1) In your opinion, what are the traits of Indian culture? Do you think Indian culture is under threat today? If yes, critically comment on the forces that are threatening it.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1) In your opinion, what are the traits of Indian culture? Do you think Indian culture is under threat today? If yes, critically comment on the forces that are threatening it. (200 Words)

The Hindu

  • Fazil Mohd

    India, her people, the languages they speak, the food they
    eat, traditions they follow, deities they worship, festivals they celebrate and
    how they mourn their dead are all components of Indian culture.

    Indian culture is under threat today, not from outsiders but
    from narrow minded and bigoted thinkers who take it upon themselves to defend
    the culture from supposed outsiders.

    The forces threatening it can take the form of;

    Religious groups claiming hegemony over Indian

    Caste based outfits that claim their way of life
    is resembles what’s most Indian.

    Linguistic and regional chauvinists who look
    down on other Indian cultures.

    And, other factors like the existence of
    extremist groups with varied agendas who seeks to impose their culture and ways
    of life on the entire country.

    These forces can have an extremely divisive and polarizing
    effect on the populace, and could lead to fissures along these lines in the secular
    fabric of the country. But there is still hope as most sections of the Indian
    population have had a culture of togetherness and diversity ingrained in them
    due to centuries of co-existence. Such feelings of fraternity are required to
    combat the divisive forces that seek to distort and deface Indian culture which
    places firm emphasis on togetherness and peace. (214) PLEASE REVIEW.

    • Checkmate

      Good answer… Nice points.. I think you have not addressed the first part of the question adequately… 🙂 keep writing.,.. kindly review mine… 🙂

      • Fazil Mohd

        ah yes, i see now that it could’ve been better

    • Preetham Kumar

      very nice introduction and structure is very good…please review mine

    • Ankit

      very good answer…please review mine…

    • Anwar

      Good one, keep writing….

    • AK

      Happy to see someone covering the exact points without referring to political incidents.

    • PS

      positive conclusion-unity in diversity ingrained

    • PS

      review mine
      India is a landmass of continental proportions and is blessed with a huge variety of culture owing to its geography and rich history.
      Some of the prominent features of indian culture are:
      1.Synthesis of external and internal influences as depicted in Sufism,indoislamic architecture,gandhara school of sculppture
      2.Tolerance and integaration rather than assimilation manifested in multiplicity of faiths,languages
      3.High intellectual standards both in philosophical discourse and scientific endeavours
      4.however certain negatives characteristics are also prevelant like unequal society with respect to caste and gender

      however in present times our cherished culture is facing various threats like:
      1.irrational interpretation of our ancient literature and misrepresentation of our scientific advancememnts
      2.majoritarianism in the form of imposing majority way of life over minority
      3taking away the independence of various institutions safegaurding our culture

    • Saint Shambhujs

      Nice intro
      You incorporated the elements of culture very well but you missed the traits of culture

  • Rahul Agarwal

    Indian culture has evolved over thousand of years , with the assimilation, tolerance and acceptance of various diverse ideologies.The present Indian culture represents a fascinating melting pot with following features:

    A. Tolerance : Indian society in general is highly tolerant to diverse religious and linguistic practices with tolerance to diversity
    B. Peaceful coexistence: We had the principle of “vasudhaiv Kutumbkam” from the ancient times and we believe in brotherhood and harmonious relationships
    C. respect for Pluralism : Indian culture shoes respect towards faith, belief, customs and festivals of different religions. Gandhiji have propounded the concept of ” sarva dharma sambhava” to promote it.

    But in recent times , certain incidents like violence and lynching of people over cow slaughter and beef consumption, attack on rationalists questioning religious superstitions and preventing artists to perform due to their religious identity, has threatened to destroy this delicate fabric of our society. Even politicians during electoral rhetoric are indulging in flaring up communal emotions.

    Different forces jeopardizing our culture are :
    A. Rise of fundamentalists in various communities , who are high-jacking the agenda of majority of community
    B. Appeasement by political establishment to promote their electoral benefits
    C. Lack of uniform civil code breeds mutual distrust among citizens

    Thus, government should work firmly in declaring with communal incidents as per constitution.Civil society should also come forward, by forming joint peace teams to curb the danger of withering away of our composite culture.

    • Amit

      Nice answer.Pls review mine 🙂

    • RR49

      Good one. I really liked it. But I think when Non-English phrases are presented it is good to write the meaning in English also. Right?

    • komma

      Love your “vasudhauva kutumbakam” and sarva dharma sambhava

    • Puneeth

      Addressed all part of the answer. please review mine

    • Rohit

      Nice answer.

    • Mritunjay Singh

      Your answer touched all aspect of the question but i have one correction to make in your answer.Our culture don’t promote Melting pot.Melting Pot is the phenomena associated with American Culture.Indian Culture Promote “Mosaic” form of Sytem.

      • ammu

        hello singh sir.. may you please explain this “melting pot” culture.. ?


          Melting pot refers to the phenomena of forgetting once identity and follow some of the common belief system, for example in USA rational thought,independent thinking,I am OK you are OK,individual privacy etc are common values which get enshrined in an individual, As generation passes people from different roots and background tends to follow some widely accepted ethos of a nation forgetting once own identity.

          Mosaic means although different traditions live together for long time but keep their separate identity intact, although because of prolonged interaction they adopt some of the practices of each other as per time place and circumstances.In India we have people from almost all major religion and culture of the world but still we say “Unity in diversity” i.e. diversity is entact…not melting down…

          • ammu

            thank you so much ranjan sir.. 😀 beautiful explanation.

          • Preetham Kumar

            Very nice explanation …Please review Mine

        • Mritunjay Singh

          Melting pot culture is the culture where people from different places or of different culture converge and get assimilated into one ,like in America where they follow melting pot culture ..For details plz visit google baba.

      • Aspirant

        Yes obviously.. but u can write that point for contemporary times …latter part of or ans

    • Checkmate

      Nice answer….. good points….. 🙂 kindly review mine… 🙂

    • Neeraj Tibrewal

      would culture not include classical music which does not fascinated youth anymore (affected by of Western music)
      Food habits – where we are treading more towards fast food due to busy schedule and thereby affecting out health
      Family values, Respect for all – India still hold these values strongly but are on decline…

      The above points are great but mostly cover the religious aspect in wake of current events

      Please suggest!!

      • Disha

        i agree.. i think the trend of westernization thus also is the threat

      • Saint Shambhujs

        music is art not a culture… It may supplement but cannot supplant culture

        • Kavan Limbasiya

          Culture is defined as “that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom
          and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society”

    • MAK

      Nice 1….Plz review mine..

    • KK

      I think u could ve added “Athithi Devo Bhava” .. Even this one of main trait.
      the other two which you’ve mentioned, peaceful coexistence is outcome of Tolerance.. i think..

      I hope u find it useful, correct me , if I’m wrong

    • Dhanesh Chandra


    • amit

      comprehensive coverage point of threat from western culture blind following too can be taken

      pls review mine

    • ViVi

      i’ll like to ciontradict….forceful enforcement of uniform civil code will instead reflect the intolerance
      You can also mention regionalism, rich poor divide as th factors which have eroded the diversity..
      plzz review mine also

    • unacademy

      Lack of uniform civil code I don’t think hampering India’s culture because as we know,Pluralism is basic feature of India’s culture,Things are going worse because of politics on this issue ,it does not create any cleavage in the society by any way.

  • Amit

    Indian civilization is more than 5000 yrs old and has survived through thin and thick due to its virtues of assimilation,tolerance,brotherhood,respect for diversity,resilience among others – preached also by majority of religions.It is not a surprise that India is home to people following world’s largest 8 religions and 4 of them find their origin in India.

    However,the recent space of incidences where a few people with their own retrograde,backward and medieval understanding of Indian culture have dictated terms for writing/views of rational and progressive writers or artists,food habits of people ,dresses of women and public discourse of couples – recent cases of killing of writers,lynching/killing in Kashmir and Dadri,police raid in hotels in Mumbai etc are case in points.Situation becomes worse when they have indirect political backing.

    Such forces,if left unrestrained,threaten the foundational values of Indian culture and will alienate minority,impose majoritarianism,threaten secular character of Indian democracy and fuel secterianism,communalism and radicalisation putting national integrity in peril.

    Hence,to uphold ‘sabka saath,sabka vikas’, it is important to put a check on such elements and facilitate a wider consultation and participative discourse in the nation to which includes all stakeholders to send out a clear message that India stands for its values and shall defend the same.

    • Amit

      Pls review friends.I have written this answer in exact 5 minutes.

      • Nitya

        Ur answer was gud… u try to mention some points as how to preserve too..

        • Amit

          Thanks Nitya.I am trying to stick to timeline now and write with-in 5-6 minutes.Hopefully,over the next few days,I will be able to answer comprehensively with-in the time frame.Thanks a lot again 🙂

    • Puneeth

      Very Good. Your structure of the answer if good. Please review Mine:)

  • Cradle of civilization, a caravan.
    Home to persecuted peolle all ove thr world lkke Parsis, Irànis, Jews, etc.
    Multicultural, pluralistic, secular, just and humane society.
    Love for art and architecture.
    Regional flavours to dance, paintings, architecture, etc.with huge antiquity.
    Tolerance, repsect for human rights, beleif in god, balance of science and religion, message of peace and understanding,
    Justice, libertym euqlaoty, fratenrity, etc.
    today our cukutros aplty reflected by cinema and literature.

    Nit exactky under threat becuase ee have been open to foriegners sinc enacniet t times. But yes too much encroachments. Weternization is an inevitable consewuence of Globalization. Rise of indiviudalism, cknsunerism, nuclear fmaily, dress sense chnaged, repsect for elders decreaisng and old age hine sk creasing, commodity vakue dominated over inherent vakues.

    Repsonbiel forces: Mixing with culture, vested intersts to distort past and create schisms, our subjugatiin to Western culture and recognising its superiority, free labour movement and integartikn in the world eocnomy. Most if the factors are beyond our controk but we must stop a dlknder iver the barrenness of our lives and viability of the rat race.

  • Pacify

    1) In your opinion, what are the traits of Indian culture? Do you think Indian culture is under threat today? If yes, critically comment on the forces that are threatening it. (200 Words)

    Indian culture can be easily summed up in a thread of traits like equality, diversity, fraternity, unity, patriarchal mindset, superstitious belief, traditional values, casteism, racism, myriad of festivals, cuisines, language etc.

    Recent ongoing trend is pointing a finger on the question of threatening of Indian culture nad the major forces behind the same are –

    –> Emergence of communalism reaching to all strata of society
    –> Intolerance among masses
    –> Strengthening of patriarchal mentality
    –> Efforts to create hegemony by various groups of society
    –> Hindu vs Muslim clash and Majority vs Minority clash
    –> Disrespect to other’s culture and attempt to prove own culture as the dominance one.
    –> Chauvinism ans sectarianism
    –> Growth of fundamentalist approach
    –> Lack of proper legislative framework to give a backing to article 44 of DPSP of COI

    Though various attempts have been made in this regard to restore the Indian cultural values like inculcating the feeling of fraternity and tolerance by literary institution and eminent personalities can be pointed as positive steps in this direction. Still there feels a dire need for strong force or law to embed Indian cultural values in citizen of India. It is essential to inject positive Indian cultural traits like unity, fraternity, tolerance, respect to other etc at the time of fundamental development itself and the prior responsibility for the same should be on family, educational institutions and society.

    • Pacify

      Pl review

      • Puneeth

        I Guess you are merely listing out he traits and highlighting the features. It would be better if you would elaborate and analyze a bit. Please review Mine :):)

  • Ankur Mss

    Major traits of Indian culture
    1. religious Tolerance: India is the only country in the world where major religions thrived since thousands of years in mutual cooperation and tolerance. Being hindu dominant country,it always accommodated the faiths of islam, chrsitian which came to existence in india during medieval and modern times. the saints and scriptures of India preached “Vasudaika Kutumbam” (universal family) and happily adjusted and adopted new cultures into its fold without judging their merits.
    2. Diverse social structure: there has been oppressive cast system in Hindusim that lead to deep rooted social hierarchy in india. Cast system often favored the Upper casts and made them socially, economically and politically dominant but it did not effect other religions like Buddhism, jainism, Islam, Christian and respected their ideology and became part of diverse indian social structure.
    3. Food habits and Rituals: Every religion has specific food preferences based on geographical regions of india, however there has been no restrictions imposed by dominant hindu religion over other religions, this has contributed to the peaceful coexistence of different faiths together. Rituals of Hindusim are more predominant than any other religion but it never forced other religions to modify their rituals as per the hindusim nor caused harm to other religions.
    I feel indian culture is under threat under the existing condtions
    – growing fundamentalism and severe intolerance for other religions is rising which is detrimental to the survival of the country.
    – Imposing restrictions on Dietary patterns which were being practiced since centuries leads to mutual distrust between religions and paves the way for fragmentation of society
    -Moral policing by the religios outfits on women attire, foreign tourists tatoo and their personal choices leads to oppression of women and their liberty and severely impact the india image in the world.
    india could travel this many centuries just because of its tolerance and coexistence but the present state of affairs pose grave
    threat to the existence of country and may push into chaos.

