Insights Secure – 2014: Questions on Current Events Day – 1

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Questions from The Hindu, 30/09/2013

Front Page

1) Should India and Pakistan talks be held hostage to border skirmishes and terrorist attacks? Comment. (250 Words)


Do you agree to the proposal that a neutral monitoring by a third party such as UN at the border in Kashmir is required to bring peace to the region? Substantiate. (250 Words)


Opinion Page

1) “There is a need to revisit India’s entire policy on identification and registration so that the twin objectives of knowing who a citizen is and ensuring effective delivery of services are not undermined.” Examine. (250 Words)


2) “The ‘apolitical’ character of our armed forces and their subordination to the political leadership were deliberately and carefully nurtured in the early years of the republic.”  Comment on the statement in the light of recent events. (250 Words)


3) Do you agree with the view that the search for extraterrestrial life is a futile exercise when man can do so much using the same funds to save the Earth from his own actions? Substantiate your answer. (250 Words)


4)”In the new land acquisition act, Gram Sabha and Basti Sabha don’t have legal right to decide the nature of public purpose.” Critically examine the role of Gram Sabha in ensuring fair acquisition of land by the government.(250 Words)



Link (For reference)

National and International

1) Avahan (50 Words)


2) Frazad – B Gasfields (25 Words)


3) RQ- 170 Sentinel (25 Words)


4) Orbital Sciences Cygnus (50 Words)



1) “The new Drug Price Control Order (DPCO) that prescribes a ceiling price on several essential medicines is boon to patients but pain to chemists.” Comment. (200 Words)


  • sanjhi jain

    This is a very helpful initiative. Request you to continue with it till Mains 2014.

    • Sure. I will try my best.

      • Anupam Sahu

        Sir u r doing a commendable job

  • rohitagarwalgwalior

    ty sir

  • Padmakar

    Found very helpful………sir can you please guide people who prepares along with work.Its difficult to manage both study and work…please provide us guidance.

    • ABC

      Hello Insight Sir,
      Please throw some light on the issue raised by Padmakar. Indeed it is case with number of students who are preparing for UPSC along with job. The excercise of reading newspaper/magazines, course material along with eight-nine hours of job is a very cumbersome excercise. Requesting you to please guide us.

    • Thanks Padmakar. I am planning to write an article on it. It will take time though. By November all articles will be in place.

  • soumya

    Alas! why is this initiative not started two months back so that the current batch writing the mains exam would also have been benefited from it. By now UPSC must have set the paper and no pint in doing this exercise now 🙁 Another gem from insights!!

    • Soumya,

      I wish I had. Sadly this idea came to my mind only few days ago. Still, few questions might help as they will be related to syllabus in some way or other. Thank you.

  • deepak



  • Tas

    Thank You so much Sir.

  • Sahil Sinha

    Its very good to see that you have started current event based questions. I think this will help me a lot. Once again thanks.

  • sathvik

    Thank you very much sir. Now we can read the paper with a purpose and question in mind.

  • Govinda

    thank you vey much sir

  • kittu kumari m

    sir , thank a a lot… it has not only created awareness on how to read a newspaper but also it make us think in different ways.. and questions are awesome…

  • Prashanti

    very innovative initiative.very helpful. kudos Vinay.

  • punpun


  • aakash


  • khaleel

    Very useful initiative…hanks to insights…

  • Gudivada Ramesh

    Very Helpful

  • Anand Kumar

    Dear Sir,
    I have seen floods of messages on your blog addressed to you from people who have been extremely grateful for your commendable work here.However that is not a reason I should be out of the same list.I am proud of a citizen like you.My salutes will reach you.

    • @Tas, Sahil, Sathvik, Prashanti, Govinda, Kittu Kumari, PupPun, Akash, Khaleel, Anand, Ramesh

      Thank you. 🙂

  • nikhil

    A really good initiative!! thank you sir!!:)

  • Richa

    Opinion Page
    Q: 3 Do you agree with the view that the search for extraterrestrial life is a futile exercise when man can do so much using the same funds to save the Earth from his own actions? Substantiate your answer.

    This is not new when the human beings are engaged in the search of extraterrestrial quest. In ancient time astrologers were busy in searching celestial bodies. This curiosity has helped us to gain the tremendous knowledge and expertise in this field of space. Existence of extraterrestrial life – a new area of research, is not a futile exercise. These should not be stopped merely on the basis of problems existing on earth. There are other means available to solve the problems.

    The already allocated resources have not shown as much as required results (For examples Ganaga and Yamuna Action Plans). The ways to handle the issues like poverty, hunger, environmental degradation, etc are innovation, no corruption, awareness at he local level, social auditing, applying polluters pays principle (in case of Pollution related problems). However this does not undermine the need of funds, but stopping the valuable research is not the solution.

    There are many instances which shows the wastage of resources, first these wastage need to be stopped and it should be channelaized to other important fields like Human Resource Development, clean technology research, etc. The argument “finding of extra terrestrial life is futile” is wrong as there are many things going on earth are clearly categorized as useless, first these need to be terminated. The educational excursion like this is definitely going to add some valuable points in our knowledge pool.

    Today what we perceive as truth once it was imagination. Problems existed that time also but society has passed those hurdles and it will be in future also. The quest of life may be seems to be futile, but in actual it is not. The finding of extraterrestrial life may directly or indirectly provide solutions to the terrestrial problems.

    • Abhi

      Nicely drafted.

      • zeeshah

        bright piece to light skills of first time writers.

    • Kalyani

      its a good one. you mentioned it well.

      • Richa

        Thank you friends for your comments.

        • Arun

          The write up is good.covered all aspects.Conclusion part really nice.Keep up the good work.Also could you please look on to my writeup on indo pak and provide me the feeback??

