[Insights Secure – 2015] UPSC Mains Questions on Current Events: 27 August 2015

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[Insights Secure – 2015] UPSC Mains Questions on Current Events: 27 August  2015

Archives – Secure 2015

27 August  2015

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General Studies – 1;

Topic:Population and related issues

1) What do you understand by Life Expectancy? Based on recent data, analyse life expectancy trends for men and women in India. (200 Words)

The Hindu

 

Topic: Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India) 

2) “The crisis-ridden textile sector, being labour-intensive, should have been an ideal candidate for a push as part of the Prime Minister’s pet ‘Make in India’ initiative.” Critically comment. (200 Words)

The Hindu

 

General Studies – 2

Topic: responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure; Constitution features

3) The right to access water is considered as a human rights issue. Critically discuss how this issue is interrelated to the claims of riparian states’ claim to share of river waters. (200 Words)

The Hindu

 

TopicSchemes for vulnerable sections; Government policies and issues 

4) In the light of ongoing debate on the implementation of one rank one pension scheme for military personnel, there is also arguments made to reform the New Pension System. Examine why. (200 Words)

The Indian Express

 

TopicIndia and its neighborhood- relations; Prevention of money laundering (Paper-3)

5) Critically analyse the agreements signed by India with its island neighbours in the Indian Ocean to curb black money. (200 Words)

The Hindu 

 

General Studies – 3

Topic: Changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth

6) Large factories account for a smaller share of India’s industrial workforce than they did three decades ago. Examine why. (200 Words)

Livemint

 

TopicAwareness in the fields of  Space, 

7) Explain important satellite frequency bands with examples of India’s satellites and their uses. (200 Words)

The Hindu

Reference

 

Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life

8) Does the radiation from cellphone towers damage human health? Discuss. (200 Words)

Business Standard

 

General Studies – 4

Topic: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions

9) When you were away, your 10 ear old son stole ten rupees from your pocket and bought chocolates for himself and for his 8 year old sister. Your daughter tells you and your husband about her brother’s generosity with a happy face. Your husband has been strict with your children, especially with his son whom he considers a spoilt kid. As a police officer he is known for his honesty and strictness in the department. Knowing his son stole from his pocket, he is enraged and slaps his son in front of you and your daughter.

Identify ethical issues in the case study and explain what you would have done if you were in your husband’s place. (200 Words)

General

 

  • mns

    @insights..thank you for all your efforts:)..sir I know you people would be extremely busy now..but i have a request..whenever possible plz restart your initiative to give compilations weekly..thanks in advance..

    • Will do our best in this regard 🙂

      • mns

        Thank you sir:)..

      • Appa

        Sir, when will you announce offline test series for mains?

  • Dr_gladiator

    1) What do you
    understand by Life Expectancy? Based on recent data, analyse life expectancy
    trends for men and women in India. (200 Words)

    Life expectancy is a statistical measure of how long a person or
    organism may live, based on the year of their birth, their current age and
    other demographic factors including gender.At a given age, life expectancy is the average number
    of years that is likely to be lived by a group of individuals (of age x)
    exposed to the same mortality conditions until they die.

    Life expectancy trend according to recent data published in Lancet :-

    – Life expectancy increased by 6.9 years for men and 10.3
    years for women between 1990 and 2013,

    – In absolute term it increased from 50.07 in
    1990 to 56.52 in 2013,while for women it rose from 50.15 to 59.11.

    – Ischemic heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary
    disease (COPD), lower respiratory tract infections, tuberculosis and
    neonatal disorders caused the most health loss.

    -For men, the leading causes of health loss between 1990
    and 2013 were self-harm, ischemic heart disease and stroke, which
    increased at rates of 149.9, 79.9 and 59.8 per cent respectively.
    Self-harm did not figure among India’s top 10 causes in 1990 but was
    ranked 10th in men in 2013.

    -For women, the largest increases among leading causes of
    disability-adjusted life years occurred owing to ischemic heart disease
    (69 per cent), depressive disorders (66.1 per cent), and stroke (36.8 per
    cent).

    More awareness of mental health issues and better detection and documentation could be one of
    the reasons for depressive disorders to show up in the list
    The big jump in life expectancy is in keeping with the development of
    the country,But the downside is that diseases that were not seen in 1990 are
    seen now. India is transitioning and inheriting some of the diseases seen in
    the developed countries
    In order to tackle the disease burden better, the ICMR and the Public
    Health Foundation of India, along with the Ministry of Health and Family
    Welfare, are planning a disease burden study at the State level. It will help
    in better health planning, policy framing and fund allocation. Also will
    provide data of the risk factors for diseases in the States. This will help
    each State to know the major diseases and risk factors.
    Furthermore,An integrated approach is required at Preventive, promotive, diagnostic,

    curative and rehabilitative level to prevent emerging diseases and improve both
    quality and expectancy of life.

  • Sid

    What do
    you understand by Life Expectancy? Based on recent data, analyse life
    expectancy trends for men and women in India. (200 Words)

    Life expectancy is statistically the number of years a person
    is expected to live based on determining factors like gender, geography,
    mortality rate and current age. In general a high life expectancy denotes a
    higher level of economic progress in a country. It is also a criteria used in
    generating the Human Development Index for countries to measure the state of
    progress.

    Life Expectancy trends for men and women in India:


    In 1990 life expectancy was 57 and 59 years for men
    and women respectively.


    In 2013 this increased to 64 and 68 for men and women
    respectively.

