1) “Ambedkar was one of modern India’s first great economic thinkers, its constitutional draftsman and its first law minister who ensured the codification of Hindu law.” Elaborate.

Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues

1) “Ambedkar was one of modern India’s first great economic thinkers, its constitutional draftsman and its first law minister who ensured the codification of Hindu law.” Elaborate. (200 Words)

The Hindu

The Hindu

  • Meera
    • pk

      nice one !
      thanks a lot !

  • Anurag Aryan

    – Ambedkar greatness increases more due to the period in which he has used his intellect & experience to provide India a better constitution and the untouchables their rights.
    – Ambedkar being both economic thinker & legal professional has helped to cast out balanced constitution which since decades has proved the theme of Unity in Diversity.
    – Ambedkar very boldly quoted that the Britishers has come as liberator of the untouchables as they have provide them the opportunity to live better lives rather than the social boycott of rulers.
    – Ambedkar has efficiently drafted the Hindu Code of Law which was later accepted by society at large due to its inclusive clauses to liberate vast majority of women from bigotry & fatalism attitude of the society and finally resigned from union cabinet when this bill was not passed by the Parliament.
    – Ambedkar the father & chief architect of the Indian constitution. He also laid the foundation for India’s central bank.
    – For him idea of nation has to have a philosophical and spiritual connotation with welfare, equity and fraternity as central themes.

  • VK

    Dr. B. R. Ambedkar’s personality was a multifaceted one. He was a jurist, economist, politician and social reformer and played an important role in building modern India. The following are his major achievements and contribution:
    (1) Ambedkar was one of the first generation of professionally trained economists in India, who made a name for himself as a monetary economist. His doctoral thesis was on the problems of the Indian rupee, wherein he argued for the devaluation of the overvalued exchange system, which was in place to help the British exporters.
    (2) As the chairperson of the drafting committee, Dr. Ambedkar was the chief architect of our Constitution. It is legal acumen and mastery of language, which makes the Indian constitution one of the best constitutions the world over. He continues to inspire with his debates, which formed part of the constitutional assembly debates.
    (3) He worked relentlessly for the rights of the depressed class. He emerged as the leader of the underprivileged and even separately represented them at the round table conferences in 1930s. It was after his signing of the Poona Pact with Gandhi, that ensured great number of seats for the depressed class eventually becoming one of the most important constituents of the Indian polity.
    (4) He inspired the modern Buddhist movement in India by converting to the Buddhism along with six lakhs of his followers.
    (5) He was also an eminent educationist and founded institutions like the People Educations Society, Milind College to advance the interests of the schedules castes.
    (6) As the first law minister of the country, he lead the campaign for the codification of hindu law and is responsible for reformation of the same upon the passage of the Hindu Code Bill.
    For all of these achievements, Babasaheb has been awarded the Bharat Ratan in 1990.

    • pk

      nice answer ! you covered everything !

      • Acanthus

        Well written …

    • Aparna

      Very good answer VK, A concluding line could also be given.

      • VK

        Thanks Aparna. I sure will keep that in mind. I always seem to miss out on concluding properly 🙂

    • Rajeev Sachan

      Best possible answer

    • Indomitable Will

      i think vk there is no need to mention poona pact or point no 3, 4..the question has been asked to elaborate on those aspects like as a economic thinker….

    • Pepper

      Nicely written..

  • ias pursuant

    Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar is considered one of the greatest personalities of modern India. He was a versatile scholar having command at a number of subjects like law and legislation, Economics, Psephology, Polity Religion etc.
    He was the first Indian to study Economics at the highest level abroad. In post war recession period, Ambedkar studied the reasons behind fall of rupee. He also studied the effect of gold exchange rates on Indian economy. It was his report submitted to the Hilton Young Commission which became basis of formation of RBI. Ambedkar is also known as the architect of Industrial Relations in India. He found the caste system as the main cause of less productivity of labour in India.
    Being Chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee, he went through the constitutions of all great democracies and synthesized their goodness in our constitution. He drafted Hindu Code BIll which gave equal right to women in property and inheritance. He was against the article 370 which was divisive in nature in his view. He advocated for affirmative action for caste annihilation and instilled reservation clause in the constitution.
    Therefore B.R. Ambedkar is called not only the constitution builder but also the conscience builder of our nation.

