How To Prepare UPSC Civil Services Mains Paper-III (GS-2)

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Click Here For More Detailed Strategies For Other Papers and More!

How to prepare GS – 1 (i.e Paper – II)

How to prepare GS-3 (i.e Paper – IV)

How to prepare GS – 4 (i.e Paper – V)

UPSC has brought changes to the Civil Services Mains examination in both the pattern and the syllabus. We know that now there are 4 General Studies Papers apart from one Essay and Optional paper each.

This article discusses preparation strategy for General Studies -2 (i.e Paper-III)

Before you start reading further, please remember the following important mantra given by the  Almighty UPSC:

The questions are likely to test the candidate’s basic understanding of all relevant issues, and ability to analyze, and take a view on conflicting socio‐ economic goals, objectives and demands. The candidates must give relevant, meaningful and succinct answers.” 

This sentence is the guiding light for your preparation. You don’t have to master the topics, all you need is BASIC UNDERSTANDING and the ability to analyze.

Basic understanding comes from reading and re-reading. Ability to analyze what you have understood from reading comes from WRITING PRACTICE.

Two important things fundamental to your exam preparation:

  • Get familiar with all the topics and sub-topics by writing them many times – they should be  strongly etched in your memory.

  • Keep a copy of the syllabus always near you no matter where you are.

Now, how to deal with GS-2?

Assuming you are now familiar with the syllabus of GS-1, we will discuss a topic by topic what to read, from where to read and what not to read for these topics.

Broad Syllabus Of GS-2 is:

 Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.

Before you start preparing for this paper, please read following NCERT texts, which might take 2-3 days of your time.

  1. NCERT Class XIIndia Constitution At Work

  2. NCERT Class XII –  Political Science II

  3. NCERT Class X –  Democratic Politics


 Indian Constitution– historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

This part is very useful both for Prelims and Mains. Best book to study this section is D.D. Basu’s “Introduction To The Constitution Of India” First 5 chapters in this book exclusively deal with this part of the syllabus.

For Basic Structure, These two articles might help you.

1) Basic Structure of the constitution revisited – The Hindu (PDF)

2) The Basic Structure of the constitution (PDF)


Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

One good source to get the critical perspective about these topics is – Report of the 2nd Administrative Reforms Commission, named – Organizational Structure Of Government of India (13th Report)

For devolution of finances to local bodies, Read This.. (Don’t look anywhere else)

For the concept part read – Laxmikant’s Indian Polity. Buy the new updated  4th edition.  (Chapters 12, 13 14 and 30).

But Mains demands not only basic understanding of these topics, but your critical and analytic abilities to answer questions on these topics.  So, try to relate these concepts to current event topics and write small articles. ARC reports will help you in this regard.

Eg. ” Though devolution of funds, functionaries and functions is taking place in the local governments, development is still a mirage in many parts of India”. Critically analyze. (you can frame many questions like this)


Separation of powers between various organs, dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

BASICS: Public Grievances and Redressal Mechanism

This topic is a dynamic portion – we read lot about conflict between the Judiciary and the Executive – to answer dynamic topics, one should first understand the constitutional provisions, redressal measures with the constitution, checks and balances provided in the constitution etc.

ARC reports come to the rescue again. 7th report of 2nd ARC named “Capacity Building for Conflict Resolution” talks elaborately on various issues such as Left Wing Extremism, Regional Disparities, Land and Water related issues, SC and ST issues, Religious conflicts and North East conflicts – which involve numerous institutions in the conflict management and resolution.

Later, scan current events and find any latest instances of conflict between any constitutional bodies, or between a constitutional body and statutory body.

Again, concepts can be studied either from D.D. Basu or Laxmikat..


Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries

A book by S.  Chand – Select Constitutions of the world is famous among Law students. This covers this topic comprehensively. One should be careful to not to study this topic in depth.

In case you can afford to buy costly book – D.D. Basu’s Classic on the Indian Constitution – Shorter Constitution Of India not only covers all above topics, it also covers the present topic.

Few links that might help:

Try to know some basics about the New Constitutions/reforms being framed/brought out in Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar and Pakistan.

(Again, emphasis should be on relating all these topics to the current events)


Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

To cover this topic, one stop source is Subhash Kashyp’s Our Parliament. (Why this book? Because it is written by someone who worked inside the Parliament for most of his career, and this book gives a detailed idea about the functioning of our Parliament – as the above topic suggests, you should be familiar with all aspects of our Parliament. This books is cheap, and is highly readable with lot of insights)


Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the JudiciaryMinistries and Departments of the Government; Pressure Groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.


Again, Laxmikant is enough for this topic.  Regarding pressure groups/ informal associations – recent activism shown by Civil society, conflict with the government and other such topics should be studied in depth.


 Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act

First read this beautiful article by Yogendra Yadav. (PDF)

This topic has generated more heat in the past and present – eg, office of profit bill, anti-defection bill, electoral reforms bill etc.

This topic should be

Recent supreme court ruling disqualifying MPs and MLAs with criminal background, and current topics like this should be studied carefully.

TOPIC-8 and 9

Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies

Read Laxmikant for this part. Part VII,VIII and IX of this book completely covers these topics.

This part of the syllabus has given rise to some contentious issues such as political interference in the appointment to various constitutional posts and statutory bodies. Eg EC, CBI, CVC, CAG, SC, Governors, Lokayukta, Lokpal (if it comes into existence) etc. So, read this topic keeping in mind these above issues.

As I said before, you need to read all the above topics with an analytical perspective. To provide you with this, there is a wonderful book published by Oxford University Press and authored by Pratap Bhanu Mehta, named – “Public Institutions in India – Performance and Design“, will be immensely useful.

As its back cover says, “This volume analytically assesses the design, performance, and adaptability of the principal institutions of governance in India and their critical role in a democratic polity.” That is what you need for this paper.


Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

This part is covered well in the same book I mentioned above: “Public Institutions in India – Performance and Design

Also, refer Economic Survey for government policies and PIB site regularly.


Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders

[Please note the phrase “Development Industry” – it refers to aid industry developed around NGOs, UN bodies, Charities etc and their role in the development process.]

Planning commission has various articles on these topics.

This report gives critical account of success and failure of SHG’s in India. (just read the summary, conclusion and recommendations – NEVER read full report)

Article on NGO – their evolution and role.



Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

Note the word “STATE” – schemes by the states are also important.

  • Focus on the schemes being implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child welfare, Ministry of Social Justice, Ministry of Rural Development and Ministry of Tribal affairs.

List Of Government Schemes – India – Wikipedia link.

List of All state and central scheme – Govt. of India Website (here you can filter queries by the ministry- it is not easy though, govt site you know..)

One more option is visit this link on my site to go to the site of any Ministry and find schemes there.

TOPICS 12 and 13

 Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

. Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

We read lot about this these days: Food security bill, PDS reform, Poverty reduction schemes, Poverty-line controversy, Malnutrition figures, report on malnutrition(remember HungMa report?) etc.


Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures

This introductory article on 2nd ARC site and 2nd ARC report on “Promoting e-Governance: The SMART Way Forward” will be very useful to cover this topic.

E-governance – Concept and  Significance (IGNOU)


Role of civil services in a democracy

Again, 2nd ARC report (10th report) – Refurbishing of Personnel Administration has whole chapter (ch-4) on this topic.

International Relations


India and its neighborhood- relations.

Two sources for this topic:

  1. India and its neighboursMEA Website

2. For critical analysis – This Book by Rajiv Sikri – Challenge and Strategy – Rethinking India’s Foreign Policy is must for reading this part of the syllabus.

TOPIC – 16

Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

For India’s relations with the other countries, click here. (read only important counries – USA, UK, EU, SA, Brazil, Japan, Russia,  Australia etc)

Ministry of External Affairs has briefs on all bilateral relations of India with regional and global groupings:


Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora

This is a dynamic part – effects of globalization, WTO policies, domestic policies of developed countries and their effect on other countries (lot of examples from USA, UK can be given – visa row, war on terrorism, immigration policies, economic policies etc)

Indian diaspora – their contribution to India, India’s contribution to them, Their contribution to the world etc. Their problems in the residing countries, their rights in India – constitutional/statutory provisions if any, their participation in track two diplomacy, their role in Indian economy etc etc.

Newspaper is the best source I guess. For more info, visit the official site.


Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

UNO and its various bodies, agencies must be studied with respect to their structure, role, relevance and reforms. UN reforms is the hot topic.

