2) Rivers in India are worshipped as holy places by millions of pilgrims. But due to certain rituals and practices, pilgrimages have become on of the major causes of river pollution in India. Write a critical note on this issue.

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Topicchanges in critical geographical features (including waterbodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes; Salient features of Indian society

2) Rivers in India are worshipped as holy places by millions of pilgrims. But due to certain rituals and practices, pilgrimages have become on of the major causes of river pollution in India. Write a critical note on this issue. (200 Words)

The Hindu

FT

BBC

  • SPIRITBREAKER

    Since times immemorial, rivers have played a key role in religious and aesthetic life of Indian civilization. River is considered like a mother and worshipped in India. It is also believed to be a path to the heaven and attain sanctity for a human being. However, over the period of time , due to population growth , certain religious and ritual practice have become a cause of concern to the environment keeping in mind the concept of “sustainable development”.

    1)Dead bodies are often dumped into rivers with a belief that the person will attain salvation and reach heaven. This practice has often degraded rivers like Yamuna and Ganga which is a key source of drinking water for many cities,towns and villages.

    2)As a ritual practice, people often dump ritual waste such as ashes, clothes and fruits or vegetables to maintain purity of self. This has resulted in pollution of water by release of poisonous elements and decomposing results into harmful reactions on the marine organism. This can directly affect the food chain system of our environment.
    3)Religious tourism is also growing in a faster rate than never before, resulting in lot of wastages like bottles , food and plastic being dumped into the rivers.

    The ritual and religious practice has been ultimately resulting in pollution of rivers that acts as a source of living. Apart from public policies, religious institutions must also play a key role in creating awareness among the people to preserve and protect the water bodies for the future generation. If the initiative starts at the individual level, government intiative of regenerating the rivers through programmes like namami Ganga can certainly succeed.

    • Kash

      Religious tourism is nice part..
      Keep writing and reviewing

    • Carpe Diem`

      3rd point is good..Plz review mine..:)

  • Rivers apart from being sources of fresh water, food, irrigation are also considered holy in india. This holiness of rivers has attracted piligrimage and come to be a cause of worry regarding pollution of these rivers. It has also attracted various rituals such as:

    1) Dumping carcasses : Dumping carcasses in rivers like Gangs and Yamuna are believed to result in Moksha for the dead. This has resulted in contamination of rivers and release of various bacteria and other microorganisms which can be severe contaminants and cause diseases.

    2) Chatth Puja : This involves releasing flowers and diyas, the oil used in these diyaa, can result in accumulation of oil on surfaces, blocking penetration of oxygen and accumulates Carbon dioxide, this can reduce dissolved oxygen and cause death of algae and marine organisms, can also lead to eutrophication.

    3. Pilgrimage : Pilgrimage to rivers on Pushkaras and Kumbh Melas can lead to dumping of various non bio degradable elements such as plastic, clothes others can lead to bio accumulation etc.

    Hence, it is important to ensure that while rituals are allowed to be performed, we should also make sure it does not lead to severe pollution, which have been lifelines for us.

    • Nice

    • Carpe Diem`

      Critical analysis is missing..keep writing ..

      Plz review mine..:)

  • IAS @ 2016

    In India , pilgrimage tourism and related activities are integral part of our culture.India’s chief source of water, its more than 400 rivers, is swiftly becoming unsafe for both drinking and bathing. While industrial pollution plays a major part in this worrying trend, religious rituals in the pilgrimage places is also playing an important role.

    The main causes for river pollution in the pilgrimage places are

    1) The disposal of cremated bodies into rivers and the dunking of statues are all making a lot of India’s waterways toxic.

    2) During religious occasions every year, thousands of peoples take a dip in the Yamuna and leave behind worship materials, polythene bags, clay idols, human excreta, account books and floral offerings in the river water, which increases the suspended materials in the water

    3) Due to lack of sanitation facilities in the pilgrimage areas, most of the peoples uses river catchment areas for defecation, which causes pathogenic and organic contamination in the river.

    Thus the government should implement certain policies and schemes to reduce the pollution of rivers in the pilgrimage area

    1) Formation of public toilets in the pilgimage areas will reduce peoples tendancy to use river catchment areas for defecation

    2) Formation of Electric Crematorium and Create Awareness among the people about the problems created by disposing bodies in to the rivers

    3) Formation of Holy Bathing Ponds near the ghats filled with river water . This will prevent the contamination of river water from worship materials and cloths.

    The rivers acts as the life line for the majority of the cities and villages in India. The various sources of pollution in the rivers and possible strategies to restore the ailing rivers to its pristine status must be thoroughly examined and effective and enduring solutions established and implemented

    • IAS @ 2016

      pls review

    • Kash

      Solution part is very nyc

    • black mamba

      you should mention festivals like ganesh chaturthi and druga pooja which involves immersion of idols ( P-o-p) and toxic colors used on idols – are not disintegrated in water easily and cause a lot of harm to aquatic life)

      • IAS @ 2016

        thanku sir
        points added

    • black mamba

      bathing ponds seems like a good idea, but won’t standing water be more polluting?
      what would be the let out of this water ?

      • vishal mishra

        artificial pond ( tempory one) build only for specific purpose would help…like ones in pune build for immersing idols during ganesh utsav

        • black mamba

          Thanks 😀

      • Raj

        Yes, it stagnates and requires more frequent cleaning. That and
        an addition of water bodies that need to be administered, when clearly management of existing bodies is lacking, deprives it of feasibility.
        If the bathing ponds are barred from dumping activities(again unlikely without a proper regulatory framework), it might work out.
        Outlets- agri/ hydroelectricity.
        Suggest a few outlets if you have some

        Otherwise great answer. 🙂 Keep writing! 🙂

    • Carpe Diem`

      Very good answer…upvote..:)

      • Carpe Diem`

        plz review mine..:)

    • Pacify

      nice flow

    • Sujith

      good answer
      you can also tell about Swatch Bharat initiative

    • SPIRITBREAKER

      How is defecation part of religious practice problem?

      It is certainly not the reason tat dumping of body is because they dont want to burn it, so electric crematorium is not really a solution here…. it is the religious belief that makes people allow dead body n dead people ashes to flow in water…. they think river leads to heaven

      • IAS @ 2016

        yes you are right, its not an religious practise problem. But the lack of sanitation facilities in the pilgrimage areas make people to use the river catchment areas for their need, and this too causes contamination of river water.

    • Vaibhav Chhajed

      It’s almost 300 words.. Need to bring it closer to word limit. Otherwise nice answer 🙂

      • IAS @ 2016

        thanku
        will try to write within the word limits

    • Himanshu Rawat

      Content is “BRILLIANT” specially the measures part. Just short your introduction and conclusion. Mention few line about government initiatives like ‘ namami ganga’ etc. NGT role can also be included. You exceeded the word limit but I guess in this answer you will easily get 6/10 marks so it won’t be a loss. Overall very nice attempt…….. Kindly review mine bro 🙂

      • ragini sharma

        plz review my ans no. 3

    • archana

      Nice flow…

    • neha

      i think it could have covered more points…but very nicely written flow is good ..plz review mine

    • Aky

      Nicely put

    • GK

      very nice presentation
      1st point in causes and 1st point in govt polices are really good

    • InsightsOfficialReview

      You had to write a critical note on the issue.

