UPSC Civil Services Mains 2013 General Studies Question Paper (official) – Paper – 3

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Following are the questions from the UPSC Civil Services Mains General Studies Paper – 3 (exam held on December 5, 2013)

Other Papers

  1. ESSAY


  1. With a consideration towards the strategy of inclusive growth, the new Companies Bill ,2013 has indirectly made CSR a mandatory obligation. Discuss the challenges expected in its implementation in right earnest. Also discuss other provisions in the Bill and their implications. (200 words)

  2. What were the reasons for the introduction of Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) Act, 2013? Discuss critically its salient features and their effectiveness.

  3. What is the meaning of the term ‘tax expenditure’? Taking housing sector as an example, discuss how it influences the budgetary policies of the government.

  4. Food Security Bill is expected to eliminate hunger and malnutrition in India. Critically discuss various apprehensions in its effective implementation along with the concerns it has generated in WTO.

  5. What are the different types of agriculture subsidies given to farmers at the national and at state levels? Critically analyse the agricultural subsidy regime with reference to the distortions created by it.

  6. India needs to strengthen measures to promote the pink revolution in food industry for ensuring better nutrition and health. Critically elucidate the statement.

  7. Examine the impact of liberalization on companies owned by Indians. Are they competing with the MNCs satisfactorily? Discuss.

  8. Establish relationship between land reforms, agricultural productivity and elimination of poverty in the Indian economy. Discuss the difficulties in designing and implementation of agriculture – friendly land reforms in India.

  9. a) Discuss the impact of FDI entry into Multi-trade retail sector on supply chain management in commodity trade pattern of the economy.

  1. b) Though India allowed Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in what is called multi-brand retail through the joint venture route in September 2012, the FDI, even after a year, has not picked up. Discuss the reasons.

  2. Discuss the rationale for introducing the Goods and Services Tax (GST) in India. Bring out critically the reasons for the delay in roll out for its regime.

  3. Write a note on India’s green energy corridor to alleviate the problem of conventional energy.

  4. Adoption of PPP model for infrastructure development of the country has not been free of criticism. Critically discuss the pros and cons of the model.

  5. Bringing out the circumstances in 2005 which forced amendment to the section 3(d) in Indian Patent Law, 1970, discuss how it has been utilized by the Supreme Court in its judgement in rejecting Novartis’ patent application for ‘Glivec’. Discuss briefly the pros and cons of the decision.

  6. What do you understand by Fixed Dose drug Combinations (FDCs)? Discuss their merits and demerits.

  7. What do you understand by Umpire Decision Review System in cricket? Discuss its various components. Explain how silicone tape on the edge of a bat may fool the system?

  8. a) What is a digital signature? What does its authentication mean? Give various salient built-in features of a digital signature.

  1. b) How does the 3D printing technology work? List out the advantages and disadvantages of the technology.

  2. a) What is an FRP composite material? How are they manufactured? Discuss their application in aviation and automobile industries.

  1. b) What do you understand by Run-of-river hydroelectricity project? How is it different from any other hydroelectricity project?

  2. How important are vulnerability and risk assessment for pre-disaster management? As an administrator, what are key areas that you would focus on in a Disaster Management System?

  3. What are the consequences of Illegal mining? Discuss the Ministry of Environment and Forest’s concept of GO AND NO GO zones for coal mining sector.

  4. Enumerate the National Water Policy of India. Taking river Ganges as an example, discuss the strategies which may be adopted for river water pollution control and management. What are the legal provisions of management and handling of hazardous wastes in India?

  5. Money laundering poses a serious security threat to a country’s economic sovereignty. What is its significance for India and what steps are required to be taken to control this menace?

  6. What are social networking sites and what security implications do these sites present?

  7. Cyber warfare is considered by some defense analysts to be a larger threat than even Al Qaeda or terrorism. What do you understand by Cyber warfare? Outline the cyber threats which India is vulnerable to and bring out the state of the country’s preparedness to deal with the same.