International Organizations (no UN bodies) such as APEC, ADB, ASEAN, OECD, NATO should be studied.

For links to all these organizations: click here.

Finally, for some articles from Yojana magazines (2013) that are related to many  topics from this Paper, click here.

Five Indispensable Books For paper-III

  1. D.D.Basu – Introduction to the Constitution of India 20 Edition 

  2.  Indian Polity for Civil Services Examinations 4th Edition – Laxmikanth

  3. Select Constitutions: 16th Edition – S Chand

  4. Challenge And Strategy : Rethinking India’s Foreign Policy – Rajiv Sikri

  5.  Public Institutions in India: Performance and Design – Pratap Bhanu Mehta

TWO RECOMMENDED BOOKS (Only If You Have More Time At Your Disposal) – Both By Granville Austin – Classics On Indian Polity

1) The Indian Constitution: Cornerstone of A Nation (Classic Reissue) – Review

2) Working a Democratic Constitution: A History of the Indian Experience – Review


Until now we saw what books to read. Now the question is how to remember most of the things we read and how to translate them into better answers.

  • A common mistake most of the aspirants commit is reading so many books for a single topic.This mistake costs both your time and ability to remember things clearly and concisely.
  • Stick to a single source and read it again and again. Remember The Same Source. Avoid the temptation of doing ‘Research’ on a topic.
  • Always Remember – UPSC tests Basic Understanding. Not mastery over a topic.
  • Make short notes on each topic. It is while making notes that readers tend to do RESEARCH and scout various sources. Stick to one book even if you are not 100% satisfied with it.
  • Remember that old saying? – Jack of all trades, master of NONE. If you try to do Research, most probably your name won’t appear in the Final List. I guarantee it.
  • For Paper-II (i.e GS-1) being thorough with Current Events plays a crucial role in enabling you to acquire analytical skills.

Very Important Part In The Preparation

  • Writing. Writing. Writing.
  • But what? – One must practice answer writing to Previous year questions, or take a Mock Test. Whatever, before you enter examination hall, you must have spent lot of time on answer writing.

Most Important Part In The Preparation

  • Revision. Revision. Re-Revision.
  • You do this and you appear for the Personality Test.
  • If you don’t Revise what you read all these months – you slightly miss the Personality Test, or You narrowly miss appearing in the Final List.

Well, to sum up. To get the interview call all you need to do is: Read, Re-read the same source, Write and Revise.

Preparation for this  paper can be finished in 20 days provided you are focused and determined.

Of course. Eat well, Sleep well and Keep a good health. If you get a running nose on the day of the exam, 2 hours out of 3 hours goes in draining it and drying it.


  • JAYA

    thoroughly researched and analysed…provided me with a framework to plan my prep for GS 3..thanx a ton for ur commendable effort sir..

    • Thank you 🙂

      • vattikonda

        sir…will u plz help me by sujjesting refernce books for gs4 and gs5..i will b highly thank ful for u…

        • In 3-4 days i will put the list and strategy.

      • gaby solis

        “Thank you” would be an underrated word for your insight.

        Would you also tell which chapters are to be read from the various books that you had mentioned. You had already mentioned some and i have no idea how to deal with the rest.

        Thank You:-)

      • vishal

        This site is very useful for all the aspirants I must say and hope the same strategy continues till the end..thank you very much for your guidance

        • Thanks Vishal. We will continue it as long as there is support and cooperation.

        • Thanks Vishal. We will continue it as long as there is support and cooperation.

          • vishal

            hi Sir,
            First of all I am thankful for initiating this site. I can say this is the base for every IAS aspirant. I am facing few difficulties during my preparation. Well, I am attempting for 2014. As I am left with 7 months for by day a sense of fear is increasing whether i can complete the portion or not. Is it possible to complete the portion 7 months duration with revision? For which reading is it better to make notes i mean like 1st reading or so?And I am finding difficulty in managing the time. I am attempting secure 2014 questions but spending lot of time on it and at the same time I am unable to complete the standard books. How can I improve my writing?

      • md danish

        hello sir,i am ittle bit confused sir which oooks i shoud used for gs 1,gs 2,gs 3,gs 4.sir plz tell me atleast one book for each gs paper because sir if i study that much of books i will become confused sir plz tell me the books where i got all the data of gs papers plz reply soon sir i will be thank fu to u.

    • Thanks 🙂

  • gao

    what about Granville Austins books,can u give a sort of review about his books.

    • You can read his commentaries on our constitution, you can also go through constituent assembly debates, but I feel one should stick to few sources.

      On your recommendation, I will give links to his books and their reviews – one can read them after Mains though.

      I have not read them to write a review, when I do, I would love to.

  • Siddharth

    i have Laxmikanth 3rd edition……so it is necessary to buy 4th one????

    • Siddharth,

      3ed edition is enough. You don’t have to buy new edition. Get photo copy of extra material that appears in the new edition. More than 95% will remain the same 🙂

      • Siddharth

        thank you (-:

  • nitin

    sir can you give book for hindi medium student for ias

    • I am sorry Nitin. I don’t have/know access to Hindi sources.

    • Siddharth

      Nitin, i dont have much knowledge but some of the famus books are also available in hindi language for example books of dd basu , laxmikanth , bipin chandra ,are available in hindi . So search online or go to Mukharjee nagar market

  • archana karri

    hi sir am a bignrr n i startd with ncert bks fr ppr 3… tht neceesary to read all above books…i want to stick to one matrl tht is laxmicanth 4th edtn…is tht bk covers all the tpcs tht u hv mentioned?? R shall i go fr othr bk whch cvrs all tpcs?? Pls suggest me sr regard ths pls

    • I think you should read D D Basu also. Though laxmikant covers all the topics, you should be in a position to answer tough questions too. Some topics like first 5 chapters in D D Basu must be read from that book only.

      You should stick to one book for certain topics. One book can not cover all topics well.

    • archana karri

      Oh k …these two bks r enough no r else can i go fr othrs too in order to answer all tough questns????cn u tell me the cst of DD basu can i buy it in

  • gao

    Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States
    how can i cover the above topic ?can u mention specific chapters of any books?

  • niteen

    commendable work sir. Kindly provide guidelines for rest of GS papers.

  • Kirthi

    Sir,what about Subhash Kashyap- our political system – can it be done instead of our parliament ? It seems to cover others topics as well..

    • Our political system is also a good book. I mentioned ‘Our Parliament’ only for those topics. Study either of them – stress should be on understanding the concepts, not going very deep into them. You didn’t answer yesterday’s questions! 🙂

  • Kirthi

    Thank you sir. I have a doubt regarding questions – I can write some meaningful answers only if I read or have a prior knowledge about it – Sir can I attempt them after a nice satisfying study on the topic that day or can I attempt with only half knowledge on each topic? I prefer the previous one but don’t know if others are directly attempting questions sir :-/

    • I understand your dilemma. You can read questions related stuff for 1-2 hours, jot down quick points, form your own opinion and write answers in one go (you can dedicate one hour for this). So, 3 hours for two topics from the syllabus (I will frame questions solely from the syllabus) is not a bad idea.

      By doing this, from rough calculation, you will be covering around 700 topics by December! I don’t think whole syllabus has these many topics 🙂

      I don’t think all are attempting directly here. It doesn’t matter though. What matters is whether you have covered the topic or not in your preparation. If you are familiar with a topic, you can attempt the question in exam confidently.

  • Kirthi

    Yes sir, your questions were excellent. It’s a topic in itself – like UNSC reforms which requires some study, I lost confidence when I saw others Answers but as you said I should finish the topic and attempt. It definitely helps. Thanks a lot for your effort 🙂

  • vikas

    Sir Please Guide How to read and Utilize ARC’s Effectively…what to read from it and what not to…

  • gargi shee

    sir,now i have a clear concept about gs i and gs ii. please provide strategy for gs iii and gs iv…

    • Ya sure. I will. Did you finish both papers? Cleared prelims? 🙂

  • debabrata de

    kindly update such type of syllabus analysis for g.s paper 3 and 4 thanks.

  • appu srva

    Awesome work bro… Thanks a lot… 🙂

  • Ekta Yadav

    Thankyou sir for the marvellous work. Besides sources, guiding is also very important part of this examination. Sir, kindly suggest sources for gs3 (paper 4).

