Was Industrial Revolution, truly a ‘Revolution’? Also comment on the connection between the Industrial Revolution in England and the French Revolution in France.

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Topic: NCERT World History Class XI

 

3) Was Industrial Revolution, truly a ‘Revolution’? Also comment on the connection between the Industrial Revolution in England and the French Revolution in France. (150  Words)

Theme 9

  • BooogaBoooga

    Industrial revolution changed the social landscape of the time. The technological innovations led to the birth of the city, mechanization, factories. It led to migration from agriculture to industry. New social classes were both like the middle class which itself contributed to future revolutions. Capitalism gained momentum and aristocracy was further weakened. All these changes to the social fabric make the Industrial revolution truly revolutionary.

    During this time, another revolution took place in France. The French revolution was in ways similar to the Industrial revolution of England as it gave new ideas, created new social classes, and gave more power to the common man by giving power to the third estate

    But there were differences as well. The Industrial revolution lasted for over a 100 years, the French revolution came to an end in 15 years. The Industrial revolution was more about economic transformation, whereas the French revolution aimed at a political transformation.

    In the end, both these revolutions with their revolutionary ideas fundamentally transformed the world as we see it.

    • DKT

      Not satisfy with ur answer even intro is not upto the mark , conclusion too

      • Appa

        @DKT Please provide the alternative satisfactory answer.

  • kerala aspirant

    The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes.it leds to mass production at unprecendented scale broughts into a new era..with upliftment in social and economic structure of common people;increase in scientific development and abolishment of feudalism it been a revolutionary movement.

    he French Revolution and Industrial Revolution were both times of great change
    similarities
    1) social mobility;

    2)both left behind new ideas, inventions, and political ideas when they finished
    3)both gave more rights to the commoners by the time
    4)both had an impact on Great Britain.

    diffrences
    1)The French Revolution was easy on the working class, while the Industrial Revolution was hard on it (machines risk high for indutrial workers)
    2)French Revolution was bad for economies, while the Industrial Revolution was good for them
    3) FR changed poltical reforms where IR economic
    4)French Revolution made farmers rich, while the Industrial Revolution made them poor.

  • Shrey

    A revolution is said to have occurred in a society or a country has been large scale transformation in the political, social, economic and cultural conditions. The Industrial Revolution ( IR) was indeed a Revolution-:
    a) Feudal Polity was uprooted and gave way for more democratic political setups. Despotic monarchies were either uprooted or lost much of their power
    b) Rural character of society was changed into an urban one
    c)Before IR main backbone of the economy was agriculture. After IR industries became the major mainstay of economy.
    d)Joint family system collapsed and nuclear family system emerged.
    e) Strong Judeo-Christian tradition of European society lost its grip and New ideologies like Communism, socialism, liberalism etc became popular
    Hence, the impact of IR was in all the aspects of the society and hence it was a Revolution in true-est sense

    IR in England and the French Revolution:
    Owing to the IR in England, It became a major Industrial centre. English trade propsered due to new products produced by IR. IR led to emergence of new class of traders and reduced the power of the guilds. As a result , the economy of england flourished.
    On the other hand, The French economy was in poor shape. It was mostly agrariana nd no industries existed. Guilds had made trade and commerce difficult. Due to this French economy was in Bad shape.Seeing the success of IR in England, the French aspired to have similar success in France also and it became a major motivation to remove the Bourbon dynasty in the French Revolution

    • ananth

      Well structured answer .

      • Rk

        Good ans.Shrey

    • shankar

      very nice shrey

    • Santosh Sharma

      i think , u should mention some more points of socio-politico-economic structure of france after french revolution…
      but, the remaining answer is really well structured and good.

    • narsi

      its good…but word limit exceeds

    • waytoias

      http://www.angelfire.com/co3/phkicker/writing/fandirev.html good article on difference and similarities between IR and french revolution..

