3) Do you think, considering recent foreign policy initiatives of China, its rise is peaceful and reassuring to its neighbours? Critically analyse.

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TopicIndia and its neighborhood- relations. 

3) Do you think, considering recent foreign policy initiatives of China, its rise is peaceful and reassuring to its neighbours? Critically analyse. (200 Words)

The Hindu

  • फाल्गुनी शर्मा

    चीन द्वारा पिछले कुछ वर्षों में अपनी विदेश नीति के अंतर्गत विभिन्न परियोजनाओं, संस्थानों के निर्माण, भारी निवेश तथा अन्य कदम उठाये गए हैं जिनका विश्व की अर्थव्यवस्था, राजनीति, सुरक्षा नीतियों , व्यापार आदि पर गहरा असर पड़ा है !
    1- एशियाई अवसंरचना निवेश बैंक : एक सकारात्मक कदम है क्योंकि विश्व बैंक के आंकड़ों की माने तो अकेले एशिया में अगले दशक में करीब 10 ट्रिलियन डॉलर के निवेश की संभावना है !
    2- स्ट्रिंग ऑफ़ पर्ल्स : हालांकि चीन द्वारा इसे सिर्फ व्यावसायिक महत्व के रूप में विवेचित किया गया है परन्तु इसका इस्तेमाल वह भारत को हिन्द महासागर में घेरने के लिए कर सकता है !
    3- मेरीटाइम सिल्क रूट : इसे चीन द्वारा क्षेत्र की अवसंरचना के विकास हेतु पेश किआ गया है परन्तु भारत ने इसका विरोध भारतीय महासागर क्षेत्र में अपने प्राकृतिक और सामरिक हित को प्रभावित करने की चीन की साजिश के आधार पर किया है ! भारत का यह विरोध चीन द्वारा दक्षिणी चीन सागर में अपनी मनमानी को देखते हुए जायज है !
    4- पाक अधिकृत कश्मीर : यहाँ पर रेल नेटवर्क का जाल बिछाकर चीन सीमा पर और तनाव पैदा करना चाहता है !
    5- नेपाल : यहाँ पर चीन का नेपाल की राजनीति , मीडिया और सेना से बढ़ते अनुबंध तिब्बत रिफ्यूजी की समस्या से परे किसी अन्य दिशा की ओर इशारा करते हैं !
    6- श्रीलंका – यहाँ चीन सबसे बड़ा ऋण दाता होने के साथ साथ- साथ रक्षा कलपुर्जों में 60% भागीदारी भारतीय हित के खिलाफ इंगित होती प्रतीत होती है !
    7- म्यांमार : इरावाड्डी कॉरिडोर में निवेश चीन भारतीय उत्तरी सीमा पर दबाव बनाने के लिए कर रहा है ! साथ में , अरुणाचल प्रदेश पर चीन द्वारा अपना हक जताने के सन्दर्भ में म्यांमार में बन रहे 1500 km लम्बे हाईवे जो सीधा चीन को भारत के अरुणाचल प्रदेश से जोड़ता है निशित ही भारत के लिए चिंतनीय विषय है !
    इन सबका निष्कर्ष निकाला जाये तो यह स्पष्ट है की चीन द्वारा चाहें कोई परियोजना हो या कोई विकास कार्य अथवा कोई नए संस्थान का निर्माण – सभी एक तरफ जहाँ विश्व को आर्थिक , व्यापारिक तथा अन्य तरीकों से जोड़ने और फायदा पहुँचानें का वादा करते हैं वहीँ दूसरी और इन सभी में चीन को भारत के हितों को प्रभावित कर विश्व में एक प्रभावी शक्ति के रूप में पैर जमाने का निजी स्वार्थ और महत्वाकांक्षी होने की भावना साफ़ झलकती है !

    • Sambha

      All your points give a black hue of the above developments. Does India can not take advantage of the above infrastructure built by China for her own benefit? As the question is asking for “Critically evaluate”. Rectify me if am away of focus?

      • Mrinal Mukherjee

        can you review mine pls 🙂
        Thanks

    • Abhi Sh

      Hi Falguni ,

      U have wriiten an India centric answer . It is questioning about China’s neighbour . While India should figure prominently onse should also mention , Russia ( huge trade deals , $400 bn gas deal boosting Russia against Western Sanctions ), Japan and South Korea ( Air Defence Identification Zone ) , ASEAN nations ( South China Sea ). All point to increasing Chinese aggression which will be detrimental to all of China’s neighbour.

  • Devilish Samosa

    In international relations and especially in regions of relative prosperity such as the East Asian arc of development, any change in the status quo is upsetting.China’s rise is one such change.