  • Harsh

    Please review

    • Mritunjay Singh

      Harsh you have done good job by writing it down on page but bro its difficult to turn laptop and read your answer vertically.

      • Harsh

        Thanks. I have posted it vertically only. But later it appears horizontally.i will check it out

  • komma

    Indian culture is a broad concept to be able to generalise to particular traits. However it has evolved over the years and we can conspicuously recognise the following traits.

    1) pluralism, tolerance and peaceful coexistence : From ancient times to mughal rule to british paramountcy to present day, india has enjoyed pluralism, respect for other religions ( ashoka, Akbar, constitution of India ), and to live in harmony.

    2) adaptation : India has been influenced by various forces from outside ( Turk invasions, British rule, globalisation) and from inside( Buddhism, Jainism, social reform movements ). India has taken requisite traits in to itself and evolved over time.

    3) retaining the core features : though there had been significant influences on Indian culture it has retained many of its features and they are followed even to the present day. ( caste system)

    Indian culture appears to be under threat due to following reasons :
    1. Fundamentalist influences.
    2. Divisive politics to achieve temporary gains by politicians.
    3. Ignoring the importance of Indian values while upbringing a child under the pressure of globalisation, competition, westernisation.

    Though such problems have been part of Indian society, we have failed in divising a society aloof from such problems. However, indian culture adapted, modified and evolved from time to time amidst such problems

  • Puneeth

    The traits of Indian culture are as follows:
    1) Plurality: Co-existance of many faiths, ethnic groups, languages, and castes.
    2) Tolerance: Indian culture has a long tolerant history. Since the ancient times, there have been many instances of rulers and people showing tolerance towards other religions and groups.
    3) Accommadative Nature: Indian culture has been very accommodative due to its diversity and plurality.

    Although India has a long history of the above traits, In recent times there has been some churnings, which has destabilised foundations of indian culture. There are still forces in India which are pushing for a majoritarian culture. This is creating a turbulence in the society. Fringe religious groups such as RSS and VHP have been showing high levels of intolereance due to present prevailing political climate in the country.

    It is high time that the government rein in the fringe elements, which are trying to impose their philosophy and culture. Our constitution makers envisaged for a secular, tolerant and a plural society. It is the duty of the central and state government to protect the fundamental values enshrined in our constitution.

    • komma

      Nice answer.
      I think examiner may look for multiple dimensions( this is what I heard from market talk). So u can expand ur scope while addressing- problems( highlighted just one problem in a para)

      Or else, nice answer. Conclusion is good.

      • Puneeth

        Thanks :):)

        • komma

          My bad. Question asked for critically comment. Not the problems as such.

    • Rahul Agarwal

      Nice answer…

      try to be more objective on your observations…

      A. Like what are the threats , enumerate them

      B. What are the steps : enumerate them…

      generalized statements result show lack of analysis

      • Puneeth

        Thanks Rahul:)

      • Ankit

        please review mine…

    • Amit

      Nicely written.Pls keep writing and reviewing:)

  • Rishi Ranjan Singh

    Pluralism and tolerance is important traits of Indian culture and this is a strong reason for unity in India. In recent times we have seen a number of example of intolerance towards other culture or we can say some puritans enforce their perspective of Indian culture on others. This is a huge threat to Indian culture and it’s pluralistic multi-culture society. There were several attempts to push forward one’s own sense of culture and homogeneity in Indian society.

    Killing of Dabholkar, attack on Perumal Murugan or violent protest at the screening of PK, Vishwaroopam, or Dadri case. These are some examples which came in news. There are many such incidents that doesn’t come in news but some self-proclaimed protectionist of Indian culture often break the law and commit such crime which are against Indian culture. All over India if we see we will find very few women working as a priest in temples. Discrimination against women in this profession is considered as our culture which is not true and doesn’t fit rationally in today’s society.

    However this is not something new in this century. A lot conservatives and orthodox have lived in the Indian society in past but still Indian culture and it’s understanding has evolved and became more liberal. Indian culture will be able to overcome these threat too. Government needs to take pro-active steps and punish the wrong doers who violate law and fringe the right of other person.

    • Rahul Agarwal

      Good answer

  • Victor

    Culture as we know is evolution of thoughts and way of living which culminates together and comes out as a distinguish feature of a particular region or community. So as Indian culture which has evolved through many centuries has traits such as-
    –(Atithi Devo Bhavah) Treat your guest is like your God.
    –Shvetashvatar Upanishad describes(Eko Devah Sarvabhuteshu…) God is one and he reside in all the living beings.
    –(Satya, Ahimsa, Kshama, Karuna, Sehanshilta) Truth, Non violence, Forgiveness, Love and Tolerance, these are the yard stick to judge a noble man and is expected by everyone to follow.

    Unfortunately yes, Indian culture is under great threat than ever before not by its non followers but by fanatics who preach it in their way out of their narrow mindedness, some out of political motive and some to satisfy their whimsical egos. Irony is :
    –the fanatics worship deities ‘Radha and Krishna’ but they abuse couples on valentine day.
    –they raise slogans of ‘Jai Shri Ram’ but forgets Rama was a figure of ‘Dhairya, Sehenshilta’ ie patience and tolerance.
    –they hurt followers of other systems but forgets the sayings of Veda and Upanishads which says the same God resides in them too.

    This is the time when the true admirers of Indian culture should raise their voice against few fanatic followers who are maligning a beautiful culture which is epitome of Love and Tolerance.

    • JD

      You have started your answer really well. But in the middle you didnt address sufficient points which focus on the forces which threaten the culture. And more importantly, you have given a view that it is only one religion/religious affiliation that is threatening the culture. I guess it might give a bad impression to the examiner. Keep writing:)

      • Victor

        Thanks for the review, I have tried to address few threats, please suggests few more points. I think you are correct about religious point. I will surely improve.

        • JD

          Some threats may be–education system lacunae, psychological notion of separation of national interest and self interest( a part of communalism only), foreign interests, etc. Thanks for reviewing mine too. Keep writing, Keep reviewing:)

    • vijay simha

      good answer, certainly stands out of many

      • Victor

        Thanks vijaya.

        • Neeraj Tibrewal

          would culture not include classical music which does not fascinated youth anymore (affected by of Western music)
          Food habits – where we are treading more towards fast food due to busy schedule and thereby affecting out health
          Family values, Respect for all – India still hold these values strongly but are on decline…

          • Victor

            yes classical music is part of culture but the culture itself is evolutionary, if western music is being adopted the fusion of classical and western is also coming up is also a part of culture that is evolving. Fast food is not western culture it is evolved to save time but unfortunately its not good for health, a fast food can be healthy too, this can be taken as fusion of food in culture.

    • Checkmate

      Good intro… but I feel that the threat part has not been comprehensively addressed. Would suggest you to look at Rahul Agarwals answer.. its good… keep writing… kindly review mine… 🙂

      • Victor

        sure bro, thanks for reviewing.

    • Saint Shambhujs

      Nicely described the traits but missed the threats ….

  • Debula

    Indian culture just like any other form of culture worldwide, is an amalgamation of various beliefs and practices. I believe that this quality has allowed it to be vibrant in its quality. This vibrancy has further allowed countless forms of art, literature, expressions to converge into a plane that is homogenous in its identity, and yet heterogenous in its content.

    However, I do not believe that Indian culture is under threat, as this claim is existentially opposite of what our culture represents. To claim that something is in danger, is to move it from a position of dominance or wide-spread appeal to an endangered one. Our culture cannot be exemplified as being dominant as it has always emphasized fraternity and humility above all. Abstract concepts of Ahimsa, Nyaya, Dev have shown that our culture treats others with equal respect and above all values the sanctity of human life. Recent events of mob violence and fundamentalist mud-slinging do not embody this form of Indianness, but are rather quasi-militant. These self-proclaimed activists have pulled attention towards the negative concept of society and unity and have wrongly portrayed Indian culture as being sacred.

    The reality is that, by claiming something as being sacred one distances the people that are important to make this culture vibrant from the beginning. Proclaiming an elitist Hindu-identity will only dilute the significance of Indian culture and what it has stood for. Ironically, its “activists” are the ones that are in danger of turning Indian culture into a sycophantic pursuit. India and its culture truly stands for diversity, and this diversity should prevail over these forces.

    • sandeep kumar

      Homogeneous & heterogeneous concept…..brilliant ..up vote…..
      Plz review mine. Criticism And suggestion welcome.

      • Debula

        Thanks sandeep 🙂 Will take a look at yours.

    • An Aspirant

      well written..

      • Debula

        Thank you 🙂

    • Arun Chhari

      fitting answer to this question.

  • DEV

    Indian culture is the outcome of its 5000 years old civilisation having a composite language and art, philosophy and religion, custom and traditions, political institutions and organisations. throughout this long period there were clashes with native and foreign forces and finally absorbed not without leaving its impact on indigenous people and their way of life and conduct. The indian culture at present seeks for harmony symbolising unity in diversity.
    Our culture is distinguished by number of important characteristic or qualities like-
    1) It is the oldest continuous cultural tradition of the world.
    2) Indian culture and its every aspect is dominated by human element.
    3)tolerance is the key stone of our culture which believes in ANEKANTAVADA-the concept of one in many.
    4) positive thoughts lke divinity in human being, sevice to man is service to god etc. have dominted our cultural values.
    5)Indian culture accepts all religion as true through a deep understanding of fundamentals and the ultimate reality.
    6) Indian culture appeal to the whole world with its elements of universality.
    In recent time there has been no of incidents which hurts the very fine fabric of our culture. Lynching, religious intolerance, communal provocations, religious fanticism, killing of rationalist writers etc. have cloaked the very atmosphere of peace and harmony. Such activities squeeze the very ethos of our culture. there are various forces which hijack the essence of our culture in the name of religion and nationalism. Use of religion as a tool to achieve political gain, spread of fundamentalism are playing on the ground which need to be controlled and do away with by mutual respect to each others religion and tradition while infusing nationalism and scientific temper among every citizen.

    • DEV

      friends please review…

      • Mama

        Hey, u can also add the composite culture enshrined in our constition, all can add some more traits of our culture like nonviolence. Over all good .. Plz review mine

        • DEV

          thanx for reviewing..nonviolence is an importnt one..

    • Mritunjay Singh

      Dev You have mentioned about Anekantvada which is good one.Also Your answer about service to man is service to god- here you should also mention the name of Vivekanand who propounded this concept , to give more emphasis to the point.

      • DEV

        thanks for review..ya i’ll add that to my note..

  • sandeep kumar

    ” Let the Nobel though come in ” with this statement statement Indian culture takes surface. The country with vast geography, different climates, many races , religion,different food habits, clothing,language comes under same umbrella to form India. Though constitution vows for unity in diversity and success in unity is also due to living culture of the landmass. Somewhere geography holds people together where as another place philosophy of religion.
    However it is modern consciousness which shapes the motherland.

    The culture which reflects, tolerance, pluralism, unity, purity, non violence, respecting others religion, sentiments and having enough space for integration for integration of others rational philosophy , now on the verge of major crisis.

    Wrong interpretation of religious text books, , hate speech, regionalism, linguism, etc promoting intolerance, communalism, in the Indian society. Pockets of bad elements trying to dominate over the whole plural culture. Lynching, killing of innocent civilians putting strain on Indian culture and democracy.

    However most of the Indian now needs rationality and logic I.e. they aren’t going to influenced by communalist. The policy of devide and rule doesn’t going to work. 21st.cent. India has lots of things to do.
    Besides working on removing poverty, illiteracy, we have strong fold presence in space. And most important is that unity is always within Indians and democracy has deeply ingrained in society , which has enough measure to come out from present hurdles. And progressive culture of Indian is not going to die.