  • Mithrandir

    Answer: Industrial revolution is the vast scale transition from hand made good industries to mechanicised production in Europe which happened between 1760-1820. This period observed vast scale transition not only in industrial production but in Political demands, Cultural transformation, women participation, colonisation to search new market and raw materials. As England progressed in Industrial revolution, the demand for universal and natural rights, labour laws, housing facilities, sanitations, workforce enlargement and training increased sharply. British parliaments passed many bills in favour of labour because it was the peak period of british coloinisation and she didn’t want to slow down it’s industrial transformation. British intelligentsia wrote prolifically about human rights, role of ruler etc. This all gave a new perspective and hope to neighbouring countries which were undergoing the rough period of drought and miseries. Worst was the situation of France during 1770s with vast scale poverty, high taxes, no elections, indifference of Louis XVI, no jobs etc. French under various philosphers of the time like Robespierre and his Jacobian club gained knowledge about prosperity coming to England. This all led to demand for equal rights and overthrowing the inefficient emperor and clergy, noblemen dominance in society.

    • ashwin kumar p

      good answer.

    • ram

      nice one, covered all aspects but could be more structured…

      • pravi

        Best answer read until

    • anurag

      Excellent !! Keep writing and reviewing 🙂

  • kerala aspirant

    The
    Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes.it leds to mass production at
    unprecendented scale broughts into a new era..with upliftment in social and
    economic structure of common people;increase in scientific development and
    abolishment of feudalism it been a revolutionary movement.

    he French Revolution and
    Industrial Revolution were both times of great change

    similarities

    1) social mobility;

    2)both left behind new ideas,
    inventions, and political ideas when they finished

    3)both gave more rights to the commoners by the time

    4)both had an impact on Great Britain.

    diffrences

    1)The French Revolution was easy on the working class, while the Industrial
    Revolution was hard on it (machines risk high for indutrial workers)

    2)French Revolution was bad for economies, while the Industrial Revolution was
    good for them

    3) FR changed poltical reforms where IR economic

    4)French Revolution made farmers rich, while the Industrial Revolution made
    them poor.

  • Nayana

    The term Revolution implies a drastic change in the economic and political system either full of bloodshed or peaceful. The industrial revolution was truly revolutionary because:
    economic side:
    *domestic system replaced by putting out system then factory system
    *closing off large landholdings +destruction of cottage industries=> impoverished artisans & landless peasants migrated to cites in search of jobs +
    *mechanization of agriculture+ new resources viz coal & iron+ scientific inventions =>surplus production+ export+ money flow+ raw material for industries=> prosperity => urbanization
    political side
    *creation of two classes: capitalist & working class-economic powers in the hands of a few- landless, tool less workers- willing to do any job at low rate- women & children in hazardous working conditions => trade unions +ideas like liberalism+ demand of voting rights (eg. chartist movement in England)
    Industrial revolution began first in England and then spread across the world mainly because of stable govt & other favourable conditions. Search for raw materials+ market for raw materials => colonies=>imperialism
    In France the revolution took place to overthrow the monarchy of King and establish a republic instead of the worse estate system.

    • Nayana

      kindly review friends:)
      feedback welcome:)

      • ashwin kumar p

        plz form proper sentences buddy,answer looks like different chemistry equations.

        • Nayana

          I just wanted to include maximum relevant points within the specified word limit of 150. That’s why it looks a bit awkward:)
          Thanks anyway.
          Kindly review the content too.

    • Pragya

      Structuring of the points needs to be improved..The points look more like thermodynamics 🙂

      • Nayana

        yes, I need to work on it. otherwise it would more look like a bunch of equations. This may be useful 4 quick revision. Thanks a lot 4 ur feedback. keep reviewing 🙂

    • DKT

      U wrote correct definition of revolution even nice points but u didn’t write the connection b/w IR and FR

      • Nayana

        Thanks 4 reviewing. I will keep that in mind

    • Well done ♡♥♡♥♡♥:D Nayan……..this is the best style of writing for quick revision ……carry on dude……

      • Nayana

        Thanks 🙂

    • Jamy

      Good coverage..n i like ur presentation..it’s unique..it might giv u an edge over others…

      • Jamy

        But entirely missed the second part..connection btwn french rev n IR..

