General Studies – Daily Answer Writing Challenge – 16

ARCHIVES

15 September 2014

Effect of Globalization on Indian Society:

1) Critically comment on the effect of globalisation on working women in India. (200 Words)

Source-1

Source-2

2) People with disabilities are one of the most disenfranchised groups in India. Critically examine how economic globalisation has affected them. (200 Words)

Source 

 

  • Question 1

    1) Critically comment on the effect of globalisation on working women in India. (200 Words)

    • Optimus

      Globalization through free flow of capital , goods , services and people has provided new opportunities for women thus enabling them to break away from iron cast traditions and restrictions of the past. However at the same time contemporary provisions like SEZ’s and their flexible labour laws has increased the exploitation of labour.

      Besides the proliferation of call centres no doubts provides well paying jobs and thus economic empowerment of women but instances of sexual harassment and violence against women due to late night shifts had been increasing proportionately.

      Similarly the tribal produces , handicrafts mostly produced by women have been accorded recognized status through Geographical Indicators , but at the same time cheap produce from China , machine products have had delibilating effect on some of the cottage industry which primarily employed rural illiterate women.

      Health of women with the increasing feminization of workforce is on a constant decline both physical and psychological. Erratic and long workshifts have affected the family structure of traditional Indian society. Besides hire and fire attitude specially with respect to pregnant women has led to increased discrimination and abortions often at unsafe , ill equipped facilities leading to health issues later.

      • Madforias

        should have added about factories Act and SEZ

        • nick

          u should thought of some points of ur own….u have just read the sources and recalled it here..anyways gud try..

    • Apps

      Globalisation has had a mjor impact on the Indian economy. It has opened up a lot of avenues for investment and employment to the people, and has impacted their lives in different ways.

      Globalisation has brought new jobs for women with opportunities for higher pay, leading to increasing equality between the sexes. It can help uproot the traditional bias in society against women. It has also helped expand markets for rural women artisans.

      However, globalisation has also had major negative effects on the lives of working women in India:

      Work timings: Globalization has resulted in increasing the number of sectors where working night shifts have become necessary. For women, travelling and working at night without proper protection or transpoprt facility is a major security hazard.
      Low levels of income: Many unskilled women are paid much lower than the work they do. Further, women, and in particular, rural women are highly vulnerable to to social evils such as prostitution, which they are drawn into by the lure of better wages.
      Sexual harassment at the workplace: Regardless of whether women work in the organized or unorganized sectors, many of them face sexual harassment at the workplace.
      Poor Working conditions: This happens, in particular, in Special Economic Zones where labour laws do not apply in the same way as in other parts of the country. Thus, it is a source of major health hazards for women.

      Globalisation thus has a mixed impact on the lives of women in India.

      Exceeded the word limit. 🙁
      Please review.

      • [email protected]

        PLS REVIEW 🙂

        Globalization refers to interconnectedness between the economies of the world. It has impacted almost every part of the world. Women have been highly impacted by globalization in the foolwing ways—
        POSITIVES
        • Has made them independent
        • Has developed entrepreneurship capabilities
        • Has instilled confidence among them and to a certain extent brought equality in the society
        • Education has penetrated deep into them which has added benefits towards politico-social milieu of the country
        NEGATIVES
        • Equal pay for equal work still not followed
        • Sexual harassment hasn’t subsided despite lot of efforts
        • Women has to undergo double stress of professional and personal lives
        • Certain work have not stopped soliciting extra hours and night shift from women
        • Places like SEZs and EPZs where no Indian laws are applied are breeding grounds for women exploitation
        • Still looked as an inferior species by the traditional patriarchal society.

        • Pipeelika

          well written.

    • abhinav gupta

      Globalization refers to the process of global interconnectedness. It has affected the status of working women in many ways –
      Positive-
      – Women have come out from the traditional sphere of their homes and are accessing various opportunities that the process of globalization is offering.
      – It has helped liberate them from their traditional duties and achieve a sense of independence.
      – Employment opportunities have given them economic independence, which has helped raise their status within the society.
      Negative-
      – Women are expected to play the dual role of working women as well as homemakers, which had added to the burden.
      – Feminization of workforce can be seen in certain sectors like textile industry.
      – Working women are in no way safe; they are being subjected to harassment within their workplaces as well as on streets.
      – Feminization of agriculture can be seen in rural areas, as men leave to work in cities. This has also added to the burden.

      Thus, globalization has deeply affected the status of working women in both positive and negative ways.

      • Puja

        Feminization of workforce can be seen in certain sectors like textile industry….
        how is it having negative effect?
        Feminization of agriculture can be seen in rural areas, as men leave to work in cities. This has also added to the burden….
        this can be problem of specific to migration… but indirectly it empowers women in economic aspect…
        Ignore, if i m wrong…

      • nick

        dude..u have critically discuss it….

