8) Critically discuss with suitable examples the need for developing sustainable tourism criteria in the country in the light of increasing pollution of ecologically sensitive regions due to tourist and cultural activities.

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Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment 

8) Critically discuss with suitable examples the need for developing sustainable tourism criteria in the country in the light of increasing pollution of ecologically sensitive regions due to tourist and cultural activities. (200 Words)

The Hindu

  • Manasa Kulkarni

    India having large number of tourist places of various varieties ie hostorical, scenic, pilgrimage etc. Many states will organize cultural festivals, which attracts more number of tourists. But heavy usage of plastics,in rivers and islands the surface water showed increase in fecal coliform bacteria after used by pilgrims.

    In recent Hampi utsav, after the festival the management of solid waste is a big challenge ahead of authorities. In sagar island in Sunderban archipelago, people arrive in lakhs on the occassion of Makara Sankranti to take a holy dip in confluence of the Hoogly river and Bay of bengal. Sagar is a small island and has unique ecosystem. The pollution caused from tourists is a threat to ecosystem. So, it is necessary to plan to mitigate these concerns and proper implementation of sustainable development programmes, Organising various Awareness campaigns in tourist places is another way to adress the issue. If we dont take proper care now itself we are bound to spend crores of rupees in future to clean them, as at present it is being done for river Ganga.

  • Chhavi

    In the emerging economy tourism development has been a thrust area for GoI due to its vast potential of offering livelihood opportunities to local communities. Various religious and cultural rituals particularly taking dip in holy rivers say Ganges in Kumbh mela, Hooghly river in Sagar Island attract millions of people from all over India. Such yearly gatherings offer huge opportunities to local community particularly in terms of earning livelihoods.

    While focusing on the opposite side of the coin we find such yearly fanfares have a substantial ecological cost.

    Looking into the case of Sagar Island in Sunderbans archipelago of West Bengal were lakhs devotees gather to take a holy dip in confluence of Hooghly river and Bay of Bengal on the auspicious occasion of Makar Sankrati we find that the festival has huge environmental Impact on Island in the following manner:

    1. leads to increased pollution on the island.
    2. ensures a gathering which exceeds three times the population of island; over stressing its fragile ecology.
    3. beach water are contaminated with harmful bacteria’s causing communicable diseases in local population and foul smell in vicinity.

    All this makes such religious and cultural tourism unsustainable in the long run. Thus to ensure long term benefits from tourism and preserve our rich cultural heritage we need tourism model which is sustainable and can deliver on following fronts

    1. generates national income
    2. creates employment
    3. empowers local communities, women & underprivileged,
    4. is not detrimental to environment
    5. preserves our rich culture and its heritage.

    • M2015

      nyc answer

    • swasti15

      u hv written answer well bt not included examples..

      • Chhavi

        i have given one example may be i should have given two… thanks for pointing out

        • Ravi Malik

          u should include any example of forest or some park………as they all are ecologically sensitive zone. (just an opinion)

          • Chhavi

            yes i should have included more examples instead of just focusing on sagar island

    • harry

      one/two more examples?? i guess..

    • soaringHigh

      I feel you can improve the flow and organization of your answer. It doesn’t seem coherent.
      Also after giving two examples in introduction, you could have added more examples and elaborated them instead of only focusing on Sagar island.
      Just a suggestion 🙂

      • Chhavi

        thanks i shall try.

    • Venkatesh Jinukala

      nice answer

  • Aravindhan Kulothungan

    Sustainable tourism is defined as the environmentally and socially responsible tourism that leaves zero or minimal negative impact on environment and the local communities. Ministry of tourism had created a draft policy on ‘Sustainable tourism criteria 2011’ on the lines of ‘Global Sustainable Tourism Criteria’. But the draft policy did not materialise further.

    Festivals and tourism that affect environment cannot be stopped totally because they of cultural and religious significance to the people as well as contribute to economic improvement of the local community. So what can be done is that government should scientifically regulate the environmental degradation caused by tourism through a sustainable tourism criteria.

    1. During Gangasagar mela in Sunderbans, West Bengal, lakhs of devotees assemble in Sagar island. Due to lack of a sustainable tourism criteria, severe environmental pollution ensues. An independent research team examined the area and suggested that global sustainable tourism criteria be implemented by the local authorities.

