3) Articles 17, 23, 24 of our Constitution are said to be great gifts of Babasaheb Ambedkar and it is said that implementing these articles in their true spirit will be a great gift to him on his 125th birthday celebrations. Critically discuss.

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Topic: Salient features of Constitution

3) Articles 17, 23, 24 of our Constitution are said to be great gifts of Babasaheb Ambedkar and it is said that implementing these articles in their true spirit will be a great gift to him on his 125th birthday celebrations. Critically discuss. (200 Words)

The Indian Express

  • Manoj

    Achieved little but there’s a mountain to conquer, though our constitution pressed for abolition of social evils,we are yet to enshrine the concept of equality and fraternity.

    Untouchability is still practiced in India due to our failure to bring about a mindset change. And thier conditions are still worse. As our constitution enshrines justice is not just political also social and economical. Though we have initiated number of measures to fight the atrocities against the suppressed classes the discrimination continues due to their vulnerability.

    The failure in implementing the land reforms and redistribution of resources kept the underprivileged at the bay. And the exploitation i in the form of bonded labour is the testimony of growing divide between rich and poor. The globalisation effects have further increased the gap.

    The biggest challenge to our children development programms is poverty which acts a catalyst for child labour and children deprived of basic nutrition and education.

    Today equal importance must be given to economic growth and human development. If we are not able to fight the atrocities effectively the mighty economy will loose its shine and significance.

    An inclusive and sustainable growth process so that every section of the society would be able to identify themselves with the process of growth and development is vital. It will be a true tribute to all our leaders who foughtvl for our independence and laid a firm foundation of India to assure justice,liberty, equality and fraternity to all its citizenzs

  • why_so_serious?

    During his last speech in the constituent assembly, Dr. Ambedkar warned about the future of the country. ” We must be determined to defend our independence till the last drop of our blood”. Although independence was defended, but was also snatched from some :

    1) Article 17 calls for the abolishment of Untouchability, holding its manifestations from the later vedic times. Although this has seen a remarkable decrease of instances, specially in cities,but unfortunately, that which became a provision of the elephantine Constitution is still now followed and still practiced in backward states and rural areas.

    2) Article 23 called for the Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labor. Although the registered complaints for the human beings trafficked has considerably declined, the unregistered ones are still many. Forced labor is not only repressive, but also demotivating owing to the lack of deserved wages being given.

    3) Article 24 calls for the prohibition of employment of children in factories. The right to education has allowed the children to have basic education till 14 years of age which has been outstanding with parity in primary enrollments.But industries like the fire crackers in Shivalik is an example of how this has been unheard and unfollowed. Still millions of children due to obligations and responsibilities have to work to support their family, and give up their childhood dreams.

    While what Dr. Ambedkar had feared of back then, is unfortunately coming true. The need for a proper implementation is mandatory, however change would come after we change ourselves. The look an upper caste has over the sight of a lower caste is like egregious. A change within can bring a change in the society.

    • Tuktuk

      you write so well man!! keep it up!! 🙂
      can you give me ur id or something if that’s not a problem! need to ask something!
      thanks! KWAR 😀

    • Fazil Mohd

      fire crackers of Sivakasi bro. Southern tamilnadu 🙂

      • why_so_serious?

        sorry bro.. I didn’t exactly remember the name. had a question in ethics mains 2013 😀

    • ragini sharma

      2 d pnt.

      • why_so_serious?

        Thnx ragini, aap aajkal answer nai likthi?

        • ragini sharma

          han time manage nahi ho raha hai secure 15 ko 2 hr dia hua hai bt esme que and reference ko padh kr samajne me hi pura time nikal jata hai….

          bt aaj se km se km 2 ans likhungi…

          cn u help me 2 manage time..

          🙂

          • why_so_serious?

            suffering from the same problem. Can ask for Insights help. But try writing two answers atleast everyday 🙂

          • Saint Shambhujs

            same pinch 🙂

            • ragini sharma

              🙂

              r u writing mains..2015

    • GK

      good intro and 2nd point presention is good
      conclusion is very nice. better to compact the points.
      good answer.:-)

    • Ash

      Crisp! 🙂
      Could you please help me make my answer crisp! I don’t know how to give it a structure… I apologize in advance.. my answer is like reeeeally long 🙂
      KWAR! 🙂

    • jaguar

      can add abt d upcoming child labor laws which talks abt – child can work after skul hrs nd nw jst 3 sectors r restricted for taking child as a labor instead it was around 16 before .

      • why_so_serious?

        yes correct! thank you for the value addition 🙂

        • Yashaswi

          How many answers are you writing each day?

          • why_so_serious?