    • skyhighambition

      efforts appreciable..juz to add try writing in points it wud bring dividends in mains ..keep writing ,frnd 🙂

  • JD

    The historical past of India witnessed an arrival of population from various parts of the world and from various religions. Such an admixture provided a unique distinction to Indian culture which is characterized by pluralism, diversity, tolerance, empathy for the poor and deprived sections, respect towards elders, parents and guests and belief in the theory of Vasudev Kutumbkam–the world is a family.
    However, in recent past, threats to the culture have increased with instances of killing of people of other religions, disrespecting the guests from other countries,etc. These threats have been mainly occurred due to:-
    1) Inequalities in socio-political and economic status which breeds the evils of regionalism and communalism.
    2) Misuse of IT and other digital infrastructure to spread hatred and disrespect towards people of other affiliations.
    3) Perception of the government’s policies to be focussing only on a particular religion/section of society and neglecting others.
    4) Lacunae in education system which fails to address the holistic and ethical aspects of Indian culture at times.
    However, this threat is not new to our country and indeed the culture has evolved from such conflicts in the past, e.g.Hindu Muslim differences during the Mughal rule, conflicts between Hindu and Christianity during British rule on the issues of rationality and modernization, the 1992 and 2002 communal riots, sons of soil propaganda in Maharashtra, separatists tendencies, etc. The Indian culture has stood the test of time and is capable of handling such threats which are because of the selfish motives of a minority section of people. However, it is the government, civil society and the population at large which will contribute in maintaining the vibrancy of Indian culture.

    • Victor

      Point 2 and 4 are good and unique.

      • Ankit

        agreed nice points…please review mine….

    • Mritunjay Singh

      Jack Daniel(JD) 😉 – In all the answer which i saw you have mentioned very elaborate and out of box threats for Indian culture.

    • pk3487

      As far as I can comprehend points(1,2,3,4,) indicates reasons because of which Indian Culture is threatened.
      “Forces” will be elements which promote these. e.g. Religious fringe groups misusing IT to spread hate messages.
      –Your views are always welcome.

      • JD

        thanks for the review bro. I agree with your point that I should have been more explicit in mentioning the forces but in my opinion the forces are built due to some reasons only. e.g. inequality is the reason which promotes forces of regionalism, communalism, etc.

  • FinalAttempt

    please review..

  • Mritunjay Singh

    Indian culture has evolved over centuries.Indian culture is not only about one particular religion,arts,and architecture rather it assimilated different culture from all over the world.
    Thus Indian culture preserve the traditional beliefs and practices associated with it.
    Following traits of Indian Culture:-
    1.Respect for the religious deity.
    2.Respect and reverence to the elders.
    3. Village women (especially North Indian) still put veil over their face.
    4. Tolerance and acceptance of other’s belief and ideas.
    However the very idea of religious revivalism has crept into the mind of the society,influenced by political parties has led to growth of intolerance leading to the murder of Kalburgi,Dhabolkar etc.As Indian culture is respected world over for its preservation and assimilation.So with such above said incidents are on rise then it raises question on the very basis of our Indian Culture.
    There are politically influenced people who are trying to grab the attention by such frivolous incidents.
    Though their perception may be right but the means to achieve the goal of religious revivalism to protect the Indian culture is something to worrisome.
    If we are really serious about the protection of our culture we must focus on the Idea of Ashoka and Akbar and promote rational education among the demographic dividend of 21st century to work toward the sustainable development with harmony and peace.

  • Legolas

    Indian culture has evolved over centuries and has amalgamated various religious and ethnic cultures to evolve as a composite culture.

    The key tenets of the Indian culture have been Adherence to duty (Dharma), Rule of Law (Nyaya), Non-violence (Ahimsa) and most importantly, Tolerance to sustain universal brotherhood (Vasudaika Kutumbam).

    In current times, rise in religious intolerance and fundamentalism are threatening the Indian culture. A staunch ethnocentric view has developed over the recent centuries, attempting to establish the supremacy of Indian culture over other prevailing ones.

    This is very much in contrast to the evolution of the Indian culture, through discourse, debate and fusion of various cultures. The Great Indian tradition was formed through the assimilation of many smaller traditions.

    The pantheon of gods in hinduism evolved due to the induction of various smaller traditions and assigning them a place in the greater tradition. Such was the accommodative aspect of the Indian culture.

    Even in last millennium, Islamic cultures have grown in Indian and influenced the same.

    The current fundamentalist and communal forces threatening Indian culture could have electoral politics, both as their origin and aim. Culture and religion have always been ready currency for polarization of the masses and creation of vote banks.

    Such forces can only be fought in the short term by legislative and executive methods and in the long term through a push towards an egalitarian and cosmopolitan society.

  • vijay simha

    Indianculture besides being known for most heterogeneous society in the world has
    been known to be a fabric woven with multiple castes, races, linguistic groups
    and social backgrounds. However there are many black spots arising now and then
    with few groups and communities getting little restless and fail to exhibit the
    intolerance as a part of precedence. There are many reasons behind such acts of

    Few cultural groups with political backing may feel the sense of urgency to
    protect the Indianised culture among the Indians with a sense of threat on
    the backdrop of modernization.

    Few religious groups feel the necessity to protect their religious acts, systems, culture, which perhaps
    crowns the country with a special prominence as known in the world.

    There also a kind of communicable rush
    born out of an ideology group in one region be it a state or town or even
    a village, producing the bullwhip effect all across the country.

    Intolerance exhibited by all
    these entities in somewhere or other and the cities falling for such
    incitements is also a new syndrome developed by us in this time and age.
    Recent act of public, where an australian with a tattoo of an indian
    goddess on his left chin was corralled by the police on demand of the
    public and made to commit an apology letter speaks how far a small issue
    of intolerance can send bullwhip effects overseas as the Australian
    government is looking into this issue keenly.

  • Mama

    Composite culture of India was evolved over thousand of years due to absorption of faith,belief of other foreign cultures without threatening our own indigenous culture.It has the capacity to assimilate all the diversity, values and language of different culture & there by strengthening its own culture. Indian culture follows certain traits like
    – Pluralism: it is coexisted by different faith, believe and moral values of divergent culture & principles.
    – Tolerance: It promotes social coexistance , equality of all religion & there by showing its tolerance for different linguistic practices.
    – Universal brotherhood: It escalates fraternity and communal harmony.
    – Non violence: DPSP of our constitution (art 51) promotes peace.
    – Service to humanism: It has the etho of service to mankind is service to god.

    In recent times due to growing fundamental ideologies and their distorted belief of Indian culture bend our head on shame.Growing attack on rationalist artists & writers, lynching of people over beef ban, curbing freedom of expression are showing the rising intolerance in our society.

    To stop all this, govt should come forward with proper implementation of rules and regulations to curb the disharmony in society. Civil societies should join hands to promote free speech and abide by principle of constitution to promote Vasudhauva Kutumbakam.

    • DEV

      very nicely written…also u can add communl politics as reson
      understanding similarities nd common values of various religions nd respect will do away hate towards each other..media and civil society can work in this direction..also govt support needed

  • Learning…

    Guys this is very bad
    But your comments will help me to improve
    Please pl critically review

    • VJM

      There is lot of scope to improve clarity and connectivity.
      Avoid ruled pages. Try to write on plain papers.
      Take some time to think and try to minimize striking out.

      • Learning…

        Thanks bro?
        Will do it

    • skyhighambition

      good efforts ..juz try writing in points 🙂

  • Checkmate

    The strategic location of Indian subcontinent has made it one of the richest cultural diverse nations in the world. The following can be said as the important traits of Indian culture.

    1) Pluralism: A conviction that various religious, ethnic, racial, and political groups should be allowed to thrive in a single society. For example the Indian society consists of Hindus, mulsims, chritians, sikhs, jains etc., along with their sub groupings and all are present as a single unit called India.

    2) Tolerance: which implies that each religion has its own views and every one is tolerant of the views of the other religions. For example today’s hinduism is the assimilation an acculturation of several other religions like buddhism etc,. which shows its tolerant nature.

    However the recent spate of increased attacks on communal and caste lines, like the Dadri lynching incident, Khap panchayats judgements in various states shows that there is an eminent threat to our Indian culture. The following are some the forces threatening Indian culture today:

    1) Vigilante forces who decree other religions and religious practices with hatred and suspicion.
    2) Lack of understanding about the cultural history
    3) Rigid bent attitudes of the various Right wing organisations of different communities.
    4) Lack of awareness and education of values of India culture, which is exploited by various groups on communal lines.

    The Indian constitutional values which is a treatise of Indian cultural values need to be imbibed to various sections of the community and the political leadership of the country must take initiative in this regard so as to retain the secular fabric of the nation.

  • Batman

    Indian culture is a mosaic of different languages, dance, music, customs, architecture, food and religion. However, despite being such different elements, they all are bonded together by certain common features:

    1)Humanity: Indian culture has shown compassion and love towards all e.g. despite being colonized by British, India holds no grudge against her in the present era
    2)Tolerance: Tolerance towards followers of other religion or languages has not drawn ire from the mainstream sections of the society. E.g. the idea of ‘Jato mat, Tato path’ as propounded by Ramakrishna Paramhansa
    3)Unity in diversity: Indian culture is varied in its form and nature but still has been able to bind together all the people. E.g. the idea of secularism ensures that followers of different religions continue to live together

    On one hand, the above mentioned common threads ensure that Indian culture remains strong and is able to thwart any attempt to make a dent on it. However, on the other hand, there are some reasons which threaten its existence in the present era:

    1)Communal organizations: Such organizations have developed a feeling of xenophobia against followers of other religion and thus tend to disturb the secular fabric of country
    2)Non-inclusive development: The failure to ensure inclusive development has led certain communities believes that government’s actions are being directed against them. This breeds a culture of non-tolerance

    The recent episode of an Australian being harassed over a tattoo shows that Indian culture is being attacked and thus strong steps needs to be taken to prevent such incidents.

  • Bubidibabadi

    Writing about India,Mark Twain famously quoted that India is the great grand mother of culture and tradition.A glance at India history not only gives meaning to his statement,but also tells about its ethos and fundamentals.India is a cradle of civilizations,cultures and beliefs.It has accepted and accommodated everyone that came through.Hence tolerance became unknowingly became the fundamental trait.With tolerance came diversity,which became the basis of Modern Indian State.

    Like most of the modern states,modern India is based on both the Indian and western traits.This where secular nationalists played a key role.While Sarva Dharma Sambhavna forms the base of modern secularism,western inspired liberty,equality and fraternity became the base of our constitution and society.However,as anti-thesis to secular nationalists,certain elements of Indian nationalist phase got influenced by the fascist elements of pre-war Europe.It is these elements which pose a challenge and threat not only to culture of India,but also its very existence.

    A state’s beauty lies in its society and a societies’s beauty lies in its culture.Culture is what binds people and nourishes them.Culture is never static.Globalization exposes society,and this exposure bring changes in the culture.It changes to the changing circumstances,changing belief systems.However,the fundamentals remain the same.So today’s threat is about these changes.Its in between the conservative elements and progressive elements.

    Conservative elements by challenging the change,maintain status quo.However they fail to understand that change is intrinsic in Indian culture.Hinduism is the live example of change and evolution.While Education helps to instill the right culture among the subjects,the lack of stringent action by the government on these elements pollutes it and thereby threatening the existence of the very idea of India.Hence any challenge to the culture should be thwarted,resisted not only by the society at large,but also the government should take action with an Iron hand without looking for electoral gains.

  • Ujjwal Kansal

    Indian culture is one of oldest surviving cultures of the world which has survived for more than 5000 years. It has following traits:

    ü Tolerance and acceptance of dissent and difference
    ü Unity in diversity
    ü Positive aspect of secularism unlike negative one of Europe and US
    ü Accommodative and inclusive of other cultures
    ü Well practiced democracy and republic since the age of Buddha and Mahavira
    ü Freedom of belief, thought and expression
    ü Nature worshiper and apathy with smallest of creatures
    ü Heritage of ‘Vasudeva Kutumbakam’ and ‘atithi devo bhava’
    ü Equal respect to all religious doctrines, beliefs and cultural norms
    ü Harmony and peaceful coexistence of different communities, along with asylum to refugees

    Recently many fundamental and ideological organizations and self-style proponents have come up as the protector of Indian culture. The killing of writers and authors, lynching of people of other faiths for different beliefs, religious disharmony and communal violence have caused a great defamation of Indian culture. These acts of intolerance and violence have maligned the nobility of Indian culture domestically and internationally. It is clearly a threat to the sovereignty of Indian culture.