    • Madforias

      Globalisation leads to free economy, competition, change in labor force and related laws. It has shown both the positive as well as negative effects on working women in India

      Positives
      1) More and more women are getting opportunity in Service sector (majorly product of Globalisation)
      2) Women are becoming empowered and holding the leadership position in many organisations
      3) The cascading effect of women employment opportunities leading to better education and higher literacy rates among women
      4) The urge on diversity in many multinational companies are leading to healthy gender ratio which was skewed towards men earlier

      Disadvantages
      1) most of the women are still working in unorganized sector leading to health hazard, insecurity and exploitation. The Globalisation have created more informal sector and unorganized laborers than formal.
      2) The women are expected to work in the night shifts, as the factory act is varies from state to state leading to safety issues for women, the call centres don’t have any fixed timings for them.
      3) Sexual harassment at work place is common issue, the recent Tehalka case is a live example. Specially, the women working in SEZ are not under the safety cover due to special laws for SEZ (SEZ are the product of Globalisation)

      • Akansha

        I think you enumerated all the major points here but you missed the conclusion part. There are couple of lines you added upfront but no solid conclusion (which I feel will be the soul of answer here)

        Another small point -in order to make your answer more ‘glamorous’ avoid words like ‘most of’ -instead use ‘majority’. ‘More and More’ can be replaced by ‘growing number’.

        Ignore, if not relevant 🙂

    • jagmohan

      Q. Critically examine on the effect of globalization on working women in India?

      Since LPG reforms in 1991, Industrialisation in India has been as much female led as it has been export led. The phenomenon of Feminization of Labour has occurred particularly in labour-intensive industries, export processing zones, Special economic zones.Women are working mostly in semi-skilled and unskilled categories.
      However this has not much improved women status in society. Physical conditions of work are poor, they are inadequately paid. Women employment in call centre is in a big number where variable working shifts and women security is a major concern.
      Harassment cases at workplace are quite frequently reported. Against which, Government has recently passed Prevention of Sexual Harassment at Workplace act, 2013 to provide institutionalized grievance redressal mechanism.
      So it is important not to focus just on quantitative aspects of women participation but also qualitative aspects such as working conditions, remuneration, skill building to enhance their participation in organized sectors.

    • adwivedi814

      Globalization broadly refers to the integration of the country with the world. Though primarily focused on the economic aspects, it has significant on the social,cultural and political dimensions too. It generally leads to greater opportunities for the economic activities.

      The increased job opportunities both for men and women aid in reducing the gender inequality. However, on a deeper look, it has not led to the expected benefits for the working women. With 96 percent of the employed women working in unorganized sector, they are denied the basic employment benefits , security of job and remain outside the ambit of the labour laws. Even those working women under the organized sector have similar fate due to faulty implementation of laws.

      Moreover, the increased competition leads to the destroying the conventional handloom sectors, which accounted for a steady source of income for the women. The higher working hours without any change in social norms has not exacerbated the condition of the working women.

      Though the globalization should lead to betterment of the citizens with the greater opportunities, yet the dismal situation highlights that merely integration with the world economy may not be prudent. Efforts should be made to remove the loopholes within the system, so that the expected benefits could well be achieved by all sections .
      Please review 🙂

  • Question 2

    2) People with disabilities are one of the most disenfranchised groups in India. Critically examine how economic globalisation has affected them. (200 Words)

    • Optimus

      Being a weakly constituted group serving no political brownie points , the disabled groups are the worst affected in terms of social security cuts of the Government in line with the privatization policies.

      Moreover the urban cities are not at all amenable to the movement of the disabled thus grossly affecting their independence and growth prospects. Similarly with the growing files of clearances and permissions in face of globalization has led to burying of disabled files in government offices which needs to be cleared for availing the government benefits.

      Privatization of healthcare undoubtedly has opened new vistas for improved healthcare but their high costs , concentration only to urban areas has failed to accrue the benefits to all. (80% of disabled reside in rural areas )

      Economic globalization and inherent new technology brought into the country has eased the life of the disabled and empowered them to take up jobs , enagage in vocational activities but technology has also subtstituted old jobs like telephone operators , translators by IVRS.

      The early opportunities of education and health are grossly neglected for the disabled child thus rendering them incapable of competeing for the high skilled jobs globalization has brought in . This leads to a vicious cycle of poverty where low skills leads to low payment and unequal opportunities for subsequent generations.

      • Apps

        Good answer. 🙂

    • Apps

      People with diabilities have largely been ignored in social sector schemes of the government. They are one of the most neglected classes of citizens in India.

      Globalisation has had a predominantly negative impact on the lives of the disabled but it has had some positives too.

      With a focus on privatisation, globalisation threatens universal access to public services. Most basic necessities such as food, healthcare, education, water etc., have become commodified. It has increased costs and restricted access to urban areas, thus depriving the rural disabled of quality healthcare, education and other essential services.

      The increasing penetration of information technology has enabled people with disabilities from different parts of the world to communicate with each other and access information quickly. Though this revolution too has mainly spread in urban areas, it has had a mojor impact on the lives of the disabled.

      Thus, globalisation has had a major impact on the lives of the disabled mainly by restricting their access to a better quality of life.

  • Akansha

    Please review

    Answer 1 part 1

  • Akansha

    Answer 1 part 2

    • sanj2308

      Hey akansha, ur ans is good..but the question is to comment on globalisation. So pre globalisation is not required for this.

    • Puja

      Hi Akansha…

      Yes Sanj2308 is right…pre-globalisation area should not b included as already there are lots to cover in a limited words. Also it wil save more words to be included in the second part of the answers.

