So the character of an institution and its leader are not separable.

    That means, the saying “character of an institution is reflected in its leader”, applies the other way also, i.e., “character of the leader is reflected in the character of an institution”. Character defines the mental and moral qualities of a leader as well as the institution that s/he leads. It is the distinctive to them.

    How leaders affect the character of society/institutions is evident from our history also. India is a land of great political leaders who ruled the country effectively and also by protecting its national interest. Great leaders like Mahatama Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Lokmanaya Tilak, Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel, and S.C Bose laid the strong foundation of our nation during the freedom struggle, over which the building of Democracy was built by our Fathers of constitution. The values of democracy, equality, tolerance and secularism were propounded by these leaders and became inculcated in different institutions of society with time.

    It was not an easy task to accomplish, keeping in view the changes taking place in the world political scenario. Leaders like Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri and Indira Gandhi Bose played an indispensable role in changing the perspective of world towards India.

    Similarly great business leaders have led to building up of landmark organizations. Mark Zukerberg’s idea of connecting people led to the formation of Facebook, the biggest social networking site today. Leaders like Narayan Murthy led to the formation of huge IT firm known for the unique work culture and business model. Metro Man E. Sreedharan’s contribution in the successful project of Delhi Metro is hugely appreciated. Ratan Tata’s vision of taking decisions is reflected in the firm’s wide spread success across the world. Such visionary leaders led their organizations to reach the mark of top companies of the world.

    Since the communication between leader and institution s/he leads is a two way continue and ongoing process. Both influence each other’s moral values and shape their character in turn. An institution runs according to some basic principles which have to be followed by the leaders too. For example a democratic country can’t be run by an autocratic ruler. Like ways the leaders of business firms are accountable for their acts to the Board of Directors of the company.

    Our Constitution defined the values of liberty, equality and fraternity on the basis of which different institutions and organizations like Judiciary, Executive and legislature, work. So no leader can go against the ideals of that institution. Women leading a firm show the value of gender equality in the institution. Great leaders like Ginni Rommety (CEO of IBM), Indira Gandhi, Hillary Clinton, Angela Merkel, Christine Lagarde have demonstrated their leadership acumen well in their respective originations.

    For an organization to grow and succeed we expect the leadership to be strong in character, that is, to have moral principles underwrite their actions. These leaders with character have been identified as authentic leaders. They are what they believe in; show consistency between their values, ethical reasoning and actions; develop positive psychological states such as confidence, optimism, hope, and resilience in themselves and their associates; and are widely known and respected for their integrity. Microsoft CEO Bill Gates, Steve Jobs and many others are among those leaders.

    A good character can direct the institutions to heights of glory and success. So there exists the other side of the coin too. Institutions with sole motive of profit and vested interests and hidden agendas often indulge in tax evasions and faulty practices. We have seen various business scandals and scams in recent times where corrupt leaders engaged business mal-practices lead to failure of the organizations. Satyam scandal and Sahara scam are among few examples.

    So we see that the leader influences the organization as much the organization/ institution influences the leader. Both extrapolate each other’s moral standards and achieve the desired goal. Leaders at international forums are able to put for the agenda of their countries. So do the business leaders at global business summits. Leaders define their institutions and the character of institution in turn is reflected in them. Leadership is all about thinking about the larger goal of overall happiness and progress of any organization. Vested interests often lead to failures. Trust is what needs to be built up to lead an institution. Leaders become great not by their power but by their ability to empower others.

    • “he saying “character of an institution is reflected in its leader” Ye waala point yaar tune pehle hi de dia. Thoda wait karna tha na??

      Leaders of the nation waala example is brilliant! Constitution = an institution in itself, ye waala angle bhi u can give 😉

      Business leaders waala example is again brilliant. One thing u can change in this is : instead of writing “is appreciated” and “helped reach the top mark” u could be more specific about the qualities of the leader.

      The other side of the quote which u put was something to steal. No one here thought this way so very good for that.

      There are loads of name but less of analysis. U went for range this time and not depth. Since we are experimenting, I would ask u to give fewer examples, and in dept analysis of the same. The conclusion was apt and in accordance with what u had continued till now so cheers.

      Thoda aur accha ho skta tha (Don’t be tensed for this)

      • niti

        hey serious..i was waiting for ur reply yaar..u reviewed everyone’s then why not mine..:/

        same approach h meri bhi tym nahi lagega jyada

    • Jaya Swatantra

      Please review mine too

    • Vivaan Khanna

      hello fury ji 🙂
      1.very good intro.
      2.rest my points of serious-
      before jumping to “character of the leader is reflected in the character of an institution”. first explain the first interpretation then next one…will be more structured..use some examples but convey the essence of essay
      3.In conclusion we should not try to add one more dimension as u did here of international leadership and institutions…rather already written thing must be concluded.
      review mine please when u find time

    • niti

      nicely written.. i also used quite similar approach..the way u introduced is good..after 3 para i felt everthing was mixed though the flow was good…have a look at mine..

    • Shaktimaan

      hey toothless!!…….different angles h>> good good……………bt leaders k naam pe jyada focus ja raha hai unki leadership pe kam mtlb ki unke character kaise influence kar raha h ek good or bad institution bnane main…….concl acha lga……..bhai mera b dekho………thank u:):)

    • Batman

      Hi Fury,
      1)Examples-well thought!
      2)At some places, I find that your emphasis moved to qualities of leader or the institution but an attempt to connect them each other was missing. Consider this “Great leaders like Ginni Rommety (CEO of IBM), Indira Gandhi, Hillary Clinton, Angela Merkel, Christine Lagarde have demonstrated their leadership acumen well in their respective originations.” You should have mentioned the organizations and given the evidence how did they propagated the idea of women equality
      3)Conclusion was good this time
      Overall, a good read, you just need to elaborate at few places and it will be perfect 🙂

    • yogi

      Very good and unique essay 🙂
      1. Intro: convetional approach, u gave the gist of ur essay, very good work
      2. That means, the saying “character of an institution is reflected in its leader”, applies the other way also, i.e., “character of the leader is reflected in the character of an institution”-> really impressive ! the evaluator will have to give u more marks just for this 🙂
      3. Great leaders like Ginni Rommety (CEO of IBM), Indira Gandhi, Hillary Clinton, Angela Merkel, Christine Lagarde have demonstrated their leadership acumen well in their respective originations.–> thanks you we all missed them 🙂 outsanding hone ki bhi ek limit hoti, saare marks tum hi loot lo 🙂 again really impressive
      4. flow is not good, paras are not properly linked when did u made transition to the reverse side, it was not expressed properly 🙁
      5. Conclusion : add something touchy, u have said all that already , (vaise conclusion ka matlab hi yahi hoota :-P)
      keep it up!

      • Night Fury (Toothless)

        thank you!!! yes connectivity issue.. half hearted way se likha tha aaj 😛
        waise I just commented on Serious blog asking u to review.. now ignore that comment 😀
        and thanks for review 🙂

        • yogi

          most of the people full hearted way se aisa nahi likh paate 😛

    • Isha

      Hi Fury, Welcome back 🙂
      About the essay- Intro could be better. More of a theoretical one- not of your type.
      Examples were apt but that connection with the institution was missing- it was more like qualities of a good leader.I lack here, too 😛
      Conclusion could be better.
      See, I got too critical this time 😛
      Keep writing and reviewing. ATB. Review mine too 🙂

    • P.s

      #Every one here focused on “the character of leader is reflected in the character of the institution ” but the topic is reverse. , you addressed it…..good.

      # many names without proper analysis

      #a little bit more emphasis on leadership rather on interlinking it with the institution.

      #overall nice and different essay☺

    • Akhil

      I read ten to twelve essay but yours is a bit different. I think you gave a new dimension and nicely addressed the demand of topic . Though you too used lot of examples, but connected them
      Well.
      I too wrote with same dimension but not as good as yours. Really nice essay.

      • Night Fury (Toothless)

        thanks for nice words buddy 🙂
        yes I used many names, but after reviews I felt I should have mentioned their individual contributions too..
        with practice we will improve and reach the destination 😀 ATB 🙂

    • Lord Tuktuk

      Happy bday Night Fury!!! God bless you!! 🙂
      May all your dreams come true (hum dono ki IAS wali bhi included isi me) ^_^

      best wishes from my side!! Khush reh hmesha!! 🙂

      • Night Fury (Toothless)

        THANK YOU SO MUCH BHAIIII 🙂

  • VSN

    Adolf Hitler led a peace-keeping mission to Syria in order to help the distressed people get back on their feet. Although obviously a hypothetical case, how preposterous does this seem. The juxtaposition of opposing entities cannot be any more clearly highlighted than as above. All of us know the valuable work done by peacekeeping missions & their integrity in serving mankind. But given they are led a person as evil as Adolf Hitler leads to confusion if not ridicule. The title of the essay seeks to represent a similar notion.

