2) Critically analyse the highlights of findings of the recent U.N.’s World Population Projections report and its implications for India and the world.

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Topic: Population and associated issues

2) Critically analyse the highlights of findings of the recent U.N.’s World Population Projections report and its implications for India and the world. (200 Words)

The Hindu

  • Raavan

    Review

    • Neelam

      Hi, you should improve your handwriting. Avoid using too many “however’s” in your answers. Your answers are simple and in points.

      • Raavan

        Thanks, would work on handwriting. Can give an honest comment on quality of answer, would be appreciated

    • THE DARK KNIGHT RISES

      + report findings nicely covered, good trade opportunities for India highlighted (which i completely missed in my article)

      – implications for world missing, plz point out the negative impacts, points of concern and pitfalls which india needs to avoid and steps that it should take to reap demographic dividend. this would make ur answer complete

      all the best, keep working ur doing a great job!! plz review mine as well….

      • Raavan

        ya totally misssed the implication on world, next time will have to read question properly

    • Rohit Kulkarni

      good one cros and pros would also weight. pls review mine..

    • valley

      Bhai kuch samaj ni aaya.
      You have a good hand writing than me!

      • Raavan

        Will work on that thanks

    • SJ

      review mine..:)

  • THE DARK KNIGHT RISES

    UNs World Population projections show that it is growing at a slower rate in present around 1.18% and the median age of world population is 29.6 which indicates a comparatively younger workforce. Its India specific findings are:

    1) By 2050 world’s most populous country with 1.7 billion
    2) Median age 3 years younger than the world but by 2050 it will be 37.3
    3) Population would decline only after 2069

    But, experts say that India is lowering its fertility rate at a much faster rate, as is clear by the difference between SRS projections of replacement fertility rate by 2020 and UN projecting it by 2030.

    Implications for India:

    1) Pool of trainable young manpower
    2) Achievement of scientific technological capacities a reality
    3) Social challenges, disproportionate sex ratio
    4) Managing schooling quality and drop out rates
    5) Skill gaps and vocational training, shifting labour trapped in agriculture, disguised unemployment
    6) Raising quality and quantity of higher education and enabling skill intensive industries to drive economic growth
    7) Fiscal burden of a young and unemployed population
    8) Increase in demand without corresponding increase in production will bring about high cost of living, inflation.

    Implications for World:
    1) Shift in centres of high growth, economic and scientific advancements towards African and Asian countries
    2) Biodiversity loss, nitrogen pollution, and climate change.
    3) Energy poverty, increased consumption of natural resources
    4) Struggle for sufficient land, food, water, housing, education, and employment
    5) Fertility, mortality, and migration affecting world demography

    Demographic Dividend depends on India’s capacity to absorb this young workforce which is possible through good governance, efficient infrastructure, prudent fiscal and macroeconomic management, efficient and world class financial markets and long term investments in education and training. In addition corporate investment is going to play a key role in employee education and training.

    • Rohit Kulkarni

      nice one but you added many points which could be neglected or added in one statement only as word count matters. please review mine

      • THE DARK KNIGHT RISES

        thanx rohit, ur right i have been struggling with keeping it in word limit for a while now!!

        can u plz point out which points i could have avoided??

        thanx a lot, ur review matters

        • Wolverine

          The Data mentioned in the introductory part could have been replaced by something which you can remember for long.

          For example:- I wrote that 1/6th of the Total population of the world would be Indian by 2050.

          The first part of the answer (Implications for India) is near perfect.

          I could not find any flaw in it.(may be due to my limited knowledge)

          The second part of the answer (Implications for World) seems a bit tilted towards the negative.

          —This Point (Fertility, mortality, and migration affecting world demography) could have been replaced with the Migration making the world more diverse and this diversity will result in a reduction in terrorism.

          Hope, I could give a good review.
          I think I read your answer after a long time.
          Keep writing bro:)

          • THE DARK KNIGHT RISES

            thanx, u really pointed out the most relevant things which could have made my answer better.
            ur implications of world is perfect, like top notch, i guess my india part and ur world part makes the answer complete.

            thanx a ton…plz keep reviewing..