    China’s cheque book diplomacy and its increasing military clout are to be viewed geographically. Whereas the recepients of its ample purse are in Central Asia, Africa and littoral states around the Indian ocean, the ones facing down the barrel of its gun are the states it shares land and sea borders with. To these latter states like Japan,Vietnam,Myanmar, Philippines and India, China’s economic rise only adds to the dimension of threat provided by its military rise.

    It is also to be noted that such a trend cannot be reversed because- a) China, as it grows, is becoming resource hungry and will need the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) to enforce its “claims”, and b) the PLA itself stays under the control of the CCP only if its provided with more and more prestigious weapons.

    Thus, China’s rise is hardly peaceful or reassuring for its immediate status quoist neighbour’s like India.

  • Aj

    An analysis of China’s intititiaves recently suggest that it has moved on from Deng Xiaopings ideology of staying low and not showing strength to being more assertive player on the world stage.
    Any analysis has to begin with what those initiatives seek. China’s ideology since ancient time suggest that being world superpower and China centric world is its ultimate end. It’s intitatives are aimed at it.

    China despite having such ambitions, is projecting a cautious, benign image through Confucius propaganda, promoting its soft power, hosting global events such as Olympics. It is also using its economic leverage by Extending lines of credit to neighbours, The OBOR initiative, AIIB etc. These intiatives are aimed at keeping the political ambition low and projecting an economic picture that benefits all.

    Such initiatives have assured its neighbours to a great extend but instances in Myanmar, Sri Lanka, South China Sea show that neighbours are being part of the economic agenda but also wary of its future interests. China for the short term may quell discontent but it’s definitely lurking below in each country.

    • Mrinal Mukherjee

      You can flesh out your content a lil bit more . Try hammering on aspects like maritime security , south china sea ( a line on how is it affecting Japan ), the BCIM corridor , the recent China Pak Economic Corridor etc

  • Batman

    The Chinese foreign policy ,especially in the last decade and under the new leadership has undergone a sea change from what it used to be earlier. Some of the characteristic features of Chinese foreign policy in the recent time involves a stark deviations from it’s earlier stands like ‘hide our capacities’ ,’maintaining low profile ,never seek leaderships’, ‘non aggressive overtures towards neighbors and general principles like the peaceful settlement of disputes etc. The recent behaviors on the part of China can’t be said to be peaceful and reassuring to it’s neighbors at all.
    China’s assertiveness and unprecedented aggression in dealing with territorial maritime disputes in the South China sea with it’s ASEAN neighbours where it’s land reclamation activities,in complete disregard to the International laws governing seas , through construction of artificial islands where the built features appear to be military bases and critical defense infrastructures and airports contrary to it’s claim of civilian purposes ,has raised alarm bell worldwide over it’s intentions of possible military domination in the resource rich and trade -hub waters of the South China Sea .The 2012 episode of seizing Scarborough Shoal from Philipines ,forcing the later to seek recourse at the Permanent Court of Arbitration , moving an oil rig into Vietnamese waters in 2014, and encroaching even into the southernmost extent of its nine-dash line reaching into Malaysia and Indonesia despite repeated protests are another behaviors by China that violates the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), other agreements like the 2002 Declaration on the Conduct of Parties Beijing inked with Southeast Asian states that can’t be overlooked .Equally intriguing , the patrolling of Indian Ocean waters by the Chinese submarines and docking in Colombo port a couple of times ,brings a serious threat to India’s own backyard ,it’s maritime security and traditional dominance in the Indian oceanic island nations.Further,China’s increasing bonhomie with the isolated Pakistan through multi-billion investments,defense technology sells and it’s apparent soft stand on anti-India terrors organizations being harbored by Pakistan ,raises serious questions as to whether all these are meant to contain India and surround it from all sides .

    Seeing all these activities, one can’t help ,but doubt about the China’s intentions and whether it’s rise will be really peaceful and reassuring to it’s neighbors.