    The Indian cricket team was batting on 330/5 in Australia. It was the second Innings of the final test match. It was the final day of the test match and India was leading by 200 runs and Australia was yet to bat. The commentators were commanding India’s batting and went on to say that India had saved the test & would not suffer defeat if they could stay on for 30-40 more overs. As the commentators were reminiscing about their own playing days, the Indian batsmen started walking to the pavilion. What had happened? It was not tea! The Indian captain Virat Kohli declared the Indian innings. He wanted to win the test match, not be saved by victory. The Indian fielders quickly on the ground and the Indian team eventually managed to win the game. Although all the above numbers might not be exatly accurate but I am sure that most readers would find the situation & reaction consistent of the Indian cricket team under the captaincy of Virt Kohli. Under the captaincy of Dhoni, the Indian team comes across as being level headed, cool under pressure and capable of handling pressure. But the roughly same team transforms into an aggressive, impulsive & go-getter type under Virat Kohli.

    Throughout history we have come across many institutions, democratic or non-democratic whose value system is closely intertwined with the person who led or effectively represented the Institution. Anyone familiar with the Indian National Struggle would accept the fact of the changing nature of the freedom struggle. The freedom struggle mainly led by the Congress (INC) passed through phases of constitutional struggle, revolutionary struggle and Gandhian/satyagraha struggle. This mainly depended on the leaders who helmed the state of affairs. For Eg : When leaders like Motilal Nehru & Gokhale led the movement, congress’s activities mainly involved constitutional struggle. Whereas the method of satyagraha assumed importance when Gandhi led the movement. The Socialist nature of the Congress came to the fore during the presidency of Nehru in the Congress. Cutting to the present the impression given by the Indian government could be considered decisive in keeping with the image of the Indian Prime-minister. These examples strengthen the argument that the characters of an institution are reflected in its leader.

    Now let us dwell into the topic to understand why exactly it is so. In the case of a democratic institution (non-democratic institutions are anyways despotic in nature and thus would obviously represent the character of the Leader), it could be considered a bit oxymoronic to suggest that its characteristic should be reflected in its leader. Shouldn’t a democratic institution be a sum of its parts, a sum of people’s character or opinion that constitute it? Although a valid argument, it is rarely the case as we have seen in the examples above. One way of looking at it is that psychologically people are attuned to being drawn to people as their leaders rather than say institutions. A perfect illustration to the argument being the plethora of film stars becoming successful politicians (even Chief Ministers in a few cases) without any experience in politics/public service. They are successful in politic because people identify with them more robustly than say organizational ideologies. This lends credence to the argument that the character of the leader is the character of the institution. An interesting analogy can be drawn to religion too. The notion of the religion as a practice and a way of life does not resonate that same way as say the life of Christ, Rama, Prophet Muhammad or a Buddha. That might be the reason why a philosophical text such as Upanishads is not as popular as Ramayana.

    Is it a good thing?

    Any liberal, democratic mind would have issues with this notion of a person in an entity over representing the viewpoint of an entire organization owing to his position. But let us step back a bit to analyse. Would Christianity have been as popular without Jesus Christ, would Hinduism have been as popular without gods like Rama, Shiva etc. , would Indian have stuck to the path of attaining freedom through non-violence in the absence of Gandhi, Would the Indian nuclear program have been possible without APJ Abdul Kalam ? There are many such questions the answer to which might be either yes or no. But the important point is to not that the presence of leaders definitely leads to a crystallization of the characteristics of the organization which go a long way in defining its future. Having said that it is also important to be able to appreciate that differing opinions may exist in any organization. It is here that I would like to point of a caveat and a point of deliberation. Although the character of the organization is subsumed under the character of the leader, there is requirement of a framework which would facilitate in the entrenchment of his powers should there ever occur a case of despondency. If inherent structure had been put in place, maybe the world would not have been witness to the tyranny of Hitler.

    Towards the end of this essay I would like to bring the readers to an interesting question. Given that as we have seen the influence of a leaders opinion in shaping the institution should we maybe not vote for our leader like in the Presidential system in the US rather than the parliamentary system?

  • yogi

    CHARACTER OF AN INSTITUTION IS REFLECTED IN ITS LEADER (1156 words)

    “ It was the time of my school days, I was travelling via a public bus. I was glad to see a man who offered his seat to an old lady. When I reached the school we were introduced to our new Principal. Surprisingly, he turned out to be the same man whom I saw in the bus. Within few weeks he changed the whole scenario of the school. The school witnessed spectacular improvement in school’s achievements in exams and competitions. Teachers and students started to use public transport. Such was the impact of our new Principal, who unlike previous Principals did not shy to take classes. He led others by setting his examples and inspiration for others. Though he is no more but he left his legacy till this day and the school is still producing many talented jewels for the country.”

    The story shows the impact that only a true leader can create. A leader does not subjugate his others, instead s/he inspires them by being the first one to face the challenges. Soon s/he starts becoming the face of the institution and his/her qualities become the foundation stones of the character of the institution. Here institutions mean a group of people or organisation established for the purpose of social, educational, business/trade, research, cultural and any other particular task.

    Before discussing how leaders lead to the building of the character of the institutions in their respective fields, it becomes necessary to know the actual meaning of character. In simple words, character is that quality/identity of a person/institution, which s/he upholds even when no one is watching him/her. Thus, it cannot be cosmetic as it defines our inner being and we ourselves are the first to witness the essence of this character.

    It is this essence of character that led to the origin of different organisations during Indian freedom struggle. Arya Samaj is one of them that worked for the establishment of a civilised society giving equality to all human beings and empowerment of women. Thus, the ideals and visions of the Swami Dayanand Sarswati got reflected in the “Arya Samaj”. Similarly, the Satysodhak Samaj , which worked for the welfare of lower castes people and girls education, was the reflection of the character of Phule couple who turned their progressive thoughts into ground works. No one can forget the modern, scientific and rational thinking of Raja Rammohan Roy, based on his character were laid the foundations of “Brahmo Samaj”. Brahmo Samaj worked for the removal of superstitions and invoked rational thinking in people. It emphasised on education as the primary mean to uplift masses. This sets the ground for the discussion on the educational institutions.

    Banaras Hindu University has reached its pinnacle of diverse educational courses and fame all over the world. The leader behind the establishment of this University was Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya who considered education as the most important mean for awakening India. On similar lines is the “Aligarh Muslim University” founded by Sir Sayyad Ahmad Khan, educationist, social reformist and a visionary leader. Other than the founders the head/principal of the colleges/schools starts the wheel of change by leading with examples, as was the new Principal of my school. Very close to the idea of educations is the family, a social institution.

    Children imbibe their foundational values from their parents, who inspire them by practicing the same in their lives and point out the mistakes. They act as a guiding torch for us to remove the ignorance from our mind. Soon the whole family gets knit into a fabric of moral principles. The core of this fibre is the character of our parents and /or grandparents .The process of transfer of values gets repeated in every generation and the character of the family gets its identity from the character of the head of the family. Related to family is marriage (another social institution), whose character is defined by the character of the couple. If there is lack of trust and mutual understanding between the duo, the marriage loses its meaning and survives merely in form of words with no character. Analogous to social institutions are the civil societies and NGOs.

    Civil societies and NGOs in form of charitable organisations, are nothing but the outcome of some great compassionate human beings, who turned their passion of service to mankind in reality by working for downtrodden and orphans. Gates Foundation is one of the latest examples where the Bill Gates couple has utilised their hard earned money for the welfares of poor all over the world. The positive results that the foundation have got are the manifestation of the character of the Gates couple. Mother Teresa is another name who devoted her complete life for the service of poor patients and became the front face of the charity institutes where she served. Coming back to India where we began our journey of institutions, let’s now move to the discussion on some famous Indian organisation and the people behind their success.

    The first name that comes to mind is E. Sreedharan who changed the face of public transport in Delhi. It was his efforts that inculcated discipline in the working of metro projects. The impact of his character on the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation, can be estimated from the fact that now world knows him with the name of “Metro Man”. This reminds us of APJ Abdul Kalam as “Missile Man” who along with Vikram Sarabhia became the second hand of ISRO during the construction and launch of Satellite Launch Vehicle. His simple living and higher thoughts inspired his juniors and followers to this date. The results is that ISRO is making her presence at global level for cost effective space programs and has launched satellites for countries like US, UK , Germany and most recently Switzerland.

