5) Discuss the feasible measures that are urgently needed to be implemented in Indian cities to curb worsening air pollution.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Topic: Environmental pollution

5) Discuss the feasible measures that are urgently needed to be implemented in Indian cities to curb worsening air pollution. (200 Words)

The Indian Express

The Hindu

  • Pujar

    Indian constitution gives fundamental right to live (article 21) including good air to breath. The present scenario of cities shows that we have “right to breath good air” but “we don’t have good air to breath”. Many Indian cities have been put under worst air quality index.

    Measures

    1. Reducing or closing number coal fired manufacturing units or moving away from city.
    2. Road space rationing as implemented in several cities in the world to mitigate air pollution, including Bogota, Mexico City and Beijing.
    3. Restricting new entrant vehicles example restriction on purchasing second cars.
    4. Improving efficiency and cost of public transports system so that number of vehicles will be reduced.
    5. Introduction metro and local trains which can run solar or electric power.
    6. Encouraging vehicle pooling system.
    7. Encouraging and mandating that all public vehicles shift to CNG or less carbon emission fuel.
    8. Banning more polluting vehicles example NGT banned 15 year old vehicles in city.
    9. Encouraging auto mobile companies to introduce less carbon emission vehicles.
    10. Banning straw burning, waste burning in and around city.
    11. creating awareness of air pollution , its impacts and making every citizen to contribute for fighting air pollution.

    Cities are the nodal point of development and future. These development can happen only when people in city have good air, water and place for living.

    • Operation Writing

      just love ur intro…
      Great answer
      Plz review mine!

      • Pujar

        Thanks for reviewing

    • Tuktuk

      you hav just nailed the intro man!! 🙂
      rest is good!! keep writing!!

      • Pujar

        Thanks for reviewing. . Keep reviwing my answers. .

    • BRK

      Very good answer with multiplicity of points and a piquant intro.

      • Pujar

        Thanks for reviewing

    • Eswar Sai

      As soon as i find ur intro i have no words to appreciate that.
      Simply mind blowing, superb intro

      • Pujar

        Thank you ☺

    • Harsh (Learning Unlimited!!!)

      Good answer …

    • Tuli

      good

  • RMH

    The levels of air pollution have reached dangerous levels in some Indian cities. Some feasible solutions to the issue are:-

    1) Improving the public transport systems, including the last mile connectivity, to a clean, safe and time efficient system, will reduce the need for people to use their private transport.

    2) Creation of specifically marked “low-emission” zones can help reduce pollution.

    3) Restricting access to private transport by means including heavy increase in taxes for purchase of new cars (more so on the second car), steep hike in tolls to enter the inner city limits, high parking charges to discourage users from bring their own transport.

    4) Shifting from traditional fuel to low impact fuels such as CNG.

    5) Preventing farmers in the outskirts from burning post harvest straw by opening bio-ethanol plants.

    6) Encouraging private companies to have their employees car-pool to work.

  • raju ganachari

    Air Pollution is the major problem facing by metropolitan and more crowded cities in India and across the world due to which many adverse effects are growing both on environment and health of human beings needs to be curbed . Vehicular and Industrial smoke are the two main reasons for growing Air pollution .

    Following are few measures to be taken to control Air Pollution :

    Vehicular Pollution :

    # Checking the adulteration of fuels and thereby reducing the suphur content and other hazardous contents .
    # Introducing Bharat Stage 5 (BS V) norms to all the vehicles in metropolitan and NCR region and BS 4 norms in other cities .
    # Promoting more outlets of CNG thereby encouraging CNG use which is clean fuel reduces the hazardous emissions .
    # Construction of the Outer Ring Roads should be done in all cities to deviate the heavy vehicles traffic outside the city .
    # Strict implementation of PUC (Pollution Under Control ) certificate system in providing Pollution control certificates .
    # By Encouraging more use of Public Transport System by increasing the frequency of metros and buses .
    # And recent proposal of allowing cars with odd and even licence plates reduces the emission by 50% can be implemented and with these other normal measures to be taken to reduce vehicular air pollution .

    Industrial Pollution :

    # Shifting the large scale industries to different parts of the country other than surroundings of the city .
    # Recycling of flying ash and use of beneficiated Coal in the Industries with low ash content.
    # Reducing the number of industries emitting hazardous smoke nearby Cities .