            2. sometimes 3.. rest I review. u?

            • Yashaswi

              i write once every 2 days. 4-5 answers. Actually, i’m not regular. I used to write and review regularly until about 2 weeks ago 😛
              I want to review because i feel guilty when i don’t 😀
              But trying to settle into some groove, so keeping aside everyday answer-writing and reviewing for now :-/

              • why_so_serious?

                ohk. First attempt or writing mains this year?

                • Yashaswi

                  Ha ha. two attempts, failed to clear prelims 😀
                  You?

                  • why_so_serious?

                    its my first attempt bro. Hope to clear it in this attempt. But its never good to hope. better to keep doing the job and not think of consequences. Same goes for u. Will clear it next time for sure 🙂

                    • Yashaswi

                      this year’s your first attempt or next year?

                    • why_so_serious?

                      NEXT year is my first attempt!

                    • Yashaswi

                      Sweet man. You’re doing fantastic already 😀

                    • why_so_serious?

                      but not better than senior players like u 😀 need to work harder

                    • Yashaswi

                      In terms of attempts, yes senior. In terms of maturity and attitude and knowledge, not much difference really : )

                    • why_so_serious?

                      haha. yu’re being humble. Trust urself. I know yu’ll clear this. All the best to the both of us! Cheers!!

                    • Yashaswi

                      : ) ..Cheers man 😀

    • Don John

      holding its manifestations from the later vedic times. this might not be true. Caste divide existed but untouchablilty is not a surety. correct me 😛

      • why_so_serious?

        no bro it has been prevailing since later vedic period 🙂

  • aashish 2000

    The editor, painter, artisan of our constitution, Dr. Ambedkar has made it very clear to uplift the depressed classes by giving special provisions and engulfed Article17,23,24 to act as deterrence for exploitation of weaker sections for illegal activities. But in real scenario, these Articles has succeeded quantitatively rather than qualitatively.
    Article 17
    > This article abolished the untouchability in all manners which has succeeded due to globalisation, and rapid urbanisation. The implementation on ground levels getting the results.
    > In real instance, the rural community SC and ST are still suffering and there participation in manual scavenging is a continuous process.
    Article 23
    > Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour. The implementation of article leads to implement the POA Act. and decreased the effect in numbers.
    > In rural and some parts of urban India rather than forced by a person, people are forced by situations where minimum basic needs are difficult to get satisfied.
    Article 24
    > Prohibition of Employment of children in factories which is true and fact at the constitution times. The world has changes its colour and the industries has globalized. The child labour has decreased due to this.
    > In India, major contribution is from informal sector and MSME in manufacturing sector where child labour is still visible.
    To control the situation and implementation of these articles,
    Government: Implement the policies such as Right to education, NRLM, MNREGA, PDS, POA, with transparency and made the officals accountable to citizens.
    Private Sector: Along with the profit motive, concern on society by right implementation of CSR will be beneficial.
    And every individual respect other irrespective of race, sex, religion, caste, creed is necessary and this social maturity is needed utmost in Indian society.

    • Harsh (Learning Unlimited!!!)

      Intro is superb…

      Well done Ashish. Just one thing answer is around 300 words. Mid portion of the answer has scope to be shortened.

      • aashish 2000

        Suggest where can it be reduced

      • Ash

        Hi Harsh! Could you please review my answer too .. Help me form the structure please.. 🙂

    • Jaya Swatantra

      Nice points please review mine.

  • Prachi Jadhav

    Initially B R ambedkar became member of constituent assembly just to give social justice to Dalit people but looking at his contribution to our constituent assembly he is regarded as” Father of constitution”. In his contribution he ensured that every citizen of our contry should not be deprived of any basic needs which he or she is pertained to get. But even after sixty years, we still have not achieved to profess our fundamental rights to every individual which he and our elders must have dreamt of.
    1. Article 17- one of the main fundamental rights of our constitution which states Right to equality under which untouchability was eliminated. But still today in some part of India it is practised. Crimes like rape,exploitation of women are things which have to dealt with.
    2. Article 23 – prohibition of human trafficking. Although this has been declined in past 6decades but still illegally it is being a business for forced labour.
    3. Article 24- prohibition of child labour in factories. As per survey it has been observed that still child lbour has completly not prohibited as children has to work to support their family due to lack of financial income. Though govt has made provisions to children above 14yrs can work, and right to education gives to complete their elementary education.

    No doubt Ambedkar had a dream of inclusive India and his gifts of these articles gave opportunity to backward people rise but still Govt has to implement these articles and laws firmly so that in near future we can achieve the dream of our Father of Constitution.