    2. Maha Kumbhamela in Ganges river is the largest human gathering in the world for a festival and causes peak levels of pollution in the river.

    3. During the annual Sorimuthu Ayyanar festival in Tamilnadu, thousands of devotees stay in core area of Kalakkadu-Mundanthurai Tiger reserve for a week and severely pollute the forest and Thamirabharani river. A local university studied the environmental impact and suggested that the festival be restricted to 1 or 2 days and to provide with bio-toilets and slaughter houses for animal sacrifices.

    If we analyse these examples and the suggestions made by the independent teams on environmental degradation by these festivals and their suggestions, we can see the need for scientific regulation and a ‘Sustainable tourism criteria’ for minimal environmental impact.

    • Bikashfree

      very nice and informative intro and the body is also good.. conclusion perhaps could have been better…

      • Aravindhan Kulothungan

        Thank you for pointing it out. I have rewritten the conclusion now.

  • jothi

    Sustainable tourism is just visiting a place and make only positive impact on environment, society and economy.in india, tourist and cultural activities are becoming a threat to our environment in the recent times.the major factors are
    1)the areas near the rivers are getting eroded causing rising sea level. e.g)sagar-largest
    island in sunderbans system. It has submerged nearly 10 villages because of high tide
    2)environmental pollution. E.g) annual Sorimuthu Ayyanar festival
    in Tamilnadu, thousands of devotees stay in core area of Kalakkadu-Mundanthurai Tiger reserve for a week and severely pollute the forest and Thamirabharani river
    3)communicable diseases getting increased . e.g)ganga sagar mela led to increase in fecal
    coliform bacteria and people are suffering from obnoxious smell and diseases.
    Measures:
    1)environment impact assessment needs to be done for the tourist and cultural activities.
    2)tourism ministry should determine the potential of that place under global sustainable tourism criteria and then allow and it should ban all those activities which pose threat to the environment and its surroundings.
    3)organize awareness campaigns about that tourist places and its importance by taking help from the NGO’s(non governmental organisations)
    Though govt has taken several measures like cleaning ganga campaign,it should plan
    proper mitigation measures for these activities to achieve sustainable tourism and preserve our country’s rich culture and heritage as well as the environment.

    • Ravikiran

      can u explain how eroding rivers causes raise in sea level….i am not able get your point

      • jothi

        areas wich is lying close to seas as well as rivers and its coastline erosion will result in rising sea level in inlets like river estuaries..i ve forgotten to mention coastline erosion.thanks for pointing out…keep reviewing!!

    • Bikashfree

      very nice…

      • jothi

        tnk u!keep reviewing!!

    • Siva Kumar

      dear jyothi,

      wow!!!!!!!!!!! arumai !arumai!!!!!!!!! neenga nalla ezhuthunga!!!!!! b ut still lots of scope will be available to give perfect answer. dear!!!!!!!!!!

  • surpassinfinite

    Religious tourism is also commonly referred to as ‘faith tourism’, whereby people of faith travel individually or in groups for pilgrimage. The offshoot of this kind of tourism is the depletion and degradation of the ecological sensitive area which are trampled upon by the large influx of people to these area.

    Some notable examples are
    • The Pamba River
    The main source of drinking water to central Kerala, river takes the brunt of an annual pilgrimage to Sabarimala Lord Ayyappa’s Temple. Situated in pristine hills of western ghats, with an ecology that is unique to western ghats is severely damaged each year with influx of as many as 50 million people. Solid human waste is constantly increasing the levels of coliform bacteria in the river. The impact of anthropogenic pressure on the river is quite high.
    • Sagar Island
    Sagar Island is one of the India’s largest deltaic island in the Sundarbans, lakhs of devotees comes each year to take dip in the confluence of Hugli and Bay of Bengal in January. Influx of people is as large as 3 times the population of the island. Sunderban which is an ecologically sensitive area is bearing the burden of anthropogenic pressure in terms of increased human solid water, rise in levels of coliform bacteria on beach waters, urbanization in parts of island to support large number of people during pilgrimage period.

    Degradation is not only an aspect of religious tourism but also of leisurely tourism some areas
    that are under threat are
    • Dal Lake and Sonamarg in Kashmir Valley
    • Panchmarchi in Satpuras
    • Areas in Western Ghats like Mahabaleshwar and Panchgani.