    If constitution is a legal document upholding rights and duties of section of societies, the culture is a moral document that acts as a binding force and reflects the greatness and inclusiveness of a society. The so called protectors of culture have taken a wrong stand by showing their fundamental attitude and restricting certain freedoms conferred upon Indians by legal or moral institutions. On the contrary, they have also opened a gateway to correct and check these shortfalls without making any big blow to cultural ethos. This should be seen as an opportunity to further strengthen Indian culture by way of discussion and collaboration of different stakeholders in an open and democratic way.

  • Arun

    The Indian culture has been marked with the accommodation of all cultures which have manifested through out the history of Indian civilisation right from Indo-Greek interaction till the contemporary age of globalisation.It emphasizes of peaceful co-existence of communities irrespective of their culture,language,religion,caste,gender etc.

    In this context,the diversity of India has been manifested in the form of number of religion,language,culture,ethnicity etc present in India which no other country has in the present context.This is the result of acceptance of different cultures,accommodation of different faiths and tolerance of pluralism which in turn paves way for great Indian culture.The Buddhism and Jainism, Bhakti and Sufi movement and later the lesson of great Indian thinkers such as Gandhi and Tagore have held the great value of Indian culture.The grand Indian constitution manifest the diversity of India and unity among Indians.

    In this context,the contradictions has always been the part of the Indian culture throughout its history and this contradiction has pave way for more debates and argument.This has led to further development of Indian culture thereby making truly pluralistic.However,when contradiction and antithesis turns into the violence,the whole concept of acceptance and development comes to halt.

    In this context,the growing intolerance has created the sense of fear in the minds of people which would manifest in the stagnancy of culture.The growing culture of cultural chauvinism and pseudo nationalism would destroy the great Indian cultural civilisation.
    Hence,it is the duty of every Indians to uphold the Indian value of acceptance and debate to move towards civilisation and cherish the great Indian tradition.

    • Saint Shambhujs

      good one

  • arind

    plz review it

  • AJ

    Indian culture has a long history of tolerant behavior towards the other religion and culture. Main characteristic of Indian culture is unity in diversity. India is land of 1000 different languages and different religious faith. India is a birth place of major religions which promote idea of ’Ahimsa’ or non-violence. Hindus, Muslims, Buddhist etc. all fought against British in India’s first battle of independence in 1857. In Akbar’s court, half of ministers are of Hindu faith. Christians, Muslims, Hindus, Jains, Buddhist etc. all are contributed for the development of India.
    But now a day, some incidents gravely affect the religious harmony between people. Social fabric of India losing its rainbow color. Some incidents like Lynching of guy due to suspicion of eating beef, beat Australian because he has a tattoo of Hindu goddess on his hand, distribution of meat during Jain festival by political parties in Maharashtra although government ban etc. pose a serious threat to our Indian culture.

    There are many forces which threatened Indian culture of nonviolence and inclusive of people of all religious faith.
    a) Radical religious groups who are overzealous for religion and took violent way to curb activity which may against their faith.
    b) Political parties which instigate hatred among people of different religion for the sake of votes.
    c) Misuse of social media by some groups to spread baseless rumors which results to riots
    d) Lack of proper education among masses which enables minority to become easily victimized
    e) Silence of public figures to condemn violent activities against minorities

  • Supriya Sharma

    Indian culture is oldest living tradition on the earth. So vast is its ideology and so great is its virtue that it is often called ‘Vishwa Guru’. The lyrics of the song”Hai reet yhan ki preet sadha, mai geet jhan k gaata hu” reflect the emotional aspect of India’s greatness. The great Ramayana reflects one such character-Shri Ram. His obedience to elders,truthfulness,down to earth nature, respect towards even enemies, brotherhood,friendship even with animals like monkeys and vast meaning of that friendship, trust on the brother of enemy,helping out everyone,& giving up of his wife for the sake of his subjects ,all bring to light our very traits. The tolerance of Ashoka and Akbar,the truthfulness of yudhistra and harishchander,the humanity of Swami vivekanda,the non-violence and brotherhood of Mahatma Gandhi and several other virtues of our forefathers appeal to our head and hearts. There are examples of Shri Krishna who would eat butter with his friends irrespective of their caste,creed or colour, & who could marry all the ladies imprisoned and exploited by kansa.
    But today things have quite changed. Rapes,mureders,communal violence, growing divorces,disharmony even in families, increasing no. Of ‘old age homes’ are the live examples that Indian culture is under threat today. Defect lies in the root, friuts are but obvious…..
    1.Lack of moral education at schools.
    2.Bringing up in an environment of competition & isolation with the sole purpose of being the best.
    3.Disappearing joint family norms that inculcate the principles of tolerance,brotherhood and growing up together.
    4.Growing selfishness & craving for name, fame,power and money.
    5.Lack of parental supervision over what their children see or do at internet or t.v. .
    6 .Growing concern for bollywood that can go to any extent for earning more
    7.lack of meditation that would teach peoples the values of self-control
    8.Increasing use of narcotics,alcohol and addictive drugs
    9.Laws are not stringent, judgement is often delayed and punishments not that harsh. Some of the criminals escape owing to lack of evidence
    10.Corruption that can free a convict even after doing wrong.
    11.Power sometimes in the wrong hands.
    12. Publicity trends
    Though reasons are many,we need to look into our disappearing virtues and morals before we become unsafe for our neighbours and society

    • Arun Chhari

      did you see the word limit? answer is good but needs to be shortened.

  • Shashank Shahi

    1) Indian cultural is a way of life and people are connected with each other through more than 1000 years old tradition which bound each other together.
    2) Despite being divided by different language , different ritual to worship hindu goddess , different way of wearing cloths still one part of india country can connect themselves with other part of country through hindu religion.
    3) Indian cultural is not oly represented by holly book of bhagwat gita , ramayan , its also represented by other form of art , panting , and dance for example like kathakali , bharatnatyam etc.

    Due to religious politics and anti religious propaganda by foreign missionary in india and fund by other foreign country is threatening indian culture in many ways , these are as follows…
    1) Indian culture is under threat due to intolerance of political party of right wing group who are intolerable to any small thing related to religion.
    2) Many foreign country are funding money to christian missionary to convert people in adivasi forest into christian.
    3) Politics of selective secularism is becoming dangerous in india due to that one specific religion is getting sympathy and other is getting targeted by pseudo secular group this create the anti religious sentiment in other group and this things create problem in long run.
    4 ) every religion is unique and different in teaching the moral value of life but religious scholars religion comparing mentality creating anger and hatred among people.

  • MAK

    Indian culture is known for unity in diversity and not for
    unity in singularity ie harmonious relation between various religion, culture
    ,customs etc. These various religion,customs,culture and equal space to each
    are the various traits of Indian culture.

    But recently ,various
    incidents had put the Indian culture under threat.

    Killing of liberal writer and academician like Kalburgi .

    Lynching incident of Dadri.

    Attack on Australian citizen over tattoo of Indian goddess.

    All these incidents indicate that the tolerance ,cultural
    and religious pluralism which are the basic traits of Indian culture is under

    Various forces behind this have the thought that their
    religion or culture is being attacked and instead of stopping this ,political
    class is trying to take political mileage over it which is depressing. Everyone
    should try to understand that such acts are tarnishing the image of India which
    is known for its diversity and tolerance and instead should follow the path of peace,harmony among various

  • india is a vast country and has long past its culture evolved through the aeges and is known for the assimilation of different cultures from different people all over the world ,the feature of indian culture are
    1)unity in diversity-having different people of different culture india is assimilating them into one without loosing peoples identity.indai is a land where one can find all the peoples profeesing worlds religion therfore it is rightly said india is the “epitome of the world”
    2)racial diversity-india is not the land of aryans or dravidians but the land of various races in short” india is an ethnological museum”
    3)common heritage-epics like mahabharta,ramayan read all over the india with vigor and fostering the unity
    4)sanskrit languages-although it is considered the language of elite class yet acting like a bridge between north and south indias people
    5)hindu pilgrimage-kashi in noth rameshwaram in south dwarka in west and puri in east absorbed tourist from every corner from the india thus further fostering the integration amongst people
    but since some time the unity is under threat incidents like dadri lynching,murder of kalburgi,inked the kulkarni,muzzafarnagar riots,agra forced conversion etc are shaking the foundation of unity,diversity of india thanks to the growing fundamentalism,vote banks politics,commmunalisation etc
    however confilicts are not new its since ancient time the execution of anti muslim by aurangzeb,divide and rule policy of britishers which further enhanced the gulf between hindu and muslim but its very interesting that the india passed the most difficult face with distinction and emerges in more unified,more integrated even before.

  • gugha priya

    Indian culture is one of the world’s oldest civilization in India began about 4,500 years ago. India’s culture has many sides and includes intellectual and social aspects of human life.

    Basic traits of Indian culture:
    1) Variety and Unity: India is diverse in many aspects like religion, language, ethnicity and socio-cultural facets. Yet, ‘Unity in Diversity’ is a fundamental mandra of our culture.
    2) Secular outlook: It is a significant feature irrespective of various religions and Indian constitution ensures secularism in fundamental rights and Directive principles.
    3)Universalism: Promotes peace, harmony and brotherhood to the entire world.
    4) Spiritualism: India is known as ‘Land of the Spirituality’ to the entire world.

    Nevertheless, over the period, we have been seeing certain threatening elements to Indian culture such as
    i) Meat ban during Eid festival – raises concern on secularism
    ii) Incomplete freedom and long lasting stereotypes to women – per culture, women should be respected as Goddess.
    iii) Ceaseless conflicts based on religion, language, creed and caste based murders – ‘Unity in Diversity’ has been ignored here
    iv) Abuse of digital technology to spread terrorism
    v) Differences in worshipping supernatural forces – significant implication of theological and spiritual values have been dismissed

    We, Indians have to apprehend the real meaning of the Indian culture and understand its essential values instead of going with its puritanical elements.

    • gugha priya

      Friends, please review.

      • Akki

        Hey! your answer to the first part of the question is good. But i think more clarity is needed in your second part of the answer. The question is about forces threatening culture and for example meat ban is an example, not a force. We can talk about religious fundamentalists, politics, inequality etc

        • gugha priya

          Hi Akki, thanks much for the review and the very valid point, helped me to understand the question better. I will rephrase the answer, thanks again:)

  • Rest is history

    the ethos of indian culture stands for tolerance,assimilation and benevolence.It is a depiction of unity in diversity.It is these traits that makeindian culture unique.
    recent surge in incidences of communal violence(muzzafarnagar riots),religious intolerance(dadri lynching) and increased vigilantism/moral policing(Shiv sena’s activism in Maharashtra) presents a worrying picture of attack on indian ethos.
    the forces of communalism,fundamentalism coupled with politicking are posing a treat to indian culture.Communalism is an ideology in which the society is believed to be divided into religious coummunities whose interests are different and at times opposed to each other.Extreme communalism results in agitation,riots,violence endangering safety,law and order and reputation of the state(US report on religious intolerance in India).It could be majority communalism and minority communalism depending upon the proportion of community wrt total population.In context of india,majority communalism is associated with hinduism and minority communalism usually with muslims.it is often given political color which makes it more damaging.Fundamentalism is giving prominence ,to the extent of punishing in case of non conformance ,to a particular religious ideolgy.This is pursued by putting dining restrictions,marriage preferences,food choices etc.This is also given political fervour to gather support of conservatives.Vigilantism is the practice of people becoming/posing as protector of a self prescribed norms or culture.This becomes visible as moral policing,religious policing.
    all these forces claim act to protect religion,culture,morality but in reality they harming the society by breeding intolerance and hatred.
    in this regard it is important to curb these forces.This could be done by following zero tolerance policy for any act committed by these forces in contravention to law or fundamnetal rights of the people.a comprehensice communal violence bill,curb on inflamatory speeches by politicians would be the step in right direction.


    India-the land of unity in diversity is well coined by Jawaharlal Nehru. It is the home of world oldest civilization and its due to her unique traits we are still flourishing and setting a example worldwide. Some traits which makes us unique are:-

    1) Religious Tolerance:
    Being a country with almost all of the religion practitioners makes India land of diversity. We call ourselves Secular and rights of minorities are taken into account through various laws.