    – Overall top causes of health loss are
    o heart diseases,
    o respiratory infections,
    o tuberculosis and
    o Neo-natal disorders

    – For men the top causes of health loss are:
    o Suicide
    o Heart disease

    – For women the top causes of health loss are:
    o Heart diseases
    o Stroke
    o Depression

    Analysis of data:
    – The jump in life expectancy for men and women is aligned with the economic progress and development of the country between 1990 and 2013.
    – Massive public investment in improving health of population through interventions like polio immunization, maternal and child
    health benefits, decentralized health improvement through ASHA workers helped improve life expectancy.
    – The life expectancy of India still remains below OECD countries pointing to scope for further improvement
    – Suicide among men and depression among women has seen substantial jump between 1990 and 2013 in decelerating the improvement in health and gives an indication to the area where policy makers should make pro-active intervention in next decade to stem their rising incidence.

  • pari

    Sir i want to know about the commencement of the test series for 2016 prelims. There is no post for that so far. Kindly reply as i want to enroll.

  • Sid

    “The crisis-ridden textile sector, being labour-intensive, should have been an ideal
    candidate for a push as part of the Prime Minister’s pet ‘Make in India’
    initiative.” Critically comment. (200 Words)

    Textile industry in India (source NCERT):
    – Contributes 14% to Industrial production
    – Provides employment to 35 million people
    – Is responsible for 25% of our foreign exchange earnings
    – Contributes to 4% of GDP of country

    Make In India is a government initiative to market India as investment friendly
    country, improve job creation in the country and boost growth.

    The textile sector is in crisis because:
    – India is increasingly exporting cotton yarn and importing finished fabric, thus losing out on value addition.
    – 50% of power looms are at stand still.
    – 20% of spinning industry in India is either shut down or facing imminent shutdown
    – India made yarn, fabrics and garments attract duty of 3.5% 8.5% and 14% respectively in the most popular markets of US, EU and China.This renders the industry uncompetitive in international markets.

    How the effect of the crisis can be moderated:
    – Government should work through Cotton Corporation of India to ensure cotton from India is sold at internationally competitive
    prices.
    – MSP for cotton should be progressively phased out in return for DBT to cotton farmers to ensure free play of market forces and accurate diversion of funds to farmers in need. China has already implemented this making industries taking cotton as input free to source from international market.
    – TUFS 99 (Technology Upgradation Fund Scheme) which in last 15 years has enabled 3 lac Crores of investment in textile sector should be extended beyond its expiry of 2017.
    – NTP Comprehensive National Textile Policy should be declared by the government for the entire textile industry value chain to
    create a competitive rate for stakeholders a different levels in the chain.

    Thus, being labor intensive, having potential to absorb investment, on the threshold of requiring reforms to avoid worsening of crisi and being a major contributor to GDP, Foreign exchange and international branding of Indian products, textile
    industry in current stage of crisis is an ideal candidate for Make In India program.

  • AmicusCuriae

    Ethics Q:

    Ethical issues involved here is the act of stealing from the mother’s bag while she was away.

    It is imperative for parents to inculcate the right values and the ability to respect and practice these values in life. For an impressionable 10 year old, stealing as a vice must be established. However, slapping or punishing harshly may not be the most effective way to deal with things here. Due regard must be given to the fact that the boy did not splurge the stolen money entirely on himself. He also bought chocolates for his younger sister which highlights his sensitive, caring and thoughtful nature.

    It is important to bear in mind, that ultimately the punishment should be in proportion to the act or omission. Age and the object bought with the money (chocolates in this case) should also be borne in mind, as we are dealing with a ten year old boy here.

    While it may certainly hurt and scare the child, but on the longer term, talking to him, telling him about the vices of stealing and how it is a crime, illustrating virtues from mythologies and stories about being honest and a person of values, could appeal to his juvenile mind better. Besides, as a parent, and as a mother, I can assure him that if he mends his ways and promises to be more disciplined (as father thinks he is spoilt), I will gift him a box of chocolates.

  • Deepak

    There are 2 central issues in this case. One is the need to correct the child and second is and choosing the most appropriate method to do the same. While there is a need to correct the child , the method closed by the father betrays a retributive mentality more than a reformative one.

    It the duty of every parent to imbibe values of honesty and righteousness in children starting from a very early age. But at the same time it is essential that the values are internalised not of fear of a beating , but out of realisation of its importance.

    Why the child needs to be corrected ?

    1. The child conscientiously that wrongful means should never be resorted to for satisfying a need
    2. If not corrected at the first instance it could become a habit

    The implications of apprehending the child with a beating may include

    1. Loss of self esteem
    2. Might come to think that beating is justifiable while correcting someone
    3. Could get prone to violent behaviour
    4. Would get a wrong signal about the result of a caring act ( getting her sister chocolates )

    As a father I would first express displeasure over his act in a way that he realises what he did was wrong. When he’s open to listening and correcting himself , with the help of a parable I would interest him into the virtues of honesty and why at no cost one must give it up. I would then tell him about great leaders who extolled about the need for righteous behaviour and how they benefited from it. When he realises his mistake and apologises I would reward him with some chocolates to reinforce the point.

  • Mark Hoaps

    The ethical issues involved in this case are:
    a. Stealing of money by a 10 year old child with a motive to get chocolate for himself and his younger sister
    b. Slapping of the son; and slapping in front of daughter
    c. mother’s dilemma to protect his son
    If I were in the husband’s place, I would not have slapped the child. I would have made them sit quietly and explain them that stealing is wrong. I would have told them that if they wished for anything, they should tell me and I will provide them the same. In order to convince them I would have made them an offer to demand any chocolate they want, but with a promise that they will never steal again. I would have provided them the same and instill in them a sense of honesty. I would also have warned them of severe consequences like depriving them of something which they liked, e.g., not letting them watch their favourite TV programme etc. if they stole again in future.