    Until and unless we come up with a sustainable tourism criteria our pristine and ecologically sensitive area will continue to suffer. We should come up with a sustainable approach before it is too late.

    • SoaringHigh

      Very nice answer.good flow and organization. Good example of Pamba river. Maybe you can reduce example description a bit and use the word limit left to add 1-2 more examples.
      Also you can add little bit about how sustainable tourism is a solution to all and its benefits in your conclusion.

      • surpassinfinite

        Thanks for the feedback. Yes, I agree I can reduce example description and add more examples. I did not add benefits of the sustainable tourism as this is not explicitly asked in the question so thought of saving the words.

    • Zenith

      Nicely written frnd.By the way,Sagar Island is not ‘one of the’ but the ‘largest’ island in the sunderabans.Keep Writing 🙂

      • surpassinfinite

        Thanks a lot for the feedback.

    • JERRINMATTHEW

      Guys!!!
      can we mention about the Uttarakhand deluge…is it a valid point as per the question?

      • Saiku

        Yes. We can mention b’coz of continuous large influx of tourists, there was unregulated construction and planning in eco-sensitive fragile region. This aggravated damage much more than what should have been.

  • ARJUN Sharma

    Tourism forms one of the most important activity of service sector which contributes a good amount of money to our FOREX reserves and GDP growth. However, the tourist activity has become a potential threat to ecology and environmental stability of our country. Some of them discussed are as below:-

    1. Religious tourism in the form of KUMBH and MAGH MELA along the banks of GANGA in cities like Allahabad, Nasikh, Haridwar is a source of extreme water pollution. The rituals, bath etc.afects the aesthetic value of surroundings.

    2. Andaman and Nicobar island houses the diversity of various endangered plant and animal life which stands threatened after increased waste generation in form of non biodegradable material particularly plastic. (report by ministry of tourism )

    3. Several tourist spots have witnessed land degradation and increased soil erosion.

    4.Mountainous regions like Himalya faces increase pressure on transport and communication. This boils down to floods, landslide, earthquakes etc.

    In the light of above and India’s international commitment of sustainable development, a common criteria is must. This requires :-
    1. Code of ethics and conduct for visitors.
    2. Strict enforcement of laws and rules in such areas.
    3. Media and Civil society to spread awareness about environmental problems and duties of local people.
    4. Promotion of state government efforts like eco tourism.
    5. A blanket ban on non biodegradable material usage like plastic etc.

  • Saurabh

    Tourism holds great potential for India due to her diversity and also due to the vast human resource. The Government of India is working actively in order to tap this area,
    However, there are glaring examples of ecological costs associated with tourism. If we look at the Sagar island in the Sunderbans archipelago of West Bengal where lakhs of devotees would gather to take a holy dip in confluence of Hooghly river and Bay of Bengal on the auspicious occasion of Makar Sankranti, we find that the impact is enormous:

    1) Increase in the fecal Coliform bacteria in the surface water on the beach
    2) Obnoxious and communicable diseases in the area
    3) Increased pollution on the island due to a high gathering

    These problems create a huge hindrance to the human life near the tourist spots. The absence of any Environmental Impact Assessment before developing a tourist spot disturbs the ecology of the area. All this is not sustainable in the long run. Hence, we need to develop sustainable models such as eco tourism so that human life and environment can harmoniously co exist with economic prosperity associated with tourism.

    • Saurabh

      Feedback pls

  • Vibhu

    Sustainable tourism is the concept under which visiting a place as tourist should be done to make positive impact on environment, society and economy.

    Sustainable tourism development requires the informed participation of all relevant stakeholders, as well as strong political leadership to ensure wide participation and consensus building. Achieving sustainable tourism is a continuous process and it requires constant monitoring of impacts, introducing the necessary preventive and/or corrective measures whenever necessary.