          • Richa

            Thanks Arun

    • ank

      well written

  • chikku

    thank you so i have found the right path.never ever stop this

  • prasanna

    The new drug price controlling order passed in 2012 ensures all drugs under affordable prices by Indian citizens, so that they can improve health sector. This order is really boon to the people as it covers nearly 300 essential drugs of most common diseases and pain to the pharmacy as their growth is slowing down and if it continues none of the foreign pharmacy comes forward to invest in India after seeing high pressured competition. However this scenario may also reverse in future when most of Indian essential drugs producing companies are going to move away from India public boon may turn to pain. In similar way when government comes up with opportunities for innovation and competition pharmacy growth may improve so that pain can turn to boon. In reality pharmacy growth is affected not only because of DPCO but also other issues like patent issues and new products approval by the intervention of the government. All these are done to improve the standards of Indian drugs to match with global. So it’s too early to conclude the boon or pain. Expecting future government comes up with a policy to withstand this competition and improve growth, even after providing drugs at low price

  • Arun

    Should India and Pakistan talks be held hostage to border skirmishes and terrorist attacks? Comment.
    A: The issue of India and Pakistan is decade long.The roots of this varied and diverse issues lay back in the partition days of Indian Independence.Since then a lot of developments had taken place on both sides.An amicable solution on this issue has been a major challenge in the Indian foreign policy through out.India in these years had went ahead with many proposals to resolve this issue in a manner acceptable to both the countries.The talks have become an act of futility due to the lack of proper demarcation of the priorities that both countries hold.Adding to the fire,the act of anti Indian terrorist organisation in Pakistan resorting to the act of terrorist violence and breaching of ceasefire regulations.The protagonist of these organisations adapt to these unethical and cruel methods to hinder the peace process for the betterment of their vexed interest.We should give consideration for the larger interest of our nation. Hence the talks between India and Pakistan talks shouldn’t be held hostage to border skirmishes and terrorist attacks.The govts. should look for a more viable solution which finds a permanent solution on issues of higher priorities, which needed to be resolved as soon as possible,These may include the certainty on PoK,MFN status,increasing the bilateral trade,increasing coonectivity,countering terrorism..etc. India itself can play a huge and a more dominant role in strengthening the democracy of Pakistan.The talks should be held in such a manner that both the participants are mutually respected and no double games are played.Both the nations should show faith in their relations and make the peace talks more broadened with the inclusion of voices of the people in the affected areas.Only then a viable and a mutually respected solution will emerge,where there won’t be any space for terrorist attacks or border skirmishes.

    • Richa

      Its good that you mentioned the MFN status, trade, etc. It is good that you explained the history of the present hostile behavior. Slight attention is required towards the drafting. Overall it is good.

  • Kalyani

    1) Should India and Pakistan talks be held hostage to border skirmishes and terrorist attacks? Comment.

    India and Pakistan had been a debating issue since its birth. It passed through many stages and incidents. Recently when Nawas Sheriff sworn in as Pakistan’s Prime Minister, India viewed it as a green signal to initiate further talks for a health relationship. But since then as if to curb peace talks, situation in Line of Control were worsening day by day. Many attacks and violation of line of control became common. From the past it is well understood that many external and internal forces were playing behind the curtain to nip in the bud any peace initiative between these two countries. In the latest talks between the two prime ministers, a suggestion came forward is the possibility of a neutral monitoring by a third party such as UN in the border area. It seems not a wise decision. If both countries who knows the pulse of the people and area well cannot find an amicable solution for the past 66 years, how can we expect a third party to play a fair game? Also it will only help to deteriorate the situations. Though UN actively participated in many peace keeping initiatives, in some areas UN peace keeping forces were charged with exploiting their power like rapes and other harassments to the local people there. So it is always better to solve the border issues by collective talks and collective initiatives. Both countries should show the maturity to realize the internal and external powers who are harnessing such peace initiatives. With the latest talks held in US, both Prime Ministers have decided to task their respective Director General of Military Operations to find out effective means to restore the ceasefire and a way forward to ensure peace in the border area. Such mature talks and initiatives is actually the only solution for a tension free days in the coming year.

  • Q: 2 “there is a need to revisit india’s entire policy on identification and registration so that the twin objectives of knowing who a citizen is and ensuring effective delivery of services are not undermined? examine.

    bharat me gareebi ek mukhya samasya rahi hai, isse nibatne k liye sarkar samay- samay per anek neetiyan banati rahi hai, jaise- antyodaya anna yojana, uriya, gas ityadi per subsidy, MGNREGA aur haal hi ka khadya suraksha mission bhi isi se sambandhit hai. kintu samasya yeh rahi hai ki in neetiyon ka labh yogya logon ko nahi mil paata. saath hi ek samasya yogya logon ki pehchan ki bhi hai. inhi muddon ke maddenazarsarkar ne ananya pehchan yojna (UIDAI) va rashtriya jansankhya register (NPR) ko laagu kiya hai. NPR ke tahat photo, biometric data lena anivarya banaya baya hai. jabki AADHAAR sankhya aichchik (voluntary) hai.
    yahan samasya yeh aa rahi hai ki NPR dwara biometric data UIDAI ko AADHAR sankhya banane ke liye bheja jata hai kintu UAIDAI ko koi vaidhanik aadhar prapta nahi hai jisse is data ka galat istemal kiya ja sakta hai, yeh syber suraksha ke liye bhi ek khatra hai.
    iske alava kuch rajyon me AADHAAR sankhya ko susidy ke labhon ke saath jod diya gaya hai jaise gas cylinder. saath hi yeh bhi dekhne me aaya hai ki AADHAAR sankhya anek ayogya logon jaise refugese ko bhi diye gaye hain jo suraksha per khatra hain va yogya logon ke adhikaar per bhi khatra hain.
    in samasyaon ke alok me sarkar ko neeti per phir se gaur karna jaruri hai taaki nagrikon ki pehchan va labhon ka theek tareeke se vitaran dono hi uddeshyapure ho saken. iske liye sarkar ko sarvapratham kaanoon banaker biometric data ke galat istemaal ko rok ker suraksha ko sunishchit karna hoga. jab tak sabhi yogya nagrikon ko aadhar sankhya uplabdha na ho tab tak subsidy labho ko usse joda na jaye. yeh bhi sunishchit karnahoga ki sharnarthiyon ko anuchit tareeke se AADHAAR sankhya uplabdh na ho.

