11) In India, many pilgrimage sites are located at ecologically sensitive regions and it is said that allowing tourism or pilgrimage in these regions poses threat to ecology there. Do you think governments should ban religious and tourism activities in these regions? Critically comment. If you are asked for a solution, what would be your suggestions? Justify.

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Topic:  ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions;

11) In India, many pilgrimage sites are located at ecologically sensitive regions and it is said that allowing tourism or pilgrimage in these regions poses threat to ecology there.  Do you think governments should ban religious and tourism activities in these regions? Critically comment. If you are asked for a solution, what would be your suggestions? Justify. (200 Words)

The Hindu

  • Joseph Stalin

    Tourism plays vital role in economy , it provides jobs ,employment to the both skilled as well as unskilled . Pilgrimage ,adventure tourism ,natural/eco tourism , desert tourism are some of the forms of tourism which are developed and promoted by govt , in relation to geographic features.

    Having said that, there are some of ills that persist in tourism, especially unregulated tourism.Several examples from past experiences are reminder to it .For instance Uttarakhand Deluge as it had tourism and human activity more that its capacity. Other Examples Like In Jaisalmer-jaipur Area Various foreigners come to visit the Sand-dunes But dumping of plastic bottles ,waste wrapper in sand has led to destruction of Sand dunes . One must note that former is the religious tourism while latter is an example of the Adventure tourism

    It Can be seen that,whichever form of tourism it is ,If it is affecting the natural environment , causing burden ,polluting it it will certainly culminate into disaster . Temple tourism/trekking at Poondi,TN should be seen with this perspective as it may affect Nilgiri Tahr ,reserved forest etc ..

    Solutions and Way ahead to the problem could be tourism With in the Capacity of Environment . It shall be sustainable, Eco -friendly in nature. Also beside boost to economy it shall never loose it previous lustre for which it was started. Digitisation and records of tourist shall be kept Along with vigilant eye on prostitution, Human trafficking ,drugs menace etc. Tourism for cultural exchanges and not for Culture Destruction should be guiding principle to it

    • Bharti Raj


  • lucky

    kindly review…..

    • Sagar

      seems lack of coontent


    should be a self-sustaining activity, respectful of the environmental, social
    and economic carrying capacities. Planning processes are a fundamental means of
    achieving sustainable tourism.

    studies on proper conservation and carrying capacities and limits of acceptable
    change must be carried out in anticipation to prevent irreversible damage,
    because safeguarding the right of present generations to tourism, and their
    cultural and natural heritage is the only guarantee of the rights of future

    diversity and ecosystem integrity cannot be replaced or substituted and it is
    therefore inappropriate to design tourism which threatens these values.
    Effective environmental impact assessment (EIA) processes and their application
    to tourism developments is an essential requirement for the achievement of
    sustainable tourism.

    amount of regulations could solve these problems if the individual conscience
    is not sensitive to the ethics of behaviour . No education program could be
    enacted, if the desire for knowledge and responsibility for the natural and
    cultural heritage is not inoculated and deeply rooted in every individual
    citizen from an early age.

    there could not be a blanket ban on development activities in these fragile
    zones, given the needs of the people, we need to look at ways of development
    without destroying natural resources. But there needs should have enough restrictions on
    the activities, including the movement of pilgrims and tourists.

    agency should be allowed to build permanent structures in ecologically fragile
    zones. Development fundamentalism, combined with religious tourism, is eroding
    ecological heritage.

    the aftermath of these disasters, if lessons are indeed learnt, all ongoing
    development projects must be reviewed, and their carrying-capacity and
    cumulative impact on the Himalayan ecosystem should be assessed and the
    ecological integrity of the Himalayan watershed made non-negotiable.

    • cm

      Nice answer.pls review mine



  • Anit ifs

    While looking at the issue, the primary consideration to be kept in mind is that of the environmental protection and sustainibility of the spots themselves. Excessive tourism can destroy the spots and render them unusable by future generations.