    Like other forms of development, tourism can also cause its share of problems, such as social dislocation, loss of cultural heritage, economic dependence and ecological degradation. For example on makar sankranti , lakhs of people take dip in sunderban’s sagar island and the crowd is in lakhs without the basic facilities of housing, latrine, toilet and bathing ghat etc. Also, there are reports of the erosion of certain parts owing to the rising sea level is causing its resident concern. There are many more examples like that of the frequently visited places , hillstations where due to development, cutting of trees, the original sheen is lost now. During kumbh mela, also lakhs of devotees come and take bath but it pollutes the ganges.
    Similarly, in Areas where there are beaches , people litter a lot and due to heavy crowd,there are lot of problems and original natural feeling is lost due to
    increasing pollution , population etc . Looking at all these examples, we can be sure that we need at looking for ways where we promote tourism but it should be done in such a way that it doesnt impact the natural environment and society. Sustainable tourism is that alternative which we need to look at , where we will limit the crowd, make people aware of the environment , society damage and how to preserve it in addition to their enjoyment. This also needs a political will with a proper implementation of certain steps to encourage sustainable tourism.This will maintain a high level of tourist satisfaction and ensure a meaningful experience to the tourists, raising their awareness about sustainability issues and promoting sustainable tourism practices among them.

    pls review

    • soaringHigh

      Why opt for this flow, sustainable tourism first and then existing system’s problems? Why not the opposite: highlight the problems first and then propose the solution? It seems more intuitive.
      Also, giving sustainable tourism description in your intro without highlighting current problems, third para seems abrupt.
      Hope it helps 🙂

      • Vibhu

        Thanks Man for the review. You are right probably. I thought , question is talking about developing sustainable tourism, so lets first define that. Then problems which in itself implies that we need sustainable tourism. but i think u r right, i will work on structuring. thanks again , pls keep reviewing.

  • The development of tourism and increasing cultural activities that harms environment is a major concern at present time.

    Causes of concern
    ————
    Tourism vs air pollution
    —————–
    For the sake of good communication roads and highways are developed and  excessive entry of vehicles whether by tourist or others causes air pollution.

    Tourism vs ozone layer depletion
    —————–
    The resorts and restaurants nearby tourist places use air conditioner. The perform used by tourist along with air conditioner contributes to ozone layer depletion.

    Tourism vs climate change
    ————————
    For tourism purposes deforestation has been done to create golf field; swimming pool etc. It might effect climatic factors.

    Tourism vs natural resources
    ——————–
    Tourism pressurizes local factors like vegetation ; energy ; food etc. Excessive demand for food increases use of fertiliser in agriculture and execessive demand for water lowers ground water table causing use of contaminated water in the long run.

    Tourism  vs sound pollution
    ——————
    The sound of vehicles ; nearby entertainment zones for tourist creates sound pollution.

    Ground pollution
    ————–
    Throwing of polythene; food waste ; other unused commodities by visitors in tourist areas is an age old concern.

    Tourism vs exotic species
    ——————–
    For tourist exotic species of plant and animals are brought which are generally not adaptable to local environment. So certain chemical for plants and other sophisticated measures have to be adapted for animals that in turn pollute environment.

    Concern of cultural activities
    ————————-
    The performance of rituals related with dead one; different festivals like chauuth puja; consecration of idols in river in durga puja; different festivals like makar sankranti are performed nearby river contrubuting to water pollution.
    Certain marrige rituals uses banana tree and in deepawali banana trees are extremely cut for decoration purposes. The use of mango branches is frequently used in different rituals.

    Sustainable environment and necessary measures
    ———————
    1/ use of battery charged vehicles in tourist area.
    2/ effective measures to make plastic free zone.
    3/ strict guidelines regarding carrying of utensils regarding chemical or organic.
    4/ design of entertainment industry in locally acquired and locally used materials. For example; in north east resorts nearby tourist places can be made in traditional hut form. It will attract tourist and lessen pollution.
    5/ effective formation of biodiversity areas as eco tourism.
    6/formation of environment cell in tourist area for monitoring environmental concern and spread of awareness among people.

    Solution for concerned culture activities
    —————
    It is very sensitive area. So; throughout seminar ; exhibition and meeting of gaon sabha people should be given knowledge that if they use one tree for any cultural activitiy they have to plant  three more to compensate ecological balance. Effective guidelines and strict action for use of any chemically made idol except organic matter should be taken for environmental concern.

    Tourism is essential for india and culture is integrated to indian society. They cant be prohibited at any rate. But unregulated and unrestricted activities should be addressed properly.