  • hello sir ..i want to confirm one thng ..after reading ur whole strategy i came to conclusion dat dis gs part will be covered fully by “dd basu ,laxmikanth ,ARC reports,current affairs” . is it the right conclusion sir ? i cant buy too many books dats y ..plz do reply

    • One more book I mentioned above by Pratap Bhanu Mehta and some scholarly articles on these topics (I will update if I find some) + NCERT texts. These are enough to get a hold on the syllabus. Anyway, it also depends upon how questions will be asked this year. Based on that I will update this post.

  • hats off to u..with blessing of so many aspirants ur seat in heaven is booked..

    • Thank you 🙂 But I am not in hurry 😉

  • atharv krishna

    sir,thanks for ur great work. u r a “light in dark” 4 those who are in remote areas & can”t keep touch with delhi “market” .though my many doubts had cleared aftr touching ur web.but i hav some different questions-
    1) i was on bed since june due to a surgery so could not touched a page of book in i cleared prelims n also feeling a bit of better & hd started GS1 history+ my optiona now.
    but whenevr i saw “new” syllabus,a question comes in mind can i do all this in remaining 3 months while many are preparing since june/july?? are these remaing days are-more or sufficient or very less?? n whatever condition is, what strategy should i follow 4 preparation because i don’t want to give up or waste time at any cost.
    ur comments will b highly valuable for me. waiting for ur reply.thank you.

    • Atharv,

      Thanks for the compliment. 🙂

      I hope you are in good health now. Health is very important in this exam – keep it in good shape.

      There is still 100 days to go for Mains. So you have around 20 days for each paper. You can still prepare well for the mains. Start reading without thinking about how much time you are left with.

      Stick to very few books for each paper. Read them thoroughly.

      Never think about others – they might have read more than you, but what matters is how good they can perform in the crucial 3 hours in the exam hall. You focus on this. Practice writing every day. Start answering 6-10 questions.

      Instead of reading books from end to end, take up questions, divide them topic-wise and start solving them. When you don’t know the answer, refer a book and answer it. It stays in your mind even after exam. Read few things completely. I assure you, 100 days is still a lot of time. Plan well and execute it.

      If you badly want IAS, then go for it no matter how less time you have. But not at the cost of health. Maintain it well. 🙂

      You have a good name. First time I have ever come across this name. 🙂

  • atharv krishna

    same feeling here as i also 1’st time come across a web which is so personel so motivating & so quick in response,
    thank u for this valuable suggestion,i m more charged now.
    as u said these r “100 days” n i hv to utilise/manage it & i will do from now.
    thank u.

    • Thank you 🙂 Yes, you can finish whole thing in 100 days. I have no doubts.


    Sir for topic 3 u have recommended for the arc report chapter 7….but sir its too extensive….is there any other way out

    • I will find out and let you know.

  • Maaduri

    Good source of links. will try to follow.

  • atharv krishna

    hello sir,hw r u?
    i had a doubt- for world history should i go for ncert old 9 & 10 class & is it sufficient??or directly go f0r norman lowe?? as keeping in mind dat i had less time so i want selective reading & more revision. plz suggest.
    thank u.

    • If you have old NCERT’s they r enough now. They cover most of it.

      Thanks. I am good. Hope u r too.

  • atharv krishna

    thank u for reply,
    yeah i got old ncert’s n m doing.
    i hv one suggestion (which is also our requirement too) that in some remote places where “the hindu” hard copy r not available so we r fully depend on websites. if u can seperate those news & editorials according to syllabus topics & sub-topics. you already had done this at many places in GS mains strategy.
    example- editorial “Debate and pass the Food Bil” lt can be used in GS paper 2 & 3 under topics………”
    then it wl b useful for many to make their notes on each topic & will make everyone’s burden less.
    thank you.

    • Atharv,

      That is a good suggestion. I will give it some thought and see how I can work on it.

  • atharv krishna


  • Prasad

    thanks for all the help. The detailed breakdown with source of preparation is really very helpful. Can you please put out a similar article on GS Paper IV. Thanks

  • naveen

    sir it is necessary to read laximikanth after reading basu because laxmikanth is copy of basu…thanku

    • Naveen,

      Actually one should read D D Basu after reading Laxmikanth. But if you have read Basu and understood all of it, and comfortable with it, no need to go for other books.

      But for prelims, you may have to refer Laxmikanth as it is updated with many new things.

  • shruti

    Sir, can uplz tell me the link to download previous years question papers for g.s. mains?

  • neha

    Can you please attatch the questions (daily answer writing practice) to the relevant papers..some of them are good questions and it is easier to view all resources on one page.

    • Neha,

      It is a very good suggestion. I will do this (it takes some time though). Thanks.


    First I would like to thank a lot for your wonderful & Sincere effort.Your Suggested Strategy is very helpful.I am preparing for cse 2014.If you can please clarify my few doubts.1)I have finished Laxmikant in it still required to read “our parliament by subhash kashyap”?coz lamikant has almost covered every chapter given in kashyap!! 2)in eco i am done with ncert as suugested by u & read once eco booklet provided by vajiram & am confused whether to read Ramesh singh o not or whether i shld focus to consolidate the dyanamic part of eco as suggested by u??

    • Sankalp,


      1) If you are comfortable with Laxmikant and have understood all the areas, then don’t read Kashyap’s book. I suggested it as it it is exclusively for Parliament and is written by a person who worked there most of his career.

      2) I think you should read Ramesh SIngh as you have so much time with you. It is a good book and not a bulk one too.

      3) After reading above books, focus more on dynamic part also and consolidate all important areas. Make notes if possible.

      4) Economic Survey is usefu, it depends on the persons in charge of writing it though (Last year kaushik Basu had a different approach, and this year Raghuram Rajan was the boss) . Buy the latest one next year.

      • SANKALP

        Thanks 4 a quick reply!!
        Sir your sincere reply has motivated me to ask Few more queries!!
        1)i have a book “Governance in India by Laxmikant.
        can it supplant the book “public institutions in india by Pratap bhanu”coz i had made my mind to read it but aft reading your strategy for GS -2 . am confused?pls suggest!!
        2)As suggested by u am going to read first 5 chap. of DD basu.
        sir is it not sufficient for the topic “comparision of indian constitutional scheme with other countries” if I consolidate my current affair regarding it?
        or the s.chand book suggested by u is Expedient?
        3)2nd ARC Report 7th & 11th are too vast??sir if u can pls suggest necessary chap.s of these(its bulkyness is vry scary :))

        Pls reply!!


    Sir 1 more ques. i forgot to much eco survey is helpful for gs-3?
    shld i read 2012-13 or wait for 2013-14?shld read it b4 cse pre or aft that?
    Pls reply?

  • Mohit

    I was going through the bilateral relations of India on MEA website and I frequently came across the term “tariff lines”. While there is no easily understandable definition of it on the internet, I found the following definition on one of the links: “The tariff line is the product code used at the national level, beyond the 6 digits of the Harmonized System. It is different from one country to another.”

    And from the above definition I cant understand the meaning of tariff lines in one of the sentences on India-Brazil bilateral relations which is “New tariff lines have been proposed under the India-Mercosur PTA.”

    Could you please explain the meaning in layman terms?

    • Tariff Line is basically a Product (such as Tea, Rice, Wool etc) assigned with a well defined Code for the purpose of assigning it a Tariff value.

      Tariff Lines are listed under Tariff Schedule. Every country maintains this schedule.

      Basically, as you know, tariff is usually an import duty on products to be traded.

      When you want to enhance trade with a country, you increase Tariff lines with that country i.e, opening your economy for more imports. Sometimes, you do so with Tariff Preference or Tariff Concession i.e, lowering tariffs to near Zero level to help boost partner country’s exports. Which India has done in the case of Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.

      In the case of India -Pakistan trade relations we come across ‘Sensitive List’. In this case we read that Pakistan has been urged to reduce ‘Tariff Lines’ in the Sensitive List.

      Example, “Each Member State retains a ‘Sensitive Lists” which is not offered for confessional treatment. Presently, Pakistan has placed 1169 tariff lines in its Sensitive List…… Reduction of 233 tariff lines which is an obligation for Pakistan under SAFTA will reduce Pakistan’s Sensitive List from 1169 to 936 tariff lines.”

      Each Tariff Line is assigned a code based on a criteria which we don’t require to know. If you want to know this, visit here: (you have to scroll down there to see a table explaining how codes are assigned).

      Hope this helped.


