7) Mahatma Gandhi said the ultimate solution for fighting poverty in India was not mass production but production by the masses. Considering large number of unemployed people in rural regions and a goal of sustainable development, as an administrator which sectors will you find suitable to involve large masses for production and why? Discuss.

Topic: Indian economy – growth and development, employment

7) Mahatma Gandhi said the ultimate solution for fighting poverty in India was not mass production but production by the masses. Considering large number of unemployed people in rural regions and a goal of sustainable development, as an administrator which sectors will you find suitable to involve large masses for production and why? Discuss. (200 Words)

The Indian Express

  • ThirdEye

    Poverty is the greatest Polluter – Indira Gandhi

    Persisting Poverty in India due to various reasons like Colonialism, illiteracy, problems of health, sanitation, clean drinking water etc. Indian demography is not being used properly for the nation’s development and poverty is the biggest reason coupled with unemployment. As an administrator I will involve large masses in agriculture and allied activities for ensuring employment along with sustainable development.

    1. Involving rural masses in the development of community assets like ponds, roads, growing green cover with proper wages. Effective implementation of MGNREGA I will ensure as it is meeting needs of the people without much damage to the environment.

    2. Encouraging rural youth to take to Sericulture, Horticulture, Pisciculture, Floriculture, etc for growth of rural unemployed families and making sure easy credit availability to them. This will ensure income to families and eradicate problems of poverty, malnutrition, illiteracy of their children etc.

    3. Promoting Organic farming with usage of Bio fertilizers, Bio pesticides, drip/sprinkler irrigation etc for better produce with minimal usage of resources. This will give better dividends to the farmers and problems of farmer suicides, indebtedness etc will be controlled.

    4. Encouraging Youth of tribals, minorities, forest dwellers to develop skills in handicrafts like Bamboo products etc for inclusive growth and development.

    5. Involving rural masses in promotion of allied activities animal husbandry, horticulture etc with sustainable practices for better livelihood standards and less risk from the farming arid and semi arid areas or monsoon dependent areas.

    Sustainable development became the key phrase of the Second Green Revolution with Ever green practices and as Agriculture being Prime Moving Force of the economy, I am sure these practices will take forward India to achieve better economic development coupled with Employment and involvement of large rural masses of the Nation.

    • singhr

      very nice points

  • [email protected]@N

    The Gandhian version of economics stated that economics sans morality is sin. He had often seen private capital as am evil necessity but excess dependence on which can cause moe problems. So he favoured production by masses and self-sufficient village units as rural economy to be the bastion of macroecomony of India.
    Currently India is facing probelmz of poverty, unemployment and unrestrained migration from rural to urban areas. All these three are interconnected and if not addressed will nullify our received demographic advantage.
    Following sectors can be used for rural employment generation:
    1. Agriculture.
    No doubt the lifeline of rural and national economy. We need to address the existing lacunas in terms of land availability, technological and financial issues. Employment is generated in terms of farming, marketing and sale. Establishment of village-based farms for passing technical know-how will also generate local employment.
    2. Education.
    A must for next generation. Employment is generated in terms of teachers required, staff for maintenance, cooking of food in premises, etc. If medium of instruction is mother tongue, more local employment and higher attendance can be ensured.
    3. Khadi industry.
    The favourite Gandhian fabric has the potential to generate huge employment opportunities. Subsidies to the village based units and sensitising urban population by linking Khadi with patriotism will boost rural production.
    4. Solar energy.
    Electrification if villages is still a dream. Solar energy is the answer and we must leverage the rural population to develop into a self-sufficient unit that can develop, manufacture, repair and maintain their own community based solar cells. This require training and target should be the rural women who will undoubtedly continue living in the village.
    Besides, subsidising industries, which require minimal skills, to set up manufacturing units in villages is a good option as well.

  • [email protected]@N

    The Gandhian version of economics stated that economics sans morality is sin. He had often seen private capital as am evil necessity but excess dependence on which can cause moe problems. So he favoured production by masses and self-sufficient village units as rural economy to be the bastion of macroecomony of India.
    Currently India is facing probelmz of poverty, unemployment and unrestrained migration from rural to urban areas. All these three are interconnected and if not addressed will nullify our received demographic advantage.
    Following sectors can be used for rural employment generation:
    1. Agriculture.
    No doubt the lifeline of rural and national economy. We need to address the existing lacunas in terms of land availability, technological and financial issues. Employment is generated in terms of farming, marketing and sale. Establishment of village-based farms for passing technical know-how will also generate local employment. People should be encouraged towards horticulture, pisciculture, local arts and item making like bangles, bamboo works, etc.
    2. Education.
    A must for next generation. Employment is generated in terms of teachers required, staff for maintenance, cooking of food in premises, etc. If medium of instruction is mother tongue, more local employment and higher attendance can be ensured.
    3. Khadi industry.
    The favourite Gandhian fabric has the potential to generate huge employment opportunities. Subsidies to the village based units and sensitising urban population by linking Khadi with patriotism will boost rural production.
    4. Solar energy.
    Electrification if villages is still a dream. Solar energy is the answer and we must leverage the rural population to develop into a self-sufficient unit that can develop, manufacture, repair and maintain their own community based solar cells. This require training and target should be the rural women who will undoubtedly continue living in the village.
    5. Community development of assets like roads, ponds, local housings, etc.
    Besides, subsidising industries, which require minimal skills, to set up manufacturing units in villages is a good option as well.