    • Ankita

      Very well written answer

      • ias pursuant

        Thanx ankita

    • vineet

      more than in form of life chronicle than answer to the specific Q
      1. division of view between Gandhi and his with later’s approach to state led reform and institutional back up to radical steps will make a point
      2. Economic part nicely mentioned but role to the last two–constitution and Hindu code bill left apart

      • ias pursuant

        Thanx a ton for the review bro

  • billu

    Ambedkar , an inspiring political leader , political scientist and social reformer and also a great economist well ahead of his time . He propounded the story of indian rupee in 1920’s . He was the first one who understood the value of devaluation in a economy which is relevant even today . He held views that british govt cant contain weak exchange rate to boost its benefit in india by selling foreign goods so hurting domestic economy . In addition , he favoured industrial led development to absorb mass labour force erstwhile available in india. He anticipated developmental economics ; disguised unemployment in agriculture could be wiped out through skilled employment and state of indian agriculture . In later years , he advocated socialism driven economy along industrial support contrary to gandhian model . All which is still relevant to indian economy .

    please review

    • Ankita

      The economic aspect is covered in a detailed manner. But other points such as law minister and constitutional reform is missing. But overall a nice answer

  • Confident

    Dr. B. R Ambedkar’s economic philosophy, constitution formulating efficiency and legal proficiency have raised him to the level of one of most advanced modern thinkers in modern India. His economic thinking which has often being relegated to the background can be noted down in the following lines-
    1) Reforming the agriculture and land relations in rural India through cooperative movement, provisioning of input subsidy, fixing of minimum wage, shifting of labors from agriculture to industry etc.;
    2) His ideas on monetary and credit control in the Indian economy due to fluctuation in gold standards has been the foundation RBI’s monetary policy;
    3) His targeting of centralization of financial powers as an ills for development of masses provides inputs for subsequent Finance Commissions in independent India and present stress on ‘cooperative federalism’;
    4) Taxation according to the payer’s capability and not income and progressive taxation holds significance in the Indian societies with growing inequalities;
    5) His disagreement with Marxian though that only economy is not the sole criteria for exploitation in the society, but also socio-religious factors in a society like India;
    6) Emphasis on family planning movement for economic development etc.

    His skill as an efficient lawyers was showcased when he could balance the rights of the different sections of the Indian society with the preservation of national interest and central control on important matters. For the same reason, he is rightfully termed as the ‘father of the Indian Constitution’. His effort for reforming deformities in the Hindu laws through codification of standard practices in the Indian society was stalled due to fierce opposition from some of the contemporary leaders. The Hindu Code Bill was finally passed in 1956 after six years of negotiations.

    Though, the role if Dr. Ambedkar in socio-religious movements are often being highlighted, his important contributions to the Indian economy and constitution can not be superseded.

    • Born for ias

      ‘confident’ answer 🙂

      • Confident

        nice compliment born-ias

    • VR

      A bit lengthy but a good answer.

      • Confident

        Thank you.

    • Aparna

      Very informative answer Confident.

      • Confident

        Thank you..

    • Acanthus

      Well written. ..

      • Confident

        Thanks for review..

  • Born for ias

    Ambedkar was a mutltifaceted personality who was not only a social reformer, constitutional expert, monetary economist but also an ,eminent lawyer and a feminist.
    -He earned unique distinction of being india’ first monetary economist who prudently analysed problems of indian rupee and through his doctoral thesis not only explained effect of gold on exchange rate system but argued for rupee devaluation as well.

    -he was protagonist of industrial modernisation and favoured industrialisation based economic model along with core socialistic values of gandhian economy.. he favoured skill develpmemt and technologocal upgradation in agriculture.

    -he was undoubtedly messiah of depressed classes and articulated his vision for depressed class development hrough his All india backward class commission.

