2) Critically examine how globalisation has affected various sections of urban society in India. Also compare and contrast them based on your own observation and experiences.

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TopicEffects of globalization on Indian society

2) Critically examine how globalisation has affected various sections of urban society in India.  Also compare and contrast them based on your own observation and experiences. (200 Words)


(Based on the above article, another question can be asked -Let’s call this Food for Thought!:

How has the popular cinema depicted effects of globalisation on various sections of the Indian society? Examine. )

  • Navneet Goel

    Globalization is perhaps the biggest turn in human history which has affected every facet of human life,and its effects are purely visible on Urban Indian society too.
    On one hand it has:-
    1)Changed the spending portfolios of the families with higher spending on recreation and entertainment rather than basic needs like food(Engel law)
    making society form materialistic.
    2)Promoted individualism in society leading to smaller families.This has severely affected old population due to lack of family support when needed most also leading to poor development of cultural values in children due to busy parents and unavailable Grandparents.
    3)It has created rising trends of urbanization which is leading to high rural to urban migration and high slum population which increases inequality in society and higher crime rate.
    however it has also brought several benefits to the urban societies:-
    1)It has made people more rational and weakened the caste system.
    2)Individualism has led to female empowerment as now family duties are not obligatory on then.
    3)politically,concept of welfare state has come up to support the poor and needy who have lacked behind.

    Hence we can see that globalization have both positive and negative effects on urban culture but on social level positive outweights negatives and on economic level negative outweights positives.

    • ORN

      Great ans ..You have mentioned enough points for this topic!!..
      one suggestion plz enlist positive aspect before the negative ones.

      • pooja

        Do review mine!

    • Intekhab Hassan

      very comprehensive…simple language…good1….ORN is right…1st mention +ve aspects.

    • MIP

      good one..

    • Saurabh

      How globalization promoted individualism and created smaller families?

      Women empowerment is a good point !

      • Cannibal

        Globalization–>increased employment opportunities–>more people employed–>economic independence–>non dependence on others–>promotion of individualism.

        Globalization–>employment in metropolitans–>cost of living high–>promotion of nuclear families rather than joint family.

    • abd

      u can add these points:-
      mindless aping of alien cultures without appreciation of local traditional lifestyles is undoing efforts of previous generations leading to erosion of cultural values which result in crisis of cultural identity,changing food habits leading to lifestyle diseases because of fast life and unhealthy fast food culture,
      merits can be-
      change in attitude towards gay relationships,live in relation ships,standing up to early marriages, exposure of movies,arts ,music to global forces etc

    • Cannibal

      You are writing on society in general but what is being asked asked is its impact on various sections of society. Write discretely about children, adult, old. women, poor, rich…

      • Navneet Goel

        Thanx .. I was confused to whether write as +ve and -ve or section wise.

    • kumar

      good answer sir 🙂

    • Ranvir Singh

      your last line “on economic level negative outweigh positive” does not go well with the facts because 80% of the world economy comes from cities.

      • Navneet Goel

        but not benefited everyone equally..

  • ORN

    The Indian cinema has been reflecting the changes in India’s politico-economic scenario which become more perceptible after the advent of globalisation post 1991 reforms.

    During the era of 1970-80’s, Indian cinema invariably showed the growing disenchantment of the people with the prevailing system. Movies on strikes, public order, and problem of trade union were largely made.

    With the process of globalization in the 90s the whole scenario changed, including that of Indian cinema. It’s Impact can be seen as follows:

    Cultural Impact:

    The new wave films resorted to sharper critique of com-modification of culture. No culture is being shown as sacrosanct therefore these films gave the audiences a false sense of security and, as a result, became highly popular

    Economic Impact:

    Use of great oversees locations, open culture; affluent lifestyle has been glorified in our Indian movies. As a result an exponential growth in both inward
    as well outward exchange of technology (as in screens, camera etc), tourism and
    tradition such as consumption of fast food can be seen.

    Now with the globalisation of Technology, the cinema is convincing
    us that the imaginary is real (through 3-D movies, Sci- Fi fiction etc ), this
    poses a tremendous challenge and opportunity to Indian cinema. But going by its
    record it is bound to surmount the challenge.

    • ORN

      Attempted cinema vs globalization in 215 words…guys plz give input, where to cut short the ans.

      • Intekhab Hassan

        good answer…if are linking it with indian cinema than you should mention how dilip kumar’s movies in50’s and 60’s depictes the socialist philosophy of indian society enshreined in our constitution.
        also mention how indian cinema of present generation is missing the miseries of rural and urban poor. and irony is that in this era of globalization even audience don’t want to see the realities of life.