            • Wolverine

              That’s Correct 🙂

              Sure bro, We will keep reviewing each other’s answer.

              • SJ

                hey..please review mine..:)

        • Rohit Kulkarni

          like the conclusion which you have provided is the same as you were explaning in whole answer . this generally happens when you think more to present answer in best form. I used to face this too . So just write answers as simple as possible cut short concise ..all the best…

    • K Singh

      quite objective , good

      plz review mine

    • shubh

      Dude

      Add ecological footprint— how many earth planets it requires to sustain the human population. presently 1.5 earth are required to sustain.more population– more problems….blah blah blah.

      India physical space and its population with respect to percentage of world can be put as a fodder.presently it is 18% and 2.4%.

      One of 17 mega diverse countries, india hosts 8.6% of all mammalian, 13.7% of all avian, 7.9% of all reptilian, 6% of all amphibian, 12.2% of all piscine, and 6.0% of all flowering plant species. biodiversity will be lost with increased population.

      just fodders.

      awesome answer.

      Best regards.

    • SJ

      review mine..please..:)

    • Raavan

      Higlights of findings- could have added more points
      in implication on India some points coul have been merged, also implications very specific to population rise be covered here
      World limit exceeded

  • Rohit Kulkarni

    Critically analyse the
    highlights of findings of the recent U.N.’s World Population Projections
    report and its implications for India and the world.?

    UN population projection showed that though the world
    population growth rate is decreasing (1.24 last decade to 1.8 now) but the
    growth is increasing drastically. The present world population projected by UN
    is 7.3. It has projected that India will reach 1.7billion by 2050 and India
    will be the most populous country in 2022 though not accounting recent Chinese steps
    to increase it’s growth.

    Affect for India: pros

    Optimism is that Population in European countries, japan
    will be shrinking in near future can be exploited by India which has large
    youth population with huge number of challenges to skill the youth and
    encourage entrepreneurs.

    The ratio of population growing old and youth is not in
    discouraging range so India still has hope for becoming a developed nation.

    Cons: India population density is very high with average
    382/sq km will burden food security , employment , further unregulated use of
    natural resources and fossil fuels adding pollution , healthcare and so on.

    “Exploiting in a advantages way”:

    India needs to raise awareness about the population
    exploitation to masses, also education for basic gapping methods, encourage
    incentives for controlled birth families.

    India has to take some stringent steps so to come out of
    present trend as it is time to take challenge to avoid future consequences.

  • Rohit Kulkarni

    Critically analyse the
    highlights of findings of the recent U.N.’s World Population Projections
    report and its implications for India and the world.?

    UN population projection showed that though the world
    population growth rate is decreasing (1.24 last decade to 1.8 now) but the
    growth is increasing drastically. The present world population projected by UN
    is 7.3. It has projected that India will reach 1.7billion by 2050 and India
    will be the most populous country in 2022 though not accounting recent Chinese steps
    to increase it’s growth.

    Affect for India: pros

    Optimism is that Population in European countries, japan
    will be shrinking in near future can be exploited by India which has large
    youth population with huge number of challenges to skill the youth and
    encourage entrepreneurs.

    The ratio of population growing old and youth is not in
    discouraging range so India still has hope for becoming a developed nation.

    Cons: India population density is very high with average
    382/sq km will burden food security , employment , further unregulated use of
    natural resources and fossil fuels adding pollution , healthcare and so on.

    “Exploiting in a advantages way”:

    There is dire need for mass skill development programs, incentivize
    scientific research, increase in quality education by strict laws, also control
    of brain drain etc so that the present status be advantages.

    India needs to raise awareness about the population
    exploitation to masses, also education for basic gapping methods, encourage
    incentives for controlled birth families.

    India has to take some stringent steps so to come out of
    present trend as it is time to take challenge to avoid future consequences.

    • THE DARK KNIGHT RISES

      + pros and cons for india and way forward nicely covered in efficient way (without using too many words)

      – implications for world missing
      all the best, keep working ur doing a great job!! plz review mine as well….

    • Raavan

      Word limit
      Focus only on implication of data, not anything else.