    The list of such institutions and their respective leaders is very long ranging from sports, art and culture to research. Unfortunately, this also comprise the people like Hitler, whose ideas of a pure German Race, took the shape of notorious Nazi organisation. The credit of inhumane treatment of Jews et al goes to the character of Hitler which reflected itself in the maligned agenda and practices of Nazis.

    In conclusion it can be said that one man’s or woman’s vision, passion and dedication can do wonder for whole organisation. Their character starts to take shape of the character of the institution. Incorporating values education in schools and training programmes and arranging motivational workshops or lecture for people in service , we can make more number of such people who become inspiration for millions . The way my new Principal served as the role model for the whole school and the school in his guidance and later produced more people like him, it can be said that “leaders don’t create followers but they only create new leaders” .

    • Isha

      Hi Yogi,
      It was a nice piece of write up. You are improving day by day. Each and every paragraph was just perfect.
      Few things i would point out-
      1. The negative aspect of the topic-abt which u mentioned in 2nd last parah- needs a bit eaboration.
      2. Too many examples ‘may’ backfire- or may be not- I think so.
      3. Need a bit connection with the topic in the main body- like without examples a bit elaboration.
      4. Dont use so much “s/he”- creates disturbance. Use any one thing.
      5. Conclusion was not as strong as the main body.
      Keep writing. Have a look at mine when you get time to 🙂

      • Jaya Swatantra

        Hey Isha, how are you dear?? please review mine would love to review yours… 🙂

      • yogi

        thanks Isha,
        wanted to elaborate more on -ve side, but word constraint ,will plan better
        s/he i found it disturbing, but people suggest to be gender neutral
        will review urs 🙂

    • ek ghante me padhta

    • Vivaan Khanna

      hi yogi 🙂
      1.loads of examples can be used..its good but not that way..ek se shuru kiya dusre pe aa gaye phir 3sre pe…it was like i m knowing the names of different leaders and organisations..excessive use of GS may backfire…views may differ
      2.end was abrupt as per me…little base was required for it..last line very good
      3.best thing about ur essay was that u completely stuck to the theme

      • yogi

        thanks bhai, i agree eg too much ho gaye, thoda se phandebaji dalni chahiya this mujh bhi
        will keep that in mind 🙂

        • Vivaan Khanna

          haha fundebaji ;P

    • Shaktimaan

      hey Yo!!!……………wonderfulllllll………nice interlinking b/w leader n institution………..diverse ex good good……..yeh bore hone se bachata h!!:)…..THEHRO!!……..ache leaders ko btane k liye olmost pura easy use kiya bt bad leader k liye 2nd last para only wo b bahut chhota sa…. (is duniya main bure logo ki kitni kami h…….:P)…..aisa q…q…q……well yo yo kuch jyada critics ni h…..sachi acha h!!……..thank u:):):)

      • yogi

        thanks bhai,
        got ur point 🙂

        • Shaktimaan

          hey yo!!………..”plz remove it!”………..mtlb?………..

          • yogi

            bhai “bechare” mat bolo, kisi parsi or chrisitan ne padh liye to achhe lanhi lagega unko, main to hui bhi nahi tab intne bura lag raha hein, (edit karo do by removing bachare)

            • Shaktimaan

              ooooh k well baichara (deep sense main le kar nahi likha tha maine)……….well got ur intensions……kar diya delete……………thanks bhai!:):)
              moral of d story–“think b4 write”

    • Ab

      Intro is effective! But I find a lot of examples rather than theory. Examples are important, but theory should be there. Negative aspect should also be covered, in the sense that what will happen if not a good leader in organisation. Conclusion is good.
      Review mine too, if you have time.

      • yogi

        thanks, coming to ur in a while 🙂

    • Sahil Garg

      good one, especially metro one ..but i think ..1.few more dimensions needed. 2. 4th and 5th could be combined and trimmed 3. 3rd para : first two lines avidable,,direct start could be from the meaning of character…

      please review mine 🙂

      • yogi

        thanks Sahil , will review urs for sure but will take some time 🙂

    • dumbledore

      nice one yogi , ur answer has a better structure than mine atleast. u have inegrated the philosophical and gs part well but i felt u have devoted a few paragraphs to history. maybe u cld devote than to international affairs u know. maybe that cld give a broader picture to the examiner and also add to current affairs. just shrink the historical part a bit.but thats just my suggestion. feel free to criticise.
      overall i found ur essay a pleasant read. we have mentioned a lot of same examples:) keep improving.
      we will write a better essay next week.

      • yogi

        u r right friend historical part should be trimmed, that gave the feeling of GS, not good for an essay
        one more thing i have overloaded my essay with examples and philosophical part not given much attention, (balance should be there )
        thanks for the review,
        sure 🙂

    • dumbledore

      ur start was effective:) good

    • Batman

      oh Bhai Gazab. Read the whole in one go.
      1)Filled with examples
      2)Liked the intro so much 😀
      Everything is very good except that you could have detailed about Hitler a bit to bring the right balance. But nonetheless, it surely an above average essay!

      • yogi

        bhai examples overloaded nahi lag rahi, kya, is not fine to write so many examples ? pls reply
        thanks!

        • bhai mera essay dekh le, khaali example hi hai 😛

          On a serious note, example with analysis is necessary. Examples se hi to flow aata. Ab Karl Marx ki analysis likhoge to tumhare character ka kya pata laegaga 😛

          • yogi

            that’s wht i missed na, in mine there is only examples with no elaboration, which u have handled very well 🙂

        • Batman

          Bhai you have analyzed your examples well. So for me it was not an issue. Honestly, I found your essay very interesting, wish I could have upvoted it twice 😀

    • The flow was good. The last two paras according to me were abrupt. I didn’t like the conclusion (even though yu formed the connections, mujhe aaj kuch to kami lagi)

      The rest in the first para is too good. Some how I felt ki the penultimate para (the one in which u were criticising) could have been elaborated, that would have been perfect.

      Refrain from using “in conclusion” – article type lagta :/

      U’ve improved a lot I must say. I don’t find head-banging GS and ur simplicity is something to learn from. Cheers! 🙂

      • yogi

        bhai thode conclusion kaisa imrpve kr sakte hein batao, har baar sbse jyada kachra yahi krta hu
        thanks 🙂

      • Tanu Singhal

        Pls review mine .
        If u get enough time

        U review quite critically,
        Which is helpful.

    • Tanu Singhal

      Nice one,
      I rarely like a story as an INTRODUCTION, but urs was commendable.
      Good start.

      I felt the definition of character got a bit stretched, but was well placed.

      The examples used, and change from one to next is quite good.
      Kinldy review mine 🙂
      Will be obliged.

      • yogi

        thanks for review
        will review urs in a while : )

    • Night Fury (Toothless)

      hi Yogi,
      very good essay as always 🙂
      examples of leaders are diverse and well explained connection with their institution..
      I have added one more dimension putting the reverse case.. have a look at mine too please 🙂

      • yogi

        Hey Fury 🙂
        welcome back,
        just one more then will come to urs 🙂

    • Aravind Varier

      Dear Yogi 🙂

      I am very pleased after reading your essay . learned many aspects after analyzing the essay you have written :

      amazing flow , its marvelous to see the way you switched from the essence of character part to the institution part .

      i think character of the couple example was unnecessary because there is no leader aspect that can be present in a marriage .

      A suggestion that would be good if you add in the gates foundation point of yours : i felt that paragraph little bit dragging , so you would have said ” gates foundation has inspired many billionaires like mark zuckerberg of Facebook to follow the same path of donating a major part of the wealth for the alleviation of the downtrodden ”

      conclusion perfect .

      overall , i loved reading this essay 🙂

      ALL THE BEST !!!

      • yogi

        thanks a lot, i was scary about the overloaded examples, did u find that acceptable ?
        marriage part yeah good suggestion it suits better for Gates couple
        Thanks just reviewed urs 🙂

        • Aravind Varier

          Dear Yogi ,

          regarding the examples you provided , its not about the acceptance part but let us think practically , Is it required to give more than 3 examples .

          Everyone keep telling add more dimensions , but in my opinion examples are NOT dimensions but the different observations of a subject . ” especially when the essay is quote based ” i don’t think is it good to add too many examples and tell them as dimensions .