        • ORN

          On 50s 60s era Indian cinema … i couldnt able to connect with globalisation…I missed the second point wholly though…Thanks for such an Insight.!!

    • Pushkar Choudhary

      You could also include social impact – prakash jha movies which are based on caste and gender sensitization,and current prevalent social stigmas.Kindly review mine

    • बेचारी हिंदी

      Good attempt,i think u intentionaly highlited impact on indian cinema..u can add more but again word limit restricts…section wise devidation gives clarity to ans which is imp..u have done well…likhte raho bhai.

    • बेचारी हिंदी

      U can add
      – more thrust to get nominated in canns golden glob oscar driving indian directors like anurag kashyaps ugli…movois have prior premier in foreign than india
      – Regional movies catching the eyea of critics india n abroad like court-movie
      -Ushering in hollywood style tv serials udda and24
      -multiscreen cinema giving plateform to low budget n less hiped good movies
      -Audience is changing the are going by choice not by majboori!
      -theator.artist are emerging like navaj and irfan
      -Indian actor actress in holly like irfan in life of pi, amitabh, priyanka
      –hollywood gaining ground btwn indian audiance sometimes earning more than domestic movies
      -More movies on social issue
      -Socumentary making
      -Senaor board is changing etc etc
      But There is always word limit!!

      • ORN

        Thank u ..all points are well noted …These will definitely come handy while writing essays !

  • बेचारी हिंदी

    Plz take a look

    • ORN

      lavish marriages aur impact on women – wale points are really great …
      conclusion is great
      handwriting is awesome
      but i think word limits cross ho gayi Finally ” naam kamaal ka rakha hai aapne ” 🙂

      • बेचारी हिंदी

        ORN thanx for reviewing.people usually dont read hondi ans. U did, m obliged n reapect ur labour

      • बेचारी हिंदी

        Yah Iam struggling with word limit.i have to work on art of expresson B-)

        • ORN

          I think it’s our duty to review and reply that’s how we are going to improve …one more thing..ur writing style is lucid and all the points are well connected … u will definitely fetch good marks in essay.. there were lots of learning for me in your ans.

          Thanks Keep writing !

      • बेचारी हिंदी

        People usualy dont give a damm.about hindi ans (hey drishti.) Thanx for reviewing ORN I respect ur labour…obliged

  • pooja

    Liberalization, privatisation, globablization also known as the LPG reforms were the major reforms in the 1990s which resulting in the opening of the economy, removal of trade barriers and reduction of capital control. The post globalization era has marked many changes in the society and the economy.

    It has had the following effects on various sections in the society :
    1. Creation of greater job opportunities in mostly the skilled sector. This change has predominantly helped the educated middle class in getting jobs.
    2. This has also resulted in making women financially independent in the urban areas. However, this again is limited to the educated class.
    3. Has resulted in migration to urban centers. Widespread migration of unskilled laborers has resulted in overpopulated slums. Hence, leading to poor standard of living and poor well being of the laborers.
    4. Migration of the youth and creation of more individualistic nuclear families has adversely affected the elderly population. The aged, the most vulnerable group, are hence, left to fend for themselves.
    5. The children in belonging to the urban educated class gets less parental attention. Cases of depression are on the rise in such children because of lack of emotional support from parents.
    6. The shift from labor intensive to technical processes has affected the unskilled laborers in getting jobs. Most end up getting paltry pay for labor intensive work. This is mostly caused due to lack of cheap vocational training.
    7. Has adversely affected the owners of small enterprises and factories. They were not able to compete against the cheap manufactured goods especially from China,hence, rendering their factories uneconomical.

    Thus, globalization has had its own share of positive and negative effects. It has caused increased disparity between the skilled and the unskilled and resulted in inequitable distribution of resources. The government should undertake initiatives to open cheap vocational training centers to impart skills to the unskilled so that they too reap the benefits of globalization.

    • pooja

      do review!

      • ORN

        Pooja ..It’s a good attempt , u hv mentioned all the possible impact of globalisation However i will take the liberty to suggest few points to you
        1) Topics like this are dead horse that means every body knows about them
        so to get good marks focus on presentation..like giving sub headings
        Ex Impact on Women, Impact on Geriatric, Impact on youth, child , Students (Higher edu )Tribals (Which u hv missed, they are most affected community),

        2) When u much to write u can cut short the detailed introduction in order to limit ur ans to precribed word limit.

        rest great…Keep writing!

    • Vamshi

      Technology is one of the factor which you missed, still you covered most of the consequences.