    • Ekta

      Hii…..nice ans….but it will be more effective and scoring if you add one line folder ..that will connect your ans with current policies , news …

  • paradise

    The UN Report released on World Population projection report has a mixed implications for India as well as the rest of the world. In this globalised world, no country remains isolated and hence the impact reaches to every one. According to report the population growth rate has been reduced to 1.18% thanks to population control policies incorporated by different countries in their own way.But this has a drastic impact on the demographic dividend as the fertility rate is reduced and thus it becomes difficult to tap the full potentials of the youngs in an optimised and efficient manner. Apart from them, the population of old person is increasing thanks to the partial success of the Millennium Development Goals according to which average life expectancy has been increased due to different health measures adopted by different countries. The most alarming news for the Indians is that its population is going to surpass China by 2022 and hence become the most populous countries. Though India lies in the tropic of cancer and is rich in resources but the alarming rate of increase in population will make it next to impossible to lessen the burden of population over resources. Hence,India will have to rely more on imports to meet its demand, thus tightening the forex reserves of our country. China’s one child policy has seemed to retaliate its policy back as it has unbalanced its demographic dividends i.e. the population of youths is decreasing and thus making China to rely on young professionals from other countries thus making it more adverse. Nigeria is going to surpass United States by 2050. The population of Asian and African countries is increasing and this will have adverse impact making it difficult to meet Sustainable Development Goals(SDGs). Looking broad, it will have the lasting impact on trade and investment relations.

    • paradise

      pls review my ans too..

  • Wolverine

    The Public Sector Banks in India are the prime lenders with around 3/4th of the total lending.They are the drivers of growth which are suffering from high NPA percentage and low market valuation due to it. More than half of their bad loans are accounted by the Infrastructure and Steel Industries.

    –The govt. is infusing around Rs. 70,000 Cr. in these banks for —

    –Reducing the percentage of NPAs by increasing capitalization.
    –to infuse the capital for the contingency requirement under ‘Macro-prudential stability’ of Basel III norms.
    –For the strengthening of the ‘Capital Account’ which would help India effectively reduce it’s Fiscal deficit.

    –However, Only the influx of capital would not help the PSBs, additionally it would require–
    –The retaining and acquisition of Talented Employees at all levels of Operations while the govt. started hiring the top bosses of from the Open Market, the same requires to be done for the subordinate staff.
    –The Full implementation of the PJ Nayak committee aimed at improving the efficiency of Operations is required.
    –The Infrastructure related NPAs should be transferred to the ‘Infrastructure and Investment Fund’ from the PSBs.

    —–The Infusion of Rs. 70,000 cr. is a positive step towards the Banking Reforms which should be followed by the best industry practices to make the PSBs compete with the Private Sector Banks or else the PSBs would require the frequent infusion of Capital in the future.

  • Wolverine

    The recent report of the United Nations on population has projected that India will surpass China’s population in the next 7 years to become World’s most populous country. It will have 1/6th of the total population of the World by 2050 and it’s demography would start to decline from 2069. The Huge population of India will have –
    Implications for India–
    –The Country would require to increase it’s social spending on Education immediately and to increase it’s health spending gradually to create and maintain it’s Human Capital.
    –It requires to increase the share of manufacturing sector to provide jobs to it’s rising population.’Make in India’ and ‘Skill India’ are flagship programs already started by India in this direction.
    –The Indian Economy will steadily grow at least for the next 40 years as it would have more than enough hands to work. The Increased Emigration from India will make it earn remittances in large amount leading to less inflation and low Fiscal deficit in long run.

    Implications for the World–
    –The quickly aging Europe, Japan and other countries will require the Indian labor for their manufacturing and other sectors.
    –The Cultural exchange will strengthen people to people contacts and make the World more diversified, effectively reduce the Terrorism.
    –The increased Emigration from India would increase the demand for Indian products in various countries. Thus, directly and indirectly make India come to the helm of World Economy.

    —-The rising Indian population will balance the World’s demography and will be a key in the development of the World in future.

    • THE DARK KNIGHT RISES

      + very broad and good implications of the world part, amazing points

      – include negative implications on world as well, india part could have been better by including negative effect on sex ratio, unnecessary burden on economy and agriculture.

      all the best, keep working ur doing a great job!! plz review mine as well….