          I am still UNCLEAR on how to differentiate between an example and a dimension . i believe a dimension is a view on a subject through the eyes of different observers . i am still working on that aspect to get a better clarity .

          Your essay is good because you could balance the flow while shifting from one example to another example . but the question that ponders me . why to give too many examples ?

          Yours Obediently – ARAVIND 🙂

          • yogi

            Agree to ur view on dimensions

            My views on examples:

            If one jsut writing Metro man, Missile man, mother terresa, then it is not going to have any impact But if one provides the impact they have created on the institutions to which they belong, in some details, without diverting away form the core theme, then examples are good,

            BUT again we have to maintain a balance as rightly pointd out by some of us here, (excess of anything is bad)

            Though i tried to add some of their qualities , but they were not sufficient so What i did was not good, instead of giving series of names KAlam, Sarabhai, I could have kept myself restricted to Sreedharan and give the more positives of his character that has impacted metro. This would be better approach. (this would also fulfil the demand of the “depth” aspect of the essay, ) (Batman handled that part very well) so did the Joker .

            Hope u got my point 🙂

    • Rashmirathi

      sorry couldn’t review sooner.. I really liked your writeup, simple, engaging and in line with the demand of the topic, both philosophical part as well as examples have been given their due share, conclusion is perfect. history portion could have been trimmed little bit.. apart from that no other flaws i could find. great job !

      please review mine

      • yogi

        i should say sorry as i promised u to review urs and doubted that u did not pay attention to that (i was wrong 🙁
        thanks for review, coming to urs
        kwar ..:)

    • Bunny585

      You maintained the flow from tip to toe, Some where even i felt dragging but eventually you caught me with Abdul Kalam, Sreedharan part i felt is uncessary, Even Intro is also somewhere not properly connected.
      Conclusion is good.

      hope my review doesnt hurts you, Wish you all the best…

      • yogi

        no chance of getting hurt Bunny, as u have mentioned the part u didn’t like 🙂
        every review is welcome
        thanks and ATB..:)

    • Jaya Swatantra

      1. Effective introduction nice to see how beautifully you linked morality with the success of any organisation.
      2. Cut short on GS part overloaded with different type of samaj… you missed family as an institution,society as an institution…work on writing an effective conclusion… last time you did the same as i remember…
      3. You have already set your standard which is quite high so expectations are high…All the best:)

      • yogi

        thanks jaya 🙂
        family i have covered , (para starting iwth child and them turing to marriage ) society i missed
        conclusion: yes i m sturggling to imrpove it (someone suggested that ontro and conclusion csn be linked so i always try to mention the story in the consusion but the way i do it is not impressive )asking everyone about how to improve it, if u could suggest something for that:)

        • Jaya Swatantra

          I would suggest you to read Vijay-a ray of hope’s essay… i also require a lot of working and improvement definitely would share on how to improve.. but for that i have to research further… so keep writing…thinking, analysing… we all will improve with the passage of time… 🙂

  • Jaya Swatantra

    PLEASE REVIEW

    • Jaya Swatantra

      Review please!!!!!

    • vijay- the ray of hope

      high jaya give ur valuable suggestion

      • Jaya Swatantra

        Really its valuable… 🙂 🙂 ok sure

        • vijay- the ray of hope

          friend in need is friend indeed

          • Jaya Swatantra

            good thought indeed… !!

          • Jaya Swatantra

            Would review for sure but give me some time… 🙂

            • vijay- the ray of hope

              permission granted

    • vijay- the ray of hope

      dear dont get hurt by suggestions
      1. u have theme of essay but u lack the structure of essay
      2. it is multidimensional essay but not having right content
      3.we dont have trained teachers professional training of teachers is recommendation of many education commisions
      4.no govt schemes included no solutions from ur side to solve india’s problems through leadership
      5.intro is not effective
      6.u just included how a leader should be rather what he can do to solve india’s problems
      see dear jaya through essay they r not checking our knowledge but they want us to provide innovative ideas which can be practised now to solve india’s problems
      7.if u follow this u will be in a position to write excellent essay
      u have full right to differ from my view ………………..promoting liberty

      • Jaya Swatantra

        Thanks for review Vijay.. its really effective…. fan for handwriting hmmmm…:) :)… i came to know that you gave mains how was it??

    • Vivaan Khanna

      apki writing mashaallah…mere se badal lo please
      1.Apart from Vivekananda u didn’t justify the use of leaders in institution
      2.Bahadur shah tughlaq…very good jaya ji.,in ur second essay u asked how come i relate the things..u see how can we relate it…good going
      3.From tughlaq it was a joy read to me
      4.refrain from using political leaders example and US and Russia instigating war…in a way they are doing right to curb terrorism…include those one for which there can be consensus.
      Jaya is improving fast…one of best essays of urs i found…keep it up

      • Jaya Swatantra

        Handwriting leni hai then exchange deal kar letein hain… apni analysis skills … good idea… 🙂 🙂
        Thanks for your valuable feedback.. already read your essay .. going to write reviews .. All the best!!

        • Vivaan Khanna

          analysis to har UPSC aspirant ko aa jata hai with time…par writing sbko nahi milti acchi wali though neat likh sakte hai with practice

          • Jaya Swatantra

            Hey Vivaan please review my essay….

    • Sonia mehra

      Hy Jaya, good attempt
      1. You need to work on flow. There was no connecting lines between ram, swami vivekanand and gandhiji.
      2. The content is good..
      3. I wish I could have your handwriting…. it’s a beauty…

      Overall it’s a good read, plz look into flow..

      • Jaya Swatantra

        Thanks for review Sonia will work on flow …take my handwriting..then 🙂 🙂 🙂

      • Strongking

        Hey sonia! Review my essay!

    • Isha

      Hello Jaya, My views-
      1. Intro was nice.
      2. You emphasized upon good leadership well- but- we need to establish the link too, i.e. a good leader’ impact on institution too. It was missing in some examples like musketeers one, corrupt leaders one

      3. 1857 war example- well thought
      4. Try to cut short explanation a bit
      5. Do we need to provide solutions here? Not sure..
      6. Ending conclusions on quote is too common. You may try something new to stand out of the masses.
      Overall, it was nice. Keep writing and ATB 🙂
      Have a look at mine when u get time.

      • Jaya Swatantra

        Thanks for your much needed feedback… ya true that the good leader impact on institution is missing… will improve further.. thanks dear… just going to read yours… good morning.. 🙂

    • Batman

      Hi Jaya, my views:
      1)A proper intro that should set the right context for a reader was missing in your essay
      2)Bring some flow in your essay. You haven’t numbered your pages and it was difficult for me to get which para was next in sequence because of absence of flow
      3)Conclusion is suggestive in tone. See conclusion and suggestions are two different things and supposed to be handled separately. Conclusion should have the essence of the body of your essay
      4)You have analyzed the abilities of leaders but at some places connection with ‘institution’ was missing
      Overall, you can improve a lot.From your handwriting, I can sense that you will go far ahead. Keep up the spirit 🙂

      • Jaya Swatantra

        Thanks for review… Batman ji…
        1.I have started giving a quote from Ramayan which means that in his kingdom no one falls sick ever every one was happy.. kingdom is in itself an institution.Given the of family,schools,Ramakrishna Mission but i lacked the direct link which i will improve.
        2. ok will work on flow.
        Are you also a graphologist…………….. 🙂 big thanks for review…

        • Batman

          haha..not a graphologist but know certain things, so just by that 🙂
          ‘Ji’ na kaha karo yar..vivaan jasa he hu mai b 😀

      • Jaya Swatantra

        please review my essay … if possible

    • yogi

      1 Beginning with a quote good 🙂
      2. First page last para, could have been avoided, (personal opinion)
      3. No need to stretch the education points to bad state of education, (u did not relate that to the core theme)
      3. Political parties point, good
      4. U have tried to introduce qns in b/w ur content, this is a good approach, to keep the reader engaged
      5. Global perspective, good i found it missing in most of the essays.
      6. Suggestions also given again a unique thing which i found missing in most of the essay, good
      7. Flow is good but at few places it got disturbed.
      8. This time u have used limited use of GS, which is a good thing,
      Overall it’s a good essay, I did not get bored 🙂
      plz review mine at ur convenience 🙂

      • Jaya Swatantra

        Thanks for review… just going to write reviews … after reading your essay…:)

      • Strongking

        Hey yogi , review my essayll dear!

    • Some laxity in answer formation.

      Like in “leadership” in government school waala point u simply wrote : Procrastination. It gets vague when u write like this and the impression imprinted isn’t good on the examiner.