    Massive amounts of tourists pose threat to sensitive areas by polluting the areas, huge carbon footprints, by promoting unsustainable practices and disturbing the delicate processes that maintain the balance in the areas.

    Tragedies like uttrakhand are a stark indicator of the impact that unrestrained tourist activities that destoryed the very temples that people sought to worship. Government would therefore have to take measures to promote sustainable tourism. Some ways are

    1. Promote eco tourism by banning plastics, energy intensive activities, diesal generators
    2. Construction codes have to be implemented and limited as far as possible
    3. Limits be placed on number of tourists by levying fees and using the fees for environmental preservation
    4. The religious institutions are flush with funds and their help should be taken to promote awareness of green behaviour and raise funds
    5. local products should be promoted so that the people around have a stake in preservation of the beauty and sustainability of the tourist trade

  • Mithrandir

    Answer: In olden days, Pilgrimage used to be for old people to feel near to God by taking revering the journey to pilgrimage and going on their own the difficult paths of mountain, forests and rivers. Such difficult paths used to provide devotion toward reaching the destinations. Easy Darshans are never revered. But these days, Pilgrimage is taking shape of tourism business and ecologically sensitive Pilgrim regions as Picnic spot. This led to commercialisation of nearby places, exploitation of ecologically sensitive forest, rivers and pollutions to pristine aesthetic environment.

    Banning Pilgrimage is wrong but yes, setting up tourism business like grand hotels, resorts, Malls near proximity to sensitive areas should be banned. This was the reason for Uttarakhand flash flood havoc where river banks were encroached by real estate developers for tourism.

    Few Suggestions:

    (1.) Strict ban to any kind of destructive development in near to 3 kms.

    (2.) To reach the Pilgrimage only a well constructed broad road should be used instead of giving everyone liberty to reach anyhow. This led to people choosing to camping, bonfire, picnic and sometimes boozing in forest.

    (3.) Polythenes, highly processed foods, small plastic bottles should be banned. Also, clean water and food facilities should be provided for all at cheaper price.

    (4.) Time to time review from independent agencies should be allowed.

    (5.) Revenue generated by tourism and tourist activities should be used to maintain law and order, cleaning and beautification of spots rather than more construction and auctioning of shops nearby to raise more funds.

    (6.) Shops, facility providers, restaurent/lodges licenses must only be given to Local people and outsiders must be allowed to invest. This will stop commercialisation of place and sustainenace of local people who otherwise resort to cutting forest, encroaching forest land, illegal construction etc.

  • sinisetti

    friends plz review.
    India is having huge potential to become tourist hub, thanks to it’s diversity in culture and traditions.tourism is one of the foreign revenue source by the visits of foreign
    nationals and their expenditure and generates employment to local
    religious and scenic locations are two major kinds of tourist attractions. most of the famous pilgrimage sites in India are located in ecologically sensitive areas like Himalayas(ex: kedarnath, badarinath, manassarovar ), western ghats (ex:sabarimala).
    India experienced catastrophic disasters with uncontrolled tourism and allied activities in these fragile locations.
    with uncontrolled construction of buildings, shops, roads and hydro-power plants to meet the energy needs of these pilgrimage locations by neglecting environmental conditions led to flash floods,loss of thousands of lives. land falls become common in these ecological sensitive tourist locations with increased construction and human activities.
    Some environmentalists argue to ban tourism in these locations which is partly true.
    to cash potential of tourism besides ecological balance some steps like-
    1.ban on construction activities to the possible extent, plastics,private transportation,
    2.use of rope-ways to transportation,
    3. limited number of pilgrims at a time by allowing them in batches,
    4.increased public transport,
    6.reduced hydro power usage and increased solar, biomass, wind power etc.. can be taken.
    with balanced tourism and allied ecological activities India can become tourist hub.

  • Words: 230

    Banning is against constitutional spirit of this nation, though “bans” are used arbitrarily by governments. It is not anyway simple to ban religious freedom. Pilgrimage is part of religious practices which is wholly supported by our constitution.