      Please review mine 🙂

    • noboundriz

      I agree with others. Pre globalisation part is irrelevant. Rather you could add more points like promotions are not given easily, women are restricted to only few roles like clerks etc. Comment means you have to take a stand. You can argue back and forth on each point and conclude finally.

      • Akansha

        Thanks guys for all your suggestions 🙂

        Definitely going to incorporate in my next answer

  • anchal

    Globalisation involves exchange of ideas ,technology ,goods and capital.with expansion of foreign capital ,new job opportunities have become available to women in developing countries.job opportunities have expanded for both semi skilled as well as high skilled sectors for women eg garment industry in countries like India,Bangladesh,srilanka.high skill jobs that have expanded include it and ites etc.
    with expansion in employment of women in manufacturing,it has been able to break rigid social structure and gave a sense of freedom and self respect to millions of working women.women have emerged as bread winner for the family.however in such manufacturing jobs issues of labour laws like linh working conditions,night shifts have been some issues which are dealt be working women.also women sometimes has to face resistant in families.
    for high end jobs,opportunities have expanded giving more prestige and self confidence.mobility has increased for working women.in such instances,family commitments have also added dual responsibility.new working environments have also brought instances of sexual harrasement at workplace.

    • nasir maner

      To anchal,
      Your ans is good,but I think there should be mention of effect of globalization on rural women

  • anchal

    Please review my answer

    • noboundriz

      ‘critically comment’ but you just mnetioned as a passing remark. You nicely summarised all the points but some more elaboration with evidence is needed.

      • noboundriz

        review my answer aswell:)

  • noboundriz

    1) Critically comment on the effect of globalisation on working women in India. (200 Words)
    Globalisation involves spread of culture and economics beyond the nation boundaries because of socio-political, cultural and technological reasoning. Today’s globalisation is mainly from west to east.
    The economic dimension of globalisation involves integration of domestic markets with the global markets. Impact of globalisation on working women are as follows
    1. The increase in employment opportunities have allowed women in the urban areas na particular economic sectors to gainful employment. This improved their economic status and also their position in the family and also in the society. So this lead to reduction in gender differences. But on the other hand, the women are discriminated in terms of types of jobs given, salaries etc. So the patriarchal values even continued in the employment also.
    2. But the unorganised badly affected because of the competition unleashed by globalisation. The women working in those sectors have lost their jobs and impoverished further. Though the employment opportunities are created in one sector but are destroyed in other sectors. Together the marginalised rural women suffered but the urban women benefited.

    The impact of globalisation in the cultural dimension had far reaching consequences than economic globalisation. The value system of the society is impacted because of globalisation. Western culture like, dressing, food habits, values of equality diffused to the bottom strata. But simultaneously value system of the entire society is not caught up with the changing structural factors. So it lead to violence against women at work places like sexual abuse, rapes etc. The demands of women to power and their economic independence is seen as encroachment of the rights of men and the backlash is seen in terms of increase in violence against women. At the same time to some extent, the gender equality is accepted.

    to sum it up
    In india, many women are employed in the unorganised sector than in organised sector and globalisation is biased against unorganised sector. Both the factors together acted against the interests of working women.

    • Akansha

      Noboundary..your answer is very controversial and debatable 😛

      1) Globalization is not west to east. Only capital and goods flow is west to east. labour flow is east to west

      2) Not sure if culture is included in globalization and even if yes, how has that effected working women is not coming out of answer

      Overall I like the bold tone of your answer and yours is the best conclusion I read so far 🙂

      Please review mine if you get a chance..

      • noboundriz

        Point1: It is a good point. I have not thought about it. I just read it somewhere and replicated it here.
        Point 2: I think cultural aspect is also there in globalisation. Globalisation makes women more vocal and it puts them at odds with partriarchial values of the society and hence violence against working women. This is what I want conclude.
        Thanks for the review. I definitely review yours.

  • Gurukumar

    1) Critically comment on the effect of globalisation on working women in India.

    The irony in India is we worship Durga, Saraswati and Laxmi but when it comes to practical applicability we treat women as a second class citizens. Women as a whole has been neglected to an extent that to overcome this the concept of empowerment of women has come in to picture. However there is a shift in paradigm after the concept of globalisation has come in to being.

    Globalisation has played a vital role in empowerment of women. Globalisation through its employment opportunities provides women a chance to be the part of economic growth on one hand and also be self sufficient on other hand. Globalisation also provides technological benefits for women.

    However the advent of globalisation has also the negative face. Many IT’s and other factories flout the norms and women are made to work for longer hours than permitted by law. This again affects the personal life and also health of women. Sexual harassment at working place is one of the biggest problem faced by women, though now regulation has been made by the Parliament still the effectiveness of such law has to judged with time.

    Though Globalisation has some adverse impact on Women but to large extent it has assisted women in empowerment by providing employment and other opportunities. With some proper regulation in place to avoid exploitation of women, Globalisation should be encouraged.

    Please Review.

  • Pesky

    Answer 1 (Part 1)

  • Pesky

    Answer 1(Part 2)

    • Puja

      nice answer ..

    • Saran

      Hi Pesky,

      I would like to ask one thing on your answer.
      here you said a positive point and a negative point on a same idea. In positive, you said gender equality and on negative side you said gender inequality.
      is that possible ???
      I think for a person who value the answer for this question feel as not good.
      Its my suggestion only, may be wrong and I am not at all discouraging you..

