Sociology – Daily Answer Writing Challenge Day – 3

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QUESTIONS:22/10/2013 (Paper-II)

  1. Critically assess the forms in which untouchability continues to be practised. (300 Words)
  2. Discuss the interrelationships between caste, class and power (300 Words)


  • Rukhsana

    I am unable to find the questions of 4th and 5th day challenge of Sociology,please Insight help me out. I really need this…Soon I shall start writing my answers….guys please participate,as it will be very very helpful to score good marks in sociology….

    • Nobody is writing. So stopped.

    • I would have continued posting, but at least one or two should write answers. If not my efforts go waste 🙂

  • Rukhsana

    Oh no plz plz Insight don’t stop it..I shall try my best to write the answers because it is my need, And your effort won’t go waste as we all know the importance of Insight’s dedication and hard work..and all these you are doing for us…hatsss off …and thanks sooooo much…

  • pradeep singh tomar

    sir,first of all i will thanks to ur great work for us……….as there are only few members from sociology background in this blog. so, there is little response.i m a starting my preparation in this field and i m feeling glad that i got support of INSIGHT.sir plz dont stop putting question of sociology as i m trying my best for writing answers and also conveyed messeges to my friends…with in few days this blog surely got answers of sociologgy…..

  • Hello Insights.
    Please do not stop posting questions on sociology. I have been doing questions regularly but due to time constraints and work load for the upcoming mains, i am unable to digitize all the section like GS as well as Secure. i will definitely post answers from tomorrow on optional atleast.
    One suggestion, if you think that footfall on this optional is low, you can give question once in two days. That will give time to students to write down. but then put three questions on a continuous basis.
    Thank you.

  • pradeep singh tomar

    i also support opinion of sahil garg……

  • Interrelation between caste, class and power has been discussed by various sociologists in big way. Initially, it was considered that caste is class and power is defined on the basis of tradition and roles are spelt out by culture. Therefore, when Brahmins have control over ritual power, vaishayas have control over economic power and khsatriyas control the through might is right.
    However Marxist scholar such as Dange considers that Brahmins were a caste which subsequently developed class status by performing rites, magic and ritual to ensure rain falls on time, fertility is induced into soil, wars are won. Therefore the economic and political roles of priestly class made them superior to others and they wield great power and advices were taken by princes from them.
    Daniel Thorner considers that agrarian classes have strong social and cultural genesis. Maliks belong to upper caste and have close nexus with police, while kisans belong to artisan caste and dalits, tribes etc were mazdoors class and are voiceless.
    M.N.Srinivas considers that relation between caste and class is based on the concept of power. Introducing the concept of New Avatar of Caste and Dominant class, he advocate that different castes and classes are coming together to capture state power. They went for sanskritisation, improved their position in ritual and secular hierarchy, and later they formed cohesive groups and parties using their caste status and mobilizing their caste people to capture power in PRIs, state assemblies.
    Andre Beteille considers that relationship between the three is not harmonious as it was in past. Caste 1 is class 4 is power 3. There is a shift from harmonic to disharmonic relation in social structure of society. It can be attributed to modern education, migration, growth of caste free occupations in industrial towns.
    In order to encapsulate, the relationship between three is dynamic which should be studied on distinctive basis. It is based on utility and convenience rather than ideology.

  • Untouchability is a value loaded concept that perceives that some sections suffer from stigma of pollution. It carries moral, humanistic, political and cultural dimensions. It is considered as a violation of human rights of a person and abstains him from fully achieving his/her potential.
    Constitution of India abolished untouchability under Article 17 under all forms but even after 65 years of independence, untouchability is still practised in India is different forms. Louie Dumont considers that untouchability is pervasive in case of India because Indian culture is driven by the principle of purity and pollution. Dalits are always indulged in menial jobs and are not allowed to drink water from village wells and cannot enter the villages. Brahminic supremacy has led to social, political and economic exclusion of untouchables.
    Dalits are still subject to segregation with little access to temples, water sources and upper caste areas. They are working in degrading occupations like tanning, shoemaking, manual scavenging, sweeping, carrying dead animals etc. More than 90% of Untouchables belongs to Schedule caste and Schedule tribes. India might be rising, sensex might be gaining but these people donot have choice to work.
    Segregation and discrimination is blindly followed in schools. Dalit children are made to sit separately in schools. Uncooked food is served to them and they are forced to clean their utensils. They cannot wear shoes in front of upper castes. Sometimes they are also forced to do heavy work and cleaning of schools.
    Dalits have also been subjected to police apathy as in case of UP, they are killed and immolated by the higher caste in Haryana, their women are raped and forced to walk naked in front of the whole village.
    Therefore untouchability was present in past and it is present in contemporary times due to lack of liberal attitude of upper caste and low enforcement of laws by government.