    Pilgrimage generates income, develops interior areas, and promotes social harmony; India needs sustainable development of every people.
    There are adverse consequences of un-controlled tourism in area which are ecologically fragile. Waste management is meager and people’s consciousness towards ecology is deficient.

    We are aware about GHG caused by city traffic, do we stop using vehicles to save our cities? So, banning is not a solution.


    There is a need to promote eco-tourism in these areas by creating awareness about destruction of important ecosystem due to anthropogenic activities.

    There must be proper planning in terms of:
    1. Number of pilgrims per month with total strength of people
    2. Detail monitoring of pollution control rules in these areas
    3. Funding for eco-friendly product, which are 100% recyclable and disposable for use.
    4. “Pilgrimage Tax” for better pollution control should be levied.
    5. Banning items like plastics and plastic products totally in these areas
    6. Construction of nature – buildings and place of gatherings should be promoted

    Our society is tolerant, awareness of loss of bio-diversity in such areas must be promoted to restrict un-necessary pilgrimages, and promote nature friendly pilgrimages, instead of banning them.

  • Chhavi

    India since ages has always been a land of sages
    & mystics; In the ancient times Rishi-Munis meditating in the lap of nature
    particularly in deep forests, high hills & Himalayas gave us world’s best
    philosophical wisdom in form of traditional texts such as Vedas &

    Places which find mention in our ancient texts
    including sites where such wise sages have meditated are toady a source of
    inspiration & spirituality for the masses; such places a part of our rich
    culture & heritage. however most of such places/sites lie in virgin
    forests, high hills or deep Himalayas which are today come in eco-sensitive

    thus we are confronted with a twofold problem:

    1. banning
    religious & tourism activities in these regions goes against our cultural
    values and will hurt public sentiment.

    2. promoting
    such activities will hamper nature including associated flora & fauna which
    today already faces threat of extinction.

    As a solution we should search for a middle path
    which includes measure like:

    1. banning
    use of plastic bags in eco-sensitive pilgrim sites; discourage littering.

    2. allowing
    pilgrimage only in religiously important months of calendar etc.

    3. demarcating
    specific zones to be used for walking & resting for pilgrims.

    4. educating
    pilgrims about rich flora & fauna of the pilgrim site; developing an
    conservation ethic.


    plz review, written in very general sense
    Pilgrimage sites
    are widely distributed in every corner of country and are source of both
    spirituality and livelihood for millions of people. major pilgrimage sites are
    having their historical background associated as integral part of society with routine affairs carried by common people.
    But the rising economic activities around this pilgrimage centres with
    associated activities of tourism had widely affected the dynamics of the
    regions associated. Out of this centres pilgrimage sites located at
    ecologically sensitive areas like that of uttarakhand had serious implications
    on ecology of region. What happened is the over exploitation of natural
    resources due to increased business activities and development projects that
    widely changed the geology of the region at a very fast rate. To account this
    problem there should be stringent measure to protect supreme god nature first,
    after that only people would survive to preach. Major Tourism activities should
    be regulated like in case of mansarovar yatra and amaranth. Construction of
    hotel and restaurants for high profit motives should be restricted, instead of
    that basic infrastructures should be provided by govt. regulated authorities
    without affecting local business. Lastly increased pilgrimage activities couldn’t
    be blamed entirely, but regulation is must as it creates large number of associated
    activities in the region.


    India is a home to large diversity. Being a secular nation India dosent interferes in the religious aspirations of people. But the Indian secularism differs from western secularism in the sense that India not only protects an individuals religious freedom but also participates positively to fulfill their religious aspirations rightly called the practice of ‘SARVADHARMASAMBHAVA’. But this concept of secularism has taken a toll on the ecology of India. Annual religious activities like Yatras and Kumbh melas have been a leading cause of pollution and have been degrading ecologically sensitive areas. Religious rituals of immersing idols, leaves , breads in rivers , mass bathing in river banks and even thoughtless dumping of garbage like plastics all along the way till the religious shrines has been a concern.
    Also many religious shrines are located in midst of forests and on top of mountains due to earlier focus of ancient dynasties on cave temple architecture etc. This disturbs habitations of various vulnerable animals and becomes a threat to their populations. Although following our constitutional values and maintaining harmony in the diversity demands to lesser or no interference in these processes. But still a lot could be done to protect are ecology without interfering in religious practices. Strict enforcement of laws and their implementation to curb polluting activities and engaging NGOs could help a lot in this direction. Most important step would be to bring awareness in the minds of people not only about the harmful effects of these anthropogenic activities but also to root out deep seated orthodoxity and superstitions in Indian culture which has been the motive of many brave hearts like Mr. Dabholkar.
    Gandhiji also focussed on internal aspects of a religion which comprises of feelings like love, kindness etc. and not on external religious practices leading to superstitions.

