[Insights Secure – 2016] UPSC Mains Questions on Current Events: 21 January 2016

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[Insights Secure – 2016] UPSC Mains Questions on Current Events: 21 January  2016

Archives – Secure 2015

Archives – Secure 2016

Click on EACH question to post/read  answers.

General Studies – 1;

TopicSalient features of Indian society

1) A national survey showed that less than half of the toilets built in the Swachh Bharat mission are being used for defecation, but doing duty instead as small granaries or as store rooms. Critically discuss why Swacch Bharat mission has failed, the reasons why people do not use toilets and practical measures needed to stop open defecation in India. (200 Words)

Business Standard


Topic: Social empowerment; Role of women

2) The Bihar government’s move to reserve 35 per cent of all jobs in the state sector for women is an attempt to increase their presence in the workforce. Do you think reservation in jobs alone will empower women? What else should government do in this regard? Discuss. (200 Words)

The Indian Express

General Studies – 2

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health

3) Maternity entitlements are an important policy tool for encouraging better maternal health. In this regard, critically examine if the provisions of  the National Food Security Act (NFSA) and the Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY) are sufficient in ensuring better maternal health. Examine shortcomings of these schemes and government’s role in better implementation of these schemes. (200 Words)

The Hindu


TopicDevelopment processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders

4) To address some of the pressing socio-economic problems, it is necessary for government to work together with civil society and NGOs. Do you think this partnership is working well in India? If no, what needs to be done by both to work together efficiently and transparently? Discuss. (200 Words)

The Hindu


Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests,

5) It is said that persistently low crude oil prices will impact India in several positive ways. How should India capitalise on persisting low crude oil prices? Comment. (200 Words)

Business Standard

General Studies – 3

Topic: Developments in S&T

6) What do you understand by photonics? Explain its various applications. (200 Words)

The Hindu

Topic: Resource mobilization; 

7) Curbing tax evasion to boost public finance is part of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In the light of this statement and recent recommendations of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)-led project on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) on tax avoidance, critically discuss the need for India to implement these recommendations and the challenges India faces in their implementation. (200 Words)

The Hindu


Topic: Employment; Energy; Economic growth; Industrial policies

8) India hopes to have 175 Gw worth of renewable energy (RE) capacity by 2022 and the next target is to double this, to 350 Gw of RE by 2030 i.e. 40 per cent of actual power generation would be from renewables by 2030. Are there any negatives from this major shift in energy generation from renewables? Critically examine. (200 Words)

Business Standard

General Studies – 4

Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world. 

9)“Education without values, as useful as it is, seems rather to make man a more clever devil.” Explain the meaning of quote in the present context. (150 Words)


  • Ashish Agrawal

    Thank you sir.. 🙂

    • Shaktimaan

      hey brother will u tell me ki aap geo option k liye rupa pub ki kon kon c books padhte ho…………………………it will b great help…………plzz……….thank u:):)

    • Guest

      Hi Ashish, bro kindly tell me how to solve objectives based on current affairs..!I mean how can one remember the details of issues, like UPSC has a habit of asking questions from the remotest corners of any newspaper..how can we read in such depth, given the time constraints.! besides bro also tell me how to remember ancient & medieval history.. ! Awaiting your reply.. 🙂

    • Amit Kumar

      Hi Ashish, got to know you have geography as optional, would be glad if you can guide me.. I m working professional.. not able to join coaching institute because of time constraint. just in case you can share me your personal id.. i will seek some guidance from there..thanks

    • ppun

      Hi Ashish, cd u pl tell me what to read for world history part of GS I ? I mean is there any single source that covers the complete syllabus or if not, then pl advice me what to read from where that will suffice the world history part completely. Thanx 🙂

  • Affu Sdq


  • Dexter Morgan

    Thank you Insights 🙂

  • Bunny P

    Thank you Insights

  • Arkham Knight

    We have formed 3 separate whatsapp groups for cse preparation – GS Current Affairs/mains answer writing, GS History discussion and GS Geography discussions
    Current Affairs, GS History and GS Geography discussions quiz discussion for covering topics in depth and timings for discussion is 09:30-11 pm ( strictly )
    These groups are mutually exclusive an each has nearly 20-25 member
    Serious interested aspirant can pm me
    PS: Only for serious aspirants and people who are non-contributing will be removed as soon as identified
    PPS: groups are heavily moderated with no bakar and trivial discussion tolerated and quizzes/discussion only active during the time 09:30-11 pm

    • Dexter Morgan

      Add me bro 9654948868 !!