    2) Followers of panchseel principals:
    We strictly follow the panchseel principals for mutual benefits with our immediate neighbors. We believe in peaceful coexistence .

    3) Athiette Devo Bwahh:
    We treat our guest as god and take care of them as we take care of our god. We believe in giving rich hospitality to our guests.

    However, recent incident in the country has arouse a sign of concern to the existence of our traits. Some incident like:-

    1) Lynching of minority community person just on rumors. Same type of incident being reported in various part of country this has lead to arise the feeling of religious intolerance.

    2) Repeated incident of molestation against foreigners has put whole country on
    shame on world stage. It has hurt the trust of foreigners and raises the
    feeling of insecurity.

    3) Recent incident of throwing ink, fighting scene in assembly too dented the image of the country.

    All these incidents are performed by the fringe elements of the country who are in regular chance of carrying these activities to halt the development of the country and to push country into quagmire of problems.

    • Saint Shambhujs

      nice u could also add…”sarve bhavantu sukhinah” may all be happy

  • Vijay

    Indian culture developed over centuries is mixed culture of different religions, regions, languages, etc. Indian culture is said to be very rich and diverse. The main traits are:

    1. Assimilative culture:- culture has survived and adapted changes brought by different ruling dynasties and religions
    2. Diverse and representative culture:- no one culture is representative of India. After every few kms languages change, each area has its own culture.
    3. Peace loving and non violent- the religions native to it – Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism have preached peace and love for all. Same is reflected in the principles of Panchsheel and NAM which India followed.
    4. Open culture:- Though old traditions are retained, new ones are also assimilated
    5. Respect for elders
    6. Respect and love for every living being including trees and animals
    7. Universal brotherhood
    8. ‘Athiti devo bhawa’
    9. There are certain negative aspects of our culture also which includes poor position of women, caste separation, social ills like dowry, female infanticide,etc.

    Indian culture has changed itself with changing times but has retained the basic core values. However the culture has come under threat because of below factors:

    1. Due to globalization, nuclear families are increasing. The values of joint families, care for elders and neighbours, and ‘athiti devo bhawa’ are getting blurred.

    2. Some radical elements of different religions are spreading hatred and enemity

    3. Respect of women which is old Indian value is getting blurred

    4. Radicalism, extremism, fundamentalism, non tolerance.

    5. Blind following of western culture and adopting its negative values like disrespect to elders, violence but not following the positives like respect for women, tolerance.

    • ashi

      nyc answer

  • Saurabh Sharma

    India represents one of the oldest continuously existing culture in the world. Though many civilizations and cultures originated much before the Harappan era such as Egyptians, Mesopotamians, Aztecs etc, most of them have perished before the modern era. What traits has helped the Indian culture to continue for so long?

    Indian culture was never a rigid set of rules and traditions. Instead it has a deep ethical origin which makes it adaptable and applicable to changing practical realities. It has always retained non-violence as an important value. Equal respect to other people, religion, philosophies induces the quality of patience and assimilation of new ideas. That is the reason why our culture was enriched by various religious traditions of hindus, muslims, jains, buddhists, parsis etc and in turn enriched them also. Because of this quality, the new and revolutionary ideas never challenged and disrupted our culture instead they become part of it.

    But today our culture is under a threat. A new and unprecedented wave of consumerism and hedonistic influences has provided a challenge in the propagation of our culture from one generation to another. This has contributed to an increased level of impatience and competitive spirit in the society. In such an environment, progress of one group is seen as a cause of backwardness of other. This has manifested in increased communal violence, caste and reservation propaganda etc. This is the time when the govt needs to increase the ambit of its activities from politico-administrative to the ethical leader coupled with efficient provision of equality of opportunity to the marginalised sections of the society.

  • Supriya Sharma

    @arun chhari….yeah i realize…it exceeded the word limits….will surely improve….n thanku for ur valuable suggestion

  • Preetham Kumar

    Please review my answer ……

  • Dhanesh Chandra

    Indian culture has evolved from series of setback and suffering. It has always tried to assimilate

    the goodnessof other culture though this kind of tendency is very unique which is rarely found in

    other culture.
    some of the important traits of our culture are tolerance to different religion sects

    We have always given sufficient space to pluralist society values,even if the idea seems to be very irrational at origin but we always
    prefered healty discussion on every issue as the same thing can also be inferred from the “Argumentative India” in which

    Amartya sen has very eloquently explained how our multicultural multilingual culture has survived and have always tried to

    evolve over various challenges of totalitarian.Every king in his wisdom has promoted neutralism to show equal respect for

    the different ideas.

    As of current situation india culture seems to undergo a very difficult situation in which different section of society is trying hard

    to get more and more space on the noisy floor of democracy in making.In this process of getting more space we are becoming

    more and more intolerant which may not be good for the young democractic country like india.
    Various Faction of society is demanding more and more concession from the gov and gov too is relying on the populist measure
    which may lead to setback.

  • DSR

    Indian culture as we understand it is an amalgamation of various philosophies, values, practices, cultures etc. which have been derived from the cults and religions of the numerous races and tribes which were either historical natives of the peninsula or have traveled from other parts of the world and have settled here. This amalgamation has been possible because the underlying philosophy of the Indian culture has been of tolerance, accommodation and mutual respect.

    In recent times there have been sporadic instances where religious intolerance and communal hatred has come to the fore. Attacks on churches, lynching of a man over alleged consumption of cow meat, murder of authors and intellectuals being threatened due to ideological differences are some examples of these sporadic instances. These acts belie the underlying philosophy of Indian culture of tolerance, accommodation. Unchecked spread of such a propaganda by the religious and communal fringe elements certainly pose a threat to the existence and sustainability of Indian culture.

    The government should strive to streamline the law and order situation so that such fringe elements are eliminated from the society. Religious leaders and preachers of various religions should take it upon themselves to propagate the religious philosophy of their respective religions and prevent varied and twisted ideological interpretations which are usually derived and propagated by fringe elements for fulfillment of vested interests. The media can play a major role in spreading the message of peace and harmony and should ensure that the reporting of such incidents if any, should be done in a responsible and unbiased manner so as to prevent further speculations.

    (264 words)

    • Saint Shambhujs

      good one

      • DSR

        thanks bro 🙂

  • Manu

    Traits of Indian Culture:

    India has an ancient
    civilization,its culture has made a lot
    of contribution to the world progress
    and civilization.

    The Indian cultural system is made up of numerous cultural
    elements added together.Some of these may be classified into:


    India is a religious country, and almost all the people
    believe in religion. Religion touches every corner of the Indian society and
    the soul of all the ordinary people. In short, ‘Life’ will have no meaning
    without religion.


    Inclusiveness is another characteristic of Indian culture
    that distinguishes it from other cultures. Of all kinds of local cultures,
    linguistic cultures and religious cultures of India in history, each contains a
    variety of elements in part from alien cultures.

    Every language has loanwords and alien elements, but those
    of Hindi are unique. The analysis of the of Hindi shows that Hindi absorbs many
    words from English, Sanskrit, Persian and Arabic and even a few from Turkish,
    besides its own derivations. All these words integrate into the vocabulary of
    Hindi, perfectly representing the contents of Hindi. English has left a great impact on Hindi,
    especially modern Hindi. Owing to the influence of English and its absorption
    and use of English, the capacity of Hindi is further enlarged both in depth and
    breadth and keeps up with the modern era, thus evolving for a prosperous


    It is prominent
    characteristics of the Indian cultural system. Within this system, there are
    different cultural elements such as
    Islamic culture, Persian culture,Jainsm culture etc. The reason for this
    diversity is multifaceted and the most important factor is the alien cultures
    brought to India by invaders.

    It is the diversity of Indian culture that exhibits its
    uniqueness , brilliance and glory,.All these cultures co exist peacefully.

    4. Linguistic Diversity:

    Racial diversity of India has its direct reflection on the
    linguistic variety of India. Different
    languages and dialects are spoken by the people of different regions and
    different races.

    The Constitution of India has given recognition to 18
    languages as modern Indian languages.

    5. Economic Diversity:

    From economic point of view India presents a picture of
    diversity. It is a country of princes and paupers, aristocrats and middle class
    people, highly rich and extremely poor people. If India is proud of possessing
    some richest people of the world, it is also a matter of shame that millions go
    without two square meals a day. Crores of Indians live below the poverty line
    for generations while the rich continue to grow richer and richer.

    Yes I think Indian culture is under threat today by and
    because of following:

    1.Western influence is causing a great damage to core indian
    cultural values.

    2.The concept of joint families is fastly decreasing every
    one wants to remain aloof from others because of todays fast moving
    life.Westernization has given rise to single families.

    3 No body now thinks
    about others and only cares about himself which is totally contradictory
    to our Indian culture which teaches to be a part of each other Joy’s and
    Sorrows to celebrate the moments together and share the grief together. People
    are blindly following the western culture without knowing its consequences.

    4 Children are brought up in this western atmosphere. They are thus kept miles away
    from Indian culture. There is no harm in giving the knowledge of other cultures
    and traditions as Indians have made their presence in every part of world and
    it is very necessary that we should have knowledge of their culture, traditions
    and their language.

    5.No doubt the western culture is versatile and has taught
    to be self-independent but this does not mean that we will forget our culture
    at all and blindly follow it.

    As we all know that
    India has the tradition to take good things from others but this does
    not mean that we will completely forget our values. We should feel proud that
    we are Indian s and we have such a rich cultural heritage which is very rare
    and should carry this forward and inherit the same to our New generations who are going to be our future.

    • amit

      hey word limits ??
      n u focussed only on western threat ??
      wat abt others like fundamentalism,intolerance

      pls review mine

      • Manu

        Thanks for missed points. Should keep it in prescribed limit

  • amit


    • Manu

      As you have mentioned incidents responsible as threat is it good to give some current examples of incidents like :
      1. 3 Rationalist thinkers murder
      2. Ink thrown on book release function
      3. Dadri incident
      4. Beef/ Cow related remarks used in election rallys in Bihar

      • amit

        ya it should be but I left them because all r of vry very recent and I thought of giving in holistic sense overtly referring to them n also word limit

  • aashish 2000

    Indian culture has a significance of 5000 years
    history which started from ancient periods to independence and still counting.
    The traits such as religious, diversity, dance, music, language, food and caste
    reflects the Indian culture.

    – Starting from Ashoka to Gandhi has preached non
    violence which was grown as a root of Indian society.

    – People with different religions, caste living
    together with unity strengthens India as a diversified nation.

    – Indian cuisine has a world importance and different
    languages unites the people as common brotherhood.

    Recent changing of Indian society prones threat to Indian
    culture by rapid influence of westernisation, violence, government and its

    – Indian Government opened gates to LPG to enhance its
    growth, but along with growth our society is also changing in the lines towards

    – Violation of laws by taking law into hands of common
    people against other affects the Cultural values embibed in Indian society.

    – Political caste and regional bias, and government policies
    forced civilians towards lynching of others affects common brotherhood.

    Change in Individual and government towards society
    and technology utilisation will revive the roots of Indian culture.

  • Ankit

    In India, people of different religion, caste, community and race live together; practice their culture which gets reflected through their language, cuisine, music, dancing etc.

    Traits of Indian Culture:
    1. Indian culture is growing, changing and developing in accordance with time without losing its everlasting and imperishable spirit.
    2. It imbibes the ideas of every individual irrespective of its caste, community and race. Hence, it has a universal appeal.
    3. The fertility/vastness of land and its agricultural growth over thousands of years explains the tenacity of indian culture and influences the mind of people.
    4. The spirit of tolerance not only saved it from various conflicts but also enriched its content.

    India culture, being a subject of continuity and change, faced several threats from within and outside world.
    1. Today, an indian youth is too much attracted towards western culture, thus becoming far apart in adapting the customs, rituals etc. continuing from thousand of year before.
    2. With increasing globalisation, new modern trends are emerging, thereby, overriding the present cultural values.
    3. Today, Indian culture has become very sensitive and showing intolerance towards people of different community (Muslims, Christians) who do not practice the same customs or worship the same God. Hence, there is increase in ideological conflicts among the people of different customs.

    Chinese and Indian culture are the oldest culture in the world. But with growing influence of chinese revolution, culture of china lost its flame. Hence, glory of indian culture continued and need to be sustained. It is important for all citizens to revive the pride of indian culture by imbibing the new trends, ideas, traditions etc rather than sticking to self-centric norms thereby threatening our everlasting culture.