    • ashish jain

      Wide perspective -ancient history, secularism, gandhi, dhabolkar. Keep going

      • ZOOZOO

        thanx a lot sir…such appreciations are necessary for goin on..:)

    • Trevias Azuis

      really comendable !!

      • ZOOZOO


  • subash

    India which is a cultural hub has pilgrimage sites mostly located in ecologically sensitive regions which is threat to ecology which may lead to floods, loss of flora and fauna and increase in commercial activities in forests like smuggling forest products.
    Government should not ban the pilgrimages as they are considered to be very sacred places for Hindus. kedarnath,yamunotri,shabarimalai etc are few places among them which experience high pilgrimages and also located in forest areas.
    **Pilgrimage should be strictly allowed in few months in a year instead of allowing them for entire year.
    **Hotels and other accomodation constructions should be given permission after proper evaluation if not that lead to severe damage to environment.
    ** Forest officials should keep the area under proper survaillance to protect flora and fauna in the forests by banning polythene covers and also on any commercial activities related to forest products.
    Tourism increases employment and income to the state and it is the responsibility of state to protect such pilgrim sites without causing disturbance to the people which other wise discourages tourism leaving lot many unemployed.

  • jabberwalking

    Tourism in India has become one of the major sectors of the economy providing employment to both rural and urban populations. Pilgrimage circuits in India are a major revenue earner for the economy but many of these are located in ecologically sensitive areas like the Himalayas, the Western Ghats and coastal areas like Puri and Rameswaram.

    No doubt tourism activity generates revenue but there are adverse effects on the environment like increased pressure on the carrying capacity of the region and destabilisation of natural landforms.In ecologically sensitive areas, flow of tourists leads to destruction of endangered species due to trampling, disturbing of natural habitat which affect biodiversity, ambient environment and air and water quality/quantity of the locality.

    Banning religious and tourism activities may not be feasible considering they are the livelihood of local communities. Instead these activities can be regulated by developing community based eco-tourism where the local communities are made direct stakeholders in the conservation of their area as a community asset.

    Thus, by helping local communities develop potentially benign(to the ecology and the economy) sources of livelihood as well as an environmental code of conduct for tourist operators, hotels and tourists will be a more sustainable and viable solution than placing a ban.

  • civilian

    Indian is a land of myths and religious beliefs which are related with ecology.in all the religious texts ecology played a major role.with the time all the piligrimage centres are been discovered within the ecoligical sensitive areas.but promoting piligrimage and tourism in those ares have created threat to ecology.but banming the human activities aline cannot be said as best measure to protect ecoligy and viceversa.

    by banning piligrimage and tourism it would effect the people and government.tourism is the main source of capital in a diversed country like india.that would be affected.even people beliefs are made to rule out by banning.but without banning this piligrimage and tourism thre will be a great pose of threat to ecology.human activities in the ecology area will create disconfort and a problem of animals and al other ecology.hence there has been a majir debate ovr banning the activities.

    To preserve ecology,banning is not the only solution.but it has to be done along with encouraging piligrimage.to ovrcome the problem it has to be made equal imoortance for both touriam and ecology.
    for tourism: effective transport,emihities and facilities have to be provided along with safety measures.
    for ecology: fencing has to be provided along the way of piligrims passage.and people are made aware of the demarcation and flora and fauna in it. it has to be declared as eco sensitive zones.all the zones have to banned for anti environmental activities like dvelopment and infrastructure activities would result in best solution.