  • AKS

    A revolution is a large scale transformation of social, economic and political conditions existing in the society. The industrial revolution of 18th century marks a landmark in world history. It was revolution in true sense as it revamped the existing socio-eco conditions and provided a new perspective of life. The technological innovations and mechanisation of working resulted into the following consequences-

    1. Shift from Agriculture based economy into industry based economy
    2. Setting up of democratic institutions
    3. Rural character of society transformed into urban nature of society
    4. New ideologies like communism, socialism, marxism appeared in wake of industrial revolution
    5. change in standard of living and quality of life

    While Britain emerged as the center of Industrial revolution, its traditional enemy France still lagged behind. The economy of France was based on agriculture and ingrained with poor economic conditions. On looking upon the success of Britain, French felt utmost need to revolutionize its existing political government marked with corruption and ignorance. It became the prime motivation for the french to dispel the Bourbon dynasty in French revolution.

    • SWARNA

      good

  • Pragya

    Pl review my answer 🙂

  • Pragya

    Pl review my answer 🙂

    • DKT

      Unable to read plz click vertically next time

  • Vignesh Kumar

    The Glorious revolution in the Europe takes place from late 18th century to early
    decades of 19th century. This era saw major changes in the
    socio-economic domains.

    1) The production of good to a mass scale with the emergence of textile, coal and iron industries.

    2) Invention of technologies such as textie mules, powerlooms, Steam engine and the introduction of railways made the
    transport easier.

    3) The emergence of new class i.e. capitalists and preliterate.

    4) The rise of nationalism within Europe for the production of goods.

    5) Expansion of colonialism

    Though IR doesn’t took place within short period, the gradual advancement led to a great
    turn in the history of world.

    French revolution which coincided in the initial stages of industrial revolution,
    inspired from these development, the agrarian society fought for the
    establishment of Democratic govt. and also controlling the prices of necessities.

  • Galaxy2015

    Revolution means a sudden change in social,economic and political order of a country.Industrial revolution indeed led to huge transformation of England from monarchy to capitalist regime, from agrarian to industrial but it was too gradual to be called as revolution.It carried processes that already existed towards new levels.
    Like London acquired prominence among europeans cites right from 1700s.Country’s financial center was Bank of England set up in 1694.The industrialisation in Britain is explained partly by the factors described above – many poor people from the villages available to work in towns; banks which could
    loan money to set up large industries.

    There was a gap of a few
    decades between the development and widespread application of technology like
    blast furnace was invented in 1709 but its wide spread use was started in late 1980s.Also steam engine despite being invented in 1769 was used much late.
    Differences:-
    1. main difference lies in their ideologies france revolution was against feudalism while england revolution was for industrialization.
    2. revolution was more successful in england than france in changing the social system.
    3. In england it led wide scale modernisation while after france revolution old social system ramined prevalent.
    4.English revlution led to more trade and economic development but after french revolution state groped more towards poverty.

    • sourabh

      actually the question asked for connection between industrial revolution and french revolution.It was the industrial revolution in england that urge them for more battle with france and in the mean time there were war between england and france(9 years war and american independence war).These wars led to economic stress on france and this economic cause was one of the reason of french revolution.(THis connection was missed by every answer

      • Pope_in_the_woods

        Hi Saurabh.. I guess what u r saying is right but the the question asked is actually subjected to multiple interpretations….the term “:connection” is vague and all the answers have shown the “connections” between IR & FR… I dont know what’s the right approach to answer this one but definitely urs a good one..!!

  • Radhika

    The industrial revolution began around 1750BC in England with the oncoming of the machine age.

    New
    machine like steam engine, powerloom, harvesters etc brought tremendous
    change in production technology and made Better and chepaer products
    available to common mases. Consumer goods became part of the society.
    Colonization and its plundering brought capital and raw material which
    was used to wage wars and win more terretories. It started capitalsist
    economy and idea of Laissez-fair was mooted. Workers rights to strike
    and demand better compensation was halted. There became two classes of
    society rich and poor.