  • Tuktuk

    Air pollution, is currently at its worst form, in some of the Indian cities. The rising of high level of pollution does not only put human life in danger but also effects the climate as well by increasing GHG gases and making life more harder.

    The feasible measure that are urgently needed to be implemented to curb worsening pollution in Indian cities are as follow:

    1) Creation of “low emission zones” for the vehicles, that are old and polluting, in the areas with high population

    2) Closing the industrial plants causing pollution nearby urban area. For e.g Delhi government recently closed Badarpur coal plant in South Delhi.

    3) Switching to “Euro VI emission norms” as it causes the least pollution through vehicles.

    4) Using Mass transport system like public buses and reducing the use of private vehicles.

    5) Shifting public transport vehicle to CNG will also help in curbing the pollution. For example: Delhi shifted all buses to CNG from diesel.

    Although, there are much more effort which can be put though. As recently Delhi government announced to allow even and odd private vehicles the alternate day. This might looks a little harsh, but is need of the hour as whole world is facing from worsening air pollution and climate change.

    • why_so_serious?

      nICE one bro. Aaj k questions are easy enough 🙂
      REVIEW MINE

      • Tuktuk

        hahah!! after writing, you make them look easy!! 😉 after i write my answers, i always review!!
        and dont ask me to review your answers!! I do review your answers always!! huh -_- :-/

        • why_so_serious?

          Lolz 😀

    • Pujar

      3rd point is very unique and good flow in conclusion .. good answer…

      keep reviewing my answers. .

    • Don John

      Air pollution, is currently at its worst form, in some of the Indian cities. The rising of high level of pollution does not only put human life in danger but also effects the climate as well by increasing GHG gases and making life more harder.
      air pollution has nothing to do with CO2. it’s a very important point that most people often miss.

  • why_so_serious?

    A major 13 cities of India have seen their place in the top 20 most polluted cities in the world, with Delhi being at the top place. Certainly there is a need to adapt measures to make a change :

    Already taken :

    1) Green spots in and around the cities which can make sure that fresh air is available to breath.

    2) The AIR-Quality Index to communicate the public how much currently the air is polluted. (A way of spreading awareness)

    3) Bharat stage IV emission norms have been in place in 13 major cities.

    4) Green Cess to be levied on the heavy duty vehicles.

    5) 15 years validity of a government vehicle (Buses) and which is hence dumped.

    WhAT needs to be done?

    1)Shift towards better, reliable and more efficient CNG fuels and CNG based engines.
    2) INspetion on the sale of leaded petrol, a major cause of air pollution.
    3)Increase awareness among people to shift to public transport.
    4) Burning of straw by the farmers outside the cities should be controlled plus control on the open burning of non-biodegradable substances like tires, plastics.
    5) Moving the industries (some of which are in public places) to places away from the townships.
    6)Ways to control indoor pollution ( About 1.5% of people in chattisgarh have LPG cylinders as fuel, still 99% use wood as fuel.

    While the moves can make a major change, it has been noticed that leakages,c orruption and manipulation of data exist. There is also a need of attitudinal change as more nad more pople are shifting towards personal vehicle which have been a major culprit of the air pollution.

    • Tuktuk

      4th point is great!!! 🙂
      didn’t knew about point 6!!
      liked it how you separated measur already taken and what are needed to be taken!!
      but i hope you’re not exceeding the word limits my friend!
      anyhow, great!! (:

    • Achilles

      In solutions please don’t add shift toward CNG…u will find soon how CNG is causing a problem …researchers have already pointed this out…read this…http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/delhi/Research-raises-concerns-about-CNG-exhaust-gases/articleshow/48398994.cms
      Overall very good answer

      • why_so_serious?

        Thanx Achilles, for the time being(short term measure) this can be the only option, but the link says, it seems u r right.

    • mini

      Point 5 of what needs to be done .
      Even though you shift the industries or factory from cities to outskirts of the city…that is not the solution. Wind direction determines where the pollutants are headed to.for example in Punjab and haryana …farmers burnt the remains in the field itself but entire north western India including Delhi experienced smog .
      Solution should be making it compulsory for the industries or the factories to have pollution control equipments.

      • why_so_serious?

        good one mini, but I guess a shift of the industry to the outskirts of the city is a conventional “to do”. Anyways will make the change 🙂

    • raju ganachari

      Good answer review my answer Bro

    • raju ganachari

      Need to include already taken measures ??