  • cm

    Allowing tourism or pilgrimages in ecologically sensitive areas poses severe ecollogical risks that can be understood as:-
    – It augments the chances of disaster or the loss/damage that can be created by it.eg- settlement in flood plains around Badrinath paid the prices heavily.
    – It pollutes the land,water and air in these ecologically sensitive areas, thereby impacting flora and fauna along with natural beauty of the place, further it can trigger melting of ice , temperature rise in such areas.
    – The local community at times also get displaced and unsettled.

    On the other hand it is important to consider that pilgrimages and tourism can not be put to a blanket ban because:-
    – These sensitive areas are abode to religious sites of different faiths, a secular country should not  deny people to practice their faith and visit their pilgrimages.It will hurt the sentiments of people and social order.
    – Tourism is not just a source of revenue for government but a way of employment for local people, also individuals should have a right to visit the beautiful landscape of nature.

    The middle way to resolve this problem is:-
    – There should be a grading of these ecologically sensitive areas, one’s that are most vulnerable can be prohibitted from visit not only for nature’s safety but even for people safety.
    – At other places of sensitive sites , there can be a permit system to regulate the number, also strict guidelines for not disturbing the natural fauna, flora , rivers etc. Tourist should be made aware not to pollute the places.Any violation should be punitive.Thereby eco-tourism and eco-religious tourism can be permitted here.


      good points………….

    • arun maisarla

      Solution part is a good initiative

    • gajender

      Nice answer.

    • The Social Servant

      morever people could be allowed only on or near festivals in critically endangered areas

  • Asheesh Kumar

    भारत भले ही धर्म निरपेक्ष देश है फिर भी यहाँ पर धर्म की भूमिका बहुत बनी रही है . इसलिए किसी क्षेत्र में इस पर बैन लगाना , विवादों को बढ़ावा देना होगा .

    इसके हल के लिए बेहतर होगा कि धर्म को इस तरह से जोड़ा जाये कि लोग खुद ही पर्यावरण के लिए प्रयास करे . उदाहरन के लिए लोगो को ऐसा समझाया जा सकता है कि अमुक जगह पर जब भी जाये वहां पर एक पेड़ जरुर लगाये .

  • sakshi s

    India being welfare state also aids the religious provisions of various communities along with providing the right to freedom of religion.
    The impacts of tourism or pilgrimage at ecologically sensitive regions are of great concern because of the high biodiversity and environmental sensitivity of the these regions. Tourism also disrupts the cultural identities and diversity in these regions. The sensitive ecosystems and cultural values of these areas are facing pressures far beyond their carrying capacities. Uttarakhand deluge is an recent example of this.

    But banning would not be a solution to these as it would hurt the religious sentiments of the people, as well as ,it would amount to, bridging away the fundamental rights – right to life and personal liberty,right to freedom of religion provided by the constitution.

    There is an urgent need to develop and implement guidelines for sustainable pilgrimage in the
    regions.Some of the measures which could be implemented:

    1. Enable regulated entry- There should be limit on the number of visitors / tourist per day.
    2. Encouraging tourists to undertake participatory plantation for rehabilitation of degraded areas
    3.Banning of non biodegrable products like plastics and polythenes.
    4. Promotion of quality rural products like handloom, hadicrafts, agro products, herbal products, bio-fuel, etc
    5. Banning creation of infrastructure like hotels etc on wetlands
    6. Promoting Homestays which links cultural and natural heritage conservation and nature heritage values
    7. Levy of Pilgrimage tax.


    • Discipline9

      good attempt.
      second point is nice
      Banning tourism is not right… not just because of the possibility of hurting sentiments..but also from the perspective of
      —people( especially priests) dependent on tourists for their livelihood.
      (ofcourse I am not advocating for mindless unfriendly infrastructure building)
      —tourism also helps in broadening our minds through intermingling of people from various cultures

      • sakshi s

        thanks for d review..