    Industrialisation brought to an end the
    feudal society in England and France. Working in factories made people
    aware of their rights which led to French revolution for equality,
    liberty and fraternity among all classes of society. Socialistic ideas
    became popular.

    Thus, on the one hand industrial revolution
    brought better life through unearned income to the upper class with
    access to capital, at the same time protelariat were expolited which
    brought French revolution to bring equality and better working condition
    in factories.

    • DKT

      Out of context
      neither u gave definition nor a connection bw FR n IR ur second para is slso unstructured

    • Vikas

      1.its around 1750 AD , better u right mid of 18th century
      2.be specific and need more structured answer..

  • Debula

    The term Industrial Revolution is misleading as the industrialisation occurred was to specific pockets of the British isles. Rather the restructuring was not simply confined to technological advancements, but a restructuring that led to the foundation of modern social heriarchy: proletariat and the bourgeois.

    The timeframe from mid-18th to early 19th century saw England take part in numerous wars to further its imperialist projects. This along with rising costs to the state led to poor social conditions in England such as lack of food. However, technological innovatoin in certain industrial towns required a social cost to be factored in. Labour was in the form of men, women and children that emigrated to cities in face of poverty from competition. This competition from machinery led to a new form of protest: a man vs. machine dichotomy where people protested at the mechanised rate of conducting business. Poor working conditions, younger employments ages, and exploitation at the hands of large industries led to various movements such as Luddism which demanded wage control for workers. Poor conditions for women and children required factory inspections which could be compromised by bribes.

    A restructuring of settlements was also important. Enclosure of farms by the government forced the poor to migrate to cities where poor hygiene and living conditions were faced. Along with poor pay, the proletariat class struggled to make ends meet. Whereas the French Revolution had demanded a recognition of civil liberty, the outrage of workers was confined to industrial towns. Therefore, the reform for recognition was confined to these settings also, whereas there was a continuous migration of workers into the cities even after 1815. There was no grievance redressal for the impoverished rurals. In conclusion, it is not entirely correct to claim that the 1790s as a revolutionary period, as social conditions were widened between the aristocracy and the working population. The level of industrialisation and its effects were felt after 1815 when emigration to city centres increased considerably.

    • IamFromOdisha

      The question says something, you answer something else.

      • Debula

        Please refer to pg. 210-212 of Themes in World History in NCERT. You’ll get my drift. ; )

  • Asmita

    The Industrial Revolution(IR), which took place from the 18th to 19th centuries, was a period during which predominantly agrarian, rural societies in Europe and America became industrial and urban.
    Industrialization marked a shift to powered,special-purpose machinery, factories and mass production.
    The IR was as much a social revolution as a technical one.Skilled craftsmen were displaced by mass production methods.Agricultural workers were displaced by mechanization of farm tasks.These changes triggered a migration of labors from rural to urban areas,filling unskilled positions in factories.
    The traditional social class structure was also affected.There was increased participation of women and children with defined roles.Wealth, in the form of goods, incomes,services, knowledge and productive efficiency, did increase dramatically.

    During the period 1789-94, French citizens razed and redesigned their country’s political landscape, uprooting centuries-old institutions such as absolute monarchy and the feudal system.

    Like the American Revolution before it, the French Revolution was influenced by Enlightenment ideals, particularly the concepts of popular sovereignty and inalienable rights.

    The early decades of industrialization coincided with the spread of new political ideas pioneered by the French Revolution.The movements for ‘liberty,equality and fraternity’ showed the possibilities of mass action,both in creating democratic institutions and in checking wost hardships of war.

    Although it failed to achieve all of its goals and at times degenerated into a chaotic bloodbath, the movement played a critical role in shaping modern nations by showing the world the power inherent in the will of the people.

    please review…

    • siva

      good ans. i think u didn’t touch upon IR in england.

      • Asmita

        thanx..I’l update 🙂

  • GS

    ANS : Industrial revolution is the transformation of method of production from man made to machine made .The traditionally agricultural countries Britain were transformed into a predominantly industrial nation during this time resulted inflow of population from villages to industrial towns and England became the workshop of the world.