      • pooja

        well.. it was related to the effects on the sections of the society so i focused mostly on that

        • Vamshi

          Review mine I focused mostly on the affects of technology which had its impact on societies due to globalisation. Overal your article provided good info

    • Intekhab Hassan

      good answer…you can also add from our practical experience, how globalization has affected education and health sector. on one side we have big private giants in these two critical sectors, on the other hand there has been continious deterioration of quality and facility in state run schools and hospitals.

      another point which i have observed…. a complete division of society between “posh colonies” and “mohalla” & “slums”.

      • pooja

        focused more on the effects on the sections of the society as the question demands and less on other such changes

        • nimish

          i think intekhabs point is right because ultimately impact on education and health is going to affect society. Besides some other points like chanaging lifestyle and food pattern leading to obessitty.

          And excess use of e- appliances like computer, tabs, cellphones, having serious implications on health of children as these gadgets have replaced outdoor games and exercises.
          Most of all rest of the answer is extremely well written

    • Pushkar Choudhary

      Pooja I think u missed to write positive affects on children like good education,health and recreational facilities etc .Review mine and plzz give some inputs

    • abhim65

      u can also add computerized machinery have de- skilled many worker,have to cope up with changing technology more focus on rationalization.
      nice attempt (y)
      but try to give better intro. there was no need to talk about LPG. u can simply start your intro by giving globalization definition.

    • abd

      u better start with general explanation of globalisation with simple definition along with stating how globalisation entered indian scene

      • pooja

        Okay will keep that in mind!

    • abd

      u can mention rise of social media,change in relation ships,appreciation of gay relationships,live in r.ships.
      demerits-unappreciative of traditional life style,fast food culture its efefcts on health,work related stress etc

    • Akhil

      Intro looks weak. Still managed to capture what the question demands.
      Should’ve merged a few points. Believe me,seven points is a little too much!
      Can include ‘observation n experience’ as asked in question, like
      # increased materialism # competitive spirit among children
      # erosion of ‘samskar’ 😀 etc

  • Vamshi

    Golabalization had so much affect on every country with rise of science and technology, it all depends on how the technology is handled by the societies. as far as globalization is concerned it had shown both shades of its affects Pros: 1.urban and semi urban societies even most of the rural communities are benifited by globalisation, people are socially connected. 2.culture is another aspect which had left its mark on Indian societies, learning various cultures around the world made life easy for people when they interact with foreigners 3.technology makes life easy for people, knowledge of new technical inventions in the field of science and technology raising the standards of the societies in technical aspects. 4.scope for using various products palced daily life of people in solace. Cons: there will always be an otherside for each coin. When understanding and adapting various cultures and technical aspects goes wrong lots of troubles are being created. Misuse of technology is one such factor which may affect people who are less aware of it. Overal globalisation had showed more positive aspects except few cases which had minor impacts on Indian societies

    • pooja

      well…your answer does not relate to the questions.
      It is a better answer to a question.. how technology has impacted the various segment of the society

      • Vamshi

        Will try to improve the skills, valuable siggestions are always accepted

  • Globalisation is essentially the process of integrating into the world economy which is seen as one unit and hence move towards the concept of global village. As economists opine that it is the global integration, not insulated isolation, that has spurred growth by communication of ideas, dissemination of knowledge and migtation of workers. As far as impact on society is concerned, many positives and negatives can be seen.
    In India, globalization has accelerated like anything amd impacted at social, econimic and political fronts. More migration to urban centres, cities becoming engines of growth, increasing consumerism, individualism being valued more, advertisement blitzkreig, etc. are some of the visible results. There has been an overhaul in dressing, eating and mingling patterns, specially in urban India. More people have bicultural identity, some face identity confusion, some resort to fundamentalism to oppose pace of change in identities, some become totally westernised and many choose culture for themselves from amongst like-minded people. More camaraderieship is seen on grounds of one’s talents, likings and earnings than the earlier notions of caste and religion. Women have seen liberating effect, many work in night shifts, people demand their rights and safety due on the State. Consumers are seen as means of profit. Consumers are studied for their behaviour and bombarded with advertisements. Multi-national corporations amass profits and give each other cut-throat competition resulting in furthering the belief that Consumer is King. Consumer has multiple choices and feels freedom hitherto absent in our markets. Labour markets have been reformed. People are seeing shift of adulthood roles like job, marriage and parenting to late twentoes as everyone is busy acquiring skills to secure job in an increasingly information and technology inspired job market. The world is increasingly becoming flat where flow of information has made a level playing field thus, enticing new ventures.