    – He drafted Hindu Code Bill that worked as ‘magna carta’ for equitable status of hindu women in society. he did not hesitate to even resign from the cabinet for favouring this landmark legislation.
    -lastly, his most significant conribution has undoubtedly been th chief archietect of indian constitution based on values of democracy, liberty, equality and secularism.
    Thus, Dr. ambedkar is undoubtedly magnificient personality that has immensely contributed to bring ‘independent india’ onto the path of ‘modernised india.’

  • Siva Mogilisetty

    Undisputedly, Ambedkar was one of the first great economic
    thinkers of modern India.

    ·
    He was the first Indian to pursue an Economics Doctorate
    degree abroad. Until 1921, his career was as a professional economist. It was
    after that time that he became a political leader.

    ·
    His DSc thesis “The problems of Rupee,
    its origin and solution (1923)” reveals the factors responsible for Rupee
    fall. He emphasised on free economy with stable rupee which India has adopted
    recently.

    ·
    He found out the reasons for failure of British
    Indian economy’s public treasury. He found the loss made by British rule on
    Indian development.

    ·
    He emphasised the need for industrialization and
    investment in the agricultural industry to enhance the economy of the nation.

    ·
    He laid the foundation of industrial relations
    after Indian independence.

    ·
    He is creditworthy to establish Finance
    Commission of India.

    ·
    He did not support the income tax policy for the
    lower income group.

    ·
    He advocated the control of birth control rate
    to develop the Indian economy.

    ·
    He emphasised on equal rights to women for
    economic development.

    ·
    He played an important role in bringing the land
    reforms.

    The text prepared by him, as the Chairman of the
    Constitution Drafting Committee, ensured a wide range of civil liberties for
    individual citizens and abolition of untouchability, in the name of fundamental
    rights. He argued for extensive economic and social rights for women. He won
    the Constituent Assembly’s support for introducing a system of reservations,
    in hope of eradicating socio-economic inequalities and lack of opportunities
    for India’s depressed classes.

    He was appointed the first law minister of Independent India.
    In this position too he made significant contribution to Indian nation building.
    He opposed the inclusion of Article 370 in the constitution which gave special
    status to Jammu and Kashmir. He drafted a Hindu Code Bill, which sought to
    expound gender equality in the laws of inheritance and marriage.

    Reference: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B._R._Ambedkar

    • Zenith

      u should also focus on the other demands of the question and not just the economic part friend…

  • Abhisek Dash

    Ambedkar was one of the greatest scholars India have ever produced. He was an economist, a lawyer, a politician and above all great social reformer. He played a major role in shaping independent India.
    He was among first generation of foreign educated economists in India. As an economist, he worked on the exchange rate related issues of the rupee. He pointed out at the high levels of disguised employments in the agricultural sector. Hence, he proposed for rapid industrialization in order to absorb the excess labor force involved in the agricultural sector, though the idea was against Gandhi’s philosophy. His views were not static, his views changed as the years passed by, and he moved closer to socialism.
    As the draftsman of the constitution of a country, he did a magnificent job by drawing a forward looking road-map for India. He argued with and persuaded his colleagues in the constituent assembly to make the constitution of India, what Granville Austin says, first and foremost a social document. His farsightedness makes Indian constitution a modern document in present date.
    As a law minister, he was not detached from the reality. He knew strong laws are required but strong laws and their stringent provisions can neither safeguard rights nor bring social reforms. For that the society has to change. He pushed for the Hindu code bill, which was opposed by the president and his various colleagues. But in 1956, the bill was passed.
    For his role in shaping independent India he was awarded Bharat Ratna in 1990.

  • Guest

    B R Ambedkar, the main architect of modern India constitution was born on 14th April 1891. After completed education he worked closely in economic matters under British rule. While helping in drafting Indian Independence act 1935 and subsequent laws he further voiced his views on Untouchability. Being a victim himself since school days of such inhuman rules, he got involved politically and exhorted the depressed class to claim their rights by themselves than to be dependent on any GOAD MAN which included even Gandhi ji. Though he was affirmative of British rule from oppressed class angles yet accepted that India should be ruled by Indian.

