6) A growing body of research reveals that air pollution not only affects those with asthma or lung disease but also results in life threatening diseases among healthy population. What efforts have been made at global level to tackle air pollution and its effects? Examine.

Topic: Pollution

6) A growing body of research reveals that air pollution not only affects those with asthma or lung disease but also results in life threatening diseases among healthy population. What efforts have been made at global level to tackle air pollution and its effects? Examine. (200 Words)

The Indian Express

  • Another_brick_in_the_wall

    Industrial revolution has gifted the world with unprecedented pace of development, but such progress has come at a huge cost of environmental degradation of which air pollution is an important part. This threat has been recognised worldwide and following steps have been taken.
    1) The Kyoto Protocol was signed to check the increasing Green House Gases. The recent COP-21 is to renew such endeavour.
    2) Reducing Emission from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) program, now upgradaded to REDD+.
    3) India in particular after establishment of NGT has been cracking down severely on any environment detrimental activity.
    4) Focus on renewable sources of energy like nuclear, solar , wind etc.
    5) Taxing the conventional sources of energy to discourage their use and use the funds generated for reforestation. Eg. Indian case of coal cess.

    The finding that the air pollution is equally detrimental to a healthy person as a Asthama patient reflects the urgent need to curb this menace. This tall task can not be taken care of by governments themselves and perhaps every human being needs to behave responsibly and act as a trustee of natural resources by adopting a green lifestyle.

    • pink

      i think you need to include relevant points.becoz you didnot mention global effort .pl revie my answer and pl feel free to point if i am wrong

      • Another_brick_in_the_wall

        Okay pink. You have chosen to point out country by country effort. I think these are good points but ktoyo and redd which are multilateral negotiations are of more relevance here.
        Also I do not understand the relevance of tobacco regulations here, though the reference points to that only.

        • pink

          tobacco industries are creating more air pollution

          • Another_brick_in_the_wall

            nope, I think tobacco companies can be blamed for respiratory diseases. Air pollution charge on them would be too far fetched. It’s like saying keeping a tap open will cause flood (Just kidding :p )

            • pink

              no its ok

  • pink

    pl do review

  • vengeancee

    (220 words)
    The growing menace of air pollution is evolving a growing
    number in premature deaths in the world, currently 7 million per year, and
    enhancing chances of heart attack, impairing cognitive functions and harming lung
    development in children. The world realized this venom and so far several steps
    have been taken:

    1) Convention on Long Range Trans-boundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP) which aimed at reducing air pollution to controllable
    levels, it involves USA, Russia and European Union.

    2) Earth Summit, 1992 lead to Agenda 21 which is non-binding and voluntary to implement UN plan for sustainable development.

    3) United Nations General Assembly declared 2011-2020 decade as UN Decade on Biodiversity.

    4) Montreal Protocol, 1987 aimed at reducing CFCs which led to global warming.

    5) Kyoto Protocol, which has been the most successful protocol aimed at greenhouse gas emissions.

    6) Nagoya Protocol, 2010 aimed at sustainable development along with sharing of technologies.

    7) COP21(Paris) is the recent step taken to ensure the average carbon level within 2 degrees as per the pre-industrial levels.

    Increase in GDP is not the sole parameter to judge the progress of the nation as Life expectancy, Air borne diseases, Premature deaths constitute an important part to determine the growth of the nation. As per the old saying “Health is wealth”, India must certainly look to diversify its climate change approach and incorporating efficient technologies to keep air pollution in check.

    • Another_brick_in_the_wall

      But man, nagoya and montreal??

      • vengeancee

        Montreal protocol majorly aimed at Ozone layer reduction, but it also focussed on CFCs, and they are a major source of pollution in the environment, hence I added Montreal.
        Regarding Nagoya, I agree its a little disputed, but just due to the word “sustainable development” I thought to add on, because sustainable development has very wide implications & also resort to Pollution.
        Please give ur views on this frankly.

        • Another_brick_in_the_wall

          Considering the 1st part of question, Montreal doesn’t fits in. I mean CFCs can give you cancer, but asthama is unlikely.
          And since the environment is so interconnected one can probably link anything. Say solid waste management, a lot of methane is released on their decomposition, anything on pollution of oceans since they are the carbon sinks.
          I think these points can be briefly mentioned in the conclusion part .

          • vengeancee

            Thanks for the review. But the question doesn’t talk about asthma specifically, it talks about other life threatening diseases which can occur too.

            • Another_brick_in_the_wall

              Alright. I thought the import of the question was tat air pollution is a bad thing whether you are healthy or sick.
              Good pick. Keep sharing. Thanks

    • InsightsOfficialReview

      You forgot to mention effects of these ‘efforts’

      Marks – 4/10

      • vengeancee

        Thankyou sir for the review and thanks for pointing it out.
        Big mistake there.

    • PALLAV

      Good and consolidated answer mate. But CFCs deplete the OZONE LAYER along with some other VOCompounds.