      • why_so_serious?

        See its up to u. I mentioned it as I’ll be writing those in my notes

    • Namita

      Good points.

      To add further:
      Besides creating awareness among people to shift to public transport. Govt should make easy availability of safe and convenient public transport, last mile connectivity. Organisations should encourage people to use ‘car pooling’ services.
      Creating low-emission zones across cities.
      Congestion pricing to discourage the use of private vehicles.
      Strict encorcement of laws is necessary.
      Like burning of waste is already banned in delhi still people do it.

      • why_so_serious?

        Yes now I remember the “END OF LIFE VEHICLE waala point” (how people have still been using the cars whose life has ended due to various reasons . Thanx namita, points are helpful

        • Namita

          “end of life vehicle” ? Not clear :/

          • why_so_serious?

            Yes had this article some days ago in the HINDU and also have this mind map from INSIGHTS. pLease have a look 🙂

            • Namita

              Ohh..
              May be I missed it. And I don’t follow Mind Maps also. Will check. Thanks. 🙂

            • Namita

              You make daily notes from hindu ?

              • why_so_serious?

                yes I do… Stick to one newspaper atleast. N I visit it mostly for the opinion column… and current affair exclusively from INSIGHTS +GK TODAY (most of it are overlapping)

                • Namita

                  Make notes for current affairs also?
                  From insights and gktoday

                  • why_so_serious?

                    yup

                    • Namita

                      Cool (y)
                      I have a few questions. If you can help ?

                    • why_so_serious?

                      Sure yu can

                    • Namita

                      Email id ?

                    • why_so_serious?

                      [email protected]

                      Tell me when u’ve noted it, as I would be deleting the comment (too many unknown mails came last time)
                      n please delete urs too

    • Jaya Swatantra

      comprehensive one….. itna achcha kaise likh tein hain???

      • why_so_serious?

        Lolz. Thanx for the compliment. still learning 🙂

        • Jaya Swatantra

          What is your optional??

          • why_so_serious?

            Sociology

    • Prerna Saxena

      please review mine..your answer and resentation is good..

      • why_so_serious?

        privacy on.. cannot find it

        • Prerna Saxena

          checknow..

        • Prerna Saxena

          check now…

    • naina

      Your answer is good..you can also add some specific measures which can be strictly implemented by govt in order to handle private vehicles problem like Other than dese..polluted states can adopt measures like car free days and recently in news..odd even no. cars on alternate days..n also they should strengthen public transport to reduce the dependency on private vehicles plus India should also focus on increasing its forest cover..
      Activities like Planting trees should be encouraged..
      Etc

    • naina

      Strengthening public transport is v important..then only ppl wil stop using private vehicles..

  • sankar

    The sorry state of air quality in the national capital reaching severe to life is against the fundamental life envisaged in our constitution. As the Delhi Court asks the government to take the immediate step to reduce the air pollution in the city so the urgent feasible measures such as;
    -plying of odd-even numbers on alternative day is a welcome step proposed by the Delhi government.
    -make public transport such bus, metro station and passenger trains more efficient, cheap and penetration in the remote area of the cities.
    -induction of more vehicles run on electricity, CNG etc such as two wheelers, car, and restrict plying of old vehicles of 10 years old and switching to Euro-vi norms.
    -closed the nearby thermal power plant and ensure the power supply to the city from the renewable energy such solar, wind and hydel enegry.
    -recycling of garbage and construction site should be covered with temporary plastic ‘tirpal’

    -the creation of ‘low-emission zone’ area where old, more polluting vehicles can not enter.
    -Check use of adulteratered diesel, petro and use bio-diesel by using ethnol-mixed fuels.
    -increase green cover in the city.
    -stricter enforcement of law by fining those who violate the rule or guidance.
    This is a grim condition for public itself so people should wholeheartedly participate in this initiative to take our cities clean, healthy and livable.

    plz rvw frnds

  • Rishi

    Several measures have been taken by government and NGT to reduce the menace of Air pollution but it is increasing continuously. There are plenty of steps government should take in short term to minimize the ill effects of Air Pollution.

    1. Behavioural Change in Transport : It’s difficult to bring social behavioural change. But with ever increasing population and burgeoning bourgeois it is important to curb no of vehicles on the road. Cancel the registration of older cars and cars not following emission standards. Ask companies to encourage people to come by companies transport and change working hours if necessary. Ensure faster movement of public transport so that people will be discourage to use personal vehicles. Social figures should come forward and use public transport so that stigma of car owner can be discouraged.