    He advocated separate electorates for untouchables from Hindu and after Irwin pact in 1932 managed to secure their separate rights with Hindu. Despite the growing differences he involved himself in daunting challenge of framing constitution and walked a tightrope, between securing a modern society for all Indians and ensuring that a modern state stabilized around a constitutional architecture of social change.

    It was his stature after independence Bengal was portioned and his candidature ceased to exist he was gotten elected from Bombay seat after Patel’s insistence.

    Being critic of customary rules against SCs/STs (since independence Oppressed Classes were designated as ), women and child marriages, he put forward the Hindu Code Billwhich were enacted after his demise. His strong critic of social malpractices and advocacy of human rights though made him unpopular in upper cast yet his contribution in Modern india is unquestionable.

    • Jagdish

      I think you missed the question. you should point out his economic, constitutional and hindu bill contribution. Explaining about his life in first two paragraph is not required.

  • Ankita

    -The recent politics in India has been shifted in glamourizing Ambedkar, with major political parties trying their best to make him hero. Personalities such as him are already hero for the nation because of the contribution made to the society. He has contributed in ways more than one to the nation.

    – Hispolicies and attitudes are well reflecting of a great economic thinker. He had alwayskept in mind the economic sphere of the people before presenting any argument. His concerns for the economic welfare of the schedule castes are well documented.

    – His role in drafting constitution is commendable. The healthy debates done by him in the constitutional assemble led to the formation of such a rigid yet
    flexible constitution of India. He had hold a strong viewpoint for all the articles in constitution making.

    – Ambedkar was also made the first Law minister of India. His contribution to making laws at granular level is unprecedented. His role, especially in codification of Hindu laws is unparalleled. It was Ambedkar because of whom till now many customs which were unwritten are part of Hindu Marriage Acts.

    – It is needed that Ambedkar should not be used as a symbol for politicising by different political parties, but his values and ideals should inculcated among youths.

  • Jagdish

    Ambedkar
    was one of the first generation economists of independent india. His submission
    to Hilton Young Commission helped in demarcating function of RBI. Some of his
    ideas are still relevant such as maintain price stability and preference for
    rule over discretion in monetary management exercised by RBI. He created the
    outline of multipurpose river projects in india such as damodar valley, son
    valley project and also brought large dam technology. He worked hard for
    betterment of labour by introducing bills for minimum wages, factories act, trade
    union recognition, fixing labour hours, insurance schemes etc. Central technical
    power board under his guidance worked for power sector development and generation
    in india. He emphasized grid system for the purpose and is backbone of Indian power
    system today. He laid the foundation of industrial relations for
    independent India and also played an important role in bringing the land

    reforms. The committee under him studied constitution
    from around the world and adapted them in Indian conditions. He pitched for
    universal suffrage, special consideration for women, child and depressed
    classes, finance commission etc. with informative debates. He pursued hindu
    code bill in constituent assembly which was defeated in 1951 but passed in 1956
    and is the document to provide equal right to women in property and
    inheritance.

  • Guest

    1) “Ambedkar was one of modern India’s first great economic thinkers, its constitutional
    draftsman and its first law minister who ensured the codification of Hindu law.” Elaborate. (200 Words)
    Ambedkar which from his birth saw many inequalities in indian society. He was born in Mahar caste which was considered as untouchables.So from the very beggining of his life he was not very much comfortable with the hindu laws and hindu way of life.

    He was one of the thinkers who suggested India should go for industrialisation and thus economic prosperity of lower castes will make their position respectable.

    He always worked for egalitarian society and respected the british for introducing equality before law but he still thought there is some deficiencies , he wanted equality of dignity, equality in terms of rights n privileges, equality in every possible sphere rather it be social, political, economic etc. Thus while drafting our constitution he made sure that no citizen of india should face any kind of discrimination bcoz of his caste colour religion etc.

    He always said that the religion which prescribes discrimination is not worth foloowing so everyone should destry such religion and that acts will not be considered as sacriligious. He was a firm beleiver of Budhism. Hindu Marriage Act is considered to be the brain child of ambedkar.
    So we can say that Ambedkar had huge influence in the history of social reforms in India . He always tried to create an egalitarian society.