  8. Article 244 of the Indian Constitution relates to administration of schedules area and tribal areas.  Analyse the impact of non-implementation of the provisions of the Fifth schedule on the growth of Left Wing extremism.

  9. How far are India’s internal security challenges linked with border management particularly in view of the long porous borders with most countries of South Asia and Myanmar?

Scanned Papers

upsc mains 2013 gs paper 3 question paper

upsc mains 2013 gs paper 3 question paper

upsc mains 2013 gs paper 3 question paper

upsc mains 2013 gs paper 3 question paper

upsc mains 2013 gs paper 3 question paper

upsc mains 2013 gs paper 3 question paper

  • Sir,
    could u analysis the questions that is how to write answer orderly?

  • Sprinkle

    The paper requires in depth understanding..feel the paper is quiet hard..current affairs most important

    • Vinz


  • Sandeep Reddy

    Many expected questions..hope ppl might have done well 🙂

  • it seems upsc requires aspirants should write their opinion& solution of the issues related to pattern of gs. i hope this year mains aspirants could prove their quality of content upon their view difference their success on final list

  • Sumit Singh

    It appears to be tough,need time to think about almost each Q.

    • Vinz

      really true

  • 3D printing direct pickup,remembered answering q’s on food security etc.,but a question on cricket is really surprising.

  • Aaru

    Most of the questions appear to be straight from the newspapers. It all comes down to our ability to recall the right points in the crunch situation. pff, tough exam, indeed!

  • Those who read business line and Hindu can answer this questions. The matter which are in news for the last 6 months have been highlighted like HP new 3D printing, and India run of river project in J&K, BCCI decision in reviewing system. One who had analyzed the news paper so well could have done this paper very well.

    • Akash

      So true. (Y)

      • Nishant

        Very right word!!!

    • Prasoon Kaushik

      3 D printing this year was hot…spl. in The Hindu…one of the prominent reasons was gun prototypes able to fire. In an year 3 D printing occured more than half a dozen times as my notes say 🙂

  • most of the questions are discuss in rajya sabha TV and lok sabha TV

    • It seems,again this time the focus is on current events and analysis… exactly as said by insights ,The Hindu is the most important tool. With current events initiative you are helping a lot.Keep up the excellent job insights, thank you.

      • sorry..technical glitch.. the comment got dislocated..

    • mark

      can v watch those programs on youtube

    • Ankit could you please tell me at what time the relevant program telecast on Rajya sabha and Loksabha TV….??as I have no idea about the exact time…..

      • Sham

        you can watch all programs of rajya sabha on youtube..
        main programs are “The Big Picture”, “India’s world”, “Sarokar (Hindi mein hai yeh)”, “Law of the Land”, “Policy Watch”..

        I am immensely benefited by these videos.. best opinions..

  • shaky

    Hindu+Yojaya+RSTV+LSTV keys to this paper IMO. Covers most of the topics mentioned in the syllabus.

  • chandra

    3rd paper is tough compared to 1st and 2nd.question on cricket is really surprising…upsc is always doing its tricks.INSIGHTS will you come up with comprehensive nov current affairs booklet?Thanks a lot insights for ur commendable work

    • mark

      is thr ny differnce between the notes uploaded on current affairs section and the magazine

  • mark

    sir ur the super man for us….

    uploading so fast….shows ur dedication/love to the work and your love to help the fellow aspirants

  • Sanmugam

    Majority Questions are commonly discussed in news so it may look familiar and easy but writing valid points to get fair portion of allotted marks is the matter. These needs deep understanding from basic to current situation.
    We also should not forget the fact, the issues appeared are few out of innumerable issues which also important as much as asked.
    It’s looks like UPSC expanded its horizon (if anything was there)…. DRS in Cricket and particularly silicone tape controversy in UPSC paper is real surprise.
    Many believed these items are out of UPSC point of view and intentionally skip.