    Industrial revolution was truly a revolution which disturbed the structure of English society .Agricultural and village handicrafts were declined ,the village artisans lost their jobs and rich land lords became more influential.The general standard level of living status was improved.Labour unrest and movement manifested due to extreme hardships.

    THE CONNECTION BETWEEN THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION IN ENGLAND AND THE FRENCH REVOLUTION :

    A)The clergy and the nobility were the major 2 estates exempted taxes where as third estate common people need to pay taxes in France alike England where middlemen exempted from payment of taxes.
    B)Poorer sections were discounted and blamed the rich members of nobility class of their misery.
    C)Both revolutions made changes in agriculture ,which worsened the
    conditions of peasant.
    D)The oppressed workers formed many secret societies and often resorted to strikes and rebellion.
    E)The Christian missionaries and lands held in common by the community bought by the middle classes.
    F)Both revolutions resulted in destructions of feudalism and transformed
    into development of new economic system.
    G)Abolished slavery and nurtured military strength.
    Above all,both revolutions brought huge change in Ideas of social equality gave rise to new kind of political movement.

  • Bing

    Revolution is a sudden change in social, political, economic, cultural spheres of a society. In this sense, though industrial revolution didn’t take place in a sudden and drastic manner it brought a seaful of changes in social,political, economic,cultural spheres of society. So Industrial revolution can be called truly a ‘revolution’. On the socio-economic front agrarian economy gave way to industrial economy. With abolition of serfdom, feudal lords lost their stronghold and eventually fuedalism faded away giving way to capitalism. Two new classes evolved in society namely capitalists who owned the means of production and working class who lived on daily wages. Gradually capitalists encroached into political space framing industry friendly policies. Economists proposed laissez-faire as the best exonomic policy to be followed. Working class population started demanding their righful share in the production and fought for their rights. Trade unions were formed and demands of workers were met. Industrial revolution flourished in england while its counterparts in europe are still dragging their feet in agrarian economy. Most importantly its political rival france was in the hands of ineffective ruler, corrupt administration and deplorable economic condition. People of france aspired for similar livelihood as britons were enjoying. This led to french revolution and ideas of liberty, equality and fraternity among the french.

    Review appreciated (:

  • shankar

    9) Was the Industrial Revolution, truely a revolution? Also comment on the connection between Industrial Revolution in England and French Revolution in France.

    The late 18th century was a period of Industrial Revolution in the world history which led to the transformation in the fields of economical, social, cultural, and political. A revolution is said to be revolution which transforms a society,economically,politically,and culturally what Industrial revolution did, in that sense Industrial Revolution was indeed a Revolution. The followings are the impacts of Industrial Revolution:
    1. Transformation of agrarian economy into industrial economy

    2. Transformation of rural society into urban society.
    3. Emergence of Labour classes and Industrial classes.
    4. Inequality
    5. The dominance of Feudal Class and Despotic or monaracism either declined or lost
    6. Large scale production due to introduction of heavy and new sophisticated machines
    7. Quest for raw materials and market for machine-made goods and the emergence of new ideologies like communism, imprealism, colonialism etc.
    8. Improvement in the standard of living.
    Hence Industrial Revolution touched all shpere of a society, it was indeed a revolution which impacts were seen in all around.
    As the Industrial Revolution had done well in improving economic conditions of England. England, the centre of Industrial Revolution, had witnessed an unprecedented change in the society in terms of standard of living,democratic freedom of thought, end of guilds and emergence of new social class. Due to large scale Industrial production, England was getting

    prospered day to day.
    On the other hand, France, being an agrarian economy, had very pitiable social, economical and political condition. During this period, there was also monarchy there, so the people of France was fed up with situation and they aspired to be avail all these facilities and enjoy the same life, all these led to emergence of French Revolution.