    • RG

      plz review guys….. trying to complete it in word limit…plz point out any mistakes

      • gajender

        8/10
        This score is after considering others ans vis a vis the all ups in every ans.

        • RG

          bhai i usually read articles after ans qn… is it ryt approach what u say?

          • gajender

            Yaah right , if you are comfortable with that .
            But we are in the course of learning so ought to clerify doubts or to acknowledged oneself should refer our basic books if not have basic facts on tips .

  • BR Ambedkar became messiah to deliver justice to those we have been subjected to subjugation of Hinduism and Brahamnical practices, which led to thousand years of depression and politics of hate. Moreover this created a division in society and also made them highly vulnerable to dominant class or caste depriving them to their rights and recognition.

    Being a fearful leader of Dalit castes, Mr. Ambedkar had not only proved hisheroic capacities within those who is considered untouchables but also directed their mindset to attain own recognition in society. Though he did not lead to any mass struggle movements for freedom of the nation, he began his struggle with social order which were extremely in-equal and oppressive and without taking any remedial measures the meaning of freedom for them will be insignificant. To liberate their position, the demand of separate electorate by him was nothing but the product of societal process palpably visible to him.

    The political and economic freedom and security were given high priority by him and it was needed for moving towards an integrated nation. His voice was not only confined to oppression of dalit but also to those Hindu women who have been exploited by conservative mindset and practices. They were deprived of their rights and recognition. This led him to codify Hindu code bill aimed at ameliorating position of women at par with men. This act was first instruments of the post-independent democratic India to challenge patriarchal ideologies which we are still facing.

    Briefly, Ambedkar’s vision was to create a oppression free society irrespective of the caste, creed, gender and religion. Being a part of Drafting committee this architect of our constitution helped to deliver due rights to all.

  • vktripathi

    B R Ambedkar, the main architect of modern India constitution was born on 14th April 1891. After completed education he worked closely in economic matters under British rule. While helping in drafting Indian Independence act 1935 and subsequent laws he further voiced his views on Untouchability. Being a victim himself since school days of such inhuman rules, he got involved politically and exhorted the depressed class to claim their rights by themselves than to be dependent on any GOAD MAN which included even Gandhi ji. Though affirmative of British rule from oppressed class angles yet accepted that India should be ruled by Indian.

    He advocated separate electorates for untouchables from Hindu and after Irwin pact in 1932 managed to secure their separate rights with Hindu. Despite the growing differences he worked on framing constitution and walked a tightrope, between securing a modern society for all Indians and ensuring to stabilize it around a constitutional architecture of social change.

    It was his stature after independence Bengal was portioned and his candidature ceased to exist he was gotten elected from Bombay seat after Patel’s insistence.

    Being critic of customary rules against SCs/STs, women and child marriages, he put forward the Hindu Code Bill which was enacted after his demise. His strong critic of social malpractices and advocacy of human rights though made him unpopular in upper cast yet unquestionably he is indeed one of most leading founder of Modern India.

  • Sydney Carton

    Dr. B R Ambedkar was one of the great architects of the Indian nation as we know it today and his contributions span a variety of verticals like economics, constitutional & political science, law and social transformation as a voice for the voiceless.

    He was a professionally trained economist and argued for devaluing the exchange system which unduly favoured the British exporters.

    As a voice for the backward classes, he fought hard for their integration with the mainstream society. He took on leaders like Mahatma Gandhi and ultimately arrived at a truce via the Poona pact of 1932.

    As the Chairman of the Drafting Committee, he was the driving force behind the Indian Constitution which is the bedrock upon which the strong and resilient society of today rests. Through lengthy debates and discussions, he managed to unify the diversities present in the Assembly into a strong vision for the nation’s future.

    He thus helped codify the Hindu Law into concise and implementable provisions earning him the epithet of ‘Modern Manu’.

    To conclude Dr Bhimrao Ramji Ambdekar was a fighter against the oppression of both the colonialists as well as high class nationalists who were trying to deny basic human rights to depressed classes. He is a beacon of hope for the privileged and underprivileged alike.