    2. Regulating Industrial Air Pollution : Industry have capital or can loan such capital and move towards a cleaner technology. If they don’t do it on war footing they should close there operations and move to other place. This will lead to unemployment but you need to have a trade-off somewhere.

    3. Burning of Straw : Poor and ignorant farmers have been creating air pollution too. NGT has banned such activity but enforcement is too costly and difficult. There is need to teach such lesson in school and involve NGOs in spreading awareness. Innovation in this can also make a better economical use of straw.

    Delhi government has taken no of measures which cities around the world have used. There is need of social conciousness. Ads etc should be used to generate the same. People need to understand that going alone they can go fast but going together they will go far.

  • pink

    pl review

  • Operation Writing

    plz Review

    • Pujar

      3rd point is unique… overall good answer…thanks for reviewing my answer and keep writing. .

      • Operation Writing

        thx dear!
        Keep reviewing

  • ANURAG MISHRA

    Indian cities rank among the top cities reported by the WHO to have worst level of air pollution. It has serious social and economic consequences.
    Major causes that can be stated for this are: lack of awareness about hazardous impacts, lack of proper monitoring and punitive measures, poor culture of innovation and many others.

    What to be done:

    – Air Quality Index recently launched to report the quality of air in prominent cities is a good step forward. What more is needed is to widely circulate how poor quality of air impacts our health. This might raise people’s conscious and help to an extent.

    – widespread awareness regarding shedding private cars and increased use of public transport, for this capacity augmentation of transportation is needed. Car- free day in Delhi is a good initiative.

    – increased plantation of trees to make city green. Significance of trees are well known, we can encourage peoples participation here.

    – Conscious role of NGT in banning old diesel run cars, preventing pollution of rivers, burning of tyres etc are welcome steps. What is needed is proper implementation and discouraging audience from resorting to such acts.

    – learning from best practices across the world and implement them here.

    – promoting use of clean and green technologies in polluting industries, as carbon tax may be a good deterrence, but not a sustainable solution.

    Air Pollution is already eating into our life-span as reported by the WHO, discourage tourism, paints us in negative image abroad etc. We need innovative steps to deal with it urgently.

  • aashish 2000

    The worsening air pollution in Indian cities needed utmost importance which is threatening lives of people. The measures need to be taken such as:
    —> Usage of more efficient, reliable and effective automobiles to run on CNG and solar power.
    —> Strict regulation and abolition of older vehicles and implement the amended Motor Vehicle Act.
    —> Inspection on sale of leaded petrol, which is a serious polluter.
    —> Extension of validity to private sector buses along the line of Public.
    —> Allocation of new industries in outskirts and support industries to adapt green technology.
    —> Allocation and availability of subsidised gas to avoid fuel wood.
    —> Encourage citizens to opt for pubic transport system and put regulations on single drive.
    —> Cover the roads with patches and ensure healthy roads.
    —> The odd and even formulae is welcoming step.
    The policies and programmes will succeed by blocking the evils such as corruption. The attitudinal changes in the mindset and promoting he seriousness of the problem is essential for better results.

  • pink

    PL REVIEW

  • VINOD YADAV

    Indian cities rank among the top cities reported
    by the WHO to have worst level of air pollution. It has serious social and
    economic consequences. Several measures have been taken by government
    and NGT to reduce the menace of Air pollution but it is increasing
    continuously. There are plenty of steps government should take in short term to
    minimize the ill effects of Air Pollution.

    Ø The Delhi High Court has observed that life in the
    city is akin to “living in a gas chamber”, and the National Green Tribunal criticized
    the government’s approach to the problem.

    Ø National
    Air Quality Index recently launched to report the quality of air in prominent
    cities is a good step forward.

    Ø Conscious
    role of NGT in banning old diesel run cars, preventing pollution of rivers, burning
    of Straw & burning of tyres etc. are welcome steps.

    Ø Delhi vehicles with odd and even number plates would be
    allowed on alternate days only from January 1, 2016 will reduce air pollution.

    Ø The
    Govt. should close the nearby thermal power plant and ensure the power supply
    to the city from the renewable energy such solar, wind and hydel energy.