    • aashish 2000

      Dude… Critical analysis is missing…

      • Prachi Jadhav

        Means??

        • aashish 2000

          Check out my answer

          • Prachi Jadhav

            Thank you.. But question is asking why?? n how can be done right??

            • aashish 2000

              Yes, It demands holistic answer…..

              • Prachi Jadhav

                Hmmm…how u all people write all answer so fast and easily. 🙁 i barely write one or two answer in that also so much mistakes comes. :'(

                • aashish 2000

                  Dude… Its easy if you believe… Seeing the outline of rocket and stops the process never makes it… If you start slowly one by one one day you will see the rocket. So try to answer all questions…. Don’t count the time…. Mistakes leave it to us… We are here to take care of those…

                  • Prachi Jadhav

                    Thank u DUDE 😀 😛

    • why_so_serious?

      when writing the intro, try to connect it to the subject on which it is asked. The first two lines are unnecessary, so u can eliminate it. Now since the question asked to critically comment u need to add how this article has benefited and also add the drawbacks in it.
      again the conclusion can be better.
      Review mine 🙂

      • Prachi Jadhav

        Thanks a lot for review.
        Ur answer is perfect after wen aashis2000 told me what exactly question is demanding. 🙂
        is this ur first attempt?? 2016??

        • why_so_serious?

          yup

          • Prachi Jadhav

            All the best 🙂

            • why_so_serious?

              same to u 🙂

  • Shiuli

    As the chief architect of the Constitution, Babasaheb Ambedkar’s experiences and beliefs are fond prevailing throughout India’s highest legal and social document. He was one of the greatest champions of FRs of citizens against the State. Ambedkar’s lifelong crusade against social evils were manifested primarily in Articles 17, 23 and 24.

    Art 17 provides for the abolition of untouchability. However, ‘untouchability’ was only defined by the Karnataka HC in State of Karnataka vs Ingale in 1993. The practice is still widely prevalent in rural areas especially against Dalit communities and in urban areas against manual scavengers. However, certain measures such as enactment of Protection of Civil Rights Act and setting up of NCSCs/STs have allowed some progress.

    Art 23 was aimed at prevention of human trafficking and forced labour. Although, Acts such as the Immoral Traffic Prevention Act and Bonded Labour Abolition Act have been implemented, India still remains a hotbed for trafficking from countries like Nepal and Bangladesh

    Art 24 is aimed at preventing the employment of children below 14 years in any hazardous profession, factories etc. Here, India has been able to decrease the number of children employed by 1/3rd according to 2001 and 2011 Census. However, India still accounts for the highest number of child labourers in the world.

    Although, Ambedkar’s vision of achieving social equality has been an important goal of India’s lawmakers, the progress has been mixed due to various socio-cultural, economic, institutional and governance issues. Fundamental changes in the outlook of society in necessary for complete success of these measures and a progressive way to achieve it is to make people aware of the ideals of the Constitution and its makers.

  • Imih

    Babasaheb ambedkar, who fought life long battle against all forms of exploitation and social apartheld , provided protection to the vulnerable through articles 17 , 23 , 24
    Article 17 dealt with untouchability, article 23 with trafficing of humans, and article 24 with child exploitation.
    As norm , we do make showy celeberation on his birthday as a true symbol of empowerment of vunerable section, in practice these practices are still in existance. We in India do have mammoth large childeren working. Untouchabilitu based on Casticism is there in every way of life.The killing of Dalits for getting admission to Iit is the latest incident to prove that casticism has deep roots, nourished by the apathy of our political echelon.The surveys from various sources proved the exploitation of childern is on rise.

    Spending lakhs on the day to celebrate the birthday of the architech and keeping the mammoth people suffering from these ailments prove the reason behind these celebrations is political gimmick.The real honour to Ambedkar would be wipe out these social ills by taking cocrete actions and not remaining confined to lip services.

  • aj

    Many of the socialist ideals which form the core of the basic structure of our constitution can be aptly attributed to Dr. B.R.
    Ambedkar. Apart from being the protagonist of the the backward class movement, he was a prudent social visionary and a learned scholar. Article 17, 23,24 are synopsis of his vision of an inclusive society.

    Though being part of the FRs in the constitution, the onus of its implementation in true spirit lies to the common masses.

    Untouchability mentioned in Art 17 is much beyond its literal meaning. It covers access to all public facilities alike, ensuring
    dignity of these vulnerable classes, etc. but reality is it is still practiced in form like manual scavenging, limited job opportunities despite legal safeguards.

    Traffic in human being and forced labour prohibited by Art 23 is still prevalent in different forms. Women and children are dragged into sex trade, devadasi system, etc. unavailability of institutional credit forces marginalized sections to enter into begar.