      Mention some factors which are positives of holy bath such as ‘these practices have been in existence for thousand of years, and are a major source of social harmony, peace and tranquillity. They provide peace of soul. Yet, awareness needs to be created because of following challenges – and continue your answer

      Marks – 5/10

      • IAS @ 2016

        Thanku insights
        will improve my answers
        keep reviewing , which is motivating all the aspirants

    • DIWAKAR

      Full marks for ur answer 10/10
      can u suggest me how u wrote such a good answer
      What should be my approach to write the answer
      As I m bigginer
      Thx

      • IAS @ 2016

        Thanku Diwakar
        read the link provided in the answer and write your own answer ( wheather it is good or bad )
        write more and more answers , there are very good reviewers here . We all review your answers and will suggest neccessary changes,
        practising more and more will makes answers perfect.
        write atleast 2 answers regularly

  • Largest rivers across India are considered sacred and personified most of them as goddess. Due to such belief system peoples come to the practice several rituals and for pilgrimage. They are often indifferent to purity of flowing water in the river rather being more attached to emotional and spiritual significant of rivers. Millions of people take bath at many ghats during Kumbh Mela, Sankranti, Chatt and on other auspicious festive time. But they generally ignore health of rivers and pollute it by immersion of statues, flowers, clothes and other Puja related things. Due to such behavior river gets affected with high BOD and toxic elements like heavy metals (lead, cadmium, Chromium and Aresenic). Apart from spreading river pollution it also affects biodiversity and ecosystem of the rivers.

    Why not steps are taken despite having awareness and court’s directives:
    – Religious practices and rituals are often ignored by authorities and they are allowed to sink river bed with polluting agents
    – Lack of basic amenities during religious congregation like inadequate toilets, sewage system and treatment of polluted water
    – In effective crowd management
    – Negligence of authorities to clean up polluted rivers after ending up religious practices
    – In adequate funding

    • Carpe Diem`

      You could have added why they are failing..but still a good answer…:)

      Plz review mine..

  • Indian culture attach great values to rivers. These rivers have been mentioned as ” mother” , ” harbinger of life” , ” cradle of our civilisation” and ” one who washes all sin”.

    But rivers in India have become one of the most polluted in the world. Biological oxygen demand(BOD), Oxygen demand (OD) and microorganisms like colliforms are found many times higher than upper prescribed limit.

    Many traditions of Indian culture are related to these rivers. Kumbh mela, Chart Puja and other traditions are based on rivers. Various events of an Individual’s life including last bath is done in river.

    However these traditions become cause of pollution due to some wrong practice. Use of plastics, floating dead bodies in river and throwing various items in river during worship has caused pollution.

    However they are not main cause of pollution. Rivers have capacity to clean themselves. But toxic material and non biodegradable material from industries cause this pollution.

    So it is required to educate people to respect the ecology of rivers and remove non eco friendly parts from our traditions.

    • Sujith

      you can write some measures taken to counter this problems

  • Kash

    In India, rivers are not merely considered as a sustainer of life but also a cultural and mythological symbol. Rivers such as ganga are called as mother ganga due to their importance in northern part of Indian subcontinent, benefits accrued to citizens by her apart from various ancient stories about her depicted in various holy books revered by millions.
    The same people who show great deal of reverence towards these life-sustaining rivers have become a cause of concern for the very survival of these rivers. Problems created by us are-
    1- Ancient rituals and practices such as taking bath in Ganga considered as a means of salvation results in higher pollution which threatens not only our food security but also various species which breeds in these rivers.
    2- Various rituals such as Chatt Puja, immersion of idol of Goddess Durga during dusshhera etc, severely pollute rivers
    3- Old practices and habits such as open defecation on the bank of rivers result in the spread of choliform in the rivers
    Sentiments of millions is as important as protecting these rivers from pollution. Lack of implementation and strict enforcement of various laws such as water pollution act resulted in high pollution in these rivers. Government should aware people through digital and print media,enforce the existing laws with due diligence and devise new laws which could stop new avenues of pollution creation.

    • Kash

      Plz review

    • Pluto

      Good Intro, instead of citizens (people), more content needed, rest is good 🙂

      • Kash

        thnx @disqus_CnOacBHCQz:disqus

    • Carpe Diem`

      Critical part is missing..

      Plz review mine..:)

      • Kash

        yes ur right, i missed that….thnx

    • SPIRITBREAKER

      Defecation is not related to religious practice 😛

      • Kash

        yes ur right, but i have written it as just a practice and habit which is disturbing marine ecology
        btw thnx fr ur review

  • Pluto

    Please review and provide valuable insights 🙂

  • Carpe Diem`

    Rivers have profound influence over civilization and in India significance can be seen from their status as holy places and pilgrims. But, the rituals have become major cause for river pollution:-

    – Submerging idols of deity and diyas pollutes the river water as many chemicals are used while making them.
    – With population growth, people practicing these rituals have also increased.
    – Many of these rivers have become polluted beyond treatment thus any plan to treat water fails.

    Many policies are made but are facing serious problems:-
    – Because of religious angle police and policy makers generally avoid getting involved in solving these issues.
    – Pollution also increased because of direct sewage flow from domestic and industrial belt.
    – Cleaning water needs rigorous effort and expenditure.

    Although some steps are taken by government to reduce the effect:-
    – Idols are removed soon after their emersion.
    – Making special zone for these practices where policy can be concentrated.
    – Sewage treatment plants to treat polluted water before its mixing with river water.
    – In Maharastra recently deity was made from biodegradable materials, such initiates are being promoted.

    Although, government have started projects like ‘Namami Gange’ and ‘Project Yamuna’, but similar projects have failed in past. Projects awareness, people participation, integrating religious heads while treating polluted water at source will be key to success.

    • Carpe Diem`

      Plz review friends..:)

      • SPIRITBREAKER

        In what way police is involved in protection of rivers? I am not aware of it. Plz explain

        • Carpe Diem`

          Police and administration are responsible to stop these ill practices or quick removal of idols or marking the places where you cant submerge idols…recent banaras incident, you might have read…

          • SPIRITBREAKER

            Ok thanks for the info…. actually i havent read. Usually police cannot initiate arrests on religious aspects coz they r not empowered to do so. Maybe in ur example state govt has specified powers to the police….. it is a pure civil issue and has to work out thru litigations

    • Kash

      i think using words such as beyond treatment should not be used, as it is giving a sense of pessimism …
      police angle is very good, efforts taken by govt is also very good…
      keep reviewing and writing

    • IAS @ 2016

      good and simple intro
      good structure
      its good that you have written some govt initiative in the conclusion part

      • Carpe Diem`

        Tanx buddy..:)

    • Himanshu Rawat

      1- Very nice presentation. Find it easy to read.
      2- Your 3rd point in cause seems a bit pessimistic. There are ways that these rivers can be treated and in past we have examples also such as The Thames. Same sentence could have been written in a more optimistic or general manner.
      3- Steps taken by the government could be mentioned as measures. It will give an impression that you have a solution oriented approach.
      4- Overall very nice attempt. Best thing you maintained the word limit.