    • Avinash Dwivedi

      add me too…9716087111

    • Han Solo

      Me, too. 9177382680

    • Jayanth

      Pls add me also – 8970910270

    • Amit Kumar

      Please add me. 98991 74927

    • sankar

      how would like to have a discussion, i mean, is it online? or offline, which place you have identified for discussion?

      • Arkham Knight

        yeah its online discussion on whatsapp

    • Ankur Wadhwa


    • Mukesh Kwatra

      can you add me to the GS geography discussion group? 9803102139

    • OK


    • Akshay

      Please add me..9444219734

    • Raman

      Add me too

  • Village boy

    Good morning
    “Therefore, always perform your duty efficiently and without attachment to the results, because by doing work without attachment one attains the Supreme”
    Think it,,,,….

    • OK

      means are ends in itself.
      Socrates: duty for the sake of duty.
      Aristotle: do things not just for the desirable outcomes, do to achieve the desirable character.
      Gandhi: Truth is an end in itself not a mean.
      It is the journey which is worth remembering not the outcome. Who remembers the marks one had scored in his/her college days. It is the journey, it is the hard work, these are the memories which are worth capturing. It is not the result which gives learning, it is the journey who teaches us what to do and what not to.

    • Jaya Swatantra

      Success is a journey not a destination ,it is all the more important to enjoy what we do…. if we enjoy we are on the right path….

  • gughapriya

    Hi Friends GM. Request you to review plz.

  • Undaunted

    hi guys..do anyone has some idea about Byju’s tablet program?Are those videos worth enough to spend 40k when we have plenty of free videos? please share your experience if anyone has..

    • aashish 2000

      No need dude…. Learning from videos is possible via internet…. I strongly recommend you not to go for it… Learning from classroom is better because you get a chance to discuss in the class…
      Its just opinion…. You can decide on your own…

      • Undaunted

        thanks dude..u reaffirmed my decision ..i was thinking on the same lines..

  • BST

    Guys list down the important issues that may be asked as questions (from news)

    TODAY’s topic :

    Science and Technology


    Go on…..

    • Mrinal Mukherjee

      -Project LOON

  • Affu Sdq

    Can anyone please explain this,There is a commitment to shift to open acreage licensing from the current New Exploration Licensing Policy system.

  • Ash

    Thank You Insights! 🙂

  • Joshua

    Question 1 has a hidden joke. “Doing duty” can also mean …. http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=duty LOL

  • manu_fan!!

    Thank You Insights!!

  • Thanks Insights!!!

  • snehal talati

    Ethics seek to clarify the logic and
    the adequacy of the values that shaped the world; it assessed the moral
    possibilities which are projected and portrayed in the social give and take.
    Elucidate the two conception of ethics mentioned in the statement. Which of the
    two conception is more relevant to public servants and why?

    Today’s world is diversified in
    general and dynamic in particular. The values of one culture May be different
    for other. It is the intuitive knowledge of moral agents defined the course of
    action I.e. Good, bad or indifferent. However, it is depends on individual view
    point. The action determined by the moral agent decides the rightness,
    wrongness or indifferent. It could be positive values like happiness, justice,
    honesty, integrity, humanity or generosity. On the other side he can thinks on negative values like anger,
    boastfulness, arrogance, falsehood, lust, greed , recklessness or laziness. In
    short we can say that doctrine of interpretationism guide the world and shaped
    the individual society.

    every individual has certain inherent
    values. These values are guiding principle of moral agent. If one man standing
    inside the metro and girl request the man to give a side in spite of there are
    enough space to behind it. It is the moral of man decides the course of action.
    In one way there is a need to balance between the integrity of man and dignity
    of woman so that resultant action will be neutral otherwise it leads serious
    consequences from both sides.

    the above mention conception
    cannot be judge individually rather it is coherent and integrated approach.
    Action of public servant itself is the reflection of two conceptions. Based on
    the time and space both individually make one subordinate to another. It is
    rightly said in the golden Christian rule that” behave toward others as
    would like to behave towards you”.
    please, suggest comment me.

  • Durgarao..

    Thank you sir

  • Dhiraj Kamtess

    can you add me also for 9650462642