  • kaurmanprit

    A revolution is marked by the fundamental changes it brings with it. It replaces existing system with a new permanently. In this sense IR is definitely a revolution. Though not an event it was a long drawn out process.
    facts that quantifies IR as rev are:
    . Factory based production system became the norm
    . New classes , captalists and workers, emerged
    . Merit erased heridiatory privileges
    . Laissez faire became the new anthem of capitalists
    . Urbanisation, large scale migrations, dirty slums torn apart the social fabric of England.
    . Liberty, private property, demcracy became sacrosanct.
    IR affected entire world but arch rival france felt its the most. France and England not only in europe but fought American war of independence too. France had medieval político economic structure . Thus it was suffering from economic hardships and was at the verge of bankruptcy. Fighting industrial England drained its resources further. Adding to thier woes, french could see prosperity of England. Philosophers comprehended the situation well. They found the panecea in modernisation. This required a revolution. Hence IR hastened date of FR to 1789.

    • kaurmanprit

      Plzz reviw. I have tried to give a different approach 🙂

      • amoeba

        @ All… Please read Ncert 9 th chapter again.Question demands something different.

  • Nika

    Industrial revolution was truly a revolution based on economic changes ultimately leading to social changes.The revolution in the field of machinery and redefining labour force.

    Economic Revolution:

    Urbanization

    Rise in population

    Mechanized form of production

    Rising demands accounted for large sum of profit

    Industrial revolution that took its shape in 1760 AD is prior and a igniter to the beginning of French revolution.

    The Industrialization which reformed the society in England was influenced all over the world.

    France,which was polarised on the basis of social status into three estates, in which the upper classes in the first and second estate undermined the third estate people, the results of Industrial revolution triggered them up to fight for individual man`s rights.

    The revolution demanded abolition of feudalism,serfdom and wanted liberty and equality

    The abolition of feudalism and transformation of property made the third estate class, the burgeoisie – to become capitalists who invested money to make profits.

    The ideas were derived only from the Industrial revolution which is marked as the mentor for the French people.

    Finally,France adopted its own constitution free from monarchical form of government , rather the capitalists were assumed power.

    In that way,Industrial revolution is the baseline from which the French revolution got lightened up.

  • 6047

    revolution refers to a sudden and sustained shift from the traditional system which produces tangible results. in this context industrial revolution was truly a revolution as –
    1) due to invention such as Hargreaves’s machine to speed up the spinning, Arkwright’s to run this machine by water and crompton combined these two innovations, the industrial sector was able to cater the demand of the public and revolutionised the consumption scenario. this ultimately led to greater profits and incentivised industrialist to look for avenues that in turn brought the industrial revolution to the political and colonial paradigm.
    2) moreover industrial revolution was as of new way of thinking .i.e rationalism thus the revolution was not only physical but mental too.
    3) also industrial revolution gave impetus to the feeling of nation state i.e revolution in state citizen relationship now the citizen is not a mere subject but it become a member of state.
    4) however the most important change is the beginning of capitalism in the sphere of economics which not only revolutionised the whole world but also modified for ever.
    nevertheless it is true that this revolution was largely confined to england due to it’s stable polity, rich resources of pennines etc it has serious consequences such as french political system. for instance-
    1) industrial revolution brought riches to the english soil, this made the traditional rival france to blindly oppose british in every aspect, e.g. general lafayette in american war and later napoleon’s continental policy to curtail british trade in europe. All this efforts were regressive as none of them tried to uplift france industrially and ultimately led to bankruptcy for france.
    2) moreover industrial revolution outcomes such steamboats and mining equipment were ignored by french this also infuriated the third states i.e workers and led to french revolution.
    thus as seen in many revolutions in history which were economically compelled; french revolution was also an event which had its relationship with industrial revolution of england.

  • Bhanu

    Revolution is a series of incidents that largely affect a
    society in all possible ways be it social, economical or political which often
    leads to complete makeover. It can be either peaceful or blood-stained. In true
    sense Industrial Revolution was a revolution because we find the following
    changes:

    1.
    Economic: The lessening of the financial gap
    between the ruling class and common man. It paved path for shift of prime
    moving force of economy from agriculture to industry. The mass production and
    fall in prices of commodities.