    However, there have been some concerns as well. Ginni coefficient of India has worsened since 1991. Senile healthcare is facing issues due to individualism being promoted. Consumerism has often spurred sellers to trick customers. A false sense of freedom is associated with anything that is new. Traditional relations are increasingly seen as burden. Increased levels of frustration, divorce rates, love marriages, suicides, etc. are all connected at some level with the psychological impacts of globalisation. Increased child labour issues are one big negative impact on our society.
    So, overall the society of India has seen globalization go hand in hand with the marginalisation of the weaker sections. But this is a fallout in the transition phase. The seemingly contradictory results can be well seen in families becoming nuclear but self dependent, people becoming more independent but distant and psyche movung towards freedom but confused whether freedom is blindly following the West.

    • Pushkar Choudhary

      contents good but write in points!! review mine

  • Pushkar Choudhary

    Globalization is the process by which societies are integrated through cross border flows of idea ,communication,technology,culture,people and goods.India has seen vast changes in all spheres of life in post liberalization era.
    Following are the impacts of globalization:

    CHILDREN:Children are the most prone section of our society.Their life has changed a lot,they have access to better education,medical and recreational facilities.Technological boom has raised their awareness level,caste and gender sensitization has increased.But it hasn’t provided a level playing level field for all,migrated children often faces stigma of child labor,domestic help etc.Other potent dangers of globalization include technology overuse,drug abuse and cultural isolation.
    YOUTH:They are the most benefited sections of globalization.It has opened up new avenues of job opportunities.Better salaries,lifestyles are not more a distant dream for Indian youth.Politically they have become more aware of their rights and are also against irrational practices.Still drug abuse and disrespect for elders are most commonly observed dangers.

    WOMEN:In a patriarchal society like ours,women have made considerable progress in recent past.They are more aware of their rights and didn’t refrain from raising their voice of dissent.They want to pursue their education and demand equal say in the marriage.Increase marital age and stricter laws against women related crime are testimonies to their advancement.
    RURAL HOUSEHOLDS:Globalization has laid its fortress deep in rural India too.Farming practices have undergone tremendous change from quality of seeds to quality of fertilizers etc.
    INSTITUTES :Educational,research institutes are also affected by globalization. Exchange programs ,joint collaboration etc are part of this process.
    GOVERNMENT POLICIES:Government also tries to encompass all better policies from outside world in order to bring a more a subtle change.

    Globalization may have brought wide disparities between different sections of society,but presently in this complex world it needs a dose of optimism.It should be seen as opportunity to bring all around development in order to cherish our lives on the principle of liberty,equality and justice.


    • Pushkar Choudhary

      plzz review guys

      • kavya

        gud one

    • pooja

      could have written a bit about how globalization has led to migration and poor conditions of unskilled workers. Otherwise a good attempt! could have focused on the elderly population as well ! That would provide a wholesome answer


      goo one……….

  • Saurabh

    Globalization has effected everyone in the society. It has changed the social structures and perceptions of individuals and society, both positively and negatively. Holistically , globalization has economic ,social and political effect.
    Economically , it has effected the consumer behavior. With globalization, one event in global market has cascading effects over whole world.It is evident from the recent crisis in US and EU.Now it is global demand and global supply economics.
    Socially , every individual is a global citizen. Any event be it economic,social,political arena has a resounding effect.Social impact of one incidence can be felt in geographically far area.The ongoing crisis in West Asia with IS threat is a case in point.
    Politically, the decision taken at the global level has effected every individual and country.Crimean Crisis , Afghanistan limbo or climate change negotiations though taken at global level has a much wider effect.

    Globalization has thrown various challenges to the people and countries where they must act as a single interconnected , interdependent society. They must tackle the problems of poverty , terrorism , MDG , climate change as a single entity.

  • abd

    Globalisation is the integration of people,culture,economies of various parts of the globe to turn the world into global village.
    Globalisation has its effects on different facets of indian life with its implications far reaching the remotest region in one way or the other.It cant be an exaggeration if one says that globalisation is the only omnipotent and omnipresent force with variety of tools and weapons under its belt.
    Even though globalisation was envisaged centuries ago,its potential in its entirety is being realised in modern era since 1800s
    Globalisation has both positive and negative affects on indian society especially urban society with this phenomenon being accelerated in the form of reforms since 1991.
    positive effects of globalisation are:-
    1) Rise of liberal political ideas with democracy at the heart of people’s movements
    2) social mores and norms have undergone change with live-in-relationships,late marriages,girl education,gender equality,destigmatisation of gay relationships etc
    3) Economic independence of women with self reliance as the mantra along with culture of openness and liberalism in societal attitudes influencing the orthodox society.Technological advancement if the prominent effect of all the outcomes.
    4) literacy,employment, diminishing patriarchal systems,greater say of woman in family and their life etc are far reaching changes.
    5) exposure to open cultures,liberal ideas infuenced the thinking of children,thus enhancing their well being.
    Apart from these every facet of urban indian life has been affected in one way or the other with influences on indian cinema and music,arts ,etc
    negative effects-
    1) Erosion of traditional and aboriginal cultural values because of mindless onslaught of foreign and alien ideas-fast food culture,individualism,pessimism etc
    2) Suicides,depression,diabetes ,mental disorders and other pollution related and work related stress disorders etc are side effects of globalisation which are accentuated globalised urban life
    3) mindless aping of western culture and lifestyles could impinge on local lifestyles which are preserved for centuries with immense benefits
    4) desertion of old aged for individualism,rise in nuclear families at the expense of joint families,technological challenges with its demerits resulting in mechanisation of human life and misuse,abuse of advancement techniques etc are making the globalisation a divisive force.
    eg: unholy alliance of technology and culture has accentuated female foeticide.