    1)i have a book “Governance in India by Laxmikant.
    can it supplant the book “public institutions in india by Pratap bhanu”coz i had made my mind to read it but aft reading your strategy for GS -2 . am confused?pls suggest!!
    2)As suggested by u am going to read first 5 chap. of DD basu.
    sir is it not sufficient for the topic “comparision of indian constitutional scheme with other countries” if I consolidate my current affair regarding it?
    or the s.chand book suggested by u is Expedient?
    3)2nd ARC Report 7th & 11th are too vast??sir if u can pls suggest necessary chap.s of these(its bulkyness is vry scary 🙂 )

    Pls reply!!

    • 1) The difference between ‘Governance in India’ and ‘Public Institutions…” is that the latter is written by an international acclaimed thinker and it will help you in getting a critical perspective on many issues. Both are good, but Laxmikant is more of facts than analysis. In Mains, you need analytic skills.

      2) For comparison part you can get Vajiram notes I think in case you can’t buy the book I have suggested (S Chand publication) D D Basu is not sufficient for this topic. I will try to get previous year questions on this topic from somewhere and update again this article.

      3) I will go through ARC and suggest you chapters. 🙂

      • SANKALP

        Sir,Thanks for your valuable Reply !!

      • hello sir
        pls reply arc report chapter

  • Mohit

    Ya Insights i have understood it now. Thank you 🙂

  • Dinesh

    Alright i am finding this awesome webpage only today , on a rainy thunderous night at 12.30 a.m , facing mains some 80 days from now …. and i hope it’s better late than never !!!!

  • ashish

    commendable work…..u r really making true use of IT to empower student from far flunge areas…..

    Just no words to express my gratitude

  • Richa

    I have also started the preparation. When I saw the syllabus, I started looking for guidance. I came across this site and finally got what I wanted.
    Thank you sir, it has really made our work very easy.

  • Richa

    I am following The Hindi Newspaper Daily along with PIB and other sites. Do I need to go through the monthly magzines like CST, Chronical. In case required then please suggest me which one will be better.

    • If you are regular with The Hindu, PIB, and any one business newspaper, you don’t need magazines. But buy and read Frontline. It helps in Essay.

      • Richa

        Thank you Sir


      Richa plz you should must improve spelling mistake you wrote i am reading the hindi newspaper whenever correct is the hindu
      You also study WORLD FOCUS for understanding foreign relations

  • rohit

    Sir,your blog is very informative…your approach regarding new GS pattern is commendable….one suggestion is needed…how to go about reading the book ‘public institutions in india”…do i need to go with whole book or selected chapters…. thanks

  • atharv krishna

    hello sir,
    preparation for mains is going well under ur i m worried for many current affairs which will come in each paper bcoz i m not in proper touch due to hectic schedule.
    current affairs of how many previous months will b required before dec 1 mains?
    and from where i should read those current affairs? plz suggest any source or magazine etc.
    waiting 4 u quick reply as always. thank you.

    • For Mains, you shoulf focus on current events from last September-October to this November.

      If you have not followed current events till now, Wizard / Vajiram release a compendium next month. You have to study them selectively keeping in mind the topics of the syllabus.

      Don’t worry too much about current events for new pattern. As syllabus is detailed, covering all those topics is sufficient. Few topics like food security, PDS, security issues, developments in S&T, require current orientation, focus on such topics in current events.

  • mamta


  • kumar anand

    awesome guidance

  • Dhruvi

    Hello insight
    By when will u upload the model test paper of gs-2 ?

  • vick

    sir please throw some light on as to how to the ARC reports. it seems gigantic and bewildering. thankyou



  • Bharathi

    Great Work!!! 🙂
    I am a working professional and all of a sudden I had this thought of writing UPSC in 2014. Though initially this was a very strong urge..after checking the syllabus and the level of exam, I had given away the hopes of even attempting it (considering that I was away from studies for 4 years)…

    This blog has given me a level of confidence to get prepared and start off with it.

    Also, It would be great if I can get a similar kind of strategy to prepare for optional subjects. I have zeroed in on Mathematics (need to start from square 1 though 🙁 … )


  • Hi,
    While just browsing the article regarding the poverty and hunger for GS paper2.

    I think this link might work for poverty and hunger.

  • Dhruvi

    Please upload the mock test paper for gs 2 soon.

  • Anny Middha

    Sir, can you please mention topic 11 ke liye planning comission ke kaunse articles karein?
    Or if soneone else is aware about same, please guide


    sir in in freedom srtuggle by bipin chandra which chapters are more important for study
    sir now syllabus of gs is very vast how can we memorize it till the entry in the examination hall

  • Sanjay Kumar S

    Thank you sir, the information you have uploaded is very relavent and crisp, it is very helpful.

  • chhatra pal

    thanks for such a good information about the material and books

  • Ravi Patel

    Which is best for this paper ?
    1. Public Institutions in India: Performance and Design


    2.Oxford Companion to Indian politics by N Gopal

    • First one is better. Second one has separate small articles and most are not relevant.

      First one has deep analysis and helps in Mains,

  • Sir,
    There is some problem in the topic numbering. Total no of topics should be 20. Topic 12 & 13 are actually Topics 13 and 14. Although you have covered all 20 topics number 17 is missing.

    As much as I hate correcting already perfect page I still want it to be more perfect. Thank you very much for what you are doing.

  • Gurinder Singh

    @Insights Simply brilliant compilation for prep!

  • Atish

    You are doing a great job.Thanks for that.I wanted to ask that we have to read the complete Arc reports or only the recommendations and conclusions.

    • Thanks. Read only recommendations and conclusions.

  • manish

    for topic 1 you suggested D.D. Basu’s “Introduction To The Constitution Of India” First 5 chapters….. Laxmikanth is not covering this part? I have read laxmikanth completely and is it required to buy DD basu for few topics?

  • CA Ravi Khanal

    Man…. hats off to him who has compiled the information….
    This can be a boon article for the working professionals like me … who have time but not that enough to visit the delhi’ business coaching classes…
    I have been following one of the forum maintained by a senior player from long time
    But it was lacking a zeal … which i have sensed in your artcles.
    Please keep analysing and showing us the right path..

    With gratitude

    CA Ravi Khanal
    CSE 2014

  • Vicky..

    1.Is Public Institutions in India to be read cover to cover ?

    2.And there is another book : The Burden of Democracy. Do you recommend to read that too ? :

    3. Regarding Paper-4, i.e., GS- III, I always see its syllabus and get confused. I am not able to consolidate whether I know them or not. When I think which portion I dont know or havent read, I dont find any topic left. I feel that all of them are umbrella topics. I want a firm grip on all of them. What should be done ?

  • Vicky…

    1.Is Public Institutions in India to be read cover to cover ?

    2.And there is another book : The Burden of Democracy. Do you recommend to read that too ? :

    3. Regarding Paper-4, i.e., GS- III, I always see its syllabus and get confused. I am not able to consolidate whether I know them or not. When I think which portion I dont know or havent read, I dont find any topic left. I feel that all of them are umbrella topics. I want a firm grip on all of them. What should be done ?

    • Vicky, You can buy his books. They are sharp and deep in their analysis. As you are preparing for 2014, you can read it. It definitely helps.

      Regarding GS-4 or any other paper, we will be starting a topic wise initiative in December. It would help you all, hopefully.

      • Vicky..

        Thank you sir..
        This message was not delivering either here or at doubts corner.
        That’s why I had to re-write it.
        Please ignore the duplicate comments

  • Vicky..

    Good Afternoon Sir.
    1. Sir Public Institutions by Bhanu Pratap is to be read cover to cover ? And there is another book by him, The Burden of Democracy. Do u recommend to read that too ?

    2. Sir regarding third paper, i.e. Paper 4, I am confused. I am not able to get a firm grip over the things. When I see the syllabus, nothing seems to be left. But then a vague and unconsolidated feeling arises about my knowledge of that paper. How should I get complete grip over all the things- economics, security, science-tech, etc ? So that I can be carefree for any topic which may come in the exam.

  • Thank yos sir,
    it is a critical analyse of syllabus which I’m seeking .
    But is it possible to buy huge books by lot of students (include me)???!!!
    Most of cracker express they were read from few books!

    • Huge Books?

      If you read the article, you will notice that only 5 books are mentioned and few chapters from each book is recommended.