  • VINOD YADAV

    Indian cities rank among the top cities reported by the WHO to have worst level of air pollution. It has serious social and
    economic consequences. Several measures have been taken by government and NGT to reduce the menace of Air pollution but it is increasing continuously. The Delhi High Court has observed that life in the city is akin to “living in a gas chamber”, and the National Green Tribunal criticized the government’s approach to the problem. Different studies have found high level of air pollution in India. The environmental preference index placed India at 174th position out of 178 countries for air quality last year. A study conducted by WHO has found 13 of the most polluted 20 cities in
    the world present in India. There are plenty of steps government should take in short term to minimize the ill effects of Air
    Pollution:

    National Air Quality Index recently launched to report the quality of air in prominent cities is a good step forward.

    Conscious role of NGT in banning old diesel run cars, preventing pollution of rivers, burning of Straw & burning of tyres etc. are welcome steps.

    Delhi vehicles with odd and even number plates would be allowed on alternate days only from January 1, 2016 will reduce air pollution.

    The Govt. should close the nearby thermal power plant and ensure the power supply to the city from the renewable energy such solar, wind and hydel energy.

    BS-V & BS-VI implementation by 2019 & 2021 is also a good step.

  • KC

    The measures that are needed to arrest the worsening air pollution in Indian cities are-

    1.Road space rationing by allowing vehicles with odd and even license plate numbers on alternate days.

    2.Introduction of Euro-VI norms in the Indian cities.

    3.Congestion charges should be levied to encourage the people to use public transport.

    4.Encouraging electric vehicles on the roads.

    5.Strengthening the public transportation system in the country so that people are incentivised to use it.

    6.Car pooling should be encouraged.

    7.Technological innovations in the real estate and thermal power sector to reduce the release of emissions.

    8.Greening the vacant places of the cities.

    9.Low emission zones should be introduced in the cities where old and polluting vehicles should not be allowed to enter.

    10.Frequent checking of even those vehicles who have already been issued pollution control certificates.

    • Pujar

      Good points..

  • raju ganachari

    Air Pollution is the major problem facing by metropolitan and more crowded cities in India and across the world due to which many adverse effects are growing both on environment and health of human beings needs to be curbed . Vehicular and Industrial smoke are the two main reasons for growing Air pollution .

    Following are few measures to be taken to control Air Pollution :

    Vehicular Pollution :

    # Checking the adulteration of fuels and thereby reducing the suphur content and other hazardous contents .
    # Introducing Bharat Stage 5 (BS V) norms to all the vehicles in metropolitan and NCR region and BS 4 norms in other cities .
    # Promoting more outlets of CNG thereby encouraging CNG use which is clean fuel reduces the hazardous emissions .
    # Construction of the Outer Ring Roads should be done in all cities to deviate the heavy vehicles traffic outside the city .
    # Strict implementation of PUC (Pollution Under Control ) certificate system in providing Pollution control certificates .
    # By Encouraging more use of Public Transport System by increasing the frequency of metros and buses .
    # And recent proposal of allowing cars with odd and even licence plates reduces the emission by 50% can be implemented and with these other normal measures to be taken to reduce vehicular air pollution .

    Industrial Pollution :

    # Shifting the large scale industries to different parts of the country other than surroundings of the city .
    # Recycling of flying ash and use of beneficiated Coal in the Industries with low ash content.
    # Reducing the number of industries emitting hazardous smoke nearby Cities .

    Please review

    • why_so_serious?

      very good bro. Could include a conclusion

      • raju ganachari

        Yea I will 🙂 thank you for review 🙂

    • OPTIMUS PRIME

      complete answer…………………………

  • gautam kumar

    There is an urgent need to have an umbrella legislation to curb worsening air pollution in Indian cities. Apart from that, following measures are required to be initiated:

    (i) Promote Energy Efficiency: First and foremost, energy efficiency needs to be promoted in industrial as well as domestic uses. Thermal power plants like Ultra Mega Power Plants, Cutting in transmission and distribution losses – presently constituting around 30 per cent of total power supply, energy efficient buildings, lighting and home appliances are some suggested measures in this regard.

    (ii) Switching to renewable resources: Government is ambitiously pursuing five fold increase in renewable energy targets, however, there is room left for decentralised generations through small hydro, biomass and roof-top solar projects, which needs to be exploited.