      Government org para is apt. But again there isn’t just the one leader that is making this is happen.

      Some of the concepts like terrorism waala isn’t quite clear. I mean whom have u assumed a leader in this case?

      Baaki content gets good but u loose it in the flow and certainly u need to improve the way u write the sentences – I mean the sentence formation. This is how u can make ur essay a bit interesting.

      No doubt u r improving, just keep practicing and u would get better wid time.

      So sorry for the delayed response, please bear with me, I get loads of review request and forget whom I have reviewed and whom I left. But be assured that I’ll review 😛

      Thank u 🙂

      • Jaya Swatantra

        its ok thanks a loads for reviewing….will work on flow and sentence formation.. KWAR… 🙂

  • maloth prameela

    good essay……….keep it up

  • P.s

    PLEASE REVIEW
    When I went back to my home town after two years the most visible thing that I noticed was the change in people’s perception of police station. Before they were of the opinion that it is better to be in trouble rather going to police station to lodge a complaint because of their indifference to people’s problems, corruption, and their arrogance response towards innocent complainers. But now everything changed because of new SI who is duty bound, honest and empathetic. All his good attributes quickly imbibed by his subordinates the result is people feel more comfortable in approaching police.

    In the above story we see how a bad police station turned into a good and people friendly service center because of change in leadership who posses strong morale.

    Now lets see the influence of head in the most basic institution of society that is family. Child learns everything from his family members. If the head of the family respect elders , love and take care of his children, show concern for others and full fill his responsibilities honestly etc everything is being observed and learnt by his children. This exemplary behaviour being set by their parent will guide him throughout hie life. Here this family not only get a respectable place in their locality will become useful asset for the society.

    It’s not only family the character of any institution like school, office, a sports team or the country is influenced by the leader who leads and represent them.

    If the leader is honest, empathetic, duty bound, skilfull, cooperative and possess all positive psychological stances such as confident, optimistic and resilient the followers will be inspired and encouraged to do their best. The obvious consequence is that institution will reach the higher echelons and will earn good name and fame among masses.

    The public percaption of an institute is decided by the man who lead and represent it. For example it is the enlightened speech of Swami Vivekananda in Chicago, who went to represent our religion in global conference, which changed the mind set of western countries on India from uncivilised to the civilised and land of intellectuals country.

    Principles of Gandhi and NAM of Nehru portrayed India as the non-violent and peace loving country in the global arena. Presently the aspirations of our prime minister Narendra Modi like development , inclusiveness and clean India are being reflected in every institution and citizens.

    In the same way how better placed the institution may be it is bound to collapse if it went into the hands of low morale and incompetent head. We all know what happened to Satyam computers as the result of acts done by Rama linga raaju. There are many such low morale persons in public administrative institutions who damaged their reputation among public for example a corrupt officer in some local administrative office will tempt his subordinates to behave in the same way then soon that office will become notorious for corruption. In case the leader is honest butsome of his subordinates are corrupt then result would have been different bcoz with the fear of higher officer they would have corrected their path. So he future of an organisation mainly decided by its head.

    Some of our public institutions like CAG, NHRC, election commission , CIC, CVC etc are enjoying greater reputation because of the integrity of the persons who have been holding higher positions in them. But some institutions like politics are slowly losing confidence of people just because of some immoral characteristics of the persons who held higher echelons in them. So how bad or how good the institution is depends the persons who mann it.

    • harshali

      nicely written.keep writting

    • Except for the ending, I liked ur essay.

      Suggestion would be to write more and analyze more. Thode aur examples u could have used. The critical part was well explained.

      Again an abrupt ending. Please leave something for the reader in the end, so that he isn’t left with something wanted.

      Improved from the first essay (I remember kab padha tha, shayad Keep friends close enemy closer tha :D)

      Thanks 🙂

      • P.s

        Thank you so much serious for taking time to review the one which is at the bottom.
        Will mind your suggestions and will come with better essay next time.

      • Strongking

        Plz review my essay also ! Plz be critical as mich as possible!

    • Batman

      Hi P.s., my views:
      1)Intro was good and flow was maintained in the initial paras
      2)I guess you have added the para on CAG, CBI as part of ‘editing’ of your essay
      3)Ending was very abrupt. Try to describe the essence in body
      Add more dimensions. But for a first time, it is fine. You’ll improve with time 🙂
      Regarding your doubt on WB and IMF, it is just the differences in analyzing the things, nothing more than that 🙂

      • P.s

        Thank you BATMAN. Will work on conclusion and to different dimensions next time.
        What do you mean by include essence in body , did I included somewhere else ?

        • Batman

          It was there but elaborate a bit more and separate the suggestion and conclusion

          • P.s

            Got you man…… Batman . Thank you

    • Vivaan Khanna

      well written PS..really i ended it within a minute,such was the flow..no comments…my only suggestion would be to expand more as it seems to be too short..keep up the good work

      • P.s

        Thank you VIVAAN will improve next time.

      • Strongking

        Hey vivvan ! Review my esaay ! Be critical! 🙂

    • Night Fury (Toothless)

      Hi P.s
      Your essay was a good read for me throughout
      u need to work upon the conclusion part..
      make it bit holistic summarizing the whole idea of your essay and should give an optimistic feel-good thing to the examiner 🙂
      please review mine as well..

      • P.s

        Thanks for the review. How shall we write introduction as I have written or as you did. Which is better way .please reply me.

        Is insights reviewing these days? I haven’t seen an official review from a month (either in secure or in essay )

        • Night Fury (Toothless)

          there is no thumb rule dost.. we can write whichever way we are comfortable .. I write stories in intro and try to bring in the meaning of the topic through that.. in this one I tried conventional approach..i.e. simple give an idea about topic and what ur essay is all about.. since we are practicing here..keep trying different ways..and see which style suits you.. with practice we can improve and reach our destination 😀 ATB !! 🙂

          • P.s

            Thank you. Why no reply about insights official review.

            • Night Fury (Toothless)

              sorry.. forgot.. ye even I don’t know they are not reviewing since long..may be busy :/

              • Lord Tuktuk

                Happy bday Night Fury!!! God bless you!! May all your dreams come true (hum dono ki IAS wali bhi included isi me) ^_^
                best wishes from my side!! Khush reh hmesha!! 🙂

          • Strongking

            Plz review my essay also!

  • diehard

    Institutions, have an amazing quality about them, they might be a gargantuan enterprise having a spread all over the world,but they all to a man display the character of their leader.This quality of mirroring their leader is a fact that is not just limited to organisations,institutions, but also equally applies to militaries .government organisations and nations.This is the reason , we find aggressive countries,hawkish militaries and also peaceful nations.It is no doubt surprising to learn that a single man can leave so much of an influence over his charges,but a casual glance at how nations , organisations operate leaves our surprise unwarranted.
    If we are to leaf through the pages of history ,we can find how singular personalities from time aeon have influenced and inspired their people. It was through their character and conduct that they in times of chaos and confusion led their people to peace and prosperity.Such leaders are to be found from all walks of life,they range from towering spiritual personalities ,astute statesmen to selfless social workers.

    Buddha and Mahavira both who founded religions followed by millions around the world ,lived in a time, where stark inequalities were making themselves apparent.Strange as it may seem,India of 6th BC was a place where a few owned all the wealth and rampant discrimination was the norm against shudras and women.To Buddha and Mahavira this atmosphere of oppression was untolerable,they militated against the existing norms and preached their message of equality and brotherhood.Their efforts resulted in a more open society with syncretic ideas and practises.The high watermark of their achievement can found in the millions today who practise their ideas and live a life similar to that of their masters.

    Similarly statesmen like Lincoln ,Churchill and Nehru are not far behind in influencing their people.Abraham lincoln who stood for the idea of abolition of slavery inspired millions of his countrymen to fight for the voiceless and the downtrodden.Winton churchill in the gloomy days of ww2 spurred the Britaininto activity through his war speeches.

    Closer home , Gandhi fiercely clinging to his dictum of non-violence and passive resistance provoked and drove millions of Indians to fight ,albeit in an non-violent manner to win independence.His congress was an organisation which was religiously devoted to the idea of non-violence and satyagraha.Again on the eve of independence Nehru, conscious of tragedy of partition , ensured a secular India.An idea which has got only reinforced with passage of time.

    It is apparent that as we flit through history , we find numerous accounts of institutions ,organisations reflecting their leader’s qualities.A father influences his children , a business head his employees , leader his country.Therefore a strong character ensures his organisation’s success.