    • abd

      long passage is bit boring..should hv written in 3 short passages….u missed out AIIB, fear over SILK ROUTE, string of pearls etc…
      But content is good…keep going…Thank u

  • kunal singh

    Emergence of China as a global power is a result of a well planed aggressive policy both at home and at international level. Now finding itself in a dictating position, China has recently taken a number of new initiative at global front which is going to define the international relations of many countries of the world and more prominently of the neighboring ones.
    1. Establishment of Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank with a huge corpus of $ 100 billion and China holding around 26% vote share may play a defining role in neighboring countries.
    2.Road and Belt Initiative to connect the markets of Central Asia and Europe with East and South East Asia includes all its neighbors.
    3. Establishment of New Development Bank with China’s largest contribution in currency reserve pool and headquarters at Beijing will certainly have impacts on the relationship with surrounding countries.
    4. Train route construction in POK and development of Gwadar Port, harboring of its submarine ships in neighboring countries, String of Pearls strategy around India, trial to exchange some areas with Bhutan which is of great strategic importance for India, aggressive investment in Nepal and Myanmar are seen as a major concern by India.
    5. China’s relations with almost all East Asian countries is marred with many regional disputes. Concerns of Vietnam, Philippines, Japan over sea boundary are aged and dont seem to ameliorate in near future.

    To sum up, China’s recent foreign policies initiatives like AIIB, Road and Belt, BCIM Corridor certainly provide an alternative to its neighboring countries to align with against USA’s dominated Trans Pacific Partnership initiative which may prove beneficial with regionally suitable terms and conditions. However, on the boundary disputes front, the neighboring countries need to be more cautious as China’s aggressive attitude towards this may hype the already tensed and fragile issue.

    • kunal singh

      please review

      • Gaurav Tripathi

        Nicely written, Kunal. You can include terms like maritime security, economic powerhouse, new world order etc.
        Keep writing!

        • kunal singh

          Right Gaurav. Thanx.

  • Dhiraj

    China has been striving to rise as a world power.

    Its steps regarding this, which can be called peaceful and
    reassured neighbours:
    – The AIIB and One road, one belt initiative for the
    infrastructure development connecting its many neighbours and other countries
    leading to economic development. Many countries have joined this including
    Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    – Increasing relations with Russia, especially $400 billion
    gas deal, which benefits both the countries
    – energy pacts with Central Asian countries ensuring growth
    of both the countries
    – Relations with Nepal, especially to link Kathmandu to
    Tibet via railway line and its support in the rescue efforts during earthquake have assured Nepal

    Its steps which may have raised concerns among neighbours:
    – Though the China-Pakistan economic corridor is useful for
    Pakistan, India and its disputed territory are involved in this. This coupled
    with the String of pearls policy seems to be ‘surrounding’ India.

    – Its adventures in the South China sea, especially deploying
    its oil drills in EEZ of Vietnam, construction of artificial islands, ADIZ (Air
    defence identification zone), new fishing rules, all raised concerns among its
    eastern and south eastern neighbours

    Though some steps seem to be purely economical benefiting
    and reassuring the neighbours, many other steps have raised the concerns of the
    neighbours. It is to be seen whether China’s rise would be peaceful

  • cr7

    Doubt over the peaceful rise of china in recent foreign policy initiative over reassuring to its neighbours aroused in its two pronged strategy. The inconsistency in Chinese policy arises through conflict between deeply ingrained Chinese traditions and the modern international political norms of nation states.

    Chinese idea of Tianxia, a Sino-centric world view where China inherently regards itself as the supreme rule maker in its own ‘enclosed’ world, and the current international scenario where the ancient China-centered world no longer exists, especially for its neighboring modern nation states. While some Chinese policymakers assumed that China dominated its neighbours throughout history, even it is evident that China’s neighbours have had their own naturally endowed spaces, resources, and advantages to function as independent agents. Other side the crucial role played by China’s neighbours in its history cannot be ignored.

    Contradiction of chinese claim from re adoption re-adoption of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence while advocating equal status to all other countries, the inherent contradiction between China’s desire to play the benign role and the traditional Tianxia worldview acts as a major impediment. Take an example Sino- India one side china is providing safe escape root terrorist like Lakhavi other example is china’s hegemony or Dadagiri in south china sea with its neighboring countries legitimate claims.

  • Aishwarya Sharma

    Answer 3

    • Sambha

      You have gave fair deal for the question mentioning both merits and demerits. Keep it up.

    • Sudanita Sanchez

      Answer is great…
      But pathetic writing for a gal!!!