      KIndly review mine bro 🙂

      • Carpe Diem`

        Tanx Himashu..good suggestions..will keep that in mind..:)

    • neha

      nice..crisp and to the point…can you pz review mine

      • Carpe Diem`

        Done..)

    • Shreya

      You’ve written a nice answer. It’s critical and covered almost all the points.
      Sewage treatment plants either do not exist and if they exist they do not work. Sewage treatment in India is really wanting.
      Can’t find anything more to point out 🙂
      Keep Writing !

      • Carpe Diem`

        Tanx shreya..:)

  • Shreya

    The conditions of rivers in India in reality is a complete paradox to the mythical sacred nature of them. The rivers are becoming increasingly toxic and disease bearing due to untreated sewage, industrial wastes, pesticides, religious practices and rituals. There is a large scale immersion of divas, flowers, idols and other religious offerings to the rivers at holy places during Durga Pooja, Chatt Pooja, etc. The Hindu tradition mandates releasing the remains of the dead into the holy river Ganga. Massive number of pilgrims to holy places on occasions such as Kumbh Mela pollute the rivers by throwing waste such as plastic, leaving clothes on the banks of the rivers and bathing in the river. Lack of sanitation facilities encourages open defecation.

    Deteriorating condition of the rivers has a widespread impact on fresh water availability, environment, flora and fauna as the rivers are laced with harmful chemicals such as lead, cadmium, chromium, non biodegradable material, fecal waste and carcinogenic waste.

    A number of river specific action plans such as the Ganga Action plan 1985 and constant orders from the NGT to prevent non-biodegradable idol immersion in Yamuna have failed to deliver promising results. The current National mission for Clean Ganga should be expedited and expanded to cover other rivers.

    Polluting the rivers should draw a substantial fine and a punishment. Number of volunteers, task force specially designated for cleaning the rivers, roping in the priests to discourage such practices, a complete ban on non-biodegradable offerings, improving sanitation infrastructure are a few steps that should be implemented with vigor.

    • Carpe Diem`

      Very good shreya..Upvote for you..

      Plz review mine..:)

    • Sujith

      good answer
      try to write small introductn , rest is good

    • Himanshu Rawat

      nice content but you could have presented it in a better way. Write small introduction and conclusion. Thumbs up for your content , work on your presentation. Kindly review mine 🙂

    • awaneesh

      brilliant answer..review mine

    • InsightsOfficialReview

      You should not write so long introduction. On real paper, this introduction will take almost 1 whole page.
      Content of your answer is really excellent and as per demand of question.

      Marks – 5/10

    • Saksham Gulhani

      Perfectly written Shreya…. perfect points !! Keep it up 🙂
      marks 10/10

  • pink

    India is a place for diversity where different religions practices persists.due to various religious practices and beliefs eg taking bath in river etc will increasingly polluting river and reduces sanctity of river.

    causes of pollution in river pollution

    1-disposal of cremated body into river
    2-holy dip in river and flowing of pooja materials in river.
    3-due to lack of sanitisation facility people use open area
    4-bathing and clothing near river
    5-flowing idols into river example ganeha festival
    6-from nearby industrial waste

    solution

    1-firstly to create awarenes on part of chainging behavour of people with use of boards ,pictures ,educate children inschol wrt cleaniness drive.
    2-implementing swachh bharat to provide sanitisation infrastructure
    3-keep watch on nearby industry to follow rules
    4-need to follow world model example thames river,rhine river
    5-employ staff in pilgrimage area to keep watch on people to follow rules

    rivers are of india cultural importance and even in future for use of drinking water due to decresing water source in country rivers must be preserved by government active step .government namami gange is right step in direction

    • awaneesh

      nice answer…review my ans

  • pink

    pl review

  • Sumant K.

    Rivers has been worshipped in India since time immemorial. But some rituals and practices are major causes of river pollution.
    – People use many things in rituals like flowers, coconut, clothes, ‘humaad’ etc. They just left all these materials in the river which, due to its large quantity, pollutes the river.
    – People also immerse idols of deities in the river. Many building materials of the statue like clothes, bamboos, ashes pollutes the river.
    – People carry ritual materials in plastic bags. They just flow/leave those bags in river itself.
    – Dead bodies are also immersed in the rivers instead of cremation. This make the water toxic.
    – Due to lack of sanitation facilities in the river during some pilgrimage fairs(Kumbh Mela etc), people defecate in the river.

    We can see that solid materials constitutes main portion of the pollutants during pilgrimage. So “Solid waste material management” is the main solution to solve this problem.
    – We should spread awareness about this pollution among the pilgrims.
    – Making video films on this river pollution topic and telecasting this just before the start of every pilgrimage. This will leave a strong effect on the minds of pilgrims and they will avoid using polluting materials.
    – Posters should be erected and announcements to avoid polluting materials should also be done during pilgrimage.
    – We should discourage immersion of dead bodies in rivers. Poverty is the main reason behind this. Gov. should make available ‘electric cremation facilities’ at very low cost.

  • tipu sultan

    please review

    Yes, pilgrimage contributes to river pollution. The reasons are:

    – Performing rituals like throwing ashes, phool malaas, idols (made of chemicals) along with polythene bags

    – Bathing ghats and too much human footprint

    – Prevalence of much economic activity around these ghats, while social infrastructure is lacking. Thus, upstream or downstream the ghats people are washing their clothes or even the untreated sewage is being poured into the rivers

    However, pollution of rivers is not just due to pilgrimage. For example,

    – Damming of rivers and leaving rivers with very less water

    – release of industrial waste

    – sand mining and fall of biodiversity in the rivers

    These factors are also much bigger causes of pollution. No doubt much human footprint around ghats is an aggravating cause as well. Both needs to be tackled.

  • kumar

    Please review

    • Kash

      bhai type kiya kar….plz..
      it takes great effort in reading from uploaded answers

  • Debula

    Rivers are continued to be worshipped as placed of spiritual and physical refinement. Water and the river structure holds a significant place in the historical context, given that India has been credited as one of the cradles of civilization. Ironically, rivers are the sites of gross pollution and mismanagement in modern India. The reasons are various but all linked to unsustainable practices that can be changed:
    1. Using river water for various purposes such as washing and bathing adds algal blooms, cutting down oxygen levels in the water
    2. Disposal of bodies into the river only adds to the already clogged portions of ghats. Since ghats are usually in places where the current is slow, the dispersal of these bodies is slow. It is also a tremendous health hazard.
    3. Sewage and affluent disposal in rivers from industries. Here not only industries, but large agricultural tracts are responsible for polluting not only riverine, but groundwater resources.