    Please Review…..

  • an pd

    Culture is created out of the values that dominates a society. In India we have several social customs different religious concepts and philosophical alternatives which makes India a unique nation as we are free to follow one of our choice as we live in a country where Unity is in diversity.
    Since ages we are taught to regard Guests as God , from Buddha to Gandhi we are following and carrying the traits of truth, peace , tolerance and non-violence.
    Our diverse culture never asked to differentiate people on the basis of eating habits, dressings, religion or caste and creed. But in the recent time the individual ideas and political ideologies have overtaken the very basic of our society I.e multicultural and multilingual India .
    The lynching of some people because their eating habit is dissimilar , the canceling of concert of a music artist because he follows different religion and a menial act of harassing a woman just because she have tattooed a Goddess on her body , these incidences signals we are destroying the very social fabric of our nation .On what our nation is rested is what we are destroying . This will create a more serious situation if we fail to protect our values.

  • ViVi

    Some peculiar traits of Indian culture are:-
    1. unity in diversity
    2. pluralism of religion, ethnicity, social practices, language
    3. tolerance
    4. adaptability i.e combination of tradition and modernity.
    5. socialistic i.e respect of individual rights goes along with welfare of society in mind.

    There is certainly a cultural confict we are facing today in pur society.
    British sowed the seed sof communal ism to weaken our national movement. The same now seem to weaken our national identity.
    Communal ism has led to erosion of tolerance.
    Besides this cultural diversity is also hit because of rise of regionalism. Regional politics have impacted our trait of unity in diversity. This is evident in the way poor people of UP and BIhar have often been chase away in other developed states.
    Rich and poor divide has also impacted our culture. The cultural traits mentioned above are modern and require critical and intelectual bent of mind to adopt it. But the people battling poverty and hunger can not be expected to understand the value fo this culture

  • MSA

    India is an amalgamation of various civilizations .its
    culture is influenced by many factors like past history geographical features

    The traits of Indian culture are

    a)Unity in diversity
    c)Equality and Brotherhood
    d)Love and respect for others
    e)Sympathy for others
    f)Faith in god

    Forces that are threatening Indian culture are

    Politics : to gain votes politicians are dividing people in the name of religion and other trivial

    Globalization : it had a vast impact on the dressing and food habits

    Movies : Indian cinema copies west .indian people are influenced by movies.

    Migration of people : many people are leaving for better opportunity.when
    they return back .they follow the foreign culture.

  • Rajesh

    Indian culture is an epitome of unity in diversity. One of the oldest culture that have been flourished with a passage of time. In the Upnishads it has been written that “Vasudhaiva Kutumbkum” which mean the whole world in one family. Traits of Indian culture are:
    1. Morality and tolerance: Our culture always gives a clear distinction about what is good and what is bad. How will be the human kind treated and in case if somebody goes against the human kind then we need to adopt the method of truth and non-violence for corrective measure.
    2. Secular nature: Our culture tries to accommodate and gives space to every religion which is equally enshrined in Article 25 i.e. freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propogation of religion.
    3. Athiti Devo bhavo: Indian culture treats every guest as GOD which shows that a good relationship with all the foreigners is at our priority list.

    Recently we have seen that with the increase in fringe element and hate speeches made by politicians, our culture is in a deep trouble.
    Various examples are:
    1. Increase in religious offending: Beef ban in various states which is supported by the political parties give rises to hatred towards communities who usually takes Beef as their meal.
    2. Hate speeches: In the various region, lynch mob killed people those are carrying beef to slaughter houses. Hate speech made by various politician giving thrust to these kinds of activities with a big threat of communal violence.
    3. Fringe element: Various sects like the followers of Shiv sena, RSS and Bajrang dal causing disrupt by promoting the extreme Hinduism practices.

    India is always seen as a country which gives space and respect to everyone. It should be our responsibility to follow the principal laid down by our policy makers. To respect everyone’s freedom by respecting their food habits and customs. “Right to offend” should not be a culture which gives rise to narrow thinking.

    • Sunny

      Good answer.. 🙂

      • Rajesh

        Thanks Sunny 🙂

    • godslonelyman

      pl review mine

  • Rahul

    First time I am writing pls give kind suggestions
    Millon years BHARAT living together. Now known as india for respecting all the religion of world , she has been accepting all religion unlike western nation.
    Indian do belong to some sort of characteristics like
    A.secularism-every folk respect others religion
    B.Festival-every indian celebrate all religious festivals activly
    C.Gender equality-india worship many godess like kalikadevi, durgadevi .Its sign of equlity
    Freedom-different religious, , ethnicity, race, ,language , food habit are respected here on land of spirituality
    Unfortunately some fundamentalist grope malign the image of india. Recent news about dadri lynching, bangalori people assaulted foreigners over tatoo, many beef consumers being beaten up, many minor teenagers being rape , crime rate has gone up.in such situations many hindu ideological killing person like pansare. Want to make this land for hindu land only , which could land up india in danger.

    • PK

      keep writing… keep improving .. especially your sentence formation …gather the information frm diff sources …. understand question demand .. and then answer .. any way very good attempt in first time

      • Rahul


    • godslonelyman

      pl review mine 2 🙂

    • Saint Shambhujs

      good beginning … keep it up

  • skyhighambition

    wrds-199 , time taken-9 mins

    • FinalAttempt

      bro.. a good one. just to know can v write a quote in conclusion ?

      • skyhighambition

        thanx,bro..yes,we can write it anywhere viz.intro,body,conclusion…its purpose is to say maximum in minimum words 🙂

        • FinalAttempt

          ya good idea.. but hw do u memorise all Quotes ?

          • skyhighambition

            bro, u myt hv noticed quotes vch i use r very simple n one liner..moreover, i use dem while discussing such issues vd frnds 🙂

            • FinalAttempt

              ya i seen.. its good u discuss with ur friends .. keep it up, i ll also try to follow same.. 🙂

    • sandeep kumar

      Simple but decent. But brother one confusion……does culture acquired through training?

      Plz review mine. And suggestions welcome.

      • skyhighambition

        thanx, bro..yes, lyk our parents trains us through sanskars ,our teachers do it by use of punishment n awards etc…its not a formal training but a training or conditioning of our minds unknowingly 🙂

    • Dilip Kumar

      Nice bro.. in every question u writing some quote which is making your ans awesome…keep writing .

      • skyhighambition

        thanx bro 🙂

    • fast

      SUPERB unsurprisingly as usual….one after another without any stop…

    • amit


      one saying i read some where recently
      reform to preserve–macaulay

      • skyhighambition

        thanx : )

    • godslonelyman

      I guess unity in diversity is a fake thing!
      we were never united

      good ans as far as structure is concerned

    • KICHU

      excellent ans!!!

      • skyhighambition

        thanx,frnd 🙂

    • sumeet kumar


    • Dhyan mudra

      nice attempt… but bro ‘art of living’ defines the civilization of a society…. dont confuse it with Culture…
      All points are good and diverse covering wider aspects. keep writing.

      • skyhighambition

        thanx,bro..vl tke care of it.

      • skyhighambition

        bro , u know i hv learnt a lot 4m u .. 1)wen i asked u abt ur whereabts aftr not getting u on dis forum-den u replied n dat too vd integrity, frnd it needs a lot of courage vch u hv..keep it up 2) u r reviewing also n dat too vd honesty.. In both cases, bro -u wer not bound 2 reply but u did..i cn only say upsc is a loser n not u bcz it hs lost d gem…i SALUTE U .. u r d salt of d earth..wud lyk to b in touch vd dis gem, bro,my email id is [email protected] ..juz send ur mail so dat i can add u in my contacts 🙂

        • Dhyan mudra

          Yar, In the state of serenity in this phase of life, ur these words are
          really full of power and have really really brought out the human
          inside me, in my front. This have forced me to contemplate about the
          future course of studies. I may go for state civil services now.
          the exam is something different but what essentially important is to
          help people around you, keep country clean, spread happiness, follow
          rules, respect constitution and it doesn’t require a person to be a
          bureaucrat first.
          Its good to read that you have observed something good in me, but friend its all derived from various sources .. 🙂

          I wish you maintain your rectitude towards this grand exam and achieve the pinnacle of success.

          • skyhighambition

            my email id – [email protected] ..juz mail me so dat i can add u in my contacts..

          • skyhighambition

            thanx … 🙂

  • shankar

    Traits of Indian culture, is under threat, critically comment?

    The way Indian people live is the reflection of Indian culture. The Indian culture are; religions, food, architecture, cloths, dance, music and languages. All these have regional variation and amalgamation of many culture spanning across the Indian subcontinent and other places in the world like maruitus, fiji etc. Some elements of our society have recently shaked the foundation of this millenium old culture.

    Tolerance; Gradual increase of intolerance has promoted a sense of insecurity. The events such; attack on church, Eklakh’s lynching in Dadri, attack on Australian citizen over tattoo of god Yellama.

    Multiculturalism; places of origin of religions such Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism and coexistence with Christian and Muslim religion. Sarvadharma Sambham.

    threats for Indian culture;
    –Self-styled proponents; they have been making efforts to safeguard the Indian cult based on their on thinking at the cost social harmony and respect for other culture.
    Chauvnism; way of living for region, religion, caste, faith, food, cloth etc.
    Inflexibility of fundamentalist; to make whole region a follower of their faith and sect.
    Dwindling morality of political parties; for remaining in power, our political parties have been trying to use every tools of his quiver at the cost of multiculrism and peaceful co-existence of Indian culture.

    Humanism; loss of humanism among some section of fundamentalist and cadre of group oraganistions and political parties.

    So, this trend of intolerance, chauvnism and narrow-mindedness would breed unsocial creatures for this peace loving nation. To be safe, secure and properous in the world, promotion of multiculturalism and imbibe a sense of humanity requres.

    plz rvw frnds

    • Sunny

      All points included. But more clarity is needed. By way of simple re-structuring and by shortening the piece, you can write a very good answer.

      For instance, you have mentioned the examples in the second paragraph while you mention the tolerance point. In my opinion you can take those examples from there and fix it in the second part where you mention the chauvanism and all to substantiate the point. Conclusion is also good.

      • shankar

        thanks dost keep critical review

      • godslonelyman

        good review pl review mine 2 🙂

    • godslonelyman

      pl review mine

  • SSB

    I m preparing for 2016 exam
    Daily 1- 2 hours I write the answer given secure 2015 but I m getting proper way to right the answer
    Please tell me any suggestions that will help me to build strong answer writing practice

    • skyhighambition

      SSB, though m not an expert but i attempt to tell watevr i know..initially,it hpnd vd evry1 but vd practice u vl start tking less tym..first attempt d answer without reading nybdy’s answer n not evn d source den read d source provided,cn read answers n do a bit googling,aftr dis u cn add d additional points in ur answer..aftr somedays,u vl c issues get repeated den a bit here n der n its done vdout consuming so much tym e.g questns on NJAC hs bn regularly cuming so if u know it in depth once u cn attempt all questns related…hop,i hv addressed wat u wer luking for;u cn alwys ask i vl certaily reply if i know.. 🙂

      • target 2016

        yeah thanks.. I am also facing the same problem 🙁 its really time consuming

        • skyhighambition

          always welcum ,bro 🙂

      • SSB

        Thank you so much

  • SSB

    Sorry one correction I m not getting proper direction

  • target 2016

    There are eight major religions in the world. Every single one of them is practiced in India.More than 1600 languages are mother tongues of Indian people in various parts of the country. There are more than 100 dance forms that exist in India. Cultural diversity is the basic feature of Indian culture.Indian culture has always showed tolerance towards various faiths and beliefs. Every variety of religion, culture is acknowledged and even encouraged.This is the beauty of Indian culture.
    Hinduism has thrived over the centuries due to its larger than life philosophy and tolerance. But there are few elements in the society who feel insecure about their religion and they think that their religion is under threat. According to them western influence may spoil our culture and liberal thoughts will have negative impact on their culture. such extremist thoughts results into the Dadri lynching and murder of liberal thinkers, writers like Kalburgi and Pansare.
    The rise of extremism is the only threat to our culture. Government need to curb this as early as possible to save our culture otherwise it will lead to the path that is followed by IS and Taliban.