    The most vulnerable section of the society that is children are dragged into hazardous operations like firecrackers though there are a no. of safeguards in place. This shows ignorance in enforcement on the part of both govt and common citizens.

    The meaning of “socialist” and “equality” mentioned in our preamble can be truly justified only by combination of cognizant citizens and effective enforcement of existing safeguards. This will be a true tribute to the visionaries like Dr. Ambedkar and their ideals which form the bedrock of our great constitution.

  • FinalAttempt

    please review..

  • Batman

    The “father of Indian constitution”-Dr. BR Ambedkar is close to completing his 125th year of birth and in this regard, it will be appropriate to look at certain provisions of Indian constitution to oversee their implementation.

    Article 17: It abolishes untouchability in all forms. Though Parliament had enacted Prevention of Atrocities Act, 1989 to give teeth to this provision, yet the instances of untouchability are still heard in remote rural corners of India. An attitudinal change is also missing within the victims and the accused and working upon this should be the future strategy

    Article 23: It prevents human trafficking, forced labor and devadasi system. Though India has beefed up security forces across the border to prevent human trafficking, constituted National Human Rights Commission and abolished forced labor, yet an underground channel operates e.g. Sumangali scheme of Tamil Nadu where daughters are married and then forced to work in factories of husband’s family. Fencing of border in Myanmar and Bangladesh and strict actions on proponents of forced labor and devadasis should be the way forward

    Article 24: It prevents children aged 6-14 years of age to work in hazardous industries. India is a signatory of global Child Labor conventions but still instances of child labor in industries e.g. Sivakasi fireworks can be seen. Strengthening the implementing agencies and providing rehabilitation to such children should be the way forward

    India is poised to become a great economic and political power in international arena and in this regard, some of the deficiencies in the domestic system should be handled at earliest so that they don’t becom blot on India’s image.

  • Jaya Swatantra

    Dr. Bhim Roa Ambedkar dreamed for a just and egalitarian society by Art 17 (abolition of untouchability),Art 23 and Art 24 ( rights against exploitation).After this long period when constitution was drafted lets focus on these points.

    How much our constitutional provision been successful?

    1.Upliftment in the status of SCs/STs by providing reservation(positive discrimination)

    2.Human traficking,Child labour.illiteracy have been checked and there is deterioration in the numbers by passing laws against trafficking and child labour.

    3.Universal education of children in the age group of 6-14 up to eighth standard under Sarva Shiksha Abhyiyaan.

    4.Prohibition of employment as manual Scavangers and their rehabilitation act 2013.

    Areas of concern-

    1.Incidences of intolerance like Dadri lynching, communal riots waging war against the spirit of equal society.

    2.According to 2001 census out of 25 crore of Children population , 1.26 crore in the age group of 5-14 are working where 12 lakh children are employed in hazardous occupations.

    3.Number of communal riots till june 2015 is 348 according to Ministry of Home Affairs.

    4.Rising cases of rape, acid attack,dowry cases of victimizing women.

    Steps Ahead

    1.Joint political will to wage war on the unconstitutional evils.

    2.Setting a time limit to abolish this malpractices .

    3.Inclusive growth by way of taking downtroddens in the mainstream

    4.Proper and honest execution of policies meant for maintaining an egalitarian society with proper monitoring and supervision.

    Every dream of Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar if fullfilled will be the real celebration .Merely declaring the constitution day and celebrating his birthday will be again a formality.If the disadvantaged and impoverished get their rights and dues this will be cherishing his ideals in true mannar.Making social peace with unconstitutional and unjust ways and mean is neither an appropriate nor sustainable development response.

    • why_so_serious?

      answer can be more specific *talking mostly about the articles mentioned)
      Good coverage. Nice answer.

      • Jaya Swatantra

        Thanks for reviewing…i will take care for being more specific next time

  • Bharat Avril

    Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar was one of the most important member and chairperson of the constituent assembly who gave the shape to a democratic constitution based on the ideals of Equality, liberty and Social justice. Our constitution incorporates Fundamental Rights, fundamental duties and Directive principles inspired by the most successful democracies of that era. To ensure Equality, Liberty, Fraternity and social justice articles 17,23,24 etc. were given due importance over the years. However the growing crimes against SC/ST communities and incidence of Human trafficking and child labour are alarming.

    Article 17 prescribes Abolition of Unaccountability in any form. But even after 65 years of constitution the problem is not uprooted completely. It is still prevalent in rural India. There is an increase of crimes against SC/ST from 38449 in 2010 to 46114 in 2013. A more strict anti unaccountability drive and stringent measure are required to deal with this evil.