    Solutions:
    1. To change social practices, investment and community support is necessary. Electric crematoriums should be setup with users being charged nominal fees, as ghats would still be considered the holiest places next to which bodies are to be cremated. The practice of distributing ash however needs to be controlled.
    2. Greater abundance of public conveniences such as trashcans, toilets, drinking water fountains. These need to be maintained with a special cleaning unit for ghats given the average footfall in these locations.
    3. Disposal of affluents needs to be strictly regulated, with alternatives being provided for industries. Creative use of industrial waste needs to be considered. For example, in Tamil Nadu, rubber waste with cement has been mixed to make a new material that is used to lay roads.

    • awaneesh

      well dne. review mine

    • IAS @ 2016

      good answer
      sir are you writing mains 2015

      • Debula

        No sadly I am not. 2016 for me ?

  • Himanshu Rawat

    Pollution in Indian rivers have reached to an alarming stage. While untreated sewage, pesticides and industrial waste are the biggest worrisome, the religious rituals and practices have no less contribution.

    The main reasons are :-

    1- Due to religious beliefs thousand of people take bathe in holy rivers like Ganga and Yamuna everyday thus a large amount of waste material remains at riverside and equal amount merge into river.

    2- Unavailability of proper sanitation facilities makes people defect in river side thus water gets contaminated.

    3- Religious offerings in river during ” Kumbh mela” , ” Ganesh Chaturthi”, “Durga Pooja” etc. pollute river water.

    4- Many people throw material related to religious rituals they perform on daily basis and occasionally such as fruits, flowers, clothes. Most of the time these things gets wrapped in polythene bags.

    Government should take lessons from other river clean-ups programs such as The Thames, The Rhine etc and take required measures. Some of the measures are :-

    1- Use school and college students to run awareness campaigns with the help of Government and NGOs.

    2- Provisions of heavy penalties if someone found guilty of polluting river. National Green tribunal guidelines can be followed religiously.

    3- Include private players to check, collect and dispose the waste material near river side.

    4- Establishing proper sanitation facilities near riverside.

    5- Ban on plastic in the cities with holy rivers. Promote eco-friendly material for offerings.

    Thousands of crores rupees have been invested in ‘clean river’ programs but results are disappointing. ‘Namami Ganga’ initiative seems promising but it will be too early to appreciate or criticize it. Its not only government but also public who has to understand the intensity of this issue and take the responsibility.

    • PK

      very comprehensive. good one!

      • Himanshu Rawat

        Thanks bro 🙂

    • IAS @ 2016

      nice and simple introduction
      “Government should take lessons from other river clean-ups programs such as The Thames, The Rhine ” — nice way to start writing measures required

      point 2 and 3 in measures is good one
      keep writing bro

      • Himanshu Rawat

        Thanks buddy 🙂

    • neha

      nice points could mention few more government initiatives…but good effort…plz review mine

      • Himanshu Rawat

        reviewed 🙂

    • mini

      good attempt
      keep writing
      🙂
      #length of sentence can be reduced for example
      point 1-
      holy dip in river leading to high biochemical oxygen demand.
      point 3- immersion of idols in the rivers, flowers,oil lamps offered to the river .
      try to make sentences as small as possible..

      you forgot dumping of ashes(cremated bodies)
      rest is good:)

      • Himanshu Rawat

        ya agree . I also believe in shorter sentences but today unnecessarily elaborated. Thanks for the review it really helped a lot 🙂

    • Aky

      If you can quote certain examples for ur measures part , the answer would be more pragmatic n will fetch u more marks . Although a good try .

    • awaneesh

      nice answer. points are nice.

    • ragini sharma

      (1) involving religion head along with dharm guru’s (not like nirmal baba and dhongi rampal type) 2 policy implementing so that they work 2 change the vaues of societ with time.

      • Himanshu Rawat

        Valid and very innovative point. Thanks 🙂

        • ragini sharma

          plz review mah ans. no. 3

          • Himanshu Rawat

            Wait I will….

      • IAS @ 2016

        very good point

    • Carpe Diem`

      Like like..upvote for you..:)

      • Himanshu Rawat

        Thanks buddy 🙂

    • Thejaswini Rao

      Nicely written!!!

      • Himanshu Rawat

        Thanks Thejaswani 🙂

    • InsightsOfficialReview

      Generally notes should be in paragraph format. Also, since you will write most of your questions in point format, these types of questions will provide you opportunity to write in paragraph format.

      Make your answers diverse. Do use both points and para technique as per demand.
      Your answer is nice.

      Marks – 5/10

      • Himanshu Rawat

        My understanding of your review says that to avoid monotonous look of answersheet we should use both para and point format as well. Can we have a ratio approach? Say for example 70 percent answers in point format and 30 percent in para format or any other ratio as per candidate’s strength???? Kindly throw some light on this issue.

        • InsightsOfficialReview

          Don’t make any rigid rule regarding this. Do it as per your comfort level. Breaking monotonicity generally results in better marks.

          • Himanshu Rawat

            In nutshell point is that content is most important and than extra work can be done on presentation. Providing variety in answer sheet will surely work. Thanks for the valuable suggestion sir/ma’am.

  • masood

    Indian Rivers are being pollutes at the religious pilgrimages due to various rituals. These rituals include bathing, putting half-burnt human bodies into them, immersing idols, etc. Kumbh Mela has been one of the most criticized event in this area.

    However, rivers have a greater threat from other activities that has far worse impact on the ecology of the river. Industries draining their chemical waste into the rivers, fertilizers and pesticides that contain heavy metals found their way into rivers and ground water, many a times city sewage links directly into the rivers, use of detergents along side the rivers are some examples.

    Centuries old rituals that are close to the heart of million of people cannot be criticized when their pollutants are mostly bio degradable. What can be done is putting a strict ban on plastics and other non bio degradable material to prevent the rivers from getting polluted.

  • mini

    In India,rivers are worshiped as goddess. But certain rituals and practices, pilgrimage have become the major cause of river pollution.

    CAUSES

    #Open defecation in the river catchment area due to lack of toilets for millions of pilgrims.
    #Mass bathing – holy dip in the river to purify and cleansing of soul.( KUMBH MELA)

    #Rituals where flowers,oil lamps are offered to the river.
    #Disposing cremated bodies(ash) in the river.
    #Dumping of plastic bags and other worship material at the river banks.
    #immersion of IDOLS painted with different chemical compounds (Durga pooja, Ganesh Chaturthi) in river.