      • Pesky

        @Saran
        You can’t summarize under single term like it has led to Gender inequality or equality as ,Globalization is a mix of both.
        Women now have opportunities to move out today and contribute to the economy.They contribute on equal terms to family income which has led to Equality.

        But considering the abuse they are subjected at work, or informal jobs where they can’t contribute on equal terms to physically strenuous works like male.Has led to unequal wages and exploitation.This is Inequality.

        So mix of both.
        Criticism is always welcome.And thanks for reviewing it

  • Puja

    Critically comment on the effect of globalisation on working women in India. (200 Words).

    Globalisation can be defined as a world with “virtually with no political boundaries”. The different places in the world are so well integrated that one event occurring at a place has far reaching repercussions on the other part of the world. The globe is in process of globalisation and it has affected all the aspects of life including social, economic, political, international relations et al.
    Globalisation has affected the women in all spheres of life not only positively but negatively as well.
    The foremost is the ideology of the people in recent times. No more she is entrusted with the role of mother and wife because of which she is confined to four walls of the house.Now she actively participates in economic affairs of the family. With proliferation of educational institutions , government schemes, awareness programmes and MNCs she has become more career oriented ,self-dependent which for no doubt has boosted her confidence.For example,No more a working widow with children treated with sympathy.She is now empathised and society takes pride in her self-sufficiency in rearing her children. The government has come up with many laws , schemes , rules and regulations which provides for better prospect , safety and security of women.In such a process , the patriarchal mindset has been undermined to some extent.
    But globalisation has also exposed women to some psychological, economic, legal , physical and sexual harassment.She has to cope with dual role dialecticism between house and office taking toll on her physical and mental health. She becomes susceptible to sexual harassment at workplace. Though laws like Special marriage Act, Prevention of sexual harassment at workplace are put in place but their effective implementation is the need of hour.

    • Akansha

      The answer looks great..precise and covers most of the point but there are few grammatical mistakes which make it look like a blunder instead of simple miss.

      For e.g. ‘No more she is entrusted with the role of mother and wife ‘ means she has lost her trust as a mother and wife (which is not true of course)

      The way I cope up with it is proof read your answer once. It will take 30 secs but will leave a good impression on person who will be checking your answer sheets 🙂

      I apologize if I had been harsh in putting my point

      • Puja

        I really welcome that…u wr nt harsh dear.. Thanks 🙂
        Wil keep in mind..
        I cud hve elaborated the sentence more!

  • Neeli

    1) Critically comment on the effect of globalisation on working women in India. (200 Words)

    Solution:
    Globalization the integration of world economies by removing barriers to trade and encouraging the free flow of foreign investment, private portfolio capital and labor across national boundaries.

    “Women do two thirds of the world’s work, receive ten percent of world’s income and own one percent of the means of production.”1 This is the present picture of women workers in the era of globalization.

    globalization has the potential to lead to exploitation of the female workforce and even to jeopardize their safety.

    EFFECTS OF GLOBALIZATION ON WOMEN IN INDIA

    The positive effect

    1.Employment: it has opened up broader communication lines and attracted more companies as well as different organizations into India.This provides opportunities for women, who are becoming a larger part of the workforce.

    2.Emancipation of Women: With new jobs for women, there are opportunities for higher pay, which raises self–confidence and brings about

    Promotion of Gender equality: something that Indian women have been struggling with their entire lives.

    4.Financial independence: This has been achieved through income better job opportunities .

    5.Status in society:Globalization has the power to uproot the traditional treatment towards women to afford them an equal stance in society.

    Darker Side or The Negative effect

    Backward: 96% of female workers are still in the unorganized sector.

    2.Unequal Pay: a vast majority of them obtain only poorly paid.

    3.No Security: Engaged in unskilled jobs in the informal sector, without any job security or social security.

    4.Exploitation:working women in India are more likely to be subjected to intense sexual exploitation, they are exposed to more and more risks that cause health hazards and are forced to endure greater levels of physical and mental stress.

    Thus it would appear, that globalization has made many international corporations richer by the billions at the expense of women who are suffering enormously due to this expansion of corporate empires.

  • Puja

    2) People with disabilities are one of the most disenfranchised groups in India. Critically examine how economic globalisation has affected them. (200 Words).

    Every human being is gifted with huge potential which can transform their life. But this natural law has been disapproved in case of persons with disabilities (PwDs) who suffer the negative attitude of the administration, political elite and civil society just because of their mere disability.I believe calling them PwDs is an insult and they must be regarded as differently-abled people(DaP).
    The political apathy towards the problems of PwDs has further exacerbated their problems.These vulnerable group are treated as liabilities and so not much efforts are taken up for their amelioration. The pensions disbursed to them under IGNPD are meagre in amount.
    Moreover, 3% quota for PwDs in educational institutions and public employments are not effectively utilised because of constraints in education system which are not disable friendly at times. The problems faced by them in workplaces, public transport, entertainment and other life sustaining medias are nerve-racking. For availing certain benefits, they are required to produce documents from time to time and made to run from pillar to post. Doesn’t it points to some degree that as they form small portion of vote bank, they are neglected?
    An eminent sociologist Fred Davis in his research study has aptly highlighted the psychological problems of
    Many governments from west denied signing a treaty which disabled friendly means (like Braille documents, audio books etc.)free from copyright procedure.They sacrificed the cause of PwDs for gain of few million dollars!This may have adverse effect on the economic development of DaPs which acutely depends on educational opportunities. India has finally set an example before the world by ratifying Marrakesh Treaty.
    More has to be done in legal, educational, economic and international levels to give what PwDs rightly deserve.