    2.
    Social: The emergence of middle class and
    massive urbanization led to various though schools like democracy, communalism,
    socialism, etc.

    3.
    Political: The authority of the monarchy was
    challenged and constitutional monarchy emerged.

    French revolution was another child of Industrial Revolution
    because the condition of French as compared English common people and social
    thought processes born in England lead to the formation of the foundation
    stone.Interestingly the results of French Revolution were inspired from outcomes of Industrial Revolution like emergence of common man, constitutional monarchy, taking up of socialist responsibility by the government, etc.

  • pk

    industrial revolution

  • Guest

    Answer:-

  • urlovin

    answer-

    • Rohitashva Tomar

      1. Write more about relation between FR and IR in Britain rather than ideas of FR
      2. Focus more on showing whether it was a revolution or not (example change in way of life, new class of citizens etc.) rather then why it was a slow process

      Points are good but need more analysis

  • Radhika

    k .. thanks

  • The tenets which attributes industrial revolution as revolution are–

      Sudden change in thinking
    —————————
    The development of scientific attitude in people amidst prevalent prejudice brings quick change. When steam engine runs in hudson river people files suits against him for going against god. Evolving of science superseding makes it real revolution.

    Basic structural change
    ————————
    The discovery of machines; crop pattern; enactment of ” enclosure act” ; arrival of factory system; evolving of capitalist system brings out total change in economic structure of society.

    Change in basic unit of society
    —————————-
    The family binding breaks down brought out by sweeping changes of industrial revolution; a kind of materialism engulfs the society.

    Evolving of ideology
    ——————-
    The nostalgic moment caused by the industrial development in place of earlier tranquil nature initiates romantic era and growth of capitalism brings out Marxist ideology.

    Connection between industrial revolution in London and french revolution
    —————————–
    Growth of awareness
    ——————–
    In London awareness of science..invention of Practical  scientific technology and in France awareness about own status and political condition brings revolution.

    Basic changes
    —————
    In London joint family; emotional binding breaks swayed by sweeping changes of industrial revolution. In france epoch making political changes happen by the introduction of republic; abolition of slavery; termination of class superiority etc.

    Iconoclastic and evolved of new era.
    —————————–
    Industrial revolution wins over puritan thought by scientific progress and french revolution wins over oppressive ruling and establish constitutional government.

    Thus both the revolutions mutually contributes to the development of new era in the world.

  • Guest

    The Industrial revolution has been too gradual to be considered a revolution (between
    1760-1820). However the large scale societal transformation in the political,
    social, economic and cultural conditions with the new manufacturing processes
    indeed makes it a revolution.

    a) Feudal Polity was uprooted and gave
    way for more democratic political setups. Despotic monarchies were either
    uprooted or lost much of their power

    b) rural character of society was changed into an urban one

    c) Before IR main backbone of the economy was agriculture. After IR industries
    became the major mainstay of economy.

    d) Joint family system collapsed and nuclear family system emerged.

    e) Strong Judeo-Christian tradition of European society lost its grip and new
    ideologies like Communism, socialism, liberalism etc. became popular

    Hence, the impact of IR was in all the aspects of the society and hence it was
    a Revolution in truest sense

    Owing to the
    IR in England, it became a major Industrial center. English trade prospered due
    to new products produced by IR. IR led to emergence of new class of traders and
    reduced the power of the guilds. As a result, the economy of England flourished.

    On the other hand, The French economy during 1770 was in poor shape. It was
    mostly agrarian and no industries existed. Guilds had made trade and commerce
    difficult. Due to this French economy was in bad shape. Seeing the success of
    IR in England, the French aspired to have similar success in France. France under
    various philosophers of the time like Robespierre and his Jacobian club gained
    knowledge about prosperity coming to England. This all led to demand for equal
    rights and overthrowing of Bourbon dynasty and the
    inefficient emperor Louis XVI , clergy and noblemen dominance in society

    Just refereed all the answers here to write my answer.. Thank you every one. I know i exceed far the word limit 🙁