  • kp

    Due to the huge gathering at cultural places in any cultural events lead to environmental hazards like

    1. increase in fecal bacterial at surface due to absence or insufficient number of public toilet.

    2. increase in litter: deveotees throw around litter here and there

    3. increase in river pollution if gathering is aroung rivers as devotees throw away platic bag and many non-bio degradable materials into the river.

    4. due to litters and wastes there is increase in risk of spreading communicable diseases.

    5. river pollution is threat to marine animals.

    Pollution in ecological sensitive areas increases these hazard multifold as these hazard could impact endangered animals or species.

    Sustainable tourism is making positve impact on environment, society and economy through tourism.

    India has huge number of cultural places with pluralistic society which privides an opportunity to develop this cultural tourism as an Industry.

    The benefits could be multitude, some of them are

    1. It can generate revenue and employment for local comunities.

    2. Hazards can be avoided with proper infrastructure in place having positive impact on environment.

    3. Development of cultural place in other sectors also.

    So there is an imperative need to develop sustainable tourism infrastructure as tourism is one of the important part of service sector which contributes substancial amount to country’s GDP.

    Some solutions which can be taken to improve infrastructure are

    1. all the events at cultural places should be registered and public facilities should be organized during the event as in case of Kumbh melas in Allahabad.

    2. group of volunteers and NGOs should be engaged to spread awareness in event to use public facilities.

    3. Dustbins should be provided at all places as in absence of that people litter wastes.

  • Bikashfree

    One the one hand india has not tapped even the fraction of her tourism potential, on the
    other, whatever has been tapped, it is unsustainable in many aspects.

    Gangasagar mela of West Bengal which bring more than 5 lakh people to a small island,
    leaves the island in a degraded state after the gathering. Lack of adequate
    infrastructure for staying, bathing etc and indiscriminate disposal of residual
    matters in water has increased pollution level to alarming level. Local people
    are complaining of obnoxious smell and communicable diseases. Similar is the
    case of Ganga near many religious places such as haridwar, Varanasi, allahbad
    etc.

    Improper crowd management led to a deadly stampede in famous Sabrimala temple on the
    occasion of Makar Sankranti few years back. Overflow of tourists at odd time than
    the the desired number unnecessarily increased the death toll in the
    uttarakhand disaster of 2013.

    Thus there is a need to evolve a sustainable tourism criteria which will exploit the tourism potential through suitable and adequate infrastructure and service at the
    same time protect the environment by controlling traffic, banning use of many
    synthetic materials and environmentally damaging practices. This will also
    strengthen the security of people through better crowd management and
    employment generation in local area.

    208 words..

  • Venkatesh Jinukala

    8. tourism

  • Praveen

    India’s tourism industry has a lot of potential for providing job and economic growth and for this reason it is essential that we develop our tourism industry but along with that there is a need that we develop it on sustainable basis.

    In india religion tourism is very popular and on some festive seasons we often go to some tourist places like temples or some mountains or some rivers for offering our prayers but then we often in our devotion pollute these places.for ex sagar island is a religious place for indians and every year lakhs of indian go there and take bath and pollute the local environment in many ways and degrade the local ecosystem.
    So it is necessary that we develop our tourism industry on sustainable basis and the sustainable criteria should include:
    -it provides the meaning to our economic growth ,
    -job to the locals both skilled and unskilled.
    -we should be able to prevent our local heritage and culture and
    -it should not be detrimental to our environment.
    In this light it is necessary that we adopt sustainable tourism criteria which clearly identifies all these guidelines and include all stakeholders to make the tourism a sustainable one.

    • Praveen

      friends review plz….:)

  • Joseph Stalin

    Tourism and Hospitality which is Human intensive industries, relies on the basic principle that is “Change from Normal Life” or “Home away from Home”. It has immense capabilities to boost the Aviation ,economics of state ,reduce socio economic capabilities,However, it also causes the Detrimental effect on environment , ecology and wildlife if carried with single aim of Economics without taking into account the amount of destruction it caused. Some of its effect are discussed below