    • Puja

      missed completing the sentence..
      –problems of disabled.

      Please friends, do review both of my answers…
      Regards,
      Puja

      • Madforias

        where is globalisation coming into play… even the reference article is silent on this

        • Puja

          Sorry..i missed the major part…
          thanks… will keep in mind…

    • Akansha

      Apart from what ‘madforias’ said, here are things that i felt were incomplete.

      Fred Davis highlighted what points?

      Shouldn’t Marrakesh treaty be moved up. The reason being it will set the tone that we are talking about this treaty and how world has shunned it

      Apart from it, your answer is very well articulated and lots of facts are a big plus in your writing

      • Puja

        Thanku Akansha…
        Will keep all those in mind…:)

  • noboundriz

    2) People with disabilities are one of the most disenfranchised groups in India. Critically examine how economic globalisation has affected them. (200 Words)
    People with disabilities (PWD) are the most marginalised in India. The very fact that india does not have an appropriate count of them reveals the voicelessness of that group. There are no leaders to speak for that group neither the section itself is not represented at political level. The numbers are also not sufficient to influence the electoral politics. All these factors alongwith social discrimination makes them the most neglected section. Only few NGOs work for the cause of PWD with the funding from ministry of social justice and empowerment. But the budget allocation for this ministry is always less. This left few options to look after the PWD.

    Globalisation has worsened their situation further. It reduced the role of state further in provision of public services like education, health etc. Reduced role of state is the major impact of globalisation on PWD.

    There is a link between poverty and disability. Both reinforce each other. The reduced spending on poverty ameliorating programmes tend to make people poor which can lead to disability by denying them the accessibility to health facilities. Corporatisation of health sector has the similar effect. It made the health services costlier and denied them to the marginalised sections o f whom PWD are a part. To worsen the matter further, there is no proper definition of disability and hence their identification as beneficiaries is difficult for various social programmes.

    Entry of MNCs and privatisation of PSU (both are aspects of globalisation) had mixed results. The PSU are largest employers of PWD but their privatisation no new PSUs left few employment opportunities for them. But few private sectors employed PWD under social responsibility schemes but that is no compensation for the loss of opportunities in PSUs.

    Also the technological advancements made them more mobile by offering them various devices but at the same time technologies like ICT made them obsolete by displacing them from the job sector. Because they can’t operate computers as they do in telephone exchanges etc which were their traditional employers.

    To conclude the overall impact of economic globalization has worsened the situation of PWD by minimising the role of state which had been the major security provider.

    • AppaRao Chintha

      Stuff in the bracket is not necessary!!!

      First paragraph is intro. Nothing to do with the question.

      (People with disabilities (PWD) are the most marginalised in India. The very fact that india does not have an appropriate count of them reveals the voicelessness of that group. There are no leaders to speak for that group neither the section itself is not represented at political level. The numbers are also not sufficient to influence the electoral politics. All these factors alongwith social discrimination makes them the most neglected section. Only few NGOs work for the cause of PWD with the funding from ministry of social justice and empowerment. But the budget allocation for this ministry is always less. This left few options to look after the PWD.)

      This can be written –

      People with disabilites (PWD) constitues about 4 to 5 per cent of Indian population according to Planning Commission. PWD have less access to formal employment compared to general public. This leads to poverty and poverty in turn leads to disabilities due to unhygienic health conditions, malnutrition, illiteracy, etc. Hence, all the factors which affects the poor also affects PWD due to globalization. Quality education, employment and access to good health are key for PWD to have a descent life.

      Globalisation ( has worsened their situation further. It) has reduced the role of state (further) in provision of public services like education, health, employment, etc. Reduced role of state is the major impact of globalisation on PWD.

      This is again intro.. in fact, spending is going on – not reduced.

      ( There is a link between poverty and disability. Both reinforce each other. The reduced spending on poverty ameliorating programmes tend to make people poor which can lead to disability by denying them the accessibility to health facilities. Corporatisation of health sector has the similar effect. It)

      Corporitisaiton of health made services costlier and denied the services to the marginalised sections o f whom PWD are a part. On the positive note, latest health technologies are available due to globalization.

      ( To worsen the matter further, there is no proper definition of disability and hence their identification as beneficiaries is difficult for various social programmes. – improper definition is not due to globalization!!! )

      Saying your opinion at the beginning of the paragraph will leave anything for conclusion!! Also looks you decided on the conclusion than drawing conclusion based on your arguments.

      ( Entry of MNCs and privatisation of PSU both are aspects of globalisation had mixed results. )

      The PSU are largest employers of PWD but their privatisation no new PSUs left few employment opportunities for them. But few private sectors employing PWD under social responsibility schemes and for the good will in public due to increased competition. However, both private and MNCs constitutes less than 0.5 % of employment for PWDs. Reservation of PWDs is mandatory in private sector in developed countries, but not in India.