      • Prince George

        Come on. This is the internet world. Let the dude play. 😉

    • Mrinal Mukherjee

      Lucid and succinct .. Can you review mine please

  • ravinder kaur saini

    Plz review guys

  • ravinder kaur saini

    Review

  • Gaurav Tripathi

    China is major player in globalized world. It’s influence over different regions of world has deepened. It has exports oriented economy.The recent foreign policy initiatives taken by China will have a significant impact on global economic and political sphere. Important issues are:-
    1- Asian Infrastructure and Investment Bank- It is an international financial institution proposed by Chinese govt and the purpose is to finance the infrastructure projects in Asia region.
    2- String of pearls- It refers to network of Chinese military and commercial facilities and relationship along sea lines of communication. It surrounds India from all over peninsula. However,chinese govt has communicated , it is process of creation for economic engagement.
    3- Maritime Silk Route- The aim of this program is to create a maritime infrastructure corridor in Indo-Pacific region. China has invited India for joining it, but the opaque nature of its proposal is cause of concern. China has released no details about the concerned project.
    4- Air Defense Identification Zone- The dispute over islands in East China Sea between China and other regional countries has led China to build its new Air Defense Zone. It overlaps the zone which is under control of Japan and Korea. China is planning to built ADIZ for South China Sea.
    These recent initiatives by China can be cause of concern for India. However, in a globalized world where countries are becoming more interdependent and engaged with each other, China’s rise might be peaceful But in future, it can be the reason for threatening its neighbors.

  • Abhishek

    China has emerged as an undisputed leader in 21st century. It has marched a long way from Century of Weakness to become World power. China has been vigorously following its foreign policy for maintaining its growth and hegemony. However China’s foreign policy do not seem to be peaceful or reassuring for its neighbour. Some of the recent foreign policy intiatives of China which is disputed are as follows:

    a)South China Sea & East China Sea: China claim on
    islands in S.China sea and east China Sea has triggered tension with Japan and Veitnam. This also had impact on Indian due to cancellation of ONGC project with Vietnam.This has also come under legal scrutiny from ICJ.

    b) Declaration of ADIZ: China declared Air Defence Zone over China sea which led to other conformation with East Asian neighbours.This led to the deterioration of relation between Phillipines & Japan.

    c)India –China border: This is another dispute which often
    is violated by Chinese army and is a source of tension across the borders.
    Further China support to Pakistan is another thorn in the relation between
    Indian & China.

    d) Policy like String of Pearls , Belt and Road Intiative
    has been started with good intention of increasing trade and commerce
    between neighbours but often the picture seems to be different. Some countries view these with suscipion as this may lead to increase dependency on China and finally result in Chinese hegemony in Asia just like US in N. America.

    e) US & China: Both are the world power who are busy in
    countering each other influence like Asai Pivot Policy if followed by US to
    counter Chinese Belt and road and string of pearl policy.

    However Chinese establishment of AIIB and BRICS bank is
    commendable and if followed by cooperation and mutual trust may help in
    development of fund deficit Asian regions and will help in building trust
    between neighbours. Further China is also financing projects in countries like Sri Lanka , Nepal,Pakistan, Afghanistan which will help in the development of the region. Initiatives like BCIM projects , Pak-China corridor is a good sign from China.

    Development of the nation is not possible by tension and conflicts.A permanent solution is the need of the hour for the most stable and
    densely populated region of the world and it cannot be achieved by claim,
    counter claim and domiance. This is possible only through collective frameworkof all Asian countries which will bring them closer and together they can march ahead.
    Abhi Singh

    • Abhishek

      Plz comment …

    • Aspirant

      Both aspects should be covered in a balanced way i.e. other side of peaceful rise could be given more space in your answer. rest is good 🙂

      • Abhishek

        Well noted .Thanks for your feeback.

  • Aspirant

    China has risen to become the 2nd largest economy in the world after USA. Militarily also its capability has been exponentially rising in the last couple of decades. Its rise has changed the unipolar, nature of world dominated by USA after disintegration of USSR, to multipolar world.
    Peaceful rise:
    1). Trade has been the main thrust of China in rising to a global power. It has brought prosperity in the nations with which it is trading including India.
    2). China has been the voice of developing countries in recent decades against western developed countries. e.g. at climate change summits.
    3). It has effectively led the initiative of reforming multilateral international institutions which are currently dominated by western world, which is in the interest of developing countries.
    4). It has only one major war during its rise, i.e. with India in 1962, rest of the actions involves only skirmishes in the South China sea etc. It has also helped in reducing USA’s hegemonic dominance in the world.
    Aggressive rise:
    1). It has constantly confronted smaller south east asian countries in South China sea.
    2). It has been aggressively pursuing its investments in other parts of world, without giving due care to environment, people affected concerns e.g. in Mayanmar.
    3). Border issue resolution with India has been consistently delayed by China. Same is with the case with South China sea issue. Also it has contradictory policy of entering disputed region of PoK, but now allowing others to enter South China sea which is also disputed.
    4). Cyber war, currency war by China are other indicators showing its rise is not so peaceful. Also its supports to North Korea, Pakistan on several terrorism issues, shows its aggressive rise.
    But various initiative shows its interested in resolving these issues through dialogue e.g. India’s entry into APEC, SCO, AIIB etc. Also its increasing cordial relations with Russia provides a good platform for India to resolve issues with China.