    Our constitution prohibits the Human trafficking in persons Articles 23 and 24 forbid and declare as offences practices of trafficking in persons, agrestic serfdom and child labour . But recent data shows more than 43 lac children between the age group of 5-14 years are in the dungeons of child labour causing repairable damage to their health both physical and mental. Every year more and more girls are forced in to prostitution. Although constitution provides fro right to education under article 21 for children between age 6-14 years but still the hazardous industries find tiny hands as new recruits every year.

    Our constitution is one of the strongest, dynamic as well as rigid of all the present democracies of the world. Implementing the constitutional provisions with due responsibility and strictness would help tackle these evil.

    • why_so_serious?

      the answer was to critically comment. yu need to see both the sides. yu could start intro from “to ensure equality,,,” as above that was mostly not required.

      Too general of a conclusion… could be better

  • shankar

    Even the after the six decades of the indpendence of India, the unconstitional, unjust and inhuman practices in India are still pervasive such as
    -untouchability enshrined in the article 17 of the constitution, it forbids any practices on the ground of untouchability is an offence thus it imparts as an aspect of fundamental right to equality, fraternity and liberty. But the attrocities such rape, torture, gang rape, abusing and killing against the Dalit and depressed are pervasive such in Haryana etc.
    -the practices of trafficking in humans, agrestic serfdom and chil labour in toxic or obnoxious and non-toxic factory, domestic worker, hotel etc is on the large scale.
    the case of kidnapping and missing children is looming large.
    -Despites having Manual scavengers and their rehabilitation act 2013, the cleaning of human faeces on head at railway station, domestic toilets is rampant.
    -arson, mass and individual murders, stripping and parading, pursuit of obnoxious occupations and others.
    -the voices of rightless peopel those affected by one of the great tragedy of human history by human itslelf. Insteads of just copensation and rehabilitation, they have been struggling for their due justice over the three decades of the catastrophe.
    -right ot other traditionally deprived or disabled people such people living with disabilities, people of different sextual orientation and conduct, people declared guilty and incarcerated long before trials
    So, merely invoking the icon of the social movement is not the pancea for the deprived, depressed and disabled peop, there requires comprehensive plan and will to address the problems. But it does not mean, India has not made any progress in this field, but a snail pace.
    measures
    -stricter punishment to the accused through speedy trial, as justice delayed is justice denied. there should be a provision of fast track to deal with such issues. In the mean time proper and due compensation and rehabilation process should be given to the victims.
    -Enlighten the depressed to their right and priveleges
    -legislative representation to the depressed classes, women, checking of corruption, comprehensive civil code, social security and justice etc.

    Above all there needs a collective political will to fight these social ills by declaring war on them with a timeframe to root it out.

    plz rvw frnds

  • GK

    Our constitution is gifted by Dr.B.R.Ambetkar. He is praised as father of our constitution he always wanted to preserve the true siprit of our constitution.He gifted fundamental rights to the people living in India.

    Recent GOVT’s move on these implementation should also focus on some challenges

    Art 17 discussing about abolition of untouchability and forced labor
    Even some strict punishments are there to suppress untouchability, in so many areas people suffering from this social evil (untouchability).
    Art 23 describing prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labor.
    India having such a huge population,without increasing police force it is hard to stop human trafficking and forced
    labore.
    Art 24 – describing prohibition of employment of children in factories . in india more than 1 crore children working as child labors , and more than 12 lakh children working in hazardous factories.
    Without implementing free and compulsory education properly for children in the age group of 5-14 and without protecting child rights properly it is impossible to stop children became child labors.
    So, govt’s move on these articles implementation is a respect to our father of nation, but without facing the above challenges, implementation of these articles always a challenge to the govt.

    • why_so_serious?

      question asked to crtically comment, which is missing in ur answer. could include better measures. could be better.
      Review mine 🙂
      (Sorry for the harsh words)

      • GK

        u r right, i will improve my presentation.
        thanks for u r review.:-)

  • GK

    plz review

  • Romilla

    B.R Ambedkar was a man committed to guaranteeing socio-political- economic justice to the marginalised sections of the society. So, what befiiting would be a way to honour him than the determined implementation of the constitutional provisons.

    A life-long votary against untouchability, the spirit of article 17(prohibition of untouchability) is threatened by the unceasing caste-class divides, vote-bank politics fuelling casteism,growing religious intolerance and fringe parties advocating fundamentalist ideologies creating trust divides amongst the citizens.