    • godslonelyman

      off the track!
      pl review mine 2 🙂

  • Dilip Kumar

    PLZ review

    • skyhighambition

      well attempted..juz 2 add dat since d questn givs 50% wtge to traits n 50% to threats , so u need elaborate a bit more on traits..if u r writing answers with a view of note making as well , as few ppl r doing then no probs cn continue else u need 2 giv a bit emphasis on d other half of questn also 🙂

      • godslonelyman

        brother! pl review mine 2 🙂

        and I am waiting for ur ans

      • Dilip Kumar

        Thanks …ok will take weightage issue …

        • skyhighambition


    • godslonelyman

      pl review mine 2 🙂

    • godslonelyman

      cool ans! but u spoke of threat to communal harmony not the entire culture. u mentioned many things as part of culture and there are many threats as well ,, not just religious fundamentalism.

      what abt to forces which are working against nature as u claimed nature is part of Indian culture …

      Try to give a holistic look to the ans..

      • Dilip Kumar

        thanks for input frnd .. actually its my weak area…need ur valuable input in future also … keep reviewing ..thanks

  • aditya vishnu

    Indian culture with its myriad forms has been evolving and intermixing since its Harappan age. It has been predominantly the most accepting and diverse in the world. The basic traits seen today are-
    1. Tolerance and Diversity- with the continuous stream of invaders and migrants from north west, north east and later the sea route discovered by Vasco da Gama led to influx of diverse people carrying their own culture. India has been a melting pot of Aryans, Shakas,Huns, Greeks, Potuguese, Arabs, English and many others.

    2. Peaceful Co-Excistence- Despite having rivalry for territory , caste hierarchy and economic pursuit all the groups have been able to co exist and sustain their cultural traits. Religious and Caste clashes have been frequent but the basic tenet of ahimsa has ultimately prevailed. It has been the rooting foundation in this phylosophy that has led to longeevity of our diverse culture.

    3. Dynamic nature- Despite being traditional and orthodox Indian culture boasts of ever evolving with the forces of history. Be it the evolution of brahmanism to buddhism and further to Islam. India has been predominantly a secular country with changing shades over a period of time. Its evidence can be seen in painting of crude Elephanta Rock caves to complex Ellora and Ajanta. It has diversity in both Tangible and intangible heritage where the spatial and temporal variations can be seen in painting, dance, architecture and other aspects.

    Today the magnanimity of the Indian culture is under threat from fundamentalist who have let go of tolerance,secularism and ahimsa. Be it the Hindu fundamentalist to caste led opression ,India is plagued with attack on writers, Intellectuals , Cow traders and rationalist like Dhabolkar. The need of the hour is to vehemently oppose it in all forms not only by the government but by the civil society without getting trapped into bystander’s inertia. Satyagrah had been the most powerful tool during our freedom struggle which need to be weilded once again to protect our cultural fabric

    • PK

      last part of the question is missing other wise very good answer

      • godslonelyman

        bhai pl review mine 2 🙂

    • godslonelyman

      332 words . do some cost cutting
      pl review mine 2 🙂

      • aditya vishnu

        yeah i realised that while writing it. Thanks for the review

  • godslonelyman

    Few intangible features of Indian culture which exist across the length and breadth of the country are as follows:-

    (i) Knowledge and spirituality is cherished in comparison to materialistic wealth
    (ii) Tolerance and respect for differences
    (iii) Open to all other cultures; Indian culture doesn’t exclude anyone
    (iv) Rule of law ; even mythical gods and ancient monarchs were bound by a code of conduct
    and can’t act in arbitrary manner
    (v) Respect for elders, etc
    These are few of many cardinal features are value which are far more pervasive than any dance form or religion or food habit.

    The culture which has existed for 5000 years can’t be threatened per se. It needs to be understood that culture itself is a very dynamic concept. Human values, dressings cant remain as it is for 500 years and they are bound to change. One or few generation are to less a time-frame to comment on such an old culture.

    However, we can’t ignore the fact that, industrial revolution has brought radical and unidirectional changes in our lives, but a civilisation instead of getting alarmed by it learns to evolve accordingly.

    • Sunny

      There are three parts to the question. You are well addressed the first part. Some new points have included. But as far as second part is concerned, you are not well substantiated your point. I believe you wished to argue that our culture is not under any threat. But simply stating the argument will not fetch you marks. You must explain why it is strong and recent instances showing that we have kept our community bonds intact amidst chaos and increasing call for communalization by the politicians.

      “These are few of many cardinal features are value which are far more pervasive than any dance form or religion or food habit.”

      You separated values from the outer forms of differences such as dances and food habits. So this kind of understanding led you to the conclusion that ‘nothing will happen to our culture’. I just disagree with your above understanding of culture. In my opinion, differences of food habits,dresses and art-forms and tolerance to it must not be divorced from the values the culture upholds. Therefore, may I correct the observation into ” These are the cardinal features and values which ‘underlies the harmonious existence of ‘ diverse dance form or religion or food habit.

      • godslonelyman

        I hv answered the question from very diff perspective thn urs and whats given in the article.
        I am answering the question with a macro perspective,,which is influenced by Chap 2 of NIOS Indian Culture. I am discarding the concept of threat 2 culture itself,, as culture is an ever-evolving process. i hv packed my ans in 189 words.. otherwise would hv substantiated and elaborated more

    • Dilip Kumar

      Nice….according to me rule of law is quite different and modern concept…code of conduct is ok …u should also include threat from fandamentalist , intolerance …

      • godslonelyman

        That rule of law point is accepted by Nehru in Discovery of India hence I am comfortable with it.

        I didnt mention those things cz I saw the question from a different perspective. I hv discarded the concept of threat to a culture itself cz fundamentalism grows cz of nothing but that alarmist attitude of “our culture is under threat” .

        Islamist fundamentalism took birth cz earliest Islamuist Syyed Qutub thought Islamic Culture is under threat from modern (read western) forces, and today 60yrs down the road West think they are under threat from Islamist. That attitude of we are under threat and fundamentalism are 2 sides of same coin. Hence, I ignore this entire premise. Thats what I have tried to communicate in ltd words.

        • AK

          ok , got your view .
          But still could have mentioned the ” Rise of ISIS ” and how india’s minorities relatively inslulated from it as compared to France Uk etc — thus saying indian culture has strong values and cannot be threatened
          Recent Dadri lynching – some religious extremist – but still offset by the Strong Hindu – Muslim unity – give some examples — thus showing that indian culture is strong enough to be threatened

          in this way you could have included current examples also
          plz review mine

          • godslonelyman

            i don’t think if French Muslims are more radical thn Indian Muslim..or vice versa.. or Indians hv stronger values in comparison to French… all this is very subjective! There were & are always fringe element in all societies ,, and societies hv inbuilt mechanism to deal with them..

            thanks for reviewing

        • Dilip Kumar

          yes , u can say code of conduct is same as rule of law ..as Nehru as wrote in his book .. it would be better if u also mention this in your ans to put rest for any doubt …i m agree that culture is not under threat but and too early to say that but u can mention some source of threat …i m not expert , these r my opinion …if i consider your perspective i can say that well attempted ..keep it up …in future review my ans 🙂

          • godslonelyman

            .. thanks a lot for your inputs buddy 🙂

    • Tyler Durden

      Good points there, you could have talked about deteriorating values of the society, which is against our culture. I guess we approached this question differently. I did like your point about necessity and inevitability of change, maybe balancing up would have made this perfect.
      Keep writing 🙂 review my answers too

      Also I noticed your optional is PubAd, I can definitely use your help there haven’t started writing those though 🙁

  • DarkHorse

    A way of life that can be traced even before Harappan civilization, Indian culture has some unique characteristics. Enduring character is the first visible trait of our culture. Houses in Indian villages are still being built like one storied buildings seen at Harrappan sights. This is just to cite one among many such similar examples reflecting continuity in the fields of art, architecture, religion and literature. Religious reforms, social changes, adaptations in art and music through out history reflect the dynamic character of Indian culture. A variety can be seen in food, customs, architecture, festivals and art across the length and breadth of the country. Yet intermingling of component cultures has resulted in unification.
    It is difficult to say that such an old and profound culture is under threat today. Yet it is true that some new challenges have come up. Globalization is a complex phenomenon that is integrating our world in cultural dimension too. This cultural impact of west is still being studied but certainly it is bringing changes in the way we think and live. Communalism, like a spectre still looms large over our society. Intolerance, unemployment, inequality, extremism and fundamentalism are among other challenges to our way of life. Evolving democracy, increase in literacy and inherent secular outlook of our culture offer hope against these challenges.

    • Sunny

      a balanced answer. 🙂 Neat and simple! However, some additional points on the traits of indian culture could have made it rich. For instance, along with mentioning the continuity and unity, mention can be made to tolerance/simplicity, etc..(hah.. not much points are coming out!) Very good presentation.

      • DarkHorse

        i agree, it does lack many points. Actually nothing was coming up in my head, even this piece is inspired by NIOS chapter2 🙂 .Thanks for the review.

  • Shiva Kumar

    Indian culture is about different beliefs and cultural systems. the region respected plurality in philosophy and belief systems from the ancient times. modern ideas like rationalism, humanism etc are also parts of Indian culture.
    The term Hindu refers to a geographical identity,people who lives between Himalayas and Indian ocean. Hinduism is a way of life of people residing in that region. Hindu culture is essentially yogic culture, which has later got different forms , colours and distortions. Hindus were seekers. Liberation is the highest goal. God and devotion are one of the path for liberation.
    Indian culture is never under threat. there are passing phases of intolerance from the ancient times. this is one such. this is due to narrow understanding of the Hindu culture. many fundamentalists do not know about our antiquity. Ancient Indians are good at ontology,philosophy and metaphysics. unfortunately people claims it for other reasons.
    recently there has been series of incidents of intolerance like killing of rationalists, threatening many writers, lynching of a man over beef eating etc. many fundamental forces claims responsible to it. some of them have political backing also, that is why they are very active now. they are following unconstitutional means. the state should deal with iron hand with those Fundamentalist forces and ensure freedom to the citizens. more education and deradicalisation should be promoted on this front.

  • PS

    India is a landmass of continental proportions and is blessed with a huge variety of culture owing to its geography and rich history.
    Some of the prominent features of indian culture are:
    1.Synthesis of external and internal influences as depicted in Sufism,indoislamic architecture,gandhara school of sculppture
    2.Tolerance and integaration rather than assimilation manifested in multiplicity of faiths,languages
    3.High intellectual standards both in philosophical discourse and scientific endeavours
    4.however certain negatives characteristics are also prevelant like unequal society with respect to caste and gender

    however in present times our cherished culture is facing various threats like:
    1.irrational interpretation of our ancient literature and misrepresentation of our scientific advancememnts
    2.majoritarianism in the form of imposing majority way of life over minority
    3taking away the independence of various institutions safegaurding our culture

  • Vikram

    Please review !!

    India has very accommodating, tolerant, pluralistic and peaceful culture which flourished over more than 4 millennium years. But due to some recent incidence it seems that we are loosing some of ours valuable elements of our culture. Culture is becoming less tolerant and lesser accommodating for people belonging to other faith than majority. Certain negative forces is becoming more dominant in our country . Apart from that other common threat to cultures are.

    1)changing taste of young generation, most focus toward reality shows, movies, mashala dances rather than classical dances.

    2)westernization , people are changing taste, since increase mobility has brought situation when people are so close never before. So there is developing world wide culture and rationality is giving way to amalgamation of cultural.

    3)Economic compulsion is making people to opt those profession which has better yield, many art forms are loosing shine just because they are not providing artist enough to survive.

    4)Societal composition,family forms are changing fast so many profession and economic systems such as jajmani systems are fading away. Because increasing nuclear family has made jajmani relation less profitable for the service provider such as Barber, Priest man,Washer man ect. They are getting better remuneration in cities region rather than village.

    5)Urbanization and industrialization has changed the preference of the people, lifestyle which somehow not able to take our old tradition along, so it is affecting our cultures.

    There is urgent need to address especially non common threat to our culture by taking proactive action by government. Culture should reflect sense of respect and security to all people not just majority. At the same time minority should also have responsibilities not to bully majority, they should honors the beliefs and faiths of majority then only long lasting peace would be easy to ensure.