    SOLUTION
    #Awareness generation
    #Adequate sanitation facilities- Public toilets, charging fine on open defecation.(sawach bahart abhiyan)
    #Small cemented ponds with river water for holy dip and other offering(flower,oil lamps, cremated body) equipped with regular water cleaning mechanism.
    # Technology- installation of Toxin sensor to measure the level and location of discharge of effluents and other pollutants .
    # Framing policies and their strict implementation( fine on dumping worship material in the river)

    “GANGA /YAMUNA is so sacred that it is beyond harm” is the common perception of the people.It is thus our attitude, which is a major obstacle to the mission of cleaning rivers .With alternatives(ponds),both our rituals, practices can go hand in hand with our
    mission of clean ganga

    • mini

      plz review:)

    • awaneesh

      u have covered all aspects. great! revieew mine

    • Himanshu Rawat

      nicely covered all the points that too in word limit. Few examples and government initiatives could have been mentioned. Failures of past, present challenges and future approach can enhance your answer quality. Overall very nice attempt. Kindly review mine 🙂

      • mini

        points noted
        keep reviewing:)

  • aashish 2000

    India has an unique importance in following practices and rituals because of festivals throughout the calendar. Celebrations are good but having serious impact on life sources such as rivers is a question to be answered.
    Positives :
    > Bathing in holy rivers such as Ganges considered sacred and can attain salvation by removing sins. Due to its holiness people avoid to spoil it.
    > Revenue generation to the Govt. and employment generation as Special forces.
    > Brings down the people from different pockets at one place signifies uniformity and diversity.
    Negatives:
    > Sewage and affluent disposal from industries into rivers causes tremendous pollution and disturbs acquatic life.
    > Using river water for washing and bathing adds algal blooms, cutting down oxygen levels in the water.
    > Disposal of bodies into rivers creates tremendous health hazards.
    > Disposal of plastic items and idols ( Ganesh Chaturthi) increases the toxicity level turns the water into unusable for drinking and bathing.
    > Lack of proper control due to over crowding.
    Measures :
    > Strict restriction on Industries not to leave any chemical affluents and sewage into these rivers.
    > Educate the people to protect the holy river and facilitate them with accessible trash cans, piping system, pond system and avoid selling at ghats.
    > Electric Crematoriums with proper supervision should be setup to avoid the bodies disposal into rivers.
    > Encourage people to use environment friendly idols by restricting the usage of chemicals at manufacturing stage.
    The only way to see progress is with proper implementation and support from citizens.

    • awaneesh

      nice anser, revew mine

    • Himanshu Rawat

      Positives could be avoided. Question was specifically asked about river pollution caused at pilgrimage side due to several rituals and practices therefore focusing on industrial pollution is a waste of precious words. Personal views friend. Kindly review mine.

    • neha

      nice flow is good review mine as well plz

    • Aky

      you have to critically analyse the question , so u dnt have to mention positives .

  • Thejaswini Rao

    India has wide range of diversified people who follows different tradition and culture. About 82% of Indians are Hindus who believes rivers as forms of goddess.Their sacred books(puranas) often mentions the names of sacred rivers like Ganga, Yamuna, Bhagirathi, Kaveri, krishna, Sindhu, saraswathi etc.
    As a result rivers occupies very sacred place in India which is one of the major reason for its pollution.
    Reasons for river pollution in India often seen are:

    ===> Large gatherings like kumbha mela where people take holy dip in the river and thus pollute.
    ===>Sometimes dead bodies and its remains(ashes) are thrown into rivers.
    ===>Untreated wastages from Industries.
    ===>Tourisms to pilgrim centers often cause pollution because of thrown plastics, bottles from tourists.
    ===>Lack of proper urban planning which leads to letting sewerages into rivers.

    Harmfull effects:

    ===> Life threatening for aquatic flora and fauna as BOD content increases above normal level.
    ===> Its consumption can cause several deadly diseases for human beings and animals.
    ===>Excess Throwing garbages and sewerages may lead to reduced flow of water and eventually drying up of rivers.

    What can be done to tackle:

    ===>Awareness should be created amongst people about the ill effects of river pollution.
    ===>Strict punishments and fines should be imposed for throwing wastages into rivers.
    ===>More schemes like Clean Ganga should be initiated.
    ===>Fines should be imposed to industries that let out wastages without proper treatment.
    ===> Most important every citizen should take it as his own responsibility to preserve wealth of his nation instead of blaming government.

    • Thejaswini Rao

      Plz review…

    • awaneesh

      nicely done.,review mine

      • Thejaswini Rao

        Thanx:)

    • Himanshu Rawat

      nice content presented brilliantly … Kindly elaborate BOD?

      • Thejaswini Rao

        Thank You:) BOD stands for Biological Oxygen demand which as the name itself indicate lack of oxygen in water which poses threat to aquatic flora and fauna . A study says that it should be below 2 mg for a litre of water. But in Ganga after Kumbh mela it was found that BOD level is 14mg

        • Himanshu Rawat

          Thanks… Very useful point. Kindly have a look at mine 🙂

    • IAS @ 2016

      good to write names of imp rivers
      no need of point 3 in reasons
      good points in harmfull effects
      You can score good marks if you write a small conclusion
      overall nice answer
      keep writing

      • Thejaswini Rao

        Thanx for the review:)will surely add conclusons in my next answers.

  • awaneesh

    answer-pilgrimages have become on the major causes of river pollution due to
    certain rituals and practices. the people throw dead bodies in the rivers as a
    ritual.some of pilgrms throw their clothes in the rivers after returning
    from the pilgrmages.the people throw waste materials in the rivers during the journey
    of pilgrimages.the pilgrms bath in the rivers too.

    due to these kinds of rituals rivers are being polluted very much. these kinds of
    rituals & practices should be stopped at once .some of the following measures can be taken
    to stop river pollution-

    a)people should be prevented from bathing in the ghats and rivers by the workers
    deployed by TDB.

    b)workers deployed by TDB should try to remove cloths from the rivers and ghats.

    c)there should be sperate place for bathing and washing clothes from the rivers.

    d)awareness about the bad consequances of river pollution should be spread among the people.

    e)NGOs should be encouraged to stop river pollution.

    today many of rivers like ganga, yamuna etc are much polluted. the pollution in these rivers
    should be stopped as the rivers play very important role in biodiversity. many of species live
    in these rivers.due to much pollution in these rivers many of species are at risk. so river
    pollution should be stopped through clean india mission.

    • Himanshu Rawat

      Separate middle part of your answer from the introduction it seems overlapping. Overall points are nice but could be presented in a better way. Kindly review mine

    • Thejaswini Rao

      Nice points..

    • mahadev chavan

      good answer bro….keep it up

  • PK

    Many religious festivals and cultural practices in India are directly or indirectly linked to rivers. They exhibit an enormous amount of stress on the pollution levels because of a veriety of activities:

    1. Kumbh Mela in North India and Pushkarams in South India are one of the biggest human gatherings to rivers during which bath in these rivers is considered holy.
    2. Festivals like Durga Puja and Ganesh Chaturthi also fall in this category as the immersion of idols is heavily polluting the water bodies including rivers.
    3. Many other customs are associated with rivers where a number of particles and items are allowed to be added to rivers like flowers, grains, clothes and so on. Some are organic and some are inorganic too.