    • paul allen

      nicely covered.
      can’t we promote industries labour intensive and less polluting. for eg. agro based.
      self employment opportunities and skill development hold the key.

  • STOS

    leaders must have vision which means they can think/see which is not visible. gandhiji is such example. his vision of 80 years ago has more relevance today. village economy as a concept is always beneficial for lower strata of society and inclusive development which is advocated by gandhiji. according to him, we should not follow the path of mass prodcution but the production by masses to eliminate the poverty in india.
    reasons for saying so can be understand by points-

    1] participation of all people will not only reduce unemployment but also it will make them self-dependent.
    2] it will reduce chances of economic concentration in the society.
    3] such type of model will promote inclusiveness and participation which will further strengthen democracy.
    4] ‘mass producion will ultimately benefit the poor’ has been failed. eg. failure of ‘trickle down theory’.
    5] when masses will be connected with economy, then losses and profits will be distributed such that any bigger impact will be bear easily.
    6] this system itself has the nature of decentralisation inherently.

    further, it will promote accountabilty and transparency, healthy and sustainable economy. however, if we want to eradicate poverty completly we should follow both steps. promotion of village industry, incentivization, skill development programme, etc are appreciable steps. but we need to focus more decentralisation in terms of participation, production, decision-making process and inclusiveness.

    • STOS

      227 words.

  • Joseph Stalin

    Gandhian principles were Decentralised model empowering local and aimed at sustainable growth with production by masses . This was for the Employment generation along with growth rather jobless growth . Such principles if used can be helpful in present scenario where Unemployment , migration to urban overburdened infrastructure and various other problems continues to haunt the administrators

    Benefits of Such principle
    ~ Growth with skill development
    ~ Lang acquisition will be facilitated by them only as they will be partner in growth and not just alienation
    ~Women empowerment , which continues to affect by 30% inner HDI indices
    ~ It can help soothen the land pressure which is very high in certain pockets
    ~ Problems of electrification , small clusters , MSMEs can well be benefit dby it
    ~ Financial literacy with advent of new technologies and skill development can pave in
    ~ Focus on education among villagers can increase , after knowing the greater opportunities . Also it may help in Interest to open own business
    ~ Since many will be engaged in varied sectors , thus NREGs and other schemes will be well directed to those which are most Eligible . Such will pave way for Social audit transparency etc
    ~ 70% rural living people which are considered as challenge to urbanisation can be boon to it
    ~ traditional skills ,crafts which had a greater say in Pre colonial era can help again Indian economy. Such promotion to skills can well be linked with IT platforms recent example is Flipkart tied with jaipur crafts Helping them to sell articles. Such technology combined with tradition can help India averting such challenges

  • kamal

    Indian resource rich and demographic dividend land still
    facing widescale poverty and hunger despite having gandhian ideas and studies
    which are simple enough to make country a heaven of humanity if followed and
    implemented religiously.

    Gandhian economic studies which directed to make every
    hand workable and sustainable development without harming environment under
    influence of greed are still relevant at present. Today our country is facing problems
    like population explosion, weak educational capacities, almost nil skilled
    manpower, no profitability in traditional works and huge migration to urban
    spaces under wrong perception. All these combinedly present situations like two-third
    population still needs food security and garibi hatao seem distant dream.

    As administrator one must ensure successful and effective
    implementation of all programmes which are already present in system. Additionally,
    special focus should be laid on skill development by encouraging industrial
    players of the region under CSR. Irrigational and watershed development
    programmes should be run under personal participation which simultaneously
    pushed innovative ideas like organic agriculture, green house vegetation and
    associated employment intensive businesses. Women empowerment and employment
    should be ensured through SHGs and SME industries. Traditional knowledge and cultural
    production could be promoted through the exposure of such uniqueness to outer
    domestic and foreign world. People who have innovativeness in jugaad technologies
    should be helped through schemes and philanthropic activities for formal
    institutional education to promote production and business.

    At last, one thing count atmost- Be the change you want
    to see.

  • Fazil Mohd

    Rural India
    accounts for a bulk of our population and cannot be left behind in the quest
    for development, therefore we need find ways to find ways to grant employment
    and development. For this some sectors can be targeted like

    1- Solar power-
    Women of villages could be trained in solar power maintenance techniques. These
    women usually stay in their villages and pass on the trainings to the next
    generation as well.

    2- Textile and
    Garments – Again, women can be trained to do work like embroidery, stitching
    and embellishment work of mainstream garment factories. Such a system has been
    implemented successfully in Tiruppur in Tamil Nadu.

    3- Farming and
    Animal husbandry – Farmers can be taught sustainable agriculture and
    horticulture as well as be introduced to better variety of cattle in order to
    improve productivity and raise jobs.

    4- Infrastructure –
    Youth of the villages can be roped into the infrastructure development
    projects. This would stop migration as well as give a source of livelihood to
    the village people. Schemes like MNREGA can be used to do this too.

    5- Forestry- Tribal
    communities can be taught about eco-forestry and can be encouraged to set up
    conservation projects and commercial ones too like apiculture.

    The father of
    our nation was right in saying that the ultimate solution to fighting poverty
    is not mass production but production by the masses. Therefore we should try to
    grant our villages a safe and sustainable livelihood through which they can
    contribute to nation building. (247) PLEASE REVIEW.