    • qwerty

      cricket followers has got something for the time invested …

      really happy

  • geetika

    respected sir those who religiously follow Ur site respected sir…they will definitely top the exam…

  • vijay


  • Sumit Singh

    Please donot make mockery of Question Papers.Even after reading The Hindu,not easy to write down good points,every Question is a thought provoking.Need some different kind of strategy to handle this.Hope Insight Team will be seriously working on it.A balance outcome after analyzing GS I,II and III is the need of hour.Finger crossed.

    • Deepak

      Seconded, Hindu can only provide you the topics and some points, ultimately in examination you have to brainstorm the points. and the one who can recollect points that time will get an edge.

  • Yahooo…Almost all questions came from my SnT section like Green Energy Corridor, Novartis Case, 3D Printing, Go No Go Zone….

    Thank you insights …many questions are from secure and daily answer writing challenge. You rock buddy…If I would have appeared , I would have attempted lmost all questions 🙂 Literally I have no words to express my gratitude towards you and your team 🙂 Thanks a lot

    • @Tauseef Bhai
      many congratulations 2 u also.
      almost all question from S&T section covered by your initiative.
      plz keep the good work on……
      Your section is crucial and key 2 success for us in 2014.
      Thnx to insights 4 providing the platform.
      insights is now turning 2 be “Mecca” of UPSC preparation.

    • NIRAN

      thank u insights and tauseeef..:)

    • Astha Kaushik

      @Tauseef …. u did not appear this time ??

      • @ Astha Kaushik

        Nope..I appeared in IFS just to see and feel UPSC 🙂 Luckily qualified but didnt appear for mains because of two optional that too forestry and chemistry 🙂 Saved my attempt for IAS. Will attempt with full vigor next time 🙂

        • Team Initiatives & @Tauseef A very Good work..:)

          I want to knw the books related to Forestry optional…

        • @tauseef bhai. If you give an attempt for UPSC you be in top 10 for sure.. ))

    • Thanks Tauseef 🙂 Efforts with good faith always bear fruits. Continue your hard work.

      see this:

      • @ Insights

        Sir I told you na…let the mains over and things will be clear 🙂
        Here we are ….Flying Colours 🙂 Now we have to gear up with much more energy and efforts

    • Vicky..

      Congratulations Sir. 🙂
      Well Done Tauseef bro .
      Keep helping us
      Thanks for everything

    • Sherlock Holmes

      @Tauseef Really thankful for your valuable contribution. Please keep continuing your excellent work 🙂

    • Congrats Tauseef for excellent job….thanks alot for all endeavor…now request you and Insights keep on doing these amazing work ….which works wonder….Insha Allah next year we will rock the floor of the UPSC..with the guidance of Insights and u..hopefully..

    • Victory

      Dear Insights ..Few months back u suggested us to read Ram Chandra Guha’s “India After Gandhi” before Interview …But 2-3 Questions in GS paper -1 were from this book ….like Tashkent Agreement etc ..So my Question now..Should i read this book or Will.U suggest some other book ….The book is bulky . Anywz thanks for “Secure 2014 Initiative”

      • Sir, don’t twist my statement. I asked people writing Mains to not to read entire books. I have somewhere mentioned which chapters to read from the book for this mains too.

        Are you writing Mains? Did you miss these questions?

        If you had seen the comment ‘many months ago’ and preparing for 2014, you would have finished the book 3 times by now.

      • Also you can find full details of Tashkent in chapter 16 (page 279) in Bipan Chandra’s India Since Independence too. 🙂

        • shaky

          I haven’t read Guha’s book but the Bipan Chandra’s book seems enough to answer the post-independence questions asked in the exam.

  • prasanna

    congratulations sir and thanks for your constant smart and hard work.


    Nevertheless the completion of all those 2013 GS papers {both prelims and mains except GS 4- ethics paper}, I like to conclude that:

    No 2 marker implies that We need not mug up many of PIN [persons in news]..its also applicable for PIH [persons in history]..