    It is important for the authorities to create awareness about such activities and strict enforcement of guidelines from NGT and SC are to be taken up. However, the enforcement seems to be an issue since it is not easy to monitor such long stretches of rivers and thus, more steps to create awareness are the way to go to reduce pollution from religious activities.

    • Himanshu Rawat

      Points are good but bro you haven’t analysed the issue critically. Kindly review mine

      • PK

        true

  • neha

    Perhaps the only country in world where rivers are called “Maa” is equally irresponsible in treating them with care.Being blessed with numerous rivers across country which have been nurturing people through drinking water, irrigation,water ways and tourismn.They have been given very high regards in Indian culture leading to many pilgrimage associated with them. Rishikesh,Varanasi,Haridwar,Prayag,Tryambkeshwar,ujjain are few such examples.
    Source of Pollution:-
    1-Irresponsible attitude of people:-We witness people respecting and using Gangajal as pious water but at the same time throwing their waste ,while bath using soaps, leaving residues,clothes,garlands,diyas,immersion of idols and throwing dead animals.In some part of India if people die by snake bilte or death of child they are not burnt but immersed in rivers .Such practices lead to polluting the river to irrecoverable level.example Ganga in Varanasi,Haridwar,Yamuna in Delhi,Pampa in Sabrimala
    2-Irresponsible attitude of governments:-mismanagement and lack of strong will in managing industrial waste,city’s waste and cleanliness drive.Example entire India
    3-Industrial role:-Industries have been playing a large role in polluting these water by throwing industrial waste,dumping banned chemicals in these rivers. Example Kanpur , Varansai ,Delhi and many other cities.
    Solutions:-
    1-Better implementation of Namami Gange, Maili se Nirmal Yamuna and Swacch Baharat
    2-Implementation of such plan in entire country.
    3-Usage of NGOs in cleanliness and maintenance drive.
    4-Spread awareness in people.
    5-Creation particular place for bath and immersion facility so that entire river is not polluted.
    6-Strict penalty such as under “Maili se nirmal Yamuna” ranging from 5000 to 50000 for throwing waste.
    7-Redefining floodplain area of rivers.

    As rightly pointed by Supreme court many time cleanliness of rivers have never been taken seriously by any government.Only by making river and its animal national symbols is not enough every citizen need to take the responsibility of keeping it clean .

    • neha

      plz review

    • Himanshu Rawat

      You could have use simpler introduction. Content is no doubt is very nice. You presented examples wherever possible that is a nice thing. Just a little observation that you focused more on river pollution but question was specifically related to pollution due to religious rituals and practices. You have included points related to it but I believe more points could be added. Overall very nice attempt. Kindly review mine 🙂

      • neha

        already done sir 🙂

        • Himanshu Rawat

          no sir mam …. Its Himanshu 🙂

      • neha

        well i agree i felt the same post writing…

    • IAS @ 2016

      good way to start the answer, but intro is long
      its good that you include names of some rivers

      Industrial role is not an religious issue
      could add more points in the first part

      Your solutions are good ones
      keep writing

      • neha

        Thanks…shall try to be crisp next time…thanks for reviewing

    • aashish 2000

      Instead of Irresponsible govt. You can use lack of implementation at groundlevels. Good one. But take care about word limit

    • Aky

      2 and 3rd points need not be mentioned , as d question had asked about religious rituals .

      • neha

        point taken sir

    • awaneesh

      good ponts.. review mine

    • Carpe Diem`

      Good answer..
      Although you should have concentrated more to religious practice’s..
      Keep writing..:)

    • InsightsOfficialReview

      You have crossed the word-limit of answer. Reduce the explanation part and introduction size. Conclusion of your answer is really nice.

      Marks – 5/10

  • Fazil Mohd

    India is home to many holy rivers like the Ganges, Yamuna,
    Godavari and the Kaveri. Dotting this river are many holy sites and temples.
    Over time many cities have sprung up along these rivers as centres of
    pilgrimage like Varanasi (Kashi), Srirangam and Nashik. These cities due to
    their large confluence of people and rituals performed along the rivers therein
    have polluted the very rivers they worship.

    This pollution happens due to;

    1-
    Dumping of waste in the rivers, both degradable
    and non-biodegradable.

    2-
    Mismanagement of human settlements during
    pilgrimage season leading to undue pressure on river water.

    3-
    Festivals like Ganesh Puja etc leading to immersion
    of idols in the river, further polluting river waters.

    4-
    Disposal
    of cremated bodies into the rivers too is a major issue.

    The government has taken several measures like ;

    1-
    Initiating action plans for river cleanup like
    the Ganga and Yamuna action plans.

    2-
    Linking clean rivers to national development and
    participative government by Namai Gange.

    3-
    Allotting incremental men and machinery to
    better manage crowded events like Kumbh Melas.

    4-
    Pushing for better disposal of cremated bodies
    and also for bio-degradable clay idols which will not pollute rivers.

    The measures are a good start, but saving rivers will require
    their swift implementation along with the participation of all levels of
    society. Then our rivers, which are also our lifeblood, will flow pure once
    again.(233) PLEASE REVIEW.

    • awaneesh

      great answer. review mine

  • DEVANAMPRIYA

    Rivers in India are worshipped as goddess in India they have their importance in Hindu mythological accounts. These mythological books gave rise to some special type of rituals associated with these rivers but these same rituals are becoming one of the major cause of river pollution in India. According to studies in some areas of Delhi and UP the waters of these river is not fit for use. They contain highly toxic material

    —Ganga is from ages considered as a river of purity and waters of which can wash off the sins of a person but the same ritual is resulted in polluting the river up to dangerous levels Due to Mass bathing in the events like Kumbh Fair the amount of BOD (biochemical oxygen demand) has reached very dangerous levels

    —The practice of immersing of idols and Taziyas into rivers is a ritual from ages but these are polluting the rivers. The colors used in these are harmful for river ecology and aquatic animals

    —they absence of proper sanitation facilities like toilets and sewage treatment plans in the country add up to the pollution level of these rivers

    —discharge of industrial waste into these rivers makes the water of these rivers highly toxic and not suitable for any use. We can have examples of ganga in Kanpur or Yamuna in Agra

    But most of these pilgrims are not aware of these facts or sometimes they don’t want to use their critical thinking and carelessly dump all their wastes into these holy rivers. Our govt. has initiated many programs to clean these rivers like national mission for clean ganga but a lots more needs to be done on that front. We as citizen and worshippers of these rivers need to use our rational thinking while engaging in such practices and try to clean the waters of these rivers
    please review friends…

    • Aky

      more pragmatic solutions to be mentioned in the answer .

      • DEVANAMPRIYA

        thanks for the review Aky Ill try to improve on it. Please keep on reviewing

        • Aky

          let me give you an example , ‘the govt has launched a mural campaign in West bengal , where the mural (wall painting) is showing the importance of peoples participation in cleaning the river ganga ‘.