  • Aditya_Hulk

    have exceeded the word limit.. but try to cover all points.. plz review friends…

  • Danish Mohammad

    1) “Ambedkar was one of modern India’s first great economic thinkers, its constitutional draftsman and its first law minister who ensured the codification of Hindu law.” Elaborate. (200 Words)

    Though the contribution of Ambedkar in the freedom struggle was little but in the aftermath events when the drafting of the constitution came up as a big task in front of the leaders of that time Ambedkar stood and and did more than commendable job in giving the Constitution of India the fact it has today. Renowned Constitutional thinker Granville Austin has termed the Constitution of India as “First and foremost a social document” which is concerned with the social and economic condition of people specially dalits , poor and downtrodden ones.

    Indeed he was a great economic thinker who has grasped the nuances of the divide between the haves and have nots and the domination of the former over the latter in almost all walks of life , this reminded him of the reminiscent of the colonial mentality and the evils of the caste system, to which he openly debated and called for abolition. He once remarked that though we have a constitution and laws to protect the countrymen but the actual implementation of thee laws and meting out justice to the poor and downtrodden will only be possible if the society a whole wills for it, if people in their minds and hearts call for Justice and seek justice not just for themselves but for their brethren that is every fellow countrymen.

    Though initially the codification of Hindu law of whom he was an advocate faced opposition from quarters of the society and also from the colleagues within the Congress , but the idea behind that was laid on the base of equality and to which Nehru stuck and finally got it passed in 1956.

    We must not look at Ambedkar as a Dalit leader, he was not , he was the leader of the poor Indian masses who wanted a complete social reform and shunning of the institutions and notions that promote hatred, untouchability and inequality in the society .

  • Joseph Stalin

    Dr BR ambedkar was an Multifaceted man that is Jurist, economist, political scientist, thinker, Lawyer, Politician, Social reformer , Messiah for Poor and so called untouchables. He played an instrumental role in ” nation-in-making” and Modern India . Some oh his achievements

    ~ As a Chairman of Drafting committee , He was chief architect of Indian constitution , which acc to Granville Austin is first and foremost social Document

    ~ He Served as member in Viceroy council

    ~Worked relentlessly for depressed ,poor . Emerged as leader by His singular drive of Underpriveleged and represented seperately them at RTC 1930 while GAndhi as spokes person of congress. Post Poona pact he Gave up idea of Separate electorates however he gained concession for Depressed . He was in sum opposed also to communal forces

    ~Inspired by Budhhist movement and later convertd to Budhhism with his 6 lacs followers

    ~As an educationlist he founded People education society and Milind College to advance Depressed in their education

    ~As a Law minister He passaged the Hindu Code bill and codified Hindu Law

    As an Economist

    ~He Argued the devaluation of Rupee , which was mainly due to colonial Interests

    ~He is acknowledged for establishing A280 or FC ,

    ~Played role in land reforms, income tax policy for poor,laid foundations of Industrial relation

    ~Advised birth control for Indian economy

    ~Calculated and evaluated the Loss due to British hegemony over Indian econmy

  • YuvSingh

    Dr B R Ambedkar was one of the great Indian leader who with his multifaceted role as a Political scientist , economist , social reformer and architect of indian constitution played an important role in making the foundation of the new born nation strong and helped in country achieving the grand success in future in all spheres. Though his contribution to india is immense and simply cannot be categorically stated but some of his contribution to which india is still indebted are

    1.As a first great economic thinker he stresses the need for industrialization in order to accomodate surplus agricultural labour, investment in agriculture to increase yield , advocated the nationalisation of land and promoted cooperative forming and most important is the establishment of monetary and credit control policy of RBI which is based on his ideas.

    2. His role as constitutional draftsman is immense which not only provide for the civil liberties for indian and freedom of religion but also the abolition of untouchability and outlawing of all forms of discrimination. His support for the dalits led to the inclusion of affirmative action for SC and ST in constitution.

    3.To elevate the social status of hindu women and to abrogate social disparity and inequality of caste , he led the campaign for the codification of hindu laws despite the intense opposition from the Hindu mahasabha, right wing groups, and congressmen. Although he was not successfull in getting it passed which ultimately get passed as a Hindu code bill in 1956.