  • Appa

    China has raised its stature globally on back of 10+% growth rate for decades and is undergoing impressive infrastructure buildup be it defence, industry or space. While this perfectly qualifies for a “rise” but this is far from being “peaceful” as far as its neighbors are concerned.

    Following steps taken by China highlight this:

    – Unilateral declaration of Air Defence Identification Zone (ADIZ) that included many of the disputed islands created a flutter among its neighbors like Japan and South Korea

    – China is rapidly creating infrastructure in South China Sea, evident from land reclamation projects in Spratly Islands that lie in the disputed zone as well

    – Its forcefully deployed an oil rig in waters claimed by Vietnam

    – Over all such disputes, China has iterated bilateral settlements rather than playing by the rules of intl’ law (UNCLOS)

    – In India too, it has carried frequent incursions and standoffs in the border areas

    Containing China’s growing heft, therefore, should be the priority of bigger nations.

    – USA and Russia must engage in all such regional disputes in a accommodative manner without anti-China rhetoric.

    – India being the largest of its neighbors, has to focus on constructive engagement with China so that contentious issues can be amicably resolved.

    – China itself has to avoid pursuing Tianxai doctrine (self-glorifying ideals) while paying lip service to Panchsheel principles

  • AB

    China’s growth in the last couple of decades has been tremendous. This rise is not only economic in nature but also spatial, military and political discourses.

    However any rise of a country is bound to have an effect on its neighbours. Each policy decision it takes tends to make an impact on the policies of the neighbouring countries. China’s policies similarly have the following repercussion on its neighbours

    A. Positive Impact

    1. Economic rise of China has increased the trade and commerce in the region thus improving the economies of its neighbours too.

    2. Countries, by aligning itself with China can use (and have used) the latter’s military might to further its own interest, either locally or globally. For eg. Pakistan have used China to dispose India’s proposal in UN w.r.t Lakhvi’s release.

    3. Use its influence and power to fight regional terrorism. For eg. One of the main objective of SCO is to fight regional terrosism.

    B. Negative Impact

    1. Usually results in trade imbalances in the neighbouring countries. For Eg. India’s trade imbalance with China

    2. The expansionist policy of China has come in conflict with almost all its neighbours. For eg. With India in Arunachal and Tibet, With Vietnam and Phillipines w.r.t. South China Sea and with Japan w.r.t. Senkaku Islands.

    3. Increased polarization due to the increased political and military might of China in the world.

    Thus China’s initiatives have been quite influential in the neighbourhood, good for some and bad for some. This has resulted in some intense rise in skirmishes in the recent times with some of its neighbours.

  • abd

    china is an economic powerhouse with large territory and is a growing power in global affairs.
    It has been using all its strengths-economic,military,political,geographical to flex its muscles,thus threatining not just its neighbours but also global powers like us,russia and regional powers like japan and india.
    Many of its foreign policy initiatives are not reassuring of its peaceful rise and are destabilising power dynamics in various regions like south east asia,northern pacific regions etc.
    Few of its policy initiates which are seen as threat are-
    1) maritime silk route along with one belt-one road initiative-Created suspicions in indian political circles of china’s intent along with china’s economic dominance in the region
    2) dredging and aggressive policy in south china sea is threatining south east asian nations and japan,s.korea
    3) AIIB and NDB were seen as challenge to WB AND IMF run by western powers
    4)Many developed and developing powers like japan,australia,NZ,S.korea are suspicious of BIG BROTHER ATTITUDE OF CHINA.
    5) china-pak economic corridor through Pok and its all weather friendship is seen in negative shade by India as it passes through porous and dangerous terrains of INDO-CHINA borders.
    6) expansionistic policy is troubling to its neighbours
    Unless china reassures other countries with mutually assuring agreements-both multilateral and bilateral, proper accountability at place along with taking forward its neighbours through cooperation in various spheres it would not ensure peaceful rise of china,even how good its intentions are,bound to raise tensions.

    • neelesh lal

      nicely written
      good answer

      • abd

        thank u

  • DEVANAMPRIYA

    China have emerged as a growing superpower in the world arena it have achived high fleets of economic as well as military power but according to the recent trends shown by the Chinese foreign policy it seems cleary that there is a clear dicthomy between Chinese claim for regional peace and tranquility and its real practices. In case of neighborhood relationships china has serious issue and reservation on that front . there are many examples like

    String of pearls :-china has tactically acquired many ports and navigation facilities in Indian neighborhood which poses a serious strategic threat to indian security

    OBOR :- The OBOR or silk road economic belt initiative in itself is a good beginning but the route to is passing through a diputed area between india and Pakistan i.e. POK without taking india in confidence

    MSR:- initiatives like MSR may be another attempt to curb the navigational capacity of india and other neighbor countries

    SCS :- Claim over South china sea is a another bone of contention between china and its immediate neighbor.