          • DEVANAMPRIYA

            thanx for your review and such a valuable example ill keep that in mind for future…please keep reviewing my answers

    • awaneesh

      brilliant! review mine

  • AKSHAY BANSODE

    Rivers in india are sacred and consider as holy.Worshipped by millions of pilgrims,following reasons contributed for their pollution:

    (1) Various Idols are carelessly dumped in sea,rivers & lakes thus adding more water pollution.for ex.in ganesh chaturti and durga pooja POP is dumped in water bodies.

    (2) Excessive use of pastic in and around temple,nearby rivers by pilgrims thus effecting to more water pollution.

    (3) most of the peoples uses river catchment areas for defecation, which causes pathogenic and organic contamination in the river

    (4) Illegeal construction activity around river like construction of shops,hotels,etc can contribute for river pollution.

    Various steps need to be taken Govt Bodies:

    (1) Formation of public toilets in the pilgimage areas will reduce peoples tendancy to use river catchment areas for defecation.

    (2) Temple Authority and Great pandit,babas should be taken in confident by govt in spreading awareness about keeping river clean.

    (3) Strict follow of NGT order by local bodies and thus stop all illegal construction activites around river side.

    (4) Ban on use of palstic in temple area and using enviornment friendly idols.

    (5) Formation of Holy Bathing Ponds near the ghats filled with river water .This will prevent the contamination of river water from worship materials and cloths.

    P.S.: (215 words) some points added from other answer.

    • Aky

      the 2nd step is very good(community service will serve in long term) .

    • IAS @ 2016

      good
      point 4 in 1st part is of less importance , i think
      rest is good
      keep writing bro

      • AKSHAY BANSODE

        thanks buddy! 🙂
        new to this..will learn with time.

  • GK

    Rituals and pilgrimages are holy factors to some religions in India. But at the same time they are the major polluting factors in India.
    Mostly saying :-
    # Pampa river pollution: – pilgrims callously abandoning their clothes in the river on their return journey. It has become a custom over the past 15 years. Kerala high court order to treat it as a criminal offense. But neither volunteers nor staff has been deployed to check the menace. River also highly contaminated with E-Coli bacteria which caused by human waste.
    # Ganga river pollution: – during kumbh melas nearly 100 million devotees dip in ganga for holy bath, they use some chemicals such as shampoos and soaps, it will highly harmful to river health.
    Some people leave water bottles, Dead bodies and ash in ganga. This is highly dangerous to river health.
    # Godavari river pollution: – Recently Godavari pushkaras were held by state govts. During this time Godavari was highly polluted, govt officials find out high levels of E-Coli bacteria.
    These factors really increase the toxicity of river water. Can cause skin diseases and highly dangerous to human health.
    Govt spending crores of rupees on ganga rejuvenation and clean ganga campaign for reducing river pollution, govt should also create awareness in public about this and Promoting communities participation in local river cleaning up. Distribution of literature on the causes and ill effects of river pollution.State and central pollution control boards should strictly implement the water(prevention and control of pollution)act of 1974 and other environmental protection act 1986.Then only can check the river pollution successfully.

  • GK

    plz review

  • Kartik

    Some of the famous civilizations of the world have originated on the banks of our rivers. So, our mutual ties with the rivers date back to pre-historic period . Rivers in India are worshiped by millions of pilgrims.

    (a) Rivers are the back-bone of our agricultural economy. Rural people especially farmers regard rivers as their gods or goddess.

    (b) Our mythologies have given high values to rivers.So, several stretch of rivers have become the pilgrimage centres for us.

    (c) One can feel the resonance of rivers’ name in our National anthem. It is just a reflection of our historical and cultural link to rivers like Ganga, Yamuna etc.

    (d) Inland riverways link several small towns or cities, and have a direct bearing on our economy.

    Irony is inspite of such love, warmth and respect shown to rivers , pilgrims are simultaneously polluting the rivers due to certain rituals and practices. Even though the Kerala high court had directed the state officials to ensure that the river ghats of Pampa river are maintained neat and clean, less attention has been paid to implement its decision. There is need to create awareness among the public on the adverse effects of such practices. People have to understand the river water is limited though their population is ever expanding. And so the demand of the economy. So, pilgrims must realize the need to bring about certain changes in the manner of offering prayers to rivers. There is no wisdom to damage our environment in the garb of prayers.

  • Disco Dancer

    Rivers holds a sanctimonious position among indians, they are often named after god. People perform many rituals in rivers for these reasons, not realising that it could have a negative effect on them. Some of them are:

    1)Ashes are disposed in water after cremation
    2)Bathing in rivers increases the river impurity.
    3)Leftover of people like food, vegetables, garbage etc find themselves in river.
    4)Many people are engaged in littering around river or due to lack of proper drainage excreta are often disposed in river.
    5)Washing of clothes, throwing coins, immersing idols etc are other causes.

    Solution:

    1)Political:
    =>Strict legislature reagrding provision of alternate holy bathing places having water from river areas so that river water doesn’t get polluted.
    =>Proper rehabilitation, increasing awreness of people engaged in washing around river.
    =>Proper development of areas around river like community toilet facilities, proper drainage, more no of dusbins & waste disposal management.
    =>promotion of ongoing projects & schemes like National ganga clean mission, and more research in this regard.

    2)Judiciary:
    =>NGT should boldly give verdict regarding river pollution like it gave in immersing of ganesh during Durga puja.
    =>Strict rules regarding throwing of coins, river animal conservation etc.

    3)Social:
    =>At social level, there should be more no of gathering emphasizing environmnet friendly rituals, importance of clean watrr etc,

    Overall, indian culture & rituals are important but they should be trimmed according to the suitability of river & the animals residing in it. Moreover, it would also be beneficial for our general hygiene, scenic beauty & would attract more tourists.

  • mahadev chavan

    Rivers in india are worshipped as holy places by millions of pilgrims. but due to certain rituals and practices, pilgrimages have become one of the major causes of river pollution in india. releasing of industrial pollution is also a major contribution to pollution of rivers, thats why today unable to drink and take bath in many rivers.

    Despite the kerla high court recently ordered that this type of ritual practice at pampa river is criminal offence, then also people polluting river by removing their clothes in the river and polluting river like anything. this is not the problem of single river , its associated with almost all rivers in india. for instance ganga, kaveri, tungbhadra etc
    reason behind this practice:
    —-From longtime this practice have been taking place,devotees believe that, if they remove their clothes in river, a problems related to them will sort out. this kind of thought was built by ancestor.
    —during festival time of ganesha and dushera(durga pooja) rivers get more polluted
    —-cremation of dead bodies near to river is one more problem
    —-sanitation problem and no toilet facilities at many pilgrim places
    steps needs to be taken:
    —public toilet at pilgrim centers
    —instruction to devotees suppose not remove their any kind of objects or clothes in river.
    —cremation of dead body body at rive side should avoid
    Recently GOI took a project called Clean Ganga and many general awareness campaign and policies by international level about natural resources and environment protection but proper implementation is not there. if proper rules and regulation is not implemented then in future more and more rivers get polluted and it not only effect marine species but also territorial animal and human being. if country want to be develop economically, socially , health is also one of the important factor, environment protection is our duty so we can live better life and leave this beautiful planet as it is for future generation.