    Articles 23 and 24 jointly uphold the right of the citizens against various forms of exploitations such as begar, immoral traffic of humans and prohibits employment of children below the age of 14 years. The ground reality however presents a sorry picture. Poverty and indebtedness still drives the helpless persons into bonded labour. Young girls are forced into prostitution in want of money by poor parents. In states like Haryana with skewed sex-ratio, women are trafficked from the hinterland of West Bengal and Odisha to marry the ageing men. Often the lure of jobs and livelihood ruins the lives of several young children when they are forced to work as poorly paid domestic helps in metro-politan cities, brick-kilns in the South, bangle and zari works factories or dhabas .

    A review of the lacunaes inherent in the implementation of laws and massive awareness drives involving all stakeholders would do well to translate the theoretical privileges into practical rights.

    • why_so_serious?

      see the positive sides too. ATB 🙂

  • Akshay

    Indian constitution is a political document aimed at social revolution.baba saheb’s contribution in providing the social consciousness to our constitution is reflected in Articles 17, 23 and 24 among others.He envisioned a society where a man is equal to his fellow being, free from exploitation by his fellow being.Only such a society, according to him, could sustain itself.

    Article 17 provides for abolition of Untouchability and makes its practice, propagation or justification a criminal offence.Civil Rights Act’s(1955) inadequate functioning gave way to prohibition of Atrocities Act,1989.Providing reservation to SC/STs in government jobs, educational institutons, setting up of National Commission for SCs/STs, Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitaion Act,2013 pursue the egalitarian ideal.
    Article 23 provides for prevention of human trafficking , bonded labour and devadasi system , thereby recognizing man as an end in himself and not as means to somebody else’s ends.MGNREGA has done a commendable job in this regard by empowering the rural job seekers.
    Article 24 provides for checking the employment of children in hazardous environment.Child Labour Prevention(CLP) Act,1986 and Right to education Act,2006 which provides or free and compulsory education till VIII are praiseworthy.Recently amendments have been proposed to CLP Act that permit no employment for children up to 14 years of age except in domestic set ups and entertainment industry provided their studies are not hampered.

    In spite of these efforts the dreams of Baba Saheb have not realized completely.Restrictions on entry to temples,manual scavenging in villages, caste riots are common phenomenon , especially in rural India.Almost 4.5 million children continue to be employed , majority on hazardous sectors as firecrackers, matchbox, carpet weaving, mining.Trafficking from Bangladesh,Nepal and domestic territory is evident in red light districts in country.The matter of fact is that the larger consciousness about the ideals of constitution is still missing and only an awareness and collective effort on part of society can meet the deficit uncovered by laws.

    • InsightsOfficialReview

      Point regrading CLP Act amendment is not required and still if you want to mention it then reframe it according to demand of question. You could have mentioned some points for reform in separate paragraph after you mentioned current scenario.
      Marks – 5/10

      • Akshay

        Point duly noted.Thanks for reviewing. 🙂

  • ktm duke

    Dr. B.R Ambedkar was amongst
    the strong votaries of equality, liberty and freedom. He was instrumental
    insertion of Articles 17, 23, 24 of our Constitution. But his efforts have
    not been truly implemented.

    Article 17 calls for the
    abolishment of Untouchability-Untouchability still persist India in various
    form. Temple entry restriction,restriction from using public ponds is still
    observed in many parts of India. Dalits and marginalized still lives in
    ghettoes, shanties with hardly any basic water and sanitation facilities.

    Article 23 called for the
    Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labor- Unsustainable
    development projects like dam building, mining is causing people to migrate .As
    this refugees are moving to cities touts and agents are preying on them.

    Recent incidence of dalit
    children being forced by teacher to clean school toilet and class room is grim
    reminder child labour is practiced in schools also.

    Article 24 calls for the
    prohibition of employment of children in factories-Child labour is common India
    .Children working as labor can be seen in any roadside dhabas, tea stall.

    This arcticles can only be
    implemented if poverty alleviation schemes, proper rehabilitation of development
    victims are followed otherwise these rights will only be in letters and not in
    spirit.

    • sun4light

      well written

    • why_so_serious?

      critical part missing

      • ktm duke

        will keep in mind next time.Thnx for review

  • Ash

    Please Review …..

    Babasaheb Ambedkar is hailed as the chief architect of the Indian Constitution and this is reflected in the Constitution. A victim of untouchability and oppression , he made sure the weaker sections are safeguarded in Free India. He ensured this by incorporating the following articles–

    1. Article 17-abolishes untouchability .

    a. However , a survey by NCAER shows it is still practiced in about 27% of the households.

    b. Virtually every religion and caste practices it. The Scheduled tribes are the main victims.

    c. Studies reveal that high income has not solved the problem. Instead education has played an important role.