      (only tbut that is no compensation for the loss of opportunities in PSUs. However, due to competitive environment ). Also the technological advancements made them more mobile by offering them various advanced devices.

      ( but at the same time technologies like ICT made them obsolete by displacing them from the job sector. Because they can’t operate computers as they do in telephone exchanges etc which were their traditional employers.) – this gives very narrow view on PWD!!

      To conclude the overall impact of economic globalization has not changed the status of PWDs. However, it has potential to accommodate PWD in meaningful employment by providing reservation.

      ( this step worsened the situation of PWD by minimising the role of state which had been the major security provider.)

  • Gurukumar

    Puja

    Your first answer relating to Globalization and Women is good.

    • Puja

      Thanks..
      Do review another answer as well, if u get time…

  • Answer guru

    Globalization, as defined , is the process of integration of world economies by overcoming trade barriers and ensuring free flow of capital, labor and technology.21st century can be regarded as the era of globalization. today its impact can be seen in the nook and corner of our country.However , recently steady streams of reports have revealed that globalization is a double edged sword showing both its positive and negative face on all the sections of the society in general,women in particular.The effects of globalization on Indian women is as follows :-

    Positive effects:-
    1.Economic Independence
    – Generation of employment opportunities
    – Generation of self employment opportunities
    – Equal pay for equal work
    2. Social Independence
    – Prejudice against women got subsumed
    – Status of women both in the family and in the society got enhanced
    – it has changed the perception of men on women
    – it made the women to prove that they are not just means but are end in themselves
    – It promoted women education
    – It promoted the health status of women
    3.Political Independence
    – women started occupying higher positions in the private corporate,ex:- chanda kocher, arundathi bhattacharya, kiran M shaw etc
    – it empowered women and inculcated leadership capabilities in them
    – it enhanced their decision making
    – it has increased their participation in electoral process

    Negative effects:-

    Sexual harassment is continuing unhindered
    the effect of globalization can be seen only in urban educated women
    it eroded the traditional family system
    it has eroded the traditional value system
    it has alienated the children from the love of their mother
    most of the women got involved in low profile jobs

    • Pipeelika

      Nice approach

  • sankeerth

    ans to Q1: critically comment on the impact of globalisation on the working women?
    A: Globalisation is nothing but the increasing connectivity of the world as a single village. With the development of the I.T now the nations are very well connected to each other than any other time in the past. with the assuming changes comes the connected challenges and every thing has its pros and cons even if it is globalisation or for that matter any other .the pros that the globalisation brought with it like the increase in the opportunities to women in working,reaching out to the world,empowerment etc were unfortunately overshadowed by the things the fruits of globalisation were not equally distributed to every women there by widening the already existing gulf. Thought it has empowered the women economically there by helping them to break the shackles of relying on others but the negative consequences that has created in this patriarchal society had led to the increasing violence we are noticing day by day.this has again discouraged the women in coming forward to take up the key positions. some how it has helped our women to know the success stories across the globe like malala and others like her that will serve as a boost for our women to get know more about their rights . if this happens at a greater pace and at a large scale then the total credit goes to golbalisation.

  • sankeerth

    ans to Q1: critically comment on the impact of globalisation on the working women?
    A: Globalisation is nothing but the increasing connectivity of the world as a single village. With the development of the I.T now the nations are very well connected to each other than any other time in the past. with the assuming changes comes the connected challenges and every thing has its pros and cons even if it is globalisation or for that matter any other .the pros that the globalisation brought with it like the increase in the opportunities to women in working,reaching out to the world,empowerment etc were unfortunately overshadowed by the things like the fruits of globalisation were not equally distributed to every women there by widening the already existing gulf. Thought it has empowered the women economically there by helping them to break the shackles of relying on others but the negative consequences that has created in this patriarchal society had led to the increasing violence we are noticing day by day.this has again discouraged the women in coming forward to take up the key positions. some how it has helped our women to know the success stories across the globe like malala and others like her that will serve as a boost for our women to get know more about their rights . if this happens at a greater pace and at a large scale then the total credit goes to globalisation.

  • vk

    Globalisation has worked as a catalyst to alter the social ,economic and cultural position of working women in india in the following ways:

    OPPORTUNITIES:

    More job opportunities in both public and private sector.
    2.high job profiles and leadership roles are also offered.
    3.promotion and equity with the male counterpart in all working spheres.
    4.more flexibility in choice of jobs.
    5.with high emoluments ,acceptability of working women has increased in middle classes of society.

    CHALLENGES:

    1.tight working schedule poses challenges in balancing traditional household duties and professional life.
    2.excess mobility,interactions and family pressures are causing psycho-behavioural problems.
    3.age of marriage,child bearing and other conventions has been pushed upwards.
    4.increasing no. of single mothers,divorcees,unmarried women is increasing as a result of reactions to ‘historical wrongs’,of society.
    5.persisting glass ceiling with respect to male counterparts at work place.
    6.increasing vulnerabilities at work place in the form of sexual favours, harassment,etc.

    Today, working women in india is going through a bleeding transition phase,its not globalisation but the family ,society and nation has to guide it towards right path,globalisation is just a neutral facilitator.

    • Saran

      “age of marriage,child bearing and other conventions has been pushed upwards.”
      Didn’t get this point well… ??