      If this is burden, you can go for coaching material 🙂

      Five books = Few books, in our opinion 🙂

  • Tilll now in my knotledge it is best platfrom for query.
    (Gs paper 1)
    book lists
    1.ncert 6,7,8,12
    6.ncert indian society
    7. Human geography
    8 ncert geo 12
    9ncert 12 economy

    12 books. 7 books more sir!!!
    Atlast special thanks to you.
    Don’t angry to me!

    • Rajib,

      If you consider buying and reading NCERT as burden, it is very sad. And your reply of this kind to our last comment is sad too.

      Anyway, above strategy is not compulsory for everyone. Choose the best way that suits you. 🙂

      • Civil Aspirant

        Thanks insight. If I get selected, you are the reason other than me 🙂

        • Rajib Halder

          Sir I’m extremely sorry for my comment! Actually myself is upset to thinking it that what read and why! But this site is very scientific and I shall follo You.

  • manish

    for topic 1 you suggested D.D. Basu’s “Introduction To The Constitution Of India” First 5 chapters….. Laxmikanth is not covering this part? Is it required to buy DD basu if one have completed laxmikanth?
    Please suggest !!
    Thank you

    • I have already explained that for analytical approach, D D Basu is must. Anyway, you can wait till this Mains and see for yourself nature of questions and then decide.

      D D Basu is just Rs 180+ I guess. And reading few extra chapters won’t harm you.

  • manish

    For the topic “Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate” – how many marks question could be asked in the exam?
    How they will frame a question over these topics?
    Kindly guide 🙂

  • manish

    20th edition of DD Basu is not available in the market.
    What is difference between 20th and 21st edition ? Is there more changes?
    Kindly advise.

    • There won’t be much difference except for updation of amendments.You can study 20th edition – it’s as good as new one.

  • R Dinesh Babu

    hats off for excellency in directing the most difficult task of preparation in civils examination…!!! thanking u sir…!!!

  • waseem khan

    do you think that by giving a detailed syllabus for general studies (mains) upsc has reduced the importance of current affairs to a large extent (at the mains stage)

    • No, actually the importance has increased. You have to read current events in relation to the topics of Mains syllabus. Earlier importance was given to facts, not it is on analysis. So newspapers help you in this. Competitive magazine which cover facts won’t help on the other hand.

      • @insight Which competitive magazines do you suggest to follow.

  • Harsh Katara

    In topic 2, why we should read Laxmikant’s Chapter-30(High Court)?
    In topic 1, From where we can read “amendments & significant provisions of the constitution”?

  • Harsh Katara

    Sir ,
    I request you to revert on the above query as we are quite dependent on your suggestion.

  • akhilesh

    I have followed indian public administration by rajni Goyal (along-with you booklist) and It is a good book to be followed selectively along-with your prescription . why don’t you see yourself and if it’s that good include it in the routine. it’ll surely help aspirants.
    thanks for such a great effort, you people have ruined the monopoly of coaching centres.

    • Thanks Akhilesh. We would include it. As you have gone through it, please let us know which topics are most helpful from the book. We will update the article.

  • Santosh

    I need guidance…

  • Nisha

    sir first of all thank u so much for such a wonderful help. i want to ask is this imp to read “Challenge And Strategy : Rethinking India’s Foreign Policy – Rajiv Sikri” ? is conventional part being asked in mains for international relation or do we have to focus only on contemporary part. or do we read ignou book for international part instead of that?

    • Thanks Nisha. Yes you need to read this book. Or any other good book on foreign policy. These books written by diplomats use a certain language specific to diplomacy and international relations. It helps you grasp fundamentals better and then enrich your knowledge which would later reflect in your answers.

      It is a good book. Go for it. You won’t regret reading it.

      Contemporary part is most important and to understand it you need to know some basics. This book by Sikri would help you in this.

      • Nisha

        Thanks for clearing doubt..:)

  • tejaswi

    Really thanks for your selfless efforts.
    It will do a lot of good to IAS aspirants.

  • ghanvat navnath

    very nice sir

  • Varun

    For parliament and state legislature isn’t Lakshmikant or D.D.Basu enough.Do we have to read it in detail from ‘Our Parliament’

  • alokkalagi

    sir thanks for your clear dissection of the syall…sir im having discomfort regarding topics for which u have mentioned links like ARC,IGNOU which is very GS2 topic2 for devolution of finances you have mentioned a link which is very topic3 ARC 7TH GS3 topic 4link given are all vast.sir pls concise all vast sources it wil be kind of you.IT WILL BE VERY HELPFULL!!!

  • anil yadav

    excellent website for aspirants

  • Nisha

    Helps provide a framework for developing a strategy.
    I am addicted to this website.
    Great job!

  • god bless you

  • powerpuff

    sir, for topic 2: i didnt find the 13 th arc useful …i am done reading the coventional part .. but that wont help by looking towards the pattern .i think the 13 th finance commision can be 13 th FC has a lot of facts too..suggest something for topic 2

  • Shubha Sharma

    sir ,thanks for your honorable effort for the aspirants of I.A.S. i am a Hindi medium student so please suggest me books for I.A.S. mains gs-i ,gs-2 ,gs-3 ,gs-4 topic wise. and if possible for geography 1st and 2nd paper. thank you sir.

    • Sorry Shubha. Absolutely have no idea about Hindi medium. Hope someone with knowledge about this answers your query.

  • Shubha Sharma

    sir please suggest books for hindi medium in the same manner as u have done for english medium topic wise for ias mains all the four papers . i have read your suggestive books and topics which are admirable so i am waiting for your response at my given email id thank you .

  • Shubha Sharma

    sorry sir , but i m waiting for your suggestion

  • ramvinay

    Sir,I have a doubt regarding the welfare scheme for vulnerable sections topic in GS2..Is it necesaary to know the indepth procedures involved in such schemes or the objectives and its implementation performance..?

  • Lavanya

    Very nyc site…. thnk u insights team!

  • SIR G __/__


    whats about strategy for upsc pre 2014 ??

    thanx a lot sir

  • vijaykarthik

    good work

  • vijaykarthik

    sir , how can i get information related to schemes and policies with respect to employment , poverty , environment , etc. if any one knows about these , please mail those to my mail id; [email protected]

  • vijaykarthik

    sir, first of thank u for Ur hard and kind work towards the aspirant . now uspc included the environment , ecology like that . is there any book available in the market or do we need to go to internet for all answers for that ?

  • Akshay Agarwal

    We don’t have funda rights duties and state policies for mains?

  • suhas

    sir , can i buy the newspaper analysis notes from your website ? it will be helpfull if you prepare answers for the questions from newspapers since it will be more reliable and authentic .thank you


    I am following your recommendations to prepare for mains buts SIR in topic 2 of general studies 2 I am not able to make out how to study ARC reports they are too lengthy which part of the report should be read as time is less and syllabus is huge and YOU have suggested to avoid extra reading as it cost both time and ability to remember I am stuck here waiting for ur reply…….


    It would be very helpful if You can point out the chapter those we need to read from ARC report…Thank You

  • pasha

    This website is fantabulous which provides every single point in detail. I wish those people who are refering notes, debates etc from this website.

  • prem verma

    God bless you Sir…


    Helo Insights…
    can you tell me what to study in Topic 2 of GS 2 about Devolution of finance???The doc u have given for devolution of finance is tooo long..!!! :p

  • sajjad hussain m

    sir…truly eyes watering bt unseen….that much grt effort U hv done here for whole Indians to get a IAS/IPS/IFS/else study strategy for whole GS123*4 papers….may GOD bless U very very very very very very deeeeeeeeeeeeply…..

  • sajjad hussain m

    sir…jz one more thing too to say…there is a mistake in given serial number of topics…total 20 topics naa…k,thank u…


    hi sir
    will u pz give the PDFs of ARCs 10th n 11th???
    or where coud i get all ARC PDFs?

  • which book should be preferred for polity?? DD Basu or Laxmikant?

  • Ashish

    Dear Sir,
    You are nothing short of a blessing for all us aspirants !!! I mean, the way you have dived into the details of each and every topic, there is only one word for that – ‘AWESOME’. Keep writing.

    Ashish Mishra

  • Reblogged this on vivekadityacs's Blog.

  • Krishna Chetiwal

    Sir, you are doing great work providing these great information. I am also a UPSC Aspirant and don’t have another source for getting information about exam except internet. I am only get knowledgeable information by visiting various websites like yours. Your website is very very useful for me.
    Thank You Sir

  • akshay bhosale

    thanx sir,you had did a awesome job for the beginner.
    keep writing

  • Gangmei

    Three Cheers to Insights for these valuable guidance. It is a very difficult and a humongous task to read and study selectively from such vast array of books and articles for this exam. Insights have removed that burden and lighten my load by 20%,,…. Now is the time to tackle the remaining 80%!!!