    There has been progress in reducing untouchability but more needs to be done.

    The Government should focus on –

    a. Spreading awareness and fighting misconceptions.

    b. Education needs to reach every doorstep.

    c. The recent Haryana case where the Government refrained from being held responsible should be halted as the Government is elected by the people and if they act so insensitive, who will safeguard the rights of the citizens

    2. Article 23- prohibits human trafficking and forced labour.

    a. India has topped on the Global Slavery Report. This is a national disgrace.

    b. Forced labour has been a major concern in India.

    c. Human scavenging needs to be addressed.

    Reforms –

    a. Keep a tap on unaccounted placement agencies , fraudulent debt bonds and recruitment frauds

    b. More decentralization , NGOs and activists to track trafficking

    c. Co-operation from police

    d. Schemes like Swachch Bharat should include problems of manual scavenging

    3. Article 24- prohibits employment of children below the age of 14 in hazardous activities.

    a. Coupling this with Right to Education (RTE) is a welcome step.

    b. Informal sector and hazardous jobs like fire crackers industries employ children and go unpunished.

    c. Children are found on the streets begging and there has been no attempt to ensure their RTE.

    d. Children are taken away from their families and employed in terrorist outfits such as Maoists , Naxals ,etc.

    Reforms-

    1. Employment should be ensured to adults.

    2. There should be a complete ban on child employment to ensure RTE as it is a fundamental right.

    3. The employers should be punished.

    These articles were provided to give the weaker sections right to fair living. It
    would be incorrect to say that the Government has not taken steps at all to
    ensure the fulfilment of the Articles.

    Government Initiatives taken–

    1. The celebration of Anti-Touchability week is a laudable step to create awareness.

    2. Funds to shelter and provide rehabilitation facilities to women and children.

    3. Training prosecutors and judges.

    4. Khoya-Paya portal to track lost children.

    5. Formation of Anti Human Trafficking Units to stop trafficking.

    6. Enactment of strict laws.

    Measures have been taken but the intensity and penetration of work done should be increased. More NGOs, activists , civil societies and Centre-State co-operation are needed. The police should be friendly and approachable. Police Stations should be furnished with females. These steps if taken would ensure protection and welfare of the weaker sections and the nation.

    • Ash

      I have overshot badly!
      If someone could help me shorten this 🙂

    • Batman

      though, you have tried to give a good structure to answer and that’s why u overshot the limit. but for this one, i would suggest you to combine your sentences
      e.g. article-17:report from NCAER shows that untouchability is still prevalent in all religion and castes.
      you may remove the point on education and add it in solution. further you can write the next statement as “improvement in awareness level through education should be the way forward”
      similarly, you can do this with other sentences too. The directive “discuss” encompasses all dimensions-problem, reasons, solutions so try to give less number of dimensions for every part, otherwise word limit is bound to shoot up
      I am no expert and have placed my view point only so you may follow a better advice if u get one.
      further, you will learn slowly how to manage answers within word limit. Just KWAR 🙂
      one thing more-content was awesome!!!
      Hope it helps!

      • Ash

        However , you gave me an expert advice.. actually all of you did .. Thanks guys 🙂

        I should have mentioned a generalized solution.. agreed

        Need cutting down on few points and re-structuring .
        You definitely helped .. Thanks 🙂

    • why_so_serious?

      Ash. The first thing I would suggest u is PLEASE don’t give one line gap between the points, if it is so long. Feel very difficult to read.

      The only way u can cut on the word limit is by cutting short the exhaustive details. For example when u wrote about untouchability, try to write only how the law has been successful over the years and then write down on how still people in rural areas are suffering from this. The measures haven’t been asked so no need to mention it separately. Instead u can add a conclusion and generalize just one measure to curb those atrocities/sins/misdeeds against them.

      The thing m saying is write only what is asked. that too in a “generalized” way, thing will help u cut on the words as well as on the time.