      • Wolverine

        Thank you Bro.
        Will post a review for you in a few minutes.

        • rajasree

          answer is good…jus one point to add…the question asks for ‘critical’analysis.. so we have to mention the drawback of the report …dat is .. as observed by the experts the UN report underestimated the decline in India’s fertility rate and the growth of population may be slower than expected

    • Durga

      about implications for india, a point on expanding pension coverage and senior citizens benefit can also be included as by 2050 the ageing population needs support.

      the answer is well balanced.

      • Wolverine

        Yes, that’s correct.
        I couldn’t think of it then.
        Thanks for the review.
        Please keep reviewing 🙂

    • Rehab Wani

      Rnt ur implications for world in a way aimed @ india??
      I m just confused if this z right approach?
      Hope u understand nd guide.

    • Ekta

      hello …very well written … in your ans …..you respond in positive way..good thing.. but.i think the adverse impact of population should also mention…

      • Wolverine

        Hello Ekta..
        That’s right. I should have mentioned the adverse impacts too which I missed.
        Thanks. Please keep reviewing 🙂

    • HungryBee

      best one out of all with different viewpoints

  • Aspirant

    The UN report has indicated that India will surpass china as most populous country by 2022 . The population of world has reached 7.5 billion till mid 2015
    The average mean age of world is 29.6 while average mean age of india is 3 years lesser and is 28.8.
    The rate of growth of population has slowed down from 1.24 to 1.18.
    By 2050 Nigeria will be most populous country of Africa and also 3 highest populous country surpassing USA
    The population of European countries and Japan will shrink between 2015 to 2050
    China’s Population will start declining by 2030 but India’s will take more time
    But UN has neglected that India has already been rreducing its fertility rate and has reached 2.3 also many states have achieved fertility targets but UN report fails to take that on account
    The rising population of India and world is cause of concern
    1)High population means more mouths to feed : India which has been struggling to provide food to exisitng population is not prepared to provde food to its increasing population
    2) pressure on land and Water : As population increases pressure on limited resource of land , water increases
    3)Provide Education : It will be a challenge to provide education to rising population
    4)Pressure on government : If educated youth are unemployable this will strain the economy of country
    5)Gender gap: The declining female sex ratio is cause of concern
    6)Aging population : Facilites to take care of aging population will need to be enhanced
    7)Geo political changes : Young population from developing nations might be more passionate towards exerting their power and this might lead to chnage in geo politics of world
    8)Loss of habitat for animals: Increasing population will need more resources and for this he might damage the fragile balance of ecosystem by destroying habitat of flora and fauna
    High population in world will lead to many problems and hence it is neccessary that population is controlled especially in poorer countries otherwise this might lead to catastrophe situation

    • Aspirant

      Pls pls review

      • ravinder singh

        Need more improvmen.. skewed sequence us dere.. out of flow work on making flow of answer.. after fer minutes plz review mine answer

  • K Singh

    UN world population projections published after 7 years of previous edition show that World population will grow to 9.7 billion and India will house almost 1.7 billion of these by 2050 . The world population keeps on growing at 1.18% currently. India’s total fertility rate currently is 2.3 which is reducing with time although it won’t be until 2069 that India’s population will start decreasing. It projects Nigeria as the third largest country population vise by 2050.

    Implications for India ::
    — rich demographic dividend being the youngest nation by 2020 ( mean age 29 ) i.e beneficial for demand and workforce
    –might open up new markets for trade due population growth globally deriving demands upwards ,thus helping domestic industry
    –high population load of 1.75 billion by 2050 would lead to food scarcity, housing problems, estrained urban facilities, increasing unemployment , etc
    –increasing proportion of aged people (>60 yrs) as population matures with time will add to social security risks, increased expenditure on health services ,etc.
    –provision of basic life amenities may become a challenge if not coupled with advanced technologies and sustainable practices
    –maintaining law and order ;fulfilling aspirations of such a large people may pose political challenges

    Implications for the world ::
    –most of above can be extrapolated to the world as a whole like food scarcity, lack of water resources ,poverty etc.
    –in addition, there can be shift in the balance of powers as is occurring currently in Asia & by 2050 it might be africa
    –regional disparities will increase due to unequal distribution of resources vis-a-vis population

    It can be concluded that though increasing population provides us with increasing manpower for growth but at the same time since resources on this earth are limited ,the population growth has to be sustainable and appropriate.