  • Abhirakshit

    Hello, brilliant and very comprehensive article. .one question regarding topic 1 – what does the phrase “significant provisions” mean? Can anyone give an example so that I can prepare an exhaustive list. Thanks

  • saket dwivedi

    thank you sir for your great job and for your representations of topics in very simple manner..pls keep updating…

  • rajendra

    Thanks a lot for ur valuable guidance sir. Especially for a student like me one who does not know where to start from and where to end and totally in a confused state of mind.But by seeing ur well planned strategy one could feel happy to get their preparation in a safe and happy manner and last but not least your time sparing for developing the strategy could immensely help the people from rural background which you have already did it.Once again thanks a lot sir and hope you will continue the same work and help the aspirants.. 🙂

  • dhanup

    It may change the way I am thinking abt upsc thank u for this edible info….

  • Arshad

    Great Insights on each and every aspect of the syllabus and the strategies to effectively master the same.
    Thank you Sir, this article has been of great help for me.

  • A lot of thanks to insights. Your doing fabulous job and giving precious information to us..each and every doubt regarding civils clarifying from ur sight no one can not do this good work but u did…for beginners your sight is very very useful.even no inistitute cant giv guidance better than u…

  • Ritika Kathuria

    Amazingly added up … hats off

  • manoj rawat

    Manoj Rawat—-Sir,i am working in Indian Navy and my seniors has not given me permission to pursue any coaching classes by saying that(aisa thodi na hota hai ki paise yaha se logey aur padai waha karogey )..i was dejected….i do not have any to sudy what to study….but when i visited ur site…it is like as someone has unexpectedly saved me in the ocean while i was drowning…..this knowledge will be of immense help for me……

    With gratitude

    Manoj Rawat(MA,MBA)

    • I am really very happy to know this. No matter how many people discourage you, never stop chasing your dream. On this site you will find everything you need – even great friends to support you. Start your preparation earnestly. All you need is a good internet connection and lots of determination. All the best Manoj.

  • Sir , I am serving in central govt.I also have the same problem what Manoj Rawat is facing.I am posted at a remote place where I don’t get Hindu paper.that’s why I use to read Hindu paper on Hindu apps.But I am confused as what should I read and what should left.can you tell me what’s the difference between printed Hindu paper and Hindu apps.The other problem is I am reading Bipan Chandra India’s struggle for Independence.should I make not simultaneously with reading the book or after completion of books.Simply I want to know the way of making notes.I am preparing for 2015.plzz guide me Sir..Regards..

    • Siva Kumar

      dear anil.,

      i understand ur concerns what any other working aspirants experience this kind of dilemma. regards ur question about hindu tabloid, epaper material compare with hardcopy paper theres no diffenrence only u need to aware whats is imporatant n not that i ll list out as per my knowledge:

      1. every hindu epaper have editiors column, link list link, that ll always be ur foremost priority to reading , analysing , highlights some important keywords n compare with given mains syllabus that presence in article , then to make small anecdote of it or using secure mains column , either in ur system folder or using cloud computing software.
      2. will be immediate international page, it may have lots of international issues, institutions, indian diaspora, personalities , all will be given priority .
      3. science n tech and first page will be utmost importance regarding reading n making notes of hindu along with any one economic tabloid paper , either business standards or economic times or business line. normally we prefer business standards , because it cover all important topics comes under both gs 2, gs 3, even some ethics paper with much more analytical in presentation format.

      then come again ur std materials u asked here. its always better to make small hint notes or anecdotes of every chapter, topics, issues while in reading times.making mind mapping tehniques is even better , that u can easily downloaded it from google. finally most important thing while in preparation is always goes for analytical prepapration n write more n more makes u betterment of ur chances to clear in very attempt, buddy!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    • ashis

      register in e news paper of hindu.

  • Anil

    Plzzz reply Sir..I am waiting

    • Anil

      Sir..I am waiting very eagerly.please guide me.

  • amrutha priyadarshini

    Sir, u r work is excellent, im the starter and I got confedence after following u r suggestions, Sir please help me regarding answer wrighting,development, checking my answer it is relevant to question or not, my residence is in tribal area so, I can’t find any one to correct my answer, sir I need suggestion from you, pls. Help me out by replying

    • Siva Kumar

      dear amrutha priyadarshini,

      great to know even u live in most remoteness part of place , ur way of deretmination and commitment to pursue excellency in ur mission will be the greatest attribute u had to succceed this kind of exams. nothing to worry too much about ur answers auality n content. just write simultaneously among with ur prelims preparation .here all oru friends will immensely share their contributions with each others. more inportantly always have to made some anecdotes of every topics u may completed so far this will assist u in final preparation of ur mains revision.

  • Reena

    This is the best site,I ever Search.
    but it is in english so it takes time to read articles.but it is very useful.

  • Reena

    This is the best site,I ever Search .
    but it is in english and I am a hindi medium student, so it takes time to read articles.but it is very useful.I am a house wife so can’t go for classes or else,so please help me sir by mails of useful contents for me.
    regards to you sir.


    Thank you so much sir….
    you just made it so simple to understand what to study n what not to… hats off to u..
    keep guiding us..!

  • Your style is vey unique in comparison to other folks I’ve read stuff from.
    Thanks for posting when you’ve got the opportunity, Guess I will just book mark this

  • Amit

    The article on ‘For devolution of finances to local bodies’ do we need to read who pdf or only summary part?

  • Amit

    Sir, I have a small question. As you have given hyper link to many of the pdfs and those pdf have summary and recommendations in the end. So just reading that part would be suffice or do we have to read the whole chapter.

  • Shiva

    Does the upper age limit for civils going to reduce to 26 for General candidates????
    Please somebody answer this…

  • mani

    Gr88 work being done sir..I indeed got a proper direction for my stuck at IR…though nt a beginner wit international relations i always feel like a beginner..i read the answers written by others nd always feel i donno many things..its kind off depressing..can u (or anyone) plzz tell me how to get things abt IR at a place or atleast to start off with..

  • ajay
  • prashant

    sir my question is how you reached to these websites and links and how you came about to know that these books are better than other …i mean i want to know the thought process behing and how you were able to get these …like MCRHRD website , anand website, we all want to know this.

  • Govind

    This Link isnt working
    E-governance – Concept and Significance (IGNOU)
    Really Thanks a lot

  • deepak singh

    sir,how to download IGNOU notes,it is temprory stop and not be me.

  • anvit

    extra ordinarily insightful .

  • vidyanand thombare

    @ Insight : Will you pls add similar post for Geography optional.

  • aspirant

    To download free e-books and civils materials visit ….

  • tathagat0

    @insights & aspirants,
    Q.1.sir from where to get 10-year-previous-question-paper of general studies-ii(paper iii)?
    what was the name of this paper before changed of syllabus? or is’t totally new?

    Q.2. For topic 1 of GS II, “Indian constitution…basic structure”, WHAT TYPE OF QUESTIONS NEED TO PREPARE? BEST STRATEGY FOR IT?

  • Ankit Dwivedi

    sir u have told tht read from single source,i agreed bt why u refer so many books for different part of syllabus.i thnk urs means is tht consolidate all the matter from different sources into single handy,lucid,easy n quicker to revise notes?

  • Neeraj

    Can you please take a look at what you have suggested under Topic 7, Peoples Representation Act?
    Some part of it is missing.

  • Sky

    Hi Insight,
    These Preparation guidelines for all GS 1-4 paper were updated in 2013.
    Will it work in 2015 also? It is Sufficient to follow the same.

  • mayank

    please update from 2012 to 2015 specially IR

  • Tinks

    Please update the strategy for 2016

  • upsc online academy
  • upsc online academy


  • lohith bathina

    Sir in subash kashyap book…which chapters r to b read or d entire book??

  • mani mani

    Sir what to read from arc report

  • anandborude

    Sir this article is 2 years old.. It will be better if we will get a updated info.. As many new books and reports are taking the place of old ones…

  • anandborude

    Thank you sir we appreciate your efforts..

  • Teekoo Panwar

    Thank a lot of

  • Janu Narayan

    hi sir…i am preparing to give the exam in 2016. is this useful for 2016 prelims n mains?