    • mahadev chavan

      please review it friends.

    • awaneesh

      nice answerrr.. plz review mine

  • Legolas

    Kindly review…..

  • Kunal Aggarwal

    Rivers are worshipped in India and considered holy. Many rituals of Indians are done in river basins like Ganga, Yamuna, Godavari, Cauvery, Pampa etc. Some of these rituals have become a cause of concern among the environmentalist, governments and common people as well. These rituals have been there for long now that stooping them is a social revolution and can not be done just by a law or scheme. Some of these rituals are as follows:
    1. Taking bath in the rivers before visiting temples near by. Lot of us have heard of Ganga Snan in Haridwar etc. Earlier people did not use soaps and other chemicals and would just take bath with river’s plain water. The ritual in itself seems fine and doesn’t have an issue but people have misused it without caring for environment. You can see people using soaps, shampoos etc.
    2. The ashes of the dead are dumped into the river as a Hindu ritual without which the cremation is considered incomplete. Sometimes the unburnt bones are also dumped.
    3. The ashes of daily puja at home or rituals at home are expected to be dumped in rivers (or any other water bodies).

    These rituals were there since long but I think the number of people have increased and thus the total amount of dumped waste. Steps have to be taken but completely removing these rituals may not be possible. Social change is important to see the real impact. Providing people with alternatives for cremated remains disposal and puja remains like special treatment plants to burn those items or recycle some of the puja remains would be great initial step.

  • Cybertron Ninja

    River pollution in India is on the rise. The availability of fresh water is in direct danger because of the water pollution. This in turn results to affecting lives of animals, plants, vegetation and ultimately to our people dependent on river water and its uses.

    Just like the blood flows in arteries in human beings, similar is the river system which carries the fresh water required by humans and animals for survival. Blood enriches the body with nutrients, rivers enrich the land with minerals. Both are essential because both acts as the life support system in their respective nature.

    The causes of river pollution are unique in India, people in the name of God worship rivers and immerse their belongings, idols, clothes, as offerings into it. Millions of pilgrims who have come to attend the rituals do not get proper sanitary facilities and defecate in or near the same water body. All these activities lead to a steady increase in water pollution.

    This can be compared with that of an ignorant IV drug user who does not realize that pumping all these toxins inside him will lead to a permanent damage similar to the one we are doing to our rivers.

    This menace can be immediately tackled by imposing a ban on offering or immersion any article or material into the rivers, pond, lakes and a heavy penalty on defaulters.Then, creating a mass awareness program about the immediate and long term effects these activities have on water bodies and how this will eventually affect us. This can be achieved through education given by religious leaders, politicians, celebrities, actors, sportsman and active participation of common people. Finally, cleaning the river water.

  • Rahul Jain

    176 words(PLS REVIEW)

    In India, pilgrimages are an integral part of our culture. They are also our identity and a source of tourism income as well.
    The problem of pollution is majorly caused by the industrial sector, pilgrimage sector too has a share in it on account of its rituals and practices.
    The main causes for river pollution in the pilgrimage places are:
    — The disposal of cremated bodies and immersion of statues during festivals like Durga Puja and Ganesh Chaturthi are responsible for pollution of Indian rivers.
    — During festivals like Kumbh mela and religious occasions, people take dip in the rivers and leaving behind garbage, polythene bags etc.
    — Major temple are situated near the rivers. They also discharge their waste into the rivers thus aggravating the situation further.

    Measure that can help address this problem:
    — Proper sanitation facilities near the river system.
    — Creating awareness among people regarding the river pollution and what harm it does to us.
    — Government partnership with NGOs,civic societies.
    — Stringent penalty measures for any person found polluting the rivers.

  • Pushkin Negi

    Pls review. A very late post, i hope some of you guys review.

    In his famous song, ‘Ganga Behti ho kyun’, Bharat Ratna Bhupen Hazarika sings the praises of the river Ganga , of its purity and
    cleanliness but we have entered a stage where the river itself faces a threat to extinction.

    The very rivers that are worshiped have emerged as the major sources of river pollution. A large part of this pollution can be
    contributed to the religious practices that are prevalent:-

    1) River ghats as in Haridwar have become disposal grounds for bodies.

    2) Dumping of religious and prayer material into the riverpost the prayers is polluting the rivers.

    3) Pilgrims use the river catchment areas for defecation and that adds to the organic pollution in the rivers.

    4) During festivals as Durga Puja, Ganesh Chaturthi we witness idol emersions, the inorganic chemicals in these idols further pollute the river.

    What the govt. needs to do:-

    1) As visioned in the Ganga Action Plan, separate catchment areas need to be created in the ghats for religious actives such as idol
    immersion.

    2) Electric mortuaries to be created near areas where dead bodies are dumped.

    3)Better sanitation facilities in the form of public toilets need to be provided.

    4) Eco friendly material for creating idols that are dumped into the rivers.

    The rivers are the lifeline of our nation, integral part of our culture and religion. The impetus lies on both the govt. and individuals to
    save these life lines of our nations and we hope to hear another song like ,’Ganga Behti ho kyun’ in the praise of our rivers.

  • Baidhya Nath Nayak

    India is a land of rivers. From Ganga in the north to Pampa in the south ,From Narmada in the west to Brahmaputra in the East , India has a huge network of river . Beside Geographical values,these rivers are of religious importance as well for India.Whether its chhath Puja of Northern Region or its last ritual of a hindu individual, or its end of any festival of Hindu where idol worship is there,rivers are always abused in the form of dumping Human wastes in some form . These wastes can be idol of a hindu God/Goddess or dumping clothes by pilgrims in return path of Sabarimala .
    In a recent order from Kerala High court , the practice of throwing clothes in River Pampa while Pilgrims return from Sabarimala is a criminal offence and is subjected to prosecution. Inspite of the HC order the poeple continue the traditional practice thus making River Pampa , a garbage bin of used clothes, hence populating the river water and disturbing the river ecosystem.

    River Pampa is just one example out of countless such acts/religious practice where pilgrimages played a key role in Water pollution.
    Another prominent example to be quotated in this regard is Banks of River Ganga in Varanasi where thousand of pilgriamges and devotees worship River Ganga on daily basis ,dumping their wastages , pooja materials in ganga.
    Not only rivers ,lakes and other water bodies are also facing the same problem due to the religious beliefs and pilgrims prevailing in India, like In northern India a festival called chhath is very famous where lakhs of people pay homage to Sun standing on Water bodies,dumping their body wastes and various materials related to Puja, in teh water body .Thus causing its pollution.

    Its high time when the Government fo India and the other related authorities should take proper action to prevent these water bodies to get completely polluted.The administration should make sure that all such orders like Kerala HC order should be made adhere with, with maximum perfection. The people should made aware of the harmful act they are doing unintentionally in the name of religion.