Insights into Editorial: Clearing the Air Pollution in India + Mindmaps on Issues

Clearing the Air Pollution in India 

Various studies, including the one conducted by WHO, have suggested that air quality in India has been slowly deteriorating over the past decade.

Details of various studies:

WHO:

  • The World Health Organisation (WHO) recently reported that 13 of the 20 international cities with the worst fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in air pollution are in India, and Delhi is at the top of the list.
  • As many as 54% of India’s population lives in regions that do not meet the NAAQS for fine particulate matter, and nearly every Indian (99.5%) lives in a region with air pollution levels above the stricter guidelines of the WHO.
  • WHO has also ranked outdoor air pollution among the top killers in India.

CPCB:

  • According to the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), 77% of Indian urban agglomerations exceed the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for respirable suspended particulate matter (PM10).
  • It also shows that both the urban and the rural populations are exposed to dangerously high levels of fine particulates (PM2.5).

Effects of air pollution:

  • Air pollution can trigger lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pneumonia and other acute lower respiratory infections, loss of vision, including cataracts, and it heightens the risk of cardiovascular disease.
  • Bad air is also blamed for the growth in stress levels as well as non-communicable diseases, such as high blood pressure.
  • The annual cost of the environmental damage due to outdoor and indoor air pollution has been estimated to be Rs 1,10,000 crore and Rs 87,000 crore respectively.
  • Air pollution has also made India home to the highest rate of deaths caused by chronic respiratory diseases anywhere in the world.
  • It also causes acid rain and leads to the formation of Ground-level ozone.

Main Causes of air pollution:

  • Growth in the number of personal vehicles.
  • Burning of straw in few states during the winter months.
  • Untreated industrial effluents.

What is expected from governments, both at the central and state levels?

  • The government, in partnership with non-governmental organisations, technical specialists and research organisations, needs to initiate a clean air campaign. This needs to take the form of legislation as well as behaviour-changing approaches.
  • Governments, both at the Central and state levels, need to reassess their production and consumption of energy and work with partners for a low-carbon future — one that is more efficient, has more natural gas and a growing share of renewable energy, such as solar and bio-gas.
  • Public policy must address the various factors that contribute to toxic air, without damaging the core activities that are crucial to economic growth, which requires coordination across sectors, from industry and power to transport and cooking.
  • Governments at the Centre and local levels must also demonstrate the political will to tackle what is a catastrophic public health problem. Local governments must clamp down on the specific pollutants that are pushing their respective cities into the danger zone

The Government has taken the following steps to reduce air pollution in the country:

  • Bharat stage-IV emission norms have been implemented in 13 mega cities for new 4-wheelers from 2010.
  • Mass emission standards (Bharat Stage III) have been notified for two, three wheelers and diesel driven agricultural tractors from April 1, 2010 throughout the country.
  • Stringent Emission Standards have been implemented to regulate emissions from in-use vehicles from October 2004.
  • Central Pollution Control Board and State Pollution Control Boards are implementing the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1981 to restore air quality.
  • A mutually time targeted programme is implemented under Corporate Responsibility for Environment Protection (CREP).
  • BS-IV emission standards have been notified for all the diesel commercial vehicles in 20 cities of the country including NCR and other metro cities.
  • In Delhi & some other cities most of the public transport is running on CNG instead of diesel.
  • The government has also launched a colour-coded national air-quality index in April 2015, along with the promise of more monitoring stations, to continuously monitor the air quality.

MINDMAPS

Political Crisis in Maldives and India

Political crisis in Maldives and India

Goods and Services Tax

Goods and Services Tax

Surrogacy Law in India

Surrogacy in India (1)

  • Missionimpossible

    brilliant job insights team..

  • emotional/hardwork

    thanks insight team & happy chhoti diwali

  • Sepoy No 1446

    Maldives mind map is too good.

  • ashwin kumar p

    Vinay,u deserve some kind of award buddy.

  • Lucky Kuchu Verma

    too good….was looking for these topics…thnks insights

  • Don John

    In Maldives info graph.

    point number 3.2: What is IOR ?

    Thanks in advance !!

    • raunak ranjan

      Indian Ocean Region

      • Don John

        thanks sir !!

  • Tendulkar

    Pls keep mind map in detailed only. After reading article mind map work as revision wdout missing nythng……

  • Tendulkar

    Point 3.5 in maldives mindmap is incomplete i think…..

  • Nikhil Singh

    GOOD EFFORT by Insights Team. You can check this useful link https://shashidthakur23.wordpress.com/ebooks/ and news from the epaper available on https://shashidthakur23.wordpress.com/

  • Mohit Gupta

    I cant thank you enough! May you be blessed with good health to continue to do good great works ..

  • Rajesh Nanda

    Thanks for new initiative Mind map…..

  • [email protected]

    Thanks to Insights team for your Good efforts for us.
    Mindmaps is very good.

    Please provide white color background in mindmaps images (instead of cream color).

  • Kanta Verma

    I hv shortage of words to express my gratitude to insight……..

  • jayesh anjaria

    thnx

  • raunak ranjan

    In surrogacy mind map in point no. 3, 1 it is said that surrogacy is banned and then in subsequent point various regulations are provided. Can anybody explain this please.

  • 2015

    Great job thank you insights 🙂

  • Ghost

    Mindmap is innovative and highly useful initiative. Please continue….

  • tej

    brilliant job insights!!
    i request you to have diagram with more better and clear quality as in downloaded diagram clarity is zero.

  • lebowski

    Good to see healthy competition between Online coaching portals..Insights inspired the likes of IASBaba and now insights is coming up with mindmaps as the latter does 😉 i hope one day there will be no more coaching centres in geographical space, and a large number of them in cyberspace 🙂
    ps-i am not trying to compare/contrast..i am a big fan of insights and all other sensible e-learning mediums for upsc

  • sandy

    Mind map initiative is fantastic. Keep it up guys.