  • Tinks

    Please update the strategies… Thank you in advance insights..!!

  • Malyaj Yadav

    Sir, I request you to please update the strategy if u can with respect to 2016 mains.

  • An eye for detail

    Sir , Please give link to Preparation strategy for Essay by Insights of India ?

  • An eye for detail

    Dear Sir ,

    Is there any changes to be made to the strategy outlined above . Understanding the effort you are putting up for the upcoming prelims there is no necessity to update now . Please update once you free up to the current environment of the UPS C examinations.

    Thank you !

  • Abhimanyu

    Insightonindia please update all GENERAL STUDIES startegy. It’s 2 years old.

  • Pingback: Google()

  • Pingback: free download for pc windows()

  • Pingback: free download for windows 10()

  • Pingback: free download for windows()

  • Pingback: fermented organic sauerkraut()

  • Pingback: Inland Empire Ca()

  • Pingback: pc apps for windows 7()

  • Pingback: anal vibrator review()

  • Pingback: magic wand toy()

  • Pingback: vibrator review()

  • Pingback: icicles glass toys()

  • Pingback: G-spot Vibrator()

  • Pingback: climax gel()

  • Pingback: buy penis pump()

  • Pingback: What is the Purpose of Ben Wa Balls()

  • Pingback: stock trading basics()

  • Pingback: Supply Chain()

  • Pingback: anal trainer toy()

  • Pingback: silver bullet vibrator()

  • Pingback: Male Masturbator Review()

  • Pingback: tratamento de Alcoolismo()

  • Pingback: DIY()

  • Pingback: g spot stimulator()

  • Pingback: sex and role play()

  • Pingback: gay toys()

  • Pingback: japanese manga()

  • Pingback: Punching bag with scoring zones()

  • Pingback: stocks to watch()

  • Pingback: bullet vibrator review()

  • Pingback: vibrator()

  • Pingback: giving her oral()

  • Pingback: all american whopper dildo()

  • Pingback: خرید اپل ایدی()

  • Pingback: erotic talk()

  • Pingback: kegel balls()

  • Pingback: nikki glamour()

  • Pingback: Adam and Eve()

  • Pingback: the magic wand()

  • Pingback: anti slip tape()

  • Pingback: polythene manufacturer()

  • Pingback: magnets()

  • Pingback: floor protection()

  • Pingback: sex toys for couples()

  • Pingback: adult sex toys()

  • Pingback: powerful egg vibrator()

  • Pingback: big vibrator()

  • Pingback: new things to try in bed for couples()

  • Pingback: rechargeable bullet()

  • Pingback: best anal sex toy()

  • Pingback: the bullet sex toy()

  • Pingback: best lube for sex()

  • Pingback: urgent care glendale()

  • Pingback: best foreplays tips for him()

  • Pingback: proforce lightweight white martial arts gi()

  • Pingback: pc games download for windows 7()

  • Pingback: Download Free MP3()

  • Pingback: domestic shipping()

  • Pingback: bar beer acrylic bottle display()

  • Pingback: Download Free Future Mixtapes()

  • Pingback: Download Free Young Thug Mixtapes()

  • Pingback: Download Free DJ Stevie J Mixtapes()

  • Pingback: loan()

  • Pingback: adobe master collection()

  • Pingback: Forex demo account()

  • Pingback: refinanciar()

  • Pingback: how cholesterol levels predict your health()

  • Pingback: php download script()

  • Pingback: middleweight blue karate uniforms()

  • Pingback: watching porn as a couple()

  • Pingback: g-spot()

  • Pingback:

  • Pingback: quotations()

  • Pingback: rabbit vibrator()

  • Pingback: Butt plugs()

  • Pingback: rabbit massager()

  • Pingback: whip sex toy()

  • Pingback: couple reviews()

  • Pingback: Nipple Toys()

  • Pingback: Cock ring()

  • Pingback: bangal ka jadu()

  • Pingback: Lemon()

  • Pingback: bangal ka jadu()

  • Pingback: driving tips()

  • Pingback: کاشت مو()

  • Pingback: heavyweight karate white gi()

  • Pingback: adam and eve promo code()

  • Pingback: Wild G Vibrator()

  • Pingback: As Mains approaches - Strategy and a few words. - Mittali Sethi - INSIGHTS()

  • Pingback: kvass probiotic()

  • Pingback: best wand vibrator()

  • Pingback: fun sex games()

  • Pingback: bi curious women()

  • Pingback: pink dildo strap on()

  • Pingback: glass anal training kit()

  • Pingback: personal lubricant()

  • Pingback: کفسابی در تهران()

  • Pingback: Custom magnets()

  • Pingback: how to use a double ended dildo()

  • Pingback: Carpet protectors()

  • Pingback: cock ring()

  • Pingback: Dynamics Taekwondo uniform()

  • Pingback: dildo()

  • Pingback: massager()

  • Pingback: Indie()

  • Pingback: slave kit()

  • Pingback: نصب دوربین های مدار بسته()

  • Pingback: ترمیم مو و کاشت مو()

  • Pingback: ترمیم مو، کاشت مو ، مو طبیعی()

  • Pingback: How to use a sex swing()

  • Pingback: strap-on()

  • Pingback: Thegayfrat()

  • Pingback: Business()

  • Pingback: Free Hip Hop Beats()

  • Pingback: Migos Type Instrumental()

  • Pingback: ebooks for resale()

  • Pingback: military manuals()

  • Pingback: Migos Type Instrumental()

  • Pingback: Glow in the Dark Butt Plug()

  • Pingback: adult toys()

  • Pingback: Garden Bridges()

  • Pingback: دوربین مدار بسته()

  • Pingback: gay sex toy review()

  • Pingback: dating advice()

  • Pingback: cardboard boxs()

  • Pingback: legitimate work from home jobs 2017()

  • Pingback:

  • Pingback: iron stair parts()

  • Pingback: North East Vietnam()

  • Pingback: Polypropylene Machine Strapping()

  • Pingback: free download for pc windows()

  • Pingback: free download for windows pc()

  • Pingback: pc games for windows 8()

  • Pingback: coffee beans Hawaii best gourmet kona()

  • Pingback: pc games for windows 8()

  • Pingback: free download for windows pc()

  • Pingback: laptop app()

  • Pingback: free full download for windows()

  • Pingback: pc games for windows 10()

  • Pingback: pc games for windows 10()

  • Pingback: pc games free download for windows 8()

  • Pingback: Nurse Call System()

  • Pingback: Mu Cang Chai Vietnam()

  • Pingback: Hermes bedlinings()

  • Pingback: xenobot()

  • Pingback: usuwanie dpf()

  • Pingback: Florida Resident Database()

  • Pingback: fall fashion sale()

  • Pingback: fall fashion sale()

  • Pingback: Home facial treatment machine()

  • Pingback: Band()

  • Pingback: כתבות על חרדות()

  • Pingback: fashion tv()

  • Pingback: Andrew Wright Maine Attorney()

  • Pingback: Online Kasino()

  • Pingback: دوربین مدار بسته()

  • Pingback: unlimited smtp()

  • Pingback: دوربین های مدار بسته()

  • Pingback: work from home jobs online no fees()

  • Pingback: دوربین های مدار بسته()

  • Pingback: sex toys()

  • Pingback: juicer glass dildo()

  • Pingback: Buy Sex Toy()

  • Pingback: poker()

  • Pingback: Φρουτακια()

  • Pingback: shoes for sale()

  • Pingback: 脱毛()

  • Pingback: Lodi taxi to Sacramento airport()

  • Pingback: gay guy()

  • Pingback: double penetration dildo()

  • Pingback: adam and eve()

  • Pingback: chennai tamil news()

  • Pingback: Best Kona Coffee Online()

  • Pingback: best kona coffee online()

  • Pingback: IPTV MAROC()

  • Pingback: door swing for adults()

  • Pingback: anal sex()

  • Pingback: Best Sex Toy Cleaner()

  • Pingback: female sexual enhancer()

  • Pingback: mini vibrator()

  • Pingback: Sex Toy Vlog()

  • Pingback: activation key()

  • Pingback: dual vibrator()

  • Pingback: how to get a pocket pussy()

  • Pingback: realistic pocket pussy()

  • Pingback: Male Masturbation Devices()

  • Pingback: Penis Pump Reviews()

  • Pingback: sex toys tutorial()

  • Pingback: Sex Toys in Canada()