  • Ashutosh Kulkarni

    has resulted in reduction in physical and mental barriers between different
    societies and countries. We shall analyze the effects of globalisation among
    the following classes-

    1- rich and business class – With increased access to technology
    and better business opportunities, there has been substantial rise in the
    economic activities of this class which has resulted in exponential wealth
    creation, although there has been a fall in indigenous brands and technology
    due to increased reliance on foreign goods and services.

    2- middle class – This new class can be described as the
    direct product of globalisation. The increased economic activities directly
    results in increased demand for technical and supervisory jobs which gives rise
    to middle class. In this globalised world, Indian middle class lives life
    balancing between the forces of modernization and the tenets of religion and

    3- poor and vulnerable – Although globalisation has generated
    wealth, it’s improper distribution has resulted in poor and vulnerable classes
    being left out. In spite of globalisation, the parochial systems of caste,
    creed, religion has ensured the fruits of globalisation haven’t reached these

    4- women – Women have benefited the most. From being tied to
    household chores, women are taking up jobs of different kind. This has resulted
    in weakening of gender inequality, if not complete eradication.

    My personal experience is on the same lines. Today, our urban
    centres have become rich, technology oriented but at the same time, class and
    caste differences refuse to die down. Due to increased contact with the world,
    we have tried to mould our ways of living for the good although in many cases this
    has given rise to an identity crisis.

  • drakshay

    Globalisation has resulted in integration of India with the rest of the world.India was near to a closed economy before 1990s.LPG strategy opened India’s gates for inflow and outflow of trade,knowledge,technology,culture etc which resulted in better standard of people at individual and social level.It affected urban society at various levels-

    1) At social level-Before globalisation people used to be more orthodox ,globalisation infused western liberal knowledge through the broadcast of foreign tv channels,through acceptation of western clothes by Indians ,people learned new etiquettes,they learned to respect woman,they understood the rights of women too.

    2) At Individual level-from the start of the day to the night many things we are using are the products of globalisation eg.computers,AC’s,cars,etc .We have better quality of products ,we have more options according to our needs.Globalisation has made life in cities more comfortable than before.

    3) At technological level-globalisation resulted in better transport facilities,sophisticated vehicles,it has shortened distances between villages and towns and towns and cities.This resulted in easy migration so better emloyment oppurtunities.
    Better transport resulted in set up of industries at far reach places also.
    Better technology at Industrial level resulted in improve quality of products and more production in lesser time.

    But Globalisation has come up with certain flaws also ,new technologies have make people lazy.Old people used to walk more than us ,this is one of the reason for decrease in the life span of humanbeings.People like to use vehicles even for short distances.Sitting in front of Tv and eating fatty foods have resulted in more diseases than before.Computers and mobiles also have some negative influences as they are not used in appropriate way by wrong minded people.Increase in the criminal activities are the result of this.
    So its better for us to use the products of globalisation in positive and better manner.Globalisation has no negativity of their own,its depends on humanbeings how they use it.


  • ajaya padhan

    urban society in india is comprised of working class, middle class and aristocracy.
    we will see affect of globalization this 3 sections separately
    1.consumerism has opened immense oppurtunity for them to flourish.
    2.they have become job creators,entrepreneurship drivers.
    3. they have created inequality in wealth distribution leading economic imbalance.
    Middle Class
    1. all intellectual worker of society are middle class. with growing purchasing power they are now becoming globalized in thinking, motives.
    2. they are policy formulators, opinion makers, social activists and social changers.
    3. they can afford higher education and have gain a respectable position in life.
    Working Class
    1. they have less education, less economic power. they hardly can afford better life standard.
    2.their social status is miserable and sort of deprived.