    • plz anyone comment on my answer too, im also going to give attempt in 2014, if u won’t review my answer how will i encouraged and know about weaknesses. i never wrote answer for G.S. and current affair also, how can i get to know that im on right path or not. plz help me.

      INSIGHTS SIR , specially im requesting to u. plz do something so that my answer is reviewed by u. i really will be greatful to you sir. plz sir consider my request, im a single student of hindi medium on this forum, so i feel being cornered. plz sir………………….

      • insights sir i have a one more question. i want to know that which links u have given, only that is sufficient to read from the hindu, rest of the hindu i can leave. is it ok, because i think ur forming maximum questions and on which news u have not form question that is not important and needed. am i right sir………..

        • No No. I am forming questions from those articles which I think are related directly or indirectly to the syllabus. You should read other articles too, but give more importance to the ones I am covering.

          Don’t entirely rely on questions I am giving.

      • Pavitra,

        I understand your problem but I am handicapped by my poor Hindi. I just hope someone helps you here.

        But do also realize that you don’t need feedback for every answer. Once you get to to know how the structure should be, it’s a easy ride.

        Keep writing. Also, try to comment on others’ answers. Someone will definitely comment on yours’.

        • ok insights sir
          thanx a lot that u answered my query, im really very happy, i think im not able to judge others answers as my knowledge base is nothing, so i feel it so difficult to comment, but i will definitely try to do this. thanx again sir

          • Pavitra ji..

            Aapka jawab acha hai..Lekan thoda aur focussed rehna chahiye..

            Don’t be discouraged if no one reviews your answers..That should not stop you from writing..The more you practice, the more you write better..

            My suggestion is..I see that you english is good enough..So read other answers which are in english and compare your answer with that..After reading other answers, you can filter the important points from all other answers..

            See the positive side..You have many answers here to compare with yours..coming to the Hindi writing part..I really suggest you get in touch with a Hindi pandit and get them reviewed and ask for suggestions..I hope that is the best..

            Good luck and keep writing.. 🙂

    • Gaurav

      Pavitra your answer is good do not worry. May be I would also mention the following.
      1)I think focus on adhaar is valid but I would have also mentioned that there is no full fledged workforce for identification purpose. Flaws like…1) The training process is not taken seriously which is visible in quality of surveys 2) Limited sensitivity to the difficulties of data collector.The time taken to catalog and publish the results is also unacceptable. There is also the issue of authenticity of information of citizens as well as refugees due to lack of punishment for providing false information. Categorization procedure of BPL or APL or general is also hotly debated.
      2) There are multiple identity cards the need of the hour is to integrate them for efficient identification. Certain e-gov initiatives like NSDAP and NTP on PDS should also be integrated with identification exercise.
      3) Issues of middle class like ration card for gas cylinders should be authenticated, training to Bank saathi should be adequate so that he is sensitive rural demands. KYC in bank accounts should be strictly followed so that money laundering is effectively tackled.
      4) Moreover you have also used few urdu words. Ornamental hindi is highly sought after. Remember many people will write better answer so your chance to fight them depends on your ornamental language and remarkable hand-writing.
      5) But this is what I think and I have not yet qualified mains. And you have a better chance than qualifying it than me because you are very serious from the day1 itself.


      very good ans ..pavitra

  • question -1
    should india and pakistan talks to be held hostage to border skirmishes and terrorist attacks? comment

    Frequently increase in ceasefires and terrorist attacks has been a major issue of concern for india. whenever indo-pak talks is going to take place for the peace and stronger bonding in relationship some mishappening takes place to made it difficult to arrive at a conclusion and left situation unsolved. the hot topic was kashmir from many decades.
    the increasing ceasfire incidents from the pakistan territory creates a unfriendly atmoshphere at the loc needs to be solved as soon as possible through all possible steps. as pakistan is the epicentre of terrorism and encourages them for several attacks with their army involvement is a serious issue. indian govt want to resolve this issue with dialouge session as war is not the appropriate solution for this.
    more talks should take place between both countries and the issues should be discussed with mutual understanding for the welfare and peace conditions.till the time dialouge session will not take place its goin to be a unstopable and untolerable case.
    acc to latest talks b/w the prime ministers of both india and pakistaan they arrived at a conclusion of setting up a mechanism to restore peace and tranquillity along the border in j&k with director general of military operations of respective has been made strictly clear that india is not going to tolearte any further shameless terror activity from pakistan.
    there is very less scope of un in this border dispute .the un might not consider this issue as important because of friendly realtions of pak with us .india do not want a biased result. so dialouge session bw india and pak is only goin to resolve the issue as it is concerned with their nations border and they could take more effective steps to stop these attacks and bring peace.

      please give ur opinons and views to improve my answer .. i knw dis is not perfect but i will make it with ur suggestions ..thanking you

      • vneha

        good write up 🙂 can do best

      • It is a good attempt Neal. With more practice you will get better. Try to write every day at least 3-4 answers.

        Talk about UN is not needed here. You should focus on positives and negatives of holding talks in spite of repeated ceasefire violations and terrorist activities from the Pakistan side. It is purely opinion based question. You should back your argument with clear logic.

        Keep going. 🙂

        • hmm..thnx insight..i will write 4 answers atlst daily to improve my writing skills..keep giving ur opinion n suggestion to improve my mistakes..thanx

  • R

    Hello Sir, I just want to say that before this artcle I was not knowing the direction in which the newspapers are to be read. This has given me some way. Please don’t abandon it in between, and I wish to god to give you all the energy that is required to continue the league till mains 2014.

    Thanks a lot again, Sir.

    • I am happy it’s useful to you. I will try my best to continue this till next mains.

  • prasanna

    “The ‘apolitical’ character of our armed forces and their subordination to the political leadership were deliberately and carefully nurtured in the early years of the republic.” Comment on the statement in the light of recent events.
    pls insights help me not able to answer this question. thanks in advance.

    • You can answer this question using many examples.