  • Tanu Singhal

    A leader, as nomenclature defines, is the one WHO LEADS, GUIDES AND SHOWS DIRECTION, be it a person, be it a deciple, be it to a group of people , be it to a society, be it to an organisation or be it a nation.
    Whenever the success mantras are behind a successful organisation is sorted out, the very essence is found with a good leader who lead a great team. But what made his team a great team was his conviction, his efforts, his fatpith , and trust in their capabilities.
    A leader is the one who is able to channelise the resources on one appropriate direction, and along with that, use them as optimally as it can be to get the best out of every resource. He is the one who brings out the best of every situation and opportunity. But a great leader is the one who is able to do all this along with his team memeber’s equal satisfaction, efforts and support.
    There have been leaders who have been followed or even given godly status but there are very few who are actually loved, who are followed as idol , who are given the place of loving leader, of a team leader.

    And the one who is a great leader, who is people ‘s own chosen on followed one, is actually the one is who is able to take the organisation to heights, because of the simple fact that hewill be actually loved, followed, and respected.
    His team will have faith and confidence in his policies, plans and directions, and only where a team works as a team, ony there a team can be a team and win like a team.
    If the leader is like ASOKA, it will be reflected in AKHAND BHARAT, a unison India, with one sovereign spirit.
    If its AKBAR , the organisation will be a well managed, and well administered India with brotherhood and mutual respect for all religions.
    If it’s EAST INDIA COMPANY., with cruel and capitalist viceroys it will be reflected in a poor, exploited, economically weak India.
    If it was a patriotic leader , it was reflected in a 1857 independence revolt, his true spirit will be very well channelised in his mates, be it a battalion of army.
    If it is BHAGAT SINGH, it was very well visible in the organisation that the leader was a chnage catalyst, a true selfless fighter, and so was the HSRA.

    if it was lLALA LAJPAT RAI, it was visible in the entire national congress, that SWARAJ is the aom, his ideas were very accpeted and followed, because he understood hpit wasn’t his but the organisation and nation’s will, hnece a leader UNDERSTANDs the need and will of his followers.

    If it was GANDHI, it was reflected when the most neglected population became a part vof a national movement, his leadership was something the nation never saw, because he was a leader who made every individual a leader from inside.

    If it was Martian Luther king, the whole popultaion was fighting along him, no matter what eth

    • Batman

      Hi Tanu, my views:
      1)So many examples 😀 It is good to present a multi-dimensional view but try to bring in the analysis part as well e.g. talk about the ‘leadership qualities’ and then connect them with ‘character of institution’ e.g. you talked about Asoka, so bring out his qualities
      2)Intro was well articulated. I liked it really 🙂
      3)Conclusion can be improved a bit.
      Overall, as a newcomer I would advise you to be regular in writing and reviewing essays. You have great potential as i can see through your examples. So keep the spirits high 🙂
      Hope it helps!

      • Tanu Singhal

        Obviously it helps.

        For the time being in working to get less critics,
        Only then will be able to get enough praise.

        Thanks a tonne.
        Will be working on conclusion more.
        Yes will keep writing and review….

      • Strongking

        Hey! Bro, now review my essay too!! Hope u will be as critical as possible! 🙂

    • Isha

      Hi Tanu, this time it was better than previous ones. But.. it was a all positive dimension. Include some negative ones too where the negative attitude of the leader lead to destruction. Also work on structuring- like in this piece, you can have the middle part combined into 1-2 parah.

      Keep writing. ATB 🙂

      • Tanu Singhal

        Yes right….

        Will work more on organisation now..
        Thanks 😉
        And same to u

        Cya next week ….

      • Strongking

        Hi isha , plz review my essay!

    • yogi

      Hi Tanu 🙂
      1. Small paras are quality of a good essay, but urs are too small, keep that of medium size(not a big deal though)
      2. A unique pattern of repeation like “be it”, “If it” : it’s impactful and i liked it 🙂 but did not expect that it is going to be like this till end
      3. When u started to gave examples, u suddenly brought the –ve examples, that broke the flow
      4. Concluding lines are good, but they came suddenly, u could have added a para before that and gradually turn to concluding lines.
      5. Liked the diverse examples
      6. Negative instances are missing or not given due attention (me too missed here)
      Suggestion: you have treasury of content , just plan to present that in a creative manner 🙂

      • Tanu Singhal

        Thanks a tonne for that really insightful review.
        Thanks for investing so much of time

        I too felt if and it got too repeated, honestly, I was so done with content till the conclusion.
        Will add all the points u pointed out,in my next.

        🙂

      • Strongking

        Plz review my essay too. Bro!

    • dev

      ancient history to freedom struggle to contemporary leaders very well written solid introduction but conclusion was bit short i guess should have elobrated a bit more n examples are missing u should have taken one r two leaders in full length n how der leadership changed da instution like huv abdul kalam leader ship brought changes in drdo. dhoni example was good over all excellent
      keep writing good day

      • Tanu Singhal

        Hey dev, thanks a lot.

        Yeah I agree, I should have taken some negative examples as well, like Hitler, Osama, general parvez mushraff, even Mussolini….

        Then could have given a contrasting elaboration…

        Will surley work on ur suggestions.
        Thanks again for the value addition..

    • good points : Simple language, short paras and multidimensional.

      Critics : Points too many, analysis too little.

      For example : “When it was rRATAN TATA, NARAYAN MURTHY, AMBANIS ANS THE BAHARTIS, we had great business organisations, we had Infosys, we had TATA we had reliance a, we had bharati group, on which many indians actually rely”

      It has the “who” and “what was made” element and not the “how” element.

      This “how” element is a part of ur analysis and gives u an edge.

      Flow can be improved upon, examples are in silos.

      The conclusion was a bit abrupt. Don’t write overly predictable things. The examiner judges u with ur intro and conclusion more than the body.

      Plus in the intro, u talked too much too many about leaders and qualities. Cut it short and explain somewhere what u interpreted about the word “institution”

      Keep writing, yu’ll improve.

      Sorry for the delay AND hope this helps 🙂

      • Tanu Singhal

        Thanks a lot for taking out time, and giving such a critical review.

        When u re read ur write up u realise u missed so many points
        I too found, I touched everything, but didn’t explain any
        Conclusion was too fast, could have been better, of I hadn’t written so much in intro itself.

        I will surely improve the structure issues with my essays..

        Thanks again .
        A big help, indeed. 🙂

  • madhu

    its my first attempt in this platform. plz review 🙂

  • vidya bangaru

    Hi frndss..I’m a fresher..I don’t know how to write an essay n how link the present day issues to the question… Can u people give some suggestions please…

  • Sidharth

    To define an institution in general terms it can be an organization set up for a specific purpose, like an educational institution or a custom that has been an important feature of the society or a group for a long time, for example marriage as an institution. When an institution is considered there are always founding members and a vision to guide their institution. This vision declares what that institution should grow into, in a long run. This vision is based on a particular set of ideologies, principles and ethics which expresses the characteristics of those times, culture and people through which that institution has been setup. Since theoretically these institutions are meant to sustain through ages, it is evident that vision must be recalibrated from time to time to meet the intended needs and leaders who envision the growth path have a significant impact on either growth or decline of that institution. So certainly the character of an institution is reflected in its leader.

    To elucidate the premise in hand, let us delve into a social institution like marriage. Marriage is considered to be socially recognized union between two persons to get their interpersonal relationship acknowledged. So the basic question is how did marriage as an institution evolve? It is very plausible that few thousand years ago marriage as a ritual never existed and people are guided by their inherent emotions to procreate. So as population grew and people begun to have settled lives in colonies, a concept of religion might have evolved to control and rally people behind common goals and establish orderly living. In the same institution of religion, a institution of marriage might have been developed to give a more meaningful and legal recognition to the interpersonal relationships and their obligations towards their family and society. So at this juncture who is or are the leaders of that institution? Since marriage norms can be considered a derivative of a religion, leaders of that particular religion can be assumed to be the leaders of the institution of marriage, who sets rules by which it is guided and vision by which that institution should move towards. The rules defined are usually an expression of what that religion propagates or what that religion wishes to establish or achieve. So in last thousand years several religions have emerged and have gone through radical transformations as per the times and ideologies of then religious leaders or social reformers. Consequently rules of marriage have undergone significant changes.