  • Katya888

    A country’s culture is the manifestation of its historical, geopolitical, economic, social and theological background. Since the dawn of India’s oldest empire, the Magadha empire, India has ushered in foreign ideas and practices and made them its own. Akbars religion Din-i-Illahi is one such example. India has also registered dissent and given birth to other religions such as Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism while cradling Islam, Christianity, Judaism and countless other spiritual sects.

    To pinpoint one single trait as “Indian” in any cultural criterion is impossible nay, wrong because it will result in injustice to the millions of social groups that form the mosaic that is Indian culture. Take the example of language, the constitution in its Eighth schedule identifies 22 languages, Apart from these, we have many other languages spoken by the tribals in India and many distinct dialects!

    The adage ‘Unity in Diversity’ best reflects the cornerstone of Indian culture which is tolerance. Incidents of intolerance such as the recent ink attack on Mr. Sudheendra Kulkarni or the chopping off of hands of a teacher in Kerala are alarming in this regard.

    India, by its very nature has been a liberal state and extremists on all sides are bent on eroding this fabric by imposing their brand of Indian culture. Extremists who claim to preserve Indian culture are the ones, in fact, stifling it.

    The words of Mahatma Gandhi show us the light in this context; ” No culture can reside if it attempts to be exclusive”.

  • AK

    Indian Culture has being evolving through Centuries . It is based on Continuity and Change . Some of the triats of the indian Culture are
    – Accepting and celebrating the difference of religion ,caste , language , geography . Thus all festivals are celebrated with pomp and show
    – respect for biodiversity , nature and animals were worshipped
    – respect for elders, joint family and method of social protection

    Several events today are threatening our indian culture
    – Forces of Communalism and Orthodoxy , like unfortunate Dadri incident in which person was killed for eating beef , murder of M kalburgi , who tried to encourage rational thinking in the religions practices
    – Forces of Capitalism / unplanned urbanisation , which ignore the preservation of environment
    – forces of globalisation have resulted in the advent of globalisation , thus putting in peril the social security of elders
    The way out is joint participation of Government , civil society and citizens to preserve and cherish our Indian culture

  • Mahsin A Ahmed

    The country that we know as india is not merely a piece of land demarcated by borders but a living culture in itself. The few core traits of the indian culture can be that observed are
    1. Tolerance: This has been a key feature of our culture. It this tolerant and accommodating nature of our culture that has enabled it to survive for thousands of years.
    2. Environmentalism: This is one of the few cultures that understood that the we are a part of the environment and that we need to protect it for our well being. 3. Oneness: the larger than life philosophy that God resides in the heart of every living being promotes universal brotherhood.

    Recently, incidences of lynching of a man over a rumours or artists being killed for expressing thier own views reflects a diminishing nature of the true values of our culture. These threats are
    1. Puritanical groups trying to stamp out everything that goes against their own understanding of Indian culture.
    2. Political parties spurring communal tension for electoral benifits.
    3. lastly, it is the people who are losing touch with the true values of our culture due to change in life styles. Thus , it is important that we understand the nature of our culture and not let parochial thoughts come in the way of the development of our nation.

  • targetIAS

    Traits of Indian culture:
    ->customs & traditions people follow, languages they speak, religious rituals people follow can be traits of Indian culture.

    I do think Indian culture is under threat today. This is due to following:-
    ->Westernization: The follow of ideas, customs, traditions & norms continually in this globalised era, create domination of western culture while dimishing Indian.
    ->changing mind set of youth: people are not very much interested in listening to indian traditional music, art & dance performance.
    ->low incentives: the artists of art & culture do make their livelihood through performance & decreasing audience creates diminishing income to them & hence forcing them to take other form of professions.
    ->lack of support from govt: state or central govt fails to recognise art & culture which are on verge of extinction & fail to sponser stage & show performance of different cultures.

  • varuna

    Tolerance of religious diversity was single biggest cultural
    trait of Indian system. it gave rise to Buddhism, Jainism, expansion of Islam Christianity
    and rise of different sects. Which in
    turn resulted the vibrant cultural traits seen in terms of language, food, life
    style, different songs , architecture, paintings, beliefs and practices which
    were more or less in harmony.

    The idea of Hindu state lie at core of incidents like attack
    on church, intolerance to one dietary culture , practices and beliefs.

    Reason is manifold:

    Political vote bank: as caste and class can be cut across on
    the name of religion eg hindutva agends

    Development failure: with limited resource, tolerance change
    into competition

    Uneven modernization: cognitive aspect still not accepted

    Colonial legacy: deep fissure lie among different section

    Cultural nationalism: certain section feel threatened by modernization,
    self claimed saviors

    Coalition gov : often political arithmetic’s make gov go
    soft on anti social element

    Lack of vibrant civil society

    Debate between uni and multiculture goes back long but it
    has never taken such a multi facet form jeopardizing the very essence of
    beliefs of our forefather in unity in diversity.

  • Tyler Durden

    Indian culture has been a dynamic phenomenon, ongoing since centuries, which has led to the orderly and peaceful co-existence of myriad religions, ideologies and ethnicites as one. Our current social fabric is amalgamation of various influences. Following features are the cornerstone of Indian culture –
    1)Unity in Diversity

    Mutual respect and acceptance for different religions and customs is a unique feature of Indian culture. However from time to time different cohorts have tried to hijack and impose their own interpretation of Indian culture on the society. This has been done with ulterior motives or simply owing to fanatic beliefs eg exhortation about certain sartorial or dietary habits as being against Indian culture. These sectarian forces which instigate hatred amongst different sections of the society in garb of protecting the culture, are the biggest threat to Indian culture. Other divisive forces such as caste based outfits, regional chauvinists and communalism also present dire threats to Indian culture.

    If the sense of belonging to Indian-ness is considered, there is definitely a growing disconnect in this generation. Globalization and contingent rise of English opened many frontiers for the world without a doubt. But this has also distanced the current generation from Indian cultural heritage owning to many different reasons. In absence of encouragement and appreciation of the vernacular literature, music, food habits, the interest of the present generation in preserving these values is waning. Skewed sway towards westernization has also eroded the importance of sense of belonging. Cultural institutions have proved docile and failed to ensure engagement and citizen participation.

    Civil society and these institutions need to collectively work to revive the interest of the youth and ensure that grand Indian heritage doesnt become the prison of few historical researches and journals, afterall sense of belonging is essential for a healthy psychological being.

  • Arduous

    Indian culture is way of living of the people of India. Indian culture has religion, dance, food, art , worships
    etc. which depicts Indian culture. It is the amalgamation of various religion , which has its relevant across the world. Indian culture has diversity which is deep rooted in its foundation and that is what get differentiated in comparison to other culture.

    Indian culture is known by its tolerance towards each other .The growing incidence of intolerance in society
    eg. Dadri killing and Boy called Noman killed in Himachal Pradesh on the basis of rumor shows intolerance towards other religion .In today’s scenario one dominating religion wants to control the freedom of other religion of India through violence and putting fear in their minds .Also violence related to reservation on caste basis adds up to the matter. There are various reasons for
    growing in tolerance which are follows

    Growing inequality in society on the basis of economic and social benefits.

    Poor Policy formulation ad implementation.
    In efficient Law & Order .
    One religion is more protected over other .
    Lackadaisical attitude of government over the incidences.
    Parochial attitude of Political leaders.
    Illiteracy in society .

    Thus Indian society which grants freedom of religious practices and maintains equality in treatment as per constitutional provisions , is getting diluted by some orthodox political leaders the government should try to maintain the equality through various means like
    talking to minority sects , making gathering of people of all religion in disputed place also through use of media they have make their message loud and clear that India is plural society and will maintain its diversity .

  • VW

    Indian culture is not just a monolithic entity, It is a mixture of many diverse elements drawn from a wide range of ethnicities. The following are the typical traits exhibited by Indian culture right from the ancient times:
    > Peaceful coexistence with people from other religious beliefs.
    > Tolerance shown towards other faiths. This has been an ideal enshrined in the constitution of India.
    > Ample opportunity available for descents even in single religious faith. For eg. Buddhism and jainism flourished in ancient India along with brahminical vedic faith.

    Under present circumstances there is a clear threat to the cosmopolitan nature of Indian culture. These threats emanate from people or groups having narrow interests to further their own cause.

    > Religious fanaticism: A strong emphasis on one’s own religion and customs showing intolerance towards customs and practices of other faiths.
    > Excessive pride and emphasis in learning sanskrit as a language of ancient scriptures demeans the ideals enshrined in constitution protecting the language and scripts of minorities.
    > Intolerance and violence towards social activists and rationalists resulting in their murders in some cases.
    > Bringing bans on sale of beef or meat as a means to please one group of people at the expense of making other group vulnerable and disappointed.

    Thus there is clearly a marked trend in which the fragile character of Indian culture has come under threat. The biggest disappointing fact is that even the government is not coming forward to protect it and the higher courts have to interfere by passing orders against frivolous bans or condemning violence.

  • Chandan kumar

    Indian culture is a mixture of various diverse constituents and is an evolving and assimilating one. It is this which has made it survive for around 5000 years and still continues.
    Prominent traits of Indian culture:
    1) Accommodation and Tolerance
    2) Unity in diverse thoughts, religion and language etc.
    3) Assimilative
    4) Cosmopolitan
    5) Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam
    Other than this there are various other traits like truth, non-violence etc.

    Currently we are witnessing a disturbing trend which is a serious dent in the perception of this long evolving culture.
    -Religious fundamentalism: In the name of religion people are becoming extremists. Rather than going for well established culture of discussion and deliberation as seen in Sabhas and Akbar’s Ibadat Khana etc., people are trying to force one’s practices on other.
    -Killing of rationalists: Guiding light of a democracy are writers, philosophers, thinkers etc. But recent killing of rationalists like Kalburgi or Panasare by fringe elements and not much success of government in ensuring credible response to murders are destabilizing the stability of the country.
    -Illtreatment of foreigners in the name of culture even by government’s institutions like police. Ex- Australian citizen’s harassment over tattoo.
    -Attraction towards ideology of terrorist organizations like ISIS.

    These are some of the prominent threats. So if we want our old and accommodative culture, we don’t need to look anywhere rather culture and its history itself.

    • Saint Shambhujs


  • Shubham Kothari

    Indian culture over the past thousands of years has evolved on values like acceptance and tolerance, respect for ideologies and compromises in public life, non interference in others religious believes. we have accepted rule under the great mauryans and hailed the adminstration and unfying efforts of akbar as well, we have opposed the policies of aurangzeb and united fought against the might of British empire. But some stains are hard to remove and our recent stain of communalism(left by britishers) has always daunted Indian masses, we also have a history of dreadful partition on communal lines and a history of innumerable riots among different religions.
    in the lights of recent events of lynching a muslim man followed by two more lynching acts on two hindu students and on a kashmiri, the killing of callburgi, all points towards seriouss threats to our tradition of tolerance and acceptance and tolerance. in my opinion(not speaking as BJP follower) these recent activities has arisen mainly due to the political might BJP has recently achieved. the strong political presence of BJP at centre and there complete development propaganda is forcing some narrow minded political leaders to infamate the presence of BJP and distort their power over the youth. political parties see religion and communalism only way to target BJP and are trying to politicise issues like dadri lynching and some extremist groups showing openly showing their dissent for some religious groups. so to conclude i would like to say that the real the real threat to our tradition of acceptance and tolerance is in serious threat from interference/politicizing the communal matter instead of unitedly solving the issue.
    PS this is my first answer and i dont really know how to answer feel free to criticise it and adviceme thank you

  • Fading Gigolo

    Kindly review

    Peaceful coexistence has been the essential trait of Indian culture. This is reflected in the traditions of joint family, panch parmeshwar and now into the Indian Constitution. A relative respect for both talent and hierarchy is another aspect which has helped in peaceful coexistence. India is a land where a child bows down to her parents and the kings have bowed before the learned.
    Culture is a fluid thing, it is ever evolving with demands of time. Allegations of threat are often exaggerated, since a culture can only be threatened from within.
    So the Indian culture has also evolved with time. The emergence of nuclear families and the prevalence of English are examples of this change. There are times when the concept of peaceful coexistence has been threatened for eg in inter-state water disputes, inter-community clashes and inequality in society.
    It has to be realized that such hitches are a part of any evolution and India is not unique in face them. At the same time, if things are allowed to get out of hand, it may pose a serious danger not only for our culture but also for our integrity.
    The role of the governments is vital here in maintaining social harmony by ensuring the adequate dispersal of resources. At teh same time, people have to realize the strength of our culture and act accordingly.