  • Appa

    Imposing an outright ban on religious and tourist activities in such eco-sensitive zones may invite backlash from a deeply religious Indian society that it is. Pilgrimage to places like Kedarnath, Badrinath, Gangotri, Tirupati has continued over millenniums sustaining the local population through jobs in hospitality sector and thus, a total ban is a measure least advisable. Instead, a middle ground has to emerge where pilgrim influx is not at the cost of region’ ecology.

    Following measures need to be employed for solution to this dilemma:

    1. That unrestricted dam construction and stifling water bodies in such regions can wreak havoc on lives and property is clear from recent calamities in Uttarakhand and Srinagar. Therefore, the big-ticket projects like hydro-power have to be put on a time-bound review by expert committees or institutions like TERI with emphasis on striking the elusive balance between development and ecology.

    2. After this preliminary hazard-mapping, existing buildings need to be renovated and building by-laws enforced rigorously by the district administration. Even if this process entails putting temporary ban on tourist influx should find no opposition from citizens as preparedness will save insure their lives ultimately.

    3. Long-term measures include avoiding hasty green clearances in the name of promoting the ease of doing business. For inhabitants of such zones, mock drills should be inculcated right from school curriculum (as has been done in Odisha).

    4. The inter-agency coordination in vulnerable districts should be in place – district administration as port of first call, NDRF battalions for expert rescue and relief, IMD for weather forecast and warning, state govt and central govt.

    Sustainable tourism that takes into account both faith and environment into picture, has to replace current post-facto firefighting that disaster management in India has become synonymous with.

  • kid monkey

    economics of money deal with present day needs. economics of ecology saves us from long term consequences. both the needs are essential. hence we should strike a balance between both in well regulated and planned manner.

    economics of tourism-
    brings livelihood to local communities and tax revenue and foreign exchange to the governments. hence out right ban is not a solution at all.

    effect on environment-
    delicate interdependence of ecology might be disturbed due to undue intervention and intrusion of human beings into sensitive areas like national parks, biosphere reserves and north east. the consequences may be unforeseen and can be destructive. at the same time preservation of scenery can add extra attraction to the tourism activity.

    answer to the problem-
    we must establish science of local ecological balance at the earliest. we must create scientific ways to allow or disallow certain activities and ways for human entry on case by case basis. strict implementation of established rules also to be prioritized. we must focus on afforestation measures. issues like plastic usage should be addressed in a better way. Go and no go areas are to be established. ecological friendly transport means are also must be sought. CNG based engines, electric rail ways can be the part. afforestation along the rim of local area also can be appreciated.involving local communities also must be considered. local government’s support also must be sought in this regard.

  • Aditya_Hulk

    it should not be banned..please review friends….

  • Danish Mohammad

    11) In India, many pilgrimage sites are located at ecologically sensitive regions and it is said that allowing tourism or pilgrimage in these regions poses threat to ecology there. Do you think governments should ban religious and tourism activities in these regions? Critically comment. If you are asked for a solution, what would be your suggestions? Justify. (200 Words)

    Since, many pilgrimage sites are located in the ecologically sensitive areas , their flocking by the devotees from across the India and World is evident , but the encroachment and the interference it is causing to the ecologically sensitive area that is home to the biodiversity and included in the biodiversity hotspots is causing immense damage to the delicate man-environmental balance.

    Banning the places entirely might create ruckus and a feeling of dissatisfaction which in turn might also fan the religious sentiments, the best way will be to allow the pilgrimage in a controlled manner and under specific guidelines with guides bring appointed to the batch of people coming for pilgrimage. Just like the Hajj pilgrimage in Mecca, certain quota can be fixed for the states and foreigners to register online and then proceed.

    Another major issue was the tourism in these places , as we know that tourism contributes a lot not only to the GDP but also to the local community income. So, banning it will not be a economic decision, instead restricted zones and zones in which one can go with experts be made and also, tourists be given the instructions and be invloved in the collective campaigns to save the environment and contribute their bit towards it.