    In a recently published gene study states that Endogamy in Hinduism has been developed seventy generations ago or roughly in the second century AD. Before that inter-mixing of genes across various races is quite evident. The reason behind this revelation is attributed to development of ‘varna’ system that emerged and peaked during Gupta period. So the religious leaders then who have transformed Hinduism through this varna classification, for whatever their ambitions are, have made a significant impact on the institution of marriage in coming generations. So this development of principle of endogamy is certainly a reflection of leader’s character in those times. Similarly polygamy was not a crime until late 19th century. Due to various activities taken up by social and religious reformers in those times led to abolishing of polygamy. The point to be noted is, this transformation would not have been possible without the transformation of character of leaders of this institution itself, whom masses follow. Recent times there has been increasing pressure to bring in uniform civil code in India. This change is significantly opposed by certain religious sects. Spokespersons being leaders of that religious institution. This opposition also expresses the characteristic of the leaders mindset and thus character of an institution is reflected in its leader.

    Looking into tangible institutions like a NGO, an educational institution or a hospital where change in operational performance of the institution is easily perceptible due to short time span and can be related to the change in leadership. Important thing is in these kind of institutions’ vision remains stable over a period of time and how it is perceived and promoted is a reflection of leader’s character at that time. One leader may be aggressive in his ideas, may promote innovation and strict adherence to ethics. On the other hand one may be passive in adoption of new ideas, may or may not promote good ethics. As an old saying goes “Yatha Raja Tatha Praja”, this character of the leader will percolate through all members of the institution and since an institution is made up of its members, we can confidently conclude that character of an institution is reflected in its leader.

    • Sidharth

      guys this is my first essay, only 770 words took more than 3 hours, so pls give ur honest review

    • MSC

      you are on the right path.introduction part was good. explained the 2 subjects, their relation, and your views. but i think you got carried away in the middle. you got social aspect covered, but need to cover different areas like political, economical…

      • Sidharth

        hi MSC thank you for feedback. Can you pls be elaborate on what you mean by carried away?

      • Strongking

        Review my essay too! Bro.

  • Mowgli

    Hello everyone. it’s my first post here, So please review it & help me to improve my skills.

    The concept of a leader is not new. It has been continuing from all the early man’s period.

    Earlier the group of men used to be divided into two groups Alpha males & Beta Males, while the women used to take care of the households. Alpha male being strong used to take decisions on behalf of the community, while everyone used to work under his leadership.
    I believe Leadership as an additional working factor. Almost everyone works under a leader (Chairman, Boss, Captain etc.). Even when you work alone you are your own Boss. Point being is this quality motivates & makes us to complete our work within a time limit.
    Leadership is one of the driving forces for any big or small revolutions. Leadership skills (personal characteristics) may vary from person to person but one thing that is mutual between all the leaders ever born was to “COMPLETE THE TASK”
    Yes, Leaders completes the task provided to them along with team or masses or with oneself. Every Institution needs a leader to fulfill its goals. Yes, people look at the insights of every institutions (Central/ State Government, Cricket team, Coaching Classes etc.) but we usually judge them by their leaders. Because it is HE who takes the responsibility for the completion of the task provided, it is HE who makes sure his team delivers & produce results, it is HE who is accountable to the people who are looking for the outcomes.
    A leader knows how to run a team, he understands every player, he assigns them role & motivates them to strive towards their goal irrespective of result, and He makes sure everyone do their best.
    It is a leader’s vision & will that makes a small startup turn into big dollar company( Eg- Apple,Microsoft). It is the leader’s determination to do anything for his people to make sure they get Independence (Eg- Nelson Mandela). It is a leader who ensures that people enjoy their basic rights. (Eg- NGOs leaders, Ministers). It is the leader who have become symbols for major events. (Eg- Hitler & World War 2, M.S. Dhoni & World Cup 2011)
    He leads the ship (team). He make sure that they don’t drown (demotivated/distracted). He make sure that everyone completes their journey (complete the task). All institution needs a leader & the following quote by Nelson Mandela will let you know why,
    “A leader is like a shepherd. He stays behind the flock, letting the most nimble go out ahead, whereupon the others follow, not realizing that all along they are being directed from behind”

    P.S.- Don’t get offended, since I have portrayed the leader here as HE. I do have a lot respect for women leaders like Indira Gandhi, Margaret Thatcher, Aruna Roy (RTI act) & believe that a strong women raises strong children. 

    • MSC

      well, you hav written a lot about the leader. but no actual points relevant to the subject whether he reflects the character of the institution? if yes how?. need more clarity.after establishing your views try to explore the topic in different dimensions like political, social, economic…etc.

  • Bunny585

    Hi Every one, Unfortunately i cannot place my Essay here due to large file size may be, but i thouht i could get some of your suggestions if i type atleast the order in which i worte the essay,
    1.I opened the Essay with Definations of Leader & Institution from Pub Ad & Socio.
    2.I started taking examples of comparing Chandra gupta Mourya & ashoka for thier policies and State Characters.
    3. then i compared INC surat split by comparing Tilak & Gokle idealogy on Congress.
    4. I brought Gandhi & Nehru as Radicals and ended as NeoFunctionist-their impact on INC & India respectively.
    5.I brought Examples of Modren Day Leaders like Aurandati Battacharya with her pro-women schemes in SBI
    6. Again i tried to take advantage of Institutions Impact on its Leaders with JL Nehru as both President of INA in 1930 and Prime Minister of India.
    Then Concluded with summary and a proverb.

    Please let me know whether i am in line with subject or not…..Thanks in Advance …

    • Russell

      Although u would have covered most of the points but it would not have looked immersive essay as most of your examples are related to political organisations and also are too much India specific .Try to bring diverse viewpoints and examples and contemporary examples with a healthy mix of historical ones would look much appealing.

      • Bunny585

        ya definetly i will try to include more angles,
        Thanks for your suggestion

  • Shivangi Das

    Please review

    • Strongking

      Hello shivangi! Good try! My reviw~~~
      > dont go to nittygritty details like u did in para of collector.
      > see many perifereiss of institution like citizen charter , modis reinventing panning commsion into niti ayog , it deppt, CoM , gst council, njac , etc,
      > be specific , dont play footbal for so long on same sub toic. ,like u did for corporatte and collector example
      > put pg no. Like 1/3,2/3. 3/3 ,or ,,,,1of3, 2 of 3, 3 of 3,
      > u have content , nut place in rt place ,
      > structure ur essay in best possible manner,
      >check ur image uploads b4hand. , 1 page was blurred,
      Sorry for harsh critics , review mine also , i will upload within an hour! Thank u ! Keep writing,

    • Strongking

      Review my essay! Plz be critical

    • Strongking

      REview my essay !nw

  • Parag Ralegankar

    FIRST TIME WRITING, PLEASE REVIEW
    ‘Nam’ foundation headed by Nana Patekar and Makrand Anaspure in Maharashtra is righteous example for the quote CHARACTER OF AN INSTITUTION IS REFLECTED IN ITS LEADER.
    From classrooms of school to conference rooms of institution it is the class representative/leader which defines character of institution.With great leader we have great governments because leader has to manage/organise/distribute work between officials, frame rules and regulations and most important establish bullworks of the institution.
    Pt. Jawaharla Nehru leader of Congress party and Prime Minister of India gives classic example of how qualities of leader are reflected in institution. It is not only the leader but also other members of institution who implement ideas of leader defines and developes the character.All revolutionaries who nurtured th freedom struggle and then governed during its maturation.
    To establish character, leader should know his strong and weak areas as well as of institution.This helps in increasing efficiency, productivity, efficacy of the system.
    In the Krishnadevraya’s reign every strata of the society was socially, economically, educationally at utmost level. Women participated in administration, children were receiving education, in Vijaynagar kingdom.The same can be achieved if we the people of India harmoniously follow constitution and nurture ourselves under Preamble.
    A leader shouldn’t be a day dreamer. He should be equal to his oppurtunities.Many countris after gaining independence, they fell under military dictatorship. Abiding values and trying to inculcate among members of institution is what is done by leader of the companies for example Steve Jobs (Apple), Ratan Tata (Tata).
    The penetratrion of outside agencies into political, social, economic structure of the institution is dangerous.Self-reliance of leader is need of an hour. An outlook which embraces all varieties present in institution and considering it our very own is whats makes reflection possoble.
    Wide range of inerest and concerns; from basic education to heavy industry, from statistics collection to world peace, from women’s liberation to tribal welfare; from art to mountain climbing; together is what we have seen on Nehruvian Government.