      First, you should highlight the need of subordination of army to political leadership. Example of the state of affairs in Pakistan can be used to press the point.

      Examples of early wars and how political leadership and apolitical army effectively managed to secure and protect our borders (with an exception of 1962 war) can be highlighted.

      Second, recent events – age issue, funding in Kashmir, news of army marching to Delhi (last year), etc. should be analyzed to express the need for trust between army and political establishment.

  • van

    armed forces “institution of violence ” created to protect the republic ,lies every possibility to get feared of the same . thus the concern, protection from the military and protection by the military were effectively addressed right from the early years both by norms and institutional arrangements.this is evident from the manner in which higher defence managemnt system and command system of the armed forces is structured and by the creation of strong institutional ethos with in the armed forces ,thus maintaing the apolitical character and poitical subordination of armed forces.however in the recent years, factors such as dilution of the said ethos , growing gap b/w armed forces and indian society , corporate interest geting hold over institutional identity resulted in increasing trends such as noncoordination ( armed wings),corrupt practises(helicopter deals),politization of armed forces(getting involved in policy matters saying it to be operational issues -afspa , jammu issue,chiefs on political platform),political subordination giving way to bureaucratic subordination and the issues arising (leakage of sensitive report,dismal civil military relationship).these could also be attributed to the political leadership s non assertive role(case of siachen),unwilling ness to address the structural issue ,not addressing the democratoic defecit(j and k )which eventually challengs the morale of military and atlast the national security.however situation could be redeemed by reducing the trust defict by involving army personnel in decission making,upbring the morale,addressing the structural issues .
    insight and others please review the write up

    • van

      am i on right
      track ???????

  • Richa

    Kalyani and Neal Sharma
    I think you should mention the importance of talks between the two nations and peculiar situation in Pakistan. And that is autonomy of military and requirement of peace from the general public of both the countries. that will provide strength to the ans.

    both of you have written the answer of first question and with mention of UN and third party intervention (which is not asked in the first question, it is the theme of second question). – I don’t know whether there is any implicit meaning or not

    • thnku richa for suggestion..i wil improve my answer..thnx again

  • anonymous

    It’s nice! But a bit confusing b’cos aadhaar is voluntary n linking it with subsidies will make it mandatory.supreme court orders can be mentioned here also.

    • anonymous

      @pavithra giri.!

  • 1. “There is a need to revisit India’s entire policy on identification and registration so that the twin objectives of knowing who a citizen is and ensuring effective delivery of services are not undermined.” Examine.

    The SC ruling restraining the linking of ambitious Aadhar scheme with service provision to it citizens raised a pertinent question regarding nature of Aadhar scheme: voluntary or mandatory and proper identification & registration is prerequisite to efficient service delivery mechanism.
    The serious objections of opponents stand that ‘Right to Privacy’ which is implicit under Art. 21 of Right to Life are being seriously impinged. The data collection in the form of generic information; biometric information isn’t even provided with legal security measures. The recent controversial NSA snooping exercise has further invoked more vulnerability and non-credibility in the scheme.
    While identification and registration process should be correct in the first place, as it would stand as primary database for further development in this country. Inclusion of homeless, unorganised, marginalised labours in this scheme has made this system more error-prone. This measure is often seen in light of electoral politics.
    The infiltrating Indian border with neighbouring countries facilitates migration of illegal migrants infusing anti-social elements in our society. Their entry into the sanctified registration process would further undermine the security of this State.
    Given the economics of this project, we must first revisit various impediments and rightly identify true citizens of this land & efficient ways of delivering the services of Socialist state.
    Joint collaboration with neighbouring countries like Bangladesh, Myanmmar, Nepal etc. will help identification of illegal migrants & sufficient checks & balances would be put in place to ensure credibility of Aadhar scheme as well as its implementation.

    (The answer has been written impromptu. So couldnt do justice with answer. Please review. This is my first shot at answer writing. )

    • Your answer is focused entirely on security and identification issue. You have not answered the second half – about effective service delivery mechanism.

  • @Insights & All: Please review my answer. I’m presently employed in a small village hence get Hindu one day late. Hope my answers will be reviewed by peers.

  • 2. ”In the new land acquisition act, Gram Sabha and Basti Sabha don’t have legal right to decide the nature of public purpose.” Critically examine the role of Gram Sabha in ensuring fair acquisition of land by the government.

    Gram Sabhas are the most decentralised institutions of PRIs and play an important role in portraying aspirations of Rural India & vulnerable sections like SCs, STs and Women.

    Under Right to FCT-LAAR Act, rehabilitation and resettlement have been linked to acquisition make the law more human. The definition of ‘Public purpose’ includes an expanded list of linear projects like Highways, Other Roads, Irrigation, Power lines, Ports etc. These doesn’t require assent of Gram Sabha. These infrastructural assets will help in development of physical & consequential social infrastructure, thus transforming villages as centre of sustainable development by increasing literacy rate, health services and employment opportunities.

    Delegation of power is important but matters in which power is decentralised in important. Gram Sabha certainly has a fair say in LA process & SIA (Social Impact assessment) of Projects with monitoring from district and state authorities.

    The recent cases of Dongri Kondh tribes in Orissa giving a strong ‘no’ to Bauxite mining by Vedanta testimonies the role of Gram Sabha in LA process.

    Panchayat (Extension to scheduled areas) Act, 1996 and Forest Right Acts underlines the positive & significant contribution of Gram Sabha in giving Justice: social, economic and cultural to local populace. The Gram Sabhs are guardians of traditional & customary rights.

    The Gram Sabhas though have no role in technical definition of ‘Public Purpose’; they are completely at helm when it comes to securing rights for local rural and tribal population upholding pristine constitutional principles of a ‘Socialist State’.

    • well balanced answer. You have rightly understood the demand of the question and fulfilled it.

      Both the introduction and conclusion are good. May be negative consequence of not having say in LA for public purpose should have been mentioned.

      For 2014 exam, it’s a great start. Hope to see more answers from you.