      • sankeerth

        Skeleton of making the ans is good. In challenges the 3rd can be put in the above like “In the globalised era, since the girls are increasingly educated, Child and early marriages are disbanded and they have got independence in deciding their marriages”and 4th and 5th points are vague/difficult to comprehend.

      • vk

        i mean, ” due to increased vocational responsibilities and hectic mundane , working women are adopting their social functions of marriage,raising family,child bearing,etc. at late ages , than what is considered healthy according to social conventions”.it is pushing them towards friction with family and society at large”.

        thanx, for your constructive criticism….

  • suman

    1) Critically comment on the effect of globalisation on working women in India. (200 Words)

  • suman

    Part 2

  • suman

    Please review my answer..thanks

    • Puja

      Suman…
      humko lagta hai apne word-limit cross kiya hai…
      job-security ka hindi me anuwaad kijiye…
      aur sab achha hai..

      • suman

        Thanks puja…words limit ka dhyaan rakhungi..

    • [email protected]

      word limit cross kar gaye ho…
      chota rakho… baki likhayi achchhi hai

  • ABHISHEK

    Effect of globalization in women on following fronts :-
    1. Social
    -Change in their position in society
    -Dignity up-liftment
    -Inclusion in social causes/decisions
    -Acceptance on the ground level for women for administrative jobs
    2. Economic
    -Financial inclusion
    -Financial independence
    -Self motivated
    -Competitive
    -Economically aware
    -Global market awareness
    -Rise and fall of global economy indexes e.g US doller price , Gold price etc
    3. Political
    -Politically aware
    -Political participation like EU countries , USA
    -Aware of the changes on the global political front makes them to carry the same brainstorm and analize same issues on national front
    4. Military
    – Participation in the army,air force , navy nad other central forces nad state forces
    5. Corporate
    – Involvement in corporate
    – Involvement in multinational companies
    – Travelling on the demand of global biz needs ,make them think on wider spectrum and uplift their status in society
    – Liberty
    6. Bureaucratic
    – Involvement in administration
    – Involvemnet in active and passive admin jobs
    – Performance as per global benchmark
    – Competent

  • ABHISHEK

    And at the end there will be the EXPLANATION that how vulnerable our women are these days due to globalization at different fronts, That will have “CRITICS” in its central theme

  • Annapurna

    Globalization is an all pervasive phenomena which has had impact on all aspects of life. Globalization stands for a more connected world which results in sharing of economic, political, social and cultural ideas.

    Like everyone else, women have also been affected by globalization in the following ways:
    1. Due to spread of cultural ideas and inter mixing of cultures, women have stepped out of their homes. Their presence has increased at workplaces. though it looks like a better scenario, and indeed it is, but the same situation has led to a peculiar twist in the lives of women. It has led to dual expectations from a woman. She is expected to be independent as well as bold, and also she is expected to play her traditional roles with feminine gestures. Even a woman herself internalizes the same expectations from herself. This causes psychological confusions in the life of a lady and she is stressed out more than her previous counterparts.
    2. Woman rights have got a voice as globalization is the factor that international leaders come together and sign various conventions. Human rights encompass woman rights as well. If the national government neglect this section, it gets a beating in international forums.
    3. International woman leaders, sporstar and other achievers have had an impact on the ambitions on Indian woman as well. Now we have stars as Sania Mirza and Mary Kom who have done exceptionally well in international games.

    but still the situation remains not so bright. Glass ceiling still dominates workplaces, domestic violence haunts many women, rapes are a continuing story. These are universal scenes which are a little more pervasive in India.

  • sakshi

    Q2. People with disabilities are one of the most disenfranchised groups in India. Critically examine how economic globalization has affected them. (200 Words)
    Dismal representation from the disabled groups has jeopardized their needs and aspirations to be heard at the higher level, be it legislation or an organization. Economic globalization has lead to an integrated system where social welfare and capitalists come at a loggerhead regarding the rights and representation of disabled.
    Globalization, where on one hand has lead to integration on the economic scale for the funds of societies and NGOs working for the disabled. Through funds there can better research and development for their betterment.
    There is better replication of best practices regarding capacity building and engaging the class. Giving them a source of rehabilitation. There is greater support for rehabilitation needs, legal and fundamental rights.
    For leading them to mainstream, there is ladder like the MARRAKASH treaty. Better infrastructure in form of library and schools can have better support through funds and facilities.
    But there are still commercial aspirations that lead to a hindrance in the path—like the companies against the MARRAKASH treaty, arguing that through the easing of copyrights can lead to serious violation and against their interests.
    The competition through globalization has lead to slow growth and near neglect of the class.
    The recent Disability bill with 3% reservation for disabled (by SC verdict it covers all levels and also promotion) is the right step to get them into mainstream and be seen as an asset in a globalized scenario.

    • Pipeelika

      I think 5% reservation in new disability bill. 3% v already hv.

  • KK

    Critically comment on the effect of globalisation on working women in India.

    Ans : Globalisation can be viewed as free flow of capital portfolio investments,labour and ideas acroos national boundries.Globalisation has effected every sphere of indian economy and women in particular.globalisation has positive and negative effects on women in india.