    Similarly,we can discard the mug up of many of 2 marker 2 marker GK portions given in GS prelims guides ..
    Instead UPSC needs our ABC [Analyse the view,Backing our view and Criticise sharply] quality at all..thanks UPSC for saving our precious time from futile mug up .hence here we can draw a assumption that:

    [1] GS PRELIMS -Exclusively ABC of theory part which comes in standard reference books and so on….
    [2] GS MAINS- ABC of theory part along with ABC of dynamic current affairs comes in offline and online sources especially THE HINDU,,etc etc..

    • Sandeep Reddy

      But can we take it for granted that next year paper will be on similar lines?


        Not sure..anyhow we can draw a general line.. thats all..
        BUT it never mean no need of mug up at all….we need to mug up many facts…but its intensity reduced much than earlier..thats all…

  • Nice and Cool paper…Most of the questions can be expected!!

  • ketan gawade

    The question related to DRS was also in news . Dated 8 august 2013 Indian express. With explanation that why it is controversial,how it works ,hawk eye and hot spot..

  • george

    Cse mains is not about knowing the questions.of course most questions are from newspapers n current affairs. How effectively you write will fetch u marks n land u in the final list. Is it just me that found time to b the biggest constraint. My frustration hit the ceiling in gs2 cos I knew all the answers really well but couldnt write 3 well n couldnt attend 2..

    • CSE is about knowing which is important and which is not. Questions help one to know which are important articles and chapters. They help one to think and prepare answer. If one practices them, it helps in exam to answer with speed and comfort.

      Most questions are certainly from current events. But there is ocean out there in current events. There are innumerable magazines and newspapers to confuse aspirants.

      If we are confusing aspirants, one is free to point that out. We will rectify it. 🙂 This site has grown thanks to feedback and suggestions by wonderful readers.

      • Myrtle

        “Most questions are certainly from current events. But there is ocean out there in current events.” Agree with you Sir. You have and will continue to be our lighthouse. Thank you once again.

  • lohit

    insights help [secure 2014], our writing practice, revision will ultimately help us all come out with flying colour.

  • Naveen

    Frnds suggest some new approach to tackle upsc innovative question paper pattern. I think lok sabhha tv channel public discussion r more authentic source for undestandng current topics. Give some suggestions .

  • Congratulation Insights,

    Sir your hard work become fruitful. Please go ahead to benefit aspirants in next year with new innovative ideas.
    Please expand Insights such that it is panacea for UPSC.

    As you planning, low cost paid test are always worth welcoming for boosting Insights to adopt new technology and innovation.


  • ashish

    Nice info thanks

  • Sumit Singh

    One humble request,so many issues/initiatives have been scattered on this wonderful site,pl do a systemetic review of it to concentrate more only on GS rather then wasting time to surf here and there.

  • Ramesh

    Saw your blog just the day before GS-3..It helped me to attempt 4-5 questions in the exam 🙂 Though time was not sufficient to attempt more than 20 questions covering almost 200 words for each. Thanks to you sir 🙂 Great job 🙂

  • sonu kumar

    Hi, Insights. upsc ke bhagwan!! please keep this initiative going. also request you to provide the programmes relevant from loksabha and raja sabha tv. please conduct your moctest for ’14 in hyderabad(cyberabad). while your work for GS is superb please start something for pub ad also. like you may link some current affairs to a topic in pub ad so that we can include in our answers.thank you again. bhayya please give links of videos also they are really very helpful.

    • No matter how much we contribute, UPSC will always be the ‘bhagawan’ for all.

      We will conduct classes in Bangalore and online Prelims paid test series.

      Links to which videos?

      • sonu kumar

        any video which may be useful to us. its good to see videos after long hours of reading. Bhaiyya please conduct test series for mains also. thank you. i am always praying for you. Really indebted because of your i

  • sonu kumar

    Also request you to please update the links of pdf’s given in gs preparation of ppr 2-5 taking in consideration the ques papers. Also want from you a comprehensive analysis on the paper. sorry i am demanding too much. but please bhaiyya its really much needed. we really some video links from you. please please provide. i know you have less time but still please try. i am solely dependent on insights for securing 2014.

    • We will update links after going through Question Papers again.