      • Thank you sir for such kind words. You’re an inspiration 🙂

        My problem is I’ll be able to answer one day late as Hindu comes late at my place. Hope your cooperation in this regard 🙂

        • You are welcome. 🙂

          Ya sure. You can answer on any day. All posts are arranged such that you can access them anytime.

          Also try to comment on others’ answers too. Commenting helps a lot.

        • You are welcome. 🙂

          Ya sure. You can answer on any day. All posts are arranged such that you can access them anytime. If you find any question not good or if you have any suggestions, please do share. It’s a small democracy here.

          Also try to comment on others’ answers too. Commenting helps a lot.

        • Sabya

          Hey there ! You seem to have an internet access, don’t you ? Then why not check out the Hindu Website – “ ” [without quotes] 😀

          • Thanks Sabya!
            The comprehensiveness of newspapers is much better than clicking links on their website. Plus I’m more comfortable with tangible newspaper.

  • Dear Friends,

    Should India and Pakistan talks be held hostage to border skirmishes and terrorist attacks?

    Could someone please explain the exact meaning of this question in simple words and also the expected points in the answer.

    Thanks in advance,

  • Though I saw this brilliant initiative late. Hoping to get review. My answers:

    1. Politicisation of institutions has been a menace in recent times in case of CBI, UGC, KALA Academy, CAG, etc. It has been clear in recent UGC case that a member was removed improperly after joining opposition party. Another was CAG reports on coal scam and 2G reports where parties accused it of interfering in the policy domain despite CAG having power by law to comment on the audit in terms of policy adopted. Also CBI was perennially accused of being used by party in power for its political gains for its operation and reporting being under Home Ministry. Here it is noticeable that judiciary has taken a stern view accepting these fallacies and also tried from its side to curb this menace by commenting on these and suggesting measures for freedom of CBI, state police, taking up cases of crass political remarks by politicians, etc. Though Judiciary itself as an institution has not been out of purview of such political allegations like bowing to public anger in delhi rape case, power politics and corruption in many high profile cases, recent spat over judicial appointments, etc. Here truth of the matter is that the allegations are considered by people as Right to Free Speech but some times such questioning has led to changes in the system like recent appointment of JAC to end judicial collegium after allegations of corruption in judges, more powers to EC after judicial orders when PILs are filed for enhancement of its operations after allegations of its ineffectiveness in front of political corruption and use of money and muscle power, etc. Even allegations on CBI led to recent debates on independence of CBI. So through these events it becomes clear that allegations have blocked or atleast questioned their integrity in public but the same has also led to more debates for their empowerment so that they can do their work in more better way.

    2. Power theft is an issue which has political and administrative and economic implications. Power is a scarce entity which is creating issues of distribution, pricing, transmission, subsidy, losses of discoms, refinancing by banks which are reeling under NPAs from power sector, etc. Power theft has been an issue in rural and urban areas. Though recent steps have been taken like electronic meters but still consumers find many new ways to steal it. Real issue is inadequate moral duties and poverty in many areas, faulty meters giving false reading, issues of power fluctuation, frequent power tripping, delayed resolution of power issues, inequitable power usage within residential colonies, over loading and frequent burning of meters and transformers, etc which creates frustration in consumers and they even lose their power items or are not able to use them properly in fluctuation or low voltage facing losses and bearing huge out of pocket expenses due to such power problems. Also power producers face huge losses when the meters and other equipment burn or become dysfunctional about which they come to know mostly when there are complaints from consumers. There have been no application of computerised grid system except in few big cities. Need is to bring both consumption and distribution at balanced levels and also need is to raise awareness of consumers on power issues. Also need is to have fool proof systems and trained manpower along with power saving incentives for consumer. In rural areas there can be a better power sharing mechanism for farmers where they can work in groups and pay collectively but here case has to be taken that they not be harassed in times of hardship or calamity. Finally punishments must be strict and high enough to act as deterrent to theft.

    3. Dolby is a patented technology of audio modulation to bring out best effect for human ears by changing some properties of the audio so that in may sound good and more clearer.

    4. Secure, reliable, green and cheap cloud computing is a recent innovation in personal computing arena. This technology works on remote servers to bring out a service for the world so that people can keep their data safe and secure with the service provider located in some other country. This idea may seem like childish to keep data with some other country people but this idea has achieved a rare feat of confidence of technologists all over the world due to their transparent rules, regulations, guidelines, safety measures, proper and clearer ways of handling customer complaints and swift action when any thing concerning happens. Security features of their servers have attracted people and reliability has also made their doubts in ground. These become indirectly green because they render the CO2 spewing electronic hardware decreases when processing and backup of data remains remote and efficient data management creates efficient processing power requirement for the same data to keep it safe and running. It also becomes a cheaper option for new entrepreneurial companies to reduce their input costs of hardware and software and maintainance and security. So this seems to be a boon for many. Though flip side of the story is data theft, server crashes, inadequately frequent back ups, overloading of servers, recent american snooping explorations, lesser control on own data, fear of new unknown viruses and malwares like recent RAT, rising prices, etc have raised concerns about this technology. Need is to judicially use and pressurise govt to implement a cyber safety policy for data safety and standards and norms for cloud business.

    5. AU Mission in Somalia under UN resolution started in 2008 for peacekeeping operations where all african countries contributed their troops into somalia. This country has been in turmoil for a long time on issues of marine piracy, abject poverty, exploitation of resources by private entities and mafia, dumping of waste on its coast by european nations, etc. But now problem has increased with entry of al-Qaeda trained Shabab extremists who are trying to capture the country and its resources esp in the south. There is a separate govt in north and central somalia which is trying to isolate these fighters and bring back peace and development in the region but south has been out of reach for the govt. Another disappointment had been frequent political instability and continued coups and dominance of military. Peacekeepers have been doing their job but they have been ill equipped in resources and equipments and medicines in absence of funding and adequate support. Expansion of Shabab towards uganda and kenya as proved by recent attack in mall in nairobi and other incidents is making clear that the menace has only increased despite peace operations. Need is to bring these group on table for talks and simultaneously work toward bringing peace and stable govt in somalia by global support in terms of funds, expertise, engagement, bringing education, health, food, and armed training to somalian troops so that these external elements can be removed to its roots with its around 30000 odd extreme fidayeens. International attention must be brought to this expansion of islamic extremist group via al-Qaeda and whole world must use its resources to bring back peace in the region by tact and diplomacy along with keeping the sovereignty of somalia at a higher level by empowering somalian govt.