    (iii) Increasing green spacing: Cities have become heat islands due to increased use of concrete structures. There should be building and construction code to include mandatory green space and plantation of specific varieties of trees to promote air quality. Cities should be promoted to grow vertically rather than occupying more space on horizontal level and the space thus saved should be planted with appropriate trees.

    (iv) Sustainable Waste Management:Solid and other waste should be meticulously segregated and disposed off in environment friendly ways. Grass-root participation and citizens cooperation could be elicited for this by proper awareness generation and promotional efforts.

    (v) Change in lifestyle: Less burdening lifestyle in terms of resource consumption and carbon footprint should be actively promoted. For instance, non motorised transport means should be promoted; working hour may be preponed to make better use of sunlight at workplaces rather than consuming electricity till late evening; yoga in the morning should be made a routine affair and likewise.

    All the measures require larger consensus and participation and for that everybody should be made aware of worsening scenario and benefits of measures.

  • aman

    Various Indian cities are consistently featuring in the top most polluted cities in different surveys.The recent judgement by Supreme Court, High Courts and NGT along with rising respiratory diseases have necessitated to take some urgent measures to curb air pollution.

    Some measures which can be taken are
    -Strict emission cuts by various industries and plants.
    -Implementing better emission norms for vehicles like EURO-VI
    -Better monitoring of pollution levels by Central Pollution Control Board. Recent step of Air Quality Index is a step in the right direction.
    -Providing more public vehicles for transportation. Innovative methos like the Car free day, even-odd system adopted by Delhi are great initiatives.
    -In excessive polluted area providing free masks and spreading awareness among people.
    -Frequent pollution checks of vehicles.
    -Using more renewable energy for power generation.
    -Adhering to the commitments given by India in the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions(INDC) before the UNFCCC.
    -Restructuring cities to handle excessive urbanization. Project like Smart Cities,AMRUT are a welcome policy initiatives.

    Thus India has to innovate and develop new strategies to tackle air pollution in our country.

    • aman

      Please review…

  • BRK

    Hi friends. Review please!!!

  • Disco Dancer

    Cities are the new engines of growth for india. But in the present system they are being developed in a haphazard manner with less focus on sustainability. This is one of the main reason for surging pollution in cities. Air pollution is increasing due to high no of vehicles, dust from construction, low trees & a general ignorance for environment among individual & concerned agencies.

    Measures to curb Air pollution in cities:

    1)Economic factor:
    =>Decrease the tax system by collecting more tax from SUVs, families having more than one cars etc.
    =>Decrease entry of outside vehicles by extra cess, but with necessary safeguards to innocent drivers who just have to pass through city.

    2)Political factor:
    =>More no of steps like delhi govt odd-even formula, no car day etc
    =>Robust bill regarding strict tree ratio in city, & using innovative methods like rooftop greenery, more gardens, parks etc
    =>Strict implementation to bharat gas IV norm, & soon to V according to time, strict industrial norms, use of battery car, CNG etc
    =>More bills on the line of kerala’s defacement bill to keep public place clean.

    3)Infra factor:
    =>Construction should be according to prescribed norms to avoid flowing of dust.
    =>Infra like electricity should focus renewable energy, according to city’s location, road should be surrounded by trees, which would maintain the desired quality of air along with increasing the beautification of area.

    4)Social factors:
    =>Creating awareness in people, to use public transport, walking etc.
    =>School education on this line with requisite practical knowledge.

    Overall, development is necessary for city, but what we need is the required level of sustainability to make it flexible according to ever increasing pollution.

  • Prerna Saxena

    Air pollution has become matter of serious concern specially for emerging economies like India possesing bright apetite for development but that should not be done on the cost of enviromental damages. To have a healthy enviroment comes under the ambit of article of 21,i.e it isjusticiable. Recently Delhi has been reported as the most polluted city in the world ,It has been observed that air quality in Delhi is 10 times above the safer level define by WHO in the atmosphere. PM2.5 concentration took a surge in the air which has negative impacts on public .Although government has taken few initiatives :1)Introduction of air quality index which helps people to know about level of pollution regionally.
    2) Introduction of cess on coal is good move to discourage its use.
    3) expansion of hybrid vehicles which includes LNG,CNG etc for tranportation.
    4)Enviromental tax imposed in delhi should be replicated in other cities also.
    5) Introduction of ODD EVEN numbers car to ply on roads alternatively which is still yet to be seen.
    some other feasible measures government can do are:
    1) promotion of car pooling through mobile app which gradually bring down traffic on roads and also encourage women safety.
    2) schools and colleges should be encouraged to provide transport and ban on private vehicle use.
    3) strengthen public transportation system .
    4) promotion of more car free days across the country by involving celebrities to attract the public attention for their success.
    5) industries should ask to comply with pollution norms with strict instruction.
    Air pollution is man made it can be rein easily but need concerted efforts from society as well as government only than we make the realisation of intended measures.