  • SS

    Due to industralization and urbanization there is so much of air pollution that it now becomes a serious problem which needs to be addressed immediately as it now causes number of diseases in humans like foetal abnormalities , cancer and many more genetic diseases which has tendency to pass on to next generations . Following steps are taken at global level to reduce air pollution :

    – UNFCCC is established in 1992 whose main objective is to reduce GHG emission .

    – Kyoto protocol which is extension of UNFCCC also puts emphasis to reduce CO2 levels in atmosphere.

    – Recently Launched International solar alliance in Paris convention is also a step in this direction.

    – More emphasis on development of green technology globally by refining more research in clean and green energy production.

    – World wide plantation drives , India’s Green highway project , solar rooftop project and more emphasis on renewable energy usage is positive step in this direction .

    – Formation of Clean energy fund to help developing countries to use technologies which releases less toxic gases in environment .

    – Agencies like united nations energy programme which coordinates plans globally for development of environmet friendly policies .

    These efforts are taken globally to reduce air pollution to save environment and its present residents from menace of air pollution and to have sustainable development which makes this earth a beautiful living place for coming generations.

    • Preeti Aggarwal

      my dear,
      over all good.
      but you can add some more.
      air pollution is not just about Green House Gases.

      Particle Matter ??? PM 2.5 and PM 10.
      # NGT ordered for ban on ‘ Stubble Burning ‘.
      Which contributes to air pollution in terms of GHG’s as well as particle matter.

      • SS

        Thanks 🙂

        • Udai

          Write abt Euro Norms , sin taxes, coal cess
          Kyoto, Montreal are not related to Air pollution… Water vapour, ozone in low altitudes no way affect human health.. Many are writing abt these, but i dont think they are apt.
          Any ways different people have different interpretations…

      • chetan

        the question is about global level.
        if it Indian we can add many points such as
        -ban of burning of agricultural products and many medical wast products
        -use of gas/lpg in house rather than bio fuel
        -recent banning of many industries which are emitting co2 more than prescribed level by NGT
        -replacement
        of old vehicles from the city and imposing high penalty on large
        vehicles which are entering in the city. eg delhi recent environmental
        green fund
        – national green highway policy
        -CAMPA fund etc

        • Preeti Aggarwal

          Nice Baby.
          But my intension was to go beyond
          GHGs issue .

    • Rohit Kulkarni

      Brother only half answer you should also write its effects of the plans. remember not repeat again read question twice or thrice. Over all good points.

      • SS

        Thanks i will keep this in mind 🙂

    • Sushmit Adigon

      u can add these points
      –polity —moral pressure from NGO/civil society(Green Peace)
      –polity—environment related education in schools
      –ST——-new sequestration techniques
      –Economics–carbon tax,CSR(Indian case)–corporates can no longer seek legitimacy only on the basis that they r there to profit

      effects?

      • SS

        Thanks for value addition 🙂

    • OPTIMUS PRIME

      good one………..

      • SS

        Thank you ….. 🙂

    • InsightsOfficialReview

      You have told what efforts have been taken at global level. ‘Euro norms’ for vehicle emissions, that reduces S0x, N0x and particulate matter could be included.
      You forgot to answer the second part of question which asks ‘effect’ of these ‘efforts’ at global level.

      Marks – 4/10

      • SS

        Thank you sir for the feedback…

  • black mamba

    please review.
    thanks 🙂

    • Pluto

      Introduction is good, how Kyto protocol related to air pollution :-/ , solar alliance good , can cite eg. of vokswagon emission… , other points are good, didn’t touch on effects part (health initiatives..) , rest is good 🙂

      • black mamba

        green house gases? don’t they contribute to air pollution as well/? and it is like THE most (after Montreal) signed

        • Pluto

          Not all, say water vapour is GHG but not a air pollutant.

        • Pluto

          BTW, I got your point, my bad 🙂

          • black mamba

            No no
            U are absolutely right.
            Read insights review on my answer.
            I screwed it up completely by interpreting it wrong.
            Yours was the right approach

    • InsightsOfficialReview

      Question asks about the air pollution which has damaging effect on health of individuals. CO2 as such does not have any direct adverse health effect.
      The main focus of answer should have been on ‘efforts’ taken to reduce the ‘particulate matter’, ‘smoke’, ‘acidic oxides’ etc.
      Even ozone depletion is a major air pollution problem as it directly affects the human health (due to extra exposure to UV radiations)

      Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC’s) are a major indoor pollutant. Ex. – Formaldehyde in paints.

      Solutions – Shift to renewable energy (solar, wind, hydro) – so you could have mentioned major renewable initiatives taken at global scale.

      Also, talk about ‘euro norms’ for reduction in ‘particulate matter’ , Sox, Nox from vehicle emissions.

      Marks – 4/10

      • black mamba

        Thank you sir for the corrections. I’ll make required changes

      • Don John

        you are awesome

    • markande katju

      Good one bro