  • mahesh

    World will be home for 9.3 billion people by 2050 according to population projection report of United Nations.Report says that India will surpass china in population by 2022.Nine developing countries including India will be home for half of the world population.More over Africa’s share is global population will rise whereas asian and European population will see a decline by 2050.Nigeria is expected to be the 3 rd largest population overtaking US.

    With an expected decline in global labour market,the demographic dividend can be harnessed well by imparting skill training to youth.This can increase the remittance and can help in reviving economy in a scenario where domestic demand will rise.Female to male sex ratio decline and increase in population of youth can result in more child and forced marriages.The expected decline in fertility rate is a good sign as India can reach replacement rate. It will help in reducing infant mortality rates.India will face a resource shortage and trade balance will be distorted if migration is uneven.

    Globally this trend can be a disaster because of high fertility rates of Africa and lack of health facilities,infrastructure,high prevalence of hunger and malnutrition,poverty etc. Africa is a region which is more vulnerable to diseases like HIV .Nigeria has the highest HIV population.Global literacy rates which stands at 84.1% might reduce with more population expected to be in least developed countries.The European and Latin american economies will have to bear the burden of ageing population and must try to attain replacement rate. Awareness must be given to increase the use of contraceptive techniques to further reduced population growth rate.Developing countries including India must make most of the opportunities by plugging loop holes of policies and by improving other social development indicators.

  • valley

    🙂

  • ravinder singh

    Plzz rvw

  • Bhaskar

    The main highlights of the recent UN’s World population projections report are-
    – World population reached 7.3 billion as of mid 2015.
    – However it is growing slower at the rate of 1.18% while 10 years ago it was 1.24%.
    – By 2030 the World population will reach 8.5 billion and by 2050 it will be 9.7 billion and 11.2 billion by 2100.
    – By 2050 African country Nigeria’s population will cross the population of USA and will become 3rd largest populated country.
    – Median age of global population is 29.6.
    – India is 3 yrs younger than the world.
    – China’s population will start declining by 2030.
    Implications for India will be-
    – Unemployment
    – Pressure on infrastructure
    – Scarcity of resources
    – Inequitable income distribution
    – Cities will be flooded with concrete structures
    These all will lead to poverty and create a survival competition.
    Implications for World-
    – Depletion of Natural Resources.
    – Degradation of environment
    – Conflicts and wars
    – Rise in unemployment
    – High cost of living.
    This report should be taken as an alert and if specially developing countries including India will pay proper attention and preventive measures will be taken we can save ourselves from future misfortune.

  • The 2015 revision to the U.N.’s World Population Projections report was released recently. And according to it, India will surpass China to become the world’s most populous nation by the year 2022 by overriding the previous estimate of around 2028 and is expected to have 1.7 Bn residents by the year 2050.

    The world population has increased from 6.1 bn in 2003 to 7.3 bn as of mid-2015, adding approx. 100 crores in past 12 yrs. The reports have showed a slower growthrate of 1.18% as compared to the growth percentage of 1.24% ten yrs ago by adding an approx. of 08 crores 30 lakhs (83mn) people annually. With this rate the world population is expected to rise to 8.5 billion by 2030, 9.7 billion by 2050 and 11.2 billion by 2100

    African continent is expected to be the most populous continent with Nigeria being the third largest populated country in the world by 2015. The report reveals that between 2015 and 2050, half the world’s population growth is expected to be concentrated in nine countries: India, Nigeria, Pakistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Tanzania, the US, Indonesia and Uganda. And the populations of most of the countries in Europe including japan are likely to shrink in the same period.

    As per India is concerned, over the last decade, from 2001-2011, India’s
    population grew at only 1.64% per year, as against 1.96% in its previous decade (1991-2001). According to India’s Sample Registration System (SRS), the official source of fertility statistics, the total fertility rate declined from 3.6 in 1991 to 2.3 in 2013. The two giants, China and India, now have 19% and 18%, respectively, of the world’s population, states the UN report.