    6. Indus water treaty 1960 has been a subject of debate in recent times when issue of power projects on Kishanganga and indus have been a subject of international debate due to international arbitration proceedings where india recently managed to get an upper hand temporarily. The treaty divides water on 80:20 basis between pak and india and power projects allowed are only of Run-of-River type where no silt collection along with reservoir is allowed so that plains of indus in pak do not suffer for renewed silt and water requirements. This treaty already has the distinction of being the most generous treaty in the world. But now in every event of india trying to harness its 20% share has been difficult. So much so that pak remains eternally vigilant on any projects and frequently internationalises the issue in lCJ. This has higher costs for india on arbitration and litigation expenses. Also international travels and unnecessary politicisation of the issue has pressurised india’s image as law abiding nation. Though these litigation have born nothing other than publicity for pak but it has stalled its projects and power needs for more time than deserved despite treaty being clearly specifying all the terms but redefining and rearticulation of the treaty clauses has left india not even able to properly use its own waters. Civil society sees this as inadequacy of diplomacy from indian side and pak sees this as its right to go for arbitration on any issue rather than talking to india on the issue. Also this has disturbed outcomes of govt investment in kashmir and development of industries and generation of employment has been affected thoroughly. Also dead level water in the reservoirs has also been an issue of debate despite clear definitions in international law. So need is to revise the treaty by tactful changes in arbitration priorities and proper balancing arrangements in the treaty by using india’s strategic advantage without compromising pak demands and concerns.

    7. Cyber security threat to developing countries has become a major issue after recent incidents of snowden, wikileaks, etc which brought out a secret of american data snooping from social network sites, blogs, govt emails and telephonic conversations, etc which led to the fall of american image of freedom and privacy advocate. Though all this is done to protect the world from terror it claims. But most countries have either acquisced to this argument like eu and others for geopolitical reasons and other latin americans have abhorred this practice and severely condemned america for this act. Most developing nations are rising fast on use of internet and dependence of businesses on internet is increasing along with arrival of new technologies like cloud computing, open source research, web based services and management, etc which has made life easier for companies and revenues have increased with increase in the internet users. Also developing world is leading on growth numbers and expansion of globalisation has supported the shift of global economic powers and businesses towards high labor and low cost developing regions of the world. This has led to losses in the developed world and decline in importance due to their high taxes and cost of businesses. In some countries this has led to formation of expert groups who try to attack cyber networks of the developing world so that stability will decline in services and rivals will have to face hardships in businesses. Unfortunately most companies of IT revolution exist in america and their lead servers remain there due to easy policies. But recent attacks on govt sites in china and india and other countries has led to rising concerns among the businesses and govt. and they are now demanding stability and democratisation of internet and also its compartmentalisation so that individual govt will have more control on their data when the servers are in respective countries. Certainly the demand is legible but still cyber security is too higher an issue to be dealt with. Only moving servers will not do. Need is global internet management and regulation along with stronger domestic cyber security network and manpower development. Also proper infrastructure and proper guidelines for data management and data transfer along with training and awareness building in the govt machinery and proper govt investment into building robust security network.

  • Sorry !! By Mistake I posted wrong answers above. Here are the right answers. Please review.

    1. Indo-pak relations have been stable in recent times after 2003 ceasefire. But 2008 mumbai attacks and recent peace talks timed kashmir border violations have caused a dip in the peaceful environment. Relations have improved on people to people, business, civil society, parliamentarians, media, and other levels. But loc skirmishes cause concern where old things are again repeated where border firing continued but pak denies beginning it or violating the ceasefire. Recent talks between PMs has brought a good chance to sort out misunderstandings but there are many factors at play here which distract the process of peace. First is media which continues to talk about war and kargil-2. Also there are many terror and radical outfits which dont want peace at any cost. Another actor is pak army itself which has declared itself as decision maker on kashmir and afghanistan. It keeps doing its operations on border with the support of military sympathisers in pak polity and govt. Recent election of Nawaz sharif may be good sign along with a clean elections with agenda of peace with india but pak polity still remains hugely under the influence of military and radicals. So india has to continue talks along with giving appropriate answer on the border. Also no attacks should deter india from talking because it is the only way to minimise pak support to radicals. But india should use other techniques to keep up its preparations for further attacks via more intelligence and military coordination.

    2. Kashmir border surveillance by a third party may bring peace if no other bilateral solution is possible but paradox is that un mediation in recent times has been in question due to excessive impression of usa and eu in it due to their funding dominance. Though un is doing good work in many areas of conflict resolution and hunger reduction but the case of kashmir deserves special significance. It is not only a historic but also a cultural issue where people faced eviction, displacement and mass killings along with post independence wars between india and pakistan. So this is a complicated issue though solvable by mutual understanding and continued talks and political will. UN surveillance on border can help in keeping both countries it their toe to keep the ceasefire active without violation on a temporary basis but long term solution requires proper bilateral negotiations. If sovereignty sentiments are not allowed like in Geneva talks on syria which led to resolution of the matter then some third party mediation can be seen as a prospective solution to bring certainty of solution of kashmir issue on table.