      Will try to get video links too (Loksabha and Rajyasabha right?)

      You should never ‘solely depend’ on particular site/institution/person – we are all just ‘guides’. Nothing more.

      • sonu kumar

        Thank you so much bhaiyya. Expecting your help in pub ad too, very much needed. You and This upsc paper has done real damage to the coachings in delhi. I hope UPSC wont be against you next year seeing your popularity. Touchwood.

  • rohith

    This is the easiest paper i attended till
    now in the past 6 years… 🙂

    • sri

      how much u r expecting?? what ll be the lower cut off for gm this tym?

  • Gautham

    70-80% are expected questions, and easier and straight when compared to 2011 paper. This paper is same like 2010 and 2012 mains..

  • Anybody check on question no 15 of GS 3?…very tricky question related to cricket umpire decision review is glimpse of answer

    1)The Umpire Decision Review System is a technology-based system used in the sport of cricket. The system was first introduced in Test cricket, for the sole purpose of reviewing controversial decisions made by the on-field umpires in the case of a batsman being dismissed or not.
    There are basically three components in UDRS, although Snickometer is no longer used.
    Hawk-Eye, Eagle Eye, or Virtual Eye: ball-tracking technology that plots the trajectory of a bowling delivery that has been interrupted by the batsman, often by the pad, and can determine whether it would have hit the wicket or not.
    3)Silicones are synthetic compounds, which are typically heat-resistant and rubber-like. They are used in adhesives, lubricants, medical applications and insulation.It has been found that applying 0.5mm of silicone to bats would be able to block the heat signatures from being detected. Normal cricket bat tape is usually cotton or fibre glass and batsmen use scuff to preserve and protect the willow

    • sonu kumar

      components: hotspot, snickometer even normal third umpire reviews for no ball etc.


      nice..thank you…

  • piyush

    Phew such a good website…am I dreaming…..keep it up….give detail analysis of paper and then give recommendation on books and notes or other reference Material. I am new to your blog but really amazed. You are personally answering all questions. Thats the best part. What ever you do please dont stop this. Keep being personal. You are treating us as individual. Hats off to your effort…………agreed to sonu. We need videos also after long reading. Do the needful.

  • Sham

    was immensely helped bu this blog and questions… s&t was really game changer initiative..
    attempted for 235.. no idea about FDC and FRP mixed products, so left that 15 marks… pink revolution definition wrote incorrect..
    hope i am in safe zone..
    request insights to start a page on attempt including optional..
    so that all can have little bit idea about their performance..

    • sri

      nice man..

  • cb007

    i have given mains and i cant write so many words yaar… with all might in all paper i have attempted 17-18 questions.. dats all. even in writing dat much i was so irritated dat UPSC checks writing speed???? if attempting 25 questions is required fr qualifying….. UPSC i cant do that… i dont understand dat y dey aidnt giv 15 questions only….. writing 25 questions means… bad writing, no time to think fr answr arrangement… HOW WILL THEY CHECK

    • Boss..I have also written 18-19 questions only in GS-I, II and III. It would take time if you have to write around 200 words for a question and I think I was difficult to write less than that as there was 2-3 sub questions in each question. UPSC considers relative marks only and not absolute one. Hence, lets hope for the best 🙂

      • sri

        even m also attended 18-20 in first 3 papers.. its really hard to complete entire paper… the quality of the answer was not gud… dont no how they ll give marks…

  • siddartha

    Sir I am having a doubt,
    Does Indian Finance sector(banking, security market, external sector, external sector of india etc. ) excluding budget and topics mentioned in syllabus need to be prepared vigorously. I asked this because:
    1) these are not mentioned in GS syllabus
    2) no question have appeared from these topics.

    All questions were from respective topics only. Waiting eagerly for your response. Thanks

    • sri

      even m also attended 18-20 in first 3 papers.. its really hard to complete entire paper… the quality of the answer was not gud… dont no how they give marks…

  • siddartha

    Also “International economic organisation and India”

  • sri

    what would be the cut off this time?