    The median age of the world population is expected to raise from 29.6 yrs to 37.3 yrs by 2050. Overall, life expectancy is projected to increase in developed and developing countries in future yrs. At the global level, it is projected to
    reach 76 yrs in the period 2045-2050. By the end of the century, people in
    developed countries could live on average around 89 yrs, compared to about 81 yrs in developing regions.

  • Arduous

    U.N world population projection report 2015 will help to
    assess the development in achieving the MDGs and to make policies in post 2015 future prospect , various highlights of report are as follows.

    1. World population has reached 7.3 billion at present added
    1 billion population in last 12 years.

    2. Growth rate of population has declined from 1.24 % to
    1.18 %

    3. Africa will have highest growth rate in population in
    future decades.

    4. Under 5 mortality has decreased and will do so in future.

    5. Male population is more as compared to female at present.

    6. Fertility rate will decline in world ahead.

    7. Europe and Japan will have more aged population till
    2050.

    Implications.

    India will have the more young population ahead but it will surpass china in just seven years to become the most populous country in world. Though the demographic dividend of India will be its strength in future, low fertility rate in future ahead will reduce number of population added per year. Life expectancy will increase and under 5 mortality will decrease for India and all over world. India’s above 60
    population will be doubled in 2050.

    This report reflects our future policies to target particular population of country and world, India will be a sole supplier of man-power to the world and present skill development policies will be helpful in future to cater the demand of skilled man-power in the world

  • SJ

    Lately underlain UNs World Population projection report shows that India will be most populous by 2022 ,currently having maximum no. of young people globally.According to the report ,India will surpass china by 2030. India is growing at much greater speed which somewhere can dis-balance the demography of India with related to the landmass present. Even the fertility rate being low of about 2.3, India is turning out to be a populous country .More people will fetch more needs of livelihood .Consumption of food grains at higher rate with a possibility of many needy people going unsatisfied will loom large. Multiplying population will need more of land for their harbor which would harm the ecological balance in sooner times.

    Though few positive s can be..:
    Since we have highest no. of young people, we can utilize this folk for contributing towards nation’s betterment.
    More people will drive education much well. Education institutions will be benefited with good no. of quality students.
    People would go for skill development which will nurture industries.
    Soft power will get a boost.More cultural exchange and hence good global relations will be perceived.

    The report has shown both the facets . Adhering to all the negative implications and seeking the positive ones,India should be poised to develop a better nation using the indigenous people as raw material for the upliftment of drowning sectors.

    • Wolverine

      Well Written Bro.

      Intro could be cut short.
      Answer structure could have been Intro — Body(including pros and cons) either both in points or in para and not a mix.
      Conclusion needs to be refined.
      And the Implications for India and the world were needed to be separately mentioned.

      The Report though showed both the facets. It was more negative than positive.

      Hope I could provide a good review. 🙂

      Please review my answers too

      • SJ

        THANKS..Bhai..:)
        i just realized i didnt mention global perspective. Thankx for correcting and please review my upcoming ans too..:)

        • Wolverine

          Sure I Will…Please Make reviewing a too way business Bhai.
          All the Best 🙂

          • SJ

            Yep..i ll..:)

    • Raavan

      Re read the question the answer seems little of focus. Focus on implications not on other things. Word limit exceeded

      • SJ

        Thankyou for reviewing…:)..
        I intented to write the implications only but somehow its not presented well..will take care of this next time..:)

  • akshayp

    The highlights of the UN’s World Population Report are
    1. World population is currently 7.5 billion and the next 0.5 billion will be added in the next two decades.
    2. India is the world’s fastest growing country and will overtake China as the worlds most populous country by 2035.
    3. India’s population will stabilise around 2050 when all its States attain Replacement Fertility Levels.

    The implications for India and the world are
    1. India will have a huge demographic dividend till 2050 as the rest of the world largely ages. Thus it can greatly influence its growth rate.
    2.However if India cannot create opportunities for skilled young workers, then brain drain is likely to occur.
    3. It is encouraging that 11 Indian States have already reached replacement fertility levels. Measures on family planning are needed to further stabilise the population.