    3. India’s recent approach to UIDAI to give identity to indian citizen has been in question after scheme was started without parliamentary sanction and recent spat of SC to not making it mandatory for entitlement delivery has proved it. Also there are apprehensions of data security and snooping and misuse of biometrics in the wake of american NSA’s spying project. Also private control on the project has created suspicion in people about the safety of personal data. Another concern is multiplicity of id proofs already with people which is creating additional burden on people and the govt. One more concern is the distribution of UID to refugees without inspection. All these issues make this program a little in a difficulty. Despite being a good initiative to create a data base for crime agencies and security agencies there is a concern of its misuse in the absence of a proper and comprehensive data privacy policy in the UID. Recent allegations of violations of Right to Privacy in the project, the road ahead for the project is not easy. Need is to bring confidence in people about the objectives of the project and campaign to clarify doubts about the security of data and use of the data and safety standards and checks and balances in the system. Also the distribution of the benefits can be made foolproof by accepting one more proof along with it till it becomes foolproof on its own. Also identification of citizen is critical and refugees must be identified with strong guidelines to give them some alternate identity which may help them either repatriate or get some facilities so that they donot encroach upon the legible indian citizen identity. Also there should be strict punishment for the violators.

    4. Military or other defence forces have been loyal to civil leadership and still continues to be. But recent events like opposition to afspa removal in kashmir and siachen and north-east, frequent incidents of political-military nexus in equipment acquisitions explored in Tatra Truck scam, recent spat of allegations of a former Gen in supplying money to local ministers in kashmir, etc have come to define a change in the said relationship. Indian forces are loyal to the extent that defence ministry holds the final decision power. But many things are there which the forces handle on the ground acc to their duties of security. Recent issues of vacancy in forces at officer levels, inadequate armed weaponry, difficult living conditions, intermittant supplies in case of bad weather on the border in himalayas and deep seas, etc have taken a high toll on their lives and their families. But incidents such as said in the beginning are worrying as they seem to demoralise the forces on account of corruption and culture of impunity. Main issue which brought the issue to the front is leak of an internal inquiry report against former general. Another is his recent joining of a political party to get ex-servicemen demands of one rank one pension. Such scenario indicates defunct relations between military and political leadership. Issue of former general’s retirement age also gained media hype. Need is to bring in proper change in the structure of military and armed forces to reduce gap between people and soldiers. Also need is to bring the demands of the servicemen to proper disposal so that they donot interfere in the civil domain. Also their opposition to the removal of forces from kashmir and other areas must be kept in check so that the power remains in the political domain and balance be maintained.

    5. Extra terrestrial life is a scientific intervention into outer space but it is more about finding alternate resources for man on earth due to its own dwindling quantities of oil, gas, coal, iron ore, etc. Though the problems on earth are huge on poverty and misery but population is also increasing at a faster rate. So these interventions to other planets is also with the view to find india like habitable planets in the universe. Though this may seem impossible but on scientific basis suns like ours are found in our universe milky way and may be there are some planets which may resemble earth like conditions. So in this way there are some interventions which have led to the belief that something exists outside our earth which can be usable to us. Many missions like moon mission, mars mission, solar mission, cassini mission, etc have proved ample evidence of similar material in space and other planets which can become source for man in future. Though this can be said as an expenditure of loss in near term but the expedition itself should be seen in long term view. Also on the other hand earth we already have enough for human’s need not for its greed. So the contention that we are wasting our money on non-output projects is weak. There are problems of housing and infrastructure and food but most land is slowly degraded in the world indicating an imminent food crisis in the near future but if any resource is found outside the planet then it can open new edges of development for humans. There will be always this conflict between reality and aspiration but it would be prudent not to discard reality to achieve the aspiration. There must be a balance between the two.

    6. Larr act does not take into account the gram sabha and the basti sabha because it is entirely on a different view to give farmers their appropriate compensation for projects under PPP and private sector projects but not to the entire panchayat or gram sabha. Also this act takes the consent of 80% of land owners for transfer of the land to the private entities. Here role of graam sabha is not there. Also 13 central acts are exempted from this act which include mining, road, rail, aviation, power, hydel, etc. Also Psu are also exempted along with govt itself which makes the entire role of the act in suspicion. Now importance of gram sabha is more when the whole village is impacted by the project but here the target is individual landowner who can give land to anyone for a good compensation. Role of gram sabha here in not like in Forest Rights Act or PESA where panchayat has to take decision for the tribe or a scheduled area. Though this act itself gives power to individual to take his own decision on his own land but role of gram sabha becomes imp due to intervention of private sector in villages due to scarcity of land in cities in return for %age in further transfer and return if left fallow for more than 5yrs. Here gram sabha could have decided on the area of land for the industry and private entities but now due to individual empowerment collectives like gram sabha may either lose sheen or may become more powerful. Though in rural economy role of private sectors has remained limited causing financial inclusion difficult but now more investment may go to rural areas and more marketing and logistics may develop along with supply chain establishment. This will certainly increase job opportunities but at other level will reduce farm land though with adequate compensation. Still there are special rules for multi crop land but still gram sabha will remain central entity as in the past due to collective cultural bonds in villages.

    7. DPCO has been brought to control prices of essential medicines i.e. 348. But chemists are in turmoil due to many factors. First is corporate pressure, price pressure, fear of losses, lesser income, twisted between the tussle of doctors and medicine companies and govt, etc. In such a scenario there may arise corruption in the manner where chemists will try to gain profits by any means as there is lesser scope of profit from controlled drugs. Therefore there is another provision for special subsidised drug shops which are now inadequate in number. Bigger entities in pharma companies will also face huge burden on R&D which will reduce the profit margin along with stress on manpower management and capital investment. By this they will start to see overseas markets where their patented drugs could be sold. Generics will not only lower the burden on common man but also decrease their out of pocket expenses. But it will also bring a push to pharma companies to establish elsewhere or face tough competition with the low cost generics. Another change that may soon come is that they may diversify their business to keep up the business and growth and may lower the quality in view to reduce the price of drug to compete with the generics. The need is to bring greater quality control and more standardisation in the pharma products. Also their should be more control on drug testing as to compete with lower prices companies may try to bypass the regulations related to safety in clinical trial patients. Another thing that arises is the rise of new products which may not be at par with the global standards. Here more monitoring is needed so that only quality survives. So all in all it is clear that there will be easy and difficult time for both the patients and chemists.