      Hope this helps. All the best 🙂

      • Ash

        Definitely helps… Thanks 🙂
        Will do so from the next answers.. so you better watch out 😛
        Keep writing 🙂

      • Ash

        And yeah! no one line gap from the next time 🙂

    • aashish 2000

      Modifications:
      Introduction:
      Dr. B.R. Ambedkar is hailed as the chief architect of the Indian Constitution safeguarded the weaker sections by special provisions such as
      According to NCAER Untouchability is still practiced in about 27% of the households which was enshrined in constitution by Article 17.
      B and C points you can give them for conclusion
      Human scavenging, Forced Labour are the major concern in India. According to Global Slavery Report India has topped in human
      trafficking which is prohibited according to Article 23.
      This is the model you can reduce…. total answer to the specified word limit. All the reforms you have mentioned individually, you can summon up and write as conclusion…

      • Ash

        Thank you so much for your time and review… really helped… I feel I should remove few points … Keep Reviewing 🙂

    • InsightsOfficialReview

      Your answer format is completely disastrous here.
      First of all you must remember that you need to finish answer within 6/7 minutes and that too within given space. Writing in specific points takes lot of time.
      Second your answer should be comprehensive to examiner without any difficulty. You need to give points according to demand of question in integrated way.
      Examiners give marks for whole answer and not for how many individual points you have written.
      See the answer of Batman and why_so_serious.
      Marks – 4/10

      • Ash

        This is the first time I’m getting a review from Insights.. 🙂
        I realized my mistake and yeah! I did see their answers … I will keep this in mind from the next time …
        Thank you 🙂

  • ViVi

    While drafting the constitution babsaheb Ambedkar laid a great importance on the part 3 i.e the fundamental rights of the citizen.
    Without these rights there would be no real independence.
    Without doubt, all the rights notified in the part are equally important for preserving our liberty.
    However rights mentioned in Art 17, 23,and 24 play a very vital role for the most neglected and vulnerable section of the society.
    Art 17 calls for an end to untouchability
    Art 23 calls for end of human trafficking and forced labor.
    Art 24 prevents the employment of children in hazardous industries.

    Babasaheb had continuously laid stress on the need for alleviation of the most vulnerable group in order to bring true independence to the nation.
    In order to bring true independence there is need for better provisioning of development opportunities for untouchables, vulnerable section like women , destitute children etc.
    The rights mentioned in above articles makes obligations for the state to achieve the same.

    Thus it can be said without any doubt that complete implementation of these rights, in letter and spirit, would be the best homage the state could pay to Baba Saheb on his 125th birth anniversary.

    • Chasing Tom

      It would be better to observe some current examples of implementations these articles critically…….

  • Rohit

    Article 17,23,24 are no doubt gift to Indian by the father of Indian constitution Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. If we compare ground realities with constitutional provisions much has to be done.

    Article 17 which prohibits untouchability,but recent attacks and atrocities on dalit families in Haryana and Maharashtra raise serious questions regarding constitutional implementation.

    Article 23 and 24 which prohibits forced labor and child labour,but it is also true India has largest number of child labour.

    Even after 60 years of independebce people like kailash satyarti had to carry out “Bachpan Bachao Andolan” to rescue child labor.

    If we visit dhaba’s in India we will get atleast a child labour without access to education.

    In some villages of north India still dalit families are employed as manual scavengers.

    Dalits still have to struggle with upper caste for temple entry the recent case in Tamil nadu, a person from dalit community was defied to enter in temple.

    A true homage to B.R ambedkar on his 125. birth celebration will be the ground implementation of provisions of article 17,23 and 25.Only cherishing of constitutional provision is not going to grow country economically and socially,ground implementation is what matters

  • shraddha

    Democracy can not be successful until and unless the morginalinalised sections of the population is enabled to partipate in the democratic process its true sense, Ambedkar knew the fact fully.The incorpaoration of these three articles were envisaged for the protection of dalits, women and children and thus a level playing field was sought. Since the promulgation of the constitution, several steps have been taken to implement them eg. citizenship act, 1955, SC/ST prevention of atrocities act, child labour prohibition act, women anti trafficking act etc. However even after 66 years of independence we are not able to ensure justice in true sense for these marginalised communities. The SC/ST POA (amendment) act and the Child labour amendment act is still languishing in the parliament. The children below 14 years have the right to education but still they are employed in non hazardous works. The protection effort from the side of government has been unable to prevent child sexual abuse, sexual violence against women, child and women trafficking. On the one hand our laws do not pose a deterrent effect on the criminals and on the other hand concerted efforts for the empowerment of these communities is lagging. that’s why we still hear the cases of Laxmanpur bath, mirchpur and recent dalit burning in Haryana. Inter-caste marriage which were seen by Ambedkar as one of the panacea for caste discrimination is still not a widely accepted practise and thus one kind of untouchability.

    An egalitarian society is must for the achievement of ethos of democracy and thats why ambedkar sought social reforms first than the political reform. It will be a great gift to the great constitution maker if we could complete the unaccomplished task as soon as possible.

    • InsightsOfficialReview

      Writing in single paragraph gives poor look to your answer. You can do better. See the format of Batman and why_so_serious.
      Marks – 4/10

      • shraddha

        thanks for review Sir. I will follow your instructions. 🙂