    As a social reformer his most immense contribution is working for the upliftment of the depressed class , abolition of untouchability and fight against caste rigidity and social hierarchy in hindu religion which paved the way for the empowerment of the dalits and make the indian nation democratic.

  • Chhavi

    Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar was one among the few greatest men India has ever
    produced in its history.

    1.
    he was one the first generation of professionally
    trained economists in India; main focus of his doctoral thesis “The problem of the rupee” was on
    how Indian monetary affairs should be arranged; he argued of limited devaluation
    of Indian Rupee so that a cheaper rupee could help Indian exporters.

    2.
    being the chairperson of drafting committee of constitution,
    his greatest gift to Indian citizens was constitution of India; this document
    has stood the test of time; regarded as one of the most comprehensive document’s
    ever designed only shows his legal acumen.

    3.
    As first law minister of India, he ensured provisions
    article-14 to 16 in Indian constitution which provide equal status to women in
    India; he introduced hindu code bill in Parliament which emaciate the
    downtrodden conditions of women in hindu society of India; the hindu code bill aimed
    to establish monogamy, confer property rights to women, restitution of conjugal
    rights and judicial separation keeping women in mind.

    4.
    he fought equality in status & rights for depressed
    classes; today if we see significant improvement in conditions of such classes
    the credit goes to him.

    thus dr. Ambedkar was a magnificent personality; it is only with his efforts
    that we today breathe in this modernized society based on principles of
    egalitarianism and equality.

  • IWRA

    Dr. BR Ambedkar is best known as father of Indian constitution and one who fought for rights of Dalits.But He is more than that.His personality was multifaceted.His contribution as an economist,as chairman of drafting committee and as the first law minister of this country will always be remembered:

    As an economist: Ambedkar’s ecomomic ideas were visionary in nature.A pass-out from London school of economics,Dr. Ambedkar presented a paper on “Small holdings in India and their remedies” where he discussed the problems associated with small land holdings.He was in favour of making Agriculture an industry by increased mechanization.As labour minister He proposed the idea of having universal insurance for all in this country.All these ideas have become very relevant today.

    As the constitution maker :Ambedkar was a gifted lawyer who understood the finesse of law making.In his role of chairperson as the drafting committee of constitution he was responsible for overall composition of constitution.His arguments and logic gave a new direction to constituent assembly debates and are used even today while discussing various socio-economic issues.

    As the law minsitr:After adoption of constitution Ambedakr was given the law ministry to look after proper implementation of the constitution.Ambedkar initiated Hindu law which seek to codify the various personal laws of Hindus.After his attempts It was finally passed in 1955.

    It is a sad state of affairs that today when we discuss Ambedkar we only see him as Father of constitution and as fighter for untouchables.He was more than that.His economic policies are seldom given importance,his role as law minister is seldom appreciated.Time is to revive his contributions in these areas and learn from them.

  • Sid

    Dr B. R. Ambedkar contributed immensely to the Independent India that is today, being was a great political scientist, economist,social reformer,architect of the constitution of free India and a leader who also became Independent India’s first law minister he also ensured codification of Hindu law though post his resignation from the cabinet.

    * Ambedkar was a ecnomist by career. he did pursue studied and published thesis in economics in renowed institutions like London School of Economics and Columbia university.

    * He contributed towards modern India’s economic planning as well.he rightly insisted on focussing on industrialization and agricultural growth to take India from the dismal economic status post Independence.

    * He is credited for creation of Finance Commission of India. and also for his efforts in drafting policies for the land tax revenues and his staunch opposition for income tax policy for poor, land reforms and his advocacy of price stability over exchange stability etc.

    * He also was the one to provide ideas and opinions on the formation of Reserve Bank of India to Hilory Young.

    * His foremost contribution as economic thinker lie in his fight for economic and social inequality for the depressed classes.