    • Your answers are good, but you should write in small small paragraphs so that the answers are more readable. I hope you clear the 2013 exam itself so my comment would become unnecessary. 🙂


    • Power Theft is not only related to electronic meters – their functioning or non functioning aspects, but also to crucial factors such as old transmission line which implies – inefficient transformers, open electric wires cables – rampant theft of power by unregistered users.
      Manipulations of meters and its readings.
      What can be done?
      Use of insulated transmission lines or underground wires.
      Installation of new transformers so as to avoid over heating and thus power loss.
      Penalising power theft – enacting and implementing strong laws.
      Training of employees of power departments.
      Filling the vacancies.

      etc etc.


  • Siva

    1) “The new Drug Price Control Order (DPCO) that prescribes a ceiling price on several essential medicines is boon to patients but pain to chemists.” Comment.(200 Words)
    Ans ) Yes it is true that The new Drug Price Control Order (DPCO) that prescribes a ceiling price on several essential medicines is boon to patients but pain to chemists.
    There is no doubt that the new DPCO is boon to patients as NSLM list increased from 74 to 348 drugs, which leads to decrease the prices and market based mechanism replaces the cost based mechanism in formulating the prices which ensures drugs reach the patients in cost based effective manner and also protects the industry to large extent .
    The Existing DPCO price policy is cost of production plus markup where as new DPCO price policy is simple average of all brands which are having market share > 1% .
    The new DPCO is pain to chemist as their margins are reduced on account of price reduction, qualified pharmacist is mandatory for any chemist and allowing FDI investment and intense competition from bigger players.
    Especially those are running on rent premises in cities like Mumbai etc , they are forced to shut down due to this new DPCO impact .
    Apart from chemist, it is also : likely most impact MNC’s in premium pricing brand (eg : GSK ) ; less effected the companies are Dr reddys, Ranbaxy etc as their presence in exports and they are not exposed to domestic market to large extent ; companies profitability and growth .

  • Yadunandan

    4)”In the new land acquisition act, Gram Sabha and Basti Sabha don’t have legal right to decide the nature of public purpose.” Critically examine the role of Gram Sabha in ensuring fair acquisition of land by the government.

    Ans: 1. The current Land Acquisition Bill 1885 is more than a century year old bill.
    2. Practical difficulty in acquiring the land based on the bill.
    3. Land Acquisition has become a major problem in the development of the infrastructure
    4. Because of the abnormal delay in the land acquisition the investors have to bear the unnecessary cost. This causing the investors to stay away from infra investments.
    5. No due importance is given to the rehabilitation and resettlement of those whose land is acquired.
    5. In order to make a fair land acquisition and to address their rehabilitation and resettlement, the Central Govt is came out with the bill.
    6. At the same time the the bill curtails the legal power of Gram Sabha .
    7. As per the bill, it is not mandatory for the investors to get the approval for linear projects from the Gram Sabha.
    8. Only the acquisition of land > 40.46 ha requires the social impact assessment with the help fo Gram Sabha.
    9. The bill deals only with those who are interested in land acquisition and the dependents on that land(land acquirers and the dependents).
    10. In order to reduce the delay in approvals it has barred the Gram Sabha from the legal acquisition of land.

    At the same time if we perceive the problem from the villagers perspective:
    1. The Gram Sabha is denied the right to understand the nature of investments. Hence land misuse may occur.

    Could you pls evaluate the answer. Just happened to join late. Hence started from the first day. Looking forward for your reply

  • abhishekps782

    what a great initiative!! i have just started my preparation keeping 2015 in mind ..seeing awesome sites like this …i think the whole process of cracking IAS will become so much enjoyable and a great learning experience.

    Thank You so much

  • kavi krishnan

    sir . can you give tips to face the interview if he is a average canditate

  • Nisha

    Q. Should India and Pakistan talks be held hostage to border skirmishes and terrorist attacks? 250 words
    A. India and Pakistan were products of a bitter and bloody partition. The wounds thus caused run deep and take time to heal. The relation between the two countries has been marked by a massive trust deficit, animosity, wars, border skirmishes and terrorist attacks with the issue of Kashmir and lack of resolution of the dispute being central to the aforementioned issues. While Pakistan has called for third party intervention for the resolution of the Kashmir issue, India has stood firmly resolving the dispute only by bilateral talks. The status is no different than it was in 1948 and the two countries should focus on developing economic ties between the two countries and eliminating the trust deficit. Abstaining from talks is not going to resolve anything. The two countries need to take steps to focus more the development of trade, eliminating trade barriers. The benefits to India maintaining good relations with Pakistan are immense especially as it will provide an alternative route to the middle-east from where we procure 70% of our oil requirements. So, while border skirmishes need to be resolved, and strict measures taken against terrorist attacks, these need to be addressed through talks and by voicing our concerns.

  • highly indebted to u alwaysss……

  • Ican

    1) Should India and Pakistan talks be held hostage to border skirmishes and terrorist attacks? Comment. (250 Words)
    India and Pakistan has been at loggerheads since 1947. The long land boundary with some part of it unsettled between the countries has created tensions now and then between the two armies leading to frequent skirmishes and few wars. However, the political leadership, right from Pt. Nehru to Dr. Manmohan singh has sought to deescalate the tensions through meaningful dialogues and discussions. They stressed that better relationship with neighbours not only provides a secured environment but also aids economic and social development of the country.
    Both countries have been engaging among themselves in finding solution to various problems like border disputes (Kashmir issue, Sir creek issue, etc), trade problems (MFN status, trade imbalance, trade across border, illegal trade), terrorist infiltration, security, etc.
    The recent border skirmishes and terrorist attacks have once again portrayed the persisting volatility between the two nations. Such violations are often orchestrated by the terror groups to deter the peace making process. However, the talks and dialogues should not be held hostage to these violations as this would amount to dwarfing of the six decade long engagement, commitment and developments of bilateral relations.
    It is further necessary to strengthen the existing mechanisms of problem solving including regular meeting of DGMOs, trade and commerce ministers and high level exchanges. Both countries has to resolve their differences through bilateral channels without engaging any third party as this can introduce an additional dimension of favourtism and influence and thereby can add fuel to the fire.