    Island dispute with japan:- Senkaku island is a cause of hot talks between two neighbours

    ADIZ:- creation of ADIZ unilaterally by china over east china sea also raised eyebrows of neighbouring nations

    Other issues like frequent trespassing of borders by Chinese forces into Indian territory is another concern. Historically china had agreed on the principles of peaceful coexistence (panchsheel) but with time elapsed and growing economic power china has began to act as a big brother among its neighbor
    .

    But for peaceful coexistence in this multi-polar world every country mustn’t undermine the capabilities of others and work towards the
    welfare of all.

    please review freinds

    • abd

      GOOD ANSWER ….muscle flexing through economic might-AIIB,economic support or investment with strings attached, etc could hv been added.
      thank u

      • DEVANAMPRIYA

        definitely dear but the topic is so vast and the word limit is too short (upsc) so we have to do sacrifices…

        • abd

          I agree. but u can collage points on scs. adiz and island disputes to make space for these vital issues

    • ajeet singh

      Complete Answer. One advice, use full from of abbreviations.

      • DEVANAMPRIYA

        thanx for the review sir i’ll remember next time…

  • RKM

    china is fast growing as an economic power in the world. In
    the last decade, it has also started to increase its influence in the region
    through various initiatives like AIIB, Belt and Road initiatives, BRICS bank, territorial
    claims in South China sea etc. various genuine peaceful motives can be seen
    here:

    1.Chinese economy is trade dependent – exports manufactured
    goods and imports crude. So for them securing access to sealanes/ land trade
    routes is important and these infrastructure initiatives support them.

    2.Their investors have lot of money to invest with
    few avenues left in china. So through initiatives like AIIB, they can use them
    productively.

    But, certain moves like the following have shown high
    handedness and are threatening to the neighbours:

    1. After the contradictory claims of islands like
    senkaku, spartley etc, they are now attempting to increase their military
    presence in these areas.
    2. Proposal to contstruct China- pak economic
    corridor through contended Kashmir PoK region irrespective of indias concerns
    hints their approach.
    3. Befriending india’s neighbours is often seen as
    anti indian strategy.

    So, chinas rise is definitely not reassuring to the
    neighbours – more so for the smaller
    ones like Vietnam, Philippines. While some
    steps help them in infrastructure funding etc, others threaten them.

  • Ankith

    Please review

  • Divya G

    China’s policies at the moment are ambiguous. On one side
    there is a push for trade and at the other end china is reclaiming land,
    hacking government systems, blocking selective U.N. resolutions etc. Let’s
    analyze this strategy of china.

    The push for increasing connection closer integration is
    clearly a manifestation of china’s export surplus. China wants to find markets
    for its surplus export and its available cash. The establishment of AIIB needs
    to be looked at from this angle.

    As china cozy’s up to New Delhi, it also builds its
    relationship with Pakistan. This approach of using proxy states is not
    isolated. Same policy is followed in North Korea as well.

    The increasing assertion of china in South China Sea is
    another indicator of aggressiveness. Recently china reclaimed large quantities of
    land around the disputed islands. It also suspected that china is propping up Pyongang.

    The way china handled Protestants demanding autonomy is
    another indicator. The way demands of its citizens were handled with force was
    not peaceful for sure.

    Although china claims to improve trade relations, it is
    increasing its military might. In the world of diplomacy nothing can be taken
    in its face value, similarly china’s claim and action need to be viewed with caution.
    This is especially true for India, that has had a bitter experience in 1965.

  • Dipjyoti

    China, a major economic and geopolitical power of the world, maintains that it pursues peaceful development, and that it means no harm to any other country.

    But certain measures of China, outlined below indicate the contrary:

    1. Establishment of Air Defence Identification Zone (ADIZ) over the entire South China Sea.

    2. Claim over almost entire south China Sea, based on a historical ‘Nine Dashed Line’ that has no basis in any international law.

    3. Building of two light towers in the South China Sea, whereas it supposedly tries to assume guardianship of the Sea.

    4. Aggressive modernization of its Navy. arsenals and developments of missiles like the recent WU-14 Hyper-sonic Missile.