  • Pingback: How to Make Sex Toy()

  • Pingback: what is the best sex toy to buy()

  • Pingback: adam and eve sex toys shop()

  • Pingback: g spot stimulator()

  • Pingback: the rabbit vibrator()

  • Pingback: adam and eve sex toys()

  • Pingback: Cape Town()

  • Pingback: fun888 login()

  • Pingback: Pet Supplies()

  • Pingback: masturbator()

  • Pingback: day trip from marrakech to sahara desert()

  • Pingback: adam and eve shop online()

  • Pingback: adam eve deal()

  • Pingback: adam eve promo code()

  • Pingback: foam dipped sparring boots()

  • Pingback: laxidasical vs lackadaisical()

  • Pingback: Brazilian Hair()

  • Pingback: porn movie()

  • Pingback: porn movie()

  • Pingback: Hair Sisters Wholesale()

  • Pingback: Milky Way Hair Wholesale()

  • Pingback: Remy Hair Extensions Wholesale()

  • Pingback: Hair Extensions Wholesale()

  • Pingback: Peruvian Hair Wholesale()

  • Pingback: Malaysian Hair Wholesale()

  • Pingback: Indian Hair Wholesale()

  • Pingback: Virgin Hair Wholesale()

  • Pingback: mejor cancion para una mujer()

  • Pingback: tratamiento adicciones()

  • Pingback: find a hacker()

  • Pingback: ผ้าญี่ปุ่นสำเพ็ง()

  • Pingback: Desert tan military boots()

  • Pingback: prediksi bola()

  • Pingback: What is an Anal Bead()

  • Pingback: Nen-Wa Magnetic Kegel Balls()

  • Pingback: single wall paper cups()

  • Pingback: suterh()

  • Pingback: kona coffee()

  • Pingback: click here()

  • Pingback: event dome tent()

  • Pingback: Email Archiving()

  • Pingback: Ozone treatment Konstanz()

  • Pingback: Bootcamp classes in Irving()

  • Pingback: best sex toys for women()

  • Pingback: best kona coffee()

  • Pingback: 2017 nissan gtr armytrix exhaust()

  • Pingback: vibrator for chubby()

  • Pingback: kegel()

  • Pingback: penis extension sleeve()

  • Pingback: blow job()

  • Pingback: best realistic dildo()

  • Pingback: ultra powerful mini wand()

  • Pingback: multi speed bullet vibrator()

  • Pingback: development()

  • Pingback: adidas籃球()

  • Pingback: دوربین مدار بسته پویابین()

  • Pingback: rabbit vibrator online()

  • Pingback: finger vibe()

  • Pingback: url nude irkburo ru()

  • Pingback: هایکویژن()

  • Pingback: Pix link alisextube com()

  • Pingback: loja de bebe()

  • Pingback: feed big assfuckz com()

  • Pingback: See link babacams com()

  • Pingback: anal sex trainer kit()

  • Pingback: Pix link free-anal-porno mysexydownload com()

  • Pingback: Pic link anal-porn mysexydownload com()

  • Pingback: sex lingerie()

  • Pingback: icicles glass dildo()

  • Pingback: vibrating butt plug()

  • Pingback: Click here cumnose nakedgirlfuck com()

  • Pingback: Origin site camsexy nakedgirlfuck com()

  • Pingback: See site cjmiles nakedgirlfuck com()

  • Pingback: strap on dildos()

  • Pingback: mine site kosmetiktube ru()

  • Pingback: Pix link glamurtube ru()

  • Pingback: Airport msp car service()

  • Pingback: Power Stud Rod Vibrator()

  • Pingback: bunny shaped vibrator()

  • Pingback: www video jivetalk org()

  • Pingback: Go link edemtube ru()

  • Pingback: ETH()

  • Pingback: دزدگیر اماکن()

  • Pingback: kona coffee()

  • Pingback: Twin Cites Limo()

  • Pingback: Go link mag-tube ru()

  • Pingback: como mantener una buena ereccion()

  • Pingback: url site sochioil ru()

  • Pingback: Source trade-ls ru()

  • Pingback: Go site tutvobed ru()

  • Pingback: Click here park1829 ru()

  • Pingback: هوشمند سازی ساختمان()

  • Pingback: هزینه تولید محتوا()

  • Pingback: Pic link tubedom ru()

  • Pingback: rianne s()

  • Pingback: best vibrating ring()

  • Pingback: digital marketing()

  • Pingback: 2018 mercedes c63s amg armytrix valvetronic exhaust()

  • Pingback: things to do west palm beach()

  • Pingback: real life sex dolls()

  • Pingback: thrusting rabbit vibrator()

  • Pingback: facebook verification code receive()

  • Pingback: most popular female sex toy()

  • Pingback: oplata smieciowa warszawa()

  • Pingback: sex toy adam et eve()

  • Pingback: adult toys()

  • Pingback: what's in adam and eve welcome kit()

  • Pingback: adam and eve buy online()

  • Pingback: adam and eve sexy lingerie()

  • Pingback: best sex toys()

  • Pingback: best bullet vibrator()

  • Pingback: top 10 sex toys()

  • Pingback:

  • Pingback: Video link adult-porn-photos com()

  • Pingback: Origin vpizde mobi()

  • Pingback: best g spot sex toy()

  • Pingback: whats the best lube for anal sex()

  • Pingback: how to get free dildos()

  • Pingback: طراحی سایت()

  • Pingback: Small Electric Winch()

  • Pingback: fifty shades darker toys()

  • Pingback: Pix link seowm ru()

  • Pingback: Web strizh34 ru()

  • Pingback: bondage sex()

  • Pingback: Go site amateur-sex jivetalk org()

  • Pingback: how can i make money fast()

  • Pingback: quel heure au senegal()

  • Pingback: SEO specialist()

  • Pingback: Ripoff Report()

  • Pingback: anal toys()

  • Pingback: Cal Exotics dildo()

  • Pingback: car crash()

  • Pingback: Big jelly dildo()

  • Pingback: My homepage ixfap ru()

  • Pingback: free apps download for windows 10()

  • Pingback: main site jk-nbik ru()

  • Pingback: pc games free download for windows 10()

  • Pingback: games for pc download()

  • Pingback: windows games for pc download()

  • Pingback: قیمت دوربین فیش آی()

  • Pingback: pc app()

  • Pingback: خرید لامپهای دوربین دار()

  • Pingback: pc games for windows 7()

  • Pingback: app download for pc()

  • Pingback: free full download for windows pc()

  • Pingback: vibrator buying guide()

  • Pingback: wireless bluetooth()

  • Pingback: long anal vibrator()

  • Pingback: pure enrichment wand massager()

  • Pingback: search numbers()

  • Pingback: sex movie()

  • Pingback: Hardscape Contractor in Point Pleasant Beach NJ()

  • Pingback: how to make money from home()

  • Pingback: Exchange Bitcoin with instant paypal()

  • Pingback: prostate stimulator()

  • Pingback: dildo harness()

  • Pingback: Double Penetrator()

  • Pingback: vacancy in haryana()

  • Pingback: vibrator review()

  • Pingback: tongue sex toy()

  • Pingback: best kona coffee beans()

  • Pingback: best kona coffee()

  • Pingback: mini massager()

  • Pingback: lubricant for sex toys()

  • Pingback: Orlando SEO agency()

  • Pingback: small prostate vibrator()

  • Pingback: womanizer pro review()

  • Pingback: Smartphone repair()

  • Pingback: artificial vagina()

  • Pingback: how to use anal sex toys()

  • Pingback: huge dildo review()

  • Pingback: Realistic vibrators()

  • Pingback: خرید apple id()

  • Pingback: اپل ایدی()

  • Pingback: خرید اپل آیدی()

  • Pingback: خرید اپل آیدی()

  • Pingback: how to use vibrating ring()

  • Pingback: free work at home jobs no fees()

  • Pingback: خرید کریو()

  • Pingback: real sex doll()

  • Pingback: new comers strap on()

  • Pingback: clitoral vibrator review()

  • Pingback: Twitter()

  • Pingback: پوسته وردپرس()

  • Pingback: ร้านผ้า()

  • Pingback:

  • Pingback: best anal desensitizer()

  • Pingback: A&E Triple Play Pleasure Pump()

  • Pingback: Xvideos()

  • Pingback: vigra()

  • Pingback: tile and grout cleaning weston fl()

  • Pingback: pink bunny vibrator()