    1 Uttarakhand Deluge- A tragic Event caused mainly due to Wetland [Sponges of World] Shrinkage , Human Encroachment beyond Carrying capacities , Extraction of Hydro power to Cater such Huge industry of ” religious tourism”
    2 Trunk road – Andaman Trunk road which passes through area of Jarawa tribe. Often it is seen as Tourist teasing and mocking the tribesman causing the Conflict. Also Throwing away used bottles,cans and even drugs makes Unvaccinated Jarawa tribe prone to Diseases and ultimately Death
    3 Ganga or Khumb snan Which has been Religious centre for Hindus , Since Independence have been polluted to faecal waste , Organic waste ,rituals and Ceremonies waste.
    4 Sagar Island – Sunderbans Deltaic island has also been showing areas of erosion , Increased waste due to Unsustainable tourist activities . Increased rice cultivation to feed such amount of people have also caused sinking of land as cited by Nature magazine in 2015 .

    Tourism is never bad but the tourism without civic sense is always bad. This Loss of civic sense of tourist is also increased by seeing the even locals people are not caring the environment in which they are living then why should We care.Hence it is imperative to change the mind set of locals before urging to the tourist

    • JERRINMATTHEW

      Well written Stalin!!
      liked your 1st point especially..was wondering why no one else mentioned it…

      Gud lck ..Keep Writing 🙂

      • Joseph Stalin

        Thank you @JERRINMATTHEW:disqus @disqus_0nUGQeHYMm:disqus . Please show you presence in future too 🙂

        I am Happy that you read meticulously 🙂

    • naren

      well written answer stalin

  • Mithrandir

    Answer: India a land of not only diverse language, ethnics but also of terrain, climate and culture which makes it ideal for variety of tourism spots. Tourism benefits both economy of locals, government and enhance softpower of nation, but at the same time disturbs the balance between what an environment can sustain and what will lead to degradation of environment. Hence there is need of developing sustainable tourism. Some needs for sustainable development are:

    1. India is a land of holy rituals which are often carried on river bank which makes pollution mobile. It affects marine life and enters your food chain through fishes, prawns, crabs, crops irrigated by this water.

    2. Often tourists come in places which are ecological sensitives like glaciers, deep forests, clean lakes and river which leads to polluting the place and disturbing the ecology.

    3. Some already threatened species are treated as game animals for tourists pleasure which leads to wildlife abuse. For example duck-buck hunting. Killing of such animals disturbs ecosystem of the place.

    4. With sharp rise in middle class tourism in India, places like North East forest, fresh water lakes of Kashmir like Dal, Mansar, Wular and Kerala backwater has started polluting.

    Ecology is a gift to India by nature, though it holds economical prosperity for the locals which are often poor, but at the same time for making this economy asset for long term usage. Govt must ensure sustainable use of it.

  • IWRA

    Sustainable tourism is the concept of enjoying tourism without climate and cultural harm.Travelling is inevitable for tourism.The travelling for tourism is becoming one of the important contributor for green house gases(GHGs).Besides climate impact tourism poses threat to local socio-economic culture. Travellers from various parts of the world visit different places and come in contact with local culture and traditions.Ensuring sensitivity towards local culture is important for a sustainable tourism.The example of Human safari in Andaman Nicobar caused much damage to Jarwa Tribe and hence Supreme court has to ban tourism in this area.

    Similarly marine tourism,mountain tourism require tourists to show care for the environment as these places are often found polluted after the wave of tourism.Religious tourist places are sensitive locations and tourist need to show constraints in their behaviors.

    Thus the concept of sustainability in tourism is multi dimensional in nature and covers concern for climate,environment,local people,culture and traditions and respect for diversity.
    Ensuring sustainable tourism will require coordinated effort from different stakeholders,from tourists to government to local people. ASI has taken many steps in this direction.Tourists are given all necessary information in advance by tourism ministry’s website,tickets are being issued online for selected tourist places and renovation is ongoing for many archaeological site.The Swachh Bharat Abhyaan(SBA) is used to ensure cleanliness at tourists places and now is being seen as an expected behaviors by the tourists and locals to ensure the same.