  • Sid

    India is home to large number of pilgrimage sites many of which are located in ecologically sensitive locations like those of gangotri,amarnath,kedarnath etc in the Himalayas which is also a biodiversity hotspot. But there have been many adverse effects on the environment and ecology due to large scale tourists flow into these places. Making them vulnerable to catastrophes and disasters endangering the locals,tourists and nature alike as seen in the recent uttarakhand floods.
    An outright ban on tourism activities in these areas would lead to a huge hue and cry all over hurting the religious sentiments of people as they are considered to be one very sacred places. It would lead to wide protests and affect peace and harmony. Faith being a very sensitive issue, there is need to bring in a middle ground between environmental concerns and public interests and religious factors. Also the issue of livelihood of locals dependent of tourism would be affected by any such bans.

    Some of the solution in this aspect could be,
    * Introduce a controlled tourism in these areas. Firstly areas can be categorized according to hazard mapping, sensitiveness and level of threats. Then allow controlled tourists flow into them according to categorization. This would cater to both environmental concerns while allowing pilgrims to visit them
    * Strict enforcement of ban on plastic and other bio-degradable waste and proper waste disposal management wherever allowed.
    * Control on unsustainable construction and development activities like power plants and mining in any such sensitive areas
    * putting in place Proper security measures and disaster mitigation and preparedness measures.
    * Use of the revenue generated by such tourism activities into capacity building and other constructive methods like of afforestation in the same areas.

  • SatchaFunkilus

    When we look up to our parents in this educated world , we run through a dichotomy of science versus religion . Everybody is chasing a hope, may it be religion or clearing this exam itself . If we tamper with the mental constructs of the faith fabric , then it can end up in turmoils … transgressing the realms of reality can end up in realising the purpose of life, even athiests pray to god in the most severe times … the state ain’t got no right for curbing the freedom of expression . ( yes , article 19 ) but it is the ongoing dilemma that shall chase the chasms of belief … my answer is NO .
    ( am i comprehensive enough ??? ) hail joe satriani …

  • Religious sites, sacred places of worship amd pilgrimages with a tinge of historical importance are usually situated in calm and serrne locations away from congested cities and urban centres. Mostly this is so because:
    1. Ancient saints and religious persons used to meditate in peaceful environments like forests, mountain caves, river side, etc. unknown to others and unencroached.
    2. Pilgrimages takem on long and hostile routes depicted a devotee’s penance and longing fo the God.
    Examples are Hindu pilgrimages in Jammu and Kashmir and Uttrakhand. However these sites are ecologically sensitive and now unregulated and unabated tourism poses a threat dye to following reasons:
    1. Increasing number of devotees with population.
    2. Most people go or trekking not usually religous purposes.
    3. Visitors carry food items, water bottles, etc. and are in a habit of dumping them anywhere.
    4.With increasing footfall, varioud services like eateries, hotels, etc. have come up which are built by encroaching into nature’s territory. Many people wish to settle in near by areas.
    This disturbs ecological balance and snatches away natural habitat if many species and disruots ecology.
    Outrightly banning tourism in these sites will amount to suppressing spiritual rights of a devotee and also deprive locals of their livelihood and cash inflows.
    Solutions that can be proposed are :
    1. Regulate number of footfalls by reservations.
    2. Licensing services to be provisioned in these areas.
    3. Managing wastes like plastic bottles, etc. by banning their sale or disposal.
    4. No permanent accomodation in near by areas.

  • Neer

    aN outright ban on something to which countrys citizens
    feeling and emotions are attatched is just not a feasible solution on part of a
    responsible government.

    Yes encouraging and
    supporting the conservation and maintenance of the environment for the posterity
    as well as supporting human pursuits like religious and associated
    tourist activities is the responsibility of
    the state in our country. So
    governments machinery has to achieve a balance between these two objectives.

    Respect and care for environment and its element inherent in
    Indian culture and human ingenuity to develop personal relations with the nature can be exploited in such a scenario.
    People visiting the place could be asked to show utmost care for the
    cleanliness and serenity of the environment. Voluteerism for the benefit of the environment should be promoted among
    the youth and other sections of the visitors.