    5. Increasing presence of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) in the entire Indian Ocean Region.

    On the light of the above, China’s rhetorical claim that its rise is peaceful and its self-professed adherence to Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence or Panchsheel seems to be hollow.

    The neighbours of china, in Asia, as such need to collaborate and formulate a collective security framework, based on non-domination by any one country.

    Comments please please please…..

    • Adwait Dahale

      China’s malicious intentions are highlighted but also talk about AIIB and how it would benefit neglected members of Bretton Woods institutions like India, Pakistan etc.
      Also highlight its positivity towards Russia and Central Asian Republics, leading to SCO formation

      Share both sides of the coin.
      Otherwise, Points mentioned by you are precise 🙂

      • Dipjyoti

        thanks friend..:)

  • Sudanita Sanchez

    HI INSIGHTS !! RAJU misery was superb !, hope we can manage to be the next!
    Great work going on here in insights .. THANKS ALL… N PLEASE REVIEW!

    China has always played the role of a big brother, in the Asian continent, which has even brought it into conflict with the former ally, Russia.
    Definitely, as a repercussion of this policy, it’s every stance is closely watched by its neighbours and others alike.

    India, since it lost its war with china in the sixties has been apprehensive of Chinese intentions, more so because of it’s establishing convenient ties with INDIA’s foe at the western front, that is, Pakistan. This has been aggravated by the fact that India construed China’s new policy of influence over the INDIAN ocean region as a direct threat in the form of ‘string of pearls’.

    However, the smaller nations in and around the subcontinent have adopted a more friendlier approach towards china considering their reservations regarding the INDIAN presence in the region. These include, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Bangladesh and even Nepal in the recent times.

    On the other hand , in the areas adjoining the South China Sea and further towards east, nations like Vietnam, Thailand, Philippines and Singapore have particularly not been very appreciative of Chinese aggressive stance relating to the extension of its territorial sovereignty over the waters and the islands that are present in it. Both east and South China Sea have served as a bone of contention between these eastern neighbours and china. Moreover, the western powers along with japan are often unhappy about this uncalled for show of military might and strategic coercion by china in the indo-pacific region rightly call as the (ring of fire).
    ;p – ( A bit of geography to end with perfectly concluding the geo-historical context)

  • China is an emerging market economy & has surprised many with it meteoric rise growing at 10% over a period of 30 years & defied many conventional economic theory. Drawing strength from its strong economy and powerful military, Chinese foreign policy has emerged on international platform.

    The foreign policy are designed to, primarily, achieve the following three objectives

    1) To secure its needs

    China enters into bilateral relationship with countries around the world to secure the demands of its ever growing economy. ,be it security or energy or food or trade. e.g
    Energy exploration agreements with west asian , central asian , latin american countries
    or the trade agreements with blocks like ASEAN,
    or the Economic development partnership with SL or Pakistan ,
    or creation of social infrastructure in African countries .

    This serves the dual purpose of giving it a headway in strategic space & at the same time serves as investment destination.

    This has forced many countries, including India, into disarray. Unlike China , other countries are restricted financially & are feared to loose out space thus causing intimidation.

    2) To counter Western dominated international sphere

    In order to achieve this China has

    Increased cooperation & participation in regional, subregional , military , financial or other groups like SCO, ASEAN, SAARC,ADB, BRICS etc .
    To reduce dollar dependency exploring options to trade in local currency with countries like Russia among others.

    To counter Bretton woods twin has come with NDB , AIIB etc.

    This has forced US , Japan and European countries to rethink their strategy and reform existing institution to make it more relevant

    3)To cements its position as Global power

    In order to achieve this China tried to proved its regional hegemony first by claiming many island on South China Sea , which has been claimed by other countries in the neighbourhood like Vietnam, Phillipines etc .
    But with no regards to such claims China went ahead with mass reclamation plan.

    Also increased military activities in Indian & Pacific ocean has raised eyebrows.

  • Amit

    China has always been a hegemonic country with an ambition to become the greatest power of the world(Tanxian world). Its relation with its neighbours has always been tense.
    In recent year,s China has adopted incorporated various western policies of international relation eg: Sea dominant theory of west, to realise its dream of Tanxian world. This kind of policies has created suspicion among its neighbouring countries and other super powers of the world.
    Recently, China is demonstrating that countries who accepts the dominance of China will get financial and technical support which further aggravating the suspicion among the neighbouring countries.
    Further, to remove suspicion of neighbouring countries China has readopted the five principle of peaceful existence and equality of all nation. But, still there are incidents which show that China is still continuing with its ambition to establish Tanxian world.
    So if China wants peaceful then It has to consider the inherent difference between five principles of peaceful existence and concept of Tanxian world.
    It should cooperate on the boundary issues as these issues are not solved by the rigid claims and reclaims of boundary line.
    So Just mere stating that china is working to remove suspicion of neighbours will not be suffice, it has to show concrete steps. Otherwise rise of China will create friction with neighbouring countries and will heat the region.