    Another Aspect
    Whatever institution holds is reflected in leader.
    There are many brains in society (institution) who interpret ideas in their own way of thinking which do not give any good in longrun. As it is said in Syadvad (one of the principles of jainism tought by mahavira) NO EXTREME AFFIRATION AND NO EXTREME NEGATION IS POSSIBLE . I think varna system was good one. Everybody was given a job which was having equal weightage since no one can stay in dirty environment and no one can stay without belief (in god or karma or any thing else) . But as it is said Power corrupts and rise of extreme affirmation feeling about varna system resulted what are we still experiencing.
    Many people think about a situation in their own capability. It is just loke ‘Too many cooks spoil the broth’. Here comes the leader who has ti inculcate his ideas into the minds of the people and get results as accepted.Considering British, a small island ruled the world is a good example when institution and leader works hand in hand.
    The revolutioneries framed the consitution of India and embraced the diversities and inculcated feeling of onenss;bureaucracy;freedom of speech;independence of judiciary etc. The result is what we see today landmark judgements;great IAS IPS officers.
    Leader who knows the way, goes the way, shows the way- Maxwell

    • Parag Ralegankar

      please review
      please be critical

  • Rancho

    Found the eassay very difficult.. Still uploading.. Pls reciew

  • Strongking

    Plz review my essay guys !

    • Isha

      Hey, My views-
      yours was more focused towards elaborating the quality of a good leader. We’ve to explore a connection between the effect of the character of a leader on the insti. Many here have interpreted the topic the other way round too- though i am not quite sure about that whether we need to do so or not. But certainly, here, whenever u are quoting the example of a good leader- u have to show how did the insti performed too- what was the positive impact.
      Plus, u need to give some negative examples- like where the negative attitude of the leader turned out to be harmful.
      Try to have connectors between the parah so as to maintain flow and work on conclusions and intro.
      Seems you are new. So keep writing and reading here. Improvement will be there. ATB!

      • Strongking

        Thanks isha! I will take care reg same! Keep reviewing! :),yes im new here!

    • Batman

      Hi Strongking, my views:
      1)I feel you have focused more on qualities of leader rather than on the connection that exists between leader and institution
      2)The intro seems too direct. Though it is good to come straight to the point as soon as possible but still there needs to be a proper buffer and flow
      3)Try to bring linkage between your paragraphs. Don’t make them look as isolated piece of write ups (I would recommend you to follow Sepoy No. 1446 essays-thoug he has not written this time but you’ll learn a lot about this linkage part)
      4)Conclusion should provide the essence of your body. It should not become a para for suggestion or a para just for ending your essay
      Overall, I feel that you have deviated a little because of excessive emphasis on “leadership”. Write more often and you’ll improve with time. Thanks 🙂

      • Strongking

        Yeah ! Thanks ! And have internalised ur suggestions ! Keep writing! Keep reviewing!

      • Strongking

        Hey battieI, where r u this weekend ! Plz review my essay ! Week 7 essay ! I will be indebted to see jr review ! Thanks for readinh me ! Keep reviewing

    • Night Fury

      Hi,
      You need to structure your essay and write in a flow.
      you can read top essays here
      Regarding your essay… you started with examples directly..
      Intro should give an idea what & how your essay is going to be..
      you can start with a story also (like many people here do) explaining the meaning.. or simply start conventionally explaining the meaning of the quote in little depth.. then follow with different dimensions..
      your points are very good, but they are scattered,, needs coherence and connectivity.. (will surely come with practice)
      keep writing and refer best essays here…
      collection of points is good but needs structuring and linkage..
      ALL THE BEST !

      • Strongking

        Thanks for reviwing!i will try to solve these problems in next essay! Keep reviewing!

      • Strongking

        Though i knew ! But whie it forst came out !or i forgot to follow the correct manner while being engrossed in writing and thinking the topic , wil surely improve this tim e ! Keep reviwing FURIOUS BRO. ! Thnks for pointing out my mistakes! Tuvm

  • Prerna saxena

    Institution is an organization,establishment or like devoted towards particular cause or programme posses some ingrained institutional values , which are reflected in its protagonist.For instance Family as an institution is vehicle to perpetuate human society and culture,father as a leader posses diverse qualities,values and conditioned his family to opt for those value system to hold his authority ,family’s values system gets reflected father’s behaviour.Institution and its leader can never be seperated both have bearings on each other.
    Indian constitution envisaged various institution to make governance ,probity,justice effective and wield them with certain power and a set of framework under which they supposed to function transparently with objectivity to hold public faith and serve in better ,efficient manner.
    Institution posses certain value systems,code of conduct to function with objectivity without any fervor,ill will,towards anyone .But often it has been observed image of an institution influenced or compromised by its protagonist as he wield with authority to command,personal interest override public interest,seeking political patronage and similarly person with integrity holds institutional values by ensuring conformity to its objectivity.For instance former CAG brought applaud to the institution by unearthing corruption in coal scam while on the other hand former CBI director framed with charges of having nexus with corporate companies which tarnished institution’s image and sent a wrong message to public which perceived it as institution of integrity .

    Recently commissioner to sc/st commission has been exposed demanding bribe for the disposition of case in bribe giver favour. A person of such a low integrity ,how can be expected to yield his duties faithfully towards sc/sts? it brings a bad name to institution and people will loose faith in institutions which will not be good for a nation building on democratic lines.

    Leader as authority to inculcate institutional values:

    Leader or protagonist of institution wield with authority to command the institution and impart necessary values,belief,qualities with intention to influenced the institutional working which may be driven by good intention or bad intention depending upon leader’s intention and in order to ensure conformity of peers to its guidelines he may urge not to violate the set rules otherwise would be deal with stern punishments.Peers in order to steer clear of any such action turns blind even if they know the functioning of institution is being compromised . if leader posses good intention to yield on institutional objectivity ,will impart same values in institution ,which will not only reinforce the institutional values but also empower it face the crises .

    Personal interest over ride public interest:
    Leader of an institution often compromised its ingrained values in pursuit of personal gain which largely impact public and bring a bad name to the institution.often political patronage seeking people leading any institution not even think about what will be the consequences of doing that. For instance teacher’s recruitment scam of Haryana where some civil servants compromised their integrity which took a hefty toll on public because of their personal gain scam proliferated and talented students remain lamented about the whole scam.

    Integrity and objectivity of institution:
    when peer in an institution follow the objectivity of institution they do not bother about the consequences as they are simply obeying orders .Even if they know what they are following is unethical and but if a person with integrity ,use his own wisdom and never compromise with situational crises even at the cost of his job .A leader with integrity refused to bow down against any pressure and reinforce not only institutional adherence to its values and beliefs for which it was usurp but also set a good precedent for other peers and hurled a feeling of oneness among the whole institution against odds.For instance Ashok khemka IAS officer held firm on its decision to frame the charges against powerful personality in Haryana land scam, where he was tortured by framing false allegations against him to bow down in pressure ,which not only reinforce “steel frame” name given to civil services but also set a good precedent for others..

    Institutional values are based on certain set of principles and whenever they are being compromised its the leader which conditioned the environment for that matter as institutions are permanent in existence, its leaders which come and go and their qualities which they posses which will have long lasting effects on perception of general public.Hence it can not be deny that an character of an institution is reflected in its leader.

    • Prerna saxena

      @[email protected]_4ty4uXX83r:disqus please review my essay…

  • Striving for excellence

    I am in the initial stages of writing an essay and your feed back will be helpful. Pages are arranged sequentially though not numbered on them.

    Please do the review guys.

  • Striving for excellence

    I am in the initial stages of writing an essay and your feed back will be highly helpful. Pages are arranged sequentially though not numbered on them.

    Please do the review guys.

  • Powered Words

    Human have raised with the evolution of physical characteristics with the all round of social aspect like dependency on each other. This moreover comes true in case of leadership. The role developed with the kind of trust,maturity and belongingness to the emotionally defined ones held as leader. Here comes a bigger role of the leader to represent protect and secure the interests of attached group. This matured group evolves whole into a projection of organised institutions where protocols are laid down for everyone.
    Citing this, the well illustration can be highlighted on the impression of gandhiJi over the institution of freedom with non violence. The country formalised on the mercy of petitions organised by congress was a commendable step but it was organised under a bounded framework with the leadership of moderates. This was because they lacked in connecting to masses way down to women,labour,students and peasants.Gandhi on the way, a leader of an institution who knew violence can be suppressed but truth can’t, and that’s how Satyagraha came into existence. With this he induced a sense of strong self capability among the masses. Though, Extremist also were holding the leadership on the one end, but ideologically based on violent plans and activities,English were easy to suppress them. This was well deciphered by Gandhi and that’s how he progressed with his leadership.

    Please correct me how if I have started like this…