    His impressive articulating skills were also put into drafting the vibrant constitution that has survived the test of times for past 7 decades. He was specially appointed a chairman of the Drafting commission for the constitution of India post independence. He emphasized on placing the liberal values clubbed with freedom in the form of rights to its citizens. He has to walk a tight rope of balancing the need to design a modern India that can compete globally but at the same time secure its depressed section of citizens from the oppression and in -equalities and discrimination

    He also was the first law minister of India who actively tried to get the Hindu code bill that provided for gender equality in areas of marriage and inheritance over coming opposition from large section of conservative Hindus. Having fought all his life to end the discrimination faced by depressed classes, here too he made provisions for abolition of caste system and abolition of untouchability.
    Ambedkar has left his legacy in the social reformation economic planning and political sphere.

  • $harma

    Dr. B R Ambedkar was more recognized for its contribution in constitution drafting among upper class and as pioneer for driving the rights of Dalits among lower class but less recognized as first economic thinker, first law maker and Hindu critics.
    1. he was first professionally trained economist of India who gave many ideas for economic reforms and also criticise the Britishers exploitative policies.
    2.From the childhood he felt humiliation for being Dalit and he fought for it to get equal status.Even he demanded separate electorate for Dalits but it was severely opposed by status quoist Gandhi ji who strongly believed in Varna system because of his affection towards Hindu religion and compromise was made as Poona Pact.
    3. although popular in his native province but he first elected in assembly from Bengal province because of lack of support from congress.
    4.In his last days of political career He fought for Hindu Code bill which was opposed by then president Dr. Rajendra Prasad and later for this he even resigned from congress.
    5.his biggest contribution was as Hindu critic. His opinion that the religion which does not give equal status to Dalits and based on varna system and has much of hypocrisy and dogmas is not best religion and he run a movement to convert Dalits into Buddhist.He said”Although at the time of born I had not choice except being Hindu but at the time of dying I will have choice to choose my Religion.”
    He has much contribution to India’s social and economic advancement but He got recognition only for his political contribution.

  • $harma

    plz review friends

  • gopal

    Bhimrav Ambedkar was a multitalented personality. he was a great economic thinker and constitution framer.the following are the acheivements of ambedkar . 1-he criticized the temporary indian society for being rude towards dalit.according to him the political dispensation of that time was also not sensitive towards the cause of Dalit which led to dalit”s poor condition in terms of economy. 2-he arose a sense of consicousness among Dalit towards political activism and political consolidation. 3-as a constitutional draftsman he led to the drafting of indian constitution.he championed the cause of democracy in general as well as economic democracy.He championed for the reservation of sc community and many more constitutional safeguards for the political and economical safety of india. 4-Bhimrav did a painstaking task of drafting an elaborate constitution book .It is a big for us as well as world from Bhimrav 5-As an law minister of India he drafted bills in which The hindu code is guiding our legal system till now. Hence it was his work which led the contemporary concept of inclusive , socially viable India

  • Gubs

    : Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar played a great role in shaping modern
    Indian institutions. Ambedkar was great economic thinker and had an expertise
    in financial devolution and structuring .He understood the importance of
    financial federalism and it was his academic essay “ The evolution of
    provincial finances in Bristish India” which became basis for establishing Finance
    Commission of India .

    Ambedkar was a legal luminary and chairman of drafting
    committee of Indian constitution. He debated on various critical issues in constituent
    assembly on Fundamental rights at the time of formulation of constitution. He
    proposed various checks and balance of power of various constitutional
    machineries, which were accepted by members of constituent assembly. He emphasized
    on the independence of various bodies in the interest of democracy. Dr Ambedkar
    is credited for codification of Hindu code bill which gave equal rights to men
    and women.

    Ambedkar was leader of various organization to oppose caste
    based discrimination and fought for the cause of oppressed classess. He led All
    India schedule caste Assocaiation and Republican party and became voice of so
    many Dalit people in the country. His book on Annihilation of caste considered
    as masterpiece on the subject of “ Dalit” discrimination .

    His achievements
    are numerous and his conviction on ideals led to a strong and inclusive
    constitution that we cherish today. But sadly many are exploiting his image for
    their own narrow advantage and working against his wishes. We hope to see a
    future where his ideas are appreciated and implemented and not only his image.