  • Amit

    China,due to its growing economic and military might,has been a force to reckon with and only next to U.S in the recent times.Its growing stature on global stage is ,thus,not a surprise.It has taken a number of foreign policy initiatives specially the current regime under President Xi Jinping which have several negative under pinning for its neighbors –

    1. Increased assertion in South China Sea – China’s assertiveness in South
    China Sea ( recent land reclamation ,warning/threat to vessels entering these
    waters and unilateral claim on natural resources) has left its many of ASEAN
    members worried.

    2.Claims on East China Sea – China’s claims on disputed islands in East China
    sea has concerned South Korea and Japan,two of its important neighbors.

    3. ‘String of Pearls’ and CPEC- China’s String of Pearls in IoR and CPEC in PoK
    despite India’s reservations has left India dismayed.Recently China has also defended Pakistan in UN sanctions committee on terrorists Sallauddin and Lakhvi.

    However,China’s few initiatives have also indicated its genuine willingness to
    play a responsible power’s role –

    1. NDB and AIIB – These multilateral institutions have been set up with major thrust from China to not only supplement existing multilateral financial order but also to assist the developing world ( specially Asia) financially for its needs.

    2.OBOR – Silk road economic belt and MSR initiatives are aimed at reviving historical silk routes to Europe by bringing economic development to the participating nations.

    3.China’s assistance to its neighbors like Myanmar,Nepal,Central Asian countries etc for developmental needs is also a case in point.

    However,critiques also see them as a part of larger Chinese design.

    Thus,we see that China,being a major power of the world should carry itself in a more acceptable manner by respecting international laws/treaties/practices, taking smaller neighbors into confidence and respecting the ethos of Panchsheel principles. It should not only act in a more responsible manner but also should be seen doing so.Only then,its ‘peaceful rise’ shall be in a larger global interest.

    • srinivas

      good. conclusion is very nice

  • neelesh lal

    answer 3

  • Mrinal Mukherjee

    Despite of the low economic growth rate last year as per reports of IMF , its fairly evident that the Chinese have acted ignorantly & are snobbishly thumping forward by taking various foreign policy initiatives affecting its neighbours both +vly and -vely.

    Positive Imapct :

    – The Pak China Economic Corridor will not only strengthen bilateral ties but will also open doors for trade between the two countries
    – The BCIM corridor or the modern silk road originating from Kunming will not only usher smooth south asian trade but will also mark as a strong economic impetus

    Negative Imapct :

    -The age old and everlasting border issues with Arunanchal Pradeshhas always been a bone of contention
    – Investing huge spondulicks in Arakan ,the home to the Rohingyas for a gas project thus displacing them is large amounts
    – Setting up of an oil rig in the disputed waters of Vietnam
    -Territorial and Jurisdictional claims over the South East China Sea with Japan

    ( WC : 185)

    • Mrinal Mukherjee

      Now that you have skimmed thru it … Critique pls :p
      Merci !

  • RamG

    The recent foreign policy initiatives of China is completely oriented to secure its national interests with very scant regard for its neighbours and International laws such as UNCLOS.

    In South China Sea, China is increasingly assertive of its territorial control over Sprately and Paracel Islands even as similar claims are admitted by Vietnam and Philippines. Instead of international arbitration, China is unilaterally assertive of its claims.

    Similarly, in the East China Sea, China mandated an Air Defence Identification Zone over Senkaku Islands before any meaningful discussion with its counterpart- Japan.

    With India, Though its relations appear to be good, at times China is found to be playing the Pakistan card against India. the recent voting of China against the resolution indicting Pakistan over 26/11 should be seen in this perspective.

    But on the other hand, China is strengthening its relationship with Russia as well as the Central Asian states through Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) in order to counter weigh the NATO and the western “Asia Pivot” ideology.

    The start up of many institutions like NDB, AIIB, and Building of infrastructures in Sri Lanka, Bangladesh are good samaritan works by China. But it is not to be forgotten that there are multiple aims such as extending Chinese clout in Asia and decreasing the influence of western powers in Asia behind these moves.

    Thus, when the Chinese interests are not objected, its rise may seem to be peaceful. But, if there’s any conflict of interests of China with its neighbours, China exerts its dominance unilaterally !