    Positive

    -> Globalisation has opened up better lines of communication and it has provided more companies to set their base in india,which in turn has provided more emplyoment oppurtinities to women in india due cosmopolitan nature of work in MNCs

    -> Women have started earning better wages in organised sector and this have raise their self esteem and empowered them to come out of the social stigma

    -> By impacts of cosmopolitan nature of work in MNCs,women have started realising their rights and are more aware,educated and empowered to maintain their dignity in social life

    Negatives

    -> In india working women have to main work life and home life,which affects them mentally and physically,making their health worsening quickly.
    -> Women are getting sexually harassed frequently.
    -> Most MNC companies have night shift and they have to work till late night,which puts them at risk while doing late night transportation by evil doer in society
    -> Because of globalisation contractual work is commanplace,which makes the job security minimal

    Globalisation has made india progress faster and now it is one of the fastest growing country in the world,but women are still getting marginalised at work,home and society.

    Please critically review friends.Started writing recently,need to improve a lot !!

  • sakshi

    Q1.Critically comment on the effect of globalization on the working women in India. (200 Words)
    The effect of globalization on the working women can be covered over three fronts:
    1. Working area
    a. Greater actualization motivation through tasks and work, that has increased through eased off flow of goods and services and outsourcing. There is greater self esteem essential for women upliftment in our society
    b. Better economic inclusion and opportunities giving a sense of security
    c. Through exposure to the western culture there has been greater socialization against the caste, gender and other bias prevalent in earlier working set up—thus affecting the exposure, acceptance and learning of the working women.
    2. Home
    a. There greater sharing of work and responsibilities have lead to an impetus to uplift of women
    b. There is greater need being felt for the education of the girl child—good for the literacy
    c. On the other hand, the divergence of focus has shifted leading to neglected nutrition needs, growth and greater disintegrated family structure.
    3. Society
    a. Through larger integration there is greater need being felt for their security
    b. The working women has lead to a shift in the mind set of the people leading to equivalent goods—greater sensitization and acceptance
    c. There is now greater culture of consumerism
    d. Repercussion including the security issue over the odd time working hours.
    e. The sense of equality among the working women has lead to conflict taking the toll in the form of excessive divorce. (trend rarely seen in early scenario of the society)
    Working women has been opportunist to have the greatest share of the advantage and learning that globalization provide. That has seen repercussion, but every change has resistance. Thus similarly can work to see the subsiding to the negatives against the essential tool for the uplift of the women in our society.

  • Rajesh

    The globalization has affected the working woman in various ways. It has brought lucrative social, economic and political opportunities for some working women but for the others it has diminished the existing prospects. The globalization has helped in eradicating many gender biased social evils but also created many new ones. In some cases, it has accentuated the existing problems. Its impact varies with the existing social, economical and political conditions of working woman in India.
    The globalization opened new vistas of opportunities like lucrative income, international working exposure, higher post etc. for working women from higher income family. It has given chance for social mobility to the working women of middle income family. But it had mixed impact on working women from lower income group. Educated women from this group have better prospects of finding good employment opportunities. But uneducated and particularly employed in informal sector like agriculture, handloom etc found themselves in more exploited conditions like increase in working hours without equivalent increase in salary. They are totally out of reach of formal health, maternity and other benefits enjoyed by working women in organized sector. This marginal group faces more chances of unemployment than ever before.
    Some problems like sexual harassment at work place, securities of women working in nights, inequity in pay has become more pronounced with the globalization and have affected all working women. But the affect of these evils are more pronounced for working women in un-organized sectors.

    • Rajesh

      Please review…

  • Amith

    Globalization has made world smaller and opportunities bigger. It helped change the thought process of people throughout the world, patriarchal India in particular. Globalization has played a pivotal role in the empowerment of women. It gave her ample opportunities to prove she is not less than any man in any field. It has brought down gender stereotyping in workplaces thanks to the laws which played a key role in this. Equal employment opportunity is something which has been much stressed post globalization. Glass ceiling effect has been brought down to abyssal levels and women now compete equally with men in organizations. Women are able to secure better wages which would give them financial independence and help boost their morale. . Globalization has helped the women to know their rights better and gave them the chance to learn and get inspired from the lives of global women leaders who are in forefront in their respective careers. Cross culture experiences helped people in learning new cultures and have played a predominant role in inter mingling of people without any gender biases and in turn improved the status of women in the society and work place.

    • Amith

      ppl somebody review plz

      • sakshi

        U have been repitative…beating about the bush kind…excess emphasis on equality at work place ++
        Try to put in points…atleast in minds…to avoid repetition…
        U have said of cultural n wage point but structure main nai ….
        Try more points in less words…..loads of them through the answers of others…
        Try….n ignore if u find the point senseless… 🙂

        • Amith

          thx sakshi 🙂 would keep those in mind 😀

  • nick

    globalization is flow of people, goods, culture, ideas, technology etc. at global level. It has led t drastic changes in the way women used to interact with society as a whole.

    Effects of globalization on working women-

    more confident and aspiring –
    supporting there family as imbibed a feeling of equalness with man. While this has boosted their confidence this has led to clashes in families having still patriarchal outlook.

    Late child bearing plans-

    Working women are reluctant to bear a child until they feel comfortable…while this may lead them in their professional life but it could to multiple health problems like infertility, complications etc.