    • why_so_serious?

      very good measures. Intro can be shortened. Don’t write that EVEN ODD wala point. MANY disagree to that. Agar mujhe BARAAT le jaana n mera no. even hai, to mai parso thodi na aaunga 😛
      (CLEARLY my opinion :D)

      vERy good for this is ur first answer

      • Prerna Saxena

        thanks buddy..

      • Prerna Saxena

        please review SDR one also..:P

        • why_so_serious?

          m Very bad at economics,,, u can ask a senior player to do that. sorry 😛

    • Hitech27

      Dude you have improved tremendously since the time you started writing. Keep going. I like reading your answers. Even I do write to most of the answers but with a lag period of 10 days, and my answer is somewhere down at the bottom.

      Best luck.

      • Prerna saxena

        Thanks a lot man for appreciating 🙂 All the best..

      • Prerna saxena

        keep writing you will be soon on the top..:D

  • GK

    Pollution bells alarming Indian cities to awake. So many Indian cities are arrested by air pollution which is highly vulnerable to public
    health.

    There is an urgent need to implement some measures. Those are:

    # Govt should give subsidies and loan fecilities to citizens to buy electric vehicles.
    # Govt should increase mass transportation facilities, especially where air pollution is high.
    # Govt should scrap the age old vehicles which are highly pollution factors and should provide loan facilities to those vehicle owners to buy new vehicles.
    # Govt should expand metro train fecility
    # Govt should build transport belt and stop the incoming cargo at cities out skirts and use this belt for inside cargo transportation.
    # Encourage tree plantation around the city and inside the city.
    # should encourage public to use public transport and discourage the usage of individual cars.
    # Govt should introduce a special chapter about this pollution in all courses at graduate and post graduation level.
    # Govt should set up a separate experts think tank to balance Govt and public while an opposition occurred from public.

    So , by implementing the above the measure, air pollution will be curbed and Indian cities will get relief from air pollution.

  • GK

    plz review

  • Nikita Jain

    Earlier the NGT had decided to ban 15 year old vehicles in the city. But the policy was postponed by the Centre.

    Banning a vehicle will not be a solution. Govt. can take the vehicles from the owners and change the engine with a new one with 50-50 cost sharing basis for its successful implementation in the long run.

    Further, Cycles should be encouraged and a separate area should be dedicated for it.

    Some of the Govt. offices should be shifted to different cities nearby so that the population as well as pollution pressure is not being exerted to one single place.

    Alternate car run being introduced by the Delhi Govt can be supplemented by Cars being allowed irrespective of number if and only if “Car Pooling is done wherein a car has 3 or more occupants”.

    Construction activities should be properly regulated.

    Industries should also contribute there duty by assigning Company Bus Service for 2 areas at least for pick and drop facilities.

    Above all, it is the change in attitude of each individual of there duty towards present and future generation to good life.

  • Nikita Jain

    Friends pls review and comment

  • Nilaya Shanker Srivastava

    Discuss the feasible measures that are urgently needed to be implemented in Indian cities to curb worsening air pollution.

    1. Car pooling
    2. Even odd number vehicle on road.
    3. Expanding metro to other cities.
    4.Planting more trees, especially those trees which can reduce more pollutant or harmful pollutant from atmosphere.
    5. Strengthening public transport in the city.
    6. Spreading awareness on war level regarding green environment.
    7. Organizing events like tree plantation.
    9. Setting role models using public transports.
    10. Giving subsidy on organic farming.
    11. De-marketing chemical pesticide.
    12. Have environment cess.
    13. Strictly implementing green norms in Indian industries.
    14. Imbibing habit in children to plant tree on special occasions like B’day, Diwali, Eid, New year etc.
    15. Expanding Bharat Stage 4 norms to other cities also.
    16. Giving more emphasis on Green energy and allocating enhanced funding allocation in budget.
    17. Providing solar chimney to people using fuel.