  • India has huge potential both in natural as well man made sector, it has proved to be major gainer of foreign currency, providing huge scale employment,fillip to associated infrastructure.
    Alas, the industry is mired with several problems causing all sorts of havoc which needs to be regulated to avoid the wrath of nature
    1)regulating tourists- fixing numbers,vehicles as well as timings according to the requirements of place eg tiger reserves
    2)adopting eco friendly technologies such jute bags,solar certified hotels,electric cremation,chemical free idols(eg gnesha utsav ) etc
    3)educating local population- they can be the real guardians and help a lot in adhering to implementation of set standards.
    4)adopting rural integrated tourism- lodging,fooding as well as guide facilities provided by local people.thus avoiding rampant construction as well as developing rural masses.this tech has been successful in western ghats.
    In nutshell there needs to be creation of institutional structure so that we can enjoy our heritages in sustainable manner.

    • MIP

      4th point..example is Home Stay..

  • magnas

    Sustainable tourism is defined as the environmentally and
    socially responsible tourism that leaves zero or minimal negative impact on
    environment and the local communities.

    Festivals and tourism
    go hand hand in India. Every year lakhs of pilgrims move to the divine places
    to seek blessings. But unknowingly they leave behind a polluted and degraded
    environment which affects the lives of natives of that place. Following examples aptly amplify the need of devising a
    sustainable tourism criteria.

    1.Gangasagar mela, Sagar island: every year
    over 6 lakh devotees attend this festival. But lack of basic public amenties
    cause spread of diseases.An independent research team has suggested for the
    implementation of as sustainable tourism criteria.

    2. Maha kumbh mela, Ganga: This mela
    attracts crores of devotees and is one of the prime reasons for the pollution in
    Ganges.

    3.Uttrakhand floods: Human encroachment, impractical
    construction of dams to meet power demands of tourists were the prime reasons
    for the sabotage.

    Tourism is indeed a powerful source of
    revenue generation but it cannot flourish at the cost of environment. Sustainable
    tourism criteria is the need of the hour.

  • Sanjay

    The tourism is the next best thing for India and is famously known as a smoke less industry. Ensuring sustainability in the tourism with minimal or zero impact on the environment and local communities is one of the major responsibilities to tap the opportunities the Industry provides.

    The unsustainable development in the eco-sensitive regions and encrochment of wet lands along the rivers for the and deforestation of mangrove forests , all making the regions and local people vulnerable.

    The festivals like GangaSagar mela in the Sagar Island near west-Bengal witness a total gathering of 6 lakh people every year and the island has been polluted due to the defecation and deforestation of land leading to the submerged villages and emigration of people due to natural disaster and loss of habitat.

    The development of hydro-power projects in the Himalayan region and poor waste management all leading to the increased vulnerabilities .

    A social impact assessment on a regular basis and involving expertise (both from public and private) must be ensured in the development projects for long lasting results. The unsustainable development in the eco-sensitive regions must be strictly avoided.

    • naren

      good …

    • Tinga tinga

      Nice answer…

  • Mission_15

    please review friends 🙂

    • Mission_15

      Hi all,
      I am facing a problem in uploading pictures. Even if I rotate it in my phone and then upload, it does not show the change after uploading here. Can anyone tell the solution?

  • Shailu

    Tourism is one of the most important and effective component of economy of any country. Tourism leads to lot of inflow of money in the area concerned and provides livelihood options to even low income group of society.Owing to importance of this vital sector the idea of Incredible India was floated under the guiding principles of Bharat Darshan and Atithi Devo Bhavo. But there lies a flip side, tourism with it brings a lots of environmental problem to it. To make it a real effective tool and to garness its fruits for generation we need to access the environmental impact which can act as basis for developing a proper, planned and sustainable approach.

    Large gathering in any area cause various environmental and health problems. As already published, owing to religious gatherings in sunder-bans witness increase in rise of faecal bacteria and communicable diseases. The Mahakumbh mela in Ganga river is no exception. Large scale pollution of river Ganga severly affects the health of millions of people dependent on it. It further leads to deterioration the quality of water and fertile plains leading to reduced agricultural production. The havoc caused in Kedarnath is a guiding example to regulate umplanned develpoment.

    A policy on Sustainable tourism criteria (2011) emphasise on different areas of tourism. It includes susitanable appraoch, cultural heritage, hospitality, environmental impact. Guidelines are provided to hotels, destination places and tour managers to make them pillars of sustainable tourism. The idea is not just to cause minimal damage to environment but also to impart training for best possible hospitality and for making world class tourist destination.